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The Spenserian sonnet combines elements of both Italian and the Shakespearean forms. It has three quatrains and a couplet but differ in that it has linking rhymes between the quatrains.
In the 17th Century the sonnet was adapted and used by John Donne in his religious poetry and by Milton who adapted to political themes. It was later revived by Wordsworth in the 19th Century, after being relatively neglected in the 18th Century. (aldick C.) have chosen Shakespeare Sonnet CXVI - Let me not to the marriage of true minds, to discuss.
The central aspect that appeals to me in this poem is its condensed and logical structure. The central point that is made is carried through the poem in a clear and concise way. This central theme is to emphasize that love, if it is true love, is enduring and permanent. True love cannot be subject to change or…
Baldick C. About the Sonnet.. August 6, 2005. http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/sonnet.htm
Let en not to the marriage..." August 6, 2005. http://www.cs.rice.edu/~ssiyer/minstrels/poems/363.html
THE SONNET. University of Pennsylvania. August 6, 2005 http://www.writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/88/sonnet.html
Sharp W. The Sonnet: Its Characteristics and History. August 6, 2005 http://www.sonnets.org/sharp-b.htm
.." (line 8). This quatrain as a whole makes it clear that the meaning of the poem applies to the poem itself.
The third quatrain is entirely regular, as is the first line of the closing couplet, but the final line of the poem has an inverted first foot that continues the pattern of breaking up the structure of the poem and the meter at key moments. The final couplet reads: "For sweetest things turn sourest by their deeds; / Lilies that fester, smell far worse than weeds" (lines 13-4). Continuing the same interpretation of the poem as self-referential that has heretofore been used, this line suggests that the poem and even the poet's skill could be turned sour by using used for ill purposes (such as more directly accusing the perceived cause of the poet's displeasure), and the inverted first foot of the second line of the couplet again…
The traditional sonnet form became popular during the Renaissance. This poem consisted of fourteen lines with a specific meter and rhyme scheme which depended on the sonnet form it was written in. Most would have a set of eight lines called an octave or two four line sets called quatrains. These would be followed by a sestet or grouping of six lines. hen the sonnet found its way to Elizabethan England, the form was toyed with, most famously by illiam Shakespeare who created the Elizabethan or Shakespearian sonnet wherein three sets of quatrains would be written in iambic pentameter and ended with a rhyming couplet (Miller). ith the advent of free verse, the relatively strict rules of sonnet structure broke down completely. Lines no longer had to rhyme nor follow any particular rhythm. Poet Laureate Billy Collin's poem titled "Sonnet" is a perfect example of the modern sonnet in…
Billy Collins .net - Biography, Pictures, Videos, & Quotes. Web. 06 Dec. 2010.
Collins, Billy. "Sonnet - Billy Collins." Billy Collins. Web. 06 Dec. 2010. .
Neruda's Sonnet XVII uses very interesting imagery that is vague enough to allow for multiple interpretations. There is however a strong theme that runs through it that illustrates a contrast between light and dark. The contrast between light and dark is a central theme in many works of literature, spirituality, and many parts of life. In my interpretation of the sonnet, I think Neruda choses words that illuminate, such as salt-rose, topaz, carnation, and fire, and says that his love is "not that" is incredibly interesting. I got the feeling that he is trying to say that his love is steady, indefinite, or lasting. For example, the arrow of carnation the fire shoots off could represent the type of love that burns bright at first but then fades quickly -- like the small blazes that leave the fire as it burns that are bright at first then die…
Sonnet 165 by Shakespeae focuses on a young love, whose emotions ae deeply connected with whateve his sweetheat says to him. Thus, the entie poem elates the effects of the wods "I hate" on the young speake. The poem is addessed to the eade, and not to a specific listene. The speake is asking fo sympathy, as he evoked sympathy fom his lady.
The poem thus basically focuses on the fact that the young man's lady says the wods "I hate" to him. The effect of this on his emotions is devastating. The intensity of his feelings can be seen in the fist line, saying that the lips of his lady ae made by "Love's own hand." "Love" hee is pesonified as the goddess Venus. The lady is thus seen as being divinely inspied and loving, which makes he wods all the moe shocking. Thee is theefoe an intense contast…
references in the poem are also interesting. Heaven and hell, as well as day and night are frequently used in the Bible to show salvation and damnation. This shows how intense the speaker's feelings for his love are. He almost worships her like a goddess. Hence also the reference to Love as a goddess in the first line.
Nonetheless, the balance and the love are restored at the end when the lady modifies her words. It was therefore the speaker's pain that scolded, or "chided" the lady's "ever sweet" tongue to change what she said. It is therefore shown that she is perhaps not completely heartless or blind. Her heart is softened by her lover's pain. The sonnet is therefore the fairly simple story of how words can hurt and heal. The lady's initial words hurt the speaker so badly that he feels as if he is dying. He nonetheless holds on to his love and his faith in an almost religious way. This is then rewarded with a journey towards healing and salvation.
Gibson, Rex (ed.). Shakespeare: The Sonnets. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Mabillard, Amanda. "Shakespeare: The Sonnets." 1999-2003. http://www.shakespeare-online.com/sonnets/
The Quality of Beauty, Love, and Sonnets
Sir Thomas Wyatt's sonnet "How the Lover Perisheth in His Delight as the Fly in the Fire" describes how love, passion, and/or beauty can be all-consuming and self-destructive. The poet uses a long-running metaphor of birds as a substitute or symbol for male lovers generally and the speaker of the poem specifically, while the sun is the female lover and possessor of great beauty -- the source of the fire or passion, in some sense. It is the nature of the birds and their relationship to the sun that concern the speaker at first, however; he comments that some are able to shield their eyes from the sun's light, and that others only come out at night because the sun is simply too much for them to handle, but that many try to play in the sun but ultimately find themselves…
The narrator is on his "death-bed" and recognizes that his youth was good and he lived a good life. The "glowing of such fire" seems like it would relate to Hell, but really it refers to the fire and passion of youth, that burns out as people grow older, and is extinguished entirely by the time a person has lived a long life and is ready to die. He recognizes he "must expire," and that his life will be consumed by the joys and youth that nourished it when he was younger. Again, the narrator seems to be reassuring the other person, and telling them that he lived a long and good life, he enjoyed the passions of youth, and that he is now ready to die, and that death is inevitable.
This thou perceivest, which makes thy love more strong,
To love that well which thou must leave ere…
Edna St. Vincent Millay's "Love is Not All"
Scansion and Analysis
Edna St. Vincent Millay utilizes a traditional sonnet form in "Love is Not All" that is reminiscent of a Shakespearean sonnet, with an ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG rhyme scheme. It also contains a "turn," in that the argument that the poet appears to be making throughout the first half of the poem is suddenly turned in a different and unexpected manner so that the last lines of the poem surprise the reader and lead him to a contradictory or opposite conclusion. In this case, the first part of the sonnet is set to giving negative reasons for what love is not and why it is not so important in practical terms. And yet the poet concludes that in spite of all these practical reasons, love is still, in fact, everything -- that is, it is worth more than all…
Shakespeare's Sonnet # 138
Shakespeare's "Sonnet 138"
illiam Shakespeare's "Sonnet 138" provides audiences with the opportunity to get a more complex understanding of the speaker's relationship with the Dark Lady and concerning the insecurities that come to dominate his thinking as a result of him growing older. It seems that this relationship has become platonic and it influenced the speaker to experience an emotional detachment as he concentrates on turning a blind eye to what goes on around him -- he simply prefers to ignore the fact that she lies to him and that she is cheating on him with other men. The sonnet actually puts across a psychological study with regard to ideas like love, adultery, and acceptance of one's position in the world.
The speaker focuses both on himself and his mistress in trying to provide audiences with a thorough account about their affair. Even with the fact…
The rhyme scheme of this sonnet follows Shakespeare's usual structure, wherein the quatrains all have an independent alternating rhyme (ABAB CDCD EFEF), and the final two lines form an heroic couplet (GG). This adds to the feeling of receiving discrete steps of an argument, and enhances the divisions of the versification. There is also a noticeable prevalence of "l's and "s's in the poem, particularly in the first and third quatrains. these sounds make up the basics of the word "lies," which is itself used as a rhyme and is repeated in the poem, and which forms one of the major themes of the sonnet. In this way, the alliteration subconsciously reinforces the meaning and feel of the poem. There are also instances of repeated words, such as "love" in the lines "O love's best habit is in seeming trust, / and age in love, loves not to have..." (lines…
De Grazia, Margreta. The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare. New York: Cambridge University Press 2001.
Evans, G. Blakemore and M. Tobin, eds. The Riverside Shakespeare. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2003.
Shakespeare, William. "Sonnet 138." In the Riverside Shakespeare.
In comparison, he feels weak and inferior. These emotions are driven by fear of God and while fear is never good, it can be constructive in regard to building character.
Donne's language is significant because it emphasizes the mood and tone of the poem. He describes himself as "riddenly distempered, cold and hot" (7) - words that illustrate the conflict he is feeling. It is important to realize how these conflicts allow the poet see himself as he actually is. The cold and hot images are polar opposites and they reveal the poet's awareness of his human condition. The conflict within him is also illustrated with the image of a prayer and muteness. God's infinite power forces the poet to realize that he is none but he calls to God. His "devout fits" (12) are come and go just as his fear does and while he realizes that he will…
Lawrence Beaston, "Talking to a Silent God: Donne's Holy Sonnets and the Via Negativa." Renascence: Essays on Values in Literature. 1999. GALE Resource Database. Site Accessed May 29, 2008. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com .
Donne, John. "Sonnet XIX." Sonnet Central Online. Site Accessed May 31, 2008 http://www.sonnets.org/donne.htm#119
Stringer, Gary. The Variorum Edition of the Poetry of John Donne. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 2005.
Shakespeare, Sonnet 57
A Reading of William Shakespeare's Sonnet 57
Shakespeare's Sonnet 57 begins with a striking metaphor: "being your slave." Shakespeare does not soften the image by using a simile to suggest he is "like a slave" -- he is already a slave because he is in love. Structurally any Shakespeare sonnet consists of three quatrains and a concluding couplet, in which the quatrains in some way speak to each other, ramifying or deepening the argument in some way. Here the striking opening metaphor of servitude is ramified and toyed with throughout the quatrains. But intriguingly the final couplet of the sonnet sidesteps all the imagery of slavery and servitude to redefine the terms of the lover's situation as described in the earlier body of the sonnet. I intend to show how the metaphor of slavery used in the first three words of the sonnet is unwritten by the…
" The speaker nevertheless remains full of hope and faith: "Yet hope I well, that when this storme is past / My Helice the lodestar of my lyfe / will shine again, and looke on me at last, / with louely light to cleare my cloudy grief." Until the storm passes, however, the speaker is doomed to "wander carefull comfortlesse, / in secret sorow and sad pensiuenesse." Furthermore, Helice also symbolizes the beloved, a romantic love interest the speaker is currently apart from.
Spenser employs a variety of poetic devices to convey the underlying meaning and tone of the poem. First, a sonnet is traditionally a form of love poetry, which is why Helice probably refers to a human being as well as to a star. As a sonnet, this poem is structured with fourteen lines and a distinct rhyming scheme: ABABBCBCCDCEE. As with most sonnets, the final two lines…
A central element that is fostered throughout the poem is the sense of emotional intensity and passion which is suggested by images and metaphors of burning and fire. For example, who had the lure of love in my breast, what wonder if I suddenly caught fire?
The second stanza continues the theme of lost love. The woman is depicted in a golden light and idealized form, which is supported by the emotional intensity of the protagonists love for her. This stanza also follows the same pattern of increase and decrease in intensity and the shift between adoration and loss of love. This pattern continues throughout the stanzas and culminates in the final lines of the poem. It is as if the recollection and memory of the loved one intensifies the feeling of love and passion to mythical proportions.
Her way of moving was no mortal thing, but of angelic form:…
The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2004. Questia. 19 Dec. 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=101264363 .
Spiller, Michael R.G. The Development of the Sonnet: An Introduction. New York: Routledge, 1992. Questia. 19 Dec. 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=107555261 .
Shakespeare is often revered as one of the world's greatest authors. His works, which have now become legend, are the subject of intense study and review. In many instances, many of today's popular motion pictures, dramas, and movies have used elements of Shakespeare's work. Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the 16th century. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest works in the English language. Many of these tragedies have been adapted for modern viewing. Hamlet, Othello, and Macbeth, for instance, have seen multiple motion picture releases and have captivated generations. In addition, many of Shakespeare's tragedies have become common works on Broadway, further justifying their importance in English literature.…
1) Booth, Stephen, ed. Shakespeare's Sonnets. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977, p. 457- 476.
In addition, it is the "star to every wandering bark" (7). In "hy Should a Foolish Marriage Vow," the poet claims that marriage is "foolish" (Dryden 1). He also wonders why two people should honor a vow that was made "long ago" (2). In addition, the poet wonders why two people should remain married "hen passion is decay'd" (4). Here we see two very different points-of-view regarding love. Love may seem strong to the poet in "Sonnet 116" but it far from that in "hy Should a Foolish Marriage Vow." hile the poet in "Sonnet 116" experiences a love that is "never shaken" (Shakespeare 6) and is not "Time's fool" (9), the poet in "hy Should a Foolish Marriage Vow" declares that love and marriage are nothing more than "madness" (Dryden 13). Love is real but love can change.
Sonnet 116" and "hy Should a Foolish Marriage Vow" offers different…
Shakespeare, William. "Sonnet 116." Shakespeare for Lovers. New York: Carol Publishing Group. 1995.
Dryden, John. "Why Should a Foolish Marriage Vow." Poets.org. Online. http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/16824Site Accessed March 09, 2008.
loss are common concepts in poetry that have been explored by men and women alike, across time and across cultural boundaries. Two such poets are Louise Labe, a French, Renaissance poet and Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, a New Spanish nun and Baroque poet. In Sonnet 23 by Labe and Sonnet 165 by Cruz, issues of love, loss, and impermanence are explored through imagery and tone.
In Sonnet 23, Labe attempts to understand why her lover no longer finds her attractive or no longer wants to have a relationship with her. Labe asks, "What good is it to me if long ago you/eloquently praised my golden hair, compared to my eyes and beauty to the flare/of two suns where, you say, love bent the bow, sending the darts that needled you with grief?" In the sonnet, the narrator claims that she was once compared to the sun, which is…
Night the Crystals Broke
Write where you got inspiration from?
The inspiration from this poem comes from my grandmother and her family, who lived through the pogroms and just before the Nazis took over Hungary. The title refers to the Kristallnacht, the event in which the Nazis burned synagogues and their religious items, and broke the windows. They also broke the windows of the local businesses. This poem also refers to the journey that was scary and arduous, over the Atlantic in the ship to Ellis Island. The statue at the end of the poem is the Statue of Liberty, which welcomed the "poor" and "hungry" masses, like my grandmother's people.
(2) Which author and poem did you refer to when writing this poem?
There is no one author or poem I referred to here. This is a completely original work. However, it is written in the form of a…
In "Federigo's Falcon," the female protagonist Monna Giovanna was widowed by her husband who suddenly fell ill and passed away. Her husband was a very wealthy man, and together they had a son who become the sole beneficiary of his father's estate. From the beginning of the story, female's roles in the Middle Ages become apparent. The story writes, "...he made his son, who was growing up, his heir, and, since he had loved Monna Giovanna very much, he made his/her heir should his son die without a legitimate heir..." Instead of the wife and mother becoming the beneficiary of her husband's finances, it is the male son, who is still not old enough to take care of himself yet, that inherits all of his father's fortune. The wife inherits the money only if the son dies before she does. This notion however, is very reflective of the given time…
He also feels that in his work, he is reminded of his own mortality, and fleeting time here on Earth. He strives to accomplish much with the talent he possesses. Milton's use of the line, "They also serve who only stand and wait." (Milton, 14) shows that standing idle and waiting for death and the inevitable extinguishing of one's talents and senses is something that must be avoided. This line also shows Milton's concern for impending events and the unrelenting nature of death and mortality themselves.
Milton's Sonnet XXIII, entitled, "On His Deceased Wife" also deals with death quite directly. The poet works to paint an image of a loving, sweet wife who returned from the grave to greet him in his dreams. But, just as he goes to embrace her, she disappears. Milton writes,
"Full sight of her in Heaven without restraint,
Came vested all in white, pure as…
An Analysis of Love in the Renaissance Art of Sidney, Shakespeare, Hilliard and Holbein
If the purpose of art, as Aristotle states in the Poetics, is to imitate an action (whether in poetry or in painting), Renaissance art reflects an obsession with a particular action -- specifically, love and its many manifestations, whether eros, agape or philia. Love as a theme in 16th and 17th century poetry and art takes a variety of forms, from the sonnets of Shakespeare and Sidney to the miniature portraits of Hilliard and Holbein. Horace's famous observation, ut picture poesis, "as is poetry so is painting," helps explain the popularity of both. Indeed, as Rensselaer . Lee observes, the "sister arts as they were generally called…differed in means and manner of expression, but were considered almost identical in fundamental nature, in content, and in purpose" (Lee 196). In other words, the love sonnets…
Aristotle. Poetics (trans. By Gerald Else). MI: Ann Arbor Paperbacks, 1970. Print.
Greenblatt, Stephen. Will in the World. NY W.W. Norton, 2004. Print.
Hogan, Patrick. "Sidney and Titian: Painting in the 'Arcadia' and the 'Defence.'" The
South Central Bulletin, vol. 27, no. 4. (Winter, 1967): 9-15. Print.
Jewel Stairs' Grievance: Li PO / Ezra Pound
We can assume from the poet's heritage that the speaker is an Asian woman. However, there are further contextual cues that aid in the understanding of "The Jewel Stairs' Grievance." For one, the opening line refers to "jeweled steps," which indicates a place of some wealth or importance. There is sexual innuendo throughout the poem: the dew, the gauze stockings, and the "crystal curtain" symbolize female sexuality. The moon is also a female symbol, corresponding with her monthly cycle. The moon also corresponds to the fact that it is late, signifying that the speaker is likely to be a concubine.
Shakespeare's Sonnet 73
The speaker is likely to be an older or mature man. He states, "In me thou seest the twilight of such day." The first half of the sonnet is filled with imagery of autumn, symbolizing aging and even possibly…
Your answer should be at least five sentences long.
The Legend of Arthur
Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 9 of 16
Journal Exercise 1.7A: Honor and Loyalty
1. Consider how Arthur's actions and personality agree with or challenge your definition of honor. Write a few sentences comparing your definition (from Journal 1.6A) with Arthur's actions and personality.
2. Write a brief paragraph explaining the importance or unimportance of loyalty in being honorable.
Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 10 of 16
Journal Exercise 1.7B: Combining Sentences
Complete the Practice Activity on page 202 of your text. After completing this activity, read over your Essay Assessment or another journal activity you've completed.
* Identify three passages that could be improved by combining two or more sentences with coordinating or subordinating conjunctions. Below the practice activity in your journal, write the original passages and the revised sentences you've created.
* Be sure to…
Nelson's violent images call upon the reader to behold the corpse of Till, forcing the reader into a state of seismic cultural shock, as America has long been eager to forget its racist legacy (Harold, 2006, p.263). Trethewey's first lines of her book are gentler, but there is always the urge to remember: "Truth be told, I do not want to forget anything of my former life" (Trethewey, p.1)
The calls her poetic collection an act of memory "Erasure, those things that get left out of the landscape of the physical landscape, things that aren't monumented or memorialized, and how we remember and what it is that we forget. I wanted to kind of restore some of those narratives, so those things that are less remembered (Brown, 2007). Her use of the sonnet form over her cycle of poems is not as perfectly consistent as Nelson's, but repetition and remembrance…
Black Soldiers in Blue: African-American Troops in the Civil War Era. Edited by John
David Smith. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
Brown, Jeffery. "Pulitzer Prize Winner Trethewey Discusses Poetry Collection."
Transcript of Online New Hour. 25 Apr 2007. 6 Jun 2007. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/entertainment/jan-june07/trethewey_04-25.html
After the advertisement is placed, then Liz, a lawyer, enters into the picture and poetry of John's life. Liz Donati attracts John by writing him two sonnets, and of course, the use of a personal advertisement as a meeting place provides even more evidence of how individuals still connect, even in the sterile and technical modern world, through prose. Even the most prosaic individuals such as Liz and John find ways to express their lust and then their love in the form of a verbally astute dance.
The other couple that dominates the text is Liz's brother, Ed. Ed is gay and is involved with John's old college roommate, Phil. The conflicts created by homosexuality destroy Ed and Phil's tryst, making their coupling in poetic terms the more traditional of the two that are depicted in the Golden Gate, in terms of the sonnet medium's frequent depiction of unhappy…
Seth, Vikram. The Golden Gate. New York: Vintage. First published 1986. Reissued 1991.
He "almost" despises himself but still seems not to think that his actions were absolutely wrong. Furthermore, the narrator of the Shakespeare Sonnet finds solace and comfort in thinking of his lover. By thinking of the one he loves, a human being, the narrator feels absolved of any wrongdoing. The narrator of the Shakespeare Sonnet is more concerned with the consequences of his actions, such as being an outcast, than with whether the action was right or wrong. For Herbert, morality is quite the opposite. Herbert suggests that the human condition is itself a state of sin.
Therefore, a central difference between secular and religious morality as expressed in Elizabethan poetry is between absolute and situational ethics. For Herbert, morality is based on a set of absolute values that God and only God can create. God is the "Just Judge" and God's judgments transcend any human laws (l 12). Moreover,…
Herbert, Mary Sidney, Countess of Pembroke. "Psalm 51." Retrieved July 15, 2009 from http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/psalm51.htm
Shakespeare, William. "Sonnet 29." Retrieved July 15, 2009 from http://www.shakespeare-online.com/sonnets/ 29.html
"Sonnet 130" by Shakespeare and "Sonnet 23" by Louis Labe both talk about love, as so many sonnets do. Their respective techniques however, differentiate them from each other. Shakespeare uses a rhyme scheme that became known as Shakespearean rhyme scheme or English rhyme. He writes about love in a sarcastic manner though. He is mocking the traditional love poems and the usual expressive manner in which women are often compared to. It is ironic in a way because Shakespeare himself also uses the very techniques in his previous writing when he is writing from a man's point-of-view and describing a woman. But in this sonnet he uses the technique of mocking this exaggerated comparison. Usually women are compared to having skin as white as snow, however, in reality, Shakespeare points out, women don't really fit this description, "If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun."
Sonnet 72, speaks even more openly about desire, which "clings" to his "pure love," and which he cannot shake off, to the extent that to him these two become inseparable. hile he allows that he must part with desire and oppose it with "virtue's gold," the sonnet concludes with the same doubts as before: although he admits to the dichotomy of desire and virtue, and many times even seems to admit to the wise resolution to relinquish desire, Sidney always turns back to desire as an inseparable part of love:
But thou, Desire, because thou wouldst have all,
Now banish'd art, but yet alas how shall? "(Sidney)
The last lines of the sonnet clearly question whether desire can be banished from love, or whether love is possible without it. It becomes then obvious that the conflict between virtue and desire is, on the one hand, a tribute to the conventionalism…
Castiglione, Baldassare."The Courtier." The University of Victoria. http://www.engl.uvic.ca/Faculty/MBHomePage/ISShakespeare/SonCourse/courtier2.html
Kinney, Arthur. Sidney in Retrospect: Selections from English Literary Renaissance. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988
Parker, Tom W.N. Proportional Form in the Sonnets of the Sidney Circle: Loving in Truth. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998
Sidney, Philip. "Astrophil and Stella." The Gutenberg Project.
Like so many of us, he feels that heaven has cursed him. The element of disgrace would mean that he has fallen out of favor with God. He feels that all of his efforts are "bootless" (useless). However, the skylark has risen above this, implying that by remembering his love, he will also rise above it.
This author used the example of heaven because it is universal. We all think about our mortality and want to make sure that our lives have meaning. Without it, we are lost and rudderless. However, like the skylark, love will help us rise above the situation and finally make our way through the troubles of life that we all have.
4) the issue of Jews, Judaism and the character of Shylock are famous and among the most examined aspects of the Merchant of Venice. The raise all sorts of questions about whether or not…
“My Last Duchess” by Robert Browning versus Shakespeare’s Sonnet 94:
Ironic Menace versus Sincerity
“My Last Duchess” by Robert Browning takes the form of a dramatic monologue, in which a duke describes his first wife to an emissary arranging for the Duke’s second marriage. The Duke displays a portrait of his last wife proudly, noting how beautiful she is, but also jealously states that she was too liberal with her smiles and that he resents how freely she acted towards other people, as if she valued her husband’s noble name on the same level as a commoner. Gradually, the reader becomes aware of the fact that the Duke is a murderer, and is speaking of his wife as a kind of warning to the representative of the family of his future, next bride. The cool and civilized language of the Duke is an ironic contrast with his actual actions. The…
Most individuals fail to appreciate life to the fullest because they concentrate on being remembered as some of the greatest humans who ever lives. This makes it difficult for them to enjoy the simple pleasures in life, considering that they waste most of their time trying to put across ideas that are appealing to the masses. While many did not manage to produce ideas that survived more than them, others succeeded and actually produced thinking that remained in society for a long period of time consequent to their death.
Creativity is generally regarded as one of the most important concepts in society, considering that it generally induces intense feelings in individuals. It is responsible for progress and for the fact that humanity managed to produce a series of ideas that dominated society's thinking through time. In order for someone to create a concept that will live longer than him or…
For some people, beating on drums and meditation is a spiritual way to experience their religion on a higher level, which releases a different understanding.
The Decameron includes a frame story about the plague in Florence in 1348, which can be explained from the following.
AN EPOCH-AKING EVENT in the development of early Italian narrative is the canonization, thanks to the astounding success of Boccaccio Decameron, of the cornice, the framing device. The formula of the novelliere aperto, the loosely structured anthology of stories (such as the Novellino), becomes secondary to that of the novelliere chiuso, in which a meta-story encompasses all others. In contemporary developments within the genre of lyric poetry, the fragmentary collection evolves into the prosimetrum (Dante Trita nuova) and the canzoniere (Petrarch Rime). In order to monitor the progress of literary forms out of the archaic period, one must focus on the development of innovative modes…
Misusing metaphors adds to the comedic value of the sonnet and sets a satirical tone. But when the literary devices change, the tone changes from satire to authentic language. This change in tone and language takes place in the couplet, the last two lines of the sonnet, "And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare/as any she belied with false compare." (lines 13, 14). By abandoning literary devices for sincerity the narrator has concluded his theme; that sincerity and realism is worth more than false comparisons. This is when the method of satire to convey an authentic message becomes effective. When the theme of the sonnet is concluded with sincere language and the audience then understands Shakespeare's use of satire. (Poetry analysis: 'My Mistress' Eyes are nothing like the Sun,' by William Shakespeare).
Don Quixote's quest was about following dreams no matter how foolish they may seem to others. He was an idealist who believed there were no limits in life
Don Quixote is the hero of Don Quixote, the early 17th century novel by Miguel de Cervantes. Quixote is a dreamer and a gentle buffoon, an aging gentleman who sets out from his village of La Mancha to perform acts of chivalry in the name of his grand love Dulcinea. He rides a decrepit horse, Rocinante, and is accompanied by his "squire," the peasant Sancho Panza. Quixote's imagination often gets the better of him; in once famous incident he tilts at windmills, imagining them to be giants. Throughout his many adventures Quixote often seems ridiculous, yet he maintains his staunchly hopeful attitude and belief in chivalry. (the term quixotic now describes anyone who takes on an idealistic or foolish quest against great odds.) the book Don Quixote inspired the 1959 play Man of La Mancha, in which Quixote's quest is summed up in the song "The Impossible Dream." (Don Quixote)
The extent of the hyperbole may not be clear to a modern audience, but ten thousand miles was an almost incomprehensible distance when Burns wrote the poem and would have taken a tremendous amount of time, regardless of method of travel.
In sharp contrast to Burns' poem, Shakespeare's poem makes it clear that he does not believe his love is supernatural. hile many love poems, like Burns' "A Red, Red Rose," describe love as something greater than nature, Shakespeare celebrates the earthly nature of his love. Instead of using commonplace metaphors to exault his lover's beauty, Shakespeare uses these metaphors to demonstrate that his lover is not an exceptional beauty. Her eyes are "nothing like the sun;...her breasts are dun,...black wires grow on her head," and her breath reeks. (Shakespeare). In other words, Shakespeare acknowledges that his lover is simply a woman, not something greater than this earth. In fact,…
Burns, Robert. "A Red, Red Rose." Burns Country. 1794. Robert Burns.org.
21 Apr. 2007 http://www.robertburns.org/works/444.shtml .
Shakespeare, William. "Sonnet 130." Study Guide to Sonnet 130. Shakespeare Online. 21
Apr. 2007 http://www.shakespeare-online.com/sonnets/ 130detail.html' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
" (Line 19) Her art creates joy but she still has to exist in the mundane world of everyday strife and problems.
e also find this concern with the strife and woes of the world in the second poem "The eary Blues." In this poem the art form is music and particularly 'blues' music, which echoes the suffering, problems and anxieties of human life and existence. The sense of being tired and troubled is emphasized through repetition and by the refrain " O. Blues!." The state of mind of the blues player is clearly depicted in the language of the poem; for example, the way that the blues swinger sways to the music.
Both these poems show how art forms such as music and dance can express the feelings of the soul of mankind. Both also suggest that art is also a way of transcending or going beyond the problems…
Mckay, C. If We Must Die, Web. 27 April, 2012.
( http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/if-we-must-die/ )
McKay, C. The Harlem Dancer. Web. 27 April, 2012. (http://www.poetry-
Here, though ordsworth has once again assumed his place apart from the natural world, he denotes that it is of value to return to this beautiful space in his memory when he is in need of emotional or psychological respite. And ultimately, this reinforces the romantic imperative of distilling the human experience within its context. For ordsworth, the context of modernity invokes a greater appreciation for man's inextricable bond to the natural world.
For Shakespeare, a pre-romantic prerogative toward leaving one's own stamp on the world seems to drive the perspective of Sonnet 116. So is this evidenced by his closing remarks, which states rather definitively, "If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved." Both with regard to the way that Shakespeare characterizes the everlasting nature of true love and the way that he references his own role in the world…
Shakespeare, W. (1609). Sonnet 116. Shakespeare-Online.com.
Wordsworth, W. (1807). I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud. Poem Hunter.
This speaker is after something slightly more adult than cookies, of course, but this just makes the humor of the rhyme stand out more. His desire to "travel, sojourn, snatch, plot, have, forget" in line six details his desires of infidelity, and the basic lack of any sort of unity in these words -- there does not appear to be more than the accidental alliteration -- also reflects the speaker's disconnect from the many conquests he hopes to make by striking this bargain with Love. The last two lines of the poem reveal that the speaker is not really this cynical, however; he desires to "think that yet / We'd never met." He admits to having met Love; it is too late for him, which is why the bargaining seems so comically desperate.
The tone is very different in the Holy Sonnets, which seem fearful of death and sin, though…
This poem is a favorite of mine because it reminds me to slow down and appreciate everything. It does not take long nor does it take much to renew and revive and that is exactly what the poet wishes to communicate.
In Joy Harjo's "Remember," the poet uses imagery and personification to convey points of importance. Because the poet is encouraging someone to remember, she pulls images from experience that will be familiar. She begins by telling the reader to "Remember the sky" (Harjo 1) and to "know each of the star stories" (2). In addition, it is important to know the moon. The poet wants to use images the reader already knows and identifies with in order to stress the importance of connecting with the earth. The importance of remembering one's parents is also important because we are all connected. She tells the reader to remember the "earth whose…
Bishop, Elizabeth. "The Fish." Literature: An Introduction to Reading and Writing. 9th Edition.
edited by Edgar V. Roberts and Henry E. Jacobs. Upper Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2007. Print.
Frost, Robert. "Stopping by Woods." Literature: An Introduction to Reading and Writing. 9th Edition.
I was surprised by a lot of the darker imagery in a lot of his work, especially in "The Marriage of Heaven and Hell." I knew that his religious views were controversial, but in his day it would not have been too surprising if he ended up in some sort of legal trouble over what almost appear to be Satanistic statements.
A really like Blake's style, however, the way his images seem to blend together without clear boundary, like his concept of Heaven and Hell and what I could understand of the rest of his philosophy. The fact that he manages to kind of confuse the reader's mind using only the black and white of ink and paper is a truly astounding testament to his skill as a poet, and as an artists (with the use of color).
The World is Too Much with Us"
1) We waste…
So, given that assumption, consider not having any knowledge about the following: Imagine not being able to look at a painting and seeing more than just its colors -- not recognizing its symbolism or how it fits into history; not being able to understand the context of a poem, story or sonnet in relationship to history; not being able to evaluate different materials that you have read to recognize their degree of truth or impact on your personal life; not having the ability of choosing what non-math and science materials, if any, should be part of a students' curriculum; not being able to decipher and relate to political structures and how they interface with a society; not having the ability to interpret educational philosophical treatises by such individuals as Plato, John Dewey, and Noam Chomsky; not having the ability of seeing how religion fits into society. Lastly, consider not having…
He was born a normal, healthy boy and he grew as little boys do, with G.I. Joe dolls and plastic guns.
He seemed so normal through and through.
When he chose books over monkey bars they thought him a little bit queer.
He didn't pay sports like the others;
instead he read all of Shakespeare.
Then they told him men did not write poems, but they loved working with numbers.
So he buried his inclinations and struggled with physics blunders.
The boy became a biologist, successful and smart they all thought.
But in his heart he hated his life and the terrible lies he bought.
Jennie's Side of The Yellow Wallpaper
I feel so sorry for John's wife. Sometimes I just do not know what to think of their situation. On one hand, I understand that she is suffering from something dreadful and John is only trying to help…
Loss of the Creature
Notice how Rembrandt employed chiaroscuro in his works," began my art history professor. "His technique revolutionized the way that artists portrayed sources of light on the canvas." glanced around me. About twenty students sat neatly behind their desks, faces illuminated eerily by the glow of the overhead projector. The scene was ironic: our professor trying to convey an understanding of chiaroscuro through a painting done five centuries ago, when right before our eyes was a true example of the contrast between light and shadow. Art history is an arena in which the "loss of the creature" is felt most profoundly. In his essay "The Loss of the Creature," Walker Percy notes that biology students are removed twofold from their subjects of study, first by layers of packaging, of labels and names, and second by a confounded array of theories. Similarly, any classroom discussion of art fails…
In other words, the simile is more concrete and memorable than the green hill it is supposed to describe. The lack of 'realism' of the poem becomes even more evident through the use of such strange language: the use of language is more important than describing something 'real' like a hill.
If this were not extravagant enough, Coleridge piles yet another image on top of this one that asks the reader to imagine in terms of 'as if': "A mighty fountain momently was forced: / Amid whose swift half-intermitted burst/Huge fragments vaulted like rebounding hail, / or chaffy grain beneath the thresher's flail." Again, the image of the fountain is actually less striking than the simile, the grain being threshed and the fierce hail.
Images piles on top of images, similes upon similes to the point that by the time the reader arrives in Kubla's palace, he or she has…
This suspicion becomes even more ironically clear as we read further. As we progress with the analysis of the protagonist's description of his love we find even more apparently negative comparisons. For example, he states that that in comparison to perfumes his "mistress reeks" and that music has a much more "pleasing sound" than her voice. He also states that she is no goddess in the lines,
I grant I never saw a goddess go;
My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground
However in the final couplet of the sonnet there is a dramatic change of tone and a radical change in our perception of the loved one. The final two lines read as follows.
And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare
As any she belied with false compare.
These two lines should be carefully considered as they ironically overturn the meaning and intention of…
Thou shalt keep them, 0 Lod, thou shalt peseve them fom this geneation foeve."
Conceptually, the poem has fou sepaate stanzas, each with the hyme scheme of ababcdc. It is stuctued in the fom of the Shakespeaean o Elizabethan sonnet. Vebal intoductions (e.g. Help, left, standeth, seeks, etc.) seve to move the poem in a melodious way. In fact, eading this poem one is almost caught with it as a semon o oation. Many of the wods have a hashe, o staccato-like timbe, a shap contast to the love sonnets of the ea (bitte, wicked, piece, fea, etc.). This shapness, combined with the oatoical style seves Bacon's pupose of slightly aguing, slightly full of angst, and slightly aogant -- towads God. This, too, echoes much of the Biblical Job.
The poem does not ead as if it was contived, testament to Bacon's clea genius with language as well as his…
references, his loyalty to the Crown, and his nature and pinining for money and respect. This duality is certainly present in the poem, "Help Lord."
In the Elizabethan Era, European philosophers considered the world to be a macrocosm hosting millions of individual microcosms: people. The term microcosm signifies the creation of the human being as a complete world. In contrast, macrocosm refers to the idea of the whole universe outside humanity. This idea that an individual person is a world unto himself, yet still part of the chain of being, provided some interesting philosophical debate. Even within the body of humans the same patterns were seen. The head was the sun-king-lion-eagle-gold of the little world of the human, the godlike part which was the seat of reason. Thus, in the microcosm of the body was figured the macrocosm of the kingdom, and of the universe itself. The beehive, with its orderly division of roles and a single queen bee, was an ideal symbol as a microcosm of the ordered human state (Best).
For the Elizabethan's, the combination of the Great Chain of Being and Microcosm/Macrocosm organized and framed their own picture of humanity. Humans had a hierarchical organization; they knew what station they were born into, what field of endeavor and what they might expect out of life. Fate and Destiny were part of the puppet-master God who planned for a series of events to occur that would change a person's life -- all as it should be. Even if, as in many of the plays of Shakespeare, one small action could change the outcome of the entire story (e.g. The delivery of the note in Romeo and Juliet, a glance or bit of proof in Othello) the stars predict what it is that will happen. For Bacon, however, we can see his struggle with this duality in the way he phrases opposites: "fears… seeks to please; flatter… with a cloven heart" (Gaukroger, 101-2)
Similarly, the twin themes of micro and macro-cosmos were part and parcel of the literature, philosophy, and even political/economic views of the time. This view was, of course, left over from the Renaissance, and while many popular historians see the Elizabethan Era as a time of change and intellectual revolution, it was only a few forward thinkers that challenged the view of the dual nature
The literary techniques used in both poems help deliver the message of unending and perfect love.
The intended audience is different for each poem; in "To My Dear and Loving Husband," the poet is speaking directly to her husband as opposed to making a more declarative statement as we see in "How Do I Love Thee." Bradstreet is speaking directly to her husband and Browning is speaking to readers. This difference does not diminish the effect of either poem but it is significant when examining strategy. e can look at Bradstreet's poem as more personal in that she might not have intended this poem for public consumption and even if she did, she still chose to address her husband directly, giving him all of her attention. Bradstreet's poem is also composed with a mood and tone of humility, indicating that the love she shares with her husband is invaluable. Browning's…
Bradstreet, Anne. "To My Dear and Loving Husband." Text. City: Publisher. Year.
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett. "How Do I Love Thee?" Text. City: Publisher. Year.
This skilled use of ironic prose is also observable in "A Jury of her Peers" by Susan Glaspell, as when the woman who has just committed murder tells the investigators: "after a minute...'I sleep sound.'" the tale depicts how a group of women gradually deduce, through small and simple clues, how Mrs. right killed her husband, and why. The women's observations are more astute than the male investigator's analysis, according to police protocols. The point of the story is not murder, but the fact that the murder's quiet wifely desperation has gone ignored for so long, and that only fellow female sufferers can see this sorrow after the fact. Likewise, the point of O'Connor's story, more than the lurid aspects, are the ways that families and human beings fail to connect and communicate with one another, before it is too late.
A naysayer might sniff and ask why use murder…
Glaspell, Susan. "A Jury of her Peers." 6 May 2007. http://www.learner.org/exhibits/literature/story/fulltext.html
Faulkner, William. "A Rose for Emily." 6 May 2007. http://www.ariyam.com/docs/lit/wf_rose.html
O'Connor, Flannery. "A Good Man is Hard to Find." 6 May 2007. http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~surette/goodman.html
Rather than a poem reflecting her enjoyment of her lover, as would have been typical of an English sonnet, this poem is about the speaker reflecting on the fact that her lover will have to die. The opening octet seems to describe all of the features of the lover and how they will al fade away in death. The sestet puts a sudden shift in the poem, however, using lighter imagery though not taking a lighter tone, and possibly indicating that the speaker is lamenting their own death, and referring to their own body in the first half. The shift in a sonnet is called the volta, and is another standard feature of the sonnet (Baldick, 1990). Usually in an Italian sonnet, however, the octet presents a problem or question, and the sestet solves or answers it. In this poem, the sestet adds a complication to the problem set in…
Baldick, Chris. "About the Sonnet" Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms. Accessed on the University of Illinois website 28 January 2009. http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/sonnet.htm
And you as well must die, beloved dust
And all your beauty stand you in no stead;
This flawless, vital hand, this perfect head,
Thus, Shakespeare's poems have shown that they deal with timeless topics, topics that have proved their worth over time, such as love, passion, and writing. Throughout time, however, Shakespeare's reputation of a writer did, indeed, change. hile he was known as a businessman and patron of the arts during his life, it is suspected that he was not celebrated for his masterful writing until after his death ("Shakespeare Biography"). Today, however, Shakespeare is recognized as the premiere master of creativity and language who wrote in English. Indeed, Pressley and the Shakespeare Resource Center argue that "illiam Shakespeare's legacy is a body of work that will never again be equaled in estern civilization," suggesting that his works "still reach across the centuries as powerfully as ever." Indeed, Shakespeare is not only remembered for the plays and poetry that have changed the scope of English literature, but he is today remembered as…
Pressley, J.M. And the Shakespeare Resource Center. "Shakespeare's Biography."
Shakespeare Resource Center. 18 February 2009.
"Shakespeare Biography." Absolute Shakespeare. 2005. 26 April 2009.
Desire has been a key catalyst awakening love from its passive state. "Till love, at last, out of its dreaming starts." The yearning and desire that struck strongly at the heart has caused the rebirth of desire, and the awakening of true love. Moreover, the power of the desire can be so great as to become a permanent fixture of the heart: "...and often, rooting there with longing, stays." The word "rooting" closely mirrors the earlier imagery of nature; the word "stays" is a direct repetition of the last word in line six: "stay." Rossetti portrays the heart as a fertile ground for the flourishing of love and passion.
Therefore, in "Love and the gentle heart," Rossetti refers to the type of love shared between the spouses in an old married couple. The married couple relies on the staying power of a gentle heart, a heart subject to nature's innate…
Mondragon, Brenda C. "Dante Gabriel Rossetti." Neurotic Poets. 2005. Online at http://www.neuroticpoets.com/rossetti/ .
e. women) (Millay 1611, lines 4, 2). But although the first and most commonly used definition of zest is "keen relish; hearty enjoyment; gusto," the word can also refer to "liveliness or energy; animating spirit" (dictionary.com). Taken this way, the seemingly passive and accepting sexuality seen in the beginning of he poem is disingenuous and even coy. This interpretation is borne out by another structural details of the poem -- the repeated use of so-called feminine endings in the closing six lines (or sestet). In adding an eleventh unstressed syllable to the end of a line of iambic pentameter, Millay is not simply marking the sonnet's structure as her own, but she is doing so in a way that coyly hints at the changing tide of feminine perspective -- the feminine endings in lines 9, 11, and 13 make the sonnet a feminine sonnet, just at the point where the…
Works Cited dictionary.com. "zest." Accessed 22 May 2009. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/zest
Norton anthology of American Literature, Volume D. Nina Baym, ed. New York W.W. Norton & Co., 2003.
The vivid imagery of the first lines of the verses make almost anything that is not frozen or cold instantly welcome, and the image of "greasy Joan" keeling the pot (that's "cooling" the pot, to modern readers) is definitely amongst these things. The fact the her pot needs to be "keeled" in the first place also means that it was hot beforehand as well, which is precisely the opposite image of what is provided earlier in the verses of the song. Though there is not a major twist in the intellectual direction of the poem or in its form, then, there is a definite shift in the imagery of this song/poem that makes Shakespeare's meaning all the more clear.
It is variation that makes life -- and literature -- exciting, and Shakespeare certainly manages to pack a punch into his poems by changing up the direction of his poems as…
Finally, the sestet ends with a question about whether any moral lessons can be learned from this little scene in nature: "[w]hat but design of darkness to appall/if design govern in a thing so small." In other words, the speaker is asking whether he should even try to draw any conclusions from the spider's destruction of the beautiful moth.
The final lines of the poem not only call into question the beneficence of nature; they also call into question the ability of human beings to draw lessons from nature. (Bagby, pp. 73-74). Ultimately, the poem raises questions about the Darwinian metaphor more than it does about the Darwinian theory. (Hass, p. 62). Frost is trying to suggest that there is a limit to what human beings can learn from nature and to their ability to draw their own moral lessons from it.
In the final analysis, "Design" is a poem…
Bagby, George F. Frost and the Book of Nature. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1993.
Burt, Stephen & Mikics, David. The Art of the Sonnet. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. 2010.
Cramer, Jeffrey S. Robert Frost Among His Poems: A Literary Companion to the Poet's Own Biographical Contexts and Associations. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., Inc., 1996.
Frost, Robert. "Design," Rpt. In the Norton Introduction to Literature. Ed. Allison Booth, et al. Shorter 9th ed. W.W. Norton & Company. New York, 2005. 810.
“One is not born but rather becomes a woman.” This famous statement by the French existential feminist Simone de Beauvoir highlights the fact that gender, as opposed to physical sex, is something into which someone is socialized, not which exists as a universal construct (Butler, 1988, p. 519). The 20th century feminist theorist Judith Butler took De Beauvoir’s thesis one step further to argue that gender is a performance not connected to the physical body at all and both men and women can effectively perform the female role. This notion is not as radical and contemporary as it may seem. As the film Shakespeare in Love highlights, in Elizabethan times, women were considered to be inferior beings, incapable of acting on stage at all. The film is a highly fictionalized version of life on the Elizabethan stage, and its final, climatic scene is that of a young woman named Viola…
William Shakespeare and Robert Burns are both iconic figures in the UK. Also known as the Bard of Avon, Shakespeare is often regarded as England’s national poet. Shakespeare is also considered the world’s greatest English writer and dramatist. During his time, Shakespeare authored tens of plays, over a hundred sonnets, and several narrative poems and verses (Marche, 2012). Shakespeare’s work has been translated into virtually all major languages of the world. Also, his work is performed more regularly than any other work. Robert Burns, born close to one and a half centuries after the death of Shakespeare, was also a prominent poet. Similar to Shakespeare, Burns is regarded as Scotland’s national poet (Hogg, 2008). Referred to as the Bard of Ayrshire, Burns is also recognised worldwide for his work (Cairney, 2000). As poets and playwrights, both Shakespeare and Burns have substantially influenced English literature and language as well as…
Robert Frost, "Acquainted with the Night"
Robert Frost's "Acquainted with the Night" is not a traditional sonnet. Although it has the traditional fourteen lines and tightly rhymed stanzas associated with both Petrarchan and Shakespearean sonnets, Frost's rhyme scheme here is unusual: he uses the interlinking rhymes structured around successive tercets that is known as terza rima, whose greatest proponent was probably Dante in The Divine Comedy. But Frost takes the radical solitude of Dante, who bereft of Beatrice is then led by the ghost of Virgil into a sort of dream-vision of eternity, and offers no otherworldly way out. It is my hope to show that Frost pursues a strategy in "Acquainted with the Night" of using the mundane and realistic details suitable for a poem about observed life, and to make them feel less familiar -- through the formality of the verse -- until it seems that Frost has…
Fagan, Deirdre. Critical Companion to Robert Frost: A Literary Reference to His Life and Work. New York: Facts on File, 2007. Print.
Frost, Robert. The Collected Poems, Complete and Unabridged. Ed. Edward Connery Lathem. New York: Holt, 1979. Print.
Poirier, Richard. Robert Frost: The Work of Knowing. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990. Print.
Station of the Metro by Ezra Pound and My Father's altz by Theodore Roethke
Ezra Pound's poem In the Station of the Metro and Theodore Roethke's poem My Father's altz both reflect the darker side of human nature. Though these works paint a very different picture, they each allude to the desperate conditions that we all face from time to time as human beings.
Pound's poem compares faces in the crowd at the metro to apparitions or ghosts, like petals on a wet black bough. The imagery evokes dark feelings of foreboding and death. It may be interpreted as a reminder that we are all born only to face the same inevitable end. The poem is constructed much like a Japanese haiku as is of only three lines. This simplicity adds to the poem's texture and adds power to the message. The reader is left to interpret the intent of…
Dickenson, Emily. Wild Nights.(1861). 9 August 2012.
Pound, Ezra. In the Station of the Metro.(1913). 9 August 2012.
Roethke, Theodore. My Father's Waltz (1942). 9 August 2012.
Shakespeare, William. Sonnet 73, (That time of year thou mayst in me behold). (1609). 9 August 2012.
God of Sand and Fire
Benjamin Alire Saenz's breathtaking poem "To the Desert," updates the ancient sonnet form which Donne once used to praise the Christian God, and turns it into a revolutionary invocation of a pantheistic deity embodied by the desert itself. Through a flawless onomatopoeia which evokes the brushing and rustling and hissing sounds of the desert, he weaves sharply observant images to bring the very scent and color of the desert to the reader's mind. From this evocative nature poetry he increasingly moves towards personifying and deifying the desert itself, addressing it directly from the beginning, and eventually begging it to consume him. His reverential tone, which so warmly pays tribute to Dante's devotional hymn "Batter my heart Three-personed God), combines with his clear diction and imagery to allow him to make statements in verse (such as this about the desert being a god) that might seem…
Sonnet: Shakespeare's Sonnet 129
I selected this sonnet because it is different from typical sonnets in that it is so angry. Shakespeare is writing not about love but about lust and the awful consequences it can bring to one who submits to it. It is also very graphic but in a subtle and elegant way, such as in the line ("the expense of spirit in a waste of shame"). Shakespeare's conclusion about lust is that while it is fun ("the heaven") it is also bad for one's physical and spiritual health ("this hell"). o me, this poem is a big warning sign to keep control of the passions.
1 Sound Poem: Hugo Ball's "Gadji beri bimba"
his poem is about how words are just sounds, noise, without meaning. It is a Dada poem. Dada is an art movement that satirized the very concept of art. hus, Ball writes a poem…
This is the best love poetry ever written, in my opinion. It is so sensual and spiritual and real and true all at the same time. The first line just blows me away -- "Let him kiss me with the kiss of his mouth: for thy breasts are better than wine" -- and people think the Bible is boring. Well, some of it might be, but this poem is not! To me, this poem is about everything, all love.
1 Haiku: Natsume Soseki's "Haiku"
I generally don't care for Haiku poems. They say little and never has one ever stuck with me. I chose this one because I wanted one by a Japanese author, but the brevity of the form makes it all but meaningless to me. There is the suggestion of an image, but there is no context and my mind is too restless to sit and contemplate the "beauty" of the image with so few words to go on.
I have used many different types of assessments in my classes in the past. I would use student self-assessment, portfolio assessment, observational (informal) assessment, and formal assessment such as tests, quizzes and exams. I felt that the more varied your assessment methods, the more reflective of the student’s overall abilities the score at the end would be. Student self-assessments allow students a chance to review their work on their own and judge their performance; it promotes active engagement with their work instead of passive engagement with whatever assessment the teacher gives. Portfolio assessments are good because they allow the student to gather the best work over a period of time and see how they are developing. Observational assessment is good for developing a sense of the student’s skills in an informal way, the student’s participation level, the student’s methods of interaction and communication, etc. Formal assessment is good…
Although there may be "bright April suns" spring also brings "the rain, the pulsing tide," (line 2). The narrator is profoundly sad at the love lost, symbolized by the passing of winter. At the same time, the narrator welcomes the turning tide of the seasons, the hope that lies embedded in each new blossom.
In fact, it seems that much time has passed since the death of the loved one because the narrator is not overly emotional or melodramatic in "Lonely is the Heart." The tone is of subdued sadness, a sadness that has mellowed and matured through time and wise reflection. From the first line, "How lonely is the heart that used to know," the narrator notes that a hole has been left in his or her heart (line 1). The narrator appears forever changed by having known the individual who passed away and has spent "endless nights" in…