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"So let me be clear: I'm proud to be gay, and I consider being gay among the greatest gifts God has given me."
APPLE CEO, TIM COOK (Brand, 2013)
Tim Cook, the CEO of Apple since Steve Jobs passed away in 2011, has recently come out publically as gay. He is the first Fortune 500 chief executive to ever publicly state that he is homosexual. This will likely have some implications for Apple one many levels. hile most people feel that this is a personal choice that Tim Cook has made and has no relevance for his position as CEO, others will likely be dismayed by Apple and its leader. Some conservatives have announced that Tim Cook has a right to be gay, but announcing his personal sexual preferences publically is a new story. This puts the CEO and by affiliation Apple into a political debate that will…
Apple. (N.d.). 2nd Vote. Retrieved from iTunes: https://iTunes.apple.com/us/app/2nd-vote/id593149524?mt=8
Brand, A. (2013, October 22). Apple CEO Tim Cook comes out as gay: I'm proud. Retrieved from MSNBC: http://www.msnbc.com/msnbc/apple-ceo-tim-cook-comes-out-gay-im-proud
Cook, T. (2014, October 30). Tim Cook Speaks Up. Retrieved from Bloomberg: http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2014-10-30/tim-cook-im-proud-to-be-gay
Feintzeig, R., & Wakabayashi, D. (2014, October 30). Apple CEO Says He's 'Proud to Be Gay'. Retrieved from The Wall Street Journal: http://www.mercurynews.com/business/ci_26833222/cook-proud-be-gay
Apple's CEO Tim Cook recently publicly announced that he is gay (Chen & Goel, 2014). This step was clearly a major personal landmark for him, but it caught attention in the business world as well, for several reasons. First, there few openly gay C-suiters, and even fewer as prominent as Cook. There may be some who are not out, but Cook's announcement was intended specifically to shift the mindset of people in the business world about gays. Cook is the first openly gay CEO of a Fortune 500 company.
Second, LGBT people are one of the few minority groups against whom active, deliberate discrimination is allowed, by law, in the American workplace. The move does come on the heels of President Obama affording LGBT workers in the federal government protection from discrimination, but discrimination is still allowed in the private sector, barring passage of an act from Congress, which being…
BBC. (2014). Obama signs order protecting some gay workers. BBC. Retrieved December 8, 2014 from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-28414186
Chen, B. & Goel, V. (2014). Apple's Tim Cook says that he is 'proud to be gay' New York Times. Retrieved December 8, 2014 from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/31/technology/timothy-cook-apples-chief-executive-says-he-is-proud-to-be-gay.html?_r=1
Fortune (2014). Most Admired 2014. Fortune Magazine. Retrieved December 8, 2014 from http://fortune.com/worlds-most-admired-companies/#methodology
Genco, (2014). Amazon beats Apple with the most admired supply chain operations. Genco. Retrieved December 8, 2014 from http://www.genco.com/Logistics-Articles/article.php?aid=800915952
Ethics at Apple
Apple has been for some time now the leading manufacturer of innovative wireless technologies, including the iPhone, the iPad, iPods, and Macintosh computers that do more and set the table for other manufacturers to emulate "Mac" innovations. Following the death of Apple co-founder Steve Jobs -- and the emergence of Tim Cook as the new CEO -- the technology media and happy Apple consumers wait for the next launch of an innovative device that will change the way people communicate and retrieve information.
hat are the Apple values and ethics? The "Apple Values" section of the Apple Employee Handbook (circa 1993) sets the record straight on what is expected of employees. In short, Apple asserts that "…we will not compromise our ethics or integrity in the name of profit" (seanet.com). hat Apple does is "…set aggressive goals and drive ourselves hard to achieve them" and "build products"…
Gurman, Mark. (2011). Revealed: Apple's internal policies on employee social networking, speculating on rumors, leaking, blogging, and more. 9to5Mac. Retrieved May 27, 2012,
from http://9to5mac.com .
Mac Observer. (2011). Revealed: 10 big Apple Store secrets. Retrieved May 27, 2012, from http://theweek.com .
Marshall, Gary. (2011). Inside Apple: Cupertino's secrets revealed. Tech Radar. Retrieved May
Organizational behavior is a study that encompasses the examination and analysis of the influence that persons, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations with the main intent of employing such understanding on behavior so as to make organizations function in a more effective manner. In other words, it is the analysis of what individuals undertake in an organization and how their behavior has an influence on the performance of the organization. By having an understanding of the manner in which interrelation and working together with others in the organization, followed by improvements can be undertaken for a company. An apparent characteristic of organizational behavior is discerning the detailed behaviors of personnel or groups of workers in diverse settings or how they respond to certain occasions or circumstances (obbins and Judge, 2013).
Organization's Background and Nature of its Business
Apple Inc., formerly known as Apple Computer, Inc., is a transnational…
Associated Press. (2014). Steve Jobs vs. Tim Cook: The Apple CEOs' Major Differences. Billboard. Retrieved from: http://www.billboard.com/biz/articles/news/legal-and-management/6084813/steve-jobs-vs.-tim-cook-differences-apple-ceos
Blodget, H. (2013). Apple's 'Mission Statement' Is Making People Worry That The Company Has Gone To Hell. Business Insider. Retrieved from: http://www.businessinsider.com/apples-new-mission-statement-2013-8
Daniels Fund Ethics Initiative. (2012). Apple Inc.'s Ethical Success and Challenges. University of New Mexico.
Edwards, J. (2013). What Apple Employees Say About The Company's Internal Corporate Culture, Business Insider. Retrieved from: http://www.businessinsider.com/what-apple-employees-say-about-the-companys-internal-corporate-culture-2013-10?op=1
Apple Culture Change
Apple has been through many transformations and cultural shifts throughout its interesting history. The company was founded in a garage in the 1970s and later became the most valued company in the world. Needless to say, there have been many challenges that the company has had to overcome along the way. This analysis will focus on some of the more recent cultural changes that the company has went through in the last five years. Some of these changes involve the fact that Apple has had to endure the loss of its founder and chief visionary Steve Jobs. Other changes in culture relate to its production methods and some of its overseas business partners who have generated significant amounts of negative publicity for acting less than ethically in many cases regarding the treatment of employees. Despite all the challenges that Apple has had to endure along its journey,…
Apple Inc. (2013, September 28). 10-K for FY13. Retrieved from Apple Investor Relations: http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/AAPL/2846136282x0x701402/a406ad58-6bde-4190-96a1-4cc2d0d67986/AAPL_FY13_10K_10.30.13.pdf
Bilton, R. (2014, Decemember 18). Apple 'failing to protect Chinese factory workers'. Retrieved from BBC News: http://www.bbc.com/news/business-30532463
Lashinsky, A. (2015, March 26). Apple's Tim Cook leads different. Retrieved from Fortune: http://fortune.com/2015/03/26/tim-cook/
Rowland, C. (2015, September 3). Apple's Vision Statement & Mission Statement. Retrieved from Panmore Institute: http://panmore.com/apple-mission-statement-vision-statement
Ethics and Corporate esponsibility in the Workplace
PharmaCAE's motto is "We CAE about YOU health" -- and this assertion should be born out in the firm's actions and not just in its words. To understand the actual impact of the organization's actions, it is necessary to acknowledge its stakeholders and see how each is affected. By doing so, a better system of corporate social responsibility (CS) can be implemented that will address the issues that face PharmaCAE in Colberia. By examining how other firms and multinationals have addressed CS issues and comparing them to the situation that PharmaCAE faces, a detailed proposition based on the appropriate philosophical/ethical perspective can be generated. This paper will provide an overview of the stakeholders in the firm, how they are impacted by the organization's actions, how the firm can better itself ethically and responsibly regarding stakeholders, and how PharmaCAE compares to another company of…
AnyangoOoko, G. (2014). The environmental factors that influence implementation of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in an organization. Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 19(12): 95-102.
Castka, P., Bamber, C., Sharp, J. (2005). Implementing Effective Corporate Social
Responsibility and Corporate Governance: A Framework. UK: British Standards Institution.
Cooper, R. (2013). Inside Apple's Chinese 'sweatshop' factory where workers are paid just 1.12 per hour to produce iPhones and iPads for the West. Daily Mail. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2103798/Revealed-Inside-Apples-Chinese-sweatshop-factory-workers-paid-just-1-12-hour.html
Apple Inc. (Apple) was built on January 3, 1977. It is presently engaged in manufacturing, designing and marketing mobile communication and media devices, personal computers, and portable digital devices. It also sells a number of related software, peripherals, services, networking solutions, and third-party digital content and applications. The Company's products and services comprises iPad, iPhone, Mac, Apple TV, iPod a portfolio of consumer and professional software applications, the Mac OS X and ios operating systems, iCloud, and a number of accessory, service and support offerings. It also sells and provides digital content and applications through the iTunes Store, App Store, iookstore, and Mac App Store. y the end of year 2011, the Company, as part of a consortium, obtained Nortel Networks Corporation's patent portfolio. In February 2012, the Company obtained app-search engine Chomp.
Apple sells its products worldwide through its online stores, retail stores and direct sales force,…
McGregor, J. (2012). NATIONAL. Retrieved from Apple's Tim COOK faces leadership challenge on labor issue: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-leadership/post/what-apples-dividend-and-stock-buyback-move-tells-us-about-apples-leadership-switch/2011/04/01/gIQAyXjBNS_blog.html
McGregor, J. (2012, march). NATIONAL. Retrieved from What Apple's stock move tells us about the company leadership switch:
Throughout its history, Apple Inc. has accomplished these goals" (50).
The effective management of the company does not end with this philosophical viewpoint, though, but rather extends to virtually every area of Apple's operations, including its recruitment function. Although the company has succeeded where other companies have failed, Apple is not content to rest on its corporate laurels but remains focused on recruiting the best employees available to deliver the world-class products and services that have characterized the company's offerings to date (Job at Apple 2012). In addition, the company continues an aggressive research and development department that has introduced innovations in mobile and point-of-sale payment methods as well as add-on hardware provided by other vendors that is capable of transforming Apple iPhones and iPads into mobile card readers (olfe 6).
The research was consistent in showing the Apple is modeling the way for the computing industry through innovation and…
Apple. (2011, August 13). Marketing 18.
Apple set to launch smaller iPad. (2012, October 12). BBC Technology. [online] available:
Cook, Tim. (2012). "A letter from Tim Cook on Maps." Apple. [online] available: http://
Apple (the computer company) with relation to China. The paper will need to focus on the company's product development and supplier relations within the Chinese market.
"Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: AAPL; formerly Apple Computer, Inc.) is an American multinational corporation that designs and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and personal computers. The company's best-known hardware products are the Macintosh line of computers, the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad. Its software includes the OS X and iOS operating system; the iTunes media browser; and the iLife and iork creativity and production suites. Apple is the world's third-largest mobile phone maker after Samsung and Nokia. Established on April 1, 1976 in Cupertino, California, and incorporated January 3, 1977… Fortune magazine named Apple the most admired company in the United States in 2008, and in the world from 2008 to 2012" (ikipedia: Apple Inc.)
The following essay describes Apple's relationship with China…
Wikipedia. Apple Inc.
Rathee, J. (2012) Could Apple's China Love Affair Be Over? http://wallstcheatsheet.com/stocks/could-apples-china-love-affair-be-over.html/
The purpose of this report is to analyze the leadership and planning systems at Apple Inc. Apple has been one of the success stories of the past decade. Leadership has played a strong role in Apple's success, with the company generally thriving under Steve Jobs and struggling under other leaders. ith Jobs' passing, the company faces a challenge of adapting its leadership and planning systems, both of which were centered around Jobs' charismatic leadership.
The study focuses on two sources of information. There is little academic literature on Apple, in part because of the company's famous secrecy. The business press, however, has analyzed the company's leadership and planning processes and was used as a source of information. In addition, literature focusing on the leadership and planning theories was used to develop the frameworks for analysis.
The findings of this report are that Apple's success in the past has…
Arora, N. (2011). Tim Cook's leadership determines whether Apple hits $100 or $1,000 next. Forbes. Retrieved November 3, 2011 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/greatspeculations/2011/10/12/tim-cooks-leadership-determines-whether-apple-hits-100-or-1000-next/
ChangingMinds.org. (2011). Charismatic leadership. Changing Minds.org. Retrieved November 2, 2011 from http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/charismatic_leadership.htm
Funding Universe. (2011). Apple Computer Inc. Funding Universe. Retrieved November 2, 2011 from http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Apple-Computer-Inc.-Company-History.html
Helft, M. & Miller, C. (2011). A deep bench of leadership at Apple. New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2011 from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/18/technology/18cook.html
Effect of External and Internal Environment
Organizations have both an internal and external environment. To begin with, the forces or circumstances within the borderline of the organization are the components of the internal environment. Notably, the internal environment comprises for the most part of the owners, employees, board of directors, stakeholders, and the corporate culture. On the other hand, factors that are extrinsic to the organization are the components of the external environment. It is imperative to note that these are elements that the organization bears no control of as they impact the entire the industry and therefore the organization cannot influence how such aspects will shape up (Nieuwenhuizen, Badenhorst-Weiss, and Rossouw, 2008). On the other hand, factors within the internal environment are those that the organization can control and have an effect on how they will turn out to be. The external environment is categorized into the general…
Hughes proceeded to institute a system of "Confusing Military Structures," the www.CDNMilitary.casitecontinues. Battlefront unites were "constantly formed, disbanded, reformed and disbanded again"; and as though that wasn't enough, the Ross Rifle issue was another problem that Hughes' legacy is left with, according to the site. One army driver is quoted as saying, "To hell with the [Ross Rifle]. I'll take a club." In fact, Ross did not fully understand why soldiers objected to the use of the Ross Rifle, the military eb site claims, because even though Hughes "dressed up like a military officer while being Minister of the Militia," he was "nothing more than a civilian...and never did have to use the rifle in combat" (www.CDNMilitary.ca).
And the Ross Rifle wasn't the only snag in Hughes' pursuit of innovative wartime materials and technologies, the CNDMilitary site claims. Indeed, the "MacAdam shield-shovel" - termed a "Canadian-designed miracle" by Hughes, who…
CDNMilitary.CA. 2002. "The Canadian World War One Mobilization: A Complicated
Matter." Retrieved March 15, 2009, at http://www.cdnmilitary.ca/index.php?p=20.
Cook, Tim. 2004. "The Madman and the Butcher: Sir Sam Hughes, Sir Arthur Currie,
And Their War of Reputations." The Canadian Historical Review 85 no. 4, 695-719.
Company Name, Mission Statement, and Key Leaders
In this research paper, the company of interest will be Apple. Its mission is to use innovative technology to develop hardware and software that takes user experience to another level. The mission was declared by the seating CEO Tim Cook in the annual report of 2018. Apple is known worldwide as a technology company that develops classy electronics, and it is rated among the four top companies in the world (Apple Mission and Vision Statement Analysis, n.d).
Tim Cook was announced as the new Apple CEO in August 2011, and he took over from former CEO Steve Jobs. Under the leadership of Cooks, the company has grown its value to $2 trillion, which is a recommendable growth. Despite being a top brand globally, they are expected to address several concerns, such as advancing global antitrust and weak bonds with app developers. Greg Joswiak…
Alba, A. (2016, March 31). Apple turns 40: Here\\\\'s a timeline of how the tech giant evolved throughout the years. Retrieved December 13, 2020, from https://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/apple-turns-40-timeline-tech-giant-evolution-article-1.2581048
Aljafari, A. (2016). Apple Inc. Industry Analysis Business Policy and Strategy. Retrieved December 12, 2020, from https://www.ijser.org/researchpaper/Apple-Inc-Industry-Analysis-Business-Policy-and-Strategy.pdf
Apple Mission and Vision Statement Analysis. (n.d.). Retrieved December 12, 2020, from https://mission-statement.com/apple/
Duberstein, B. (2020, May 31). Where Will Apple Be in 10 Years? Retrieved December 13, 2020, from https://www.fool.com/investing/2020/05/31/where-will-apple-be-in-10-years.aspx
Gurman, M. (2020, September 11). Apple\\\\'s Rising Class of Leaders Will Shape a Post-Tim Cook Era. Retrieved December 12, 2020, from https://finance.yahoo.com/news/apples-rising-class-leaders-shape-100042248.html
Khan, U. (2019, December 13). All You Need to Know about Apple\\\\'s Global Presence. Retrieved December 13, 2020, from https://marketrealist.com/2019/12/need-to-know-apples-global-presence/
Kramer, M. (2020, November 10). Apple May Have To Beat and Raise To Keep The Stock Moving Higher. Retrieved December 13, 2020, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/kramermichael/2020/10/26/apple-may-have-to-beat-and-raise-to-keep-the-stock-moving-higher/?sh=481ba9811fff
Nguyen, W. (2020, March 29). APPLE DISTRIBUTION OVERVIEW. Retrieved December 13, 2020, from https://medium.com/@wvynguyen/apple-distribution-overview-9372f1df9270
Social & Ethical Issues in Management
Brief Background/History of Corporation
Epitech is a technology company that creates and develops software for administrative use for other corporations. The company was founded in the year 2009 and has since then grown to become one of the renowned software technology companies in the region. The headquarters of the company is situated in the state of Virginia. The company is best known for its Omega software system which is employed by numerous corporations for their everyday administrative use. Epitech was officially established on 2nd April 2009 by James Hunt with the main intent of creating software for personal use. However, the company took a turn for the positive when the software developed were picked up by other corporations and has since then went on to become one of the most sought after software technology companies. Five years since its inception, Epitech has been able…
Albrecht, S.L. (2010). Handbook of Employee Engagement: Perspectives, Issues, Research and Practice. Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Baker, M., Hart, S. (2008). The Marketing Book. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Cook, S. (2008). The Essential Guide to Employee Engagement: Better Business Performance Through staff satisfaction. London: Kogan Page Limited.
Ethics Resource Center. (2011). National Business Ethic Survey: Workplace Ethics in Transition. Retrieved from: http://www.ethics.org/files/u5/FinalNBES-web.pdf
Apple and a Working Capital Loan
Apple (AAPL) will seek a working capital loan in order to heighten its dividend payment to shareholders. Although Apple is cash rich, a large portion of its capital is held in offshore accounts and to repatriate those holdings in order to benefit shareholders would require Apple to pay a significant tax on those holdings, which can be avoided by taking on new debt to fund the new dividend payments (Ehrman, 2013). The economic context in which Apple is thus taking the loan is one in which wealthy corporations are taxed in the U.S. at a tax rate that is among the highest in the industrialized world, which prompts many companies to seek tax havens abroad (Ehrman, 2013). However, there is a still greater economic concern that should be considered at this time -- and that is related to the economic implosion of 2008, in…
Bens, W. (2015). American slavery, reinvented. The Atlantic. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2015/09/prison-labor-in-america/406177/
Booton, J. (2015). Apple CEO Tim Cook may have violated SEC rules with Jim Cramer email. MarketWatch. Retrieved from http://www.marketwatch.com/story/apple-ceo-tim-cook-may-have-violated-sec-rules-with-jim-cramer-email-2015-08-24
Durden, T. (2016). Cupertino, we have a problem: China's JD.com just cut prices on Apple products by 17%. ZeroHedge. Retrieved from http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-01-27/cupertino-we-have-problem-chinas-jdcom-just-cut-prices-apple-products-17
Ehrman, D. (2013). Does Apple need a loan for billions? Motley Fool. Retrieved from http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2013/04/27/does-apple-need-a-loan-for-billions.aspx
Major Line of Business
Apple designs and markets consumer electronics. The company has a strategy of integration that sees it as a designer of both software and hardware, which is unique in the industry. Apple competes as a differentiated player, with products priced at the high end of their respective ranges. The major business lines for Apple are as follows. In the 2015 fiscal year, the iPhone contributed $155 billion in revenue out of a company total of $233 billion. The Mac line of computers contributed $25 billion, iPad $23 billion, services nearly $20 billion and other products a further $10 billion. The iPhone saw a strong increase in sales for the fiscal year, while the iPad experienced a substantial decline in sales. Sales are spread around the world. The Americas is the largest geographic segment with $93.8 billion. This is followed by Greater China, with $58.7 billion…
Apple Inc. Form 10-K for the 2015 fiscal year. Retrieved February 20, 2016 from http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/AAPL/1569293306x0x861262/2601797E-6590-4CAA-86C9-962348440FFC/2015_Form_10-K_As-filed_.pdf
Mead, C., Stilwell, V. & Gangar, S. (2013). Apple's $145 billion in cash fails to win AAA debt rating. Bloomberg. Retrieved February 20, 2016 from http://www.bloomberg.com /news/articles/2013-04-24/apple-s-145-billion-in-cash-fails-to-win-aaa-debt-rating
MSN Moneycentral (2016) Apple Inc. Retrieved February 20, 2016 from http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/stockdetails/analysis/fi-126.1.AAPL.NAS
Niu, E. (2015). Will Apple, Inc. raise its dividend in 2016? Motley Fool. Retrieved February 20, 2016 from http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2015/12/19/will-apple-inc-raise-its-dividend-in-2016.aspx
Apple Inc. Investment Analysis and Recommendations
Apple Inc. is an American multinational company specializing in designing and producing mobile telecommunication devices that include iPhone, computer software and hardware, Apple TV, Apple Watch, iPod, and other electronic devices. Apple was incorporated and publicly registered in 1977. Headquartered in California, Apple is one of the most successful American companies in term of revenue with the annual revenue reaching $233.7 billion at the end of 2015 fiscal year. On February 2016, Apple recorded $521.3 billion worth of market capitalization. While Apple designs the bulk of their products in the United States, the company's manufacturing plants are located in China. Apple also operates in Europe, Japan, Canada, and Latin America. (Apple Inc. 2015).
Board of Directors
Apple Inc. Board of Directors is overseeing by the company CEO (Chief Executive Officer) and other competent senior management. The Board oversees the day-to-day operations of the company…
Due to the forces of globalization and modernization, the role of culture within the purchase decision is becoming less and less intense, but the role of the society is increasing. At this level, the decision to purchase is greatly influenced by the reference group, or the organization or team with which the individual identifies or to which he wishes to belong. In order to gain the acceptance of the respective group or to feel himself as integrated within the group, the individual will purchase those items which allow him to meet the expectations and goals of the reference group (Borrow and Bosiljevac, 2008).
2.4. The decision making unit (DMU)
The concept of the decision making unit is explained by ay Wright's (2004) Business to business marketing: a step-by-step guide, in which the author reveals the mechanisms behind the decision making process. The decision making unit is understood as the series…
Burrow, J.L., Bosiljevac, J., 2008, Marketing, 3rd edition, Cengage Learning, ISBN 0538446641
Burrows, P., 2010, Apple customers have faith after 'antennagate', SF Gate, http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2010/07/25/BUOU1EIL1B.DTL last accessed on July 28, 2010
Kimball, B., Hall, J., 2004, Selling in the new world of business, Routledge, ISBN 0789022729
Louis, P.J., 2002, Telecom management crash course: managing and selling Teleocm services and products, McGraw-Hill Professional, ISBN 0071386203
In China, that is not the case and there are tens of millions of peasants who would read such descriptions and think those workers lucky. Such context would have made for a more balanced and honest article.
Indeed, the initial article is one of the more flawed in the series of reports that the Times put out on the Foxconn issue. The article begins with an anecdote about a worker who was killed in an accident. The reality is that workers are killed on the job every day in America, too. The company paid his family quickly with a check as compensation. Again, the article makes this sound somewhat harsh, but an American firm might drag the case through the court system for years. There is no sense of contrast provided in the scathing original article that would allow a reader to have a better sense of why China's working…
BBC. (2012). Apple's Tim Cook visits Foxconn China factory. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved March 31, 2012 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-17553296
Bradsher, K. (2012). Two sides to labor in China. New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2012 from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/31/business/global/labor-shortage-complicates-changes-in-chinas-factories.html
Chao, L., Areddy, J. & Poon, a. (2012). Apple pact to ripple across China. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 31, 2012 from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304177104577313393458215040.html
Duhigg, C. & Barboza, D. (2012). In China, human costs are built into an iPad. New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2012 from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/26/business/ieconomy-apples-iPad-and-the-human-costs-for-workers-in-china.html?pagewanted=all
Apple's business strategies are well aligned with the company's mission and vision statements. Those statements are best summarized as the desire to "create products that consumers will find easy to use and marry innovative technology to work productivity and personal entertainment" (Mallin and Finkle, 2011, p. 49). The synthesis of Apple's respective business strategies revolves around the confluence of work productivity and personal entertainment -- more so than many organizations, Apple has managed to integrate these two realms and reap the benefits accordingly. Thus, it is able to maintain a desirable prominence domestically while expanding its global operations to not only include critical facets of research, development, and supply chain operations, but also to include a growing customer base. It was largely able to achieve such an admirable presence by expanding its business beyond mere personal computing to not only making such computing ubiquitous, but shifting it into telecommunications and…
Arthur, C. (2012). The post-Jobs Apple has a different flavour under Tim Cook. www.theguardian.com Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2012/oct/04/post-jobs-apple-flavour-tim-cook
Finkle, T.A., Mallin, M.L. (2010). Steve Jobs and Apple, Inc. Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies. 16(7), 31-40.
Gladwell, M. (2011). Creation myth. The New Yorker. 87(13), 44-53.
Mallin, M.L., Finkle, T.A. (2011). Apple, Inc.: product portfolio analysis. Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies. 17(8), 49-56.
Apple Inc. And Samsung Group)
Background information about Apple Inc. And Samsung
Apple is the global trendsetter in the electronic industry with its tablets, smart phones and computers. The computer manufacture were their core strength for a long time, but it gained momentum in other tech segments later as well. With the introduction of Macintosh contributed significantly to the sustenance of the company. Its solid financial performance is a testimony to its reliance and focus on design and creativity, not to mention durability. Hence, Apple has garnered a huge fan base for itself over the years with its simple design and high end market (Apple, 2012). The stakeholders interests were protected which furthered support from their side generating more profits from its product sales.
Apple Corporation is well-known for it's out of budget priced products as it believes in differentiation strategy to maintain a market edge. For example, their products…
APPLE (APPL) viewed from
Porter, M.E. (1985). Competitive Advantage; Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance. The Free Press, New York.
Marino, L. & Gamble, J.E.(2010), Apple Inc. In 2010, Crafting and executing strategy: The Quest for competitive advantage, concepts and cases, 18th Global Edition.
Mele, D. & Guillen, M. (2006).The intellectual evolution of strategic management and its relationship with ethics and social responsibility, IESE Business School, University of Navara.
Donald Trump Being a recking Ball Could Be the Best Thing to Happen to American Politics
A lot of people have a lot of different reasons for supporting Donald Trump as the Republican Presidential nominee in the upcoming 2016 November Presidential election against whomever the prevailing Democratic nominee will be (Bernie Sanders or Hillary Clinton). Some like Trump's stance on trade (Beversdorff). Others like his policy on immigration (Hahn). Still others like him simply because the "Establishment" -- represented by men like Mitt Romney, illiam Kristol and Karl Rove -- appears bent on stopping him, and, so the logic goes, if the so-called "Establishment" hates him, he has to be all right (Buchanan). But what should one make of Trump from a dispassionate perspective? hat, in other words, does Trump represent that America is in need of? Change? Obama represented that (theoretically) in 2008 and all the country received was…
Alloway, Tracy. "This Is What's Going On Beneath the Subprime Auto-Loan Turmoil."
Bloomberg, 21 Mar 2016. Web. 22 Mar 2016.
Beversdorff, Thad. "Let Me Show You Why Trump is Right on Trade Agreements."
First Rebuttal, 22 Mar 2016. Web. 22 Mar 2016.
Corporate Social Responsibility
Companies use Corporate Social Responsibility to assess their effect on the social and environmental wellbeing and take responsibility. CSR is primarily a mechanism for self-regulation. Firms track and make sure that they comply with the law, actively, including standards of ethics, international and national norms. Occasionally, the efforts by such companies may go beyond the regulatory requirements or the groups for the protection of the environment (Belfiore, 2016).
Apple Inc. has emerged as a leading global manufacturer, marketer and designer of media accessories, communications devices, portable audio players and computers. It was established in 1977 in the state of California. It is now ranked as the largest company dealing with IT; based on revenue and the total number of assets under its ownership and control. It is also ranked second in the mobile manufacturing niche. The CSR activities at Apple are spearheaded by its Vice President in…
The company that I am going to write about is Apple, Inc., which designs and markets personal electronics devices, software and accessories. Apple is known for its strategic control systems, both in terms of behavior control and information control. Chapter 9 notes that there are two different approaches to informational control, the traditional approach and the contemporary approach. The traditional approach compares performance against standards while the contemporary approach requires continuous monitoring of the internal and external environments and then adjustments to strategy where needed (Chapter 9). Chenhall (2003) notes that firms often weigh the environment, the industry, the technology and the size and structure of the firm when considering which strategic control systems they want to implement. In the case of Apple, these factors have led it to an informational control system that can reasonably be classified as contemporary. The company's industry is characterized by short product…
Chenhall, R. (2003). Management control systems design within its organizational context: Findings from contingency-based research and directions for the future. Accounting, Organizations and Society. Vol. 28 (2003) 127-168
Gewald, H. & Helbig, K. (2006). A governance model for managing outsourcing partnerships: A view from practice. Systems Sciences Vol. 8 (2006) 194.
Satariano, A. (2013). Apple CEO adjusts bonus in shift to performance rewards. Bloomberg. Retrieved September 27, 2013 from http://www.bloomberg.com /news/2013-06-21/apple-ceo-adjusts-bonus-in-shift-to-performance-rewards.html
Public Relations and Society
Apple and Social Media
Social media now provides businesses with the opportunity to go live in a new and intriguing way. More and more companies seize the opportunity to directly interact with potential customers and are unhesitant about getting actively involved in using this medium as a means to reach out to people and to influence them to develop a liking for their products. ith social media now being one of the most effective tools to promote one's products, it seems especially bizarre that some companies ignore this medium and prefer to direct their attention toward other concepts.
As one of the best known companies in the contemporary society, Apple is rather hesitant to get involved in social media environments. hen consulting popular social media platforms as Facebook or Twitter, one is likely to observe that Apple is relatively absent. hat is even more surprising is…
Gugliemo, Connie, "Apple, Not Known For Being Socially Minded, Buys Social Media Analytics Firm Topsy," Retrieved July 21, 2014, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/connieguglielmo/2013/12/02/apple-not-known-for-being-socially-minded-buys-social-media-analytics-firm-topsy/
Cui Bono? Lawmaking in the U.S.
In the U.S. the sheer number of laws on the books virtually guarantees that their purported purpose will never be accomplished. In fact, in a number of cases, the purported purpose is simply a ruse for another ulterior motive. Why, for example, is the federal government still so opposed to legalizing marijuana, when so many states have accepted it outright as a legal recreational substance? The purported purpose is that this drug is harmful to health -- yet a significant number of unbiased medical studies show that marijuana can actually help reduce illness. Is this law therefore kept on the books because it benefits the pharmaceutical industry, which can only afford its monopoly on health care so long as natural substances like marijuana are banned? And what about the prison farm system? Is marijuana use still criminalized because it benefits the private prisons and…
Benns, W. (2015). American Slavery, Reinvented. The Atlantic. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2015/09/prison-labor-in-america/406177/
Durden, T. (2016). GOP Leaders, Tech Execs Plot Against Trump At Secret NeoCon
Island Meeting. ZeroHedge. Retrieved from http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-03-08/gop-leaders-tech-execs-plot-against-trump-secret-neocon-island-meeting
But the main question being asked by the people interested in this issue is if the fortunes play any significant role to the employees in Wuhan. This is quite unfair and unethical since the employees are the ones who make it possible for the products to be available in the market for Apples customers so they should enjoy the benefits the company gets.
The financial strength of Apple is not in question but the position that apple takes in ethical issues such as workers welfare at its suppliers is what many people have growing interest in. The continued highlighting and emphasis by media houses on the working conditions at some of Apples suppliers may start to influence and alter how customers perceive the brands fro Apple Inc. This might in the long run have an impact of the economic success that Apple has been boosting of in the recent years.…
Hinks, P. (2012). Leaders we Deserve. Apple's new leader faces ethical dilemmas at Foxconn. Retrieved December 3, 2012 from http://leaderswedeserve.wordpress.com/2012/01/31/apples-new-leader-faces-ethical-dilemmas-at-foxconn/
Apple Company and how it recruits talent, how it selects and trains talent, and why it has become the most successful and most visible technology company in the world.
Description of Apple
The Apple Company (Apple Inc.) was first incorporated on the 3rd of January 1977. Apple is known for its excellence in "…designing, manufacturing and marketing mobile communication and media devices," according to the Apple profile written by Reuters. Steve Jobs and Steve ozniak worked together to invent the Apple computers (Apple I and Apple II), and Apple II was the first successful computer designed for home computing using a mouse-driven graphical device.
Meanwhile, today, the devices that Apple designs and manufacturers include personal computers, portable digital music players, iPhones, iPads, Macintosh products, apple TV among other electronic devices.
In addition to these products, Apple sells many peripherals, a variety of software programs, networking solutions and "…third-party digital content…
Evans, Jonny. (2010). On Apple vs. Google and the talent drought. Computerworld.
Retrieved August 7, 2012, from http://blogs.computerworld.com .
Gupta, Anil K. Executive Resource Planning and Development. (1992). Human Resource
Planning, 15(1). Retrieved August 8, 2012, from http://www.organizationvalueadded.com/documents/mvc_strategy_structure.pdf.
Obstacles in the Governance of Organizations: Responsibility Delineation
Governance and Management
The concepts of governance and management found in the field of management opens up to the way organizations run. The two concepts explain the running of corporations and establishing contacts with all the necessary fields needed. In most cases, people have utilized either of the two techniques depending on the target result. The role of management delves to establish links with the needed within its scope of control. The two terminologies differ on how to bring the understanding of leadership in every organization. A mention of the term governance resonate the aspects of structures and processes. On the other hand, management relents to the creation of structures and processes that governance seeks to protect and maintain. To effect changes in leadership ranks, one has to witness the better part of the program with dealing with them. As part of…
Altenburg, R 2011, The determinants of roles and responsibilities of boards of directors in subsidiary companies, GRIN Verlag, Munich
Apple Press Info 2011, Apple Names Arthur D. Levinson Chairman of the Board. Available from https://www.apple.com/pr/library/2011/11/15en-U.S.-Apple-Names-Arthur-D-Levinson-Chairman-of-the-Board.html
Dalkir, K 2013, Knowledge Management in Theory and Practice, Routledge, New York
Frey, T 2014, Governance Arrangements for IT Project Portfolio Management: Qualitative Insights and a Quantitative Modeling Approach, Springer, New York
An Analysis of Apple's Operations and Acquisition Potential
Apple is one of the world's premier manufactures of a product mix consisting of electronics goods, and related software applications, in a broad range of different industry segments. The organization is known for producing first-class products that are uniquely designed within a quality niche and this strategy has garnered a loyal customer base over the years of the company's development. The company also provides services, such as software and software updates, that are regularly applied to existing products, and Apple also offers a range of service programs that are focused on the physical maintenance and service of the products that it sells as well. The company has a global supply chain that spans the globe and markets its products in a number of different international markets.
Apple's current mission statement is "Apple designs Macs, the best personal computers in the…
Anthony, S. (2016, March 22). Apple in "advanced talks" to acquire Imagination Technologies for PowerVR GPU. Retrieved from Ars Technica: http://arstechnica.com/apple/2016/03/apple-acquire-imagination-powervr-gpu/
Investopedia. (2015, April 23). What is Apple's current mission statement and how does it differ from Steve Job's original ideals? Retrieved from Investopedia: http://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/042315/what-apples-current-mission-statement-and-how-does-it-differ-steve-jobs-original-ideals.asp
Meyer, P. (2015, September 4). Apple's Generic Strategy & Intensive Growth Strategies. Retrieved from Panmore Institute: http://panmore.com/apple-inc-generic-strategy-intensive-growth-strategies
Moore, M. (2010, February 27). Apple admits using child labour. Retrieved from The Telegraph: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/apple/7330986/Apple-admits-using-child-labour.html
The company that we will be examining is Apple. They are one the largest computer and electronics manufacturers in the world. At the same time, they also provide support to their various products through additional services they provide (such as: the I Tunes store). It is currently divided into several different divisions to include: Personal Computers, Network Solutions / Peripherals, Media, Digital Content and Third Party Digital Applications. ("Apple," 2011) ased on how Apple is structured, one way to improve economic performance is to re-establish its alliance with Google. What made the partnership fall apart is that Steve Jobs (the founder / CEO) believed that Google stole key I Phone features and placed them in the Android. This created contention between the two sides, as it appeared as if Apple was trying to prevent Google from releasing a competitor to the I Phone. If the company…
Apple. (2011). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/pr?s=AAPL+Profile
Apple. (2011). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/ae?s=AAPL+Analyst+Estimates
Apple's Core Values. (2009). Manueal Corpas. Retrieved from: http://manuelcorpas.com/2009/03/08/apples-core-values-according-to-its-ceo-tim-cook/
Apple is a Good Employer but Not as Amazing. (2007). Glass Door. Retrieved from: http://www.glassdoor.com/Reviews/Employee-Review-Apple-RVW35192.htm
compensation strategies companies. For company selected, discuss a 350-word synopsis: • Evaluate compensation strategies executives company. • Evaluate compensation strategies sales forces contingent workers company.ID
Compensation strategies for two companies
Whole Foods, the organic grocery retailer, is one of the few companies that has actually reported garnering positive press as a result of its executive compensation policy. Whole Foods ' "caps the chief executive's salary and bonus at 14 times the average worker's pay" (Clark 2006). This is intended to reinforce the team-based leadership and performance reviews that structure the company's leadership within its stores throughout the nation. However, it has been noted that Whole Foods is not quite as democratic in reality as its written policy might suggest. CEO John Mackey made $1.8 million exercising his stock options, far more than his official salary of $436,000 (Clark 2006). However, his overall compensation is still relatively low, compared…
Blodget, Henry. (2012). Apple's new CEO Salary 378 million times more than Steve Jobs.
Yahoo Finance. Retrieved: http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/daily-ticker/apple-ceo-salary-378-million-times-much-steve-154822390.html
Clark, Hannah. (2006). Whole Foods: Spinning CEO Pay. Forbes. Retrieved:
Ethical issues and dilemmas have always been hitting the operational performance and sustainability of business organizations. They directly affect the way an organization formulates and implements its policies, operates as an active participant in the industry, and competes with other organizations for the sake of accomplishing its strategic objectives. Ethical issues may relate to the organization's social responsibility or corporate responsibility; both are vital for the organization to ensure a sustainable future in its industry. This paper discusses an ethical issue which was faced by one of the world's most admired organizations -- Apple Inc. The main purpose of the paper is to highlight the ethical issue in which Apple was involved; the consequences of the ethical issue and the individuals involved in the process. The paper starts with a brief introduction to Apple; its main product offerings, industry, scale of operations, and major strategic decisions which it…
Apple, (2012). Labor and Human Rights. Retrieved on September 26th, 2012, from
Enderle, R. (2010). Apple and the Ethical/Business Problems of Child Labor and Other Unsavory Practices. Retrieved on September 26th, 2012, from
Hinks, P. (2012). Apple's new leader faces ethical dilemmas at Foxconn. Retrieved on September 26th, 2012, from
Hyatt, J.C. (2012). Apple, Foxconn, Promise Improvements for Workers. Retrieved on September 26th, 2012, from
Analysis of each company
Apple is a designer and marketer of consumer electronic devices and software. The company is also vertically integrated with respect to retailing, operating its own stores and functioning as one of the biggest online retailers in the world. Apple's primary products are the iPhone ($80.4 billion), iPad ($32.4 billion) and portable computers ($17.1 billion). Other billion-dollar products are desktop computers, iPod music players, iTunes, peripherals and software (Apple 2012 Annual Report). Apple's customers are primarily consumers who purchase through retail channels, either from Apple or authorized third party retailers. Customers also include small and medium-sized businesses, educational institutions and government. Geographically, Apple is geographically diversified. Leading regions are the Americas (36%), Europe (23.2%) and Asia-Pacific, ex-Japan (21.2%). Suppliers to Apple include manufacturers like Foxconn that assemble the products and the different component suppliers, of which they are dozens for any given device. Most suppliers…
Gustin, S. (2013). In major victory, Google dodges federal antitrust suit with FTC deal. Time Magazine. Retrieved March 15, 2013 from http://business.time.com/2013/01/02/google-set-to-dodge-federal-antitrust-lawsuit-with-ftc-deal-report/
Alexa.com. (2013). Top sites. Alexa.com. Retrieved March 15, 2013 from http://www.alexa.com/topsites
MSN Moneycentral: Apple. (2013). Retrieved March 15, 2013 from http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-price?symbol=AAPL&ocid=qbeb
MSN Moneycentral: Google. (2013). Retrieved March 15, 2013 from http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-price?symbol=GOOG&ocid=qbeb
Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness
How globalization and technology changes have impacted the Apple as a corporation
Globalization refers to the possibility of a firm opening up and expanding it in various places whose culture might be different from that of the place that it originally is from.
Apple recently launched two of its latest phones. The larger phone is a 5.5-inch "phablet" which is also known as iPhone 6 Plus and has specifically been designed for the Asian market whereas, the smaller phone is of 4.7 inches and resembles the competitive phones a lot (Simonds, 2014).
When changes take place in a market it usually results in the creation or appearance of untapped markets and domains of such kind were inspected by Apple so that it could be the first one to reach those markets and gain a primary position.
On researching Apple realized the potential for digital services…
Ashcroft, J., (2010). iPod to iPadL: innovation and entrepreneurship at Apple. 1st ed. Manchester: Metropolitan Business School.
Bridoux, F., (2007). 1 A resource-based approach to performance and competition: An Overview of the Connections between Resources and Competition . 1st ed. Belgium: Universite catholique de Louvain.
Hoskisson, R.E., Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D. & Harrison, J.S., (2008). Competing for Advantage,. 2nd ed. Natorp Boulevard: Thomson Higher Education.
Hull, P. (2012). Be Visionary. Think Big.. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.forbes.com/sites/patrickhull/2012/12/19/be-visionary-think-big/ . [Last Accessed 13 January, 15].
The author of this report has been asked to create a vision statement. The vision statement should be for a technical university. It should be no more than two sentences. The overall depth, breadth and goal of the vision should be communicated in no more than four pages. The vision statement must be characteristic of a transformational leader and it must differentiate the employee and student minds from the market. While crafting a good vision statement can be difficult in some ways, there are some common threads and trends than can and should be used.
The role and goal of Acme Technical College is to inspire, teach and impart the knowledge and inspiration to create and uphold the technologies and ideals of the future. Only through innovation, strong leadership and ethical fortitude can we find the best way forward for both higher education and organizations that…
Kaplan, J. (2016). Why Apple's Fight Against the FBI Is Not Over Yet. Fortune. Retrieved 27 March 2016, from http://fortune.com/2016/03/26/apple-fbi-tim-cook/
Robinson, R. (2014). The Top 5 Retail Breaches. Security Intelligence. Retrieved 27 March 2016, from https://securityintelligence.com/the-top-5-retail-breaches/
One of the biggest risks that companies face is advanced persistent threats.
Advanced persistent threats can be very harmful to a company and can come in various forms as hackers have a variety of methods in their tool belt; however, on the receiving end, companies should be prepared for cyber attacks -- and yet they often are not, because of carelessness, neglect, lack of oversight, regulation, accountability, transparency, review, and an ability to conduct proper assessment. APTs are happening all the time and can be traced to origin locations all over the world (Norse, 2016). Cyber security should be therefore a number priority for any and all businesses that utilize information systems software and hardware. As the Norse Map shows, countries in both the East and the West are waging cyber war against one another; cyber security is therefore a real going concern for all (Norse, 2016).
Boyens, J., Paulsen, C., Bartol, N., Moorthy, R., Shankles, S. (2012). Notional Supply
Chain Risk Management Practices for Federal Information Systems. Retrieved from http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/drafts/nistir-7622/second-public-draft_nistir-7622.pdf
Earned Value Analysis. (2012). Project Management Guru. Retrieved from http://www.projectmanagementguru.com/eva.html
Fleming, Q., Koppelman, J. (2000). Earned Value Project Management. PA: Project
Apple Inc.'s Social Performance
Apple is one of the most successful software and hardware companies in the world right now. It's range of products such as the iPhone, iPod, iTunes, iPad and laptops are popular the world over. The company is headquartered in Cupertino, CA and was founded by Stephen Wozniak and Steven Jobs. This report analyzes Apple Inc.'s social performance.
Description of Apple Inc.
Apple is primarily a hardware company (Apple.com, 2014). While the company produces some software, the bulk of its operations revolves around hardware. Apple is committed to offering its users and customers the best and most intuitive user experience by designing innovative services, software and hardware (Apple.com, 2014). Apple's business strategy takes advantage of the unique position it enjoys of being able to both design and create hardware, operating systems and software to give its users and customers solutions and products that are far superior…
Adamkasi. (2015). PESTLE Analysis of Apple. PestleAnalysis.com. Retrieved from http://freepestelanalysis.com/pestle-analysis-of-apple/ on 4th January 2017.
Apple.com. (2014). Apple Inc. Retrieved from http://investor.apple.com/ on 4th January, 2017.
Chen, H. (2012). Who's Really to Blame for Apple's Chinese Labor Problems? The Atlantic.
Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/03/whos-really-to-blame-for-apples-chinese-labor-problems/253892/ on 4th January, 2017.
A Practical Pastoral Counseling Model
Where Will Counseling Take Place?
oundaries for Safety and Security
God's Riches at Christ's Expense
A Practical Pastoral Counseling Model
This is an overview of the counseling position that I will take when working with clients/parishioners. I realize that this cannot encompass every eventuality that may occur during a counseling session, but it should be comprehensive enough to account for most of the possibilities that present themselves. I acknowledge that this is also the treatise of someone who is going to be practicing as a pastor first and a counselor second, therefore the relationship of a shepherd to his assigned sheep is the most important consideration in all of this. Also, the counseling relationship that a pastor enjoys with a parishioner is not as extensive as that between a patient…
Carlson, Dwight L. 2000. Overcoming hurts and anger. Eugene: Harvest House. ISBN: 0736901965
This book is a real help when dealing with anger. The author gives you steps on how to prevent your anger and deal with past anger in a Christian manner. He gives examples of mishandled anger, biblical principles about anger, and how to handle anger in a Christ-like way.
LaHaye, Tim and Bob Phillips. 2002. Anger is a choice. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. ISBN: 0310242835
com last week for over $300M signaled a shift in the CM vendors' strategy to quantify the value of social networking over time. Salesforce.com is a leading provider of hosted CM systems on the SaaS platform and has been one of the leading vendors creating social networking-based applications for business customers. Their acquisition of adian6 signals a view they have of metrics and measuring performance of social media applications being critical to the long-run success of their business. This also signals a shift in the market Dr. McAfee wrote about in the context of Enterprise 2.0, which is the observation of collaboration, communication, cooperation and strength of coordination will eventually be quantified and reported on from a metrics standpoint over time (McAfee, 2006).
Blog Post 3: Charting the Transition to Web 3.0: Why Contextual Search and Semantics Matter More Than Ever
From the highly collaborative nature of Web 2.0, which…
Beck, K.. (2011, January). Thundering into Social Media. Customer Relationship Management, 15(1), 37-38.
Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Eric Kavanagh. (2010). The New View: Web 3.0 Will Change Our Perspective: With semantic understanding, we'll unravel the complex world of unstructured content. Information Management, 20(5), 56.
Andrew P. McAfee. (2006). Enterprise 2.0: The Dawn of Emergent Collaboration. MIT Sloan Management Review, 47(3), 21-28.
For the temperature portion of the investigation (conducted first), eight test tubes were placed in four temperature controlled water baths ranging from water and crushed ice (2( C) to near boiling (98(). The other baths were kept at room temperature (23( C) and an intermediary between this and boiling (75( C). Test tubes were left in the baths for ten minutes, until their temperatures at equalized. Starting with the coldest bath, the amylase mixture was poured into the starch solution and briefly stirred. Leaving the test tube in the bath, a single drop was removed every ten seconds using a plastic pipette and placed into a well containing the iodine solution. When the color remained orange, the reaction had been completed, and the time (i.e. length of reaction) was noted. This same process was repeated with the other three sets of test tubes at the other temperatures, washing and replacing…
Allsands. (2007). "Amylase Enzyme: The Effects Of Temperature." Accessed 11 May 2009. http://www.allsands.com/science/amylaseenzymeh_wpp_gn.htm
Nuffiled. (2009). "Investigating the effect of pH on amylase activity." Accessed 11 May 2009. http://www.practicalbiology.org/areas/intermediate/bio-molecules/factors-affecting-enzyme-activity/investigating-the-effect-of-ph-on-amylase-activity,51,EXP.html
Worthington. (2009). "Introduction to enzymes." Accessed 11 May 2009. http://www.worthington-biochem.com/introbiochem/lifeProcesses.html
One might consider fibromyalgia to be one of the most confounding conditions around today. It is debilitating. It results in several quality of life issues. The confounding aspect of this condition is that it is difficult to diagnose. It is also difficult to treat. Most treatment modalities today recourse to treating one or more specific symptoms -- but there is no treatment that can comprehensively treat all the symptoms. (NIAMS, 2004) More holistic treatment modes however, are being researched, explored and considered. Fibromyalgia often presents symptoms of other diseases. Essentially therefore, fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread pain that cannot be localized to any part of the body. It is also associated with fatigue and other specific (though not necessarily widespread) symptoms that will be discussed later in this work.
Fibromyalgia syndrome is often referred to in its abbreviation FMS. Some of the symptoms (though not all) enjoy significant overlap…
Adiguzel, O., Kaptanoglu, E., Turgut, B., & Nacitarhan, V. (2004). The possible effect of clinical recovery on regional cerebral blood flow deficits in fibromyalgia: a prospective study with semiquantitative SPECT. South Med J, 97, 7, 651-655
Baldry, P. (1993). Complementary medicine. The practice of acupuncture needs tighter safeguards. Bmj, 307, 6899, 326
Baumgartner, E., Finckh, A., Cedraschi, C., & Vischer, T.L. (2002). A six-year prospective study of a cohort of patients with fibromyalgia. Ann Rheum Dis, 61, 7, 644-645
Bennet, Robert. (2000). The Scientific Basis for Understanding Pain in Fibromyalgia. Myalgia.com. Retrieved August 21, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://www.myalgia.com/Scientific%20basis.htm
American and Chinese Business Cultures
Though there is no universally accepted definition, culture denotes a set of values, beliefs, traditions, practices, attitudes, and behaviors shared by a given group of people (odrigues, 2009). Culture defines a people's way of life -- how they do things, communicate, behave, relate with one another, and so forth. Culture theory, especially Geert Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory, illustrates that cultures tend to vary from country to country or region to region (Hofstede, 2001). These differences imply that norms, behaviors, attitudes, and other elements of culture differ across countries or regions. For instance, the culture of Americans tends to differ from that of the Chinese, Africans, or Arabs.
Culture permeates every aspect of society -- from organization and social relationships to communication and business. Business is especially influenced by culture. Culture affects how organizations are structured and managed, how employers relate with employees, how decisions are…
Alon, I. (2003). Chinese culture, organizational behavior, and international business management. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing.
Althen, G. (2003). American ways: A guide for foreigners in the United States. 2nd edition. US: Intercultural Press.
Cook, G. (2012). The influence of national culture on American business people -- managerial implications for central Europe. Central European Business Review, 1(2), 46-51.
Geert-hofstede.com. (n.d.). Country comparison. Retrieved from https://geert- hofstede.com/united-states.html
Clandestine Drug Labs and the Fire Service
hat are the risks and inherent dangers when firefighters are facing a blaze that resulted from a meth lab? hat should firefighters do when they suspect a fire has been caused by the existence of a meth lab? Are clandestine meth labs more prevalent then they were a few years ago? These questions and others will be addressed in this paper.
hat States' Firefighters have the biggest Threats from Meth Labs?
According to the U.S. Department of Justice (and the Drug Enforcement Agency) the states with the most meth labs (as of 2011) are Missouri (2,684 busts in 2011), Indiana (1,364 busts in 2011), Kentucky (with 1,084 busts) and Tennessee (1,130 busted meth labs). Other states that have a great deal of meth lab activity include Oklahoma (916), Michigan (365 labs busted), Mississippi (269 labs shut down) and Iowa (380 labs busted) (DOJ,…
Hadlock, Tim. (2010). Clandestine Drug Labs Present Hidden Dangers for Firefighters.
Fire Engineering. Retrieved September 14, 2012, from http://www.fireengineering.com .
Jordan, Larry P. (2011). Calhoun firefighters lean about dangers of meth labs. The Times and Democrat. Retrieved September 15, 2012, from http://thetandd.com .
Lindsey, William, and DeNicola, Michael. (2010). Trust Your Instincts. Fire Chief. Retrieved September 15, 2012, from http://firechief.com .
The product is a line of bake-at-home doughnuts. The name of the product is YoNuts, meaning "Your Doughnuts", because this might be the first time that a company has marketed doughnuts that you can make at home yourself. The logic of the product is simple. First, everybody loves doughnuts. We can have fun with this, having a tagline like "Not just for cops anymore" or something like that, but the reality is that doughnuts are one of the most popular snack foods in America, the retail doughnut industry worth around $13 billion annually (IBIS World, 2014). This includes both shops and doughnuts sold in grocery stores as well. IBIS estimates that the overall doughnut market has nearly 9000 competitors, ranging from small hipster doughnut shops like the trendy Voodoo Donut in Portland to giant chains like Krispy Kreme, Dunkin Donuts and Tim Horton's. The packaged doughnut market is…
Applying a Literacy Framework to Career Decisions ased on Language Development.
PROPOSAL SECTION 1: ACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
For a while now, a new outlook on literacy, as well as learning processes using which literacy may be acquired, is seen to be emerging. A broad range of educational disciplines has influenced this latest outlook on literacy and its instruction. The perspective is not a collection of old ideas presented under a different name, but instead, denotes a profound move from the traditional text-driven approach to literacy, to one that involves active text transformation (Hiebert, 2014). I am an educator for ELLs (English Language Learners), and I believe the proposed literacy framework will prove immensely valuable in preparing the ELL professionals for future prospects. It can potentially aid my school district and school design a sound career-based plan for the ELL students. The influence on my school will also be very profound;…
Brozek, E., & Duckworth, D. (n.d.). Supporting English Language Learners through Technology. Educator's Voice. Vol. 4. Retrieved from: https://www.nysut.org/~/media/Files/NYSUT/Resources/2011/March/Educators%20Voice%204%20Technology/edvoiceIV_ch2.pdf
Butler, G., Heslup, S., & Kurth, L. (2015). A Ten-Step Process for Developing Teaching Units. ENGLISH TEACHING FORUM. Retrieved from: https://americanenglish.state.gov/files/ae/resource_files/02_etf_53-3_2_butler_heslup_kurth.pdf
Lacina, J. (Winter 2004). Promoting language acquisitions: Technology and English language learners. Childhood Education, 81(2), 113-115.
Rioux, R. (2009). English Language Learners and the Development of the English Language Learner Curriculum. All Regis University Theses.
Eating disorders are the number one cause of mortality among mental disorders. A significant portion of women in America suffer from eating disorders. This paper describes these disorders and identifies common, practical and theoretical approaches to eating disorders that are used by counselors, therapists and care givers to help women overcome their struggles. It discusses some of the causes of these disorders. Finally, it identifies the how the Christian perspective and faith-based interventions can be used to help women obtain a better, healthier, more positive, and more realistic image of womanhood to help them deal with the social and peer pressures, the unhealthy emotions, and the mental afflictions that can cause them to develop eating disorders. This paper concludes with the affirmation that the Christian perspective on healing can be an effective approach to helping women who suffer from eating disorders.
a. Key facts and statistics…
The marketing campaign's objective is to significantly increase awareness throughout the target market and induce trial of the service so customers can qualify to compete for a year of free videos. The promotion of the campaign can be viral, using the best contributions to the context to promote it. In addition, the best entries every month will be shown on regional TV and over the Internet on the edbox website, Facebook and promoted through Twitter feeds. This marketing campaign gets away from using social media to shout at prospects or customers and supports a best practice many practitioners support, which is enabling a two-way conversation with members of a target market or audience (Jackson, 56). Measurement is in how many videos are made, their quality, originality and creativity and how many new customers sign up during the promotion period.
Lists (a detailed description of the lists that you…
Bernoff, J., and C. Li. "Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. " MIT Sloan Management Review 49.3 (2008): 36.
Dobson, S., and M. Ness. "Undergraduate students' attitudes towards food shopping and attitudes to time. " International Journal of Consumer Studies 33.6 (2009): 659.
Stuart E. Jackson. "New media: debunking the myths. " the Journal of Business Strategy 31.1 (2010): 56.
Tim O'Reilly. "Web 2.0: Stuck on a Name or Hooked on Value? " Dr. Dobb's Journal 1 Jul 2006
In the daily diet; (5) Include cruciferous vegetables in the diet. (russels sprouts, kohlrabi and cauliflower); (6) Consume alcoholic beverages only moderately; and (7) Only moderately consume salt-cured, smoked and nitrate cured foods. (American Cancer Society, 1984, pp. 122-123) What little was understood about nutrition as it relates to cancer rates is summed up in the following specific food categories by the American Cancer Society in its 1984 report:
Food Additives -- chemicals of a variety are added to foods for improving the color and flavor of the foods and to preserve the foods. While some of these have been banned due to having been shown to cause cancer in animals others are believed to protect against carcinogens.
Vitamin E -- Vitamin E is an oxidant and while it may prevent cancer in animals more research is needed of the role Vitamin E plays in preventing cancer in humans.
American Cancer Society.: Nutrition for the Person with Cancer: A Guide for Patients and Families. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society, Inc., 2000.
Brown, J. (2001) Nutrition During and After Cancer Treatment A Guide for Informed Choices by Cancer Survivors. Ca Cancer J. Clin. 2001; 551: 153.
Doyle, Leonard (2009) New Film Exposes Unsavory Side of U.S. Food Industry. 14 Jun 2009. Telegraph online available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/film-news/5533075/New-film-exposes-unsavoury-side-of-U.S.-food-industry.html
Jemal, A. et al. (2009) Cancer Statistics, 2009. Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 27 May 2009.
light does not turn on one must take several considerations in determining the cause of the situation. In order to figure out why the light is not turning on, analysis of the situation through the scientific method may be utilized. The first step is to pose the question of why the light does not turn on. esearch must then be undertaken to determine the cause. In this instance, there are three different approaches that can be undertaken. The first is to determine if the light does not turn on simply because the light bulb has burned out; the second is to determine if the light does not turn on because there is no power in the house, and if there is no power in the house, is the outage contained solely to the house or is it there an outage on a larger scale, perhaps citywide.
The first hypothesis to…
"The 20th Century's Ten Greatest Public Health Achievements in the United States." (2011).
What is Public Health. Retrieved from http://www.whatispublichealth.org/impact/achievements.html.
A Chronological History of Electronic Development. (1946). New York: National Electrical
Manufacturers Association. Retrieved from http://www.archive.org/stream/chronologicalhis00natirich/chronologicalhis00natirich_djvu.txt .
John Wayne Gacy, Jr.
Crime Scene and Discovery
When the police were called to search John Wayne Gacy's home in Des Plaines, Illinois on December 13, 1978, they were not aware that their investigation into the disappearance of fifteen-year-old Robert Piest would lead them to uncover some of the most grisly murders committed in the United States (Evans, 2007). Piest was last seen leaving a pharmacy where Gacy, then working as a contractor, had recently completed a remodeling job (Office of the Clark County Prosecuting Attorney, 2012). Three hours after his disappearance, his mother, Elizabeth Piest, notified the Des Plaines Police Department and Lt. Joseph Kozenczak was tasked with leading the investigation (Sullivan & Maiken, 1983, p. 7; ell & ardsley, n.d.). During his initial investigation, Lt. Kozenczak learned that Gacy had recently offered Piest a job and proceeded to go to Gacy's home, located at 8213 Summerdale Ave, to…
Associated Press. (2011, October 13). Detectives exhume bodies of eight unknown victims of 'Serial-killer Clown' John Wayne Gacy in bid to identify remains. Retrieved June 9, 2012, from Mail Online: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2048363/John-Wayne-Gacy-Detectives-exhume-bodies-8-unknown-victims.html
Bell, R., & Bardsley, M. (n.d.). John Wayne Gacy, Jr. Retrieved June 9, 2012, from TruTV.com: http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/notorious/gacy/8.html
Crime and Investigation Network. (2005). John Wayne Gacy: Killer Clown. Retrieved June 9, 2012, from Crime and Investigation Network: http://www.crimeandinvestigation.co.uk/crime-files/john-wayne-gacy-killer-clown/arrest.html
Donovan, D. (2011, November 29). Another Gacy victim identified thorugh DNA evidence. Retrieved June 9, 2012, from Daily Herald: http://www.dailyherald.com/article/20111129/news/711299790/
This paper analyzes the case of Seung-Hui Cho, who killed dozens at Virginia Tech in 2007. The paper examines Cho’s background, his mental illness, the way in which reports of the investigation and incident were changed to hide the inept responses of administrators and police. The paper also examines changes that were made to protocol following the massacre and discusses lessons that can be learned from this incident and how institutions can better prepare themselves to ensure that this kind of tragedy is prevented in the future.
Keywords: Seung-Hui Cho, school shooting, mental illness student
Revisions to On and Off Campus Reports
As Urbina (2009a) notes, “during the worst campus shooting spree in American history, Virginia Tech officials locked down some administrative offices and warned their own families more than an hour and a half before the rest of the campus was alerted, according to revisions made in the state’s official report on…
3. Definition of the World Wide Web
World-wide web See
INTENET. Internet: A global network of computers (also known as the World-Wide Web) which allows instantaneous access to an expanding number of individual Web sites offering information about practically anything and everything -- including the contents of daily newspapers, the price of goods in local shopping malls, library holdings, commodity prices, sports news and gossip, eroticism, and so-called chat-rooms (by means of which people can communicate with each other online about their interests, hobbies, and opinions).
Who is the American computer consultant who promoted the idea of linking documents via hypertext during the 1960's? (the Encyclopedia.com did not have the answer, as it said the U.S. Government developed the internet. The answer was found at (http://www.boutell.com/newfaq/history/inventednet.html):
Leonard Kleinrock was the first to publish a paper about the idea of packet switching, which is essential to the Internet. He did so…
Boutell.com. WWW.FAQs:"What was the first web browser?" Retrieved December 21, 2007 at http://www.boutell.com/newfaq/history/fbrowser.html .
Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved December 21, 2007 at http://www.encyclopedia.com/ doc/1E1-perscomp.html.
Parfit, M. (2002). A Thread Across the Ocean: The Heroic Story of the Transatlantic Cable. By John Steele Gordon. Review in the New York Times. 11 Aug, 2002. Retrieved December 21, 2007 at http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F02EED7163BF932A2575BC0A9649C8B63
In the same way, if one were to intentionally color the inside of a piece of apple a dark brown color, a color that is generally associated with rotten apples, then one would not taste it. In essence, this means that at times, one sense would effectively overwhelm the others, so that eventually, this sense would overtake the others. (Fields, 2004)
In this particular case of the brown apple, the sight of the brown color in the apple would overwhelm the other senses of smell and taste, until such time that one would feel tempted to throw the apple away rather than take a risk and taste it. This means that the sense of sight can prove invaluable to a person as far as tasting the food is concerned; it is the sense of sight that one may rely on to warn us that the food has gone bad, or…
Aitkin, Thomas Johnstone. (1838) "Elements of physiology"
Scott, Webster and Geary.
Brillat-Savarin, Jean; Brillat-Savarin, Anthelme. (2002) "The Physiology of taste"
Courier Dover Publications.
WHY ARE WE SO FAT?
Whole books have been written (and movies made) about why Americans are becoming the obesity leaders of the Western world. Some people point to biology. Others blame the restaurants, particularly the fast-food ones. Yet others suggest that we are fat, and lazy, and unmotivated to take control of our weight. Each of these arguments has its merits, and there is probably a lot of truth to each one. But perhaps the problem is not quite so obvious. That could help explain why otherwise intelligent people don't notice that when they stuff their faces, they're stuffing their jeans as well.
Two very recent events have focused media attention on this issue. The first was the production of the movie "Supersize Me," where a man deliberately stuffed himself full of high-calorie food from McDonald's for a month, gaining 25 pounds in 30 days. The other was…
advertising agencies namely Fletcher-Martin-Ewing (FME) Grey Worldwide and Kilgannon Mc eynolds.
Agency: Fletcher-Martin-Ewing (FME)
Fletcher-Martin-Ewing - FME functions as an integrated agency from Atlanta, with a wide range of activities on the advertisement and marketing spectrum. They cultivate the appreciation that brands reach their audiences through a lot of channels apart from advertisement in the present era of proliferation of communication channels. The integrated approach of FME assures consistency of message delivery in every area of communication.
Branding and Advertisement: FME assists the clients in discovering their brand by finding out the contribution they make in the lives of their target audience. This approach is spearheaded by the Account Planners who devote their total time observing and talking with consumers, influencers, customers and personnel. The Planners at FME represent the audience viewpoint right through the strategic planning and creative process. The workforce handling the creative work is focused…
Ayling, Stuart. "9 ways to keep your clients coming back for more" http://ezinearticles.com/?9-Ways-to-Keep-Clients-Coming-Back-For-More& ; id=1980 Accessed on 22 March 2005
"Atlanta Advertising Agencies: Fletcher Martin Capabilities" Retrieved from http://www.fmeonline.com/about/index.asp?fuseaction=capabilities Accessed on 22 March 2005
"Atlanta Advertising Agencies: Fletcher Martin Client List" Retrieved from http://www.fmeonline.com/about/index.asp?fuseaction=clientlist Accessed on 22 March 2005
"Atlanta Advertising Agencies: Fletcher Martin People" Retrieved from http://www.fmeonline.com/about/index.asp?fuseaction=andyfletcher Accessed on 22 March 2005
Professional need for compromise is seen in just about every field there is. The ability to evaluate the options and compromise for the sake of cohesive existence is something viewed as extremely valuable in professional settings.
The many problems that have been resolved in my marriage and raising of children have been done through the understanding of the importance of compromise. I have become so used to using the art of compromise to accomplish goals that I believe it can transfer easily to the professional setting.
The many needs that have been encountered at home and other settings where my family is concerned have educated me and I have been able to manipulate situations to benefit everyone involved. I believe this can transfer to a professional level because often times there has to be compromise to get an idea pushed through and accomplished. Working with others is something that I…
Congress' Lost Art of Compromise
Roll Call; 4/19/2005; John Breaux
Love me, love my furniture; She can't stand his old recliner. He dislikes her art. How do couples in second marriages blend their stuff?(FEATURES)(LIVING)
Political Party Machines and Immigration in 19th Century America
After a bitterly contested evolution ended in the liberation of England's former colonies, the fledgling American nation embarked on the precarious path towards a style of democratic governance that had never been enacted on so large a scale. While the latter part of the 18th century was defined by political idealism, as exemplified by contributions made by our nation's Founding Fathers, the 19th century soon gave rise to an insidious process of power consolidation and voter exploitation. The egalitarian political parties envisioned during the heady days of American Independence devolved into institutional party machines, typified by widespread corruption, fraudulent activities, autocratic rule, and a blatant disregard for the foundational importance of democracy. The most effective political party machines during the 19th century were ran ruthlessly by so-called "bosses," or political titans who maintained control over their jurisdiction through a combination of…
Judd, D., & Swanstrom, T. (2008). City politics. (8th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson Education.
International egulation of Tourism in Antarctica
Since the mid-1980s, Antarctica has been an increasingly popular tourist destination, despite the relative danger of visiting the largest, least explored -- and arguably least understood -- continent on earth. Beginning with the 1959 treaty establishing Antarctica as an international zone free of claims of sovereignty by nation's that had been instrumental in establishing research stations there, there has been almost constant negotiation about how to administer regulations pertaining to the preservation of life forms on the continent, what those regulations should be, and what sanctions should be applied and by whom.
To understand the depths of the negotiations, and the potential for discord, it is necessary to understand what the continent offer the 65% of global nations that are party to the 1959 and all subsequent treaties. To understand the possible future of Antarctica, it is necessary to outline treaty attempts to minimize…
Antarctica. Siyabona Africa Web site. Retrieved September 28, 2004 at http://balule.krugerpark.co.za/africa_antarctica.html
Chile Web site. Retrieved September 17, 2004 at http://www.visit-chile.org/antartica/antartica.phtml
Australia urges regulation as tourism to Antarctica escalates. (2004, March 24) Agence France Presse English. Retrieved September 14, 2004 at http://www.highbeam.com .
Bulgaria in Antarctica. Retrieved September 15, 2004 at http://www.bluelink.net/antarctic/ant_en/BGant.htm
Failure of Family: The Irony of the Vicar of akefield
Tolstoy states that every happy family is the same (Tolstoy 1). He says this because happiness is the effect of a life well lived and not of any other cause, which is also the philosophy of Plato (Plato 47). Unhappy families, however, are unhappy mainly because they have failed to live well, or virtuously. That is the case of the Primrose family in The Vicar of akefield: the family undergoes terrible misfortunes mainly because it fails to live for the good or to understand its own place in the world. The primary responsibility for the misfortune falls on the parents who fail to recognize their own faults and do not raise their children correctly. The parents also fail to realize who they are in social terms and thus deceive themselves as to their actual social value. This paper will show…
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. UK: Dover, 1995. Print.
Dahl, Curtis. "Patterns of Disguise in The Vicar of Wakefield." ELH -- Johns Hopkins
University Press, vol. 25, no. 2 (1958): 90-104. Print.
Goldsmith, Oliver. The Vicar of Wakefield. UK: Dover, 2004. Print.