School Administrator Essays (Examples)

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School Change When Jessie Sullivan

Words: 870 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1412707

Granted, she was fortunate that Goldenberg is a noted school change advocate and author. However, if he had not been at the school, she may have been able to find someone else well versed in reform. The important element is collaboration with others who have a knowledge base.

The other important aspect of this article was the example of how the teachers were involved and the results that came from this change. Based on the increased scores of the students, it is easily recognized that there was a fundamental change in the teachers' instruction. Lastly, this article showed that not all changes end in "happy ever after" results. Unfortunately, the changes were not continued from one generation of teachers to the next.

There are a few elements that are missing in this article. The first is what happened to Sullivan and her involvement with this school change. Did she leave,…… [Read More]

References

Tinsley, R. (2006) Successful School Change. Catholic Education 10(1), 115-117
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School Superintendent's Communication Within the

Words: 1403 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68424959

It raises the need for both written and verbal communication skills to reach an optimum level that can persuade and cajole.

It is believed by many experts that this economic role will become more important in future years and that in order to achieve the status of superintendent, a candidate will have to display some experience or education in that field to ensure board members that he or she is capable of representing the district well (Thomas, 2002).

With Administrators, Staff and Teachers

School superintendents face a new level of issues when dealing with these three groups of employees, and it is very important how the man or woman in that position communicates layoffs, curriculum changes, school closures, firings, or an order to re-apply for their jobs, as has been done now in a significant number of districts around the country.

One of the superintendent's first priorities is to get…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Board perceptions. (2007, December). Retrieved May 28, 2009, from School Administrator Journal - GALE database (A172251160): .

Glass, T.E., Bjork, L., & Brunner, C. (2000). A study of the American school superintendency. Retrieved May 28, 2009, from eric.ed.gov (ED440475): http://eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/16/2d/e9.pdf

Hopper, J. (2005, December). Communication essentials: What superintendents need to know and want to share about communicating. Retrieved May 28, 2009, from Michigan edusource: http://74.125.155.132/search?q=cache:PvTiyj6oFJsJ:www.michiganedusource.org/PublicRelations/Supt_Communication_Essentials.doc+school+superintendents+communication+methods&cd=11&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us

McAdams, D.R. (2009, February). Top 10 'guarantees' for a great relationship. Retrieved May 28, 2009, from EBSCO data base (AN 36326105): http://ezproxy.ppld.org:2054/ehost/detail?vid=2&hid=9&sid=99164b10-d3d2-43 AD-b5be-a37ac1448272%40sessionmgr7&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=tfh&AN=36326105
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School Response to Student Suicide

Words: 3279 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76774418

School esponse to Student Suicide: Postvention

The emotional impact on family and friends following an adolescent suicide - and the school's response to a suicide - has not been the subject of the same level of intense research as have: a) the causes of suicides; and b) programs to prevent suicides. However, there is now an emerging body of solid research on what protocol a school can put into place, to be more prepared in the unfortunate circumstance of a teen suicide. Indeed, on the subject of tragedy, in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, many schools and communities re-tooled their crisis/response plans for dealing with such threats. And yet, in many ways, the sudden, inexplicable death of a student can cause serious psychological ramifications to fellow students on a part with the shockwaves following an attack by terrorists. And hence, this paper analyzes literature that…… [Read More]

References

American Association of Suicidology (2003). Remembering Our Children:

Parents of Suicides, A Memorial to Our Precious Sons & Daughters. http://www.angelfire.com/mi2/parentsofsuicide/page1.html

Bratter, Thomas Edward (2003). Surviving Suicide: Treatment Challenges for Gifted, Angry, Drug Dependent Adolescents. International Journal of Reality

Therapy, XXII, 32-36.
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School Law Dawson v East

Words: 715 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77896691

The court easily could have come to a contrary result, given that it denied most of the allegations of the plaintiff, other than the specific contention that the nature of this specific advertising was particularly inconsistent with state educational statues and school board policy. Even the plaintiff conceded that advertising in the form of school vending machines, yearbooks, sports scorecards, etc. had long been tolerated in schools, and would continue to be tolerated.

Question 2: What guidelines may administrators who are considering potential educational uses of commercially driven Internet technology draw from the above opinion?

The guidelines for school administers regarding advertising thus remain blurry. Video advertising is acceptable, but not the type of video advertising on Channel One. Regarding Internet advertising, it would seem that using the Internet to research material on websites where advertising may appear would be analogous to the permissible practice of taping programs from the…… [Read More]

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School Reform Several Months Ago

Words: 770 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62188748

Further, rather than "inviting" students to seek help, the systematic plan "requires" them to receive additional assistance until mastering the concepts.

For example, at an Illinois school, the collaborative team determined that every three weeks, each student receives a progress report. Within the first month of school, new students learn that if they are not doing well, they will receive a wide array of immediate interventions. First, the teacher, counselor, and faculty advisor separately talk with the student to resolve the problem. The school also notifies the parents about the concern. In addition, the school offers the student a pass from study hall to a school tutoring center to get additional help in the course, with an older student and/or advisor.

Counselors make weekly checks on any student who falls short at the end of six weeks. The student is assigned to a daily guided study hall with 10 or…… [Read More]

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School ID Badges as in

Words: 1177 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5740080



From the school staff perspective, the identification badges would be a useful instrument to recognize who is a student and who is a teacher. Additionally, somewhat related to the identification purpose, as well as to the security perspective that one parent has mentioned, the staff can easily recognize who is actually meant to be on school grounds and who isn't. If we consider the global terrorist threat, this is a highly important argument.

On the other hand, as the parent has mentioned, security and safety measures on school premises need to have a limit somewhere, otherwise we risk having a reminder of concentration camps, where number identification tags were used. As the parent has asked, where can we draw the line?

From the parents' perspective, wearing a badge may be an additional form of security and safety on school grounds, but it also may be considered a measure that will…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Parents, students protest school ID badges. November 2004. On the Internet at http://edition.cnn.com/2004/EDUCATION/11/02/school.badges.ap/index.html

Parents, students protest school ID badges. November 2004. On the Internet at http://edition.cnn.com/2004/EDUCATION/11/02/school.badges.ap/index.html
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School Improvement One of the

Words: 2044 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14917216

More so, they will be able to apply the skills they learned in the classroom into the real-world environment of the community, which will only increase their understanding of the classroom objectives and lessons. Finally, by having students become involved in the community, the community will see first-hand the results of their taxes that go to support the school and the students learning experience.

Likewise, the staff must also become involved in the community, particularly the professional teaching community, in order to ensure that their teaching methods do not become stagnate, or out of date. The teacher has a lifelong obligation to continue to learn. As learning needs and methods rapidly evolve, the teacher's college education quickly becomes outdated. Therefore, a quality professional development program and other professional organizations must be made available to all the school's teachers. However, these professional organizations and seminars must be made relevant to the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Noguera, Pedro a. And Jean Yonemura Wing. (2006): Unfinished Business: Closing the Racial Achievement Gap in Our Schools. New York: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated.

Perry, Theresa, Hilliard, Asa G., and Claude Steele. (2004): Young, Gifted and Black: Promoting High Achievement Among African-American Students. New York: Beacon Press.
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School Improvement Project Proposal Improving

Words: 4564 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29005100



Causative Analysis

There are several causes to why the students did not pass the state standardized test in mathematics and in language arts. It is strongly believe that the students were not adequately prepared for the test because they had not been completing the required assignments and attending the online classes offered by their teachers. Their lack of School Improvement 7 participation in the class, has lead them to a failing test score because if they had not completed the assignments in their learning management system, then there was no way for them to be adequately prepared for the materials on the tests. The course materials that are found in the learning management system are closely related to the state bench marks and are closely aligned with the state requirements.

There are several reasons that students may not complete work in their online classes. These reasons include lack of motivation,…… [Read More]

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School Counseling in This Case

Words: 684 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18262697



However, I would also want to ask some pointed and direct questions if the parents were being belligerent, to discover why they appeared to be hostile. Perhaps they were embarrassed by their child's behavior and were acting defensively. In that case I would try my best to talk to them in a non-threatening manner, making sure they understood that we were not trying to persecute their son (or daughter) but rather, to correct deviant, anti-social, and harmful behavior. I would avoid arguing with them if the parents refused to believe that their child had done anything wrong.

We cannot tolerate stealing at school. Therefore, I would drive home the point that the next time the student is caught stealing that we might have to alert the authorities. I would report the misbehavior to the student's teachers and to the school administrators, so that they would know what was going on…… [Read More]

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Schools and Parents Effective Staff

Words: 3287 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81939847

And when the parent comes to an event held in the classroom, it makes good sense to have interpreters available, and "invite the extended family," which of course is a very welcoming act of kindness and good judgment. The other parent in this list of "types" is the "Busy Parent," who is a person with a work schedule that is hard to get a hold of, or plan meetings for. Get the cell phone number of parents like this, and the email addresses, and "continue to send home their children's work on a regular basis, including writing samples, artwork, and test copies" - and even consider taking digital photos of class activities and attaching those pictures to emails that go to parents.

On a more serious note, the literature on school administration duties as far as training staff to be parent-active and family-friendly offers an article called "here's the Ministry…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Beaudoin, Nelson. (2006). Giving Stakeholders a Voice. Educational Leadership, 63(8), 74-75.

Flannery, Mary Ellen. (2005). A field guide to parents: famed for its vast appetite for information

And ability to protect its offspring, the parent genus has nonetheless eluded scientific study.

Until now. NEA Today, 24(2), 36-38.
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School Overcrowding Just Where Are

Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79207353



The next generally recognized style of leadership is the transformational style. While a hierarchical style relies on rules and efficiency, a transformational approach is based on a more democratic sense of group formation. While a group guided by a transformational leader still relies on a small group of leaders (and possibly only a single leader), this leader works to make everyone feel that they are a part of the process and that their ideas are valued (Somech, 2008, p. 98).

While this style of leadership would work better for the implementation of a distance-learning program, it is still too centralized given the need to include the leadership of other organizations (such as the community colleges where secondary school might use classroom space).

The final general type of leadership is that of the facilitative leader, who is someone who works with all of the stakeholders in an organization as well as…… [Read More]

References

Mealiea, L., & Baltazar, R. (2005). A strategic guide for building effective teams. Public Personnel Management, 34(2), 141-160.

Somech, a. (2008). The Effects of Leadership Style and Team Process on Performance and Innovation in Functionally Heterogeneous Teams. Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership 11(1), 97-137.

Du Chatenier, E., et al. (2009). The Challenges of Collaborative Knowledge Creation in Open Innovation Teams. Human Resource Development Review 8, pp. 350-381.
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Schools Today Are Under Pressure to Provide

Words: 1444 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79904436

Schools today are under pressure to provide students with the maximum opportunity for as broad as possible an education. At the same time, the school environment and classroom are relatively safe and protected, but also restrictive in terms of insulating students from the world in general. To strike a balance between safety and learning, teachers often elect to include excursions beyond the boundaries of the school. These field trips are designed to provide students with a practical learning experience to supplement the information they are expected to internalize within the classroom. To maximize the positive effects of this experience, the Western Australian Department of Education has created a policy document to divulge the specific requirements for student safety during such trips.

This is then also the stated background of the policy, in that any risk factors related to excursions outside the school premises need to mitigated in such a way…… [Read More]

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School Retention vs Social Promotion

Words: 917 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41851144

Experience with the two aspects that are being studied, school retention and social promotion, are important for this study. Therefore these strategies will help to recognize the extent to which their experience provides insights to the responses they provide Hodges, Kuper, & eeves, 2008()

These two methods are also in depth analytic processes and will help the researcher to detect the main themes in the responses and how they are influenced by their experience with the aspects being studied. Though both methods greatly rely on the speech of the respondents as the major source of data, there are reasons why the two methods are chosen. These are that they involve critical thinking since the researcher is required to understand how experience comes into play in the responses. Therefore it helps to make the resulting analysis to be as thorough as possible.

Validity and reliability of data collection and analysis

Since…… [Read More]

References

Babbie, R. (2010). The Practice of Social Research. Wadsworth: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Hodges, B.D., Kuper, a., & Reeves, S. (2008). Discourse analysis. BMJ, 337. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a879

Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content Analysis: An Introduction to Its Methodology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Neuendorf, K.A. (2002). The Content Analysis Guidebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
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Schools & At-Risk Students Continuation

Words: 4822 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7828581

The author of the article, "Achieving the Challenge: Meeting Standards in the Continuation High School" (Stits, 2001) related that "prior to 1983, many continuation high schools existed in districts where expectations were limited to keeping the students in school as much as possible," and also the ideas was to keep those continuation students "away from the traditional high school campus." The implication was clear: there was a stigma that students in continuation school were bad seeds, and the idea was to keep them away from the mainstream lest they have a negative effect on the "good students" in the regular high school.

But eventually, the image of continuations schools in California changed, as communities more and more were trying to prevent school dropouts, and the need for a high school diploma became more important, as well, Stits writes.

HO DO CONTINUATION SCHOOLS OPERATE?

In an article in the journal Thrust…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arlington Public Schools. (2005). Alternative Education: Purpose, Mission, Beliefs. Retrieved Nov. 10, 2007, at  http://www.apsva.us/hsc .

Community College Week. (2004). R.I. Plan Would Help at-risk Students.

Hardy, Lawrence. (2007). Children at Risk: Graduation Day. American School Board Journal,

No. 37907. Retrieved Nov. 11, 2007, at  http://www.asbj.com .
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School Policy Involving Students 4th Amendment Rights

Words: 1672 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82657472

School Policy Involving Students' 4th Amendment ights

Some of the nation's public schools are beginning to resemble medieval fortresses with armed guards stationed at entrances equipped with metal detectors. Although these steps have helped to prevent the introduction of weapons onto school grounds, more problematic are other types of contraband that inevitably find their way into the nation's schools, including tobacco, alcohol and drugs of all types, as well as pornography. When school officials believe violations of laws or school rules have been committed, they must of course take action to address such violations but there are some important issues that must be taken into account concerning when such searches are permissible and how they can be conducted in order to pass 4th Amendment muster. To determine what these issues are and how they affect school policies involved students' 4th Amendment rights, this paper provides a review of the relevant…… [Read More]

References

Imber, M. & Van Geel, T. (2004). A teacher's guide to education law. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence

Erlbaum Associates.

Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman J.G., & Schulenberg, J.E. (2005). Monitoring the future study: National survey results on drug use, 1975-2004. Volume I: Secondary

school students (NIH Publication No. 05-5727). Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.
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School Visits and Parents

Words: 4209 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35738551

eluctance of Parents to Visit the School

ole of Parents in Children's Education

Education has always been a very important part of human existence and has been an inseparable part of human civilization. There has been a lot of development on the education portal and mankind has learned great deal from the education function (Jeynes, 2005). Every milestone which is achieved and every development which is made in any direction is due to the knowledge provided through education. This function has been researched and is very much detailed in terms of style and method. Several researchers and experts have proposed and devised methods which can make education and knowledge imparting more effective and efficient (Hill & Tyson, 2009). Talking about a student at elementary level, it is all the more important to understand the needs of such young individuals and analyze the education function accordingly (Tschannen-Moran and Hoy, 2007). This…… [Read More]

References

Jeynes, W.H. (2005).A metaanalysis of the relation of parental involvement to urban elementary school student academic achievement. Urban Education. 40(3), 237-269.

Stewart, E.B. (2008). School structural characteristics, student effort, peer associations, and parental involvement: The influence of school and individual level factors on academic achievement. Education and Urban Society, 40(2), 179-204.

Hill, N.E. & Tyson, D.F. (2009). Parental involvement in middle school: a met analytic assessment of the strategies that promote achievement. Developmental Psychology, 49(3), 740-763.

Hill, N., and Taylor, L. (2004). Parental school involvement and children's academic achievement: Pragmatics and issues. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13(4) 161-164.
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School Librarians Impact Stduents Achievement

Words: 1488 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 349923

(Lance, 2001)

Lance additionally states that "one of the most consistent strands of research on this topic is evidenced by studied that demonstrate the value of" those as follows:

(1) quality collections of books and other materials selected to support the curriculum;

(2) State-of-the-art technology that is integrated into the learning / teaching processes; and (3) Cooperation between school and other types of libraries, especially public libraries. (Lance, 2001)

Stated as a key role of the library media specialist and one that has only been the focus of research for about the last decade is program administration since in today's schools "library media specialists are not only managers of the library media center but also advocates for information literacy with the principal, at faculty meetings, and in standards and curriculum committee meetings." (Lance, 2001) Library media specialists are further stated to be "trainers who provide in-service programs for teachers on…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Todd, Ross J. (2007) School Administrators' Support for School Libraries: The Impact on Student Academic Achievement. Learning & Media Vol. 35 No. 1 Winter 2007.

Houston, Cynthia R. (2007) Measuring Up: Academic Achievement of 'Beyond Proficiency' Standards in School Library Media Centers Across Kentucky. Kentucky Libraries Vol. 71 No. 3 Summer 2007.

Collier, Jackie (2007) School Librarians Rock: Librarian's Powerful Impact on Literacy Development: Reflections of Teacher Candidates. Ohio Media Spectrum 50 No. 1 Fall 2007.

Lance, Keith Curry (2001) Proof of the Power: Quality Library Media Programs Affect Academic Achievement. MultiMedia Schools September 2001.
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School That Are Different

Words: 412 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58890830

Education

My favorite years in school were when I was too young to realize that I was actually in school: the early elementary years. hen my teachers treated me as if I were special, when art, music, physical education, and reading were all wrapped up in the same class in the same day: those were the days that school was most enjoyable. In early elementary schools, teachers employ the perfect combination of teaching styles. Students learn the basics: the three Rs. Art and music are also integral to the curriculum, and students socialize in innocent ways. Physical education was fun: competitive without being cutthroat. Similarly, our academic tests were competitive but not high-pressure. During this phase of learning, teachers seemed more enthusiastic about their jobs than they did when we were older.

Images of schooling vary from fun and games to the exact opposite: detention halls and uncomfortable situations. I…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Department for Education and Skills. (2005). Online at .

United States Department of Education. 2005. Online at .
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School Policy

Words: 721 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85098896

Student Privacy Policies

It is always a difficult situation when students create conditions in which other students are put into dangerous situations. As a principal of a school, it is my function to ensure that all the students in my school are safe and healthy. Hence, when a student is placed in danger by another student who provides or endorses drugs, I have to consider the situation in a very serious light. For the particular case in this situation, I therefore need to consider issues of guilt, innocence, and culpability when it comes to the conditions in terms of the case. In order to determine the specific issues of the case involved, I need to make sure that every student and every parent receives fair treatment according to the law. Once the specific questions surrounding the case have been considered, a fair decision can be made.

In terms of Julia's…… [Read More]

References

Thiagarajah, N. (2008, Jan.). School Lockers: What can a teacher search? Legalzoom. Retrieved from:  https://www.legalzoom.com/articles/school-lockers-what-can-a-teacher-search 

Understanding Special Education (2008). Understanding IEP Due Process. Retrieved from:  http://www.understandingspecialeducation.com/IEP-due-process.html
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Desired State of School

Words: 857 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73700634

School Improvements

Performance Outcomes at Dunn Middle School in Trenton

Inner-city schools today are struggling with a litany of challenges that threaten the quality of education and the opportunities available to students. Issues such as high poverty rates, crime-afflicted neighborhoods, racial disparity and limited parental involvement all threaten to stand in the way of bright futures for such students. This is true for the attendees of the Grace A. Dunn Middle School in Trenton, which is working to overcome the obstacles typical of such resource-strapped urban schools. The discussion here outlines some of the areas of Dunn Middle School that require improvement and offers some suggestions on how to achieve this improvement.

Performance:

Reviewing the Dunn Middle School performance outcomes, all evidence suggests that the school is in need of sweeping improvements. Under the thumb of mandatory state-proficiency tests, Dunn Middle School has struggled to yield any positive outcomes. The…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). (2008). ISLLC Standards. Coe.fgcu.edu.

Jennings, D.A. (2012). Schools in Need of Improvement in New Jersey. Statewide Parents Action Network.

NJ School Performance Report. (2013). Grace A. Dunn Middle School. State of New Jersey.
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Confidence in the Schools and Major Problems Facing the Schools Parental Involvement Drug Use

Words: 833 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28968191

Administrator Management Accounting Principles

The purpose of this paper is to prepare a MEMO to the superintendent which will be published in the District Newsletter in regards to what was revealed as to the attitudes and confidence in school in this school compared to others throughout the nation.

The following page contains the Memorandum to the uperintendent with a committee meeting report setting down specific plans for implementing changes within the school by engaging the community in assisting with and the owning of the school plan.

CHOOL UPERINTENDENT

CHOOL ADMINITRATOR

COMMITTEE MEETING REPORT

After having attended the committee meeting and reflecting on the information gained the first conveyance of this memorandum is to express gratitude for the concern that we are so fortunate to have within this school system. Admittedly, there are issues that must be addressed. The awareness that our school is in crisis is within the minds of…… [Read More]

Strengthening of partnerships with agencies such as the city health and family services, early education and recreation services and the libraries.

Focus on specific reforms, prioritization of initiatives and addressing problems in a systemic fashion.

STRATEGIC PLAN Board Of Education Goals And CORRESPONDING ACTION PLANS [Online] available at: http://www.meridian.k12.il.us/Unit%20District%20Page/Demo, Strat, tec, Fees,/strategic_ plan.htm#strat%20process
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Reforming Urban Schools

Words: 13440 Length: 49 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79283099

School Choice Program

This study aimed to determine the impact of school choice through a comparative study of two private schools, which serve primarily, or exclusively African-American students, and a public school.

Data in student achievement in math and reading and data on student attendance were used to determine the impact of choosing a school. Qualitative data derived from interviews with administrators and faculty as well as classroom observation were used to provide additional insight regarding the intellectual climate of the two private schools and the public school.

The focus of this study was on mathematics and reading in middle school students in both public and private schools in Milwaukee, as well as the focus of reform in the state -- reading in Michigan, writing in Vermont and California. This approach enabled me to adequately address my research questions and prove or disprove my hypotheses.

To begin, I conducted structured…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Brown, Andrew (1995). Organizational Culture. London: Pitman Publishing.

Dianda, Marcella. Corwin, Ronald. (February 1993). What a Voucher Could Buy: A Survey of California's Private Schools. Far West Lab for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, California and Southwest Regional Lab Survey Results.

Fuller, Bruce. (1995). Who Gains, Who Loses from School Choice: A Research Summary. ERIC Document Reproduction Services No. ED385928.

Greene, Jay. Peterson, Paul. Du, Jiangtao. (1997). Effectiveness of School Choice: The Milwaukee Experiment. Occasional Paper 97, Program in Education Policy and Governance Center for American Political Studies, Department of Government, Harvard University.
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Administrator and Teacher Interview I Elected to

Words: 610 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99820699

Administrator and Teacher Interview

I elected to interview a vice-principal, a fifth grade teacher, and a third grade teacher. I selected these interview subjects because vice-principals are often intimately involved in the day-to-day oversight of the school, and because of the increased focus on middle-school children in evaluations of school performance through standardized testing.

The questions I asked fell into two basic categories: that of questions specific to curriculum development and teacher performance, and more general questions about the overall performance of students at the school. The interviews were conducted in a fairly structured format, which enabled the comparison of the interview data sets.

One concern that occurred and reoccurred in the responses of the vice-principal was the need to improve student test scores to demonstrate to parents and to the state that the school was performing optimally. Although teachers acknowledged the need for standardized performance measures, they were more…… [Read More]

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School Choice Throughout the Nation the American

Words: 1252 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56936251

School Choice

Throughout the nation the American public has clamored for school change and reform. One of the alternatives that has moved to the forefront of the arena is the ability of parents to choose the public school that their children will attend without geographic boundaries and mandates.

Experts continue to debate whether or not school choice ability will force the hand of the public school system to make the desired changes. Some believe that parents having the ability to move their children to the school of their choice will force all schools to improve to compete, while others think it will harm the economically disadvantaged schools with little benefit to the then overcrowded wealthy schools. This paper presents a research proposal that addresses the question of school choice. This might include the choice to choose a different public school, choose to home school, and choose private school or another…… [Read More]

References

CHESTER E. FINN, JR. & REBECCA L. GAU, New ways of education. Vol. no130, The Public Interest, 01-15-1998.

Gail Russell Chaddock, Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor, Public schools enter a new world of competition., The Christian Science Monitor, 03-30-1999, pp FEATURES,.

Author not available, As home schooling rises, districts fail to meet needs., USA Today, 08-21-2002, pp 09A.

Author not available, What's so liberal about keeping children in dreadful schools?., The Washington Post, 02-23-2003, pp B08.
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Administrator Evaluation Questionnaire on a Scale of

Words: 893 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8922145

Administrator Evaluation Questionnaire

On a scale of 1 to 5, rate this administrator's performance for each item below (5=excellent, 4=very good, 3=satisfactory, 2=poor, 1= very poor). Use CJ (for cannot judge) if you do not have enough information to rate this person's performance.

Communication

Makes logical and sound decisions.

O

O

O

O

O

O

Demonstrates respect for others.

O

O

O

O

O

O

Keeps personnel informed of plans and activities.

O

O

O

O

O

O

Effectively addresses and resolves conflicts.

O

O

O

O

O

O

Accepts responsibility to facilitate programs.

O

O

O

O

O

O

Training and personnel management

Effective recruitment of qualified personnel.

O

O

O

O

O

O

Objective and fair evaluation of performance and accomplishments.

O

O

O

O

O

O

Promotes and facilitates professional development.

O

O

O

O

O

O

Deals effectively with unsatisfactory performance.

O

O

O

O

O…… [Read More]

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School Culture Overview of Situation

Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55656360

Batz clearly is attempting to be a consensus manager -- he wants an agenda to go through for implementation with the least amount of conflict. However, it is also possible that he is being rather Machiavellian (potentially at the expense of committee and administrative time). He allows infighting to occur with the ostensible hope that the individuals will work things out. Yet there is an underlying current that perhaps he is using the apparent open ended, congenial style to get people who will concur with his views -- others to resign so that it appears he is not being heavy handed. However, for Jones' own agenda to work out she must consider that management of a situation and leadership are two entirely different things.

Jones must immediately meet with Batz and, rather than usurping his authority, counsel him to make a decision regarding the conference. Even if he rules against…… [Read More]

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Schools in the Future

Words: 2207 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46657348

Schools in the 21st century are very different from the one-room schoolhouses that once dotted the American landscape. Today a single school can house thousands of students at various grade levels and many schools integrate the latest technologies into their curriculums. With this being understood, it will be interesting to see how school curriculum will change in the future. The purpose of this discussion is to examine how schools will change in the future as it pertains to technology. The discussion will also focus on the introduction of schools as social anchors, that are both moral and purposeful.

Schools of the future

Indeed technology will continue to play a large role in schools of the future. Educators will continue to incorporate technology into the curriculum. According to Caldwell and Hayward (1998) "schooling at the upper secondary level will become more complex and diverse, with multiple providers; combined with advances made…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Briefing paper on Emerging Issues and Best Practices -- Introduction. Retrieved April 19, 2005 from; http://www.arc.org/gripp/publicEducation/grippPublicEducPg06.html

Florida Virtual School: The Future of Learning? A Forum Brief -- October 18, 2002. American Youth Policy Forum. Retrieved April 19, 2005 from; http://www.aypf.org/forumbriefs/2002/fb101802.htm

Caldwell, B.J., & Hayward, D.K. (1998). The Future of Schools: Lessons from the Reform of Public Education. London: Falmer Press.

Huskey, B.L., & Wiley, R. (1993, August). Using Public Education Campaigns to Build Community Partnerships. Corrections Today, 55, 154+.
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School Finance Its Economics and Politics

Words: 4783 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94298009

School Finance: Its Economics and Politics

School financing in America

Revenue sources for federal and state governments

Judicial reviews of school finance policy with evolving standards of equality

School-based decision making

Family choice of schooling

Reform of schooling-finance

Providing equality in educational opportunities to all is one of the cornerstones of American democracy. The founding fathers of America were aware of the necessity of having a population, which is educated since it enables an opportunity for all the citizens of the country to be successful. The necessity and the desire to create an environment where all children have equal opportunities for education to achieve success are now creating fundamental challenges in the field of education in America. In the 20th century, the issues which concerned school finance was about dealing with how to overcome fiscal disparities with the use of state and federal resources within a public school system. The…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Alexander, Kern, & Salmon, Richard, G. Public school finance. Mass.: Allyn and Bacon.(1995)

Hertert, Linda, Carolyn Busch, and Allan Odden. "School Financing Inequities Among the States: The Problem from a National Perspective." Journal of Education Finance 19 (Winter 1994), 231-255.

Odden, Allan, R., & Busch, Carolyn, C, "Financing schools for high performance: Strategies for improving the use of educational resources." California: Jossey-Bass, Publishers. (1998)

National Research Council. "Making Money Matter: Financing America's Schools." Committee on Education Finance, Helen F. Ladd and Janet S. Hansen, eds. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. (1999)
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School Students Community Designing an Ideal School

Words: 674 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52364356

School Students Community

Designing an Ideal School Students Community

What is needed to be in the new high school and why?

The proposed high school should cater to the needs of students, academically and otherwise. This is important for a well-rounded development of every student. Firstly, the high school should provide opportunities for students to pursue their personal interests such as knitting or carpentry or just about anything else instead of forcing them to choose from a given set of options. This will help to build their skill and will also give them the confidence needed for higher education. A warm and inviting climate, more interaction with nature and extensive opportunities to learn and explore are vital for a model high school.

Likes and dislikes of students

Most high school students will be between 14 to 18 years of age and this is an important developmental stage for them. They…… [Read More]

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School Personnel Functions

Words: 1020 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89114714

School Personnel Functions

Personnel functions and their relationship to moving an instructional agenda forward

Ultimately, a school's reputation lies in the hands of its teachers. Hiring, training, and retaining highly effective personnel to give instruction in the classroom must be the cornerstone of any effort to improve education at a school. Without good teachers to impart instruction, the best textbooks, goals, and procedures will not be meaningful. Teaching, however, is a skill as well as a gift, and the administration can strive to support teachers with specific programming efforts.

Hiring and assignments

The first step in creating a more effective educational environment is hiring new teachers that support the mission and values of the school. Given that teachers are likely to be a part of the educational environment for some time, it is essential that teachers are 'on board' with the principal's agenda. ecruiting top candidates from high-quality colleges and…… [Read More]

References

Crowther, F. (1997). Teachers as leaders - an exploratory framework. The International Journal

of Educational Management, 11(1), 6-13. Retrieved from  http://search.proquest.com/docview/229204018?accountid=10901 

Gordon, R., Kane, T.J., & Staiger, D.O. (2006). Identifying effective teachers using performance on the job. The Hamilton Project Policy Brief no. 2006-01. Brookings Institution. Retrieved from  http://search.proquest.com/docview/62008957?accountid=10901 ;

Olsen, B., & Sexton, D. (2009). Threat rigidity, school reform, and how teachers view their work inside current education policy contexts. American Educational Research Journal, 46(1),
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Schools Interoperability Framework Sif Implications

Words: 973 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33722714

The NCLB Act (2002) stresses the use of key performance indicators (KPIs) and metrics of performance. The Open Group (2003) in defining the need for integration says that the data captured in SIF "are subsequently moved through state information systems to be used.

Federal, state and local dependence on the quality and availability of education data to inform decision-making has never been higher as funding to the school level based on NCLB benchmarks and measure adequate yearly progress (AYP) requirements" (Open Group 2003).

All of these many requirements for reporting the performance of learning programs upward through district, municipal, and state and federal levels is to benchmark the effectiveness of teaching programs, adherence to and compliance with NCLB measures of success, and ultimately to define which schools will continue to receive state and federal funding for their programs, or conversely, those schools that will be audited as a result of…… [Read More]

References

NCLB (2002) - the White House Fact Sheet: No Child Left Behind Act. White House press announcement. Accessed from the Internet on August 12, 2007 from location: http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/01/20020108.html

Open Group (2003) - White paper titled, "The SIF Plan: Advance Education through Interoperability." Published November, 2002. Updated April, 2003. San Francisco, CA. Accessed from the Internet on August 11, 2007 from location: http://www.opengroup.org/comm/case-studies/SIF-casestudy.pdf

SIF Architecture (2007) - Schools Interoperability Framework (SIF) Association. Presentation of the architectural elements of the SIF standard. Titled "SIF NCLB State Architecture and Community of Practice" accessed on August 12, 2007 from location: http://sif.edreform.net/download/102/1-6%20SIF%20NCLB%20State%20CoP.ppt

SIF (2007) - Why Interoperability. Description of the Zone integration server in the SIF networking topology. Schools Interoperability Framework Association website content. Accessed from the Internet on August 12, 2007 from location:
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School Retention vs Social Promotion

Words: 1335 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19376097

For school retention, the major reason for support of this was academic achievement. If the child does not meet the set benchmarks for performance, the decision-making panel simply agreed to retention of the student. There was no formal assessment system for this decision process.

These results were supported by the result of the study conducted by Hong and audenbush (2006)

who found that student achievement were used in state and district schools to decide social promotion vs. school retention instead of formal systems of assessment of student performance. According to these findings, the schools that used academic achievement as the main criterion for social promotion did not bother to understand how the decision affected the student for who the decision was being made and the other students in general. The findings of these authors showed that these were very important aspects in the general performance of the school itself and…… [Read More]

References

Bali, V.A., Anagnostopoulos, D., & Roberts, R. (2005). Toward a Political Explanation of Grade Retention. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 27(2), 133-155. doi: 10.2307/3699523

Hong, G., & Raudenbush, S.W. (2005). Effects of Kindergarten Retention Policy on Children's Cognitive Growth in Reading and Mathematics. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 27(3), 205-224. doi: 10.2307/3699569

Hong, G., & Raudenbush, S.W. (2006). Evaluating Kindergarten Retention Policy: A Case Study of Causal Inference for Multilevel Observational Data. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 101(475), 901-910. doi: 10.2307/27590770

Jacob, B.A., & Lefgren, L. (2009). The Effect of Grade Retention on High School Completion. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 1(3), 33-58. doi: 10.2307/25760170
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School-Based Bullying Prevention Programs the

Words: 9042 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8170287

They predict age and gender variations relate to bullying concerns. Of the 25 cartoons implemented in the study, two depict characters with different shades of skin color where skin color appeared to be an issue. One cartoon relating to sexual orientation was not used in several countries. Smith et al. report Olweus to assert bullying to be characterized by the following three criteria:

1. It is aggressive behavior or intentional "harmdoing"

2. which carried out repeatedly and over time

3. In an interpersonal relationship characterized by an imbalance of power. (Smith et al., 2002, p. 1120)

In their study, Smith et al. (2002), participating researchers in the 14 countries to completed the following

1. Listed and selected bullying terms as well as social exclusion in the applicable language.

2. Used fundamental focus groups with participating children to confirm usage and extensive comprehensive of terms.

3. Using cartoons, sorted tasks to…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Anti-Bullying programs for schools. (2009). NoBully.com. Retrieved March 3, 2010 from http://www.nobully.com/index.html

Beaty, L.A., & Alexeyev, E.B. (2008). The Problem of School Bullies: What the Research Tells Us. Adolescence, 43(169), 1+. Retrieved March 3, 2010, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5026476147

Beran, T.N., Tutty, L. & Steinrath, G. (2004). An evaluation of a bullying prevention program for elementary schools. Canadian Journal of School Psychology. Vol. 19, Iss. 1/2, p. 99

116 . Retrieved March 3, 2010 from http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1188387401&Fmt=4&clientId=9269&RQT=30
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School Closure Research -- Peggy

Words: 5260 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79662216



Transportation

Students who are bussed to a larger school can use the time to be productive; reading, homework, etc.

1.5-2 hours per day of commuting is unacceptable for students and will eat into their family and work time.

Opportunities

A larger school will provide greater opportunity for social networks, sports, music, drama, and more extracurricular activities.

Loss of community will make the younger students uncomfortable as well.

Academics

A larger school will provide greater academic opportunities for the HS students in preparation for university; there are more resources available.

The student to teach ratio will change and the students will be part of just another large classroom.

Thus, the question really comes down to potential. Neither side can equivocally state that the future of the students will be better or worse; there are arguments for both as well as the possibility that the solution will be quite positive for some,…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Cary, S. (2003). A Beginner's Guide to the Scientific Method. New York: Wadsworth.

Cresswell, J. (2003). Research Design. New York: Sage.

Groves, R. a. (2003). Introducing Political Philosophy. New York: Icon Books.

Hatton, J. (1996). Science and Its Ways of Knowing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Benjamin Cummings Publishers.
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School Profile the Technological Advances

Words: 526 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58871792

The dedication shown by the principal, M. Jett, and the two instructors was truly tremendous, and it is obvious that the high-risk students attending ACE Academy are well served. The cramped environment, however, provides a challenge whose effects cannot really be mitigated while the school remains in the same space.

Though ACE Academy is only in its first year of operation, one way in which it could improve its educational process would be to establish an ongoing collaborative system of course adjustment and development, especially with the other schools in the county from which ACE's students come. This enables faster, more effective, and more directly needs-based instruction and courses to be developed (Lake 2003). The expansion of the school's physical size could also allow for the hiring of more instructors (in addition to the two currently employed by ACE Academy), which would further reduce the current student-teacher ratio and allow…… [Read More]

References

Jett, G. (2010). Personal interview, February 11.

Lake, E. (2003). "Course Development Cycle Time: A Framework for Continuous Process Improvement." Innovative higher education 28(10< pp. 21-33.
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Schools Have Been Looking for

Words: 1286 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63973265



Another common use is in the generation of written work. Students can learn to revise and edit using a computer word processing program. Again, this supports the use of computers to learn keyboarding just as we teach manuscript and cursive writing: the keyboard is merely a third way to record information and generate data. Students can also learn to use spreadsheets and databases (Fouts, 2000), which can give them the tools to use computers in another way: to organize information, present it in a new way, or even to generate new information. For instance, even first graders can use a simple spread sheet to count how many red, blue, green and yellow m & m's are in a package, combine the information, average them, and with one or two keystrokes, produce a bar chart. In this way, computers can make higher levels of information available to students.

CHANGES in EDUCATION…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Fouts, Jeffrey T. 2000. "Research on Computers and Education:

Past, Present and Future." Prepared for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Selwyn, Neil. 2000. "Researching computers and education ®¢ glimpses of the wider picture." Computers & Education Vol. 3, pp. 93-101
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Education Administrator Standards National Educational Technology Standards

Words: 1503 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15190855

Education Administrator Standards

National Educational Technology Standards for Administrators (NETS*A)

The International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) designed a set of standards by which they believe that students, teachers and administrators can better move forward in the digital age. The administrator standards provide a means for school and district executive staff to guide their progress as electronic technology becomes even more engrained in society and institutions of learning. The ISTE outlined five areas of need which will allow administrators to lead their specific programs during the digital revolution. These standards -- visionary leadership, digital age learning culture, excellence in professional practice, systemic improvement, digital citizenship -- all concern some aspect of how a digital age administrator can foster the continued understanding and proper use of the growing range of educationally available digital technology. This paper focuses on the standards and sub-standards associated with digital citizenship and provides a specific…… [Read More]

References

Banoglu, K. (2011). School principals' technology leadership competency and technology coordinatorship. Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, 11(1), 208- 221.

Eren, E.S., & Kurt, A.A. (2011). Technological leadership behavior of elementary school principals in the process of supply and use of educational technologies. Education, 131(3), 113-123.

Hughes, J.E., McLeod, S., Dikkers, A.G., Brahier, B., & Whiteside, A. (2005). School technology leadership: Theory to practice. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 9(2), 51-60.

ISTE. (2009). NETS*A: Standards and sub-standards. Retrieved from http://www.iste.org/docs/pdfs/nets-a-standards.pdf?sfvrsn=2
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K-12 School Administration a Comparative

Words: 1577 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35576665

" School Administrator. Retrieved 31 Aug 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FCG/is_2_32/ai_n14832204

Findlay, Hyacinth E. (2005, Jun). "Analysis of teachers' concerns in selected Alabama public schools. Journal of Instructional Psychology. Retrieved 31 Aug 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FCG/is_2_32/ai_n14832204

Graham, Patricia a. (2004, May) "hom should our schools serve? Synthesizing knowledge and character to preserve a democratic citizenry." School Administrator. Retrieved 31 Aug 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0JSD/is_5_61/ai_n6046266

Johnson, Jean & ill Friedman. (2006, Feb). "Dear public: can we talk? Public engagement encourages a broad, lasting base of support." School Administrator. Retrieved 31 Aug 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0JSD/is_2_63/ai_n16084238

Public relations for schools; a resource guide for principals." (2005, Aug). Book Review

Reference & Research Book News. Retrieved 31 Aug 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0QLQ/is_3_20/ai_n15399886

Leighninger, Matt. (2003, Nov). "orking with the public on big decisions

Focus: community relations." School Administrator. Retrieved 31 Aug 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0JSD/is_10_60/ai_110458843

New technology tools have high acceptance rate in public relations." (23 Jul 2007).

Business ire.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fennimore, Beatrice. (2001, Aug). "The power in your words - challenges of education and how school leaders can improve public relations." School Administrator. Retrieved 31 Aug 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FCG/is_2_32/ai_n14832204

Findlay, Hyacinth E. (2005, Jun). "Analysis of teachers' concerns in selected Alabama public schools. Journal of Instructional Psychology. Retrieved 31 Aug 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FCG/is_2_32/ai_n14832204

Graham, Patricia a. (2004, May) "Whom should our schools serve? Synthesizing knowledge and character to preserve a democratic citizenry." School Administrator. Retrieved 31 Aug 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0JSD/is_5_61/ai_n6046266

Johnson, Jean & Will Friedman. (2006, Feb). "Dear public: can we talk? Public engagement encourages a broad, lasting base of support." School Administrator. Retrieved 31 Aug 2007 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0JSD/is_2_63/ai_n16084238
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Role of Personnel Administrator in

Words: 486 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45920048

Effective counseling techniques are a must for the administrator as well as the ability to recognize the competencies and talents of staff and associates and the ability to utilize the staff and associates effectively thereby accomplishing more with the added abilities.

Overall Knowledge of Staff and Faculty:

he competent administrator should be able to identify the knowledge, competencies as well as abilities required for any given position within the school. Further, the administrator should keep abreast of all new developments and updates of techniques and materials needed by new and continuing personnel to assist them in excelling in their position. he administrator will be able to provide support and encouragement in conjunction with the continued use of self-assessment and goal setting of productive techniques in change. he administrator should have the knowledge and ability in developing programs that enhance the opportunity for advancing for employees within the school

Conclusion:

he…… [Read More]

The ability to assume a role of leadership and to develop an environment that is contributory to a high morale within the school district is probably the most important aspect of this job. The school administrator will count on the tool of communication in providing the information necessary to effectively do an excellent job in the capacity of administrator.

Making Data Work for Your School [Online] available at http://www.education-world.com/a_admin/admin/admin377.shtml

Role of the K-12 School Administrator
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Decisions by School Superintendents Improper Attitude and

Words: 7657 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31703614

Decisions by School Superintendents

Improper Attitude and Unprofessional Conduct of Teachers

To educate a person in mind and not in morals is to educate a menace to society - President Theodore oosevelt.

That teaching is at one and the same time an intellectual as well as a moral endeavor, is an idea that is well entrenched in the minds of men since centuries past. The sayings of great teachers of ancient times bear ample testimony to this premise, which continues to hold sway across nations and vastly differing civilizations over the years.

In the sense that it takes care of the general well being of young students entrusted to the care of an educational institution and ensures that they are treated fairly and accorded the respect they are due as persons, teaching is most certainly a moral activity. It is concerned with building and maintaining relationships of trust with pupils…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, D.S., & Biddle, B.J. (Eds.) (1991). Knowledge for Policy: Improving Education through Research. New York: The Falmer Press.

Ave, M. (2002, April 24). Jesuit High teacher fired amid misconduct claim. Retrieved December 19, 2002 at  http://www.sptimes.com/2002/04/24/TampaBay/Jesuit_High_teacher_f.shtml .

Barth, R.S. (1990). Improving schools from within. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Benson, P. (1997). All Kids Are Our Kids: What Communities Must Do To Raise Caring and Responsible Children and Adolescents. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
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Collaborative Leadership in Schools Leadership

Words: 5063 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98201826

Brandt (2003) offers ten ways to determine if a school indeed meets the criteria of a learning organization. The first characteristic of a learning organization is that it encourages adaptive behavior in response to differing circumstances. The second is that the learning organization has challenging, but achievable objectives and goals. The third is that members of the organization can accurately identify the organizations' stages of development (Brandt, 2003).

The learning organization can collect, process, and act upon information that fits their purposes (Brandt, 2003). Learning organizations have the knowledge base for creating new ideas. The learning organization has the ability to grow and adapt. They are dynamic and in a constant process of evolution. Learning organizations frequently exchange information with external sources (Brandt, 2003). This happens in educational workshops, in-services, and conferences.

Another feature of the learning organization is that is seeks feedback on their products and services (Brandt, 2003).…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, J. (2008). Principals' Role and Public Primary Schools' Effectiveness in Four Latin American Cities. The Elementary School Journal. 109 (1): 36-60.

Beasley, E. (2008). New leadership model for business fits schools too. Statesman Journal. August 26, 2008. Retrieved October 18, 2008 at http://www.statesmanjournal.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080826/Business01/808260315/1040/Business

Berenstein, L. (2006). Team Teaching with Academic Core Curricula Teachers: Using Aviation Concepts. Department of Aviation Technologies. Southern Illinois University. 43 (2): 1- 19. Retrieved October 19, 2008 at  http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JITE/v43n2/pdf/berentsen.pdf 

Brandt, R. (2003). Is this school a learning organization? 10 ways to tell. Journal of Staff Development. Winter 2003. 24 (1). Retrieved October 19, 2008 at http://www.nsdc.org/library/publications/jsd/brandt241.cfm
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Violence in the Public Schools Teen Violence

Words: 1762 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7002212

violence in the public schools. Teen violence in general has become a major concern in America today. One of the reasons for the issue being so prevalent is the number of school shootings in the last few years, especially the shooting at Columbine High in Littleton, Colorado. hile the welfare of young people is always of concern, much of the fear being generated at the present time is excessive. For one thing, teen violence is not the new phenomenon many people seem to think it is, and an analysis of our history shows that violence in the schools has always been a problem and that in fact it is diminished at the present time. In truth, though, any school violence is too much, and ways of eliminating it and protecting students in school must be found. Several "solutions" to the problem have been offered.

One such recommendation is school uniforms,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Access Control & Security Systems Integration Facility Systems Staff. "Devising an effective school security plan." Access Control & Security Systems Integration (1 July 2000).

Bowman, Darcia Harris. "Federal Study Stresses Warning Signs of School Violence."

Education Week 21(15)(12 Dec 2001), 12.

Clinton, Bill. "Memorandum on the School Uniforms Manual." Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents (March 4, 1996), 368-369.
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Managing the Use of School

Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27438858

They have included several charts and graphs describing their conclusions. They urge school administrators to not trivialize the importance of using technology, avoiding the traps and pitfalls and warning that it will not be easy to accomplish a full and perfect use of technology, but that the rewards are worth it.

The authors firmly believe that technology is beneficial to schools and that schools that do not use technological advances in computers and communications, such as e-mail and the Internet will fall behind. They have charts that show the use of technology by state and correlate that with how well the state is doing in the charts describing grade level and school size. They also do not encourage the use of technology so much as assume that it will eventually be universal and this article is a guide to using it successfully.

This is a useful article for administrators of…… [Read More]

References

Attaran, M. And VanLaar, I. (2001). Managing the Use of school technology: an eight step guide for administrators. [Electronic Version]. The Journal of Management Development. http://www.mcbup.com/research_registers
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Development Guidance for a School or a Community Agency

Words: 2098 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67883423

Guidance and Counseling Program for a school or a community Agency

Comprehensive School Counseling Program Guide of the - Public School

Guidance and counseling has been included as a professional course by the Higher Education Commission document publicized in 2010. The teachers must have a basic know how about the school guidance and counseling techniques in order to tackle the personal and social issues which students face within the classroom as per Higher Education Commission (2012). Comprehensive School Counseling Program Guide of the - Public School is a brief explanation of design, application and assessment of SPS school counseling program (Dahir, 2009).

Objectives of the model:

The basic aims of this model are as follows:

Outlining school counseling and transitioning of conventional practice into transformed practice (Dahir, 2009).

Comprehending the different roles the guidance and counseling system entails for backing the students in their future goals and social challenges

This…… [Read More]

References

Connecticut State Department of Education (2008).Comprehensive School Counseling. Retrieved from http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/lib/sde/PDF/DEPS/Special/counseling.pdf

Dahir, C. (2009).Comprehensive School Counseling Program Guide. Working Document. Retrieved from http://www.sps.springfield.ma.us/webContent/Policies/Comprehensive%20School%20Counseling%20Program%20Guide%20&%20Appendix.pdf

Higher Education Commission (2012).Introduction to Guidance and Counseling. Retrieved from http://www.hec.gov.pk/InsideHEC/Divisions/AECA/CurriculumRevision/Documents/GuidanceCounseling_Sept13.pdf

Gysbers, N.C., & Henderson, P. (2001). Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling Programs: A Rich History and a Bright Future. Professional School Counseling, 4 (4), 246-259. Retrieved from http://fcett.nu.edu/sites/default/files/file_file/gysbers_history.pdf
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Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortiums Standards

Words: 979 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68577135

Isllc Standards at Work

ISLLC Standards

The most recent set of Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) Standards for School Leaders were published in 2008 (CCSSO, 2008). The purpose of the old and new standards was to improve the learning environment for children through leadership, but the new standards differ from the old because they focus on policy. This policy focus is a reflection of the wide acceptance and use of the standards by most of the states (Derrington and Sharratt, 2008, p. 21) and an abundance of research results over the past few decades that have substantially altered the role of education leadership (CCSSO, 2008).

More specifically, the ISLLC standards are intended to provide a framework for creating school leadership policy, training program performance standards, life-long career development goals, and system support (CCSSO, 2008, p. 13-14). If the six ISLLC policy standards could be reduced to a single word…… [Read More]

References

CCSSO (Council of Chief State School Officers). (2008). Educational Leadership Policy Standards: ISLLC 2008. CCSSO.org. Retrieved 12 Oct. 2012 from  http://www.ccsso.org/documents/2008/educational_leadership_policy_standards_2008.pdf .

Derrington, Mary Lynne and Sharratt, Gene. (2008). Evaluation of school principals using Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) standards. American Association of School Administrators Journal of Scholarship and Practice, 5(3), 20-29.

N.J. Department of Education. (2010). EE4NJ Pilot Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). State.NJ.U.S.. Retrieved 13 Oct. 2012 from http://www.state.nj.us/education/EE4NJ/faq/.
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Effectiveness of Standards as a Vehicle for School Reform

Words: 1445 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17940591

Standards and School eform

While standardized testing has been in use in U.S. education for decades, until recently, it was most often used for special purposes, such as college entrance: the SATs, and the GEs for graduate school and so on. IQ testing had been part of the educational landscape, also. However, it was only after 1983's government-backed report that found American children at educational risk that standards became the main tool for establishing educational goals and determining whether they had been met. Unfortunately, this thrust produced not better educated children, but rather greater insistence on more standards and more testing until, by the advent of No Child Left Behind, the standards left almost no leeway for teachers to educate children, but rather simply to prepare them to do well on lowest-common-denominator sorts of tests. Conceivably, adding a humanizing element, such as service teaching, can help mitigate some of the…… [Read More]

References

Berman, S.H. (2000) Service as systemic reform. School Administrator, 57(7): 20. Retrieved June 17, 2005 from www.questia.com.

Eisner, E.W. (1994) Do American schools need standards? School Administrator, 51(5): 8. Retrieved June 17, 2005 from www.questia.com.

Finn, C.E. Jr. (2002, Summer) Making school reform work. Public Interest: 85+. Retrieved June 17, 2005 from www.questia.com.

Foss, H.K. And P.G. LeMahieu. (1994) Standards at the base of school reform. School Administrator, 51(5): 16. Retrieved June 17, 2005 from www.questia.com.
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Safe Schools for Lesbian and Gay Students

Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95451650

Safe Schools for Lesbian and Gay Students

It is important that all children feel safe in the school environment. The majority of waking hours are spent at school, so it must be ensured that students feel comfortable, safe, secure, and supported while at school. This is especially the case for lesbian and gay students, who face several challenges in regards to discrimination, self-esteem, and fitting in with other students. It is the responsibility of teachers and school administrators to address this issue and devise strategies for ensuring that lesbian and gay students are appropriately supported in the school environment.

Lesbian and gay students often feel isolated, alienated, and left out at school (Youth Pride, 1997). These feelings of isolation result in several troubling outcomes. Suicide rates among lesbian and gay students are high, with studies indicating that gay and lesbian students are up to three times more likely to attempt…… [Read More]

References

Bullying.org (2011). Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from http://www.bullying.org.

Lambda Legal (2010). Getting down to basics: tools to support LGBTQ youth in care. Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from http://lambdalegal.org/take-action/tool-kits/getting-down-to-basics.

National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (2011). Public policy and government affairs. Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from http://www.ngltf.org/our_work/public_policy.

Schwartz, R. (2011). GLSEN lauds bipartisan introduction of safe schools improvement act (S.506) in senate. Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network. Retrieved 22 October, 2011 from http://www.glsen.org/cgi-bin/iowa/all/library/record/2702.html?state=policy&type=policy.
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Culturally Responsive School Counseling for

Words: 673 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37662766

Through descriptive statistics, the mean, mode and percentiles will be obtained in regards to the answers in each item in the questionnaires.

The flow of discussion of results followed by the conclusion is clear and properly written. The purposes of the study stated in the beginning were all given due consideration and were all achieved.

In general, this research paper is very simple. What is good in it is the fact that the topic is very profound and yet the researchers were able to simplify it and formulate their own research questions based on the general topic. However, the methodology involved needs some minor modification because some of the most important aspects of research were not clearly stated.

There was not specific number of audience or participants stated. This is important because this will show if the conclusion will be able to generalize the overall population. Is the number of…… [Read More]

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Should Religious Symbols Be Worn in Schools

Words: 1516 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48705713

Religious Symbols be worn in Schools?

Many parents and students were confused, when a school district in Nebraska stopped a 12 years old girl, Elizabeth Carey from wearing a necklace because it resembled a rosary. Rev. Joseph Taphorn said to press that "One ought to be able to figure out whether she's trying to promote a gang," he added. "If she's not, why would she be punished for her right of religious freedom and religious expression? (Haynes)"

Symbols are the powerful source of meaning and ideas. They have different meanings in different religions and are considered very important by the religious individuals and communities. The religious symbols also have a very close connection with the identity of a religion. The individuals believe their identity to be strongly connected with the symbols; therefore preserving these symbols is very important in their daily lives (Renteln 1575). Unfortunately, the United States of America,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ash. The Ban on Religious Symbols in Public Schools. Darkness Embraced. 2007. Published Aug 3,

2007. Retrieved Dec 10, 2012.

http://www.darknessembraced.com/pagan-and-occult/pagan-and-neo-pagan-paths/item/204-the-ban-on-religious-symbols-in-public-schools

Clark, Matthew. Victories: Students can wear religious symbols to School. American Centre for Law and Justice. 2011. Published Dec 16, 2011. Retrieved Dec 10, 2012.
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Working While Going to School

Words: 795 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99743433



Students have to worry about student loans, too. Another writer says, "One out of five people who borrow money for their education will drop out in debt, but with no degree" (Draut). If they are smart enough to work while they're still in school, they may be able to save some money to put toward student loans in the future, and they may build up enough stamina to make sure they're not one of those students who racks up student loans and then leaves school without a degree.

Finally, there's another reason to look at working during school. Studies show that it makes you a better student. Another writer says, "Studies show that students who work 10 to 12 hours a week get better grades -- the discipline is good for them. But if you work more than 15 hours a week while in school, you may have a few…… [Read More]

References

Draut, Tamara. "Building the Grand Alliance: Collaboration between Low- and Middle-Income People Is One of the Keys to Rebuilding the Broken American Dream." Sojourners Magazine Feb. 2007: 12+.

"Lowering Boom on High Cost of Higher Education; Going to College without Going Broke a Challenge." The Washington Times 8 Apr. 2007: A01.

Schlack, Lawrence B. "Going to College Is Not Always the Best Choice." School Administrator Mar. 2007: 52.

Shatkin, Jess P. "Transition to College: Separation and Change for Parents and Students." New York University. 2010. 25 Feb. 2010.
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Prayer at Public School Events

Words: 856 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38116824

Prayer at Public School Events

During the last few years there has been passionate debates concerning prayer in public schools and at public school events. Advocates believe that it is not only a moral issue but prohibition of prayer in public schools denies their right of freedom of religion, while opponents claim it is a violation of separation of state and church.

In fact, over recent decades, one of the most litigious areas of the First Amendment has been religion (Prayer pp). The United States Supreme Court has ruled in more than twenty cases concerning prayer, religion in schools, public access for religious purposes, and the observance of religious holidays in public places, to name but a few (Prayer pp).

In Engel v. Vitale, 1962, the United States Supreme Court held with Engel and ruled that the state could not require the recitation of a formal prayer in public schools…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Matthew 18:20. The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments: King

James Version. National Publishing Company. 2000.

Bergel. Banning Prayer in Public Schools Has Led to America's Demise.

Accessed May 12, 2005.
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Pearland High School Culture Study

Words: 1627 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27228510



This polarization of different groups is likely to carry over into the classroom: socio-economic disadvantages often translate into economic disadvantages. If one population is more represented in higher-level classes this can foster prejudice. High-performing minority students may feel uncomfortable if they make up an even slimmer majority in their honors and AP classes.

The segregation in the business indicates how on an adult level there is even more community division. Students are to some extent 'forced' to be in a diverse environment in public schools while adults are not compelled to do so and the shopping throughout the city exhibited relatively homogenous patterns between the dominant composition of the neighborhoods, the owners of the shop, and the shoppers.

However, the high levels of education in the community and the changing population suggest that a more diverse and multicultural perspective is possible, provided there is greater political will within the school…… [Read More]

References

La Casita. (2013). Yelp. Retrieved:

 http://www.yelp.com/biz/la-casita-mexican-restaurant-pearland 

LOTE. (2013). Pearland High School. Retrieved:

http://www.pearlandisd.org/PearlandHigh.cfm?subpage=709
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Leadership in International Schools

Words: 29649 Length: 108 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20990082

Leadeship Skills Impact Intenational Education

CHALLENGES OF INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION

Pactical Cicumstances of Intenational schools

THE IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP IN EDUCATION

What is Effective Leadeship fo Today's Schools?

Challenges of Intecultual Communication

Challenges of Diffeing Cultual Values

Impotance of the Team

Leadeship Style

LEADERSHIP THEORIES

Cuent Leadeship Reseach

Tansfomational Leadeship

Skills-Authoity

Contingency Theoies

APPLYING LEADERSHIP IN AN INTERNATIONAL SETTING

Wagne's "Buy-in" vs. Owneship

Undestanding the Ugent Need fo Change

Reseach confims what teaches, students, paents and supeintendents have long known: the individual school is the key unit fo educational impovement, and within the school the pincipal has a stong influence upon the natue of the school, the conditions unde which students lean, and upon what and how much they lean. Despite this ageement about the cental ole of the pincipal, thee is little eseach concening the chaacteistics of pincipals associated with effective leadeship and with pupil accomplishment, and even less insight…… [Read More]

reference:

http://mason.gmu.edu/~lshafer/schoolsetting.html].

Allen, K.E., Bordas, J., Robinson Hickman, G., Matusek, L.R., & Whitmire, K.J. (1998). Leadership in the twenty-first century. Rethinking Leadership Working Papers. Academy of Leadership Press. http://www.academy.umd.edu/scholarship/casl/klspdocs/21stcen.html

Bennis, W.G. (1997). "The secrets of great groups." Leader to Leader, No.3. The Peter F. Drucker Foundation for Nonprofit Management. http://www.pfdf.org/leaderbooks/L2L/winter97/bennis.html

Crowther, F., Kaagan, S., et. al. (2002). Developing Teacher Leaders. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press.
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Mandatory School Uniform Policies

Words: 2022 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16475790

students what they think about school uniforms, they're likely to dismiss them with a summary: They're ugly.

If you ask school administrators and teachers what they think, you're likely to get only slightly more nuanced responses. Some school officials believe that uniforms are a godsend in terms of reducing discipline problems - including violence - and in instilling a sense of pride and mission in the student. Others - in the minority - believe that they stifle individuality.

And if you ask parents what they think, they usually approve of uniforms because they are cheaper and prevent fights in the morning with children who want to wear plunging necklines or dragging cuffs.

Is there a single truth about school uniforms that lies somewhere in the middle of all of these differing opinions? Or is it simply a ashoman-like tale, with differing reports from all of those concerned?

This research project…… [Read More]

Robbins 2002.

A www.aclu.org

Martinez 2002.
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Use of Content Filters on Internet in High School

Words: 14424 Length: 42 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61344044

Internet has grown exponentially since its first introduction to the public. The precursor to the Internet was the ARPANET. The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the Department of Defense (Carlitz and Zinga, 1997) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) were the primary creators of the ARPANET. Subsequently however, efforts from private entities and universities have helped develop the network infrastructure, as it exists today. "The goals of ARPA's 'Resource Sharing Computer Network' project were to develop the technology for and demonstrate the feasibility of a computer network while improving communication and collaboration between research centers with grants from ARPA's Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO)." (Press, 1996) J.C.R. Licklider of MIT undertook groundbreaking work in developing computer interactivity. Later, he implemented his vision though time-sharing systems-affordable interactive computing. The effort of the NSF also helped to distribute the features of this new networking capability to all major universities and research…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Ansari, Asim, Skander Essegaier, and Rajeev Kohli. "Internet Recommendation Systems." Journal of Marketing Research 37.3 (2000).

Bannan, Karen J. "Clean It Up." PC Magazine 20.16 (2001).

Beguette, Glenda, et al. Internet Content Filtering and Cipa Legislation. 2002. Available: http://lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/students/tsullivl/469Sp02/filtering.html. June 26, 2005.

Bell, Bernard W. "Filth, Filtering, and the First Amendment: Ruminations on Public Libraries' Use of Internet Filtering Software." Federal Communications Law Journal 53.2 (2001): 191-238.
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How an Internship Enhanced My Knowledge of Public Schools

Words: 1494 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83027179

intern in the administration of an inner city school. Learning the "ropes" in terms of what administration staff does in a school environment requires the ability to research, it calls for good listening skills, and the ability to closely observe what skilled, experienced professionals are doing. It also becomes clear from the beginning that asking questions is a vital component of the learning process as an intern.

The underlying value of the internship -- personal experiences and observations: It would not be possible to place a specific value on the experience I had in participating with the administration, but there were lessons and achievements that certainly added value to my resume and to my brain's database of positive school-related experiences.

Overall I was pleased to have a chance to participate as a liaison with parents, and to learn about and participate with the parent educational program. Part of the school…… [Read More]

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Minority Woman as School Principals What Works and Why Leadership Challenges Faced by Minority Principals

Words: 1261 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39977275

Minority Woman as School Principals and Leadership Challenges Faced by Minority Principals

When compared with corporate America, both the public and private American school systems may have more blatant glass ceiling settings because there are very obvious resistance movements towards gender and minority integration into administrative roles such as principals especially for positions in better schools or systems. The numbers do not lie -- consider the fact that women have traditionally comprised the majority of both the public and private school teaching forces yet, the majority of school administrators for these systems continue to be white males. This report therefore aims to discuss the roles of minority women as school principals, the inherent leadership and administrative challenges they may face as minority principals and what may or may not work for them and why.

Although this report happened to use some examples from the California school system to demonstrate some…… [Read More]

References

Feistritzer, C.E. (1988). Profile of teachers in the U.S.-1990. Washington, DC: National Center for Educational Information.

Shakeshaft, C. (1989). Women in educational administration (updated edition). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Sutherland, Billie. (1995). "Recovering illiterates ... 'reconnecting with life' (functional illiteracy)" San Diego Business Journal.

Unknown. (1999). "As California overhauls schools, America watches for lessons" The Christian Science Monitor.
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Public School Paradigm Reflection of

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15183179

They would do so in a fashion ideally, so as to not merely prepare students to take the test in rote fashion, but to make the new information a vital part of the extant educational process. (SEDL, 2004)

Such instructional leadership is subject to quality controls in-house. As part of the paradigm, public school teachers are consistently and regularly evaluated by administers, while administers receive feedback in a concrete and constructive fashion through evaluations by instructors, students, and parents that come into contact with them. Learning becomes a holistic experience of the school, and there is a strong trust, responsibility and faith placed in teachers by administers as teachers are assumed to have a vested interest in, and a sense of history of, the school community.

It is said that "while administrators' visions tend to focus on district- or school- wide instructional issues, teachers' visions tend to address teacher roles…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (SEDL) (2004) "Leadership Characteristics that Promote School Change." Official SEDL Website. Retrieved 4 Dec 2004 at http://www.sedl.org/change/leadership/character.html
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Privacy for High School Students

Words: 12892 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13864282

Internet: Privacy for High School Students

An Analysis of Privacy Issues and High School Students in the United States Today

In the Age of Information, the issue of invasion of privacy continues to dominate the headlines. More and more people, it seems, are becoming victims of identity theft, one of the major forms of privacy invasion, and personal information on just about everyone in the world is available at the click of a mouse. In this environment, can anyone, especially high school students, reasonably expect to have any degree of privacy? High school students, after all, are not protected by many of the same constitutional guarantees as adults, but their needs for privacy may be as great, or greater, than their adult counterparts. To determine what measure of privacy, if any, high schools students can expect at home and school today, this paper provides an overview of the issue of…… [Read More]

References

Alarming Number of Teens Addicted to the Internet. (2001, February 1). Korea Times, 3.

Albanes, R., Armitay, O., Fischer, B., & Warner, J. (1998). Marijuana, Juveniles, and the Police: What High-School Students Believe about Detection and Enforcement.

Canadian Journal of Criminology, 40(4), 401-20.

Black's law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
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Amy Attended the County's Administrator Forum it

Words: 4743 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39352473

Amy attended the county's administrator forum, it became clear that the rumor mill about the "Good Ole' Boys" network was not exaggerated. Sitting across the table from fifteen district superintendents, not one in the bunch was a woman. There was only one other woman in assembled group, who like Amy held a lower position on her district's administrative team. Just as Amy had done her entire career, she made the decision not to let the statistics change her course and she was more determined than ever to proceed and succeed.

During the next few months Amy began researching her situation, and after reading several articles about women in upper-management, she became keenly aware that a doctoral degree will help level the playing field for women like her who want to reach the higher levels of administration in the K-12 education arena. She enjoyed her job as a district curriculum developer,…… [Read More]

References

Kimberly A. Brehm, Colleges adjust to accommodate non-traditional students., University Wire, 02-15-2000.

Sudeep Reddy, Forget going to class -- just get your diploma on the web., University Wire, 11-30-1998.

PATRICIA ALEX, Staff Writer, GOING TO COLLEGE WITHOUT LEAVING YOUR LAPTOP., The Record (Bergen County, NJ), 11-24-1995, pp a01.

Catherine E. Shoichet, Harvard ponders distance learning., University Wire, 03-04-2002.
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Attendance Policy in an Alternative School

Words: 8552 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1590486

Program Attendance Policy Proposal and Analysis

As we are nearing the end of the third school year of the P.A.S.S. program it is beneficial to evaluate the standards and practices which have been set forth through the past three years and determine the efficacy of them. In accordance with the Pennsylvania Standards for Elementary and secondary education school principals (January 2001), data driven assessment of the policies is due. The need for implementation of best practices, be they new or accepted older models is especially great given the proven success of the P.A.S.S. program which has resulted in the proposal for expansion of enrolment and services to meet a greater demand within the local district.

The establishment of best practices for the future is the goal of the current assessment. Since its inception the P.A.S.S. program has used a program completion option strategy with at-risk students attending classes at Howell…… [Read More]

References

ERIC Raising School Attendance. Education Digest, Feb2002, 67.6, pgs.54-57.

ERIC Urban Policies and Programs To Reduce Truancy. ERIC/CUE Digest 129.

ERIC Jay DeKalb Student Truancy. ERIC/CUE Digest 125.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management and Linn-Benton Education Service
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Detention Suspension and Expulsion Effect of Disciplinary Policy in Public School

Words: 4451 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12423838

Detention, Suspension,

AND EXPULSION:

EFFECT OF DISCIPLINAY POLICY

Instrument to be used

Participants

Future use of study results

Over the last few decades the institution of education has undergone many changes. One of the most scrutinized areas of education currently is the area of discipline. The recent rash of violence across the nation at high school has caused the focus to turn to discipline. The Columbine killings among other violent school events have caused experts to begin looking at bullies, violence, at risk students and others to discover what the key is to turning them around in their school career. One discipline method that has been used for years is removal of the offending student from the general student population. The student who is removed is done so either through suspension or expulsion. Suspension and expulsion are used in many situations as discipline. When students break zero tolerance policies, or…… [Read More]

References

Aisha Sultan; And Holly Hacker; Of The Post-Dispatch, METRO EAST SUSPENSION RATE IS TWICE THE STATE AVERAGE: PARENTS ARE ALARMED, BUT ADMINISTRATORS SAY ORDER MUST BE MAINTAINED., St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 02-24-2002, pp C1.

Brian, Bumbarger. School Violence: Disciplinary Exclusion Prevention and Alternatives. Universties Children's Policy Partnership. 1999.

VOS Inger, Cambridge cuts suspensions., Waikato Times (New Zealand), 12-01-2001, pp 3.

Robert L. Morgan; Travis S. Loosli; Sebastian Striefel, REGULATING THE USE OF BEHAVIORAL PROCEDURES IN SCHOOLS: A FIVE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP SURVEY OF STATE DEPARTMENT STANDARDS. Vol. 30, Journal of Special Education, 01-15-1997.
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Approaches to Managing School Gangs

Words: 1642 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40010431

Gangs in Public School

Many schools especially in urban and suburban areas continue to register gang-related activities within their premises and involving their students. This study appreciates the dangers associated with such gangs to the schools and other stakeholders around them. Various laws and regulation have been passed in different states in the U.S. allow parents to withdraw their children from certain public schools. Schools reputed for gang-related problems stand to lose students. This paper provides the scope of action steps in which schools take to intervene, prevent, and suppress the scope of violent gang activity while establishing crisis response plans. The strategies are developed to address potential actions of school violence including gang activity.

Gang members bring in their attitudes, behaviors, and conflicts to the school compounds. The dangerous gang issues and activities of a given community take place within local schools. Gang members take on each other within…… [Read More]

References

Branch, C., (2013). Adolescent Gangs: Old Issues, New Approaches. New York: Routledge.

Garot, R. (2010). Who You Claim: Performing Gang Identity in School and on the Streets. NYU Press

Kinnear, K.L. (2009). Gangs: A Reference Handbook. New York: ABC-CLIO.

Macnab, N. (2012). Uncle Sam's Schoolhouse: Bullying, Predators, and Students. New York: Dog Ear Publishing
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Vocational Courses in High School

Words: 7142 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6405426

(Stasz, and Bodilly, 2004)

In the press release by Mike Bowler and David Thomas (2005), High School Students Using Dual Enrollment Programs to Earn College Credits, New eports Say. According to this report, the federal budget proposes to increase access to "dual enrollment" programs for at-risk students. Out of the approximately 2,050 institutions with dual enrollment programs, almost 110 institutions, or 5% (about 2% of all institutions) offered dual enrollment programs specifically aimed toward high school students "at risk" for failing academically. Two new reports by the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics also confirm that high school students currently take advantage of programs to earn college credits. The High School Initiative, designed to help prepare high school students to graduate with skills needed to succeed, permits states and districts to utilize funding for:

individual performance plans, dropout prevention efforts, demanding vocational and technical courses, college awareness…… [Read More]

References www.eric.ed.gov:80/ERICWebPortal/Home.portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=ERICSearchResult&_urlType=action&newSearch=true&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=au&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=%22Ahola+Sakari%22Ahola, Sakari & www.eric.ed.gov:80/ERICWebPortal/Home.portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=ERICSearchResult&_urlType=action&newSearch=true&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=au&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=%22Kivela+Suvi%22Kivela, Suvi. (2007). "Education Is Important, but..." Young People outside o Schooling and the Finnish Policy of "Education Guarantee." Routledge. Retrieved March 5, 2008, at http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/Home.portal?_nfpb=true&eric_viewStyle=listERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=high+school+vocational+courses&searchtype=basic & RICExtSearch_SearchType_0=kw&pageSize=10&eric_displayNtriever=false&eric_dis ayStartCount=11&_pageLabel=RecordDetails&objectId=0900019b801cf28f&accno=EJ 73348&_nfls=false

Bowler, Mike & Thomas. David. (2005). "High School Students Using Dual Enrollment Programs to Earn College Credits, New Reports Say." Retrieved March 5, 2008, at  http://www.ed.gov/news/pressreleases/2005/04/04062005a.html  www.eric.ed.gov:80/ERICWebPortal/Home.portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=ERICSearchResult&_urlType=action&newSearch=true&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=au&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=%22Cavanagh+Sean%22Cavanagh, Sean. (2006). Perkins Bill is Approved by Congress; Editorial Projects in Education. RetrievedMarch 5, 2008, from: http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/Home.portal?_nfpb=true&eric_viewStylelist&EICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=high+school+vocational+courses&searchtype=bas & ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=kw&pageSize=10&eric_displayNtriever=false&eric_ isplayStartCount=11&_pageLabel=RecordDetails&objectId=0900019b8015ea43&accn =EJ748517&_nfls=false www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5020969480

Chang, E.S., Chen, C., Greenberger, E., Dooley, D., & Heckhausen, J. (2006). What Do They Want in Life?: The Life Goals of a Multi-Ethnic, Multi-Generational Sample of High School Seniors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35(3), 321+. Retrieved March 5, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5020969480 www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5024401870

Christle, C.A., Jolivette, K., & Michael, N.C. (2007). School Characteristics Related to High School Dropout Rates. Remedial and Special Education, 28(6), 325+. Retrieved March 5, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5024401870 www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5023042611

Dymond, S.K., Renzaglia, a., & Chun, E. (2007). Elements of Effective High School Service Learning Programs That Include Students with and without Disabilities. Remedial and Special Education, 28(4), 227+. Retrieved March 5, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5023042611 www.eric.ed.gov:80/ERICWebPortal/Home.portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=ERICSearchResult&_urlType=action&newSearch=true&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=au&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=%22Gentry+Marcia%22Gentry, Marcia; www.eric.ed.gov:80/ERICWebPortal/Home.portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=ERICSearchResult&_urlType=action&newSearch=true&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=au&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=%22Peters+Scott+J.%22Peters, Scott J.; www.eric.ed.gov:80/ERICWebPortal/Home.portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=ERICSearchResult&_urlType=action&newSearch=true&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=au&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=%22Mann+Rebecca+L.%22Mann, Rebecca L. (2007). Differences between General and Talented Students' Perceptions of Their Career and Technical Education Experiences Compared to Their Traditional High School Experiences. Prufrock Press Inc. Retrieved March 5, 2008, at http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/Home.portal?_nfpb=true&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=high+school+vocational+courses&searchtype=keyword&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=kw&_pageLabel=RecordDetails&objectId=0900019b801cbe46&accno=EJ773183&_nfls=false www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002014218
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Sexual Harassment in Secondary Schools

Words: 1725 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18626097



orks Cited

Anderson, Sherwood. (1919). inesburg, Ohio. New York: B.. Huebsch. Bartleby.com, 1999. 8 Jan. 2008 www.bartleby.com/156/.

Dragan, Edward F. "Setting Boundaries for Sexual Harassment." School Administrator Dec. 2006: 53. Questia. 7 Jan. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5019026469.

Duffy, Jim, Stacey areham, and Margaret alsh. "Psychological Consequences for High School Students of Having Been Sexually Harassed." Sex Roles: A Journal of Research 50.11-12 (2004): 811+. Questia. 8 Jan. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5008171353.

Lucero, Margaret a., Robert E. Allen, and Karen L. Middleton. "Sexual Harassers: Behaviors, Motives, and Change over Time." Sex Roles: A Journal of Research (2006): 331+. Questia. 8 Jan. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5022552162.

Packman, Jill, illiam J. Lepkowski, Christian C. Overton, and Marlowe Smaby. "e're Not Gonna Take it: A Student Driven Anti-Bullying Approach." Education 125.4 (2005): 546+. Questia. 8 Jan. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5009846899.

"Parents Should Speak Up about School Problems." The Register-Guard (Eugene, or) 5 Nov. 2007: A9. Questia. 8 Jan. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5023891271.

Secondary School."…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anderson, Sherwood. (1919). Winesburg, Ohio. New York: B.W. Huebsch. Bartleby.com, 1999. 8 Jan. 2008 www.bartleby.com/156/.

Dragan, Edward F. "Setting Boundaries for Sexual Harassment." School Administrator Dec. 2006: 53. Questia. 7 Jan. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5019026469.

Duffy, Jim, Stacey Wareham, and Margaret Walsh. "Psychological Consequences for High School Students of Having Been Sexually Harassed." Sex Roles: A Journal of Research 50.11-12 (2004): 811+. Questia. 8 Jan. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5008171353.

Lucero, Margaret a., Robert E. Allen, and Karen L. Middleton. "Sexual Harassers: Behaviors, Motives, and Change over Time." Sex Roles: A Journal of Research (2006): 331+. Questia. 8 Jan. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5022552162.
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Random Locker Searches in Schools

Words: 1251 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50746868



Reasonable suspicion -- A carefully considered presumption, based on specific facts and circumstances, that a person is probably involved in criminal activity. efore an officer can act on this level of suspicion, he must have enough knowledge to lead any reasonably cautious person to conclude that a crime has been (or is about to be) committed by the suspect.

The 4th amendment dictates that all people are guaranteed against unreasonable searches or seizures of their person or personal effects. Still though a student has less of this right due to court's giving more leeway to schools in the name of student safety and well-being.

Is this an invasion of the student's privacy?

Student privacy or lack of privacy in school, how much privacy should the students have or need? "The main drawback to locker searches is the loss of privacy that students may feel. A locker is the only place…… [Read More]

Bibliography

American Civil Liberties Union of Utah. (2010). Search and seizure. Retrieved on April 9, 2010

from http://www.acluutah.org/SKYR4.html.

Davis, K, Kelsey, J, Langellier, D, Mapes, M, & Rosenthal, J. (2003) Surveillance in School

Safety vs. Personal Privacy. Retrieved on April 9, 2010 from http://students.ed.uiuc.edu/jkelsey/surveillance/locker.htm
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Zero Tolerance in Schools What

Words: 1006 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67285859

A zero tolerance policy placed on these children will send the message to them that they are criminals and will be punished as such.

If the student has committed an act of violence that is worthy of severe punishment, then the zero tolerance policy is okay. but, if the child is involved in an incident such as a food fight, he should not be arrested or have a police record for such a minor infraction of the school's policies.

III. Counterargument

Gary and Cornell state that advocates of the zero tolerance policy in schools claim that it prevents violence in schools by removing dangerous students immediately after the infraction which sends a message to other students that the school means business (107). In some instances this statement is true. Students who bring weapons to school with the intention of harm or students who are bullies and harass and pick fights…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.ajc.com/news/georgia-politics-elections/zero-tolerance-in-schools-301284.html

Dupper, David R. "Does the Punishment Fit the Crime? The Impact of Zero Tolerance

Discipline on at Risk Youths." Children & Schools 32.2 (2010): 67-69.

Gregory, Anne and Cornell, Dewey. "Tolerating Adolescent Needs: Moving Beyond Zero
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Native American Boarding Schools of

Words: 1454 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99081033

Visits home were frowned upon and discouraged, and most Indian families could not afford to pay for the long journey home from the schools, so children remained there year-round until their schooling was complete in many cases.

However, many families did see the worth of a formal education for their children. Author Child notes, "Still, many Ojibwe parents, persuaded of the importance of an education or learning a trade for their child's future, would have agreed with the North Dakota father whose son and daughter attended Flandreau when he expressed his desire for their success in school and wish to keep them there, 'as much as we can stand it'" (Child 54). These parents often hoped their children would receive an education, but also learn a trade, so they could make their way in the world as adults. In theory, children attended school for half the day, and then learned…… [Read More]

References

Child, Brenda J. Boarding School Seasons: American Indian Families, 1900-1940. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1998.

Coleman, Michael C. American Indian Children at School, 1850-1930. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1993.

Editors. "Native Languages of the Americas: Chippewa." Native Languages.org. 2008. 5 Dec. 2008.  http://www.native-languages.org/chippewa.htm .

Meyer, Melissa L. Ethnicity and Dispossession at a Minnesota Anishinaabe Reservation, 1889-1920. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.
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Nine Months of School Days Is Enough Twelve Months Is Over Stress

Words: 1332 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61612035

Schooling is Enough -- Twelve Months is Overkill

Getting and obtaining a formal education are one of the most important achievements people perceive as a valid measure for success. Aside from the prestige that comes with being able to be educated formally, the economic prosperity and great knowledge that a person gets from studying is also another important factor that serves as many people's motivation in studying. Also, education is already an established institution in our society, and that is why we, as eternal learners of everything here in this world that we live in, strive and always look for information that is important to us. Our quest for knowledge is one of the main reasons why education became a primary institution in societies of the world.

The education institution may serve functionally in the society, but this important institution also has its own problems. One of the most talked-…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Carroll, Molly. "Year- Round Schooling Can Cure Much of What Ails Us." April 1997. Catalyst Magazine. 16 October 2002 http://www.catalyst-chicago.org/04-97/047opin.htm.

Chaika, Glori. "Is Year- Round Schooling the Answer?" 8 November 1999. Education World Website. 16 October 2002 http://www.education-world.com/a_issues/issues066.shtml.

Zimmerman, Joy. "Improving Student Achievement by Extending School: Is It Just a Matter of Time?" 20 April 1998. WestEd Website. 16 October 2002 http://www.wested.org/wested/papers/timeandlearning/4_implications.html.
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Assessing the Effectiveness of the National School Lunch Program Childhood Obesity

Words: 1719 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47064755

Childhood Obesity: Assessing the Effectiveness of the National School Lunch Program

Assessing the Effectiveness of the National School Lunch Program: Childhood Obesity

Childhood is a serious health concern for policymakers in the United States. It is estimated that currently, one in every five children below the ages of 2 and 19 in America is obese. For this reason, numerous policies have been formulated to help in preventing or minimizing the risk of obesity among children. This study assesses the effectiveness of one such policy -- the National School Lunch Program.

Childhood Obesity: Assessing the Effectiveness of the National School Lunch Program

Childhood obesity has become a serious health concern for parents and policymakers in the U.S. over the last few decades. It is estimated that approximately 12.5 million children between the ages of 2 and 19, which translates to approximately 1 in every five children, is obese (Toro, 2011). These…… [Read More]

References

Leach, R. A. (2004). The Chiropractic Theories: A Textbook of Scientific Research (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Levine, D. M. & Stephan, D. F. (2009). Even You can Learn Statistics: A Guide for Everyone who has Ever been Afraid of Statistics (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ FT Press.

Sukal, M. (2013). Research Methods: Applying Statistics in Research. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint.

Toro, R. (2011). Childhood Obesity. Live Science. Retrieved October 7, 2015 from http://www.livescience.com/17244-childhood-obesity-infographic.html
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Theoretical Understanding of School Climate and Culture

Words: 950 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88317153

School Cultural Theory

Any environments where human beings reside, there is an existing culture. The total time that the community members, teachers, and students spend in school environments develop cultural elements have a direct influence on how they act and function in their respective positions.

Developing a system of cultural awareness in schools is critical in activating teachers and school stakeholders to engage in growth promoting activities. Teachers in school settings make up the main components of a school organizational network. It is important noting that schools are forms of organizations that uphold a shared culture. Milner and Browitt (2013) in their study of organizational cultures argue that any organization strives to find a meaningful purpose together as a group that has a shared goal. They further discussed the organizational systems develop individual structures and behavioral patterns with actual means of accomplishing the processes. Organizations create the necessary tools for…… [Read More]

References

Agger, B. (2014). Cultural Studies as Critical Theory. Routledge.

Hudson, K., Ben-Ary, G., Lawson, M., & Hodgetts, S. (2013). The Dynamics of Collaborative Resistance: Negotiating the Methodological Incongruities of Art, Cultural Theory, Science and Design. Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Electronic Art, ISEA2013, Sydney.

Milner, A., & Browitt, J. (2013). Contemporary Cultural Theory: An Introduction. Routledge.
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Mckee High School on Staten

Words: 628 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68527726



Because I had worked in an entirely different environment at I.S. 24, also on Staten Island, I was shocked at the contrast between these two schools. Two schools in the same district were run differently, populated by different students, and obviously had different student outcomes. Was the educational system so flawed that it produced such radical inconsistencies? At the previous student teaching experience I had, from January to March, I was inspired to see the students responding to the material and to the teachers. The overall educational environment was stimulating and positive. It was not like that at McKee High School, which had a depressing learning environment. The contrast made me think about what specific issues were different at McKee, and how those differences might be changed so that all students can achieve their highest potential. Contemplating the differences helped me also comprehend the role that school administrators and policy…… [Read More]

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Group Designing for People Concerned About Bullying in a School

Words: 3650 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79386353

Designing a Group

A Group for Individuals Concerned about School ullying Incidents

What population is the group designed to serve?

The group is ultimately designed to serve students of a school where bullying has occurred, and the entire school students, staff, and administrators. Local community members, such as physicians and health professionals would also be welcome; individuals who are professional counselors may have useful contributions. As well, it will serve the students' families, friends, and the community. Each of these individuals has something to contribute in a group dialogue about bullying, from a different perspective. The largest issue to be faced at the onset is empowering individuals, such as students, to speak frankly in the presence of not only their peers, but also in the presence of perceived authority figures.

Parental involvement is important so that the parent can assist with issues that their child may have had concerning bullying;…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Anti-bullying procedures for primary and post-primary schools. (2013). Retrieved from: https://www.education.ie/en/Publications/Policy-Reports/Anti-Bullying-Procedures-for-Primary-and-Post-Primary-Schools.pdf.

Berlin, R., & Ruscitti, D. (2011). Best Practices in Bullying Prevention and Intervention. Illinois: The County of Du Page.

Burns, J.H. (2015). Retrieved from Bully Proof Classroom: http://bullyproofclassroom.com/great-anti-bullying-activities

Developing an Evaluation Plan (n.d.): Retrieved from: http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/evaluate/evaluation/evaluation-plan/main