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Public and Private Sector Unions?
More than 200 members of the U.S. House of epresentatives and U.S. Senate have in recent times supported the Employee Free Choice Act to permit workers the freedom of choice to develop unions. The consequences of the support surrounding the legislation and the larger concentration on the economy and workforce-related issues have made the right of workers and unions the topic of many discussions across the country. (What America is saying...About Labor Unions?) There has been an expansion of public sector unionized employment that seems to show the way to a larger government and assist in higher taxes. In 1932, the movement to systematize the public employees was started and it acquired strength along the way with the election of liberal government administrations at all grades of government. (The Unreasonable power of public employee unions)
In 1958, a significant administrative action happened when obert Wagner,…
Bahr, Morton. In My Opinion: Business Scandals Underscore Unions' Vital Role. CWA News. August 2002. Retrieved from http://www.cwa-union.org/news/CWANewsDisplay.asp?ID=1024 Accessed on 8 November, 2004
Denholm, David Y. Unions Turn to Public Sector as Membership Declines. Retrieved from http://www.capitalresearch.org/pubs/pdf/x3770440101.pdf Accessed on 8 November, 2004
Important Differences between Government and Private-Sector Unions. Retrieved from http://www.mackinac.org/article.asp?ID=2309 Accessed on 8 November, 2004
Juneau, Dan. Will Unions Change. March 14, 2003. Retrieved from http://www.politicsla.com/columns/Juneau/2003/031403_unions.htm Accessed on 8 November, 2004
Fixed assets are assets and property that cannot be easily converted into cash. The public sector deals with those that mainly involve expense, whilst the private sector deals with tangible property such as machinery, factory buildings, and large computer systems.
3. The public sector account analysis reports public accounts (i.e. those applicable to the nation and its people as a whole), whilst the private sector, obviously reports accounts that are congruent, relevant, and applicable just to its own peculiar concerns.
4. The public sector account deals with fixed assets not depreciation, whilst the private sector account deals with fixed assets and depreciation included. In other words, the private sector -- working on matters of gaining profit -- also takes into account the gradual and possible permanent decrease of value in the stock. The public sector, on the other hand, does not concern itself with this matter.
In short, the exercise…
Barton, A. (1999). Public and Private Sector Accounting: The Non-identical Twins Australian Accounting Review, 9, 22-31
Chan, J.L. (2003). Government Accounting: An Assessment of Theory, Purposes and Standards, Public Money & Management, 1-9
First Flanagan offers four hypotheses: one, changes in the structure of the American economy "favor nonunion over union employment"; two, union organization is less intense than it was; three, workers' interest in general has tapered off with reference to unions; and four, management vigorously opposes unions in many instances (Flanagan, 2005, p. 33). Adding to that list, Flanagan asserts that many companies have adopted "human resource management policies" that are similar to what unions have demanded in the past and this results in "diminished demand for unionization" (Flanagan, 34). In other words, if a company is keeping its workers happy and satisfied with progressive policies and sharing the profits, the need for a union in a progressive company is greatly reduced.
Meanwhile, what if a fellow employee asks another employee to sign an "authorization card"? The steps that unions take include the following: a) after a small group discusses the…
Farber, Henry S., and Western, Bruce. (2011). Accounting for the Decline of Unions in the Private Sector, 1973-1998. Journal of Labor Research, XXXII (3), 459-480.
Flanagan, Robert J. (2005). Has Management Strangled U.S. Unions? Journal of Labor
Research, XXVI (1), 34-60.
Kleiner, Morris M. (2001). Intensity of Management Resistance: Understanding the Decline of Unionization in the Private Sector. Journal of Labor Research, XXII (3), 519-526.
Those rating the interviews were black and white individuals and findings state that: "the black raters rated the black candidates higher than the white and vice versa." (Ibid) Conclusions state that this demonstrated the potential of "institutionalized racism" in interviewing. DeGroot and Motowidlo (1999) state findings that "the unconscious influence what would, objectively be evident as irrelevant factors was found in a "positive relationship between a number of aspects of interviewee's voice quality, such as pitch and rate of speech" in the ratings of the interviewers. (Edenborough, 2004; paraphrased) Edenborough relates chain-interviewing in which the second interviewer will explore a fact that the first interviewer missed. "Conventional unstructured interviewing with a career history focus is widely practice, despite general recognition of its limitations." Edenborough (2004) the objectivist-psychometric view of interviewing places emphasis on the gathering of evidence in a systematic fashion. While the subjectivist-social perception in interviewing places emphasis on…
Behavioral Interviewing Skills for HR Managers and Recruitment Specialists (2007) Schulich Executive Education Center. Online available at http://seec.schulich.yorku.ca/ssb-extra/seecmaster.nsf/F65FCEBA60C2088685256ED200768C56/AC8CCE3D 557E 07E085256E2A006BE74B
Develop an Effective Strategic Human Capital Plan (2006) a Process Overview for Federal Executives. Partnership's Private Sector Council (PSC) December 2006.
Dolinsky, S. (2006) Assumptions are Not Cost Effective: Solving Technical Skills Assessment Problems by Integrating External expertise to Hiring process. A White Paper Fall (2006)
Edenborough, Robert (2004) Effective Interviewing: A Handbook of Skills and Techniques. Online available at http://books.google.com/books?id=en76qjO1RRgC&pg=RA1-PA33&lpg=RA1-PA33&dq=effective+interviewing+in+the+private+sect or & source=web&ots=22M68qMWNy&sig=A2qbigrEQ6XEKrx131Mr3UTqeR0#PRA1-PT1,M1.
Purchasing, Procurement and Supply Chain Management. Explain if these processes are the same or different in the civilian and the government sector?
In the capitalist system, the profit motive is when an individual or organization is providing specific products and services to meet the demands of customers. During these situations, they will decide where there are unaddressed needs and focusing on meeting them. They are receiving the added profits they realize from these actions (Bell 2014). To achieve these larger objectives they will allocate resources and personnel where they can be the most efficient. This is when they will utilize purchasing, procurement and supply chain management to give them a strategic advantage. They are different between the civilian and governmental sectors, as one is a for profit entity and the other is designed to meet the needs of the public. This means that there is less of an emphasis on…
Bell, J. (2014). Supply Chain Risk. London.: Kogan Page.
Bryson, J. (2011). Strategic Planning for Public and Non-Profit Organizations. San Jose, CA: Jose Bass.
Chan, C. (2005). Successful Strategies in Supply Chain Management. Hershey, PA: Idea Group.
Everitt,, L. (2008). The Five Secret of Publix Supermarket's Success. CBS News. Retrieved from: http://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-five-secrets-of-publix-supermarkets-success/
organization is derived from the preparedness cycle developed by the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and utilized by the Federal Emergency Management Association (FEMA) of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and other disaster response / emergency preparedness organizations. A primary advantage of using this proven model is that it provides a consistently implemented and commonly understood approach to disaster preparedness. The preparedness cycle is a continuously renewing series of integrated components that enable the a state of preparedness to be achieved and maintained, and includes the following: Planning, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating, and taking corrective action ("Preparedness," 2014). The components of the NIMS preparedness cycle are shown below.
Figure 1. NIMS Preparedness Cycle
Organizational preparedness requires the coordinated effort of both internal and external individuals, and the engagement of agencies and resources external to the focus organization. These external resources are dedicated to incident response and emergency management,…
Business Continuity Plan. (2014, January 3). FEMA. Retrieved http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/89510
Business Continuity Resource Requirements Worksheet (2014, January 3). FEMA. Retreived http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/89512
National Incident Management System: Preparedness. (2014, July 24). FEMA. Retrieved https://www.fema.gov/preparedness-0
Organizational resilience: Security, preparedness, and continuity management systems -- requirements with guidance for use. ASIS. (2009, March 12). American National Standards Institute, Inc. Retrieved http://www.ndsu.edu/fileadmin/emgt/ASIS_SPC.1-2009_Item_No._1842.pdf
2010, October 12 Governmental and Private Sector Accounting in the Healthcare Field
Governmental and Private Sector Accounting in the Healthcare Field: educing Costs to Make Healthcare More Affordable
Healthcare costs have risen astronomically over the past two decades and this has resulted in the role of accounting in the health care industry undergoing change. It is reported that the "escalation in medical costs has been the number one issue in health care for almost three decades. The Government and third party players have attempted to reduce the cost of health care by either paying a fixed fee for a procedure or a pre-approved annual budget based on a defined patient mix and census projection." (Seetharaman, aj, and Saravanan, 2010, p. 1) According to the American Medical Association, "inefficiencies in health care delivery add cost and detract value from the health care system." (nd, p. 1) Noted as factors that contribute…
Wireless Innovations Improve Patient Care, Reduce Healthcare Costs (2010) WiMax.com 4G Wireless Broadband Solution. Retrieved from: http://www.wimax.com/features/wireless-innovations-improve-patient-care-reduce-healthcare-costs
Getting the Most for our Health Care Dollars (2010) American Medical Association. Retrieved from: http://www.ama-assn.org/ama1/pub/upload/mm/health-care-costs/strategies-rising-costs.pdf
Lovins, Jonathan (2010) Healthcare IT will Improve Quality, Reduce Costs and Improve Healthcare Delivery and Hospitalists will lead its Meaningful Use. Medical Staff Leader. 5 Apr 2010. Retrieved from: http://blogs.hcpro.com/medicalstaff/2010/04/healthcare-it-will-improve-quality-reduce-costs-and-improve-healthcare-delivery-and-hospitalists-will-lead-its-meaningful-use/
Seetharaman, A., Raj, J.R. And Saravanan. A.S. (2010) The Changing Role of Accounting in the Health Care Industry. Res. J. Bus. Manag., 4: 91-102. Retrieved from: http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=rjbm.2010.91.102&org=10
Private Public School Similarities and Differences
isk and Benefits in Public and Private Schools
Special Need Students
Teachers Credentials in Private and Public Schools
This research paper focuses on the similarities and differences of private and public school education. It deciphers several truths and realities associated with these two systems. isks and benefits along with teacher's credentials in private and public schools are discussed in detail. Another factor brought to light is the positive role played by ample resources in the betterment of private sector and the loss it has incurred to public sector education system.
Parents always face this query whether they should choose a private school or public schools. They want best for their children and it is a normal perception that private schools are way better than public schools in terms of quality and academic excellence. Although problems exist in both the sectors but due to ample…
Anonymous. American Academy Of Child And Adolescent Psychiatry. March 2011. 29 January 2013.
-- . PISA. 2 November 2012. 29 January 2012.
Nan, Stein. "Bullying, Harassment and Violence among Students." Radical Teacher (2007): 43-55.
Reese, William J. America's Public Schools: From the Common School to "No Child Left Behind." New York: John Hopkins University Press, 2005.
The private financing initiatives
When the Private Finance Initiative was launched in 1992, it was seen as a mechanism to achieve extra public-sector investment by bringing in private finance for capital projects as well as a means to improve the public procurement process that was routinely criticized for poor project management and construction cost overruns. PFIs cut across a range of public services, including hospitals, prisons, public transport, roads, and schools. Each PFI depended on the public-sector purchaser to specify the outputs or outcomes it hoped to achieve, and put private-sector capital at risk for the delivery of those outputs or outcomes. By relaxing the emphasis on input specification, PFIs sought to mobilize innovation and optimize whole-life costs and quality to meet the public requirements. The financing mechanism served to reinforce the long-term nature of the relationship by linking payments to the achievement of outputs over the life…
Chung, Demi. 2009. "Developing an Analytical Framework for Analysing and Assessing Public-Private Partnerships: A Hospital Case Study." Economic and Labour Relations Review 19:69+. Retrieved September 26, 2011 ( http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5033188311 ).
Flemming, John, and Peter Oppenheimer. 1996. "Are Government Spending and Taxes Too High (or Too Low)?." National Institute Economic Review. Retrieved September 26, 2011 ( http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001637892 ).
Forrer, John, James Edwin Kee, and Zhibin Zhang. 2002. "Private Finance Initiative: A Better Public-Private Partnership?." The Public Manager 31:43+. Retrieved September 26, 2011 ( http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000818745 ).
Gibb, Kenneth, and Duncan Maclennan. 2006. "Changing Social Housing: Economic System Issues." Public Finance and Management 6:88+. Retrieved September 26, 2011 ( http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5045014514 ).
Private Security Trends and Movements
Private security plays such a significant role in the efforts of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) that the DHS published in 2010 a Private Sector Resources Catalog that “centralizes access to all DHS resources targeted for the private sector including small and large businesses, academia, trade associations, and other non-governmental organizations” (DHS, 2018). One example of a private security firm within the catalog is TRIPwire Community Gateway (TWCG)—“a web portal designed specifically for the nation’s CIKR owners, operators, and private security personnel.” The TWCG serves as a portal for private security groups to give analysis of threats, reports, and planning phases, helping private sector players working with the DHS the opportunity to plan for and detect potential terror threats.
The trends in collaborating the efforts and partnerships of private security with the DHS are growing, too. As the U.S. Department of Justice (2005) has…
These devices can help to ensure customer violence is limited. Additionally, by investing in interpersonal training and dispute resolution courses for employees, companies can help to control coworker violence. Furthermore, the use of EAP (Employee Assistance Programs) for frustrated workers can help to provide some outlet for frustrations, further eliminating the possible problems (Hagan, 2004). Through polite, direct, proper communication, most acts of interpersonal workplace violence can be avoided.
ASIS. (2001). Certification. ASIS International. etrieved September 26, 2007 from ASIS International. Website: http://www.asisonline.org/certification/arp/certpromo.htm.
Chapter 498 Oregon Laws. (2001). [Online] etrieved July 10, 2007 from the Oregon State Legislature database. Website: http://www.leg.state.or.us/01orlaws/sess0400.dir/0498ses.html
Cole, D. (2002, September) Trading liberty for security after September 11. FPIF Policy eport. etrieved 8 July, 2007 at http://www.fpif.org/papers/post9-11.html.
Collins, P.A., icks, T.A., Van Meter, C.W. (2000). Chapter 8: Crime and the threat environment. Principles of security and crime prevention, 4th ed. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Publishing.
ASIS. (2001). Certification. ASIS International. Retrieved September 26, 2007 from ASIS International. Website: http://www.asisonline.org/certification/arp/certpromo.htm .
Chapter 498 Oregon Laws. (2001). [Online] Retrieved July 10, 2007 from the Oregon State Legislature database. Website: http://www.leg.state.or.us/01orlaws/sess0400.dir/0498ses.html
Cole, D. (2002, September) Trading liberty for security after September 11. FPIF Policy Report. Retrieved 8 July, 2007 at http://www.fpif.org/papers/post9-11.html .
Collins, P.A., Ricks, T.A., Van Meter, C.W. (2000). Chapter 8: Crime and the threat environment. Principles of security and crime prevention, 4th ed. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Publishing.
private military companies Iraq illustrate a trend warfare? -No, Historical reasons great empires employed a large number mercenaries.-What reasons, -Type firms, divided types- type spear
Private military companies
Today's society is more challenging and dynamic than it has ever been. And this trend is manifested within the military sector as well. Here, the employees in the division have to be better motivated in order to risk their lives and this motivation has to be complex, and include both financial and non-financial incentives. While the major non-financial incentive would be the sense of fighting to protect one's country, the financial incentive has to be substantial and significantly larger than that of any other category of employees.
The modern day army then integrates technologic developments to improve the nature and outcome of its operations. It as such strives to answer the more and more complex demands of the contemporaneous society and, in…
Adebajo, A., Sriram, C.L., 2000, Messiahs or mercenaries? The future of international private military services, International Peacekeeping, Vol. 7, No. 4
Avant, D., 2006, Private military companies and the future of war, Foreign Policy Research Institute, http://www.fpri.org/enotes/200604.military.avant.privatemilitarycompanies.html last accessed on May 27, 2011
Beutel, M.D., 2005, Private military companies: their emergence, importance and a call for global regulation, Northwich University, http://princess.digitalfreaks.org/thesis/beutelmdthesis.pdf last accessed on May 27, 2011
Carafano, J.J., 2008, Private sector, public wars: contractors in combat-- Afghanistan, Iraq, and future conflicts, Greenwood Publishing, ISBN 0275994783
The various factors that influence both the definition and the perception of private security are typically environmental but can be internal and external to the issue of security itself. In most developed nations, the state provides security forces that are paid for by tax payers (local, municipal, state and federal police, and military forces); however, private security forces, typically operated by ex-military officers who bring their training and experience into the private sector to fill gaps in the market where demand cannot be satisfied by state security apparatuses alone, do exist and do operate both in developed and developing nations. Private security contractors like Academi, GRS, and Aegis look like military forces and often work with military forces when political factors require governments to apply to them for assistance (as has been the case with the U.S. government in the Middle East (Elsea) as well as with Middle…
This also implies inadequacies in fiscal sustainability, which influences investments in private sectors.
The second channel happens through the level, composition and quality involved within the public investment, which shows the level at which the public investment replaces the private investments (Schmidt- Hebbel, Serven, & Solimano, 1996).
The final channel regards the level of taxation on the corporate earnings and the rules applicable in depreciations.
There have been arguments that fiscal policy and public expenditure reduces the private investments in two different manners. These include increasing the interest rates or lowering the private funds involved in financing the investments.
According to the neoclassical theory, the interest rate is also an imperative variable in finding the level of investment. Consequently, it results into a negative effect because it upsurges the interest payable in investments. Concurrently, McKinnon and Shaw, contends that this is likely to cause a positive relationship between the investment…
Shrestha, M.B. (2005), "ARDL Modelling Aproach to Cointegration Test," Proceedings of the 46th Annual Conference of New Zealand Association of Economists, Paper
No. 13, Wellington, July 2005.
Keynes, J.M. (1936). General Theory on Employment, Interest and Money., London,
Management Account in the Public Sector and Management Accounting in the Private Sector: A Comparative Review
The late 20th and early 21st centuries have brought increasing change to almost every country in the world, Australia included. Globalism describes, in fact, the increasing unification of the world through economic means (reduction of trade barriers, support of international trade, and mitigation of export and import quotas). They goal for globalization is to increase material wealth and the distribution of goods and services through a more international division of labor and then, in turn, a process in which regional cultures integrate through communication, transportation and trade. The overall theory is that if countries are tied together cooperatively economically, they will not have needed to become political enemies. Additionally, the idea of globalism and international trade has changed the way Australian's view public and private businesses and the opportunities afforded them because of investment,…
Alexander Performance Management, Inc. 2004, Private vs. Public Sector, viewed May 2012, .
Broadbent, J & Laughlin, R 1988, 'Public Private Partnerships: An Introduction', Accounting, Auditing and Accountability Journal, vol 16, no. 3, pp. 332-41.
Financial Accounting Standards Board 2012, Convergence with the International Accounting Standards Board, viewed May 2012, http://www.fasb.org/international/convergence_iasb.shtml .
Funnell, W & Cooper, K 1998, Public Sector Accounting and Accountability in Australia, University of New South Wales Press, Sydney.
In this order of ideas, both private and public companies desire to possess and use the latest technologies on the market as to increase the performances of their operations. Take for instance the case of a new and better accounting software. This will not only be sold to private companies, but also to the entities in the public sector. As such, the strategic approach of the technologies used by the two types of companies is also similar, with the specification that private companies are sometimes better financially equipped to make the desired purchases.
In terms of financial strategies, both organizations wish to attract various investors to fund their operations. Whereas the private companies issue stocks, bonds or engage in other types of financial operations to retrieve funds from interested investors, the public companies often find it more difficult to attract the needed funds. Take for instance the case of a…
Kickert, W.J.M., Klijn, E.H., Koppenjan, J.F., 1997, Managing Complex Networks: Strategies for the Public Sector, SAGE Publications
Whicker, M.L., Areson, T.W., 1990, Public Sector Management, Praeger Publishers
He shows how the leadership style he asserts in the private sector is often hard to come by in public organizations. Many of the more competitive and assertive people are drawn to private organizations, as they offer more monetary gain and rewards. Additionally, the hedgehog concept is different in a private sector. Public agencies are not directed to pure profits, and so must be readjusted to work in different avenues within the public sector. These differences can be great, as he shows that nonprofit agencies cannot benefit from the same style of leadership and execution that private companies can.
However, criminal justice agencies do have a lot to benefit from the strategies that Collins presents within all of his works. Law enforcement can still benefit from the Hedgehog concept, although such strategies must be adjusted to rework economic benefits into social benefits. Essentially, the economic drives within the business structure…
3) Information Technology
4.3 Data collection method
I will distribute the following surveys to the employees and employers in my sample population. I will give them two weeks to complete the surveys, after which I will collect them and analyze them.
4.4 Sample size and sampling method
The sample size will be between 40-50 people. The sampling method include surveys as well as direct conversations. The employee surveys will gauge satisfaction with salary, job security, work environment, feedback, training, and other factors relating to job satisfaction. The employer surveys will ask employers to rate Saudi employees in areas such as work ethic, ability, attitude, and skills, especially as compared to workers of other nationalities.
4.5 Method of Data Analysis
The surveys should yield a set of simple, definite answers which be compared on the same criteria. The open-ended interviews should yield a deeper, more diverse set…
Maslow, Abraham. 1962. Towards a Psychology of Being, Princeton, NJ: D. Van Nostrand
Maslow, Abraham. 1970. Motivation and Personality, 3rd ed. (1954) Chapter 6: Unmotivated Behavior. New York: Longman.
Cziksentmihalyi, Mihaly. 1990. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York: Harper.
Organizational Change in the Public Sector
This research proposal explores the feasibility of management in the public Sector as an organizational paradigm and new model in organizational development. The literature review reviews numerous journal articles that explore on the key concepts of change management strategies from a public sector project management perspective. The authors suggest that employee's participation, effective feedback across the board, and empowerment of subordinate staffs is a major step in transforming public organizations. This proposal further hypothesis that establishment of long-term and productivity advantages are crucial throughout the organization.
SCOPE AND PURPOSE
Factor 1: Need for change
Factor 2: implement a Plan for change
Factor 3: create political internal environment for Change
Factor 4: Support and Commitment from managers
Factor 5: enhancing External Support
Factor 6: Provide Resources for change
Factor 7: establish Change
Factor 8: ascertain comprehensive Change
Determinants of implementing…
Abramson, Mark A., and Paul R .Lawrence .2001. The Challenge of Transforming
Administration and its influence on organizational change. Management Decision,
50(10), 1843-1860, Review 62: 555-67.
Armenakis, Achilles A ., and Arthur G .Bedeian .1999 .Organizational Change: A Review of Associates.
Leadership is a challenging endeavor in any sector. In the public sector, however, leadership tends to be particularly more challenging. Public sector leaders often have to work with fewer resources to address increasingly complex challenges. In addition, effective leadership in the public sector is vital for not only driving employee motivation and performance, but also ensuring efficient performance of government agencies and the government in general (McCarthy, 2015). Indeed, leadership is important for effective public governance -- transparency, accountability, planning, efficiency, and so forth (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development [OECD], 2001). Another challenge stems from the fact that public sector leaders operate within a conundrum of bureaucratic rules, processes, and processes, which affect processes such as communication, delegation, and teamwork (Teelken, Ferlie & Dent, 2012). In essence, leaders in the public sector face different challenges compared to their counterparts in the private sector, making public sector leadership an especially…
Leadership in Public Sector
here has been a declining public sector performance and a constant stream of complains from the general public. Over the years, there have been attempts to restructure the public sector in a bid to improve the performance and the satisfaction among the public. he main concern is whether the focus on leadership in the public sector, and the HRM in particular can bring noticeable changes to the public sector and improve the outcome and the results that are manifest.
he public sector in America has various challenges that bundled together leads to the general failure of the entire sector. However, these problems all point towards a crippled leadership, however there are remedies to it as shown in the selected annotated bibiographie below.
Government Fleet, (2011). Solutions to the op Challenges Facing Public Sector Fleets.
Retrieved May 5, 2011 from http://www.government-fleet.com/Article/Print/Story/2011/03/Solutions-to-the-op-Challenges-Facing-Public-Sector-Fleets.aspx
Outlines the various challenges that are…
This is a report of the WHO workshop that was held in December 2000 in France to look at ways in which the HRM can contribute positively to the improvement of the Health Care Sector in the entire world. This paper focuses on the capacity building for the HRM leadership and team with a bid to ensuring that the same training can capacity building would lead to a new dispensation of the leadership and skills needed to well and appropriately manage the Health Care sector, which in effect is one of the world's biggest private sectors.
The public sector, just like all other private and NGOs can deliver the services with a lot of efficiency and in a timely manner. The leadership in the various departments of the public sector is very instrumental in the ultimate effective service of the public sector. The public sector is see as a highly multifaceted field that poses a lot of challenges and the leadership that is determined and possesses the positive attributes and follows the stipulated procedures in order to perform and make the public sector a beneficial entity to the Americans in general.
The private security field also underwent significant reforms in connection with the qualifications, training, and (especially) vetting of employment candidates as well Ortmeier, 2009). Ironically, instead of recognizing the comprehensive improvement throughout the private security industry after 2001, many police personnel intensified their pre-existing disdain for all non-sworn security professionals instead (Dalton, 2003).
The Conceptual Significance of Public and Private Spaces
One of the worst consequences of the antagonism on the part of police toward private security forces is that the private security industry could actually provide valuable assistance to the overall interest of national, regional, and local security. Whereas the actions of all government policing and law enforcement authorities is very strictly limited by fundamental constitutional principles (especially in connection with 4th Amendment search and seizure concepts), non-governmental security agents can operate with considerably wider latitude (Larsen, 2007). In general, private security personnel may conduct various types of searches…
Dalton D. (2003). Rethinking Corporate Security in the Post-9/11 Era. Burlington, MA:
Larsen R. (2007). Our Own Worst Enemy: Asking the Right Questions About Security to Protect You, Your Family, and America. New York: Grand Central Publishing.
Ortmeier P. (2009). Security Management: An Introduction. Uppers Saddle River,
Labor Relations in Public Sector
Collective bargaining in the public sector organizations will be quite different from that of the private sector organizations. The factors that drive the collective bargaining process in the private sector might not be present in the public sector. Private sector organizations are more concerned on the profit maximization philosophy whereas the public sector firms are more focused on serving general public therefore their priorities would be totally different and management approaches to collective bargaining would also be different. Moreover, private sector firms project for long-term budget forecasting, whereas in the public sector it is managed through third party legislature depending on the voters. These create challenges for the public sector to formulate a policy document that looks after the labor relations.
The Public Employees Fair Employment Act, commonly known as the Taylor Law, is a labor relations ruling policy document that covers public employees in…
Terrorist Threat and the Commercial Sector:
Terrorist threat has emerged as one of the major global threats in the 21st Century that has significant impacts on global security. In the past few centuries, the nature and values of terrorism have slowly shifted and resulted in the emergence of different definitions or descriptions of terrorism. These different descriptions have not only been used by scholars but also by governments to broaden the phenomenon to political, judicial, psychosocial, and moral arenas. The differences in definitions of terrorism is attributed to the fact that these attacks are usually characterized by political motivations towards the use or threat of violence, intentional and pre-meditated actions, fear, psychological effects, and asymmetric warfare. The other aspects of these definitions include immorality, social coercion, and reactions. However, terrorist groups and activities continue to pose significant threats to every facet of the modern society including the commercial sector (aman,…
A Military Guide to Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century 2007, Terrorist Motivations and Behaviors, Chapter 2, viewed 20 April 2013,
Brandt, B 2011, Terrorist Threats to Commercial Aviation: A Contemporary Assessment.
Combating Terrorism Center -- United States Military Academy, viewed 20 April 2013,
Catlin Group Limited 2012, A Business Approach to Terrorism, Catlin Group Limited Report,
190). The Act also helped to create a "too-big-to-fail" mindset (Walter, 2004) that would have profound implications during the economic downturn of 2008 and beyond.
Why did you include this piece of legislation in your list? The Act is described by Sammin (2004) as being "the biggest revision in financial services law since the Great Depression" (p. 653).
iegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994
What were the problems/conditions giving rise to the legislation? apid consolidations among the nation's banks were creating the potential for diverting needed banking resources from communities (ose, 1997).
What were the major provisions of the Act? The iegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994 (hereinafter "the Act") contained the following major provisions:
A. Bank holding companies that are adequately capitalized and managed can acquire a bank anywhere in the United States one year after this law is enacted.…
Alexander, K., Dhumale, R. & Eatwell, J. (2006). Global governance of financial systems: The international regulation of systemic risk. New York: Oxford University Press.
Coustan, H., Leinicke, L.M., Rexroad, W.M. & Ostrosky, J.A. (2004). Sarbanes-Oxley: What it means to the marketplace; from support to apprehension, accounting professionals express their thoughts. Journal of Accountancy, 197(2), 43-44.
Feinberg, R.M. & Reynolds, K.M. (2010). An examination of entry and competitive performance in rural banking markets. Southern Economic Journal, 76(3), 624-625.
Gup, B.E. (2003). The future of banking. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
China and the Economy
Chinese Enterprise therefore is needed to better facilitate growth in China. In regards to China, private enterprise growth has lagged substantially behind that of State owned enterprises (SOE). Private enterprise, particularly in emerging markets will be a catalyst for future economic growth and development within the region. Free trade allows for the transfer of goods and services when demanded by specific economies. It also allows the countries best suited for such activities to flourish. Private Enterprise is important within the Chinese region as it continues to provide services to developed nations. The citizens of developed countries benefit as they have access to cheaper products and services. With the advent of globalization, Chinese manufactures are better equipped to expand overseas to expand their manufacturing competitive advantage.
The question regarding private enterprise is important as China is quickly becoming a dominant economic power. As such, private enterprise will…
1) China NBS (No.1 2012): Announcement of National Bureau of Statistics of China
2) China Statistical Yearbook 2010, 2009 figure from China NSB Statistical Data (NSB 2009-revised -China GDP figure
3) DeGlopper, Donald (1987), Chapter 9 -- Science and Technology, A Country Study: China, Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 September 2012
4) Tschang, Chi-Chu (4 February 2009). "A Tough New Year for China's Migrant Workers." Business Week. http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/feb2009/gb2009024_357998.htm . Retrieved 10 September 2012
nationalized health care v. private insurers
During the past three decades, both Federal-funded healthcare programs like Medicare and private insurers have battled the rising tide of spending on personal health care with a variety of cost containment mechanisms. While other nations counter the fiscal onslaught with nationalized health care to provide universal coverage to its citizens, the United States struggles between partially funded nationalized care and a debilitating system of private insurance that denies patients proper care and undermines the moral codes of physicians. While the government continues to push health care towards the schism of corporate privatization, critics of the system unite with those un-served, proffering a viable transformation to medicate that would equal and exceed the private sector's ability to control the rate of spending growth, price aggressively for the services it covers, and provide health coverage to those citizens most desperately in need.
Currently, the United States…
Ibid, p. 935.
Ibid, p. 934.
Goel, Ashish. "For Whose Good?" Annals of Internal Medicine Online. June 7, 2005.
Influx of Money Impact Hospitality Sector in Brazil
how influx of money impact brazil'S HOSPITALITY SECTO
How Money Influx from World Cup 2014 Impact Brazil's Hospitality Sector
How Money Influx from World Cup 2014 Impact Brazil's Hospitality Sector
The literature review seeks to scrutinize and evaluate the probable effects of the influx of money from 2014 World Cup in Brazil in relation to growth and development of the country's hospitality industry (Jones 2012). Since the major declaration (October 2007) by FIFA that Brazil shall be hosting the biggest world event, the hospitality sector has embarked on building new hotels, bistros, and lodges. The sector has also stepped up efforts to renovate existing facilities ahead of the tournament slated for June 2014. Although preparations are still underway, an influx of visitors and money is inevitable with considerable accommodation bookings reported across the country (Jones 2012).
Influx of Money is…
Burt, J. (2012, May 25). Boys staying in brazil. The Daily Telegraph.
Davis, J.A. (2012). The Olympic Games Effect: How Sports Marketing Builds Strong Brands.
Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons
Global outlook: Sporting events - sporting chance. (2010). Foreign Direct Investment,, n/a.
Managing Out -- the Public Sector in the Community
Two major economic positions have dominated the public sector for more than a decade. One side believes that the government should take primary responsibility for the welfare of its citizens, while the other contends that greater reliance on the private sector is the method by which an economy can be more effectively managed. The first idea has largely been gleaned from the works of Keynes. He was an economist who believed that government intervention was required to maintain a stable economy and that the state was better equipped to be the central figure in economic management because it has a duty to the citizens which the private sector does not (Pressman, 2011). The counter to this politically liberal position is that of Frederich Hayek. He believed that free markets were the best regulators of the economy ( Griffiths, 2007) and that…
Bhatti, Y., Olsen, A.L., & Pedersen, L.H. (2009). The effects of administrative professionals on contracting out. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, 22(1), 121-137.
Broughton, C., & Chalmers, J. (2001). Reconsidering the revolution? Australian public sector administration in 2000. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 60(1), 81-88.
Caldwell, B. (2011). Hayek on socialism and on the welfare state: A comment on Farrant and McPhail's "Does F.A. Hayek's Road to Serfdom deserve to make a comeback?" Challenge, 54(1), 82-97.
Davis, G., & Wood, T. (1998). Is there a future for contracting in the Australian public sector? Australian Journal of Public Administration, 57(4), 85-97.
1960s 1970s, reasons growth unionization public sector? Choose discuss.
There are a number of highly salient factors that can account for the burgeoning union membership in the public sector of employees that took place between the 1960's and the 1970's. One of the chief proponents for this success was the American Federation of Government Employees, which had a number of different member organizations as constituents and which played a large part of this surge in union membership. Governmental employees in general also accounted for this dramatic upswing in the public sector. These employees function at several different levels including at the state, municipal and the federal level, and their organization into labor unions significantly aided in the degree of hegemony these groups were able to establish and project during these two decades.
Additionally, several types of legislation were passed during these two decades that fostered the growth of union membership…
Sloane, A.A. & Witney, F. (2010). Labor relations (13th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice
CBVH then continues to work with VESID to assess performance on an ongoing basis, participate in on-site reviews, and provide technical assistance or recommend adjustments to contracts as needed.
In the near century that these agencies have been in place, they have worked together in their efforts to assist those with disabilities to find employment. The current supported employment delivery system has allowed all eligible individuals with the most significant disabilities who are interested in supported employment to obtain services. A joint policy statement between the CBVH, the State Education Department, and VESID was initiated in 1985. At this time, the two State agencies agreed that only by working together could they address the needs of individuals who are deaf and blind. Through the memorandum of the agreement in 1999, CBVH and VESID reaffirmed their commitment to joint efforts to better serve this unique group of individuals. While there are…
American Foundation for the Blind. "Statistics and Sources for Professionals."
Retrieved November 26, 2010.
Belote, L. Low Vision Education and Training: Defining the Boundaries of Low
Vision Patients. A Personal Guide to the VA Visual Impairment Services
investment management in the financial sector. The paper highlights the world's present macroeconomic situation. It further details the macro economic situation and the way it affects investment decisions in several investors. In addition, the paper describes a sample investment programme and provides critical decisions to investors as well as investment vehicles used by the investment moguls. The paper summarises practical exercises in compound investment management growth and the use of capital investment.
Investment management is an important part of the global financial sector, which is key in financing vast business empires. Investment management is incorporated under state laws employing several individuals and creating revenue to key players in the financial market. It is the management of several securities and assets to meet specific objectives for the benefit of the investors. The products used known as investment vehicles can be of minimal risks such as government bonds; carry high risks such…
Development Policies and Anaysis Division. (2012). World Economic Situation and Prospects. Retrieved May Friday, 2012, from www.un.org: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/wesp/index.shtml
B.P.Eregha. (2010). Interest Rate Variation and Investment Determination in Nigeria. International Business Management Journal, 41-46.
Blume, M. (1978). Inflation and Capital Markets. Cambridge: Ballinger.
Contrarian Investor's Journal. (2008, July 6). Effects of inflation on value of investment. Retrieved May Friday, 2012, from www.cij.com: http://cij.inspiriting.com/?p=482#
For the public sector, performance management is a valuable process. Organizations increasingly rely on performance data to make decisions relating to various organizational processes, including strategic planning, internal management, resource allocation, reporting, as well as monitoring and evaluation. This is what performance management is all about -- continuous measurement of performance, definition of performance objectives and outcomes, communication of the outcomes, and taking action based on those outcomes. As demonstrated by literature, implementing PBM can be viewed as implementing organizational change: it requires assessment of the status quo, defining the organization's desired future state, and undertaking action to achieve that state. For this to be achieved, however, a number of factors are important: strong leadership commitment, organizational culture changes, as well as attention to individual, operational, and strategic dimensions. If effectively implemented, PBM can positively influence employee and organizational outcomes.
Performance Management: Brief Literature Review
With the operational environment becoming…
Research conducted to date for example suggests that, for consortia-based procurement exchanges and Sector Procurement Collaboratives the bargaining power of representing multiple groups of buyers and their collective purchasing power provides economies of scale and leverage in bargaining with suppliers (Devine, Dugan, Semaca, Speicher, 2001). The motivations of purchasing consortia are primarily focused upon gaining expected cost savings and collect information on supply markets (Tella, Virolainen, 2005). Although perfectly in line with accepted marketing views and strategies, there is a gap in this research, which does not take into account the long-term effects of inter-process maturity and transaction velocity over time.
According to Johnston et al. (2003, p. 23), the recognition of trust as an important part of the buyer-supplier relationship does not preclude fact of paucity of empirical evidence to suggest the level of such importance. Trust and its dependent behaviors, as well as its impact on inter-organizational activities,…
Matthew G. Anderson, Paul B. Katz. (1998). Strategic sourcing. International Journal of Logistics Management, 9(1), 1-13. Retrieved June 13, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 34024516).
Chad W. Autry, Susan L. Golicic. (2009). Evaluating buyer-supplier relationship-performance spirals: A longitudinal study. Journal of Operations Management
Markus Biehl, Wade Cook and David a. Johnston (2006). The efficiency of joint decision making in buyer-supplier relationships. Ann Oper Res, 145, 15-34.
Nicolas Bloch, Thierry Catfolis. (2001). B2B E-marketplaces: How to succeed. Business Strategy Review, 12(3), 20-28.
Conservationism vs. Development
Land is a serious subject for the private and public sectors, both of which vie against one another for its control. All over the states, partisans exist who are either pro-conservationism or pro-development. Typically these partisans can be divided into two camps: the pro-business camp which supports development and the conservationists/environmentalists who resist development and promote land preservation. There is no easy resolution for the two disagreeing sides on how to approach the issue; either the land must be protected or it must be developed. However, a solution is possible -- and in many cases it is not just one solution but a number of solutions that work together to effect a compromise. In short, it is up to the public sector to establish rules and regulations stating exactly where the private and public sectors start and stop regarding land usage.
Santos, Watt and Pinceti (2014) show…
Eilperrin, J. (2009). Obama signs major land conservation law. Washington Post.
Retrieved from http://voices.washingtonpost.com/44/2009/03/30/obama_signs_major_land_conserv.html
Santos, M., Watt, T., Pinceti, S. (2014). The push and pull of land use policy:
Reconstructing 150 years of development and conservation land acquisition. PLOS One, 9(7): 1-9.
Undocumented Immigrants in Gainesville
The city of Gainesville has a population of about 54,000 and of these, approximately 3,200 are illegal aliens. The law enforcement community in this city is charged with protecting these undocumented aliens on the one hand and enforcing illegal immigrant laws on the other. To the extent that undocumented residents are afraid that the police will enforce the latter may be the extent to which they are discouraged from seeking help from the law enforcement community when they need it, exacerbating existing crime levels. Conversely, the extent to which law enforcement authorities fail to enforce illegal immigration laws may be the extent to which they are viewed as being malfeasant in the prosecution of their official duties. To determine the optimal course of action for law enforcement authorities faced with these conflicting priorities, this paper reviews the relevant literature including a discussion of so-called "sanctuary cities"…
Armajani, B. (2007, August). What transformational leaders do. Government Finance Review, 23(4), 79-83.
Bahn, S. (2013, April 1). Transformational leaders? The pivotal role that supervisors play in safety culture. International Journal of Training Research, 11(1), 17-21.
Bambale, A. & Jaafaru, S. F. (2012, May 1). Servant leadership as employee-organization approach for performance of employee citizenship behaviors in the Nigeria's electric power sector. Journal of Marketing and Management, 3(1), 1-5.
Berger, T. A (2014, Fall). Servant Leadership 2.0: A call for strong theory. Sociological Viewpoints, 30(1), 146-150.
The two proposed changes for Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) include diversifying its revenue stream to include a growing customer base in the private sector, and streamlining its operations by attempting to reduce costs while still maintaining its profits. The problem addressed by these two solutions is that approximately 90% of SAIC's business is attributed to the Department of Defense (DoD), and that in the wake of governmental budgetary cuts SAIC would likely endure a commensurate reduction in its business. In assessing the impact of both of these options it is important to realize that, according to Clemmer (2001), change is inevitable and "We can choose to anticipate and embrace changes or resist them." In fact, this basic distinction provides one of the most eminent ways of stratifying the impact of the aforementioned two options. The former creates a scenario in which SAIC has the potential to expand its…
Clemmer, J. (2001). Growing with change. www.managerwise.com. Retrieved from http://www.managerwise.com/article.phtml?id=261
Kent, R.H. (2001). Ensuring organizational success and progress. www.managerwise.com. Retrieved from http://www.managerwise.com/article.phtml?id=135
Federal ole in Healthcare
There are two very entrenched camps in the universal health care debate as well as regarding what the federal role in healthcare should be. It is clear that the private and employer-based system is not serving the American public as well as it should be but scandals and problems with the Veteran's Administration (VA) and Medicare are proof positive that the government cannot be the driving force either. While both of the major suggested approaches to solving the crisis of uncovered people and the lack of portability of employer-based healthcare are both problematic each in their own way and a more balanced approach is necessary to give people the assistance they need but without toying with the private market for insurance in too protracted a way.
The federal role of healthcare has probably been an issue on some level or another since the 1930's when…
Corbett, J., & Kappagoda, M. (2013). Doing Good and Doing Well: Corporate Social
Responsibility in Post Obamacare America. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 4117-21. doi:10.1111/jlme.12032
An assessment of what businesses could or should be responsible for after the passage of the Affordable Care Act, aka ObamaCare.
Gottschalk, M. (2011). They're Back: The Public Plan, the Reincarnation of Harry and Louise, and the Limits of Obamacare. Journal Of Health Politics, Policy & Law, 36(3), 393-400. doi:10.1215/03616878-1271009
ethical obligations -- as discussed, for example, in Chapter 16 of the Northouse text -- allegedly breached by Smith or Halloran while in office. (These obligations will not "fit" perfectly, as the real world does not always match the academic world precisely. Contemplate and give the best answer.) In each case, describe the ethically-proper course of action that was not taken by the relevant actors. Does New York -- like Chicago, Illinois, which was called the most corrupt city in the United States (Cody, 2012) -- have a special culture where corruption is accepted or even expected? Be sure to contrast the differences between leadership and power. Also discuss whether Smith and Halloran's behavior would have been unethical in the private sector.
New York State Sen. Malcolm Smith and New York City Councilman Dan Halloran were arrested by federal authorities in an alleged plot to rig the New York…
Associated Press. (2013, April 2). Politico. Retrieved from N.Y. state sen. arrested in alleged mayor race plot: http://www.politico.com/story/2013/04/nyc-mayor-race-rig-malcolm-smith-89536.html
Bass, B. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.
Greenleafe Center. (2011). What is Servant Leadership? Retrieved from Greanleafe Center for Servant Leadership: http://www.greenleaf.org/whatissl/
Margolin, J. (2013, April 2). State Sen. Malcolm Smith, city Councilman Halloran arrested in 'bribery plot' to rig mayor race. Retrieved from New York Post: http://nypost.com/2013/04/02/state-sen-malcolm-smith-city-councilman-halloran-arrested-in-bribery-plot-to-rig-mayor-race/
ole of Private Banker
What is the typical role of a Private Banker?
A private banker is someone who will help affluent clients to invest their money effectively. This involves focusing on a number of areas to include: financial planning, probate, asset protection, reducing taxes and transferring wealth from one generation to the next. At the same time, the private banker has a fiduciary responsibility to reduce risks for their customers and offer sound advice. This means that they must provide objective analysis and recommendations. That will help the client achieve a variety of goals over the long-term. ("Private Banker," 2012)
Moreover, private bankers assist their customers to connect with other services they require (i.e. accountants and lawyers). This ensures that the strategy is effectively coordinated. When this happens, there is less risk and greater amounts of stability associated with the client's net worth. In the future, this…
How to Become a Private Banker. (2012). E How. Retrieved from: http://www.ehow.co.uk/how_6403015_become-investment-banker-college.html
Investment Advisor. (2012). E How. Retrieved from:
Clash of Identities
Is a private identity a curse or a blessing? Is it necessary or valid to hide who you really are? According to "Aria: Memoir of a bilingual childhood" by Richard Rodriguez and "How it feels to be colored me" by Zora Hurston, creating a private identity and leaving your public identity behind, may be necessary, especially living, growing or entering an environment where it is not that accepting to cultural differences, there is probably not other culture during these times such as the exchange students from the Islam culture from the Azerbaijan State that can relate. "You need to study abroad! In the United States!" are two sentences many high school seniors, that do not live in the United States, hear from their mothers, fathers and counselors. There is a current obsession for children to get educated in the United States. The Azerbaijan State has gone as…
Author's last name, first name. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Year.
Author's last name, first name. "Title of Article." Title of Publication Date Published: Pages.
Author's last name, first name. "Title of Online Article." Title of Online Publication Version (Year Published): Pages. Date Accessed .
"Title of Article." Title of Media. CD-ROM. City: Publisher, Year.
Private Sector Investment and Economic Development
Investment and economic development
The ole of Private Sector investment in Economic Development
In the past few decades there has been overwhelming support for growth and development rooted in private investments and market-oriented strategies. A move from public sector driven growth has come as result of the need to reduce the widening gap in the balance of payment account, increasing public debt, rising inflation rate, growing foreign debt fundamentally falling living standards. There has been a shift from the need for large public corporations undertaking productive activities in an economy owing to the realized inefficiency in resource allocation. Corruption and misappropriation of public funds is observable owing to the lacking need to optimally reap benefit from the investment. Unlike in the public sector, private sector investment guarantees optimal productive activities, efficient allocation of productive resource, technological advancements to reduce cost and increase productivity (Dao,…
DAO, M.Q. 2008. The Impact of Investment Climate Indicators on Gross Capital Formation in Developing Countries. The Journal of Developing Areas, 42, 155-163.
GROSSMAN, G.M. & HELPMAN, E. 1994. Endogenous innovation in the theory of growth. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 8, 23-44.
HARRISON JR., W., HORNGREN, C.T. & WILLIAM, C.T. 2012. Financial accounting 9th edition., U.S.A., Prentice Hall
JORGENSON, D. 1971. Econometric Studies of Investment Behavior: A Survey. Journal of Economic Literature, 9, 1111.
Silber's argument is that private universities and colleges, that he prefers to call 'independent', are really as much public as government-paid universities are since the public factor runs through all of their activities and manifestations. He goes on to laud the qualities of independent universities showing how they show a great record of diversity, how they contribute immensely to public education and professional contributions (in that, for instance, a majority of degrees are accorded to doctors, lawyers, and dentists), how they are careful and prudent in their activities, and, most of all, how so many of these independent institutions are becoming redundant and closing due to inability of expense to keep themselves afloat. Silber argues that in many ways they are more valuable to the public than public-sponsored universities are and that, therefore, it would be worth the taxpayer's while to keep these universities afloat.
Silber's primary fallacy -- and…
Human esource managers are therefore faced with the challenges of 1) finding suitably talented individuals for public sector positions; and 2) training these individuals to continually deliver excellent services to the public (Moir, 2008).
Please discuss some of the importance of the labor relations in the public sector.
Labor relations in the public sector are specifically influenced by external environmental factors such as the economic-financial context, the legal context, and the political context (Lewin, 1988, p. 23). At the core of these aspects is that fact that they interact in terms of the main responsibility of public servants: to act as a catalyst for service provision from the government to the public. Managers within the public sector should therefore be consistently aware of employee needs, demands, and rights, since these do not only concern the employees and managers themselves, but also the image of the government in the minds…
Faizal, M. (2005). Institutionalization of Performance Appraisal System. Retrieved from: http://www.ub.uib.no/elpub/2005/h/701001/Masteroppgave.pdf
Lewin, D. (1988). Public Sector Labor Relations: Analysis and Readings. Lexington Books.
Moir, S. (2008, Mar. 20). Five key challenges for public sector HR professionals: one step forward, two steps back. Retrieved from: http://www.personneltoday.com/articles/2008/03/20/44960/five-key-challenges-for-public-sector-hr-professionals-one-step-forward-two-steps-back.html
Repatriation of profits have proven to be a problem as well. Fourth, as stated by Staff (2004) is the challenge presented by poor training in the sector which is stated to be "...weak both at a practical level as well as at a higher strategic level" and the problem has only been exaggerated due to the government and other regulatory authorities in China to promote logistics programs." (Staff, 2004) the fifth challenge stated is in relation to "information and communications technology" in China characterized by a: "...lack of it standards and poor systems integration and equipment. At a very basic level, the consistent supply of energy is also problematic leading to interruptions to communications through power outage." (Staff, 2004) Sixth presenting in the way of a challenge is the "undeveloped domestic industry" due to fragmentation of the logistics sector in China that is: "...dominated by commoditized and low quality transport…
Brown, Lester R. And Halweil, Brian (1998) China's Water Shortage Could Shake World Grain Markets. Worldwatch Institute 22 April 1998. Online available at http://www.worldwatch.org/node/1621.
China Logistics (2006) the Meridian Group. Hong Kong. Online available at http://www.meridiangrouphk.com/en/china_logistics/
Colby, Hunger; Diao, Xinshen, and Somwaru, Agapi (1999) Cross-Comodity Analysis of China's Grain Sector: Sources of Growth and Supply Response. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Market and Trade Economics Division. Technical Bulletin No. 1884.
Country Profile: China (2006) Library of Congress - Federal Research Division. August 2006. Online available at http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/China.pdf .
Looking at these figures, we can see immediately that the most important assumption Gates has made with respect to free cash flow is that the project will go beyond the initial three years contract. The nominal value of the cash flows associated with those first three years does not equal the initial outlay. Thus, for the project to be profitable, the company must take it well beyond the three-year time horizon.
Weighted Average Cost of Capital
A typical metric that is used in capital budgeting decisions to determine the discount rate is the firm's weighted average cost of capital. There are a number of faults with using the WACC, however. Most of these faults relate to the fact that the WACC is based on current figures. This expansion is a major expansion of the firm therefore the cost of capital is impacted…
Strategically, this project is not as high risk as Hansson currently believes. The firm need not be dependent on a single customer because it is experiencing strong demand and has been able to build its business rapidly even in a mature market. Hansson will likely need this capacity in the coming years anyway. In addition, the increased leverage does not take Hansson into a dangerous position. It leaves the company with more debt than it has ever had, but not a historically high LTD/Equity ratio, as this was higher in 2003. There is little reason to believe that the company is increasing its liquidity risk to a point that would even result in an increase in the cost of debt, so Hansson need not worry much about leverage.
Thus, the question becomes one of capturing a market opportunity and where this fits into overall corporate strategy. If Hansson is to continue to grow, it will need to ride the growth of its major retail partners. The drug stores, retailers and clubs are the strongest source of growth within the industry and for Hansson. The company is growing along with the growth of these customers, and these customers have big ambitions. Hansson needs to take a long-term view of its relationship with these major customers -- it has the opportunity to lay the foundations of that relationship and send a signal to all major private label retailers that Hansson is the company to deal with for personal care products, that it is ready to grow with them to a position of market dominance. Strategically and financially, this investment is a great fit and it is therefore recommended that Hansson sign the contract and make the investment.
Hansson can finance this deal entirely with debt from its bank. It is important that Hansson does not focus strictly on the one customer, but works to fill capacity sooner rather than later by courting other major customers, using this deal as an example of its future outlook as a partner to major retailers. Hansson is not projecting at any point more than 85% utilization of the new facility, which indicates that if the company can bring its capacity utilization up with new contracts from other retailers as well, the net present value of this project can be improved further. All indications are that this opportunity is greater than what is included in Gates' calculations, and that Hansson needs to use this investment as a springboard for another round of growth, not just an one-off investment.
The basic explanation for this is that they rely on always offering the lowest prices, which makes them cut back on other costs. However, the future might bring about more pretentious and harder to satisfy customers and strategies will then have to be developed.
3. Internet etailing
The best selling strategy is that of combining multiple channels. This is similar to the financial sector, where the investor is advised to diversify his portfolio in order to reduce risks and maximize its chances of income. In the retailing business therefore, the company should use multiple channels to get their product to the end consumer. A basic explanation as to why numerous internet only purchase stores have failed where multi-channel companies have succeeded could reside in that the multiple-channel companies offer the audience the chance to directly see the product before buying it. In other words, an interested potential buyer can go…
Beal, B., Getting Loyalty Programs Right, CRM News, July 14, 2004, http://searchcrm.techtarget.com/news/article/0,289142,sid11_gci992695,00.htmllast accessed on May 15, 2008
Liebeck, L., 1996, Private Label Goes Premium - Private Label Product Sales at Supermarkets, Drug Stores and Discount Stores - Cover Story, Drug Store News, November 4, 1996
Liebeck, L., Private Label Goes Premium..., Drug Store News, November 4, 1996
Beal, B., Getting Loyalty Programs Right, CRM News, July 14, 2004
For this particular case study review, we will be analysing the Freeman-Brown Private School (FBPS) Case. The paper will answer questions related to different aspects and decisions made through the school's operational time. To be more precise, the paper will analyse FBPS and its organizational decisions/processes during its closure process.
Usually when an organization has a direct and interactive relationship with its external environment, it is termed as an open system. This entails the organization being co-dependent on the surroundings which could include culture, market, corporate world, industries as well as the end consumers amongst other external structures. Hence feedback and open communication to and from the organization is imperative for its success, in an open system (Griffin, n.d.). The opposite stands true for a closed system however, which is primarily an isolated structure that is not in any way dependent upon the skeleton of its external…
Vey High - IPSec woks at the potocol level, independent of applications, theefoe scalability is best-in-class
Compaing the technological and opeational benefits specifically in the aeas of client access options, access contol, client-side secuity, installation, and client configuation highlights just how diffeentiated the IPv4-based IPSec vs. IPv6 -based SSL potocols ae fom each othe. In analyzing these diffeences, Table 3: Compaing Technological and Opeational benefits of IPv6-based SSL and IPv4-based IPSec VPNS, was ceated. Stating fist with the client access options, IPv6-based SSL can suppot a clientless inteface though its bowse at longe addess lengths, suppot fo semi-clientless though Java and ActiveX clients developed in AJAX, and also in a full client configuation. This flexibility in use of the IPv6-based SSL potocol is leading to significantly highe levels of adoption oveall. IPv4-based IPSec has a single client access option that needs to be pe-installed on evey system. Requiing a full…
IPSec VPNs: Conformance & Performance Testing. 12 Jan. 2003. White Papers Ixia. 11 Apr. 2007. Accessed from the Internet on May 28, 2008 from location: http://www.ixiacom.com/library/white_papers/display?skey=ipsec
Lehtovirta, J (2006). Transition from IPv4 to IPv6. White Paper, 1, Retrieved June 3, 2008, at http://www.tascomm.fi/~jlv/ngtrans/
Kent, S. Security Architecture for the Security Protocol (2007). Network Working Group. Nov. 1998. Javvin Network Managing & Security. 05 Apr. 2007. Accessed from the Internet on June 4, 2008 from location:
Security Sector eform
Overview of the relevant arguments regarding Security Sector reform
The objective of security sector reform has to take care of the threats to the security of the state and the safety of its citizens. These arise often from the situation within the state and military responses may not be suitable. This leads on to an analysis of the government. The second article talks in a wider, more theoretical and less action oriented tone. It says that "existing constitutional frameworks have been used to maintain status quo than promote change." This much is certainly true and it is true not only of the countries with a security problem, but also of even United States wherein recently a justice of the Supreme Court was appointed, though she had no experience of being a judge, but she was a friend of the Chief Executive of the country. There are and…
Anderson, Major Will. Wiring up Whitehall: Ensuring Effective Cross -- Departmental
Activity. Journal of Security Sector Management. Volume 3 Number 3 -- June 2005. Retrieved from http://www.jofssm.org/issues/jofssm_0303_AndersonW_Wiring_up_whitehall_2005.doc?CFID=939029& CFTOKEN=57506392 Accessed 6 October, 2005
Ball, Nicole. Enhancing Security Sector Governance: A Conceptual Framework for UNDP. 9
October, 2002. http://www.undp.org/bcpr/jssr/4_resources/documents/UNDP_Ball_2002_SSR%20Concept%20Paper.pdf Accessed 6 October, 2005
Leadership: Succeeding in the Private, Public, and Not-for-Profit Sectors
Competency-Based Approach (Federal Government). The "competency-based" approach to leadership helps leaders "fully explore the challenge before them" so they can come up with solutions on a collaborative basis. The competences presented include: a) paying close attention to the situation; b) tapping into person life experiences to better tackle "group challenges"; c) using images (metaphors, photos, stories) to make sense of "complex information"; d) gaining knowledge through improvisation; e) being collaborative with others; and f) "synthesizing issues, objects, events and actions" so they have meaning (Sims, et al., 2005, 159). I fully agree that these competencies are what government leaders must adhere to.
The President's Management Agenda (Federal Government): Since the Federal Government is such a vast and expensive workforce it makes sense that the federal government sub-contracts some of the duties of government out to private vendors. Sims claims that the…
Northouse, P.G. (2013). Leadership: Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE
Sims, R.R., and Quatro, S.A. (2005). Leadership: Succeeding in the Private, Public, and Not-
for-profit Sectors. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
There are discrepancies encountered in conducting the valuation and risk of a private company. There arises these factors that if investigated can impact the process accordingly. The first research question that I suggest is investigating if the tax risk and equity market value exhibit a concave association, which is consistent with the optimal tax risk level from a valuation of equity standpoint. The second topic that can be researched upon is the changes facing the risk and value valuation service area for businesses and how they impact the practice. Finally, a study on how the Merger and Acquisitions revised standards are impacting business deals.
Chandra, U., & o, B.T. (2008). The role of revenue in firm valuation. Accounting Horizons,
22(2), 199-222. etrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/208923683?accountid=35812
Darrough, M., & Ye, J. (2007). Valuation of loss firms in a knowledge-based economy. eview of Accounting Studies, 12(1), 61-93. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11142-006-9022-z
Chandra, U., & Ro, B.T. (2008). The role of revenue in firm valuation. Accounting Horizons,
22(2), 199-222. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/208923683?accountid=35812
Darrough, M., & Ye, J. (2007). Valuation of loss firms in a knowledge-based economy. Review of Accounting Studies, 12(1), 61-93. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11142-006-9022-z
Bernier, G., & Ridha, M.M. (2010). On the economics of postassessments in insurance guaranty funds: A stakeholders' perspective. Journal of Risk and Insurance, 77(4), 857-892.
Master Planning & Private Equity
Summarize the case in points
Rahul Todi of Shrachi is considering the prospects of developing land near Bardhaman, West Bengal. Residential demand has been steadily increasing in India, with a trend toward urbanization reflected by a rising middle class that is settling in the cities where job and cultural opportunities are promising. The parcels of land that Todi is watching could potentially be developed through a partnership with the West Bengal Housing Board, a government entity that has as one of its goals the development of low income housing. On the flip side, Todi has entered the idea of partnering with Xander Funds, a private equity group that invests in real estate and other asset classes.
Should Rahul Todi and Shrachi leave their Kolkata base to develop in Bardhaman at all, in any form?
The vision that Todi has for the land assemblage…
Complexity Theory in the Public Sector
The objective of this work is to examine complexity theory in the public sector. According to Paul Cairney in the work entitled "Complexity Theory in Public Policy" the term complexity "has relevance to a wide range of theories in public policy which describe the replacement of the simple "clubby days' of early post-war politics by complex relationships at multiple levels of government and among a huge politically active population." (2010, p.1) The focus on complexity, according to Cairney (2010) is "indirect and vague." (p.l) It is of the nature that indicates that there should be a shift in analysis "from individuals parts of a political system to the system as a whole; as a network of elements that interact and combine to produce systemic behavior that cannot be broken down into the actions of its constituent parts." (Cairney, 2010, p.1)
Defining Complexity Theory
Agaard, Peter (nd) The Promise and Facts of Emergent Strategy in Public Management. Retrieved from: http://egpa2010.com/documents/PSG11/Aagaard.pdf
Burren, Arwin van (nd) Knowledge Management for Government: Public-Private Communities of Practice and the Challenge of Co-Evolution. Paper presented at the British Academy of Management Annual Conference. 30 Aug -1 Sept. Retrieved from: http://repub.eur.nl/res/pub/7710/BSK-CDMN-2006-002.pdf
Cairney, Paul (2010) Complexity Theory in Public Policy. Political Studies Associations Conferences, University of Edinburgh. 1 Apr 2010. ID 43: Public Administration Specialist Group Panel: Complexity and Change in Public Policy. Retrieved from: http://www.psa.ac.uk/journals/pdf/5/2010/121_665.pdf
Mitchell, M. (2009) Complexity (Oxford: Oxford University Press) in: Cairney, Paul (2010) Complexity Theory in Public Policy. Political Studies Associations Conferences, University of Edinburgh. 1 Apr 2010. ID 43: Public Administration Specialist Group Panel: Complexity and Change in Public Policy. Retrieved from:
Statement of the Problem
The integration of veterans into different business sectors is not a novel idea. Numerous sectors and organizations have been dedicated to facilitating employment of veterans. In the construction sector, different institutions such as Veterans Build America and Hire Our Heroes have made significant strides towards this endeavor. Nonetheless, regardless of the presence of such institutions and assimilation programs for coupling veterans with jobs in the construction sector, measuring their effectiveness continues to be a significant challenge, largely owing to the lack of extensive research in the area. Furthermore, a lot of these programs have faced major difficulties such as lack of funding, which undercut their efficacy. Consequently, it is not guaranteed whether they have a positive contribution to the development of the labor force in the construction sector.
1. What capabilities and talents can veterans bring to the construction sector?
2. What is the…
A spirit of collaboration is essential for successful ventures because a collaborative spirit allows each person's talents and energies to shine in the service of a common goal or set of objectives. I have been lucky to have the motivation and opportunity to work with like-minded individuals in my field, which is how I came to understand the importance of a collaborative spirit. In my third year of undergraduate studies at the University of Zagreb, I got together with some fellow students to form an organization called the Healthcare Club. The Healthcare Club was designed to promote the interests of students in the healthcare and pharmaceutical fields. The purpose of the Healthcare Club was to connect students with relevant faculty, as well as extend the general curriculum offered at the university with things like case studies. One of the reasons why we started the Healthcare Club was that…
One of the newer concepts in public policy is the idea of the public-private partnership, or PPP. Essentially, PPPs are when the government works with private enterprise on a project. Public projects tend to be those that benefit society as a whole, and traditionally governments as representatives of the people have been the drivers of such projects. Private enterprise has often specifically avoided many types of projects because of the financial or operational risk involved. A public-private partnership is a form of development where government and private enterprise share the risk and capital expenditure in a project. The split will be different for every project, but it often involves the government taking on some risk in order to facilitate the project moving forward, on the principle that the project moving forward is in the best interests of the general public. In some instances, the government utilizes public-private partnerships to…
Koehler, P. (2012). Why do some stadium redevelopment projects succeed where others fail? An analysis using macro-level trends in stadium building. Colgate University. Retrieved November 16, 2014 fromhttp://www.colgate.edu/docs/d_centers-and-institutes_institute-for-philosophy-politics-and-economics_fellowships/koehlerstadiumpubfunding-11-02-12.pdf?sfvrsn=2
Kuriloff, A. (2012). Stadiums cost taxpayers extra $10 billion, Harvard's Long finds. Business Week. Retrieved November 16, 2014 from http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-11-06/stadiums-cost-taxpayers-extra-10-billion-harvard-s-long-finds
Nisar, T. (2007). Value for money drivers in public private partnership schemes. International Journal of Public Sector Management. Vol. 20 (2) 147-156.
Sharma, M. & Bindal, A. (2014). Public-private partnership. International Journal of Research. Vol. 1 (7) 1270-1274.
Partnerships in Human Services
There is a growing need to provide more efficient human services in the face of increasing demand which has steadily increased over the past 2 decades and which is projected to continue to increase for the foreseeable future (adey & Wilkins, 2011; Samples, Carnochan and Austin, 2013). Partnerships between public and private organizations have demonstrated effectiveness in contributing to this goal, thereby making their effective implementation and administration paramount (Collins-Camargo & Armstrong, 2013).
The role of the human services administrators in developing partnerships for their organizations
Although the specific role of human service administrators will vary depending on their unique practice setting, their general role in developing partnerships for their organizations include the following:
• Applying their understanding of how to promote the effective partnership of the specific sectors;
• Focusing on the formal contractual arrangements as well as those relational aspects of contracting that involve…
Collins, Camargo, C. & Armstrong, M. I. (2013, January/February). Promoting cross-sector partnerships in child welfare: Qualitative results from a five-state strategic planning process. Child Welfare, 92(1), 33-39.
Parrish, D. E., Harris, D. & Pritzker, S. (2013, October). Assessment of a service provider self-study method to promote interorganizational and community collaboration. Social Work, 58(4), 354-364.
Radey, M. & Wilkins, B. (2011). Short-term employment services for homeless individuals: Perceptions from stakeholders in a community partnership. Journal of Social Service Research, 37, 19 -- 33.
Samples, M., Carnochan, S. & Austin, M. J. (2013). Using performance measures to manage child welfare outcomes: Local strategies and decision-making. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 10, 254 -- 264.
health policy change ( a bill, a law, exist ) state federal level change . 1.The policy NOT a clinical care policy individual care. The policy involved include public community health, legislative regulatory, professional organization (nursing-oriented), advanced nursing practice, health plan, hospital plan.
Policy changes in the health sector have always been controversial, as each change, regardless of its significance, triggers a wave of other changes and practically forces authorities in the domain to adapt. In order for reform to take place, the number and influence of the bodies involved plays an important role. The number and influence of individuals who benefit from a health reform often contrasts the community of people who take part in designing and implementing it.
hile patient-centered health policies have previously been addressed in a series of occasions, in most of these cases they were found to be ineffective and failed to reach their purpose.…
CQ Press. (2014). Washington Information Directory: 2014-2014. CQ Press
Drache, D. & Sullivan (2005) T. Health Reform: Public Success, Private Failure. Routledge Field, R.E. (2013). Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care. Oxford University Press.
VA Ambulatory Care
When it comes to the job and duty of the Veteran Affairs (VA) Administration, there are many forms and types of care that commonly come up and that are discussed or debated. Just one of those, and perhaps one of the less commonly mentioned ones, is that of ambulatory care. However, it is a very important topic and it is an integrated and vital part of the healthcare chain, both when it comes to veterans and non-veterans. This report shall briefly summarize what the VA has to say about the subject. There will then be an evidence-based approach that looks at the issue, there will be a discussion about how the author of this brief report feels about the material offered and how the rest of the medical world might align (or not align) with what is described on the site. While there are many people that…
Chen, J. Q., & Benusa, A. (2017). HIPAA security compliance challenges: The case for small healthcare providers. International Journal Of Healthcare Management, 10(2), 135-146.
Edward, A., Osei-Bonsu, K., Branchini, C., Yarghal, T. s., Arwal, S. H., & Naeem, A. J. (2015).
Enhancing governance and health system accountability for people centered healthcare: