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Theater of the Opressed
History of Theatre of the Oppressed: Critique of the Community Theatre as a Means of Empowerment in Social Work: A Case Study of Women's Community Theatre
Similar to institutional and professional theatre, community theatre uses a combination of mime, ritual dance, song and drama as a means of communicating messages, knowledge and ideology to the audience (Mulenga, 1993). Nonetheless, community theatre does not purport traditional theatrical components and professional stage production. Rather, this kind of theatre reportedly takes inspiration from the community's life story (Erven, 2001; Mda, 1993; Miller, 1979). In this way, common communal issues are brought to the forefront bringing those who participate as actors or audience members into the "socio-political arena" (oehm & oehm, 2003).
In oehm and oehm's 1993 article, "Community Theatre as a Means of Empowerment in Social Work: A Case Study of Women's Community Theatre," the authors posit the…
Boehm, A., & Boehm, E. (2003). Community theatre as a means of empowerment in social work: A case study of women's community theatre. Journal of Social Work, 3. 283-300.
Erven, e. (2001). Community theatre: Global perspectives. London: Routledge.
Gutierrez, L. (19940. Beyond coping: an empowerment perspective on stressful life events. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 21(3), 201-219.
Itzhaky, H., & Gerber, P. (1999). The connection between universal values and empowerment: implications for social work practice. In W. Shera and L. Wells (eds). Empowerment Practice in social work: Developing richer conceptual foundations. Toronto: Canadian Scholars' Press.
Theatre of Dionysus: Athens, Greece
General history about the theater itself and the history of theater in Greece
The evolution of theater in Greece, and therefore, theater's evolution as an art form over the course of early estern history, may be directly linked to the festivals of Dionysus of the land. Dionysus was the Grecian god of wine and misrule. Over the course of performances of tragedy and comedy written and designed to honor this God, all of Athens essentially shut down to observe the literary performed works of its greatest dramatists and judge them in competition, as well as the ribald satyr plays designed for the populace's enjoyment. Much of the history of the earliest period of Greek drama has been lost. But the earliest theater probably took place in the Athenian marketplace or agora. Eventually this became fixated as a site on the southeast slope of the Acropolis.…
Theater of Dionysus. CUNY Classical Website accessed on March 30, 2004 at http://depthome.brooklyn.cuny.edu/classics/dunkle/comedy/intro7.htm
Bongie, E. "Heroic Elements in the Medea of Euripides." Transactions of the American Philological Association 107 (1977) 27-56 / full text
Brown, L. "The Erinyes in the Oresteia: Real Life, the Supernatural, and the Stage." Journal of Hellenic Studies 103 (1983) 13-34 / full text
Connor, W.R. "Tribes, Festivals, and Processions." Journal of Hellenic Studies 107 (1987) 40-50 / full text
Dimly lit prison kitchen. It is after hours, and only a skeleton crew is on hand: RAY and ANGELA. They are inside the kitchen, but the spotlight is on TOM and GARY, who sit across from each other in the dining room just outside.
TOM: Inmate at Phoenix Prison Complex, serving a life sentence for murder.
GARY: Inmate at Phoenix Prison Complex, serving 15 years for assault and battery.
ANGELA: Kitchen worker, 30-year-old female
RAY: Corrections officer, 28-year-old male
Scene 1: Pizza Night
TOM: Tonight's the night.
TOM: Tonight. You remember what we talked about, right?
TOM: What do you mean, "right"? Well? What did I tell you?
GARY: We wait until 2AM.
TOM: Well what time is it, genius?
GARY (looking at a watch that doesn't exist, as his wrists are bare): I don't know.
TOM (exasperated): What time do you get off…
William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe and Moliere, brought us so many masterpieces not only valuable as works of art, but also as very important sources of understanding the society in the Renaissance. More important, when reading or wathching these plays, we can understand today the universality of Man.
We are not allowed to forget the Asian theater which bears the stamp of the philosophical and religious ideas and beliefs of the times when it was created.
Up to the 20th century, theater continued to play an important role in every society around the world.
Stages and performers and costumes have constantly changed in theater during the ages, but its role in educating people hasn't. It is one of the best ways be make children understand the "surroundings" worldwide, the best way to entertain them, but also the best way to make the very young start asking questions about civilizations and cultures…
1. Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia. Sophocles. On the Internet at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophocles
2. Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia. Western Theatre History. On the Internet at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_theater
Theater in the Elizabethan Age
The Elizabethan period in England was dominated by intrigue at court (which was a constant) and the willpower of Elizabeth herself, but the various people formed a strata that looked more similar to today than most would guess. Throughout recent history, going back a thousand years or so, society is simplistically divided into three groups: wealthy, merchants/artisans, poor. These three can be further delineated, but for these purposes it is not necessary. During Elizabethan times, leisure became more common for the two lower classes and there was more for everybody to do that was meant for pleasure rather than work. Researchers into the period agree that the theater was a major source of entertainment for all of the different groups, but they do not agree how that was structured. This paper will look at the different classes of Elizabethan theater goers and try…
Adams, Robert M. The Land and Literature of England: A Historical Account. New York: Norton, 1983.
Bowles, Samuel C. "Shakespeare's Elizabethan Audience." Amalgam 2 (2007).
Forse, James H. Commercial and Political in Elizabethan Theater. Bowling Green, KY: Bowling Green State University, 1993.
Howard, Jean E. The Stage and Social Struggle in Early Modern England. New York: Routledge, 1994.
theater order variety fortunate today. Because Shakespeare the Globe Theater great
It was quite an experience to watch Shakespeare's Globe Theater Production of Othello in 2007. There are quite a few elements of Shakespeare, and of dramatic works in general, that take on different connotations when they are acted out and presented to the public vs. simply being read. These connotations had both positive and negative effects for both of the media in which a play may be absorbed, either by watching it in person or by reading it. As such, they certainly contributed to a unique viewing of Othello.
One of the several aspects of a dramatic work that is enhanced by watching a play is humor. The laughter of the audience, indeed, the audience's very participation in the Globe Theater's 2007 production of Othello, helped to heighten the viewing experience. Whereas in reading a play one merely laughs…
Phantom of the Opera" -- Recent theater performance
What is all the fuss about? For many years, ever since this reviewer was a child, stories have been spun about the wonders of this tale, of Erik, the lonely and murderous phantom of the Paris Opera tunnels, who falls in love with a lovely orphaned ballet dancer and soprano, named Christine. He mentors her in her music through the mirror of her dressing room until she falls in love with a man named Raul. Erik, the phantom, tries to steal her away forever, but only after Christine takes the starring role in the opera he has been writing for the stage for many years. At the end of the play, he allows Christine to live her own life and leaves the theater.
Since this play has been running for so long, much of the cast's chorus is seasoned, and all of…
Most theatergoers are familiar with the poem by African-American writer Langston Hughes, which asks "What happens to a dream deferred?" One of the possibilities offered in Hughes's poem is "Does it dry up / like a raisin in the sun?" This gives the title to Lorraine Hansberry's legendary 1959 drama A Raisin in the Sun, about the attempts of an African-American family to purchase a house in a largely-white suburb. Bruce Norris's 2011 Pulitzer Prize winning play Clybourne Park is, in many ways, a contemporary rewrite of Hansberry's play -- but it seems to explore the possibility that Langston Hughes hinted at in the last line of his poem: "What happens to a dream deferred? / Does it explode?" Certainly Grant Mudge's production of Clybourne Park, now running at Notre Dame University, is an explosive event -- the fireworks fly onstage in the lively impassioned performances by the…
Theatre in Antiquity:
The Romans and the Greeks in a Quest for Entertainment
Entertainment in antiquity was often found at a theater, in the form of a play. Due to the efforts of the Romans and the Greeks in this particular area, we have a rich dramatic culture today. However, as mentioned in the paper, there are basic differences between Roman and Greek theaters. Though both provided forms of entertainment, they did so in different ways. The Roman Theater was often used to prove prowess and authority. Though it included some dramatic plays, this theater, which was in the form of a structure such as the Coliseum, with arches and seating for thousands of people, was often utilized for non-entertainment purposes, such as punishments, combat and executions. This was, again, due to the fact that the Roman society was very hierarchical, and Romans utilized a lot of propaganda to keep…
(Philadelphia Theater Company)
This year, the magic and the splendor of the Holiday Season would be welcomed by the Philadelphia Dance Theater, which would perform with a hundred artistes, the ever popular holiday season play, the 'Nutcracker'. It must be noted that the very first Nutcracker Ballet performance was given in the year 1892, and it is the story of a young and lonely orphaned German girl named Laura, who dreams of a Nutcracker Prince. This particular production by the Philadelphia Dance Theater Company was choreographed by the 'Artistic Director', Joy Delaney-Capponi, and a very important feature of the play is the profusion of lavish Victorian hand made costumes that the actors on stage wear during their renditions. (100 dancers to welcome the Holiday Season November 12 when The Nutcracker comes to Horsham stage)
One costume in particular is certainly eye catching, and this is the eight feet by ten…
About Dance Theater of Pennsylvania. Retrieved at http://www.dancetheatreofpa.com/other.php?cid=aboutAccessed 14 November, 2005
100 dancers to welcome the Holiday Season November 12 when The Nutcracker comes to Horsham stage. Retrieved at http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:_hreq6BwCkkJ:www.hhef.org/The%2520Nutcracker.doc. Accessed 14 November, 2005
Dance Theater of Pennsylvania. Retrieved at http://www.dancetheatreofpa.com/. Accessed 14 November, 2005
Group Motion Press Room, Kick up your Heels. The Philadelphia Inquirer. 25 November, 2003.
The theater of the 1930s often saw strategies that wanted to expose the tragedy of American life at the time, but did not want to keep the audience in a state of depression, because after all, that was their everyday experience. As such, many theater productions began implementing multi-faceted strategies which included the combination of several genres in order to provide a flexibility that would both sadden and humor. Here, the research suggests that these plays prompt "us at one moment to objectivity and laughter and at the next moment to empathy and profound sad feeling; or in which the clauses are written to multiply, on top of one another and having an equal or near-equal weight, producing that suspenseful, odd, grotesque response of neither happy-nor-sad, a twist, a painful wringing" (Fearnow 52). The productions of the Mercury Theater definitely embodied that style, as Orson Welles often included in his…
Classical TV. "Harold Clurman: A Life of Theater." Youtube. 2011. Web. Retrieved 5 Jun 2012 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LLqUPpSVMGM
Fearnow, Mark. The American Stage and the Great Depression: A Cultural History of the Grotesque. Cambridge University Press. 1997.
Odets, Clifford. Waiting for Lefty. Dramatists Play Service. 1962.
Rice, Elmer. The Adding Machine. Samuel French Inc. 2011.
Perhaps there is something deeper to Twilight than anyone is willing to admit. So, then, we must ask ourselves: hat are these films about? Is there not something revealing even about the reflections seen in popular culture? Cannot pop culture, therefore, be considered part of high culture? Must it be discarded simply because it is popular? I don't think that it must. And yet there is something distinctly different about the Tree of Life that Twilight simply does not have. One might call it vision or purpose. Perhaps this is the difference between high culture and popular culture. Needless to say, however, at a cinema one may often choose either/or.
Still, Umberto Eco states that "according to traditional standards in aesthetics, Casablanca is not a work of art, if such an expression still has meaning" (Eco 197). This is an interesting observation by Eco for a number of reasons. First,…
Eco, Umberto. Travels in Hyperreality. NY: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1990.
Johnson, Paul. Art: A New History. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers, 2003.
Serper, G. "Smackdown of the Week: Stephen King vs. Twilight's Stephanie
Meyer." 2009. Web. Sept 25, 2012.
Live Theater's Financial Struggles
Live theater is one of the most enduring art forms. In older times, traveling troops performed at different locations, providing one of the more consistent forms of entertainment through much of history. Eventually, cities and larger towns began building buildings that were devoted to players, and theater became a common form of entertainment. However, as movies became popular, the theater began to lose its common appeal. This decline has continued as electronic entertainment has grown more popular. However, in addition to facing competition from other forms of entertainment, the theater is very vulnerable to changes in the economy. As a result, many live theaters seem to perpetually struggle with their finances. This has even led to speculation that, outside of the Broadway context, live theater is destined to fail. hile that hopefully is not true, it is certain that live theaters are struggling.
In September 2010,…
Brown, Roger. "Theater Bristol Struggling Financially." TriCities.com. N.p., 9 Sep. 2010.
Web. 28 Dec. 2011.
Globe Theater is the place where most of illiam Shakespeare's major works including his famous four tragedies were first staged. This fact alone makes it a fascinating subject for students of literature and history to explore. Although the original building was destroyed in the mid-seventeenth century, a new "Globe Theater" has been built near the site of the old theater in London. The building replicates many of the original features of Shakespeare's Globe Theater and still stages some of the bard's plays to give the modern theater going audience the original 'flavor' of the bard's masterpieces. This paper traces the history of the Globe Theater, describes the original building's main features, and covers the recent re-building of the new Globe in the vicinity of the old theater.
Cuthberg Burbage, an associate of Shakespeare and brother of the most famous Shakespearean actor of the time, Richard Burbage had inherited a…
Malvasi, Meg Greene. "Shakespeare's Globe Theater." Suite101.com. April 20, 1999. October 10, 2003 http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/history_for_children/18004
Moore, R. "Shakespeare's Globe Theater." Enotes.com. n.d. October 10, 2003 http://www.allshakespeare.com/globe.php
The Old Globe -- A general introduction." University of Reading, UK. Last modified on June 2003. October 10, 2003 http://www.rdg.ac.uk/globe/siteinfo/Globeintro.htm
Pressley, J.M. " The Globe." Shakespeare Resource Center, October 2, 2003. October 10, 2003. http://www.bardweb.net/globe.html
In the Hollywood Pictures Backlot one can take part in an "I want to be in pictures" moment. The Disney Animation attraction provides an insider's view exhibiting the number of Disney's animated movies and characters were created. The Hyperion theatre hosts Aladdin -A Musical Spectacular that is a 45-minute live performance with brilliant visual effects for which one has to wait for nearly an hour. The latest attraction of the park is the Tower of Terror after a 1930s hotel which was shown in The Twillight Zone. The most frightening part of this attraction is the service elevator ride which transports one from the basement of the Hollywood Tower Hotel to the 13th Floor and returns back once again at speeds where people scream loudly. (Sights and Activities: Disney's California Adventure)
Bug's Land, which comes inspired from the film A Bug's Life shows an insect's point-of-view. At the Princess Dot…
Cinema Treasures. Retrieved at http://cinematreasures.org/theater/830/ . Accessed 24 October, 2005
Game Experts, Technologists, Artists and Scholars Explore the Rise of Digital Games and their Impact on Entertainment in the 21st Century. USC Annenberg Center for Communication and IDSA to Host Entertainment in the Interactive Age. Retrieved at http://www.idsa.com/releases/1_8_2001.html. Accessed 25 October, 2005
Gardiner, Debbi. Anime in America: Japan's animated movies have risen from cult status to cultural force in U.S. Next up for the moviemakers: wining approval from Mom and Dad. Japan. Inc. January, 2003. Retrieved at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0NTN/is_2003_Jan/ai_104732914Accessed 25 October, 2005
Sights and Activities: Disney's California Adventure. Retrieved at http://www.fodors.com/miniguides/mgresults.cfm?destination=&cur_section=sig&property_id=183305 Accessed 25 October, 2005
Japanese Kabuki Theater
Japan's classical theater comprises four major forms i.e. noh, kyogen, bunraku puppet theater, and Kabuki. Japanese Kabuki Theater emerged during the Edo period, which was a period of more than 250 years of peace i.e. between 1600 and 1868. The theater is a reflection of the merchant culture that characterized the Edo period as reflected in its magnificent costumes and scenery. Moreover, the influence of this era on Kabuki is reflected in its plays that comprise larger-than-life heroes and common people attempting to reconcile their individual desires with social obligations. As compared to the other forms of Japanese classical theaters, Kabuki continues to be very popular in the modern Japanese society. Consequently, Kabuki regularly plays to enthusiastic audiences in different theaters such as Osaka's Shochikuza, Kyoto's Minamiza, and Tokyo's Kabukiza. Therefore, this form of Japanese classical theater is regarded as a vibrant and exciting traditional theater in…
Delchev, Nedyalko. "Medieval Theatre in Japan Pt.1." AUBG Theatre. American University in Bulgaria, n.d. Web. 12 May 2016. .
Department of Sinhala. "Kabuki Theatre in Japan." Faculty of Humanities. University of Kelaniya, n.d. Web. 12 May 2016. .
Japan Fact Sheet. "KABUKI - A Vibrant and Exciting Traditional Theater." Web Japan - Fun,
Flavorful, Fascinating. Web Japan, n.d. Web. 12 May 2016. .
modern art through concepts normally associated with media is a relatively new one. Yet, the dimensions of the context associated with the birds eye view of a culture as viewed through the advertisement for fine art exhibition is a substantially modern and fascinating message. The current exhibition at the IV gallery of Polish theater posters is demonstrative of a successful representation of the rebirth of an artistic expression. Even in the case that the work itself, the theatrical production, may or may not have been successful the advertisement for it can be seen as an independent work of its own.
The success of Polish poster art had strong artistic foundations and was not only due to the advantageous social conditions. The graphic artists who established the Polish poster school were first and foremost excellent artists. (IV Gallery Website)
The demonstrative work associated with Polish Poster art created a social movement…
Collectively the two works represent a glimpse of a much larger exhibition that can stand successfully on its own, despite its genre as an advertisement media. The exhibition not only represents an important artistic genre in Poland but would rival a more current trend in the U.S. that pays particular attention to poster prints artistically presented in a graphic and multicolor fashion. The works represent a moment in time in the Polish culture, a moment of transition, and focus upon art that had been subverted for a long time. The exhibition is seductive and graphically impressive for a simple two dimensional wall and board art.
Madame Sans Gene website http://home.hiwaay.net/~oliver/gsgene.html
IVC Website http://www.ivc.edu/artgallery/
Demand and Supply of Home Theater Furniture
Demand and supply are the core concepts of economics and these are what determine the price of any given item. When demand of a certain item increases, it is usually followed by a corresponding increase in supply. And thus the price is affected. However there are times when demand increases more sharply than supply and this causes price to move up. In any case, price is directly dependent on supply and demand trends of a commodity. In this paper, we shall focus on demand of home theater furniture which has sharply gone up in last few years, thanks to home theater systems that promise to provide quality cinema experience at home. William L. Hamilton, 'Coming to a Living oom near You' (2003) focuses on the rising demand for home theater furniture: "The $23-billion-a-year furniture industry is in a state of high excitement over…
1) William L. Hamilton, COMING TO A LIVING ROOM NEAR YOU: THEATER SEATING YOU CAN STRETCH OUT IN, The San Diego Union - Tribune. San Diego, Calif.: Jun 15, 2003. pg. I.22
Theater Articles: Recent Broadway Crises
Julia Jacobs’ article in the New York Times entitled “Dancer Tries to Quell ‘West Side Story’ Controversy: ‘I Am Not a Victim’” raises interesting questions in the #MeToo era, namely who can and should define what constitutes a victim of sexual assault. A controversy arose in the casting of the actor Amar Ramasar the Broadway revival of West Side Story, due to the fact that Ramasar had been found to have shared nude photos of his girlfriend, the ballet dancer Alexa Maxwell, in a punitive act after the couple had separated. Maxwell stated that she had forgiven her former boyfriend, and had even felt pressured to prosecute him after a prominent attorney in the #MeToo movement had contacted her about the toxic culture at City Ballet, where both Ramasar and Maxwell had danced. Maxwell opposed Ramasar’s firing from the play.
Given that many women minimize…
Theatre Today & Theatre for Me
Theatre, as a genre of creative expression, is still very much valid in the 21st century. It originated thousands of years ago, and still draws crowds in the 21st century around the world. Many of the classic plays of many cultures are still performed, as well as adaptations of other forms (such as films, songs, etc.) are transformed into plays that interest and captivate audiences. Of the plays we read in the course this term, I was able to find value in all of them, but I did not personally enjoy all of the plays.
Theatre today is sometimes based on historical events and figures, as well as new takes on old ideas in modern forms. Many plays are period pieces, and in many cities, such as New York City and London, there is a proliferation of one-person plays (one man show, or a…
Most of Fugard's plays stand as a proof of reality reflected in theatre as an art of real life. Athol Fugard's play My Children! My Africa reflects a cruel reality of his times: South Africa's dehumanizing system of apartheid laws that denied freedom to blacks. Worried that his country would never live in peace, Fugard wrote the play in hopes that the polarization between blacks and whites would end and world will know peace, freedom and understanding between each other. The play is based on a true incident and gives good insights into the situation in South Africa.
My Children, My Africa" is inspired by real events and describes a teacher's attempt (Mr. M) to bring understanding between two of his students: one is a middle class white girl - Isabel - and the other one is a brilliant black boy - Thami - who grew up in Coketown ghetto.…
Towards the end of the play, after Argan finds out about the intentions of his wife and those of his daughter, he agrees for Angelique to marry Cleante, the man she really loves, as long as he agrees to become a doctor. Argan's brother has an even better idea by proposing that Argan be made a doctor himself. To this end, he calls some gypies that perform dances and rituals that make Argan a doctor. According to some versions of the play, during these manifestations, the patient suffers from a heart attack and dies.
"The imaginary invalid" is a highly intriguing play, of recurrent notoriety and secular popularity due to the multitude of themes approached. Some of the more popular of these themes include the greed of the principal character, the rivalry between the daughters and the step mother or the pursuit of financial gains.
Greed is one important element…
Gaines, J.F. The Moliere encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. 2002
Roach, C. The perfect housewife: sitcoms of the 1950s. Yahoo Voices. 2009. http://voices.yahoo.com/the-perfect-housewife-sitcoms-1950s-3775574.html accessed on December 10, 2012
Williams, R.L. The Colombia guide to the Latin American novel since 1945. Colombia University Press. 2007.
The adventures of Ozzie and Harriet. TV.com. http://www.tv.com/shows/the-adventures-of-ozzie-and-harriet / accessed on December 10, 2012
English-speaking versions of Hamlet vs. European versions
The many contemporary interpretations of Shakespeare enacted on the modern stage underline the fact that Shakespeare was a playwright for the ages, not simply a man of his own time. However, in the ways in which Shakespeare has been adapted to modernity, it becomes apparent that modern directors are just as intent upon revealing their own personal preoccupations as well as revealing the nuances of Shakespeare's plays. This can be seen when comparing British interpretations with European and other non-English language stagings of Hamlet. Although the most obvious difference between these two categories is that British interpretations are in the original language of Shakespeare while European stagings are enacted in translation, the difference runs far deeper. English productions tend to emphasize the psychological, internal conflict of Hamlet and view the play in terms of its psychological drama. In contrast, European interpretations of…
Dasgupta, Gautam. "Germany's Fourth Wall." Performing Arts Journal, 13. 2 (May, 1991):
Goldman, Peter. "Hamlet's Ghost: A Review Article." Greenblatt, Stephen. Hamlet in Purgatory.
Princeton UP, 2001. Anthropoetics 7. 1 (Spring / Summer 2001).
Shape of Things:
Theatrical Convention from Class: Suspension of Disbelief -- the audience is made to believe that a man or any person for that matter could become so obsessed with a single person that they are willing to completely change themselves, including having plastic surgery and destroying their interpersonal relationships for a person whose only appeal to them is a sexual one.
Potential Convention: Given the subject matter of the play and the heightened emotions the ending portrays at least on the part of one character that I would try to have the actors deliver their dialogue and their attitudes as realistically as possible.
In the Blood:
Theatrical Convention from Class: Pathos -- the audience is meant to feel sympathy for the main character of this play and to understand her sense of desperation and her inability to find a way to preserve herself and her sense of dignity…
Albee, E. (2000). The Goat or Who is Sylvia? Overlook TP.
Edson, M. (1995). Wit. Faber & Faber.
LaBute, N. (2001). The Shape of Things.
Parks, S. (1999). In the Blood.
Blood by Suzan-Lori Sparks expands on the main theme of society's unfair disregard for its people of low condition in general, for women, and for adulterers. Hester La Negrita, the protagonist, is an African-American woman who struggles to survive in poverty along with her five base-born children. The family's outcast status is portrayed as a direct inducer and accelerator of emotional suffering, poverty, lack of education, and sexual exploitation.
(A) From a structural perspective, In the Blood is constructed in two acts and nine scenes, employing a linear plotline (ush, 2005). In this sense, the play debuts with the equilibrium of Hester striving to provide for her children in meager conditions, the inciting incident represented by the suggestion to seek help from the available former lovers and fathers of her children, the major dramatic question of whether or not she will attain it, the developing action as Hester approaches everend…
Bailin, D. (2006). "Our Kind: Albee's Animals in Seascape and the Goat Or, Who Is Sylvia?." The Journal of American Drama and Theatre, Vol. 18, No. 1.
Putnam, R.D. (2000). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Rush, D. (2005). A Student Guide to Play Analysis. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois Printing Press.
Their plays were similar to the Greeks and many of them were just translated versions. Theatre was an instrument used by the administration to keep the public from devoting much time to the political affairs. Thus any mentioning on stage regarding the political situation or activities would have serious consequences for the author for writing it and the actor for agreeing to perform it. In addition it also served as a purpose to get away from everyday life and worries. It was a part of their life and civilization. As time passed by the theatre evolved but women were not allowed to take part in it for a very long time. With the establishment of churches and the influence of popes, women faced yet another problem in getting accepted as being part of the society. oman theatre was a major influence on the later European theatre and they learnt much…
1) Giulia De Dominicis - Article Title: The Roman Theatres in the Age of Pius VI. Journal Title: Theatre History Studies. Publication Year: 2001. Page Number: 81.
2) Live Hov - Article Title: The 'Women' of the Roman Stage: As Goethe Saw Them. Journal Title: Theatre History Studies. Publication Year: 2001. Page Number: 61.
3) Garret Fagan - Article Title R.C. Beacham. Power into Pageantry: Spectacle Entertainments of Early Imperial Rome. Journal Title: Comparative Drama. Volume: 35. Issue: 3. Publication Year: 2001. Page Number: 465+.
4) The Columbia Encyclopedia - Encyclopedia Article Title: Drama, Western. Encyclopedia Title: The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Publisher: Columbia University Press. Place of Publication: New York. Publication Year: 2004.
The machines were used to create vertical and horizontal movements which had not been done before. In other words, a god could be pictured using the machine as floating down onto the stage, or boats moving across it. Night or dawn could appear, or ghosts (Lawrenson 92). Most of these machine-plays were produced at the Theatre du Marais. There is a difference here, too. The French machine plays reached the public, whereas the English masques of the early century were performed mainly for royalty. Certainly the stage sets for court ballets and opera were more elaborate and special than the public designs since they were subsidized by the royal coffers.
Both English and French theatre took over the new Italian techniques for changing scenery. The French theatre abandoned triangular prisms used in conjunction with painted backdrops. At the beginning, these were painted simultaneously and dropped over or pulled back to…
Constantin Stanislavsky is the father of modern acting theory. His theories which he extols in his four books, My Life in Art (1924), An Actor Prepares (1936), uilding a Character (1941), and Creating a Role (1961) have had an unparalleled effect on actors and acting instructors throughout the world. Acting theorists such as Vsevelod Meyerhold, Uta Hagen, and ertold recht have all taken his theories into account while developing their own. Indeed, entire movements in world drama have been in part inspired by the work of Stanislavsky.
ut what of his influence on Russia? During Stanislavsky's life and his career Russia went through many changes. Two major events in Russian history would determine the fate of theatre and as a result Stanislavsky. The first was the failed revolution in 1905. "The great rehearsal," Lenin called it and that's exactly what it was. The second major event was the 1917…
Staislavski, Constantin. An Actor Prepares. New York: Theatre Arts Books. 1936.
Brockett, Oscar G. The History of Theatre. Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon. 1991.
Meyerhold and Stanislavsky: Art and the Politics in the Russian Theatre." Russian Theatre Website. http://rutheater.home.att.net/stana.htm
Konstantin Sergeyevich Stanislavsky." King Norton Boys. http://www.kingnortonboys.bham.sch.uk/sujects/drama/pages/stanisl.pdf
Subscriber Importance to a Live Theatre Venue
The Importance of Subscribers to a Live Theater Venue
Live theater is far different from movies and other types of venues. Unfortunately, people often do not realize that, and they take live venues for granted. hen they do not see the differences or realize how live theater productions work, they do not realize the value of supporting these kinds of venues through subscriptions or sustaining memberships (Vogel, 1998). Becoming a sustaining member of a live theater venue is one of the best ways in which people who love the theater and want to support performing arts can do so, and has been for some time (American, 1966). The same is true of subscriptions, whereby people get newsletters, tickets, and other information - often in advance and at a discount compared to non-subscribers. hile it may not seem significant, these types of helping hands…
American Theatre. "Theatre Facts: A Report on Performance and Potential in the American Nonprofit Theatre Based on Theatre Communications Group's Annual Fiscal Survey," April, 1966.
League of American Theatres and Producers, Inc. "Release: Broadway Business Booms into 1998," 22 December 1997.
Vogel, Harold L. Entertainment Industry Economics. Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Theatre Nurses Equipped With the Skills equired to Perform Pre-Operative Visits
To Perform Pre-Operative Visits?
Are Theatre Nurses Equipped With the Skills equired
To Perform Pre-Operative Visits?
Are Theatre Nurses Equipped With the Skills equired
To Perform Pre-Operative Visits?
Pre-operative assessment is part of the E process that many medical professionals believe can be accomplished on the part of nurses in the unit.. The objective listed for pre-operative assessment is that special requirements for the surgery as well as the peri-operative stay should include identification and coordination of all essential resources, should inform the patients and prepare them to proceed and to ensure the patient's fitness for the procedure(s) scheduled. . The nursing team clinically examines as well as assessing all emergency patients before surgery to ensure the fitness of patients to the greatest possible extent. Strategies include, "redistributing cases from emergency to elective theatre schedules, day case emergency…
Walsgrove H, Fulbrook P.(2005) Advancing the clinical perspective: a practice development project to develop the nurse practitioner role in an acute hospital trust. J Clin Nurs. 2005 Apr;14(4):444-55. PMID: 15807751
Walsgrove H. (2004) Piloting a nurse-led gynaecology preoperative-assessment clinic. Nursing Times. 2004 Jan 20-26; 100(3):38-41. PMID: 14963959
Byrne JP (2000) The South Australian Nurse Practitioner Project: a midwife's perspective on a new initiative.Collegian. 2000 Jul;7(3):37-9. PMID: 11858406
Le-Mon B. (2000) The role of the nurse practitioner. Nurs Stand. 2000 Feb 9-15;14(21):49-51. No abstract available. PMID: 11971310
Over the last several years, there has been a continuing emphasis on finding ways to improve the total amounts of learning comprehension in reading. Part of the reason for this, is because the achievement scores in these areas have been consistently declining. A good example of this can be seen with a study that was conducted by the National Endowment for the Arts. They found that the total number of Americans who are reading on daily basis has declined by 14% in over 20 years. ("National Endowment for the Arts," 2007) The reason why, is because the advancements in technology and availability of different products (i.e. video games and other forms of entertainment) have created a change the kinds of activities they are involved in. Over the course of time, this has caused most children to read less.
To address these issues and help to improve these numbers, a…
National Endowment for the Arts. (2007). NEA. Retrieved from: http://www.nea.gov/news/news07/TRNR.html
Baflie, C. (2007). Reader's Theater. Reading Rockets. Retrieved from: http://www.readingrockets.org/article/39/
Corcoran, C. (2005). A Study of the Effects of Readers Theater. Reading Improvement, 42 (2), 310
Gayla, S. (2008). Increasing Reading -- Literacy Performance. Chicago, IL: Pearson.
There is also a beautiful large chandelier in the lobby of the theater.
Another significant aspect of the theater is the tower, which was removed in the 1990s because it was leaning to one side. However, it was restored and has been replaced on the theater. Architect Timothy Pflueger, a renowned architect in the San Francisco Bay Area who designed many other impressive theaters, including the Castro Theater in San Francisco, the Paramount Theater in Oakland, and the Alameda Theater in Alameda, designed the original building. He also designed several significant downtown San Francisco buildings, including the Pacific Coast Stock Exchange, and the Pacific Bell Building (now at&T). He also consulted on the Oakland-Bay Bridge Project. Because he is such a significant architect, his work should be renovated and remembered, just as it is with…
Dating back to 1927, the Senator Theater in Chico, California, is now a music venue for local and touring bands and other performances. It opened in 1927 as a vaudeville and movie theater, and owners have closed it several times throughout its history for renovation and because of poor performance. In the 1970s, the theater and film company, United Artists, bought the building and converted it into a two-screen movie theater by sectioning off the balcony and building a wall, and in the early 2000s, it was renovated again and returned to a single stage venue, when the wall was removed. About 1,000 standing spectators fit comfortably into the building today.
The theater is designed in the art deco style, quite popular in the 1920s, and it is significant for a number of reasons. First, old theaters like this are disappearing across America, and preserving one like this is important both architecturally and historically. There is a large mural inside the theater that is also artistically significant, and it has been restored by the present owners to its original appearance. There is also a beautiful large chandelier in the lobby of the theater.
Another significant aspect of the theater is the tower, which was removed in the 1990s because it was leaning to one side. However, it was restored and has been replaced on the theater. Architect Timothy Pflueger, a renowned architect in the San Francisco Bay Area who designed many other impressive theaters, including the Castro Theater in San Francisco, the Paramount Theater in Oakland, and the Alameda Theater in Alameda, designed the original building. He also designed several significant downtown San Francisco buildings, including the Pacific Coast Stock Exchange, and the Pacific Bell Building (now at&T). He also consulted on the Oakland-Bay Bridge Project. Because he is such a significant architect, his work should be renovated and remembered, just as it is with the Senator Theater.
The Aurora theater shooting incident is the largest shooting incident in the history of the U.S. in terms of the number of casualties. Perpetrated by one James Eagan Holmes, the 20th July 2017 incident left 12 people dead and 58 people critically injured. Overall, response to the incident was commendable, with the police and fire personnel arriving within five minutes after the shooting. The Aurora Police Department, the Aurora Fire Department, hospital-based emergency departments, and Emergency Management Services (EMS) worked together to manage the crisis. The agencies collaborated in evacuating victims, apprehending the suspect, searching the theater building, providing emergency medical care, transporting victims to hospitals, and assisting families of victims. Nonetheless, similar to other previous incidents, inter-agency coordination and communication difficulties were experienced. These difficulties provide crucial lessons for leadership within the field of emergency management.
Background/Summary of the Incident
The 20th of July 2017 was a sad day…
" Highlights of the checklist include:
minimum of one percent of seating must constitute wheelchair seating locations.
Individuals in wheelchairs cannot be isolated from other people. Seating accessible for wheelchairs has to be integrated into business' seating plan.
Every wheelchair seating location must have a companion seat located next to it.
Specialty areas, including sky boxes, must also provide wheelchair seating locations.
To help insure facility does not lose revenue, folding or removable seats can be utilized by individuals not confined to wheelchairs.
More than one wheelchair accessible seating location must be provided when more than 300 seats are provided in a facility.
Admission prices for wheelchair seating (also views) must be comparable general public's admission prices and views.
Locations allocated for wheelchair seating must be on an accessible route providing access and connecting from public parking and transportation areas.
Lines of sight and view for wheelchair seating locations must…
Accessibility. (2006). "KEY FEATURES OF ACCESSIBLE STADIUM SEATING." Legal Issues.
A www.ilparks.org/legaldigest_accessibility.htm.[12 December 2006].
ADA Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities (ADAAG). (2002).
A www.access-board.gov/adaag/html/adaag.htm.[12 December 2006].
What I liked about this was the author's attempt to get at the spirit of Jim Crow by examining the work of T. D. Rice, known as Daddy Rice, the most famous "blackface" actor of the 19th century. It prompted questions in my mind, like, "Why did Rice think it would be a good idea to perform this way?" and, "What did his famous performances say about the audiences who watched them and their obvious demand for such entertainment?" Indeed, what I found most interesting was that Rice conceived Jim Crow in a way that was based on "cross-racialization" which was essentially the opposite of the direction in which the Jim Crow idea was eventually taken by sections of American society. In Rice's early conception, Jim Crow was based on an integrative concept of whites and blacks. It was not based so much on hatred for black people…
Dane Johnston gave a stunning performance in the title role of the play. In fitting with the modern interpretation of the classic, Johnston's rendering of Hamlet is akin to the "emo" youth subculture - just as Ophelia is meant to conform to the "gothic" subculture. At the same time, Johnston delivered Hamlet's numerous long monologues with sophistication and ease, proving to the audience that you do not have to fake a British accent in order to accurately capture the Shakespearean essence of the role.
Hamlet's best friends, Horatio (Kit Fugard) and Marcella (Vanessa Downs), were also portrayed as "scene kids," but obviously of an artistic and intelligent nature. Angela Donor's interpretation of Ophelia tended to be a bit melodramatic at some points during the play; at the same time, it can be said that such over-acting may be necessary, as it is part of Ophelia's true nature.
Overall, the technical…
How long has this been going on?
Johnny: Now Vena, nothing's going on. Rochelle just happened to be with me when I went in to Safeway's.
Vena: (voice rising) "Happened" to be with you? It hasn't even been a full year, and already you've moved on to my family members. Is this what you meant by when you said you wanted to see other people? My family? Who's next, my mom!
Johnny: Please, Vena, don't start again. Remember, this is the whole reason why we broke up in the first place. I was going to be graduating, we wouldn't be able to spend as much time together, and you knew you would get jealous.
Vena: But with my cousin? And in my hometown? Didn't you care about me at all; didn't I mean anything to you?
Johnny: (soothingly): Really, I think you're jumping to conclusions. Rochelle wasn't hanging all over…
It has also been very popular both with musical performers and their audiences throughout its history; artists as diverse as Elvis Presley and Luciano Pavarotti have performed on the Olympia's stage, and MTV continues to host events and concerts there on occasion.
Despite its popularity, however, the Olympia has faced some difficult times. In 1975, the theatre was scheduled for demolition, but was purchased by businessman Maurice Gusman and donated to the city along with the historic Olympia Office Building next to it. The entire complex was renamed in Gusman's honor, and earned a place on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. The theatre is still not entirely safe from the clutches of time, however, and careful restoration work on the aging building is a constant and painstaking process -- but well worth the effort to preserve…
To uncover these commonalities, my thesis will focus on three of the most influential forms of alternative theatre: Grotowski's Poor Theatre, Joseph Chaikin's Open Theatre, and Richard Schechner's New Theatre. These three alternative approaches represent a dramatic departure from conventional theater, using techniques that have as their central goal the development of intimate interaction between the audience and the actors. The central technique for this is to remove barriers and social conventions / traditions that typify traditional productions.
To adequately establish the social role that alternative theatre uses in constructing a performance, I will use a comparative study of these three alternative forms of theatre.
Since Grotowski had the most significant influence on the development of nonconventional theatre, I will begin by examining the actor-audience relationship in three contexts: psycho-physical, psycho-analytic language and the physical arrangement methods used to stage performances with the Polish Lab Theatre.
These three elements will…
Renting vs. Theate
As the pice of a movie ticket ises, movie-watching often becomes a question of: "Is it a ente?" The questions of what makes a movie "a ente" may be only an expession of the viewe's opinion that the quality of the movie does not waant the pice of a movie ticket. Assuming that it is geneally moe expensive to go to the show than to watch a movie on VHS o DVD, and assuming that most people would athe spend less money than moe, when a peson says that a movie is "a ente," he o she is saying that the theate expeience would not enhance the movie enough to make the exta cost wothwhile; howeve, the measue of the value of the theate expeience is puely subjective, depending entiely on the viewe's move-watching pefeences.
Thee ae key diffeences between the movie theate expeience and the expeience…
references than with the quality of the movie.
Differences in the atmosphere
The size of the screen and the quality of the sound
Other people's effect on the viewer's movie-watching experience
.....shift in the movie industry. Indeed, what used to be done exclusively or mainly in theaters and such is now something people do at home more and more. The emergence and advancement of streaming and video rentals of superior form have changed the movie theater industry, and mostly for the worst. There have been aberrations here and there. The recent Guardians of the Galaxy movie and its $333 million domestic haul was certainly an example and manifestation of this. Even so, the state of affairs in the industry can and should be looked at through the prism of Porter's Five Forces and that is precisely what shall be done as part of this case study. While there is still a niche for the traditional movie theater fare, the movie industry will have to evolve just like the movie rental industry did, and for very similar reasons.
Threat of New Entrants…
Home Movies Beat Theater Ones
It is quite a different experience to view a movie at home versus viewing it in a movie theater. Furthermore, there are positives and negatives associated with each of these viewing experiences. Nonetheless, an analysis of the benefits and drawbacks associated with each of these experiences, reveals that the more enjoyable experience lies in watching a movie at home.
Virtually the only advantage that watching a movie in a theater has over doing so at home pertains to the special effects. Theaters are equipped with a host of state of the art audio visual experiences to provide enhanced viewing experiences that are difficult to match in domestic settings. When one considers the 3D capabilities of movie theaters that can "provide an experience never before experienced in a theater" (Their, 2012) it is clear that these special effects are optimized for viewing in a theater, and…
Their, D. (2012). New technology could allow for glasses-free 3D movies. www.forbes.com Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/davidthier/2012/08/22/new-technology-could-allow-for-glasses-free-3d-movies/
Wilson, C. (2014). Movies aimed at teenage girls bring box office bank. www.marketplace.org Retrieved from http://www.marketplace.org/topics/business/movies-aimed-teenage-girls-bring-box-office-bank
Classical and Modern Greek Theater
There are clear connections between the classical and modern theater in Greece - just as there are clear connections between the theater of classical Greece and the modern theater of the est in general. Much of what we believe to be proper theater-making comes from classical works: e still use many of the same ideas about character, about motif, about plot. But even as many of the internal structures have remained the same, the culture in which the plays of ancient and modern Greece are written and produced has changed dramatically, thus changing the content and understanding of the plays themselves. e can see how theater has changed (and how it has not) by examining one particular aspect of that runs through so many Greek plays, the concept of free will.
The works of the ancient Greek playwrights are difficult for us to read within…
Bobzien, Susanne. Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Society. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2001.
Edinger, Edward. The Psyche on Stage: Individuation Motifs in Shakespeare and Sophocles. New York: Inner City, 2000. http://classics.mit.edu/Sophocles/oedipus.html
Moscati, S. Ancient Semitic Civilizations. New York: Putnam, 1960.
Long. A.A. Stoic Studies. Berkeley: UC Press, 2001.
Measurement and Marketing
The Boston Ale Theater
In this scenario regarding marketing questionnaires at the Boston Ale Theater, marketing director Betty Lucas has shown poor judgment in the authorship of her questionnaire, the choice of venue of the marketing questionnaire, and methodology of her information-gathering strategy. All of these factors in combination are sure to result in improperly measured and skewed statistical results.
While the intern in question may be quite competent, this is no guarantee that this individual has a sense of what type of questions will give clues as to the audience the Boston Ale Theater desires and is likely to attract. The intern might simply ask generic questions about age and gender, rather than include other, equally important questions that are more pertinent to the focus of what the public wishes to see.
More importantly, the gender and age break down for the single show being surveyed…
William Shakespeare was born into a world of words that took him from cold, stone castles in Scotland to the bustling cities of Italy and the high seas of colonial change. An emblem of the Renaissance, the Bard of Avon was not only the conqueror of his own mind and pen, but also of the language of his own social, political, and religious reality. His theatre, the epic Globe, mirrors the stories of the early, bustling London and ever-morphing England in the duration of its own life, from plank and dirt to flame and fame.
By 1598, Richard Burbage was the practicing don of the London theatre world, extending his fingertips for production all over the lively center of British commerce and governance. His players, a collection of all-male actors, were widely recognized throughout the theatre world, one of the only sources of popular entertainment.
Burbage produced the works of…
Jealous Woman in Asian Literature and Theater
Muromachi Noh Theater and Aoi no Ue
Steven T. Brown's Theatricalities of Power: The Cultural Politics of Noh adopts a 'new historicist' approach to the study of Noh Theater. In contrast to the dominant tendencies of western scholars, Brown is not interested in "reducing Noh to its theatrical conventions nor abstracting its style and poetics from its performance materiality" (1). Rather he concentrates on Noh as an example of a "micropolitics of culture" (3), which, according to him, is a type of politics grounded in "power relations and effects associated with figurations of authority, gender, subjectivity, naming and patronage" (3).
Brown's primary intention in the Theatricalities of Power is to trace the historical process whereby Noh became institutionalized as the official art form of Japan during the Edo period (1603-1867). Although Brown narrates the history of this institutionalization by highlighting specific historical events…
I have been lucky enough to have attended dozens of different concerts, in many different genres. Most recently I have been interested in electronic music and have seen a few local DJs as well as a few international ones. I have also seen some avant-garde rock, underground hiphop, punk, and "electroclash," like Peaches. I have seen symphony orchestras and arena rock, such as Bruce Springsteen too. hen people ask me what my favorite music is, I usually have a difficult time answering because I enjoy so much music, especially when it is performed live. Live music is special because it is never the same performance twice. hen I see a band or artist live, I am taking part in a moment of history.
People have become accustomed to listening to music with their headphones, which is great, except that headphones offer a limiting sonic experience. Other ways of…
Gilmore, J.J. (n.d.). Why live music? Retrieved online: http://www.ncsymphony.org/images/media/672EB8EC-1D09-64E9-48CCBDA53E6E5FF0.pdf
Janaro, R. & Altshuler, T. (2011). The Art of Being Human. Pearson.
Roundabout's She Loves Me stars Jane Krakowski and Laura Benanti. Other key performers are Zachary Levi and Gavin Creel. Music is by The Jerry Bock and features classical tunes like "ill He Like Me," "Tonight at Eight," and "A Trip to the Library." In the scene the introduces the song "ill He Like Me," the character played by Laura is dressed in a white trench coat and hat with a sing song kind of melody and dress style reminiscent of the 1920's or 40's. Her dark brown hair looks as if it was pin curled and her makeup is faint with a light lip very indicative of classic movies like Casa Blanca.
Jane Krakowski sings "A Trip to the Library and while the set seems a bit a simple throughout the show, especially this number, (the bedroom scene with the number "Vanilla Ice Cream" seemed lazy in its preparation especially…
"Roundabout Theatre Company." N.p., 2016. Web. 27 Apr. 2016.
miami./theatrearts/ring.html performance south pacific write a concise 500-word critical response
Students of the University of Miami's Jerry Herman Ring Theater Alvin Sherman family stage put on a very credible performance of South Pacific, which is running through the month of April. This work of drama is, of course, a musical. Therefore, it was highly significant that some of the most important actions that the audience witnessed during the performance were related to the singing, dancing, and music involved in this production.
It certainly helps that, since this musical was a Pulitzer Prize for Drama winner in 1950, many of the songs performed within the musical are classics, very famous, and were carried out in a polished manner. The two best numbers of the evening included I'm Going to Wash That Man Right Outta My Hair and Some Enchanted Evening. Andrew Leonard was involved in the latter, whereas the former utilized…
"South Pacific" explores a fairly crucial theme, one that was particularly relevant for the time in which the play was initially performed (in 1949). In those pivotal postwar years, this drama explores what ultimately resulted as the shrinking of the world as globalization began in earnest following the conclusion of World War II. However, the play deals with this thematic issue from a decidedly personal point-of-view, as it chronicles a pair of love stories in which there are significant cultural differences between the lovers. Therefore, the major theme of the play is to determine if conventional notions of prejudice still apply in the newly developing world, especially when they are involved in something as crucial to human feeling as love.
The intentions of the director, Michaeljohn McGann, seemed to be fairly clear. I believe the director was attempting to utilize as many different mediums and components of theater to convey the sense that true love is stronger than tradition or racial prejudice. This hypothesis is supported by the full-on, multimedia package that South Pacific encompassed. The production was not only powered by acting, but also by the three-dimensional aspect of music in the dances of the performers, their singing, and in the craftsmanship of the musicians who accompanied the singers. There were also a number of disparate elements of theater that largely entangled the director to accomplish this goal. These included, most saliently, the background scenery, which routinely changed during different acts and scenes to reflect an accurate visual depiction of the various physical locations the play took place in. The acting and directing were believable, and the actors seemed to bring a new vivacity to 60-year-old characters that helped to modernize the work. David Upton did a great job with the lighting, to present subdued and dramatic moments.
Ultimately, the enduring nature of the theme of the play helped to ensure that it is still socially relevant in contemporary society. Imperialist developments in our own world virtually ensure that cultural meshing will still take place. It is nice to know that in doing so, timeless values of love and romance can take center stage. Also, the imperialist tendencies of the United States imply that situations that occurred in South Pacific, such as romantic involvement between people of respective cultures, is still a part of today's society.
First coming to theaters in 1984, The Terminator was a movie that captured audiences and enveloped them in a world of unknown- robots, intelligence, destruction and the future. The cyborg assassin in the movie fostered society's greatest fear- technology that developed so rapidly that people would not be able to control it. ut to what end could this scientific fantasy movie become a reality? Could the laptops that people use everyday suddenly be able to think, act and even cause the destruction similar to that in the blockbuster movie? As technology develops at a rapid pace in modern day society, it solicits the all important question, can computers think?
Foremost, an understanding to the term and concept of thinking must be established as a foundational framework to move forward with the dilemma of computers being able to think. There are two different components to the concept of thinking:…
Barnett, Emma. (2009, June 23). A robot displaying human emotion has been unveiled. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/news/5612292/A-robot-displaying-human-emotion-has-been-unveiled.html
Skirry, Justin. (2008, September 13). Rene descartes (1596 -- 1650): overview. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/descarte/
The age of intelligent machines; can computers think?. (2001, February 21). Retrieved from http://www.kurzweilai.net/the-age-of-intelligent-machines-can-computers-think
Ibsen and Brecht
The live theater has a way of bringing the audience into the play like no other medium. atching the actors on stage, the audience members all become voyeurs, who witness the secrets of lives behind closed doors. This is a wonderful thing when telling mysteries or comedies where the audience is asked to become part of the story. In dramas however, the playwright needs the audience to relate to the characters but to do so in a way that the message of the story has more merit than the characters themselves. To accomplish this, the playwright has to use certain techniques that will ensure the audience does not get so involved in the minutiae of the story that they lose the message of the larger picture. Playwrights Bertolt Brecht in "The Good oman of Szechwan" and Henrik Ibsen in "Hedda Gabbler" use different techniques to achieve the…
Brecht, Bertolt. The Good Woman of Szechwan. 1943. Print.
Ibsen, Henrik. Hedda Gabbler. 1891. Print.
The Shape of Things, a play by Neil LaBute, (A) expands on the central themes of society's distortional emphasis on appearances, and art as a potentially limitless and human-sculpting instrument. Linearly structured in three acts, the plot closely follows the problematic evolution of a student couple from a Midwest university. Starting as a discrepant match, Evelyn and Adam develop an oddly unequal relationship, as the former increasingly impacts major changes in the apparel and psychological onset of her partner, who complies with every single suggestion out of innocent devotion.
The public clarification scene from the third act has a great potential for theatricality due to the fact that it comes across as a bitter surprise and a ruthlessly planned humiliation, yet admittedly it challenges the cultural and ethical boundaries concerning art and the human being as object for art. The reason why a large part of the audience exhibits…
Allen, James Sloan. "Tolstoy's Prophesy: "What Is Art?" Today." New Criterion, December 1998: 14-17.
Antakyalioglu, Zekiye. "Chaos Theory and Stoppard's Arcadia." Journal of Istanbul Kultur University, March 2006: 87-93
1939, John Steinbeck published his novel The Grapes of rath, and that same year the film version of the story was released. The film was directed by John Ford and was very popular, and the book and the film together reached millions of people. In writing this novel, Steinbeck reflected many of the social, economic, and political currents of the time. The story is set in the Great Depression era, and the Depression was still have its effect in 1939. hat would bring about the end of the Great Depression was already starting in Europe, meaning orld ar II, which does not impinge directly on the story of the Joad family but which we can see from our standpoint today was about to bring about massive changes in American society. The very nature of the story of the Joads, however, links that story to the Depression and its effect on…
Banks, Ann. First-Person America. New York: W.W. Norton, 1980.Caldwell, Mary Ellen. "A New Consideration of the Intercalary Chapters in The Grapes of Wrath." Markham Review 3 (1973), 115-119.
Ford, John. The Grapes of Wrath. Twentieth Century-Fox, 1939.
The Grapes of Wrath." Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol. 59. Chicago: Gale, 1989.
Groene, Horst. "Agrarianism and Technology in Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath." Southern Review (9:1)(1976), 27-31.
intervention to deal with the reading problems of a North Philadelphia classroom hat the author will discuss first of all is the deficiencies of the Title 1 program itself. The we will examine the following issues:
a) Setting and Sample Population
b) Data Collection Procedures
c) Discussion of Action (Intervention)
The Federal Muddle
hile it may seem academic, one must understand the limits of the Title 1 program itself. hile Federal funding is allowed for the program, federally mandated curricula is not (" 20 usc," 2011). Unfortunately, the entire controversy was born in genius of bureaucratic overreach. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 explicitly forbids federally determined curricula. Indeed, the U.S. Constitution doe not authorize it either. In other words, the government threw money at the problem in the hope that it would increase Federal influence. Obviously, this was done, but in such a watered down manner that…
Evers, W. (2000, January 17). Secretary riley reignites the math wars. Retrieved from http://www.hoover.org/news/daily-report/24316
Fairbanks, S., Sugai, G., Guardino, D., & Lathrop, M. (2007). Response to intervention: examining classroom behavior support in second grade. Council for Exceptional Children., 73(3), 288-310.
Foorman, B. (2001). Critical elements of classroom and small-group instruction promote reading success in all children. Learning Disabilities and Research Practice, 16(5), 203-212.
Foorman, B., Francis, D., Fletcher, J., LaSchatschneiderst, C., & Mehta, P. (1998). The role of instruction in learning to read: preventing reading failure in at risk children . Journal of Educational Instruction, 90(1), 37-55.
omen in Ancient Tragedy and Comedy
Both the drama of Euripides' "Medea" and the comedy of Aristophanes' "Lysistrata" seem unique upon a level of even surface characterization, to even the most casual students of Classical Greek drama and culture. Both in are female-dominated plays that were produced by male-dominated societies and written by men. Both the drama and the comedy features strong women as their central protagonists, whom are depicted under extreme circumstances, in relatively positive lights. And both plays, despite their very different tones, also have an additional, unique feature in that they show 'the enemy' -- or the non-Greek or non-Athenian, in a fairly positive and humane fashion.
The sympathies of the viewer for female's plights are immediately arisen by Aristophanes from the first scene of "Lysistrata," as Cleonice, the friend of Lysistrata, and a common Athenian housewife states, regarding the lateness of the other women that frustrates…
Arkins, Brian. "Sexuality in Fifth-Century Athens." Ancient History: Journal of University College Dublin, Ireland, Volume 1: 1994. http://ancienthistory.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http://www.ucd.ie/%7Eclassics/94/Arkins94.html
Aristophanes. "Lysistrata." Retrieved on 6 November 2004 from Exploring World Cultures Website, 1997. http://m3.doubleclick.net/875354/freeze10012004.html
Euripides. "Medea." MIT Classics Archive, 2001. Retrieved on 6 November 1997 at http://classics.mit.edu/Euripides/medea.html
Hemminger, Bill. "Why Study Ancient World Cultures?" Retrieved on 6 November 2004 from Exploring World Cultures Website, 1997.
Supernatural in Renaissance Drama
There are things in heaven and earth, not dreamt of in the philosophy of Horatio, not simply in "Hamlet" but also in the "Midsummer's Night Dream" of Shakespeare, and the "Dr. Faustus" of Christopher Marlowe. But while all of these plays deal with the theme of human aspirations in a world with a permeable, rather than an impermeable wall between humanity and the supernatural, "Dr. Faustus" suggests that breaking down this wall is initially fun and playful, although it has dire consequences at the end for the play's protagonist. Marlowe's cartoon characters and images of conventional morality, combined with heightened language convey humor rather than horror, until Faustus is condemned to hell for all eternity. The even lighter "Midsummer's Night Dream" also suggests in its early language an initial playfulness for the human and supernatural lovers who engage in transgressing sensual activities. But this comedy set…
Marlowe, Christopher. "Dr. Faustus." Text B. Edited by Hilary Binder. Tufts Classics Edition online. Last updated 2003. Retrieved from Perseus. Database at 8 December 2004 at http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.03.0011& ; layout=norm%3Dreg& query=act%3D%235
Shakespeare, William. "A Midsummer's Night's Dream." MIT Complete Shakespeare. Retrieved 8 Dec 2004 at http://www-tech.mit.edu
Shakespeare, William. "A Midsummer's Night's Dream." MIT Complete Shakespeare. Retrieved 8 Dec 2004 at
Tragedy of Mariam" by Elizabeth Cary
Elizabeth Cary is an Englishwoman who received acclaim because of her written play, "The Tragedy of Mariam," which was written in 17th century England. Born to aristocracy, Cary was known as the first Englishwoman who wrote English drama, and the play "The Tragedy of Mariam," is considered a 'closet drama,' because it is not perform for the public. Rather closet dramas are only narrated in private, and by a small group of people. The play is an adaptation of a Biblical account in the Holy Bible, as Cary begins professing her faith to Catholicism, which was a forbidden and unpopular religion in the society during Cary's time.
The play is said to have many parallelisms to Cary's life, especially the portrayal of the role of Mariam as the wife of Herod. The first similarity that Mariam had with Cary's life is that both have…
Theater Review: The Homecoming by Harold Pinter
Although Harold Pinter's The Homecoming has a very modernist tone because of its spare language and hidden sexual tension, the play actually follows the classical plot structure of exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, followed by resolution. While the play may seem to be plotless, the central conflict is the class and sexual conflict in the all-male household when one of the sons returns home with his wife, Ruth. Teddy is the lone educated member of the family and his other brothers clearly resent this fact, particularly Lenny, a thuggish man who immediately makes sexual overtones to Ruth. The central question of the play is how the brothers and Ruth will resolve the question of their relationship. Ultimately, Ruth chooses to leave her stultifying relationship with Teddy and remain in the home because of the greater sexual freedom she seems to enjoy there.…
Art Cinema and Theatre of Absurd
In "The Art of Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice," David Bordwell provides a definition of what he believes constitutes art cinema in order to define the style as an artistic movement. In "The Theatre of the Absurd," Martin Esslin provides similar arguments about theatre as Bordwell does about film. Bordwell and Esslin both provide an analysis of the elements that distinguish art cinema and art theatre from their mainstream counterparts.
There are several factors that contributed to the rise of art cinema in the post-orld ar II era. Art cinema became to be recognized as an acceptable and appropriate vehicle of expression given the gravity of historical developments of post-II Europe.
In "The Art of Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice," Bordwell explains art cinema "as a distinct mode appears after orld ar II when the dominance of the Hollywood cinema…
Bordwell, David. "The Art Cinema as a Mode of Film Practice." Film Theory and Criticism:
Introductory Readings. Eds. Leo Baudy and Marshall Cohen. New York: Oxford
University Press, 2009. Print.
Esslin, Martin. "The Theatre of the Absurd." The Tulane Drama Review. The MIT Press: Vol. 4,
Today, kabuki retains a number of leading plays and theatrical groups. The conventional kabuki repertoire has about 300 plays, although others are being added. Play types range from the shosa-goto (dance-drama), to the jidai-mono (historical drama), and the sewa-mono (domestic drama) (University of Texas at Austin)
There are three main groups of kabuki plays. Many kabuki plays were adapted from the puppet theater (such as Chushingura and Tsubosaka-Dera), or the no and kyogen dramas (such as Zazen, Kanjincho, and Musume Dojoji. Kagotsurube is among plays written especially for kabuki theater (University of Texas at Austin).
Kabuki performers Nakamura Kichiemon II, Sawamura Sojuro, Ichikawa Sadanji, Nakamura Matsue and Nakamura Kasho perform with the 70-member Shochiku Company of Tokyo. Of these performers, Nakamura Kichiemon II is considered to be one of Kabuki's strongest actors. Director Nakamura Utaemon is considered to be a "living national treasure" (Lo).
Today, Kabuki presentations in America…
Ichimura Manjiro Presents Kabuki for Everyone. Kabuki: A Brief History. 21 October 2004. http://www.fix.co.jp/kabuki/about/history/overview.html
Japan-Guide.com. Theater - Kabuki. 21 October 2004. http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2090.html
Lo, Tamara. Graceful stars of Japan's Kabuki Theater take over Jones Hall. The Daily Cougar, 1996. 21 October 2004. http://www.stp.uh.edu/vol62/16/Lifestyl/life1/life1.html
Nakamura, Matazo. Kabuki, backstage, onstage: An actor's life. Kodansha International, 1990.