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Analyzing Sebold Book Reaction Paper

Words: 2052 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33266124

ape is an anti-social phenomenon that needs to be dealt with extreme care since it not only has drastic effects on the victim but also on the colleagues, peers, family members and community people in their proximity. This is a book reaction paper on "Lucky" written by Alice Sebold, in which she recounts her experiences of the rape and her journey to recovery after that. The further sections of the paper would discuss her tragic encounter and her dilemmas in the efforts to counter the debilitating effects, and eventually overcome them, which is a lesson for all.

Issues to be Addressed

eaction to Ms. Sebold's Journey After ape

The short-term after-effects of Sebold's rape include shock, physical problems, soreness, and difficulty in walking. The long-term effects are disbelief, shame, guilt, depression, fear, anger, and sexual problem such as diseases or infections caused by forced sexual harassment, relationship problems, and flashbacks…… [Read More]


Chivers-Wilson, K.A. (2006). Sexual assault and post-traumatic stress disorder: A review of the biological, psychological and sociological factors and treatment. McGrill Journal of Medicine, 9. Retrieved from 

Gagnon, C.M. (2015, February 17). Life after rape: 5 keys to growth and healing for women. Good Retrieved from - keys-to-growth-and-healing-for-women-0217155

Joyful Heart Foundation. (n.d.). Effects of sexual assault and rape. Retrieved from and-rape

Pennsylvania Center of the Book. (n.d.). Alice Sebold. Retrieved from
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Priests Got Away With Raping and Abusing Children for Years

Words: 735 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42014738

Catholic Priests and Sexual Abuse Issues

The ongoing sexual abuse scandal involving Roman Catholic priests and other church officials continues to shock the Christian world and has led to prosecutions, prison sentences, international embarrassment for a major world religion, and to the paying out of millions of dollars in reparations by the Church. This paper reviews the sexual abuses perpetrated by the Church, the number of cases involved, the impact of this abuse and the response to the abuse by the Church, the media, and the public.

Overview of the Abuse of Young Boys by Priests

The first public reports of sexual abuse by Catholic priests in the United States were published in 2002, according to a peer-reviewed article by Karen J. Terry. At first it seemed that the perpetrators were American priests, but in a few years the scandal took on international implications, but the investigative journalism in the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barrett, D., and Squires, N. (2014). Pope Francis says about 8,000 pedophiles are members of Catholic clergy, including bishops and cardinals. The Telegraph. Retrieved April 14, 2015, from

Dale, K.A., and Alpert, J.L. (2007). Hiding Behind the Cloth: Child Sexual Abuse and the Catholic Church. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 16(3), 59-72.

Terry, K.J. (2015). Child sexual abuse within the Catholic Church: a review of global perspectives. International Jou8rnal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice.

39(2), 139-154.
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Sexual Factors That May Affect

Words: 3469 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 96411249

For instance, according to Begley, "Men who were promiscuous back then were more evolutionarily fit since men who spread their seed widely left more descendants. By similar logic, evolutionary psychologists argued, women who were monogamous were fitter; by being choosy about their mates and picking only those with good genes, they could have healthier children" (2009, p. 52). Although modern men and women may not look like Cro-Magnums, they all want to act like them deep down inside because of these primordial drives. In sum, Begley concludes that, "We all carry genes that led to reproductive success in the Stone Age, and that as a result men are genetically driven to be promiscuous and women to be coy, that men have a biological disposition to rape and to kill mates who cheat on them, and that every human behavior is 'adaptive' -- that is, helpful to reproduction" (emphasis added) (p.…… [Read More]


Begley, S. (2009, June 29). Why do we rape, kill and sleep around? Newsweek, 153(26), 52.

Black's law dictionary. (1991). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.

Druzin, B.H. & Li, J.C. (2011, Spring). The criminalization of lying: Under what circumstances, if any, should lies be made criminal? Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 101(2), 529-540.

Duke, S. (2009, April 27). Kinsey: Deviancy is the new normal. The New American, 25(9), 33-35.
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Lucky by Alice Sebold Analysis

Words: 3376 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89361661

During her reorganization phase, her personality and the emotional support from other social units played a vital role. As a person, she was a survivor. She appeared to posses a character which made her endure the pain yet live through the moment. It was her resilience that made her go to public authorities even after she lost her case the first time. Alice always wanted to be somebody whose presence could be felt. This is the reason why she wanted to be Ethel Merman (2009, p.87). She was an actress and a singer whom according to her mother, had no talent but she managed draw the attention of audience solely on herself. Her personality made an exceptional role in letting her cope up with the trauma and also with getting her culprit punished in the later phase.

Another important factor which played a key role in her retaliation was her…… [Read More]


Boeschen, L.E., Sales, B.D.,&Koss, M.P. (1998). Rape trauma experts in the courtroom. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 4, pp. 414-432.

Burgess, a.W. & Holmstrom, L.L. (1974), Rape trauma syndrome. American Journal of Psychiatry, 131, pp.981-986.

Sebold, a. (2009), Lucky, Pan Macmillion Inc.

Raitt, F.E. & Zeedyk, S.Z. (1997), Rape trauma syndrome: Its corroborative and educational roles. Journal of Law and Society, 24(4), pp.552-568.
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Rapists Between 2002 and 2003

Words: 1716 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30142556

Further, while the rapists themselves have been identified as anger rapists, rapists with inferiority complexes, rapists with the Madonna-Prostitute Complex, sadistic rapists, and abusive rapists, there are certainly perpetrators whose personalities and crimes indicate either a combination of these traits, or entirely different traits.

In all cases, however, rapists appear to be motivated by anger, a need for control, and a complete disregard for the life of the female. It is through understanding some basic tendencies that researchers can eventually determine a course of action to combat these horrific crimes, and women can find ways to protect themselves against these acts. It is only by attempting to understand the motives and minds of rapists that society will prevail.


Bancroft, Lundy. Why Does He Do That? Inside the Minds of Angry and Controlling Men. New York: Berkley/Penguin, 2002.

Catalano, Shannan M. "Criminal Victimization, 2003." National Crime Victimization Survey. NCJ 205455.…… [Read More]


Bancroft, Lundy. Why Does He Do That? Inside the Minds of Angry and Controlling Men. New York: Berkley/Penguin, 2002.

Catalano, Shannan M. "Criminal Victimization, 2003." National Crime Victimization Survey. NCJ 205455. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept of Justice, 2004.

Groth, A. Nicholas. Men Who Rape: The Psychology of the Offender. New York: Plenum Press, 1979.

Langevin, Ron. Sexual Strands: Understanding and Treating Sexual Anomalies in Men. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1983.
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Idaho State and Statute on

Words: 1840 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65868136

The precedence set by this attorney, though it was not answered by a maelstrom of other counties resurrecting rarely if ever used common laws, does prove interesting, on the issue of rape as well as many other laws that are hardly if ever used but not stricken from the books, as of yet.

Though Idaho is no longer considered a "common-law" state with regard to domestic situations, i.e. regarding the determination of marital status and on other issues it is legitimately still very demonstrative of common law history, a fact that can be attested to by the ability of a single do-gooder to choose to enforce a law that was previously ignored. Other issues, such as common property, among domestic partners, are a later adoption of a common law practice, in Idaho. For the most part it makes sense that legal situations in low population areas could and possibly still…… [Read More]


Aho, J.A. (1990). The Politics of Righteousness: Idaho Christian Patriotism. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

American Prosecutors Research Institute State Rape Statutes p. 8 Retrieved November 20, 2007 at 

Bonner, J.R. (2002). Reconceptualizing VAWA's "Animus" for Rape in States' Emerging Post-VAWA Civil Rights Legislation. Yale Law Journal, 111(6), 1417.

Bryden, D.P., & Lengnick, S. (1997). Rape in the Criminal Justice System. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 87(4), 1194-1384.
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Issues of Diversity

Words: 1654 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97185513


With the advent of technology, there are other tests apart from Blood Type present to rule out a crime. If today, the assailant's blood type does not match the blood on the crime scene, it does not necessarily prove him guilty. Forensics studies have indicated that there are two types of people on this planet regarding secretion of ABO proteins in body fluids. There are the secretors, and then there are nonsecretors. In cases of rape, the fluid usually tested is semen. The thing to note is that if that person is a secretor, only then his blood antigens will be present in the semen. If the semen is negative for any antigen that can either mean that the person is type O or is a non-secretor (Lyle, 2011) Furthermore, there are thousands and millions of people who have the same blood type. Due to this reason, DNA testing…… [Read More]


Flaherty, C. (2013). Cops: black mob kidnaps, rapes teen girls. [online] Retrieved from:  / [Accessed: 13 Jan 2014].

Gross, S.R., Jacoby, K., Matheson, D.J., Montgomery, N. & Patil, S. (2005). Exonerations in the United States 1989 through 2003. The journal of criminal law and criminology (1973-), 95 (2), pp. 523 -- 560. (2014). The innocence project - know the cases: browse profiles:bennett barbour. [online] Retrieved from:  [Accessed: 13 Jan 2014].

Johnson, S. (1984). Cross-Racial Identification Errors in Criminal Cases. CORNELL L. REV., 69 (934), 935-36.
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Role That Bail Is Playing in the

Words: 2653 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45150292

role that bail is playing in the criminal justice system and how these amounts are determined. This is accomplished by looking at the Robert lake murder trial, the Roman Polanski rape case and the Carlos Lehder drug trial. Once this occurs, is when we can understand how and why this applied differently in a host of court cases.

One of the core elements of the criminal justice system is bail. This is when someone who stands accused of a crime can be released from police custody, under the promise that they will return to court on the specified date of their trial. In all cases, this involves the person providing some kind of monetary or physical assets in exchange for being released from jail. The basic idea behind granting bail is three fold to include:

It assures that the accused will make their court date.

It maintains the presumption of…… [Read More]


Crock, J. (2010). Mixed Record on High Profile U.S. Extradition Requests. The American Journal of International Law, 104, (4), 673 -- 678.

Harr, S. (2008). Constitutional Law. Belmont, CA: Thomson.

Houck, R. (2006). Forensics. Scientific American, 295, 84 -- 89.

James, M. (2005). Celebrities and Juries. Journal of Criminal Law, 69, 365-372
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Rapists and Their Psychology It

Words: 1026 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55250611

Thus, this rapist is partially interested in the sexual act itself, but for the feelings of power and control they have over their victim. For the most part, the most important part of the act is not the sex, but the domination and control over a "weaker" individual. This type of rapist may use physical aggression against their victim, but not as an act of rage, rather as an act of domination and control. Often, these rapists fantasize about sexual conquests and rapes, and they may force the victim into repeated sexual acts during the rape. They also may fantasize about their sexual prowess with the victim overpowering her fear of her attacker. Birnbaum and Groth write, "The characteristic scenario is one in which the victim initially resists the sexual advances of her assailant; he overpowers her and achieves sexual penetration; in spite of herself, the victim cannot resist her…… [Read More]


Groth, A. Nicholas & Birnbaum, H, Jean. Men Who Rape: The Psychology of the Offender. New York: Plenum Press, 1979.

Hollin, Clive R. Psychology and Crime: An Introduction to Criminological Psychology. London: Routledge, 1989.

Round-Up of Rapists." Psychology Today Nov.-Dec. 1992: 12+.
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Gender and Sex

Words: 1219 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45729433

lurred Line" is a song by Robin Thicke that caused a tremendous controversy because of the video that accompanied it. Some allegations included the fact that the video condoned a rape culture and a culture that sexually objectifies women. This paper will aim to analyze some of these claims, looking at the theoretical and sociological perspective of what a rape culture is and matching some of these characteristics over the elements that are seen in the video.

According to Nicoletti, Spencer-Thomas and ollinger (2009), a rape culture in society reflects a society that tolerates or even encourages rape and, in general, sexual violence against women. There are several characteristics of rape cultures, including sexual objectification and a trivialized approach to rape.

To a wider degree, however, there are connections that can be argued between a sexist society and the possibility of it becoming a rape culture. Sexist and misogynistic approaches…… [Read More]


1. Nicoletti, J., Spencer-Thomas, S., Bollinger, C. Violence goes to College. Charles C. Thomas Publisher. 2009

2. Sommers, C. Researching the "Rape Culture" in America. Simon & Schuster Inc., New York, 1994

3. Parenti, Michael. The Cultural Struggle.New York: Seven Stories Press.(2005)

4. Vogleman, L. Sexual Face of Violence: Rapists on Rape. Raven Press Ltd. 1990
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Horace Juvenal Pope Dryden Swift

Words: 4162 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65134062

" For example, of the materialism and penchant for "conspicuous consumption" among Romans of the time, Juvenal observes:

in Rome we must toe the line of fashion, spending beyond our means, and often non-borrowed credit.

It's a universal failing: here we all live in pretentious poverty. To cut a long story short, there's a price-tag on everything in Rome. hat does it cost to greet Cossus, or extract one tight-lipped nod from Veiento the honors-broker? (180-5).

Criticizing the inflated costs of everything in Rome, Juvenal also states:

inflation swells the rent of your miserable flat, inflation hits the keep of your hungry slaves, your own humble dinner. (166-7)

Moreover, within the declining Roman society described by Juvenal's Third Satire, wealth is so revered for its own sake that, when, for instance, a rich man's house burns to the ground, his house and all his belongings will soon be replaced by…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Damrosch. David et al., Eds. The Longman Anthology World Literature. Vol.

A. New York: Pearson, 2004. 1309; 1353.

Dryden, John. "Discourse concerning the Original and Progress of Satire (Abridged)."

Dryden's "Discourse on Satire" (Abridged). Ed. Jack Lynch.
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Innocence Project Case John Kogut Analysis

Words: 3518 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40016343

DNA Exonerations: John Kogut

The Path To Exoneration: John Kogut

The Path to Conviction

When 16-year-old Teresa Fusco left work at 9:45 PM on November 10, 1984 she became one among several young girls reported missing over the past several years [Centurion Ministries, 2013; Innocence Project, n.d.(a)]. In contrast to her predecessors, however, her body was discovered a month later in a wooded area several blocks from the roller rink where she worked. According to the autopsy, Teresa had been raped and murdered. Semen and sperm were collected from her body and the marks on her neck revealed that she had been strangled with a rope or cord. Also found at the scene were her jewelry and the murder weapon. The coroner's office, however, failed to conduct a blood type analysis on the semen.

The Nassau County police were under tremendous pressure to solve these disappearances, especially Teresa's rape and…… [Read More]


Centurion Ministries (2013). Dennis Halstead, John Kogut, & John Restivo, Long Island, NY. Retrieved 6 Oct. 2013 from

Drumm, David. (2013, May 11). Why the FBI doesn't record interrogations. [blog]. Retrieved 7 Oct. 2013 from .

Editors. (2013, Jan. 1). America's retreat from the death penalty. New York Times, A18. Retrieved 7 Oct. 2013 from .

Gootman, Elissa. (2003, Jun. 12). DNA evidence frees 3 men in 1984 murder of L.I. girl. New York Times, B1, B5. Retrieved 7 Oct. 2013 from .
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Violent Criminal Behavior Uniqueness of

Words: 2324 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 22464658


Psychosocial background of these rapists is inclusive of physical as well as verbal abuse which can be from both or one of the parents. Abuse-based background is seen in more than 56% of the rapists in this category. More than 80% of the rapists belong to divorced households; most of these are adopted or have spent their childhood in foster care. elationships of these rapists with women in the past have failed or did not work based on which hostile feelings have developed against the opposite sex.

Background profiling on rapists has shown that these normally are raised in single parent households with increased issues. Additionally they grow up being physically as well as verbally abused facing sexual deviances. The children facing these conditions are the ones that clearly show tendencies towards sexual promiscuity. In the case of adults, it has been seen that they are married later in…… [Read More]


Girod, J.R. (2004). Profiling the Criminal Mind: Behavioral Science and Criminal Investigative Analysis. Iuniverse Inc.

Holmes, M.R., and Holmes, S. (2002). Profiling violent crimes: an investigative tool. Edition 3. Sage.

Innes, B. (2003). Profile of a criminal mind: how psychological profiling helps solve true crimes. Reader's Digest.

Jacobs, D. (2011). Analyzing Criminal Minds: Forensic Investigative Science for the 21st Century: Brain, behavior, and evolution. ABC-CLIO.
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Gender and Sex Blurred Lines or Clear

Words: 1832 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92724551

Gender and Sex: Blurred Lines or Clear Boundaries?

One of the hottest songs of summer 2013 was a song by Robin Thicke called "Blurred Lines." The song gained popularity because of its catchy tune, and many people who found themselves dancing along to the song found themselves surprised by the lyrics when they actually listened to the song. In fact, the lyrics to the song were sufficiently suggestive that discussions about whether they were a symbol of rape culture became almost as popular as the song itself. The lyrics were not helped by the video for the song, which featured Thicke, two guest artists, and three scantily clad models in situations that could only be described as bizarre, leading to allegations that the video marginalized its female performers. Adding fuel to this fire was a performance by Thicke featuring Miley Cyrus, in which they seemingly referenced the video and Miley…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York:

Routledge, 1999.

Lynskey, Dorian. "Blurred Lines: The most controversial song of the decade." The Guardian.

The Guardian, 13 Nov. 2013. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.
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Forensic Interviewing

Words: 1319 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5610564

forensic interviewing of rape victims. It addresses the often asked question to postpone the interview. That request comes from the victims and their families. This study provides evidence that it is important to conduct the interview with the victim within 72 hours of the attack.

On television, forensic interviewing is often dramatized to the point of being illegal. Interviewers on the big screen hit the interviewees, intimidate them, lead them and coerce them into providing the information needed to neatly wrap up the crime in the allotted hour. While this makes for good entertainment and it almost always leads to putting the bad guys away, it is far from realistic. In real life, forensic interviewing can be a tedious process that does not always bear fruit. Forensic interviewing is something that can help uncover valuable information or lead to a dead end. The key elements to how successful a forensic…… [Read More]

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Uniform Crime Report UCR Is

Words: 1926 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 48132298


Figure 7 depicts 2006 Florida violent crime statistics; evolving from aggravated assault, robbery, forcible rape and murder.

Figure 7: 2006 Florida Violent Crime ates (adapted from UC crime statistics, 2008).

The 2006 National violent crime rates included: Murder -- 1.2%; Forcible ape -- 6.5%; obbery -- 31.6%; Aggravated Assault -- 60.7% Compared to Florida's 2006 violent crime rates, the murder rate and robbery rates and forcible rates are lower; however the aggravated assault rate is higher (Uniform Crime eports, N.d.).

Figure 8 depicts 2006 Florida property crime rates; evolving from burglary, larceny theft and vehicular theft.

Figure 8: 2006 Florida Property Crime ates (adapted from UC crime statistics, 2008).

The National 2006 property crime rates included: Burglary rate -- 21.9%; Larceny theft rate -- 66.2%; Vehicular theft rate -- 11.9%; Compared to Florida's 2006 property crime rates, the vehicular theft rate is lower; however the burglary rate and larceny…… [Read More]


Florida Department of Law Enforcement. (2008). Understanding Florida's UCR data. Retrieved July 11, 2009 from BC-ce34-4423


Hanley, Matt. (2009). Naperville's crime rate up, but still low. Naperville Sun, The (IL).

Retrieved July 13, 2009 from HighBeam Research: