Theater Essays (Examples)

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Theatre Today

Words: 1052 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42104414

Theatre Today & Theatre for Me

Theatre, as a genre of creative expression, is still very much valid in the 21st century. It originated thousands of years ago, and still draws crowds in the 21st century around the world. Many of the classic plays of many cultures are still performed, as well as adaptations of other forms (such as films, songs, etc.) are transformed into plays that interest and captivate audiences. Of the plays we read in the course this term, I was able to find value in all of them, but I did not personally enjoy all of the plays.

Theatre today is sometimes based on historical events and figures, as well as new takes on old ideas in modern forms. Many plays are period pieces, and in many cities, such as New York City and London, there is a proliferation of one-person plays (one man show, or a…… [Read More]

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Theatre - An Art and

Words: 1078 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67077387

Most of Fugard's plays stand as a proof of reality reflected in theatre as an art of real life. Athol Fugard's play My Children! My Africa reflects a cruel reality of his times: South Africa's dehumanizing system of apartheid laws that denied freedom to blacks. Worried that his country would never live in peace, Fugard wrote the play in hopes that the polarization between blacks and whites would end and world will know peace, freedom and understanding between each other. The play is based on a true incident and gives good insights into the situation in South Africa.

My Children, My Africa" is inspired by real events and describes a teacher's attempt (Mr. M) to bring understanding between two of his students: one is a middle class white girl - Isabel - and the other one is a brilliant black boy - Thami - who grew up in Coketown ghetto.…… [Read More]


Fugard, Athol. My Children! My Africa! on December 14, 2006

Stephenson, Leonard to Perform "My Children, My Africa. on December 14, 2006

Theatre. on December 14, 2006 on December 14, 2006
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Theatre Women in Sitcoms the

Words: 1239 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98142066

Towards the end of the play, after Argan finds out about the intentions of his wife and those of his daughter, he agrees for Angelique to marry Cleante, the man she really loves, as long as he agrees to become a doctor. Argan's brother has an even better idea by proposing that Argan be made a doctor himself. To this end, he calls some gypies that perform dances and rituals that make Argan a doctor. According to some versions of the play, during these manifestations, the patient suffers from a heart attack and dies.

"The imaginary invalid" is a highly intriguing play, of recurrent notoriety and secular popularity due to the multitude of themes approached. Some of the more popular of these themes include the greed of the principal character, the rivalry between the daughters and the step mother or the pursuit of financial gains.

Greed is one important element…… [Read More]


Gaines, J.F. The Moliere encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. 2002

Roach, C. The perfect housewife: sitcoms of the 1950s. Yahoo Voices. 2009. accessed on December 10, 2012

Williams, R.L. The Colombia guide to the Latin American novel since 1945. Colombia University Press. 2007.

The adventures of Ozzie and Harriet. / accessed on December 10, 2012
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Theatre English-Speaking Versions of Hamlet vs European

Words: 2617 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22081107


English-speaking versions of Hamlet vs. European versions

The many contemporary interpretations of Shakespeare enacted on the modern stage underline the fact that Shakespeare was a playwright for the ages, not simply a man of his own time. However, in the ways in which Shakespeare has been adapted to modernity, it becomes apparent that modern directors are just as intent upon revealing their own personal preoccupations as well as revealing the nuances of Shakespeare's plays. This can be seen when comparing British interpretations with European and other non-English language stagings of Hamlet. Although the most obvious difference between these two categories is that British interpretations are in the original language of Shakespeare while European stagings are enacted in translation, the difference runs far deeper. English productions tend to emphasize the psychological, internal conflict of Hamlet and view the play in terms of its psychological drama. In contrast, European interpretations of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dasgupta, Gautam. "Germany's Fourth Wall." Performing Arts Journal, 13. 2 (May, 1991):


Goldman, Peter. "Hamlet's Ghost: A Review Article." Greenblatt, Stephen. Hamlet in Purgatory.

Princeton UP, 2001. Anthropoetics 7. 1 (Spring / Summer 2001).
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Theatre Art

Words: 1343 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93824753

Shape of Things:

Theatrical Convention from Class: Suspension of Disbelief -- the audience is made to believe that a man or any person for that matter could become so obsessed with a single person that they are willing to completely change themselves, including having plastic surgery and destroying their interpersonal relationships for a person whose only appeal to them is a sexual one.

Potential Convention: Given the subject matter of the play and the heightened emotions the ending portrays at least on the part of one character that I would try to have the actors deliver their dialogue and their attitudes as realistically as possible.

In the Blood:

Theatrical Convention from Class: Pathos -- the audience is meant to feel sympathy for the main character of this play and to understand her sense of desperation and her inability to find a way to preserve herself and her sense of dignity…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Albee, E. (2000). The Goat or Who is Sylvia? Overlook TP.

Edson, M. (1995). Wit. Faber & Faber.

LaBute, N. (2001). The Shape of Things.

Parks, S. (1999). In the Blood.
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Theatre Art

Words: 1594 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19368416

Blood by Suzan-Lori Sparks expands on the main theme of society's unfair disregard for its people of low condition in general, for women, and for adulterers. Hester La Negrita, the protagonist, is an African-American woman who struggles to survive in poverty along with her five base-born children. The family's outcast status is portrayed as a direct inducer and accelerator of emotional suffering, poverty, lack of education, and sexual exploitation.

(A) From a structural perspective, In the Blood is constructed in two acts and nine scenes, employing a linear plotline (ush, 2005). In this sense, the play debuts with the equilibrium of Hester striving to provide for her children in meager conditions, the inciting incident represented by the suggestion to seek help from the available former lovers and fathers of her children, the major dramatic question of whether or not she will attain it, the developing action as Hester approaches everend…… [Read More]


Bailin, D. (2006). "Our Kind: Albee's Animals in Seascape and the Goat Or, Who Is Sylvia?." The Journal of American Drama and Theatre, Vol. 18, No. 1.

Putnam, R.D. (2000). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Rush, D. (2005). A Student Guide to Play Analysis. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois Printing Press.
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Roman Theatre History Theatre Has

Words: 1668 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 776966

Their plays were similar to the Greeks and many of them were just translated versions. Theatre was an instrument used by the administration to keep the public from devoting much time to the political affairs. Thus any mentioning on stage regarding the political situation or activities would have serious consequences for the author for writing it and the actor for agreeing to perform it. In addition it also served as a purpose to get away from everyday life and worries. It was a part of their life and civilization. As time passed by the theatre evolved but women were not allowed to take part in it for a very long time. With the establishment of churches and the influence of popes, women faced yet another problem in getting accepted as being part of the society. oman theatre was a major influence on the later European theatre and they learnt much…… [Read More]


1) Giulia De Dominicis - Article Title: The Roman Theatres in the Age of Pius VI. Journal Title: Theatre History Studies. Publication Year: 2001. Page Number: 81.

2) Live Hov - Article Title: The 'Women' of the Roman Stage: As Goethe Saw Them. Journal Title: Theatre History Studies. Publication Year: 2001. Page Number: 61.

3) Garret Fagan - Article Title R.C. Beacham. Power into Pageantry: Spectacle Entertainments of Early Imperial Rome. Journal Title: Comparative Drama. Volume: 35. Issue: 3. Publication Year: 2001. Page Number: 465+.

4) The Columbia Encyclopedia - Encyclopedia Article Title: Drama, Western. Encyclopedia Title: The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Publisher: Columbia University Press. Place of Publication: New York. Publication Year: 2004.
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English French Theatre Similarities and

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89298775

The machines were used to create vertical and horizontal movements which had not been done before. In other words, a god could be pictured using the machine as floating down onto the stage, or boats moving across it. Night or dawn could appear, or ghosts (Lawrenson 92). Most of these machine-plays were produced at the Theatre du Marais. There is a difference here, too. The French machine plays reached the public, whereas the English masques of the early century were performed mainly for royalty. Certainly the stage sets for court ballets and opera were more elaborate and special than the public designs since they were subsidized by the royal coffers.

Both English and French theatre took over the new Italian techniques for changing scenery. The French theatre abandoned triangular prisms used in conjunction with painted backdrops. At the beginning, these were painted simultaneously and dropped over or pulled back to…… [Read More]

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Influence of Stanislavsky Outside Theatre

Words: 1909 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58451423


Constantin Stanislavsky is the father of modern acting theory. His theories which he extols in his four books, My Life in Art (1924), An Actor Prepares (1936), uilding a Character (1941), and Creating a Role (1961) have had an unparalleled effect on actors and acting instructors throughout the world. Acting theorists such as Vsevelod Meyerhold, Uta Hagen, and ertold recht have all taken his theories into account while developing their own. Indeed, entire movements in world drama have been in part inspired by the work of Stanislavsky.

ut what of his influence on Russia? During Stanislavsky's life and his career Russia went through many changes. Two major events in Russian history would determine the fate of theatre and as a result Stanislavsky. The first was the failed revolution in 1905. "The great rehearsal," Lenin called it and that's exactly what it was. The second major event was the 1917…… [Read More]


Staislavski, Constantin. An Actor Prepares. New York: Theatre Arts Books. 1936.

Brockett, Oscar G. The History of Theatre. Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon. 1991.

Meyerhold and Stanislavsky: Art and the Politics in the Russian Theatre." Russian Theatre Website.

Konstantin Sergeyevich Stanislavsky." King Norton Boys.
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Subscriber Importance to a Live Theatre Venue

Words: 1129 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71881803

Subscriber Importance to a Live Theatre Venue

The Importance of Subscribers to a Live Theater Venue

Live theater is far different from movies and other types of venues. Unfortunately, people often do not realize that, and they take live venues for granted. hen they do not see the differences or realize how live theater productions work, they do not realize the value of supporting these kinds of venues through subscriptions or sustaining memberships (Vogel, 1998). Becoming a sustaining member of a live theater venue is one of the best ways in which people who love the theater and want to support performing arts can do so, and has been for some time (American, 1966). The same is true of subscriptions, whereby people get newsletters, tickets, and other information - often in advance and at a discount compared to non-subscribers. hile it may not seem significant, these types of helping hands…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Theatre. "Theatre Facts: A Report on Performance and Potential in the American Nonprofit Theatre Based on Theatre Communications Group's Annual Fiscal Survey," April, 1966.

League of American Theatres and Producers, Inc. "Release: Broadway Business Booms into 1998," 22 December 1997.

Vogel, Harold L. Entertainment Industry Economics. Cambridge University Press, 1998.
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Are Theatre Nurses Equipped With the Skills Required to Perform Pre-Operative Visits

Words: 7009 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79311704

Theatre Nurses Equipped With the Skills equired to Perform Pre-Operative Visits

To Perform Pre-Operative Visits?

Are Theatre Nurses Equipped With the Skills equired

To Perform Pre-Operative Visits?


Are Theatre Nurses Equipped With the Skills equired

To Perform Pre-Operative Visits?

Pre-operative assessment is part of the E process that many medical professionals believe can be accomplished on the part of nurses in the unit.. The objective listed for pre-operative assessment is that special requirements for the surgery as well as the peri-operative stay should include identification and coordination of all essential resources, should inform the patients and prepare them to proceed and to ensure the patient's fitness for the procedure(s) scheduled. . The nursing team clinically examines as well as assessing all emergency patients before surgery to ensure the fitness of patients to the greatest possible extent. Strategies include, "redistributing cases from emergency to elective theatre schedules, day case emergency…… [Read More]


Walsgrove H, Fulbrook P.(2005) Advancing the clinical perspective: a practice development project to develop the nurse practitioner role in an acute hospital trust. J Clin Nurs. 2005 Apr;14(4):444-55. PMID: 15807751

Walsgrove H. (2004) Piloting a nurse-led gynaecology preoperative-assessment clinic. Nursing Times. 2004 Jan 20-26; 100(3):38-41. PMID: 14963959

Byrne JP (2000) The South Australian Nurse Practitioner Project: a midwife's perspective on a new initiative.Collegian. 2000 Jul;7(3):37-9. PMID: 11858406

Le-Mon B. (2000) The role of the nurse practitioner. Nurs Stand. 2000 Feb 9-15;14(21):49-51. No abstract available. PMID: 11971310
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Readers' Theatre

Words: 2002 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3342647


Over the last several years, there has been a continuing emphasis on finding ways to improve the total amounts of learning comprehension in reading. Part of the reason for this, is because the achievement scores in these areas have been consistently declining. A good example of this can be seen with a study that was conducted by the National Endowment for the Arts. They found that the total number of Americans who are reading on daily basis has declined by 14% in over 20 years. ("National Endowment for the Arts," 2007) The reason why, is because the advancements in technology and availability of different products (i.e. video games and other forms of entertainment) have created a change the kinds of activities they are involved in. Over the course of time, this has caused most children to read less.

To address these issues and help to improve these numbers, a…… [Read More]


National Endowment for the Arts. (2007). NEA. Retrieved from:

Baflie, C. (2007). Reader's Theater. Reading Rockets. Retrieved from:

Corcoran, C. (2005). A Study of the Effects of Readers Theater. Reading Improvement, 42 (2), 310

Gayla, S. (2008). Increasing Reading -- Literacy Performance. Chicago, IL: Pearson.
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Hamlet A Theatre Review in

Words: 579 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78430484

Dane Johnston gave a stunning performance in the title role of the play. In fitting with the modern interpretation of the classic, Johnston's rendering of Hamlet is akin to the "emo" youth subculture - just as Ophelia is meant to conform to the "gothic" subculture. At the same time, Johnston delivered Hamlet's numerous long monologues with sophistication and ease, proving to the audience that you do not have to fake a British accent in order to accurately capture the Shakespearean essence of the role.

Hamlet's best friends, Horatio (Kit Fugard) and Marcella (Vanessa Downs), were also portrayed as "scene kids," but obviously of an artistic and intelligent nature. Angela Donor's interpretation of Ophelia tended to be a bit melodramatic at some points during the play; at the same time, it can be said that such over-acting may be necessary, as it is part of Ophelia's true nature.

Overall, the technical…… [Read More]

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Creative Theatre Writing Dramatic Dialogue

Words: 495 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12592316

How long has this been going on?

Johnny: Now Vena, nothing's going on. Rochelle just happened to be with me when I went in to Safeway's.

Vena: (voice rising) "Happened" to be with you? It hasn't even been a full year, and already you've moved on to my family members. Is this what you meant by when you said you wanted to see other people? My family? Who's next, my mom!

Johnny: Please, Vena, don't start again. Remember, this is the whole reason why we broke up in the first place. I was going to be graduating, we wouldn't be able to spend as much time together, and you knew you would get jealous.

Vena: But with my cousin? And in my hometown? Didn't you care about me at all; didn't I mean anything to you?

Johnny: (soothingly): Really, I think you're jumping to conclusions. Rochelle wasn't hanging all over…… [Read More]

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Renting vs Theatre as the Price of

Words: 1311 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14899099

Renting vs. Theate

As the pice of a movie ticket ises, movie-watching often becomes a question of: "Is it a ente?" The questions of what makes a movie "a ente" may be only an expession of the viewe's opinion that the quality of the movie does not waant the pice of a movie ticket. Assuming that it is geneally moe expensive to go to the show than to watch a movie on VHS o DVD, and assuming that most people would athe spend less money than moe, when a peson says that a movie is "a ente," he o she is saying that the theate expeience would not enhance the movie enough to make the exta cost wothwhile; howeve, the measue of the value of the theate expeience is puely subjective, depending entiely on the viewe's move-watching pefeences.

Thee ae key diffeences between the movie theate expeience and the expeience…… [Read More]

references than with the quality of the movie.

Differences in the atmosphere


The size of the screen and the quality of the sound

Other people's effect on the viewer's movie-watching experience
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Compare and Contrast Traditional Theatre Grecian to Modern Theatre

Words: 2730 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2326355

Classical and Modern Greek Theater

There are clear connections between the classical and modern theater in Greece - just as there are clear connections between the theater of classical Greece and the modern theater of the est in general. Much of what we believe to be proper theater-making comes from classical works: e still use many of the same ideas about character, about motif, about plot. But even as many of the internal structures have remained the same, the culture in which the plays of ancient and modern Greece are written and produced has changed dramatically, thus changing the content and understanding of the plays themselves. e can see how theater has changed (and how it has not) by examining one particular aspect of that runs through so many Greek plays, the concept of free will.

The works of the ancient Greek playwrights are difficult for us to read within…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bobzien, Susanne. Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Society. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2001.

Edinger, Edward. The Psyche on Stage: Individuation Motifs in Shakespeare and Sophocles. New York: Inner City, 2000. 

Moscati, S. Ancient Semitic Civilizations. New York: Putnam, 1960.

Long. A.A. Stoic Studies. Berkeley: UC Press, 2001.
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How Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Mirrored the Society in the Unity of Order

Words: 2621 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84898701

William Shakespeare was born into a world of words that took him from cold, stone castles in Scotland to the bustling cities of Italy and the high seas of colonial change. An emblem of the Renaissance, the Bard of Avon was not only the conqueror of his own mind and pen, but also of the language of his own social, political, and religious reality. His theatre, the epic Globe, mirrors the stories of the early, bustling London and ever-morphing England in the duration of its own life, from plank and dirt to flame and fame.

By 1598, Richard Burbage was the practicing don of the London theatre world, extending his fingertips for production all over the lively center of British commerce and governance. His players, a collection of all-male actors, were widely recognized throughout the theatre world, one of the only sources of popular entertainment.

Burbage produced the works of…… [Read More]

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She Loves Me Theatre Essay

Words: 661 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59628128

Roundabout's She Loves Me stars Jane Krakowski and Laura Benanti. Other key performers are Zachary Levi and Gavin Creel. Music is by The Jerry Bock and features classical tunes like "ill He Like Me," "Tonight at Eight," and "A Trip to the Library." In the scene the introduces the song "ill He Like Me," the character played by Laura is dressed in a white trench coat and hat with a sing song kind of melody and dress style reminiscent of the 1920's or 40's. Her dark brown hair looks as if it was pin curled and her makeup is faint with a light lip very indicative of classic movies like Casa Blanca.

Jane Krakowski sings "A Trip to the Library and while the set seems a bit a simple throughout the show, especially this number, (the bedroom scene with the number "Vanilla Ice Cream" seemed lazy in its preparation especially…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Roundabout Theatre Company." N.p., 2016. Web. 27 Apr. 2016.
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Theatre Art

Words: 1066 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37629048


The Shape of Things, a play by Neil LaBute, (A) expands on the central themes of society's distortional emphasis on appearances, and art as a potentially limitless and human-sculpting instrument. Linearly structured in three acts, the plot closely follows the problematic evolution of a student couple from a Midwest university. Starting as a discrepant match, Evelyn and Adam develop an oddly unequal relationship, as the former increasingly impacts major changes in the apparel and psychological onset of her partner, who complies with every single suggestion out of innocent devotion.

The public clarification scene from the third act has a great potential for theatricality due to the fact that it comes across as a bitter surprise and a ruthlessly planned humiliation, yet admittedly it challenges the cultural and ethical boundaries concerning art and the human being as object for art. The reason why a large part of the audience exhibits…… [Read More]


Allen, James Sloan. "Tolstoy's Prophesy: "What Is Art?" Today." New Criterion, December 1998: 14-17.

Antakyalioglu, Zekiye. "Chaos Theory and Stoppard's Arcadia." Journal of Istanbul Kultur University, March 2006: 87-93
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Arts Music Film Literature and Theatre

Words: 2572 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93856208

1939, John Steinbeck published his novel The Grapes of rath, and that same year the film version of the story was released. The film was directed by John Ford and was very popular, and the book and the film together reached millions of people. In writing this novel, Steinbeck reflected many of the social, economic, and political currents of the time. The story is set in the Great Depression era, and the Depression was still have its effect in 1939. hat would bring about the end of the Great Depression was already starting in Europe, meaning orld ar II, which does not impinge directly on the story of the Joad family but which we can see from our standpoint today was about to bring about massive changes in American society. The very nature of the story of the Joads, however, links that story to the Depression and its effect on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Banks, Ann. First-Person America. New York: W.W. Norton, 1980.Caldwell, Mary Ellen. "A New Consideration of the Intercalary Chapters in The Grapes of Wrath." Markham Review 3 (1973), 115-119.

Ford, John. The Grapes of Wrath. Twentieth Century-Fox, 1939.

The Grapes of Wrath." Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol. 59. Chicago: Gale, 1989.

Groene, Horst. "Agrarianism and Technology in Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath." Southern Review (9:1)(1976), 27-31.
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Women in Theatre

Words: 585 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46212302

Tragedy of Mariam" by Elizabeth Cary

Elizabeth Cary is an Englishwoman who received acclaim because of her written play, "The Tragedy of Mariam," which was written in 17th century England. Born to aristocracy, Cary was known as the first Englishwoman who wrote English drama, and the play "The Tragedy of Mariam," is considered a 'closet drama,' because it is not perform for the public. Rather closet dramas are only narrated in private, and by a small group of people. The play is an adaptation of a Biblical account in the Holy Bible, as Cary begins professing her faith to Catholicism, which was a forbidden and unpopular religion in the society during Cary's time.

The play is said to have many parallelisms to Cary's life, especially the portrayal of the role of Mariam as the wife of Herod. The first similarity that Mariam had with Cary's life is that both have…… [Read More]

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Pinter S The Homecoming an Examination of a Recent Production

Words: 1080 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51376786

Theater Review: The Homecoming by Harold Pinter

Although Harold Pinter's The Homecoming has a very modernist tone because of its spare language and hidden sexual tension, the play actually follows the classical plot structure of exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, followed by resolution. While the play may seem to be plotless, the central conflict is the class and sexual conflict in the all-male household when one of the sons returns home with his wife, Ruth. Teddy is the lone educated member of the family and his other brothers clearly resent this fact, particularly Lenny, a thuggish man who immediately makes sexual overtones to Ruth. The central question of the play is how the brothers and Ruth will resolve the question of their relationship. Ultimately, Ruth chooses to leave her stultifying relationship with Teddy and remain in the home because of the greater sexual freedom she seems to enjoy there.…… [Read More]

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Art Cinema and Absurdity

Words: 808 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78135391

Art Cinema and Theatre of Absurd

In "The Art of Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice," David Bordwell provides a definition of what he believes constitutes art cinema in order to define the style as an artistic movement. In "The Theatre of the Absurd," Martin Esslin provides similar arguments about theatre as Bordwell does about film. Bordwell and Esslin both provide an analysis of the elements that distinguish art cinema and art theatre from their mainstream counterparts.

There are several factors that contributed to the rise of art cinema in the post-orld ar II era. Art cinema became to be recognized as an acceptable and appropriate vehicle of expression given the gravity of historical developments of post-II Europe.

In "The Art of Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice," Bordwell explains art cinema "as a distinct mode appears after orld ar II when the dominance of the Hollywood cinema…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bordwell, David. "The Art Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice." Film Theory and Criticism:

Introductory Readings. Eds. Leo Baudy and Marshall Cohen. New York: Oxford

University Press, 2009. Print.

Esslin, Martin. "The Theatre of the Absurd." The Tulane Drama Review. The MIT Press: Vol. 4,
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Kabuki a Traditional Form of

Words: 1246 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29248382


Today, kabuki retains a number of leading plays and theatrical groups. The conventional kabuki repertoire has about 300 plays, although others are being added. Play types range from the shosa-goto (dance-drama), to the jidai-mono (historical drama), and the sewa-mono (domestic drama) (University of Texas at Austin)

There are three main groups of kabuki plays. Many kabuki plays were adapted from the puppet theater (such as Chushingura and Tsubosaka-Dera), or the no and kyogen dramas (such as Zazen, Kanjincho, and Musume Dojoji. Kagotsurube is among plays written especially for kabuki theater (University of Texas at Austin).

Kabuki performers Nakamura Kichiemon II, Sawamura Sojuro, Ichikawa Sadanji, Nakamura Matsue and Nakamura Kasho perform with the 70-member Shochiku Company of Tokyo. Of these performers, Nakamura Kichiemon II is considered to be one of Kabuki's strongest actors. Director Nakamura Utaemon is considered to be a "living national treasure" (Lo).

Today, Kabuki presentations in America…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ichimura Manjiro Presents Kabuki for Everyone. Kabuki: A Brief History. 21 October 2004. Theater - Kabuki. 21 October 2004. 

Lo, Tamara. Graceful stars of Japan's Kabuki Theater take over Jones Hall. The Daily Cougar, 1996. 21 October 2004.

Nakamura, Matazo. Kabuki, backstage, onstage: An actor's life. Kodansha International, 1990.
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Real Inspector Hound Tom Stoppard's the Real

Words: 1463 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75213784

Real Inspector Hound

Tom Stoppard's The Real Inspector Hound, which was written between 1961 and 1962 and premiered on June 17th 1968, is an absurd play that comments on the role of the critic in relation to the play he or she critiques and comments on the interdependent relationship that is formed between critic and actor. The Real Inspector Hound's plot revolves around a couple of critics, Moon and Birdboot, who become embroiled in a murder mystery while watching a play about a murder mystery; in this sense, The Real Inspector Hound is a play-within-a-play. Through the play's plot and theme, Stoppard not only comments on the interdependent and mutually beneficial relationship critics have with the theatre, but also on how the theatre and critic must remain separate entities.

The Real Inspector Hound is an absurdist play that is highly self-aware, or self-reflexive, of its premise and structure. For the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Stoppard, Tom. The Real Inspector Hound. Scribd. Web. 14 December 2012, from
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Globe the Development of the

Words: 1054 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86806383

hen the lease expired for the original location, the Burbages reassembled the theater on the South Bank of the Thames in 1599. This was considered to be one of the 'seedier' districts of London. As well as play-going (a disreputable practice in and of itself), bearbaiting, bull-baiting, and prostitution, were other popular spectator sports on the South Bank (Cummings 2003). hen the first Globe burnt down in 1613 "an auditor whose breaches were on fire" was "doused with ale," given that "liquid refreshments" at the tavern were always nearby at the Globe (Burgess 80).

Shakespeare had a financial interest in the theater, as well as acted with and wrote for the Burbage's company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men. Shakespeare and four other investors and actors, including John Heminges, Augustine Phillips, Thomas Pope and ill Kemp, owned the remaining 50% in equal shares and Shakespeare profited as much from owning the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Burgess, Anthony. Shakespeare. First Published 1970. Da Capo Press, 2002.

Cummings, Michael. "Globe Theater." Cummings Study Guide. 2003. 1 May 2008. 

Greer, Germaine. Shakespeare's Wife. New York: Harpers, 2008.

James Burbage." Elizabethan Era. 1 May 2008.
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Michael Bennett

Words: 2712 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93298458

Michael Bennet-What makes him unique

Michael Bennett was born in 1943 under the full name of Michael Bennett DiFiglia. He was devoted to the theater and over the course of his life was a dancer, choreographer and director; before succumbing to AIDS complications at 44 years old. His unique style was his legacy to Broadway -- particularly regarding Musical Theater.

Musical theater has a rich and storied history; dating back centuries. First conceived as "narration with song and dance incorporated"; it was meant to glorify beautiful females, dancers, singers and the occasional comedian (eynolds, 882). Broadway Musicals were not always successful; but dance continued to be integral and professionals of all genres fell under the purview of the choreographer (eynolds 693).

By the 1970s the cost of staging a Broadway show was exorbitant. It was often decided to pare back dancing and choreography as a means of saving money (Clark).…… [Read More]


Clark, Daryl Kent. "Michael Bennett: A Singular Sensation,." 100 Treasures - Michael Bennett. Dance Heritage Coalition, Jan. 2012. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. From 

Cerasaro, P. 2013 Tony Awards Clip Countdown: #7 - Michael Bennett Masterpieces. 2013. Web. 8 Feb. 2014. 

Cohen, Selma J., and Dance Perspective Foundation, eds. "Musical Theater."International Encyclopedia of Dance. Oxford: Oxford University, 2005. Online.

Dietz, Dan. Off Broadway Musicals, 1910-2007: Casts, Credits, Songs, Critical Reception and Performance Data of More than 1,800 Shows. Jefferson, NC: McFarland &, 2010. Print.
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Chinese Opera Kung Fu and

Words: 1258 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88792233

That is, the notion of rivalry and envy is not inherently connected to rational ideas about good and evil. These ethical value judgments are quite secondary to the matter of human conflict and its role in the affairs of both love and power. As Giovetti (2012) points out, "Feng Yi Ting (running until June 7 and stopping in New York at the Lincoln Center Festival, also under Redden's directorship, in July) is characterised by an emotional neutrality that leaves the audiences to decide for themselves how they feel." (Giovetti, p. 1)

In many ways, this is a distinctly eastern way of approaching conflict, providing its details as a history rather than an allegory. And once again, as with the kung fu movies that made so great an impression on me as a child, the play would using certain visual strategies to supplement these themes. They demonstrate the same spare simplicity…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Giovetti, O. (2012). Spoleto Festival continues to provoke with Glass and Guo Wenjing. Gramophone.

Johnson, a. (2012). Atom Egoyan talks about directing Spoleto Festival's 'Feng Yi Ting'. Post and Courier.

Moore, R. (2012). Feng Yi Ting Spoleto After Party. Charleston

Poole, O. (2012). Spoleto Review: Feng Yi Ting Chinese Opera. Art Mag.
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Choreographers Bob Fosse Susan Stroman

Words: 927 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42113134

For Stroman, the musical numbers must be integrated within a narrative rather than standing as more autonomous (or hegemonic) components of the Broadway Musical.

Michael Bennett brought a less-defined style than Stroman or Fosse, although he made a great impact on the Broadway musical. His costuming was more colorful than the previously accepted norm, as he incorporated garish neon pink, green, and yellow tones into his costume design for the 1975 play a Chorus Line (Hecht). By focusing on costuming, Bennett made the costuming a more integral component of the Broadway musical than previously been accepted.

(B): How Can Prospective Dancers Use Information About Dance Style to Develop Their Style?

There are many ways in which up-and-coming dancers can utilize information about dance styles and audition techniques to enhance their dance career. ith regard to audition technique, every prospective dancer should have a strong knowledge of the source text for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cowsell Jr., R.L. "Broadway Retrogresses: The Bookless Musical." The Journal of Popular Culture xii.3 (1978): 545-549.

Felleman Fattal, Laura. "The Search for Narrative." The Journal of Aesthetic Education 38.3 (2004): 107-115.

Hecht, Thomas. "Dance Costume." The Berg Companion to Fashion. Ed. Valerie Steele. New York: Berg, 2010. 195-198.
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Turandot Spectacle Exoticism Intricacy and Comedy Exploring

Words: 1652 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54270035


Spectacle, Exoticism, Intricacy, and Comedy: Exploring the High Theatre of Carlo Gozzi's Turandot

Theatre has always been something of a bellwether for cultural progress and change, with societal issues dealt with explicitly in the action of stage plays since the time of the ancient Greeks and with trends in performance styles and subject matter providing a clear representation of societal mores and cultural values at any given place and time. During the Dark Ages, for example, there essentially was no theatre aside from Church-inspired and -- approved drama recounting certain Biblical stories, primarily those related to Jesus' passion. This reflected society at large, in which literacy and learning had stagnated and very little cultural or technological progress was made throughout much of Europe. With the enaissance comes the return of drama, and indeed one of the high points in theatrical writing and performance just as the period was one…… [Read More]


Gozzi, C. Turandot. Accessed 4 March 2011.

Opera America. (2012). Gozzi and his Turandot. Accessed 4 March 2012.
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Kabuki in the Country of Japan the

Words: 1658 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37009403


In the country of Japan the art of Kabuki has been popular for centuries, dating back to the year 1603 when Izumo no Okuni started performing a new form of dance which was inspired by dramatic plays being written both by Japanese playwrights and which were being imported to the country through trade with the western world. Traditional Kabuki performances were highly dramatic and featured elaborate makeup and hairstyles for the actors and actresses. Usually the stories were tragic dramas told through interpretive dance numbers. Unlike other dramatic or dance forms currently available in Japan, Kabuki was a combination of artistry and entertainment. Originally, the Kabuki was performed primarily and in some cases entirely by women adding to its raucous reputation. Some disparaged the Kabuki theaters are referred to the actresses as "prostitute-singing and dancing performers." This dismissal and marginalization did nothing to dissuade people from attending performances; in…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Frederic, Louis. "Kabuki." Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard, 2002. Print.

Gurewitsch, Matthew. "Feel Free to Shout at the Visitors from Japan." The New York Times. New York, NY. 2007. Print.

"Kabuki-za." Kabuki-za Theatre i-A? An Unmissable Tokyo Experience. N.p., n.d. Web. 03

Dec. 2012.
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Are There Too Many Musicals in the West End

Words: 1667 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2695780


Regarding the Concentration of West End Musicals

Michael BIllington believes that the theatre boom in the West End contributes to the degradation of the quality of theatre in London. I agree with Billington's position. The ticket prices in the West End coupled with the excessive amount of repetitive productions is not good for the theatre tradition or for the consuming public. Furthermore, I believe that the audiences have the power to effect creative change in the West End.

In his 2011 article, Billington has two primary concerns. One concern is the escalating prices of theatre tickets. His secondary concern is the reduction in originality and creative ingenuity of the theatre community. Thus, not only are tickets too expensive, audiences are paying rising prices for old ideas. The revivals and older plays are not even produced with a new creative spin -- like a Shakespearean play with a contemporary or…… [Read More]

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Edward Gordon Craig The Master

Words: 1708 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15191036

"hen (the stage-director) interprets the plays of the dramatist by means of his actors, his scene-painters, and his other craftsmen, then he is a craftsman - a master craftsman; when he will have mastered the use of actions, words, line, color, and rhythm, then he may become an artist," wrote Craig (Pepiton 2008). Because of Craig, set designers are revered as artists and equal partners with directors, actors, and authors. ithout Craig, classes in set design would not have the prestige they do today. No director would dare to embark upon a 'black box' production of Shakespeare or opera. Because of Craig, even those directors and designers who still see the value of realism strive to create impressions in the hearts of the audience, rather than literal representations of a drawing-room reality.

orks Cited

Duncan, Isadora. "On Gordon Craig." 1999. 2 May 2008.

Pepiton, Charles. "Edward Gordon Crag &…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Duncan, Isadora. "On Gordon Craig." 1999. 2 May 2008.

Pepiton, Charles. "Edward Gordon Crag & the Modern Theater of Devising." Perspicacity. 2 May 2008.

Jason, Gillian. "Edward Gordon Craig 1872-1966." Modern & Contemporary Art

May 2008.
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Pinter Absurd the Violation of

Words: 1096 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28253631

A secondary objective of the study will be to identify common trends in the theatre of the absurd outside the works of Harold Pinter, and to place Pinter's works in the context of the larger theatrical movement. An examination of other playwrights associated with the theatre of the absurd, as well as scholarship and criticism concerning this genre of theatre, will be used to create and explore this context within the study. Pinter's influence on the theatre of the absurd as well as the influence that the larger movement had on Pinter will also be examined.


The study will be composed of five chapters, beginning with a discussion of the elements of Aristotelian drama. Titled, "Introduction: Aristotelian Theatre," this chapter will begin with a discussion of the elements of theatre as described in Aristotle's Poetics, followed by a cursory examination of the dramatic and theatrical conventions this work led…… [Read More]


Albee, Edward. Three Plays. New York: Coward McCann, 1960.

Albee, Edward. Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? New York: Penguin, 2005.

Aristotle. Poetics. trans. Malcolm Heath. New York: Penguin, 1997.

Brustein, Robert. "The Absurd and the Ridiculous." New Republic, Vol. 146, Issue 12, p30-31.
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Caviar of the Court to

Words: 1584 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57619982

These were comedies that appealed to the more conservative, middle-class, sentimental, moralistic, and upheld a newly optimistic view of human progress and political development. (ilson & Goldfarb, 1999)

The 18th century view generally held that people are good and that people could retain virtue by appealing to virtuous human feelings as expressed in Sheridan, Goldsmith, and Sir Richard Steele. Thus, this signaled the end of the aristocratic, brittle Restoration hero and heroine. Yet the return of the theater to the people also caused German theatrical aspirants such as Goethe to creator works such as "Faust," ambitious plays that addressed larger spiritual concerns of the people, and political ideologies that spanned far wider than the immediate social concerns of the court. "Faust," for all its pretensions, represents individuals within its characters, such as the heroine Gretchen, who come from ranks beyond the academic and social elites of the French and English…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baker, Henry Barton. English Actors: From Shakespeare to Macready. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1879.

Bellinger. Martha Fletcher. A Short History of the Theatre. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1927.

Brockett, Oscar and Franklin J. Hildy. History of the Theatre. New York: Longman Press, 2002.

Craig, W.J., ed. "Hamlet." The Complete Works of William Shakespeare. London: Oxford University Press: 1914.
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Pinter Pt Finding Aristotle --

Words: 1390 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95670223

The theatre of the absurd does not depend on eliciting certain specific emotional responses, but rather on generating any sort of emotional disturbance -- it demands that the audience question its basic emotional beliefs, not give over to them.

In a careful explication of the concept of catharsis, Allan H. Gilbert determines that pity is the primary emotion necessary for the drama to elicit (rejecting the common counterpart, fear). Pity has no real meaning in the theatre of the absurd, however; it requires a great deal more identification with the characters, when one of the major effects of the genre is to cause a certain alienation from the characters and the supposed realities of the play -- and of the surrounding world. Anger and frustration are more appropriate emotional reactions than pity to a piece of absurdist theatre, and they are more appropriately addressed towards the self and towards reality…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Belfiore, Elizabeth. "Pleasure, Tragedy and Aristotelian Psychology." The Classical Quarterly, New Series, Vol. 35, No. 2 (1985), pp. 349-361.

Gilbert, Allan H. "The Aristotelian Catharsis." The Philosophical Review, Vol. 35, No. 4 (Jul., 1926), pp. 301-314

Pearce, Howard. "Harold Pinter's "The Black and White": Mimesis and Vision." Contemporary Literature, Vol. 33, No. 4 (Winter, 1992), pp. 688-711.

Spanos, William V. "Modern Drama and the Aristotelian Tradition: The Formal Imperatives of Absurd Time." Contemporary Literature, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Summer, 1971), pp. 345-372.
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Serbian Culture the Spiritual Heritage of the Serbian Church

Words: 1367 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56802136

Serbian Culture

Theatre among Serbs has a tradition that is more than eight centuries old. Theatre in Serbia was not created without the occasional interruption. Serbian theatre performances in the Middle Ages had a basically secular and entertaining function. They featured improvisations without written texts, and were staged in public places. The theatre, at this time, remained beyond the bounds and influence of the Orthodox Church. In the thirteenth century, church authorities forbade their congregation to attend gatherings where actors showed their performances (Library of Serbian Culture, par. 55).

The traits of staged scenes and sport festivities lived on in the Serbian fourteenth century as well. In the painting The Mocking of Christ, created between 1317 and 1318 in the monastery of Staro Nagoricino, the endowment of King Milutin, three characters in long sleeves, together with several figures with unusual instruments, are seen in the foreground. Serbian rulers, who had…… [Read More]


Mihailovich, Vasa. Landmarks in Serbian Culture and History.

Library of Serbian Cutlure, Accessed on September 27, 2003, at
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Brecht Was a Great Man

Words: 1201 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6669240

As indicated on the Web site: "Epic theatre is historical: the audience is continually reminded that epic theatre gives a report of events." Encouraging the audience to remain detached and separate from the narrative, strange things must be put in place to establish and preserve distancing. V-effekt as defined previously was Brecht's way of doing this. He provides an example of V-effekt through the situation of a child whose mother remarries, thus seeing her as a wife not just a mother. An example from "Life of Galileo is the long and profound speech by the unheroic protagonist which is then followed by the bathetic observation: "Now I must eat." (Brecht 2008, 64)

Galileo as shown through Brecht, is an anti-hero through his cowardice behavior. He fears the instruments of torture that come with bravery. He fails the role of hero through his refusal and lack of courage to prove…… [Read More]


Brecht, Bertolt. 2008. Life of Galileo. New York, NY: Penguin Classics.

Millman, Noah. Brecht's Galileo: Hero or Anti-Hero? The American Conservative. / (accessed May 6, 2013).

Moore, Andrew. Studying Bertolt Brecht.  (accessed May 6, 2013).
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art analysis of book of mormon play

Words: 1382 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55059117

theater and particularly its musical performances, have changed dramatically over the years. Their tone and style have reflected historical and cultural changes as well as shifts in attitudes toward musical theater. Recent productions like Book of Mormon and Hamilton would have been inconceivable just a generation ago. Broadway musicals are unique in that they straddle the line between popular and high culture. They have popular culture appeal, packed within the fine art of theater. In some ways, musical theater is a popular culture version of the opera. Broadway theater has matured and expanded its repertoire considerably, moving from the relatively limited domain of Steven Sondheim and Andrew Lloyd eber productions towards a more diverse and creative one. As Lewis points out, "How sadly limiting that was; it surely took some kind of toll on alternative voices trying to break free of cliche expectations," (2). Broadway has broken free, finally, and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lewis, David H. Broadway Musicals. Mcfarland, 2002.

Perpetua, Matthew. "The Book of Mormon,' Triumphs at the Tony Awards." Rolling Stone. Retrieved online:

Schutte, Harm K. and Donald G. Miller. "Belting and Pop, Nonclassical Approaches to the Female middle voice: Some preliminary considerations." Journal of Voice, Vol 7, No. 2, 1993, pp. 142-150.

Stone, Matt and Parker, Trey. Book of Mormon.
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Liar Sparkling Dialogue and Dazzling

Words: 1103 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19811687

The jokes range form the raunchy to the almost unbearably corny, but the actors all acquit themselves in a remarkably deadpan and unaware attitude when required, which is often, waiting out the audience's laughter with extreme -- and extremely repetitive -- aplomb. Christian Conn is more than suitably nimble with his tongue and his movements as he dances ever on the precipice of being trapped in his incessant and incorrigible untruths, and Erin Partain and Miriam Silverman as the pair of friends and deceiving would-be lovers to Conn's Dorante meld an ingenue-ish innocence with a modicum of wicked devilry, taking Ives words and making them both delicious to mouth and to hear. None of the actors fails to play their part perfectly to the hilt, hitting all of the extremes that the period and the modern script demand, demonstrating the extent of the wonderful theatrical talents that this city has…… [Read More]

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Art Is The Creation of Beautiful or

Words: 423 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36949218

art is "te creation of beautiful or tougt-provoking works" according to te World Englis Dictionary

It is wit tat definition in mind tat I argue tat teatre is most definitely an art form. Teatre can be defined as wen someone cooses to make dramatic performance (acting) teir profession muc as a dancer cooses te ballet as teir profession. Te roots of teatre can be traced as far back as te ancient Roman Empire, troug te Renaissance in Europe and finally to te 20t century, wic saw te emergence of commercial teatre suc as musicals tat are performed in suc venues as Broadway.

Witout question, acting is someting tat only select people are really great at. Likewise, few people can really draw or paint, dance, write, sing or play music. Tese are all considered art forms and te teatre is a culmination of all of tese in one way or anoter.…… [Read More]

15 Feb 2002
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Shakespeare and the Manner in Which He

Words: 751 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78664982

Shakespeare and the manner in which he wrote and the theatre of his times.

In this modern world that we live in today we still do not forget the one great playwright William Shakespeare, and this is because of the fact that his work is unique and unmatched to any other. His lifetime, as we are convinced, was full of activity regarding his literary works. ut the truth is that we know very little about how he grew up and how he got married. We do however know that it was from the 1597 that he started an active life in acting, in which he performed before the queen. It was in London that he learned how to manage the theatre. It was not long after this that he flourished into an expert playwright whose work would touch the hearts of all who read it (1).


William Shakespeare was…… [Read More]