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Procurement Essays (Examples)

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Planning and Project Management the
Words: 1035 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Business Proposal Paper #: 78861135
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Likewise, bid packages are documents that need to be as lucid and frank as possible. "Bid packages can be used in a number of industries, including business, it systems and telecommunications. But the most common industry where bid packages are used is construction. Basically, a bid package is a portfolio of all the documents needed to take part in an invitation bid. Those who will be bidding on the project can look at the bid package and determine if they fit the criteria. Bidders will need to meet the skills and qualifications listed, be able to complete the project on time and stay within the specified budget" (Tiffany, 2012). Such documentation can help all stakeholders in a given project have a clear understanding of what is requested, required and needed. All these facts are specified within the given context of the project scope and the timeline engaged.

In the simplest…


Fleming, Q. (2003). Project Procurement Management: Contracting, Subcontracting, Teaming. FMC Press.

Handfield, R. (2011, January 26). The Procurement Process - Creating a Sourcing Plan: Procurement: A Tutorial. Retrieved from 

Lynch, J. (n.d.). Procurement Planning and the Procurement Plan: Why are they Important? Retrieved from 

Murray, J. (2009, August 6). What is the Difference Between Arbitration and Mediation? Retrieved from

Program Planning Drafting Purchase Requirements and Specifications
Words: 2193 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74833013
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Program planning (Drafting purchase requirements and specifications)

- Evaluation of RPQs and RFPs

Contract management (monitoring & control)

Exhibit I- Consumption-based purchase planning

Procurement Planning

This paper has three main parts. Part one describes the process of purchase planning and the method through which medium and large organizations conduct purchase planning. Part two of the paper analyzes the main purposes of a procurement plan. The main purpose of a procurement plan is to integrate the procurement activities with the business and strategic level goals of the firm. It also enhances the competitive cost positioning of the firm and increases the level of coordination between different stakeholders in the supply chain of the firm. Part three of the paper analyzes three main components of a procurement plan. The last part of this paper presents the conclusion and recommendations aimed at improving the performance of procurement management.


usinesses engage in planning…


Anderson, Matthew G., and Paul B. Katz. 1998. "Strategic sourcing." The International Journal of Logistics Management 9:1-13.

Arshinder, Arun Kanda, and S.G. Deshmukh. 2008. "Supply chain coordination: perspectives, empirical studies and research directions." International Journal of Production Economics 115: 316-35.

Kraljic, Peter. 1083. "Purchasing must become supply management." Harvard business review 61: 109-117.

Porter, Michael E. 1986. Changing patterns of international competition. University of California.

School of Engineering and Design
Words: 15360 Length: 56 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 38518716
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The last century has seen an increase in the level of international purchases which has been supported by the developments in transportation and technology. Goods can move faster than before with developments in logistics. The negotiation and forming contracts for purchase with companies and communicate with potential suppliers in distant countries is also easier than in the past with the internet and tools such as video conferencing and emails. This facilitates the use of international suppliers. However, other firms may choose local suppliers believing strategy will best suit their needs. Local suppliers may be able to provide where there is an increase in the transparency of the supply chain, less exposure to risks such as interruption and exchange rate risks and proximity may allow closer collaborative relationships to develop. Both procurement strategies are viable, to assess the advantages associated with each approach the procurement from international and local suppliers can…


'Automotive and Auto Parts Industry in Turkey.' (2012). Turkish Ministry of Economy. [online] available: .

"Automotive Industry Trends Affecting Component Suppliers.' (2005). International Labour Review, vol. 144, no. 1, pp. 130-133.

Borrus, M., Ernst, D. & Haggard, S. (2001). International Production Networks in Asia: Rivalry or Riches. London: Routledge.

Burton, S., & Steane, P. (2004). Surviving Your Thesis. New York: Routledge.

Vendor Management IT Management Process
Words: 4065 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 57673057
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In this regard, a project manager must have a follow-up on facilities development in order to ascertain success.

Strategic Planning and Project Programming

A good strategic plan shapes programming of essential capital projects in an organization. Market demands and resource constrictions impede the success of the projects. The programming activities linked with planning, and other management functions establishes the priorities and time required for completion of various projects to achieve the goals of the organization (Bruhn et al., 2007). Managers make such a decision while initiating a project and market fluctuations may determine the success or fate of the completion. Among the different projects influenced by market fluctuations is the construction project. If the organization fails to hit the market, it may short-live the demands for the products. With the current trend in both local and global markets, there is intensive competition. However, only the technology intensive organizations succeed in…


Abramson, a., and Paul R. 2007 .The Challenge of Transforming Organizations: Lessons Learned about Revitalizing Organizations. In Transforming Organizations, 1 -- 10. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Amis, J. Trevor S,. 2008 .The Pace, Sequence, and Linearity of Radical Change. Academy of Management Journal 47 (1):15 -- 39.

Armenakis, a ., and Arthur G . Bedeian . 2009 .Organizational Change: A Review of Theory and Research in the 1990s. Journal of Management 25 (3): 293 -- 315.

Armenakis, Achilles a ., Stanley G. Harris, and Hubert . Feild . 2007. Paradigms in Organizational Change: Change Agent and Change Target Perspectives. In Handbook of Organizational Behavior,, 631 -- 58 . New York: Marcel Dekker.

Supply Chain Management
Words: 3264 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 61277976
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Contracting and Procurement in Supply Chain Management

Supply Chain Management 5960

This paper comprehensively describes the contracting and procurement function in the supply chain management of an organization. The paper starts with an introduction to the supply chain management and proceeds by discussing the importance of contracting and procurement function for an organization. The paper also describes the whole contracting and procurement process and highlights some risks and ethical issues associated with this function.

Contracting and procurement is the acquisition of raw material, goods, or services from external suppliers or vendors. It is one of the most important functions in the supply chain management of an organization. An effective and efficient contracting and procurement is vital in achieving success in the industry and satisfying the stakeholders through manufacturing capabilities. This paper comprehensively describes the contracting and procurement process which business organizations generally follow while purchasing raw material for their business.…


Arlbjorn, S. (2010). Supply chain management: sources for competitive advantages, 1st edition. A-rhus: Academica.

Bower, D. (2003). Management of procurement, 1st edition. London: Thomas Telford.

Coyle, J.J. (2009). Supply chain management: a logistics perspective, 8th edition. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Ivanov, D. & Sokolov, B.V. (2010). Adaptive supply chain management, 1st edition. New York: Springer.

Construction Project Management Project Management
Words: 1563 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40068371
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In undestanding the facets of a PFI/PPT constuction endeavo, one must fist undestand the afoementioned facets of the patneship that will come into play fom the constuction poject's inception to its completion. The decision to engage in such an endeavo is clealy one that is subjective, but should be undetaken caefully in gauging the isks involved.


Akintoye, A., Bing, L., Edwads, P. And Hadcastle, C. (2004). Risk allocation pefeences in PPP/PFI Constuction Pojects. Web. Retieved fom: http://www.ics.og/site/download_feed.aspx?fileID=2640&fileExtension=PDF on 17 Novembe 2011.

Dillon, M. (2009). PFI constuction contacts -- what they don't want you do know. Silve Shemmings LLP. Web. Retieved fom: / aticles/pfi-constuction-contacts-sept-2009.pdf on 14 Novembe 2011.

Feachem, R., Ni, A., and Sekhi, N. (2011). Public-pivate integated patneships. Health Affais, 30.8: pp. 1498-1508. Web. Retieved fom: LexisNexis Database.

Haiston, R. (2005). Pesentation: integating pocuement and poject management. 10th

Annual Intenational Supply Management Confeence. Web. Retieved fom:…

references in PPP/PFI Construction Projects. Web. Retrieved from:  on 17 November 2011.

Dillon, M. (2009). PFI construction contracts -- what they don't want you do know. Silver Shemmings LLP. Web. Retrieved from: / articles/pfi-construction-contracts-sept-2009.pdf on 14 November 2011.

Feachem, R., Ni, A., and Sekhri, N. (2011). Public-private integrated partnerships. Health Affairs, 30.8: pp. 1498-1508. Web. Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database.

Hairston, R. (2005). Presentation: integrating procurement and project management. 10th

Annual International Supply Management Conference. Web. Retrieved from:  on 14 November 2011.

Characteristics Cops a Community of Practice in
Words: 1925 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13920733
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Characteristics CoPs

A community of practice in the procurement department

The procurement of materials and equipment such as schoolbooks and construction materials by government officials for the construction of public services and infrastructure involves contracting agencies that provide such services. These processes are often plagued with wastage of public resources, mismanagement, corruption, and graft. In this regard, Community-Led Procurement (CLP) allows local communities to control and implements the procurement process. They achieve this by creating groups that lead to accountability and openness, improved value of money, reduced wastage, and corruption, better quality of services and works and increased use of local contractors and workers. CLP also assists local community members to develop according to their vision (Alvesson & Karreman, 2007).

All government procurement programs have been plagued by waste and inefficiencies. The local communities have been lacking knowledge in terms of actors, processes, and costs involved. Cumbersome and slow systems…


Abrahamson, E. (2006). Management fashion. New York: ProQuest.

Alvesson, M. & Karreman, D. (2007). Odd couple: making sense of the curious concept of Knowledge Management: Journal of Management Studies, 38(7), 995-1018

Baym, N. (2005). Tune in, log on: soaps, fandom and online community. Thousand Oaks, CA:

Sage Publications

Default Dispute Termination of Contract Default and
Words: 1716 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36362944
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Default Dispute Termination of Contract

Default and Dispute (contract law)

In government contracting, the government through a contracting officer who is the government agent enters into a legally binding agreement with a contractor. This contractor is a seller who is to deliver services and the government as the buyer pays for these services as agreed upon in the contract. However, situations arise where the agreements may be terminated in order to settle disputes that arise between the contracting agents and the contractor. Normally, the government may terminate the contract for default of the contractor or by convenience (Kathuria, 2009). Federal Acquisition egulations define termination for convenience as the exercise of the government's right to terminate a contract when it is in the government's interest

Termination for default

The government has a right to terminate a contract on a situation where the contractor does not meet the set contractual obligations (umbaugh,…


Kathuria, S. (2009). best practices for compliance with the new government contractor compliance and ethics rules under the federal acquisition regulation. Public Contract Law Journal.

Loulakis, M.C. (2003). Default Must Be Proven to Justify Termination. Civil Engineering (08857024), 73 (3), 96.

Nemet, G.F. (2010). Cost containment in climate policy and incentives for technology development. Climatic Change, 103 (3/4), 423-443. doi: 10.1007/s10584-009-9779-8

Robert, F. (2004). Construction law handbook. Gaithersburg [MD: Aspen Law & Business.

Leadership Application the Life and Success of
Words: 944 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39770523
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Leadership Application

The life and success of any organization is hinged on the leadership of that organization. An effective can transform the potential an organization has with regard to human capital and the available resources into a reality. An effective leader has the ability to propose new paradigms when old ones have become ineffective (IAAP, 2009). Effective leaders can change the minds of their followers and in the process make an organization achieve its identified goals. This paper seeks to illuminate whether the leadership at our procurement department is effective from the perspectives of the situational leadership and contingency theory approaches. The paper establishes whether the leadership and the procurement department were directive or supportive. The paper finally captures the insights that have been gained from analyzing the leadership at the procurement department.

The leader I worked with at the procurement department knew his goals and had the power to…


Burns, T., Stalker, G.M., (1961). The Management of Innovation. London: Tavistock.

Graeff, C.L. (1983). The Situational Leadership Theory: A Critical View. Academy of Management Review, 8(2), 285-291.

Hersey, P. & Blanchard, K.H. (1988). Management and Organizational Behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

IAAP. (2009). Leadership Theories and Styles. Retrieved from

Small Business Gov't Marketing Enviro
Words: 1000 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84782493
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Through these websites, the company could also stress that its services would be recognized worldwide and the U.S. would improve its standing in the world community relating to this subject and therefore gain the respect of other countries.

With regards to utilizing edBizOpps, the company must also be aware of the services that this websites provides, and utilize what it needs only. or instance, the website is very useful for marketing activities, due to the fact that it would provide both opportunities, and allow other to seek for opportunities provided, such as those by Enviro LTD. According to the website, in the Buyers/Engineers section, "Government users may post, manage, and award opportunities."

In the Vendors/Citizens section, furthermore, it states, "Vendors and citizens may search, monitor, and retrieve opportunities."

In this latter section, one can preview, at no cost, various opportunities and sign up. When signing up, one can include, in…

Frequently Asked Questions about Government Contracting. (2011). Small Business Notes. Retrieved November 13, 2011, from < >.

FedBizOpps. (2011). Retrieved November 13, 2011, from < >.

FedBizOpps. (2011). Retrieved November 13, 2011, from <

Southmead Integrated Community Hospital Project Proposal Outline
Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55804109
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Southmead Integrated Community Hospital Project Proposal Outline for Procurement

Procurement Plan for Hospital Development

Work towards a lean strategy of development, where there is not an excess inventory and goods are procured as needed as much as possible.

This will increase the strategic sourcing, while avoiding transactional sourcing mistakes (Phillips, 2013).

Patient care can not be sacrificed (Pan American Health Organization, 2006).

It is crucial that all strategies for procurement think of the patients first. This will ultimately mean focusing on procurement for the departments first opening and then working on the ones that will be opening later in 2015.

Keep excellent records of data and spending

With new guidelines and regulations on hospital spending and procurement, it is crucial to keep pristine records for accounting and acceptance purposes (Department of Health, 2013).

Four Procurement Issues Faced by Procurement Managers in the NHS

A. Inefficiencies of the North Bristol NHS…


Pan American Health Organization, 2006, A Practical Guide for Procurement Planning and Management of Strategic Public Health Supplies, All Type Assessoria Editorial LTDA. Web. 

Phillips, Abigail, 2013, Tips for Developing a Lean Procurement Function, Healthcare Global. Web, 

Department of Health, 2013, Better Procurement, Better Value, Better Care: A Procurement Development Programme for the NHS, NHS England. Web,

Price-Reduction of Long Haul Fixed-Line
Words: 7630 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 94053546
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To avoid repeating negative historical experiences, regulatory regimes need to block the control and domination by networks/platforms. In the report, "Infrastructure and Development: A Critical Appraisal of the Macro Level Literature," Stephane Straub (2007) reported that at times, in some developing companies, "the hope of getting a fixed-line installed is a distant and costly dream" (p. 4). Meantime, the primary option for the individuals waiting for fixed-line telecommunications services would likely be having to us a much too expensive cell phone.

In 2010, much of the fixed-line telecom industry faces growing threats from cable and wireless service competitors.

As the writer of the quote introducing the study section pointed out, more firms are realizing "a cellular wireless solution" generally provides "more stability than the usual wired connections… [and serves as] a valuable asset built for the long haul" ("Lincolnshire Drainage Board…," 2010, ¶ 9). In the book, Integration in Asia…


Ahmadnezhad, E. (2009). Research Design Mixed Methods. PPt; Tehran University of Medical

Sciences. Retrieved February 22, 2010 from


Campbell, D.J. & Craig, T. (2005). Organisations and the business environment. Oxford, UK:

Functionality and Delivery of CRM
Words: 3686 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 33633016
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The one redeeming factor of these systems that comprise the Siebel CM platform is the data portability and opportunity to move the data into a SaaS-based platform.

2. Microsoft CM and Sales Force Automation - the consumer business is running the latest edition of Microsoft Dynamics CM. The problem with this CM system is the lack of mobility options as Microsoft lags behind SaaS-based CM system providers with support for the Apple iPad and other tablet and smartphone devices.

3. SAP -- the procurement and supply chain management system in use by Verizon today, in addition to their centralized Enterprise esource Planning (EP) system, is an SAP /3 instance located in their corporate headquarters in New York, New York. Verizon designed the system to be multi-instance so each operating division would have the opportunity to customize procurement, supply chain and pricing to their specific needs. The problem is that the…


Adalikwu, C. (2012). Customer relationship management and customer satisfaction. African Journal of Business Management, 6(22), 6682.

Chen, I.J., & Popvich, K. (2003). Understanding customer relationship management (CRM): People, process and technology. Business Process Management Journal, 9(5), 672-688.

Hsin, H.C. (2007). Critical factors and benefits in the implementation of customer relationship management. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 18(5), 483.

Limbasan, a., & Rusu, L. (2011). Implementing SaaS solution for CRM. Informatica Economica, 15(2), 175-183.

Management Chapter 1-The Influence of
Words: 4029 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 90402106
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Furthermore, the proper selection of the team provides a means of determining general responsibilities for each team member involved. They will need to know the overall scope of their service while also knowing their overall design responsibilities as compared to their peers. In addition, their contracts will be a directly correlated to the contract and specifications of the client involved. This is important as it aligns the motivations of the work team with that of the client. By aligning motivations and incentives, the design team has their personal interests affiliated with those of the client. This will ultimately help reduce unethical practices and mistakes within the overall process. According to the British design management standards, the design team will want to establish effective means of communication while also electing a qualified leader. More important the team must establish an overall brief. The brief, according to British Standards, should outline the…


1) Guide to RIBA Agreements 2007 (Royal Institute of British Architects) RIBA Publishing, 2008

2) Architect's Job Book Eighth Edition (Royal Institute of British Architects) RIBA Publishing, 2008

3) Briefing the Team (Construction Industry Board) Thomas Telford Publishing, 1998

4) The CIC Scope of Services Handbook (Contraction Industry Council) RIBA Publishing, 2007

Project Management Understanding the Principles of Project
Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69411459
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Project Management

Understanding the Principles of project management

Aims and objectives of project management

Project management is widely referred to as the application of the knowledge, tools, skills as well as the available techniques to activities related to projects in order to achieve the objectives of the project. The concept of project management is primary hinged on the need to coordinate, plan as well as control the diverse and highly complex activities that are entailed within the projects found in the contemporary arena with many of the projects being commercial and industrial projects. Apparently almost all projects do rely on projection of ideas and related activities to become new endeavors. Hence, the real purpose of project management is primarily to predict or foresee as numerous challenges and dangers ahead as possible and on the flip side, to organize, plan and control the relevant activities to attain the highest possible levels…

Procuring Project Management Resources
Words: 595 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Business Plan Paper #: 61755257
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Project Management: Procurement Management

Plan Procurements Management

All aspects of the procurement management plan will be handled in accordance to the communications matrix, and the various methods for communicating indicated in the Communications Methods and Technologies section of the Unit 1 X Price Day Club Project Initiation. As it pertains to Procurement Management aspect, the Project Management Book of Knowledge outlines a four step process for ensuring proper facilitation of the procurement management phase of a project. The first step, Plan Procurements Management, involves "documenting ... procurement decisions, specifying the approach, and identifying the potential sellers" (YOU SCEENSHOT). As such, the initial step denoted herein (of creating a prioritization of the factors necessary for selecting sellers of the various materials required to complete this project) will initially be handled with an action item about this facet of the project in one of the meetings referred to in the Guidelines for…

Case Study Supply Chain Whirl
Words: 5412 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 37552867
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Whirl Pool Supply Chain Management

Supply Chain Management

Critical appraisal of Whirlpool's Supply Chain Management

Company Overview

Products and Services

Critical review of Operations

Contribution to business performance

System Changes

Changes in Internal Forecasting Process

usiness Performance Results

Criteria for trade Partner Fit

Competitive advantage

Critical Evaluation of System

Customer Centric-Supply Chain Management System

Collaborative Supply Chain

Whirlpool's production

Current System Changes

Planning and sourcing decisions



Drawbacks of Whirlpool delivery system



Factors for taking supply chain management decision

Figure: Supply Chain Performance factors

Gap Analysis

Strategic partnership


Reduced Cost and Inventory

Future trends in home appliances supply chain management

RFID usage

RFIDs to Individual Products

Vendor Managed Inventories

Challenges for home appliances businesses in managing supply chain

Complex features

Multiple Channels Conflicts

Short life Cycles



Executive summary

Whirlpool is renowned as a global electronic appliances manufacturer and marketer. The company's products and…


Basu, R. & Wright, J.N. 2008, Supply Chain Management, Elsevier, USA.

Chang, S.J. 2011, Sony vs. Samsung: The Inside Story of the Electronics Giants' Battle For Global Supremacy, Wiley, USA.

Coyle, J.J, Langley, C.J., Gibson, B & Novack, RA 2008, Supply chain management: a logistics perspective, South-Western Pub, USA.

Ding, S, Guariglia, A, & Knight, J. 2012, Investment and financing constraints in China: does working capital management make a difference, Journal of Banking & Finance.

Outsourcing Case Study Saving Money at the
Words: 1965 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 28012517
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Outsourcing Case Study: Saving Money at the Magazine through Process and Supplier Selection

Every business must contend with the decision of how many of its necessary processes and the products and materials utilized in these processes will be internally sourced and accomplished, and which processes and procurements will be outsourced to other companies (Monczka et al. 2008; Trent 2007). This magazine operation is no different, and with the sudden reduction in initial capital for the venture combined with the ongoing uncertainty of the current economy, this decision becomes all the more pressing -- cost savings and efficiency are hugely and directly impacted by the choice between outsourcing and vertically integrating, and with newly limited initial operating capital such savings and efficiency improvements are essential to the success of the venture. Determining which processes will create the most substantial cost savings without sacrificing the quality or the unity of the magazine…


Monczka, R., Hnadfield, R. & Giunipero, L. (2008). Purchasing and Supply Chain

Management. Mason, OH: Cengage.

Trent, R. (2007). Strategic supply management. Broward, FL: Ross Publishing.