Substance Abuse Essays (Examples)

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Treating Child Abuse Related Posttraumatic Stress and Comorbid Substances Abuse in Adolescents

Words: 604 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71601353

Treating Child Abuse Related Posttraumatic Stress

Comorbid Substance Abuse in Adolescents

Judith a Cohen

Strong empirical evidence based on previous research shows a clear association between child abuse and subsequent development of PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) and SUD (Substance Use Disorder). This article by Cohen is a research review of several independent studies that show correlation between PTSD and SUD. The authors also discuss specific treatment modalities that are effective in treating child abuse related PTSD and SUD.

The Co-occurrence of child abuse and development of PTSD and SUD as co-morbid conditions implies the necessity of specific treatment methods that take into account the previous history of abuse.


The authors performed a literature review of current treatment practices for adolescents with abuse related PTSD and SUD and synthesized the results. Empirical treatment methods for abuse related PSTD and SUD are discussed. Over a broad spectrum of…… [Read More]


Judith A Cohen, Anthony P. Mannarino, Aren C. Zhitova, Margery E. Capone, " Treating

Child Abuse Related Posttraumatic Stress and Comorbid Substance Abuse in Adolescents," Child Abuse & Neglect, 27 (2003) 1345-1365
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Using Clinical Management for Substance Abusing Behaviors

Words: 1887 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86800581

Clinical Case Management

Case management emerged during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in an effort by professional social workers to address the broad-based social problems that followed the Industrial evolution, including most especially poverty (Aufderhaar, Giddens, Holder, et al., 2013). Since that time, case management has influenced by a wide range of evidence-based practices and social workers in virtually every field use these techniques to help their clients overcome the problems that are adversely affecting their lives. To gain a better understanding of the process, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a definition of case management, the rationale in support of its use, and a discussion concerning how case management can be useful as part of an overall treatment plan. In addition, based on a representative vignette involving a young couple and their minor daughter, this paper also examines how case management can help these clients,…… [Read More]


Aufderhaar, L., Giddens, B., Holder, L. A. et al. (2013). Social work case management. National Association of Social Workers. Retrieved from / naswstandards/CaseManagementStandards2013.pdf.

Darnell, J. S. (2013, May). Navigators and assisters: Two case management roles for social workers in the Affordable Care Act. Health and Social Work, 38(2), 123-126.

Miller, E. (2011). Individual outcomes: Getting back to what matters. Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic.

Perosa, L. M. & Perosa, S. L. (2010, April). Assessing competencies in couples and family therapy/counseling: A call to the profession. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 36(2), 126-130.
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Identifying Interventions for Substance Abusing Youths

Words: 536 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23763371

Prevention for Youth at isk

Explain the process of finding your article and how you determined it was peer-reviewed

The process of finding relevant peer-reviewed articles concerning evidence-based approaches to prevention for youth at risk involved consulting reliable online academic databases, including the Walden Library, EBSCOHost and Questia. The search terms used for the article search to help narrow the focus of the study were as follows: "youth at risk" alternatively combined with "vulnerable populations," "intervention," "prevention," "juvenile delinquency," "adolescents," "substance abuse" and "sexual abuse" that were published within the last 5 years in the English language. The selected article was determined to be juried following the guidance provided by the Walden Library's "What is peer review" and selecting this criterion from the search options offered by the various academic databases that were consulted. The article that was selected by this systematic process is summarized below.

Summarize the article and…… [Read More]


Eassey, J. M. & Gibson, C. L. (2105, January 1). Using a group-based trajectory Approach to assess risk and protective factors of marijuana use. Journal of Drug Issues, 45(1), 4-7.

Perera-Diltz, D. M. & Perry, J. C. (2011, April). Screening for adolescent substance-related disorders using the SASSI-A2: Implications for nonreporting youth. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling, 31(2), 66-71.
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mentally ill and'substance abusing prisoners

Words: 1053 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58743760

special needs, mentally ill, and substance-abusing prisoners affect the jail and prison systems at state and federal levels?

The Federal ureau program functions inside the prison and is a drug abuse platform which has individual units in several prisons. It has programs, lengths of treatments, structure and staffing provided to work with addictions. The 500-hour program has to be attended by all the inmates and live in the treatment entity which is apart of the prison population. This particular program needs the inmates to accept accountability for their conduct and to settle on a conscious choice to abstain from taking part in drug abuse or criminal conduct (Washburn, 2012). Evidence has demonstrated that these sorts of projects are compelling in both decreasing recidivism and drug abuse. It assists them get positive fundamental skills as well as have physical health, and develop family relationships. It is additionally supplemented by different projects…… [Read More]


Seiter, R. (2011). Corrections: An Introduction (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Smith, K. (2013). Special needs Prisoner: Specialized Prisons and Services. Prison J.

Washburn, K. (2012). Prisoners with Special Needs. CJA.
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Substance Problem Dash for Survival

Words: 1454 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25632081

The Health elief Model, the Theory of Reasoned Action and the Social Learning Theory attempt to explain behavior change during treatment (Neft and MacMasters 2005). The three models have been integrated to help explain how spiritual change can effect a change in the behavior of someone with substance problems. The integrated model lacks solid theoretical or empirical mechanisms in achieving its purpose. The three models share a common goal of creating a shift from negative and punishing to positive and forgiving views of spirituality and of God. It proposes a framework of changes at several levels (Neft and MacMasters).

At the individual attributes level, the person presents his or her spiritual background or history, current level of spirituality and overall readiness for treatment in this manner (Neft and MacMasters 2005). Many substance abusers are detached from key societal institutions, such as the church. Around 85% of them are not receiving…… [Read More]


Ashley, S.S. (2003). Effectiveness of substance abuse treatment programming for women: a review. 20 pages. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse: Taylor & Francis Ltd.

Campbell, Cynthia and Jeffrey a. Alexander (2005). Health services for women in outpatient substance abuse treatment. 17 pages. Health Services Research: American College of Healthcare Services

Mersy, D.J. (2003). Recognition of alcohol and substance abuse. 6 pages. American Family Physician: American Academy of Family Physicians

Neft, J.A. And Samuel a. Macmaster (2005). Applying behavior models to understand spiritual mechanisms underlying change in substance abuse treatment. 12 pages. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse: Taylor & Francis Ltd.
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Substance Addiction the Magnitude of

Words: 1751 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43378451


NLM (2012). Substance abuse treatment of women. Chapter 4. National Library of Medicine: National Institutes of Health. Retrieved on December 9, 2012 from

- Screening and assessment.

rauser, D (2010), Sublingual buprenorphine relieves symptoms of neonatal opioid abstinence syndrome, Medscape: Medscape LLC. Retrieved on December 9, 2012


Fisher, P.A. et al. (2011). The combined effects of prenatal drug exposure and early adversity on neurobehavioral dis-inhibition in childhood and adolescence,

Developmental Psychopathology. Retrieved on December 9, 2012 from

Hamdan, a.H. (2012). Neonatal abstinence syndrome, Medscape: Medscape LLC.

Retrieved on December 9, 2012 from

Johnson, K et al. (2003). Treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome, Archive of Disease

in Childhood. Retrieved on December 9, 2012 from

Johnson, K and Leff, M (1999). Children of substance abusers. Pediatrics. American Academy of Pediatrics. Retrieved on December 9, 2012 from

Kraft, W.K. et al. (2010). Future trends…… [Read More]


NLM (2012). Substance abuse treatment of women. Chapter 4. National Library of Medicine: National Institutes of Health. Retrieved on December 9, 2012 from

- Screening and assessment.

Brauser, D (2010), Sublingual buprenorphine relieves symptoms of neonatal opioid abstinence syndrome, Medscape: Medscape LLC. Retrieved on December 9, 2012

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Substance Misuse Issues Substance Misuse

Words: 2518 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2707076

Some patients knowingly abuse the healthcare system to obtain drugs and substances, which only adds to the complexities of the substance misuse relationship with the medical community. In 2008, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported approximately 4.7 million Americans used pain medications for non-medical use within the last month (Fishbain et al., 2010). This statistic is only one indication of the substance misuse prevalence and its inherent demand on the medical community.

The medical community not only combats substance misuse in adult patients, but must also address misuse among adolescents. The years of adolescence are widely regarded as an age defined by curiosity and experimentation (Crome, 2004). Adolescents are continuously trying to identify with their world and engage in new experiences. Within this context, taking drugs and experimenting with such substances as alcohol and tobacco can be understood within a setting of normal behavior. The time of…… [Read More]


Crome, I. (2004). Young people and substance misuse. London, UK: Gaskell.

Fishbain, D., Johnson, S., Webster, L., Greene, L., & Faysal, J. (2010). Review of regulatory programs and new opioid technologies in chronic pain management: balancing the risk of medication abuse with medical need. Jounral of Managed Care Pharmacy, 16(4), 276-287.

Rassool, G. (1998). Substance use and misuse: nature, context, and clinical interventions. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Company.

Stark, M., & Payne-James, J. (2003). Symptoms and signs of substance misuse. (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Greenwich Medical Media Limited.
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Substance Use and Human Immunodeficiency

Words: 3080 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96944579

Those participants in the high-risk groups were found to significantly associated with certain psychiatric conditions. These included: anxiety/tension, depression, having serious thoughts of suicide, experiencing hallucinations, and difficulties concentrating. In addition, participants who had reported being bothered by psychological or emotional problems, within the last 30 days, were also significantly more likely to be in the high-risk HIV / AIDS group.

This is in contrast to the results of those who had tested positive for HIV / AIDS, with only 15% of respondents who were HIV / AIDS positive being in the high-risk group, according to Fitzgerald, Lundgren and Chassler. In fact, those participants who were HIV / AIDS positive were approximately 82% less likely to be found to engage in the defined high-risk behaviors, when compared with those who had not tested HIV / AIDS positive. In addition, at the bivariate level, the researchers found no significant difference in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fitzgerald, T, L Lundgren, and D. Chassler . "Factors associated with HIV / AIDS high-risk behaviours among female injection drug users." AIDS Care 19.1 (2007): 67-74. Print.

Kressina, T., Bruce, R. & McCance, E. "Medication assisted treatment in the treatment of drug abuse and dependence in HIV / AIDS infected drug users." Current HIV Research. 7.4 (2009): 354-364 / Print.

Von Unger, H. & Collins, P. "Transforming the meaning of HIV / AIDS in recovery from substance use." Health care for Women International 26.4 (2005): 308-324. Print.
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Substance Use African American Males

Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17495528

old African-American male, the client represents a seriously underserved population cohort when it comes to providing effective substance abuse prevention and intervention support. According to Williams & Chang (2000), research on adolescent substance abuse treatment is sparse. Available evidence is even scantier when addressing the needs of non-white youth. Yet to be effective, interventions need to be tailored to the specific population.

Empirical evidence supporting a comprehensive and effective substance abuse intervention for the adolescent cohort began with an evaluation of the case. The client has experienced trauma, which should be taken into consideration while developing a treatment plan and during the course of treatment. At the age of twelve, the client's mother's sister in law and her two children -- the client's cousins -- were murdered. The client was deeply affected by the event, as was his family. It took a decade before the perpetrator of the crime was…… [Read More]


Cooper, R. L., MacMaster, S., & Rasch, R. (2009). Racial differences in retention in residential substance abuse treatment: The impact on African-American men. Retrieved from University of North Carolina, Greensboro:

Costen, J. A. (2009). Drug use and the Black American male. Retrieved from Kennesaw Sate University:

Williams, R. & Chang, S. (2000). Addiction Centre Adolescent Research Group. A Comprehensive and Comparative Review of Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment Outcome. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 7(2): 138-166.
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Substances Constitute Those Which Plague

Words: 388 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41453348

According to a study conducted by the National Household Survey showed that an average of 66 million Americans smoked tobacco in 2001, essentially making up around 29.5% of the entire American population. This chapter also examines the concept that many of those under the spell of the substance of tobacco are either unemployed or of minority status within the larger American society. This only adds to the large numbers of people addicted to alcoholic substances, and in many cases the two are linked for individuals.

There are several questions which arise after reading such material which outlines not only the large number of Americans addicted to illicit drugs, but also socially accepted drugs. One of those questions incorporates the idea of what the nation is doing to quell substance abuse of legal substances. How much effort is the American government placing into quelling substance abuse of legal substances? Since most…… [Read More]

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Substance Misuse by Youth

Words: 794 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46553795

Young People Misuse Substances

The misuse of substances involves more than just taking illegal drugs. Youth can also get involved with prescription drugs (either theirs or someone else's), or they can focus on alcohol or other ways in which they can get high (Alexander, Kruszewski, & Webster, 2012). There are reasons why they do this, of course, but those reasons are often highly varied depending on the youth in question. A number of young people misuse substances because of peer pressure (Ksir & ay, 2002). They meet other young people who are into that particular lifestyle, and they want to be liked, accepted, and appreciated. Because they want those things, they turn to abusing or misusing substances, as well. That gets them accepted by their peers, but shunned by other youth who do not abuse substances. It can also get them failing grades, disease, and an early death, if they…… [Read More]


Alexander, G.C., Kruszewski, S.P., Webster, D.W. (2012). Rethinking Opioid Prescribing to Protect Patient Safety and Public Health" JAMA: 308: 1865-1866.

Ksir, O., Ray, C. (2002). Drugs, society, and human behavior (9th ed. ed.). Boston [u.a.]: McGraw-Hill.

Lowinson, J.H, Ruiz, P. (2005). Substance abuse: A comprehensive textbook (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Nutt, D., King, L.A., Saulsbury, W., Blakemore, C. (2007). Development of a rational scale to assess the harm of drugs of potential misuse. The Lancet, 369(9566): 1047 -- 1053.