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a) of the eleven topics to select from, I have chosen the topic of gendered violence.
b) Within this topic, my specific interest is the connection between gender and violence. Across popular forms of media such as gaming, films, television, music and more, violence expresses gender. Gender traits are expressed in media via the gender of the person performing and/or receiving violence, as well as the aesthetics and contexts within which the violence in the media form appears. Meaning, there are differences in the aesthetics and contexts in violence between film and gaming, for example. Games have specific contexts in which they are experienced with finite variations in the forms of violence. This is a completely different experience from viewing film.
c) I am interested in this topic for a few reasons. Violence is prevalent in the media. It is now accepted that media affects viewers. Within…
Bryce, J.O., & Rutter, J. (2003). Gender dynamics and the social and spatial organization of computer gaming. Leisure Studies, 22(1), 1-15.
Funk, J.B., Baldacci, H.B., Pasold, T., & Baumgardner, J. (2004). Violence exposure in real-life, video games, television, movies, and the internet: is there desensitization? Journal of adolescence, 27(1), 23-39.
Disposable Rocket, Textual Analysis
Textual Analysis- the Disposable Rocket
In "The Disposable Rocket" Updike uses techniques of language to create in the reader an understanding of what it means, to him, to "inhabit a male body." Updike states that "to inhabit a male body, then is to feel somewhat detached from it" and it is this detachment that is clearly conveyed through the piece. The reader is made to feel that he or she is being taught what it is to wear a male body, through the way in which the writer uses language and linguistic techniques. The reader is able to intellectually understanding something of the experience of the male body, through the examples given, but never experiences those sensations as would happen in a less distantly written piece. The form of the essay itself is a tool used to set up the author as an authoritative figure. This…
ar is always a collective historical event that survives in official government records and propaganda as well as mass media images and academic and popular writing. Of course, not all individual experiences can be captured by the collective memory, national consciousness and official interpretations of events, and in some cases governments and established elites attempt to censor and repress collective memory. ith Hiroshima and Nagasaki, collective denial, cover ups and repression of public memories occurred for decades after the war, while many veterans who returned to Japan in 1945 were deeply dissatisfied by the official version of collective memory and sought to alter the national consciousness. In Black Rain, the family patriarch would also like to repress and deny the events of the recent past, but his niece and lover were so obviously victimized and damaged by the war that in the end he is simply unable to do so.…
Cavanaugh, Carole, "A Working Ideology for Hiroshima: Imanura Shohel's Black Rain" in Dennis Washburn and Carole Cavanaugh (eds). Word and Image in Japanese Cinema. Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Sakai, Naoki. Translation and Subjectivity: On "Japan" and Cultural Nationalism. University of Minnesota Press, 1997.
Theoretically Informed Intertextual Analysis
There are numerous similarities existent between Oscar ilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray and illiam ordsworth's "Resolution and Independence" Despite the fact that the former is a novel and the latter a poem, both were composed by English authors in the 19th century and were preoccupied with the singular theme of youth. This theme becomes even more magnified and lucid when these pieces of literature are examined within the psychoanalytic lens of literary criticism -- in which one largely identifies psychoanalytic concepts associated with the characters or authors of works of literature (Brooks 334). Adopting this stance for these two opuses, however, reveals that the protagonist in each manifests the Ideal-I noted in Lacan's mirror stage theory. A comparative analysis of these pieces of literature reveals that each respective protagonist attempts to stave off the process of aging by clinging to his youth.
The central conflict…
Brooks, Peter. "The Idea of a Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism." Critical Inquiry. 13(2), 334-348. 1987. Print.
Billig, Michael. "Lacan's Misuse of Psychology Evidence, Rhetoric and the Mirror Stage." Theory, Culture and Society. 23(4), 1-26. 2006 Print.
Delahoyde, Michael. "Psychoanalytic criticism." Introduction to Literature. Web. No date. http://public.wsu.edu/~delahoyd/psycho.crit.html
Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray. New Jersey: Waterloo Press. 1983. Print.
Close Textual Analysis: “The Flea” by John Donne
The British poet John Donne is one of the best-known and most often-quoted of the metaphysical poets. Donne was a devout Christian but often used strange, arresting metaphors to convey theological truths. This can be seen quite clearly in “The Flea,” in which the small, biting insect that is apparently a mere annoyance becomes a metaphor for the joining of the poet and his beloved. “It sucked me first, and now sucks thee, / And in this flea our two bloods mingled be,” writes Donne (3-4). Even though the poet and his beloved are not physically touching, the ugly, even repugnant parasite still has an elevating, even beautiful role in uniting the two souls, although the poet’s beloved cannot perceived this.
Donne’s poem reflects his belief as a Christian that all creatures, however humble, have a dignity as they are created by…
Qualitative data is characterized by the deep, rich aspects that enable researchers to enter the realm of the participants in a study. Qualitative research projects are characterized by considerable coordination challenges and tight deadlines. Business clients of market research providers and academic research colleagues anticipate that the value qualitative researchers bring to inquiry is the ability to analyze and interpret, providing insights or contributions to themes. But often these processes are given short shrift with regard to time allotments in the overall inquiry process.
Challenges of Qualitative Data Analysis (QDA)
Data analysis software is a strong tool for textual analysis, and the benefits fall primarily into three categories: (1) Efficient systematic analysis, (2) effective retrieval and identification of data, and (3) capacity. Data analysis software is a grounded in machine learning -- algorithms and mathematical approaches to textual analysis that are interpretation neutral. That is, either patterns exist in…
NVivo: NVivo supports the cognitive activities associated with qualitative research and the productivity capabilities for managing large amounts of data are strong. The students-only license is $189. The full NVivo 9 license is $650 for 1 computer installation with indefinite use.
Source: NVivo. http://www.qsrinternational.com/products_nvivo_pricing_pricelist.aspx
Atlas.ti: Use Atlas.ti collect, manage, analyze, and share both primary and secondary qualitative data. The learning curve is short, operations are intuitive, and it has embedded survey and transcription components. The cost is $99 for a student license and $1,800 for a regular single user license. Source: Atlas.ti. http://www.atlasti.co
According to Hebraic tradition, the chronological period in the book consists of the second month of the second year (measured from Exodus) to the beginning of the eleventh month of the fortieth year -- in all, roughly 39 years 9 months of wandering, with, of course, fewer in number at the end of the journey than at the beginning. Again, according to tradition, Moses was the author of all five books of the Torah, but stylistically, at least in both Hebrew and then Aramaic, the prose in Numbers is far dryer and more scholarly, leading most to believe that this particular section was derived from several priestly sources tentatively dated at 4th-6th century BC (Harris, 1985).
Since Numbers is divided into three parts, it is useful to provide an overview of the literative focus and consequences of each section:
Number's the eople of the Lord -- God ordered Moses to…
Preparations for crossing the River Jordan -- Moses disobeys God and is punished, as are the tribes for speaking against God and Moses, and a new census is taken to be used to organize the tribal units into their new home. The Israelites conquer the Midian population, and the land of the Jordan is divided among the tribes.
Numbers ends with a summary technique, common in ancient Middle Eastern writings, called a colophon. Their usage as both a literary and historical tool was not understood until recently, and their form is more of an oral legal tradition, designed to state the place and circumstance of each composition, thus also organizing the story for posterity (Friedman, 2005).
Part II -- Analysis of the text -- the story of Numbers is actually rather simplistic -- it is a recounting of transition, and, like Job, a psychological organization of the manner in which God, through Moses, tested the Israelites to see if they were worth of having their own land. There are repeated trials and tribulations suffered by the people if they either do not obey God or Moses, or simply move apart and try to accomplish their own sense of organizing the world (Spence and Excell, 2009).. The message is quite clear: "Obey God and you will be rewarded, it may take some time, but eventually it will happen. Doubt God, and you will be punished." Structurally, it is more chronological than thematic, symbols are used within the original language of place names, events, and even phrases "the land of milk and honey," likely meaning, for instance, fertile land that will support
A number of researchers think that qualitative and quantitative methodologies cannot be pooled because the assumptions fundamental to each tradition are so greatly different. "Other researchers think they can be used in combination only by alternating between methods: qualitative research is appropriate to answer certain kinds of questions in certain conditions and quantitative is right for others. And some researchers think that both qualitative and quantitative methods can be used simultaneously to answer a research question" (Barnes et al., 2005).
There are two sets of challenges that enfold the idea of frame and discourse analysis. The first takes place in the areas of data collection, analysis, and final presentation results. The challenge surrounds definitions and conceptualizations. Ideational concepts are intrinsically inaccurate and distinctions between frames, ideologies and discourses are often indistinct. Discourse and frames are connected and sometimes overlap. Cultural discourses can comprise frames. Ideologies frequently do the same things…
Barnes, B., Conrad, k., Demont-Heinrich, C., Graziano, M., Kowalski, D., Neufeld, J.,
Zamora, J. & Palmquist, M. (2005). Generalizability and Transferability. Retrieved from http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/research/gentrans/pop2f.cfm
Hathaway, R. (1995). Assumptions underlying quantitative and qualitative research:
Implications for institutional research. Research in higher education, 36 (5), p. 535-
The poem that is reviewed in this brief essay is The Very End, as written by Tom Sleigh. As is indicated by the essay assignment prompt, the poem is about Sleigh’s grandmother. This is made quite clear on the page with the poem. Indeed, there is the text “For my grandmother” just below the title of the essay. What follows is a poem that is not terribly long. However, there is obviously a lot going on and the verbiage on display is both profound and nebulous at the same time. This is true in terms of what is said about his grandmother. It is also true about what is said about others. While Sleigh’s message is shrouded and dressed with some interesting references, the intent of the poem’s author is quite clear.
One thing to point out about the poem is how Sleigh swings back and forth in terms…
Creation Myth Analysis
Case Study of the History of iblical Creation Narratives
What Is Myth?
What Is History?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 Myth?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 History?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 oth Myth and History?
An Analysis of the iblical Creation Narrative of Genesis 1:1-25 and Egypt's Possible Influence on the Historical Record
God created the world in just six days, and rested on the seventh, but scholars have not rested at all over the millennia in their investigation of its account in the historical record, particularly Genesis 1:1-25. Given its importance to humankind, it is little wonder that so much attention has been devoted to how the universe was created and what place humanity has in this immense cosmos. Indeed, the creation of the universe and the origin of mankind are the subject of numerous myths around the world, with many sharing some distinct commonalities. According to S.G.F.…
Aldred, Cyril. The Egyptians. London: Thames & Hudson, 1961.
Andrews, E.A.. What Is History? Five Lectures on the Modern Science of History. New York:
Macmillan Co., 1905.
Austin, Michael. "Saul and the Social Contract: Constructions of 1 Samuel 8-11 in Cowley's 'Davideis' and Defoe's 'Jure Divino,' Papers on Language & Literature 32, 4 (1996),
Media as the Linguistic Discourse Analysis Object
esearch in Discourse Analysis - Linguistics
Discourse analysis' focus is noteworthy semiotic events. Discourse analysis aims to understand not only the nature of the semiotic event, but also the socio-psychological traits of the participants of the event. The proposed subject of research is media discourse analysis or media as the linguistic discourse analysis object. Media is highly relevant and almost fundamental to life in the 21st century. There is no doubt that there are social, perceptual, psychological, linguistic, and behavioral affects of technology and media upon users and communities. Objects of discourse analysis vary in their definition of articulated sequences of communication events, speech acts, etc. Media is nothing but a series of coordinated sequences of various communications events operating semiotically. Therefore, media discourse analysis is a worthwhile linguistic research endeavor. The hypothesis of the research contends that media discourse analysis, as part…
Chen, L. (2004) Evaluation in Media Texts: A Cross-Cultural Linguistic Investigation. Language in Society, 33(5), 673 -- 702.
Chigana, A., & Chigana, W. (2008) Mxit It Up in the Media: Media Discourse Analysis on a Mobile Instant Messaging System. The South African Journal of Information and Communication, 9, 42 -- 57.
Constantinou, O. (2005) Multimodal Discourse Analysis: Media, modes and technologies. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 9(4), 602 -- 618.
Gamson, W.A., Croteau, D., Hoynes, W., & Sasson, T. (1992) Media Images and the Social Construction of Reality. Annual Review of Sociology, 18, 373 -- 393.
Art Analysis: Art21
After reviewing the artists from Art21, the artists chosen are Pierre Huyghe and AI Weiwei as the subjects of this paper. The pieces the paper will be "This is not a time for dreaming" by Huyghe and "Forever" by Weiwei. Both pieces are installation pieces although the artists are not classified under the same grouping on the Art21 website. Weiwei is listed as "Featured in Change" and Huyghe is listed as "Featured in omance." Though they are not featured or classified in the same group, their respective groups are related. There are several different kinds of people in the world for whom change is romantic. Weiwei is a renowned activist as well as renowned artists. Artists typically have a deep passion within that they express via their art. Therefore, Weiwei could see the connection between romance and change. For the native Parisian Huyghe, romance may very well…
Art21, Inc. (2012) Explore Artists. Available from: http://www.pbs.org/art21/artists . 2012 July 10.
European Graduate School. (2012) Pierre Huyghe -- Biography. Available from: http://www.egs.edu/faculty/pierre-huyghe/biography/ . 2012 July 11.
Wines, Michael. (2009) Ai Weiwei, China's Impolitic Artist. The New York Times, Available from: http://www.nytimes.com /2009/11/28/world/asia/28weiwei.html?pagewanted=all. 2012 July 12.
Pierre Huyghe, "This is not a time for dreaming," 2004.
As with any film, what is captured by the eye of the camera in this film is done with skill, expertise, and a high level of perfection in direction. The locations are captured by the camera in a way that supports and adds to the film's satire. For instance, in the gypsy camp, where Turkish and Tommy have gone to purchase a caravan to serve as an office for Turkish to work out for the fight he has to fix, the pair must walk around what appears to be large pile of excrement - and it doesn't appear to be animal in nature. Gross, yes, but it works with the conveyance of the stereotypical image that the director is attempting to convey.
Much the same holds true when Brick Top is giving Turkish and Tommy a tour of the pig pens. It is a harsh looking environment that successfully…
Ritchie, G. (dir), 2000, Snatch, Columbia Pictures and SKA Films, UK.
Note in the above two lines the way that the coming "doom" is emphasized by word order and the placement of active verbs at the end of each line. Use is also made telling adjectives such as "lowering sky" to emphasize the apparent awesomeness of the coming washing day.
The following lines express an obviously ironic comparison between the mundane images of washing day and tragic events in history.
Saints have been calm while stretched upon the rack,
And Guatimozin smil'd on burning coals;
ut never yet did housewife notable
Greet with a smile a rainy washing-day.
Lines 29 -32)
The reference to the death of the Mexican Emperor Guatimozin makes the concerns and work of the maids and housewives seem extremely trivial and are a good example of the way that the mock-heroic expresses a point-of-view through satire.
The poem continues in this fashion to present a view of…
Washing-Day. April 29, 2007. http://ssad.bowdoin.edu:9780/snipsnap/eng242?s05/space/Washing-Day>
Joseph Michel Montgolfier and Jacques-etienne Montgolfier were the inventors of the hot air balloon.
Synge's iders To The Sea
Analysis of structure, narrative, and irony in Synge's "iders to the Sea"
John Millington Synge is considered to be one of Irish literature's most influential writers. Born near Dublin in 1871, he was highly interested in studying music before turning his attentions to literature. In 1898, Synge made his first visit to the Aran Islands, which he continued to visit at various intervals for the next four years (J.M. Synge, n.d.). It was during this time that he began to study the way of life on the islands. "On they rocky, isolated islands, Synge took photographs and notes. He listened to the speech of the islanders, a musical, old-fashioned, Irish-flavored dialect of English. He conversed with them in Irish and English, listened to stories, and learned the impact that the sound of word could have apart from their meaning" (J.M. Synge, n.d.). The influence of…
J.M. Synge. (n.d.). The Poetry Foundation. Accessed 17 February 2013, from http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/j-m-synge
Notes on Synge's "Riders to the Sea." (n.d.). Bielefeld University. Accessed 17 February 2013,
Synge, J.M. (1902). Riders to the Sea. Chapter 13.
Isaiah Chapter 6 addresses Isaiah's commission, and is a perfect example of the use of narrative structure, format, and style in the Hebrew Bible. A plethora of Tate's literary elements pertain directly to Isaiah, and reading Isaiah with Tate's elements in mind enhances understanding of the text. In particular, Isaiah 6 reflects Old Testament narratology: the method by which the story is being told. Hebrew narratology retains core elements, some of which are adhered to and some of which are subverted in Isaiah 6. Isaiah 6 is told from a first person point-of-view, evident from the first line: "In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple," (Isaiah 6:1). The first person point-of-view establishes a literary, thematic, and semantic bond between implied reader and implied narrator. Moreover, the first person point-of-view…
Tate, W.R. (2012). Handbook for Biblical Interpretation. Baker.
It is the context of Catholic Ireland (and not so much the Hays Production Code) that allows Ford's characters to enjoy the light-heartedness of the whole situation.
Such context is gone in O'Neill's dramas. O'Neill's Irish-American drinkers have left the Emerald Isle and traded it over for a nation where religious liberty denies the right of any religion to declare itself as true and all others as false. The Constitution, in fact, has been amended to keep government from declaring the truth of any religion. If no religion is true, how can the Tyrone's be expected to know the difference between Baudelaire's "spiritual drunkenness" and "physical drunkenness"?
O'Neill has Edmund quote Baudelaire in Long Day's Journey into Night as an attempt to rationalize his characters' drunkenness: "Be always drunken. Nothing else matters: that is the only question. If you would not feel the horrible burden of Time weighing on your…
O'Neill, Eugene. Long Day's Journey into Night. Yale University Press, 2002. Print.
There are as many sentiment analysis techniques as there are reasons for conducting sentiment analysis. Analysis techniques are employed to discern sentence, phrase, word and text meanings, and predictive, machine-related, emotional and psychological aspects are measured by sentiment analysis as well. This literature review will attempt to navigate the various avenues presented by such diverse usage of sentiment analysis and provide information that categorizes and differentiates between the various techniques employed.
The review will focus on a number of different analytical techniques, including sentiment analysis, predictive analysis, text, phrase, sentence and word analytics, and why and how the different arenas approach the use of their specific style of analysis.
Sentiment analysis has been described as using a lexicon "with information about which words and phrases are positive and which are negative" (Wilson, Wiebe, Hoffman, 2009, p. 400) and as an analytical tool that "focuses on identifying positive and negative…
Ahmad, K. & Almas, Y.; (2005) Visualizing sentiments in financial texts? Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Information, Visualization, Vol. 1, pp. 363 -- 368
Alpern, P. (2010) Forecasting the future with predictive analytics, Industry Week, Vol. 259, Issue 7, pp. 47-48
Chaovalit, P. & Zhou, L.; (2005) Movie review mining: A comparison between supervised and unsupervised classification approaches, Proceedings of the 38th Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences, Big Island, HI, USA
Chemla, E.; Mintz, T.H.; Bernal, S.; Christophe, A.; (2009) Categorizing words using frequent frames: What cross-linguistic analysis reveal about distributional acquisition strategies, Developmental Science, Vol. 12, Issue 3, pp. 396-406
Student of Prague and German Cinema
The Germany film industry revolution
The Film industry in Germany has come a long way and is seen as one of the ancient film industries that gave a portrayal of both the artistic as well as the aesthetic and the economic value of films in Germany in the early 1900s. The paper will hence not only look into the history of the Germany film industry, but also select a relevant film to demonstrate the significance of the film selected to the subject matter it covered, the people and the relevance to the time that it was produced and it depicted. The film that will be used in this demonstration is "The Student of Prague" which would be analyzed to see the kind of contribution that it brought to the film industry in Germany at that given moment in time.
The films of the early…
Brockmann Stephen. (2010). A Critical History of German Film. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=hz1I0Ty9AUYC&pg=PA2&lpg=PA2&dq=A+Critical+History+of+German+Film&source=bl&ots=q9OmTTPbcr&sig=v86AFKoxkpwSMfQrASMO2LX6LjQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=MzdOVJHRKJevaYj2gqgE&ved=0CEUQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=A%20Critical%20History%20of%20German%20Film&f=false
Kracauer Siegfried (1947). From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological History of the Germany Film. Princeton and Oxford, Princeton University Press. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic591072.files/Kracauer%20I.pdf
Paul Wegener, (1913). Der Student von Prag. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuvIvwSi1gI
Pulver A., (2011). New Europe: A history of German cinema in clips. The Guardian. Retrieved October 28, 2014 from http://www.theguardian.com/film/2011/mar/15/german-cinema-history-new-europe
GE commits itself to active achievement of diversity for enhancing the firm's performance through recognition and utilization of the diverse talents and skills of its directors, managers, and staff members. Diversity encompasses recognizing and appreciating the unique inputs of different members of an organization, owing to their different backgrounds, skill sets, viewpoints, and experiences, including individuals with concomitant domestic responsibilities. GE cherishes the differences among its workforce, as well as their contribution to the organization. GE further commits itself to abolition of discrimination and supporting diversity among its staff members. The company's aim is making its workforce a true representative of every societal group, and making every employee feel valued and capable of contributing their best.
Thus, the goal of this diversity policy is providing fairness and equality to all employees of the company, and not discriminating against anyone on the basis of gender, race, color, religion, marital…
Acas (2006). Tackling discrimination and promoting equality. Retrieved 28 July 2015 from http://www.acas.org.uk/media/pdf/j/2/B16_1.pdf
Amaguin, R. (n.d.). Implement a Sexual Harassment Policy and Avoid a Harassment Claim EmploymentLawFirms.com. Retrieved July 28, 2015, from http://www.employmentlawfirms.com/resources/employment/workplace-safety-and-health/implement-sexual-harassment-policy.htm
Caltex Diversity Policy (n.d.). Retrieved 28 July 2015 from http://www.caltex.com.au/aboutus/documents/policiesprocesses/caltex%20diversity%20policy.pdf
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (n.d.). Sexual Harassment. Retrieved from: http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/types/sexual_harassment.cfm
In “A Herstory of the #BlackLivesMatter Movement,” co-founder of #BlackLivesMatter Alicia Garza writes about the history of the organization/social movement, the movement’s objectives and core philosophies, and also where the movement fits into the history of social protest in America. Garza covers a lot of ground in a relatively short space, tackling issues as diverse as queer politics, the misappropriation and hijacking of the contributions made by women of color, and the importance of Black liberation for improving the quality of life for all Americans. Garza’s audience is non-Black, and likely predominantly white as Garza clearly differentiates between the “we” of Black women and the “you” of a presumably white audience. Although the article would be more effective if detailed data or statistics were used, Garza effectively clarifies the #BlackLivesMatter philosophy and responds to critics of the movement using rhetorical strategies like pathos, ethos, and logos.
Garza writes “A Herstory”…
In a news story presented by the online version of NBC news, a major American network, an article about #BlackLivesMatter includes photographic imagery of a large social protest that took place in 2013. The protest followed in the wake of George Zimmerman being found not guilty on charges of second-degree murder of an unarmed black man—an event that showcased the extent to which even the law fails to protect the lives of innocent people of color. In one photographic image used in this news story, the photographer captures a significant moment in the protest in which five individuals together hold up a large banner that has written on it nothing but the hastag and name of the organization #BlackLivesMatter. The background of the banner is black and white stripes, which is symbolic and reflects the interracial harmony intended by both the organization and the photographer who captured the image. This…
Daughters in literature requires a thorough analysis of gender roles and norms. The concept of daughter is directly linked to gender roles, as being a daughter entails specific social and familial responsibilities. Daughters' rights, roles, and responsibilities vis-a-vis their male siblings can therefore become a gendered lens, which is used to read literature. This is true even when the daughters in question are not protagonists. For example, Sonya in Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment is not a protagonist but her supportive role has a tremendous impact on main character Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov. Likewise, no one of King Lear's three daughters is the play's protagonist but they nevertheless propel the plot of the play and are central to its outcome. Virginia oolf's To the Lighthouse barely features any of the Ramsay daughters, and yet there are ample textual references to the role of daughters in families and correspondingly, the role of…
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. Edited by James Kinsley. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor. Crime and Punishment. Translated and annotated by Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky. New York: Vintage Books, 1993.
Shakespeare. William. King Lear. Edited by Stephen Orgel. New York, N.Y: Penguin Books, 1999.
Woolf, Virginia. To the Lighthouse. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. , c1955.
Judaic, Christian and Islamic Concept of a "Just Society"
Despite their common Abrahamic origins, the various concepts of a "just society" as presented by the Old Testament, the New Testament and the Qur'an have been the source of debate for millennia, a debate that remains unresolved today. In order to identify the issues concerning this debate with more precision, this paper reviews selected relevant passages from the Old Testament, the New Testament and the Qur'an to determine how each characterizes the concept of a "just society." Finally, a summary of the research and a discussion concerning the ways in which these three texts are similar and different in their approach to their conceptualizations of a just society conclude the paper.
Analysis and Discussion
A Just Society as Conceptualized by the Old Testament
The Old Testament contains specific guidance concerning how people should live and treat each other in order to…
Shakin, M. H., transl. Holy Quran, London, 1985.
The Holy Bible, New International Version, Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1984.
The narrative of Rama demonstrates that the need to trust in the "Primal Creator" accept the fact that human beings folly and that the world will be redeemed if individuals have faith enough in him, the one God. The significance of the Rama narrative is then demonstrative of the value and fallibility of the common man. Guru Gobind Singh, through the Dasam Granth meant to draw the common man to a faith that he or she could understand and embrace.
Dasam Granth March 10, 2008 from: http://www.searchgurbani.com/main.php?book=dasam_granth&action=pagebypage
Durga Recalled by the Tenth Guru" by Nikky-Guninder Kaur Singh, in "The Sikh Tradition: A Continuing Reality," edited by S. Bhatia and a. Spencer (Patiala: Punjab University, 1999), pp. 208-255.
The Forgotten Tradition: Sikhism in the Study of orld Religions" by Mark Jurgensmeyer, in "Sikh Studies: Comparative Perspectives on a Changing Tradition" (Berkeley: Berkeley Religious Studies Series, 1979), pp.…
Dasam Granth March 10, 2008 from: http://www.searchgurbani.com/main.php?book=dasam_granth&action=pagebypage
Durga Recalled by the Tenth Guru" by Nikky-Guninder Kaur Singh, in "The Sikh Tradition: A Continuing Reality," edited by S. Bhatia and a. Spencer (Patiala: Punjab University, 1999), pp. 208-255.
The Forgotten Tradition: Sikhism in the Study of World Religions" by Mark Jurgensmeyer, in "Sikh Studies: Comparative Perspectives on a Changing Tradition" (Berkeley: Berkeley Religious Studies Series, 1979), pp. 13-24.
Mann, Gurinder Singh. "The Making of Sikh Scripture." New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Introduction and Theoretical Framework
Fox News claims to be "America's 1 Cable News Network." Its tagline reads, "Fair and balanced." But is Fox News truly "fair" and truly "balanced"? Content analysis is the best method to analyze Fox News. Used frequently in media and communications studies, content analysis can be a quantitative and/or a qualitative approach. A quantitative approach is helpful when counting instances of specific words or images and using that numerical data for classification, tracking, or comparisons with other texts. A qualitative approach is broader in scope, potentially multidisciplinary, and rich with potential for discourse.
External validity is the goal of content analysis (Downe-Wamboldt, 2009). This is because content analysis enables the social sciences to have real-world meaning and application (Colin, n.d.). Content analysis of major media sources like Fox News are meaningful in the real world, because of the huge impact television viewing has on human…
Colin, R. (n.d.) Real world research: A resource for social scientists and practitioner-researchers. Retrieved online: http://media.matthewsbooks.com.s3.amazonaws.com/documents/tocwork/063/9780631213055.pdf
Comstock, G. (1978). Television and Human Behavior. New York: Columbia University Press.
Downe-Wamboldt, B. (2009). Content analysis: method, application, and issues. Health Care for Women International 13(3).
Fox News.com. Retrieved online: http://www.foxnews.com/
Internet Culture through Internet Relay Chat (IRC)/Chat room Language in Yahoo! Channels
This research will study the kind of language used in Yahoo! channels in Internet Relay Chat (IRC) rooms in the United States. This multi-method (quantitative-qualitative) study will determine the form, content, and meaning of the chat room language through the analysis of acronyms, emoticons, jargon, and speech. In addition to the analysis of these linguistic codes, chat room language will be studied as a new system of communication where the kind of language, user profiles, and norms / conventions / 'netiquette' within the Internet culture will be identified. This research will, in effect, contribute and provide essential information about the emerging phenomena of Internet culture and Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC), particularly in the American setting.
To determine and describe the American Internet culture through the aspect of language as determined in Yahoo! channels' Internet Relay Chat (IRC)…
John Woo (1997)
In 1997, John Woo directed Face/Off movie that is action thriller movie. The report studies the roles played by actors and the plot of the movie critically. It sorts out the quality of sounds used in the movie and the styles adopted by actors and directors. The movie uses concept of face changing faces which are not new yet the movie makes an effort towards elaborating the concept. The movie is based on blood-shed genre with thrilling adventure that goes on as the characters fight to get to the bomb ticking in L.A. Movie is not only about the story but it is also about the cinema experience that is based on quality of acting, style, direction, sounds, lights, timing and use of technology. The report covers different technical aspects as used in the movie Face/Off by John Woo.
Dargis, M., (2009). "Action! The New York Times." Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
Face/Off, (2012), Retrieved from:
Maslin, J., (2003), "Face/Off (1997); Review Summary," Retrieved from:
Note: correlations do not indicate cause. Changes in style of offline media, if apparent, may be due to any number, or composite, of factors.
In order to encourage people to answer, question will be minimal. I will use a Likert scale with some questions being open-ended and others being closed. I would also pilot survey on a reflective population sample beforehand in order to ensure understanding, clarity, and relevance of questions. I would furthermore process study with IRB beforehand so as to screen for possible ethical concerns and have an objective group of associates read and decipher results so that misinterpretation will be prevented. Participants too may be approached for feedback in order to ensure that their responses have been correctly deciphered.
Variables / Concepts:
The independent variable is 'social media'. The dependent variable is 'traditional media.
QUAL: phenomenological / textual analysis
Breakwell, G.M., Hammond, S., & Fife-Schaw, C. (2007). Research methods in psychology. Sage, USA.
Creswell, J. (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
It is never just about the music.
No matter how great the musician, music is always the expression of an entire culture, of a moment in history, of a particular place in time. The genius of a particular musician, the synergy of a particular group - these are both essential to the success or failure of a particular group. But that success or failure is never intrinsic to a single song, to a single album. Music that succeeds - both in its own time and later - does so because it has the ability to express something important about that moment in time. eggae has been able to provide just such an expression of the beliefs of a particular people at a moment in history for the last two years - and it has been able to do so because of its ability to change with larger political…
ecommendations for Organizations
The many factors of data mining and their use for profiling customers and their needs also create opportunities for organizations to build greater levels of trust with their customers as well. And trust is the greatest asset any marketer can have today. The following are a series of recommendations for how organizations can address demographic influences that impact their marketing strategies in light of concerns surrounding the ethics of data mining.
First, it is imperative, across all demographic segments that marketers make a deliberate a very clear effort to explain their opt-in and opt-out policies and also provides evidence that they do what they claim to in this area. The greatest challenge for the consumer is controlling their personal information online and ensuring it is well managed to their preferences (Pratt. Conger, 2009). Marketers who give consumer control over their data in this way will…
Adams, N.M. (2010). Perspectives on data mining. International Journal of Market Research, 52(1), 11.
Bose, I., & Chen, X. (2009). Hybrid models using unsupervised clustering for prediction of customer churn. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 19(2), 133.
Kaiser, C., & Bodendorf, F. (2012). Mining consumer dialog in online forums. Internet Research, 22(3), 275-297.
Kiron, D. (2012). Why detailed data is as important as big data. MIT Sloan Management Review, 53(4), 1-3.
Creating East and West
Nancy isaha's book Creating East and West: Renaissance Humanists and the Ottoman Turks is at once groundbreaking and unfortunately limited. The book is groundbreaking because it pushes back the development of European views regarding the Ottoman Empire, and non-Western peoples more generally, to the age of the Renaissance, rather than the age of colonialism and imperialism. y highlighting how the Renaissance saw a shift from a medieval era concept of a religious opposition between East and West to a post-medieval dichotomy of civilization vs. barbarism, the book draws a direct line between the Renaissance humanists and the later Europeans who would adopt ideas like the "White Man's urden" to legitimize their colonial activities. However, at the same time the book feels woefully limited, because although it does an effective job of recentering the development of the East-West, barbarism-civilization dichotomy in the Renaissance, it fails to effectively…
Bisaha, Nancy. Creating East and West: Renaissance Humanists and the Ottoman Turks.
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.
Dursteler, Eric. "Creating East and West: Renaissance Humanists and the Ottoman Turks."
Renaissance Quarterly 58, no. 3 (2005): 904-906.
Shakespeare's "Hamlet" is perhaps one of the most famous and hotly debated literary artifacts ever written. However, because literary critics and historians have discussed the work so often, it is easy to forget that Shakespeare wrote his tragedy as a play to be performed in the context of an Elizabethan production, to an Elizabethan audience. It is a refreshing antidote to some of more modern textual analysis of this performed text, which views the central character as a kind of an early existentialist, to consider "Hamlet" in light of its original audience.
Stephen Greenblatt's book Hamlet in Purgatory attempts to accomplish this. Greenblatt advances the theory that Hamlet, rather than simply being a tragedy about a man who could not make up his mind, is really about a man wrestling with the shifting religious climate of early Protestant England, a country still in great religious flux. Greenblatt states that for…
Greenblatt, Stephen. Hamlet in Purgatory. New York, 2002.
Greenblatt, Stephen. "Hamlet." Introductory essay to the play from The Norton Shakespeare, edited by Greenblatt, Stephen. New York: Norton & Company, 1997.
Gurr, Andrew. The Shakespearean Stage 1574-1642. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Mullaney, Steven. "Civic Rites, City Sites: The Place of the Stage." From Staging the Renaissance, edited by Kastan, David Scott and Stallybrass, Peter. New York: Routledge, 1992; 17-26.
psychiatric nursing practice in Australian prisons," Doyle (1999) attempts to discern what factors influence psychiatric nursing care. In particular, the researcher attempted to decide what factors may influence a nurse's ability to work effectively under straining circumstances, in this case working with challenging patients in a prison.
The problem as the researcher states it is that more than 100,000 patients require treatment while living in prison and correctional institutions. The unique client group presents many challenges to nursing staff including mental illness and developmental disabilities. In addition many patients are emotionally unstable. The author clearly identifies problems associated with providing optimal health care to incarcerated offenders. Also noted are the increased mortality rate and disease rate among this population.
Nurses must often face challenging situations. They are often tasked with working with difficult patients. In addition they may face technological obstacles or conflicting values when working in certain settings, or…
Doyle, J. (1999). "A qualitative study of factors influencing psychiatric nursing practice in Australian prisons." Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 35(1):29
Lather, P. (1991). Getting smart. New York: Routledge.
Massarik, F. (1981). The intervening process re-examined. In P. Reason & J. Rowan
(Eds.), Human enquiry: A source book of new paradigm research (pp. 201-207). New York: Wiley.
television shows such as Dexter influence and/or desensitize people?
The aim of this particular thesis question was to understand the perception of the idea of 'attaining justice through any means'. Hence, this proposed thesis will mainly look to understand how a TV show like Dexter can influence the idea of justice as well as how and through what means justice can be implemented and achieved in reality.
eception Idea: Summary
eception concept is a variation of visitor feedback fictional idea that highlights the visitor's reception of a fictional content. It is usually called audience reception in the analysis of interactions designs. In fictional researches, reception idea stemmed from the job of Hans-obert Jauss in the 1960s. It was most prominent throughout the 1970s and very early 1980s in Germany and United States (Fortier 132), and amid some remarkable function in Western Europe. A type of reception idea has actually likewise…
Geiser-Getz, G. (1998). Chapter in Critical Approaches to Television (Berg, L.R.V., Wenner, L.A. And Gronbeck, B.E.). Houghton Mifflin Company. New York: Boston.
Real, M.R. (1996). Exploring Media Culture: A Guide. Communication and Human Values, Sage Publications. International Educational and Professional Publisher, Thousand Oaks, London.
Creswell, 2009). Given the range of resources that will come under study in this research, a meta-analysis is not readily applicable. Typically, with a retrospective study of this scale, more research is discarded than retained for analysis. Further, a number of large studies have been conducted on this general topic, including research commissioned by Congress ("CNSTAT," 2003; OTA," 1983). Using a descriptive research approach, the researcher will utilize primary and secondary data sources (Creswell, 2009). Document review will constitute a large proportion of the secondary research data. Primary research will consist of interviews with select Individuals in professional positions who are privy to agency information about the use and outcomes of polygraphs.
The corpus of literature will provide a substantive amount of secondary data for analysis and will inform the direction of further efforts at primary research. A comprehensive literature review will be employed to identify pertinent documents for…
Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences and Education (BCSSE) and Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT) (2003). The Polygraph and Lie Detection. United States National Research Council (Chapter 8: Conclusions and Recommendations, page 212
Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Iacono, W.G. (2001). Forensic 'lie detection': Procedures without scientific basis, Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 1 (1), pp. 75-86.
Office of Technology Assessment (November 1983). Scientific validity of polygraph testing: A research review and evaluation.
Most likely, it was secondary data -- that is, analysis -- that led to these houses' placement on the map.
There are several elements that could be useful to this map that are not included. For example, the division of the community into different areas (residential, commercial, industrial, etc.) might provide some more clues to the rate/placement of the burglaries. Similarly, median incomes/home prices for each given area might be important elements. There is very little about the map that is not pertinent, however; though there appears to be little relation between the burglaries and the location of suspected drug houses, this is important to know and recognize, and leaving the drug houses off the map would eliminate this knowledge. Other information that could usefully be included in this map includes some basic details about the individual burglaries -- whether cars were broken into or left unlocked (especially important in…
Safety Decisions in High School Football
This paper focuses on one aspect of high school football safety. The study explores the issue of higher levels of injury being associated with a particular brand or brands of football helmets worn by high school athletes who play football, and the institutional decisions and actions that follow disclosure of such information. A recent study by Virginia Tech rated helmets worn by professional football players -- helmets worn by high school students have not yet been rated by the university. The study compared helmets manufactured by three companies. High ratings were given to the iddell Speed, the iddell evolution, the iddell evolution IA, the Schutt Ion 4D, the Schutt DNA, and the Xenith X1. Medium ratings were given to the Schutt Air XP and Schutt Air Advantage. Players were warned by Virginia Tech not to wear the iddell VS4 and the Adams A2000. No…
Di Scala, C., S. Scavo Gallagher, and S.E. Schneps. (1997). Causes and outcomes of pediatric injuries occurring at school, Journal of School Health, 67, 384-9.
FACTS About Certified Athletic Trainers and The National Athletic Trainers' Association Retrieved http://www.vata.us/aboutvata/FactsaboutATCS.pdf
International Federation of Sports Medicine, Excessive physical training in children and adolescents, (1991). Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, 1, 262-4.
Gerberich, Susan Goodwin, et al., (1983). Concussion incidences and severity in secondary school varsity football players, American Journal of Public Health, 73, 1370-5.
innovative tradition. Many great authors began their careers by writing short stories. Many authors whom were/are already successful practice and hone their craft by writing short stories. In the 21st century, there are many writers who specialize in short story writing, and there are in fact, new genres of short story writing in fiction, such as flash fiction, which are super short stories. Short stories provide authors a space where there are fewer rules than longer forms of fiction and even nonfiction. Short stories, in a way, are like poetry. Though poems are often bound and structured by many kinds of forms and cadences, poetry is one of the most expressive and difficult forms of literature to construct. The same goes for short stories. Short stories, at first glance, are superficially simple, yet in order to exploit the genre to its fullest and deliver a poignant or gripping emotional impact,…
This again stresses that God's love has nothing to do with Israel's attractiveness and everything to do with God's grace.
"Kept the oath" (v. 8). God's love is faithful. We should not be surprised that God chose Israel in its weakness. This is exactly what God did in Genesis 12:1-3. The promise of children and a land made to an old, childless couple seemed impossible. Yet they conceived, and the promise of land is about to be fulfilled for Israel now, on the verge of the Jordan, attesting to God's faithfulness.
"Covenant loyalty" (v. 9) is an excellent rendering of the hendiadys "the covenant and the loyalty." (Hendiadys consists of two nouns joined by "and," expressing a single idea.) The word for "loyalty" (hesed) is of the essence in covenantal situations, since it refers to the mutual commitments pledged by each of the parties. On the human side, it becomes…
"Aseret Hadiberot," Cited in:
Berrigan, D. No Gods But One: Deuteronomy. Eerdmans, 2009.
Bevan, D. Literature and the Bible. Rodopi Press, 2006.
The words of 'I regret to have killed' in the Battle of Dragon and Tiger were too poor. I'll thrash you with a steel mace was still the best. But when he wanted to raise his hands, he remembered that they were bound together; so he did not sing I'll thrash you either."(113)
Lu Hsun's narrator in the story is another highlight of the work. The narrator is as fictional as the protagonist himself and maintains completely authority over the story's events. He chooses when and how an event would be described. In the first Chapter, he speaks in first person but turns to third person from there on. He describes himself as an -old-fashioned Chinese intellectual whose voice is at times smug because of his access to knowledge and his position as the writer. He shows a range of emotions towards Ah Q. from condescension and criticism to sympathy…
L.D. Pozdneeva, Lu Hsun: His Life and Works, 1881-1936 Moscow: Moscow State University, 1959
Smith Arthur H. Chinese Characteristics. New York: Revell, 1894
Li Tuo. " Xuebeng hechu?" (Where does the avalanche fall?). Preface to Yu Hua, Shiba sui chumen yuanxing (Leaving home at the age of eighteen). Taipei: Yuanliu, 1990,
Lu Hsun, Zaitan baoliu," (My further reservation) Complete works of Lu Xun 5: 114 wen ben 'Ah Q. zhengzhuan' xu ji zhuzhe zixu zhuanlue," Complete works of Lu Xun 7: 77
Dramatic eading for ESL
Differentiated eading with 10th Grade EFL Students
ESL literature is replete with studies focused on optimal learning environments and enhancements to student motivation (Lazaraton, 1886). Some of this literature parallels earlier work by linguists, psychologists (Harter, 1981), and educators (ichards & odgers, 2001), and early childhood researchers (Vygotsky, 1986) who specialize in language acquisition. Indeed, there is a plethora of anecdotal information about how to use visuals, games, music, and drama to increase ESL students' engagement in their learning. However, formal research about the effectiveness of drama as context for teaching English as a second language is not readily found in the literature.
This case study offers a discussion of the use of drama as part of a differentiated reading strategy to teach literature to 10th grade ESL students. Although the highlighted strategy is generally applicable, the literature used in this exercise is Of Mice and…
Baxter, J. (1999). A message from the old world to the new: Teaching classic fiction through drama. English Journal, 89(2), 119-124.
Berlinger, M.R. (2000). Encouraging English expression through script-based improvisations. The Internet TESL Journal, VI (4), April 2000. Retrieved February 25, 2011. from http://iteslj.org/Techniques/Berlinger-ScriptImprov.html
Boulton, M. (1968). The anatomy of drama (3rd ed.). London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd.
Celce-Murcia, M. (2001). Teaching English as a second or foreign language (3rded.). Boston: Heinle & Heinle.
Thee ae those that believe that qualitative eseach is the best fom of eseach, wheeas othes insist that only quantitative methods ae appopiate in a eseach envionment (CSU, 2004). Still othes ague that both appoaches ae useful and appopiate though one is often moe indicated than the othe depending on the exact phenomena being examined and the natue o intent of the eseach being conducted (Potte, 1996; Lee & Poynton, 2000).
Fed Kelinge once exclaimed that "thee is no such thing as qualitative data, eveything is eithe one o zeo," howeve his claim is counteed by anothe eseache, Campbell, who asseted that "all eseach ultimately has a qualitative gounding" (CSU, 2004).
Given the geat debate that exists, eseaches often find it difficult to detemine which stategy is best and which is most likely to be accepted by pees when pesenting a eseach pogam. Most eseaches would aggess howeve that qualitative…
Douglas, J. (1976). Investigative social research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publishing.
Firestone, W. (1987). "Meaning in method: The rhetoric of quantitative and qualitative research." Educational Researcher, 16: 16-21
Gall, Meredith, Gall, Joyce P., & Borg, Walter R. (2003). Educational
Research, 7th edition. New York, New York: A and B. Publishing.
"Always in debt, Poe both sought and sneered at the popular audience of his day." -- Andre Carrilho
Poe is said to have believed that fiction was art only as much as it avoided didactics and carried the meaning lightly, leaving much to the imagination of the reader (Jannaccone 1974). Telling a story that engages readers deeply and introducing characters that readers truly care about are attributes of interesting fiction. Poe's literary style is invitational, encouraging readers to fully engage in the story. Fans of Poe will enjoy his "virtuosic, showy, lilting, and slightly wilting quality, like a peony just past bloom" (Lepore 2009). If the readers are enthralled in a gothic tale, they may anticipate an ending capable of thrilling and astonishing them; nonetheless, they will remain gripped by the emerging story until the dramatic ending. Poe further compelled his readers by setting realistic details in his fiction…
Corbett, Edward P.J. (1985), "Introduction." Rhetorical Analyses of Literary Works. Oxford University Press.
Gursimesek, Odul and Krotner, Kirsten. (2014, November). Lost spoiler practices: Online interaction as social participation. Participations: Journal of Audience and Reception Studies, 11(2). Institute for the Study of Culture, Media Studies, University of Southern Denmark.
Jannaccone, Pasquale (translated by Peter Mitilineos) (1974). "The Aesthetics of Edgar Poe." Poe Studies, 7 (1). doi:10.1111/j.1754-6095.1974.tb00224.x
Lepore, J. (2009, April 27). The humbug: Edgar Allan Poe and the economy of horror. The New Yorker.
Computer games have lamentably been kept to such niche, and exist under a false essence as being immature and a waste of time. While, beyond any doubt, there are in fact whimsical/childish computer games out there, that doesn't imply that there aren't mature, engaging and worthwhile video games out there; just because there are childish films and TV programs out there it does not detract from the more quality shows. y and large, narrative and games share a couple of characteristics; however games are a little different niche due to their interactivity and simulation. Additionally, the improvement of game has demonstrated that stories are only a part of the game. They do not form the key element of game, they help the need to keep games interesting and entertaining[footnoteRef:2],[footnoteRef:3]. Narrative too is kind of representative because it lacks the interactivity and the limitations inherent in using stories and the experience…
"Next Level." Next Level. http://gamedev.dmlive.co.nz/page/12/.
Aarseth, Espen J. Cybertext: perspectives on ergodic literature. JHU Press, 1997.
Aarseth, Espen. "A narrative theory of games." In Proceedings of the international conference on the foundations of digital Games. ACM, 2012.
Barker, Sammy. "Review: Beyond: Two Souls (PlayStation 3)." Push Square. October 8, 2013.
Sociolinguistics - How gender influences the way people speak?
Definition of keywords
Sociolinguistics: This is a study of language in respect of social, class, regional, gender and occupational factors.
Gender: It is the condition of being a female or a male and is mostly used in relation to cultural and social differences.
Gender Equality: A condition in which the opportunities and rights are not affected by the change of gender.
Speak: To say in order to express or convey feelings or conversation (oxforddictionaries.com)
Within the study of discourse, comparative analysis of the way women and men use language has been a topic of interest for quite some time. However, to date no coherent framework for gender differences in language and its use has been established empirically, despite relatively extensive theorizing. One reason for this lack of framework lies in the absence of a consensus in how language, whether written or…
Bridges of Madison County.(2010). Daily Motion.com. (Video) Retrieved from: http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xehubk_the-bridges-of-madison-county-1995_music
Cameron, D., 2007. The Guardian. [Online] Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/oct/01/gender.books [Accessed 29 November 2014].
Carli, L.L. (1999). Gender, interpersonal power, and social influence. Journal of Social Issues, 55, 81-99.
Freilino, J.P., Caswell, A. & Laasko, E., 2012. The Gendering of Language: A Comparison of Gender Equality in Countries with Gendered, Natural Gender, and Genderless Languages. Springer, pp. 268-281
She...handles Rosencrantz and Guildenstern with skill and diplomacy...has the accent of command with her son...witty and perceptive about Polonius...she is not stupid at her job: there she gives out and reserves herself in good proportion." (Pennington 160) Gertrude's performance in the court shows Branagh makes a commitment as a director to giving the female characters of the play individualistic integrity beyond their ability to mirror different Oedipal aspects of the central protagonist's development. "There isn't an iota of sexual energy or tension in Hamlet's confrontation with his mother," unlike Oliver's version, where a bed is featured in the confrontation scene between Hamlet and his mother in Act IV, Scene 3. (Rosenberg, 1996) Julie Christie's Gertrude is morally conflicted about what she has done, and increasingly aware that she might have married a murderer after the confrontation of the closet scene. But Oliver's Gertrude is simply infatuated with her son. She…
Dashille, Chris. "Hamlet." 1999. Cinescene. [26 Nov 2006] http://www.cinescene.com/dash/flicks101999.html
Dawson, Andrew. Hamlet. Shakespeare in Performance Series. General Editors JR.
Mulryne and J.C. Bulman. New York: Manchester University Press, 1995.
Hamlet." Directed by Lawrence Oliver. 1948.
Therefore, we may conclude that the speaker has some cognitive function from the structure of the speech, even if it is based on a very basic set of language rules (Samarin 1972 120).
Three major linguistic traits emerged from other research into the subjec. Regardless of the geographic area, educational level, or age of the individual, glossolalia consists of:
Verbal behavior that has a certain number of consanants and vowels.
There seem to be a limited number of syllables that are reorganized into larger units.
These units are then rearranged using variations in pitch, volume, speed and intensity (e.g. A "word" group spoken with different inflections).
The "words" put together seem haphazard but emerge as word and sentence like because of the use of realistic timbre, rhythm, and melody (Samarin 1972).
Other research confims that glossolalia shows an oddly definitive syballant commonality with the particular spoken language of the speaker.…
Aquinas, T. "Summa Theologica Question 176." New Advent. March 2008. http://www.newadvent.org/summa/3176.htm (accessed September 2010).
Bock, D. Acts: Baker Exegetical Commentary. Ada, MI: Baker Academic, 2007.
Chavda, M. The Hidden Power of Speaking in Tongues. Shippensburg, PA: Destiny Image Publishers, 2003.
Coffman, J. "Commentary on Mark 16." Abeline Christian University Press. 1999. http://www.searchgodsword.org/com/bcc/view.cgi?book=mr&chapter=016 (accessed September 2010).
Gnostics believed that they belonged to the "true church" of an elect few who were worthy; the orthodox Christians would not be saved because they were blind to the truth.
Part E -- Content - if we then combine the historical outline of the "reason" for John's writings with the overall message, we can conclude that there are at least five major paradigms present that are important in a contextual analysis of John.
John 5:13 - I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life. This seems to point that John saw a clear difference between those who believed in Jesus as the Son of God, but were unsure about eternal life. However, if we look back at other parts of his Gospel, we do find repetition of this theme. In John 1:5-7,…
Raymond Brown, "Does the New Testament Call Jesus God?" Theological Studies.26: 1,
Clark, N. Interpreting the Resurrection. (London: SCM Press, 1967).
Hamilton, James. God's Indwelling Presence: The Holy Spirit in the Old and New Testaments.
Maxx Company -- Strategic Marketing Plan
TK Maxx Strategic Marketing Plan
TK Maxx is expanding beyond the brick and mortar footprint that helped it rise to the top of retail operations in the United Kingdom. As with its competitors, TK Maxx has entered the mobile digital market and is implementing multiple distribution channels (McVey, 1960). The company has a clear target market that transcends the various channels over which its goods are marketed. This is the case because the market segment targeted by TK Maxx is made up of digital natives or consumers who have discovered the benefits of being technologically savvy -- particularly for shopping.
The marketing objectives for TK Maxx were identified as follows:
To increase market share for kid's shoes by 25% by September 2018.
To increase market share in home textiles by 15% by September 2018.
To increase e-commerce sales of designer bags and accessories by…
Bankruptcy announcement. (2012) Feline's Basement. Available at http://www.filenesbasement.com/
Burt S. And Sparks L (2003) Competitive analysis of the retail sector in the UK. Institute for Retail Studies, University of Stirling: 78.
Cavazza, M. (2004), 'Nanotechnology promises to alter the face of fashion', Retail Week, (11 June, 2004)
Case study: Total Logistics takes it to the max for TK Maxx. (2001) Total Logistics. Available at http://www.total-logistics.eu.com/supply-chain-documents/2011_TK-Maxx_CS.pdf
Global Perspectives on Leadership
Working with individuals from Latin America requires significant consideration of various factors that influence the relationship and the realization of a shared organizational objective. Firstly, taking into consideration the cross-cultural communication that will dominate the interaction with individuals from this culture is imperative. The fact that cultural differences exist translate to the communication breakdown that should be managed by the leader of an organization. Developing a culture-sensitive environment will help eliminate such barriers. The leader should also consider the context and content of understanding business setup when working with individuals with Latin America culture. Textual analysis shows that Latin business culture focuses on the broad aspects of the organizational relationship, social approaches, and broad circumstances influencing the business (Moran, 2011, p. 215).
However, the culture of other states such as the U.S. places a strong emphasis on the communication content. The content of focus includes facts,…
Moran, Robert T. Managing Cultural Differences: Global Leadership Strategies for Cross-Cultural Business Success (8th Edition).: Routledge, . (2011). Print
Many members of the ruling elites of Israel were constantly attempting to negotiate a tenuous peace with the Romans, because of Israel's weak military position. Hence the guerilla presence of the bandits of the title, and the religious preachers and messiahs who spoke against the ruling authority's compliance in apocalyptic terms.
This was why the teachings of Jesus were so controversial. Pharisees, Sadducees, Scribes and Essenes all fought for the allegiance of the masses and for the legitimacy of the nation, in a nation that was occupied, yet where nationhood and religious authority were synonymous in the minds of many. And yet, these well-known names of groups such as the Pharisees only comprised very small segment of the population -- many of the religious contemporary rivals of Jesus and the ruler ship of the Romans have been lost to the ages.
Although the focus of the book is historical and…
Horsley, Richard a. & John S. Hansen.
Bandits, Prophets & Messiahs. New York: Trinity Press International, 1999.
Gender and Islam Books
The war in Iraq has shone attention on the plight of women in the Middle East. For many scholars, the issue of the rights of women as mandated in Islamic texts and the role of Muslim women in the contemporary Islamic world is one of the most pressing issues.
This paper examines two works that shed light in this regard -- Islam, Gender, and Social Change edited by Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad and John L. Esposito and Leila Ahmed's Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate.
Both books provide a rich background of the history and modern-day context women living under the Islamic religion. The first part of this paper gives a summary of selected readings from Islam, Gender, and Social Change and of Ahmed's work. The second part then gives a critique of the works. In the final section, the paper relates…
I longed for a mother with a scarf on her head and a skin so dark that I never would have to be afraid at night again that the sun would ever burn me" (350). It is this sense of personal shame of having a white mother, caused by the teasing of her peers, that perhaps drives the daughter's longing to travel to Surinam someday to meet her extended family and learn of her black father's roots. "… I began to think about everything, about who my parents were, about my mother, about where my father is from, about what I am, about who were are together" (349).
Her parents are reluctant to allow their daughter to go, but finally give in when it is the summer of the grandmother's eightieth birthday. The father and daughter make the long trip to Surinam. "I knew that we were flying away from…
Danticat, Edwidge. "Nineteen Thirty-Seven." The Oxford Book of Caribbean Short Stories, Ed. Stewart Brown and John Wickham. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 447-456. Print.
Hunter, Andrea G. And Robert J. Taylor. "Grandparenthood in African-American Families." Handbook on Grandparenthood, Ed. Maximilane Szinovacz.. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998. 70-86. Print.
Marshall, Paule. "To Da-duh, in Memoriam." The Oxford Book of Caribbean Short Stories, Ed. Stewart Brown and John Wickham. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 159-168. Print.
Roemer, Astrid. "The Inheritance of my Father: A Story for Listening." The Oxford Book of Caribbean Short Stories, Ed. Stewart Brown and John Wickham. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 348-361. Print.
My article indicates the power that lies in government administration, whilst criticizing certain use and aspects of that power.
Game theory, which sees workers as self-interested individuals, rather than perceiving them in an instrumental sense, can work for this article, since seeing government employees as individuals in their own right rather than tools to be arbitrarily shifted around may hinder the evolving Door policy.
Networked theory may be plausible here, for our society at bottom consists of stratified, interconnected levels, and the evolving Door policy, as my article attempts to show, is illustrative of contemporary society.
Kettl states that public administration is wired into the American political system and coming from different traditions, results in conflicting values. Hierarchical authority has still retained its clasp and that whilst network theory can offer potential; it needs to be carefully incorporated if done so. My article offers a system towards this end of…
George, S. (1997). Winning the war of ideas. TNI.
Kettl, D. Public Administration at the Millennium, J-Part 10, 2000
Pollitt, C. Envisioning Public Administration as a Scholarly Field in 2020, PA Review, 70, 2010
Exegesis of Psalm 91:1
Hayes and Holladay (2007) state that exegetical works are an exercise in "leading" readers of Scripture, in the sense that they act as interpretive signposts designed to assist readers in comprehending the Word of God (p. 1). This paper provides an exegetical analysis of Psalm 91:1-16 and discusses how the writer of the Psalm shows that God favors those who show complete faith in His ability to look after His faithful sons.
The Book of Psalms is a poetic collection of songs written by David, the shepherd boy who grew up to be a king, chosen by God to rule over His chosen people. The psalms are hymns expressing a range of thoughts, prayers, joys, pains, gladness and wonder. David's life was filled with such range -- from his slaying of Goliath, to his persecution by his family and friends, to his triumphant guidance…
Brueggemann, W. (1984). The Message of the Psalms: A Theological Commentary.
Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing.
Hayes, J., Holladay, C. (2007). Biblical Exegesis: a beginner's handbook. London:
Westminster John Knox Press.
Nagel, Blignaut, and Cronje (2008) focus on the establishment of an online community, its benefits for the completion of an online learning course, and also its potential pitfalls in terms of student relationships and the learning process itself. According to the authors, one of the most important challenges that deserve attention is the phenomenon of "read-only" participants, who tend to only skim over posted work and deliberately harvests the posts of their peers without any equivalent effort of their own. The aim of the article is then to find ways in which this type of behavior can be discouraged to promote ways in which all students can derive the maximum benefit and enjoyment from the online environment.
The credibility of the article can be based upon the highly thorough literature review that provides not only a wide variety of sources that have been investigated, but also multiple perspectives. As…
Palloff, R.M and Pratt, K. (2007). Building online learning communities: effective strategies for the virtual classroom. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.
Roper, A.R. (2007). How Students Develop Online Learning Skills. Educare Quarterly, Vol. 30, No. 1. Retrieved from: http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Quarterly/EDUCAUSEQuarterlyMagazineVolum/HowStudentsDevelopOnlineLearni/157435
Young, S. (2006). Student Views of Effective Online Teaching in Higher Education. The American Journal of Distance Education, Vol. 20, No. 2. Retrieved from: http://www.personal.psu.edu/khk122/woty/AJDE/Young%202006.pdf
Instead of adhering to older laws, which may have been based on conditions that no longer apply to members of the modern world, Conservative Jews are urged to develop Jewish law and thought in the same way that they have historically been developed. While Conservative Judaism respects both Orthodox and eform Judaism, it has theological differences from both of the other variants of abbinic Judaism. Conservative Jews believe that Orthodox Jews have hampered the natural and necessary evolution of Jewish law by adhering to traditions and laws that developed in a context outside of the modern world. Furthermore, Conservative Jews believe that eform Jews have made a major break with the historic definition of Judaism, and therefore have abandoned the method of evolution of Jewish law. While Conservative Jews do not condemn eform Jews for their interpretations of Jewish law, they do not necessarily feel that eform Jews' beliefs are…
Conservative Judaism. Retrieved October 23, 2005, from Wikipedia Web site: http://www.secaucus.us/project/wikipedia/index.php/Conservative_Judaism
Orthodox Judaism. Retrieved October 23, 2005, from Wikipedia Web site: http://www.secaucus.us/project/wikipedia/index.php/Orthodox_Judaism
Rabbinic Judaism. Retrieved October 23, 2005, from Wikipedia Web site: http://www.secaucus.us/project/wikipedia/index.php/Rabbinic_Judaism
Reform Judaism. Retrieved October 23, 2005, from Wikipedia Web site: http://www.secaucus.us/project/wikipedia/index.php/Reform_Judaism
In 2006, author and activist Michael Pollan published his classic treatise on America's agricultural abandonment, The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural history of Four Meals, which critiques the growing disconnect between the food we consume and the processes used to bring it to our plates in evocative and eloquent terms. By posing the seemingly simple question of what mankind should eat, Pollan disassembles the modern meal in methodical fashion, guiding the reader through the convoluted industry of industrialized agriculture, from the massive corn farming conglomerates that have largely replaced traditional family farms to the processing plants used to modify and preserve food products through artificial means. Much of Pollan's career has been dedicated to exposing what he has termed "the perverse economics of agriculture, which would seem to defy the classical laws of supply and demand" (2006), and throughout The Omnivore's Dilemma he returns to the idea that unrestrained…
Pollan, M. (2006). The omnivore's dilemma. New York, NY: Penguin Group.
City and Country in 'The Prince of Tides'
William Shakespeare's comedies often differentiate between the staid, political atmosphere of the court and the city, and the raucous carnival atmosphere of the forest and the countryside. Often, characters will escape the court to the forest to explore their inner depths and their passions. The result is a dichotomy that permeates several of his plays: even from close textual analysis of one passage in a Shakespeare comedy, the reader is able to discern whether the scene takes place in the court or in the forest.
There is a similar breakdown in Pat Conroy's "Prince of Tides." Scenes and flashbacks switch between New York City and the low-country in South Carolina. Like in Shakespeare's comedies, "Prince of Tides" also makes it very easy to discern exactly where each scene is taking place. In a novel of violence, deception and denial, the low-country in…