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Prejudice in the Workplace
Prejudice and Discrimination in the Workplace
Prejudice can be hurtful and destructive. This is true for those impacted directly, but also for the morale within an overall work environment. I witnessed this being carried out at a former employer during a summer job. A Hispanic teen was often given late night shifts that no one else wanted to work. There had been a couple of weekend evening robberies and it seemed that management was being prejudice in their decision to place the minority worker on the more problematic shift. In addition, I observed instances where this same worker was teased and mocked (openly as well as behind his back) about his accent. English was not his native language and there were people in management and other co-workers who were totally inappropriate in their teasing of him as he tried to make meaning of some of the…… [Read More]
Additional (86-87) explanations for racism / discrimination: a) the socialization process (if the parents are racists, the child growing up learns to hate certain racial groups); b) economic competition (when security is threatened, prejudice can come into play; Blacks and Czechs in some instances were biased against Vietnamese immigrants because the Vietnamese were supposedly taking jobs away from those already here in the U.S. And in Czechoslovakia).
Ossman presents a number of explanations as to how people that are blatantly biased (prejudged) against others of different skin color show their feelings. a) Stereotyping (an "oversimplified" and unfair generalization; "Mexicans are lazy," for example); b) ethnophaulisms (expressions that are demeaning, disparaging, meant to hurt; meant to belittle); c) ethnic jokes (clearly intended as negative stereotyping); d) misogyny in rap music (women are "bitches") (98-99).
Reducing prejudice is the goal of every fair-minded individual no matter what ethnicity he or she belongs…… [Read More]
In terms of explicit prejudice, the aftermath of the Holocaust and the subsequent development of psychological theories of prejudice demonstrate the importance of social pressure in deterring explicit prejudices. Explicit prejudice is essentially the blatant expression of implicit prejudices, because all explicit behaviors ultimately have their root in implicit attitudes and ideologies. By increasing social pressure against explicit examples of prejudice, it becomes easier to confront the implicit prejudices which underlie them, because these implicit prejudices are all that is left.
However, reducing the exhibition of implicit prejudices is far more complicated, because by definition they are frequently shielded from view, and only become visible upon close and careful examination (for example with the assistance of the Implicit Association Test). Thus, the most important strategies for reducing implicit prejudices requires making those implicit prejudices explicit. For example, the Implicit Association Test can provide a starting point for individuals to acknowledge…… [Read More]
The Many Faces of Prejudice
If I walk in to a bookstore or browse online I will find hundreds, in fact thousands, of essays, books, articles, and speeches about prejudice. Obviously, most of them are predictably against prejudice. Begin reading any of them at random and chances are good that they will contain the phrases 'don't have prejudice towards people' or 'prejudice is a bad thing,' but what puzzles my mind is whether phrases like 'don't have prejudice against people' are enough to end prejudice. Does it convince people not to judge others and to treat everyone equally? I think not. In order to understand what prejudice is, does a person have to experience racially-, ethnically-, religiously-, or class-based unfairness and maltreatment first hand? Among the thousands of literary works that attempt to convince readers that prejudice is a bad thing there are a minority seemingly capable of convincing…… [Read More]
From the other side of the kitchen I observed my manager taking their orders. Another co-worker even started imitating the black customers by speaking in the type of slang they use and making the same kind of movements and gestures. I laughed at him because he was saying what I myself was thinking. And at the time I was relieved that I myself did not have to deal with them because I was tired and not in the mood to deal with what I considered to be their harassing behavior. But since then I have realized that it was my job to wait on them even if I did not want to because of the awkwardness I would feel doing so.
Both of these examples of prejudice included elements of what Ruchlis calls anti-locution and avoidance. And they both dealt with instances of groups. My group in the first story…… [Read More]
Prejudice in the Workplace
In basic terms, prejudice is an opinion that does not have a factual basis. In that regard, the same could include notions and beliefs (preconceived) about people belonging to a particular race or social group. Prejudice is defined by Daft, Kendrick and Vershinina (2010, p.489) as "the tendency to view people who are different as being deficient." Based on its very nature, prejudice could be harmful. Indeed, as Masters and Wallace (2010, p.290) point out, both discrimination and prejudice in the workplace could be destructive. For instance, the top leadership of an organization could perceive effective management as being tied to ethnicity, race, or even class. In such a scenario, those who do not belong to the 'proscribed' ethnicity, race, or class could be locked out of future promotions. Prejudiced employees could feel alienated and as a result, their productivity could suffer.
To begin with, I…… [Read More]
Prejudice is a bias against a group of people based on actions (or actions which one has heard about) from other people who are part of that group. The two essential components of prejudice are attitude and behavior. It is actually fairly difficult to distinguish these two components, since a person's attitude will inevitably influence that person's behavior. Yet a prejudice evinced by one's attitude directly relates to a shortness of patience with people in the group that such a person is prejudiced against. Additionally, one's attitude will lead one to make assumptions about the person in the group that one is prejudiced against. Ultimately, however, one's attitude will influence one's behavior towards the person who one does not like because of prejudice. That behavior can become manifest in a number of different ways, from using certain tones of voice to acts of physical violence. The attitude aspect of prejudice…… [Read More]
There are several ways that I can combat prejudice in the workplace. The first is by not engaging in it myself. This seems almost self-explanatory, but the truth is that we are all human beings and sometimes you have subtle or unconscious biases. Self-awareness is the first step to improving oneself. Further, if I am to have any further influence on others, I should probably be well aware of who I am, and if I have any biases or things like that. You've got to have a little bit of humility in order to be a teacher to others, especially when they are your peers. This is called Level 5 leadership (Collins, 2005).
The second way that I can combat prejudice in the workplace is by taking a leadership role among my peers. This is the personal level of combatting prejudice, and it involves insuring that others around me…… [Read More]
Summer is a time of relaxation for students across the country but, over those balmy summer months, researchers says that students forget approximately two months worth of information, or twenty-two percent, from the school year ("College and University Blog"). Though teachers may be disappointed at this statistic, could they be disheartened if they forgot, or "unlearned" other things- talking back? Being aggressive in class? Or perhaps, even prejudice against one another and the community at large? In modern day, many social scientists have grappled with the notion of having certain thoughts being unlearned, which could potentially revolutionize our society in a tremendous way; but, social scientists that believe that prejudice can be unlearned would have to intervene in an individual's life in a major way before that can happen.
Julian Rotter developed a social learning theory, outlining how individuals learn. The dominating perspective that Rotter developed was founded…… [Read More]
Prejudice and Discrimination in India
Prejudice and discrimination
Prejudice and discrimination in India of the Dalits and Adivasis
Prejudice and discrimination in India of the Dalits and Adivasis
Dalits and Untouchability
Prejudice and discrimination in India of the Dalits and Adivasis
"More than 160 million people in India are considered "Untouchable" -- people tainted by their birth into a caste system that deems them impure, less than human." (Hillary Mayell, 2003, p.1)
India is long for discrimination with lower casts since long. Social interactions have been restricted amongst people of different castes such as marriages are conducted within own castes. There are restrictions on the use of public places and temples for lower castes and even there are restrictions on sharing foods and water. Dalits the lowest of all castes that is referred to as "untouchables" has been defined in the Indian Constitution of 1950 as Scheduled Caste or Scheduled…… [Read More]
Prejudice can be reduced via six different conditions, including mutual interdependence; a common goal; equal status; informal, interpersonal contact; multiple contacts; and social norms of equality. Research substantiates the importance of each of these six conditions for reducing or eliminating prejudice. Ideally, all six of these conditions will be in place to ensure that prejudice is reduced. Moreover, applying these six conditions can help organizations perform better and achieve tangible goals. For example, Fiske (2000) found “building on interdependence was essential for successful intergroup contact,” (p. 115). Programs that are designed to reduce or eliminate prejudice need to focus on at least two, if not more, of these conditions. Interdependence is linked to the achievement of common goals, another condition for reducing prejudice. When an organization actively pursues and enforces policies that ensure equal status of all employees or members, it leads to a normative environment that does not support…… [Read More]
The beliefs have changed, the people are no longer unified.
They attempt to unite us in a certain way -- they attempt to get us to recognize that we see one another differently and are frightened by that. They attempt to show us how judging others comes from prejudice. But I think prejudice is part of human nature. Unless we are on the same page about what we believe, how can we know whom to trust, or what to expect of others who are obviously of a different culture? Jesus teaches us to act with charity -- to rise above our human nature -- but not everyone believes in Jesus. Should I act that way nonetheless?
I do not often see charity on the streets of L.A. But sometimes I do. Skin color and culture do not always act as barriers. I see people of different ethnicities talking to one…… [Read More]
My reflection is this: none of these things are important: these images, these names, these places, these events -- all that is real is this sadness that hangs over it all -- even in the smiling pictures, in the kissing moments, in the insistences of peace, in the denials of wanting to fly, in the sorrows of loss, in the fulfillment of desire -- every picture, every glimpse, every shadow of every soul seems to be suffering from the same exact thing…separation. Why do we all seem so separated from something…from each other…from some heavenly delight…some beautiful unattainable something that we never can quite catch or identify or know that we are even looking for I don't even want to think about something as silly as prejudice. Even if I think of everyone as all being the same, as all being a part of this same suffering, this same longing…I…… [Read More]
This prejudice has abated since then, but still exists throughout the U.S.
ative Alaskans who attend a high school in this Western state interviewed their "elders," those living through the 1930s to 1950s, about the inequalities that existed. These individuals, too, were not able to go to certain movies or be served at local white-owned restaurants. Even in 2007, many ative Alaskans relate stories about the bigotry that exits within their state. A few years ago, several white students exploded paint balls at a ative Alaskan walking down the street. ative Alaskans also have less representation and responsibilities in the judicial system and receive, on whole, a lesser education than the non-atives.
Economic differences occur in this country, as well, and these differences are becoming wider. The gap between the rich and the poor is widening, with the more well to do having greater opportunities for a better education, healthcare…… [Read More]
hat is it like to experience prejudice on a daily basis? Many, if not most, whites do not know what it is like to be a member of an underclass. It is important to understand the structural elements of prejudice in a society. It is also important to understand how to deal with prejudice on a personal level. There are many ways to deal with prejudice. One is to fight back, and direct anger and frustration outward. The problem with this method is that fighting back sometimes entails physical aggression, and can be harmful to self and others. Another method of dealing with prejudice is to internalize the sense of inferiority and come to believe in the stereotypes and biased beliefs. The problem with this method is that it only promotes prejudice and allows for its perpetuation. Furthermore, internalizing inferiority can lead to problems like mental illness and disharmony…… [Read More]
If you walk in to a bookstore or browse online you will find hundreds, in fact thousands, of essays, books, articles, and speeches about prejudice. Obviously, most of them are against prejudice and before you begin reading any of them, let me tell you that chances are good that they will contain phrases like "don't have prejudice against people," "prejudice results in downfall" or "prejudice is a bad thing,." ut what puzzles the mind is whether phrases like "we shouldn't have prejudice against people" are enough to end prejudice. Does a moral lesson at the end of a very moving story convince you not to have prejudice against your fellow beings? Does it convince people not to judge others and to treat everyone equally? I think not. In order to understand what prejudice is, does a person have to experience it firsthand?
In order to ponder over this important…… [Read More]
prejudice is bad actually convince the reader?
A Buddhist monk, famous among his peers for the calm and serenity he constantly expressed, received the visit of a young man one day. The latter had come intent on disturbing the monk's peace and reputation and began attacking the master with a conglomeration of verbal expressions that even the foulest of men would have bowed their head in shame. Each word that came out of the young man's mouth was one more colorful than the other. And no remark that he addressed to the monk had anything but a pejorative sense of direction. As the young man went on to gesticulate vividly in a body language that matched his most "candid" acts of expressing, the Buddhist monk did nothing but gently smiled, causing the young man to build up more steam. Exasperated and drained out of energy, the man finally gave up…… [Read More]
As the definition by Black's Law Dictionary emphasizes, prejudice simply means, at least in part, a "partiality" for one reason or another. It seems reasonable to posit that most human resource directors as "partial" towards candidates with superior qualifications in preference to those who do not possess such qualification, just as it is reasonable to posit that a job candidate with a proven track record would likely be a superior candidate to one who job history is replete with terminations by reason of embezzlement or corporate malfeasance.
Furthermore, prejudice in this context is conducive to efficiency in the workplace because it just makes good business sense to rely on one's professional experience and expertise in formulating hiring decisions where all other factors may be equal. Indeed, this is a fundamental part of the human condition and is an inescapable element in the manner in which people go about conducting their…… [Read More]
Prejudice and the Clark Doll test
Prejudice Today and the Clark Doll Study
I once witnessed an incident involving racial prejudice at a local Wal-Mart store. The store was located in a predominately white, suburban area of town. I was standing in a checkout line behind a white couple shopping with their young son. Standing right behind them was a well-dressed, African-American woman with a few items in her hand. A white cashier was quietly ringing up the family's items when I overheard the preschool age, little boy calling for his mom and saying that they needed to change lines. He was standing up in the shopping cart giving the African-American lady dirty looks. She stood quietly, ignoring him. The parents seemed completely oblivious; however, after several pleadings from the son, the mother turned and said, "What is it?" The little boy turned and boldly pointed at the African-American lady.…… [Read More]
al, 2002). In addition, change occurs quicker when leadership is diverse, as well (Hampton and Lee, 2007). Finally, ethnicity and diversity issues should be included in organizational behavior courses, so that all business and industry has more access to this information (Mamman, 1996). Change must occur in our society, and an end to prejudice must be achieved for our society and our workplaces to be truly free and equal.
Barnes & Noble, & the Anti-Defamation League. (2001). 101 ways to combat prejudice. etrieved 19 March 2008 from the Anti-Defamation League Web site: http://www.adl.org/prejudice/closethebook.pdf.
Ehrlich, H.J. (2002). Understanding hate crimes. etrieved 19 March 2008 from the Prejudice Institute Web site: http://www.prejudiceinstitute.org/understandinghatecrimes.html.
Green, K.A., L pez, M, Wysocki, a., and Kepner K. (2002). Diversity in the workplace: Benefits, challenges, and the required managerial tools. etrieved 19 March 2008 from the University of Florida Web site: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/H022.
Griessman, G. (1993). What is…… [Read More]
Smilla's Sense Of Snow:
An icy reflection of the prejudice of the Danes against native Greenlanders
The protagonist of Peter Hoeg's thriller Smilla's Sense of Snow is a product of a union between a native 'Greenlander' or indigenous person and a wealthy Danish doctor. Although the plot of the book is ostensibly a murder mystery it is just as much about Smilla's struggle for her identity. Smilla embarks upon her detective 'quest' partially because she believes a fellow 'Greenlander' named Isaiah Christiansen has been murdered. Although Isaiah was only a child of six, Smilla identifies with the boy's sense of loneliness and isolation. The mystery novel depicts the Danish legal system as shadowy and unknowable, and much of the book revolves around Smilla's attempt to unravel it and understand it, as well as get to the bottom of Isaiah's death. The book is an accurate reflection of the spirit of…… [Read More]
Cross Culture elations and Medical Procedures Insurance
Medical Insurance Procedures
In the U.S., using preventive care has helped in the prevention of chronic diseases and detection is possible due to appropriate screenings. At every stage of life, when one uses the right preventive care, then it helps in making Americans stay healthy, lead productive lives, delay onset of disease, and reduce costs of health. Therefore, I agree that preventive services are viable solutions of cutting down on the rising health costs in America. Commercial groups have opted to give their employees a health plan that ensures productivity is maintained by providing them with preventive medical care that creates a healthy workforce (Green, 2012, p. 488). According to PACE team, they have offered and managed to provide preventive care in day health centers, hospitals, homes, and nursing facilities thus help the individuals maintain independence, quality of life, and dignity (Green, 2012,…… [Read More]
Prejudice Against Philosophy
Plato (427-347 BCE) is often termed as the greatest Western philosopher. Historians like A.N. Whitehead like to quote: "The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato." [Bloom, 1991]. In defense of philosophers one can refer to Plato's definition of what a philosopher is and how useful he is to society.
Plato's magnum opus "Republic" is considered as one of the masterpieces of western civilization. The central questions of the Republic are "What is Justice" and whether it is better to live justly or unjustly. To answer these questions, Plato first constructs a perfectly Just City tate. A Just City, according to the 'Republic', is one in which there is the perfect arrangement. Plato in his treatise describes a three-part division of the human soul, which he co-relates with three major classes in the Just City…… [Read More]
educing Prejudice in the Workplace
All forms of prejudice exist in the workplace, with some more apparent than others. Leaders recognize the potential scenarios where prejudice and bigotry can fester and grow, and often define counterattack strategies to these problems by bringing greater involvement and ownership of team success (Kirby, ichard, 2000). Prejudice blinds peers, superiors and subordinates from the inherent valuable contributions of employees regardless of their race. And prejudice is very expensive as well, costing companies literally billions of dollars a year in lost productivity, lawsuits and missed market opportunities (Piche, 2004). The intent of this paper is to define key strategies for reducing prejudice in the workplace.
Strategies for educing Prejudice in the Workplace
Leaders who excel at reducing prejudice arte inclusive and seek to gain everyone's buy-in to corporate vision, mission and value direction. One of the most effective strategies for reducing prejudice in the…… [Read More]
retain racial prejudices and how can we break such molds? acism and prejudices, just like reading and speaking, are taught. This is one of the easy ways to develop and retain racial prejudices. Babies, toddlers, children, and even adolescents are highly susceptible to their environments. Yes, as children age into adolescents, they begin to think and act with more independence and defiance, yet they are not outside of the realm of influence from their families. The views, attitudes, perceptions, and language that people grow up in build the foundation for nearly all of their own attitudes. This is a reason why concerned and aware parents will seek to find a balance between exposing their children to a variety of people, so that they will not be fearful of people who are different, with being careful about to whom they expose their children to, either because some people do not agree…… [Read More]
Discriminatory practices were encouraged, such as the Jim Crow laws that supported segregation. However, the push for segregation led to increased inequities borne by the Negroes. Many southern states encouraged segregation, as well. The original Civil ights Act of 1957 had a limited scope, which impinged upon the rights of others.
Pros & Cons
During this time, many discriminatory cases were in the spotlight, and this was no exception. The case heightened awareness, as well as the flaws of the law. Civil ights bills were evolving, as this case ruling was a milestone in history. Conversely, many Negroes lost their lives to the cause, thus paving the way for a more equitable justice system.
Although not as prevalent today, prejudice and discrimination is still experienced by many. Civil rights are no longer reserved for race, but it has extended to other protected classes, such as gender, religion,…… [Read More]
Early trauma that causes anger often corresponds to higher levels of aggression later in life, especially where the traumas are suppressed and internalized instead of being expressed at the time of their origin and at the source.
Furthermore, since many dysfunctional families forbid the expression of anger by children (particularly anger toward parents), individuals who experience significant levels of early trauma that produces repressed anger are often considerably more aggressive throughout life subsequently than individuals who were fortunate not to experience as much early trauma (Gerrig & Zimbardo 2005). Aggression is a known factor in criminal conduct as well as other forms of non-criminal negative social behavior such as those associated with overt prejudice and other types of social intolerance toward others (Macionis 2003).
Aggression and Prejudice:
One of the primary ways that aggression-prone individuals express their repressed rage is in their treatment of other less powerful individuals (Gerrig &…… [Read More]
In an experiment, a Caucasian girl named Morgan was shown pictures of two girls - one white and one black.
hen asked who was smarter, Morgan pointed to the white girl. She was then shown a picture of a white and a black boy and was asked who threw garbage on the floor. She then pointed to the black boy (Stern-LaRosa and Bettman 2000).
Morgan is only three years old.
The experiment shows how early prejudice can affect people's perceptions, and the various negative ways in which they are manifested.
Morgan, however, is far from a lost cause. Experts agree that children often look to adults for guidance, and that there are many strategies to help children like Morgan work through their attitudes towards difference.
Definitions of prejudice
Studies of prejudice and discrimination usually center on a group of common ideas. Most experts begin with stereotypes, which are…… [Read More]
Prejudice and ethical/leadership issues with healthcare are nothing new but the fight to keep those standards and ethics on an even keel and prevent racism, bigotry and predudice of any sort including based on class, money, political ideology, nationalism, and so forth should be stomped out and eviscerated whenever it can be. People are people and should treated with dignity and respect regardless of their race, gender, beliefs and so forth. Even convicted murderers and rapists should not be treated disdain due to their actions because doing otherwise lowers the ethics and standards of the healthcare community that can and should still apply at all times.
Callahan, M. (2008). Healthcare providers constricted by financial, legislative, and regulatory issues. The Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM, 24(3),
Cobaugh, D., Angner, E., Kiefe, C., ay, M., Lacivita, C., Weissman, N., & ... Allison, J.
(2008). Effect of racial differences…… [Read More]
One of the primary reasons that non-white minorities are so disproportionately affected by the reduction in federal aid for higher education expenses, and/or the availability of affordable programs and institutions, is that they have not had equal economic access, either. This is something else that Lui et al. note in their description of the development of American culture and society. A lack of education as well as a prejudiced belief in the abilities of minorities often relegates them into manual labor occupations, where potentials for earning and advancement are limited. This creates a perpetual cycle of poverty, or at least of lower-middle-class status (which can often be worse in terms of receiving aid for higher education) leading to a lack of education and advancement, which in turn reinforces the idea that education is not meant for minorities, which reduces funding, etc.
There have, of course, been many attempts to address…… [Read More]
These two instances of prematurely formed first impressions make up one way in which the "prejudice" of the title is shown in the novel. The characters in this novel are very quick to form opinions of each other, doing so even before they meet each other, and this has a major effect on their relationships. The result of these first two cases of unseen first impressions is actually positive, and fairly quickly resolved -- Jane and Mr. Bingley end up falling in love, proving the correctness of their hastily formed first impressions. These are instances where the affects of first impressions on character relationships are actually beneficial, because they are fulfilled. More often in the novel, however, the gossip and ballroom behavior that tends to lead to first impressions between the characters -- especially the Bennett sisters and the various men they become involved with -- ends with a different…… [Read More]
Victim of Prejudice, on its own? (eg. I enjoyed reading...)
I enjoyed reading this book for several reasons. For one, I was surprised it was so old, written several hundred years ago. The language is dated but the themes remain relevant, especially as they pertain to gender and sex roles. Right from the beginning of the book, Hays lets her readers know that this is going to be a scathing critique of patriarchy. Protagonist Mary speaks with a proud tone, noting that her benefactor helped her to overcome the titular gender and class-related prejudices that besieged both men and women. Whereas women were supposed to be demure and weak, Mary notes that she was "indebted for a robust constitution, a cultivated understanding, and a vigorous intellect," (p. 5). She does not flaunt her strengths for egotistic purposes but rather, to show how difficult it can be to achieve status in…… [Read More]
Having said this, it is difficult to image a man such as Darby falling for her.
The film version of Elizabeth is also changed by certain plot changes that were made in the movie. Perhaps one of the most annoying scenes in the film is when Elizabeth goes outside in her bedclothes. Austen's Elizabeth would have never done such a thing. It is also worth noting that it is difficult to believe that the Bennets were as poor as the film depicted. A few of the party scenes where Elizabeth is the object of Darcy's attention are excluded from the film and they do not allow us to see Elizabeth's true character like we should. It is also worth noting that her personality seems to change halfway through the film. The first part of the film she spends far too much time giggling and in the second half of the…… [Read More]
Children and Prejudice
hat a person first needs to know in order to fully understand the various factors that influence racial / ethnic stereotypes is what being Caucasian truly means in our society. In other words, what does "whiteness" mean for a Caucasian child? hat does whiteness mean to a child who is African-American -- or to a child that is Latino, or Native American? The authors (Derman-Sparks, et al., 2005) delve into this and other important issues that relate to not just ethnicity but to social power and influence.
hat is Racism -- this is important to know -- in America? According to the authors it is important to understand that racism is not just an attitude that one person has towards another. In fact racism in American is an "…institutionalized system of power" that makes the determination as to what groups are "advantaged" and what groups are "disadvantaged"…… [Read More]
Second best possible way that the audience can do is not to patronize the product or service being advertised. It must be noted that advertisers chose that kind of seemingly improper and biased advertising strategy because they want to sell their product or service. Hence, if the audiences as the target consumers will not patronize the product, the advertisement will eventually be changed or stopped because of its failure.
Indeed, the viewers should not take for granted the kind of advertisements that are offending or that promote stereotyping. The viewers can always react positively and/or negatively to it. After all, the advertiser's ultimate goal is to satisfy the viewers, hence viewers must be satisfied in a positive and proper way.… [Read More]
Prejudice in Individuals:
Prejudice is the rigid irrational attitudes and opinions possessed by individuals or members of a specific group about another individual or group. onsequently, being prejudiced is defined as having preconceived beliefs regarding some people groups or cultural practices. In addition to being preconceived and difficult to change, prejudices can be positive or negative. While is possible to be prejudiced and fail to act upon the beliefs or attitudes, negative prejudices can result in discrimination. This negative form of prejudice is practiced in order to guard opportunities through denying access to groups of people. There is an urgent need to lessen prejudice because of the changing social structure, demographics, work place settings, and education settings. However, many efforts to reduce prejudices in these various settings have been legal and have failed to confront the dynamics of the disorder.
There are two prejudicial processes that operate differently…… [Read More]
organizational resources are by definition scarce, it is important for sociologists conducting research on the issues of racism and prejudice to employ research techniques with proven efficacy. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning optimal methods for sociological research into the areas of racism and prejudice. A discussion concerning the types of research method that would be the most appropriate for such studies on racism and prejudice, including qualitative or quantitative research, the use interviews, surveys, field research, case study, secondary analysis, or participant observation is followed by an examination concerning how sociologists explain the causes of prejudice. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the paper's conclusion.
eview and Discussion
To date, sociologists have used a wide range of qualitative and quantitative research methodologies to study racism and prejudice (Dion, 2002). For instance, according to one sociologist, "We…… [Read More]
On numerous occasions, we have perceived people being treated in a different and disparaging manner simply because they emanate from a certain cultural or ethnic group and community. This is something that takes place every day and is an ongoing heated issue of debate. This is an issue that has been in place for a very long time (Cohen, 2011). anging from captivity of the African people to oppression of African-Americans in the United States, racism is an issue that has caused a great deal of harm, anguish and pain to numerous people in the society. The same case is still ongoing in the present day, for instance, with the United States having the "Black Lives Matter" movement due to racial actions against young black people in different states. There has also been prejudice and racism shown against individuals emanating from the Muslim community being mistreated and oppressed…… [Read More]
Prejudice and social psychology
Gender-based stereotypes and influence of society
Cultural impact of host cultures
The contribution of Stanley Milgram has been significant in the field of social psychology. Milgram conducted experiments of human behavior in a laboratory setting and concluded that obedience to authority usually disregards moral or legal normative standards. An individual's behavior is thus shaped by the environment, people around, and his figure of authority. "Because humans are social animals, human behavior is strongly influenced by behavior of other humans; this influence is often very direct"(Aarts & Dijksterhuis, 2003; Pg. 18). The current paper investigates as to what extent the human behavior is influenced by others. The paper adopts an investigative approach and cites peer reviewed articles to substantiate the discussion. Social identity theory is also an important theoretical explanation that explains how and why an individual voluntarily gets influenced from socially constructed relationships.
Stanley…… [Read More]
Heat of the Night
Theories on Prejudice and Discrimination
The first thought on prejudice and discrimination in this movie naturally falls to the race of Virgil Tibbs (i.e., Sidney Poitier) but this movie delves in much more subtle comparisons and stereotypical prejudices than mere skin color.
A film in the late 1960's did not headline a black actor. Significant is the fact that Tibbs is allowed to be smart, clever, empathetic, superior, and dedicated to finding the killer - even while realizing he is being framed for a murder he did not commit.
Sheriff Bill Gillespie (Rod Steiger) is the perfect white counterpoint to Tibbs: manipulative, curiously vulnerable, steely when crossed, and white - stereotypical redneck portrayal of a Southern public servant.
The underlying theory of prejudicial racism is clearly defined - if subtly - by the deserted condition of the train station, the hour of Tibbs' arrival, and being…… [Read More]
Lumet's filmed adaptation of Reginald Rose's Twelve Angry Men focuses primarily on prejudice and the ways in which prejudice can obscure or distort one's sense of justice. The twelve jurors in the film all have their own personalities, their own backgrounds, their own histories, their own preoccupations: one wants to catch the ballgame and is willing to vote whichever way will get him out of the room sooner; another sees the defendant as nothing more than the representation of everything he hates about ungrateful youths; another looks not at the defendant nor at his watch but rather at the facts and attempts to discern through them the actuality of events as they most likely would have occurred: for this juror, the truth is his preoccupation -- and by way of a series of arguments, first with one, then with another, he manages to convince his peers that he is not…… [Read More]
Thebedi suffers because of the same reason but her story reveals how broken a race becomes after years of repeated abuse. Thebedi lives in a culture thousands of miles away from the segregation realized in America but somehow, that mentality made its way across the ocean. The most amazing aspect of this story is the fact that it could have taken place on an American farm. The white man's ways belittled the black man even in his own land. Prejudice is no respecter of persons. hile we associate it with whites and blacks in America, across the globe people are killed and mistreated for all kinds of beliefs. One thing is clear: this state of mind comes from within the heart of man, not from without. Children play with each other without restraint and it is only when they begin to adopt the beliefs of their elders that they begin…… [Read More]
In that, she does not adapt to the environment and culture of her parents, she is a woman on her own, a modern woman of India who knows what she wants and will not settle for less. She is easily led in other areas, though, and one of those weaknesses is Darcy, who she continues to see in a negative light, and refuses to really see the good in him. She only wants to believe the worst, which gets in the way of her real happiness and love.
She does adapt, however, when she changes her mind about Darcy, and she is open to change and growth because of this. Her life has followed an uncertain path, from India, through London, to California, and back again. In this journey, she learns about herself, and learns about her emotions, as well. She is strong, she can be led to do the…… [Read More]
Though prejudice seems to be a natural, hard-wired part of the human brain, racism is a learned trait, but the research discussed in Moskowitz's article suggests that there are predispositions in people's brains away from racism (and therefore probably towards racism as well). That is, when it comes to racism some people are simply faster learners than others. But though individual brain function explains some racism, it is far from the whole answer.
The research Moskowtitz explains only shows a predisposition towards the leanrned trait of racism; it ultimately fails to explain the source of racism. This is where institutional racism really connects to individual racism. In a society that as a whole is even slightly racist -- as many scholars suggest our is -- there are subconscious cues all around about the "good" and "bad" race or races. People who do not form negative associations do not pick up…… [Read More]
There is almost universally found an emphasis placed on continued education. It is also interesting to note that, on the whole, children of immigrant parents tend to perform better in school (based on grade point averages) that native born peers in the same school districts. There is a significant degree of ethnic segmentation of academic achievement -- for example, Chinese students tend to finish high school with the highest grade point averages while Latin American students tended to have the weakest performance in school. The highest drop out rate tended to be seen among Latin American students as well, primarily in Cubans, Dominicans and Mexican-Americans.
Regarding reliance on the welfare state, over 60% of the children polled aspired to an advanced degree, with 44% stating they realistically expected to attain it. Unfortunately, those children in situations with the greatest socioeconomic disadvantage tended to have the most unrealistic expectations regarding the…… [Read More]
American Labor Market
Darrick Hamilton's assessment of discrimination and how discrimination is measured in the U.S. labor market reveals a number of variables that play a part in determining the nature and extent of inequality in the U.S. hat the study does show is that class dichotomies are apparent and that economic disparity essentially ensures that the two classes remain divided by socio-economic barriers, which prevent the lower class from ever rising beyond the class ceiling that keeps them within their socio-economic status.
Class is an obvious issue in America: classism interacts with racism in various ways but the exact manner of the interaction -- or how it is interpreted -- depends on some degree to the manner in which the interaction is measured. As Hamilton notes, "An individual may experience discrimination and not interpret it as such, or an individual may not experience discrimination but perceive that they were…… [Read More]
Biases in Decision-Making
Biases refer to prejudices or favors of or against an object, group, or individual in comparison to another (Moule, 2009). This aspect is normally unfair in relation to making critical as well as effective judgment or decisions. On the other hand, unconscious biases refer to our natural people preferences. Unconscious biases also relate to the concept of hidden biases in the process of making unfair decision. Unconscious biases have massive influence on the underpinnings with reference to the decision-making process. It is critical for individuals to overcome unconscious biases in order to make valuable and fair decisions in accordance with relevant activities.
Discuss how biases can affect our decision-making during the hiring process
Biases have massive influence on our decision-making in the process of hiring new employees in the context of an organization. Biases influence our decision-making when hiring new employees in several ways. One of the…… [Read More]
Prejudice and policing have now become a very contentious issue within the developed world. Many individuals, particularly in minority populations, believe that prejudice is embedded within the policing environment. Stereotypes and racial profiling are perceived to be rampant. Examples exist of individuals unarmed being shot to death be police officers. Police officers themselves are now much more fearful of doing their duty in society as they fear retaliation. This creates an interesting dynamic between prejudice and the overall policing environment.
Both prejudice and policing intersect each through constant interaction and communication. Law enforcement involves communication. Body language, tone, and speech all impact the manner in which law enforcement interacts with the population at large. In many instances officers vary their tone depending on race or perception. Studies have shown that police officers tend to be more aggressive in their tone and behavior when interacting with African America constituents. Likewise, officers…… [Read More]
Prejudice and Discrimination
Choice 1: What can the couple do in this situation?
In this situation, there are a several different actions which can be taken. The most notable include: filing a complaint with the department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), suing the homeowner for violating the Civil ights Act of 1964 and go to different anti-discrimination / civil liberties organizations. Any one or a combination of these actions, will force the homeowner to reconsider their position. (Devey, 2007)
HUD was given enforcement over these areas as a part of the Civil ights Act of 1964. This makes it illegal for anyone to discriminate against someone in employment, housing and other places of public interest. Those who violate the law are subject to civil litigation and the possibility of having to pay out monetary damages from their actions. HUD's job is to investigate and enforce the law. If the…… [Read More]
By delving into and categorizing the different treatments, ocial psychologists test and arrive at conclusions of socially helpful interventions and treatments. Other professionals such as social workers and therapists can then incorporate these treatments in their practices whilst policy makers can formulate laws (if applicable) incorporating them into the institution.
A) select one that makes use of the distinction between automatic cognitive-processes and controlled processing, and by using that article explain why that-distinction is important in current social psychological research. Are the methods-used to measure these two processes different? If so, how and why? (Do not-forget to cite the title of the article.)
Payne (2006) dwells on implicit and instinctive bias that compels people to make snap judgeship. These judgments can sometimes be dangerous and self if not socially destructive such as race stereotypes that can lead people to see a weapon where none exists and can result in faulty…… [Read More]
eduction of Prejudice
The Contact Hypothesis of Gordon Allport and the eduction of Prejudice
The literature covering the nature of prejudice, its scope, the effects of prejudice, and methods to reduce on prejudice is among the most extraordinary body of literature in all of social science. The total volume of research on the topic of prejudice is quite extraordinary and this body of work reflects several decades of scholarly investigation of the meaning of prejudice, its assessment, its etiology, its consequences, and methods to reduce prejudice. There are very few areas of study that have attracted a greater range of theoretical perspectives than the area of prejudice. Theorizing about the nature and manifestation of prejudice has also been accompanied by many spirited debates about the appropriate way to conceptualize methods to reduce prejudice in people. The result has been a rich body of measurement instruments and reduction strategies. The most…… [Read More]
Consequently, the former will attempt to behave toward the latter in view of the prejudices he or she has relating to the particularities present in the latter. Most individuals make use of anti-locution when they put across their discriminatory principles, as it is easier and apparently less immoral to do this. Anti-locution is as wrong as direct discrimination, given the fact that it encourages people to be prejudiced.
Avoidance is another form of prejudice that seems to be less harmful than straightforward discrimination. Because they were taught that people from a community different from theirs behave in a particular manner believed to be wrong, individuals will consider that it is easier for them to evade any chance of interaction with the categorized group rather than risk having to deal with the particularity associated with the group that is "not normal."
People will not hesitate to accept that discrimination is a…… [Read More]
lack peoples believe that America is being white society day by day and other identities are favored very less as compare to white peoples. It is the white race which controls almost everything for Muslims and black it is like a dream to be a president or getting selected for any higher post America may be a melting point but this problem has become common issue now but none can do anything to get rid of it. If we go in depth we will come to know who is being victim of prejudice the things which are being affected by prejudice in America are institutes and Offices. It is affecting peoples because of prejudice all of the black Americans has become victims of complex, prejudice is also affecting all of the events, which serve as dedication to American liberty. There are still few peoples found in America who believes that…… [Read More]
" (Russon 58) and the need to be recognized as the important factor is the source of people's prejudices. But people learn this behavior from their interactions with their families, another source of their prejudices. Traditional family structure maintains a system where the adults in the family have a more important place; and their wants and desires hold more sway. Children begin their lives in a system where their wants are inferior to others, particularly their parents, and learn to adapt this interpersonal interaction to other non-family individuals. Then, children take their experiences with their families and use them as the basis for their interactions with other individuals in society. The superior/inferior system that they experienced in their childhood becomes the manner in which they develop their personal identities and the way they interact with others. They become the important factor in relationships by making their wants more important than…… [Read More]
Reasoning Behind the Title: To Kill a Mockingbird
To Kill a Mockingbird took the form of a novel before its adaptation into a film. This is a work that has a strong literal and metaphorical link to the title. To Kill a Mockingbird is an infinitive phrase that describes an action. The title is a phrase that communicates part of the main theme of the novel. By the time the reader has completed the novel, the reader should understand quite clearly what the consequences of killing a mockingbird in real life as well as within the context of the narrative. Mockingbirds, as the novel expounds upon, represent innocence and joy. Through various actions in the novel and as demonstrated through nearly all of the character arcs in the story, to kill a mockingbird is a solemn tragedy.
Characters such as Jem, Dill, Tom Robinson, Mr. Raymond, and Boo Radley are…… [Read More]
Discrimination and Prejudice Affects Families
Discrimination is basically defined as the unfair or prejudicial treatment of various kinds of people or things, particularly on the basis of age, race, sex or ethnicity. In contrast, prejudice can be described as a preconceived opinion about a person or a group of people that is not based on experience or research. Discrimination and prejudice occur in various societies as various groups of people are wrong preconceived opinions and unfair treatment that is fueled by various factors. Some of the most common factors that generate discrimination and prejudice include cultural differences, religious differences, socio-economic differences, racial differences, differences in sexual orientation and preferences, and differences in nationality. As a result of its spread, discrimination and prejudice continues to have considerable impacts on families and child rearing practices, which necessitate the development of measures to address it.
How Discrimination Affects Families
Generally, the effect of…… [Read More]
Self and Social Psychology
Social psychology is a relatively new field of study in modern science. Its focus is on the identity of the "Self" -- the sense of individuality: the component parts that make up who one "is" and the meaning of the "whole" Self. This paper acts as a referenced for individuals unfamiliar with the general principles of social psychology. It aims to provide the reader with a basic overview of the field and to define key principles often used by social psychologists.
Discovering the Self
Self-Concept, Awareness, and Self-Schemas
Discovering the Self in social psychology can seem as simple as posing the question, "Who am I?" (Myers, 2010, p. 13). But answering the question is where the discovery of Self really begins. One's sense of identity, sense of self, sense of gender, race, categorical social grouping all factor into the answer. "Who am I?" raises the issue…… [Read More]
Rochester was burned and maimed in a fire set by his first wife who had all this time lived in the attic of the house guarded by a nurse. The man who once had the confident gait is seen standing blindly in the rain as Jane approaches the house after her decision is made to return to Rochester. The scene is reversed as Jane stands talking to Rochester who is now groping through air with a stump for an arm and with blinded eyes straining to see and it is now her turn to assure him of her devotion because she is already fulfilled in the knowing that she is just what he wants:
On this arm, I have neither hand nor nails," he said, drawing the mutilated limb from his breast, and showing it to me. "It is a mere stump -- a ghastly sight! Don't you think so,…… [Read More]
doind a research project pay green?
I collected an articles .
Joe right's 2005 motion picture "Pride and Prejudice" involves a series of elements related to ideas like family, faithfulness, and marriage. By presenting the central characters as individuals who struggle to remove social status boundaries, the film makes it possible for viewers to gain a more complex understanding of thinking during the late eighteenth century. Elizabeth Bennet is the film's protagonist and by looking at matters from her perspective viewers are able to learn more about her surrounding environment and about the feelings present in a society that promotes a strict set of legislations that are focused both on rational and on moral ideas.
Elizabeth Bennet is a very complex character and it is actually intriguing how her intellect virtually pushes individuals who are unable to adapt on a social level to the limits of her community. Elizabeth gradually…… [Read More]
Daughters in literature requires a thorough analysis of gender roles and norms. The concept of daughter is directly linked to gender roles, as being a daughter entails specific social and familial responsibilities. Daughters' rights, roles, and responsibilities vis-a-vis their male siblings can therefore become a gendered lens, which is used to read literature. This is true even when the daughters in question are not protagonists. For example, Sonya in Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment is not a protagonist but her supportive role has a tremendous impact on main character Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov. Likewise, no one of King Lear's three daughters is the play's protagonist but they nevertheless propel the plot of the play and are central to its outcome. Virginia oolf's To the Lighthouse barely features any of the Ramsay daughters, and yet there are ample textual references to the role of daughters in families and correspondingly, the role of…… [Read More]