Stability Essays (Examples)

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Extant Literature Has Been Dedicated

Words: 2189 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78089748

Some of the spatial plots that were obtained are shown below.

Figure 2: Diagrams showing the Mean vortex (a and b) of the azimuthal velocity profiles at different positions along the tunnel length.

Phillips and Graham (1984) carried out a study on how to measure Reynolds-stress in a turbulent trailing vortex. The work described into detail how the measurement of turbulent trailing vortex in a condition of zero pressure is carried out. The measurements included the mean velocities as well as all components of the all important Reynolds-stress tensor. These measurements were made via linearized hot wires at different chordlengths (45,78 as well as 109) downstream of the aircraft wing.Axisymmetric wakes and jets were then added in a coaxial fashion to the vortex while holding the total calculation costant.Their effects were then studied. The study reveled that just as indicated in the work of Mason & Marchman and Poppleton, the…… [Read More]

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Role of Private Investment on

Words: 14411 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 672069

This also implies inadequacies in fiscal sustainability, which influences investments in private sectors.

The second channel happens through the level, composition and quality involved within the public investment, which shows the level at which the public investment replaces the private investments (Schmidt- Hebbel, Serven, & Solimano, 1996).

The final channel regards the level of taxation on the corporate earnings and the rules applicable in depreciations.

There have been arguments that fiscal policy and public expenditure reduces the private investments in two different manners. These include increasing the interest rates or lowering the private funds involved in financing the investments.

According to the neoclassical theory, the interest rate is also an imperative variable in finding the level of investment. Consequently, it results into a negative effect because it upsurges the interest payable in investments. Concurrently, McKinnon and Shaw, contends that this is likely to cause a positive relationship between the investment…… [Read More]

References

Shrestha, M.B. (2005), "ARDL Modelling Aproach to Cointegration Test," Proceedings of the 46th Annual Conference of New Zealand Association of Economists, Paper

No. 13, Wellington, July 2005.

Keynes, J.M. (1936). General Theory on Employment, Interest and Money., London,

Macmillan.
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Aristotle Plato Thucydides

Words: 677 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35478847

theorists regarding political stability, the ideas and opinions of Aristotle, Plato, and Thucydides will be mentioned by thoroughly analyzing the viewpoints of these theorists in their books such as: Aristotle's "The Politics" And "Nicomachean Ethics," Plato's "The Republic," and Thucydides "The

Peloponnesian War." The analysis and observations of the viewpoints of these theorists will be included in the paper. The question on which the analysis will be based is as under:

What is the key to political stability, according to Aristotle? Why? Compare Plato or Thucydides' answers to this question.

Political stability is one of the most difficult problem on which many attempts have been made by the government to gain a stable political system so that the people living in the country can have an independent and free life. History and researches show that despite of many attempts the leaders have failed to maintain stable and under controlled political…… [Read More]

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Economics Developing World

Words: 1285 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97220565

Economics

The condition of global financial stability implies that the world's financial institutions are healthy, that macroeconomic risks are within normal bounds and that the risk environment including appetite for risk is at normal levels (IMF, 2014). There are differences between the ways that the macroeconomic environment affects the developed and developing worlds, and this paper is going to focus on the latter. The economic structure and vulnerability levels of the developing world, as well as their often-reduced participation in the global economic system create different reactions to the condition of global financial stability.

Global financial stability as a condition is fostered by the economic health and stability of the world's largest and most interconnected economies. The European Union, United States, Japan and other modern nations contribute to the prevailing conditions in the global macroeconomic environment. These economies tend to be highly interconnected. For example, when issues emerged in U.S.…… [Read More]

References

Els, F. (2014). Mongolia foreign investment craters 70%. Mining.com. Retrieved November 15, 2014 from http://www.mining.com/mongolia-foreign-investment-craters-70-79577/

IMF. (2014). October 2014 Global Financial Stability Report. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved November 15, 2014 from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/gfsr/2014/02/index.htm

Lange, J. (2010). Mexico sees 2010 FDI bouncing back. Reuters. Retrieved November 15, 2014 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2010/05/04/us-latam-summit-mexico-investment-idUSTRE64351D20100504

Reuters. (2014). Mexico saw record $35 billion in foreign direct investment in 2013. Reuters. Retrieved November 15, 2014 from http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/23/mexico-fdi-idUSL1N0LS0A220140223
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Political and Economic Prospects for

Words: 2558 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49816111

Thus, weak institutions, frequent military takeovers, and corruption in government ranks, both civilian and military has resulted in present state of affairs of Pakistan. Syria: Syria's history has been one that was dominated by family rule, foreign interventions, and inability to successfully run the affairs of the country by the ruling elite. The Assad family has held the power in Syrian since last four decades and this has caused significant deterioration in institutional and other forms of governance (Zisser 2003, 15-19).With independence from the French forces in 1946, Syria remained internally polarized and externally vulnerable to the tensions of Middle East. Her confrontation with Israel and support for Hezbollah has considerable historical background. Thus, the issues today being faced by Syria are a continuation of its acts of historical omissions and commission by ruling elites.

Influence of leadership: Influence of leadership on both Syria and Pakistan has been largely negative…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Berger, Mark T. 2004. "After the Third World? History, destiny and the fate of Third Worldism." Third World Quarterly 25: 9-39. Accessed July 11, 2013. doi: 10.1080/0143659042000185318

Judah, Ben. Assessing stability in Syria. International Relations and Security Network ISN. Aug, 2008. Retrieved from: [http://www.isn.ethz.ch/DigitalLibrary/Articles/Detail/?lng=en&id=88666]

Nasrallah, Jana. 2011. "The impact of external intervention on power sharing agreements. (c2011)." Masters Diss., Lebanese American University. Accessed July 11. [https://ecommons.lau.edu.lb:8443/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10725/337/Jana_Nasrallah_Thesis.pdf?sequence=1]

Rosenlund, Stephen. 2013. "A Bright Light on Syria's Horizons." Center for International Private Enterprise. CIPE Development Blog, March 4. [ http://www.cipe.org/blog/2013/03/04/a-bright-light-on-syrias-horizons/#.Ud5fcztHK_p ]
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Shadow Banking on the International Level

Words: 1641 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2478417

Shadow Banking on the International Level

A definition of international shadow banking

International shadow banking is a term that originated from pre-recessionary period in 2007 and was popularised in pose recession period. The term invited the attention of financial experts and researchers towards the emergence of non-banking entities playing banking role. Hence, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) formally identified their existence and role by defining the term shadow banking system (Pozsar et al., 2012).

It regarded non-banking entities as intermediaries in the financial system but external to the banking system. It is not only because they perform banking activities, but also because they perform certain other activities which are not part of the banking system. The definition was considered as valid and readily accepted (Pozsar et al., 2012).

No objection was raised upon the point that there are certain entities which are not banks but playing an active role in…… [Read More]

References

Pozsar, Z. et al. (2012). Shadow Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Staff Reports. Taken from: http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr458.pdf

FSB. (2012a). Strengthening Oversight and Regulation of Shadow Banking: A Policy Framework for Addressing Shadow Banking Risks in Securities Lending and Repos. Taken from: http://www.financialstabilityboard.org/publications/r_121118b.pdf

FSB. (2012b). FSB Publishes Initial Integrated Set of Recommendations to Strengthen Oversight and Regulation of Shadow Banking. Taken from: http://www.financialstabilityboard.org/press/pr_121118.pdf

FSB. (2012c). FSB Publishes Initial Integrated Set of Recommendations to Strengthen Oversight and Regulation of Shadow Banking. Taken from: http://www.financialstabilityboard.org/publications/r_121118c.pdf
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Rent vs Buy Because of Many Factors

Words: 2696 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59272389

ent vs. Buy

Because of many factors and costs to consider, the decision to rent vs. buy continues to plague the minds of many. A strategy for one person may not be a prudent strategy for another. Hence, the answer is rather relative as oppose to an absolute or universal decision. The real estate market is one of a cyclical nature, with periods of ebbs and flows. However, the key is stability and longevity to withstand downturns.

Whether to rent or buy is a question that looms in the minds of many. The answer simply depends upon the current market conditions and the needs of the consumers. Over the past decade, owning has been a financial success for most people, with prices rising almost in a straight line, with low, low interest rates feeding into the equation and with homeowners' equity subsequently bounding higher. Conversely, in certain markets such as…… [Read More]

References

Arends, B. (3 June 2010). A fresh look at rent vs. buy. Wall Street Journal (Online).

Home Buyer's Information Center. (n.d.). Renting or buying: Advantages and disadvantages. Retrieved from http://www.ourfamilyplace.com/homebuyer/buyorrent.html

Investopedia. (2011). Economics basics: Demand and supply. Retrieved from http://www.investopedia.com/university/economics/economics3.asp#axzz1igT4E2hU

National Association of Realtors (NAR). (2011). Housing and economic statistics. Retrieved from http://www.realtor.org/research/research/reportsstatistics
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Labor Organizations Discuss the Similarities and Differences

Words: 1361 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5821750

Labor Organizations

Discuss the similarities and differences between at least three labor organizations discussed in Chapter 3.

The Knights of Labor was a standard labor union comprised of individual workers across the nation. They were inclusive in terms, employing both skilled workers in crafts industries as well as unskilled laborers such as coalminers. (Rayback, 1966, p. 168). They had limited political objectives such as the eight-hour workday and the prohibition of child and convict labor. Their broader objectives were social: to improve the image and social status of the working man.

The AFL was not a labor organization, but a federation of affiliated labor unions. (Dubofsky & Foster, 2004, p. 138). The AFL was exclusive, accepting skilled workers in crafts industries and skilled workers in industry. The AFL's goals were economic, they provided financial and political support for affiliated labor unions in contract negotiations with employers. (Dubofsky & Foster, 2004,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chaison, G. (2006). Unions in America.

Foner, P.S. (1997). History of the Labor Movement in the United States, Vol. 4: The Industrial Workers of the World 1905-1917.

Rayback, J.G. (1966). A History of American Labor.

Dubofsky, M. & Foster, R. (2004). Labor in America: A History.
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ASEAN-EU Regional Integration Coordination Between ASEAN and

Words: 1400 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78521134

ASEAN-EU Regional Integration

Coordination between ASEAN and EU started in 1980 after the formulation of a cooperation agreement. The EU has twenty five member countries and engages in several multilateral trade cooperation and relations. The EU is influential because of its extensive economic cooperation with other regional organizations through trade agreements. It is also a central player in the world trade organization.

ASEAN is exemplary for demonstrating consistent excellence in improving and fostering peace, political stability and economic development among its member countries. Other strategies including regional integration have a central contribution towards the achievement of its ASEAN's vision 2020 (Das 139). ASEAN-EU Regional Integration, therefore, is of vast importance in enhancing development in Eastern Asia and Europe through trade.

Comparison between EU and ASEAN

The institutional orientation of the two, ASEAN and the EU, vary on grounds of their formation. Intergovernmental cooperation is the basis of the agreement among…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cheritel, Meriem. ASEAN: AFTA and other Free Trade Agreements - Development and Impact on the International Automotive Industry. Munich, Germany: GRIN Verlag, 2006. Print.

Christoph, Marcinkowski., Chevallier-Govers, Constance and Harun, Ruhanas. Malaysia and the European Union: Perspectives for the Twenty-First Century. New Jersey, NJ: LIT Verlag Munster, 2011. Print.

Das, Sanchita. Achieving the ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Challenges for Member Countries & Business. Panjang, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2012. Print.

Doidge, Matthew. The European Union and Interregionalism: Patterns of Engagement. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2011. Print.
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Skywest Case

Words: 1168 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69966374

Skywest Case

What are the Company's Vision/Mission and Objectives?

Corporate Strategy

Business (Or Competitive) Strategy

Industry Analysis

Competition from ival Sellers

Competition from Potential New Entrants to the Industry

Competition from Producers of Substitute Products

Supplier Bargaining Power

Customer Bargaining Power

Company Situation Analysis

Strengths

Weaknesses

Opportunities

Threats

What are the Company's Vision/Mission and Objectives?

The company was founded with a vision to be able to connect passengers to smaller airports and smaller routes. It objectives were to maintain a high level of customer service, develop and maintain a strong safety image, maximize on-time arrivals and acquire new aircraft in order to service their customers without compromising their 'scope' contracts.

The company sought to achieve this vision by using strategies, and having alliances and partnerships with other major airlines, and to this end was successful in doing so. Currently, the company envisions itself serving emerging markets such as China, Brazil…… [Read More]

References

Ansoff's product / market matrix. (2011). Retrieved June 15, 2011, from Tutor2u: http://tutor2u.net/business/strategy/ansoff_matrix.htm
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Su Luo & Yun 2010

Words: 3491 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3308320

This therefore renders the bifurcation point instability null and void for the cable strayed as well as suspension bridges (en,1999). Cheng, Jiang, Xiao and Xiang (2001) pointed out that in theory, the analysis of the aerostatic stability of such kinds of bridges should be regarded as a limit point instability challenge. In their paper, which is based on the limit point instability concept; Cheng, Jiang, Xiao and Xiang (2001) presented a nonlinear finite element method (NFEM) in order to evaluate in a more direct manner, the critical velocity of the wind for all cases of suspension bridges suffering from aerostatic instability. In these bridges, the three main components of the wind loads together with the geometric nonlinearity are taken into consideration. This required the employment of a specialized computer program called NASAB which had its basis on the nonlinear technique was tested for numerical examples. Jiang Yin suspension bridge's aerostatic…… [Read More]

References

Booyapinyo, V, Yamada, H, Miyat, a T. 1994, Wind-induced nonlinear lateral-torsional buckling of cable-stayed bridges, J Struct Div, ASCE; 120(2):486 -- 506.

Cheng, J., Jiang, JJ. Xiao, RC., Xiang, HF., 2002. Nonlinear aerostatic stability analysis of Jiang

Yin suspension bridge. Engineering Structures, 24(6):773-781. [doi:10.1016/S0141-

0296(02)00006-8] Xiang, HF., Chen, AR.
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Commander Defines or Frames a

Words: 1317 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33970573

For the modern military, command is more an art than a science, but certainly has characteristics of both. The "art of command" requires performance of highly tuned leadership skills combined with intuition and a sense of direction that, most often, cannot be gained through only study or education. Command also requires a conscious exercise of authority so that responsibilities of decision making and leadership can be controlled through delegation when appropriate. Command and control both require the several divergent aspects of leadership that will combine leadership, the art of command, and the science of control: 1) visualization of the operation; 2) understanding both sides of the geo-political and tactical forces; 3) the ability to force a feasible outcome; 4) the ability to foresee and communicate the dynamics between opposing forces; 5) to describe, direct, and plan for eventual success. Finally, the ability to be successful within any of this rubric…… [Read More]

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Federal Reserve and the Current

Words: 2785 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67628849



The Federal reserve realized the big negative impact of MBS and announced a 600 billion program in November 2008 to purchase these securities and this helped to bring back some liquidity into the market. In March 2009, it added another $750 billion to bring the total to $1.25 trillion.

The Fed has the power to create or print more money to increase money supply in the market and this is exactly what it did. Though the downside of this measure is inflation and an increased balance sheet for the Fed, Ben Bernanke, the chairman of the Federal eserve felt it was imperative to boost the economy. Through this tool, the Fed generated money and provided it to large corporations that depend on loans to ensure that their growth was not drastically affected. The Fed executed this policy through the lending institutions to increase economic activity and the dependent employment numbers.…… [Read More]

References

Spriggs, William; (June 2006). Getting to Know the Nation's Central Bank. Crisis. Vol 113(4). pp17-19.

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. (2012). Retrieved from: federalreserve.org

Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2012). Retrieved from: http://www.bls.gov

No author. (June 8, 2009). Ben Bernanke's Greatest Challenge. CBS News. Retrieved from: http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2009/03/12/60minutes/main4862191.shtml
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Viet Nam War and Its Comparison to

Words: 3472 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89847448

Viet Nam War and its comparison to several social theories. Using the war as a measuring stick theories are examined and held against the war to see how the war could be applied to each theory. The writer explains a short history of each theory and then examines how the war holds up using that particular theory.

The Viet Nam War was arguably the most controversial war that America has ever been involved in. It sparked social movements that had never before been seen. It pitted the young against the old, the conservative against the liberal and the rich against the poor in ways that threatened to tear the nation in pieces. Until Viet Nam, service personnel had been considered heroes, worthy of the nation's admiration. During the Viet Nam war those who served often came home to being spit on, and having things thrown at time. Until Viet Nam…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Rational Choice and Deterrence Theory

Sociology of Deviant Behavior

http://www.umsl.edu/~rkeel/200/ratchoc.html

The Theory of Hegemonic Stability
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Counterinsurgency Operations Units Conduct Offense Defense and

Words: 934 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24081856

Counterinsurgency operations, units conduct offense, defense, and stability operations: select the one tat is most important and explain why.

To appropriately consider which tactic with the overall counterinsurgency scope is the most viable, one must fist look at the goal of counterinsurgency operations. As indicated by the "Tactics of Counterinsurgency Manual" the goal of the operations is to form a legitimate host nation government that can provide effective governance. In addition, the goal of counterinsurgency is to eliminate most of the causes of insurgency and preventing any possibility of adequate return. This is often facilitated by isolating the insurgents while simultaneously increasing the legitimacy of the host nation government. After reviewing this definition, the most important tactic within the overall scope of counterinsurgency would be the offensive component. In many instances, the problem plaguing the host nation is that of insurgents and its inability to adequately defend itself. Therefore without…… [Read More]

References:

1) Galula, David Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 1964. ISBN 0-275-99303-5 p.24-47

2) Thompson, Robert (1966). Defeating Communist insurgency: the lessons of Malaya and Vietnam. New York: F.A. Praeger.

3) Hamilton, Donald W. (1998). The art of insurgency: American military policy and the failure of strategy in Southeast Asia. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-275-95734-6.
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Swept Wing Technology Is 75

Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38219762

This means that the forward sweep design is less apt to suffer from wing tip stalls as the rearward designs are. It also means that the forward sweep aids in low speed stability and handling characteristics (CFC, 2011). Notable aircraft with this design include the Grumman X-29 experimental fighter and the Let-L13 glider (Hallion, 2011).

Technological Impact

Swept wing design changed the course of World War Two and all subsequent wars where aircraft were employed. It also helped to influence the designs of the space race as well as the experimental designs of the 1950's and 1960's that radically shaped future air travel. As it was first experimented with in a relatively meaningful way during World War Two, it has grown to be incorporated in nearly every subsequent aircraft design, especially those that are built for trans-sonic and super-sonic use. Swept wing technology has shaped aviation and aircraft design as…… [Read More]

References

Doig, G.; Barber, T.J. And Neely, A.J. (2011). "Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Swept Wing

In Close Ground Proximity at High Subsonic Mach Numbers." Journal of Aerospace Engineering. Vol. 9, No. 1. Pp. 19-26.

Hallion, Richard, P. (2011). "The NACA, NASA, and the Supersonic-Hypersonic

Frontier." NASA. NASA Technical Reports Server. Retrieved 9 Nov.
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Apple expansion into Myanmar

Words: 3643 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55154244

Global Economic Conditions

Apple operates in over 100 countries already, but there are still some markets available for the company. The one that has been chosen for the next international expansion in Myanmar. Apple already has a presence in most other Southeast Asian countries, but Myanmar has only recently become a democracy. It is a poor country, but relatively large, and is starting to see some strong economic growth. Foreign companies are starting to make their market entry. The trends for Myanmar are all quite recent. Five years ago there was little economic activity in the country, regular brownouts and a military junta. Today, there are signs of economic life. Moreover, where five years ago there was almost no broadband and it was prohibitively expensive, broadband in the country has been rolled out to most populated areas and is affordable.

Myanmar\'s economic story is mostly internal, but there is some…… [Read More]

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International Monetary Economics

Words: 605 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31494374

International Monetary Econ

The price of a Big Mac varies around the world, and has been used (albeit not seriously) as a means of testing currency exchange rate parity. The prices of a Big Mac around the world are gathered in the Big Mac Index found on Oanda. The price of a Big Mac in U.S. dollar terms using current spot rates and July 28, 2011 Big Mac prices are as follows:

Country

Local Price

USD Price

USA

China

¥14.7

Brazil

R$9.50

Germany

€3.44

India

Japan

¥320

Russia

p

Switzerland

To calculate the predicted exchange rate, the local currency price should be divided by dollars. Thus the exchange rate implied by the price of a Big Mac is as follows:

Country

Implied Exchange Rate

USA

1.000

China

3.612

Brazil

Germany

0.8452

India

20.6388

Japan

78.624

Russia

1.658

Switzerland

1.597

According to the Big Mac parity theory, currencies whose values diverge…… [Read More]

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Individual Report Style Case Analysis - Ford

Words: 2515 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95227600

Individual eport style Case Analysis: - Ford Motor Company - IN TEXT CASE 18 Case Objectives 1. To examine external internal forces affect competitive strategy. 2. To investigate choices business corporate-level strategies a highly turbulent industry.

Ford Motor Company

The modern day society is still striving to overcome the impediments of the economic crisis that commenced in 2007 in the United States real estate sector. The crisis left people unemployed, losing their life savings, and the economic agents in hurdle. Still, in these difficult times, the leading American manufacturer of automobiles reemerges as a strong and stable organization.

Ford Motor Company has not used federal funds to overcome the crisis, but has focused on reconsolidating itself in order to restore its balance and financial stability. Today, the organization is revealing the first signs of this stability, yet challenges still remain.

General information about Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company was…… [Read More]

References:

Mehta, S., 2011, Oligopoly characteristics, Buzzle,  http://www.buzzle.com/articles/oligopoly-characteristics.html  last accessed on March 27, 2012

Ford Motor Company 2010 Annual Report, http://corporate.ford.com/doc/ir_2010_annual_report.pdf last accessed on March 27, 2012

2011 Form 10K, Ford Motor Company,  http://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/37996/000003799612000007/f12312011-10k.htm#sDD440BBF35C4A708914089ECB28A45F8  last accessed on March 27, 2012

2012, Industry handbook, Investopedia,  http://www.investopedia.com/features/industryhandbook/automobile.asp#axzz1qJiZoOSR  last accessed on March 27, 2012
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Ivory Coast the Weakening State

Words: 1363 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 313285



There are still significant security concerns for the United States in West Africa, and as a potentially strong ally there is a definite interest in seeing stability returned to the Ivory Coast. Having a solid partner in the region that is able to both lead by example and serve as a center for bringing greater stability to nearby oil-rich nations is a definite concern for the United States, and ongoing unrest in the Ivory Coast will only fuel increased violence and instability in countries with more direct relationships with the United States.

There are certain obvious figures and sectors that the intelligence community should focus on in their assessment of the Ivory Coast in both its short- and long-term prospects. Certain military leaders siding with President Gbagbo will likely be given key positions in whatever government ends up becoming the stabilizing force in the country, but this does not mean…… [Read More]

References

CIA. (2011). Cote d'Ivoire. World Factbook. Accessed 7 February 2011.  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/iv.html 

INR Report. (2004).

Langford, T. (1999). Things Fall Apart: State Failure and the Politics of Intervention. International Studies Review 1(1): 59-79.

Rotberg, R. (2002). Failed States, Collapsed States, Weak States: Causes and Indicators.
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Changing Paradigm in International Policing

Words: 8998 Length: 33 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87743756

The lack of action over Rwanda should be the defining scandal of the presidency ill Clinton. Yet in the slew of articles on the Clinton years that followed Clinton's departure from power, there was barely a mention of the genocide."

The UN, pressured by the ritish and the U.S., and others, refused to use the word "genocide" during the event, or afterward when it issued its official statement of condemnation of the genocide in Rwanda.

Since that time, ill Clinton has said that Rwanda is one of his regrets of his presidency, but that he lacked the information to "fully grasp what was going on in Rwanda."

Reports to the UN and its member states, as reported by William Ferroggiaro (1995), online at http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAE/NSAE119/index.htm, were based on reports via the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), said that there was a "probability" of certain individuals and groups being responsible for certain…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Anderson, D.L. The Columbia Guide to the Vietnam War. Columbia University Press, New York, 2002. p. 232.

Brahimi. L, Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (2000), found at http://www.un.org/peace/reports/peace_operations/, accessed on 09 May 2010.

Demaggio, a.R. Mass Media, Mass Propaganda: Examining American News in the "War on Terror. 2008, p. 236.

Department of Peacekeeping Operations Department of Field Support, United Nations Peacekeeping Operations Principles and Guidelines (2010), found at http://www.peacekeepingbestpractices.unlb.org/Pbps/Library/Capstone_Doctrine_ENG.pdf, accessed on 09 May 2010.
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Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL

Words: 2193 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30046943

esearchers believe that incorporating evidence-based prevention methods can decrease the incidence of ACL ruptures, but an understanding of the etiology and mechanisms of sports injury are a necessary to do this (Posthumus, 2009).

The highest prevalence of extrinsic ACL injuries tends to occur in organized sports especially adolescents participating in pivoting type sports such as football, basketball, and team handball (Bahr & Krosshaug, 2005). In addition to any intrinsic factors and adolescent may have, or predisposing factors, environmental factors surrounding organized sports can also play a role in injury. For example, weather conditions (slippery surface), type of surface sport is played on (grass vs. pavement), proper footwear, and protective bracing (Posthumus, 2009).

A growing concern regarding these injuries and the populations that incur them is that these injuries increase the risk of osteoarthritis (Bahr & Krosshaug, 2005). In fact, after ten years, around half of all people that have suffered…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Ageberg, E., Thombe, R., Neeter, C., Gravare Silbernagel, K., Roos, EM. Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Treated With Training and Surgical Reconstruction or Training Only: A Two to Five-Year Followup. Arthritis Care & Research. 2008; 59(12):1773-79.

Bahr, R., Krosshaug, T. Understanding injury mechanisms: a key component of preventing injuries in sport. Br J. Sports Med. 2005; 39:324 -- 329.

Grindstaff, TL., Hammill, RR., Tuzson, AE., Hertel, J. Neuromuscular Control Training Programs and Noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Rates in Female Athletes: A Numbers-Needed-to-Treat Analysis. Journal of Athletic Training. 2006; 41(4):450 -- 456.

Health Information Publications (2011). What is the anterior cruciate ligament? eHealthMD retrieved from http://ehealthmd.com
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Country Report Spain This Report

Words: 2642 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25618498



An interesting trend has been registered in the service industry, especially in the field of tourism. One of the main engines of Spanish economy in the past, now tourism in this country faces fierce competition from Eastern Europe countries. The beautiful resorts in Palma del Majorca and Costa rava must compete with low cost sea side resort, which offer similar services at incredibly low prices. Another field which needs reforms and reformulation policy is the agricultural and fishery one, which accounts only 4.1% out of GDP, although the important political forces attached to this sensible sector.

In order to be able to face the challenges and the opportunities on the regional and global market, Spain needs reforms in most fields of activity. Unemployment level is one of the highest in EU 9.2% at the end of 2005, while the rate of inflation was around 3.4 per cent in 2005, which…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1) Carol Matlack and Joan Tarzian - 'Spain: Immigrants Welcome', Business Week, May 21, 2007

2) 'Plain sailing no longer', the Economist print edition, 3rd of March 2007.

3) 'Spanish property - the pain in Spain', 26th of April 2007.

4) Human Development Index report, for the year 2006
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Economics Simply Relates to the

Words: 565 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76167885

The need for the preservation of these resources is because of the fact that it is finite or limited. Abused utilization of these resources will deplete it and will eventually endanger the future inhabitants of the earth, leaving them nothing for the production of their own needs. Without the resources, there will be nothing to work on in the first place. Achievement of economic stability is the first step in order to achieve the other social goals. Since there are resources, there can be economic efficiency whereby goods can be produced at a lowest possible cost because of the availability of resources. Economic freedom or the right of a man to engage in voluntary economic activities, economic equity or justice particularly in terms of taxation and welfare economics, and economic security or security in employment can be settled between the government and the people in order to achieve them. All…… [Read More]

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Responsibilities as an External Consultant to a

Words: 2819 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72448173

esponsibilities as an external consultant to a contract manufacturing organization (CMO)

esearch in the field of medicine has contributed to changes in administration of dosage. Initially some administration routes for drugs are considered more convenient than other methods. However this relies and depends on the benefits and shortcomings of the drug administration route. The paper discusses on the possible and the convenient drug administration routes to apply in CMO. The paper also discusses on the methods to improve the physical stability and product chemical in the dosage for CMO

outes of administration for biological medicinal products

Different routes of administration can be applied for biological medicinal products and generally for contract manufacturing organization (CMO). For instance, enteral, parenteral, and transdermal are the common broad routes of medicinal administration.

Hypodermoclysis administration route

Hypodermoclysis administration route is whereby the dosage is in fluid form and can be referred to as subcutaneous infusion…… [Read More]

References

Adikwu, M.U., & Esimone, C.O. 2009. Biopolymers in drug delivery recent advances and challenges. [Saif Zone, Sharjah, U.A.E.], Bentham eBooks.

Arcangelo, V.P., & Peterson, A.M. 2005. Pharmacotherapeutics for advanced practice: A

practical approach. Philadelphia, PA [u.a.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Gillespie, J.R., & Flanders, F.B. 2010. Modern livestock and poultry production. Australia,
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Rank Third Semester Exam How Does Command

Words: 1474 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91095209

Rank

Third Semester Exam

How does Command and Control and Intelligence help the JFC and staff integrate, synchronize and direct joint operations?

Joint Force Commands seek to utilize the full spectrum of abilities and strengths that our military possesses across the entire range of the battlefield. Therefore, JFCs typically focus their efforts in particular types of operations and hold back in others. Thus major operation and campaign tactics must utilize the correct balance between offense, defense and stability operations at all points in planning. It is crucial that planning for stability operations be initiated when joint operation planning begins and not to allow a simple focus on offense and defense obfuscate planning. JFCs must possess a strategic long view and anticipate the switch from combat operations (whether offensive or defensive) to the end of joint operations and the reinstitution of civilian control. A myopic focus on planning offensive and defensive…… [Read More]

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International Criminal Organizations

Words: 2566 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57505316

International Criminal Organizations

Over time, Mexico has experienced significant growth in crime levels -- something that has led to an increase in criminal activity not only in Mexico but also across the entire region as well. In this text, I concern myself with the rise of international criminal organizations in Mexico. In so doing, I will amongst other things explain the role poverty and/or corruption has played in the creation of fertile ground for organized gangs and how the Mexican government has responded to the rise in criminal activity. Further, in addition to evaluating the effect of the said criminal organizations on the stability of the nation as a whole, I will also speculate over what the situation in Mexico means to the United States from a national security perspective. ecommendations with regard to how the government of Mexico should respond to the situation will be offered at the end…… [Read More]

References

Barkan, S. & Bryjak, G. (2011). Fundamentals of Criminal Justice: A Sociological View (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett.

Center for International Cooperation -- CIC (2013). Organized Crime. Retrieved from http://cic.nyu.edu/content/organized-crime

CNN Library. (2013). Mexico Drug War Fast Facts. CNN. Retrieved from  http://edition.cnn.com/2013/09/02/world/americas/mexico-drug-war-fast-facts/ 

Edmonds-Poli, E. & Shirk, D.A. (2012). Contemporary Mexican Politics (2nd ed.). Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield.
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Arnold T & Shelbourne K

Words: 2152 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42250538

. he American Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(3), 384-394.

2 groups of 70 patients with patellar tendon and hamstring tendon autografts were assessed 2 years following surgery. No significant differences were noted in terms of activity, although more patients in the P group experienced pain and loss of motion for a longer span of time than did patients in the hamstring tendon group. On the whole, patients with hamstring tendon grafts performed similarly to patients with patellar tendon grafts although more beneficial results seemed to incline towards the groups that had experienced hamstring tendon graft replacements.

Monaco, E., Labianca, L., Conteduca, F., De Carli, a., & Ferretti, a. (2007). Double bundle or single bundle plus extraarticular tenodesis in acl reconstruction?: a caos study. Knee Surgery, Sports raumatology, Arthroscopy, 15(10), 1168-1174.

he goal of this study was to evaluate the effect on the internal rotation of the tibia of lateral reconstruction…… [Read More]

This technical study was intended to measure the in situ force applied to the ACL during load and injury. The medial collateral ligament (MCL), anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterolateral structures (PLS), and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) were measured in response to 110 N. anterior tibial loading. Changes in knee kinematics associated with ACL deficiency and combined MCL and ACL deficiency were also evaluated. Findings demonstrated that impact is equally shared between the various bone ligaments and anterior bones during tibial loading of the knee leading researchers to conclude that the MCL and osteochondral surfaces may also be at significant risk during ACL injury.

Smith, F., Rosenlund, E., Aune, a., MacLean, J., & Hillis, S. (2004). Subjective functional assessments and the return to competitive sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. . British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(3), 279-284.

The objective was to examine return to competitive sport and general recuperation of ligaments within 12 months of ACL reconstruction. A postal questionnaire 43 months after surgery was mailed to 109 selected athlete patients, 77 of whom responded. The Cincinnati sports activity scale (CSAS) and Cincinnati sports function scales were used as instruments. 62 patients had returned to activity 12 months following treatment, whilst 55 patients had regained their former level of ability. 12 patients admitted to major problems, whilst 38 patients were actively involved in sports at least four times a week. Competitive and male patients had higher scores at restoration than did non-athletic and female patients respectively. Results supported the researchers' hypothesis.
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Growth of Latin America vs

Words: 437 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52265220

59-84). A lack of rule of law equates to lawlessness and high levels of violence and theft.

In aggregate the factors of investment, fertility, schooling, and socio-political openness to new venture create statistically significant differences in economic performance between the regions. What De Gregorio (et. al.) also found was Latin American nations are continually coming in and out of economic crises, which makes their banking system, money supply and balance-of-payments highly risky and difficult to invest in even when there is a growth opportunity. Latin America's greatest challenge will be in overcoming the tendency to continually cycle from one economic crisis to another.

eferences

De Gregorio (2004) - "Growth and Adjustment in East Asia and Latin America"

Econom'a Journal. Jose De Gregorio - Volume 5, Number 1, Fall 2004, pp. 69-134.

Brookings Institution Press. Accessed from the Internet on February 7, 2007 from location: http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/economia/toc/eco5.1.html

De Gregorio (1992). "Economic Growth…… [Read More]

References

De Gregorio (2004) - "Growth and Adjustment in East Asia and Latin America"

Econom'a Journal. Jose De Gregorio - Volume 5, Number 1, Fall 2004, pp. 69-134.

Brookings Institution Press. Accessed from the Internet on February 7, 2007 from location: http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/economia/toc/eco5.1.html

De Gregorio (1992). "Economic Growth in Latin America." De Gregorio, Jose Journal of Development Economics 39(1): 59-84.
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Federal Reserve the Current State of the

Words: 2290 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90938431

Federal eserve

The current state of the United States economy is not encouraging. Even though there has been false hope about it, the chances are that it will hardly last for long. The long-term trends that are negatively impacting the economy and financial system are showing no signs of reducing. As each day passes, the economic foundations of the country continue to crumble. The debt of the country has increased and the population is consuming more wealth than what is produced. In addition, unemployment and inflation levels are high coupled with slow economic growth, which remain the main features of the U.S. economy. The Federal eserve is the key to solving the current economic situation that is experienced in the U.S. This is because it is the central bank of the United States and the operations of every bank are monitored by the Federal eserve (Hafer, 2005). In 1913, the…… [Read More]

References

Axilrod, S. (2009). Inside the Fed: Monetary Policy and its Management, Martin through Greenspan to Bernanke, New York: MIT Press.

Hafer, R. (2005). The Federal Reserve System: An Encyclopedia, Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Mankiw, G. (2011). Principles of Economics, New York: Cengage Learning

Meltzer, A. (2010). A history of the Federal Reserve, Volume 2, New York: University of Chicago Press.
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U S President Foreign Policy Decision

Words: 8528 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55687351

The research, methods will seek to establish a common basement of the U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process. Equitable regard will be accorded to the state of affairs that exist between the U.S.A. And Iran

Questionnaires

Questionnaires are samples of structured questions that will seek directive responses from the respondents in the field of study. In order to arrive at making decisions, there are several considerations that the president of the U.S.A. needs to know from the public and the secretary of state. Such questions will be included in the questionnaires. The questionnaires will be supplied to various respondents. These respondents are thought to have consistent information as regards the U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process matters in the world. Questionnaires are relevant when it comes to exhausting on the exiting trends of management in the country.

Interviews

Interviews refer to face-to-face approaches of seeking to elicit information…… [Read More]

Reference list

Alterman, Eric. 1998. Who speaks for America?: why democracy matters in foreign policy.

Ithaca [u.a.]: Cornell Univ. Press.

Beisner, Robert L. 2003. American foreign relations since 1600 a guide to the literature.

Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO. http://ebooks.abc-clio.com/?isbn=9781576075302.
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Global Financial Strategy

Words: 3324 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83072330

Global Financial Strategy

Critical assessment of the proposal to raise capital locally rather than in the UK

In the analysis of the proposal of raising capital locally rather than in the UK, it is essential to consider four critical aspects: costs, risks, benefits/advantages, and limitations/disadvantages. In the presentation of this critical assessment, the focus will be on the four factors or aspect in order to offer reliable analysis of the situation.

Costs

In the process of raising capital locally rather than in the UK, the organization must incur several costs. One of the essential costs is the professional cost. This refers to the amount of money or financial resources paid to the legal advisors, auditors, and reporting accountants in order to execute the process of raising the capital effectively and appropriately. Another important aspect of cost is the trading cost. These are direct costs including the brokerage commissions and financial…… [Read More]

References

Burnham, P 2010, 'Class, Capital and Crisis: A Return to Fundamentals', Political Studies Review, 8, 1, pp. 27-39,

Carvalhal, A, & Camara Leal, R 2013, 'The World Financial Crisis and the International Financing of Brazilian Companies', Brazilian Administration Review (BAR), 10, 1, pp. 18-39,

'Chad' 2013, Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition, pp. 1-3,

Chana Kok, T, & Yap Voon, C 2011, 'Risk Factors of Commercial Banks in Malaysia', Journal Of Modern Accounting & Auditing, 7, 6, pp. 578-587,
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How Stable Was the Medici Regime in Florence Between 1434 and 1494

Words: 990 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39038228

Medici egime

In the 15th century, the most prominent family in the developed world was probably the Medici, whose wealth, power, and political connections kept them in power for many decades and even centuries. When examining the stability of this regime, however, several factors, including war and their connections with ethically questionable persons like Cosimo, it becomes clear that there were significant storms within the regime, echoing the turbulence of war.

According to Kaborycha (111), for example, Cosimo became not only wealthy, but also a highly powerful figure in Florence due to his association with the Medici and other powerful political entities in the country. Specifically during the war effort, his status as money lender changed from a contributing role during the war to dictating political and military policy. Due to his many unethical actions in cultivating this status while also filling his own treasury, Cosimo's trouble began by being…… [Read More]

Reference

Kaborycha, Lisa. "Chapter 6." A Short History of Renaissance Italy. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2011. 102-14. Print.
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Performance of the Middle East

Words: 8783 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76621532

(Jabal Omar Development Corporation 2010)

Kuwait

Since 2008, the real estate market in Kuwait has been continually declining. The reason why is because the economy was largely depending upon oil revenues. However, in 2010 the sector began witnessing an increase in prices. This is because of the Kuwaiti government was aggressively promoting the tourism industry. As developers are expecting a strong increase in foreign direct investment, due to the governments push to expand the sector. As a result, holiday and residential areas in Kuwait are continuing to boom. (Finkelstein)

In the housing industry, there are large numbers of shortages that are affecting prices. What has been happening is the residential sector has been facing restrictions over the last several years, surrounding building permits. As the government was slow to endorse them, which created a rush on new areas that were approved for development. At the same time, the government has…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Alexandria Real Estate, 2010.

Egypt Property, 2010, Select Property. Available from: [19 Mar. 2011].

Egypt Real Estate Attracts Interest From Foreign Investors, 2010, New Investors. Available from: [19 Mar. 2011]

Jabal Omar Development Corporation, 2010
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Positive Influence Using Disc in

Words: 1170 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41132434

This is again an illustration of how awareness of types and subtypes can prove useful.

Steady types are introverts who seek stability and show intense organizational loyalty. They are the backbone of many work teams and workplaces, enforcing rules and mutual respect through a good personal example. However, this can put them at odds with the more daring dominant types, although steady types like to follow a leader. Some steady subtypes, like 'the relater' are more driven to seek personal stability, which can cause them to ignore an organization's need for change along with steady 'harmonizer types' who also seek to minimize conflict. Having too many relators and harmonizers on a team that needs to foster change and overcome change resistance may be problematic. However, other steady type subtypes like 'the specialist' who seeks to know more about his or her organizational role and 'the go-getter' who seeks "a steady…… [Read More]

References

Chapman, Bruce. (2010). Personality styles. Business Balls. Retrieved August 11, 2010 at http://www.businessballs.com/personalitystylesmodels.htm

McCloud, Megan. (2010). The real you according to the platinum rule. Suite 101. Retrieved

August 11, 2010 at http://self-awareness.suite101.com/article.cfm/the-real-you-according-to-the-platinum-rule

Smith, M.K. (2005) Bruce W. Tuckman - forming, storming, norming and performing in groups. The encyclopedia of informal education. Retrieved August 11, 2010 at www.infed.org/thinkers/tuckman.htm.
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Neo-Classical Growth Model States That

Words: 1569 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3693629

A context of economic stability strengthens the country's status in the world, increases the value of the national currency and attracts foreign investors. But there should also exist a certain level of flexibility in order to encourage investors to open businesses within the country. Foreign investors need both security but also the promises of adaptability and flexibility, which will help them conduct organizational operations.

Stability should be offered by most industries and sectors, as well as national institutions. Among the sectors which reveal increased importance in offering stability are the financial sector and the banking sector. The financial sector, supervised by the country's central bank, must be stable as to develop and implement fair financial regulations, maintain an appropriate value of the national currency and reduce inflation. The banking sector has to be stable as to offer numerous credit and savings opportunities for entrepreneurs.

eferences

Benito, C.A., Neo-Classical Growth Model,…… [Read More]

References

Benito, C.A., Neo-Classical Growth Model, Development Economics Sonoma State University, retrieved from www.sonoma.edu/users/b/benito/econ403/units/NeoClassical.ppton February 7, 2008

Elbaum, B., Lazonick, W., 1984, the Decline of the British Economy: An Institutional Perspective, the Journal of Economic History, Volume 44, Number 2

Gourvish, T., 2000, Entrepreneurship in Britain 1870-1914 - Failure or Adaptation, London School of Economics, Retrieved at http://www.dieboldinstitute.org/paper3b.pdfon February 7, 2008

Meade, J.E., 1962, a Neoclassical Theory of Economic Growth, Retrieved at http://www.economyprofessor.com/economictheories/neo-classical-growth-theory.phpon February 7, 2008
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Macro-Economics Macro Economics There Are

Words: 6697 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6508748

In other words, these companies expand their business, reach a peak in their business activity, and then go through a period of recession, followed by a period of business expansion, and so on.

It is important that companies understand that the economic sector they represent follows the same business cycle. Therefore, it is difficult for companies to expand their business during periods of recession in the economic sector they represent. But they can expand their business during recession periods of other business sectors, represented by products from indirect competition. This situation can be observed in McDonald's situation.

This can be an explanation of the fact that the company's sales have significantly increased during the crisis. The incomes of most people have been reduced, which means that their purchasing behavior has modified. In such cases, people usually spend less. This means that they purchase less, or they purchase cheaper products. In…… [Read More]

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New Regulatory Framework of Financial

Words: 3792 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69334748

" (Crawford, 2011)

These comments are showing how Wellstone understood the risk that this would pose to the financial system. In eight years after making this speech, the federal government would be directly bailing out firms that were too big to fail. This is indicating how the repeal of the Glass Steagall Act allowed financial institutions to engage in excessive amounts of risk taking. It is at this point that they took on large amounts of debt and had no accountability. (Crawford, 2011)

The information from this source is useful in showing how the repeal of certain laws helped to create situations which allowed for an atmosphere of deregulation. This set the stage for excessive amounts of risk taking with the liquid assets of the firm. When this happened, many institutions began to engage in activities that were believed to be safe. However, they were considered to be speculative and…… [Read More]

References

More than 1,500 Private Fund Advisors. (2012). SEC. Retrieved from: http://www.sec.gov/news/press/2012/2012-214.htm

What is Qualitative Research. (2012), QSR International. Retrieved from: http://www.qsrinternational.com/what-is-qualitative-research.aspx

Crawford, C. (2011). The Repeal of the Glass Steagall Act. Journal of Business and Economic Research, 9 (1), 20 -- 34.

Erkens, D. (2012). Corporate Governance. UVA. Retrieved from: http://www.darden.virginia.edu/web/uploadedFiles/Darden/Faculty_Research/Directory/Full_time/EHM_CorporateGovernanceCrisis_2012_01_04%20JCF.pdf
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Eurozone Maastricht Treaty Euro Zone Treaty the

Words: 3044 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71231999

Eurozone Maastricht Treaty

Euro zone Treaty

The European Community established the convergence criteria. These criteria was established in order to allow its EU Member states to take part in the Euro Zone, and using the Euro, as an official currency. The members of the European Union formed the Maastricht Treaty in 1992. The principle goals of the treaty were to establish an economic and monetary union, strengthen the democratic legitimacy of its institutions, better the effectiveness of its institutions, come up with the community social dimension, and also establish a unified foreign and security policy (Charles 1998).

The criteria contain several principles governing inflation rates, government finance, exchange rate, and long-term interest rates. The percentage points for inflation rates should not be 1.5 higher than the average the top three members states in performance of the EU. Government finance covers both the annual government deficit and the government debt. Under…… [Read More]

References

Charles K. (1998). Interest Rates: A Decision-Making Approach. New York, NY: Dryden

Press

David, J.H. (1999). "Advertising's Overdue Revolution" Speech delivered at the week

New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons
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Political Realignment Curse A Are We in

Words: 1833 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83983357

Political ealignment

Curse

a) Are we in the midst of a political realignment in America?

Political realignment is an aspect, which is in evitable in America. It is evident that the political scenes in America today are changing from one state to the other. It is clear across the nation that realignment is not only bringing significant changes in the political scenes, but the changes are evident and are affecting the social and economic circles too. The big picture in political circles in America is that of minority parties rising up to become the most influential across the board. On the other hand, people in the majority parties have to stir up their confidence to catch up with the completion. In this context, political realignment is one of the major features in America (Winograd & Hais, 2009).

b) What role will social capital play in fostering / hindering the realignment?…… [Read More]

References

Miller, A.H. (February 9. 2012). Jews, Party Identification, and Political Realignment.Daily Digest. http://pjmedia.com/blog/jews-party-identification-and-political-realignment/

Putnam, R.D. (2000) Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster (Touchstone).

Wattenberg, M.P. (2008) Is voting for young people? New York, NY: Pearson Longman. (ISBN 10: 0-205-51807-9, ISBN 13: 978-0-205-51807-4)

Winograd, M. & Hais, M.D. (2009) Millennial makeover: MySpace, YouTube and the future of American politics: New Jersey: Rutgers Press
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Challenging the Beijing Consensus China Foreign Policy in the 21st Century

Words: 24240 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17194104

Foreign Policy of China (Beijing consensus)

Structure of Chinese Foreign Policy

The "Chinese Model" of Investment

The "Beijing Consensus" as a Competing Framework

Operational Views

The U.S.-China (Beijing consensus) Trade Agreement and Beijing Consensus

Trading with the Enemy Act

Export Control Act.

Mutual Defense Assistance Control Act

Category B

Category C

The 1974 Trade Act.

The Operational Consequences of Chinese Foreign Policy

The World Views and China (Beijing consensus)

Expatriates

The Managerial Practices

Self Sufficiency of China (Beijing consensus)

China and western world: A comparison

The China (Beijing consensus)'s Policy of Trading Specialized Goods

Chapter 5

The versions of China (Beijing consensus)'s trade development

The China (Beijing consensus) Theory of Power Transition

eferences

Foreign Policy of China (Beijing consensus)

Chapter 1

Abbreviations

ACD arms control and disarmament

ACDA Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

ADB Asian Development Bank

ADF Asian Development Fund

APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

AF ASEAN [Association of Southeast…… [Read More]

References

Barnett, A.D. (1977). China (Beijing consensus) and the Major Powers in East Asia. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=34158088

Boorman, H.L., Eckstein, A., Mosely, P.E., & Schwartz, B. (1957). Moscow-Peking Axis: Strengths and Strains (1st ed.). New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=53424557

Sardesai, D.R. (1974). Chapter 6 India: A Balancer Power?. In Southeast Asia under the New Balance of Power, Chawla, S., Gurtov, M., & Marsot, A. (Eds.) (pp. 94-104). New York: Praeger. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=14691923

Chawla, S., Gurtov, M., & Marsot, A. (Eds.). (1974). Southeast Asia under the New Balance of Power. New York: Praeger. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=14691822
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Hexabromocyclododecane

Words: 1939 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1303447

Hexabromocyclododecane

Chemical Formula: C12H18Br6

Molecular eight: 641.70

3D Rendering using Chemitorium:

Functional Groups: bromo, cyclo

Shape and Geometric Features: The atom is always a 12-sided figure with six Br vertices. It takes the shape of an octagon that is connected to a hexagon on one side. In a three-dimensional rendering, the molecule takes on a more oval shape rather than the stricter appearance of the two-dimensional rendering.

Chiral Properties and Isomers:

Isomers:

Isomers are the addition or subtraction of electrons in the molecule. The below are the most common isomers of Hexabromocyclododecane. These are coded as alphahexabromocyclododecane, betabromocyclododecane, and gammabromocyclododecane. These indicate which portion of the Bromine in the molecule has been affected by the electron changes.

Chiral Diastereomers: -, ?-, and ?- HBCD

Chirality, by definition is a type of molecule that lacks an internal plane of symmetry. The chirality of Hexabromocyclododecane yields many pollutants which have an adverse…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Arnot, John. "An Evaluation of Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) for Persistent Organic

Pollutant (POP) Properties and the Potential for Adverse Effects in the Environment." European Brominated Flame Retardant Industry Panel (EBFRIP). 2009. Print.

"Chemical Book: Hexabromocyclododecane." Web. Apr. 30, 2011.

http://www.chemicalbook.com/ChemicalProductProperty_EN_CB4363332.htm
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Non-Traditional Families

Words: 1640 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57019930

Nontraditional families in America have seen a remarkable increase in numbers over the past twenty years. The traditional family unit depicted in sitcoms on television and spoken about in the literature still dominates the social scene but in actual numbers it exists in only about twenty-five percent of the nation's households. Strangely, discussions regarding this magical unit still occupy the thoughts and arguments of politicians, preachers and conservative activists as they talk about the merits of "family values." Yet, what truly is the impact of the nontraditional family on today's society? How do children raised in such families fare in the social make-up such as school performance and their social interaction and, finally, why are the remaining prejudices against such families not logically justified?

The rapid increase in the number of nontraditional family is a social phenomenon. Such families, few in number, existed in near anonymity until the past twenty…… [Read More]

References

Cherlin, A. (1999). Going to Extremes: Family Structure, Children's Well-Being, and Social Science. Demography, 421-428.

Dush, C. & . (2009). Marriage and Family: Perspectives and Complexities. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Gennetian, L. (2005). One or Two Parents? Half or Step Siblings? The Effect of Family on Structure on Young Children's Achievement. Journal of Population Economics, 415-436.

Howe, E. (1988). Social Aspects of Physical Planning. The Practice of Local Government Planning .
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Weimar Republic Explaining the Successes

Words: 1166 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30719195

The result was an inflation rate that brought the value of the German mark down to virtually zero and for nine long months the country languished in a state of economic starvation, hoping for leniency from the Allies. ith none forthcoming, the present regime resigned and the new "Reich" coalition party assumed control of the government under the helm of Gustav Stresemann (127).

Germany's Return to Prominence?

The rise of Stresemann was evidence of the failure of the 1918 German Revolution. The effort lacked popular support, economic acumen or diplomatic ability. Germany in 1923 was perhaps worse off than it was in 1918. In order to begin a true rebuilding process, the new coalition first set out to stabilize the German mark.

The period of the eimar from 1924 through 1930 is seen as the "golden years" (139). In 1924 the mark had stabilized and the communist and Nazi parties…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Orlow, Dietrich. A History of Modern Germany. Prentice Hall, 5th ed. (2001).