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Third, the Republican Party places much emphasis on individual rights as outlined in the U.S. Constitution, due to believing that American strength comes from encouraging "individual support for our laws and the court system" and that the federal government must be "ever vigilant that excessive taxation and over-regulation" does not occur. Thus, "a watchful citizenry is necessary to keep government accountable" (Grimes, "The Republican Stance," Internet). However, republicans also agree that they must be "receptive to new ideas with an outlook broad enough to accommodate thoughtful change and varying points-of-view" (Harrison, 158).
Fourth, the Republican Party and its adherents firmly believe in and wholeheartedly support a strong national defense system, i.e., a strong and vital military, which is "required to keep the nation safe from outside forces." However, republicans also support negotiation which "must always be the first line of defense," for it is "safer and more effective to bargain…… [Read More]
org). This makes the ethical dilemma faced by the Republican Party strikingly clear: they are caught between choosing to uphold their position on equality and personal liberty -- which would require them to include the Log Cabin Republicans and other groups, such as pro-choicers -- and upholding their moral values by condemning these groups and continuing to attempt legislative restrictions on their activities. Applications of different systems of ethics makes it equally clear that there is no real answer to this quandary.
John Stuart Mill's viewpoint on the issue of homosexuality would be very difficult to determine; like the Republican Party, he was born in an era where Christian values and morals were generally accepted as universally applicable, even by atheists. Homosexuality was far more abhorrent to the public mind then than it is now, and it seems likely that Mill would not have approved of such relationships. His ethical…… [Read More]
So far, I have tried to made a short historical review of the first years of the existence of the Republican party, identifying a few ideological main trends that defined the activity and the platform of the party. Namely, I have talked about the anti-slavery position (proved, among others, by the importance given to the Northern branches), somehow moderate in order to keep the votes of the nativist Americans, who used to sympathize with Know-Nothings factions but were rather liberal in terms of usage of slave work. The previous supporters of the Know-Nothings moved in a large amount towards the Republicans rather then to the Democrats, because the former managed to emphasize both sectionalism and nativism.
Generally, the political debate seemed to be focused rather on social problems than on major political controversies. Of course, any social issue is a bearer of potential political decision, and the threats the local…… [Read More]
Alaska State epublican Party Structure
Alaska State Party Structure
The structure of the state epublican Party of Alaska is organized according to three primary levels: A State Executive Committee, a State Central Committee (SCC), and District Committees. Two levels of conferences are organized: A State Conference and District Conferences ("Alaska epublican Party," 2013).
The Alaska epublican Party is governed by the State Central Committee (SCC) ("Alaska epublican Party," 2013). The State Central Committee membership consists of party leaders, district chairs, and members who hold the SCC bonus votes ("Alaska epublican Party," 2013). During the times when the epublican Party convention is not in session, the SCC controls party affairs and creates policy ("Alaska epublican Party," 2013). To become a member of the local party committee, an interested person needs to contact a district chairman of the State Central Committee (SCC) ("Alaska epublican Party," 2013). The epublican Party officers and delegates…… [Read More]
Although seemingly fragmented, the Republican Party has the potential to create new pathways of leadership. The fusion of leadership theories and personality theories offer an initial framework for postulating the future of Republican Party efficacy. However, leadership and personality theories need to be combined with sociological and theological empiricism in order to provide a pragmatic and moral framework for the future.
This research seeks to advance the theoretical treatment of personality as a sociological factor in leadership, specifically by focusing on the follower-leader dyad to demonstrate normative patterns of trust, support, and motivation. Additionally, this research frames political leadership in theological terms.. By presenting a dynamic analysis of leadership within the Republican Party, this research will also illustrate the sociological distinction between the secular/profane and the sacred and that that distinction means for the future of the party.
Research has shown that “personality theory is not only a legitimate, but…… [Read More]
Republican Primary Video Research, Analysis & Critique
Covering a Period between March 6th and April 3rd, 2012
Researcher/writer will be analyzing the entire TV/video ad campaigns related to both Mitt Romney and Rick Santorum from 03/06/2012 thru 04/03/2012. In the research paper, compare and contrast the overall ad campaigns of each with regard to:
Type of ad: biographical? Issue? Attack?
Sponsor of the ad: candidate, political party, independent advocacy group (including SuperPacs). Any difference in the type of ads run by each?
What demographic group(s), if any, were the ads primarily aimed at and how effective was it at reaching each?
Press coverage of the ads -- "how extensive? helpful or harmful? iased? And if biased, in what direction?
The overall effectiveness of the ads: very? somewhat? not very? Why?
Candidate reaction to the ads -- "smart or not? Why?
NOTE: The paper should be an overview --…… [Read More]
Rick Santorum's official campaign put out the next ad, entitled Obama Ville. It was released on March 23, 2012. It creates the image of empty American towns in 2 years, and uses very dark imagery and almost horror-genre like angst. The images of the residents of these towns are cast in dark shadows, and with depressing old infrastructure. This advertisement is painting the picture that in the next 2 years President Obama will destroy the American way of life. The second half of the ad shows the face of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran, as that country defies America and seeks Nuclear Power. The end of the advertisement has the image of "Obama Ville, coming to a town near you," in a pseudo 1950s Hitchcock style, and plugs the official website of Rick Santorum.com for more content on this subject (Santorum, Obama Ville, 2012). Despite airing so recently, Mitt Romney…… [Read More]
The Republican website also has a link for connecting with local GOP groups as well as links for creating a personal space on the website and calling talk radio to get the word out. Both sites encourage members to take action by calling and writing elected officials and signing relevant petitions.
Each differs greatly in how they appear. The Democratic website has a slogan contest on its home page, which seems odd, and the RNC website has rolling ads featuring Sebelius, Obama's first month, and the history of the Republican Party. The DNC website seems easier on the eyes and it would be fitting that they would post stories that praise the President. The RNC website is busier but it also offers more information about many things. They offer a toolbar and a Facebook Group for the web savvy.… [Read More]
GOP Aacks on NLRB
Labor Movemen & Srucure of he NLRB
In his paper I explore he sae of he curren relaionship beween he Republican Pary and he Labor movemen in he Unied Saes. In par one I briefly race he hisory of he labor movemen in he Unied Saes and he passage of he Naional Labor Relaions Ac and he emergence of he Naional Labor Relaions Board. . In he paper's second secion, I discuss he GOP's sraegy a he sae level-wih special aenion paid o Wisconsin and Ohio. In par hree, I discuss he GOP's sraegy a he naional level wih respec o heir aacks on he Naional Labor Relaions Board, focusing specifically on he House's refusal o appoin and approve anymore Board Members and heir recen passage of he Proecing Jobs from Governmen Inerference Ac. Finally, I explore boh he fuure prospecs of union busing sraegies and…… [Read More]
The Hartford Convention was a gathering of Federalist Party delegates from five New England states that met in Hartford, Connecticut, between December 15, 1814, and January 5, 1815. Its members convened to discuss their long-held grievances against the policies of the successive Democratic-
Republican administrations of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.
After that, the party never regained a national following. Its beliefs and actions during the War of 1812 helped seal its fate. y 1828 the Federalists became the first American political party to die out because it could not adjust to an increasingly democratic national spirit, especially in the nation's towns and cities. And among most Americans, mainly farmers suspicious of government, its policies of strong federal involvement in the economy kept it un-popular. Inconsistency in its stance toward military action (first undertaking a naval war with France, then treating for peace with that same nation, then actively opposing…… [Read More]
Perhaps some of the drama that will play itself out inside of the convention hall, will be spotted by the watchful eye of the media transmitting the party's doings into American living rooms -- and raise ratings as a result.
Crawford, Darlisa. "Memorable Moments in Political Convention History: The Evolution of National Party Conventions." Election Focus 2004. U.S. Department of State. Jul 14, 2008. 1.14. http://usinfo.state.gov/dhr/img/assets/5796/elections07_15_04.pdf
Cresswell, Stephen." The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party." Buttons and Ballots. Issue 26. 2001. May 12, 2008. http://www.cresswellslist.com/ballots2/mfdp.htm
Johnson, Donald B. "Dixiecrats." The American Presidency. May 12, 2008. http://ap.grolier.com/article?assetid=0129280-00&templatename=/article/article.html
Rowen, Beth. "History of Party Conventions." InfoPlease. May 12, 2008. http://www.infoplease.com/spot/conventions1.html
ald, Jonathan. "264 arrested in NYC bicycle protest." CNN.com. Aug 28, 2004. May 12, 2008. http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/08/28/rnc.bike.protest/
Darlisa, Crawford, "Memorable Moments in Political Convention History: The Evolution of National Party Conventions," Election Focus 2004, U.S. Department of State, Jul 14, 2008, 1.14, p.1. >…… [Read More]
epublican and Democratic are the two major political parties in the United States and form a huge portion of the country's governance. epublican and Democratic parties have dominated American politics for a long period of time. Even though these political parties dominate the political landscape of the United States, they have significant differences in their ideals and philosophies. These varying ideals and philosophies are attributed to the fundamental differences between republicans and democrats. In addition to the fundamental differences, the two major political parties in the United States have relatively differing histories with regards to their formation and development.
Since their inception, epublican and Democratic parties have experienced long transition in their ideological principles that has influenced their development. The Democratic Party started as the conservative Democratic epublican Party in the 1790s whose first presidential nominee was the conservative Thomas Jefferson. The members of this party were anti-federalists who…… [Read More]
In terms of messages sent out to the constituents, the Republican Bachmann has been often accused of not having a clear-cut complex line of candidacy. More precisely, this aspect is in line with the issues mentioned above in terms of momentum. In this sense, the candidate that provides the most complex and reality-based platform on republican lines will most likely win the nomination. As for the candidacy of Bachmann, she received sufficient scrutiny from the community that mostly her campaign is surrounded by the ideas promoted in the Tea Party movement. More precisely, "As for criticism of Bachmann's focus on social issues, Martin said, "hen you're running for president, you're appealing to more than just tea party people. And you have to answer questions on other issues as well. So I'm not surprised when any of the candidates are talking about the other issues because those are things that come…… [Read More]
Unfortunately, the unrealism from the economic sectors was translated into such actions as well.
Two of the external affairs blunders, the War in Vietnam and the War in Iraq, were fed through individual Republican ambitions and through a near-sightedness that has no place in foreign policy. oth Nixon and George W. ush completed military actions that brought no result other than a large number of U.S. soldier casualties.
At the same time, democratic foreign policy, from the times of FDR to Clinton's presidential mandates during the 1990s, has been characterized as "a blend of liberalism and realism," similar to the one governing the internal, economic policies. Their constant interest did not exclude national security, but this needed to be adopted in the period subsequent to the Cold War, when the bipolar world was no longer a reality.
In my opinion, they have managed to defend national security through actions that…… [Read More]
Democratic and Republican parties have been able to maintain their strength and their membership numbers since the Civil War for both structural and ideological reasons. The ideological reasons are the most obvious to an observer and to many members of the parties; indeed it is because of the ideological positions of the two parties that people align themselves by party. The ideologies of each party are complex; a better way of describing them might be that they are intricate combinations of different ideas and ideologies. The Republican Party has consistently championed economic systems that do not favor efficient distributions of wealth and has tended toward a low degree of government intervention and regulation in economic issues and a high degree of intervention and regular in social affairs (such as abortion and civil rights). The parties endure because these ideologies (which are tied to ongoing concerns and beliefs) endure.
Single-member district…… [Read More]
American Political Party
The biggest major parties in America is the Democratic party (DNC) and the Republican Party however the democrats regained control of the U.S. house and us senate in the 2006 elections and the White house in the year 2008 elections. This enables them to widen their congressional advantage and their ability to prove that they can improve on the national economy and health care.
Republican party (RNC) lost control of the big job in 2008:the presidency the party was swept out of office in response to the public's high disapproval rating of presidency .despite that the party is largely split into two ideological camps within the Republican Party, battling for control in preparation for the 2012 white house .
REPUBLICAN ON HOME LAND SECURITY: Bush together with the republicans in congress have put a great effort on home land security by taking action on multiple fronts .they…… [Read More]
The Democratic Party did not win another presidential election until 1913 when Woodwork Wilson was elected due to a split vote between Republican conservative candidate, William Howard Taft and Republican progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt.
The New Freedom "was the slogan of Woodrow Wilson who came into presidential office on the platform of promising reform on a liberal basis. Specifically, through an extension of Federal regulations of banking and industry. Further reform through setting up the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Trade Commission as well as strengthening antitrust statutes on the part of Wilson. Much needed reforms to legislation of welfare was attended by Wilson. Wilson's first Administration demonstrated breaking of connections to the old tradition of Democratic laissez faire.
The Republican Party:
The Republican Party united once again nominated Rutherford . Hayes in 1876. Although the Democratic candidate, Samuel Tilden, was said to have won by popular votes, the…… [Read More]
The same thing happens when considering public officials who are Republicans and are yet more open minded than most of their colleagues. Belonging to a certain political party does not necessarily mean that one has to change his or her principles.
Even with the fact that the two major parties in the U.S. have different opinions in regard to a series of matters, they seem to agree in most situations. This is basically a result of the fact that they want the majority of people to like them and they know that the only method to do so would be for them to perform actions that would be appreciated by the general public. Thus, it would be irresponsible for either party to perform extremist acts or to refrain from acting in agreement with what the masses want. Doing so would only reduce their number of voters and would influence the…… [Read More]
19th century, the federalist/anti-federalist schism dominated political discourse in the United States. The so-called "first party system" became less relevant as increasing numbers of citizens became politically active, leading to a greater plurality of voices and opinions. Even then, political parties had not yet become fully formed. Most elections had candidates running independently. However, the anti-federalists had become the Democratic-Republicans and they emerged as a dominant presence in the controversial 1824 presidential election. When he was defeated in that election by John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson and his supporters started the Democratic Party as an opposition group. In response, John Quincy Adams and his Secretary of State Henry Clay rebranded the Democratic-Republican Party the National Republicans.
Jackson's Democratic party grew in popularity during his presidency. An opposition party, the Whig party, emerged in response in the 1830s. For the next several decades, the Democrats and the Whigs were the primary…… [Read More]
Thomas Jefferson Politics
Decisions and Actions
Democratic-epublican Party's Beliefs and Ideals
Federalist Party's Beliefs and Ideals
Initiated the first Barbary War -- Aligned most with the Federalists party because it was a display of national power.
They were terrified of a strong national government.
They were strong believers of a central government
Bought the Louisiana Purchase -- Aligned most with the Federalist party because they believed in expanding national power by expanding their territory and property.
They understood the Constitution as being an essential document to limit the powers of the federal government.
They believed that listening to the citizens would make for a weak government system.
Initiated the Lewis and Clark Expedition -- Aligned most with the Democratic-epublican party because it was in the best interest of the people who would be settling there. It also provided insight into the agricultural possibilities in that part of the nation.
They…… [Read More]
In the same way, the Democratic party's 2000 platform is related to improving life for all Americans. The education policy seems very similar to that of the Republicans - to improve education and thus the future for young Americans. In its 2004 platform document, the Democratic party fiercely criticizes the Republican war effort and the strain that this has placed upon civil rights, emphasizing the Democratic aim to create and maintain equal rights for all.
The United tates is currently in a crisis of its own making. Civil rights are destroyed in favor of a war that few can endorse at this stage. Time alone will tell whether either party has enough strength or integrity to terminate injustice not abroad, but also at home.
Democratic National Convention Committee, Inc. "The 2004 Democratic National Platform for America." 2004.
Democratic Platform 2000." http://cwx.prenhall.com/bookbind/pubbooks/dye4/medialib/docs/dplat2000.htm
Republican Party. "2004 Republican Party Platform."…… [Read More]
Anti-Federalists and the Constitution in the Development of Political Parties
The Development of Political Parties
The Constitution and Political Parties
The Changing Ideology of Political Parties
Even before the adoption of the Constitution, political parties were beginning to form. Those who favored the Constitution were called Federalists, and were led by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison. Another group, led by Thomas Jefferson, opposed the adoption of the Constitution and was known as Antifederalists. The Antifederalists broke up after the Constitution was ratified, but they set the stage for the development of other political parties, resulting in the two party system that we have today.
The Development of Political Parties
The debate over the Constitution split people into two groups. Those who favored ratification believed that a strong federal government that would dominate the individual states. Hamilton particularly argued that the future of the country depended on the development of a…… [Read More]
As was expected, the epublicans took the House and Senate in the 2014 mid-term elections, shifting the balance of power in the United States government. The election was viewed by many as a referendum on President Obama's policies. The President said it (Martosko, 2014), conservative talking heads said it (Krauthammer, 2014), and voters in exit polls said as much, too (aedle, 2014). This argument makes for fine political rhetoric, this ignores the fact that Obama ran for re-election in 2012. The ACA had been passed but nobody had seen its benefits yet, only heard the fearmongering. The economy was going nowhere fast in 2012, versus two strong quarters in 2014, and the unemployment rate has been declining for four straight years. If there was a time when a referendum on Obama's policies was going to cost him, it would have been in 2012, not the 2014 midterms. Unless of…… [Read More]
The American tea party
The Tea Party is a populist movement that promotes several conservative values which include the following;
Limitations on the authority of the U.S. federal government
eduction of government spending and the national debt
eduction of personal and corporate taxes
This is a party that has been known over the historical moments to pull frustrated and concerned Americans together to protest against excessive government spending coupled with increased debt burden. This conservative group has it that the government's growing involvement in business and indulgence in individual freedom is a deviation from conservative values.
Since its inception to date, the mission of the Tea Party Coalition has been to organize and launch in a rapid response fashion special nationwide projects that will help to advance the goal of a return to a constitutionally limited government that does not go overboard, through whichever arm to disenfranchise the…… [Read More]
These were all things that were a part of the national, state, and local Progressive movements. Though many of the prominent figures of the Progressive Party were looking for personal achievement in addition to the governmental reforms they stood for, part of the Progressive strategy was also to force the major parties to deal with the issues that the Progressive Party was raising. This role of the third party has been cited many times throughout this nation's history, and Colorado during this time is a prime example, on a smaller scale, of exactly how this strategy worked. By engaging voters in the idea that government could be changes, and that in a democracy there were still many choices to be made that were up to the voters, the Progressive Party was able to gain enough statewide support that the Democratic governor, who had already proved himself to be fairly progressive,…… [Read More]
he author's writing style is definitely scholarly and based on persuading the reader of his various points based on logic. his technique is effective for using historical evidence to support his observations. Many of Oakes' sources are primary and include editorials, speeches, and works of literature from these two men. he author takes great pains to provide the social, historical, political and even personal context that is necessary to understand Lincoln's and Douglass' evolving stances on politics and the issue of slavery. He relates some of the most salient incidents in U.S. history around this issue -- the rebellion and conviction of John Brown, the issues debated during the 1860 presidential campaign election, for example -- and shows how these affected the political directions of Douglass and Lincoln.
Other authors have assessed Oakes' book as a fairly credible piece of work which is well researched. Still, there are some notable…… [Read More]
Nixon's election indicated a shift to the right in American politics that would remain in place for most of the next twenty-five years. The success of the third-party candidacy of George allace also indicated that there was lingering racism in America. The long-term effects of the election for the Democrats was their being out of the hite House for twenty of the next twenty-four years during which time the Party underwent a major transformation. For Nixon, personally, the election actually signaled the beginning of the end of his political career. ithin months of the inauguration, the Nixon administration was plagued with controversy which ultimately led to Nixon's resigning in disgrace shortly into his second term of office.
Bundy, illiam P. Tangled eb: The Making of Foreign Policy in the Nixon Presidency. New York: Hill & ang Publishers, 1998.
Burner, David. Making Peace with the 60s. Princeton, NJ: Princeton…… [Read More]
Media and Health Policy Processes
There is no doubt that politics plays a crucial role in healthcare legislation and reforms in the United States. After all, the U.S. Congress passes laws, and so automatically any proposed legislation is passes or fails due to how political representatives act on the law. Professor Thomas Oliver (John Hopkins University) makes that point abundantly clear in his scholarly article. This paper references Oliver's article and a peer-reviewed piece in the journal Economics, Management, and Financial Markets (Boubacar, 2006).
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
It should be noted that when Barack Obama ran for election among his major points was the need to reform healthcare policies in America -- and the need to create new laws and policies. He was elected by a wide margin and he set out to develop legislation that could bring meaningful reform and could provide insurance for an…… [Read More]
The merits of the two-party system all stem from its perceived (and probably justifiably so) stability. That stability is offered by many as reason enough to avoid rocking the boat. But, as presented here, the arguments against the two-party system and, indeed, maybe against stability itself, are more persuasive. The U.S. can handle electoral dynamics associated with more than two parties, and it seems that the governing body can only benefit from the injection of new, perhaps radical, ideas. hile the two-party system is unlikely to change in the near future, it seems possible that a charismatic and visionary leader from a third party could tap into broad public dissatisfaction and create a whole new chapter for America.
Alesina, Alberto. (1988). Credibility and Policy Convergence in a Two-Party System
with Rational Voters. The American Economic Review, 78 (4): 796-805
Arjmand, Marzieh. (2010). Two-Party System in the United States.…… [Read More]
Conservative Republican and Democrat Ideologies
In America, Republicans and Democrats are largely divided between a host of different issues. Part of the reason for this is based on political ideology, as balancing the needs of business and protecting the general public will often come into conflict with one another. In Dane County, the situation is no different, with both parties creating similar divides among the electorate. A good example of this can be seen by looking no further than, the Comprehensive Planning Survey. This found that residents wanted to see the government play a balanced role between the needs of business and the public. As there were a number of different elements that were identified as the most important part of the government's role to residents these include: promoting effective recycling efforts, avoiding the duplication of various government services and supporting intelligent economic growth. This is important, because many of…… [Read More]
Evolution of the Two-Party System in America
Most of the founding fathers of the United States were opposed to the formation of political parties considering them as "quarreling factions" that would foster corruption and hinder the public from freely judging issues on merit. Hence no provision was made in the U.S. Constitution for political parties. Yet a two-party has come to dominate the country's politics, with the Democratic and the Republican parties becoming the two dominant political parties in the U.S. since the mid-19th century.
As early as the 1790s, people with deferring vision of the country's future had started to band together in order to win support for their ideas. The faction that was identified with Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton and Vice President John Adams became known as the "Federalists" while those who supported Thomas Jefferson and James Madison came to be known as the "Democratic-Republicans." (Burke)…… [Read More]
Termination of the Republican Government in Germany in 1933
The last years of the Weimar republic were marked by even more political instability than in the previous years. On March 29, 1930, finance expert Heinrich runing had been appointed the successor of Chancellor Muller by Paul von Hindenburg after months of political lobbying by General Kurt von Schleicher on behalf of the military. The new government was expected to lead a political shift towards conservatism, based on the emergency powers granted to the Reichsprasident by the constitution, since it had no majority support in the Reichstag. After an unpopular bill to help the Reich's finances had not found the support of the Reichstag, Hindenburg established the bill as an emergency decree based on Article 48 of the constitution. On July 18, 1930, the bill was again invalidated by a slim majority in the Reichstag with the support of the Sozialdemokratische…… [Read More]
nd their hypothesis made fully testable experimental predictions -- using a process that has previously shown to increase the degree of liking between strangers, how much does this process affect the number of complied-with requests vs. refusals?
The methods section should follow from the hypothesis, clearly laying out the exact tests, procedures, and participants used in the study. The methods section should not be lengthy, but should allow any reader to replicate the study if they seriously question the results. Most importantly, it should walk the reader through the study step-by-step, without getting too wrapped up in the details. Data on numbers of participants and demographic variables are important for controlling sampling errors between replications and reducing the chance that results will be overextended to all populations. ny instruments or manipulations borrowed from previous literature should be cited in the Methods section.
Burger, J., Soroka, S., Gonzago, K., Murphy, E.,…… [Read More]
Overarching theme of the Democratic-epublican National Committee
Statement of the purpose of the exercise
The objective of the table top stimulus has been to replicate as practically as one possibly can the likeliest circumstances that the actual work-team task force might experience throughout the DNC, in addition to a worst-case scenario.
Participating entities and their roles
A few of the entities included within the table top conference consist of: Major Susan Barker, the commander of the Crime Scene Investigations Bureau related to the Miami-Dade Police Department (MDPD) together with professionals coming from the Miami-Dade Police Crime Lab, the Broward County Sheriff's Workplace Crime Scene Investigations Bureau, the town of Miami PD Crime Scene Section, Jackson Memorial Hospital, the FBI's Hazardous Material esponse Unit, the Miami-Dade Police Bomb Squad, the Miami-Dade Healthcare Examiner's Office, the 44th Civil Support Team related to the Florida National Guard, along with Miami-Dade Fire escue's Urban…… [Read More]
The modern Labour Party (also known as New Labour) has come a long way from its Socialist roots in the last two decades particularly since Tony Blair became its leader in 1994 and repositioned the Party as a centrist rather than a leftist Party. There is no doubt that the move was a success as the Labour Party won the historic 1997 elections by a landslide and has not lost an election since. The electoral success has come at the expense of the Party's socialist credentials though.
Hills, J, 1998, Thatcherism, New Labour and the Welfare State, CASEpaper Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion: London School of Economics. Available from http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/Paper13.pdf[April27, 2008]
History of the Labour Party, 2008, New Labour for Britain, Available from http://www.labour.org.uk/history_of_the_labour_party[April27, 2008]
King, a., Denver, D., McLean, I., Norris, P., Norton, P., Sanders, D., et al. (1998). New Labour Triumphs: Britain at the Polls.…… [Read More]
Conclusion: The Benefits of a Third-Party Friendly System
hile both proponents and those in opposition to a two-party system have well-founded arguments, the third-party friendly system is the system that most makes sense in today's modern democracy. As presidential candidates John McCain and Barack Obama have made clear, the American people are ready for change. They are tired of the same old formula Republicans and Democrats, and they want to be represented by candidates whom they can truly feel represented by. A coalition government consisting of third parties would accomplish that change. Although this government may take longer to arrive at decisions, it would ultimately come up with the decisions that the majority of the Americans want, while still including the opinions of the minority. These coalitions would pass laws that were more representative of what America wants. Instead of retreating into the old, tired formula of choice a or…… [Read More]
It has also set off bombs in towns in the North of Ireland. The group is said to be the only military group in Ireland never to have yet killed or targeted a civilian. As of 2004, the CIRA is not believed to have an established presence or capability of launching attacks on the island of Great Britain. In 2004 the U.S. government believed the CIRA to consist of fewer than fifty fully active members. The U.S. government suspected the CIRA of receiving funds and arms from supporters in the United States. It is also believed that, in cooperation with the "Real" IRA, the CIRA may have acquired arms and material from the Balkans.
The Irish Republican Army first emerged as the army of the Irish Republic that had been declared at the Easter Rising of 1916 and affirmed by the irst Dail in January 1919. It was an amalgamation…… [Read More]
Voter Through Congressional District esearch
The bipartisan structure which defines the American system of democratic governance is premised on the notion that informed voters, when provided with an opportunity to select their own leadership, will invariably alternate between candidates with whom they identify closely, and members of the opposing party who offer meaningful reform. This maxim of American politics has resulted in a pattern of Presidential ascendency whereby neither party has captured the White House in three consecutive elections since the four consecutive campaign victories notched by Franklin Delano oosevelt more than a half-century ago. Nonetheless, there are still pockets of provincial loyalty which still exist throughout the national electorate, with family histories and cultural touchstones serving to elevate one party above its competition in the hearts and minds of voters. In the second congressional district of Tennessee -- an area which spans the metropolitan borders of Knoxville, as well…… [Read More]
These newspapers continuously wrote that there is no essential conflict between labor class (referring to wage earners) and the capitalists and that each should not suspect the other in the development of America.
outhern slave society: An essential conflict with free labor social order
There were many distinctions in the Northern and outhern economic and social outlook of America. There were conflicting ideologies being pursued in these regions and the economic progress of Northern region was associated to the free enterprising class known as the middle class. The class thrived in the Northern region by investing in their own businesses, small and large. On the contrary, outhern society was based on slavery system. The Northerners demanded that the slavery of fugitives' slaves shall be abolished and free soil in the west was to be enforced. The essential elements that divided the Northerners and outherners were the matter of slavery. The…… [Read More]
Meanwhile, Huckabee supports local political jurisdictions passing laws that punish undocumented immigrants, and he asserts those laws "protect the economic well-being, physical safety, and quality of life" for citizens in those communities. By using "physical safety" Huckabee frames this issue in the context that immigrants are criminals out to harm people. But the Immigration Policy Center (IPC) (Rumbaut, et al., 2007) reports that "Foreign-born Mexicans" had an incarceration rate" of 0.7% in 2000, "more than 8 times lower than the 5.9% of native-born males of Mexican descent." And while the "undocumented population has doubled to 12 million since 1994," violent crime in the U.S. has declined 34.2%, the IPC reports.
Moreover, according to the American Immigration Law Foundation (Esbenshade, 2007) local ordinances such as the ones Huckabee believes in (that make it illegal to rent to undocumented immigrants, for example) - if they conflict with federal immigration law - are…… [Read More]
There were other factors that led specifically and directly to a loss of Hispanic voters for the Republican Party, though.
mmigration reform became a big deal during Bush's second term, and the comments and proposals made by many Republicans regarding this issue, especially as it pertained to the United States' border with Mexico, offended many Hispanic voters in the country (Page, 2007). Though President Bush introduced legislation that would have allowed illegal immigrants to obtain legal status in some situations, the bulk of the Republican Party was still taking a hard line on immigration, with the exception of Senator John McCain, who early in his bid for the Presidency was careful not to take to strong a position, and who took the time to praise the bravery of Hispanic soldiers in the Vietnam and raq wars (Page, 2007). Most other members of the Republican Party, however, remained firmly against relaxing…… [Read More]
Stimulus Bill Political Communication
Political Communication during the Stimulus Bill Debate
In times of economic uncertainty and national emergency, the government has the capacity to make decisions that it believes will aid the country in its time of need. Such a time of need occurred in 2009 when the country continued to face an existence of dire economic circumstances involving national cash-flow and jobs. In order to set economic recovery into motion, President Obama called for the passing of the American ecovery and einvestment Act of 2009 (AA), otherwise regarded as the stimulus bill. While such a bill was considered pivotal by many government officials in order to get the country back on its feet, crucial differences in policy and bill structure could be viewed in assessing the opinions Democrats and epublicans brought to the floor in terms of the bill's passing. In understanding the basis of the bill itself,…… [Read More]
Tea Party: Social Movement, Special Interest Group, or Real Political Party
On February 19, 2009 CNBC's Rick Santelli stood on the floor of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and ranted against a proposal by the Obama Administration to subsidize the mortgages of homeowners facing foreclosure. (Infoplease.com) During this monologue, Santelli suggested that he wanted to organize a "tea party" which would dump derivative securities into Lake Michigan. After the video went viral on the internet, Tea Party protests began to emerge all across the nation. The following April 15th, Tax Day, hundreds of individual protests sprang up generating attendances in the thousands. In the following months individual Tea Parties organized across the United States culminating in a Tea Party Convention in February 2010. The Tea Party is a diverse group with many diverse organizations without any recognized authority. hile the Tea Party is not a political party in the legal sense,…… [Read More]
What is the equation for a regression line? What does each term in the line refer to?
Y' = bX + a, x is the independent variable (that plotted on the horizontal line), b is the slope of the line and a is the y intercept (i.e. The point on the line where x intercepts with y (the variable graphed on the vertical line / the dependent variable). Y' consists of the predicted values of Y for the various values of x.
2. If a regression equation were: Y = 3X + 5, what would be the predicted score for a person scoring 8 on X?
Y = 3X * 8 + 5 =29
3. Generally speaking, during presidential election years, the winning candidate's party gain seats in the House of Representatives. However, during the off-year or midterm election, the president's party losses seats in the House. The…… [Read More]
Each year in January, the President of the United States typically gives a speech to the joint session of the United States Congress entitled "The State of the Union." The speech fulfills Article 2, Section 3 of the Constitution, which requires that the President give congress an update on the measures necessary to continue governing and the overall "state of the union." In the 1800s and early 1900s, the President usually submitted a written letter to Congress, but after the advent of radio and television, the address is usually broadcast live on most networks with a large amount of commentary afterwards. In a more practical venue, the speech allows the President a captive audience to tout major accomplishments and push for his agenda for the coming year (Peters, 2014). The speech is certainly governed by tradition, but in the modern age it is also seen as one of the…… [Read More]
It was during the same period that hostilities with the communist leadership culminated into the bombing of Libya, loggerheads with the Soviet Union and a stiff arms race with the U.S.S.R.
It is also significant to note that it was during the same time that he successfully engaged Mikhail Gorbachev who was then the Soviet General secretary and culminated into the signing of Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty that signaled the end in arms race and both countries agreed to decrease in nuclear weapons in their custody.
Upon ascending to presidency, Reagan was bent on introducing new political as well as economic dispensations radically. He advocated more for supply-side economics which saw him push for reduction of tax rates to speed up economic growth, money supply control to check inflation, reduction of regulation on the economy particularly business to encourage competitive and free-market free for all which as a matter…… [Read More]
his was a very powerful show. Watching and listening to Howard Zinn talk about what he believes and what he hopes for was an amazing experience. Seeing clips from the History Channel documentary ensured that I will go in search of the entire show. he actors who represented the historical figures gave poignant readings that truly brought that time in history to life and -- importantly -- made it possible to understand how the individual portrayed were catalysts to incredible change. It was interesting to listen to Zinn's comments about the Obama and his comparison of Obama to Martin Luther King. he comparison seems a bit unfair as Martin Luther King was not an elected official. Rather, Martin Luther King's comments were entirely in alignment with his role as a pastor and a change agent. Indeed, in retrospect, Zinn's comments were pertinent to the criticism of Obama at the…… [Read More]
Tracy Flick, a preppy overachiever, is running unopposed for student council president. Mr. M, the faculty advisor, distains Tracy and has decided she needs an opponent. Mr. M talks Paul, the injured quarterback, into running - to go for the glory of leadership instead of the momentary glow of sports. Tammy, Paul's sister, decides to run for president after her girlfriend leaves her for Paul. Throughout the movie each character takes actions, fair or unfair, for personal gain. Mr. M throws the election to Paul as revenge against Tracy for having had an affair with his friend and fellow teacher who is fired. Tracy tears down the election posters out of frustration and blames someone else. Tammy falsely claims responsibility for ruining the posters so that she will be expelled and able to transfer to an all girl's school. Paul is the only candidates who wants whatever the outcome will…… [Read More]
Even "Porter Alexander, Lee's ordnance chief and one of the most perceptive contemporary observers of Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia, called his decision to stand at Antietam 'the greatest military blunder that Gen. Lee ever made'" (Owens 2004). Historians are divided as to the real purpose behind the Maryland campaign, which seems like an "isolated maneuver, another manifestation of Lee's innate aggressiveness as a commander. Some have gone so far as to suggest that Lee's forays into Union territory were undertaken primarily to maintain his claim on scarce Confederate resources that might have been used to greater strategic purpose in the est" (Owens 2004).
hether a demoralization strategy or an effort merely to show Confederate aggression, the focus on Lee in most historians' analysis shows how Lee dominated this conflict, and defined the terms of the battle. Thus, even if Lee acted unwisely, he was clearly 'in control,'…… [Read More]
Vermont's Junior Senator, Bernard Sanders introduced to the Senate the Stop Outsourcing Security Act S. 2398. The Stop Outsourcing Security Act will help solve the lack of oversight of contractors in Iraq by requiring that by June 2008, "the President shall submit to each specified congressional committee a report on the status of planning for the transition away from the use of private contractors for mission critical or emergency essential functions by January 1, 2009, in all conflict zones in which Congress has authorized the use of force" (s 2398). This bill will examine contractor activities and ensure that renewals will only happen if the president certifies that contractors have undergone background checks and are clear of any crimes that could lead to additional problems with their work in the future. It will also allow congress to have access to information of private military companies including, the number of persons…… [Read More]
1). Public outcry against subliminal advertising has been sharp; subliminal ads target human beings without them knowing, like the psychic counterpart to a stab in the back. Bargh notes that subliminal messages are "outrageous" and "frightening" because they represent "attempts to control people's actions" and therefore consumers have every right to be concerned (p. 1).
Subliminal advertising is often viewed within the overall context of marketing tactics. Flashing a word over and over again, below conscious awareness, might not make a difference in consumer behavior or political preferences. However, repeated exposure to imagery might induce the changes in consumer behavior that are desired by the ad's sponsor. Advertising, subliminal or not, works on the fundamental principle of priming. At the same time, overt priming mechanisms probably work better than subliminal signals because, as Bargh points out, subliminal cues must by definition be sparse and short. Subliminal messages illegal and unethical…… [Read More]
epublican stance on the Affordable Care Act has been decisively antagonistic and contrarian, and was machinated to address the main problem with the ACA, which is that it was authored by Obama. Likewise, epublican hostility toward the ACA represented the conservative platform's ignorance of the issues and the reasons underlying the ACA in the first place. The ACA was a step forward in creating a more progressive United States in which healthcare would be seen as a basic human right, and in fact did not go far enough in driving down healthcare costs. Instead of suggesting a new policy that would improve upon the ACA by restructuring the way insurance and privatized healthcare works, the epublicans introduced a bill that quickly died.
Specific problems the epublicans identified in the Affordable Care Act center on paranoia over federalism, what the epublicans call "federal entitlement," and the perceived pitfall of mandating that…… [Read More]
urthermore, voter turnout for election 2004 exceeded voter turnout for 2000 by approximately 8%. However, many of those voters can be attributed to efforts of special interest groups, which appealed to voters in the extremes of both parties. If the Democrats plan to win future elections, they have to capture undecided voters in the swing states. The Democrats are not going to win the votes of the undecided by appealing to the far left of the Democratic Party.
Perhaps the best recent example of a moderate Democrat is Bill Clinton. Clinton was the last successful Democratic Presidential. In addition to being a political moderate, and despite the fact that Clinton was also better-educated than the average American and less overtly religious than Kerry, Clinton was seen as more in-touch with the average person. Some Democratic Party centrists have complained that Kerry's loss was due to him straying from the winning…… [Read More]
The founding fathers of the United States were initially opposed to the formation of political parties considering them as "quarreling factions" that would hinder the public from freely judging issues on merit. The complex structure of the U.S. government with its elaborate system of checks and balances and division of power among the state and federal governments, however, makes the formation of permanent political organizations necessary for effective functioning of the system. Over the years, a two-party system has evolved with two major political parties fielding their respective candidates in most state and federal elections. Third parties take part in the elections occasionally albeit with limited impact. It is a common observation that third parties in the U.S. go only as far as their candidate; if a candidate fades out of the spotlight so does the party. In this paper, we will discuss why third parties have traditionally…… [Read More]
Self-Executing Rules (Deem and Pass)
The self-executing rule, also known as 'deem and pass' has recently been criticized by Newt Gingrich and Joe Scarborough. The self-executing rule is a method of procedure that the U.S. House of Representatives use to approve legislation. This rule is in the form of a simple resolution and serves to specify which bills are under consideration by the House. When the House votes to approve a rule that in inclusive of a self-executing provision, the House at the same time agrees to dispose of a matter that is separate as the self-executing rule specifies. This allows modifications or amendments to bills to be passed simultaneously to the bill underlying the modification or amendment. While this procedure does serve to streamline the process of legislation, and is reported to have been used on 85 different occasions in the five years between 2005 and 2010 (Oleszek, 2005,…… [Read More]
The U.S. Debate over Membership in the League of Nations
After the end of orld ar I, the world was weary of war and the ravages that it had taken on the European continent and it would seem reasonable to suggest that policymakers on both sides of the Atlantic would be eager to form some type of league to resolve future conflicts. According to Margulies (1998), "Following the signing of the Treaty of Versailles at the Paris Peace Conference in June 1919, where he played a major role in negotiating that treaty, which established the League of Nations, President oodrow ilson turned his attention to persuading the U.S. Senate to ratify the new treaty" (273). The Senate of the 66th Congress was almost equally divided between the Republican Party with 49 and the Democrats who fielded 47 senators (Marguilies). Although the president could rely on the majority of the Democrats…… [Read More]
role of government in the current debates surrounding the enactment of universal healthcare and the illicit drug war along the Mexican border, it is critical to look to the powers granted by the Constitution. Yet, the Constitution has always meant different things to different people throughout American history. As any law student will tell you, one of the major conflicts surrounding the Constitution is the concept of Originalism. This legal understanding holds that if the Constitution is to mean anything, the courts must interpret it through the lens of the men who put the ink to the paper and established the government (calia, 1998). Yet, significant flaws exist in this theory as the Founders themselves were not of one mind but were a diverse and politically combative group to the point of fighting duels with one another (e.g. Hamilton's murder at the hands of Burr). To return to these modern…… [Read More]
My parents are epublicans, so I did not gain many political beliefs from them! My friends and significant other are a mix of parties. I have a lot of epublican friends, but I do have some Democratic friends, too. I think that I have looked at both parties, and I just felt more comfortable with the Democratic Party and its platforms, especially on women's rights, healthcare, and climate change. The Party Web site says, "That commitment is reflected in an agenda that emphasizes the strong economic growth, affordable health care for all Americans, retirement security, open, honest and accountable government, and securing our nation while protecting our civil rights and liberties" (Editors). I agree with that, and it pretty much states my beliefs. I could not align with the epublicans, because I do not agree with the war in Iraq, I support gun control, and I do not like their…… [Read More]
There are several patterns and outcomes that are fairly common in the realm of political science. Similarly, there are some subjects and points of study that are more common than others. Just a few that come to mind include the ethics of congressional staff, whether third party candidates could or should be a viable option and the demarcation that could or should exist between federal and state authority. For each of these three major examples, there will be an example given of such a thing and an analysis of the overall paradigm and question. While there are some ideas and concepts that make a lot of sense to the common voter, the people in Washington seem to be less than inclined to listen.
One member of Congress that has been accused of ethics violations would be Charles Rangel, the former Democrat member of the House of Representatives. It…… [Read More]
Some big endorsements have gone Mitt Romney's way, from an early endorsement from New Jersey Governor Chris Christie, to several endorsements from other republican governors around the country. Big names like Donald Trump have also recently endorsed Mitt Romney, proving that he has strong ties in the fiscally conservative business community. In the states in which Mitt Romney has faced primaries, he has received dozens of editorial and local endorsements from a plethora of different sources.
Mitt Romney is putting all of his time and money into markets he thinks that he can win, but also is trying to reach at least second place in every state that he cannot win. ith this strategy, even in his weak states such as South Carolina, he still appears to be the second favorite, and the strength of his campaign is not questioned. Mitt Romney is most favored in states which have a…… [Read More]