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Systems Development Life Cycle Essays (Examples)

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System Development Life Cycle SDLC
Words: 1611 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49076136
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However, the company did feel it should develop its own Database infrastructure that would work with the new underlying database management system and would mesh with existing organizational skills and the selected enterprise software solution.

Because the company followed a standardized implementation process, they were able to successfully reengineer their existing business structure. The objective of the System Development Life Cycle is to help organizations define what an appropriate system development methodology should be in order for them to continue to meet the rapidly changing business environment. The specific research approach employed by International Lumberyards, Inc. was to follow the steps of the cycle and it helped them dramatically.


This report attempted to analyze a work-related project that used a systems analysis tool for a specific business system. The report focused on the use of the System Development Life Cycle to implement a business or information technology need as…


Grabski, Severin V. (2002). International Lumberyards, Inc.: An Information System Consulting Case. Journal of Information Systems, 9/22.

Knight, Ph.D., Linda V. (2001, November 1). System Development Methodologies for Web Enabled E-Business: A Customization Paradigm. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at

Peacock, Eileen (2004). Accounting for the development costs of internal-use software. Journal of Information Systems, 3/22.

Wikopedia. (n.d.). System Development Life Cycle. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at

System Development Life Cycle
Words: 2836 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25061562
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system development life cycle (SDLC) approach to the development of Information Systems and/or software is provided. An explanation of SDLC is offered, with different models applied in implementing SDLC delineated. Advantages and disadvantages associated with each of the models will be identified.

System Development Life Cycle

According to Walsham (1993), system development life cycle (SDLC) is an approach to developing an information system or software product that is characterized by a linear sequence of steps that progress from start to finish without revisiting any previous step. The SDLC model is one of the oldest systems development models and is still probably the most commonly used (Walsham, 1993). The SDLC model is basically a project management tool that is used to plan, execute, and control systems development projects (Whitten & Bentley, 1998). System development life cycles are usually discussed in terms of the conventional development using the waterfall model or the…

References survey of system development methods (1998). Center for Technology in Government,

Albany, NY: University at Albany, CTG Publication, pp. 1-13.

Ahituv, Niv & Neumann, Seev (1982). Principles of information systems for management. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers.

Hughes, P. (2002). SDLC models and methodologies. Information Systems Branch,

Ministry of Transportation, Governement of British Columbia, Victoria, BC, Canada.

System Development Art or Science
Words: 863 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 61924130
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This process places the user in a central position for both determining system requirements and ensuring they are met.

The benefits of these systems include not only improvements in user efficiency, but also others, such as reduced training costs, reduced user errors, reduced maintenance costs, and increased customer satisfaction. However, the chief requirements in these kinds of systems become to understand the users' information needs. As we argued earlier, the systems analysts cannot determine information needs scientifically, rather the system analysts are required to obtain this needs by projecting an extrovert interpersonal style that fits more closely to an art form.

Design evaluations and maintenance are carried out with users of the systems (Smith and Dunckley, 2002). Although we believe that most of maintenance is routine, but in critical cases how systems are made usable so that users do not suffer their work requires an understanding of working around the…


Nielsen, J. (1993). Usability Engineering. New York: Academic Press.

Smith a. And Dunckley (2002). Prototype Evaluation and Redesign: Structuring the Design Space through Contextual Techniques. Interacting with Computers 14, 821 -- 843

System Development Life Cycle
Words: 2009 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44014617
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usiness Deliverables

Project Objectives and Justification

Company X is a consulting firm whose business and services involve hiring and deployment of IT professionals to clients. asically, company X assists clients to find applicants who may fit their employment needs.

The current operational procedures of Company X involve traditional methods of data access and storage, in that most of the essential information they need are basically paper-based. ecause we are already in the age of information, automated by technological developments, this paper finds it essential that Company X should improve its operational methods and processes.

The objective of this paper is to provide a proposal for automation of Company X's information access and storage. The application is to be called as Applicant MIS/DSS. y studying Company X's current operational flow, specifically in phases that involve access and storage of information, this paper aims to provide the company with a solution that,…

EHR Life Cycle and Hit
Words: 1094 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 40608154
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Health Information Technology Systems Life Cycle or HIT systems life cycle has several broad categories. One such broad category is EH or electronic health records. EHs are patient-centered, real-time records. They allow users to get information instantly wherever and whenever it is needed. Simply put, EHs are computerized, digital versions of a patient's paper charts. EHs contain the medications, radiology images, test and lab results, immunization dates, medical history of a patient and offers access as well to evidence-based tools a provider may use to make decisions concerning a patient's care. Not only does it offer streamlining and automation of the providers' workflow, it also increases accuracy and organization of patient information.

Security and maintenance is the end phase of any basic system development life cycle. The entire process is used to recognize, examine, and design information systems (Vallette & Caldwell, 2013). In order to aid in accomplishing such an…


Ajami, S., Ketabi, S., Isfahani, S., & Heidari, A. (2011). Readiness Assessment of Electronic Health Records Implementation. Acta Informatica Medica, 19(4), 224. 

Joukes, E., Cornet, R., de Bruijne, M., & de Keizer, N. (2016). Eliciting end-user expectations to guide the implementation process of a new electronic health record: A case study using concept mapping.International Journal Of Medical Informatics, 87, 111-117. 

Vallette, M., & Caldwell, B. (2013). Patient and Provider Perspectives on Electronic Helath Record (EHR) Information Access and Rights. Proceedings Of The International Symposium Of Human Factors And Ergonomics In Healthcare, 2(1), 64-68. 

Wright, L. (2014). Thinking holistically about EHR selection and implementation. Behavioral Healthcare, 34(1), 18-21. Retrieved from

System Design Oahu Base Area Network
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41442437
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System Design: Oahu Base Area Network

The aim of this paper is to examine and discuss the Navy's decision to build the largest local area network (LAN) connecting the U.S. Pacific Fleet using information-gathering techniques and design methods. The system has the capacity to connect sailors and marines within the 102-million square miles of the Pacific Fleet's command coverage. Moreover it will provide the indispensable access for supplying and training the U.S. Navy. The Oahu Base Area Network (OBAN) will be the largest LAN in the world when all the phases are complete. It was started way back in 1998. It is the supporting network for the six naval commands in the Pearl Harbor, Hawaii area. Phase one has been completed. Other phases have begun in San Diego, the Pacific Northwest and the Pacific Far East, following the original business model (Kaylor, 2000). The uniqueness of this system is in…

Systems Development the Case for Rejecting Outsourcing
Words: 528 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44553383
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Systems Development

The Case for ejecting Outsourcing the IT Department

The data and information within an organization is its life blood, it was what makes one company differentiated from another and valuable to customers. With IT being at the center of the information engine of any business, the idea of outsourcing it, allowing a third party company to manage this vital aspect of the company's health is like allowing a podiatrist to do heart surgery. It's not going to end well for either the doctor or the patient. The costs and benefits of IT outsourcing are presented in this analysis. Granted, IT outsourcing of menial, low-end tasks shows potential for streaming the operations of a business, allowing it to concentrate on its core business more effectively (Goo, Huang, Hart, 2008). Conversely outsourcing all aspects of IT can lead to a company abdicating its leadership in its main markets by sacrificing…


Cardella, T. (2003). Executive roundtable. Customer [email protected] Solutions, 22(3), 16-17.

Goo, J., Huang, C.D., & Hart, P. (2008). A path to successful IT outsourcing: Interaction between service-level agreements and commitment. Decision Sciences, 39(3), 469.

Jae-Nam, L., Miranda, S.M., & Yong-Mi, K. (2004). IT outsourcing strategies: Universalistic, contingency, and configurational explanations of success. Information Systems Research, 15(2), 110-131.

Systems Concepts System Concepts Are
Words: 1486 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77807970
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Network gives us two basic advantages: the facility to communicate and the facility to share. A network helps in communication between users in better ways than other media. E-mail, the most well-known form of network communication, offers inexpensive, printable communication with the facility of sending, reply, storage, recovery, and addition. Network supports collaboration with its capacity to share. This is the main charm of popular software called groupware that is created in such a way to allow many users to have electronic meetings and work alongside on projects. (Basic Networking Concepts)

Internet is a network of computer networks, upon which anybody who has permission to a host computer can circulate their own documents. orld ide eb is one such network, which permits Internet publishers to connect to other documents on the network. The Internet facilitates communication of a range of file types, including non-written multimedia. There are many types of…

Works Cited

Basic Networking Concepts" Retrieved at . Accessed on 10 July 2005

Files, Databases and Database Management Systems" Retrieved at Accessed on 10 July 2005

Future Trends in EIS" Retrieved at . Accessed on 10 July 2005

Operating System" Webopedia. Retrieved at Accessed on 10 July 2005

Use of Life Cycle Costing Management Technique at Glazer's Inc
Words: 4601 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 89082371
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ationale for the use of life cycle Management at Glazers

LCM (Life Cycle Management) is a framework which manages and scrutinises the performance and sustainability of services and goods. This framework aims to achieve the long-term objectives of the business, and gives less stress on the short-term objectives. For getting a more sustainable value chain, organizations are making use of this framework, which would in turn improve their economic and social performance. Businesses throughout the world are making use of this framework for many purposes, like to improve their standing within the market, to strengthen the relationships with the stakeholders and to produce more environment friendly goods.

LCM urges the companies to look away from their own processes, and focus on activities which are not under the direct control of the company. Such activities include the upstream and the downstream operations that become a part of value chain. In…


Crul, M. And Diehl, J.C. (2007) Design for Sustainability (D4S): A Practical Approach for Developing Economies, UNEP publication (at asp?id=DTI/0826/PA).

International Standard ISO 14040 (2006) Environmental Management -Life Cycle Assessment - Principles and Framework. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization.

Rebitzer, G., Hunkeler, D. (2003) Life cycle costing in LCM: ambitions, opportunities, and limitations - discussing a framework International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 8 (5), pp. 253-6.

Remmen, A., Jensen, A.A., Frydendal. J. (2007) Life Cycle Management: A business guide to sustainability. UNEP/SETAC publication (at / publications/).

RFP for HRIS System Request for Proposal
Words: 1917 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92125922
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RFP fo HRIS System

Request fo Poposal (RFP) Template

Company: A Fotune 500 company, Riodan Manufactuing is an industy leade in plastic molding. Riodan is a multinational company with copoate headquates in San Jose, Califonia, a manufactuing plant in China, and thee factoies in the U.S., each with a poduct o poduction specialty. The plant in Albany, Geogia, manufactues plastic bottles fo sale to beveage companies. In Detoit, Michigan, custom plastic poducts such as heat valves and stints ae manufactued. The eseach and development functions ae caied out in San Jose.

Business goals: Efficacious administation of human esouce mattes and successful ecuitment of a ceative and innovative wokfoce is a copoate goal of Riodan Manufactuing. The company believes that highly skilled knowledge wokes ae necessay fo Riodan to maintain a competitive edge and that development of human capital equies an efficient Human Resouce Infomation System (HRIS). The cuent compute system…

references be a good match to the work for which a respondent is bidding.

1. How to get clarification. Questions will be taken by email beginning one week after the RFP has been released. The question period will last for two weeks, upon which time, give or take several days, the questions and the answers will be published on the RFP webpage under Q&A. Respondents will be able to view all questions and all answers by registering and creating a password for the website.

1. Proposal format. The response may be submitted in Word, but key points must also be provided in Excel format so that individual responses from bidders may be compared.

1. Submission schedule. Vendors may submit responses anytime between October 15, 2011 and October 30, 2011. No late responses will be submitted, and the company will not be responsible for any delays caused by the mail service or by any difficulties transmitting submissions online.

1. Decision schedule. Approximately 60 days after the deadline for submissions, responses will be reviewed and ranked. A recommendation will be made by the selection committee to the Board of Directors. A resolution will be filed by the Board at the next meeting. Following that meeting of the Board and the vote on the award, the winning vendor will be notified by phone and by email. The next meeting of the Board of Directors is scheduled for November 11, 2011.

Acquistion of Information Systems Selection and Acquisition
Words: 1380 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10143776
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Acquistion of Information Systems

Selection and Acquisition of Information Systems

Selection and acquisition of information systems could involve an enormous investment for a healthcare organization. Besides the initial costs that organizations need to incur, there are also long-term costs associated with maintenance, support and enhancement of the information system. Selecting the right information systems that would meet the need of an organization is a critical step to consider when selecting and acquiring the information systems. To select information systems, it is critical to evaluate the costs and benefits as well as gaining insight on the full constituents of the users.

Fundamental objective of this paper is to discuss the process of selecting and acquiring the information systems for our healthcare organization.

Process of Selecting and Acquiring the Information Systems

System acquisitions are the process of selecting a new system in order to replace the old information systems. The process of…


Johnson, E. (2006). Selecting an Electronic Medical Record System for the Physician Practice. AHIMA's 78th National Convention and Exhibit Proceedings.

Wager, K.A. Lee, F.W. & Glaser, J.P. (2009). Health Care Information Systems: A Practical Approach for Health Care Management. John Wiley & Sons. USA.

How the Health Care Information System Has Modernised
Words: 1762 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96473173
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Evolution of Healthcare Information System

Evolution of health care information system

Over the last twenty years, technology in provision of healthcare has evolved tremendously and what was available then now seems primitive in comparison. Today, patient care is at a much higher level. The management of healthcare institutions has become far more efficient through the growth of technology. esearch is now more readily available. The growth of technology has proved beneficial to not only the healthcare workers, rather, more so to the patients. Nowadays, treating a patient correctly and effectively is easier than it was then; the patient is also more secure due to machines that can monitor all his processes and new technology has also enhanced the skills of the healthcare workers in handling their patients (Bavova, 2013).

This paper seeks to discuss highlight similarities and differences between healthcare provision twenty years ago and today, as a result of…


American Telemedicine Association (ATA). (2006). Telemedicine, Telehealth, and Health Information Technology. An ATA Issue Paper 

Bavova, B. (2013) The Impact of Technology on Healthcare, American Institute of Medical Science and Education  / {Retrieved: 5/11/2015}

Dias, J. (2014) 6 Benefits of Applying Automation to Healthcare, HIT Consultant,  / {Retrieved: 5/11/2015}

Jayanthi, A. (2014) 10 Biggest Technological Advancements for Healthcare in the Last Decade, Becker's Health IT and CIO Review  {Retrieved; 5/11/2015}

Informatics Information Systems and History
Words: 693 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Peer Reviewed Journal Paper #: 21182061
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electronic medical records have yet to become standardized in the United States, the contemporary physician's office differs significantly from one from twenty years ago. Information systems govern multiple aspects of care delivery, from patient intake, processing, and billing to medical records, access to electronic scholarly databases for knowledge management to purchasing and human resources management. Understanding issues like the system development life cycle (SDLC) and project management life cycles have now become common practice in most healthcare offices, whereas twenty years ago only the most cutting edge of those offices would have dedicated information technology specialists who would handle and address matters like product life cycles. Full time consultants or advisory positions related directly to IT are now expected of most medical practices. Since the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was passed just over twenty years ago, physicians offices have made significant strides by incorporating informatics into their…


Grandia, L. (n.d.). Healthcare information systems: A look at the past, present, and future. Health Catalyst. Retrieved online: 

Healthcare Information and Management Systems (HIMSS, 2016). Evolution of Healthcare Informatics Standards. Retrieved online: 

Sewell, J.P. & Thede, L.Q. (2012). Computer development and health care information systems 1950 to present. Chapter 1. Retrieved online: 

Wager, K. A., Lee, F. W., & Glaser, J. P. (2013). Health care information systems: A practical approach for health care management (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Analyzing EHR System Challenges
Words: 788 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 24190628
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EH System Challenges

What are the physicians trying to accomplish through buying the same EH product at their hospital? What are the pros and cons?

The physicians are attempting to achieve a way to make it simpler to attain all of the records of the patients when they are required. The pros of buying the similar EH product at their hospital are that they have the capacity to write orders from their practices for patients who are in the hospital. Another benefit is that in the case of an emergency, or when the physicians is on call at the emergency room, they will have access to other providers of EH systems. The drawbacks of having EH systems similar to one the hospital has, is that they might experience or face an issue with compatibility with the other software being employed. In addition, the vendors may not grasp all the necessities…


Alwan, M. (2015). What is System Development Life Cycle? Airbrake. Retrieved 9 June 2016 from: 

Sayles, N. (2013). Health information management technology: An applied approach (Fourth ed., pp. 1011-1014).

Business Information System Work-Related Project
Words: 1348 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53092461
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In other words, as coding begins, testing begins and continues as a parallel process to the coding activity. Even when the installation process has begun, testing should continue.

Installation is the process of actually replacing the current system or programs with the new system or programs. Thus, coding, testing, and installation processes create several deliverables that can be used as signoff points for management. The testing and implementation process should allow for back out points where new direction or error and bug elimination can occur. The deliverables are fail safes in a sense because a next task should not be started until a previous task has been given the okay by management. This process therefore puts a system of checks and balances in place.

Documentation and Training

Most people think that coding and testing are the only crucial aspects of implementation. Ironically, one of the more critical things to accomplish…


Canberra. (n.d.). System Implementation. Retrieved on January 27, 2005, at

Grabski, Severin V. (2002). International Lumberyards, Inc.: An Information System Consulting Case. Journal of Information Systems, 9/22.

Knight, Ph.D., Linda V. (2001, November 1). System Development Methodologies for Web Enabled E-Business: A Customization Paradigm. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at

Peacock, Eileen (2004). Accounting for the development costs of internal-use software. Journal of Information Systems, 3/22.

Information System Management-Prototyping Prototyping Journal
Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 97382516
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What surprised me about Prototyping in the article

Although the prototyping systems are presently becoming smaller and more affordable, they are still present additional expenses for most companies. There are some companies who select a prototyping strategy that is much cheaper than other systems. In the article, there are two main things that surprised me about prototyping.

One thing is that, not all prototypes implemented looks accurate. Most companies use prototyping in printing parts for their functional testing in prior to production. However despite of the advancement in technology, various prototyping systems cannot manage to create the design. However, prototyping is said to be a non- remedy for the problems that are associated with the system development.

The other thing that is surprising from the article of System Management with prototyping is that, prototyping is built out of the concept making the presented models in early stage to be incomplete.…


Rick, W., & Bill, H. (1994). Journal of Systems Management. An investigation of guidelines for selecting a prototyping strategy. Retrieved March 14, 2013, from

Information Systems and Amazon
Words: 1002 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31010650
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The systems development life cycle is a means by which the life cycle of software can be understood. There are a number of different conceptions of the systems development life cycle, such as the waterfall, the build and fix, rapid prototyping and more. The concept has been around for over a decade, so doubtless Amazon already is quite aware of it, and utilizes it. The benefits of understanding this life cycle include that it allows for more effective project planning -- knowing what will need to be done when, based on life cycle analysis. Systems design can also take into account the expected life cycle of the system in question, while resources can be made available at the right times for things like implementation, integration, testing and installation (Kay, 2002). This is especially the case when there are resource requirements that the firm needs to acquire.

This process would…


Heinrich, C. (2005). RFID and beyond: How real world awareness improves the supply chain. SAP. Retrieved June 26, 2015 from 

Kay, R. (2002). System development life cycle. Computerworld. Retrieved June 26, 2015 from 

Amazon (2015). AWS cloud security. Retrieved June 26, 2015 from 

Botha, J. & Solms, R. (2004). A cyclic approach to business continuity planning. Retrieved June 26, 2015 from

Project Management Life Cycle
Words: 1734 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16114679
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software deployment life cycle after discussing the first of the phases of this important life cycle. Phase IV is seen as a crucial phase wherein is dealt with the actual performance of the newly installed software. Phase V concludes the life cycle and provides impetus for any new deployment plan in future.

The Last Two Phases of the Software Deployment Life Cycle

Software deployment is a complex endeavor, most fittingly used as early as possible in the organizational cycle. All software deployment life cycles must consider three basic tasks: preparing for release of the software, releasing the software application to operations and support, and releasing the software application to the organization's user community. These are the end goals of this endeavor. On a phase-by-phase basis as well, the software deployment life cycle is multifaceted, taking into account many details without which the work of software deployment is incomplete.

The first…


Ambler, S. (1999. November). Effective Software Deployment. SD Magazine. Internet. .[Available on August 28, 2003].

Spiral Project Life Cycle Project
Words: 487 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17166234
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From the analysis of that first prototype, the project team would then produce a second prototype. The analysis of the first prototype should include looking at strengths, weaknesses, and any possible complications. The findings of this analysis by the project team would influence the next step in the spiral of producing the second prototype. This approach allows the project team to analyze the overall functionality of the product and system as it evolves, and will help predict problems such as cost overruns for development, unanticipated expenses for operating, or the possibility that the final result will not meet the customer's need. Using a spiral approach for both project management and product system/design allows the project team to spot serious problems as early as possible and either deal with them effectively or scrap the design in favor of a more effective one while minimizing costs incurred by this necessity. In a…

Information Technology Project Life Cycle
Words: 674 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27623524
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4. Control Phase: This phase is the one in which maintaining the project within the "scope, cost, and schedule" as well as "within acceptable quality" is addressed due to the possible variables. "Unknown or unproven technologies....make these projects difficult for the project manager to baseline the scope, schedules, and costs during the Planning Phase." (Systems Lifecycle Development, 2001) Key deliverables in this phase are the development, testing, implementation and documentation of the scope control, schedule control, cost and quality control as well as the contract administration and configuration management in the project.

5. Closeout Phase: the final phase is characterized by the project being brought to an end with the manager of the project holding responsibility for making sure that the processes in closeout are accomplished while the systems are transitioned to maintenance perspective. The main activities in this phase are administration of closure of the project as well as…


Concept: Life Cycle Model (nd) available {Online] at 

Overview of Life Cycle Management (2004) United States Patent and Trademark Office Life Cycle Management Manual

Systems Development Lifecycle (2000) Executive Branch Dept. State of Michigan 2000 Dec 11 [Online] available at,1607,7-150-9131_9347-28112  -- 00.html

Information Technology Project Lifecycle

Product Strategy and Product Life Cycle
Words: 1273 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88998044
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Product Strategy

The development of a product strategy is one of the most important components of introducing new products into the market. A product strategy is defined as a roadmap that provides an outline of the end goal of a product and what it would become upon completion. Business organizations increasingly develop and utilize product strategies because of their significance in strategic planning and marketing with regards to the achievement of desired organizational goals and objectives. The formulation of a product strategy is also critical because products and services usually undergo a life cycle of new product introduction, growth, maturity and decline. The different stages in new product introduction have considerable impacts on the marketing strategy and promotional initiatives. An example of a product strategy is the introduction of a new software product in the market.
Product Life Cycle for a Software

Marcu & Gherman (2010) define product life cycle…

Crestor's Product Life Cycle The
Words: 1503 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44915183
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Other rivals will have a more secure market share as well, and new drugs may develop. However, although the rise may not be as astronomical, hopefully from AstraZenica's perspective, Crestor's next phasing into the 'decline' phase of the product life cycle will not be as impressive, either.

orks Cited

CNN. Com. (18 Nov 2004) "Merck, FDA grilled at Senate hearing." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at

Crestor. (2004) "About Crestor." Official site. Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at

Crestor. (2004) "Side Effects: Crestor." Official site. Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at (2004) "FDA says Crestor ads are false and misleading." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at

Marketing teacher. (2004) "Pricing." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at

Marketing teacher." Product Life Cycle." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at

Marketing teacher. (2004) "Value Chain." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at

Works Cited

CNN. Com. (18 Nov 2004) "Merck, FDA grilled at Senate hearing." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at

Crestor. (2004) "About Crestor." Official site. Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at 

Crestor. (2004) "Side Effects: Crestor." Official site. Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at

Norton Life Cycle the Product
Words: 566 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54960997
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The strategy would prove successful in assisting the rapid proliferation of the Norton Antivirus packages. Accordingly, ikipedia (2010) reports that "Norton AntiVirus and Norton Internet Security, a related product, held a 61% U.S. retail market share for security suites as of the first half of 2007." (ikipedia, 1) In addition to casting a dominant shadow over its sector of the technology industry, this would make Symantec a leading developer of antivirus technologies.


The maturation of Norton Antivirus is marked both by the annual or multi-annual release of newer or more refined versions of its software. A constant research and development phase is required so that Norton can remain abreast of advances amongst hackers and developers of malware, spyware and viruses. This is demonstrated by continual re-release of the Norton packages. According to available research, "Existing users of the 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 versions can upgrade to the latest…

Works Cited:

Fisher, L.M. (1990). Company News; Symantec to Acquire Peter Norton. The New York Times.

NetMBA. (2007). The Product Life Cycle. Business Knowledge Center. Online at 

Wikipedia. (2010). Norton Antivirus. Wikimedia, Ltd. Inc.

Managing Life Cycles in an
Words: 1289 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 42628415
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These symptoms should be identified by the management team beforehand, even as early as in the planning stage. This is then used by the team of observers to identify any problems relating to dry rot in the company. The observing team and management team then work together to once again implement new ideas regarding products and services.

In order to deal with rivalry, a marketing team can be formed in order to respond to the challenge offered by rivals in terms of new products and services. The rival's products and services can then be observed by this team, after which improved products and services are then created.

Challenges in the Growth and Maturity Phases

Challenges in the growth phase are mostly related to issues of revenue generation, and implementing new products and services, as well as employing new people. The focus is on maintaining a steady rate of development. In…


Adizes, Ichak. (1988). Corporate Lifecycles. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Gross, Susan, Mathiasen, Karl and Franco, Nancy. (1998, Summer). "Organizational Life Cycles: Revisited." In MagNews, Management Assistance Group, Inc. 

Johannsen, Murray. (1996-2004). "Five Phases of The Organizational Life Cycle." Legacee Management Systems Inc. 

McNamara, Carter. (1999). "Basic Overview of Organizational Life Cycles." Minnesota: Management Assistance Program for Nonprofits.

Product Life Cycle Analysis
Words: 1148 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79773189
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Product Life Cycle Analysis

Products, like living creatures, have a specific life cycle. A product is born, it grows up, and eventually it dies. A product's birth is its creation -- the first moment that a brand new device or invention rolls off the assembly line and is made available to consumers. In the case of a color television, its life cycle would commence at the time a brand model first appears in the stores. If it is a well-designed product, and represents an improvement over previous versions, it will no doubt do well as it will appeal to consumers. The period during which a television "grow up" can be described as the interval of time between its initial appearance, and the time it takes for that product to "catch on," or establish itself. hen Sony introduces a new color television, that new television is like a newborn baby. The…

Works Cited

Long, John R. "The Ant and the Grasshopper." Aesop's Fables: The Online Collection: Star Systems 30 March 2002. URL: TheAntandtheGrasshopper& & antgrass.ram

Phiddian, Robert. "Have you eaten yet? The reader in 'A Modest Proposal.'." Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 36.3 (1996): 603+. Questia. 1 May 2003 .

Prince, Gerald. Narrative as Theme: Studies in French Fiction. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1992.

Wyrick, Deborah Baker. Jonathan Swift and the Vested Word / . Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

PLC Product Life Cycle When We Talk
Words: 1892 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23233928
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Product Life Cycle

When we talk about the strongest multinational companies of the world then Nestle is definitely one of the names that triggers in everyone's mind. Nestle is the world's No.1 food manufacturing company. Nestle is a Swiss multinational company whose product are available almost in every part of the world. Most of the Nestle products are in a market leading position. Nestle company was established in 1866 and since that day, it has proved itself as one the leading companies of the world with its improved quality, innovative ideas of marketing and attractive packaging (Nestle, 2007).

Nestle launched its first juice in 1996 and since then it has spread its product largely. The consumers' response to the flavored juices of the Nestle Company was upbeat. This further strengthened the position of the Nestle Company in the market as the unbeatable leader. Later on, the company innovate the…


Franzen, G., & Moriarty, S. (2009). The Science and Art of Branding. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe.

Jennings, M.M. (2012). Business: Its Legal, Ethical, and Global Environment. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Morschett, D., Schramm-Klein, H., & Zentes, J. (2009). Strategic International Management. Wiesbaden: Betriebswirtschaftlicher Verlag Gabler.

Nestle, M. (2007). Food Politics: How the Food Industry Influences Nutrition and Health. Berkeley, Calif. [u.a.]: Univ. Of California Press.

Product Life Cycle Apply to
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Those points are inherent in the approach the company takes to integrating Computer-Aided Design (CAD) data into the broader series of systems and strategies used for constructing boats. The company is also open to taking design, boat interiors and hull style considerations from customers, consultants and dealers. This approach to capturing requirements is often called Voice of the Customer (VoC) research and is typically included as part of the Six Sigma program at manufacturers (osenbaum, Postula, 1991).

What kind of benefits are egal achieving by using CAD technology rather than traditional drafting techniques?

Using CAD technology can significantly reduce the time to transform a drawing into a prototype, drastically reducing the number of errors and also increasing the accuracy of bill-of-materials used for building the finished product (Vinodh, Kuttalingam, 2011). CAD systems can also streamline the new product introduction process, providing graphical 3D images of the boat even before it…


Rosenbaum, Eugene S., & Postula, Frank D.. (1991). Computer-Aided Engineering Integrates Product Development. American Association of Cost Engineers. Transactions of the American Association of Cost Engineers,D3.

Chong Leng Tan, & Mark A Vonderembse. (2006). Mediating effects of computer-aided design usage: From concurrent engineering to product development performance. Journal of Operations Management, 24(5), 494.

S. Vinodh, & D. Kuttalingam. (2011). Computer-aided design and engineering as enablers of agile manufacturing. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 22(3), 405-418.

System Analyst Job Website Overview
Words: 450 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 22182554
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" The job required a candidate with a BS in Technical Writing, Food Science, Food Engineering, Food Microbiology or Food Chemistry and competency in Microsoft Word. Salary was commensurate with experience.

A software system architect for the Interoperable Solutions Team at Motorola would be part of a development group within the company's Worldwide adio Solutions Group. The job required a BA and 5+ years in software or system engineering, along with experience with one of the following systems: C++, java, lte, wimax, tau g2, doors, udp, igmp, multicast ip, sdt, evdo. Salary was not specified. A systems analyst for eCommLink was to act as a liaison between eCommLink's engineering, quality assurance, business, and operations teams and create the technical requirements for the prepaid card system created by the company.


Associate product lifecycle management specialist. (2010). Con Agra. etrieved February 17,

2010 at

Manager, business development II, Air Force…


Associate product lifecycle management specialist. (2010). Con Agra. Retrieved February 17,

2010 at 

Manager, business development II, Air Force systems and requirements. (2010). BAE Systems.

Retrieved February 17, 2010 at

System Operational Feasibility Great Deal of Time
Words: 782 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97273756
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System Operational Feasibility great deal of time and intellectual resources go into the conceptual design stage of a systems engineering process once a need is clearly defined by the end-user. However, this initial development step is a moot point if the product is not operationally feasible, which means, according to Benjamin Blanchard in his book Systems Engineering and Analysis, "that the system will perform as intended in an effective and efficient manner for as long as necessary."

In order for the systems engineer to determine operational feasibility, it is necessary to properly integrate the design-related specialties such as reliability, maintainability, human factors and supportability.

Reliability is one of the most important design elements, since it confirms or denies the long-term use of the product without major maintenance and repair. Unreliable systems do not meet the original project goals and lead to unnecessary expenditures of valuable resources. Simply stated, "reliability is…

Predictive Approach to SDLC
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Systems Development Life Cycle is a terminology used in information systems, software engineering, and systems engineering for describing the process of planning, creating, testing, and deploying an information system (Pavalkis & Nemuraite, 2013). It comprises of a series of steps that model the development and lifecycle of managing an application or software. SDLC model was developed to ease the development of complex and large systems. Previously software development was a one-man task since the programs were small and less complex. Today, the systems have grown both in complexity and in size, which necessitated for a structured method to manage the development process. SDLC can be used for software and hardware configurations. Different industries have different processes that they would use in their development.

The need to have formal methodologies for managing and developing systems resulted in the creation of SDLC. The traditional SDLC consists of these phases' project planning, systems…


Balaji, S., & Murugaiyan, M.S. (2012). Waterfall vs. v-model vs. Agile: A Comparative Study on SDLC. JITBM & ARF, 2(1), 26-30.

Cohen, S., Dori, D., de Haan, U., Cohen, S., De Haan, U., & Dori, D. (2010). A software system development life cycle model for improved stakeholders' communication and collaboration. International Journal of Computers, Communications & Control, 1, 23-44.

Mandal, A., & Pal, S. (2013). Investigating and Analysing the Desired Characteristics of Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC) Models. International Journal of Software Engineering Research and Practices, 2(4), 9-15.

Melville, N.P. (2010). Information systems innovation for environmental sustainability. MIS Quarterly, 34(1), 1-21.

Company Stellar Systems Consulting Is
Words: 1577 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60898242
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This stage is also a synthesis of various other stages. In the last, the system is described as a collection of modules or subsystems. In this stage, modular and subsystems programming code will take effect, and then the individual modules will be tested before they are integrated in the next level.

The code is tested and retested at various levels; system, unit, and user acceptance testing are often performed depending on the consultant's judgment and this is something that is repeatedly discussed with organization and stakeholders. The amount of testing, therefore, depends on the particular organization. The consultant has to know when to cease analysis.

The final stage -- instillation, implementation or deployment is when the software is put into production and actually used by the organization.

Maintenance will take place on a regular level. This is particularly so since changes of personnel in the organization (new ones entering, certain…


MKS Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) / System Development -- Systems Engineering and Software Development Life Cycle Framework

The Project Life Cycle
Words: 2213 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42780750
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Working for an organization known as Water for People has been one of the most rewarding experiences in life. The position of international communications representative has provided varied chances to interact at international level with authorities and communities. The program proposed herein is based on the rural population of Honduras and in particular in Tela village as the starting point that will also act as a pilot project under this wider program that is meant to cover majority of the Honduras rural areas.

The vision of Water for People is "a world where every person has access to reliable and safe drinking water and sanitation" and it is in line with this vision that the water for rural Honduras program comes in to be essential and applicable for the local people. The program is meant to introduce and efficient and cheap way of providing water to the villages in Honduras…


Blue Spring Corporation, (2011). Well Water Purification System. Retrieved April 28, 2016 from 

National Climatic Data Center, (2009). Mitch: The Deadliest Atlantic Hurricane Since 1780.

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USAID (2003). Honduras. Retrieved April 28, 2016 from

Systems Engineering Roles Evaluating Systems
Words: 2741 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 83919611
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Third, subsystems engineers are more attuned to how their specific product and technology areas are driven by external market forces and market dynamics than system engineers typically are. The reason is that subsystem engineers, both hardware and software, seek to understand how customer and market needs impact their existing and future designs. As both of these classes of subsystem engineers are more focused on how to create valuable contributions to their specific area of expertise, monitoring market and customer trends tends to be a passion for many of them. It is not unusual for example to see an engineering team know more about market trends, research, unmet customer needs and competitors than a marketing department for the same product (Hoberman, 2009). This is precisely why subsystem engineers in high technology companies often end up running product management, product marketing and corporate marketing because they have a better grasp of the…


David Carrington, Paul Strooper, Sharron Newby, & Terry Stevenson. (2005). An industry/university collaboration to upgrade software engineering knowledge and skills in industry. The Journal of Systems and Software, 75(1-2), 29-39.

George T. Dasher. (2003). The interface between systems engineering and program management. Engineering Management Journal, 15(3), 11-14.

R. Harrison, a.W. Colombo, a.A. We-st, & S.M. Lee. (2006). Reconfigurable modular automation systems for automotive power-train manufacture. International Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems, 18(3), 175-190.

Steve Hoberman. (2009). How to Produce Adequate Definitions: Clear and complete attribute definitions improve data deliverables. Information Management, 19(5), 45.

Cycle Cost Analysis Lcca the Importance of Such an Analysis
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Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) and the Importance of Such an Analysis

In essence, life-cycle cost analysis, LCCA, is an important tool that aids in the qualification of a specified project's alternative investment options differential costs. Its relevance, therefore, in logistics management and operations cannot be overstated. In addition to highlighting the factors of a life cycle cost analysis, this text will also concern itself with relevance of such an analysis.

There are various definitions that have been offered for LCCA. Sanchez-Silva and Klutke (2015, p. 233) define LCCA as " economic assessment of completing design alternatives, considering all costs of ownership over the economic life of each alternative, expressed in equivalent dollars." This is the definition that will be adopted in this discussion.

It is important to note that LCCA can be utilized in a wide range of capital investment decisions, particularly in those instances where costs (initial)…


Blanchard, B.S. ( 2007). Life-Cycle Costing: An Effective Tool for Total Asset Management. Systems Engineering and Management for Sustainable Development, Vol. II, 32-48

Sanchez-Silva, M. & Klutke, G. (2015). Reliability and Life-Cycle Analysis of Deteriorating Systems. New York, NY: Springer.

Life Long Learners One of
Words: 1255 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17931320
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Parts of the theory are individual but coherent. The microsystem is the smallest layer in the sense that it is closest to the child and contains all the structures of which the child has regular contact. It includes the relationships and structures that the child uses to define their surroundings (family, school, and neighborhood). The interactions in this layer are primary modifiers, but are continually impacted by other layers. The mesosystem is the rather amorphous way that Microsystems morph and interact with another -- connections between events and organizations. The exosystem is the larger social system in which the child does not directly interact but has a profound effect on the Microsystems (positive and negative effects, etc.). The macrosystem, or the outermost layer in the child's environment consists of laws, customs, values, and norms -- all of which the child is expected to assimilate prior to becoming part of that…


Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The Ecology of Human Development. Harvard University


Chinn, C. And a. Samarapungavan. (2001). "Distinguishing Between Understanding

And Belief." Theory into Practice. 40 (4): 235-42.

Life of a Project
Words: 796 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17916436
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improvement and where the project that will be discussed in this paper will evolve is the problem in monitoring the attendance and leaves of employees which affect the processing of employees' payroll. A proposed solution, which is the implementation of an automated system, shall be discussed in the following section.

The objective of this project is to resolve payroll-inaccuracies wherein the payroll department always receives complains regarding miscalculations of employee salary due to inconsistent recording of employees' leaves, absences, and attendance at work. That is, the absences, leaves, and overtimes are currently being filed manually. By automating the attendance (i.e. Time IN/OUT) and leave/absence application of employees, the payroll department can accurately compute the employees' salaries.

Assumptions egarding the Project

New technologies continuously emerge, thus it is important that the company should go with the flow of advancing the organization's business operation in terms of using technology-based solutions that facilitate…


Project Management Lifecycle Made Simple.

Retrieved on August 24, 2005 from Online.

Web site: 

Nine Steps to an Effective Proposal

Governance Is an Important Component of Each
Words: 1138 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71898095
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governance is an important component of each and every IT project implementation process. Project governance refers to the infrastructure as well as processes that are put in place by a given organization in order to be used for steering the functions as well as mechanisms for assuring compliance. In this paper, we present an elaborate governance structure that will oversee the entire System Development Life Cycle process of an Enterprise esource Planning finance system throughout an organization that only operates domestically. We also assume that the governance structure has the following three levels: executive, program implementation, and ongoing operations.

Importance of governance structure for the implementation of an IT project

Project governance is noted by BIS (2010) to be a management framework within which various project decisions are made. It forms a critical component of any project due to the fact that accountabilities as well as responsibilities that are associated…


Business Innovation and Skills (2011).Guidelines for Managing Projects: How to organize, plan and control projects.Available online at 

Chatfield, C .,Johnson, T (2007).A short course in project management.Available online at 

Crawford, L et al. (2009).Governance and Support in the Sponsoring of Projects and Programs. Project Management Journal, Vol. 39, Supplement, S43 -- S55

Crawford, LH, Cooke-Davies, TJ (2005).Project Governance: The Pivotal Role of the Executive Sponsor.Available online

DESIRE2LEARN Solution as Offered and Administered Represents
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Desire2Learn solution, as offered and administered, represents the cutting edge of an all-inclusive and full integrated online learning solution for egis University students. Getting the solution to coalesce and operate on a continuing basis in a way that allows for continuity and ongoing success and upgrades requires a lot of moving people and parts that must be arranged and wielded in a way that is transparent to the students when it needs to be but "wows" the students when it works as it should. While it's a very complex system, Desire2Learn is a boon for student learning and represents the best of online and ground-based learning at the undergraduate and graduate level.

The Parts of the System

The first, and most important, part of what makes Desire2Learn operate and function is the department and staff that design, update and maintain the system. The key parts to assembling and maintaining an…


Alter, S. (2006). The work system method: connecting people, processes, and IT for business results. Larkspur, CA: Work System Press.

Hosenball, M. (2014, February 25). House oversight panel seeks documents on Target breach. Retrieved February 26, 2014, from,0,2610995.story 

UKSW. (2014, February 26). Semangat.: System development life cycle. Retrieved February 26, 2014, from

Tony Chips Independent Company Website Tony's Chips
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Tony Chips Independent Company Website

Tony's Chips independent company Website


Tony Chips has recently bought a new independent company and the company is interested to move its old Website from external hosted solution to internal web hosting. Meanwhile, the company management is concerned about the redundancy of the Website and insists that the Website should have a back up in case the original Website goes down. More importantly, the site will be designed to allow customer to order goods and services online.

Fundamental objective of this project is to discuss the strategy to build website architecture with minimal downturn to assist Tony Chips to develop a dynamic website that will assist the company to enjoy online business advantages. The paper uses SDLC (system development life cycle) for website development.

Building of Web Architecture

Technical expertise is required to support and maintain online business as well as planning and implementing…


Learning Veritas (2000). Building a Successful E-Business Website Using Data Availability Software to Optimize Site Performance and Availability. Veritas White Paper.

Maier, M.W., and Rechtin, E. (2000). The Art of Systems Architecting, Second Edition, CRC Press.

Shelly, G.B. & Rosenblatt, H.R. (2011).System Analysis and Design. 9th Edition.Cengage

Business Documentation and Planning
Words: 625 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93779165
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SDLC Documentation

There are several important types of documentation that should be created and updated as part of a fluid and proper systems development life cycle. The types are all quite different and they are also quite individually important. This report will go into the different types that should exist, what each type covers, why they are each important and the overall update and creation process that should be followed. While some may view documentation as bureaucratic and unnecessary, it is vital that it present and update as having data that is out of date or only in the heads of people that can leave at any time is a disaster waiting to happen if someone not informed on the cycle is put in a position to make important adjustments or decisions.


The first types of documentation would be the bill of materials and the build plan. The bill…



Retrieved July 19, 2014, from 

USDA. (2014, July 19). SDLC - SDLC Home. SDLC - SDLC Home. Retrieved July 19,

2014, from

Information Technology Portfolio Project Humana
Words: 2919 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 4774576
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The first time that they attempted to build this system they did not follow the life cycle plan and the system ended up failing. Developing a new claims payment system that will talk to and be user friendly with the customer service management system would help to speed up efficiency and enhance quality of all departments within the organization. This streamlining would help the company as a whole to reduce costs and ultimately become more competitive and successful within the insurance market.

Being able to answer the following question is vital to any business. How would your organization continue to deliver mission-critical services if normal business operations were interrupted? Being able to quickly resume functioning enough to continue delivering the services that are critical to a company's mission are very important. When normal business operations are interrupted, an organization should use its business continuity plan to prevent disruption in the…


Business Models on the Web. (2009). Retrieved July 20, 2009, from Web site:

Five Forces Analysis. (2009). Retrieved July 20, 2009, from Marketing Teacher Web site:

Project Management What Is the Difference Between
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Project Management

What is the difference between leadership and management? How do these two terms relate to a project manager?

Leadership defines the vision and mission for a project or business, and then orchestrates the many departments and divisions together for their fulfillment. A strong project leader will also seek ot unify diverse teams by concentrating on making the wide range of talents all combine for greater accomplishment than one person or team alone could attain. In short, a leader know how to use a strong, compelling vision and mission to unify diverse teams and people to a common, challenging goal or objective.

While a leader defines a vision or mission for a business, a manager is given the responsibility of making sure all departments, functional areas of the company and external stakeholders are all orchestrated to a common set of performance metrics. Managers are given the task of ensuring…

Haircuts Case Study
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IT solutions that meet business objectives

Haicuts Case Study

Poposed technology solution

In this case a supply chain management solution is impeative. Among the companies that povide IT solutions fo impoving supply chain management is Logility, a company that povides supply chain solutions fo small companies like Haicuts. These solutions ae intended to help maximize supply chain visibility and to impove its efficiency. The hadwae equied by this solution is epesented by two computes: one at the Haicuts salon that employees can use, and a pesonal compute fo the manage. The equied softwae is offeed by Logility, the sevices povide. Communication will take place oally o on the phone, in witten fom, and electonically though emails.

Geneic Stategy: Business development by inceasing numbe of customes and employees.

Stategic business aea: Opeations management.

Pocess to be impoved: Supply chain management.

Poject management:


Haicuts manage meets with Logility epesentatives to discuss…

references and increasing their satisfaction.

Defining Success:

This software solution refers to improving supply management, and its success is defined by measuring different indicators, like: forecasting demand of supplies before the supplies actually run out, placing all supply orders in time in accordance with their delivery in order to have them at the business' headquarters before other supplies run out, reduced numbers and quantities of supplies that employees use rarely or that customers do not prefer, increased customer satisfaction level, increased efficiency on employees' schedule, and others.

The benefits of this software solution are intended to help Haircuts efficiently develop the business while providing high quality services to customers. It is important to identify the factors that this solution can influence in order to improve productivity.

Reference list:

Hit Projects and Decision Makers Describe an
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HIT Projects and Decision Makers

Describe an example of a HIT project implemented at your organization and analyze how that project was identified and moved forward.

One of the most commonly used health information technology (HIT) systems currently in use throughout America's medical industry is the SigmaCare electronic medical records (EM) system. After being implemented within my organization over three years ago, the SigmaCare EM system provided immediate enhancements to the hospital's overall ability to process patients efficiently while producing positive patient outcomes. Administrative and operational tasks were expedited through the use of SigmaCare's proprietary esident Data Exchange (DX) software, which allows for the creation of real-time links between hospital departments to eliminate redundant data entries. The process of implementing SigmaCare's EM system throughout the hospital was orderly and organized, guided by the collaborative efforts of administrators and mangers utilizing the SigmaCare Orientation eadiness Engagement (SCOE) program, which equips hospitals…


Madsen, M. (2010). Knowledge and information modeling. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 151, 84-103.

Peleg, M. (2011). The role of modeling in clinical information system development life cycle. Methods of Information in Medicine, 50(1), 7-10.

Philip, A., Afolabi, B., Adeniran, O., Oluwatolani, O., & Ishaya, G. (2010). Towards an efficient information systems development process and management: A review of challenges and proposed strategies. Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, 3(10), 983-989.

Szydlowski, S., & Smith, C. (2009). Perspectives from nurse leaders and chief information officers on health information technology implementation. Hospital Topics, 87(1), 3-9.

Internet Blogging the Changing Computer
Words: 1140 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58351145
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The eb has grown increasingly fast and sophisticated, as podcasts, streaming video, and other movie-like aspects of entertainment have become part of the eb experience. Features such as YourTube allow persons to see videos, homemade by uses, over the web. As digital cameras and video cameras become more common, the language of the eb and the media exposed upon eb blogs are sure to expand in the future, and to incorporate more visual elements.

As technology changes and expands into every day life, the language used to describe Internet technology is likely to become more blurred and less specific.

One example, previously discussed, is the fact that the Internet and orld ide eb are often incorrectly used as synonyms. Another example is how the verb "blog" has been modified to become a verb, so to "blog" is to write a blog, as well as the document of a blog itself.…

Works Cited

Blog," (2006) Webopedia. Retrieved 12 Aug 2006 at 

The Difference Between the Internet and the World Wide Web." (2006) Webopedia. Retrieved 12 Aug 2006 at 

HTML." (2006) Webopedia. Retrieved 12 Aug 2006 at 

SDLC." (2006) Webopedia. Retrieved 12 Aug 2006 at

Ski Surf Skate Is a
Words: 1282 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8929966
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There will also be Login page where a new customer will be required to register and existing customer will be required to login. The Career page will display the job vacancies. Other pages displayed in the website will be Terms and Condition, Privacy etc. (Princeton University, 2008).

The company will require both human and financial resources for the development of the website. Information system manager will coordinate all necessary human resources for the system development, and SDLC phases will take approximately 6 months to complete.

Design Phase

The Microsoft WebMatrix 2 software will be used to design the website. WebMatrix 2 is a free lightweight web development tool that will assist the company to design, create and publish the company website. Added to WebMatrix 2, the company will also use the combination of PHP, ASP.NET, and HTML5 templates to design the website. The CSS3 will also be used to create…


Ahmed, N.U. & Sharma, S.K.(2006). Porter's value chain model for assessing the impact of the internet for environmental gains. Int. J. Management and Enterprise Development, 3(3).

Brinck, T. et al.(2002). Usability for the Web: Designing Web Sites that Work. London: Academic Press.

Porter.M. (1985). Competitive Advantage-Creating and Sustaining Superior Performances. New York. The Free Press.

Princeton University (2008). Guide to Creating Website Information Architecture and Content. Office of Communications. USA.

Joint Application Design Describe How Joint Application
Words: 1079 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91444189
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Joint Application Design

Describe how joint application design (JAD) might be considered a better information-gathering technique than the traditional method of requirements gathering? What are its shortcomings?

The Joint Application Design (JAD) methodology could potentially be considered a better information gathering methodology compared to more traditional information gathering approaches given its highly structured approach to capturing and validating data. The highly methodical nature of the application design technique that concentrates on identifying critical success factors, project deliverables, scheduling workshop activities, and organizing workshops are all based on information and knowledge transfer (Davidson, 1999). The potential of the JAD technique to increase the level of participation on the part of project participants while also reducing the time and costs associated with the actual research process (Jackson, Embley, 1996). The JAD technique has also shown significant value in bringing experts in specific areas together and gaining useful insights as a result (Davidson,…


Beasley, R.E. (1999). Instructional multimedia software development: Implications for the analysis & design phases of the SDLC. The Journal of Computer Information Systems, 40(2), 2-6.

Cao, L., Mohan, K., Xu, P., & Ramesh, B. (2009). A framework for adapting agile development methodologies. European Journal of Information Systems, 18(4), 332-343.

Davidson, E.J. (1999). Joint application design (JAD) in practice. The Journal of Systems and Software, 45(3), 215-223.

Grenci, R.T., & Hull, B.Z. (2004). New dog, old tricks: ERP and the systems development life cycle. Journal of Information Systems Education, 15(3), 277-286.

Nuclear Ores and Its Life Cycle
Words: 3810 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88244684
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Nuclear Fuel Cycle is a set of different processes that utilize nuclear materials and then returns them to their initial state, in a cyclical manner. It begins with the mining of naturally occurring nuclear materials from the environment, and ends with safe and proper disposal of nuclear waste products back to the environment. Production of energy from Uranium requires several unique processes. One of the terms used in this production of nuclear energy is front end, referring to the entire set of processes involved in making nuclear energy from the uranium ore in the nuclear fuel cycle. The processes involved are: [1] mining, [2] crushing, [3] processing, [4] enrichment, and [5] the fabrication of fuel. After being used to produce energy, the nuclear material is now known as spent fuel. The spent fuel has to be converted in a reprocessing or storage facility if the company wants to recycle it.…


Carlsen, B.W., Phathanapirom, U., Schneider, E., Collins, J.S., Eggert, R.G., Jordan, B., ... & Yacout, L. (2013). Environmental Impacts, Health and Safety Impacts, and Financial Costs of the Front End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (No. INL/EXT-14-32302). Idaho National Laboratory (INL).

CAS. College of Agricultural Sciences. (2009). Manufacturing Fuel Pellets from Biomass. Retrieved from:

ELAW. Environmental Law Alliance Worldwide. (2015). Overview of Mining and its Impacts. Retrieved from: 

IAEA (2006). International Atomic Energy Agency. Storage and Disposal of Spent Fuel and High Level Radioactive Waste. Retrieved from:

Club it -- Part Three
Words: 1018 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 19576117
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This information can be provided to the marketing and scheduling teams first, so that they can devise a program of events, specials and menus and pricing that will maximize profitability. This information, along with sales expectations, can then be passed along to purchasing, who can work with the supply chain to reduce the club's inventory on hand, getting deliveries as they are needed. Thus, internal stakeholders to be interviewed would include marketing, the kitchen, the head bartender, the entertainment director, accounting and purchasing. Each must be brought into this coordinated effort. External stakeholders would include the major suppliers, in particular for the food and drink categories. They must be aware of the changes that we are making and we must make changes that fit within their capabilities or the system will not have the intended effect.

d. This project will go through the ten phases of the systems development life…

Works Cited:

iExecutive Dashboard website. Retrieved July 18, 2009 from 

Kirtland, Alex. (2003). Executive Dashboards. Retrieved July 18, 2009 from 

Ecora website. Retrieved July 18, 2009 from

Strategy and Dveloppement of E Procurement and IT Architecture
Words: 3464 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 56166461
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Strategy of E-Procurement and IT Architecture

1a) Planned Strategy in E-procurement

A large number of organizations adopting electronic commerce (e-commerce) have identified e-procurement as an effective strategy that can be used to enhance the competitive market advantages. In a business environment, a traditional procurement faces challenges of a paperwork workload associated that includes a purchase order, delivery order, and statement of work, invoice, and payment. All these process increase an organizational cost of production. Typically, e-procurement eliminates this workload by assisting management purchasing or supplying goods and services electronically at lowest possible costs using the paperless transactions.

A report carried out by the CIPS (2013) reveals that the goal of e-procurement is to use the latest information technology to link suppliers and customers thereby improve the value chain process. In essence, the e-procurement is a critical component of e-commerce, and the major goal of an e-procurement process is to enhance…

Resources Management in Canada. Toronto: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Shrinivas P. 1 Winai, Wo. (2015). Information technology (IT) outsourcing by business process outsourcing/information technology enabled services (BPO/ITES) firms in India: A strategic gamble. Journal of Enterprise Information Management. 28 (1):60-76.

Jerome, B. (2001). The hidden costs of IT outsourcing: lessons from 50 IT-outsourcing efforts show that unforeseen costs can undercut anticipated benefits. Understanding the issues can lead to better outsourcing decisions. MIT Sloan management review.

Schaefer, S. (1999). Product design partitions with complementary Components. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 38 (1999) 311-330.

Software Engineering Institute (2013). Unintentional Insider Threats: A Foundational Study. Department of Homeland Security.

Information Technology Aquarius Marketing Project
Words: 3970 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3202159
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Migrate off of any individualized content management systems and processes not integrated to a single portal platform for greater cost and time savings in administration. Olson (32) provides an excellent case study on how universities are making use of open source portal applications to alleviate redundant and often conflicting data in multiple portals on an IBM WebSphere platform

Define and build out a portal development plan that encompasses all shared processes across the project areas.

As Murphy and Columbus state, re-organize content by the context of each dominant workflow, and this could include larger, more complex projects as defined by Aquarius Marketing first, then align to the customer-facing processes to ensure the highest levels of efficiency and responsiveness.

Development of a portal roadmap that allows for eventual move to Web Services based on a Service Oriented Architecture, giving Aquarius Marketing greater scalability than if a single, stand-alone application was chosen.…


Paucar-Caceres, R Rodriguez-Ulloa. 2007. An application of Soft Systems Dynamics Methodology (SSDM). The Journal of the Operational Research Society 58, no. 6 (June 1): 701-713. . Accessed January 20, 2008).

Checkland, M Winter. 2006. Process and content: two ways of using SSM. The Journal of the Operational Research Society 57, no. 12 (December 1): 1435-1441.

Initiatives Require Bold Solutions and
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The following diagram represents the structure of the idea.

Figure 2. Project flow pursuant to Plan Abu Dhabi 2030: Urban Structure Framework Plan

Objectives of the Study

The overarching objective of this study is to build a solid portfolio management application that connects all the local governments of Abu Dhabi emirates in ways that will allow them to collaborate on various projects pursuant to Plan Abu Dhabi 2030 through one unified system from their offices without wasting time on face-to-face meetings, as well as introducing the potential for the leaking of information through channels that provide the opportunity for unauthorized access. This objective also include the need to develop a solid it security infrastructure by building strategies, recruiting qualified staff, implementing the latest technologies and best practices as identified in the research.

The study was guided by the following specific objectives:

1. Achieve cost effectiveness once the portfolio management software…


Andress, a. (2003). Surviving security: How to integrate people, process, and technology.

Boca Raton, FL: Auerbach.

Bhimani, a. (2003). Management accounting in the digital economy. Oxford: Oxford University


SDLC Puts This at the End of the Waterfall Process
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operations, why now at this stage of the course? hy does the SDLC place operations last at the end of the 'waterfall' model of software design?

hy, only now, is there an emphasis on making a potential software system operational at the end of a course in software development -- shouldn't this crucial step come first? Isn't operations 'what it's all about,' the reason that software developers are hired by organizations in the first place? But any potential development system must always be able to walk before it can crawl -- and it must be certain that it is walking in the right direction? In other words, one must mind the steps of the software development Systems Development Life Cycle, to ensure that the software development takes place in a useful as well as technologically feasible fashion for the organization in question.

SDLC is the process of developing information systems…

Works Cited

"SDLC." (2005) Webopedia. Online definition retrieved 25 Jan 2005 at 

'SDLC." (2004) Start vb Article retrieved 25 Jan 2005 at

Individual Terms Word Processor Sometimes Abbreviated as
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Individual Terms

Word Processor

"Sometimes abbreviated as WP, a word processor is a software program capable of creating, storing, and printing documents. Unlike the standard typewriter, users using word processors have the ability of creating a document and making any changes anywhere in the document. This document can also be saved for modification at a later time or to be opened on any other computer using the same word processor. (Computer Hope, 2011)" Microsoft's Word is a word processor and there are other ones as well such as Apple iWork, Corel WordPerfect, and Sun StarOffice. Amongst the various office automated systems, the word processor is one of the most used thereto.

Hierarchical Database

This type of database is one of the first of its kind and is still present in older or legacy systems. "Each cell in a table may have a table underneath it, which is similar to the…


Best Priced Computers UK. (2009). Decision support systems. Retrieved July 31, 2011 from 

Computer Hope. (2011). Word processor. Retrieved July 31, 2011 from 

Hernandez, G. (2011, August 8). DB types. Retrieved July 31, 2011 from 

Introduction to HIS. (2007). Retrieved July 31, 2011 from

Best Practices Best Best Practice
Words: 1338 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92704103
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The danger of best practices is that one can become too dependent on the processes. This could cause the organization to miss things simply because they have too much confidence in the system. Relying on best practices too much can mean taking away from the value of the human factor. Human observation is the best prevention that a company can have. It cannot be replaced by a system of set of rules. This is a common pitfall that lies behind many project failures, even in the presence of an excellent set of best practices for the completion of the project.

As one can see, there are both positive and negative aspects to "best practices" in many organizations. From one standpoint, best practices assures that the project will proceed in an orderly fashion. From the other, it is easy to rely too much on best practices and too little on the…

Works Cited

Kay, R. (2002). System Development Life Cycle. Computerworld. March 14, 2002. Retrieved March 22, 2007 from,10801,71151,00.html

State of Arkansas. (2003) Best Practices for Managing State Information Technology Projects.

September 1, 2003. Office of Information Technology. Document Number: BP33-001.

Retrieved March 22, 2007 from

Software Processing Methodology Understanding the Problem Klyne
Words: 7750 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 86615453
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Software Processing Methodology

Understanding the Problem

Klyne Smith, DSE Candidate

Dr. Frank Coyle



esearch and Contribution Methods

Software Processing Methodologies

Waterfall Methodology





Iterative Methodology





Model Methodology





Where do we go from here (Spring 2010)?

Define measurement data points for Test Case analysis

Section IV

Creation and Validation of the predictive model

Section V

Summary Analysis

Practical Usage

Praxis Conclusion


Articles / Web Information

Software Processing Methodology:

Understanding the Problem

Section I:


In this work, I examine three different Software Processing Methodologies. I start with the iterative model, followed by the spiral model, and conclude with the V-model. Each of these methodologies are discussed in length to gain a clear understanding of their similarities and differences. This paper focuses on gaining a key understanding of the methodologies and when it is best to utilize each.…



Alexander, Ian and Beus-Dukic, Ljerka (2009). Discovering Requirements - How to Specify Products and Services

Bass, Len and Clements, Paul, and Kazman, Rick (2003) - Software Architecture in Practice (2nd Edition)

Boehm, B.,(1976) Software Engineering, IEEE Trans. Computer, C-25,12,1226-1241

Security Issues of Online Communities
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This researcher rejects the existence of online communities because computer mediated group discussions cannot possibly meet this definition. Weinreich's view is that anyone with even a basic knowledge of sociology understands that information exchange in no way constitutes a community.

For a cyber-place with an associated computer mediated group to be labeled as a virtual settlement it is necessary for it to meet a minimum set of conditions. These are: (1) a minimum level of interactivity; (2) a variety of communicators; (3) a minimum level of sustained membership; and (4) a virtual common-public-space where a significant portion of interactive computer mediated groups occur (Weinreich, 1997). The notion of interactivity will be shown to be central to virtual settlements. Further, it will be shown that virtual settlements can be defined as a cyber-place that is symbolically delineated by topic of interest and within which a significant proportion of interrelated interactive computer…


Al-Saggaf, Y. & Williamson, K. Online Communities in Saudi Arabia: Evaluating the Impact on Culture Through Online Semi-Structured Interviews. Volume 5,

No. 3, Art. 24 - September 2004

AnchorDesk Staff. (2000). Sign of Trouble: The Problem with E-Signatures.

Retrieved April 9, 2005, from ZDNet AnchorDesk Web site: http://reivews-

Transit Projects Analysis and Evaluation
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Project Management- Natural Soap

Project Charter

atural Soaps Project>

1. Management - Direct Users or Managers of the System

a. Steve Hanely

Management Director of Natural Soaps Project

2. <

epeat the above list pattern for all management users who are direct users of the system. Next (in item #2 below), list all non-management participants. Non-management participants include clerks, secretaries, office help, administrative assistants, any anybody else who works within the system being studied.>Non-Management - Direct Users of the System

a. Jane Connoly

Consumer Product Tester for Direct Consumer Feedback<

epeat the above list pattern for all non-management users who are direct users of the system. Next, list the names of people or departments who may be affected by or interested in the system that will be studied and/or modified.>

3. Other People or Departments Affected by, Interested in, or Interfacing to the System

a. Jacob Olsen

Manager of the…


Aterido, R., & Hallward-Driemeier, M. (2009). Big constraints to small firms' growth? business environment and employment growth across firms. Business Environment and Employment Growth Across Firms (August 1, 2009). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series, Vol.

Shrivastava, P. (1995). Environmental technologies and competitive advantage. Strategic management journal, 16(S1), 183-200.