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Numerical Modeling
Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 61288526
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Tsunami Numerical Modeling

Tsunami Modeling

Tsunamis, along with other massive natural disaster events such as earthquakes, hurricanes and so forth, represent one of the most (if not the most) destructive natural disaster event that has occurred in the past or that could occur in the future. They typically coincide with earthquakes in a given area but accurately predicting and projecting when they will occur, when they will not occur and the methods of predicting both has become a fairly chaotic and fickle endeavor. However, the use of computer and numerical-based modeling has represented a shift in that it can more accurately predict what will or will not occur when earthquakes and other conditions relative to tsunamis occur and avail themselves to geologists, oceanic experts and other scientists that are the least bit involved in predicting tsunamis and warning the populace around the world about the same. After explaining the data…

Of course, simple mathematics and numbers are sometimes hard to correlate to real life and it could somehow come down more to odds, probability or likelihood rather than whether it will definitely happen or not. However, this could change over the coming decades as data becomes less anecdotal and non-scientific and more science-based (Papadopoulos et al., 2007). Over time, scenarios and guesses will become more concrete through better modeling and prior data that is more completely collected and observed (Tinti et al., 2011).

Numerical & Computer Models

As for analysis, compare and contrast of the models themselves, there are several models and tables in the previous ten mentioned sources that give a good deal of information. For example, the Okal treatise, in its first table, shows relocation results and published magnitude for a combination of dates and latitude/longitude points. Most of the results are benign but there are several bursts of major activity such as on July 9th, 1956, July 30th, 1956 and on late 1956 from October to December. The rows with published magnitudes reflect figures that are all at least five but get as high as nearly eight with the aforementioned 1956 earthquake/tsunami being the apex. Figure 2 of the Okal report shows clusters of high activity that show where the "hot spots" are including due south of Anafi and right on top of Anafi being the two major ones. Figure 6 shows three different charts with a different directional pathway being applicable for each one. In order, they were up/down, east/west and north/south. For each chart, the peak points of activity were roughly the same but reflect that all three directional pathways should be assessed and looked both separately and in concert. For example, about three fourths of the way through the graphs (from left to right), there is a pattern whereas a spike happens in North/South, then East/West and then Up/down in sequential fashion. They happen very close together but not at the same

Physical Geology the 'Indian Ocean
Words: 2629 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 29596606
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In fact, the entire damage was caused by the tsunami itself along with other factors like the geology and geography of the region. The damage that the tsunami caused to mainland India, a seismically quiescent region, was concentrated mainly on the eastern coastline but some damage due to diffraction also occurred on the southernmost tip of the western coastline. A factor which played a major role in the scale of devastation that occurred in this region is the bathymetry of the Bay of Bengal. The Bay of Bengal is quite shallow with an average depth of 2600 meters. The shallowness can be attributed to the huge amount of sediment that the Ganges iver deposits in it. (Strand; Masek, 40)

After the earthquake, the bay was sealed off by the deep Sunda Trench and the tsunami waves were reflected back towards the Indian Ocean striking the eastern Indian coastline within two…

References

Bernard, Eddie N; Robinson, Allan R. The Sea Tsunamis.

Harvard University Press. 2009.

Bilham, R; Engdahl, E. R; Feldl, N; Satyabala, S.P. Partial and Complete Rupture of the Indo-Andaman plate boundary 1847-2004. University of Colorado, Boulder.

Seism. Res. Lett. 2005.

Pictures Can Speak Louder Than Words and
Words: 1414 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 98131649
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pictures can speak louder than words, and this is clear in the photo entitled "U.S. Navy: An aerial view of damage to akuya, Japan after a 9 magnitude tsunami." The photo initially looks like picture of a tiny child's toy boat, which is floating in a muddy sea of debris. The boat looks brave and cheery, as it floats amidst the muck, garbage, and flotsam and jetsam of people's belongings. However, the first, deceptive glance of the photograph quickly ebbs away as the viewer becomes aware that he or she is bearing of witness to one of the greatest human tragedies to strike a nation, as a result of a natural disaster, in the 21st century. The photograph highlights the smallness and vulnerability of the human condition in the face of epic destruction beyond human control.

Japan's long national nightmare began when an 8.9-magnitude earthquake, the "fifth-largest recorded since 1900"…

Works Cited

Harlan, Chico. "One year later, Japan still in crisis." The Washington Post. 12 Mar 2012.

 http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2606900871&Fmt=3&clientId  =27889&RQT=309&VName=PQD

McGroarty, Patrick & Vanessa Fuhrmans. "Germany to Forsake Its Nuclear Reactors."

Wall Street Journal. 31 May 31, 2011.

Reinsurance for Many People the Field of
Words: 1123 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28103050
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einsurance

For many people, the field of insurance can be very confusing. This is because these organizations will often engage in activities that are designed to reduce risks. ecently, there have been a number of incidents that have led to an increase in liabilities for these firms. The thesis statement will focus on the four different types and the impact of a large natural disaster (i.e. The Japanese tsunami of 2011).

The purpose of this assignment is to understand the strategies that reduce risks and the way they are utilized. This will be accomplished by focusing on: reinsurance methods for sharing in the losses, the excess of loss treaty, the quote share treaty, facultative reinsurance, the surplus -- share treaty and the methods used after the Japanese tsunami. Together, these factors will explain the different tactics utilized in reducing risks and dividing the liabilities among various firms. ("Definition einsurance," 2013)…

References

Reinsurance Market Outlook. (2011). Aon Benefield. Retrieved from:  http://thoughtleadership.aonbenfield.com/Documents/201109_ab_reinsurance_market_outlook.pdf 

Definition Reinsurance. (2013). Investopedia. Retrieved from:  http://www.investopedia.com/terms/r/reinsurance.asp#axzz2MReJhZKj 

Wollan, E. (2002). Handbook of Reinsurance. New York, NY: Aspen.

Business Workplace Continuity and Contingency
Words: 3113 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 32870015
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Threats due to weather include floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes and blizzards. Planning for weather events should be very realistic in nature. Major weather events usually occur in 25, 50 and 100-year cycles. Disease outbreaks are also a big threat. A potential flu pandemic could be detrimental to many businesses. For example, the bird flu pandemic scenarios that are floating around are being modeled on the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918. That global outbreak killed 500,000 people in the United States and more than 20 million people worldwide. Since that time there have been two other smaller scale flu pandemics, each that killed hundreds of thousands of people. The flu is just one disease that can cause a business disaster situation around the world (Business Continuity during a Disaster, 2008).

ecent years have also shown that terrorism threats are a real possibility that needs to be considered. Terrorism is a great…

References

Aceh Post-Tsunami Reconstruction: Lessons Learned Two Years on. (2006). Retrieved

September 22, 2009, from the World Bank Web site:

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:21164835~pag ePK:64257043~piPK:437376~theSitePK:4607,00.html

Amato-McCoy, Deena M. (2006). Planning for Continuity. Retrieved September 23, 2009, from Bank Systems and Technology Web site:

Force of the Winds Is
Words: 2142 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71762344
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Speed here is of essence and spices like flying fish are able to jump out of water to escape predators. Others that lack like jellies are transparent. Turtles will have a shell to protect them. Gills enable animals to manage different water pressures like the sharks while whales have the capability of holding their breaths for longer periods. On the other hand, since the benthic zone does not allow sunlight to reach it due to its depth (beyond 600 feet), some fish and crustaceans, at this level do not see, in fact half of the species at this level are blind. In this sense, the organisms have adapted to produce their own lights from their specialized parts in their bodies known as photophores. In addition, since there is lack of phytoplacton to start the food chain, life is limited and fish have adapted to fulfill their needs. For instance, some…

References

Crouse, R. (n.d.). Waves: Tsunamis/Seismic sea waves. Water encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/Tw-Z/Waves.html

Gardiner, L. (2010, January 8). Surface ocean currents. windows.ucar.edu. Retrieved from http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Water/ocean_currents.html

Lee, H.J., and Normark, W.R. (2009). Earth science in urban ocean: The Southern California continental borderland. New York, U.S.: Geological Society of America.

Makai. (n.d). Threats to marine ecosystems. Waianae ecological characteristics. Retrieved from  http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/czm/initiative/wec/html/sea/marine/threats.htm

Economics - How China's Economy
Words: 2387 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51780720
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Aside these impacts however, more salient effects are observable, such as a necessity to change internal practices of business. A relevant example in this sense is given by Wal-Mart, in its quality of America's largest retailer, which decided, unlike within the U.S., to allow Chinese employees to unionize (Dessler, 2006). The official approach of the Chinese leaders was that of implementing reforms which further capitalize on the low cost labor force advantage in order to continually attract investors.

5. The Market of Exchange ates

The final step of this analysis is constituted by the look at China's currency policies, in an attempt to reveal if the policies implemented have played any part in the country's competitiveness within the global market. China's currency, the yuan, was pegged to the United States Dollar in 1997, but the link only lasted until 2005. Since then, the mechanism of resetting the value of the…

References:

Brasher, K., 2005, China's Opaque Currency Policy, the New York Times,  http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/22/business/worldbusiness/22assess.html  last accessed on October 21, 2009

Bruton, G.D., Ahlstrom, D., Chan, E.S., 2000, Foreign Firms in China: Facing Human Resources Challenges in a Transnational Economy, SAM Advanced Management Journal, Vol. 65

Buckley, P.J., Clegg, J., Wang, C., 2002, the Impact of Inward FDI on the Performance of Chinese Manufacturing Firms, Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 33

Cavanaugh, J., Mander, J., 2004, Alternatives to Economic Globalization: A Better World Is Possible, 2nd Edition, Berrett-Koehler Publishers, ISBN 1576753034

Long-Term Effects of a Widespread Disaster
Words: 833 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 84892464
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Long-Term Effects of Adverse Nature

Long-term Implications of 2004 Indian Ocean Disasters

Long-term effects of the 2004 Indian Ocean Disaster

2004 Indian Ocean Disasters

Indian Ocean is the third vastest water body in the world wide, casing an average of 68.556 million km2. It is the mass of water body around Africa, Asia, the Southern Ocean and Australia. It has four main accessible waterways, the Suez Canal (Egypt), Bab el Mandeb (along Djibouti and Yemen), the Strait of Hormuz (along Iran and Oman), and the Strait of Malacca (Indonesia and Malaysia) among other minor ones. The ocean has been attributed to many economical advantages ranging from providing a means of transportation, food, recreation and for the extraction of valuable mineral resources. However, the ocean has major confluences with terrific and adverse water disasters such as disasters, tsunamis, aftershocks, earthquakes among others.

2004 Disaster

In 2004, the Indian registered the worst…

References

Ramalanjaona, G. 2011. Impact of 2004 Tsunami in the Islands of Indian Ocean: Lessons Learned. Emergency Medicine International. Vol 1, Issue 1. Pg 1-3.

Daly, P., Feener, M. R and Reid, A.J.S. From the Ground up: Perspectives on Post-Tsunami and Post -- Conflict Aceh. Chicago: Institute of Southeast Asian.

U S Auto Industry the Motor
Words: 1870 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34073149
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The big three will likely weather the tsunami, as completely different entities than they have been in the past, possibly even more strikingly different than they were before and after the Japanese management style implementation in the 1980s. ith these and other changes likely in the industry in the near future The industry will once again prove flexible and innovative in changing with the times.

orks Cited

Brown, Shona L., and Katleen M. Eisenhardt. 1997. The Art of Continuous Change: Linking Complexity Theory and Time-Paced Evolution in Relentlessly Shifting Organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly 42, no. 1: 1.

Chrysler Sale Could Herald Auto Industry Restructuring. 2007. Manila Bulletin, May 16, NA.

Klier, Thomas. 2005. Determinants of Supplier Plant Location: Evidence from the Auto Industry. Economic Perspectives: 2.

Klier, Thomas H. 1995. The Geography of Lean Manufacturing: Recent Evidence from the U.S. Auto Industry. Economic Perspectives 19, no. 6: 2.

Lung, Yannick.…

Works Cited

Brown, Shona L., and Katleen M. Eisenhardt. 1997. The Art of Continuous Change: Linking Complexity Theory and Time-Paced Evolution in Relentlessly Shifting Organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly 42, no. 1: 1.

Chrysler Sale Could Herald Auto Industry Restructuring. 2007. Manila Bulletin, May 16, NA.

Klier, Thomas. 2005. Determinants of Supplier Plant Location: Evidence from the Auto Industry. Economic Perspectives: 2.

Klier, Thomas H. 1995. The Geography of Lean Manufacturing: Recent Evidence from the U.S. Auto Industry. Economic Perspectives 19, no. 6: 2.

Energy Is Hard to Define
Words: 1565 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30002403
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These massive walls of water travel faster than a commercial jet as they descend upon cities and islands. The energy and force of a Tsunamis is the massive transference of potential energy, caused by the shifting currents of the ocean, into kinetic energy that active pushes the Tsunamis forward. In 2004, one tsunami traveled 375 miles in a mere 75 minutes, about 300 miles per hour. Energy however is not just limited the massive, and the mystical, it is present in every form of life. In our own bodies, energy is the driving force behind why our heart pumps blood and why we have the ability to breathe. We use chemical energy, kinetic energy, heat energy, etc. To power the basic functions of our bodies.

imply put, energy drives every stage of life, it is in attempting to find the factors that influence how energy is used and cultivated that…

Simply put, energy drives every stage of life, it is in attempting to find the factors that influence how energy is used and cultivated that has established the sciences. There are limitations to energy however, detailed by the fundamental laws of physics such as the law of conservation of energy. Scientist's everyday is attempting to fine hone and find the limitations of scientific knowledge. In the hopes that one day we will find an indisputable source of energy that will never wane in force, the dream of "perpetual motion."

Serway, Raymond a.; Jewett, John W. (2004). Physics for Scientists and Engineers (6th ed.). Brooks/Cole

Walding, Richard, Rapkins, Greg, Rossiter, Glenn (1999-11-01). New Century Senior Physics. Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press

Education Principles of Economics China's
Words: 2583 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2675610
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Most economists feel that if China's currency were allowed to trade freely, it would be a whole lot more. No one can know for sure how much more, but leading economists put it in a range of 10 to 40% higher value than it is now (Davidson 2006),

By keeping the Yuan artificially low in value, China is effectively giving the U.S. consumer a discount on all Chinese exports. By doing this they are discounting their own exports. This is good for many U.S. consumers because it allows them to buy cheaper clothes and electronics along with many other items. But on the other had it is bad for U.S. manufacturers who can't compete with low Chinese prices in the end. Some U.S. manufacturers have adapted by buying many component parts at a lower cost from China. The ability of a manufacturer to adapt depends on the company and the…

References

Amadeo, Kimberly. 2009. "China Economy." Available at:

 http://useconomy.about.com/od/worldeconomy/p/China_Economy.htm 

Borjas, George J. And Ramey, Valerie a. 2000. "Market Responses to Interindustry Wage

Differentials." Available at:

Mass Shooting Could Have Been Prevented The
Words: 634 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22227711
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mass shooting could have been prevented. The key to knowing what to do in the future is to understand how to recognize signs of mental illness and stability. In this case, the gunman "had been expelled, possibly for behavioral problems." It is clear the school understood that this student had problems. Yet even after the expulsion, the school did not do enough to ensure Goh's mental stability. The issue was not necessarily bullying, as the headline suggests. Students might have been teasing Goh in a good-natured way. After all, a large number of Americans speak English as a second language and it would be odd for someone to get maliciously teased for it. Goh reacted in an extreme way because he was mentally unstable. He had suffered trauma (after the unresolved death of his brother) and had a history of behavioral problems. Students like him need monitoring, counseling and intervention…

References

"Japan tsunami reconstruction money 'misspent'," (2012). BBC. Oct 31, 2012 Retrieved online:  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20150364 

"Oikos University Shooting: Suspect In Deadly Attack Was Upset About Being Teased Over Poor English Skills, Police Say." Huffington Post. April 4, 2012. Retrieved online:  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/03/oikos-university-shooting-teased-english-skills_n_1399680.html

Tomorrow Was an Excellent Film That Definitely
Words: 607 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Movie Review Paper #: 24682871
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Tomorrow was an excellent film that definitely fuels interest in climate change. The film is an action packed portrayal of how climate change could potentially cause extreme weather events, though the scientific basis for the events shown in the movie are extremely exaggerated. The abrupt climate change that is shown is has no real basis in the current literature, however it does provide an entertaining and thought provoking view of some of the consequences of anthropogenic influences on the Earth's natural systems.

I had mixed emotions about the dramatizations about climate change. On one hand, it definitely makes the viewer wonder if such occurrences are even remotely possible. The way that the director presents the viewer the perception of real science that is taken place can lead the viewer to do their own investigations to verify if the science behind the movie is true. However, if they do this then…

Software Evaluation Writeboard the International
Words: 540 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: White Paper Paper #: 37336961
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This is a critical feature of the tool that best suits IDM, as Writeboard enables its users to maximize the use of technology to deliver messages efficiently without compromising the credibility and accuracy of messages being transmitted to other members of the organization.

Clear messages delivered through a simple channel or platform such as the Writeboard will help members save time from understanding a specific disaster or relief management issue, enabling them to respond to the issue faster and more effectively. Its text-only feature enables users to communicate and send messages through a simple platform, eliminating clutter and unnecessary "noise" that could compromise the message being sent and cause misunderstanding or miscommunication in the course of the message transmission.

The versatility of Writeboard is furthered by its applicability and accessibility through other different technologies. It can be accessed through different web browsers, such as Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, and…

Reference

Official Writeboard web site:  http://writeboard.com/

Catastrophic Events Preparing for Catastrophic
Words: 632 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 61290569
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The failure to be able to deal with the fallout of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans caused many overstressed hospital workers to respond in what would later be regarded as a horrific manner. Investigators "were stunned when health care workers charged that a well-regarded doctor and two respected nurses had hastened the deaths of some patients by injecting them with lethal doses of drugs" allegedly in an act of mercy due to the inability of rescue workers to evacuate the patients in an effective fashion" (Fink 2009:1). The New Orleans doctor implicated in the patients' deaths argued that "informed consent is impossible during disasters and that doctors need to be able to evacuate the sickest or most severely injured patients last -- along with those who have Do Not esuscitate orders -- an approach that she and her colleagues used as conditions worsened after Katrina," given she believed that many…

References

Evaluation of hospital disaster drills: A module-based approach. (2011). Agency for Healthcare

Research and Quality. (AHRQ) Retrieved February 26, 2011 at  http://www.ahrq.gov/research/hospdrills/introduction.htm 

Fink, Sherri. (2009, August 3). Strained by Katrina. The New York Times.

Retrieved February 26, 2011 at  http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/30/magazine/30doctors.html

Decisions in Paradise Part II
Words: 688 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72349868
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Nik and the following is my problem. I have been assigned to a beautiful island in order to help my team, Alex and Chris, set up their work site. Kava, the island itself, is battered with more challenges that I have ever lived with that include tidal waves/tsunami; typhoons/hurricanes; tornadoes; floods; fires; volcanic eruptions; earthquakes. Add to this mixture HIV / AIDS; petroleum spill; high risk for avian flu; and terrorism and you understand why I am queasy about the chances of success and, more so, perplexed about where to start. Aside from the above external problems that impact the project, internal challenges include disorganization of the work location and site; shoddy H procedures, chaotic organizational structure; and non-harmonious workforce that has been reflected in the organization's history of high turnover.

My task, according to Alex and Chris, consists in helping them establish a greater presence in Kava. Ways of…

References

MindTools.Com. Paired Comparison Analysis. Retrieved on 2/24/2012 from:

 http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTED_01.htm

Local Response Terrorism the City
Words: 840 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83337738
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A lack of local understanding by FEMA and & #8230;. Caused a clear inability for these agencies to exercise their logistics plan during such a catastrophic event.

The first clear weakness was experienced by FEMA, the national organization appointed to deal with supplementing local relief efforts and providing extended services to those in need in an event of a natural disaster or terrorist attack. FEMA is supposed to work as a supplement to local emergency service efforts, and as such it is supposed to be in tune with the capabilities and procedures of the local agencies that were on the front line of Katrina disaster relief. However, the research shows that "there was nobody that even knew FEMA's history, much less understood the profession and the dynamics and the roles and responsibilities of that states and local governments" (University Transportation Centers Program, 2007, p 22). Essentially, FEMA operatives were not…

References

City of Hampton. (2012). Emergency operations plan: Abstract. Emergency Management. The City of Hampton Virginia. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from  http://hampton.gov/eoc/iframe.html?linkfrom=main&bc=Emergency%20Operations%20Plan%20%28abstract%29&url=./pdf/eop_abstract_2011.pdf 

National Response Team. (2004). National Incident Management System. Productions. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from www.nrt.org/Production/NRT/...385aNIMS.../NIMS-90-web.pdf?

University Transportation Centers Program. (2007). Comparison of Disaster Logistics Planning and Execution for 2005 Hurricane Season. Midwest Transportation Consortium. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from  http://www.intrans.iastate.edu/reports/disaster-management.pdf

Recovery Disaster and Crisis
Words: 1650 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 66718399
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Disaster ecovery

ecovery: Disaster and Crisis

Disaster recovery has become an important aspect of a company's strategic plan. The main reason for an increased concern can be attributed to the fact that integration and alliances at an international level have increased so that there are more linkages and higher interdependencies that have increased the exposure of people to international risk. This also means that companies are more prone to be affected by a force majeure impacting a vendor located in another part of the world. Some cases that have recently come to light in the spate of the Japanese Earthquake are the impact on General Motors leave alone Nissan. Moreover, giants such as Sony have been impacted in the wake of natural disasters in Thailand where a Tsunami impacted the Integrated Chip provider, making it difficult for Sony to continue to manufacture its products.

In light of these vulnerabilities it…

References

Jones, V.A. (2011). How to Avoid Disaster:RIM's Crucial Role in Business Continuity Planning. Information Management Journal .

Keenan, G. (2011). After a year of disasters, Japan's auto sector fights back. Retrieved January 20, 2012, from CTV News:  http://www.ctv.ca/generic/generated/static/business/article2284601.html#ixzz1k0x14zsf 

Momani, N.M. (2010). Business Continuity Planning: Are We Prepared for Future Disasters . American Journal of Economics and Business Administration, 272-279.

Omar, A., Alijani, D., & Mason, R. (2011). Information Technology Disaster Recovery Plan: Case Study. Academy of Strategic Management Journal .

Reflection on Organizational Change Management
Words: 790 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70191830
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This course has played a critical role in my professional development in organizational management. One of the most important lessons I have obtained from the course relates to management of change in an organization. This is an important lesson since organizations in today’s business environment are faced with the need for managing organizational change because of the changes in the business environment. As I reflect on the insights obtained from the course, I have learned about change management and found some readings, resources, and assignments helpful in this process as well as some that did not fully engage me. However, I also feel that there are some aspects of change management that I still need to know more about and research more deeply after this class.

Prior to undertaking this class, I knew that change management is a relatively complex process that is difficult to carry out. I believed that…

Study of Tourist Behavior Toward Nature-Based Tourism Activities
Words: 8137 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 91076246
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Tourist Behavior Toward Nature-Based Tourism Activities

For most of the developing countries tourism industry is playing a very important role in boosting their economies. In 2004, it was found out that Asia Pacific was one of the fastest growing tourism regions (Cruey, 2005). According to WTO, up to 3% of world's tourism market is made up of Thailand, Indonesia, India and Sri Lanka. It was in 1970's that the development of Thai international tourism started (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). Tourism industry accounts for 5.1% of Thailand's National Gross Domestic Product (Tourism Authority of Thailand, 2009). For the purpose of providing a proper development direction, the National Economics and Social Development Plan (NESDP) served as a guide (Mcdowall and Wang, 2007). The result of the survey which was conducted by the Universities of USA and Thailand, showed that Thailand stood on the first place as best hospital city for all the…

References

Blamey, R.K. (2001). Principles of ecotourism. In Encyclopedia of Ecotourism, Weaver D (ed). CAB International: Wallingford, England; 5 -- 22.

Brass, J.L. (1997). Community Tourism Assessment Handbook. Western Rural Development Centre, Utah State University, ed.

Business Day, (2005). Tourist Sector Wins 3.65BN Baht Budget. [Electronic bulletin board], February 24, 2005.

Carter, R. And Fabricius, M. (2007). UNWTO Conference in Topic is Creating campetitve advantage for your destination, Budapest, UNWTO Consultants (TEAM tourism Consulting).

Technology That Can Be Used
Words: 1118 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31868393
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If the area they were placed in was prone to blizzards, earthquakes, terrorist outbreaks or anything else the public to be educated that if it heard the sirens it meant that specific disaster was likely occurring, had occurred or was about to occur.

The sirens are also universally recognized as a warning system therefore the process of installation and public education would not be significantly difficult to complete.

TSUNAMI WANING SYSTEM

The world was shocked and traumatized when the Indian Ocean Tsunami hit a few years ago and hundreds of thousands of people died as a result of that disaster.

When it struck there was very little or no warning for most of those who were impacted by its arrival.

Most people did not know it was coming until they saw the giant wave coming toward them as they stood on shore (Indian Ocean tsunami warning system (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/4524642.stm).

While the…

References

Outdoor Warning System  http://www.gocolumbiamo.com/EM/Disaster_Preparedness/sirens.php 

Indian Ocean tsunami warning system  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/4524642.stm

Hazard Mitigation and Preparedness
Words: 3869 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1180867
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Hazard Mitigation and Preparedness (U.S. Federal Programs: Advantages and Disadvantages)

The confrontations and prospects for the reduction of hazards/disasters have never been greater than in the current period. In theory, the challenge is to do away with all disasters that cause the loss of life or injury to people along with the property and environment damage. On the other hand, such a goal is not possible to achieve practically. Although it is possible to avoid certain risks but the elimination of environmental hazards seems to be an idealistic task (Smith, 2004, p. 268).

The evidence signals that there is a need to do more today for tomorrow. Though investment in hazard mitigation has increased, there are few signs that show the effectiveness of the sustainability plans. In United States of America, several plans are outlined that have lessened the number of casualties and scale of destruction (Smith, 2004, p. 268).…

References

About FEMA. (2011, November 14). In FEMA. Retrieved November 28, 2011, from  http://www.fema.gov/about/index.shtm 

"About the National Dam Safety Program." (2010, August 11). Retrieved December 09, 2011 from  http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/damfailure/ndsp.shtm 

Bernard, E.N. (2005). The U.S. National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program: A Successful State -- Federal Partnership. Springer, 35, 5-24. Retrieved December 07, 2011 from http://www.hawaiistateassessment.info/library/Hawaii_Coastal_Hazards/Document_Library/GENERAL MITIGATION/Bernard USA Tsunami Mitigation.pdf

Edwards, F.L., & Afawubo, I. (2008). Show Me the Money: Financial Recovery after Disaster Professional Emergency Management, Physical Mitigation, Public Education, and Financial Assistance Can All Lessen the Impact of Post-Disaster Community Recovery Costs. The Public Manager, 37(4), 85+. Retrieved December 9, 2011, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5035928141

Session Long Project Involve Developing a Disaster
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Session Long Project involve developing a disaster management program a specific country include hazard analysis, prevention, preparedness, response, recovery plans. Epidemiology Disasters espond: 1.

In 2011, Japan was shook by a devastating earthquake which claimed thousands of deaths and led to serious economic casualties. Since then, a number of concerns have been raised in regards to expectations of an even vengeful one in the near future. In fact, Japan has had a history of damaging quakes throughout the years. In 2004, the Ch-etsu Earthquakes, although less serious as to the number of human lives, forced many people to leave homes and injured thousands. It was considered the most vengeful quake since 1995 when thousands were killed in the Great Hanshin Earthquake, hundreds of thousands more were affected one way or another and substantial economical damage was registered. As such, Japanese have become more vigilant in regards to their safety and…

Reference List

Center for Research on Environmental Decisions (2013, January 2013). Disaster Data: A Balanced Perspective. Issue No. 30. Retrieved from http://cred01.epid.ucl.ac.be/f/CredCrunch30.pdf

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2012). World Disasters Report. Retrieved from  http://www.ifrcmedia.org/assets/pages/wdr2012/resources/1216800-WDR-2012-EN-FULL.pdf 

Jamil, S., & Kuntjoro I.A. (2009). Managing Double Trouble: Indonesia's earthquakes and the Philippines' typhoons. paper presented at the Third Annual Convention of the Consortium of Non-Traditional Security Studies in Asia, November 3-4, 2009. Retrieved from  http://www.rsis-ntsasia.org/activities/conventions/2009-singapore/Sofiah%20Jamil.pdf 

Leonard, H.B. (2011). Preliminary observations on the Japanese 3/11 earthquake and tsunami. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (HKS). Retrieved from  http://www.ash.harvard.edu/extension/ash/docs/earthquake.pdf

Toyota Is One of the World's Leading
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Toyota is one of the world's leading automakers. For most of its existence, the company has been unassailable, but this past year has presented the company with a number of challenges. These include plant shutdowns caused by parts shortages as a result of the Japanese tsunami, Japanese consumer spending falling again because of the tsunami, competitive challenges and product quality issues that lead to recalls.

As one of the world's leading automakers, Toyota has a lot of different strengths that it uses to compete in the marketplace. The company has great brand equity. Its brand strength is ranked 11th in the world by Interbrand, #1 for automotive companies and #1 for Japanese companies, with a value of $27.764 billion. The company has a great reputation for value, aligning high quality vehicles with relatively low prices. Another strength is Toyota's market share, which is 11% of the worldwide market, ranking it…

Works Cited:

Interbrand (2011). 2011 ranking of the top 100 brands. Interbrand. Retrieved December 6, 2011 from  http://www.interbrand.com/en/best-global-brands/best-global-brands-2008/best-global-brands-2011.aspx 

Kitamura, M., Ohnsman, A. & Ito, A. (2011). Toyota losing market no.1 makes Prius vehicle to escape fading Japan Inc. Bloomberg. Retrieved December 6, 2011 from  http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-09-11/toyota-losing-no-1-makes-prius-priority-to-escape-fading-japan.html 

McWilliams, H. (2011). Dealerships desperate to buy in-demand Toyota Prius. Fox News. Retrieved December 6, 2011 from  http://www.fox59.com/news/wxin-toyota-prius-dealerships-desperate-to-buy-indemand-toyota-prius-20110607,0,3092183.story 

Meier, F. (2011). High yen, Thai floods, Japan tsunami swamp Toyota profits. USA Today. Retrieved December 6, 2011 from  http://content.usatoday.com/communities/driveon/post/2011/11/high-yen-thai-floods-japan-tsunami-swamp-toyota-profits/1

Japan Abolishes Current Nuclear Plant Fukushima Crisis
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Japan abolishes current nuclear plant Fukushima Crisis. What effects immediately long-term Japan world a case stop operation of nuclear power plants.

As a brief description, Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Power plant was an operating energy facility in Japan particularly in the Fukushima prefecture or province. The plant was established in 1971, which occupied a total of 3.5-kilometer site that makes it as one of the largest nuclear power plants in the world by land area. This nuclear power plant was very useful in the Japanese energy regulation system because it has an economical generation costs that is more reliable than using hydroelectric power sources from dams and streams. It is operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company that is the largest operating agency around Japan as claimed by Arnold (2010).

On March 11, 2011, a powerful earthquake hit the northeastern portion of Japan with an epicenter just off the coast of Fukushima…

Reference

Arnold, Wesley., 2010. Nuclear Power Plant facilities. New York: McGraw Hill, 78-97.

Cousins, C., (2011). Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant. Retrieved from:  http://www.scj.go.jp/ja/info/jishin/pdf/t-110405-3e.pdf .

Fraser, Scotty., 2009. Environmental Issues: Natural Disasters. Alexandria: Tim and Gale Publishing, 35-38.

Gilbert, L.F., 2011. Application of non-conventional and renewable energy sources. Accessed at: http://www.em-ea.org/Guide%20Books/book-4/4.12App%20of%20Non%20conventional.pdf.

Toyota Supply Chain Org Change
Words: 1574 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56765718
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Toyota

Japanese automaker Toyota, headquartered in the city of the same name, is the world's leading automaker by sales, moving over 10 million vehicles per year (Statista, 2016). However, being the industry leader means one thing -- everybody is trying to take share away from you. As such, Toyota faces many competitive threats. The American automakers are performing better after a very difficult period leading into the dual bankruptcies of GM and Chrysler. The Korean automakers, particularly Hyundai, are becoming more powerful. . Emerging economy companies like Geely and Tata loom on the horizon as new competitors in all markets, and they are already challenging Toyota in their home markets.

Furthermore, Toyota faces internal challenges as well. It suffered a major blow to its supply chain management strategy in the wake of the 2011 tsunami. The company had clustered its supply chain around its major manufacturing facilities, but this left…

References

Greimel, H (2012). Tsunami: the aftermath. Automotive News. Retrieved March 21, 2016 from  http://www.autonews.com/article/20120312/OEM01/303129960/tsunami:-the-aftermath 

:Ludwig, C. (2013). Toyota's total supply chain vision. Automotive Logistics. Retrieved March 21, 2016 from  http://automotivelogistics.media/interview/total-supply-chain-vision 

Statista (2016). Statistics and facts about the global automotive industry. Statista. Retrieved March 21, 2016 from  http://www.statista.com/topics/1487/automotive-industry/ 

Sugiyama, K. (2011). Toyota aims for quake-proof supply chain. Reuters. Retrieved March 21, 2016 from  http://www.reuters.com/article/us-toyota-idUSTRE7852RF20110906

Earthquakes
Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90500032
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A) Write a summary of an article on the environment that was published in The New York Times between 1/22 and 1/28. This assignment is for 150 words.
ANCHORAGE — The people of Alaska, spurred by the threat of a massive underwater earthquake which could result in a tsunami, evacuated the safety of their homes at midnight. Authorities had transformed schools into temporary evacuation units and citizens flocked there, parking their automobiles at Walmart and Safeway parking lots. Several rushed to the safe higher ground provided by Pillar Mountain. However, fortunately, the tsunami didn’t occur and in 4 hours’ time, the tsunami warning issued between Alaska and the Mexican-American border was lifted (Burke, Blinder and Fountain 17). This sudden panic across the Pacific coast commenced following US Geological Survey reports of an earthquake of magnitude 7.9, half an hour after midnight (Alaskan Gulf time). While authorities claimed nobody reported any…

Japanese Housing Market Your Purchase Japanese
Words: 2514 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 64128914
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This draws a pattern of the land price model, concentric as one moves away from CBD.

An interesting element of the Japanese housing market system that is worth considering in terms of its impact on the housing market is the savings rate and savings behavior in Japan. Traditionally, the savings rate in Japan is high, with a population that is risk averse and tends to invest in instruments that have lower returns, but are also less risky. With that in mind, Noguchi and Poterba (1994) tend to support the idea, first of all, that the conditions of owned houses differ from those of rented houses, in that they are especially more spacious and with overall better amenities.

Second to that, there appears to be a clear relationship between geographical location and wealth accumulation, as determined by the savings levels in different regions. Households in larger conurbations, such as Tokyo, accumulated…

References:

Baumgartner, U., Meredith, G., Kahkonen, J., Saving behavior and the asset price "bubble" in Japan: analytical studies, International Monetary Fund, 1995

Cecchetti, S.G., Asset prices and central bank policy, Center for Economic Policy Research, 2000

Hunter, W.C., Asset price bubbles: the implications for monetary, regulatory and international policies, MIT Press, 2005

Noguchi, Yukio; Poterba, James. Housing Markets in the United States and Japan. The University of Chicago Press. 1994.

Subjective Nature of Perception Be Regarded as
Words: 1603 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22774972
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subjective nature of perception be regarded as an advantage for artists but as an obstacle to be overcome for scientists?

Perception is the way we get the information about real objects that exist independently from our consciousness. Perception reflects state and qualities of objects and forms our understanding of their existence. Person can perceive information about environment in different ways: by tactile, acoustic, visual perception, still visual perception is the most essential. It's important to note that human gets 90% of information thanks to his eyesight. Visual perception is a result of visual activity of human's interaction with surrounding world. (It's important to note again here that we do not "see" objects, we perceive their electromagnetic radiation of visual spectrum).

That's why it's believed that visual perception is subjective, and the structure of perception is based on the laws of projectile reflection. Perception's role is essential in the functioning of…

8. Brigitte Burgmer ART PERCEPTION EVOLUTION (available on web: www.holonet.khm.de/Holographers/Burgmer_Brigitte/text/Art_Perception_Evolutio n.html)

9. Perception (from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) (available on web: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-perception)

10. Fundamental nature of bodyhood, Article (available on web:  http://www.newgnosis.co.uk/inniverse/bodyhood.html )

Ing for Emergency Management Emergency
Words: 5324 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26046444
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Slide 9: Technological innovations in emergency management

The starting point in the creation of a plan on how to improve our program from a technological standpoint has been constituted by the review of the it industry. The scope of this research has been that of identifying the innovations in the field and their relevance for our agency and its mission. The results of the research endeavor are briefly presented below:

GIS is an important tool to use in the collection of data necessary and its usage is credited with overall successful emergency operations as it allows the intervention teams to gather data pivotal at all stages of the emergency management process.

emote sensing technology is enhancing the quality of the emergency management act at the stages of mitigation and preparedness and it has proven efficient in the management of both natural hazards as well as man made disasters.

The NOAAPort…

References:

Bea, K., 2006, Federal emergency management policy changes after Hurricane Katrina: a summary of statutory provisions, Federation of American Scientists,  http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL33729.pdf  last accessed on December 7, 2010

Durmaz, H., 2007, Understanding and responding to terrorism, IOS Press

Freitag, B., How can emergency managers address our warming climate? University of Washington,  http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&cd=8&sqi=2&ved=0CE8QFjAH&url=http%3A%2F%2Ftraining.fema.gov%2FEMIWeb%2Fedu%2Fdocs%2FFreitag%2520-%2520How%2520can%2520emergency%2520managers%2520address%2520our%2520warming%2520cli.doc&rct=j&q=global%20warming%20and%20emergency%20management&ei=iK0ATY7aIc7xsgaxxKDzDg&usg=AFQjCNEz6tI4T6-ThuYIsw1_oXTxhx2SoQ&cad=rja  last accessed on December 9, 2010

Goodman, a., 2007, Global warming link to natural disasters, Seattle PI,  http://www.seattlepi.com/opinion/336682_amy25.html  last accessed on December 9, 2010

Tourism Marketing a Town to
Words: 998 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78462976
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Consumer demand in luxury and major events tourism -- two of the most important sectors for Marysville to attract -- is very low (eTurboNews, 2009) and this will affect company's decisions to invest.

The target customer, therefore, is the smaller investor. The segments of tourism that are showing signs of recovery are also those with shorter turnaround times on projects and those that suit a small hill town such as Marysville. The investors the MATDG should focus on attracting are the small guesthouse and independent restaurant/cafe owners. Backpacking and small-scale car tourism are recovering faster than other types of tourism (eTurboNews, 2009).

In order to attract this market, the marketing should focus on the price advantage of Marysville. Land in the town is at a very low value due to the impact of the brushfires, yet the natural attractions remain as potent as ever. The product -- the nature and…

Works Cited:

Kotler, P.; Haider, D. & Rein, I. (1993). Marketing places: Attracting investment, industry and tourism to cities, states and nations. New York: The Free Press.

Buhalis, D. (2000). Marketing the competitive destination of the future. Tourism Management. Vol. 21, 1, 97-116.

Ichinosawa, J. (2006). Reputational disaster in Phuket: The secondary impact of the tsunami on inbound tourism. Disaster Prevention and Management. Vol. 15, 1, 111-123.

Carlsen, J. & Hughes, M. (2008). Tourism market recovery in the Maldives after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing. Vol. 23, 2-4, 139-149.

Dinosaurs the Topic Must Be
Words: 723 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 47172440
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Deposition occurred over a very long time period. The study found that the sediments separating the two events were characteristic of normal sedimentation, with burrows formed by creatures colonizing the ocean floor, erosion and transportation of sediments, and no evidence of structural disturbance" which means that there is no reason to believe that the asteroid impacted normal life in measurable fashion very quickly, or that fossil evidence of the asteroid's impact had been disrupted (New blow against dinosaur-killing asteroid theory, geologists find, 2009, National Science Foundation).

Even defenders of the asteroid theory think it is unlikely that it was a one-time event that killed most of the life on planet earth, and believe that the asteroids created inhospitable conditions that developed over time. Recent research also indicates that the asteroid "landed in deeper water than previously assumed and therefore released about 6.5 times more water vapor into the atmosphere. The…

Works Cited

Geologist gets to the bottom of Chicxulub impact crater. (2007, January 22).

University of Alaska Fairbanks. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 3, 2009, from  http://www.sciencedaily.com ? / releases/2007/01/070118094039.htm

Hypothesis: Asteroid impact. (2009). Evolution: What killed the dinosaurs? PBS.

Retrieved May 3, 2009 at  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/extinction/dinosaurs/asteroid.html

Evolution of International Tourism Citation
Words: 2345 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16280082
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During the period from April to June2003, the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak had a negative impact on Thai economies. The total revenue from tourism was 10% lower than expected.

Seenprachawong U.)

However many studies of the tourist industry in the country point out that it is extremely resilient and " in the tsunami disaster, a quick recovery process began after a deep sentiment of sadness. Investment recovered very quickly with a view to cleaning up the destruction left behind. Following recent years of strong growth, the economy of Thailand should be in a strong position to recover from this tragedy." (Seenprachawong U.)

4. Conclusion

There is little doubt that the Thai tourist industry is one that is extremely dependent on changes in the natural environment and influences on the culture from the outside. While the resilience of this industry have be shown in the face of natural disasters,…

Bibliography

Asia Market Research. March 16, 2007.  http://www.asiamarketresearch.com/ 

Continued unrest, travel warnings hit Thai tourism. March 16, 2007. http://www.dancewithshadows.com/travel/thai-tourism.asp

Community-Based Tourism in Doi Inthanon National Park:Case Study of Ban

Mae Klang Luang Tourism Alliance, Chiangmai, Thailand. March 16, 2007.  http://www.iges.or.jp/APEIS/RISPO/inventory/db/pdf/0006.pdf

Kindness - Religion Kindness as
Words: 1841 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96535358
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..no longer worthy to be called your son," the father rejected that statement, and instead ordered "the best robe" be brought, placed a ring on the son's finger and "sandals on his feet." The father then ordered a "fattened calf" be butchered, for a "feast" honoring his wayward son's return.

This son of mine," the father told his younger son, "was dead and is alive again..."

Meanwhile, the oldest son "became angry" and bitterly protested against his father's celebration in honor of the youngest son: "You never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends," he said, adding, "...when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!"

And this is where the kindness enters into the story. The father shows that he has the compassion to truly forgive his prodigal son, which is…

Reference

Bernstein, Sharon. (2005, January 1). Donations Large and Small Climb by the Hour.

Los Angeles Times, front page. Retrieved January 2, 2005, at  http://www.latimes.com .

Kinniry, Bernadette (2000). At the Water's Edge. The Other Side, 36, 22.

Penny, Amber (2002). What's Kindness Look Like? (Devotions on the Fruit of the Spirit).

Waves There Are Two Types of Wave
Words: 330 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89878395
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WAVES

There are two types of wave motion: Longitudinal and traverse waves .In longitudinal waves, the particles are parallel to the direction of wave propagation. In traverse waves, the particles are perpendicular to the direction of wave motion. Further more, in the longitudinal waves, the particles move back and forth about their mean positions. In traverse waves, the particles oscillate up and down about their equilibrium positions.

The water waves are a combination of both the longitudinal waves and traverse waves. While the waves move forward (because of longitudinal properties) the particles rotates in a clockwise motion giving the impression of waves as we see them at oceans.

Energy is required to disturb the particles and make them move in any of above ways. However, the question that arises is, from where do the ocean waves get their energy? They are incessantly moving in the direction predicted without any visible…

Oxfam International Is a Confederation
Words: 1769 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70541036
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This news story has a positive impression of Oxfam works.

Analysis.- Oxfam has a record of 60 years in increasing worldwide public understanding of economic and social justice as crucial elements to sustainable development. Its 12 confederates are located in their respective regions and undertaking international goals and policies according to the requirements of the regions. The confederates work with poor people so that their lives may be improved and they may govern their own lives. Oxfam struggles to influence governments and powerful people in a straightforward manner without infringing upon their sovereignty. And it joins hands with all people for the universal good through open and popular campaigning, alliance building and media work in arriving at earnest and workable solutions to global poverty, to motivate as many people as possible to actively participate in the movement for change and to create a sense of global citizenship. Oxfam's work method…

Bibliography

Courier Mail, the. Oxfam Unveils New Sense of Giving. Queensland Newspapers, May 12, 2005. http://www.thecouriermailnews.com.au/printpage

Nabi, Rashed un. Oxfam's Fair Trade Report: Rigged Rules and Double Standard. Holiday Editorials. Holiday Publications Ltd., 2005. http://www.weeklyholiday.net/190702/edit.html

Oxfam International. Who We Are, 2002.  

Beauty and Sadness in Japanese Literature
Words: 1917 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1372488
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Beauty & Sadness in Japanese Literature

A modernization of the story "An Account of a Ten Foot Square Hut"

Many, many years ago, it is said that the Buddha went out into the world, seeking to free himself from his cloistered palace -- and saw sickness, old age, and death. Upon seeing this inevitable suffering, he resolved to free the world with his philosophy, and lead us all to Enlightenment. Although our land is filled with fine Buddhist shrines and many people pay for fine Buddhist funerals, we have forgotten the central truths of Buddhism, which stress the impermanence of all material things. The only thing which is permanent is the persistence of suffering and the truth of the Buddha's philosophy of non-attachment.

Because we can create great structures out of metal and wood; because we can prolong life slightly longer than before; because we can disguise the effects of…

Works Cited

Korteman, Jessica. "Fukushima Evacuees: 2 years on." 12 Dec 2013.

 http://notesofnomads.com/fukushima-evacuees-2-years-on/

Issues of Public Health
Words: 1257 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22049723
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Public Health Emergencies

When it comes to public health, there are two main issues: basic control of general public health concerns, and what takes place during an emergency. The United States and other countries have recently made some changes in how public health emergencies are handled, mostly in response to disasters that have been seen on their home soil or in other areas of the world. A public health emergency can come from a natural disaster, a terrorist act, or in other ways, but being prepared for it is important. It can also be difficult, because it is unpredictable and cannot be accurately planned for in many cases.

esponse to Japan Disasters

Japan has experienced its share of public health emergencies in recent years. The tsunami created a massive issue for a significant number of people (CDC, 2011). Additionally, the nuclear radiation that began leaking added fuel to the fire,…

References

Brandt, A.M., & Gardner, M. (2000). Antagonism and accommodation: Interpreting the relationship between public health and medicine in the United States during the 20th century. American Journal of Public Health, 90(5): 707 -- 715.

CDC responds to earthquake, tsunami and radiation release in Japan (2011). Retrieved November 18, 2012 from:  http://blogs.cdc.gov/publichealthmatters/2011/03/cdc-responds-to-earthquake-tsunami-and-radiation-release-in-japan/ 

Christodouleas, J.P., Forrest, R.D., Ainsley, C.G., Tochner, Z., Hahn, S.M.,and Glatste, E. (2011). Short-term and long-term health risks of nuclear-power-plant accidents. New England Journal of Medicine, 10(10), 56. Retrieved November 18, 2012 from:  http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra1103676 

DeLia, D., & Wood, E. (2008). The dwindling supply of empty beds: Implications for hospital surge capacity. Health Affairs, 27(6), 1688-94. Retrieved from: ProQuest.

Emergency Managment Training Examination and Critique
Words: 1603 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65675009
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training in the field of emergency management is particularly complicated. The reason for the complication is the astonishingly broad latitude of situations for which emergency services and personnel might ultimately be required. Now obviously there are certain limitations that are based on simple geography: emergency management personnel in California may be called upon to deal with mudslides or earthquakes, and emergency management personnel in Kansas will be summoned for tornados. But a large-scale terrorist incident could conceivably occur anywhere that is populated. Meanwhile certain types of disaster almost perfectly defy any attempt at preparation altogether -- the example of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, which killed over two hundred thousand people, is particularly pertinent, because there existed no detection system for such an event. Tsunamis are rare events, but common enough in the Pacific Ocean that a detection system existed there -- but they are so rare in the Indian…

References

Canton, L.G. (2006). Emergency management: Concepts and strategies for effective programs. New York: Wiley.

Haddow, G.D., Bullock, J.A., Coppola, C.P. (2013). Introduction to emergency management. Fifth edition. New York: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Perry, RW, Lindell, MK. (2006) Emergency planning. New York: Wiley.

Financial Derivatives on Sub-Prime Crisis
Words: 9921 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 96070915
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The article that was written by Conley (2011) discusses the impact that collateralized debt obligations (CDO's) would have upon the subprime loans. These were created in 1987, by the Wall Street firm Drexel urnham. In this product, the investment bankers would take a number of different articles and combine them together as one investment. The various assets that were used included: junk bonds, mortgages and other high yielding investments from the debt. The idea with these different products is that the investment bank could offer customers a stated return on their investment. The way it worked is the brokerage firm would distribute each investor, the stated amount of returns that they would make off of the tranche (the CDO investment). This was derived using a complex mathematical formula that would divide the total amount of interest that was received, from the various high yielding products that were inside the CDO.…

Bibliography

Case Study, 2011, Investopedia. Available from: [14 February 2011]

Citi Merger a Mistake, 2008, Huffington Post. Available from: [14 February 2011].

Deregulation Redux, 2011, FCIC. Available from: {14 February 2011].

Derivatives, 2011, Financial Dictionary. Available from: [12 February 2011].

Race Ethnicity and Cultural Diversity
Words: 2018 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 12382376
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And there are always a few racists in any town. But I believe we have a great, open, accepting community. e entertain tourists from all over the planet, and many of them are from ethnic cultures different from ours. They say they feel welcomed here.

Q: hat use does the community foundation make of the local AM station KMHS-AM?

M: I'm glad you asked. e have learning programs for parents and students. And students make up their own little reports and broadcasts. Topics range from the environment, world news, California news and Coos Bay news.

Q: Typically what news items from Coos Bay do you use on KMHS?

M: e interview people who are doing interesting things in town and with businesses. Biologists from the college and local fishermen. The news in this town isn't really very earth shaking. Look at the list of news items on the orld's ebsite…

Works Cited

City of Coos Bay, Oregon. (2010). Welcome to Coos Bay. Retrieved February 3, 2011, from  http://www.coosbay.org/ .

City-Data.com. (2010). Coos Bay, Oregon. Retrieved February 3, 2011, from  http://www.city-data.com/city/Coos-Bay-Oregon.html .

Coos Bay School District. (2010). Middle School -- Grade 8 -- Reading / Language. Retrieved February 2, 2011, from http://cbd9.net.

Coos Bay School District. (2010). Welcome to Coos Bay School District. Retrieved February 2,

Psychologic Effect on People in
Words: 3632 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 8814890
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This revision, they note, was "partly in recognition of research demonstrating that traumatic events were in fact not uncommon. DSM-IV defines the traumatic stressor as when a person 'experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others" (Vasterling and Brewin 6).

The diagnostic criteria established by the Fourth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) for PTSD state that an individual must have:

itnessed, experienced, or otherwise been confronted with an event that involved actual or possible death, grave injury, or threat to physical integrity; and,

The individual's response to such a traumatic event must include severe helplessness, fear or horror (cited in Clancy 2004).

According to Clancy (2004), a number of professions such as law enforcement, firefighters and combat veterans tend to experience a…

Works Cited

Baum, Andrew, Tracey a. Revenson and Jerome E. Singer. Handbook of Health Psychology. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001.

Breton, J.J., Valla, J.P. And J. Lambert. (1993). "Industrial disaster and mental health of children and their parents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 32: 438-445 in Richman and Fraser at 134.

Browne, Ivor. (1990). "Psychological Trauma, or Unexperienced Experience." Re-vision 12(4): 25.

Clancy, Kris. (2004, March). "Reducing Trauma's Toll: Managers in Fields Such as Security Must Be Aware of Trauma-Related Stress and Find Ways to Assist Employees in Dealing with it." Security Management 48(3): 30-31.

Mass Evacuation it Is a
Words: 1149 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76525118
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The building's safety officials or the specialized units connected with the government or even with the police officials will be able to direct the people regarding their next shelter or place to evacuate. It should be noted that (Mass Evacuation, 2006):

Designating an area for shelter is necessary if there is a significant disruption to transportation and going to other place could expose the people to more threats or risk.

Evacuation and designation of shelter is detrimental if:

Safety is at risk for continuing threat (such as further volcanic eruptions, aftermaths of earthquakes and/or tsunami, etc.)

Properties within the area are "classified as unsafe or unsanitary or both and there is a lack of suitable shelter or alternative accommodations

Public health is at risk, which is normally the result of long-term trouble to water supplies or sewerage systems

Unavailability or contamination of food and water supply

Evaluating the time needed…

Reference List

Guide for All-Hazard Emergency Operations Planning, State and Local Guide" (1996). (SLG Federal Emergency Management Agency. Online:

 

iPad 2 The Product Being
Words: 2582 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54542740
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The promotion budget remains high, however, and it is essential to maintain the promotions budget to defend the space, especially over the coming months when technologically superior rivals may finally enter the tablet space.

The iPad 2 has been given a premium price, consistent with Apple products. Competitors such as Samsung have chosen to meet Apple at this price rather than undercut. This brings the iPad 2 into direct competition with such products on the basis of features, something that at present favors the iPad 2. The price points are consistent globally, and are not expected to change until the next generation of iPad is introduced and the old devices need to be cleared from inventory. Apple typically does not discount its products while they are still current, and has no plans to change that policy for the iPad 2.

ith respect to place, distribution of the iPad 2 is…

Works Cited:

Madway, G. & Raj, J. (2011). Apple iPad 2 sales seen clearing 1 million units. Reuters. Retrieved August 18, 2011 from  http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/03/14/us-apple-research-idUSTRE72D30020110314 

King, R. (2011). Best Buy holding iPad2 sales due to shortages. ZD Net. Retrieved August 18, 2011 from  http://www.zdnet.com/blog/gadgetreviews/best-buy-holding-iPad-2-sales-due-to-shortages/23579 

Kahney, L. (2002). Apple: It's all about the brand. Wired Magazine. Retrieved August 18, 2011 from  http://www.wired.com/gadgets/mac/commentary/cultofmac/2002/12/56677 

MarketingMinds. (2010). Apple's branding strategy. Marketing Minds.com. Retrieved August 18, 2011 from http://www.marketingminds.com.au/branding/apple_branding_strategy.html

Protectionism in the Shrimp Industry
Words: 1180 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 37137762
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As for how this hurts Ecuador: shrimp is Ecuador's third-largest export, and many thousands of Ecuadorians are employed in the shrimp farming industry, Coglitore added.

Stevens - the American Seafood Distributors Association president - said the "zeroing" strategy guarantees that dumping margins can be used against foreign shipments. "The whole process just defies logic," he said.

This is "absolutely the worst time to be placing more taxes on the shrimp industry," said Brian Wynn, who is CEO of ubicon esources in Los Angeles, a major Thai shrimp importer, according to an article in the Asia Africa Intelligence Wire (January, 2005). "Together with the tsunami, there are real questions about the viability of the Thai shrimp industry."

Meanwhile, on the subject of the tsunami: "Officials within both sectors say that the World Trade Organization, international aid groups, and some of the stricken countries want the U.S. To drop tariffs or forgive…

References

Asia Africa Intelligence Wire (2005, January 7). U.S. Upholds Tariffs on Shrimp Imports

From India, Five Others. Retrieved from Asia Pulse; Article # A126813907.

Economist (2004). Shrimp Wars. 372, 26. Academic Search Premier Database

ISSN: 0013-0613).

Human Security in Asia
Words: 3327 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43222906
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Threats to security are seen to come not only from external military aggression but also from a myriad of internal challenges -- separatist movements, social unrest, or the collapse of the political system." -- Anwar 2003,

With the international attention given to "military aggression," especially external military aggression, in recent years, it is easy to allow one's idea of was security means to become clouded with Hobbesian and Machiavellian notions of armed conflict, with "war on terror" images of military and intelligence operations hunting down terrorists, and with the debate on nuclear proliferation in developing (or underdeveloped) nations like Iran and North Korea. What these definitions of security lack, however, is a full understanding of the term; military operations and protection from terrorist attacks are most certainly important factors in a nation's security, however, they are far from being the total measure of peace and stability in a society.

Anwar's…

Stockholm Initiative on Global Security and Governance, 1991. Common Responsibility in the 1990s. Stockholm: Prime Minister's Office.

Timothy, K., 2004. "Human Security Discourse at the United Nations," in Peace Review, 16(1), pp. 19-24.

United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report, 1994. http://hrd.undp.org/reports/global/1994/en/.