Systems Development Life Cycle has historically been a very useful tool in the development of software and operating systems in Computer Information Technology. Through the Systems Development Life Cycle there are at least five distinct phases that are delineated and performed within a linear patter. Meaning, that each step must be complete or at least very close in order for the next set of experts to begin the next phase of work on a project. It has been historically thought that each stage's crucial addition to the whole project is a building block necessary for the next phase of project development, therefore circular or spiral models, where all or some phases occur simultaneously was thought difficult to impossible for application within the information technology application. (Kliem & Ludin, 1994, p. 12)
The five required stages of SDLS are Planning, Analysis, Design, Implementation and Maintenance. This work will give a detailed…… [Read More]
Systems Development Life-Cycle is a framework for an evolution from abstract ideas to a concrete reality
Systems development life-cycle (SDLC) is a structured process of systems development is an evolutionary process that proceeds from a broad concept of information requirements and finally ends into the manufacturing of a product -- development of a new system. From this conception it can be seen that the ideas of SDLC begin to narrow down from an abstract concept to the concrete reality.
In a broad sense, SDLC starts with the following five steps-- investigation, analysis, design, implementation, and maintenance. While all of the activities in different steps are interrelated and interdependent, therefore in reality many of these steps run concurrently. However, the critical point cannot be denied that SDLC is an evolution from abstract ideas to the reality.
The first two steps -- systems investigation and systems analysis -- are abstract concepts that…… [Read More]
However, the company did feel it should develop its own Database infrastructure that would work with the new underlying database management system and would mesh with existing organizational skills and the selected enterprise software solution.
Because the company followed a standardized implementation process, they were able to successfully reengineer their existing business structure. The objective of the System Development Life Cycle is to help organizations define what an appropriate system development methodology should be in order for them to continue to meet the rapidly changing business environment. The specific research approach employed by International Lumberyards, Inc. was to follow the steps of the cycle and it helped them dramatically.
This report attempted to analyze a work-related project that used a systems analysis tool for a specific business system. The report focused on the use of the System Development Life Cycle to implement a business or information technology need as…… [Read More]
system development life cycle (SDLC) approach to the development of Information Systems and/or software is provided. An explanation of SDLC is offered, with different models applied in implementing SDLC delineated. Advantages and disadvantages associated with each of the models will be identified.
System Development Life Cycle
According to Walsham (1993), system development life cycle (SDLC) is an approach to developing an information system or software product that is characterized by a linear sequence of steps that progress from start to finish without revisiting any previous step. The SDLC model is one of the oldest systems development models and is still probably the most commonly used (Walsham, 1993). The SDLC model is basically a project management tool that is used to plan, execute, and control systems development projects (Whitten & Bentley, 1998). System development life cycles are usually discussed in terms of the conventional development using the waterfall model or the…… [Read More]
This process places the user in a central position for both determining system requirements and ensuring they are met.
The benefits of these systems include not only improvements in user efficiency, but also others, such as reduced training costs, reduced user errors, reduced maintenance costs, and increased customer satisfaction. However, the chief requirements in these kinds of systems become to understand the users' information needs. As we argued earlier, the systems analysts cannot determine information needs scientifically, rather the system analysts are required to obtain this needs by projecting an extrovert interpersonal style that fits more closely to an art form.
Design evaluations and maintenance are carried out with users of the systems (Smith and Dunckley, 2002). Although we believe that most of maintenance is routine, but in critical cases how systems are made usable so that users do not suffer their work requires an understanding of working around the…… [Read More]
Project Objectives and Justification
Company X is a consulting firm whose business and services involve hiring and deployment of IT professionals to clients. asically, company X assists clients to find applicants who may fit their employment needs.
The current operational procedures of Company X involve traditional methods of data access and storage, in that most of the essential information they need are basically paper-based. ecause we are already in the age of information, automated by technological developments, this paper finds it essential that Company X should improve its operational methods and processes.
The objective of this paper is to provide a proposal for automation of Company X's information access and storage. The application is to be called as Applicant MIS/DSS. y studying Company X's current operational flow, specifically in phases that involve access and storage of information, this paper aims to provide the company with a solution that,…… [Read More]
Vivint Home Security System
Security Systems Development Life Cycle
In the system development cycle, certain precise steps are accountable and they are all integrated into phases. As mentioned in the abstract earlier, five stages/phases are used as guidelines when developing the security system, or any other system. In the planning system, the project is reviewed to realize its applicability. In the case of Vivint home security system, the proposal of the system development has to be reviewed by experts, who go ahead to prioritize the requests brought forward in the project. In addition, in the same phase, resources are allocated and an able team is selected to oversee the entire development processes. Details of the planning phase are discussed in the proceeding paragraphs.
At the analysis stage, the team selected and responsible for the systems development conducts a preliminary analysis/investigation, and conducts a performance analysis that includes analyzing any system…… [Read More]
Health Information Technology Systems Life Cycle or HIT systems life cycle has several broad categories. One such broad category is EH or electronic health records. EHs are patient-centered, real-time records. They allow users to get information instantly wherever and whenever it is needed. Simply put, EHs are computerized, digital versions of a patient's paper charts. EHs contain the medications, radiology images, test and lab results, immunization dates, medical history of a patient and offers access as well to evidence-based tools a provider may use to make decisions concerning a patient's care. Not only does it offer streamlining and automation of the providers' workflow, it also increases accuracy and organization of patient information.
Security and maintenance is the end phase of any basic system development life cycle. The entire process is used to recognize, examine, and design information systems (Vallette & Caldwell, 2013). In order to aid in accomplishing such an…… [Read More]
System Design: Oahu Base Area Network
The aim of this paper is to examine and discuss the Navy's decision to build the largest local area network (LAN) connecting the U.S. Pacific Fleet using information-gathering techniques and design methods. The system has the capacity to connect sailors and marines within the 102-million square miles of the Pacific Fleet's command coverage. Moreover it will provide the indispensable access for supplying and training the U.S. Navy. The Oahu Base Area Network (OBAN) will be the largest LAN in the world when all the phases are complete. It was started way back in 1998. It is the supporting network for the six naval commands in the Pearl Harbor, Hawaii area. Phase one has been completed. Other phases have begun in San Diego, the Pacific Northwest and the Pacific Far East, following the original business model (Kaylor, 2000). The uniqueness of this system is in…… [Read More]
System analysis and design is the process of planning, analyze, design and implement the information systems for the business needs. "Systems analysis is a process of collecting factual data, understand the processes involved, identifying problems and recommending feasible suggestions for improving the system functioning." (Open Schooling (2010.P 5). On the other hand, system design is the process of converting the business requirements into physical system design. To design a system designer makes use of the designing tools such as the flow chart, Data flow diagram (DFD), data dictionary and structured English to build the functional information systems. The Broadway Entertainment Company (BEC) case study is a prototype of the system development life cycle where the group gathers relevant data to analyze and design the information systems. Although, the BEC case does not reflect the overall system development life cycle, nevertheless, the case study provides learning experience for the development of…… [Read More]
The Case for ejecting Outsourcing the IT Department
The data and information within an organization is its life blood, it was what makes one company differentiated from another and valuable to customers. With IT being at the center of the information engine of any business, the idea of outsourcing it, allowing a third party company to manage this vital aspect of the company's health is like allowing a podiatrist to do heart surgery. It's not going to end well for either the doctor or the patient. The costs and benefits of IT outsourcing are presented in this analysis. Granted, IT outsourcing of menial, low-end tasks shows potential for streaming the operations of a business, allowing it to concentrate on its core business more effectively (Goo, Huang, Hart, 2008). Conversely outsourcing all aspects of IT can lead to a company abdicating its leadership in its main markets by sacrificing…… [Read More]
Network gives us two basic advantages: the facility to communicate and the facility to share. A network helps in communication between users in better ways than other media. E-mail, the most well-known form of network communication, offers inexpensive, printable communication with the facility of sending, reply, storage, recovery, and addition. Network supports collaboration with its capacity to share. This is the main charm of popular software called groupware that is created in such a way to allow many users to have electronic meetings and work alongside on projects. (Basic Networking Concepts)
Internet is a network of computer networks, upon which anybody who has permission to a host computer can circulate their own documents. orld ide eb is one such network, which permits Internet publishers to connect to other documents on the network. The Internet facilitates communication of a range of file types, including non-written multimedia. There are many types of…… [Read More]
ationale for the use of life cycle Management at Glazers
LCM (Life Cycle Management) is a framework which manages and scrutinises the performance and sustainability of services and goods. This framework aims to achieve the long-term objectives of the business, and gives less stress on the short-term objectives. For getting a more sustainable value chain, organizations are making use of this framework, which would in turn improve their economic and social performance. Businesses throughout the world are making use of this framework for many purposes, like to improve their standing within the market, to strengthen the relationships with the stakeholders and to produce more environment friendly goods.
LCM urges the companies to look away from their own processes, and focus on activities which are not under the direct control of the company. Such activities include the upstream and the downstream operations that become a part of value chain. In…… [Read More]
RFP fo HRIS System
Request fo Poposal (RFP) Template
Company: A Fotune 500 company, Riodan Manufactuing is an industy leade in plastic molding. Riodan is a multinational company with copoate headquates in San Jose, Califonia, a manufactuing plant in China, and thee factoies in the U.S., each with a poduct o poduction specialty. The plant in Albany, Geogia, manufactues plastic bottles fo sale to beveage companies. In Detoit, Michigan, custom plastic poducts such as heat valves and stints ae manufactued. The eseach and development functions ae caied out in San Jose.
Business goals: Efficacious administation of human esouce mattes and successful ecuitment of a ceative and innovative wokfoce is a copoate goal of Riodan Manufactuing. The company believes that highly skilled knowledge wokes ae necessay fo Riodan to maintain a competitive edge and that development of human capital equies an efficient Human Resouce Infomation System (HRIS). The cuent compute system…… [Read More]
Acquistion of Information Systems
Selection and Acquisition of Information Systems
Selection and acquisition of information systems could involve an enormous investment for a healthcare organization. Besides the initial costs that organizations need to incur, there are also long-term costs associated with maintenance, support and enhancement of the information system. Selecting the right information systems that would meet the need of an organization is a critical step to consider when selecting and acquiring the information systems. To select information systems, it is critical to evaluate the costs and benefits as well as gaining insight on the full constituents of the users.
Fundamental objective of this paper is to discuss the process of selecting and acquiring the information systems for our healthcare organization.
Process of Selecting and Acquiring the Information Systems
System acquisitions are the process of selecting a new system in order to replace the old information systems. The process of…… [Read More]
In fact, an incoherent approach to it can lead to negative effects such as escalation of costs and lowering of efficiencies. It portfolio management addresses this key issue right from the conceptual stage of projects. The portfolio approach ensures that it projects are implemented with shared commitment, within the statutory framework. Some of the important measures implemented are:
Collaborative decision making for key and large scale projects
Stakeholder commitment and support for successful implementation of it projects
Internal stakeholders justify the it projects to external stakeholders and accountable for successful implementation
Stakeholders offer expertise and grant resources to address and overcome the project challenges at various stages
Specific project requirements are in line with the common-user, shared, state it infrastructure
Strategic value of it portfolio management: Four investment categories have been identified in the portfolio approach, within which every it investment can be measured in terms of strategic value to…… [Read More]
Evolution of Healthcare Information System
Evolution of health care information system
Over the last twenty years, technology in provision of healthcare has evolved tremendously and what was available then now seems primitive in comparison. Today, patient care is at a much higher level. The management of healthcare institutions has become far more efficient through the growth of technology. esearch is now more readily available. The growth of technology has proved beneficial to not only the healthcare workers, rather, more so to the patients. Nowadays, treating a patient correctly and effectively is easier than it was then; the patient is also more secure due to machines that can monitor all his processes and new technology has also enhanced the skills of the healthcare workers in handling their patients (Bavova, 2013).
This paper seeks to discuss highlight similarities and differences between healthcare provision twenty years ago and today, as a result of…… [Read More]
electronic medical records have yet to become standardized in the United States, the contemporary physician's office differs significantly from one from twenty years ago. Information systems govern multiple aspects of care delivery, from patient intake, processing, and billing to medical records, access to electronic scholarly databases for knowledge management to purchasing and human resources management. Understanding issues like the system development life cycle (SDLC) and project management life cycles have now become common practice in most healthcare offices, whereas twenty years ago only the most cutting edge of those offices would have dedicated information technology specialists who would handle and address matters like product life cycles. Full time consultants or advisory positions related directly to IT are now expected of most medical practices. Since the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was passed just over twenty years ago, physicians offices have made significant strides by incorporating informatics into their…… [Read More]
EH System Challenges
What are the physicians trying to accomplish through buying the same EH product at their hospital? What are the pros and cons?
The physicians are attempting to achieve a way to make it simpler to attain all of the records of the patients when they are required. The pros of buying the similar EH product at their hospital are that they have the capacity to write orders from their practices for patients who are in the hospital. Another benefit is that in the case of an emergency, or when the physicians is on call at the emergency room, they will have access to other providers of EH systems. The drawbacks of having EH systems similar to one the hospital has, is that they might experience or face an issue with compatibility with the other software being employed. In addition, the vendors may not grasp all the necessities…… [Read More]
In other words, as coding begins, testing begins and continues as a parallel process to the coding activity. Even when the installation process has begun, testing should continue.
Installation is the process of actually replacing the current system or programs with the new system or programs. Thus, coding, testing, and installation processes create several deliverables that can be used as signoff points for management. The testing and implementation process should allow for back out points where new direction or error and bug elimination can occur. The deliverables are fail safes in a sense because a next task should not be started until a previous task has been given the okay by management. This process therefore puts a system of checks and balances in place.
Documentation and Training
Most people think that coding and testing are the only crucial aspects of implementation. Ironically, one of the more critical things to accomplish…… [Read More]
What surprised me about Prototyping in the article
Although the prototyping systems are presently becoming smaller and more affordable, they are still present additional expenses for most companies. There are some companies who select a prototyping strategy that is much cheaper than other systems. In the article, there are two main things that surprised me about prototyping.
One thing is that, not all prototypes implemented looks accurate. Most companies use prototyping in printing parts for their functional testing in prior to production. However despite of the advancement in technology, various prototyping systems cannot manage to create the design. However, prototyping is said to be a non- remedy for the problems that are associated with the system development.
The other thing that is surprising from the article of System Management with prototyping is that, prototyping is built out of the concept making the presented models in early stage to be incomplete.…… [Read More]
The systems development life cycle is a means by which the life cycle of software can be understood. There are a number of different conceptions of the systems development life cycle, such as the waterfall, the build and fix, rapid prototyping and more. The concept has been around for over a decade, so doubtless Amazon already is quite aware of it, and utilizes it. The benefits of understanding this life cycle include that it allows for more effective project planning -- knowing what will need to be done when, based on life cycle analysis. Systems design can also take into account the expected life cycle of the system in question, while resources can be made available at the right times for things like implementation, integration, testing and installation (Kay, 2002). This is especially the case when there are resource requirements that the firm needs to acquire.
This process would…… [Read More]
software deployment life cycle after discussing the first of the phases of this important life cycle. Phase IV is seen as a crucial phase wherein is dealt with the actual performance of the newly installed software. Phase V concludes the life cycle and provides impetus for any new deployment plan in future.
The Last Two Phases of the Software Deployment Life Cycle
Software deployment is a complex endeavor, most fittingly used as early as possible in the organizational cycle. All software deployment life cycles must consider three basic tasks: preparing for release of the software, releasing the software application to operations and support, and releasing the software application to the organization's user community. These are the end goals of this endeavor. On a phase-by-phase basis as well, the software deployment life cycle is multifaceted, taking into account many details without which the work of software deployment is incomplete.
The first…… [Read More]
From the analysis of that first prototype, the project team would then produce a second prototype. The analysis of the first prototype should include looking at strengths, weaknesses, and any possible complications. The findings of this analysis by the project team would influence the next step in the spiral of producing the second prototype. This approach allows the project team to analyze the overall functionality of the product and system as it evolves, and will help predict problems such as cost overruns for development, unanticipated expenses for operating, or the possibility that the final result will not meet the customer's need. Using a spiral approach for both project management and product system/design allows the project team to spot serious problems as early as possible and either deal with them effectively or scrap the design in favor of a more effective one while minimizing costs incurred by this necessity. In a…… [Read More]
4. Control Phase: This phase is the one in which maintaining the project within the "scope, cost, and schedule" as well as "within acceptable quality" is addressed due to the possible variables. "Unknown or unproven technologies....make these projects difficult for the project manager to baseline the scope, schedules, and costs during the Planning Phase." (Systems Lifecycle Development, 2001) Key deliverables in this phase are the development, testing, implementation and documentation of the scope control, schedule control, cost and quality control as well as the contract administration and configuration management in the project.
5. Closeout Phase: the final phase is characterized by the project being brought to an end with the manager of the project holding responsibility for making sure that the processes in closeout are accomplished while the systems are transitioned to maintenance perspective. The main activities in this phase are administration of closure of the project as well as…… [Read More]
The development of a product strategy is one of the most important components of introducing new products into the market. A product strategy is defined as a roadmap that provides an outline of the end goal of a product and what it would become upon completion. Business organizations increasingly develop and utilize product strategies because of their significance in strategic planning and marketing with regards to the achievement of desired organizational goals and objectives. The formulation of a product strategy is also critical because products and services usually undergo a life cycle of new product introduction, growth, maturity and decline. The different stages in new product introduction have considerable impacts on the marketing strategy and promotional initiatives. An example of a product strategy is the introduction of a new software product in the market.
Product Life Cycle for a Software
Marcu & Gherman (2010) define product life cycle…… [Read More]
Other rivals will have a more secure market share as well, and new drugs may develop. However, although the rise may not be as astronomical, hopefully from AstraZenica's perspective, Crestor's next phasing into the 'decline' phase of the product life cycle will not be as impressive, either.
CNN. Com. (18 Nov 2004) "Merck, FDA grilled at Senate hearing." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://cnnmoney.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?action=cpt&title=Merck%2C+FDA+grilled+at+Senate+hearing+over+Vioxx+-+Nov.+18%2C+2004&expire=&urlID=12326029&fb=Y&url=http%3A%2F%2Fmoney.cnn.com%2F2004%2F11%2F18%2Fnews%2Ffortune500%2Fmerck%2Findex.htm%3Fcnn
Crestor. (2004) "About Crestor." Official site. Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.crestor.com/c/crestor/
Crestor. (2004) "Side Effects: Crestor." Official site. Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.crestor.com/c/crestor/sideeffects.asp
Drugrecall.com. (2004) "FDA says Crestor ads are false and misleading." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.adrugrecall.com/news/crestor-safety.html
Marketing teacher. (2004) "Pricing." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_pricing.htm
Marketing teacher." Product Life Cycle." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_plc.
Marketing teacher. (2004) "Value Chain." Retrieved 22 Jan 2005 at http://www.marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_generic_strategies.htm… [Read More]
The strategy would prove successful in assisting the rapid proliferation of the Norton Antivirus packages. Accordingly, ikipedia (2010) reports that "Norton AntiVirus and Norton Internet Security, a related product, held a 61% U.S. retail market share for security suites as of the first half of 2007." (ikipedia, 1) In addition to casting a dominant shadow over its sector of the technology industry, this would make Symantec a leading developer of antivirus technologies.
The maturation of Norton Antivirus is marked both by the annual or multi-annual release of newer or more refined versions of its software. A constant research and development phase is required so that Norton can remain abreast of advances amongst hackers and developers of malware, spyware and viruses. This is demonstrated by continual re-release of the Norton packages. According to available research, "Existing users of the 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 versions can upgrade to the latest…… [Read More]
These symptoms should be identified by the management team beforehand, even as early as in the planning stage. This is then used by the team of observers to identify any problems relating to dry rot in the company. The observing team and management team then work together to once again implement new ideas regarding products and services.
In order to deal with rivalry, a marketing team can be formed in order to respond to the challenge offered by rivals in terms of new products and services. The rival's products and services can then be observed by this team, after which improved products and services are then created.
Challenges in the Growth and Maturity Phases
Challenges in the growth phase are mostly related to issues of revenue generation, and implementing new products and services, as well as employing new people. The focus is on maintaining a steady rate of development. In…… [Read More]
Product Life Cycle Analysis
Products, like living creatures, have a specific life cycle. A product is born, it grows up, and eventually it dies. A product's birth is its creation -- the first moment that a brand new device or invention rolls off the assembly line and is made available to consumers. In the case of a color television, its life cycle would commence at the time a brand model first appears in the stores. If it is a well-designed product, and represents an improvement over previous versions, it will no doubt do well as it will appeal to consumers. The period during which a television "grow up" can be described as the interval of time between its initial appearance, and the time it takes for that product to "catch on," or establish itself. hen Sony introduces a new color television, that new television is like a newborn baby. The…… [Read More]
Product Life Cycle
When we talk about the strongest multinational companies of the world then Nestle is definitely one of the names that triggers in everyone's mind. Nestle is the world's No.1 food manufacturing company. Nestle is a Swiss multinational company whose product are available almost in every part of the world. Most of the Nestle products are in a market leading position. Nestle company was established in 1866 and since that day, it has proved itself as one the leading companies of the world with its improved quality, innovative ideas of marketing and attractive packaging (Nestle, 2007).
Nestle launched its first juice in 1996 and since then it has spread its product largely. The consumers' response to the flavored juices of the Nestle Company was upbeat. This further strengthened the position of the Nestle Company in the market as the unbeatable leader. Later on, the company innovate the…… [Read More]
Those points are inherent in the approach the company takes to integrating Computer-Aided Design (CAD) data into the broader series of systems and strategies used for constructing boats. The company is also open to taking design, boat interiors and hull style considerations from customers, consultants and dealers. This approach to capturing requirements is often called Voice of the Customer (VoC) research and is typically included as part of the Six Sigma program at manufacturers (osenbaum, Postula, 1991).
What kind of benefits are egal achieving by using CAD technology rather than traditional drafting techniques?
Using CAD technology can significantly reduce the time to transform a drawing into a prototype, drastically reducing the number of errors and also increasing the accuracy of bill-of-materials used for building the finished product (Vinodh, Kuttalingam, 2011). CAD systems can also streamline the new product introduction process, providing graphical 3D images of the boat even before it…… [Read More]
" The job required a candidate with a BS in Technical Writing, Food Science, Food Engineering, Food Microbiology or Food Chemistry and competency in Microsoft Word. Salary was commensurate with experience.
A software system architect for the Interoperable Solutions Team at Motorola would be part of a development group within the company's Worldwide adio Solutions Group. The job required a BA and 5+ years in software or system engineering, along with experience with one of the following systems: C++, java, lte, wimax, tau g2, doors, udp, igmp, multicast ip, sdt, evdo. Salary was not specified. A systems analyst for eCommLink was to act as a liaison between eCommLink's engineering, quality assurance, business, and operations teams and create the technical requirements for the prepaid card system created by the company.
Associate product lifecycle management specialist. (2010). Con Agra. etrieved February 17,
2010 at http://jobview.monster.com/Assoc-Prod-Lifecycle-Mgmt-Spec-Job-Omaha-NE-U.S.-86306416.aspx
Manager, business development II, Air Force…… [Read More]
System Operational Feasibility great deal of time and intellectual resources go into the conceptual design stage of a systems engineering process once a need is clearly defined by the end-user. However, this initial development step is a moot point if the product is not operationally feasible, which means, according to Benjamin Blanchard in his book Systems Engineering and Analysis, "that the system will perform as intended in an effective and efficient manner for as long as necessary."
In order for the systems engineer to determine operational feasibility, it is necessary to properly integrate the design-related specialties such as reliability, maintainability, human factors and supportability.
Reliability is one of the most important design elements, since it confirms or denies the long-term use of the product without major maintenance and repair. Unreliable systems do not meet the original project goals and lead to unnecessary expenditures of valuable resources. Simply stated, "reliability is…… [Read More]
Systems Development Life Cycle is a terminology used in information systems, software engineering, and systems engineering for describing the process of planning, creating, testing, and deploying an information system (Pavalkis & Nemuraite, 2013). It comprises of a series of steps that model the development and lifecycle of managing an application or software. SDLC model was developed to ease the development of complex and large systems. Previously software development was a one-man task since the programs were small and less complex. Today, the systems have grown both in complexity and in size, which necessitated for a structured method to manage the development process. SDLC can be used for software and hardware configurations. Different industries have different processes that they would use in their development.
The need to have formal methodologies for managing and developing systems resulted in the creation of SDLC. The traditional SDLC consists of these phases' project planning, systems…… [Read More]
This stage is also a synthesis of various other stages. In the last, the system is described as a collection of modules or subsystems. In this stage, modular and subsystems programming code will take effect, and then the individual modules will be tested before they are integrated in the next level.
The code is tested and retested at various levels; system, unit, and user acceptance testing are often performed depending on the consultant's judgment and this is something that is repeatedly discussed with organization and stakeholders. The amount of testing, therefore, depends on the particular organization. The consultant has to know when to cease analysis.
The final stage -- instillation, implementation or deployment is when the software is put into production and actually used by the organization.
Maintenance will take place on a regular level. This is particularly so since changes of personnel in the organization (new ones entering, certain…… [Read More]
Working for an organization known as Water for People has been one of the most rewarding experiences in life. The position of international communications representative has provided varied chances to interact at international level with authorities and communities. The program proposed herein is based on the rural population of Honduras and in particular in Tela village as the starting point that will also act as a pilot project under this wider program that is meant to cover majority of the Honduras rural areas.
The vision of Water for People is "a world where every person has access to reliable and safe drinking water and sanitation" and it is in line with this vision that the water for rural Honduras program comes in to be essential and applicable for the local people. The program is meant to introduce and efficient and cheap way of providing water to the villages in Honduras…… [Read More]
Third, subsystems engineers are more attuned to how their specific product and technology areas are driven by external market forces and market dynamics than system engineers typically are. The reason is that subsystem engineers, both hardware and software, seek to understand how customer and market needs impact their existing and future designs. As both of these classes of subsystem engineers are more focused on how to create valuable contributions to their specific area of expertise, monitoring market and customer trends tends to be a passion for many of them. It is not unusual for example to see an engineering team know more about market trends, research, unmet customer needs and competitors than a marketing department for the same product (Hoberman, 2009). This is precisely why subsystem engineers in high technology companies often end up running product management, product marketing and corporate marketing because they have a better grasp of the…… [Read More]
Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) and the Importance of Such an Analysis
In essence, life-cycle cost analysis, LCCA, is an important tool that aids in the qualification of a specified project's alternative investment options differential costs. Its relevance, therefore, in logistics management and operations cannot be overstated. In addition to highlighting the factors of a life cycle cost analysis, this text will also concern itself with relevance of such an analysis.
There are various definitions that have been offered for LCCA. Sanchez-Silva and Klutke (2015, p. 233) define LCCA as " ....an economic assessment of completing design alternatives, considering all costs of ownership over the economic life of each alternative, expressed in equivalent dollars." This is the definition that will be adopted in this discussion.
It is important to note that LCCA can be utilized in a wide range of capital investment decisions, particularly in those instances where costs (initial)…… [Read More]
Parts of the theory are individual but coherent. The microsystem is the smallest layer in the sense that it is closest to the child and contains all the structures of which the child has regular contact. It includes the relationships and structures that the child uses to define their surroundings (family, school, and neighborhood). The interactions in this layer are primary modifiers, but are continually impacted by other layers. The mesosystem is the rather amorphous way that Microsystems morph and interact with another -- connections between events and organizations. The exosystem is the larger social system in which the child does not directly interact but has a profound effect on the Microsystems (positive and negative effects, etc.). The macrosystem, or the outermost layer in the child's environment consists of laws, customs, values, and norms -- all of which the child is expected to assimilate prior to becoming part of that…… [Read More]
improvement and where the project that will be discussed in this paper will evolve is the problem in monitoring the attendance and leaves of employees which affect the processing of employees' payroll. A proposed solution, which is the implementation of an automated system, shall be discussed in the following section.
The objective of this project is to resolve payroll-inaccuracies wherein the payroll department always receives complains regarding miscalculations of employee salary due to inconsistent recording of employees' leaves, absences, and attendance at work. That is, the absences, leaves, and overtimes are currently being filed manually. By automating the attendance (i.e. Time IN/OUT) and leave/absence application of employees, the payroll department can accurately compute the employees' salaries.
Assumptions egarding the Project
New technologies continuously emerge, thus it is important that the company should go with the flow of advancing the organization's business operation in terms of using technology-based solutions that facilitate…… [Read More]
governance is an important component of each and every IT project implementation process. Project governance refers to the infrastructure as well as processes that are put in place by a given organization in order to be used for steering the functions as well as mechanisms for assuring compliance. In this paper, we present an elaborate governance structure that will oversee the entire System Development Life Cycle process of an Enterprise esource Planning finance system throughout an organization that only operates domestically. We also assume that the governance structure has the following three levels: executive, program implementation, and ongoing operations.
Importance of governance structure for the implementation of an IT project
Project governance is noted by BIS (2010) to be a management framework within which various project decisions are made. It forms a critical component of any project due to the fact that accountabilities as well as responsibilities that are associated…… [Read More]
Desire2Learn solution, as offered and administered, represents the cutting edge of an all-inclusive and full integrated online learning solution for egis University students. Getting the solution to coalesce and operate on a continuing basis in a way that allows for continuity and ongoing success and upgrades requires a lot of moving people and parts that must be arranged and wielded in a way that is transparent to the students when it needs to be but "wows" the students when it works as it should. While it's a very complex system, Desire2Learn is a boon for student learning and represents the best of online and ground-based learning at the undergraduate and graduate level.
The Parts of the System
The first, and most important, part of what makes Desire2Learn operate and function is the department and staff that design, update and maintain the system. The key parts to assembling and maintaining an…… [Read More]
Tony Chips Independent Company Website
Tony's Chips independent company Website
Tony Chips has recently bought a new independent company and the company is interested to move its old Website from external hosted solution to internal web hosting. Meanwhile, the company management is concerned about the redundancy of the Website and insists that the Website should have a back up in case the original Website goes down. More importantly, the site will be designed to allow customer to order goods and services online.
Fundamental objective of this project is to discuss the strategy to build website architecture with minimal downturn to assist Tony Chips to develop a dynamic website that will assist the company to enjoy online business advantages. The paper uses SDLC (system development life cycle) for website development.
Building of Web Architecture
Technical expertise is required to support and maintain online business as well as planning and implementing…… [Read More]
There are several important types of documentation that should be created and updated as part of a fluid and proper systems development life cycle. The types are all quite different and they are also quite individually important. This report will go into the different types that should exist, what each type covers, why they are each important and the overall update and creation process that should be followed. While some may view documentation as bureaucratic and unnecessary, it is vital that it present and update as having data that is out of date or only in the heads of people that can leave at any time is a disaster waiting to happen if someone not informed on the cycle is put in a position to make important adjustments or decisions.
The first types of documentation would be the bill of materials and the build plan. The bill…… [Read More]
The first time that they attempted to build this system they did not follow the life cycle plan and the system ended up failing. Developing a new claims payment system that will talk to and be user friendly with the customer service management system would help to speed up efficiency and enhance quality of all departments within the organization. This streamlining would help the company as a whole to reduce costs and ultimately become more competitive and successful within the insurance market.
Being able to answer the following question is vital to any business. How would your organization continue to deliver mission-critical services if normal business operations were interrupted? Being able to quickly resume functioning enough to continue delivering the services that are critical to a company's mission are very important. When normal business operations are interrupted, an organization should use its business continuity plan to prevent disruption in the…… [Read More]
What is the difference between leadership and management? How do these two terms relate to a project manager?
Leadership defines the vision and mission for a project or business, and then orchestrates the many departments and divisions together for their fulfillment. A strong project leader will also seek ot unify diverse teams by concentrating on making the wide range of talents all combine for greater accomplishment than one person or team alone could attain. In short, a leader know how to use a strong, compelling vision and mission to unify diverse teams and people to a common, challenging goal or objective.
While a leader defines a vision or mission for a business, a manager is given the responsibility of making sure all departments, functional areas of the company and external stakeholders are all orchestrated to a common set of performance metrics. Managers are given the task of ensuring…… [Read More]
IT solutions that meet business objectives
Haicuts Case Study
Poposed technology solution
In this case a supply chain management solution is impeative. Among the companies that povide IT solutions fo impoving supply chain management is Logility, a company that povides supply chain solutions fo small companies like Haicuts. These solutions ae intended to help maximize supply chain visibility and to impove its efficiency. The hadwae equied by this solution is epesented by two computes: one at the Haicuts salon that employees can use, and a pesonal compute fo the manage. The equied softwae is offeed by Logility, the sevices povide. Communication will take place oally o on the phone, in witten fom, and electonically though emails.
Geneic Stategy: Business development by inceasing numbe of customes and employees.
Stategic business aea: Opeations management.
Pocess to be impoved: Supply chain management.
Haicuts manage meets with Logility epesentatives to discuss…… [Read More]
HIT Projects and Decision Makers
Describe an example of a HIT project implemented at your organization and analyze how that project was identified and moved forward.
One of the most commonly used health information technology (HIT) systems currently in use throughout America's medical industry is the SigmaCare electronic medical records (EM) system. After being implemented within my organization over three years ago, the SigmaCare EM system provided immediate enhancements to the hospital's overall ability to process patients efficiently while producing positive patient outcomes. Administrative and operational tasks were expedited through the use of SigmaCare's proprietary esident Data Exchange (DX) software, which allows for the creation of real-time links between hospital departments to eliminate redundant data entries. The process of implementing SigmaCare's EM system throughout the hospital was orderly and organized, guided by the collaborative efforts of administrators and mangers utilizing the SigmaCare Orientation eadiness Engagement (SCOE) program, which equips hospitals…… [Read More]
The eb has grown increasingly fast and sophisticated, as podcasts, streaming video, and other movie-like aspects of entertainment have become part of the eb experience. Features such as YourTube allow persons to see videos, homemade by uses, over the web. As digital cameras and video cameras become more common, the language of the eb and the media exposed upon eb blogs are sure to expand in the future, and to incorporate more visual elements.
As technology changes and expands into every day life, the language used to describe Internet technology is likely to become more blurred and less specific.
One example, previously discussed, is the fact that the Internet and orld ide eb are often incorrectly used as synonyms. Another example is how the verb "blog" has been modified to become a verb, so to "blog" is to write a blog, as well as the document of a blog itself.…… [Read More]
There will also be Login page where a new customer will be required to register and existing customer will be required to login. The Career page will display the job vacancies. Other pages displayed in the website will be Terms and Condition, Privacy etc. (Princeton University, 2008).
The company will require both human and financial resources for the development of the website. Information system manager will coordinate all necessary human resources for the system development, and SDLC phases will take approximately 6 months to complete.
The Microsoft WebMatrix 2 software will be used to design the website. WebMatrix 2 is a free lightweight web development tool that will assist the company to design, create and publish the company website. Added to WebMatrix 2, the company will also use the combination of PHP, ASP.NET, and HTML5 templates to design the website. The CSS3 will also be used to create…… [Read More]
Joint Application Design
Describe how joint application design (JAD) might be considered a better information-gathering technique than the traditional method of requirements gathering? What are its shortcomings?
The Joint Application Design (JAD) methodology could potentially be considered a better information gathering methodology compared to more traditional information gathering approaches given its highly structured approach to capturing and validating data. The highly methodical nature of the application design technique that concentrates on identifying critical success factors, project deliverables, scheduling workshop activities, and organizing workshops are all based on information and knowledge transfer (Davidson, 1999). The potential of the JAD technique to increase the level of participation on the part of project participants while also reducing the time and costs associated with the actual research process (Jackson, Embley, 1996). The JAD technique has also shown significant value in bringing experts in specific areas together and gaining useful insights as a result (Davidson,…… [Read More]
Nuclear Fuel Cycle is a set of different processes that utilize nuclear materials and then returns them to their initial state, in a cyclical manner. It begins with the mining of naturally occurring nuclear materials from the environment, and ends with safe and proper disposal of nuclear waste products back to the environment. Production of energy from Uranium requires several unique processes. One of the terms used in this production of nuclear energy is front end, referring to the entire set of processes involved in making nuclear energy from the uranium ore in the nuclear fuel cycle. The processes involved are:  mining,  crushing,  processing,  enrichment, and  the fabrication of fuel. After being used to produce energy, the nuclear material is now known as spent fuel. The spent fuel has to be converted in a reprocessing or storage facility if the company wants to recycle it.…… [Read More]
This information can be provided to the marketing and scheduling teams first, so that they can devise a program of events, specials and menus and pricing that will maximize profitability. This information, along with sales expectations, can then be passed along to purchasing, who can work with the supply chain to reduce the club's inventory on hand, getting deliveries as they are needed. Thus, internal stakeholders to be interviewed would include marketing, the kitchen, the head bartender, the entertainment director, accounting and purchasing. Each must be brought into this coordinated effort. External stakeholders would include the major suppliers, in particular for the food and drink categories. They must be aware of the changes that we are making and we must make changes that fit within their capabilities or the system will not have the intended effect.
d. This project will go through the ten phases of the systems development life…… [Read More]
Strategy of E-Procurement and IT Architecture
1a) Planned Strategy in E-procurement
A large number of organizations adopting electronic commerce (e-commerce) have identified e-procurement as an effective strategy that can be used to enhance the competitive market advantages. In a business environment, a traditional procurement faces challenges of a paperwork workload associated that includes a purchase order, delivery order, and statement of work, invoice, and payment. All these process increase an organizational cost of production. Typically, e-procurement eliminates this workload by assisting management purchasing or supplying goods and services electronically at lowest possible costs using the paperless transactions.
A report carried out by the CIPS (2013) reveals that the goal of e-procurement is to use the latest information technology to link suppliers and customers thereby improve the value chain process. In essence, the e-procurement is a critical component of e-commerce, and the major goal of an e-procurement process is to enhance…… [Read More]
Migrate off of any individualized content management systems and processes not integrated to a single portal platform for greater cost and time savings in administration. Olson (32) provides an excellent case study on how universities are making use of open source portal applications to alleviate redundant and often conflicting data in multiple portals on an IBM WebSphere platform
Define and build out a portal development plan that encompasses all shared processes across the project areas.
As Murphy and Columbus state, re-organize content by the context of each dominant workflow, and this could include larger, more complex projects as defined by Aquarius Marketing first, then align to the customer-facing processes to ensure the highest levels of efficiency and responsiveness.
Development of a portal roadmap that allows for eventual move to Web Services based on a Service Oriented Architecture, giving Aquarius Marketing greater scalability than if a single, stand-alone application was chosen.…… [Read More]
The following diagram represents the structure of the idea.
Figure 2. Project flow pursuant to Plan Abu Dhabi 2030: Urban Structure Framework Plan
Objectives of the Study
The overarching objective of this study is to build a solid portfolio management application that connects all the local governments of Abu Dhabi emirates in ways that will allow them to collaborate on various projects pursuant to Plan Abu Dhabi 2030 through one unified system from their offices without wasting time on face-to-face meetings, as well as introducing the potential for the leaking of information through channels that provide the opportunity for unauthorized access. This objective also include the need to develop a solid it security infrastructure by building strategies, recruiting qualified staff, implementing the latest technologies and best practices as identified in the research.
The study was guided by the following specific objectives:
1. Achieve cost effectiveness once the portfolio management software…… [Read More]
operations, why now at this stage of the course? hy does the SDLC place operations last at the end of the 'waterfall' model of software design?
hy, only now, is there an emphasis on making a potential software system operational at the end of a course in software development -- shouldn't this crucial step come first? Isn't operations 'what it's all about,' the reason that software developers are hired by organizations in the first place? But any potential development system must always be able to walk before it can crawl -- and it must be certain that it is walking in the right direction? In other words, one must mind the steps of the software development Systems Development Life Cycle, to ensure that the software development takes place in a useful as well as technologically feasible fashion for the organization in question.
SDLC is the process of developing information systems…… [Read More]
"Sometimes abbreviated as WP, a word processor is a software program capable of creating, storing, and printing documents. Unlike the standard typewriter, users using word processors have the ability of creating a document and making any changes anywhere in the document. This document can also be saved for modification at a later time or to be opened on any other computer using the same word processor. (Computer Hope, 2011)" Microsoft's Word is a word processor and there are other ones as well such as Apple iWork, Corel WordPerfect, and Sun StarOffice. Amongst the various office automated systems, the word processor is one of the most used thereto.
This type of database is one of the first of its kind and is still present in older or legacy systems. "Each cell in a table may have a table underneath it, which is similar to the…… [Read More]
The danger of best practices is that one can become too dependent on the processes. This could cause the organization to miss things simply because they have too much confidence in the system. Relying on best practices too much can mean taking away from the value of the human factor. Human observation is the best prevention that a company can have. It cannot be replaced by a system of set of rules. This is a common pitfall that lies behind many project failures, even in the presence of an excellent set of best practices for the completion of the project.
As one can see, there are both positive and negative aspects to "best practices" in many organizations. From one standpoint, best practices assures that the project will proceed in an orderly fashion. From the other, it is easy to rely too much on best practices and too little on the…… [Read More]