Research Methodology Essays (Examples)

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Factors such as previous exposure to/experience with technology, confidence and anxiety when confronted with mathematical issues or propositions, ease of personal interactions, other sources of anxiety or situations that inspire confidence, and a host of other related professional and personal metrics were taken, in order to be correlated with measurements of overall technology use, technology-inspired anxiety, an technological confidence. Measures were all recorded quantitatively using a standard Likert scale as typically employed in similar structured survey/questionnaire instruments, providing a reliable tool for establishing concrete measurements.
Data Collection

Data collection took place according to standard survey/questionnaire methodology, and was very straightforward and low-intensity. After the survey/questionnaire instrument had been designed and properly validated, sufficient copies were produced and packaged with pre-paid return envelopes included, and were then shipped in bulk to the Office of Children's Services offices in Fairbanks, Anchorage, Juneau, and Wasilla in bulk, saving on resources, cost, and time. Respondents….

D.)
Case studies are in essence external detailed investigations of an individual, group or an institution. (MODULE 14.QUALITATIVE ESEACH) As a method it enables the researcher to uncover and explore variables and factors that each individual case study reveals -- and this in turn adds to the overall perception and understanding of the topic or issue under investigation. Case studies also differ from more statistical and quantifiable methods of inquiry in that "…the focus of attention is the individual case and not the whole population of cases" (MODULE 14.QUALITATIVE ESEACH).

From a more philosophical viewpoint, the case study is more open-ended and less dependent on a research methodology that focus on a limited or "bounded system." A central aspect of this method is that content and case studies have the particular advantage of focusing on any system or issue in its natural context or habitat. (MODULE 14.QUALITATIVE ESEACH)

The case study method can….

Thus, questions like "what is the meaning of life?" cannot be answered with the scientific method; there are no physically observable details related to this question, and each individual might -- and usually does -- come up with their own answer.
Observation is the second step of the scientific method. In order to answer a scientific question, observations must be made that suggest possible answers to the question, or relationships with other phenomenon that might cause the questioned phenomenon. After enough observation is made, a hypothesis can be formed. This is the third and one of the most central steps in the scientific method. A hypothesis proposes a possible answer or solution to the question posed in the first step; it is an educated guess based on the observations made in the second step.

The fourth and most vital step in the scientific method is testing the hypothesis through experimentation. An….

Based on previous research and desired constructs within this design, researchers found this method was the best method to be used within the structure of this particular study. Data was then collected from these interviews and used in quantitative measurement along with then explaining qualitative confounds. This then helped measure the effectiveness and other ramifications of retail zoning conducted by valuers based on the principle that the front portion of any retail shop is worth more than the further back portions. The results of the interviews were presented in tables which can be found at the end of this study. These case studies were used to provide examples of the various techniques used and were later processed through excel spreadsheets.
This study presented several variables which provide further insight into the nature of retail zoning and how valuers then subsequently adjust the material worth of retail properties. The first variable….

In a block design, both control and randomization are considered" (Experimental design, 2010, Yale).
In stratified randomization, certain factors are declared to be potentially critical in influencing results and are allocated between the two different groups to ensure that only the experimental variable is emphasized (Johnson 2005). For example, when studying the effects of having fast food restaurants near schools and their effects upon student BMI, it would be easy to conclude that poorer neighborhoods tend to have more McDonald's, but that other factors besides the proximity of fast food affect poorer children's higher BMI (such as fewer supermarkets and fewer places to exercise). However, by stratifying the different groups, and having each group have the same number of children from various socioeconomic groups, the results would be more relevant if both poorer and wealthier children had higher BMIs if their schools were located near fast food establishments. This would….

Other states, in the case of medical research, mandate that a more stringent standard is applied -- that of the reasonable person standard (Edwards 2008). In other words, would a reasonable person consider the nature of the research ethical and acceptable? This seems fairer -- but is also more intensely subjective. And when conducting research in a different cultural context, it may be difficult for the researcher to evaluate the subject's conception of justice within the subject's own culture.
When research is performed upon minors or patients whose lucidity may vary from day-to-day, a medical surrogate may be legally required or advisable, in terms of giving consent for the use of research. Confidentiality at all times should be respected for minors and adults alike. The patient must, to the maximum of his or her ability, be able to understand his or her situation and the implications of the benefits and….

But there is also a strong ethical objection to case studies for that same reason: the lack of objectivity in accumulating facts may actually allow for greater bias on the part of the researcher. Since the researcher has a higher level of participation amongst his or her study subjects than an individual merely accumulating data, he or she might favor certain personal points-of-view, based upon favoritism of some community members. The intensely subjective nature of research might also yield more of a portrait of the researcher's perceptions, rather than of the population itself.
Advocates of a more experimental approach to research would likely point out that case studies are not inherently 'better' than quantitative data in filtering bias. After all, Margaret Mead's famous anthropological study Coming of Age in Samoa has been widely critiqued because of the anthropologist's relatively filtered contact with the Samoan people. Furthermore, although something might be….

Ensuring Reliability and Validity in Research Methodology
In the field of social science research, research methodologies were formulated to generate data that would appropriately answer research objectives either through the quantitative or qualitative paradigms. It is known among researchers that there is no lone research methodology that can adequately provide data and answer a research objective single-handedly; it takes a combination of two or more methodologies to provide an almost valid and reliable answer to the problem or objective being studied. While some research utilize one methodology to generate answers about the problem, most researches use more than one methodology in order to provide general and specific analyses and interpretations about the data that can be beneficial to answering the research's problem.

What makes multiple methodologies-studies more reliable and valid is that they compensate for the limitations that other methodologies may have. Take as an example the methodologies under the quantitative paradigm.….

Gaduate Studies
Books

The pope end efeence fo the book is a follows:

Sims, R. R. (2002). Teaching Business Ethics fo Effective Leaning. N.p.: Geenwood Publishing Goup.

The title of Chapte 8 is as follows:

"Pactical Appoaches to Teaching Business Ethics."

(Sims, 2002 p 139).

The diect in-text quotation using APA style is as follows:

"Ageement on the goals of teaching business ethics by the key stakeholdes and good intentions do not wok all by themselves." (Sims, 2002 p 33).

Paaphase

Sims (2002) agues that an incease of inteest in teaching business ethics among faculty membes facilitates a debate about whom to choose fom the teaching staff to teach the topic. The debate aises because many faculty membes do not have a fomal taining in ethics making the faculty assume the esponsibility of taking up the fomal taining fo the chosen faculty membe. A majo bone of contention is that many lectues in the philosophy depatment who teach ethics….

children deprived of normal, healthy environmental stimuli in low-income, inner city environments' could be undertaken using quantitative and/or qualitative research methods, if both are used the process will be referred to as a mixed method research. A quantitative and a qualitative approach are outlined in this paper.
Quantitative research is undertaken where a large number of results are gathered for research that will usually be in numerical form, and will be characterized by breadth rather than depth (Bryman, 2012). When undertaking research on the issue of travel to and from schools McDonald (2008) successfully used questionnaires that could be distributed to parents of pupils at selected schools in a particular area. The data collected was then subject to a statistical analysis is order to convert the data into meaningful, generalizable results. The use of self completing questionnaires is a common tool for the collection of quantitative data, as it is….

Loans Envisioned Research Methodology
Association Loans: Association Loans Envisioned Research Methodology

Association Loans: Envisioned Research Methodology

Envisioned research Methodology and Design

Methodologies Considered

Quantitative Methods

Correlation

Experimental Study

Qualitative Methods

Descriptive Research Methods

Interviewing

Focus Group

Mixed Method

Research Designs Considered

Convergent Design

Explanatory Sequential Design

Exploratory Sequential Design

The Embedded Design

Research Validity and Reliability

Strengths and weaknesses

Method of Data Collection

Primary Data Collection

Secondary Data Collection

Justifying Choice and Alternative methods/designs

Conclusion

ibliography

Introduction:

The loan associations work on different grounds as compared with commercial bank loans. The commercial and saving bank loans and financing options are usually provided by the financial service providers are more focused to provide funds for business venture. The loan's security is also devised based on credit cards, business performance, and the likelihood of growth potential. However, the loan associations and building loans are more concerned about promoting land and building ownerships. The residential mortgage lending is one of the most popular forms of loan associations. The loan associations are generally owned by the federal or state government….

represented by different methodologies, describing the purpose of every methodology and providing an example of a research problem for every methodology. The ideas that will be discussed in this paper include exemplifying what encompasses a research problem and also making comparisons and contrasts between qualitative research and quantitative research with respect to their strengths and weaknesses.
Matrix

Experimental esearch

Correlational Study

Grounded Theory

Ethnography

Quantitative

Quantitative Study

Quantitative Study

Qualitative Study

Qualitative study

Qualitative study

To enable the researcher manipulate one variable while measuring other variables and therefore making it possible to examine cause and effect of research problems

To measure the relationship or correlation that exists between two variables

To question and interrogate a massive group of people regarding their philosophies and standpoints on a certain phenomenon

To develop a theory or theoretical model where none exists in the literature in relation to the sample

To describe and interpret a cultural or social group of individuals to another culture or group

To develop a comprehensive….

Mixed methods research design is popular in many research settings because it offers a set of advantages as well as a flexibility that cannot be matched by other available methods. This method combines some of the features from both quantitative and qualitative research methods to create unique methods that can integrate many theoretical or conceptual frameworks. This analysis will use a case study form of a mixed methods approach from studies that were performed in different academic fields to illustrate this form of research. The case study approach is popular in various environments due to the fact that it has more flexibility to explore and explain complex social phenomenon that are difficult to account for in strict quantitative approaches. Furthermore, it also allows room for the social constructivist approach that allows participants some freedom to add information that is relevant to their particular perspective to be added to the data.
Case….

Education
Ndunda (2004) defines research as the systematic use of several techniques to generate credible information regarding problems. This process helps in providing reliable and verifiable information rather than assumptions regarding the issue or problem being examined. Based on this definition, the research process can be defined as collecting and analyzing information regarding a specific issue to generate reliable information that leads to accurate conclusions. In most cases, the research process helps in generating information that can be utilized in effective decision making regarding a specific issue or problem. In the field of education, the research process involves the use of different techniques/methods to analyze an issue and provide reliable information about it.

In light of the definition of the research process, there are several steps involved with conducting research in order to generate reliable information. The first step in conducting research is identifying the issue or topic, which needs to….

Unlike primary data that are time-consuming, the secondary data is less time consuming, and a research could collect secondary data to answer the research questions as well as achieving research objectives. Boslaug (2007) argues that the economy is the major advantage of secondary data. Since data have already been collected by another researcher, a researcher does not need to devote his/her resources to collect the data. More importantly, the saving of time is another major advantage of secondary data. Since the data has already been collected and analyzed, the research only needs to collect the data for his or her research study. Boslaug (2007) further points out that secondary data are characterized with the informed expertise, which may not be available with primary data.
Despite the advantages that this research derives from secondary data, there are still disadvantages associated with secondary data. The secondary data may not be suitable to….

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4 Pages
Research Paper

Children

Social Work Technology Research Methodology

Words: 1004
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Factors such as previous exposure to/experience with technology, confidence and anxiety when confronted with mathematical issues or propositions, ease of personal interactions, other sources of anxiety or situations…

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8 Pages
Thesis

Healthcare

Shift in Research Methodology Preferences

Words: 3068
Length: 8 Pages
Type: Thesis

D.) Case studies are in essence external detailed investigations of an individual, group or an institution. (MODULE 14.QUALITATIVE ESEACH) As a method it enables the researcher to uncover and explore…

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4 Pages
Essay

Psychology

Psychological Research Methodology Nothing Is

Words: 1261
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Essay

Thus, questions like "what is the meaning of life?" cannot be answered with the scientific method; there are no physically observable details related to this question, and each…

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4 Pages
Research Paper

Business

Retail Zoning Research Methodology Chapter

Words: 1206
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Based on previous research and desired constructs within this design, researchers found this method was the best method to be used within the structure of this particular study.…

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2 Pages
Essay

Agriculture

Randomization Statistic -- Research Methodology

Words: 696
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

In a block design, both control and randomization are considered" (Experimental design, 2010, Yale). In stratified randomization, certain factors are declared to be potentially critical in influencing results and…

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2 Pages
A-Level Coursework

Healthcare

Consent Statistic -- Research Methodology

Words: 784
Length: 2 Pages
Type: A-Level Coursework

Other states, in the case of medical research, mandate that a more stringent standard is applied -- that of the reasonable person standard (Edwards 2008). In other words,…

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2 Pages
Essay

Business - Case Studies

Statistic -- Research Methodology the

Words: 628
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Essay

But there is also a strong ethical objection to case studies for that same reason: the lack of objectivity in accumulating facts may actually allow for greater bias…

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2 Pages
Term Paper

Sociology

Ensuring Reliability and Validity in Research Methodology

Words: 528
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Term Paper

Ensuring Reliability and Validity in Research Methodology In the field of social science research, research methodologies were formulated to generate data that would appropriately answer research objectives either through the…

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5 Pages
Case Study

Management

Research Methodology in Graduate Studies

Words: 1535
Length: 5 Pages
Type: Case Study

Gaduate Studies Books The pope end efeence fo the book is a follows: Sims, R. R. (2002). Teaching Business Ethics fo Effective Leaning. N.p.: Geenwood Publishing Goup. The title of Chapte 8…

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2 Pages
Research Paper

Teaching

Plan for Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methodology

Words: 864
Length: 2 Pages
Type: Research Paper

children deprived of normal, healthy environmental stimuli in low-income, inner city environments' could be undertaken using quantitative and/or qualitative research methods, if both are used the process will…

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15 Pages
Dissertation

Economics

Loans Envisioned Research Methodology Association Loans Association

Words: 4859
Length: 15 Pages
Type: Dissertation

Loans Envisioned Research Methodology Association Loans: Association Loans Envisioned Research Methodology Association Loans: Envisioned Research Methodology Envisioned research Methodology and Design Methodologies Considered Quantitative Methods Correlation Experimental Study Qualitative Methods Descriptive Research Methods Interviewing Focus Group Mixed Method Research Designs Considered Convergent…

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3 Pages
Research Paper

Education

Introduction to Research Methodologies

Words: 1102
Length: 3 Pages
Type: Research Paper

represented by different methodologies, describing the purpose of every methodology and providing an example of a research problem for every methodology. The ideas that will be discussed in…

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4 Pages
Research Paper

Education

research methodologies and design

Words: 1175
Length: 4 Pages
Type: Research Paper

Mixed methods research design is popular in many research settings because it offers a set of advantages as well as a flexibility that cannot be matched by other available…

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2 Pages
A2 Coursework

Education - Administration

Research Approaches in Education

Words: 647
Length: 2 Pages
Type: A2 Coursework

Education Ndunda (2004) defines research as the systematic use of several techniques to generate credible information regarding problems. This process helps in providing reliable and verifiable information rather than…

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8 Pages
Methodology Chapter

Teaching

Sigma This Chapter Presents Research

Words: 2353
Length: 8 Pages
Type: Methodology Chapter

Unlike primary data that are time-consuming, the secondary data is less time consuming, and a research could collect secondary data to answer the research questions as well as…

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