School Violence Essays (Examples)

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Violence in American Schools Violence a &

Words: 938 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99387375

Violence in American Schools

Violence

(a & b) Columbine High School is in Jefferson County in Littleton, Colorado. In the spring of 1999, two male senior students executed a plan to commit a brutal series of violent acts against their fellow students, teachers, and staff. In essence, they took the school by siege and they took every person within the school hostage. There were several aspects to the plan. These domestic terrorists definitely premeditated this attack, which included specific activities to block or hinder the fire department that was bound to arrive on scene. They ignited explosions in the school (such as the cafeteria and parking lot), but what people mostly remember are the shootings. They killed 12 students and 1 teacher. Dozens of other students were injured because they tried to flee the scene to save their lives. Eventually, the two attackers turned their guns upon themselves and committed…… [Read More]

References:

NBC News. (2007). Worst U.S. shooting ever kills 33 on Va. campus. NBC News, Web, Available from:  http://www.nbcnews.com/id/18134671/ns/us_news-crime_and_courts/t/worst-us-shooting-ever-kills-va-campus/ . 2013 June 25.

Shen, A. (2012). A Timeline of Mass Shooting in the U.S. since Columbine. Think Progress, Web, Available from:  http://thinkprogress.org/justice/2012/12/14/1337221/a-timeline-of-mass-shootings-in-the-us-since-columbine/?mobile=nc . 2013 June 25.

Toppo, G. (2009). 10 years later, the real story behind Columbine. USA Today, Web, Available from:  http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/nation/2009-04-13-columbine-myths_N.htm?POE=click-refer . 2013 June 25.
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School-Based Bullying Prevention Programs the

Words: 9042 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8170287

They predict age and gender variations relate to bullying concerns. Of the 25 cartoons implemented in the study, two depict characters with different shades of skin color where skin color appeared to be an issue. One cartoon relating to sexual orientation was not used in several countries. Smith et al. report Olweus to assert bullying to be characterized by the following three criteria:

1. It is aggressive behavior or intentional "harmdoing"

2. which carried out repeatedly and over time

3. In an interpersonal relationship characterized by an imbalance of power. (Smith et al., 2002, p. 1120)

In their study, Smith et al. (2002), participating researchers in the 14 countries to completed the following

1. Listed and selected bullying terms as well as social exclusion in the applicable language.

2. Used fundamental focus groups with participating children to confirm usage and extensive comprehensive of terms.

3. Using cartoons, sorted tasks to…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Anti-Bullying programs for schools. (2009). NoBully.com. Retrieved March 3, 2010 from http://www.nobully.com/index.html

Beaty, L.A., & Alexeyev, E.B. (2008). The Problem of School Bullies: What the Research Tells Us. Adolescence, 43(169), 1+. Retrieved March 3, 2010, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5026476147

Beran, T.N., Tutty, L. & Steinrath, G. (2004). An evaluation of a bullying prevention program for elementary schools. Canadian Journal of School Psychology. Vol. 19, Iss. 1/2, p. 99

116 . Retrieved March 3, 2010 from http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1188387401&Fmt=4&clientId=9269&RQT=30
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Violence in the Education System

Words: 885 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19309514

School Violence

Schools have more esponsibility to Prevent School Violence than ever before

Issues related to school violence have become an increasingly salient issue in modern society. This issue affects schools on many levels. On one level, there rise in the number of tragedies such as mass shootings have increased and these incidents clearly illustrate the need for safer educational environments for children and adolescents. However, there are also more subtle examples of violence that can occur in school environments such as bullying. The evidence that bullying is severe physical and psychological detriment to students has become increasingly clear. Furthermore, technology has also offered new platforms in which violence can occur between students. For example, there have been many cases of online bullying that have occurred on social networks. This analysis will provide a brief overview of different types of violence that can occur in schools as well as a…… [Read More]

References

Adelman, H., & Taylor, L. (2002). Building Comprehensive, Multifaceted, and Integrated Approaches to Address Barriers to Student Learning. . Childhood Education, 261-268.

Beccerra, S., Munoz, F., & Riquelme, E. (2015). School violence and school coexistence management: unresolved challenges. Procedia, 156-163.

Crews, G. (2014). School Violence Perpetrators Speak: An Examination of Perpetrators Views on School Violence Offenses. Jouranl of the Institute of Justice and International Studies, 41-62.
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Violence at Schools in South

Words: 4378 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58268265

..This perspective is from the U.S.A.; in Europe, violence in school and the concern about violence may not be at similar levels, but it is undoubtedly a topic of major concern (Smith, 2003, p. 1).

This article also makes the important point that school is intended as a developmental and educational environment and that violence in its various forms negatively effects and detracts from the goals of education.

Another general work that adds to the underlying body of knowledge on this topic is Stealing the Show? Crime and Its Impact in Post-Apartheid South Africa by Mark Shaw and Peter Gastrow (2001). Among others, this study makes a cogent assessment of the way that crime and violence is measured and reported in South Africa.

Most researchers assume that official crime statistics -- that is, those collected and released by the South African Police Service -- provide a poor indication of levels…… [Read More]

References www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=114080610

Abbink, J. & Kessel, I.V. (Eds.). (2005). Vanguard or Vandals: Youth, Politics, and Conflict in Africa. Boston: Brill. Retrieved January 3, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=114080610

Bility K.M. (1999) School Violence and Adolescent Mental Health in South Africa: Implications for School Health Programs. "http: Sociological Practice, Vol. 01, No, 4, pp. 285-303 www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002024684

Carton, B. (2003). The Forgotten Compass of Death: Apocalypse Then and Now in the Social History of South Africa. Journal of Social History, 37(1), 199+. Retrieved January 3, 2009, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002024684

Center for Justice and Crime Prevention. Retrieved January 2, 2009, at  http://www.cjcp.org.za/
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Violence in the Public Schools Teen Violence

Words: 1762 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7002212

violence in the public schools. Teen violence in general has become a major concern in America today. One of the reasons for the issue being so prevalent is the number of school shootings in the last few years, especially the shooting at Columbine High in Littleton, Colorado. hile the welfare of young people is always of concern, much of the fear being generated at the present time is excessive. For one thing, teen violence is not the new phenomenon many people seem to think it is, and an analysis of our history shows that violence in the schools has always been a problem and that in fact it is diminished at the present time. In truth, though, any school violence is too much, and ways of eliminating it and protecting students in school must be found. Several "solutions" to the problem have been offered.

One such recommendation is school uniforms,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Access Control & Security Systems Integration Facility Systems Staff. "Devising an effective school security plan." Access Control & Security Systems Integration (1 July 2000).

Bowman, Darcia Harris. "Federal Study Stresses Warning Signs of School Violence."

Education Week 21(15)(12 Dec 2001), 12.

Clinton, Bill. "Memorandum on the School Uniforms Manual." Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents (March 4, 1996), 368-369.
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School Crime Including the Characteristics

Words: 2347 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8865251

Several areas, if poorly designed, can lead to violent and criminal behavior, including parking lots, isolated spots on campus, locker rooms, and corridors. Often, violent behavior occurs in these areas when adults are not present (Astor, Meyer, and Behre, 1999, p. 3). Designing schools with more open areas, more planned classrooms, and a more defined perimeter can create a safer, less violent campus by creating a more functional and enjoyable educational experience. Thus, older, poorly designed schools often attract more violent behavior.

Location can also be a risk factor in certain schools, although that is not always the case. Another researcher notes, "Some urban schools are located [...] in slum neighborhoods where drug sellers routinely kill one another, as well as innocent bystanders, on the streets surrounding the school" (Toby, 1994, p.169). Children growing up in violence prone neighborhoods such as these may simply accept violence as a way of…… [Read More]

References

Astor, R.A. Meyer, H.A. And Behre, W.J. (1999). Unowned places and times: Maps and interviews about violence in high schools. American Educational Research Journal, Vol. 36, No. 1, 3-42.

Crowe, T.D. (1990). Designing safer schools. School Safety. 43-47.

Jenkins, P.H.(1997). School delinquency and the school social bond. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Vol. 34 No. 3, 337-367.

May, D.C. (September 1999). Scared kids, unattached kids, or peer pressure: Why do students carry firearms to school? Youth & Society, Vol. 31 No. 1, 100-127.
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Violence Reporting Behaviors of High

Words: 2098 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87278678

Two of the schools in the current study have active GSA's which may account for the acceptance of LGBT students at these schools.

IMPLICATIONS

Practitioners

Procedures for anonymous reporting (Fear of retaliation)

As stated above, fear of retaliation was the major barrier to reporting according to the findings in this study. It is recommended that school develop safe, anonymous reporting procedures such as that described above. In addition, students must feel that retaliation will be addressed and every attempt will be made to protect the student from retaliation, both inside the school and outside the school. Perpetrators must be informed that retaliation will carry serious consequences and that administrators will follow through. Students must be told that any discussion of disciplinary actions discussed among students will cause further disciplinary actions to be instituted.

Further Research

The schools involved in the current study are known as being very gay-friendly. Two of…… [Read More]

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Campus Violence in High School

Words: 931 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96911664

Violence in High Schools

Violence in schools has been an issue of great concern in our culture for many years, but never so much as today. Society has demanded accountability and practical intervention to address the problem at its source. Parents, educators and students are asking for ways in which they can make changes within schools and recognize problems before they escalate to violence and extreme violence. The work will focus on the history and present records of each student studied and will look for signs and symptoms of problems in every way possible. This work is a proposal for the study of the phenomena of violence within the high school aged group. The work will be divided into three areas of study, data analysis, interview and observation and will be conducted over a four-year period following students from freshman to senior.

The work will create a base for comparison…… [Read More]

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Campus Violence in K 8 Setting

Words: 945 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18441278

Violence in K-8 Schools

The issue of violence among young people has become demonstratively more controversial within our culture in the last few years. The demands of society in general for more accountability and a greater sense of awareness among both parents and school officials have created an exponential need for research associated with the phenomena. Society and officials alike have called for a greater understanding of the motivations and reasons for violence within the schools and also a greater security of awareness of the ability to recognize and intervene when potentially violent young people exhibit warning signs of future violence. This work is a proposal for the study of the phenomena of violence within the K-8 school setting, and will be divided into three parts, studying both primary aged schools and middle school aged school settings.

The proposal demonstrates the need for research associated with a tertiary standard, of…… [Read More]

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Implementing of School Uniform Policies

Words: 1884 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72323029

School Uniforms

Perhaps the biggest debate of public education over the past decade besides school vouchers has been the debate over whether or not it is legal to require students to wear a uniform to school. Increased crime, gang violence, poor academic performance in public schools has sparked the movement towards mandatory school uniforms. hile school uniforms may seem the perfect solution to the problem, to some its as good as putting a band-aid on a three-inch deep wound. There are many arguments for and against school uniforms in public schools; the main concern has to do with the legality of making uniforms compulsory for public school students. The focus of this paper will be to discuss the issues presented by those both for and against school uniforms. Additionally, the legality of such a policy if implemented will also be presented. Finally, facts and figures on those schools that have…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brunsma, David and Kerry A. Rockquemore. "The Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance, Behavior Problems, Substance Use, and Academic Achievement." 92(1): 53-62. The Journal of Educational Research (1998).

Court Orders School to Enroll Honors Student Who Protested Mandatory Uniform Policy. Retrieved on November 17, 2002 from web site http://www.aclu.org/StudentsRights/StudentsRights.cfm?ID=8077&c=156

Emert Suggests Mandatory School Uniforms. Retrieved on November 16, 2002 from web site http://www.morningsun.net/stories/092099/kan_0920990017.shtml

Holmquist, Micah. "Uniformed Public Schools." Retrieved on November 15, 2002 from web site http://www.stormpages.com/micahth/youth/su.html
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Violence in Ender's Game Ender's

Words: 1488 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29395909

As they repeatedly say, especially Graff, they are doing what they have to do, and although there may have been other tactics that would have worked, there was no way of knowing whether or not the human race could be saved without violent action against the buggers. The buggers themselves, though they do not really appear as character until the very end of the novel, in the dream they send to Ender on the new world, are actually stuck in the same bind as the humans. hat the human experienced as violence in the First and Second invasions was not actually violence to the buggers -- they had no idea that they were killing sentient beings. They had tried to communicate with the humans, but because the two species communicate so differently, this was impossible. Violence became necessary for them to ensure their own survival, and although eventually they succeed…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Card, Orson. Ender's Game. New York: Tor, 1991.
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Violence on College Campuses Virginia Tech Could

Words: 1242 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37248408

Violence on College Campuses

Virginia Tech could probably have avoided the terrible massacre of 2007 had its officials taken more timely and effective action with Seung Hui Cho. He had a very long record of mental illness dating back to middle school, including fantasies of violence and murder, and he had received psychiatric treatment in the past. His behavior at Virginia Tech was so disturbing to students and faculty that a court ordered him to undergo a psychiatric evaluation in 2005, although he refused all counseling. University officials did not discuss his case with each other or even with his parents for fear of violating state and federal confidentiality laws, although their interpretation of these was mostly incorrect. Even though medical and psychiatric records are confidential by law, there is an exception for students like Cho who are deemed a danger to themselves and others. Not only did he receive…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Burlin, S. And J. Gammage (2007). "Laws Limit Schools Even After Alarms," Philadelphia Inquirer, April 19, 2007.

Corey, G. et al. (2011). Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions, 8th Edition. Cengage Learning.

Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, April 16, 2007 (2007). Report of the Review Panel Presented to Governor Kaine, Commonwealth of Virginia.

McMurray, J. (2008). "Colleges Are Watching Troubled Students," Associated Press, March 28, 2008.
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Violence and the Cross an

Words: 3053 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38360665

Gustavo Gutierrez did just that in Latin America, employing Marxist analysis to interpret the Jesus' teachings in the Gospel. Gutierrez founded Liberation Theology, which is, essentially, the twentieth century take on Violence and the Cross. Christ is viewed less as Redeemer and more as Liberator.

Evans discusses this same interpretation in black theology, which is, essentially, a continuation of Liberation Theology: "In spite of the ravages of their kidnapping and the disorientation that they endured, African slaves retained an outlook on their experience that continually reaffirmed their worth as individuals and as a people…The Jesus whom they encountered as they were exposed to the Bible was a caring and liberating friend who shared their sorrows and burdens" (12). Yet, in black theology, Jesus does not bring grace through suffering that can perfect one's nature and lead one's soul to Heaven (as classical theology insists); in black theology, Jesus is the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Evans, James H. We Have Been Believers: An African-American Systematic Theology.

Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1992. Print.

Migliore, Daniel. Faith Seeking Understanding: an Introduction to Christian Theology.

Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1991. Print.
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Violence in Video Games and the Role

Words: 1464 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26785182

Violence in video games and the role of culture.

The video game industry is a multi-billion dollar industry representing about $9.9 billion dollars in retail sales in the U.S. alone in 2004 (Greitemeyer and Osswald, 2010). In this paper, video games refer to electronically controlled games played on any platform including console units, computers, internet, hand-held devices or various technology toys. In recent years, video games have redefined leisure activities among children as studies conducted in U.S. estimated that 99% of boys and 94% of girls play video games (Whitaker and Bushman, 2009), with children age 2-7 years spending an average of 3-5 hours a week playing games, while 8th and 9th grade students spend an average of 9 hours per week (Greitemeyer and Osswald, 2010). According to Whitaker and Bushman (2009), violence in video games is also commonplace with violent content available in over 85% of video games.

The…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, C.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2002). Human aggression. Annu Rev Psychol, 53, 27-51.

Bushman, B.J., & Anderson, C.A. (2002). Violent Video Games and Hostile Expectations: A Test of the General Aggression Model. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(12), 1679-1686.

Dill, K.E., & Dill, J.C. (1998). Video game violence: A review of the empirical literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 3(4), 407-428.

Funk, J.B., Buchman, D.D., & Germann, J.N. (2000). Preference for Violent Electronic Games, Self-Concept, and Gender Differences in Young Children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 70(2), 233-241.
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School Counseling Ethics Has Been

Words: 7187 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39967424

othe values

Moal chaacte, that is, having couage, being pesistent, dismissing distactions and so on in pusuit of the goal.

These ae attempts to define ethics by descibing actions, and faily specific constellations of actions at that. Fedeich Paulson, a 19th centuy philosophe of ethics, defined ethics as a science of moal duty (1899).

Almost 100 yeas late, Swenson also used the concept of study in defining ethics, saying that it included the systematic study of concepts such as ight and wong. Othe eseaches note that the idea of systematic study is common in dictionay definitions of ethics, with the Ameican Heitage Dictionay focusing on thee elements: " the study of moal philosophy, the ules of a pofession (o moe boadly the chaacte of a community), and moal self-examination (Soukhanov, 1992).

Hill (2004) offes a 'definition' that is mainly pactical but also incopoates some theoetical content. They believe that ethical…… [Read More]

references for confidentiality of records. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 34, 62-67.

Welfel, E.R. (1992). Psychologist as ethics educator: Successes, failures, and unanswered questions. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 23, 182-189.

Welfel, E.R. (1998). Ethics in counseling and psychotherapy: Standards, research, and emerging issues. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Welfel, E.R. (2002). Ethics in counseling and psychotherapy: Standards, research, and emerging issues (2nd ed.). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
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School Clinics Affects on Students

Words: 3382 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58532109

Utilization of the data and collection of the data should be one of the main aims of the policy makers. The data can be used by the policymakers in order to develop the policies and implement these in order to make sure that improvement can be ensured (Basch, 2011, p. 9).

3. One of the main roles that can be played by the policy makers includes reviewing the policies that have already been designed for the schools. How these previous policies have played roles in an improvement of academics of the children, their environments and their health are important parts of the review by the policymakers. It is important that funding is collected for the issues that affect health and academics of children.

4. The policymakers should make sure that the importance of school-based health clinics that can play roles in looking after the needs of the students.

Great levels…… [Read More]

References

Basch, C. (2011). Executive Summary: Healthier Students Are Better Learners. Journal of School Health 81, pp. 4-107.

Bruzzese, J., Sheares, B.J., Vincent, E.J., Du, Y., Sadeghi, H., Levison, M.J., Mellins, B.R., and Evans, D. (2011). Effects of a School-based Intervention for Urban Adolescents with Asthma: A Controlled Trial. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. April 15, 2011 183, pp. 998-1006.

Gall, G., Pagano, M.E., Desmond, S., Perrin, J.M., and Murphy, J.M. (2000). Utility of Psychosocial Screening at a School-based Health Center. Journal of School Health 70, pages 292 -- 298.

Geierstanger, P.S., Amaral, G., Mansour, M., and Walters, R.S. (2004). School-Based Health Centers and Academic Performance: Research, Challenges, and Recommendations. Journal of School Health 74, pages 347 -- 352.
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School Improvement One of the

Words: 2044 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14917216

More so, they will be able to apply the skills they learned in the classroom into the real-world environment of the community, which will only increase their understanding of the classroom objectives and lessons. Finally, by having students become involved in the community, the community will see first-hand the results of their taxes that go to support the school and the students learning experience.

Likewise, the staff must also become involved in the community, particularly the professional teaching community, in order to ensure that their teaching methods do not become stagnate, or out of date. The teacher has a lifelong obligation to continue to learn. As learning needs and methods rapidly evolve, the teacher's college education quickly becomes outdated. Therefore, a quality professional development program and other professional organizations must be made available to all the school's teachers. However, these professional organizations and seminars must be made relevant to the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Noguera, Pedro a. And Jean Yonemura Wing. (2006): Unfinished Business: Closing the Racial Achievement Gap in Our Schools. New York: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated.

Perry, Theresa, Hilliard, Asa G., and Claude Steele. (2004): Young, Gifted and Black: Promoting High Achievement Among African-American Students. New York: Beacon Press.
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Violence and Death in Slaughterhouse

Words: 2292 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76103801

This idea appears repeatedly. hen Billy proposes marriage to Valencia:

Billy didn't want to marry ugly Valencia. She was one of the symptoms of his disease. He knew he was going crazy when he heard himself proposing marriage to her, when he begged her to take the diamond ring and be his companion for life, (ibid p.107).

However, he was trapped in his life, for better or worse, such as the fact that Billy knew when he would be killed, yet didn't try to do anything about it. His death is compared with mankind's fate.

At one point Billy discusses the problem of war with the Tralfamadorians (p.117). They tell him that war is inevitable and he is stupid to try to change it. Humanity is trapped in his human nature, to create war and wreak death. Some people want peace, but they are naive and are unaware of human…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brifonski and Mendelson (Eds). Contemporary Literary Criticism vol.8. Detroit: Gale Research Co. 1978.

Riley, Carolyn (Editor); Contemporary Literary Criticism vol.1. Detroit: Gale Research Co. 1973.

Riley, Carolyn and Barbara Harte (Editors); Contemporary Literary Criticism vol.2. Detroit: Gale Research Co. 1974.

Vit, Marek. "The Themes of Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse Five." Kurt Vonnegut Corner. http://www.geocities.com/Hollywood/4953/themes.html.<
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Violence on Child Substance Abuse and Physical Emotional Abuse and Victims Becoming Abusers

Words: 719 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57887725

Violence in the Family, Violence Against Children is a Cycle

To have a rational understanding of the cycle of violence and abuse that occurs within families as a result of past sexual abuse and present drug abuse upon the heads of the family, one must seek explanations for such bad parental behavior without excusing the negative behavior on the part of the adults themselves. If no causes of violence can be determined, and only legal vengeance is enacted against the perpetrators of abuse, then merely punishment will occur and the cycle of violence and hatred will never end. It is better to redress such crimes, moreover, with an eye to reforming the family, rather than in a spirit of retributive justice.

An example of this can be seen in the child psychologist Torey Hayden's book One Child. In her text, the author and teacher chronicle the abuse of one of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hayde, Torey. One Child. Avon, 1980

Kruger, (February 7, 2003). "DCF Policy Shift." St. Petersburg Times. Front Page.
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Violence in American Sports Today

Words: 3564 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28418040

Given that people engage in sporting events for a wide range of reasons, the authors assert that it is time for athletes to develop a moral code that embraces higher standards of conduct that will help reverse these recent trends and once again provide American sports with a sense of fair play and respect.

Fredenburg, Karen, Rafer Lutz, Glenn Miller et al. (2005). "Dismissals and Perceptions of Pressure in Coaching in Texas High Schools: Similarities and Differences with Previous Studies Show the Contemporary Face of Coaching Pressure." JOPERD-- The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 76(1):29.

In this essay, the authors report that there have been a number of recent studies and reports that suggest that the pressure in high school sports is growing, rather than declining. The authors cite an article in Sports Illustrated that described the alarming trends of parental misbehavior at youth sport events. The president…… [Read More]

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Violence Against Children in China

Words: 1319 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51636891

The document states this in this wording (United Nations):

Bearing in mind that the need to extend particular care to the child has been stated in the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child of 1924 and in the Declaration of the Rights of the Child adopted by the General Assembly on 20 November 1959 and recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (in particular in articles 23 and 24), in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (in particular in article 10) and in the statutes and relevant instruments of specialized agencies and international organizations concerned with the welfare of children.

Thus under the leadership of the United Nations, many different groups have joined forces to improve the quality of lives of children around the world.

Opposing Arguments

Many people have defended the Chinese culture and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Garvin, G. "Tiger mom Amy Chua roars with new controversial book about 'America's elite'." 2 February 2014. Miami Herald Books. Online. 15 April 2014.

Intlekofter, K. "Discipline or abuse?" 3 December 2012. John Hopkins Magazine. Online. 15 April 2014.

Jiali, G. "Child abuse in a culture of non-interference." 7 June 2012. China.org.cn. Online. 14 April 2014.

Pedro, B. "Study debunks 'tiger mom'- myth: children worse grades, are more depressed and more alienated from their parents." 12 May 2013. The Economy of Meaning. Online. 15 April 2014.
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Gun Violence in Schools

Words: 2918 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56867679

Gun Violence in Schools

School violence is a dangerous happening that is transcending many schools in the world. Several occasions have been reported where children have perished or suffered traumatic experiences of gunfire and killings within schools. As many states and governments have reiterated the need to have immediate solutions to this problem, gun violence and attacks in schools is still rampant. Gun violence among adolescents in schools is dated back to a number of happenings as those that attacked the U.S. Young generations are being exposed to weapons and knowledge on how to involve guns in schools and when at home. While in schools, children engage in unhealthy behaviours of joining gang violence groups. The entire problem remains as a mistake or burden to parents and fellow students who do not engage in such activities. Nonetheless, there are various reasons that have been given to result to gun violence…… [Read More]

References

Eisenbraun, K.D. (2007). Violence in schools: Prevalence, prediction, and prevention. Aggression and Violent Behavior, ISSN 1359-1789, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp. 459 -- 469

Kruesi, MJ.P et al. (1999). Suicide and Violence Prevention: Parent Education in the Emergency Department. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 0890-8567, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp. 250-255

Mazefsky, C. A & Farrell, A. D (2005). The Role of Witnessing Violence, Peer Provocation, Family Support, and Parenting Practices in the Aggressive Behavior of Rural Adolescents. Journal of Child and Family Studies, ISSN 1062-1024, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp. 71 -- 85

Parker, G. F (2010). Application of a firearm seizure law aimed at dangerous persons: outcomes from the first two years. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.), ISSN 1075-2730, 05/Volume 61, Issue 5, pp. 478 -- 482
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Metal Detectors in School

Words: 1157 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44512113

Metal Detectors in Schools

When confronted with a frightening phenomena, people often tend only to look at the symptom, rather than the underlying cause, and in turn they end up making the problem worse, as in the case of installing metal detectors in schools in an attempt to stop violence. Although at first glance installing a metal detector might seem like an obvious choice towards making schools safer, this kind of thinking only makes the problem worse by wasting time and energy on a "solution" that ignores the larger problem, is not actually effective, and harms the very people it is meant to protect. Examining these three faults in greater detail will reveal how the use of metal detectors is born out an ignorant, careless approach to safety that harms the public while making money for a few self-interested parties.

The first problem with using metal detectors in schools is…… [Read More]

References

DeAngelis, K, Brent, B & Ianni, D. (2011). The hidden cost of school security. Journal of Education Finance, 36(3), 312-337.

Hartnett, S. (2008). The annihilating public policies of the prison-industrial complex; or, crime, violence, and punishment in an age of neoliberalism. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 11(3),

492-515.

Mawson, A, Lapsley, P, Hoffman, A & Guignard, J. (2002). Preventing lethal violence in schools:
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Exposure to Community Violence

Words: 1377 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12997657

Exposure to Community Violence: Intervention

The purpose of this work is to research exposure to community violence by school-age children and further to examine the intervention methods utilized in dealing with the trauma and associated psychological factors.

Intervention being implemented early is key in assisting school-age children in coping with trauma and the associated symptoms and conditions both emotionally and psychologically for avoidance of complicating the condition or other results in permanent damage.

What the Professionals have to Say:

Exposure to trauma and violence is a risk that is at a "disconcertingly high level[s]" according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

Researchers have noted that there are 'certain limitations and knowledge' and that there is need for more research in this area and a more comprehensive long-term analysis.

(ender, 2003)

Study performed by Cognitive ehavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools;

A study performed by the Los Angeles School…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Children and Adolescents Exposure to Community Violence, Post-Traumatic Stress Reactions, and Treatment Implications [Online] located at: http://216.239.39.104 / search?q=cache:kL3UFs5EXVEJ: www.rand.org/publications/newsletters/child/0104/is sue.pdf+Exposure+to+Community+Violence,+Student+Intervention& hl=en& ie=UTF-8

Lumsden, Linda (2000) Research Roundup 17, 1 (Fall 2000) Early Intervention to Prevent Violence [Online] at: http://eric.uoregon.edu/publications / roundup/Fall_2000.html

Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools [Online] at: http://ww.hsrcenter.ucla.edu/research/cbits.shtml

Sieger, Karin et al. (2004)The Effects and Treatment of Community Violence in Children and Adolescents What Should Be Done? Trauma, Violence & Abuse Vol.5, No.3, 243-259 (2004)
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Safe School the State of

Words: 825 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12969495

it are very important to avoid any form of misconception when it comes to violence in schools.it is also important to ensure that trust is built between adults and students.it is also necessary to build an interdisciplinary as well as trained threat assessment team (NASP esources, 2013).

Juvenile gangs

There has been an increase in the number of juvenile gangs that are being formed. The gang problem is one which is continuing to grow within the community, it is important to find out the factors which drive juveniles into joining gangs. Joining gangs is consists of both pulls and pushes. The pulls entail the attractiveness of gangs. These include prestige associated with gang membership from friends. The gangs also provide attractive opportunities such as chances of excitement through selling drugs and getting money. Therefore most juveniles end up choosing to join gangs. There is some social .cultural or economic forces…… [Read More]

References

American Psychological Association. (2013).Warning signs of youth violence. Retrieved June 30, 2013 from http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/warning-signs.aspx#

NASP Resources (2013).Threat Assessment: Predicting and Preventing school violence. Retrieved June 30, 2013 from http://www.nasponline.org/resources/factsheets/threatassess_fs.aspx
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Educational Psychology Schools Must Take

Words: 1822 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57685348



The results showed that 37% of those responding have had "some type of frequent involvement in bullying"; the data showed that 17.5% of those thirty-seven percent of the student population were victims, 11.7% were bullies, and 8.4% were both bullies and victims (bully/victim). Interestingly, and going back to the Handbook of Educational Psychology's view of bullying as acting out ethnocentrism, "minority youth were significantly more likely to be categorized as bully/victims and bullies, but significantly less likely to be categorized as victims than hite youth" (Bradshaw, p. 12).

Moreover, minority youth in the survey had "increased odds" of reporting that "rumors or lies had been spread about them," and that they had been "bullied with sexual comments or gestures" (Bradshaw, p. 12). No surprisingly, youth in the groups that were connected to bullying or being victims reported feeling "less safe and less connected to their school" than youth in the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Berliner, David C., & Calfee, Robert C. (1996). Handbook of Educational Psychology.

New York: MacMillan Library Reference / Simon & Schuster MacMillan.

Bradshaw, Catherine P., O'Brennan, Lindsey M., & Sawyer, Anne L. (2008). Examining

Variation in Attitudes Toward Aggressive Retaliation and Perceptions of Safety
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Gun Violence in Schools Statistics Why and

Words: 738 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38349518

Gun Violence in Schools: Statistics, Why, And ecommendations

On December 14, 2013, 20-year-old Adam Lanza massacred 20 children and 7 adults at the Sandy Hook Elementary School (Barron, 2012). The doors were locked and visitors had to be buzzed in, but Lanza was able to overcome these barriers by shooting his way in. The guns came from her mother's house and she was later found shot dead, apparently by Lanza. After committing the massacre at Sandy Hook, Lanza committed suicide, thus robbing the nation of the possibility of learning why. This essay will examine the history of gun violence in U.S. schools and discuss current professional opinions about why these killings happen and how to stop them.

Historical Perspective

In 2010, epresentative Donna Edwards (D-Md) reported that there had been 181 school shootings since the Columbine massacre in 1999. On April 20 of that year, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold,…… [Read More]

References

APA (American Psychological Association). (2013). Recommendations to prevent gun-related violence. Improve and expand school violence prevention efforts. American Psychological Association. Retrieved 20 Sep. 2013 from http://www.apa.org/about/gr/issues/violence/gun-related.aspx.

Barron, James. (2012, Dec. 15). Gunman massacres 20 children at school in Connecticut; 28 dead, including killer. New York Times, A1.

Brock, Stephen E. (2013). Youth gun violence fact sheet. National Association of School Psychologists. Retrieved 20 Sep. 2013 from www.nasponline.org/resources/crisis_safety/Youth_Gun_Violence_Fact_Sheet.pdf.

Brooks, David. (2004, Apr. 24). The Columbine killers. New York Times. Retrieved 20 Sep. 2013 from http://www.nytimes.com/2004/04/24/opinion/the-columbine-killers.html.
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TV Violence on Children the

Words: 2062 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83827954

In contrast, TV influences children in abandoning the theories they were taught and embrace other concepts, most related to violence. Also, after being exposed to TV violence children feel that it is perfectly natural for them to behave similar to the characters on TV (Langone, 1984, p. 48).

It is extremely important for a child to be assisted by an adult when watching TV. Studies have shown that children are influenced by the way adults perceive TV programs, meaning that a child is likely to gain a better understanding of right and wrong when he or she is supported by a mature individual. Even with that, TV violence can negatively influence children, as they will merely hide their aggression in the cases when they are assisted by an adult who disapproves of violent behavior in watching TV (Langone, 1984, p. 56).

Children are generally willing to do anything in ordered…… [Read More]

Works cited:

1. Barker, M. & Petley, J. (2001). Ill Effects: The Media/Violence Debate. New York: Routledge.

2. Hoffman, A.M. (1996) Schools, Violence, and Society. Westport, CT: Praeger.

3. Josephson, W.L. (1995). "Television Violence: A Review of the Effects on Children of Different Ages." Retrieved August 16, 2010, from the Media Awareness Network Web site: http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/resources/research_documents/reports/violence/tv_violence_child.cfm

4. Langone, J. (1984). Violence!: Our Fastest-Growing Public Health Problem. 1st ed. Boston: Little, Brown
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Campus Violence on K-12 Setting

Words: 777 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54471244

Campus Violence on K-12 Setting

To Whom it May Concern,

I am planning to research the effects of offering a martial arts program regiment within the school on school violence among elementary, middle, and high school students. Search of ERIC databases has generated little prior research on this topic. Many studies have shown that martial arts have many beneficial effects on the emotional and physical well-being of those who participate in martial arts classes and studies. Other studies have linked school violence to a number of sources, including low self-esteem of those who experience violent outbursts, the stress caused by the school environment, the physical inactivity levels of a student sitting in class daily, and the often abusive and humiliating nature of the physical education programs that are traditionally offered in school, among many other factors. Additionally, many bullies chose to pick on those who have little or no self-defense…… [Read More]

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Campus Violence for K-12 Setting

Words: 489 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43381566

Campus Violence for K-12 Setting

What measurable outcome do you choose to explain?

I wish to explain the effect that having martial arts-based classes offered as a regular regiment for students would have on the total number of violent incidents, as well as what the severity of this violence is, occurring on campus among students.

How would you measure the outcome?

School nurses, administrators, and teachers would all be asked to keep record of any witnessed or reported violent acts committed on campus at the school where the program would be implemented. The study would ideally take place over the course of an extended period of time so that the gradual changes and variations in data would be evident. The total number of violent incidents occurring each day, each week, each month, and each semester would be calculated, as well as how often medical attention was necessary for the involved…… [Read More]

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Decisions by School Superintendents Improper Attitude and

Words: 7657 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31703614

Decisions by School Superintendents

Improper Attitude and Unprofessional Conduct of Teachers

To educate a person in mind and not in morals is to educate a menace to society - President Theodore oosevelt.

That teaching is at one and the same time an intellectual as well as a moral endeavor, is an idea that is well entrenched in the minds of men since centuries past. The sayings of great teachers of ancient times bear ample testimony to this premise, which continues to hold sway across nations and vastly differing civilizations over the years.

In the sense that it takes care of the general well being of young students entrusted to the care of an educational institution and ensures that they are treated fairly and accorded the respect they are due as persons, teaching is most certainly a moral activity. It is concerned with building and maintaining relationships of trust with pupils…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, D.S., & Biddle, B.J. (Eds.) (1991). Knowledge for Policy: Improving Education through Research. New York: The Falmer Press.

Ave, M. (2002, April 24). Jesuit High teacher fired amid misconduct claim. Retrieved December 19, 2002 at  http://www.sptimes.com/2002/04/24/TampaBay/Jesuit_High_teacher_f.shtml .

Barth, R.S. (1990). Improving schools from within. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Benson, P. (1997). All Kids Are Our Kids: What Communities Must Do To Raise Caring and Responsible Children and Adolescents. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
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Education Uniforms in School

Words: 1895 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32854610

school uniforms within a school system. Ideas such as school discipline, student behavior, and academic achievement are discussed along with examples of why different schools have implemented student use of uniforms. Various viewpoints are presented, along with proponents and opponents concerns for the actual implementation of uniforms.

IMPLEMENTATION OF SCHOOL UNIFORMS ITHIN A SCHOOL SYSTEM: AFFECTS ON DISCIPLINE AND STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

Many schools across the United States have adopted school uniforms to meet the needs for a mandatory dress code. There are many opposing arguments on the issue of whether public school students in the United States should be required to wear uniforms or obey dress codes. Improvement of discipline and academic performance, reduction of fashion competition among students are a few of the reasons given in support of implementing school uniforms. However, the opposing viewpoints maintain that requiring school uniforms are a violation of students' First Amendment right to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brunsma, David. "Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance, Behavior Problems, Substance Use and Academic Achievement." Journal of Educational Research 92 (1998) 53-63.

Clinton, William J. Text of Presidential Memo to Secretary of Education on School Uniforms Washington DC: U.S. Newswire, 1996.

Clinton, William J. Transcript of Presidential Radio Address to the Nation.

Washington DC: U.S. Newswire, 1996.
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Video Games & Violence in

Words: 5597 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3976305

" (Eagleheart, 2000) Eagleheart (2002) notes that violence does constitute a primary concern for children, particularly in schools. ather than contributing video games as a cause of violence in children, she encourages educators and others to look deeper and consider that violene has goals; that the particular goal will depend on the individual.

At times, goals of violence may be evident, conscious choices from a child is playing now wants. Other times, goals may not be evident nor conscious. Possible examples of goal from violence, Eagleheart (2002) suggests, include but are not limited to:

child's need to try to secure power and control;

child's expression of painful emotions (anger, fear, despair) that he/she may be experiencing;

child's method of protecting him/her;

child reenacting and experience to try to obtain a different result;

child displaying behavior but he/she learned from others.

Trouble? America's youth, particularly boys, are in trouble. According to…… [Read More]

References www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5005820977

Amendola, a.M., & Scozzie, S. (2004). Promising Strategies for Reducing Violence. Reclaiming Children and Youth, 13(1), 51+. Retrieved October 5, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5005820977 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5006659851

Aspy, C.B., Oman, R.F., Vesely, S.K., Mcleroy, K., Rodine, S., & Marshall, L. (2004). Adolescent Violence: The Protective Effects of Youth Assets. Journal of Counseling and Development, 82(3), 268+. Retrieved October 5, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5006659851 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001861394

Borzekowski, D.L., & Robinson, T.N. (1999). Viewing the Viewers: Ten Video Cases of Children's Television Viewing Behaviors. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 43(4), 506. Retrieved October 5, 2007, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001861394

The Columbia World of Quotations. (1996). New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved October 6, 2007, from www.bartleby.com/66 / www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000928576
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Positive and Negative Effects Video Games Have in Relation to Addiction Human Interaction and Violence

Words: 5997 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31230091

Computer Games esearch

When considering the short history of computers, video and PC gaming are very recent on the timeline of technology. This is one of the reasons why there have not been many conclusive studies on the negative and/or positive effects of electronic games on children and young adults -- the most formative years. With the ever-increasing interest and involvement of children in this activity, much concern has been expressed about the impact of these games, especially ones of a more violent nature, on physical and psychological development. At the crux of the debate is the question of whether they are detrimental to a young person's health. There are specific concerns about such factors as aggression, addiction, criminal activity, obesity and reduced academic achievement.

Studies thus far show both positive and negative results from playing video and PC games. Some research finds that the playing or observing of violent…… [Read More]

References Cited

Anderson, C.A., and K.E. Dill "Video Games and Aggressive Thoughts, Feelings, and Behavior in the Laboratory and in Life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000, 78, 772-790.

Ask, A., Autoustinos, M., and A.H. Winefield, "To kill or not to kill: Competitive aggression in Australian adolescent males during videogame play." Children in the New Media Landscape. C. van Feilitzen and U. Carlsson (Eds.). Goteborg, Sweden: UNESCO International Clearinghouse on Children and Violence on the Screen, 2000.

Bowman, R.P. And J.C. Rotter. "Computer games: Friend or foe?" Elementary School Guidance and Counselling, 1983, 18, 25 -- 34

Calvert, S.L., and S. Tan, (1994). "Impact of Virtual Reality on Young Adults' Physiological Arousal and Aggressive Thoughts." Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 1994, 15, 125-139.
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Threats of Violence in Counseling and Psychotherapy

Words: 1641 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88930441

Threats of Violence in Counseling and Psychotherapy

There is an urban legend about an incident at a mental hospital caught on video: a psychotic patient at a hospital, who has a history of threatening violent acts, manages to smuggle a screwdriver from a workman. This patient, armed with said screwdriver, barricades himself into a room, takes a nurse hostage, and does not respond well to the attempts made by psychiatrists and police officers alike. n the end, the mental patient stabs the nurse hostage fatally in the neck with the screw driver. Of course, the supposed incident on tape that has circulated the semi-underground video circuit for decades (included on "Faces of Death Volume V") is actually a poorly staged reenactment of an event which probably never occurred in the first place. However, tales such as these have inevitably become a part of the universal subconscious of a modern society…… [Read More]

It may be beneficial to refer any students showing warning signs to the school counselor, but this will only be beneficial if that counselor is sympathetic, knowledgeable, ethical, and holding every student's best interest in mind. It is additionally important to ensure that the counseling sessions do not interfere with school and social activities to the degree that they actually incite more frustration, anger, and hostility for the student in question! Recommending a student speak with the school counselor is not usually dangerous ground legally. However, making this mandatory can have legal implications, and certainly making mandatory sessions with a psychotherapist a condition of continued attendance at the school can backfire. Administrators and school counselors need to work together to create a supportive school environment that fosters communication between students, teachers, and counselors, so that potential problems can be identified early and addressed while there is time to avoid damage to the student, his or her peers, or school property. Based on the findings that "there is insufficient evidence to recommend for or against clinician counseling of asymptomatic adolescents and adults to prevent morbidity and mortality from youth violence" (Counseling to Prevent Youth Violence 2004), it can be assumed that students will not have an undesirable reaction from continued counseling to help deal with issues of violence in schools.

When dealing with threats of domestic violence, there are many considerations that must be carefully weighed in determining the best approach. Counselors and psychotherapists may offer help directly to the victims of or witnesses to domestic violence. Others approach the situation by counseling the batterers, or perpetrators of domestic violence. There are some counseling organizations that focus on breaking the cycle of violence by counseling the abusers, as well as their victims. "AMEND provides counseling to men who have been abusive, anger management, and addiction counseling; educational support, groups for victims, and community education." (AMEND 2004) This approach would not seem outrageous at all if applied to, for example, students with a history of violent outbursts. However, the domestic abuser has been thoroughly demonized in our society. Whether the abuse is physical, emotional, or otherwise, certainly these actions cannot be justified. However, the AMEND group explains that:

Domestic violence will never go away if we provide services only to the victims. Abusive men can change if they have the ...
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Religion & Curbing Violence Has

Words: 1235 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63915802

The issue remains debatable, but a case can be made that the mainstream judgment was terribly wrong in a cultural sense" (right 17).

Schools and educational institutes play a vital role in teaching religious traditions and imparting knowledge regarding religion. The most important aspect of teaching religion is to adopt proper method of teaching. Avoiding controversial and extremist point-of-views and including positive elements from religious teachings from various religions could help in developing tolerance in the generation that growing in the era when religious violence is at its peak.

Other School of Thought

The other school of thought makes the case against religion when it comes to controlling violence. They argue that it is the religion that encourages violence simple on the basis of religious differences. People belonging to one religion consider them superior to others. Examples of all major religions including Christianity can be given when these religions induced…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Wright, Elliott a. 'Religion in American Education'. Phi Delta Kappan. 81.1. (1999): 17.

Volf, Miroslav. 'More Religion, Less Violence'. The Christian Century. 119. 8. (April 10, 2002): 32.

Bennett, Gary L 'Preventing School Violence: Is Religion the Answer'. Free Inquiry. 19. 4. (Fall 1999): 28.

Vernon, Glenn M. Sociology of Religion. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1982.
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Police Protection at Schools in Light of

Words: 2061 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16615578

police protection at schools in light of the sniper attacks as well as the school shootings that have occurred over the years. The paper presents a study proposal and a critique of literature about the public's desire and willingness to support police protection being placed in elementary and middle schools on a daily basis. There were five sources used to complete this paper.

One of the things that Americans pride themselves on is the freedom that is afforded by living here. That freedom includes the refusal to become a police state or anything that represents a police state. Currently the nation is at a crossroads however, when it comes to the students in schools. For the last several years students have been shooting students, strangers have been shooting students and most recently the DC sniper has targeted students. Parents are becoming less and less sure of the school's abilities to…… [Read More]

References

Colavecchio, Shannon (2001). OFFICERS GET SCHOOLING IN PREVENTING CAMPUS VIOLENCE., The Palm Beach Post, pp 1A.

____(1998). HOUSE PASSES MALONEY SCHOOL COPS BILL., States News Service,.

Gold, Maria (2002). Police Presence in Schools Is An Asset, Report Says; Resource Officers Handle Mostly Minor Incidents., The Washington Post, pp T04.

____(2002). MORELLA ANNOUNCES FEDERAL COPS IN SCHOOLS GRANT FOR MONTGOMERY COUNTY., Capitol Hill Press Releases,.
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Detention Suspension and Expulsion Effect of Disciplinary Policy in Public School

Words: 4451 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12423838

Detention, Suspension,

AND EXPULSION:

EFFECT OF DISCIPLINAY POLICY

Instrument to be used

Participants

Future use of study results

Over the last few decades the institution of education has undergone many changes. One of the most scrutinized areas of education currently is the area of discipline. The recent rash of violence across the nation at high school has caused the focus to turn to discipline. The Columbine killings among other violent school events have caused experts to begin looking at bullies, violence, at risk students and others to discover what the key is to turning them around in their school career. One discipline method that has been used for years is removal of the offending student from the general student population. The student who is removed is done so either through suspension or expulsion. Suspension and expulsion are used in many situations as discipline. When students break zero tolerance policies, or…… [Read More]

References

Aisha Sultan; And Holly Hacker; Of The Post-Dispatch, METRO EAST SUSPENSION RATE IS TWICE THE STATE AVERAGE: PARENTS ARE ALARMED, BUT ADMINISTRATORS SAY ORDER MUST BE MAINTAINED., St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 02-24-2002, pp C1.

Brian, Bumbarger. School Violence: Disciplinary Exclusion Prevention and Alternatives. Universties Children's Policy Partnership. 1999.

VOS Inger, Cambridge cuts suspensions., Waikato Times (New Zealand), 12-01-2001, pp 3.

Robert L. Morgan; Travis S. Loosli; Sebastian Striefel, REGULATING THE USE OF BEHAVIORAL PROCEDURES IN SCHOOLS: A FIVE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP SURVEY OF STATE DEPARTMENT STANDARDS. Vol. 30, Journal of Special Education, 01-15-1997.
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Approaches to Managing School Gangs

Words: 1642 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40010431

Gangs in Public School

Many schools especially in urban and suburban areas continue to register gang-related activities within their premises and involving their students. This study appreciates the dangers associated with such gangs to the schools and other stakeholders around them. Various laws and regulation have been passed in different states in the U.S. allow parents to withdraw their children from certain public schools. Schools reputed for gang-related problems stand to lose students. This paper provides the scope of action steps in which schools take to intervene, prevent, and suppress the scope of violent gang activity while establishing crisis response plans. The strategies are developed to address potential actions of school violence including gang activity.

Gang members bring in their attitudes, behaviors, and conflicts to the school compounds. The dangerous gang issues and activities of a given community take place within local schools. Gang members take on each other within…… [Read More]

References

Branch, C., (2013). Adolescent Gangs: Old Issues, New Approaches. New York: Routledge.

Garot, R. (2010). Who You Claim: Performing Gang Identity in School and on the Streets. NYU Press

Kinnear, K.L. (2009). Gangs: A Reference Handbook. New York: ABC-CLIO.

Macnab, N. (2012). Uncle Sam's Schoolhouse: Bullying, Predators, and Students. New York: Dog Ear Publishing
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Code of Conduct -- the School Environment

Words: 746 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21275407

Code of Conduct -- The school environment has changed over the past several decades. As is typical, the schools reflect many of society's values and certainly the cultural changes experienced in society are then reflected within the classroom. This has become particularly true when it comes to school violence, behavior, and the availability of firearms or weapons within the school environment. These factors, as well as other sociological changes (one-parent households, technology, gang behavior, substance abuse, etc.) require that schools adopt a stricter Code of Conduct that allows a semblance of safety for both faculty and the student body (Ballantine, 2007). However, it is important that any Code of Conduct also adequately reflect the standards expected of students, be reasonable, fair, and equitable -- as well as enforceable. It should suit the development of the learners at all levels. It must contain a set of moral values, norms and principles…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Ethics in the Schools (1913 & 2006). OldandSold.com. / Cited in:

 http://www.oldandsold.com/articles04/education9.shtml 

Barry, B. (2006). Schools and the Law: A Participant's Guide. Capetown: Juta & Co.

Ballantine, J. (2008). Schools and Society: A Sociological Approach to Education. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
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Privacy for High School Students

Words: 12892 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13864282

Internet: Privacy for High School Students

An Analysis of Privacy Issues and High School Students in the United States Today

In the Age of Information, the issue of invasion of privacy continues to dominate the headlines. More and more people, it seems, are becoming victims of identity theft, one of the major forms of privacy invasion, and personal information on just about everyone in the world is available at the click of a mouse. In this environment, can anyone, especially high school students, reasonably expect to have any degree of privacy? High school students, after all, are not protected by many of the same constitutional guarantees as adults, but their needs for privacy may be as great, or greater, than their adult counterparts. To determine what measure of privacy, if any, high schools students can expect at home and school today, this paper provides an overview of the issue of…… [Read More]

References

Alarming Number of Teens Addicted to the Internet. (2001, February 1). Korea Times, 3.

Albanes, R., Armitay, O., Fischer, B., & Warner, J. (1998). Marijuana, Juveniles, and the Police: What High-School Students Believe about Detection and Enforcement.

Canadian Journal of Criminology, 40(4), 401-20.

Black's law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
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Random Locker Searches in Schools

Words: 1251 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50746868



Reasonable suspicion -- A carefully considered presumption, based on specific facts and circumstances, that a person is probably involved in criminal activity. efore an officer can act on this level of suspicion, he must have enough knowledge to lead any reasonably cautious person to conclude that a crime has been (or is about to be) committed by the suspect.

The 4th amendment dictates that all people are guaranteed against unreasonable searches or seizures of their person or personal effects. Still though a student has less of this right due to court's giving more leeway to schools in the name of student safety and well-being.

Is this an invasion of the student's privacy?

Student privacy or lack of privacy in school, how much privacy should the students have or need? "The main drawback to locker searches is the loss of privacy that students may feel. A locker is the only place…… [Read More]

Bibliography

American Civil Liberties Union of Utah. (2010). Search and seizure. Retrieved on April 9, 2010

from http://www.acluutah.org/SKYR4.html.

Davis, K, Kelsey, J, Langellier, D, Mapes, M, & Rosenthal, J. (2003) Surveillance in School

Safety vs. Personal Privacy. Retrieved on April 9, 2010 from http://students.ed.uiuc.edu/jkelsey/surveillance/locker.htm
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Non Drug School Flight School

Words: 789 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62448467

The intention is to help promote neighborhood unity rather than criminal enforcement as a way of bringing long-term improvement to the lives of our students. (aatinen, 1)

Staffing Plan:

Staffing would be comprise of an already existing teaching staff. Our educators would be provided with suitable training similar to the cultural training preceding our transition into Flight School status.

Action Planning:

The primary objective is to develop a curriculum centered around current knowledge, open-discussion format and planned community engagement as endorsed by articles such as that by aatinen (1999). Responsibilities include non-judgment and the provision of accurate information. The Plan should be implemented a year from acceptance of this proposal.

Evaluation:

The goals of the program will be evaluated by using surveys, to be conducted amongst educators and families.

Communication:

The goals of the program will be communicated to the public through local town hall style meetings.

Bibliography

The following…… [Read More]

Jaatinen, J. (1999). Drugs at school: How the school community addresses the problem within an interactional framework. Contemporary Drug Problems, 26.

Jeynes, W.H. (2002). The relationship between the consumption of various drugs by adolescents and their academic achievement. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 28.

Lowry, R. Cohen, L.R. Modzeleski, W. Kann, L. Collins, J.L. Kolbe, L.J. (1999). School violence, substance use, and availability of illegal drugs on school property among U.S. high school students. Journal of School Health, 69.
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Rap the Cause or the Result of Violence

Words: 2703 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3115064

Rap Music: The Result of Violence

Rap music is a phenomenon that is unparalleled in America, at no other time has a music form risen in such a way and gripped a nation as fully. While, rap music has its roots in the ghettos of the U.S.A. And black culture, it is now a full scale industry that caters to the disenfranchised youth of America and bridges all gaps of culture and social level. Indeed, one of the currently most famous rappers, and relevant to this topic, is white, as are most of the current buyers and listeners to rap music. Violence and rap music are interwoven in such a way that it is impossible to completely untwine them but looking at the cause and results of violence is a different topic that needs going into as it has far reaching implications, including the government control of the music industry.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Villani, Susan. "Impact of Media on Children and Adolescents: A 10-year review of the research," Publication: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, April 1, 2001.

The National Media Violence Study, Federman, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1995 "Preventing and Producing Violence: A Critical Analysis of Responses to School Violence." Harvard Educational Review.

Bayles, Martha. Hole In Our Soul: The Loss of Beauty and Meaning in American Popular Music, by, New York: The Free Press, 1996.

Doherty, Brian. Listen up! Eminem gives a voice to his generation, February 18, 2001, issue of the Detroit News
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Gun Safety Be Taught in Schools The

Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89335714

Gun Safety Be Taught in Schools?

The purpose of this 2009 mixed method study by Cecelia Obeng was to ascertain the need for teaching gun safety to students in pre-K to grade 6. Additionally, the researchers hoped to determine who teachers felt were most qualified to teach children about gun safety and to determine if gun safety were to be, taught the most appropriate grade level. In 2005 there were 3,006 firearms related deaths in among children aged 15 and younger. Of these 822 (27%) were children that committed suicide with a gun, 1,972 (66%) were gun related homicides, and 212 (7%) were a result of accidental death related to firearms. Approximately one-third of U.S. homes with children have firearms. esearch indicates that levels of firearm deaths among children are closely related to the availability of guns in the home.

This study was conducted in two counties in a single…… [Read More]

References

Obeng, C. (2010, August). Should schoool safety be taught in schools? Perspectives of teachers. Journal of School Heatlh. Vol. 80, No. 8. 394-398.
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Schools Today Are Under Pressure to Provide

Words: 1444 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79904436

Schools today are under pressure to provide students with the maximum opportunity for as broad as possible an education. At the same time, the school environment and classroom are relatively safe and protected, but also restrictive in terms of insulating students from the world in general. To strike a balance between safety and learning, teachers often elect to include excursions beyond the boundaries of the school. These field trips are designed to provide students with a practical learning experience to supplement the information they are expected to internalize within the classroom. To maximize the positive effects of this experience, the Western Australian Department of Education has created a policy document to divulge the specific requirements for student safety during such trips.

This is then also the stated background of the policy, in that any risk factors related to excursions outside the school premises need to mitigated in such a way…… [Read More]

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Violence and Premature Sex Are

Words: 361 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3707331



2. I agree wholeheartedly with the author. Random acts of kindness do make the world and our society a better place. We need to become more aware of the connections between people. We do need to smile more, treat others with deep respect, and recognize the impact our actions have on other people. Instead of walking around angry all day, we need to develop a positive frame of mind and speak and act with kindness.

Universal health care would reflect a deep change in our culture. We have become so focused on our independence that we forgot the value of sharing and caring. Our selfishness and greed has led to a situation in which most Americans cannot afford adequate healthcare. Yet Americans are afraid of making small sacrifices that could benefit our society such as paying slightly more taxes to fund a truly universal system…… [Read More]

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School as a Young Child

Words: 1203 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1108367

The reluctance of going to the school assumed to lie at home. It is assumed that the child has an inclination to stay at home where the well being of the parent is guaranteed. In turn the parents visualize the problem of intimidation of their children to prevalent in schools. The psychologists however find that the inclination towards avoidance of the schools is the consequence of various elements with their reaction to both home and school stressors. The contemporary thought on school phobia depicts that there are some children who denies attending school as a result of separation anxiety. (School Phobia)

Most of the children reluctant to go to school are between the ages 8-13 years. In case of some the reluctance is as an effort to avoid uncomfortable feelings associated with school. The phobia is associated with the fear of being criticized or evaluated. Sometimes the particular activities like…… [Read More]

References

Anandalakshmy. S. The child at school. Retrieved at http://www.doctorndtv.com/children/detailtopics.asp?id=31. Accessed on 16 February, 2005

Bullying in schools. Retrieved at http://www.bullyonline.org/schoolbully/school.htm. Accessed on 16 February, 2005

Hogan, Maureen. School Phobia. Nassau County Psychologist. Retrieved at  http://www.fenichel.com/schoolphobia.html . Accessed on 16 February, 2005

Starting School. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Retrieved at http://www.aacap.org/publications/factsfam/82.htm. Accessed on 16 February, 2005
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Schools & At-Risk Students Continuation

Words: 4822 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7828581

The author of the article, "Achieving the Challenge: Meeting Standards in the Continuation High School" (Stits, 2001) related that "prior to 1983, many continuation high schools existed in districts where expectations were limited to keeping the students in school as much as possible," and also the ideas was to keep those continuation students "away from the traditional high school campus." The implication was clear: there was a stigma that students in continuation school were bad seeds, and the idea was to keep them away from the mainstream lest they have a negative effect on the "good students" in the regular high school.

But eventually, the image of continuations schools in California changed, as communities more and more were trying to prevent school dropouts, and the need for a high school diploma became more important, as well, Stits writes.

HO DO CONTINUATION SCHOOLS OPERATE?

In an article in the journal Thrust…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arlington Public Schools. (2005). Alternative Education: Purpose, Mission, Beliefs. Retrieved Nov. 10, 2007, at  http://www.apsva.us/hsc .

Community College Week. (2004). R.I. Plan Would Help at-risk Students.

Hardy, Lawrence. (2007). Children at Risk: Graduation Day. American School Board Journal,

No. 37907. Retrieved Nov. 11, 2007, at  http://www.asbj.com .
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School-Based Mental Health Program on

Words: 8166 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67429057

This is discussed at length by Fusick and ordeau (2004) "...school-based counselors need to be aware of the disturbing inequities that exist in predominantly Afro-American urban school districts, where nearly 40% of Afro-American students attend school in the United States" (Fusick and ordeau, 2004) This again places emphasis on the need for mental health programs in these areas of concern. This is also related to findings from a study by McDavis et al. (1995) Counseling African-Americans, which refers to research that stresses the "...widening achievement gap between Afro-American and Euro-American students." (McDavis, et al. 1995)

An important study Laura a. Nabors, Evaluation of Outcomes for Adolescents Receiving School-ased Mental Health Services (2002) refers to the particular issue and problems experience at inner-city schools. The author states that, "School mental health (SMH) programs are an important setting for providing mental health services to adolescents, especially urban youth who typically face in-…… [Read More]

Bibliography.aspx www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001042308

Smith, P.B., Buzi, R.S., & Weinman, M.L. (2001). Mental Health Problems and Symptoms among Male Adolescents Attending a Teen Health Clinic. Adolescence, 36(142), 323. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001042308 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001243622

Stern, S.B., Smith, C.A., & Jang, S.J. (1999). Urban Families and Adolescent Mental Health. Social Work Research, 23(1), 15. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001243622 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=77001228

Sternberg, R.J., & Dennis, M.J. (1997). Elaborating Cognitive Psychology through Linkages to Psychology as a Helping Profession. Teaching of Psychology, 24(3), 246-249. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=77001228 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000581383

Stock, M.R., Morse, E.V., Simon, P.M., Zeanah, P.D., Pratt, J.M., & Sterne, S. (1997). Barriers to School-Based Health Care Programs. Health and Social Work, 22(4), 274+. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000581383
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School Attendance -- Why it Is Compulsory

Words: 1367 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69470780

SCHOOL ATTENDANCE -- WHY IT IS COMPULSORY AND WHY IT SHOULD STAY THAT WAY

Roger Sipher argues that if compulsory attendance laws are repealed, the society would be better off as students who do not wish to be in schools would stay out while the ones who are committed will receive quality education. In this paper, we argue against this line of thought because I personally believe that just like you cannot allow your child the right to eat or not to eat, because you know that not eating would hurt his growth and development, similarly you cannot allow your child or any child for that matter to not go to school because sooner or later they would realize what a huge disservice you did to them by allowing them a say in the matter. Not only does lack of education hurt a person's future, it also has a negative…… [Read More]

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School-Based Prevention of Problem Behaviors

Words: 1087 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46532360

Family and School Project

Why do interventions involving enriched preschool education combined with home visits appear so effective?

Achieving the desired academic excellence is always a challenging process for most educational scholars. A combination of factors such as the varied learning needs of the students and lack of access to adequate learning resource often makes the realization of the desired learning objectives a difficult process. However, evidence shows that providing the learners with interventions that involve enriched preschool education in conjunction with home visits improve their learning outcomes significantly. The improved performance in this case occurs due to the influence of various factors. According to Galbraith (1990), learners have different methods of learning. Some of the learners learn best when in class while the other learns best when presented with practical situations alongside the incorporation of field trips such as home visits. As such, combining enriched preschool environment and home…… [Read More]

References

Alessi, S.M., & Trollip, S.R. (2001). Multimedia for learning: methods and development (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Anderson, P., & Baumberg, B. (2010). Cost benefit analyses of alcohol policy - a primer: final report prepared for the project standardizing Measurement of Alcohol-Related Troubles - SMART. Warsaw: Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology.

Barry, N. (2009). Benefit-cost analyses of onboard safety systems. Washington, DC: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.

Cristianini, N., & Taylor, J. (2000). An introduction to support vector machines: and other kernel-based learning methods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Violence and Its Impact on Children

Words: 2816 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48898604

Children and Violence

Exposure to domestic violence can have negative effects on children that may result in short-term or long-term complications in the child's life. Taking timely and appropriate measures help limit the negative effects such experiences may have on children. Young kids living in families experiencing domestic violence are a disempowered lot. They develop limited emotional literacy and verbal skills. Further, the environment occasioned by domestic violence is that of intimidation and secrecy. The caregivers are also less emotionally available to the children. Together, such factors restrict the children's opportunity and capacity to make their opinions heard. To help the children, their preferences should be considered and a healthy environment that ensures the maintenance of the daily routine of children is maintained in the temporary shelters. They should be continually supported and support structures established in every area that the children are. Discussed in this paper are the consequences…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Brown, R., & Luppi, F. (2010). Domestic Violence and Children. The National Child Traumatic Stress Network, 1-12.

Carpenter, G. L, & Stacks, A.M.(2009). Developmental effects of exposure to intimate partner violence in early childhood: Are view of the literature. Children and Youth Services Review, 31(8),831-839.

Ehrensaft, M.K., Cohen, P., Brown, J.,Smailes, E., Chen, H., & Johnson, J.G. (2003). Intergenerational transmission of partner violence: A20-year prospective study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71(4), 741.

Epstein, C. & Keep, G. (1995). What children tell Children about domestic violence. In A. Saunders, C. Epstein, G. Keep & T. Debbonaire (Eds.), It hurts me too: Children's experiences of domestic violence and refuge life. Bristol: WAFE/Child-line/NISW.
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Violence Socially Constructed The World

Words: 1560 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3397646

ather than the all-or-nothing strong social constructivist extremes described above, a more balanced view is presented by Kuper and Kuper who suggest that it is the meaning of violence that is social constructed rather than violence itself. According to these authorities, "Public debates, as well as criminal trial defences, revolve around the use, meaning and consequences of violent actions. Often the subjective meanings of violence, and the social and political contexts within which violence arises, are contested and contestable. The meanings of violence are socially constructed" (emphasis added) (Kuper & Kuper 2004, p. 1048).

Conclusion

While these socially constructed explanations are clearly important to understanding violence, including how it can affect those involved and what may cause it, they do not come face-to-face with the issue of whether violence per se would continue to exist in a world without humans around to create the social constructions that strong social constructivists…… [Read More]

References

Burstyn, J.N., Bender, G. & Casella, R. et al. 2001 Preventing Violence in Schools: A Challenge

to American Democracy. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Fish, S. 1995 Professional Correctness: Literary Studies and Political Change. New York:

Goldman, a.I. 2002 Pathways to Knowledge: Private and Public. New York: Oxford
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violence related to guns in america

Words: 2948 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63936658

Gun Violence in the United States

According to the Gun Violence Archive, which keeps track of gun-related violence in the United States, 2016 has had 53,602 known incidents, resulting in 13,854 deaths and 28,505 injuries. There have been 363 mass shooting incidents in 2016. In 2015, there were 372 mass shootings killing a total of 475 people and wounding 1,870, according to the Mass Shooting Tracker ("Guns in the U.S.: The statistics behind the violence" 2016). Defensive use accounts for 1683 of all gun-related incidents in 2016, and 1,988 gun incidents in 2016 were classified as being accidental (Gun Violence Archive, 2016).

In 2015 alone, there were 64 school shootings. Some of those incidents did not involve casualties, but the numbers still prove alarming, revealing the extent of the problem ("Guns in the U.S.: The statistics behind the violence" 2016). Even more mass shootings take place in ordinary businesses --…… [Read More]

References

Barry, C.L., Mcginty, E.E. Vernick, J.S. & Webster, D.W. (2015). Two years after Newtown -- public opinion on gun policy revisited. Preventative Medicine 79,pp. 55-58.

Barzilay, Julie and Mohney, Gillian, 2016. "Why the CDC Hasn't Launched a Comprehensive Gun Study in 15 Years."

DeFilippis, E. & Hughes, D. (2015). The Myth Behind Defensive Gun Ownership. Retrieved online: http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/01/defensive-gun-ownership-myth-114262#.VLhsjS42d6I

"Firearm Access is a Risk Factor for Suicide," (n.d.). Harvard School of Public Health. Retrieved online: https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/means-matter/means-matter/risk/
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Violence in Gangs and Its Prevention

Words: 1394 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4321831

Gang Violence Prevention

Gang Violence

Study of each and every society around the world gives us a phenomenon, which indicates at a certain graph related to organized crime. American society has long been associated with such a vice, and there have been many unearths made in this direction. There has been a lot of study and research associated with fact that how these gangs formed and what is the major motivational factor behind such activities. Several studies in this regard have brought forward certain phenomenon which forms the basis of gang formations and majority of which is related to unsatisfied social structure. These gangs are formed in the societies, which are highly disintegrated and have developed into individually functioning micro units. Extensive liberalization of political policies and the general promotion of individualistic approach towards life in most countries have motivated certain individuals in direction of organized crime, and this is…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Alleyne, E., & Wood, J. (2010). Gang involvement: Psychological and behavioral characteristics of gang members, peripheral youth and non-gang youth. University of Kent. Retrieved from:  https://kar.kent.ac.uk/27523/2/Gang_involvement_-_Revised2_ACCEPTED_by_Aggressive_bevhavior.pdf 

Donnellan, M.B., Trzesniewski, K.H., Robins, R.W., Moffitt, T.E., & Caspi, A. (2005).Low self-esteem is related to aggression, antisocial behavior, and delinquency. Psychological Science, 16, 328-355.

Dukes, R.L., Martinez, R.O., & Stein, J.A. (1997).Precursors and consequences of membership in youth gangs. Youth and Society, 29, 139-165.

Esbensen, F-A., Winfree, L.T., Jr., He, N., & Taylor, T.J. (2001). Youth gangs and definitional issues: When is a gang, and why does it matter? Crime and Delinquency, 47, 105-130
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School Improvement Idea

Words: 2805 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6169883

Education being the act or process of imparting or acquiring knowledge, development of the art of reasoning and judgment to the environment, and widely the preparation of a person or others intellectually to live peacefully with each other. This process helps in the acquisition of particular knowledge or skills in a particular profession such as engineering, social sciences and doctors.

Education being an interactive affair calls for people's interaction. The society having banked so much on the skills from their members they then sort to improve this interaction. The society has thus resorted in researches that would see the betterment of the current educational system (Kerfoot, 2008).

School improvement then comes in to improve a school; there should be two forces that should be working in harmony. This force comes from the learners themselves and those who impart knowledge to them. Emphasis are then put on the type of curriculum…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Aurora, C.O (2001). Leadership for School Improvement (rev. ed.)

Bruce, C, James, Lance, F (2008) Handbook of Education Politics and Policy. Routledge Barber, B.(1992). An Aristocracy of Everyone; The Politics of Education and the Future of America. New York: Ballantine Books.

Butts, R.F.(1988). The Morality of Democratic Citizenship: Goals for Civic Education in the Republic's Third Century. Calabasas, CA: Center for Civic Education.

Center for Civic Education (1991). Civitas: A Framework for Civic Education. Calabasas, CA: Center for Civic Education.
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Violence in Pro-Wrestling Does it Cause Violence in Children

Words: 2095 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96750260

professional wrestling in America today. Specifically, it will include the question: does pro-wrestling cause violence in children? Pro-wrestling is a violent sport, and one of the most popular in America today. Many people in the public and the media question whether pro-wrestling, especially popular with children, causes violent behaviors in them. There are many documented cases of children's violence being caused or aided by actions they saw pro-wrestlers make on television, and it seems quite certain that children are certainly influenced by the violence they see during pro-wrestling matches.

Does Violence in Pro-wrestling Cause Violence in Children?

Professional wrestling is one of the most popular sports in America today, and it is clear by watching only one or two bouts that it is an extremely violent sport. One writer notes about the current massive popularity of pro-wrestling, "America's latest cultural obsession lies in the wrestling ring, where the likes of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Billups, Andrea. "Analysts Grapple With the Popularity of Pro-wrestling." The Washington Times 22 Dec. 1999: 2.

Butters, Patrick. "Wrestlers Pinned by Image of Gore: Fatal Fall is Further Injury to the Sport." The Washington Times 2 June 1999: 8.

Jackman, Mary R. "Violence in Social Life." Annual Review of Sociology (2002): 387+.

Reuter, Ted. " Kids Grapple with Wrestling Violence." Dr. Politics.com. 30 March 2000. 26 Nov. 2003.
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How Schools Can Help Kids Stop Obesity

Words: 924 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20292185

School's ole In Fighting Obesity

When parents send their children to school, they entrust the school with the care of their child. Thus, the school has a duty to look over the health and safety of the child just as though it were a parent. In today's economy, it often takes both parents to work leaving children sometimes in the care of a third party for much of the day. In an effort to make sure the child is getting the best attention and consideration possible, a school may take small steps to alert parents when over a critical development in the child's well-being becomes manifest. In this context, a school sending a letter to parents discussing a child's BMI is appropriate. This paper will show that schools should be involved in helping decrease the obesity rate in America because they are the last line of defense when it comes…… [Read More]

References

Butler, J. (2015). Running the 'Gun Violence' Numbers. The Truth About Guns.

Retrieved from http://www.thetruthaboutguns.com/2015/02/john-butler/running-gun-violence-numbers/

Gortmaker, S., Peterson, K. (1999). Reducing obesity via a school-based interdisciplinary intervention among youth. Arch Pediatrics Adolescence Med, 153(4): 409-418.

Story, M. (1999). School-based approaches for preventing and treating obesity.
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Analyzing School Advisory Programs Annotated Bibliography

Words: 1517 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18228586

SCHOOL ADVISORY PROGRAMS: Annotated Bibliography

Van Ryzin, M. (2010). Secondary school advisors as mentors and secondary attachment figures. Journal of Community Psychology, 38(2), 131-154.

his study assessed if students in two tiny secondary schools would actually nominate their advisor as part of their attachment hierarchy. he forty percent which nominated their advisor to be a secondary figure of attachment testified even more involvement in school and showed better gains in terms of adjustment and achievement in than those that did not. In accordance to the author, this particular finding could help in the development and refining of new theories regarding the factors which contribute to the success of mentoring relationships, together with the processes that aid in the growth and development of these relationships.

Johnson, B. (2013.) Linchpins or lost time: Creating effective advisories. Horace, 25 (2-3)

his study tested the theory that secondary school advisories are somewhat insidious around…… [Read More]

This article investigates the effect of a universal social-emotional program of learning, the Fast Track PATHS (Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies) program and teacher consultation, incorporated within the Fast Track selective prevention model. Measures examined educator and peer reports of violence, hyperactive-disruptive conducts, as well as social skills. Starting in the first grade and all through three consecutive years, teachers acquired training and support, and incorporated the PATHS program in their classrooms. The study investigated the major impacts of intervention and ways in which the child's traits and the environment in the school influenced results. The study concluded that properly-implemented multiyear social-emotional programs of learning could actually have important preventive impacts on the population-level aggression rates, social competency, as well as academic involvement in the elementary school years.

10. Durlak, J.A., Weissberg, R.P., Dymnicki, A.B., Taylor, R.D. & Schellinger, K.B. (2011). The impact of enhancing students' social and emotional learning: a meta-analysis of school-based universal interventions. Child Dev. 82(1): 405-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01564.x.

This particular article presents results from a meta-analysis of 213 school-based, worldwide social and economic learning (SEL) programs entailing 270,034 kindergartens through high school learners. In comparison to controls, social and economic learning participants illustrated considerably better social and emotional skills, outlooks, manners, as well as academic performance which reflected an eleven percent point gain in success. School teaching personnel successfully carried out SEL programs. The utilization of four suggested practices for developing skills together with the presence of execution issues moderated the outcomes of the program. The findings of this study actually add to the growing experimental evidence-based outcome on the positive impact of social and emotional learning programs. Teachers, policy makers, and the general public are capable of contributing to healthy development of kids by encouraging the integration of evidence-based social and economic learning (SEL) programming into the standard educational practice.
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Gun Violence in December of 2012 Sandy

Words: 1493 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17973279

Gun Violence

In December of 2012, Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, CT became just the most recent name to be added to the list of schools now infamous for the terrible tragedies to occur within. hile it may on one level be anecdotal rather than statistical in nature, the school shooting that claimed the lives of 20 children and 6 adults in Sandy Hook seems to represent a trend of growing visibility for deadly gun-related violence in schools. It also highlights an interesting dichotomy as we attempt to understand the implications of gun violence in schools, both as a chronic issue in urban or inner-city settings an as a perhaps less chronic but more salient issue in suburban schools. The research proposed here will attempt to discern the implications of gun violence in both of these contexts, broadening the discussion on gun violence in schools to include consideration of…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Muschert, G.W. (2009). Frame-changing in the media coverage of a school shooting: The rise of Columbine as a national concern. The Social Science Journal, 46(1), 164-170.

Nurmi, J.; Rasanen, P. & Oksanen, A. (2012). The norm of solidarity: Experiencing negative aspects of community life after a school shooting tragedy. Journal of Social Work, 12(3), 300-319.

O'Grady, W.; Parnaby, P.F. & Schikschneit, J. (2010). Guns, Gangs, and the Underclass: A Constructionist Analysis of Gun Violence in a Toronto High School. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 52(1).

Welch, E. (2013). Preventing School Shootings: A Public Health Approach To Gun Violence. Calhoun.
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Are Uniforms a Good Way to Improve Student Discipline and Motivation

Words: 1668 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92915503

School Uniforms

The topic of school uniforms has been a debated issue for many years. Proponents of school uniforms argue that they are necessary because they encourage children to focus more on their education and less on what they are wearing (Brunsma, 2004). On the other hand opponents of school uniforms argue that school uniforms stifle creativity and discourage individuality (Brunsma, 2004). The purpose of this discussion is to confirm that school uniforms are an effective way to improve student discipline, increase student focus, and increase student motivation.

School Uniforms Lead to Improved Student Discipline

Student discipline is a crucial component in the development of a school environment that is conducive to learning. Uniforms create a sense of conformity and establish for students that school is a place that is designed to encourage learning.

Less fighting over controversial clothing

Non-uniform clothing often leads to students wearing offensive articles of clothing…… [Read More]

References

Brunsma, D. (2004). The school uniform movement and what it tells us about American education: a symbolic crusade. Lanham: Scarecrow Education

Craik, J. (2005). Uniforms exposed: from conformity to transgression. New York: Berg.

Fielder, D. (2003). Achievement now!: how to assure no child is left behind. Larchmont: Eye On Education.

Gentile, E., Imberman S.A. (2010) Dressed for Success? The Effect of School Uniforms on Student Achievement and Behavior.  http://www.class.uh.edu/faculty/simberman/gentile_imberman_2010.pdf
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Gangs and Violence in Schools

Words: 1566 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33883780

However, educate him or her to be self-confident as few children who do not react as the intimidate desires is not likely to be selected as a fatality. Work with the child's school to deal with the problem as some school employees may be able to offer some sensible recommendation to help the child plus keep records of the events so that you can be comprehensive in your negotiations with school staff about the child's experiences at school whilst it may facilitate to talk with the gang member or his/her parents keeping in mind to be careful while moving ahead. Speaking directly to the gang member like this may signal to him or her that the child is weak. Parents of a gang member may be unsuccessful to see something wrong with harassment associate it to positioning up for oneself. If the problem continues or rise even more than you…… [Read More]

Bibliography

White House. Violence Prevention. Retrieved on December 2, 2007 at http://www.yic.gov/drugfree/prevention.html

Burnett, Gary - Walz, Garry. (July 1994). Gangs in Schools. Eric Digest 99. Retrieved on December 2, 2007 at  http://www.ericdigests.org/1995-1/gangs.htm 

National Youth Violence Presentation (July 1, 2007). Youth Gangs and Violence. Retrieved on December 2, 2007 at http://www.safeyouth.org/scripts/faq/youthgang.asp
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Dynamics of Domestic Violence and the Resulting Effects on Children

Words: 3275 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35285789

Domestic violence is an ongoing experience of physical, psychological, and even sexual abuse in the home that is often a method used by one adult to establish control and power over another person (Flitcraft et al., 1992). Exposure by children to marital aggression is now a recognized public health concern. The investigation of the effects of the exposure to this type of aggression on the functioning of a child is a significant societal concern. Marital conflict is generally defined as any difference of opinion between martial or domestic partners whether it is minor or major. Marital conflict can assume many different forms including displays of both negative and positive emotions and/or constructive and destructive tactics. Marital aggression is characterized by physical and/or psychological abuse and would fall at the negative extreme on a continuum of marital conflict (Cummings, 1998). Marital psychological/verbal aggression refers to things such as threats, insults, and…… [Read More]

References

Babcock, J.C., Green, C.E. & Robie, C. (2004). Does batterers' treatment work? A meta-

analytic review of domestic violence treatment. Clinical Psychology Review 23(8), 1023-1053.

Carlson, B.E. (1984). Children's observations of interparental violence. In A.R. Roberts (ed.),

Battered women and their families (pp. 147 -- 167). New York: Springer.
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Gendered Violence the Intersection of

Words: 1733 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81690462



By examining violence and women in both Sin City and the Tekken series, one is able to see how seemingly similar representations of gender and violence actually create wildly different meanings depending on the particular medium. While Sin City and Tekken participate in the visual language of gender, when it comes to the relationship between gender and violence, Sin City focuses on the victimization of women's bodies at the hands of men while Tekken disavows any connection between the violence committed and the gender of those committing it. This analysis reveals an important distinction between violence committed by or against gendered individuals and violence committed because of gender, because as Tekken demonstrates, the former situation actually offers the possibility for a more expansive representation of gender.

eferences

Bryce, J.O., & utter, J. (2003). Gender dynamics and the social and spatial organization of computer gaming. Leisure Studies, 22(1), 1-15.

Funk, J.B.,…… [Read More]

References

Bryce, J.O., & Rutter, J. (2003). Gender dynamics and the social and spatial organization of computer gaming. Leisure Studies, 22(1), 1-15.

Funk, J.B., Baldacci, H.B., Pasold, T., & Baumgardner, J. (2004). Violence exposure in real-life, video games, television, movies, and the internet: is there desensitization? Journal

of adolescence, 27(1), 23-39.

Namco Bandai (2009). Tekken 6 [videogame]. Tokyo: Katsuhiro Harada.