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" According to Cynthia McQuaid: "Textiles are an incredible part of our world in ways we don't understand. Plastics were extraordinary and still are. Textiles have been overlooked." (Hales, 2005) Hales further relates the familiarity of technical textiles in the form of "Kevlar, Mylar, Gore-Tex, Teflon and Velcro." (Hales, 2005)
New on the textile scene is 'Vectran' a "muscle fiber made through a process of melt extrusion using liquid ctystal polymer pellets." (Ibid) Another newcomer to the textile industry is "Superline" which has a mass of 36.5 million polyester filaments and has enough strength to hold 4.4 million pounds. The Superline was designed for mooring an oil platform in the Gulf of Mexico. Peter Testa, an architect from Santa Monica, California as well as the founding direction of MIT's Emergent Design Group has designed a carbon fiber building. Carbon fibers are being used for various purposes including the design of…
Prvacki, M. (2003) Brickyards and Beehives. Online available at http://www.ulus.org.yu/ENGLISH/Exhibitions/Prvacki_english/Milenko_Prvacki_e.htm.
Rimmer, S. (1997) the Symbolic Form of Architecture. Online available at http://184.108.40.206/search?q=cache:Yigycmfoc0gJ:scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-494114149741201/unrestricted/etd.pdf+architecture:+textiles+influence,+Gottfried+Semper&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=60&gl=us.
Hales, Linda (2005) When Textiles Go to Extremes. Washington Post. 17 April 2005. Online available at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A56477-2005Apr15.html .
Architectural Textiles: World Cup Showcase in 2006 and Beyond (2007) Textiles Intelligence. Market Research. Online available at http://www.marketresearch.com/product/display.asp?productid=1422175&g=1 .
I intend to cover the practices in an objective manner, neither idealizing nor criticizing them. Many of India's religious practices are thousands of years old, offering ample opportunity for journalistic inquiry beyond what we provide in a pithy piece about the fire-walking children. We intend to interview the parents of the students, the teachers, and also community religious leaders or scholars.
3. "Drowning in a Sea of Garbage" -- an in-depth piece about garbage in India
A New York Times piece by Akash Kapur entitled "Drowning in a Sea of Garbage" details the hazards of a specific land fill near Pondicherry. Pondicherry is close to Chennai and therefore should be simple to travel there during the week our crew spends in India. Because we do not have time or resources for a full investigative report, I simply want to offer our readers a snapshot of what is going on both…
Kapur, a. (2010). Drowning in a sea of garbage. New York Times. 22 Apr 2010. Retrieved April 23, 2010 from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/23/world/asia/23iht-letter.html?ref=asia
Singh, H.S. (2010). Indian school kids walk barefoot on fire. CNN. 22 Apr 2010. Retrieved April 23, 2010 from http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/asiapcf/04/22/india.school.firewalking/index.html
"Textile Museum to come up in Mumbai soon." Times of India. 23 April, 2010. Retrieved April 23, 2010 from http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/Textile-museum-to-come-up-in-Mumbai-soon/articleshow/5847048.cms
Textile mills, factories, and industries were scattered across the North.
These industries made products from raw materials, called manufacturing. These manufactured goods would then be taken to markets for sale. The North liked tariffs, a tax on foreign goods, because these taxes would make imported goods more expensive, and people would buy Northern-made items. The use of tariffs protected the factory owners and workers from losing their jobs.
The South's economy was based on farming or agriculture. Large farms, called plantations, used slave labor to harvest abundant amounts of crops to sell. These were called cash crops and included such things as tobacco, cotton, and rice. The South disliked tariffs because most of their goods were bought from foreign countries and cost more because of the taxes.
The North and South made their money in very different ways and wished to preserve their unique way of life. The Northern people…
Some companies, perhaps sensing a business opportunity, have tried to use the green textile movement to their advantage. DuPont and other chemical companies have targeted a potentially hopeful resource for the future in the form of enzymes, which can be very effective in fiber preparation, pre-treatment and value-added finishing as catalysts. Because enzymes work "even under mild conditions and do not require the high energy input often associated with chemical processes," they offer a more ecologically friendly way to treat fabrics than harsh formaldehyde or chlorine ("Textiles and leather," Industrial Sustainability, 2007).
It may sound paradoxical that enzymatic chemicals can make the industry more sustainable. Another paradox of the industry is that natural fibers such as cotton and hemp may not be as eco-friendly as one might expect. For example, in the United States, about a third of a pound of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides are required for the process…
Dadd, Debra Lynn. "Textile Recycling." Worldwise. 2007. 11 Oct 2007. http://www.dezignare.com/newsletter/recyclingtextiles.html
Market Transformation and Sustainability." Institute for Market Transformation to Sustainability. 2007. 11 Oct 2007. http://mts.sustainableproducts.com/
Projects and Outreach." GreenBlue. 11 Oct 2007. http://www.greenblue.org/activities_lead.html#STS
Sustainability in textiles: An Overview" the Worsted Witch. 26 Apr 2006. 11 Oct 2007. http://www.worstedwitch.com/?p=147.
"While wages south of the border were lower than within the United States, lower productivity and higher costs for critical elements such as power and water made Mexico less viable than many originally thought" (Sinclair, 2004). But even so, the factories continued to operate, causing job loses for the American workers. It is rather difficult to give a clear number of the jobs created, according to NAFTA advocates, or the number of jobs lost, according to disclaimers of NAFTA. "When NAFTA was established, it was promised that this trade agreement would create hundreds of thousands of jobs for U.S. workers. However, it is very difficult to determine how many U.S. textile and apparel jobs have been created or lost as a direct result of NAFTA. When looking at a pro-trade source, over a hundred thousand jobs have been created because of NAFTA; when viewing a pro-labor source, however, over a…
Cook, K., January 2004, NAFTA: A Clear Success for U.S. And Mexican Textile and Cotton Trade, Manufacturing Industry
Parrish, E.D., Oxenham, W., September 2003, the Effect of NAFTA on the U.S. Spinning Industry, AUTEX Research Journal, Vol. 3, No. 3
Sinclair, D., May 2, 2004, Future of U.S. Textile Industry, the Daily Home
Spener, D., Gereffi, G., Bair, J., the Apparel Industry and North American Integration, Temple University, Retrieved at http://www.temple.edu/tempress/chapters_1400/1636_ch1.pdfonApril 18, 2008
History of Fashion
The history of fashion can be dated back to the development of the fashion industry in different time eras. Fashion was taken and applied in different forms depending on the situation of that era. It has been noted that clothing from the oman and the Ancient Greek times is more dependent on the mere purpose of clothes rather than the style that was present. As it would be expected, in the olden times, clothes or fashion were merely a way of covering one's body. People did not think about the print, style or fabric when considering what they used to cover themselves. It has been seen that up till 400 A.D, clothing was never tight fitting nor was it loose or flowy. The basic idea was that drapes were used so that men and women could feel protected and secure. As it would be expected, the…
Felice, M. (2013). Materials through the ages: All dressed up - technical fabrics | IOM3: The Global Network for Materials, Minerals & Mining Professionals. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.iom3.org/feature/all-dressed-up-technical-fabrics [Accessed: 1 Dec 2013].
Fenton, C. (2013). Neoprene looks good in the water. This fall it looks even better on the town. - BostonGlobe.com. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.boston.com/2013/10/22/neoprene/iBah3zTIfVctt5gmoe2BjJ/story.html [Accessed: 5 Dec 2013].
Hemephill, S. And Suk, J. (2009). The Law, Culture, and Economics of Fashion . Stanford Law Review, 61 (5).
Jones, L. (2013). LIZ JONES FASHION THERAPY: PVC is all over the catwalks -- but can any woman look fantastic in plastic?. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2401797/LIZ-JONES-FASHION-THERAPY-PVC -- woman-look-fantastic-plastic.html [Accessed: 5 Dec 2013].
There are potentially a few key players that are involved in sourcing textiles from China. It may be possible to source directly from the producer, but it might also be necessary to deal with a wholesaler. There is the opportunity perhaps to buy from a wholesaler that already has the textiles in Canada, but it will be assumed for the sake of this exercise that is not the case -- that the client needs to source custom from China. Depending on the client's internal resources, it may be necessary to have a translator, and some sort of trade expert who can manage the quotas and importing paperwork that go along with importing textiles into the country. One specialist who might be considered is a compliance specialist. One of the issues that Western manufacturers have when sourcing from developing nations is that working conditions in factories overseas can be…
As a consequence, Turkey is uniquely positioned to sell to all of these different customers, as its position on the map indicates.
The market research process can be different in the international context. The first issue is that the purpose of the market entry has to be defined. Once this has been established -- suppose the objective is to set up textile manufacturing in Turkey -- then the research can focus on how. There are significant differences that might arise with respect to the access to information in foreign markets, however. hile Turkey is relatively transparent, some other markets are not. Turkish firms are exporting to Iraq, for example, but there are no real market statistics for that market. Such firms may be run by Kurds and trading mainly with Iraqi Kurdistan, for example, using connections to bridge the knowledge gap. In addition, where at home one can…
Osakwe, E. (2009). Cotton fact sheet, Turkey. International Cotton Advisory Committee. Retrieved April 27, 2013 from http://www.icac.org/econ_stats/country_facts/e_turkey.pdf
CIA World Factbook. (2013). Turkey. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved April 19, 2013 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html
Oanda. (2013). Currency converter. OANDA. Retrieved April 19, 2013 from http://www.oanda.com/currency/converter/
Hurriyet. (2012). India's decision pleases Turkish cotton producers. Hurriyet Daily News. Retrieved April 27, 2013 from http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/indias-decision-pleases-turkish-cotton-producers.aspx?pageID=238&nid=15484
It is essentially a potential solution to a real ethical and economic problem. With so much work and natural resources pumped into producing textiles at such a high waste rate, recycling textiles can provide a way for consumers to reduce their impact and help increase a much more sustainability. This can be seen as especially making an ethical impact in situations where textiles in question were cheaply made on a mass scale, putting natural resources and people in a vulnerable position. Recycling textiles can help provide fabric for future clothing and cloth needs, without the same ethical and environmental impact as creating textiles from scratch. Moreover, it is clear that the industry can save money on manufacturing textiles only to waste them and have to constantly manufacture more and more to fit the needs of the New York and international garment industry. Using recycled textiles can save funds in unnecessary…
Potential for creating designs in textiles can be seen even in the physical properties of cloth. The simple fact that cloth tightly compressed into wrinkles or folds resists the penetration of dye is an opportunity - an opportunity to let the pliancy of textiles speak in making designs and patterns (ada 2002). People around the world have recognized this opportunity, producing resist designs in textiles by shaping and then securing cloth in various ways before dyeing. Yet in no other country has the creative potential of this basic principle been understood and applied as it has in Japan. Here, in fact, it has been expanded into a whole family of traditional resist techniques, involving first shaping the cloth by plucking, pinching, twisting, stitching, folding, pleating, and wrapping it, and then securing the shapes thus made by binding, looping, knotting, clamping, and the like. This entire family of techniques…
The Hindu. Threads of Urban Identity. 2003.
Wada, Y. Memory on Cloth: Shibori Now. Kodansha International, 2002.
Shibori: The Inventive Art of Japanese Shaped Resist-Dyeing. Kodansha International,
Especially for lines of clothing that were designed for active lifestyles, ECLAT's fibers would allow for a wide range of styles. Yoga clothes and other types of movement-friendly garments have become trendy recently, and there will be an increased demand for fashionable yet functional clothing. This clothing should allow the wearer's skin to breathe, which is one of the reasons why some of ECLAT's high-tech yarns and fabrics are appealing to an outerwear manufacturer. However, ECLAT's fabrics can also be used in street fashion articles. Jeans that combine regular cotton denim with flexible yarns have become common, in the form of "stretchy" jeans, for example. Many of ECLAT's fabrics are also good for producing quality undergarments. ECLAT manufactures readymade clothing as well as raw materials, but as a fashion designer or merchandiser I would be more interested in purchasing textiles.
orks Cited http://www.eclat.com.tw/index_content.html
Works Cited http://www.eclat.com.tw/index_content.html
he idea of the communication failure between Gregor and his family is emphasized through the use of a very powerful metaphor, i.e. he doors in Gregor's room. Gregor's room is both a safe retreat and a place of complete isolation from his family, similarly to how the author himself took refuge from his father in his room. In fact, Gregor's room can be deconstructed as a symbol for Kafka's own life in his father's house; in this sense, the room becomes an escape in both cases. In Gregor's case, the room symbolizes his escape in both instances of his life; as a young man, he retreats to his room where he is at the same time hidden from and harassed by his family. Secondly, as a bug, he finds shelter in his room which also acts as his prison as he is no longer able to exit without his family's…
The issue of communication is very strong throughout the story. Gregor becomes detached from humanity not only through the physical process of transformation that he undergoes, but also through the complete loss of communication that results as a consequence of his metamorphosis. The failure to communicate with his own family creates a breach between Gregor's inner life which has essentially remained the same, and the outer world which perceives him as an insect, and not a human being. In other words, Gregor remains Gregor in his own eyes, but his appearance determined his sister and parents to regard him as a mere insect. This accounts for the communication wedge between the now-insect Gregor and his family who do not accept that despite his appearance, he is still their son and brother. With the exception of the rare loving addresses of his mother, Gregor is shown neither affection nor understanding.
No explanation is provided as to Gregor's metamorphosis. In fact, such an explanation would is not even relevant but the reader is free to assume that the salesman turned into a giant bug because of the hardship and isolation of his life. However the main change in his life is brought by his helplessness and his feeling of redundancy in the eyes of his own family. His personal life does not change dramatically as he is shown the same lack of compassion and understanding as before. Nevertheless, he is now completely unimportant to his family as he can no longer provide for them hence they sever all ties with him and stop seeing Gregor as a member of the family.
Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis. Kessinger Publishing, 2001.
Fictional Family in the Textile Business in London 1850-1914
This paper is a fictional account of a family in the textile business in London. The time period is 1850 to 1914 and makes reference to inventions, trends and other textile pertinent data. In addition the family role in society is addressed through the use of plot structure and dialogue.
The Mills of The Bedford Family
Julianne heard him enter the house before she saw him, but that was the way it was with her brother. Alan was the most energetic young man she knew and his dedication to the family textile business was unmatched by anyone in London or the surrounding areas. As he breezed into the room he glanced at Julianne before addressing their father.
Father, we need to hire some weavers right now! That shipment of machines from America has been delayed and there are none to be…
Thomas Dublin, New England farm women respond conditions work textile mills? eference: ead
In order to effectively analyze the way in which New England farm women responded to the conditions of work in the textile mills, particularly those existing in Lowell, Massachusetts, it is first prudent to examine exactly what those conditions are, and how they affected these young women laborers. It should be noted that in many cases, the women recruited to work within these factory systems were obtaining their first formal employment, since many of them grew up on neighboring farms and chose the life of a factory workers as a way out of the rural monotony they had known all of their lives. Initially then, regardless of what the conditions were in the factory system, they were agreeable to many female laborers who were able to send money home to their families on farms and…
Brinkley, A. (2008). American History: A Survey. New York: McGraw Hill.
Dublin, T. (1975). Labor History 16. Abingdon Oxfordshire: Carfax Publishing Limited. Retrieved from http://invention.smithsonian.org/centerpieces/whole_cloth/u2ei/u2materials/dublin.html
As a matter of fact, this means venturing into unknown territories by the company and because of this the company has to work to eliminate this weakness by studying the market segments and their needs so you can meet those needs.
Marketing objectives are based on understanding the strengths and weakness and the business environment that the company operate in. The objectives are also linked to the overall business strategy. For instance, in the case of ABC Textile Company business objective is to penetrate in the international market be able to pose a serious competition in the industry. So as to achieve this objective, the company will be targeting a new promising market segment especially those in the rural areas to help achieve this growth.
Having realized the target market, the company has to position itself in it. To do this, the product should have a core message that differentiates…
Garth (2000) Strategic Management; Wiley, New York. Retrieved on May 2nd 2013 from: http://soq.sagepub.com/content/1/2/241.extract
Women Pea Coat
This apparel is a wool-blended pea coat selling at a price of 62.80 dollars and available online at Forever 21.com. The length of the pea coat is 32" from the high point shoulder to the where it falls on the thigh or hem. It adapts a traditional, military style silhouette with a slight slim in the middle section with modern proportions. The coat is belted, a sleek without much detail and has a hidden hook-bar closure at the top. It is double breasted with two front slanting pockets in addition to a hidden snap button at the bottom. This coat has a slight Napoleonic collar with sleeves 25" in length from the high pleated shoulder. It is fully lined with 100% polyester with the shell woven and comprising of 48% polyester, 45% wool, 4% acrylic, 2% rayon, and 1% nylon. The apparel is machine washable…
rise of business and the new age of industrial capitalism forced Americans to think about, criticize, and justify the new order -- especially the vast disparities of wealth and power it created. This assignment asks you to consider the nature and meaning of wealth, poverty and inequality in the Gilded Age making use of the perspectives of four people who occupied very different places in the social and intellectual spectrum of late nineteenth-?century America:, the sociologist William Graham Sumner, the writer enry
George, a Massachusetts textile worker named Thomas O'Donnell, and the steel tycoon
For Andrew Carnegie, wealth was a good thing. In his "Gospel of Wealth," Carnegies talks about the problem of "our age" which is the proper administration of wealth. e has his own philosophy of how wealth has come to be unequally distributed with the huge gap existing between those who have little and those…
Henry George, Progress and Poverty, Major Problems, pp. 20-?22.
Thomas O'Donnell Testimony before a U.S. Senate Committee, 1885 U.S. Congress,
Capital (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1885
Management Perspective on Aviaton Safety
Woven fabric or textile has existed on the planet for quite some time, and is integral to many different functions and applications of society. extile functions as a "cultural" transmitter (Sonja, 2008, p. 32) for people. It is the primary substance that is utilized to clothe people; various renditions of it are used for decorative purposes in facilitating shelter, transporting goods, and even in providing upholstery and furnishings in automobiles and various other crafts such as aircrafts. Woven fabric is a series of yarns or threads of textile that has been knitted or stitched together so that it produces a singular garment or item out of many different threads. he individual strands of yarn are engendered through any variety of materials such as cotton or wool, which are valued for their ability to produce lengthy threads of this substance. Woven fabric, in turn, is produced…
The degree of variation found in textiles is created by a number of different qualities that apply to it. Color is produced by dying textiles. Dying them enables manufacturers to create virtually any color that they like. Without the process of dying textiles, clothing and furniture upholstery would all take on the appearance of the initial fiber or fabric that was used to create it. Additionally, by treating the finished product of textiles one is able to produce variations in texture and feel of these fabrics. Some are course and bushy, others are fine and smooth. There is little end to the variation of color and texture that one can create with textiles, particularly after the Industrial Revolution.
Although textiles have been around for many thousands of years, their production and variation greatly increased with the Industrial Revolution. In Britain, some of the earliest manifestations of the newfound equipment and machines devised during this time period were for the creation, and refining of textiles. The textile industry truly flourished during the Industrial Revolution, which was largely responsible for the wide assortment of uses and applications of textiles in modern life. The Industrial Revolution helped to facilitate a degree of ease within the textile industry that enabled it to not only mass produce its goods, but also expand the scope and focus of them to the point where they are currently highly specialized and "provide a wealth of information about technology, their social significance and use, and aspects of ritual and cultural values" (Wimberley and Thompson, 2010, p. 348).
It is important to realize that there are different types of textiles with both subtle and pronounced differences. For instance, although the term cloth is frequently used synonymously with the term fabric, the former actually denotes a finished product that is used for a specific purpose. Fabrics, on the contrary, are used to make up certain finished products such as cloths and really refer to any type of material that has been put together through the aforementioned stitching or crocheting process. Textiles, however, is more of a general term that refers to any sort of fibers that have been woven together. There are some synthetic textiles in use, although the vast majority of them are organic. Whereas some of the more known textiles are from plants such as cotton, there are also animal textiles which are responsible for the creation of leather, nubuck, and suede finished products. The vast
S. markets are listed as being:
Also is concern in the presence of the government in the telecommunications market sector. U.S. exporters need to know that shipping of foods and agricultural products must be done to meet Italian requirements whether sealed and bonded or not. Italy has also banned the commercialization of four corn varieties approved by the EU. The biotech corn ban may be in violation of EU regulations. The United States and the European Union are the two regions with the largest amounts of imports in Textile and Clothing as well as in terms of their GDP and power of purchase. There are also investment barriers in place making it a lengthy process and investors are prohibited from the airlines and aircraft manufacturing markets. Government procurement is also a problem as it is fragmented in Italy and there are problems with Conclusion:
Italy: Economy [Online] located at http://www.geographyiq.com/countries/it/Italy_economy_summary.htm
The World Textile and Clothing Trade: Globalization vs. Regionlization [Online] at http://220.127.116.11/search?q=cache:RhDXwbnGQ6KJ:blake.montclair.edu/ 'cibconf/co
2001 Country Reports on Economic Policy and Trade Practices; Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs U.S. Department of State, February 2002
Italy in the World Economy ICE Report 2003-2004
It might be argued that the Industrial Revolution throughout Europe was not a revolution in the traditional sense, insofar as it involved no violence. Anyone making this argument, however, is unaware of the existence of the Luddites. Active in England in the early nineteenth century, at the height of the industrial revolution, Luddites were English textile workers who revolted against their replacement with industrial machinery and responded by destroying that machinery. The ritish government responded by sending in the army. The labor historian Eric Hobsbawm notes that "the 12,000 troops deployed against the Luddites greatly exceeded in size the army which Wellington took" to defeat Napoleon, which may give some sense of where governmental priorities actually lay.[footnoteRef:0] The real point is that the Industrial Revolution was tremendously disruptive to the lives of ordinary workers and people, and what is remarkable in retrospect is only that there was not…
Blake, William. "Jerusalem." BlakeArchive.org. http://www.blakearchive.org/exist/blake/archive/transcription.xq?objectid=milton.b.illbk.02 (accessed March 6, 2014).
Hobsbawm, Eric. "The Machine Breakers." libcom.org. http://libcom.org/history/machine-breakers-eric-hobsbawm (accessed March 6, 2014).
MacLeod, Donald. The Stonemason: Donald MacLeod's Chronicle of Scotland's Highland Clearances. Ed. Douglas MacGowan. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2001.
Umachandran, Shalini. "Chequered History of a Textile Company." Times of India, March 12, 2010. http://epaper.timesofindia.com/Default/Layout/Includes/TOINEW/ArtWin.asp?From=Archive&Source=Page&Skin=TOINEW&BaseHref=TOICH%2F2010%2F03%2F12&ViewMode=HTML&PageLabel=6&EntityId=Ar00601&AppName=1 (accessed March 6, 2014).
Finding ways to delegate authority is an important thing for entrepreneurs when they grow. hen a company is in the beginning or high growth stage of the business cycle, there comes a point when the founder must let go some control so that the business can be more professionally run.
The current business model is somewhat aimless, but oriented towards high end positioning. An alternate direction is that the business can focus on becoming a volume supplier. The designer is capable of having a mainstream touch, and Turkey is a great place to follow a high-volume, low-margin business model for export. This would leverage the low cost of production and the effort that the government puts into creating export opportunities. At this point, as an unknown brand, he still has the capability to go in that direction.
CIA orld Factbook. (2013). Turkey. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved April 29,…
CIA World Factbook. (2013). Turkey. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved April 29, 2013 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html
ITKIB. (2010). Turkish textile industry. stanbul Tekstil ve Konfeksiyon "hracatc" Birlikleri Retrieved April 29, 2013 from http://www.itkib.org.tr/english/about/sectors/textile/textile_info.pdf
Saba, G. (2013). Global marketing -- Turkish textile industry and its competition power. Ege University. Retrieved April 29, 2013 from http://www.slideshare.net/GamzeSaba/global-marketing-turkish-textile-industry-and-its-competition-power
China and the far east represent such areas and naturally they are a threat to Turkey. One ways of fighting against this threat is by encouraging the local creativity to develop and by promoting it abroad.
Another important issue that can be discussed is repr4esented by the impact of fashion upon the Turkish society. One might argue that the Turkish society is so different from the western one that it is impossible for fashion to actually have a profound social influence. This is not true. On the one hand the attack of the media is extremely intense and there is no way to prevent girls and women to come in contact with them. On the other hand, keeping them away from the media is not a solution, even if the purpose would be that of defending culture. The right way to proceed about it is to allow women to decide…
Doshi, Gaurav. "Textile and apparel industry in Turkey," in http://ezinearticles.com/?Textile-and-Apparel-Industry-in-Turkey&id=373807 accessed February 8, 2010
"Orientalism" in http://www.english.emory.edu/Bahri/Orientalism.html accessed February 9, 2010
"Orientalism and the Islamic philosophy" in http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ip/rep/H014.htm accessed February 9, 2010
"Orientalism, media and the west" in http://blogs.nyu.edu/blogs/rem346/islammediaandthewest/2008/10/orientalism.html accessed February 7, 2010
It is noteworthy that most recently the government started soliciting opinions from legal academies, interested groups and the general public when drafting a major piece of legislation, to achieve democratic lawmaking and advance further compliance with the law (Lo, V.I., 2007).
The most important economic event at this stage or in the years following the 1978 economic reform in China is undoubtedly its accession to WTO at the end of 2001. Following 15 years of numerous negotiations and adjustments of policies, China eventually entered the mainstream world economy and started enjoying the benefits and facing the challenges of WTO.
In response to WTO requirements, China underwent a "make-over" in many aspects. A brief summary of China's WTO promises is shown in Figure 9A. According to the WTO agreement, China is subject to reviews by the WTO in the 8 years following its accession. The most recent one was announced in…
Bailey, P., China in the Twentieth Century. 2nd ed. 2001: Wiley-Blackwell. 296.
Brainard, S. Lael, "An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Trade-off between Multinationals Sales and Trade," American Economic Review, Sep. 1997, pp. 520-544.
Chow, G.C., THE IMPACT OF JOINING WTO ON CHINA'S ECONOMIC, LEGAL AND POLICAL INSTITUTIONS, in International Conference on Greater China and the WTO. 2001:Hong Kong.
Clarke, D.C., Legislating for a Market Economy in China. The China Quarterly, 2007(191): p.567-585.
in the newly ormed Ministry o Finance drew rom a talented pool o
economists rom the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Privileged positions
were illed rom within the bureaucracy and were obtained through
exceptional perormance instead o cronyism or nepotism. O great
importance to their autonomy, oicials were able to disconnect themselves
rom total reliance on local unding thanks to inancial assistance rom
the international community and reparations rom Germany. Two igureheads
within the government guaranteed a decisive and coherent economic policy:
Levi Eshkol o the Ministry o Finance, and Pinhas Sapir o the Ministry o
Commerce and Industry. They worked hand-in-hand to ormulate a uniying
agenda that bureaucrats rom both departments could pursue towards a single
The end-product o this labor in both nations was a inancial
structure in which banks, and by extension the government at large,
controlled the low o capital. On one hand, banks…
formulated and guided a successful investment endeavor was in the case of
textiles. Israeli officials, in particular MOCI chief Pinhas Sapir,
envisioned in the Textile Industry Development Plan that by 1966, twelve
major textile manufacturing plants would be operational and ultimately
produce 26% of Israel's
Eye Has to Travel
hat is the name of the exhibit / film you chose to analyze?
Diana Vreeland: The Eye Has to Travel
hat feature of fashion or textiles does it highlight?
The film discusses many aspects of the fashion industry, particularly the influence of the woman Diana Vreeland who was said to have set the standard for fashion for decades. Mostly highlighted is the idea of Vreeland's that above all else fashion should be exciting and interesting and most importantly never, ever boring.
Describe at least four different examples and use fiber information as well as descriptive terms learned in class. rite a minimum of six sentences to describe each example.
Velvet: Vreeland once used her column to advice people to wear "violet velvet mittens with everything." Velvet is a kind of fabric which is woven and the threads are cut evenly to make a distinctive feeling which…
Diana Vreeland: The Eye Has to Travel. Dir. Lisa I. Vreeland. Perf. Diana Vreeland. Samuel Goldwyn, 2011. Film.
Overall Marketing Strategy
The group's marketing strategy is focused on raising awareness on social issues concerning today's society and taking a stance of the real world, rather than encourage costumers to buy its products.
Considering the large product diversification characterizing Benetton's portfolio, it is very difficult to define the manufacturer's main competitors, as it's difficult to define it's industry. Thus, according to Hoovers.com (Accessed January 2009), the company's top 3 competitors are: Inditex, GAP and H&M. Inditex is a Spanish based, clothing group, which is considered to be Benetton's main competitor as it designs and retails its own products. It is also a global company managing over 3,690 stores in 68 countries. GAP is an American-based company with 4,250 stores worldwide. Unlike the Italian company, GAP doesn't manufacture its products, being responsible only for the retailing part. H&M is a Swedish-based company with over 1,500 stores in…
Annual Report - Benetton. 2008.
Annual Report - H&M. 2007.
Causes of Chronic Bronchitis in Workers
This review shows the literature and research available in the issue of respiratory diseases and the various occupations. The review shows that there is a pressing need to evaluate and conduct research in the known areas like coal, cement, and pesticides, but alarmingly agriculture and other industries have also to be included.
It is not only the factories that are hazardous. There are arguments to show that even farming can cause allergies. osenman (2012) in viewing "respiratory hazards that farmers and family members" argues that the grains that can be "contaminated with fungi, bacteria or microbial toxins; pesticides; solvents; gasoline and diesel fuels; and irritant gases such as oxides of nitrogen and ammonia." This may lead to occupational asthma and the allergens in such cases could be grain dust, cow dander, cow urine, egg yolk proteins, alternaria, aspergillus, cladosporium, meal worm, poultry mites, fungi,…
Attfield, Michael D; Hodous, Thomas K. (1992) "Pulmonary Function of U.S. Coal Miners
Related to Dust Exposure Estimates" Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med, vol. 145, no. 3, pp: 605-609.
Baumgartner, Kathy B; Samet, Jonathan M; Coultas, David B; Stidley, Christine A; et al.
(1999) "Occupational and Environmental Risk Factors for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Multicenter Case-Control Study" American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 152, no. 4, pp: 307-315.
By successfully transitioning from production to design we will not only retain the jobs we have created but we will also generate the type of high-end jobs that sustain modern economies.
For me personally, I have worked in architectural firms and in my family's textile business. In doing so I have gained a keen understanding of the design function and a rough knowledge of how a business operates. In the face of competition from the Far East, we have repositioned ourselves in the marketplace and wish to complete the transition. Business leaders with knowledge that is both broad and deep are scarce in Turkey. Our firm has global aspirations in terms of design, but to achieve them we need leaders such as myself that can combine our passion for design with a solid grounding in fundamental…
flammable clothing problem in America is one that has plagued the industry for several decades. The federal agency responsible for the creating standards and compiling statistics relative to fires and clothing in the United States is the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) (Consumer Product Safety Act). In the late 1970's the CPSC, after several difficult years in which there were some tragic injuries resulting from children being burned by flammable clothing, made the enactment of stronger regulations on children's clothing, particularly pajamas, a priority. One of the results of this intensified effort was the implementation of the Children's Sleepwear Standards in 1972 by the U.S. Department of Commerce. The regulations regarding children's sleepwear were incorporated with several other regulations but the other regulations were eventually abandoned under extreme pressure from the textile and retail industries and only the children sleepwear provisions continued to be enforced (Knudson).
The history of regulation…
Consumer Product Safety Act. Publ. law 92-573 (1972).
Flammable Fabrics Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1191 )1953).
Knudson, M.S. "Children's sleepwear flammability standards: have they worked?" Elsevier (1980): 255-260.
National Fire Protection Association. Major Causes of Fire. February 2012. 3 May 2012.
Mummies of Urumchi by Elizabeth Wayland arber. Specifically, it will contain a book report on the book, including the author's thesis, evidence she uses to prove her thesis, and how convincing a case she makes. Did ancient civilizations of Asia and Europe expand from common places of origin? Where did these Caucasians come from? Elizabeth Wayland arber, an archaeologist at Occidental College, asks herself those questions and begins a fascinating journey along the silk-road into prehistoric time. Is there strong circumstantial evidence to prove there was expansion from common places of origin for these mummies? arber was well prepared to piece together all of the diverse and overwhelming textiles, linguistic, and anatomical clues that makes up this amazing case.
The Mummies of Urumchi
arber's book chronicles the mummies found in and around the Urumchi area of Eurasia. The mummies are quite interesting for several reasons, including the vivid and beautiful…
Barber, Elizabeth W. The Mummies of Urumchi. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1999.
St. Philip, Elizabeth. "The Mummies of Urumchi." Discovery Canada. 17 July 1999. 1 Nov. 2003.
...these designers placed great significance on clothing inherited from the past, including Japanese farmers' clothes designed through necessity and adapted dyed textile and quilting from ancient Japan, which Japanese would not consider fashionable. These designers presented them to the fashion world, gave the opportunity for 'the neglected' to make their existence known, and transformed them into 'fashion'."(Kawamura, 2004, 125)
Kawakubo, Miyake and Yamamoto are considered as the designers who made these first steps towards a new fashion more concrete: "hile Kenzo is considered a pioneer among all Japanese designers, Kawakubo, Miyake and Yamamoto are the ones who created a new style characterized by monochromatic, asymmetrical and baggy looks."(Kawamura, 2004, 125) the asymmetrical and baggy look of their designs is clearly influenced by the loose form of the kimono. Sometimes, in Miyake's creations for example, the dresses are completely shapeless and have random holes that offer a certain freedom when wearing…
Cort, Louise Allison and Sabur? Mizoguchi. Design Motifs. Weatherhill, 1973
Kawamura, Yunyia. The Japanese Revolution in Paris Fashion. Oxford: Berg, 2004.
Martin, Richard. "Our Kimono Mind: Reflections on 'Japanese Design. A Survey since 1950.'" Journal of Design History. Vol.8(3), 1995. 215-224.
In Jamaica, like many other physicians abroad, Sloane collected specimen; later, he acquired the collections of others. Among the botanical material in his collection were exotic plants and bird skins, "unique albums of Durer's prints and drawings" "a vast library of manuscripts and printed books" (Geographical 2003 26+,the second two items of which probably contained abundant botanical engravings.
Not all of the items Sloane collected survived. One that id, however, was cocoa, which he brought back to England and "marketed shrewdly as a medicinal drink valued for its 'Lightness on the Stomach'" (Sterns 2003 411+). The financial incentive was strong in many of the collectors, although with Sloane, it also had a practical side as he went in search of remedies. In 1712, for example, Sloane became keen to purchase the collection of the German physician, Engelbert Kaempfer. A chapter of Kaempfer's book, Exotic Pleasures, mentioned a number of Oriental…
Bell, Susan Groag. 1990. Art Essay: Women Create Gardens in Male Landscapes: a Revisionist Approach to Eighteenth- Century English Garden History. Feminist Studies 16, no. 3: 471-491.
Claude Aubriet www.rhs.org.uk/.../pubs/garden0603/library.asp
Eighteenth century textiles, http://www.costumes.org/tara/1pages/USITT4.htm
Fara, Patricia. 1998. Images of a Man of Science. History Today, October, 42+. http://www.questia.com/ .
What does this store specialize in selling? Who is the target customer for this store? Do they sell fashion fabrics or home fabrics or both?
This store sells textiles, trims, buttons, thread, and various sewing and DIY fashion tools. The target consumer includes individuals who can or want to make their own clothes or household accessories. Most of the customers in the store are female, but ages range from teenager to senior. Fashion fabrics are their specialty but some can also be used for interior design.
What classifications do they sell? Fabric, buttons, patterns, etc. Please be descriptive.
The store sells all of these classifications: fabric, buttons, patterns, threads, and accessories.
How does the store merchandise their fabrics? How are their textiles organized? (i.e. knits, woven's, novelty, leather, fiber contents, etc.). Please list all.
The textiles are organized into classification, which also reflects cost and quality. Leathers are…
Vivienne Westwood and Dries van Noten in term Textiles
Vivienne Westwood is a British fashion designer specializing in designing different categories of men and women clothing that include Coat, Jacket, Knitwear, Shirt, Skirt, Suits and other type of textile collections. The Vivienne uses a designing architecture to design different types of dressing using the dimensional materials. On the other hand, Van Noten is a modern and fashionable Belgian designer specializing in designing varieties of men and women fashion clothing.
Objective of this paper is to analyze the picture of the produced by the Vivienne Westwood and Dries van Noten in term of textiles.
Difference and Similarities between the Picture 1 and Picture
The Picture 1 is the Vivienne Westwood wool and cotton crafted women jacket finely tailored in a rich red tartan. The jacket is carefully constructed with balance cotton and wool. On the other hand, the Picture 2 is…
ASI (2014). Wool Textile Industry Conditions Trends, Drivers and Prospects. Wool Journal.
Moreover, Coleman is right in suggesting that a better compensation package could be offered in an attempt to retain Carpenter.
How could the crisis have been avoided?
For one, at the time of hiring Carpenter, I would have insisted on the company's in-house developmental data and operations information remaining confidential after Carpenter moves on to another firm. Even if Carpenter had refused to sign a contract that would prevent him from leaving and signing on to another company, the contract could have included a confidential information clause, preventing him from sharing company (trade) secrets with future employers. Steven Emanuel and Lazar Emanuel explain in their book Corporations that any of the following acts can be considered "wrongful taking of trade secrets": a) soliciting a "large number of the former employer's customers"; b) soliciting of the former company's employees; and c) use of the former employer's "secret processes" or other strategies…
Ellig, Bruce R. (2007). The Compete Guide to Executive Compensation. New York: McGraw-
Emanuel, Steven, and Emanuel, Lazar. (2009). Corporations. Aspen, CO: Aspen Publishers
Sustainability in Fashion
This study seeks to answer the question of how the concept of sustainability applies to local fashion production and to explain the connection between global fashion industries and fast fashion business to the sustainability fashion products.
The Designers Speak
Sustainable fashion is defined differently depending on who is asked to define the concept. Freda Giannini, Gucci creative director defines sustainable fashion as, "Quality items that stand the test of time -- it is the concept of sustainability, symbolized by a timeless handbag that you wear again and again, and can pass on…" (Friedman, 2010, p.1)
Oscar de la Renta, designer and brand founder stated that sustainable fashion "…implies a commitment to the traditional techniques, and not just the art, of making clothes." (Friedman, 2010, p.1) Oscar de la Renta designer stated that today, she worked in the same manner that she learned first "in the anteliers of…
Friedman, Vanessa (2010) Sustainable Fashion: What Does Green Mean? Style. Retrieved from: http://www.ft.com/international/cms/s/2/2b27447e-11e4-11df-b6e3-00144feab49a.html#axzz1vQqZoWId
Sustainable Fashion (2011) More Intelligent Life. The Economist, Retrieved from: http://moreintelligentlife.com/content/lifestyle/intelligent-life/sceptical-shopper-sustainable-fashion
Sustainable Fashion and Textiles: Design Journeys (2008) Kate Fletcher Sustainability Design Fashion. Retrieved from: http://katefletcher.com/publications/books/sustainable-fashion-and-textiles-design-journeys/
Sustainable Road Action Plan (2010) Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Feb 2010. Nobel House, London. Retrieved from: http://www.defra.gov.uk/publications/files/pb13206-clothing-action-plan-100216.pdf
Clothing and Culture
Clothing, in the modern definition, is considered to be fiber or textiles that are worn on humans, and one of the anthropological features of human culture and society. The type (color, style, fit) of clothing is typically dependent upon a number of variables -- geography, weather, gender, status, physical state, work activities, and even status symbols. From a practical standpoint, clothing serves as protection from external weather, or for safety reasons (constructing, cooking, hiking, sports); it may protect the wearer from flora and fauna (nettles, bites, thorns); it may insulate against hot or cold conditions; and may even provide a hygienic barrier. Often, studying the aspects of clothing and society tells scholars a great deal about the particular culture -- not just in external appearance but in the technology of textile production, weaving, and adornment (oucher & Deslandres, 1989).
Evolution of Clothing Styles: Scholars are uncertain as…
Blum, S. (Ed.). (1982). Eighteenth-Century French Fashion Plates. New York: Dover Publications.
Boucher, F., & Deslandres, Y. (1989). 20,000 Years of Fashion. New York and London: H.N. Abrams.
Delpierre, M. (1997). Dress in France in the 18th Century. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Doyle, W. (2001). The Ancien Regime. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Rock art does not have a singular function in the physical images or meaning of the object -- it may be religious or historically commemorative, or use extraordinary or ordinary symbols, depending on how the tribe wishes to make its mark upon the surface of nature, and the type of transfer of tribal power that is being conducted in the specific circumstances.
The main unifying theme in all of the various potential acts of rock art, is that the act of leaving the tribe's mark upon the rock is in itself a rite performed, and adds additional significance to the meaning of the images, whatever that meaning may be for the tribe. Although rock art can provide a variety of symbolic, commemorative, and spiritual functions, and it may involve symbolic images very particular to a tribe or region (like the Mexican rain dog or like suns or spirals in the…
They are also the guidelines by which a member determines the correctitude of conduct in relationships with the clients, colleagues, members of allied professions and with various populaces.
A member of the family and consumer sciences profession and of AAFCS is required by the code of ethics to maintain the highest responsible standard of professional performance. At all times, a member should uphold confidentiality and act with intelligence, dedication, and ebullience. A member is required to fulfill the obligation in order to continually advance and extend personal professional qualification. Sharing the professional competence with colleagues and clients is also a requirement meant to enlarge and carry on development of the profession.
The code of ethics requires members to support the objectives of the American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences. Members should also take part in its development through informed, active participation in its programs. Extending public cognizance and understanding…
American Association of Family and Consumer Services, AAFCS/CFC National Examination Candidate Information, (2004) Bulletin Texas Teacher Certification Version
National Council on Family Relations, a Guide to Family Life Educators Code of Ethics, (2010).www.ncfr.org
The Minnesota Council on Family Relations (MCFR), Ethical Thinking and Practice for Parent and Family Life Educators (2009) Minneapolis: Minnesota Council on Family Relations.
By monitoring these results, the company's managers can control and determine whether the company has achieved its objectives, and whether the company's efforts are justified.
Problems that arise during the production process outsourced to India as also caused by individual workers. Such problems include fluctuations in the degree of quality and of craftsmanship of Indian workers. As a consequence, it is necessary to implement an operational control system that would better monitor the activity and the results of each employee.
Production outsourcing has become one of the solutions implemented by small or large manufacturers as a response to increased production costs on national level. India has become one of the most targeted production outsourcing destinations, especially for small companies.
The advantages provided by the country justify the efforts made by companies in order to overcome the numerous barriers that India also presents. The cheap workforce in India seems to…
1. Kotler, Ph. (1986). Principles of Marketing. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. Third Edition. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
2. Stoner, J. Management. Prentice-Hall, Inc., London. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
3. Kotler, Ph. (1997). Marketing Management: Analysis, Planning, Implementation and Control. Prentice-Hall International. Ninth Edition. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
4. Waddell, D. et al. (2004). Contemporary Management. McGraw-Hill, Sydney. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
I felt I was the only person who did not look at my image every time I passed a mirror, every time I happened to walk by a reflective surface.
Although I had grown up in the business, fashion seemed increasingly meaningless to me, just an arbitrary way of selling a false self every month, and making people feel bad about their appearance. It was all about trends, not beauty: one moment everyone loved skinny jeans; then suddenly skinny jeans were 'so last season.' I wanted to break free of this perpetual fashion show. What I really loved doing was working on my computer -- upgrading it and setting new challenges to understand how to work it. I quickly became the 'go to' person when anyone had a computer problem, although I never surfed fashion blogs like the other students. Reading PC World online was my pastime of choice.
S. production value. Exports account for approximately half this amount (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). Figure 2 portrays three views of bamboo. One: A bamboo forrest; Two: A bamboos shoot; Three: A bamboo grove walkway.
Figure 2: Three Views of Bamboo (adapted from Stickman).
As bamboo production levels have risen, the amounts of raw materials needed to facilitate the production have simultaneously increased. The bamboo industry in Anji predominantly harvests bamboo from plantations, as it primarily grows a fast growing and easily cultivated, bamboo species, locally known as "maozhu" or "moso bamboo" (phyllostachys heterocycla) (Binnquist, Lopez, and Shanley). .
Currently in Anji, the cultivation of moso bamboo encompasses 60% of the forest area, with the percentage rising as plantations expand. Along with the hefty production of bamboo, the intense cultivation bamboo industry uses mammoth amounts of fertilizers and pesticides; which contributes to negative environmental effects. In reference to the bamboo production…
Applegate, Ed and Johnsen, Art. Cases in advertising and marketing management: real =
situations for tomorrow's managers Plymouth, United Kingdom: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007. Print.
Adhikary, Nripal. "Treatment Process." Abari Adobe and Bamboo Research Institute. 2009.
Web. Available at: . 09 October 2009.
Plus our pickup, laundry, maintenance and delivery services make it even more convenient for employers and employees alike to participate in a Cintas uniform program" (Uniforms & Apparel 3).
These third-party providers are clearly much better equipped to launder these types of rugged uniforms and report to do so consistently to help promote a positive image for customers as well: "hether you rent, lease or buy, a Cintas uniform program can enhance your company's image. It can also save you time and money. First impressions matter. In Cintas work uniforms your employees will project a professional, confident appearance and attitude to your customers" (emphasis added) (Uniforms & Apparel 3). First impressions do in fact matter, and it is also reasonable to conclude that different workers will experience different levels of success in keeping their uniforms clean and well maintained on their own.
Beyond the foregoing advantages of leasing or renting…
Business & Industry." (2008). ARAMARK. [Online]. Available: http://www.aramark.com/ContentTemplate.aspx?PostingID=401&ChannelID=231 .
Meyerson, Harold. (2003, July-August). "The Indispensable Advocate: With Big-City Machines Gone, Unions Are the Primary Champions of America's New Immigrants." The American Prospect 14(7): 32.
Uniforms & Apparel." (2008). Cintas. [Online]. Available: http://www.cintas.com/Uniform-Work-Apparel/ .
Uniforms & Work Apparel." (2008). ARAMARK. [Online]. Available: http://www.aramark.com/ContentTemplate.aspx?PostingID=397&ChannelID=227 .
At the same time, this has led to a search by customers for low priced material.
It is clear that every person is interested in stretching their investment in these matters as far as possible, and for this there are many methods. However for this to be done well, the concerned person has to spend a lot of time in searching for true items of value and not just buy any item that the person finds in the shop as ready purchases may be regretted later. Thus there has to be a lot of visits to different stores and proper judgment of the material that one intends to buy later. The places for such purchases are for interior design and most likely to be found in second hand furniture stores, seconds depots, and discount stores. If an individual goes around in a substantial number of these stores, then the person…
Applied Arts and Design. Retrieved at http://hearth.library.cornell.edu/h/hearth/applied.html . Accessed 26 October, 2005
Competition Gets More Intense as Shoppers Buy Home Furnishings Less Often, and on Sale.
December 14, 2004. Furniture World Magazine. Retrieved at http://www.furninfo.com/absolutenm/templates/News.asp?articleid=4617&z=8 . Accessed 26 October, 2005
Ethan Allen Sees Trend in Wedding Registries Towards Non-Traditional Items; Bridal Industry
Shui Fabric Case
The purpose of writing this paper is to discuss and analyze the case of Shui Fabrics, which is a joint venture of an American and Chinese company. This assignment will explain the problems identified by the global managers at Shui Fabrics and will also suggest possible solutions to manage these problems in a global environment. This paper will give the opportunity to integrate the management skills and apply the global concepts learned in the course.
One of the problems with the managers working on international level is their inability to understand the culture and environment of the other country. Similar is the case with Shui Fabrics, which is 10 years old 50-50 joint venture, textile company manufacturing fabrics for both Chinese and international market. A problem arises when ay Betzell, who is the general manager of the venture since 5 years, founds himself stuck in…
Daft, R. (2010). Management. Venderbilt University. Ninth Edition. South Western Cengage
Dowling, P.J. Festing M.and Engle, A.D (2008a). Managing People in an International Context.
Fifth Edition. South Western Cengage Learning.
DuPont has become one of the most well-known household names for the various products they are selling. The most notable include: corn hybrid, soybean, canola, sunflower, sorghum, inoculants, wheat, rice seeds, herbicides, fungicides, and insecticides, photopolymers, electronic materials for photovoltaic products, consumer electronics, displays, advanced printing, ultures, emulsifiers, gums, natural sweeteners, soy-based food plastics / coatings, textiles, mining, pulp, paper, water treatment, titanium dioxide, specialty fluorochemicals, fluoropolymers, performance chemicals, thermoset engineering polymers and elastomers. This helped the firm to become one the top producers of these areas.
To determine how success is impacting DuPont requires focusing on: its resources, schedule, scope, budget, communications, training and support. These different elements will illustrate the way specific variables are impacting stakeholders. It is at this point, when select ideas can be used to understand those factors influencing the company.
For any kind of strategy, the ability to determine how successful an organization will…
Bryman, A. (2012). Social Research Methods (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
Goertz, G., & Mahoney, J. (2012). A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Leedy, P., & Ormrod, J. (2009). Practical Research: Planning and Design. New York: Prentice Hall.
McBurney, D., & White, T. (2010). Research Methods (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
The third degree discrimination is when businesses set prices depending on the location and the market segments. Here the supplier will identify the various market segments and have varying prices for the same item due to the varying consumer classes in these regions. The sales managers always have to look at the characteristics of the market and the customers in general.
The factors that the sellers consider here are age of the potential clients and their population in a given area, the economic standards and their purchasing history. This will enable the recommendation of varying prices for the different market segments. This is a discrimination criterion frequently used by the textile industry run by my father in Indonesia and particularly on the export textile. He has countries that will generally buy at higher rates than others hence he does his research and sets the prices accordingly.
It is noteworthy that…
Business Growth Strategies, (2011). Value Propositions. Retrieved August 17, 2011 from http://www.mccraigh.com/Archives/value_proposition.html
Merriam Webster, (2011). Economics. Retrieved August 17, 2011 from http://www.merriam-
Michael E.P. & Mark R.K., (2006). Strategy and Society: The Link Between Competitive
business situation if you were John Martin?
Mexico is the third largest trading partner of the United States. This partnership has thrived courtesy of NAFTA agreement between the U.S. And Mexico. The two countries have become more than siblings since the implementation of the agreement. U.S. firms investing in Mexico have historically gained an increase in profits and economic viability. I would advise John Martin to invest in Mexico as it has proven to reduce costs involved in the production. This will help boost the company's manufacturing output because it has never experienced before the enactment of NAFTA (Keesing and Martin 34).
Currently, the survival of the company is uncertain since NAFTA does not eliminate tariffs as it only allows its companies to chip products to foreign nations by providing an increase in quotas. If Martin's Textiles fails to shift its operations to Mexico, it risks losing major customers because…
Hiemstra-Kuperus and Meerkerk E. Nederveen. The Ashgate Companion to the History of Textile Workers, 1650-2000. Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2010. Print.
Keesing, Donald B, and Martin Wolf. Textile Quotas against Developing Countries. London: Trade Policy Research Centre, 1980. Print.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Specifically, it will present the pros and cons of NAFTA, and how it will affect the apparel industry, especially in the California and/or Los Angeles market. It will consider such factors as how it affects the job market, manufacturers, contractors, etc.
THE EFFECTS OF NAFTA
The NAFTA agreement has been controversial since it first began in 1992. Many experts felt that the United States would lose a large amount of jobs to Mexico, because of lower wages and fewer trade union restrictions. It created Free Trade between Mexico, Canada, and the United States, and eliminated a large number of tariffs on a sliding scale over the next fifteen years. "On 12 August 1992, the United States, Canada, and Mexico agreed on a plan for free trade that would gradually eliminate tariffs over fifteen years and stimulate trade and investment. hile protecting the 1988 free…
Clement, Norris C., et al. North American Economic Integration: Theory and Practice. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 1999.
Editors. "NAFTA and Workers' Rights and Jobs." Public Citizen.org. 2002. http://www.citizen.org/trade/nafta/jobs/
Gianaris, Nicholas V. The North American Free Trade Agreement and the European Union. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1998.
Rosenberg, Jerry M. Encyclopedia of the North American Free Trade Agreement, the New American Community, and Latin-American Trade. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1995.
Opening a usiness
Setting up a clothing business in Germany: Discussing the four variables
German textile and clothing industry is among the oldest and consists mainly of SMEs; the sector remains the second largest manufacturer of consumer articles in the country, after the food industry.
Germany has a liberal foreign investment policy. Despite persistence of structural rigidities in the labor market and extensive government regulation, the economy remains strong and internationally competitive. Although production costs are very high, Germany is still an export powerhouse. Additionally, Germany is strategically placed to take advantage of the rapidly growing central European countries.
The current government has addressed some of the country's structural problems, with important tax, social security, and financial sector reforms. At present production and processing of resources is often carried out by suppliers from Asia or Eastern Europe and by branch plants in such countries. This is much cheaper than producing…
1. Web link: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3997.htm
2. Doing Business in Germany: A Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies. File: CCG2005.pdf
3. FY2001 Country Commercial Guide Germany. File: germany_ccg2001.pdf
Maxx Company -- Strategic Marketing Plan
TK Maxx Strategic Marketing Plan
TK Maxx is expanding beyond the brick and mortar footprint that helped it rise to the top of retail operations in the United Kingdom. As with its competitors, TK Maxx has entered the mobile digital market and is implementing multiple distribution channels (McVey, 1960). The company has a clear target market that transcends the various channels over which its goods are marketed. This is the case because the market segment targeted by TK Maxx is made up of digital natives or consumers who have discovered the benefits of being technologically savvy -- particularly for shopping.
The marketing objectives for TK Maxx were identified as follows:
To increase market share for kid's shoes by 25% by September 2018.
To increase market share in home textiles by 15% by September 2018.
To increase e-commerce sales of designer bags and accessories by…
Bankruptcy announcement. (2012) Feline's Basement. Available at http://www.filenesbasement.com/
Burt S. And Sparks L (2003) Competitive analysis of the retail sector in the UK. Institute for Retail Studies, University of Stirling: 78.
Cavazza, M. (2004), 'Nanotechnology promises to alter the face of fashion', Retail Week, (11 June, 2004)
Case study: Total Logistics takes it to the max for TK Maxx. (2001) Total Logistics. Available at http://www.total-logistics.eu.com/supply-chain-documents/2011_TK-Maxx_CS.pdf
6 billion cu m in 2005; natural gas export - 0 cu m in 2004; natural gas imports - 21.73 billion cu m in 2004; natural gas proved reserves - 8.495 billion cu m in 2005; current account balance - -$25.99 billion in 2006; exports - $85.21 billion f.o.b. In 2006; exports commodities - apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment; imports partners - Germany 11.7%, ussia 11%, Italy 6.5%, China 5.9%, France 5%, USA 4.6%, UK 4% in 2005; reserves of foreign exchange and gold - $53.42 billion in 2006; external debt - $193.6 billion in 2006; exchange rates - Turkish liras per U.S. dollar: 1.4286 in 2006, 1.3436 in 2005, 1.4255 in 2004, 1.5009 in 2003, 1.5072 in 2002 (CIA, 2007).
Turkey's agricultural sector
Turkey's agriculture is not one of the modernized sectors of the country's economy. In fact, agriculture is the traditional part of Turkey's economy that…
Chapin Metz, Helen (1995). Turkey: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress. Retrieved July 4, 2007 at http://countrystudies.us/turkey/53.htm .
Economy of Turkey (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved July 5, 2007 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Turkey .
The World Factbook: Turkey (2007). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved July 5, 2007 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html .
Krueger, Anne O. (2005). Turkey's Economy: A Future Full of Promise. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved July 5, 2007 at http://www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/2005/050505.htm .
" (Nora FitzGerald, 2002)
Bauhaus popularized functional design, a technique that focused specifically on the major functions of everything including buildings, textiles, tables, lamps etc. To make them more easily accessible and usable. Bauhaus artists were the first to understand the needs of the new urban breed of workers who were looking for cleaner and sleeker design in everything in order to make better use of space without feeling cramped. Gropius decided to combine Academy with the Weimar Arts and Crafts School to provide new and more comprehensive training in design. Two persons trained each student: an artist and an expert craftsman to develop "creative ambidexterity." (2)
While cubism, expressionism and Dadaism inspired early Bauhaus designs, the later designs rarely ever bore any resemblance to these art movements. The reason being that Bauhaus took birth in highly chaotic times and it took some time for the movement to gain momentum…
Frank Whitford, Bauhaus -- the world of Art, Thames & Hudson; (April 1984)
G. Naylor, the Bauhaus (London: Studio Vista, 1968), p. 50.
Gerhard H. ndler. German Painting in Our Time. Rembrandt-Verlag. Berlin: 1956
Herbert Bayer, Ise Gropius, Walter Gropius. Bauhaus, 1919-1928: Museum of Modern Art. New York. 1938.
Augusta Canal. There are eight references used for this paper.
Augusta, Georgia has been a thriving textile center for over a hundred years. It is interesting to look at the history of the Augusta Canal, as well as its influence in the past and present.
Southerners during the 1830's and 1840's were concerned that the cotton states were dependent on the industrialization of the Northern states financially, and looked for ways to make their cities prosperous. In "Augusta, Georgia, the city financed the construction of one of the earliest power and transportation canals in the South, which created an industrial base still important to the area's economy (augustacanal.com/haer-report.html).
hile construction did not actually begin until 1845, the concept of "harnessing the Savannah River and building a power canal had been considered as early as 1828, when the Augusta editor to the Georgia Courier debated the possibility of a…
Augusta Canal. (accessed 10 April 2004).
Bankston, John. Financial Woes Close Augusta, Ga.-Area Textile Plant.
The Augusta Chronicle, Ga. Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News. (2001): 05 May.
Subtle Disapprobation of Labor Conditions
The Harbinger's magazine article, "Female Workers of Lowell," which was initially published November 14, 1836 by an unidentified author, is one of the earliest surviving accounts of conditions of labor (not associated with institutionalized, chattel slavery) in the post-Industrial era United States of America. This particular excerpt, which details the living and working quarters of an entirely female textile mill presumably in the North Eastern (New England) region of the U.S., is decidedly sympathetic to the harsh existence many young female labors were forced to endure. However, this sympathy is tempered by the powerful economic impetus of profit, or capital (as it is termed in the magazine article), which was used to justify the development and implementation of just such means of industrialization. A close read of the text illustrates the fact that the author begins the article favoring the institution of such an oppressive…
nature of U.S.-Mexican trade relations, it is difficult indeed not to think of the statement of Mexican President Porfirio Diaz at the turn of the last century, "Poor Mexico, so far from God, and so close to the United States." For Mexico does continue to seem to occupy a benighted position vis-a-vis its richer and more powerful neighbor to the north, a position that is in no small measure defined and continually recreated by the nature and mechanisms of international trade between the two nations. This paper examines the nature of the trade relations between the United States and Mexico in the light of several classical economics theories and models as well as in respect to recent developments in the wake of the 1992 signing of the NAFTA accord and the last decade's worth of increasing globalization.
Economic Theories and Models
We begin by discussing and summarizing some of the…
Danaher, K. & Burbach, R. (eds.) (2000). Globalize this!: The battle against The World Trade Organization. Los Angeles: Community Archives Publications.
Esty, D. (1994). Greening the GATT: Trade, environment, and the future. Washington DC: Institute for International Economics.
People by Edoardo Nesi
"the Story of My People" by Eduardo Nesi
"the Story of My People" by Eduardo Nesi
"THE STORY OF MY PEOPLE" BY EDOARDO NESI
Learning One: Business Trade
Learning Two: Financial Analysis
Learning Three: Denouncement of Big Business
Learning Four: Corrupt Politicians
Lesson Five: Haughtiness of Economists
How does the book apply to International Business?
"The Story of My People" by Eduardo Nesi
In the Italian city of Prato, Eduardo Nesi's family owned a textile factory that was really small and it was located in Tuscany. However, some time I September 2004 Nesi had to sell it for the reason that there was no way to keep it in tip top condition so that it could compete against its rivals. Apparently, it was just too much trouble. In a world of international and free trade the house was not making any kind of profit and in…
1. The question of whether agreements like OPT should be restricted and apparel retailers be allowed to import from the most cost-effective countries is a false dichotomy. The two are not mutually exclusive. If there is an OPT agreement within the EU, that does not force H&M to buy from EU nations; it simply gives them an incentive to do so. H&M can still trade with other nations, under whatever trade agreements exist between the EU and those nations. If India and China have competitive advantage in textiles, then they will win the trade. But by no means is H&M forced to trade within the EU.
The reality that even with an OPT agreement, EU producers still do not have competitive advantage – that India and China exist as lower-cost producers – certainly calls into question the value of having the OPT agreements at all. The agreements probably…
Flax was a major industry because of the ease of production. The prosaic nature of the homespun ideal led it to be the symbol of the revolution. It also induced progress. enjamin Franklin referred to it as the "first Ages of the world." ut this was linked to European finery, historically made from the animal skins of the Indians, who did not have a cloth-making industry. In his 1787 Notes on the State of Virginia, Thomas Jefferson declared all forms of manufacturing, including household, as a mortal threat to American virtue. As the American president in 1806, he drew the attention of Cherokee chiefs on the civilizing effect of spinning and weaving their own cotton cloths. In 1812, Jefferson and John Adams agreed to a common homespun vision of commercial progress (Zakim).
The overall view is that capitalism threatens or hinders democracy (Muller 2007). Capitalism involves an inequality of reward,…
Anderson, Kim. Liberal Capitalism: the Will to Happiness. Policy: the Centre for Independent Studies, Summer 2007
Lowell National Historical Park. Early American Manufacturing. National Park Services:
US Department of the Interior, 2002. Retrieved on October 8, 2008 at http://www.nps.gov/archive/lowe/loweweb/Lowell_History/earlyam.htm
Muller, Jerry Z. The Democratic Threat to Capitalism. Daedalus: MIT Press Summer,
Opening a Business
An Analysis of the Political and Legal Environment for a Clothing Business in Germany Today
The purpose of this study is to determine the viability of establishing a clothing outlet in Germany today based on the existing political and legal climate for business. At first blush, it would appear that Germany represents an exciting opportunity for virtually any type of commercial enterprise; for example, the German economy is the largest in Europe and the fifth largest in the world, and Germany has more people than any other nation in Europe (Germany 2005:1). Further, the country remains a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations and has assumed a new leadership role in world affairs today. For a clothing business, Germany would also seem a logical choice since the German people have always expressed a keen desire to keep up with the latest fashions from…
Alsop, Rachel. A Reversal of Fortunes? Women, Work and Change in East Germany. New York: Berghahn Books, 2000.
Blumentritt, Timothy P. And Douglas Nigh. (2002). The Integration of Subsidiary Political
Activities in Multinational Corporations. Journal of International Business Studies,