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Control systems are more difficult to discern, especially in relatively private organizations. Ideally, the best source would be personal interviews with managers or staff. In lieu of that, inference is the best option. As noted, literature can help to understand the types of mechanisms used in different types of companies, although such inferences could lead to wildly inaccurate conclusions.
Insights can be gained from seemingly random websites like Novelguide.com, for some reason (1999); books that discuss the company (Hardy, 2005), blogs (DeBroff, 2009) and media articles (Boorstin, 2004). These sources of information can contain somewhat random tidbits of information that provide useful in painting a picture. Each of the above sources, for example, discusses corporate culture. The multiple sources corroborate each other and provide slightly different perspectives on the same issue. The information contained in some of these sources should be treated with a grain of salt, but as each…
Aronoff, C. & Ward, J. (1993). The high cost of paternalism -- corporate culture -- family businesses. Nation's Business. Retrieved June 12, 2010 from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1154/is_n5_v81/ai_13801513/
Boorstin, J. (2004). JM Smucker. CNN/Fortune. Retrieved June 12, 2010 from http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2004/01/12/357910/index.htm
DeBroff, S. (2009). The Smucker's blogger retreat: Inside a family-run company. The DeBroff DeBrief. Retrieved June 12, 2010 from http://thedebroffdebrief.momcentral.com/2009/11/the-smuckers-blogger-retreat-a-day-with-the-smuckers-family-and-family-of-products.html
Hardy, J. (2005) the Core Value Proposition. Victoria, BC: Trafford.
Occasionally, a firm will appear in the business media specifically for successes or failures in certain areas. Smuckers, for example, received an extensive write-up about their human resources practices and the ways in which they develop competitive advantages through human resources in Fortune Magazine when they were named the #1 company to work for in America in 2004. These sources can contain excellent information not normally available to members of the public. There is less bias in a source like this in part because it is a media outlet and in part because they used objective methodology -- if they praise, it is praise that has been earned.
No author. (2004). 100 best companies to work for. Fortune Magazine. Retrieved March 20, 2010 from http://www.pbs.org/wsw/news/100best/smuckers.html
For many publicly traded firms, there are research reports produced by various analytical agencies. These reports are an excellent compilation of publicly available information…
Kunar, R. (2006). J.M. Smucker: Corporate analysis. Daedal Research. Retrieved March 19, 2010 from http://www.researchconnect.com/downloadreport.asp?RepID=14777
Lastly, the business media is a valuable source of information. An individual story may only be about one aspect of the organization, and may yield only a limited amount of information, but often good knowledge can be inferred because the reporter writing the piece knows a lot about the company. Some business media also base stories around press releases that the company releases. These stories have a greater degree of bias but again can contain some valuable insights since they are coming from the company itself.
No author. (2008). The J.M. Smucker Company announces leadership team promotions. PR Newswire. Retrieved March 19, 2010 from http://www2.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=ORSENRCN.story&STORY=/www/story/08-21-2008/0004871093&EDATE=THU+Aug+21+2008,+07:00+AM
Business - Management
Southwest Airlines is the nation's low fair, high customer satisfaction airline. It mainly serves short haul cities, offering single class air transportation, which aims for the business commuter as well as leisure travelers. "The mission of Southwest Airlines is dedication to the highest quality of Customer Service delivered with a sense of warmth, friendliness, individual pride, and Company Spirit" (About Southwest, 2010). Southwest's mission statement expresses its core competency in its dedication to the highest quality of customer service. Their strategy is explained for providing this high quality customer service by providing warmth, friendliness, individual pride and company spirit. What their mission statement does not state is the organization's strengths, values and purpose. They also don't explain what the organization is trying to accomplish. These are two very important things that should be included so that the mission statement would be complete.
Southwest Airlines uses…
About Southwest. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.southwest.com/html/about-southwest/index.html?int=GFOOTER-ABOUT-MISSION
Acquisition Information. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.southwest.com/html/about-southwest/lowfaresfarther.html
Chan, Bimin. (2007). Why Is Southwest Airlines One of the Best Low Cost Airlines? Retrieved
Business - Management
Southwest Airlines Corporation - http://mba.tuck.dartmouth.edu/pdf/2002-2-0012.pdf
his source explains the organizational structure at Southwest Airlines. his appears to be a very reliable and truthful source with a lot of good information.
Belief Model for the Leadership of Herb Kelleher (Southwest Airlines) - http://mission-coach.co.uk/pages/belief_model_leadership_herb_kelleher.asp
his source takes a look at the CEO of Southwest Airlines. his article breaks down all of the qualities that the CEO has as well as a snapshot of how leadership functions within the organization. his is a good source of valuable information.
eams and Decision Making in the Strategic Environment - http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/ndu/strat-ldr-dm/pt3ch10.html
his article looks at how Southwest Airlines uses teams in order to carry out the function of the different jobs. It looks at how this type of structure is used to make their employees happy and result in positive outcomes for the company. his is a very valuable resource…
This source talks about the company's values and how they are widely shared accepted by the employees. This identifies the key norms of behavior that they employees carry out. This is a great insight into the employees and their jobs.
The Southwest Airlines Way: Using the Power of Relationships to Achieve High Performance - http://www.coachingandmentoring.com/BookReviews/SouthwestAirlinesWay.htm
This source looks at how Southwest Airlines uses conflict to build better relationships. At Southwest, managers are expected to take an active role in resolving cross-functional conflicts. When conflicts arise and are not resolved by the parties themselves, a conflict resolutions process is used. This is a great source in order to understand what goes on behind the scenes at the airline.
Successful Business Strategy
Implementing a business strategy correctly can be a vital component for success. There are several steps that should be considered prior to developing and implementation of the business strategy plan. The purpose of this paper is to outline the steps necessary to effectively implement a business strategy.
An effective business strategy can literally make or break a business. Business strategies that are implemented correctly and adopted by the organization as a whole can effect positive change and improve a corporations overall profitability and productivity. A business strategy that is poorly implemented however, can lead to confusion, chaos and business failure. Thus it is vital that top managers consider the critical steps necessary to foster effective implementation.
There are several basic foundational steps required to implement a successful business strategy regardless of the nature of business an organization engages in. Whether a business is e-commerce-based or traditionally focused…
Birnbaum, B. (2004). "Implementing Your Business Strategy." Birnbaum Associates.
Retrieved 10, December 2004: http://www.birnbaumassociates.com/implementing-strategy.htm
Cappelli, P. (1999). "Employment practices and business strategy." New York: Oxford.
Tactica Consulting. (2000). "Strategies." Tactica Consulting Group LLC. Retrieved 08,
Coca-Cola: Strategy Implementation
The Coca-Cola Company's organization is a double-edged sword. The Company's structure is one of global decentralization in which the Company manufactures and sells concentrates, bases and syrups, owns the brands and conducts marketing initiatives, while its global "partners" manufacture, package, merchandise and distribute the final products. This business model involves a "tall hierarchy" of at least 5 levels in which daily operations are apparently left to lower levels while long-term planning and extended-vision is handled by higher levels. The Company also employs committees to handle vital functions such as audit and budget, while using task forces to study unusual-but-possible repetitive problems that may arise for the Company. The management style is apparently very culturally adaptable, optimistic, passionate, responsible and rewarding, having lower level management handle day-to-day operations while upper management focuses on long-range objectives. The Company's conflict-resolution style is also quite adaptable, using Ombudsmen who are confidential,…
Resources questions related to Ingram et al. Vs. The Coca-Cola Company and that task force issued a report every year from 2002 through 2006; consequently, the Company apparently assigns ad hoc task forces to study special problems that arise for the Company (Coca-Cola Company, 2012).
i. How are budgets set?
The budgets are prepared annually by the Finance Committee, which submits both annual budgets and financial estimates to the Board of Directors for approval. In performing these and
Strategy and Leadership: The Importance of Leadership in Strategy Implementation
Strong leadership as Lussier and Achua (2009) point out is regarded one of the most critical strategy implementation tools. In that regard, therefore, the relevance of proper and sound leadership in organizational strategy implementation cannot be overstated. This is particularly the case given that the implementation of strategy remains one of the most critical components of the process of strategic management.
From the onset, it is important to note that the implementation of corporate strategy requires the involvement and participation of the entire organizational leadership team. Essentially, "one of the most critical elements in successful implementation is leadership" (abin and Miller, 2005, p. 502). In addition to identifying the departments or units to be affected and putting in place effective change management processes, leaders are responsible for the development of an accountability system that clearly assigns responsibilities and indicates timelines…
Fuller, J.N. & Green, J.C. (2005). The Leader's Role in Strategy. Graziadio Business Review, 8(2), 72-89. Retrieved from http://gbr.pepperdine.edu/2010/08/the-leaders-role-in-strategy/
Henry, A. (2008). Understanding Strategic Management. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Lussier and Achua (2009). Leadership: Theory, Application, and Skill Development (4th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Rabin, J. & Miller, G.J. (Eds.). (2000). Handbook of Strategic Management (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Strategic positioning is the positioning of an organization (unit) in the future, while taking into account the volatile environment, plus the systematic recognition of that positioning.
The strategic positioning of an organization includes the planning of the desired future position of the organization. On the basis of present and foreseeable progress, and the making of plans to realize that positioning.
The strategic positioning method is devised from the business world. The method is targeted at ensuring the functioning of the organization. The strategy determines the contents and the character of the organization's activities.
Terms, such as legitimacy, survival, market positioning, relationship with environment and choice for a certain work area, come up in this context.
Subjects, which have been developed reasonably well in literature on strategic management, include information gathering techniques, examination techniques and planning schemes. There are no such methods have been devised for exploring the future:
Career forums. (2010, april 29). Retrieved from Strategic management case studies: http://www.hindustanlink.com/career-discuss-forum/thread-131.html
Cultural dimensions. (n.d.). Retrieved from Cultural dimensions and management theories: http://www.vectorstudy.com/management_theories/cultural_dimensions.htm
Cultural Dimensions and Management theories. (n.d.). Retrieved from Cultural Dimensions: http://www.vectorstudy.com/management_theories/cultural_dimensions.htm
Freeman, R. (2001). A stakeholder approach to Strategic Management. Retrieved from A stakeholder approach to Strategic Management: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=263511
This research paper examines the organizational design of the Coca Cola Company and describes its structure of organization. The organizational structure of the Coca Cola Company is clearly unique. Regional managers employed by the company are given powers to make decisions. The company has ensured that it responds quickly to the changes in market demands by allowing localized decision making. The management at higher level is, consequently, given the time they need to think through long term strategies and plans. Although Coca Cola has made significant efforts to reinvent its brand and products on the market, its growth has slacked in recent day. There is an indication that the company should rethink its strategy for products if it is to remain relevant and competitive on the market. This study sums up by pointing out the changes recommended to keep the company growing fast.
It is evident that…
Coca-Cola: Strategic Toolbox
hat is the organization's structure? How decentralized or centralized is it?
Coca-Cola Company. (2012). Coca-Cola System. Retrieved March 19, 2012 from Coca-Cola Company eb site: http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/citizenship/the_coca-cola_system.html
Evaluation: Not objective but reliable and apparently truthful.
Valluri, H., Nahata, S., Jangalwa, A., Sethi, G.R., & Narayan, V. (2010). Organizational structure of The Coca-Cola Company. Retrieved March 19, 2012 from Scribd.com eb site: http://www.scribd.com/doc/37483762/Organizational-Structure-of-The-Coca-Cola-Company#outer_page
Evaluation: Objective, apparently reliable and truthful.
ii. hat are the lines of authority and communication?
Coca-Cola Company. (2012). Coca-Cola System. Retrieved March 19, 2012 from Coca-Cola Company eb site: http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/citizenship/the_coca-cola_system.html
Evaluation: Not objective but apparently reliable and truthful.
Valluri, H., Nahata, S., Jangalwa, A., Sethi, G.R., & Narayan, V. (2010). Organizational structure of The Coca-Cola Company. Retrieved March 19, 2012 from Scribd.com eb site: http://www.scribd.com/doc/37483762/Organizational-Structure-of-The-Coca-Cola-Company#outer_page_16
Evaluation: Apparently objective, reliable and truthful.
iii. hat are the roles of teams, committees, and task forces?
Coca-Cola Company. (2007).…
Agrawal, K. (2009, November 11). Tools of Planning Coca-Cola. Retrieved March 19, 2012 from Slideshare.net Web site: http://www.slideshare.net/KunalAgrawal/tools-of-planning-coca-cola
Coca-Cola Company. (2007). Coca-Cola Enterprises: Corporate Governance: Ombudsman. Retrieved March 19, 2012 from Coca-Cola Company Web site: http://ir.cokecce.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=117435&p=irol-govombudsman
Coca-Cola Company. (2012). Audit Committee Charter. Retrieved March 19, 2012 from Coca-Cola Company Web site: http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/investors/governance/audit.html
Coca-Cola Company. (2012). Coca-Cola History: Coca-Cola Heritage Timeline. Retrieved March 19, 2012 from Coca-Cola Company: http://heritage.coca-cola.com/
Strategy Formulation: Evaluating Efficiency and Effectiveness
For any business to continued growing over time it must balance the strategic formulation of its business model with the implementation of strategies (Buttner, 2006). There is however, an inherent conflict between strategic formulation on the one hand, or effectiveness, and the implementation of strategies, or efficiency, on the other. As markets change and economic conditions vary by country and region, strategy formulation and implementation are forced to flex or change over time to keep serving customers and generating revenue. The intent of this analysis is to explain how strategic effectiveness becomes more critical the greater the uncertainty there is in a given industry or geographic market. The effectiveness of a business must also be based on a solid foundation of agility and market focus (Dandira, 2011). Efficiency must be increasing in speed and accuracy of execution in highly competitive markets, yet must be…
Bettina Buttner. (2006). Effectiveness vs. Efficiency: Growth-Accelerating Policies in a Model of Growth without Scale Effects. German Economic Review, 7(3), 297-316.
Martin Dandira. (2011). Involvement of implementers: missing element in strategy formulation. Business Strategy Series, 12(1), 30-34
Desposito, J... (2010, October). With iPad Sales Soaring, Are Netbooks Dead? Electronic Design, 58(14), 13.
Meskendahl, S.. (2010). The influence of business strategy on project portfolio management and its success - A conceptual framework. International Journal of Project Management, 28(8), 807.
The shared understanding is crucial in order to build strength and enough confidence necessary for the implementation of strategy and to necessitate evolution.
Second Phase: LG's strategic intent
In order to remain competitive, LG has to stick to its long-term vision which should act as stabilizers to the corporation in times of uncertainty. The vision in this case refers to as a statement of the things that can be achieved by the corporation. The concept of strategic intent is very crucial to the operating of a corporation since it acts as a magnet that pulls the present corporate dynamics and activities to the future. Any given strategic intent should be formulated in a manner that the corporation's remain with a large vision that can energize the workforce at all times. The formulation of new strategic intent options can help LG in capturing new markets while remaining competitive within the uncertain…
Chandler, AD (1962).Strategy and structure: chapters in the history of the industrial enterprise.
The American Historical Review, October 1962, Vol. 68 Issue: Number 1 p158-158
Bradford, RW (2008). Communicating Your Strategic Plan with Employees . Available online http://www.strategyletter.com/CD1103/featured_article.php retrieved 16 January 2011
Bartlett, C. And Ghoshal, S. (1994), "Changing the role of top management: beyond strategy to purpose," Harvard Business Review, Vol. 72
Strategy mapping is an approach to strategy implementation that flows from the balanced scorecard approach to formulation and measurement. Strategy mapping allows for a clearer understanding of the dynamics of strategy to be understood, especially at the implementation level. The framework was developed in order to do three things. These are to set appropriate objectives, establish a dominant value proposition, and then find critical strategies that support that position. The strategies relate to the four different elements of the balanced scorecard (Armitage & Scholey, 2006). Murby and Gould (2005) reinforce the idea that the balanced scorecard does not directly address strategy formulation, so the strategy mapping process acts as the set of guidelines for formulation in light of the findings of the balanced scorecard development process.
Strategic Mapping Process
Armitage and Scholey (2006) outline the six steps of strategy mapping. The first step is to specify an overriding objective, the…
Armitage, H. & Scholey, C. (2006). Using strategy maps to drive performance. Management Strategy Measurement. Retrieved November 16, 2013 from http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/Tech_MAG_Strategy_Mapping_March07.pdf
Murby, L. & Gould, S. (2005). Effective performance management with the balanced scorecard. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved November 16, 2013 from http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/Tech_rept_Effective_Performance_Mgt_with_Balanced_Scd_July_2005.pdf
Treacy, M. & Wiersema, F. (1993). Customer intimacy and other value disciplines. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved November 16, 2013 from http://hbr.org/1993/01/customer-intimacy-and-other-value-disciplines
Strategy Health Care
First student: There are many barriers to the implementation of strategy in health care organizations. One barrier is that the organizational structure, including chains of command and communication, may pose barriers. This barrier reflects that strategy needs to be communicated effectively, in order to the implemented effectively (Heide, Gronhaug and Johannessen, 2002). Managers must be aware of this, and ensure that there are channels for communication that will allow the strategy to be properly disseminated and understood throughout the organization.
Another barrier to implementation will be inertia/vested interests, wherein different people throughout the organization do not want to have a new strategy. The perceive that they will lose out of there is change, so the resist change in order to defend the organizational turf they have staked out (Pardo & Fuentes, 2003). A third barrier is related to these two, in that there are people within the…
Al-Ghamdi, S. (1998). Obstacles to successful implementation of strategic decisions: The British experience. European Business Review. Vol. 98 (6) 322-327.
Dooley, R., Fryxell, G & Judge, W. (2000). Belaboring the not-so-obvious: Consensus, commitment and strategy implementation speed and success. Journal of Management. Vol. 26 (6) 1237-1257.
Heide, M., Gronhaug, K. & Johannessen, S. (2002). Exploring barriers to the successful implementation of a formulated strategy. Scandinavian Journal of Management. Vol. 18 (2) 217-231.
Kaplan, R. & Norton, D. (2001). Transforming the balanced scorecard from performance management to strategic management, part II. Accounting Horizons. Vol. 15 (2) 147-160.
Strategy to Implementation and Action Plans
Business Strategy Implementation
From Strategy to Implementation
The development of action plans is a process of putting the wheels on a strategic plan. Action plan development is crucial to implementation success as it outlines an overarching and a detailed map for achieving the goals and objectives outlined in the strategic plan. It is important for action plans to be comprehensive, providing both a macro and a micro approach. For example, action plans should address resource allocation, goal setting and the performance measures to determine if goals and objectives are being met -- in both formative and summative manner -- and the interlocking functions of operations, finances, marketing, and sales.
Turning Great Strategy into Great Performance
Companies that are looking for a roadmap to help them achieve their strategic performance benchmarks and move their business beyond the quality levels described in their strategic…
Moss Kanter, R. (2009, September 14). Inside Proctor & Gamble's New Values-Based Strategy. HBR Blog Network. Retrieved http://blogs.hbr.org/2009/09/fall-like-a-lehman-rise-like-a/
Strategy Concepts -- From Planning Through Analysis and Implementation
The Concept of Strategy
Strategy is about change and response to change. Competitive strategy cannot stand still (Eisenhardt, 2002). Competitive strategy must establish differentiation (Kim & Mauborgne, 2004). Strategy appears most difficult from the inside of a business as perspective taking is based on what the competition is doing, might do, might do in response to what other businesses do, and so forth (Kim & Mauborgne, 2004). The critical distance needed to truly conceive and implement efficacious strategy is not easily achieved from inside a company -- a factor that has contributed significantly to the financial success of consulting businesses like Bain Consulting, Boston Consulting Group, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, and McKinsey and Company.
Businesses face market conditions that are in a continual state of flux, challenging them to construct strategies that are agile, effective, and relevant ("HB SWOT,"…
Eisenhardt, K.M. (2002). Has strategy changed? MIT Sloan Management Review, 43(2), 88-91. Cambridge, MA: MIT Sloan Management Review.
Halligan, B. (2006, September). HubSpot. Blue Ocean Strategy: A Small Business Case Study. Retrieved http://blog.hubspot.com/blog/tabid/6307/bid/54/Blue-Ocean-Strategy-A-Small-Business-Case-Study.aspx
Johnson, M.W., Christensen, C.M., & Kagermann, H. (2007, December) Harvard Business Review. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing Corporation. [Reprint.]
Kaplan, R.S. (2007, January). What to ask the person in the mirror. Harvard Business Review. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing Corporation. [Reprint.]
Strategy & Decision Making
Wal-Mart has become a global corporation. The company's primary vision focuses on a more global presence and promotion of the organization's ethical culture across global stakeholders. The company's concept of a vision statement focusing on a culture of ethics is vital in globalization. The company has embraced diversity and culture in their global operations thus leading to a competitive advantage and good reputation. By promoting a culture of ethics, Sam Walton has assisted stakeholders and customers to make informed decisions thus doing the right thing (Griffin, 2012).
Wal-Mart's mission statement focuses on quality customer service, striving for excellence and respect for individuals. Therefore, based on their core beliefs and values, the mission of the company emphasizes on the provision of daily low prices and exceptional services to customers. The company has managed to uphold their business for long because the top executives and managers work…
Griffin, R.W. (2012). Fundamentals of management. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage
Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2009). Strategic management: Competitiveness and globalization. Mason, OH: South-Western
Husted, B., & Allen, D.B. (2011). Corporate social strategy: Stakeholder engagement and competitive advantage. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press
Home Depot is a "category killer" retailer, selling supplies for home and garden. Home Depot operates with a cost leadership strategy, as it seeks to use its buying power in particular to offer customers a low price. Home Depot also incorporates a service element to its business model, something it hopes will give it a competitive advantage. Home Depot is currently undergoing a change in terms of its structure and culture, and this has caused some disruption. That said, Home Depot is the second-largest retailer in America behind Wal-Mart and has experienced strong sales improvements during the Nardelli years.
The competitive situation is intense. Home Depot is a dominant competitor in the industry, but faces strong competition from Lowe's, which is almost the same size. These two competitors operate as something of a duopoly, although in other businesses there are specialist firms that are strong competitors.…
However, strategy should not be considered to be static. Strategy continually evolves in response to changes in the business environment and within the organization itself. Strategy evaluation serves the dual purpose of closing the door on the old strategy and beginning the formulation process anew. This is how strategy evaluation becomes proactive, by kick starting the next round of formulation and implementation. By conducting strategy evaluation, the organization takes the onus upon itself to start the cycle, which is proactive.
Another reason to question the validity of this comment is that strategy evaluation is not the only tool by which an organization can take a proactive stance. The evaluation process itself, for example, does not imply action. A company may have the raw information needed to conduct proactive decision-making, but there must be an action step included in the methodology. Moreover, a company can be proactive without evaluating its strategy.…
A directional strategy is a strategy to take the organization in a specific direction. For example Pepsi bought a ussian diary as part of its strategy to create a $20 billion nutrition business. This is not related to market conditions as such, just a focus on growing an area of business. In contrast, an adaptive strategy is one where the company needs a strategy to adjust to some sort of change in the marketplace. An example of this would be an old-school grocery store adding more organic foods to its shelves in response to that market trend.
A market entry strategy is a strategy used to enter a market. There are several of these: exporting, licensing, joint venture, and direct investment (QuickMBA, 2010). These work for entering new domestic markets as well. New products or changes to existing products would also qualify, perhaps, as entering a new market.…
QuickMBA. (2010). Foreign market entry modes. QuickMBA.com. Retrieved February 6, 2014 from http://www.quickmba.com /' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
This system has the ease of being used in any lighthouse irrespective of its current lighting and power systems. Due to this, Vega is the sole company in the world having such advanced technological and optical competencies. Through the system, all the beacons installed can be monitored from a central location, thereby reducing the quantity of false call outs and identifying faults which require manual attention.
Considering the Total Cost of Ownership -- TCO Vega's product offer a low TCO as their IT products recover the average cost of $30,000 for installation since it reduces the $1,250 per hour helicopter-assisted maintenance. The computer-managed systems have to be fail-proof as any type of false call could cost up to $3,500. This system manufactured by Vega uses the interactive technology capable of permitting technicians to switch lights on or off from a remote location. Vega enjoys economies of scale as it has…
Vega Industries Ltd.: A History" (May, 2004)
Case Study- Given by client
Just as Sarbanes-Oxley legislation created significant opportunities for management consultancies, the same holds true for sustainability requirements in European nations.
In conclusion, all management consultancies are attempting to position themselves as trusted advisors to firms looking to stabilizing existing sales while growing into emerging markets. Of the five included in this analysis, all also have social media channels that are well-populated with content meant to convey their thought leadership in specific areas as well. Yet in the area of equating strategies to IT investments, the majority take the approach that more IT spending is potentially the path out of strategies not performing well. Only the Boston Consulting Group takes a more strategic view of systematic change to businesses, choosing to layer in TI after the frameworks have been created. Their legacy strengths in the BCG and Growth/Share Matrices could be the impetus for this approach. Despite that fact, Boston Consulting…
Greiner, L., Motamedi, K., & Jamieson, D.. (2011). New consultant roles and processes in a 24/7 world. Organizational Dynamics, 40(3), 165.
Mors, M.. (2010). Innovation in a global consulting firm: when the problem is too much diversity. Strategic Management Journal, 31(8), 841.
Klaasjan Visscher, & J. Irene A Visscher-Voerman. (2010). Organizational design approaches in management consulting. Management Decision, 48(5), 713-731.
Strategy Mapping & the Learning and Growth Perspective
Learning and growth is the fourth category of the balanced scorecard, which makes up the basis of any strategy. In this perspective, there is establishment of the employee capabilities, skills, technology, and a corporate environment to support a strategy. There are several objectives identified by Cattaraugus ehabilitation Center Mission (CCM) in an attempt to improve their learning and growth. These include (i) recruit, orient, manage, develop and retain personnel, (ii) Utilize technology to progress the organization's information systems and (iii) Promote, train and practice the organization's culture (Kaplan and Norton, 1992).
ecruit, orient, manage, develop and retain personnel
The turnover rates
Attract the best employees in an attempt to achieve sustainability
Develop a motivated and satisfied employee
Utilize technology to improve and progress the organization's information systems
The number of staff who successfully complete training
Incorporation of technology…
Kaplan, R., & Norton, D. (1992). The balanced scorecard: Measures that drive performance.
Harvard Business Review, 70(1), 71-79.
Martello, M., Watson, G.J., & Fischer, J.M. (2008). Implementing a balanced scorecard in a not-for-profit organization. Journal of business & economics research, 6(9), 67-80.
Good managers must act quickly when faced with ethical dilemmas.
Leaders need ensure that dignity and respect are maintained at all times.
These different elements are important, because they are providing us with a basic foundation as to how manages can apply effective leadership inside their organization. Once this occurs, is when there will be a transformation in operating environment with everyone willing to work together on a regular basis. (Voyer, 2011)
Clearly, the different pieces of literature that we reviewed are illustrating how managers must be able to embrace certain ideas. That will help to improve the ability of the firm to deal with a host of challenges. The way that this is accomplished is through having everyone focus on certain characteristics that will enhance the operating environment to include: exercising effective leadership, having good communication and implementing a values-based system. These different elements are important, because the…
Engaging Stakeholders. (2011). Wharton. Retrieved from: http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=2814
Demichellis, S. (2008). Language, Meaning and Games. The American Economic Review, 98 (4), 1292 -- 1311.
Easty, B. (2004). Airbus A3XX. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from: http://cb.hbsp.harvard.edu/cb/web/product_detail.seam?E=8284&R=201028-PDF-ENG&conversationId=88900
Kiron, D. (2011). Analytics. MIT Sloan Management Review. Retrieved from: http://sloanreview.mit.edu/feature/achieving-competitive-advantage-through-analytics/
Strategy to Improve the Performance of Jacobi Hospital / Implementation Plan for Jacobi Hospital
Potential Short- and Long-Term Financial Impact of HCAHPS Scores on Jacobi Hospital
Solid finances in the current period as well as progress and viability are seen as some of the objectives of most organizations. It is in the best interests of patients to have good management in hospitals as indicated by the relationship between hospital performance and management scores. The HCAHPS scores may not seem to have an effect on the hospital in the short-term and mid-term. However, in the long run, negative effects may be felt in terms of bad image and loss of customers. Where the scores are low time after time, patients may look for other hospitals, which are clean, well maintained and the patients are treated well. This would impact the hospital's finances negatively, in the long-term. HCAHPS, therefore, affect both short-term…
Arnwine, D. L. (2002). "Effective governance: the roles and responsibilities of board members. "Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center), 15(1), 19-22.
Caramanica, L. (2004). "Shared Governance: Hartford Hospital's Experience." "Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. 9(1), Manuscript 2. Available on www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Volume92004/No1Jan04/HartfordHospitalsExperience.aspxaspx
Murphy, M. (2015).HCAHPS: The True Impact of Patient Satisfaction. Medical Scribe Journal.Retrieved from http://scribeamerica.com/blog/hcahps-true-impact-patient-satisfaction / on 16th November, 2015.
Orginski Law. (2012). New York Hospitals Score Low on Safety Survey. The Law Office of Gerald Oginski, LLC. Retrieved from http://www.oginski-law.com/news/new-york-hospitals-score-low-on-safety-survey-20120307.cfm
In 2004, it established its operations in Mexico to cash in on the high rate of diabetes in this country. Diabetes is responsible for 13 out of every 100 deaths in Mexico and Novo Nordisk expanded into this Latin American market. It also encompassed Mexico as part of its global campaign and its representatives went to schools and villages to spread awareness about the disease and the ways and means to cope with it.
The H system that was implemented in Mexico was different from the one that existed in Denmark and this was mainly due to the differences in culture, work attitude of the people and national factors that have a profound impact on the employment benefits of the workers. For example, in Denmark, every worker gets to participate in the decision making process. This is a part of the Danish culture and comes from the long-standing democracy and…
Shields, John. 2007. Managing employee performance and reward: concepts, practices and strategies. Boston: Cambridge University Press.
Bratton, John. 2001. Strategic Human Resource Management. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan .
Bamberger, Peter; Meshoulam, Ilan. 2000. Human Resource Strategy: Formulation, Implementation and Impact. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
No Author. No date. Human Resources UC Berkeley. UC Berkeley. [Online]. Available at: http://hrweb.berkeley.edu/guides/managing-hr/interaction/diversity/resources
For Apple, this strategy has translated into market dominance in the smartphone and tablet PC markets. The success of that company continues to underscore the inherent value in synchronizing these three elements of an HM framework, transformational leadership, and a continual supply of disruptive innovation for heavy investment in &D.
The Practicality of Agile HM Frameworks and Their Impact on Long-Term Financial Viability
The creation of an effective HM framework, continual improvement of transformational leaders and their skill sets, and the infusion of innovation can transform a company much like these approaches worked at Apple. For the majority of companies however the practicality of how best to manage these three areas and attain profitability remains a challenge. The majority of companies struggle with creating an agile HM framework that can balance the urgent need to get employees hired and accomplishing tasks quickly using transactional leadership vs. getting employees to buy…
Ann, G. & Pamela, D. & Jerry, W. 2008. 'Characteristics of leadership effectiveness: Implementing change and driving innovation in organizations' Human Resource Development Quarterly, vol. 19, no. 2, pp153. (Online Pro-quest)
Avolio, B. & Walumbwa, F. & Weber, T. 2009. 'Leadership: current theories, research and future directions', Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 421 -- 449. (Online Pro-quest)
Brown, M. & Trevino, L. & Harrison, D. 2005. 'Ethical leadership: a social learning perspective for construct development and testing', Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 97, no. 3, pp. 117 -- 134. (Online Pro-quest)
Cshawn, B. & Dana, E. & Sims, E. & Eduardo, S. 2007. 'Trust in leadership: A multi-level review and integration'. Leadership Quarterly, vol. 18, no. 6, pp 606 (Online Pro-quest)
Business Strategies and Objectives
The aim of this paper is to prepare matrices that will be used to justify strategies that will be recommended in the paper. There will also be analysis and detailed discussion on other alternative strategies, including providing the advantages and disadvantages of the alternative strategies. All the specific objectives and strategies will be addressed and there will be an analysis for the next three years with estimated costs for every year. The article will also compare and contrast the recommended strategies and the actual ones adopted by the firm (Google). ecommendations will include how the strategies are to be implemented by the firm in question, and expected results will be noted together with a timetable for recommended items. Detailed information of how to review and evaluate the success of the recommended strategies will also be provided.
In many circumstances, business strategies will always…
Billsberry, J. (2008). Experiencing Recruitment and Selection. New York: John Wiley and Sons Publishers.
Bryson, J. & Alston, F. (2004). Creating and Implementing Your Strategic Plan: A Workbook for Public and Non-profit Organizations. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Bryson, J., Anderson, S. & Alston, F. (2011). Implementing and Sustaining your Strategic Plan: A Workbook for Public and Non-profit Organizations. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Ghazinoory, S., Abdi, M. & Mandana, A. (2011). SWOT METHODOLOGY: A State of the art Review for the past, a framework for the future. Journal of Business Economics and Management, 12(1), 24-28.
Apple Inc. -- Management Strategy
Vision, Mission, and SMART Objectives
Apple Inc. has had a long history of reinventing itself. The first Apple computers were built in a garage without any type of case, monitor, or keyboard. Despite these modest origins, there was still demand for Apple grew exponentially. It wasn't long before Apple introduced the trademark Macintosh and then the Mac OS X which revolutionized the company. It was also at this time also dedicated much of the company's resources to aesthetics and further developing the Apple brand image through distinctive designs and intuitive features. This dedication to user friendly designs created generations of loyal customers who have fully embraced the Apple brand and champion the Apple products. The digital hub strategy which was responsible for the iPod, iPhone, and iPad completely revolutionized the industry. Make no mistake, Apple's competitive…
HP, 2012. A Creative Outlet for Mac's Digital Hub. [Online]
Available at: http://h41140.www4.hp.com/mac_connect/pdf/hp_mac_background.pdf
[Accessed 11 February 2012].
Meyer, D., 2011. Can Apple Redeem Itself on Supply Chain Sustainability? Taking a Cue on Accountability from Nike's Playbook. [Online]
Micro control refers to the formation and the type of "clan" within the organization and the behaviour of the employees. It could be stated that, focusing the attention towards the internal functioning of the organization is a method of controlling the outcome of the company's efforts regarding the services which it provides its clients with. In other words micro control operations are necessary as a sort of basis for the macro control ones.
It is true that in terms of efficacy the company should focus more on the difference between input and output, but it is just as true that the internal management of the human resources is fundamental, especially under the circumstances in which the company has changed its approach to business and pretends to value the employee just as much as the customer. This is all the more true if we take into consideration the fact that the…
Baron, James (1999). Strategic Human resources: frameworks for general managers. Wiley Lopes, Teresa da Silva. "Diversification strategies in the global drinks industry." Said Business School, University of Oxford, retrieved March 12, 2009 at http://www.aueb.gr/deos/EIBA2002.files/PAPERS/C52.pdf
Zachary, G.G., Molenkamp, R.J. (2005). The BART system of group and organizational analysis. Retrieved March 9th, 2009 from www.academy.umd.edu/tle/BART
This he can do by engaging in extensive advertising, public relations, sales promotion, personal selling, internet marketing, and sponsorship. Depending on the resources available, the client can use any form of mass media that is within his means. He can also go for the services of public relation companies to obtain favorable publicity within the media. The client can also make use of money off coupons or special offers to increase sales volumes in short-term. Internet marketing techniques like social media and videos on demand can also come in handy (Chaffey, 2007). Message strategy should be well thought out. The message should reinforce the benefit of that product (Schultz & Dev, 2005).
2.1.4 Place Strategy
This stands for ways by which goods are transported from the client to the end users. The client has to ensure that goods reach the market when they are still in good condition failure to…
Beamish, K., & Ashford, R. (2007). Marketing planning 2007-2008. New York: Elsevier.
Chaffey, D. (2007). E-business and e-commerce management: strategy, implementation and Practice. New York: Pearson Education.
Christensen, C.M. (1997). The innovator's dilemma: when new technologies cause great firms to fail. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press.
Galavan, R., Murray, J., & Markides, C. (2008). Strategy, innovation, and change: challenges for management. Oxford: Oxford University Press U.S..
Description of Chosen Tool (Work Gloves Create Change)
Successful strategy implementation is fundamental for the survival of any entity. Numerous organizations fail to sustain their competitive edge, owing to lack of tools and processes in implementing strategies (Rajasekar, 2014). The chosen tool, work gloves create change, encompasses eight distinctive processes that are necessary for strategic implementation. The first phase is generating urgency for individuals within the organization to perceive, comprehend and feel the need to change. Second phase is building a coalition with dominant individuals at all levels who work to lead the change endeavor. The third phase is creating a vision that outlines where the organization wants to go and what things will be like when the change is successful. This is imperative to ensure that individuals move in one way. The subsequent phases include communicating the vision, empowering action and garnering short-term wins, which facilitate members within the…
2.1. Separate Unification - Advantages
A specification has to be made in that this process would commence with the unification of Comsec and its affiliates' websites
In case of success, the websites of other Entrystop subsidiaries would be unified
As such, the unification of Comsec's website offers a prototype
The new website would offer sufficient information as desired by the customers
4.2.1. Separate Unification -- Limitations
Only offers one category of information
Customers may often search to protect themselves against general as well as fire risks, but the sole Comsec website would offer limited data
Lack of an offer for complementary products and services
4.3. No Unification -- Advantages and Disadvantages
No additional risks
No additional costs
No possibility for improvement
Reduced chances to adapt to the changing needs of the customers
Possibility to lose competitive position
5.1. Proposed Solution
Due to the current state of the company…
Bennet, R., Blythe, J., 2002, International marketing: strategy planning, market entry & implementation, 3rd Edition, Kogan Page Publishers
Chaffey, D., 2006, Internet marketing: strategy, implementation and practice, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education
Fletcher, R., Brown, L., International Marketing, 4th Edition
Golberg, D., Prosser, T., Verhulst, S.G., 1998, Regulating the changing media: a comparative study, Oxford University Press
However, during the little more than 10 years of this research line, contradictory results have been found (Brynjolfsson, Hitt, & Yang, 2002). From the 1970s to 1980s, those companies that invested more in IT suffered a relative setback in the work factor productivity indexes. This paper will discuss the relationship between IT and competitive advantage in following content. We believe that IT is necessary to improve competitive position of the organization.
Many business professionals point to the use and deployment of IT as a point of weakness, not a point of strength in their organizations. They think that the reason for this is often that IT is being driven from a technical perspective, not from a business perspective (Orlikowski & Iacono, 2000). This phenomenon exists because many businesspeople think that the IT is too complicated, too expensive, too risky and too changeable. They would not like to spend time on…
About Us', Waseta International Trading Co., [Online]. Available at http://www.wasseta.com/gywm.htm
Advancing with e-Business: Pro-Angler Fishing Tackle Direct." [Internet]. 29 Jan 2005. Available at http://www.proangler.com.au .
Ahmed, P.K., & Rafiq, M. 2003, "Internal Marketing Issues and Challenges," European Journal of Marketing, 37 (9), p. 1177-1186.
Armstrong, G., & Kotler, P. 2003, Marketing: An Introduction, 6th ed., Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ., p. 10.
Kodak decided to implement this initiative after conducting market research on the costs of printing at home. According to a study by InfoTrends, the greatest obstacle to printing at home is the cost of ink and supplies (Kodak, 2007). Another printer from the new line, the Kodak EasyShare 5300 offers a 3-inch color LCD display that enables photo viewing and cropping directly from the printer, with a memory card slot that provides an additional quick and simple way to print digital pictures without a PC. Other printers in the new line consist of printers geared toward home-office users. In this way Kodak maintained competitive with other photo companies offering the same products. Kodak's main marketing strategy is that the company is producing a less-expensive product with few frills that still fits its customers' needs. This allows Kodak to create a cheaper product that consumers love but competitors don't want to…
Ailawadi, K., Borin, N., Farris, P. (1995). Market Power and Performance: A Cross-Industry Analysis of Manufacturers and Retailers. Journal of Retailing,(71)(3): 211-248.
Blair, R. & LaFontaine, F. (2005). The Economics of Franchising. Cambridge Brandt, M. (2000). Introducing New Products. Retrieved November 12, 2007, at http://www.inc.com .
Cuneo, a. (2006). A Cingular Waste. Advertising Age. (May).
Christensen, C. & Anthony, S. (2007). Will Kodak's New Strategy Work?.
components of strategic management. They include internal and external analysis, strategy formulation and strategy implementation (Clayton, 2014). The external analysis allows the company to understand what opportunities and threats exist in the market. The internal analysis allows the company to understand its own capabilities and weaknesses, the latter of which might constrain what options it will be able to pursue. Once these are known the company can then formulate a strategy. This can be to leverage strengths to pursue opportunities or remove threats, or the company can choose to shore up weaknesses as a means of defending against threats. A critical role of management is to make good strategy decisions. Implementation is the next step, and this relies on management understanding the steps to getting the company to execute the strategy it has formulate. Understanding the tactics and changes that need to be made in order to execute the strategy…
Clayton, J. (2014). The five stages of the strategic management process. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved October 27, 2014 fromhttp://smallbusiness.chron.com/five-stages-strategic-management-process-18785.html
Devitt, R., Klassen, W. & Martalog, J. (2005). Strategic management system in a healthcare setting -- moving from strategy to results. Healthcare Quality. Vol. 8 (4) 58-65.
Kokemuller, N. (2014). Importance of mission and vision in organizational strategy. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved October 27, 2014 fromhttp://smallbusiness.chron.com/importance-mission-vision-organizational-strategy-16000.html
Ethical Analysis -- Strategy for Palliative Care
The sector for healthcare has, in the last 50 years, improved in its efforts towards cost minimization and service delivery enhancement. Some elements of improvement (such as automation) ensued from technological advances. However, other elements (such as strategy application) owe their establishment in the health sector to endeavors on the part of intelligent, like-minded people who understand life's worth, and that of minimal suffering when it comes to illness. Palliative care represents one such effort. It denotes a system targeted at delivering respite from painful, disturbing symptoms through the affirmation of life and considering death to be a process. Palliative care, as defined by the World Health Organization, is an approach, which enhances quality of life (QOL) of patients, suffering from life-threatening ailments, and their family via prevention and symptom relief. This, they achieve through early diagnosis, and proper assessment and pain treatment,…
Chambers, M. (2015) The Strategic Importance of Palliative Care Within the Irish Heath Service, The Irish Hospice Foundation, http://hospicefoundation.ie/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/The-strategic-importance-of-palliative-care-within-the-Irish-health-service-Perspectives-on-future-service-delivery.pdf (Retrieved;13,12,2015)
Fromme, E., Smith, M. (2015) Ethical Issues in Palliative Care, UptoDate, http://www.uptodate.com/contents/ethical-issues-in-palliative-care (Retrieved;13/11/2015)
Gabel, S. (2010) Ethics and values in Clinical practice: Whom do they help?, Mayo Foundation and Licence Information, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3084645 / (Retrieved, 13/11/2015)
Policy Directive, (2010) Palliative Care Strategic Framework 2010-2013, Ministry of Health, NSW, http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/policies/pd/2010/pdf/PD2010_003.pdf (Retyrieved:13/11/2015)
For product management professionals in the B2C market, the challenges are even greater as the competition and speed in their markets is magnitudes greater than their B2B counterparts. Often consumer-oriented products have a high degree of seasonality to them, substitutes abound, and product lifecycles can be very short (Thorpe, Morgan, 2007). Determining the best possible market segments, defining customers as accurately as possible and monitoring the performance of go-to-market strategies is critical for a new business to succeed in consumer-based or B2C-oriented markets (Van Fleet, Van Fleet, Flint, 2010). Considering how competitive the consumer packaged goods (CPG) market is and the level of investment required for any new product to be successful, the need for accurate customer information becomes central to innovation (Kannan, Yim, 2001). The success of Proctor & Gamble in the CPG markets they compete in is evidence of how thoroughly customer insight, intelligence and market segment analysis…
David W. Crain, & Stan Abraham. (2008). Using value-chain analysis to discover customers' strategic needs. Strategy & Leadership, 36(4), 29-39.
George Crocker, & Yi-Chung Tay. (2004, July). WHAT it TAKES to CREATE a SUCCESSFUL BRAND. The China Business Review, 31(4), 10-16.
Paul Hughes, Robert E. Morgan, & Yiannis Kouropalatis. (2008). Market knowledge diffusion and business performance. European Journal of Marketing, 42(11/12), 1372-1395.
PK Kannan, & Chi Kin (Bennett) Yim. (2001). An investigation of the impact of promotions on across-market competition. Journal of Business Research, 53(3), 137-149.
strategy that is being developed to control the incidents of workplace accidents in the organizations. In addition to that, it also highlights the steps for the implementation of the proposed strategy. This paper also puts lights on the statement, 'Unions do not happen, they are caused by management' and discusses the role of management in the creation of unions.
Group Assignment 2: Case Analysis
Occupational health and safety is regarded as an important issue by all the employers, workers and organizations in any economy. A working environment that consists of good occupational health and safety conditions not only enhances the productivity of the workers but also boosts their morale. If the businesses employ good organizational health and safety policies and practices then they face less workplace accidents, increased rate of employee retention and an elevation in their good will and corporate image. This enables them to benefit from reduced costs…
Industry & Investment NSW, The Division of Resources and Energy. (2009). Health Management Plan. Retrieved from Industry & Investment NSW website: http://www.resources.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/303063/Guide-to-the-development-and-implementation-of-a-Health-Management-Plan.pdf
Safe Work Australia, (2012). National OHS Strategy. Retrieved from Safe Work Australia website: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/SWA/about/Publications/Documents/230/NationalOHSStrategy_2002-2012.pdf
Shmoop Editorial Team. (November 11, 2008).History of Labor Unions. Retrieved July 20, 2013, from http://www.shmoop.com/history-labor-unions/
Wright, E.O. (2009). Labor unions. Retrieved from University of Wisconsin - Madison website: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~wright/ContemporaryAmericanSociety/Chapter 21 -- unions -- Norton August.pdf
Yet, according to the article, former Yugoslav republics continue in their failure to arrest and hand over inductees, or to investigate and prosecute the war crimes in question. Clearly the counseling provided by the ICTY has been far from adequate, or the countries involved are simply not yet ready to take over the responsibility of prosecution.
The article also cites Amnesty International in a statement that war crime legislation on the domestic level in these countries are frequently not in line with international legislation, and that victim and witness protection programs are far from adequate. Apparently these issues have not been thoroughly investigated before implementing the phases of the completion strategy.
A further flaw in the completion strategy is consensus, or the lack thereof. According to the ecurity Council Report (2007), the various countries are in disagreement on how to proceed after December 2010. There are also differences regarding the…
Bellinger, John B. 2008, Nov. 14. U.S. Perspectives on International Criminal Justice. http://www.state.gov/s/l/rls/111859.htm
Belczyk, Jaclyn. 2008, Dec. 19. ICTY may have to remain open two more years: prosecutor. Paper Chase Newsburst. http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/paperchase/2008/12/icty-may-have-to-remain-open-two-more.php
Citizens for Global Solutions. 2008. International Criminal Court: An Overview. http://www.globalsolutions.org/issues/international_criminal_court
Coalition for the International Criminal Court. 2008. http://www.iccnow.org/
Business Operations in Your Organization: Strategies for Achieving Competitive Advantage
The company I have chosen to examine is Walmart Stores, Inc. Walmart Store Inc. became originally established in the year 1945 and is in the present day undertaking its operations in retail stores in over twenty seven countries. The company is split into three key segments. These are Walmart International, Walmart United States and Sam's Club. The business undertaken by Walmart as a company encompasses restaurants, superstores, retail stores and also warehouse clubs. The company also undertakes e-commerce through its website Walmart.com. In terms of retail products, the merchandises being sold in Walmart's retail stores include baby products, healthcare products, household goods, electronics, books, automotive products, clothing, furnishings and decor, alcohol, grocery, paper products and so much more. Walmart is a United States global retailing corporation that operates chains of massive discount department and warehouse stores (Walmart Website,…
(Mahnken and Maiolo, 2008, p. 339); (Friedman, 2003); (Military Doctrine, Guerrilla Warfare and Counterinsurgency, 2003)
"Disaggregation" could provide a new strategy for the counterinsurgency model for its war against terrorism. Disaggregation would involve prohibiting links between theaters, preventing global or regional insurgents to associate with or exploit potential local terrorists, disrupting the flow of information, propaganda and materials within and between jihad hotspots, abolishing sanctuary areas, identifying and isolating radical elements from the local populace and interrupting inputs from Islamist sources emanating from the greater Middle East. This new approach must address the problem at three levels -- local, regional and global levels. (Mahnken and Maiolo, 2008, p. 339); (Friedman, 2003); (Military Doctrine, Guerrilla Warfare and Counterinsurgency, 2003)
Lessons Learnt by the U.S. Marines and the U.S. Army
The lessons learnt by the U.S. Army and the Marine Corps in Vietnam were profound but were soon forgotten, but the recent…
Amstutz, Mark R. 2005. International ethics: concepts, theories, and cases in global politics. Rowman & Littlefield.
Boot, Max. 2009. A New Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan. [Online]. Available at:
http://www.commentarymagazine.com/viewarticle.cfm/a-new-counterinsurgency-in-afghanistan-15116 [accessed 28 April 2008]
Cassidy, Robert M. 2006. Counterinsurgency and the global war on terror: military culture and irregular war. Greenwood Publishing Group.
Vocera communication system
Vocera is a contemporary marvel introduced in the healthcare industry to transform communication strategies between staffs and patients. In simpler terms, one should think of Vocera as a hands-free phone, a pager, a Bluetooth or even as walkie-talkie that provides instant communication through a wearable communication devices and speech recognition technology. It can also symbolize a central computer that controls the wireless communication via the personal Vocera communication devices referred as badges. After trying various ways and strategies to use in transforming communication between the healthcare providers and patients in case of emergencies, the last resort was to implement a Vocera communication system. Vocera healthcare communication system resembles a viable way of using existing Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) that supports voice communications. The diagram below shows a diagrammatic view of Vocera (Surhone, Timpledon, Marseken, 2010).
Nurses were already using the Electronic sunrise system but it was…
Surhone, L., Timpledon, M., Marseken, S. (2010). Vocera Communications, Chicago: VDM
Evidence-Based Protocol Implementation
Influencing Multiple Systems Through Evidence-Based Change as advance practice nurse, work informed factors direct reach, influence extends context labor. Likewise, propose a nurse leader influenced multiple systems, turn, impact groups.
Nurses are encouraged to utilize and incorporate in their daily practice evident-based practice. The Evidence-based practice (EBP) is considered to be a scientific standard that determines and guides on the best clinical measure (LoBiondo-Wood and Haber). EBP has grown in its relevance to clinical decision making and support to the nursing profession since it facilitates efficiency in provision of care and quick recovery to patients. Successful implementation of EBP calls for monitoring of existing practices, documentation of relevant procedures and evaluation of possible change practices in clinical and nursing care (LoBiondo-Wood and Haber).
Possible adjustments needful for patient's care protocol
Immediate care for patients coming from SICU is critical to their recovery from the procedure they undergo.…
Grossman, S., C. Bautista, and L. Sullivan. "Using Evidence-Based Practice to Develop a Protocol for Postoperative Surgical Intensive Care Unit Patients." Dimensions Of Critical Care Nursing 21.5 (2002): 206-14. Print.
LoBiondo-Wood, G., and J. Haber. Nursing Research: Methods and Critical Appraisal for Evidence-Based Practice. St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier, 2006. Print.
Melnyk, B., and E. Fineout-Overholt. Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins 2005. Print.
Schmidt, N.A., and J.M. Brown. Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses: Appraisal and Application of Research. (Eds.) United States: Laureate Education, Inc. custom ed., 2012. Print.
The primary reason for their achievements lays in the creativity and innovation brought in by CEO Howard Schultz, but also by the appropriate understanding and integration of theoretical managerial concepts. Two of the most relevant such concepts are the strategy development and the organization learning. The two concepts are interconnected and both rely massively on the firm's ability to analyze the internal and external environments and best adapt to the emergent changes in these environments: seize opportunities, minimize threats, maximize strengths and eliminate weaknesses.
Bryson, J.M., 2004, Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations: A Guide to Strengthening and Sustaining Organizational Achievement, John Wiley and Sons
Easterby-Smith, M., Araujo, L., Burgoyne, J., 1999, Organizational Learning and the Learning Organization: Developments in Theory and Practice, SAGE
Enderle, ., March 22, 2004, Starbucks and HP: The Future of Digital Music, Tech News World, http://www.technewsworld.com/story/33164.html?wlc=1221127641last accessed on January 14, 2009
Bryson, J.M., 2004, Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations: A Guide to Strengthening and Sustaining Organizational Achievement, John Wiley and Sons
Easterby-Smith, M., Araujo, L., Burgoyne, J., 1999, Organizational Learning and the Learning Organization: Developments in Theory and Practice, SAGE
Enderle, R., March 22, 2004, Starbucks and HP: The Future of Digital Music, Tech News World, http://www.technewsworld.com/story/33164.html?wlc=1221127641last accessed on January 14, 2009
Harrison, R.T., Leitch, C., 2008, Entrepreneurial Learning: Conceptual Frameworks and Applications, Routledge
Teaching Culture: Strategies for Building Culture in Education Institutions
Building relationships and an overall culture is important in any organization both to ensure that the organization itself operates in an efficient and effective manner, and to make sure that each individual within that organization is achieving their full potential for advancement and growth. This is no different in educational institutions, where interpersonal relationships and overall culture can have a large and direct impact on the quality of education provided and the development of educators in their profession. The following paragraphs will outline a particular example of a strategy used to build relationships and strengthen culture in an educational institution as experienced first-hand by the author, detailing the theoretical underpinnings of the strategy and the particulars of its implementation.
Building an Effective Culture in Educational Settings
One of the most essential aspects of culture in any education setting is building relationships…
Huber, J. & Harkavy, I. (2007). Higher education and democratic culture. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing.
Kalyanpur, M. & Harry, B. (1999). Culture in Special Education. New York P.H. Brookes.
Owens, R. (2001). Organizational behavior in education. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Terrorism is a 21st century' problem to the entire world. It has led to many lives lost eventually. Global instability in of the world in terms of social, economic, and political spectra has also been witnessed because of terrorism. For this reason, the world's nations have come together to devise methods and means of countering the problem. However, on top of the global stand that courtiers adopt a similar and coordinated approach to fighting terrorism, there are still instances where specific countries adopt unique strategies to fight the menace (Sisk, 2011). Counterterrorism strategies among the most hit countries thus differ. In this paper, an analysis of the similarities and difference between the counterterrorism strategies among the three European nations is put forth. The countries under focus here are Spain, Sweden, and The Netherlands. Each of these countries has been facing similar terror threats and has devised ways to…
Haberfeld M.R., King, J.F., & Lieberman C.A. (2009). Terrorism within Comparative International Context: The Counter-Terrorism Response and Preparedness. New York: Springer DOI 10.1007/978-0-387-88861-3
Hammond, P. (2014). Slavery, terrorism, & Islam: The historical roots and contemporary threat. Cape Town, South Africa: Christian Liberty Books.
Sisk, T. (2011). Between terror and tolerance religious leaders, conflict, and peacemaking. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
g. Lufthansa); partners with Blackberry and Yahoo for in flight conveniences.
Early aggressive additions to fleet and service did, as analysts predicted, negatively impact the company.
Company will need to carefully evaluate routes, new service, new equipment, and new technology in order to maintain growth potential.
Fairly stable and industry respected; replaced CEO in May 2007.
Needed a new managerial focus after 2004.
Optimistic, keep tight rein on overly aggressive expansion.
Jet Blue University, compensates better than most airlines, rewards loyalty for service
Unsuccessful attempt at unionizing
Ensure mission is translated to consumers; empower local employees to make better decisions so clients are not left sitting on tarmac.
Huge and rapid growth spurt in early 21st century
Became a model for other carriers; major carriers copied model and took away share
Continued energy and fiscal focus on consumers and next generation of airline ideas.
Air Transportation Safety and System Stabilization Act, Public Law 107-42. (2001, September 22). Retrieved October 2010, from Office of Transportation - U.S. Government: http://ostpxweb.ost.dot.gov/aviation/Data/stabilizationact.pdf
Jet Blue Press Release - Names Dave Barger President and CEO. (2007, May 10). Retrieved October 2010, from JetBlue.com: http://investor.jetblue.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=131045&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=998672&highlight=))
Air Travel Report: Dip in Delays, Spike in Complaints. (2010, October 12). Retrieved October 2010, from CNN Travel: http://www.cnn.com/2010/TRAVEL/10/12/air.travel.consumer.report
Jet Blue Shareholder Information. (2010, October 12). Retrieved October 2010, from Jet Blue: http://investor.jetblue.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=131045&p=irol-irhome
A consulting service is defined as the services delivered to the business, public organizations and other entities by a qualified and independent professional. Schein model of problem solving is one of the major theories of consulting consisting of two cycles of activities: The first cycle consists of a problem formulation, proposal for a solution, testing the solutions before the implementation plan. (Ajmal, Nordtsrom, & Helo, 2009). The second cycle of activity involves the action planning, taking action steps, and evaluating the outcomes. However, the flawless consulting model comprises of five phases that include evaluation, implementation, feedback, discovery and contracting. On another hand, a model of systemic process consulting involves four phases that include gathering the information, building the hypothesis, planning, and interventions. However, the advanced in the information technology and competitiveness in business environment have made the aforementioned consulting models to be gradually obsolete. As being revealed in Fig…
Ajmal, M., Nordtsrom, F., & Helo, P. (2009). Assessing the effectiveness of business consulting in operations development projects. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 58(6), 523-541. doi: 10.1108/17410400910977073
Joseph, M, S. (2005). A case study of teacher leadership as a strategy for implementing change Sawyer, Boston College, Proquest Dissertations Publishing.
Kilmann, R.H. & and Mitroff, I.I. (1979).The Problem Defining and the Consulting/Intervention Process. California Management Review, 21 ( 3).
Lisa, P. M (2013). Healthcare Reform: Innovative and Other Proven Strategies for Successfully Managing and Implementing Organizational Change Pinkney, University of Maryland University College, Proquest Dissertations Publishing.
Strategy Theory and Actual Strategies Being Used in Small Insurance Companies
Ask any layman on the street what they think about insurance companies and the answer will invariably be negative. Consumers, by and large, view insurance companies with disdain. It is a business that sits among other necessary, yet not always understood businesses, therefore when the economy began to slump very few people had sympathy for the struggles the small insurance business faced. While insurance is a necessary evil that survives as an industry, through seemingly impossible financial odds at times, there small companies within the field that are working hard to maintain status quo while the economy batters them without sympathy. In addition to the need for economic stagnation maintenance the small insurance office has recently been challenged by big business. Across the nation large insurance companies are flooding the market with mass advertising and lower rates. This competition…
Reshmi Mitra and Venugopal Pingali, Analysis of Growth Stages in Small Firms: A Case Study of Automobile Ancillaries in India. Vol. 37 no, Journal of Small Business Management, 07-01-1999.
Foreman, Gary, Take a bite out of insurance costs., Countryside & Small Stock Journal, 09-01-2002, pp 104.
Mary Brandel, Is the World Ready for Web Quotes?., Computerworld Electronic Commerce Journal, 04-29-1996, pp 12.
BOB LEWIS, OPINIONS: IS SURVIVAL GUIDE. Vol. 19, InfoWorld, 07-28-1997.
Diabetes is one of the most critical health crises of our time. The incidence of diabetes continues to increase, and this disease has significant negative health outcomes. However, there are things that can be done within the clinical setting order to better manage diabetes, and that is what will be recommended in this report. The report recommends that a special diabetes task force is set up within the hospital, as a means of not only finding better solutions to this health problem, but also to manage the health of patients with this disease in a more effective manner, one that will help attract new business to the hospital.
Method of Obtaining Approval
Obtaining approval for a new unit is a complex endeavor, because there are multiple stakeholders. This tactic will be expensive, and require a substantial amount of new resources. As such, approval will need to be gained in a…
Strategy of E-Procurement and IT Architecture
1a) Planned Strategy in E-procurement
A large number of organizations adopting electronic commerce (e-commerce) have identified e-procurement as an effective strategy that can be used to enhance the competitive market advantages. In a business environment, a traditional procurement faces challenges of a paperwork workload associated that includes a purchase order, delivery order, and statement of work, invoice, and payment. All these process increase an organizational cost of production. Typically, e-procurement eliminates this workload by assisting management purchasing or supplying goods and services electronically at lowest possible costs using the paperless transactions.
A report carried out by the CIPS (2013) reveals that the goal of e-procurement is to use the latest information technology to link suppliers and customers thereby improve the value chain process. In essence, the e-procurement is a critical component of e-commerce, and the major goal of an e-procurement process is to enhance…
Resources Management in Canada. Toronto: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Shrinivas P. 1 Winai, Wo. (2015). Information technology (IT) outsourcing by business process outsourcing/information technology enabled services (BPO/ITES) firms in India: A strategic gamble. Journal of Enterprise Information Management. 28 (1):60-76.
Jerome, B. (2001). The hidden costs of IT outsourcing: lessons from 50 IT-outsourcing efforts show that unforeseen costs can undercut anticipated benefits. Understanding the issues can lead to better outsourcing decisions. MIT Sloan management review.
Schaefer, S. (1999). Product design partitions with complementary Components. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 38 (1999) 311-330.
Software Engineering Institute (2013). Unintentional Insider Threats: A Foundational Study. Department of Homeland Security.
Fall Reduction Project: An Evaluation of the Implementation Process
Chapter 3: Implementation
Blank hospital had a significant increase in falls in the inpatient acute care setting. For this reason, the need for an immutable and comprehensive fall strategy was identified at the hospital following an evaluation of the various costs (both financial and ethical) associated with falls deemed preventable. Towards this end, a fall prevention project was undertaken. I was responsive for overseeing the fall prevention project implementation.
1. Description of Steps
· Pre-implementation phase
· Implementation phase
· Sustainment phase
1.1. Pre-implementation Phase
The pre-implementation phase took a total of 2 months. In essence, pre-implementation phase was meant to prepare the entire facility for the actual phase of implementation. Towards this end, various steps were undertaken. These will be highlighted below.
1.1.1. Identification of Improvement Opportunities
This was founded on the collected fall data. There was an…
Implementation of Strategies to educe Psychiatric eadmission
To this end, it is clear that hospital readmission remains a prevalent phenomenon in adult psychiatric patients, placing a huge morbidity and economic burden on individuals, families, and healthcare organizations (Burton, 2012; Machado et al., 2012). Addressing psychiatric readmission, therefore, is an important priority for healthcare providers. Evidence demonstrates that psychiatric readmission is mainly caused by ineffective transition of care from the inpatient to the outpatient setting (Kalseth et al., 2016). In essence, reducing psychiatric readmission requires effective care transition interventions. The purpose of this EBP project is to reduce readmissions in an adult psychiatric hospital by 10% over a three-month period.
There are several models that provide guidelines for the implementation of practice change. In this case, however, given the nature of the clinical setting and resource availability, osswurm & Larrabee's (1999) is deemed an appropriate model. The…
Burton, R. (2012). Improving care transitions. Health Policy Brief. Health Affairs.
Chugh, A., Williams, M., Grigsby, J., & Coleman, E. (2009). Better transitions: improving comprehension of discharge instructions. Frontiers of Health Services Management, 25(3), 11-32.
Coleman, E., Roman, S., Hall, K., & Min, S. (2015). Enhancing the care transitions intervention protocol to better address the needs of family caregivers. Journal of Healthcare Quality, 37(1), 2-11.
Eassom, E., Giacco, D., Dirik, A., & Priebe, S. (2014). Implementing family involvement in the treatment of patients with psychosis: a systematic review of facilitating and hindering factors. BMJ Open, 4, e006108.
Implementation Process of the EHR Change
In recent time, electronic health records (EHRs) have been carried out by a progressively greater number of hospitals across the globe. At the present moment, the small rural hospital will largely benefit from the implementation of EHRs. The following are the steps that could be undertaken in the implementation process of EHR for the hospital:
1. The first phase would encompass delineating all of the tasks and practices necessitated to be carried out by the physicians, IT staff, as well as practice managers. The fundamental tasks in this phase comprise of scheduling the implementation, patients and practice data migration, formation of a training program and delineating critical success factors and assessment strategies.
2. The implementation committee is thereafter selected. This includes project manager, application analyst and developer, physician advocate, nursing advocate, billing advocate, training managers.
3. Different departments will be involved in…
Balanced Scorecard Approach by Cattaraugus County eHabilitation Center
Unlike many so-called "management fads" that emerged over the past 20 years, the balanced scorecard approach has been shown time and again as an effective way for companies of all sizes and types of better manage their resources in ways that provide them with a competitive advantage. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature to demonstrate that Cattaraugus County ehabilitation Center did an effective job of implementing a Balanced Scorecard approach in a fashion that reflects their organizational mission and vision. A summary of the research and important findings concerning the Center's implementation of a balanced scorecard approach are presented in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Balanced Scorecard Overview
The Balanced Scorecard approach was developed and refined during the 1990s by Kaplan and Norton with the goal of identifying those factors that are most responsible for driving organizational performance (Martello,…
Mackay, A. (2004, October). A practitioners' report based on: Shareholder and stakeholder approaches to strategic performance measurement using the Balanced Scorecard. CIMA
Martello, M., Watson, J.G., & Fischer, M.J. (2008, September). Implementing a Balanced
Scorecard in a not-for-profit organization. Journal of Business & Economics Research,
Strategic Mapping & the Learning and Growth Perspective
The execution of a strategy in an effective manner is a crucial factor to success and survival of organization and businesses. Despite of the significance of effective implementation of strategy, very few companies and businesses are actually successful in executing their own strategies. Generally, many companies continue to fall short of their own expectations and those of others when executing their strategies. One of the major reasons for the relative poor execution of strategies is the seeming inability by organizational leaders to communicate their vision in a manner that others can participate and contribute to its achievement. Even though many companies have clearly defined procedures for developing strategic plans, there is usually a major disconnect between formulation and implementation stages of strategy. This paper will mainly focus on explaining the strategy mapping process and its link to performance management and the development…
Armitage, H.M. & Scholey, C. (2006, March). Using Strategy Maps to Drive Performance.
Retrieved December 29, 2013, from http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/Tech_MAG_Strategy_Mapping_March07.pdf
DiCenso, C. (2004, June). Build Your Strategy Map and Balanced Scorecard. Retrieved December 29, 2013, from http://www.growthstrategypartners.com/about/balancedscorecard-july04.htm
Murby, L. & Gould, S. (2005, July). Effective Performance Management with the Balanced
Family Nurse Practitioner: Promoting Change
Strategies to communicate and educate stakeholders
I am currently employed as family nurse practitioner and am doing my DNP at a clinic under the supervision of a medical doctor. Communicating with patients is an essential component of treatment and care. If patients cannot engage in effective self-care at home, the treatment dispensed by the clinic will be of little value. The nurse must communicate clearly and seriously the full weight of the patient's condition and need for treatment. For example, if a patient is pre-diabetic, the nurse must make the patient understand what this means: that weight loss, diet and exercise modifications may be able to prevent full-blown diabetes from occurring. The fact that diabetes is not a disease that can easily be managed with drug treatments, although many new drugs and forms of glucose monitoring are available, should also be conveyed to the patient:…
Alavi, M. & Tiwana, A. (2002). Knowledge integration in virtual teams. Journal of the American Society of Information Science and Technology. 53(12):1029-1037. Retrieved from:
Bowers B (2011) Managing change by empowering staff. Nursing Times; 107: 32/33.
This would include creation of goals and benchmarks that are important to the workers and their issues as well as the company's bottom line (Collingsworth, 2002). This would also likely involve the upper levels of management and the cultural liaisons that Coca Cola would need to hire and direct to help solve these cultural miscommunication issues.
Coca Cola needs to act decisively in order to stop the accusations of human rights and labor abuses in order to maintain a positive brand image throughout the world. The company will need to begin to better understand the cultural and legal considerations specific to each country and population of workers. It will also need to meet the workers in the middle so as to shore up and discourage the demand for labor unions, which would be very costly to the company, as well as provide a safe and healthy work environment and…
Collingsworth, Terry. (2002). "The Key Human Rights Challenge: Developing Enforcement
Mechanisms." Harvard Human Rights Journal, Vol. 15, No. 1. Pp. 183-199.
Killer Coke Homepage. (2010). Accessed online at: http:/ / killercoke.org on October 22,
Using the concepts developed by Collis and Montgomery in Competing on esources describe how the Cellox could attain a sustainable competitive advantage. Clearly state the competitive advantage and indicate how the following impact the competitive advantage
The esource-Based View (BV) combines internal analysis of phenomena within companies with external analysis of industry and competitive environment. Since no two companies are alike, a company is best positioned for success if it has the best and most appropriate pool of resources for its business and strategy. esources may be both physical such as needed element for the product, and intangible such as the brand name or technological know-how. It is these specific resources slanted to the need of the particular company that make the company an outstanding, rather than mediocre, organization in the long run. Competitive advantage gives the company an edge over competitors. For Cellox, therefore, to become distinct…
Buchanan, D. & Huczynski, A.: Organizational behavior, introductory text. Prentice Hall, Third Edition (1997)
Corning, P.A. Synergy and self-organization in the evolution of complex systems.