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Rhetoric refers to the use of words to influence or persuade people. Therefore, a rhetorical analysis essay will examine speech or writing to analyze how effective it is at communicating its message. Instead of examining the message, itself, a rhetorical analysis essay breaks a work down into parts and focuses on how each element contributes to the message, as a whole.
The first component in a rhetorical analysis is to determine the author or speaker’s goal. What are they trying to accomplish with their work? Once you have determined the goal, you also want to look at the intended audience for the work. You will introduce both of those concepts in your introduction.
In the body of your rhetorical analysis essay, you begin to examine the tools they employed to try to accomplish their goal and whether or not they were effective at achieving that goal. One of the most important things to keep in mind is that, while the writer’s opinion is important in a rhetorical analysis essay, the writer is not analyzing the conclusion, but, rather, how the author or speaker built to that conclusion. In a rhetorical analysis essay, it is not important whether or not you agree with the author or speaker. This is an important distinction because many students start to write a rhetorical analysis essay, but then find themselves writing an argumentative essay instead. If you find yourself building an argument to support your opinion of the author or speaker’s conclusion, then you have probably strayed from the appropriate rhetorical analysis framework.
How does the author or speaker appeal to the audience? Broadly speaking, there are three types of appeals: pathetic, ethical, and logical. Pathetic has a very specific use in this context, and merely means using emotion-based appeals. Ethical appeals are not based upon ethical arguments, but upon the speaker or author’s position as a person with some type of authority, usually moral authority, about the subject being discussed. Finally, logical appeals use logical reasoning to make a case. It is important to realize that these types of appeals are often used simultaneously, to appeal to an audience on multiple levels.
You conclusion will pull together elements from the body of your essay and state your substantiated option whether the author or speaker was effective at building his or her argument.
Rhetorical analysis essay titles should provide the reader with a full sense of the subject that will be explored in the paper. The title does not have to reveal everything, but it should at least tell what the essay will be about. Titles that are ambiguous or vague or intentionally mysterious should be avoided. The best approach to writing a title for this kind of paper is to be direct. See the titles below for some examples.
Rhetorical Analysis Essay Titles
1. Shermer’s Assumptions: How the Skeptic Fails to Make a Case by Neglecting to Evaluate His Own Presuppositions
2. How Fulton Sheen Combined Ethos, Pathos and Bathos in His Work to Win Converts
3. The Rhetoric of the Left: How the Use of Politically Correct Discourse Discourages Debate
4. The Rhetoric of the Right: How the Appeal to American Exceptionalism Constructive Self-Analysis
5. Melville’s Letters to Hawthorne: The…… [Read More]
hetorical Analysis: Walgreens, a Place Called Perfect
Walgreens: Advertising analysis
Increasingly, in an era of 'big box' stores like Wal-Mart and Costco, pharmacies are seen as obsolete. To counteract this perception and to give reasons for customers to shop at their store, Walgreens stresses its convenience in comparison to its major competitors. In its 2007 "Perfect USA" series of advertisements, Walgreens shows an idealistic portrait of a Norman ockwell-esque landscape and lists a long litany of 'perfect' aspects of the town, in which everything is easy and planned before the holiday. Then a voice-over proclaims: "Because we don't live anywhere near Perfect, there is a Walgreens to provide everything needed in the real world." This underscores the fact that a consumer can run to Walgreen's to purchase a last minute gift or to buy some cold medication even in the middle of the night. As a 24-hour pharmacy, Walgreens…… [Read More]
Richard Estrada: A rhetorical analysis of "Sticks and stones and sports teams"
Richard Estrada's article "Sticks and stones and sports teams" tackles the issue of professional sports teams with potentially inflammatory names like the ashington Redskins and the Atlanta Braves. These teams have been called upon to change their names because their mascots are considered offensive to Native Americans. Estrada persuasively argues with forceful pathos, logos, and ethos that although the names may not have been originally intended to disparage Native American culture, using the culture of a native people as a 'mascot' is ultimately dehumanizing. A columnist and former associate editor of the Dallas Morning News, Estrada was also a researcher at the Center for Immigration Studies and brings his experience in diversity studies to bear upon his analysis.
Estrada notes with pathos that the emotional toll upon Native American children can be devastating when these names of popular…… [Read More]
He seems to know what he is talking about and thus takes the reader into his circle of light almost immediately. At one point he makes a very effective and impressive use of logos when he appeals to logic with statements like: "The content of the doctrine is: "Yes, in the past we did some wrong things because of innocence or inadvertence. But now that's all over, so let's not waste any more time on this boring, stale stuff." The doctrine is dishonest and cowardly, but it does have advantages: It protects us from the danger of understanding what is happening before our eyes." (18)
hether it does anything else or not, it will definitely make the reader sit up and take notice of what is happening around us. Chonsky is not imposing his views but his political knowledge is considered far superior than the rest of us and thus…… [Read More]
Specifically, both the literal meaning of the sentiment "You mean more to me than anything else in the world" and also the actual purpose of a life insurance policy itself demonstrates love for the beneficiary. Finally, in this case, the Pathos approach is perfectly consistent with the Logos approach; in fact, it is arguable that it is only the logical implications and concepts that give rise to any reason the add could possibly appeal to Pathos.
The advertisement also appeals to Logos (logic), but indirectly, as in the case of its appeal to Ethos. It would be almost impossible to argue that any piece of jewelry could possibly mean more than designation as the primary beneficiary of a life insurance policy. Therefore, in addition to presenting a logical argument through metaphor, that argument also happens to be factually accurate and absolutely true. For the same reason, the argument is…… [Read More]
However, according to Thoreau, as modern connivances evolve, people become removed from nature. This removal from nature therefore causes people to not understand the importance of preserving it. Without preserving nature, people will loose their historic connection to nature and thus fail to truly understand their existence. To prevent this, Thoreau argues that everyone must learn the true art of walking.
Walking is from the naturalist and transcendentalist genre of writing. This is typical of most of Thoreau's work, as a common theme in his writing is nature, its role in human life and the increasing problem of human beings disconnection from it. Thoreau was also a classic transcendentalist and thus generally wrote on the protest against the state of culture and society. His basic premise in most of his writings, including Walking, was that an ideal spiritual state (discovered only from walking in nature) transcends the physical and empirical…… [Read More]
Kid Kustomers -- Rhetorical Analysis
Kid Kustomers: Rhetorical Analysis Outline
Writing Strategy #1: Language
The essay 'Kid Kustomers' assumes a casual, almost-informal tone to reflect the nature of the essay itself, which is about popular and consumer cultures, and to also make the essay appropriate for its target audience -- the general public (specifically, parents and children)
The essay, from the kind of casual, informal language and usage of terms and names that are associated with pop and consumer culture, talks directly to the concerned parent and child, who are the primary target audience of the essay
Kid Kustomers communicates to the parent and child how marketing in pop culture America has targeted children as the primary target audience of their marketing, 'inciting' them through ads and programs to "whine" and demand for children's products and merchandise.
Writing Strategy #2: Evidence
Author Eric Schlosser cites specific evidences through research and…… [Read More]
It could be argued that modern technology created the need for healthcare insurance in the first place: before technology, including new medications, became effective, to go to a hospital was regarded as a death sentence and the wealthy died at home, under the care of their personal physicians. Life spans were shorter, and patent medicines of dubious value were the main ways of treating illnesses. "What we recognize as modern medicine…began in the 1920s. That's when doctors and hospitals, having only during the previous decade learned enough about disease that they could be reliably helpful in treating sick people, began charging more than most individuals could easily pay" (Noah 2007). On a very narrow view of economies of scale, improved personal technology may result in lower costs: but it could also be argued that without computers and cars, it was far easier to live on a subsistence income, many years…… [Read More]
hen describing the incompetence of the Iraqis, Finkel chooses to cite the barrage of questions that occur in the mind of a typical soldier. For example, when the Iraqi security forces allow an EFP to explode that was clearly within their range of vision, Finkel rhetorically lists the queries likely to pop into a troop's mind: "Did they know the EFP [explosive formed penetrator] was there but not say anything because they were in partnership [with the insurgent]? ere they merely incompetent? Did they ever come running to help? No. Not ever. Not even once" (Finkel 85). Finkel's use of military terms like EFP (rather than simply say 'explosive' like a civilian might) shows his attempt to enter into the bitter, sarcastic mentality of a soldier. Instead of merely reporting that the Iraqis did nothing meaningful to protect their country, even though they were ostensibly being taught to do so…… [Read More]
Movie Trailer: Ethos, Pathos, & Logos
The trailer for the movie Prisoners effectively uses ethos, pathos, and logos to appeal to its potential audience. It uses ethos by demonstrating brief vignettes of family life to help establish the character of the main characters in the movie, as well as showing the police officer, and the suspect in the abduction. It uses logos to demonstrate that the father's conclusion that the girls were taken by the driver of the recreational vehicle have a basis in logic. It uses pathos by revealing that a child has been taken; few things are rifer with emotion than the idea of an abducted child. All three devices are traditionally used, in various degrees, by filmmakers hoping to establish an interested audience for their movies through trailers. By using all three rhetorical devices, the filmmaker creates a broad-based appeal, demonstrating that the film should be interesting…… [Read More]
Ethos, Pathos, Logos
About the Author -- Ethos
Thomas L. Friedman, the winner of 2002 Pulitzer Prize for commentary, used to work as chief White House correspondent. He then joined Washington Bureau as chief economic correspondent. In 1995, he was selected as the foreign-affairs Op-Ed columnist of The New York Times. His fabulous work made him win the Pulitzer Prize 3rd time for The New York Times in 2002. Later on, in 2005, he was made the member of Pulitzer Prize Board (Friedman, 2009).
In 1981, Mr. Friedman started working for The Times. In 1982, he started serving as Beirut bureau chief. Later on, Mr. Friedman was transferred to Jerusalem in 1984. He stayed there till 1988 and worked as Israel bureau chief. Mr. Freidman won the first Pulitzer Prize for international reporting in 1983 and the second Pulitzer Prize for international reporting in 1988 from Lebanon and Israel respectively…… [Read More]
Cross-Media Response to Digital Manipulation of Still and Moving Images" was originally published in the Fall of 1996 by the Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media. The primary author of the study, George Albert Gladney, holds a Ph.D. In Communication and serves as the Assistant Professor and Director of Graduate Studies in the Department of Communication & Mass Media at the University of yoming, Laramie. The secondary author, Matthew C. Ehrlich, also holds Ph.D. In Communication and researches the sociological attributes of mass media communicators. The article presents a multitude of scientific research, including detailed "survey data for a cross-media comparison between newspaper photo editors and television news directors to assess the ethical response to digital image processing and enhancement technology," to support the contention "that television news directors tend toward less strict ethical standards in application of the technology" (Gladney and Ehrlich 496). The authors employ a highly formal…… [Read More]
Pig ook Review
Perhaps one might, upon reading the title of the book, find that it is more suitable for a bed time story. I agree since the author, Jeffrey Masson, has taken to treating his readers like a bunch of children, in a bid to entrance them so that they do not mind his flawed reasoning. The title doesn't tell anything about the fact that the book is really a study of "the emotional world of domesticated animals." The author, Jeffrey Masson, was once the head of Sigmund Freud Archives, and had once said that Freud covered cases of child abuse for the purpose of backing his "seduction" theory -- that the patients had wanted to be seduced as children. Ever since, Jeffrey Masson has been revealing cases of abuse, including those featured in studies and animal abuse by man (Cohu, 2004).
In a narrative that is fairly typical…… [Read More]
Parents' Bedroom" brings true life tragedy to reality with its often shocking, heartbreaking and detailed story of genocide in Rwanda. Even though they are safe in their own lives, Uwem Akpan forces the reader to be a part of the Rwandan genocide through the first-person voice of Monique, a 9-year-old girl. In this story, she recites the confusing, horrifying and immoral acts forced upon her and her family, which are representative of the larger genocide and all that was experienced by the Tutsi, Twa and Hutu peoples.
Akpan engages the reader through masterful vivid imagery, character development and dialogue. He conjured images in my head that are so disturbing, I will never forget how real and devastating the Rwandan genocide was. It brought an issue that I saw on the news, removed and far away, to my own home, to my family and friends. An example of this vivid description…… [Read More]
Jeffrey Jerome Cohen is the writer of "Monster Culture (Seven Theses)." He is a Professor of English as well as the Director of MEMSI or the Medieval and Early Modern Studies Institute, located in the George ashington University. He was born in Cambridge, MA and studied classics and creative writing at the University of Rochester. He acquired his PhD in English and taught since 1994, at G.
The essay/article comes from Monster Theory: Reading Culture. This is a book containing a collection of essays, in which Cohen acted as editor and contributor. The essays within analyze and study certain aspects of culture. The article itself proclaims a "new modus legendi" or an approach of reading cultures through the monsters they create. He defies popular and earlier modes of cultural studies by suggesting knowledge is not local and proposes seven theses to assist the reader in understand cultures through the monsters…… [Read More]
Toni Morrison's short story ecitatif is about race relations and how they impact two girls as they grow up during the racially volatile mid-20th century (Mays, 2014). The title is reminiscent of recitation, which is reading aloud in public or playing a piece of music for an audience. By comparison, an aperitif is an alcoholic drink consumed before a meal to whet the appetite. ecitatif would therefore represent a public reading to whet the appetite of the audience. When applied to the theme of Morrison's short story, recitatif represents a whetting of the appetite for understanding what it is like to be Black in America. This is accomplished for the reader by placing them in the head of the White girl as she is treated as inferior by the African-American girl. This forces American readers out of their comfort zone and into an alternate reality where class and race…… [Read More]
Audre Lorde’s “The Fourth of July”: A Rhetorical Analysis
Audre Lorde’s experiences as a young girl traveling by train to Washington, D.C., a symbol of whiteness, and her first realization of the fact of racism and segregation in the Jim Crow era serve as the subject of her personal narrative. Lorde sets up the essay by identifying her innocence as a child and puts the reader into the shoes of the child—the girl she was in 1947—with the first line: “The first time I went to Washington, D.C., was on the edge of the summer when I was supposed to stop being a child.” By indirectly indicating her age (she tells the reader she had just graduate the 8th grade in the next line), Lorde reveals the perspective from which the essay will be told. This has the effect of disarming the reader of prejudices or preconceived notions—for children have…… [Read More]
semiotics and logic. These two traditions have frequently been used as the determiner of the precise meaning of even, argument or communication (Feldman, Skoldberg, & Brown, 2004). The piece named the White Blackbird is a depiction of Moore's grandmother in an exquisite way. Margaret Sergeant is a painter and socialite. The narrative is a moving account of Moore's search for his grandmother. Before the production of Moore's novel, Margaret Sargent had practically been lost in the art history. She was a great artist but she had been under-recognized in the field. Margaret had only left behind faint traces of hr once flourishing art career. Moore has succeeded to draw an impressive portrait of Margaret Sargeant's attempts to become an artist and carve out an independent life that is devoid of social obligations. She is the champion of the rejection of the straight jacket fit that many women often found cut…… [Read More]
hetorical Strategy hetoric Identities
Burned: A rhetorical analysis of a modern adolescent novel in verse
The book Burned by Ellen Hopkins examines how being raised in a fundamentalist religious faith can make it difficult for an adolescent to establish an independent identity. All adolescents must go through a struggle in our society to establish a positive sense of self, but the protagonist's circumstances make it particularly difficult. In Burned, Pattyn Scarlet Von Stratten, the eldest daughter in a large Mormon family, is sent away to live with her aunt, after her family can no longer control her. Pattyn finds happiness and freedom in the arms of a non-Mormon boy named Ethan. However, that happiness is shattered when she returns home and eventually Ethan dies in a car crash.
This narrative might seem impossibly melodramatic and unrealistic on paper. However, the way that Hopkins conveys it is through a unique style:…… [Read More]
Kate Chopin, "The Story of an Hour"
Kate Chopin's 1894 short story "The Story of An Hour" depicts a major event in a minimalist fashion -- most of the action of the tale takes place in the mind of the protagonist, Louise Mallard. The story fits well with modern summaries of Chopin's achievement in longer fiction: her well-known novel The Awakening, published five years after "The Story of An Hour," would revisit many of the same themes depicted in the earlier story, but will dramatize them in large broad colorful strokes, endeavoring accurately to depict the vanishing world of Creole New Orleans at the same time as they depict, in Martha Cutter's words, "stronger, less conventional female characters" (Cutter 34). In his survey of the nineteenth century American novel, Gregg Crane notes that in The Awakening "Chopin convincingly dramatizes how an unnameable and relatively faint discontent grows into a very…… [Read More]
In “A Herstory of the #BlackLivesMatter Movement,” co-founder of #BlackLivesMatter Alicia Garza writes about the history of the organization/social movement, the movement’s objectives and core philosophies, and also where the movement fits into the history of social protest in America. Garza covers a lot of ground in a relatively short space, tackling issues as diverse as queer politics, the misappropriation and hijacking of the contributions made by women of color, and the importance of Black liberation for improving the quality of life for all Americans. Garza’s audience is non-Black, and likely predominantly white as Garza clearly differentiates between the “we” of Black women and the “you” of a presumably white audience. Although the article would be more effective if detailed data or statistics were used, Garza effectively clarifies the #BlackLivesMatter philosophy and responds to critics of the movement using rhetorical strategies like pathos, ethos, and logos.
Garza writes “A Herstory”…… [Read More]
The famous speech by Martin King Luther Jr. “I Have a Dream” is deemed as one of the most captivating and moving speeches that were ever given by MKL Jr. in his lifetime. This speech was given to mark the epitome of the civil rights march at Lincoln memorial in Washington DC in 1963. The audient to whom MKL Jr. was giving the speech was a multitude of civil rights movement members from all over the USA, ordinary people, dignitaries and people from different racial backgrounds. The outstanding purpose of the speech was to further the position of the civil rights movement on the issue of racial discrimination and alienation of the black as well as the blatant breach of the human rights of the blacks that was taking place in the USA at that moment in history. It was also a speech meant to send a strong signal that…… [Read More]
These are the companies that begin in basements and garages when an entrepreneur takes a chance on his dream, or a worker decides it's time she becomes her own boss. They're companies like AC Energy, which I just visited before I came here. it's a terrific -- (applause) -- there you go. A little booster. (Laughter.)
However, decisions should not be based on emotions, but logic. Logos means to persuade with reasoning, or supporting an argument with facts, examples and comparisons. Obama, as with politicians as a whole, offered numerous logical reasons for supporting him. "Now, small businesses like AC Energy have created roughly 65% of all new jobs over the past decade and a half…. That's why I've already proposed a new tax credit for more than 1 million small businesses that hire new workers or raise wages -- and a tax incentive for all businesses…" Other examples were…… [Read More]
He explains how the lessons can be morphed into a fun, interactive experience for the student. This plays on recent theories of improving learning through morphing it into a form of education, as seen in video games created for learning purposes. He exemplifies this idea, until it cheapens the experience of learning. Stoll also explains how classroom interruptions cause by unwanted student interactions through the implementation of a prison-like atmosphere separating students from each other, "With n outside interruptions, lids' attention will be directed into the approved creative learning experiences, built into the software. Well compartmentalized, students will hardly ever see other...nearly ending classroom discipline problems." He also satirizes concerns about standardized testing. Many advocates of reform have expressed that standardized testing is the wrong way to rate a student's performance, stating that it does not truly cover curriculum. Stoll satirizes this by explaining that the curriculum of the cyberized…… [Read More]
Explain when or why each rhetorical mode is used.
Structure -- Explain what organizational method works best with each rhetorical mode.
Provide 2 tips for writing in each rhetorical mode.
Narration tells what happened.
Narration uses chronological order to help a story unfold. It is like a list of events in paragraph form.
The introductory paragraph provides an overview of the story to be told. Active voice is best.
To clarify abstract ideas, writers use illustration to facilitate understanding on the part of the reader.
The writer uses words and phrases to help the reader get the picture: "It is as though…" "Imagine that one has…"
Sometimes more than one example is needed to fully illustrate the concept. The writer must create an illustration that is familiar to most readers in order to make the point.
Description provides greater detail about a person or event.…… [Read More]
The speech is full of images and words denoting grand principles, especially "freedom," and the manner in which these are intermingled with the logical arguments and exhortations for support -- and pledges of support -- that have direct literal meanings blur the line between discursive and presentational symbols. Each of Obama's words has specific meaning out of the context of this speech, and each word largely retains this meaning within the speech, but the context of the speech as a whole shifts the meanings of these words and of the entire speech, transforming the symbols into something that appears to have ore substance presentationaly than is substantiated through a discursive examination of the same speech.
An excellent early example of the way Obama melds discursive and presentational symbols is in his first direct reference to the division that Berlin experienced for decades: "And on the twenty-fourth of June, 1948, the…… [Read More]
Isaiah Chapter 6 addresses Isaiah's commission, and is a perfect example of the use of narrative structure, format, and style in the Hebrew Bible. A plethora of Tate's literary elements pertain directly to Isaiah, and reading Isaiah with Tate's elements in mind enhances understanding of the text. In particular, Isaiah 6 reflects Old Testament narratology: the method by which the story is being told. Hebrew narratology retains core elements, some of which are adhered to and some of which are subverted in Isaiah 6. Isaiah 6 is told from a first person point-of-view, evident from the first line: "In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple," (Isaiah 6:1). The first person point-of-view establishes a literary, thematic, and semantic bond between implied reader and implied narrator. Moreover, the first person point-of-view…… [Read More]
Mencken and Anna Quindley use rhetorical devices to convince readers to take a side on the controversial issue of capital punishment. These two essays demonstrate how authors use ambiguity, various types of evidence, and in many cases make errors of generalization or classification commonly known as "informal fallacies." In Mencken's case, since he deconstructs arguments against his own proposals, critical reading becomes an analysis of an analysis, which this particularly sophisticated author would have appreciated given a sardonic tone that leaves the reader guessing whether he is really for or against. Quindley too uses techniques of reversal and qualification to build ethos with her reader, and though both essayists seemingly take positions opposing the choice they advocate, the result are nuanced, subtle arguments that force the reader to look deeper than the surface.
Both authors take a line that capital punishment provides transformative release -- katharsis, as Mencken sardonically attributes…… [Read More]
"The broken wall, the burning roof and tower / and Agamemnon dead." Leda's body is broken through penetration, and Troy's wall also becomes broken. Zeus' desire burns, like the roofs and towers of Troy will burn. And men will die, including the great general Agamemnon. Time rushes forward in an instant.
Leda's pregnancy resulted in Helen, for whom the Trojan ar was waged. Yet the future war is also a kind of synecdoche for the violence done to Leda. The violence of war and the violence of sexuality are intertwined, and become metaphors for one another. The reader is suddenly aware that he or she has been reading an extended metaphor, both for how one sexual act can lead to violence, and also how violence is at the heart of all sexual activity. The poem reaches its climax with the sexual act, which foreshadows the horror to come.
Then, the…… [Read More]
At the same time, this is also the best criticism method because it puts into light Obama's rhetorical style and this is important, especially for audiences to understand how this is developed and how it works towards reaching its goals. With the Neo-Aristotelian Method of Criticism, one best understands it.
The feminist criticism is not an adequate method of criticism first and foremost because the main objective of this speech is not directed towards the feminist movement. The aim of this speech is not to get close to the female voters, but to rally the entire population of Virginia by showing how important this state is in electing Obama. The message is thus for the entire population, not only for the females and the feminists in the audience.
There are, however, some elements that may argue in favor of the feminist criticism, one of them being the fact that the…… [Read More]
Erik Kramer Story
Erik Kramer is a man that has been surrounded by a major tragedy and has himself been majorly tragic. Between the drug-related death of his son and his attempted suicide that may or may not be tied to head trauma induced during his time in the National Football League, Erik Kramer is a man that is obviously very tortured and may not be acting under his own devices. The burning question is whether he is more like Chris Benoit in that his mind and his faculties are leaving him or if there is any hope for Kramer after the tragedy, trauma and pain he has endured for much of his life. He is a hero in the sense in that he is the only man to win an NFL playoff game for the Detroit Lions since the 1950's but so much of the rest of his life…… [Read More]
Wayne Booth is considered one of those principally responsible for the revival of the study of rhetoric, a skill that was valued by the Greeks in their debates and later re-visited by enlightenment-era neo-classicists. is concern for the matter couldn't have been more timely; the late 1950's and early 1960's saw the first televised debates (such as those between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon,) the popularity of shows such as 'Meet the Press, a substantial growth in the legal profession, and a new emphasis on the study of media by MacLuhan and others.
Because Booth is proposing a formula for the proper criticism of essays, we are tempted to approach his essay with an attitude of extreme scrutiny; we are thus able to discern the critical from the merely hypocritical.
Booth illustrates the necessary construction of a speech or essay as a trichotomy: the author must present facts, appeal…… [Read More]
P1S1: Clumsy; the word "alike" can easily be removed.
P1S3: Clumsy sentence again.
P2S1: the term "self-relationship" is not common; does this mean his relationship with himself?
P2: "Although it is desired that men coven the female, Norman possesses a sub-conscious yearning to have effeminate qualities rather than a want for the female as property." This sentence is terrible. For one, the word "covet" and not "coven" is intended. Second, "for want for the female as property" is not really what the writer is trying to say.
P2: "The primary ends for this need for femininity is the procurement of what Norman sees as emotional freedom." First, the grammar is wrong as "the primary ends…are," not "is." However, this is not good phrasing to begin with. The writer should say something like, "Norman wants emotional freedom and seeks it in a stereotypically feminine self-expression."
P1S4: Change to: "The current…… [Read More]
Rhetorical Theory & Practice
Analysis of "The Rhetorical Stance" by Wayne C. Booth
Wayne Booth's article entitled, "The Rhetorical Stance" provides a discussion and analysis of the role that rhetoric plays in allowing writers, students, academicians -- everybody -- to create a "polemic, unpretentious, stimulating, organized, convincing" compositions and arguments (25).
In the essay, Booth makes his own argument and illustrates this through an enumeration of three examples of rhetorical stances that are commonly utilized by students and academicians. The point of Booth's essay is to determine these rhetorical stances as ineffective means to make an argument through writing; it is only by adopting the "right" rhetorical stance that one can effectively argue, and at the same time persuade, through writing. And the author answers this dilemma by introducing the concept of the "rhetorical balance" -- that is, a balance of stimulating and convincing writing.
This essay discusses the nature…… [Read More]
In a news story presented by the online version of NBC news, a major American network, an article about #BlackLivesMatter includes photographic imagery of a large social protest that took place in 2013. The protest followed in the wake of George Zimmerman being found not guilty on charges of second-degree murder of an unarmed black man—an event that showcased the extent to which even the law fails to protect the lives of innocent people of color. In one photographic image used in this news story, the photographer captures a significant moment in the protest in which five individuals together hold up a large banner that has written on it nothing but the hastag and name of the organization #BlackLivesMatter. The background of the banner is black and white stripes, which is symbolic and reflects the interracial harmony intended by both the organization and the photographer who captured the image. This…… [Read More]
Analysis of the Price of Inequality
In the year 2013, issues of socioeconomic inequality are perhaps as pressing and problematic as they have ever been. This is the assertion at the crux of Joseph E. Stiglitz text, The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future (ISBN-13: 9780393345063). Released in 2012 by .. Norton & Company publishers, the 560-page text is a timely and compelling contribution to the current public discourse on our need for greater economic equality in the United States.
Understanding the orientation of the text at the center of this analysis requires a more complete understanding of its author, the economist, Columbia professor and winner of 2001's Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. According to his self-composed biography at the Memorial Foundation site, Stiglitz (2001) was born in Gary Indian in 1943. By his own report, his interests as a young student would lead…… [Read More]
hile these are some of the more famous elements of rhetorical theory, they do not require extensive discussion here for two reasons. Firstly, they are fairly well-known. Secondly, and more importantly, they actually do not provide much insight into the uses of rhetoric, because Aristotle implicitly inserts an ethics into his discussion of rhetoric that precludes it from having as robust an application to the real world as would be desired, due to the fact that rhetoric does not equally "target the emotional and rational attitudes and convictions" of the audience (Martina 567). In particular, Aristotle's theory suffers from assumptions regarding human beings receptivity to logic and a belief that rhetoric is ultimately "a means of attaining truth and knowledge" (Hugenberg 1). In fact, rhetoric is more often than not deployed as a means of avoiding or otherwise obscuring the truth, and but Aristotle's moralizing attitude precludes him from effectively…… [Read More]
The student jumps from one tense to another in the space of two sentences, revealing a discussion which is largely uncertain of its own chronology. Naturally, this makes the work a very unclear experience for the reader such as in the pair of sentences in the second paragraph, which declare that "A few days later 'This alarms the Crows.' Father Crows discussed the matter with the other animals that live in the banyan tree." Again, only with respect to tense changes, the pattern of error in this sentence jumps from present tense (alarms), to past tense (discussed) and then back to present (live). These examples all come from the first few sentences of the essay, and are consistently observable throughout, indicating that verb conjugation is an area of particular need for this student where written expression in concerned.
Other issues that are often encountered by ELL students will concern the…… [Read More]
Creation Myth Analysis
Case Study of the History of iblical Creation Narratives
What Is Myth?
What Is History?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 Myth?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 History?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 oth Myth and History?
An Analysis of the iblical Creation Narrative of Genesis 1:1-25 and Egypt's Possible Influence on the Historical Record
God created the world in just six days, and rested on the seventh, but scholars have not rested at all over the millennia in their investigation of its account in the historical record, particularly Genesis 1:1-25. Given its importance to humankind, it is little wonder that so much attention has been devoted to how the universe was created and what place humanity has in this immense cosmos. Indeed, the creation of the universe and the origin of mankind are the subject of numerous myths around the world, with many sharing some distinct commonalities. According to S.G.F.…… [Read More]
Discuss the extent it would be worthwhile performing job analysis on complex and senior job roles.
Assessment of executive leadership capacity and aptitude is not a straightforward practice. An enormous array of assessment instrumentation has been developed over the past several decades. It is big business and a strong pantheon of supporters -- consisting primarily of human resources managers -- fends off attacks on the practice of assessing executives and quantifying complex and senior jobs. The Leadership Practice Inventory, for just one example, has mixed reviews. Zagorsek, et al. (2006) describe the LPI as being a moderately reliable instrument, which is more precise for individuals with low to moderate leadership ability, but not as reliable for high performers, and "better suited for leader development than for leader identification, selection or promotion purposes" (p. 190). Assuming other assessment tools will not fare much better, it is worth exploring…… [Read More]
Stephen Colbert's Speech at the White House Correspondents Dinner, 2006
In this speech comedian Stephen Colbert gives a hysterically funny account of the Bush administration and the White House Press Corps. President Bush and the member of the press are co-agents. Often he takes an idea of Bush's and carries it to its ridiculous conclusion and "gives people the truth, unfiltered by rational argument." The message seems to be that together Bush and the press have cuckolded the American public with a myriad of speech acts and policies that are illogical as well as destructive.
With Bush and the press as co-agents, the scene that contains them is Washington, D.C., the United States of America, and the whole world. The scene is in a state of economic chaos due to the actions of the co-agents. For example, Colbert states that democracy is our "greatest export. At least until China figures…… [Read More]
Business Communications Final Analysis Report
In order to apply the strategies and decisions formulated in the initial phases of the communication research, they are applied in the context of business communication, particularly in group decision-making processes. In the final analysis report, the case study on the Creative Media team conflict is discussed, addressing the prevalent issues that bring about miscommunication within the team.
The case study on the Creative Media team situation has the following specifics: Gap Jeans, Inc. is planning to launch a new advertising campaign for its new product, called the Gap Washed Jeans, which features a denim-wash (faded look) feature for women, which will be available in hipster and flared styles. Gap is looking for a creative ad agency that will conceptualize and produce the ad campaign, although specific information about the nature of the ad campaign is not yet formulated. Thus, the whole advertising and marketing…… [Read More]
complexities of doing business in our virtual age, looking in particular at e-commerce but also asking how the presence of e-commerce on the market has affected traditional businesses as well. Once upon a time - that golden age - things were simple. You decided you wanted to grow up to be a bookstore owner. Or a hardware store manager. Or a florist. So you leased a store, bought some books, and lovingly hand-sold them to each customer who flocked to your door and then went home at night to count your money.
Of course, owning a bookstore or a hardware store or a flower shop was actually never that simple. But the picture now is even more complicated as virtual stores have entered the picture. Part of what makes engaging in e-commerce so difficult is that there are no paths that others have trod before one. And the costs of…… [Read More]
Certainly, rhetoric lends itself to the discovery of truth, as truth (Aristotle suggests) always makes more intuitive and intellectual sense compared to falsehood, and so equally talented rhetoricians will be more convincing sharing the truth than sharing falsehood. However, critics have pointed out that there is so "tension between Aristotle's epistemological optimism and his attempt to come to terms with rhetoric as a culturally and contextually specific social institution.... [as Aristotle says] scientific discourse is concerned with instruction, but in the case of [certain audiences] instruction is impossible; our proofs and arguments must rest on generally accepted principles... rhetoric [is] something separate from and inferior to scientific and ethical deliberation." (Haskins, 2004, 13-14)
Aristotle's historical effect on rhetoric and its continued fallout
It may seem self-evident that arguments today would be based as much on logic and the greater good than on past authority and religious dogma. However, such an…… [Read More]
4). He then goes on to give examples and states that almost all of the great executives he has worked with throughout his business career used swear words. Lochhead also mentioned that a study conducted in 2007 found that teamwork can be inspired through swearing. He illustrates these findings by sharing a personal story. He was giving a speech to over 1,000 salespeople and the crowd roared with approval when he said, "e are not participating in this f*cking recession!" These examples warrant his argument because they counter the mainstream belief that only uneducated, rude, and ignorant people use such language. Instead, his evidence shows that the use of swear words can have an energizing and positive effect on the people who are being addressed and can portray a sense of power and control for the people who are swearing. Lochhead uses a number of words which may be seen…… [Read More]
One need only refer to the preceding example to prove this fact. In this example, glass on the floor with spilled water and the author's testimonial to what happened all add up to the fact that there a glass was broken. In this case, there is no difference between what appears as truth (that a glass has broken), and what in fact is truth (that a glass is broken). Although reasons may exist as to why such an event happened (whether or not the author was distracted or perhaps is just innately clumsy), the fact that it took place is indisputable, and demonstrates that the author is wrong about the fact that there is "always" a distinction between appearances and reality.
In all actuality, the most suitable alternative to the philosophical position propagated by the author of this particular positing is a synthesis of global skepticism with empiricism and rationalism.…… [Read More]
Roger illiams riting Style and Analysis
Roger illiams was one of the first European settlers on Rhode Island. Born in a wealthy English family, Roger illiams went to school at Cambridge and later became a Christian preacher. In the year 1630, illiams crossed the Atlantic bound for Massachusetts. hen he arrived there, he was invited to the church of Boston but he refused several times before later agreeing to become the church's assistant pastor. After some time, he moved on to become the pastor of the church of Salem. He constantly rebuked the European settlers for taking the land away from Indians just because of a royal charter. His stand on this matter made him a thorn in the flesh of the colonial authorities; the animosity resulted in him being accused guilty of spreading a new authority of justice. His punishment for this crime was that he could no longer…… [Read More]
Ronald Reagan's Evil Empire Speech
President Ronald Reagan made the Evil Empire speech at a time when the United States was experiencing several challenges and issues. Some of these challenges include growing tension of nuclear arms race, increased controversy about abortion, and high infanticide rates in 1982. The president decided to address these issues through a speech that was made during the Annual Convention of the National Association of Evangelicals in 1983. In his speech, President Reagan proclaimed the need to lessen the number of nuclear weapons in the country and the Soviet Union, illegalize abortion, and enact harsh punishment for infanticide. To convey his message and view, President Reagan utilized Biblical references as well as logos and pathos to support his viewpoint. The speech, which is commonly known as the Evil Empire speech, is one of the most remarkable speeches made by a president in America's history.
Kenneth Burke…… [Read More]
Memory and Forgetting: A Comprehensive Analysis
Memory loss is a huge problem in an aging population.
No substantive cure for memory loss.
Forgetfulness does not always accompany aging.
Different types of memory loss:
The memory impairment that comes with aging may be due to confusion as well as memory loss.
Memory loss and forgetfulness may be preventable.
There are a number of different approaches to reducing forgetfulness
Daily behavioral changes
The goal of the paper began as a meta-analysis of efforts aimed to reduce forgetfulness
Too many promising approaches to aiding memory impairment to engage in a traditional meta-analysis
Look at the theoretical overlap of different known approaches that may enhance or impair memory
F. Not engaging in a meta-analysis of a single therapy because single therapies do not have therapeutic efficacy.
G. Examine the hypothetical overlap between various treatment modalities
II.…… [Read More]
Yes, the Oedipus complex aspect of Shakespeare it gives us and which in turn invites us to think about the issue of subjectivity, the myth and its relation to psychoanalytic theory. (Selfe, 1999, p292-322)
Hemlet and Postcolonial theory
Postcolonial theory was born as a result of the publication of the famous work of Edward Said, Orientalism (1978). This theory claim that some authors (Paul Gilroy, Achille Mbembe, Francoise Verges, etc.) and that seem so elegant in its formulation, in my opinion raises three fundamental problems: At a time when we are witnessing the emergence of new expressions of colonialism (colonialism, cultural, political and economic globalization, neo-colonialism nestled in the relationship between the hegemonic colonial past and their old colonies, colonialism in disguise that structure the relationship between international institutions and developing countries, institutions from the rest behest of the former colonial powers according to their interests), speak of post-colonial era…… [Read More]
Note in the above two lines the way that the coming "doom" is emphasized by word order and the placement of active verbs at the end of each line. Use is also made telling adjectives such as "lowering sky" to emphasize the apparent awesomeness of the coming washing day.
The following lines express an obviously ironic comparison between the mundane images of washing day and tragic events in history.
Saints have been calm while stretched upon the rack,
And Guatimozin smil'd on burning coals;
ut never yet did housewife notable
Greet with a smile a rainy washing-day.
Lines 29 -32)
The reference to the death of the Mexican Emperor Guatimozin makes the concerns and work of the maids and housewives seem extremely trivial and are a good example of the way that the mock-heroic expresses a point-of-view through satire.
The poem continues in this fashion to present a view of…… [Read More]
I guess at this point he is losing me a bit. The core concept is still that privilege is about controlling access to resources and using physical traits (the first rung of the diversity wheel) as the most powerful means of doing that. I just find that it is hard to see the point he is trying to make in this chapter because he is pretending that there is no world outside the U.S. Privilege has existed in every human society. If the arguments he is making here are difficult to understand, it is because they are tangential to a genuine understanding of what privilege is. He needs to stop pretending that the U.S. is the only country in the world if he wants to make sense of privilege. Privilege existed long before slavery.
This chapter probably has less personal relevance for me than some of the other chapters. It…… [Read More]
An Analysis on how Devolution can Drive Evolution of the Industry
In the last few decades the globalization trend has worked to foster extensive changes how organizations operate. The rapid pace of the business world has created a scenario in which organizations are constantly evolving and organizational change is nearly a perpetual process. The role of technology has also been a contributing factor that has also had profound implications on organizations and how their human resources interact, collaborate, perform task, as well as impacted the organizational context in general. The level of competition has also steadily risen as firms constantly streamline processes and business functions. Organizations now must maintain a close eye on the external environment and adapt as needed to continue to satisfy consumer demands.
It is in this environment that a trend of devolution in the HR business function is predicted to drive the evolution of…… [Read More]
In the text, Blair asserts that rhetoric and argument have been conventionally linked to the verbal. In turn, he purposes to consider whether visuals can be arguments. An argument in this context encompasses the reasons for accepting a particular point of view. He elucidates the erudition that indicates that arguments are not just verbal in the same ways to the arguments made by Birdsell and Groarke. Despite this, Blair goes on to proclaim that even though there can be purely visual arguments, a great deal of communications that contend to be visual arguments are amalgamations of the visual and the verbal. Owing to this, Blair goes on to examine verbal and visual arguments. He labels the grouping of these two arguments as visual. On the other hand, he labels verbal to be stringently verbal. Bearing this in mind, he delineates that a visual/verbal is an argument contrasted with…… [Read More]
Some effective strategies that have been used to good effect to improve the employee relations function include an effective management infrastructure including use of tracking reports to monitor progress, and the creation of linkages between individual effort and the bottom line (Denton, 1992).
From a public relations perspective, community relations assumes the form of a societal function. The value and importance of good community relations for a public relations company and its clientele cannot be overstated. In this regard, Berkowitz and Turnmire (1994) note that, "In order for an organization is to be effective in its relations with the local community, it must develop a program of regular environmental monitoring and proactively communicate with key publics about local issues that involve the organization. Community relations is an important aspect of public relations because of an organization's close links with the immediate social environment" (p. 105).
Similarities and…… [Read More]
" He explained that the ballot of 1964 represented a catalyst for the time being, "When all of the white political crooks will be right back in your and my community ... with their false promises which they don't intend to keep." He stated further that the Democrats lied about their support of the civil rights bill and had no actual intentions of passing it. He stated that they were simply out to play games and were using African-Americans as bait. Essentially, Malcolm stated that all African-Americans must use the ballot or the bullet. They must defend themselves and also push for equality and black nationalism as well as human rights (Malcolm X).
The experiences of the Black Panther were decidedly more militant but took their inspiration directly from him. In Oakland, California, in October of 1966, Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense. The…… [Read More]
Kennedy also specifically directed his words to the leaders of the Soviet Union, alternating between vowing that America would bear any burden to advance the cause of freedom, yet noting that both 'enemies' have a mutual interest in limiting the arms race and preserving peace. "e dare not tempt them with weakness…But neither can two great and powerful groups of nations take comfort from our present course."
Kennedy's address to unseen 'listeners' in other nations was an obvious reflection of the power of the United States -- he presumed the whole world is watching and listening to what an new American president was saying. However, addressing an unseen listener was also an indirect statement to those who were present, such as the Republican politicians like Kennedy's rival for the presidency, Richard Nixon. Nixon tried to seem strong on communism to get elected. Thus Kennedy hawkishly affirmed his Administration's anti-communist commitment,…… [Read More]
President Kennedy also used Aristotle's logic or logos to convince people to fight against public enemy such as poverty. JFK also used metaphor and the most famous sentence delivered after metaphor was "asks not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country." (Nicholas, 2001 P. 283). The phrase was to appeal and persuade American people to devote their energy to the building of their country as well as cherishing their country as a nation. While the speech was specifically focus on American public, it was also adapted to global people in general. His speech was rhetoric in nature because the speech was a unique for of public speech ever made by any U.S. president.
The paper explores relevance of rhetoric and rhetoric criticisms in public communication. The paper identifies the importance of rhetoric is politics, business and academic communities. To demonstrate importance…… [Read More]
Indeed, arguably he is playing a little loose with the terms here, for persuasion, while it may be based on logic, is rarely simply logic. Rather it is logic combined with at least a coating of emotion.
In the following passage toward the end of his speech Obama uses language that I believe to be persuasive in a way in which Aristotle would approve, for Obama is using facts to build a case for his point-of-view rather than simply trading in emotion that he has called up for the occasion: This is not sophistry.
And that's why this award must be shared with everyone who strives for justice and dignity -- for the young woman who marches silently in the streets on behalf of her right to be heard even in the face of beatings and bullets; for the leader imprisoned in her own home because she refuses to abandon…… [Read More]
Meanwhile, Huckabee supports local political jurisdictions passing laws that punish undocumented immigrants, and he asserts those laws "protect the economic well-being, physical safety, and quality of life" for citizens in those communities. By using "physical safety" Huckabee frames this issue in the context that immigrants are criminals out to harm people. But the Immigration Policy Center (IPC) (Rumbaut, et al., 2007) reports that "Foreign-born Mexicans" had an incarceration rate" of 0.7% in 2000, "more than 8 times lower than the 5.9% of native-born males of Mexican descent." And while the "undocumented population has doubled to 12 million since 1994," violent crime in the U.S. has declined 34.2%, the IPC reports.
Moreover, according to the American Immigration Law Foundation (Esbenshade, 2007) local ordinances such as the ones Huckabee believes in (that make it illegal to rent to undocumented immigrants, for example) - if they conflict with federal immigration law - are…… [Read More]