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Baseline Tectonics of the Arabian Plate
Words: 1813 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 38137867
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Pan-African Cratonization (about 800 to 680 Ma)
Nehlig et al. (2002) conducted a study to review the Pan-African evolution of the Arabian Shield on the premise that new perspectives on the geologic history and structural evolution on the Arabian Shield had emerged. These new perspectives were brought by the extensive fieldwork as well as synthesis and review of structural, aeromagnetic, geochemical, geologic, and geochronological data. The geologic evolution of the Arabian Shield took place between 900 to 550 Ma. This period was also characterized by the “formation, amalgamation, and final Pan-African cratonization of several tectonostratigraphic terranes” (Nehlig et al., 2002, p.103). These terranes were separated by key NW-trending faults and various oriented suture zones covered by ophiolites i.e. serpentinized ultramafic rocks.
Pan-African cratonization between 800 and 680 Ma incorporated the final cratonization of the terranes. The final cratonization of the terranes, which took place between 680 and 610 Ma, generated…

Saudi American Midwest Cultural Differences in
Words: 5760 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22642492
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Therefore, Americans seeking to do business with Saudi nationals would be well advised to research their prospective Saudi counterparts thoroughly but to make preparations to travel to Saudi Arabia first before actually initiating contact with Saudi business people. Doing so and calling after arriving in Saudi Arabia instead of initiating contact from abroad demonstrates awareness of and respect for Saudi business customs right off the bat and in a way that should be noticed by Saudis, especially those who might be familiar with the fact that the norm in the U.S. is simply to call first or email to arrange the first meeting.

Saudis seeking to do business with American firms should understand that in the U.S., it might be inappropriate to travel to the location of a business first and then make initial contact expecting that the meeting will necessarily be planned during their stay. That is because in…


Harris, P., Moran, R. (2007). Managing Cultural Differences: Global Leadership

Strategies for the 21st Century

Hughes, R., Chesters, G. (2003). Living and Working in Gulf States & Saudi Arabia.

Survival Books: London

Saudi Solar
Words: 2398 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Business Proposal Paper #: 37503720
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As noted, the international operations will be controlled locally. The local partner will have significant input. Even when Solar Solutions has controlling interest, it is likely that a Saudi from the joint venture partner will run the subsidiary. The U.S. office is likely only to provide oversight. It is expected, however, that the U.S. will lend control techniques to the Saudi operation. The United States has robust accounting, auditing and control management techniques that can add value to the organization. In particular, managerial accounting techniques such as budgets and variance analysis will be utilized as control mechanisms for the subsidiary in Saudi Arabia.

The company will need to develop a cross-national ethics and social responsibility code. These are values that will transcend borders and be an integral part of the culture of Solar Solutions. Thus, they need to apply to all of the company's operations. There is the risk that…

Works Cited:

Al-Mulhim, a. (2013). Saudi youth, the issue of unemployment and work ethic. Arab News. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from 

Anderlini, J. (2013). Starbucks buys out northern Chinese operator. South China Morning Post. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from 

CIA World Factbook. (2013). Saudi Arabia. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from  

Saudi Egov E-Government and Accountability
Words: 849 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 73853253
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" (Manibo, 1) It seems reasonable to deduce that the improved access to services resulting from more permeating penetration of e-portals will result in greater connectivity between the government and its publics.

ith respect to the claim that this will also result in improved user statisfaction, Al-Fakhri et al. (2008) point out that at present, "Many of the Saudi government agencies have their own web sites; however, most are ineffective." (p. 59) The Yesser (Yussr) program is aimed at improving the standards of effectiveness and usability reflected in such companion websites.

E-governing and accountability

Research Methods:

The preferred method of research is a user-survey. The Likert Scale model of survey will be distributed through the email listserv of participating e-government websites requesting respondents to rate on a scale of 1 to 5 to what extent they agree or disagree with statements provided in the survey. These statements will primarily concern…

Works Cited:

Al-Fakhri, M.; Cropf, R.A.; Kelly, P. & Higgs, G. (2008). E-government in Saudi Arabia: Between Promise and Reality. International Journal of Electronic Government Research, 4(2), 59-85.

Alsheha, B.A. (2007). The e-government program of Saudi Arabia: Advantages and Challenges. King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals.

Manibo, M. (2007). Saudi Arabia to Launch e-government project 'Yussr' by end of 2010. AME Info.

Saudi Culture Family and Authority in Saudi
Words: 624 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63197039
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Saudi Culture

Family and Authority in Saudi Arabia: A Prototypical Example of the GCC Countries

Understanding the attitudes towards authority and the importance of familial responsibilities in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is essential to developing a comprehensive and effective understanding of how individuals and businesses in the companies do business. There are certain signs that these attitudes and responsibilities might be shifting, however, which complicates the study of such issues. A brief examination of Saudi Arabia, which can be seen as a typical example of GCC countries and cultures, will demonstrate the current cultural understandings and the complex changes that may be occurring.

Attitudes towards authority in Saudi Arabia have been largely proscribed by religion -- specifically, by the interpretation of Islamic religious law by the Saudi Arabian royalty and government (Moaddel & Karabenik 2008). There are signs that many youths are beginning to turn away…


Al-Ahmadi, H. (2011). Challenges facing women leaders in Saudi Arabia Human Resource Development International. Human Resource Development International 14(2): 149-66.

Ali, A. (1993). Decision-Making Style, Individualism, and Attitudes toward Risk of Arab Executives. International Studies of Management & Organization 23(3): 53-73.

CIA. (2011). Saudi Arabia. Accessed 13 May 2011.  

Saudi Female Expats in Paris
Words: 4635 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 85319948
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It is through interviews and analysis; we will see how these individuals feel about the new cultures and regulations around them. Living in a new place, these individuals can very easily let go of the limitations they were under before. Therefore, their answers will give a sound idea of what sort of struggle they are experiencing with the new culture and how to retain their self and identity.


This study was only carried out on eight students and that is the major limitation of this research project. As stated before, half of the sample size is directly from Saudi Arabia and the other half has lived in countries such as well. Despite these differences, there are other factors such as economic class, religious sect, education and family structure that make each of these individuals different one from another. Due to these differences, the generalization created from this sample set…

Works Cited

Balbo, Marcello. "Social and spatial inclusion of international migrants: local responses to a global process." (2009): Print.

Giddens, Anthony. Modernity and self-identity. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1991. Print.

Goffman, Erving. The presentation of self in everyday life. Woodstock, N.Y.: Overlook Press, 1973. Print. "The Utility of Islamic Imagery in the West." 1960. Web. 17 May 2013. .

Saudi Workers in the Private
Words: 2097 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 58976436
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1) Education

2) Construction

3) Information Technology

4.3 Data collection method

I will distribute the following surveys to the employees and employers in my sample population. I will give them two weeks to complete the surveys, after which I will collect them and analyze them.

4.4 Sample size and sampling method

The sample size will be between 40-50 people. The sampling method include surveys as well as direct conversations. The employee surveys will gauge satisfaction with salary, job security, work environment, feedback, training, and other factors relating to job satisfaction. The employer surveys will ask employers to rate Saudi employees in areas such as work ethic, ability, attitude, and skills, especially as compared to workers of other nationalities.

4.5 Method of Data Analysis

The surveys should yield a set of simple, definite answers which be compared on the same criteria. The open-ended interviews should yield a deeper, more diverse set…



Maslow, Abraham. 1962. Towards a Psychology of Being, Princeton, NJ: D. Van Nostrand

Maslow, Abraham. 1970. Motivation and Personality, 3rd ed. (1954) Chapter 6: Unmotivated Behavior. New York: Longman.

Cziksentmihalyi, Mihaly. 1990. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York: Harper.

Saudi Women Entrepreneurship Saudi Women of the
Words: 790 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94753945
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Saudi women entrepreneurship

Saudi women of the 21st century have progressed in marked ways compared to women of a decade ago. Nonetheless, female entrepreneurs are saddled with quite a few difficulties that prevent them from progressing and impede their social and personal life as well as making their vocational progress extremely challenging. The research will investigate Saudi women entrepreneurs social role in developing Saudi economy and challenges facing them.

Women are faced with tremendous difficulties. Barriers include lack of market studies, lack of governmental support, lack of coordination among government departments, lack of support from the community, society restrictions and oligopolistic attitude of the investors (Asad Sadi, & Al-Ghazali, 2010). To overcome all of this and proceed with one's dreams, one must be remarkably stubborn and the women must be extremely resilient to overcome these difficulties. That they are motived by self-actualization is one matter. But entrepreneurs in this position…


Asad Sadi, M. & Al-Ghazali, BM (2010). Doing business with impudence: A focus on women

entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia, African Journal of Business Management 4(1), 001-011,

Cohoon, J. et al. (2010) Are Successful Women Entrepreneurs Different From Men? Kaufman

UK Saudi Direct Investment for British
Words: 1372 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 24531062
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Though this research will not provide all necessary data for such a project to be undertaken, it will explore the issue form a side and perspective not often utilized, shedding light on an essential yet often-overlooked aspect of the foreign trade relationship.

esearch Methods

Qualitative research is perhaps not the first thing thought of when conducting a trade analysis, but its importance to a proper understanding of the trade relationship cannot be overstated. Such research and analysis requires that the situation be examined in its human terms in addition to the numeric values and inferences drawn from quantitative research and analysis. In determining the perceived motivations and barriers to direct investment, this research will essentially be attempting to analyze and predict responses to changing business situations, and such research almost necessarily takes on a qualitative form (Bavdaz 2009). The predictive value of the proposed qualitative research is, in this instance,…


Bavdaz, M. (2009). "Conducting research on the response process in business surveys." Statistical Journal of the IAOS 26(1/2), pp. 1-14.

Diefenbach, T. (2009). "Are case studies more than sophisticated storytelling?: Methodological problems of qualitative empirical research mainly based on semi-structured interviews." Quality & Quantity, 43(6), pp. 875-894.

MOFA. (2003). "Saudi-British Relations." Ministry of foreign affairs. Accessed 6 March 2010. 

Lavery, B. (2005). "World Business Briefing | Europe: Britain: Saudi Prince Buys the Savoy." NY Times 20 January, pp. 6.

Reformation of the IMF Saudi
Words: 706 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 19821981
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These measures have helped the banking system to remain profitable and well-capitalized" ("2009 Article IV," IMF, 2009). This indicates that Saudi Arabia views low levels of speculation to be salutary for its own financial status, which is dependant upon economic growth and a high, steady worldwide demand for oil.

The main area of contention between Saudi Arabia and the IMF has been its undervaluation of its currency, the riyal, which it only recently agreed to peg to the U.S. dollar. This is also keeping with the IMF's policy on a free flow of capital: "The IMF has also generally opposed capital controls, which can help governments stem the loss of reserves, currency crashes, and other problems associated with large capital outflows" (eisbrot 2009, p.1).

Another criticism of the IMF is how its proportion of voting shares are allocated: the U.S. currently has 16.5%, while high oil producing nations, including Saudi…

Works Cited

"2009 Article IV Consultation with Saudi Arabia." International Monetary Fund.

Public Information Notice (PIN) No. 09/109. August 17, 2009.

December 2, 2009 

Weisbrot, Mark, Jose Cordero & Luis Sandoval. IMF Reform. CEPR. April 2009.

Working for Goody in Saudi
Words: 652 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Interview Paper #: 24087698
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I am very impressed with a company that goes the extra few miles to educate people about healthy foods, and to provide Saudi girls with the training -- for free -- to learn to cook and to be creative in the kitchen.

In fact, how could a person not be very impressed when a company like Goody trains one thousand young girls in the art of creative, healthy cooking and baking? The program that was launched in 2009, not only helped young girls to prepare a number of very innovative and healthy dishes, desserts and juices, but it had ripple effects because when young people learn skills that lead to community wellness, everyone in the community benefits.

What are my qualifications to be hired by Goody in their marketing division in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia?

I am a native Saudi and I have watched Goody become a household name for quality…

Saudi Women's Role in Respect of Raising Family Within the Male-Dominated Culture

The present study reports an interview with a Saudi woman on the changing role of women in the Saudi society in regards to raising a family within the male-dominated culture that characterizes the Saudi society. Attached to this study are an informed consent form as well as the interview transcript marked Appendix A and Appendix B, respectively. This study will review the narrative contained in the interview to this study and will conduct an analysis and interpretation of the interview findings answering the question of what areas of inquiry can this personal story lead to and as to the types of theories that explain the situation faced by Mrs. K.

The Narrative

The first question in the interview with Mrs. 'K' asks about the daily routine of the interviewee as a Saudi woman 'right now'. Mrs. K stated…

Brit Saudi Direct Investment Motivations
Words: 2538 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 95821851
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The nation also has an estimated budget surplus of over one-hundred billion dollars, making a continued expansion of infrastructure spending as well as stimulus money -- if needed -- and the provision of incentives to future domestic and foreign business development in the country highly likely (Siddiqi 2008). Oil money, though not the sole source of Saudi Arabia's significant wealth and stability, has played a major part in the country's ability to ride out this economic storm largely unscathed, with hardly a misstep in their march of progress (Siddiqi 2008).

A repetition of a similar analysis at the end of 2009 shows that the country has in fact taken a hit form the global economic downturn, which could hardly be avoided, but the picture is far from dire for Saudi Arabia (Siddiqi 2009). Infrastructure investment is still taking place, and a more in-depth analysis of Saudi Arabia's long-term spending and…


Bushnak, A. (2001). "Investment Needs and Privatization of Water Services in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Water Resources Development (17(2), pp. 257-60.

Siddiqi, M. (2005). "The rise and rise of an equity culture." Middle East (361), pp. 44-9.

Siddiqi, M. (2008). "Saudi Arabia: Bucking the global trend?" Middle East (392), pp. 44-8.

Siddiqi, M. (2009). "Responding to international crisis.." Middle East (401), pp. 46-50.

Challenges Facing Saudi Higher Education
Words: 2876 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 62085244
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Vision to Address the Challenges facing Higher Education in Saudi Arabia in the light of Leadership and Excellence Approach

esearch Significance

It is generally agreed that higher education is the main tool to solve leadership and human resources problems. Unfortunately, mass production of graduates from Saudi higher education fails to meet the required specializations and quality of private sectors. Many Saudi graduates lack the practical knowledge that can assist them meeting rigorous demand of the labor market. Moreover, Saudi higher education is characterized by the rigid theoretical standards, and constraint of curriculum making the implementation of an enriched experimental learning technique to be extremely difficult.

In the last 10 years, higher education in Saudi Arabia has witnessed a quantitative and qualitative transformation. The investment in the Saudi educational development has been attributed to the country's strategic importance for the human resources and leadership development. Investment in education has also been…


AlGamdi, M.A. and Samarji, A. (2015). Perceived Barriers towards e-Learning by Faculty Members at a Recently Established University in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Information and Education Technology. 6 (1):23-28.

Ahmed, M.A.H. Siddiek, A.G. (2012). Strategic Quality Management in the Arab Higher Education Institutes: A Descriptive & Analytical Study. International Journal of Business and Social Science. 3(24): 90-103.

Alexander, N.H. (2011). Teaching Leadership to Female Students in Saudi Arabia. Advancing Women in Leadership. 31:199-212.

Amani, H. (2013). An Exploration into "Private" Higher Education in Saudi Arabia: Improving Quality and Accessibility? The ACPET Journal for Private Higher Education. 2(2): 33-44.

Knowledge Levels of Saudi High
Words: 3127 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 21915460
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(1996). In this study, weight, height, and dietary patterns were obtained from 540 adolescent girls aged 12 to 18 years. These researchers used the body mass index of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANESI) as their reference for adolescence (Madani et al., 1996). The respective prevalence rates among this sample was found to be 14.7% underweight (85th percentiles). Based on these findings, Madani and his associates posited that the dietary practices of Saudi adolescents were comparable to their peers in other developed countries in the West and may reflect a tendency on the part of Saudi youth to adopt more Western-like lifestyles.

Al-Abbad (1995) assessed the prevalence of obesity and a number of the condition's associated risk factors following the same criteria used in the Madani et al. (1996) study. In Al-Abbad's analysis, 700 randomly selected students from six female intermediate and high schools in Al-Khobar city ranging…


Al-Abbar, F.A. (1995). Prevalence of obesity and risk factors among single female intermediate and high school students in Al-Khobar, Eastern Province Saudi Arabia. College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi

Arabia, 1995 (unpublished fellowship dissertation).

Al-Nuaim a, Bamgboye E, Al-Herbish a. (1996). The pattern of growth and obesity in Saudi

Arabian male school children. International Journal of Obesity, 20, 1000-1005.

The Yemen conflict between Saudi and the Houthis
Words: 1390 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34441038
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Middle East/ Africa Security Issue


The ends, ways and means strategy is a method of understanding what the objective is for a particular issue (ends), how that objective will be achieved (ways) and what resources will be required to make this happen (means). This methodology is commonly applied in military or international relations, where the issues can be complex, as this method simplifies strategy by focusing on the desired ends (Eikmeier, 2007).

Background on the Issue

There are several issues in the Middle East worthy of attention, one of which is the ongoing conflict in Yemen. While Yemen has commonly been engaged in conflict, this issue has become more pressing in recent months. Houthi rebels were engaged in conflict in the region near the Saudi border, drawing Saudi Arabia into the conflict. This became a front in the Saudi-Iran proxy war, as the Houthi rebels are predominantly Shia. Western…

Gender Equality in Arabia
Words: 937 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22528225
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Gender Equality in the Gulf
Problem Description
Historically, there has been a marked dearth of gender equality and women’s empowerment in the countries compromising the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), which include Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. There are a number of reasons responsible for this situation. Firstly, these countries are all predominantly Muslim. Traditional gender roles (and stereotypes) largely exist in Islam and in countries which adhere to this faith as their national religion. Women are supposed to remain covered up in their raiment and relegated to domestic roles. The problem is that women account for approximately 50 percent of the population in the GCC countries, yet only constitute approximately 25 percent of the labor force in those countries (World Bank). Therefore, these countries are disadvantageously affected in certain aspects of economics and society because of the lack of female contributions in both of…

Effects of Kasp
Words: 6179 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 33578773
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For most of its existence, Saudi Arabia's economy has been driven by revenues from its massive oil fields. While this has allowed the country to have a healthy balance sheet, it has also discouraged investment in other areas. Other countries in the region have begun to realize that having an oil-dependent economy is not sustainable in the long run. Nations with burgeoning populations and limited resources tend to be unsustainable. That lack of sustainability can be seen today in milder forms, such as high unemployment among youth, social problems like abuse and deviant behaviour and stunted economic growth.

The facts concerning the Saudi economy reflect the structural issues in the Saudi economy. The country has a population of roughly 27 million, a third of whom are non-citizen immigrants. Nearly 50% of these are under the age of 25 and the median age is 26.4 years. This means that the…


Alamri, M. (2011). Higher education in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Higher Education, Theory and Practice. Vol. 11 (4) 88-91.

Alshahrani, S. & Alsadiq, A. (2014) Economic growth and government spending in Saudi Arabia: An empirical investigation. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved August 13, 2014 from 

CIA World Factbook. (2014). Saudi Arabia. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved August 13, 2014 from  

Percent of the World's Proven
Words: 9112 Length: 33 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54099632
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Consequently, his observations concerning the business climate in Saudi Arabia with respect to the significance of religion in the Kingdom can be considered authentic. According to Indris, with respect to the perception of performance and contractual obligations among Saudis, "It should be noted that the issue is not with the belief itself but rather with people's misguided interpretations of the belief and Islam teachings. While Islam teaches that ultimate control is in the hands of God, it also teaches that people should exert their utmost efforts to better their lives" (p. 38). These issues have special salience for foreign direct investors who may experience disputes based on such misinterpretations that cannot be predicted but must be expected. In this regard, Idris concludes that, "Misguided interpretations have a strong impact on the business environment and the commitment to setting and meeting goals and targets in the kingdom. Accountability in running businesses…


Aleisa, Eisa A. & Dibooglu, S. Sources of Real Exchange Rate Movements in Saudi Arabia.

26 Journal of Economics and Finance 1, 101-103 (2007).

Applications & Procedures, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Ministry of Commerce and Industry,

[online] available:  (2011).

Obesity in Adolescent Females in
Words: 5081 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22547948
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During the study a number of factors were considered for the evaluation of the fact that females unlike males in Saudi Arabia constitute a larger proportion.


Lifestyle and dietary

Adolescent boys and girls were studied for at least two weeks on their feeding habits, for this period, females were observed to consume more snacks than male in that males could only consume snacks once a fortnight unlike their female counterparts who for the 14 days averagely took snacks at least 12 days. For the consumption of rice, bread, nuts and fish the percentage of females consuming this surpassed that of men i.e. 54.8 to 50.5%, this shows that females consumes more food products that are energy giving than males in Saudi Arabia leading to deposition of more calories in the body triggering obesity as it is supposed that the body can not convert the whole chunk of calories. More…


Al-Gelban, K.S. (2008). Diatery Habits and Exercise Practices among the Students of a Saudi

Teachers Training College. Saudi Med J, 29 (5), 754-759.

Al-Rukban, M. (2003). Obesity among Saudi Male Adolescents in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med Journal, 34, 27-33.

Al-Shammari, S., Khoja, T., & Al-Subaie, A. (1994). Trans-cultural Attitude Towards Being

Regional Planning Positive and Negative
Words: 1846 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 15352065
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In this case, the researcher will engage open-ended questionnaires for participants who will be far away from the researchers. For the samples within the vicinity of the researcher, unstructured interviews will be effective (Leverett, 2010).

esearch timeline

This study will follow the below timeline:



Week 1:

Preparation of research proposal

eading numerous literature

Week 2-3:

Deciding the final objectives

Drafting the literature review

Secondary data collection data analysis

Week 4:

Development of research approach

Developing research methodology

Developing questionnaire

Week 5:

Organize the survey

Conduct the survey

Data accumulation

Week 6:

Drafting findings

Analyzing data

Week 7:

Compile and verify the research paper

Week 8:

Submit the research paper

evision of the draft after feedback

Printing and binding the research paper

Week 9:

Submit the final research paper

Ethical considerations

To ensure the validity of the research, it is crucial to take consideration of ethics for the matter.…


Al-Ankary, K.M., & Bushra, -S. (2009). Urban and rural profiles in Saudi Arabia. Berlin: G. Borntraeger.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2008). Regional decentralization for agricultural development planning in the Near East and North Africa. Rome: FAO.

Leverett, F. (2010). The Road Ahead: Middle East Policy in the Bush Administration's Second Term. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.

Mufti, M.H. (2011). Healthcare development strategies in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.

Culture Psychology
Words: 1950 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 15291211
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Cultural Psychology

Review of Saudi Arabia

Muslim culture is one of the religions with the oldest and most extensive histories. It has its impacts on the world's greatest civilizations such as Sultanate of Usmania, Saudi Arabia, and Middle East and in different eras, Muslim rulers have extended their kingdoms to various parts of the world. Muslim culture even has its imprints on various fields of Science and Sociology. Despite all the richness of this culture, it is the one facing major criticism globally. One after another, events are taking place in a sequence which has highlighted the importance of Muslim countries in global Politics and economy.

These days, political decisions taken by the governments of Iran, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and other Muslim countries have become part of daily news headlines. On the other hand, the incident of 9/11 has changed the global scenario of this world. Policies of many western…