Unix Essays (Examples)

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Linux Server Proposal for Implementing

Words: 1166 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37749635

, Minoves, Garrigos, 2011). UNIX and Linux are considered the best possible operating system for managing the development of unified collaboration and workflow-based applications as a result (West, Dedrick, 2006).

For all the advantages of UNIX and Linux, the disadvantages include a development and administrator environment that is archaic and command-driven, lacking much of the usability enhancements that Apple and Microsoft both have invested heavily in. The UNIX and Linux user command lines are more adept at managing the specific features and commands at the operating system level, and often must be coordinated in a shells script to accomplish complex tasks. This has led to many utilities and add-on applications being created, which tends to confuse the novice just getting started on the UNIX and Linux operating systems. The learning curve for UNIX and Linux from a user standpoint is quite high and takes months to master at the system…… [Read More]

References

Currier, G.. (2010, November). The Top 10 Tech Trends of 2011. Baseline,(107), 20-25.

Ken Doughty. (2003). Implementing enterprise security: A case study. Computers & Security, 22(2), 99-114.

Shelley, Suzanne. (1996). The quest for seamless data integration. Chemical Engineering, 103(2), 127.

Torkar, R., Minoves, P., & Garrigos, J.. (2011). Adopting Free/Libre/Open Source Software Practices, Techniques and Methods for Industrial Use. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 12(1), 88-122.
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Cyber Warfare Cyber Attacks

Words: 749 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75669028

Cyber warfare, a term defined by Clarke (2010) as an action of a nation-state to effectively penetrate another nation's computer resources or networks for the sole purpose of causing malicious damage or even disruption is a major cause of national and global security concerns (p.6).In this paper, we identify some cyber warfare tools (either Attack, Defense, Exploitation), and write a scenario to execute the tools. We also identify if the tool is for UNIX or Windows hacks, outer Attacks, etc. Also identified is why you would want to use the tool as opposed to another tool which may conduct the same form, via comparison and contrast.

Cyber warfare tools

These are the tools that are used in carrying out cyber warfare activities. They may either be attack tools, defense tools as well as exploitation tools.

Exploitation tools

Vulnerability exploitation tools are the tools that are used for gathering information on…… [Read More]

References

Andress, J., Winterfeld, S (2011). Cyber Warfare, Techniques, Tactics and Tools for Security Practitioners. 1st Ed. Elsevier

Clarke, R A. (2010).Cyber War, Harper Collins.

SecTool (2012). SecTools.Org: Top 125 Network Security Tools. Available online at  http://sectools.org/tag/sploits/ 

Tenable (2012a).Tenable Network Security. Available online at http://www.tenable.com/products/nessus
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Inhibitors to Adopting Installing or Upgrading Linux

Words: 1255 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11240986

Inhibitors to adopting (installing or upgrading) Linux (such as RedHat or SuSE) or UNIX (AIX, HP-UX, Solaris) in a Desktop-Workstation environment

Unix-like operating systems have been the top choice for use on servers for decades, but were generally considered unsuitable for end-user desktops until recently. Starting in the late 1990s, Unix-like systems, especially Linux have made significant inroads in the Windows-dominated desktop market. UNIX provides many advantages, however there are significant obstacles to deploying it in a desktop environment. The fact that most employees within an organization not already using Unix desktops have probably never used Unix may be the most obvious obstacle. Users can usually be retrained, though this does present some difficulties. In addition to the end users, system administrators must also be retrained to support and maintain Unix workstations. Most organizations use Windows on their desktop computers and are dependent on software intended for Windows. Migrating to…… [Read More]

Bibliography Bradbury, Danny. "Ready to Roll." Computerweekly.com, 9, March, 2004. http://www.computerweekly.com/Article128900.htm

Computerweekly.com is an online preiodical intended for a technical audience. This article covers Windows to Linux migrations.

Raymond, Eric Steven. The Art of Unix Programming. Thyrsus Enterprises, 2003. http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/taoup/html www.dwheeler.com/oss_fs_why.html/mm" This book explains Unix culture and design philosophy. It is well-known among Unix programmers for accurately explaining their culture. Eric Raymond is the president of the Open Source Initiative.

Wilson, Zak. Personal E-mail Interview. Chief Information Officer, Orion Recruiting Group LLC. Oct 2004.

Zak Wilson answered some of my questions about how Unix and open-source software differ from other environments. He is an expert on Unix and open-source software. Zamaris, Con. "The why and how of Linux migration." Information Age 16, April, 2004. http://www.infoage.idg.com.au/index.php/id;1722027384;fp;4;fpid;1197920176
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Information Technology IT Security and Design

Words: 901 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40060388

Non-discretionary controls means than there is mandatory access control. In this type of system, security is enforced by a strict set of rules that creates a hierarchy of permissions that users cannot override. Essentially, this type of system is meant to hinder insider users from actually working against the system. Users cannot access crucial internal information as to become spies, thus they cannot see the internal designs of the system to stop leaks such as selling internal designs to competitors, implanting spyware or other malicious software, making critical errors that would injure the system, or access sensitive records that can be leaked to outside sources.

According to the research traditional UNIX is not non-discretionary, but rather a version of a discretionary ACL. In this, there are options as to what users have access to sensitive security information from within the system design. Unlike non-discretionary systems, typical UNIX systems categorize users…… [Read More]

References

IBM. (2004). Securing UNIX applications using Trivoli Access Manager for operating systems. Developer Works. Web.  http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/tivoli/library/t-secpol/ 

Li, N., Byun, J.W., & Bertino, E. (2011). A critique of the ANSI Standard on role based access control. CERIAS and Department of Computer Science. Purdue University. Web.  https://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/ninghui/papers/aboutRBACStandard.pdf
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LAN and WAN Analysis Current Release OS

Words: 1278 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2948384

LAN and WAN Analysis

Cuent Release

OS X Mountain Lion

Linux kenel 3.4; GNU C. Libay

Windows Seve 2008 R2 (NT 6.1.7600)

S-Net

SP

IBM AIX Vaiant

(UNIX System V Release

Range of compatible hadwae

Low

Pefomance

High fo fine-tuned applications to the pocesso and O.S. API calls (1)

Vey High fo natively-witten applications

Medium fo applications using emulation mode; vey high fo 64-bit applications

Slow fo applications emulating MS-Windows; fast fo diect API-call based applications

Vey high fo applications witten diectly to the UNIX API; suppot fo emulated API calls slows down pefomance

Copoate Acceptance

Medium

Vey High

Vey High

Medium

High

Installed Base

Millions of Uses

Millions of Uses

Millions of Uses

Thousands of Uses

Millions of Uses

Diectoy Sevices Powe

Medium; not as well defined as Micosoft

Vey Stong; suppoting taxonomies

Vey Stong with Win64-based Diectoies

Vey High; the opeating system is based on this

High

Stability…… [Read More]

references in server operating systems: A case of Linux vs. windows. Journal of Econometrics, 167(2), 494.

MacKinnon, James G. (1999). The Linux operating system: Debian GNU/Linux. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 14(4), 443-452.

Spinellis, D., & Giannikas, V. (2012). Organizational adoption of open source software. The Journal of Systems and Software, 85(3), 666.

Tankard, C. (2012). Taking the management pain out of active directory. Network Security, 2012(4), 8-11.
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Internet Startup Computer Learning on Line

Words: 4213 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5446606

Online Learning Business

This research report answers a good few questions pertaining to computer online learning company which intends to survey the potential market and various other related aspects before taking the plunge in the cyber sea. The orks Cited appends four sources in MLA format.

Internet startup "Computer Learning online"

Corporate training is evolving into performance support. I don't see them as courses. I see it as a knowledge resource. You work with a manager, find your deficiencies, and go online for the tools to improve." ["Steve Teal, e-learning director at Bristol-Myers Squibb Co., the $19.4 billion a year pharmaceutical company in New York."] (E-Learning News, reference 1)

This is because online computer learning classes offer not mere courses as Teal opinionates but they offer a rich array of helping study material and a complete guide that equips individuals with the much-needed awareness regarding the computerized learning of computer.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

E-learning news: Brainware. TV VOD E-learning News. Broadband Video-on-Demand (VOD) for Business e-learning. Retrieved February 05, 2003 from: http://brainware.tv/elearning_news.htm

University of central Lancashire: Guidelines on Intellectual Property (IP). Retrieved February 05, 2003 at http://www.uclan.ac.uk/e-learning/i/IPRamended.DOC

How to get started with e-learning. Retrieved February 05, 2003 at http://www.futuremedia.co.uk/FMsite3/Html/e_learning2.htm

Fisher & Frazer. Learning how to smile online. Retrieved February 06, 2003 at http://www.digitaldividenetwork.org/content/stories/index.cfm?key=205
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Linux Feasibility Linux Started Around 1991 Because

Words: 1005 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26456278

Linux Feasibility

Linux started around 1991 because students were not satisfied with Minix. Linux operating system provided an affordable alternative for the expensive UNIX operating system. Because of affordability, Linux became popular, and Linux distributors were created. Linux was built with networking in mind hence provides file sharing. Linux can work with most computers because it does what it is told and works gracefully as a server or workstation.

Workstation and servers

Workstation is where individuals use for their productivity tasks and servers exchange data with others over a network. Server software includes web servers like mail servers, login, time and news servers which can often be accessed remotely. Workstation software includes spreadsheets, word processors, graphic editors, web browsers and mail readers. Different vendors focus on servers while others eye the desktop market.

ed Hat

ed Hat provides North Carolina-based distributor, has a web server 1.0 (SWS) which combines an…… [Read More]

References

Vugt, S. (2009). Beginning the Linux Command Line. London: Apress.

World, N. (2002). IDG Network. Network World, 72.
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Irac Riordan Any Company That Is a

Words: 2995 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67901343

IAC (iordan)

Any company that is a leader in an industry knows that what they sell had better be both quality and innovative in order to compete within their designated industry. iordan Manufacturing is no different. iordan has long been a company that offers both quality and innovative products in the plastic molding and parts industry. It also has a strong internal structure that works harmoniously with the objectives of the company. Despite iordan's position as a leader in their industry, the company does face some internal challenges, which work against their company objectives. This paper will look at these areas that require improvement, including finance and accounting, training budget, shipping and receiving, human resources, and the new pyramid bottle cap design for The Taylor Group. The paper will utilize the Issue, ule, Analysis and Conclusion (IAC) method in each distinct area.

Finance and Accounting

Issue: One of the chief…… [Read More]

References

Association for Automatic Identification and Mobility: Technologies: RFID / What is RFID?.

(2011).

Retrieved on 19 April 2011:

http://www.aimglobal.org/technologies/rfid/what_is_rfid.asp
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Hopeful and Preparing to Do Something I

Words: 828 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43750609

hopeful and preparing to do something I deserve by achieving my Masters in Finance for several years and am eager to now be working to turn my visions in to a certainty. I have come a long way from being granted a scholarship from the Ministry of Higher Education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, under The King Abdullah Program, earning the opportunity to be successful in a graduate school and accomplish my Ph.D. My efforts in finding out what career I was interested in and pursuing it has been honest but challenging which has made me stronger and more determined, nonetheless now I am a prominent and reputed senior graduating this upcoming semester in May 2011at 24 years of age.

I first attended California State University at Northridge and adjusted quite well with an inner concentration in my Bachelor's program; and have always been intrigued by the research and…… [Read More]

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My Personal Interest in a Career in Information Technology IT

Words: 805 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88301875

information technology skills I acquired through the military are transferable to civilian situations. The 20 years I gave to the military have placed me in a wide variety of situations quite different from what others might encounter in civilian life.

My experience in the U.S. Navy has allowed me to learn new skills in the information technology field and I have been able to apply them in new situations. The future for me after the military has been decided after a careful analysis of the way the military is currently structured and how a projection into the future bodes for me. I know that a career in the information technology field is the best choice for me because of my experiences in the Navy and on the job. It is important for me to continue to grow in this field and learn more when I transfer into the civilian sector.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Freedberg, Sydney J. "IT Changes Everything." National Journal. 34.19

2002): 1378.

Loeb, Vernon W. "Afghan War is a Lab for U.S. Innovation; New

Technologies Are Tested in Battle." The Washington Post. 26
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Internet Way A Unifying Theory and Methodology

Words: 4205 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81889341

Internet Way: a Unifying Theory and Methodology for Corporate Systems Development

The face of business has changed drastically since the advent of the Internet. Traditional brick and mortar businesses are finding themselves with new marketing avenues. The Internet has led to the invention of a new comer to the business world as well, the e-business. These businesses exist only on the Internet. They do not have a traditional brick and mortar structure. In these businesses, customers place orders by phone or online, Pay for it via credit card, bankcard, or e-check. The item is shipped right to the customer's door.

This new type of retail store offers many advantages over the traditional brick and mortar storefront. Often e-stores can offer items at a fraction of the cost of traditional stores. They do not have the expenses involved in maintaining a storefront. The customer must pay for shipping; however, in many…… [Read More]

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Solaris-Win2000 Server Solaris and Windows

Words: 2968 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63372077

The traditional Unix Common Desktop Environment should satisfy long-time Unix users, though most people are likely to find it to be crude and dated. The GNU Network Object Model Environment is a modern desktop environment that strives for simplicity, similar to Mac OS. Gnome has all the features modern users expect in a desktop, though experts may be disappointed by the fact that many decisions are left out of the hands of the user. Experts are more likely to prefer the K. Desktop Environment, which provides a configuration switch for nearly everything that could be done in more than one way. KDE is the most popular desktop environment for Unix.

Windows 2000 offers only the default Windows user interface. The Windows shell is dated in comparison to Gnome or KDE. Though consistency and familiarity are beneficial, Windows lacks user-interface features like multiple window focus models and virtual desktops that are…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Singer, Michael. "Sun Sets Solaris 10 Free." Developer. 15 November 2004.  http://www.internetnews.com/dev-news/article.php/3435621
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Innovation in Business Process Management Cordys Innovation

Words: 2083 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76828468

Innovation in Business Process Management

Cordys: Innovation in Business Process Management

SWOT analysis identifying the issues facing CODYS

Strengths

The main strong point for Cordys is their UNIX programming software, which has made customers more independent of Cordys. The software is strong and has an incredible speed. Cordys has a provision of integrating different languages compared to similar programming software; features have been added to the localized programming software. Cordys' information is well organized. The company boasts on their products, which are their major strength that has generated a great user base. This has improved trust to their shareholders and customers. Moreover, Cordys are engaged in development work, which (workers have been allowed 25% of their time to focus on personal projects) encourages innovation thus, keeps Cordys in a moving condition (Saxena, & Bharadwaj, 2010).

Weaknesses

The management at Cordys has admitted that it is increasingly becoming impossible to strike…… [Read More]

References

Brocke, V., & Rosemann, M. (2010). Handbook on business process management introduction, methods and information systems. Berlin, Springer

Cruz-Cunha, M., & Varajao, J. (2011). E-business managerial aspects, solutions and case studies. Hershey, PA, Business Science Reference

Fleischmann, A. (2011). Subject-oriented business process management: Second International

Conference. Germany, Berlin, Springer.
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Linux Security Technologies

Words: 1182 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13613095

Linux Security Technologies

The continued popularity and rapid growth of open source software in general and the Linux operating system specifically are having a disruptive impact on proprietary software. The disruptive impacts of open source software are so pervasive that they are completely re-ordering the enterprise system strategies in many corporations globally today (ooney, 2004). With this proliferation of open source software and the foundation being laid by the Linux operating system, there continues to be an urgent and escalating need for new security tools and applications and tools as well. Of the many security applications and tools available for the Linux operating system, the three that will be analyzed and assessed in this paper include chroot jail, iptables and SELinux. The analysis will include which organizations are sponsoring the development of each of these technologies, an explanation of how each of these technologies change the Linux operating system to…… [Read More]

References

Forristal, J. (2001). Fireproofing against DoS attacks. Network Computing, 12(25), 65-74.

Greenemeier, L. (2005). More-secure Linux still needs to win users. InformationWeek, (1029), 28-28.

MacVittie, L. (2005). Linux models a few new hats. Network Computing, 16(3), 28-30.

Rooney, P. (2004). Migrating to LINUX. CRN, (1092), 28-28.
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Programming With Cocoa in Max OS X

Words: 1783 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92388850

Mac Cocoa API

This report is meant to be a summary and review of one of the main facets and important parts of what is commonly referred to as the most advanced operating system in the world, that being Mac Operating System version 10, or Max OS X for short. Specifically, this report shall focus on what is known as Cocoa. In a nutshell, Cocoa is the application programming interface, commonly referred to as an API, that is built in to Mac OS X. If one knows about the history of Apple, they would know that Steve Jobs was a huge part of how Max OS X and the Cocoa API came to be in the first place and a lot of this pathway ended up not involving Apple directly. hile there are other options when it comes to programming in the Apple operating system, it is Cocoa that should…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hillegass, Aaron. "What Is Cocoa? A Brief History of Cocoa.." Java Samples. n.p., 2016. Web. 29 June 2016.

Stevenson, Scott. Cocoa & Objective-C. Sebastopol, Calif.: O'Reilly, 2010. Print.

Thompson, Matt. "The Death of Cocoa." Nshipster.com. n.p., 2014. Web. 29 June 2016.
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Future Impact of Linux as

Words: 2464 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66339787

Threading is not as popular or useful on Linux and other Unix-like operating systems as it is on other systems. Threads became popular on operating systems that have high overhead for starting new processes. Starting a new process on Linux has fairly low overhead, so use of multiple cooperating processes is usually a simpler approach. (Raymond Chapter 7) Threaded applications are generally more complex and perform worse than those than use multiple cooperating processes to split up tasks. Having more options is never a bad thing, however, and some Linux programs do use threads to split up tasks and gain improved performance on multiprocessor systems. The new threading model should provide a significant performance boost for these types of applications, especially on multiprocessor servers, provided the applications are compatible with NPTL; it is not backwards compatible with LinuxThreads. The performance improvement is a strong incentive for authors of threaded applications…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Deshpande, Asheem R. "Linux Kernel 2.6: the Future of Embedded Computing, Part I." Linux Journal. 26, Mar, 2004.  http://www.linuxjournal.com/node/7477 

Marshall, Pete. "With Scheduler improvements in Linux 2.6 -- is it ready for the data center?" CCR2. 2004. http://www-306.ibm.com/software/tivoli/features/ccr2/ccr2-2004-02/features-scheduler.html

Meredith, Marry Eidie and Vianney, Duc. "Linux 2.6 Performance in the Corporate Data Center." Open Source Development Labs. Jan, 2004. http://www.osdl.org/newsroom/presentations/linux_2_6_datacenter_performance.pdf

Raymond, Eric Steven. The Art of Unix Programming. Thyrsus Enterprises, 2003. http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/taoup/html
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Data Warehouse a Strategic Weapon of an Organization

Words: 10375 Length: 38 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99774450

Data Warehousing: A Strategic Weapon of an Organization.

Within Chapter One, an introduction to the study will be provided. Initially, the overall aims of the research proposal will be discussed. This will be followed by a presentation of the overall objectives of the study will be delineated. After this, the significance of the research will be discussed, including a justification and rationale for the investigation.

The aims of the study are to further establish the degree to which data warehousing has been used by organizations in achieving greater competitive advantage within the industries and markets in which they operate. In a recent report in the Harvard Business eview (2003), it was suggested that companies faced with the harsh realities of the current economy want to have a better sense of how they are performing. With growing volumes of data available and increased efforts to transform that data into meaningful knowledge…… [Read More]

References

Agosta, L. (2003). Ask the Expert. Harvard Business Review, 81(6), 1.

Database: Business Source Premier.

Babcock, Charles (1995). Slice, dice & deliver. Computerworld, 29, 46, 129 -132.

Beitler, S.S., & Lean, R. (1997). Sears' EPIC Transformation: Converting from Mainframe Legacy Systems to Online Analytical Processing (OLAP). Journal of Data Warehousing (2:2), 5-16.
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IAS and DF

Words: 9242 Length: 33 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56431796

Assurance and Security (IAS) Digital forensics (DF)

In this work, we take a look at three laboratory-based training structures that afford practical and basic knowledge needed for forensic evaluation making use of the latest digital devices, software, hardware and firmware. Each lesson has three parts. The duration of the first section of the three labs will be one month. These labs would be the largest labs. The Second section would consist of smaller labs. The training period duration in these labs would also generally be one month. The third section would consist of smallest labs. The duration of training period in these labs would be one week. The training will be provided in the field of software, programming concepts, flowcharting and algorithms and logical reasoning- both linear and iterative.

Part 1 Larger Labs:

Lab 1(Timeline Analysis)

Purposes and goals of the Lab (Lab VI):

Use MAC (Media Access Control, internet…… [Read More]

References"

[1] Lab VI: Timeline Analysis. Available at https://cs.nmt.edu/~df/Labs/Lab06_sol.pdf

[2] LAB IV: File Recovery: Meta Data Layer. Available at

[3] Lab V: File Recovery: Data Layer Revisited. Available at

[4] Windows Client Configuration. Available at
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Processors First-Come -First -- Served Fcfs This

Words: 1827 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64393819

Processors

First-come -first -- served (FCF)

This system is also called other names such as run-to-completion and run-until-done. It has its advantages and disadvantages. Advantages include the facts that it is the simplest scheduling algorithm with processes dispatched according to their arrival time on the queue and that once a process has a CPU it fulfills its task to completion. It is also simple to understand and write. In short, the FC scheduling is fair and predictable.

Disadvantages, on the other hand, include the potential lengthiness of the tasks with some important jobs take secondary place to less important ones and longer jobs taking up an inordinate amount of time making shorter tasks wait.

I would not use FCF in scheduling interactive users since it does not guarantee good response time and average time is often quite long. I would not use it in a modern operating system; it can,…… [Read More]

Sources

Hot Recruiter; CPU Scheduling

http://www.hotrecruiter.com/resources/technical-tutorials/35-freelance-tips-a-tutorials/693-cpu-scheduling

Horowitz, M, "Linux vs. Windows (a comparison)." 20 April, 2007. Web. Retrieved 12/18/2011 from:

 http://www.michaelhorowitz.com/Linux.vs.Windows.html#agui .
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Real Time and Fault Tolerant

Words: 3152 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36377313

Because the system has a lot of user-defined capabilities, users gain the flexibility to configure the system to meet their specific needs.

While there was a lot of detailed information in the case study, there were some information gaps. A definition of the types of faults the system detects, such as transient, permanent, or intermittent, and how the system handled the different faults would have been helpful. Also, knowing how the faults and errors were then isolated and contained would have been useful.

Since the case study was written in 1998, it would be interesting to see where the product and functionality is at today. The desire and need for highly available systems has only increased over time and it appears that the NCAPS system would have a strong lead over the competition.

eal Time and Fault Tolerant Systems

Part II

It's no secret that the Internet has grown into…… [Read More]

References

Arunnima, B.S., 2009. Web 2.0 in Banking and Financial Services Industry. InfoSys

Technologies Limited. Available at http://www.infosys.com/finacle/solutions/thoughtpapers.asp [Online] [April 25, 2010].

Chen, X.M., Hong, S.J., and S. Yu. 2009. Next-generation banking with Web 2.0. IBM.

Available at  http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/web/library/wa-banking/#3.The  Transformation and Challenges of Internet Banking|outline. [Online] [April 25, 2010].
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Open Source Software

Words: 1916 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55968968

The term "open source software" has been used to refer to computer software whose source code is available for public use, either exactly the way it is, or after certain alterations are made to it. Such software normally requires no license fee. OSS applications are available for various purposes like web design, communications, office automation, content management, and operating systems (Necas & Klapetek, 2012). One major difference between proprietary software and OSS is license. Just like copyright material, one will nearly always find that software is licensed. Software licenses reveal what use the software is intended for. OSSs are unique as they are always distributed under certified licenses for meeting open source criteria (Gaff & Ploussios, 2012), including the rights of unrestricted software redistribution, source code access, source code modification, and distribution of the software's modified version.

Review of literature

OSS originates from the following 3 operating systems' creation --…… [Read More]

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Computer Fundamentals the Pace of

Words: 1767 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95031180



Subtopic 6: Job management and protection; include a serious discussion of security aspects

The most commonly leveled criticism of operating systems is the inherent lack of security they have (Funell, 2010). Defining operating systems to have partitioned memory is just the start, as Microsoft learned with their Windows NT platform. Dedicated memory partitions by user account can be hacked and have been (Funell, 2010). The need for greater levels of user authentication is required, including the use of biometrics for advanced systems that have highly confidential data within them. The reliance on security-based algorithms that also seek to analyze patterns of use to anticipate security threats are increasingly in use today (Volkel, Haller, 2009). This aspect of an operating system can capture the levels of activity and the patterns they exhibit, which can provide insights into when a threat is present or not. The use of predictive security technologies, in…… [Read More]

References

Boudreau, K.. (2010). Open Platform Strategies and Innovation: Granting Access vs. Devolving Control. Management Science, 56(10), 1849-1872.

Jason Dedrick, & Kenneth L. Kraemer. (2005). The Impacts of it on Firm and Industry Structure: The Personal Computer Industry. California Management Review, 47(3), 122-142.

Furnell, S.. (2010). Usability vs. complexity - striking the balance in end-user security. Network Security, 2010(12), 13-17.

Larus, J.. (2009). Spending Moore's Dividend. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 52(5), 62.
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Computer System Administrator Systems Administrator

Words: 1661 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19155519

etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=3Tla6d153uwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Encyclopedia+of+computer+science+and+technology&hl=en&sa=X&ei=dZH_UNjcIcHQhAeg4C4Bw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA

Kizza, J.M. (2005). Computer Network Security. New York, NY: Springer. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=HsawoKBLZOwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Computer+Network+Security&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uZH_UJn-NMbNhAeWroDYCA&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Computer%20Network%20Security&f=false

Musumeci, G.-P. D., & Loukides, M. (2002). System performance tuning: [help for Unix system administrators]. Beijing [u.a.: O'eilly. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=L4oyNrsFBbsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=System+performance+tuning&hl=en&sa=X&ei=C5L_UKjmNonMhAen8ICoBw&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA

Adelstein, T., & Lubanovic, B. (2007). Linux system administration. Sebastopol, Calif:

O'eilly. etrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=-

jYe2k1p5tIC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Advanced+system+administration&hl=en&sa=X &ei=fpP_UM6EN8HMhAff9YC4DQ&ved=0CD0Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=Advanced

%20system%20administration&f=false

Verma, D.C. (2009). Principles of computer systems and network management. Dordrecht: Springer. etrieved http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=dUiNGYCiWg0C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Principles+of+computer+systems+and+network+management&hl=en&sa=X&ei=i5T_UIG3IMaBhQfF2YD4Bg&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Principles%20of%20computer%20systems%20and%20network%20management&f=false

Whyte, E. (2004, Feb 09). Be a system administrator. New Straits Times. etrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/271766591?accountid=35812… [Read More]

References

Burgess, M. (2004). Principles of network and system administration. Chichester: Wiley.

Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=JmOTwMrFGskC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Principles+of+network+and+system+administration&hl=en&sa=X&ei=mJD_UP6rNNSWhQfNsoD4Ag&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Principles%20of%20network%20and%20system%20administration&f=false

Frisch, a.E. (2002). Essential system administration: tools and techniques for Linux and Unix administration. Beijing [u.a.: O'Reilly. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=uRW8V9QOL7YC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Essential+system+administration:+tools+and+techniques+for+Linux+and+Unix+administration.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=CZH_ULLhEcm6hAeFnYGAAw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA

Henderson, H. (2009). Encyclopedia of computer science and technology. New York: Facts on File. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=3Tla6d153uwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Encyclopedia+of+computer+science+and+technology&hl=en&sa=X&ei=dZH_UNjcIcHQhAeRg4C4Bw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA
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Network Security

Words: 3307 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52013252

Network Security: Past, Present and Future

The work of Curtin (2007) states that a network is defined as "any set of interlinking lines resembling a net, a network of roads -- an interconnected system, a network of alliances." Quite simply a computer network is a system of computers that are interconnected. There are seven layers of communication types identified by the International Standards Organization (ISO) Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) eference Model as well as the interfaces among them. Each layer is stated to be dependent on the services that the layer above it provides including the physical network hardware.

Technology: Description and Area of esearch

The most popular networks which have been used over the past twenty-five years and which include both private and public networks include the following network services: (1) UUCP -- Unix-to-Unix CoPy: This was developed originally for connecting Unix hosts together however, since that time UUCP…… [Read More]

References

Bouchard, Mark (2009) WANTED: The Future of Network Security for Service Providers -- Now!AimPoint Group, LLC. Juniper Networks. Retrieved from: http://www.juniper.net/us/en/local/pdf/whitepapers/2000301-en.pdf

Cisco Security Planning and Design Service (2010) Cisco Systems. Retrieved from: http://www.planetcisco.org/en/U.S./services/ps2961/ps2952/services_datasheet_securitypd.pdf

Graff, Mark (2002 ) The Future of Internet Security. Para-Protect. Retrieved from:  http://www.markgraff.com/mg_writings/TFOIS6000.pdf 

Keohane & Nye (2000) in: Schneider, Jim (2003) Globalization and Think-Tanks: Security Policy Networks. SAREM International Seminar, Istanbul, May 30, 2003. Retrieved from:  http://www.policy.hu/schneider/GlobalTTs.pdf
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Network Security

Words: 9364 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59921852

networking and TCP/IP and internetworking. Also discussed are risk management, network threats, firewalls, and also more special purpose network devices. The paper will provide a better insight on the general aspects of security and also get a better understanding of how to be able to reduce and manage risk personally at the workplace and at home.

In today's world, the Computer has become a common feature in any organization anywhere in the world. This may be due to the fact that a computer can be accessed by anybody who knows how to handle it and also because it can store a lot of information both confidential and general. A computer is connected through a physical network that allows a person or many persons to share any information necessary. (Conceptual Overview of Network Security) Though network security in Information Technology is an issue that has been discussed endlessly, implementation has definitely…… [Read More]

References

Bolding, Darren. "Network Security, Filters and Firewalls." Retrieved from ACM Cross Roads Student Magazine, 17 January, 2001 http://www.acm.org/crossroads/xrds2-1/security.html. Accessed on 03/09/2004

Curtin, Matt. "Introduction to Network Security March" 1997. Retrieved at http://www.interhack.net/pubs/network-securityAccessed on 03/09/2004

Home Internet security: Protection against network security attacks" Retrieved at http://www.buildwebsite4u.com/articles/home-internet-security.shtml. Accessed on 03/09/2004

Magalhaes, Ricky M. "Network Security recommendations that will enhance your windows" network" Oct 22, 2002. Retrieved at http://www.windowsecurity.com/articles/Net_Security_Recommendations.html. Accessed on 03/09/2004
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Open Source Software Open-Source Software

Words: 1930 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5296845

It is therefore a reiterative process for the benefit of the public. This is then also the basis of the claim that software evolution is faster via OSS because of its multiple participants in the processes of writing, testing, or debugging. According to Raymond [42], the participation of more people will result in the identification and elimination of more bugs, which in turn will likely result in faster software improvement. Along with this, a further claim is that the resulting rapid evolution of software via the OSS model also results in better software. The cited reason for this is that the traditional closed model is seen by "only a very few programmers" [38], while most users are obliged to use the software "blindly." When taking the above into account, OSS development can be said to be a process of perpetual maintenance. It is a series of maintenance efforts by multiple…… [Read More]

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Successful Programmer the Objective and

Words: 938 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50783045

" (urleson, 2004, p.21) Therefore, it is clear that a quality education is the base that supports the structure that enables success in this career field and this includes "high achievement, intelligence, and a strong work ethic." (urleson, 2004, p.21) Personal traits that are desirable in a programmer according to urleson include self-confidence, curiosity, politeness, motivated, tenacity and a stickler for details.

III. Recognizing a Good Programmer

The work of Daniel Tenner entitled: "How to Recognize a Good Programmer" states that positive indicators that an individual is a good programmer include those as follows:

1. Passionate about technology

2. Programs as a hobby

3. Will talk your ear off on a technical subject if encouraged

4. Significant (and often numerous) personal side-projects over the years

5. Learns new technologies on his/her own

6. Opinionated about which technologies are better for various usages

7. Very uncomfortable about the idea of working…… [Read More]

Bibliography

The Eight Secrets of Successful Programmers (2009) Merrion Computing Limited. Online available at:  http://www.merrioncomputing.com/Programming/7Secrets.htm 

Burleson, Janet (2004) Conducting the Programmer Job Interview: The IT Manager Guide with Java, J2EE, C, C++, UNIX, PHP, and Oracle Interview Questions! Vol. 3 of IT Job Interview Series. Rampant TechPress 2004.

Tenner, Daniel (2008) How to Recognize a Good Programmer. Inter-sections Business, Technology, Life. 13 Nov. Online available at: http://inter-sections.net/2007/11/13/how-to-recognise-a-good-programmer/
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Greek Numeration System Is One

Words: 612 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82246902

Following these rules, the formation of the numbers is intuitive: the number would be split into hundreds, tens and units and the letters combined to give the graphical representation. This was a derived version of the addition numerical system that was used in the ancient times.

An additional problem was the fact that the system proved difficult to use initially for numbers that were larger than 999. What the Greeks did was add an extra stroke before the letter to symbolize that the respective number would be multiplied by 1000. This meant that you would now be able to include any kind of larger numbers with that stroke.

With the fractions, there were different representations that the Greeks used. One of them involved marking the denominator with a double accent and sometimes writing it down twice. However, there was also the representation we are mostly used to nowadays by which…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Classical Greek numerals. On the Internet at http://www.sizes.com/numbers/greek_numeration.htm.Lastretrieved on February 28, 2009

2. Bunt, Lucas; Jones, Phillip. The Historical Roots of Elementary Mathematics. Dover Publications. 1988.

3. Hardegree, Gary. Numeration Systems. 2001. On the Internet at http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~gmhwww/382/pdf/05-numeration.pdf.Lastretrieved on February 28, 2009

Classical Greek numerals. On the Internet at http://www.sizes.com/numbers/greek_numeration.htm.Lastretrieved on February 28, 2009
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Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Sao I

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2375350

But I came to realize that with perseverance and determination I could learn to use this typesetting.

The training was a week long. I attended class with people from all around the country. Most of them were also administrative assistants. They all had a little experience with TeX. I was the only one who had no experience whatsoever with it. The class was conducted like a regular classroom. The instructor gave us some background on TeX and then we practiced using it. I found it harder than I thought, but eventually felt like I was getting it. It was a long week and in some ways draining. My classmates were a great support. They would ask questions that I learned from and also helped answer questions I had. The small group of us became friends and agreed to keep in touch once we got back home.

Being in San Diego…… [Read More]

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Apple Inc Apple Was Founded

Words: 978 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68424773



Given the monopoly of Microsoft on the IT market, Apple needs to implement highly attractive promotional strategies. For instance, given that Apple software runs on Linux operating system, the company freely distributes compact discs containing Linux and other similar versions such as Ubuntu. Those who desire to possess these CDs will register online and within one week they will receive the products at their residence.

Another issue regarding Apple's marketing mix regards the distribution and selling of the products. The producer sells their products within their own retail stores as well as within other IT specialized stores. In addition to retail stores, Apple also distributes their products towards the final customers throughout the Internet and specialized magazines. In the case of specialized magazines, the reader of an IT magazine can place an order with the aid of an order coupon in the magazine and have the products delivered to their…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, November 2006, Apple Inc., article was last modified on November 5, 2006, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Inc,last accessed on November 6, 2006

Myers, B.A., August 2005, Unix, Windows, Macintosh, Computer Almanac, Interesting and Useful Numbers About Computers http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/bam/www/numbers.html, last accessed on November 6, 2006 The Official Web Site of Apple Computer, 2006, http://www.apple.com/,last accessed on November 6, 2006 Yahoo! Finance, November 3, 2006, Apple Computer Inc. (AAPL), Key Statistics, http://finance.yahoo.com/q/ks?s=AAPL, last accessed on November 6, 2006

Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, November 2006, Apple Inc., User Culture

Myers, B.A., August 2005, Unix, Windows, Macintosh, Computer Almanac, Interesting and Useful Numbers About Computers
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Database Software Comparing Microsoft Access SQL IBM

Words: 794 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48147076

Database Software

Comparing Microsoft Access, SQL, IBM DB2 and Oracle databases is presented in this analysis, taking into account the key features of ACID Compliance, Data partitioning, interface options, referential integrity, operating systems supported, and support for transactions and Unicode. Each of these factors is initially defined followed by a table comparing them across the database types.

Definition of Comparison Factors

At their most fundamental level, all databases have support for relational data models and the ability to index data through the use of a wide variety of taxonomies or organizational structures (Basumallick, Wong, 1996). elational Database Management Systems (DBMS) however all have the ability to manage transactions with the greatest efficiency given the design of these systems to support multiple transactions at once, running concurrently from each other. The characteristic of an operating system being able to manage thousands of concurrent transactions at the same time is often referred…… [Read More]

References

Basumallick, Swagato, & Wong, Johnny SK. (1996). Design and implementation of a distributed database system. The Journal of Systems and Software, 34(1), 21.

Tony Politano. (2008). Structured and Unstructured: The What, Why and How of Convergence. DM Review, 18(6), 20.

Stonebraker, M.. (2010). In Search of Database Consistency. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 53(10), 8.
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Databases Access SQL MS SQL

Words: 1213 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50098520

Oracle supports stored programs such as stored procedures and packages. This enables the developers to centralize application logic in the database. Oracle provides powerful functions and sub-queries in its SQL statements. Developers can distribute systems by database links, materialized views and distributed queries. This feature saves much cost for developing distributed systems and applications. And there's a lot of features integrated with Oracle, compare to other database it is very expensive but it is extremely powerful and fast.

D2 is a relational database system developed by IM Corporation. It has been designed for use on large mainframe computer systems running on a variety of platforms including SunOS, Solaris, Linux, Windows 95/98/NT/2000 and HP-UX. D2 supports many variety of platforms, standards and packaging options to deliver the needs of every business D2 database delivers a flexible and cost-effective database platforms achieving demand on business applications. It further leverages the resources with…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Microsoft Online. Retrieved 20 Nov 2004, from Microsoft.Com.

Web site:  http://www.microsoft.com 

SQL Server 2000 vs. Oracle 9i. Retrieved 20 Nov 2004, from MSQLCITY.Com. Web site: http://www.mssqlcity.com/Articles/Compare/sql_server_vs_oracle.htm

MySQL: The world's most popular open source database. Retrieved 20 Nov 2004, from MYSQL.Com.
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Music Education or Cross Platform

Words: 17690 Length: 61 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61502605



Aristoxenos, two centuries after Pythagoras released his model, sought to discredit the standing theories held by Pythagorean devotees. In his works, he established that numbers are not relevant to music, and that music is based on perception of what one hears, not any mathematical equation. Descartes as well as Vincenzo Galilei (Galileo's father) both also discredited the music-to-math theories that formed the revolutionary basis for Pythagoras' music work, but not on the basis that music and numbers are unrelated. Rather, Galilei in particular figured that the tension of a string compared to the pitch made by that string should be the variables to create the sound ratio, not the length of that string. "Using weights to vary the tension of a string, he found that the above mentioned intervals arise for ratios of 1:1, 1:4, 4:9, and 9:16 respectively. These ratios as different from those found for length; they are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Annabelleke, et al. (2005, June 20) Signal-to-noise ratio. Wikipedia. Accessed online June 1, 2005 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snr

Axtman, K. (2001, August 22) Houston to make computing a right, not a privilege. The Christian Science Monitor. Accessed online June 1, 2005 at  http://www.csmonitor.com/2001/0822/p2s2-ussc.html 

Buckler, G. (2001, November 16) Digital divide creates haves and have nots. Computing Canada. Accessed online June 1, 2005 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0CGC/is_24_27/ai_80205491

Chappell, K. (2001, September) UNITED NEGRO COLLEGE FUND: Crossing the Digital Divide. Ebony. Accessed online June 1, 2005 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1077/is_11_56/ai_77556560
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EU Open Source Software Legal

Words: 6964 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83240170

" (Information Society and Media, 2005) f. The eContent Programme and the eTen Programme

The 100 million dollar eContent Programme (2001-2005) focuses on encouraging growth and development of tie European digital content industry. This programme funds projects with short time-to-market and as well experiments with new models in business and partnerships through use of technology that is presently available. The programme's stated 'main thrust' is to;

Improve access to an expand the use of public sector information,

Enhance consent production in a multilingual and multicultural environment,

Increase the dynamism of the digital content market by making it easier to access capital and by developing a consistent European approach to digital rights trading." (Information Society and Media, 2005)

The programme will address "organizational barriers and promote take up of leading-edge technical solution to improve accessibility and usability of digital material in a multilingual environment." (Information Society and Media, 2005)Market areas are…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Warrene, Blane (2005) Navigating Open Source Licensing 2005 March 9 Online available at http://www.sitepoint.com/print/open-source-licensing.

Greenmeier, Larry (2005) Needed: Open Source Education, Understanding - Information Week 2004 Oct 27 Online available at http://www.informationweek.com/story/showArticle.jhtml?article ID=51200984.

The Open Source Definition (2005) Open Source Initiative OSI Online available at: http/ / www.opensource.org/docs/definition.php.

Perens, Bruce (2005) The Open Source Definition - Online available at http://perens.com/OSD.html.
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Management Plan Discussion of the

Words: 1394 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81746350

To become successful, consequences are to be applied consistently and they never are to be physically or psychologically injurious to the student. (Wiggins, Classroom Management Plan)

Features about the techniques that I like These techniques enable to mend the behavior of the students who do not respond to conventional discipline. It promotes student involvement because it makes learning attractive and fun and particularly because of the focus being provided to the expectations and needs of the students and also because of the dignity and respect provided to the students. (Wiggins, Classroom Management Plan)

Features of the techniques about which you have reservations

While the students are not accepting the consequences for breaking the rule of the class it is sometimes imperative to infuse the Insubordination ule i.e. The student will not be allowed to remain the class until the consequence is being accepted, which is a part of the technique…… [Read More]

References

Classroom Management Plan" Retrieved at http://www.ius.edu/education/Elementary/new%20portfolio/Standard%202-all%20here/Copy%20of%20Classroom%20Management%20Plan.htm. Accessed 28 September, 2005

Enhancing Communication and Instruction via the Internet" (March 14, 2001) NYSCSS

Convention. Retrieved at  http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/NYSCSS_Pres.htm . Accessed 28 September, 2005

Project Management Guide: Classroom Management Plan" Retrieved at http://k12science.ati.stevens-tech.edu/training/projectmgt/classroommgt.html. Accessed 28 September, 2005
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Earliest Computers Were Primitive and

Words: 346 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83444378



The earliest operating systems were developed in the 1950s and included FORTRAN and SAGE, which was a military weapons monitoring system. Batch systems were the next types of operating systems to be created, and batch systems also eliminated the need for professional computer operators because the operating system could schedule tasks and load programs.

The early 1960s saw the development of SABRE, which was widely used in the airline industry. Operating systems flourished in the 1970s, especially through the creation of Unix. Unix, developed in ATT&T Bell Labs (now Lucent) led to the creation of Berkeley Standard Distribution (BSD) and other open source coding. Finally, in the 1980s, operating systems like MS-DOS, Macintosh, and Amiga OS were created and were closely followed by such familiar systems as the Microsoft indows operating systems and the Mac OS X.

orks Cited

Milo (2000). "History of Operating Systems." Retrieved October 13, 2005 at…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Milo (2000). "History of Operating Systems." Retrieved October 13, 2005 at  http://www.osdata.com/kind/history.htm
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Management System DBMS Is a Program That

Words: 1064 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36316705

management system (DBMS) is a program that provides the user with access to the data and also helps them in transforming their raw data into meaningful information. The database management system (DBMS) is therefore a collection of programs that helps in the management of data structure as well as in the control of access to the data that is stored in the database. The DBMS systems help users in the creation, updating as well as extracting of information that is stored in the databases. At a time when the mainframes were the dominant computers in enterprise computing, the database management system (DBMS) architecture was never a big concern. This is because all programs depended and ran on the mainframes. Even for the implementation of mainframe DBMS, the overall system architecture would most likely consist of several (multiple) platforms as well as system software for the interpretation of the databases.

Experts…… [Read More]

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Internet and Society 1976 Present

Words: 2665 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58716736

Internet and Society

The Internet and American Society

In the history of humankind there have been very few inventions which have completely transformed human society. Inventions like the wheel, agriculture, astronomy and geometry have all transformed humankind from uncivilized barbarians into a creatures of culture and society. The invention of science, discovery of electricity, the atom, and other inventions have then propelled the human race forward into a more technologically society, one which is primarily an information-based society. As a result of these technological advancements, scientists have been able to create something that has again transformed human society, one which has in a relatively short time, infiltrated every aspect of scholarship, research, business, and life in general. Beginning with the computer, and an idea that many computers could be joined together and their information shared; scientists and researchers have created an interconnected system of personal, business, academic, research, library, and…… [Read More]

References

"An anecdotal history of the people and communities that brought about the Internet and the Web." A Brief History of the Internet. Retrieved from  http://www.walthowe.com/navnet/history.html 

Chan-Olmsted, SM, & Ha, LS (Dec 2003). Internet business models for broadcasters: how television stations perceive and integrate the Internet. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 47, 4. p.597(21).

Domke-Damonte, D., & Levsen, VB (Summer 2002). The effect of Internet usage on cooperation and performance in small hotels. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 67, 3. p.31(8).

Goldsborough, R. (Dec 2008). Daily newspapers face challenges from the Internet. Teacher Librarian, 36, 2. p.72(1).
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History of Communication

Words: 6119 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37691919

History Of Communication Timeline

TIMELINE: HITORY OF COMMUNICATION

(with special reference to the development of the motorcycle)

35,000 BCE.

First paleolithing "petroglyphs" and written symbols. This is important in the history of communication because it marks the first time humans left a recorded form of communication. Also, these written symbols became the ultimate source of later alphabets.

Wikipedia, "Petroglyph."

12,600 BCE.

Cave paintings at Lascaux show early representational art. This is important in the history of communication because the caves depict over 2000 figures, including abstract symbols. More recent research suggests these may record astronomical information.

OURCE: Wikipedia, "Lascaux."

3400 BCE.

First surviving umerian pictograms demonstrate a primitive form of record keeping. This is important in the history of communication because pictograms, together with ideograms, represent a primitive form of writing, in which a symbol either means what it looks like, or represents a single idea.

OURCE: Wikipedia, "Pictogram."

3300…… [Read More]

St. Hubbins, David and Tufnel, Nigel. "Stonehenge." London: Polymer, 1984.

Thompson, Hunter S. Hell's Angels. New York: Modern Library,1966.

Wikipedia.org
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Itanium CPU's Mcmillan Characteristics and Performance

Words: 500 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31491010

Itanium CPU

Itanium's design, the product of a partnership between Intel and HP, revolves around on a concept called EPIC (explicitly parallel instruction computing). All modern CPUs have some capacity of running multiple instructions from memory simultaneously. Most CPUs are looking for convenience to process instructions in parallel. EPIC shifts efficiency for this analysis from the CPU hardware to the programming language compiler used to effect the application.

As compilers get smarter and the Itanium platform evolves, EPIC's true ability is unveiled.

Intel's niche marketing campaign, which targets scientific, digital-media, cryptographic, large-database, and Web-caching uses, came about when the company realized Itanium's effectiveness of floating-point math and data handling. Floating-point calculations are used in a variety of things ranging from encryption to digital video encoding. Intel claims that the Itanium CPU accomplishes as many as 8 floating-point operations at the same time compared to two for its 32-bit CPUs. And…… [Read More]

By Anthony Cataldo www.eetimes.com" EE Times

January 13, 2000 (3:26 P.M. EST)

All material on this site Copyright © 2002 CMP Media LLC. All rights reserved. http://www.eetimes.com/story/OEG20000113S0014
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Mac vs PC

Words: 1878 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28784595

Macs and PC. A copy of this is outlined to show and contrast the difference between Macs and PCs.

COMPAISON OF MACS AND PCS

Which is better: MACS or PCS? Macintosh computers are elegant and easy to use, but PCs are cheaper and have a vast array of products with them. The Apple computer has been around for a long time, but PCs are found in more stores. The best way to decide which is better for you is to try using both of them and comparing what is best. This is an information age dependent upon digital information.

A computer system refers to the computer and all of its equipment. Equipment like speakers, printers, keyboard, scanner, etc. is called peripheral equipment, sometimes shortened to peripherals'. The central processing unit (CPU) is considered to be 'the computer" (Hitmill 2).

There are several computer systems that are available. The two most…… [Read More]

References

Choi, Hahn and Larson, Brett. "Judgment Call: Mac vs. PC" http://techtv.com/news/

Introduction to Computers"  http://www.hitmill.com/computers/intro.html 

Lycos Help & How to - The Two Personal Computing Camps" http://howto.lycos.com/lycos/step

Rhodus, Tim Dr. "CyberGuide" http://www.hcs.ohio-state.edu/hcs/EM/docs/aug5.html
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Microsoft Office Is the Most Popular Comprehensive

Words: 631 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86628619

icrosoft Office is the most popular comprehensive bundle of productivity applications in the world. It contains word publishing, spreadsheet, presentation, e-mail, and database software and is most often used with the icrosoft Windows operating system. It can also be used with the Apple acintosh. The icrosoft Office suite enjoys almost universal worldwide familiarity. The most recent version of S Office is Office XP, which is designed specifically to be compatible with the Windows XP environment.

Functionally, Sun StarOffice is very similar to icrosoft Office. The chief difference is that it is written using open source code and may be altered by programmers to match their specifications. It is the most popular system for Linux and Unix-based computers and utilizes an XTL-based interface. It is considered an 'alternative' to the Windows system because it is popular with developers, who often criticize icrosoft for the fact that the source code is unavailable…… [Read More]

Microsoft Powerpoint allows the user to design presentations that use graphics and visual effects. It is often used in with data that has been created in Excel. Microsoft Access is a database project that allows the user to enter and manage data and sort according to fields. Its chief limitation is that it is meant for one user to operate at a time. StarOffice Impress has essentially similar features, but uses the Macromedia Flash format to present its documents. Sun Microsystems pioneered Java Internet application technology and most computers have the capability of reading flash documents.

Datasheet: StarOffice 7 Data Sheet. http://wwws.sun.com/software/star/staroffice/ds/STAROFS7RETAIL_90903.pdf

Microsoft Office XP: Office Home.  http://www.microsoft.com /office
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Database Concepts

Words: 738 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32959896

Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQL Server, DB2, and Oracle are four of the most important and widely used database management systems (DBMS) in use in today's information technology field. This paper compares the four DBMS in terms of ten major factors: 1) price, 2) platform compatibility, 3) support services, 4) support for ERP and CRM high-end systems, 5) open or proprietary, 6) Ease of integrating information with other databases 7) support for data requirements for mobile and embedded devices, 8) reputation, 9) stability and backup, 10) recommended users.

All in all, this analysis shows that SQL and other open-source databases are excellent for providing support for medium-load business applications and ebsites. In contrast, proprietary databases like DB2 and Oracle seem to be much better suited to heavy-load business applications (Biggs). Despite this assertion, Microsoft's SQL Server 7.0 marked its aggressive and largely highly effective move towards heavier applications in government, finance,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Biggs, Maggie. Finding an opening: Open-source databases are worth watching as they near the big time. Infoworld, September 20, 2002.

http://www.infoworld.com/article/02/09/20/020923pldatabses_1.html

Darrow, Barbara. Oracle To Slice Price On Standard Edition One, Weighs RAC Bundle. CRN,

2:55 PM EST Fri., Jan. 30, 2004. 08 February 2004.
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System Development Life Cycle

Words: 2009 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44014617

usiness Deliverables

Project Objectives and Justification

Company X is a consulting firm whose business and services involve hiring and deployment of IT professionals to clients. asically, company X assists clients to find applicants who may fit their employment needs.

The current operational procedures of Company X involve traditional methods of data access and storage, in that most of the essential information they need are basically paper-based. ecause we are already in the age of information, automated by technological developments, this paper finds it essential that Company X should improve its operational methods and processes.

The objective of this paper is to provide a proposal for automation of Company X's information access and storage. The application is to be called as Applicant MIS/DSS. y studying Company X's current operational flow, specifically in phases that involve access and storage of information, this paper aims to provide the company with a solution that,…… [Read More]

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History C Programming Language

Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50382192

C++ programming language. Specifically, it will discuss the creation of the language and some of its applications. C++ is one of the most important programming languages in use today. It has revolutionized the computing world, and applications using the language are utilized by millions of people around the world every day.

Bell Labs scientist Bjarne Stroustrup developed C++ Programming Language between 1983 and 1985. Initially, Stroustrup simply added some features to the C. Programming Language, and called it "C with Classes." Stroustrup added more alterations and functions and finally came up with C++, an Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) language. C++ evolved from a long line of languages that began in the 1960s with languages like FOTAN and Combined Programming Language (CPL) ("History," 2000). CPL eventually evolved into C (which first stood for "Cambridge" where it was developed, and later "Christopher," for Christopher Strachey, the scientist who helped develop it (Lohr, 2001,…… [Read More]

References

Author not Available. (2000). History of C++. Retrieved from the Cplusplus.com Web site: http://www.cplusplus.com/info/history.html28 May 2004.

Lohr, S. (2001). Go to: The story of the math majors, bridge players, engineers, chess wizards, maverick scientists, and iconoclasts, the programmers who created the software revolution. New York: Basic Books.

Stroustrup, Bjarne. (24 May 2004). C++ applications. Retrieved from the Research ATT.com Web site: http://www.research.att.com/~bs/applications.html28 May 2004.
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History of Debugging

Words: 554 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84682151

Debugging

Software quality assurance requires a continual stream of performance data including insights into which actions or tasks led to software code becoming more scalable, reliable and usable. At the center of software quality assurance is reliance on techniques for measuring variation in the quality of each individual code component, and the overall code base of an application (Kosar, 622). The concept of debugging has arisen out of the need for discovering logic errors or what is sometimes called "bugs" in the software code which cause specific features or the entire application to not work correctly (Kosar, et.al.). The origins of debugging and best practices in using them are defined in this paper.

Analysis of Debugging Techniques

Contrary to the many descriptions of debugging as being a somewhat random technique used for finding erroneous sections of code in a complex software program, the most effective approaches rely on a very…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bates, Peter C., and Jack C. Wileden. "High-Level Debugging of Distributed Systems: The Behavioral Abstraction Approach." The Journal of Systems and Software 3.4 (1983): 255.

Kosar, Toma, et al. "Debugging Measurement Systems using a Domain-Specific Modeling Language." Computers in Industry 65.4 (2014): 622.

Yu, Kai, et al. "Towards Automated Debugging in Software Evolution: Evaluating Delta Debugging on Real Regression Bugs from the Developers' Perspectives." The Journal of Systems and Software 85.10 (2012): 2305.
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Strategy and Dveloppement of E Procurement and IT Architecture

Words: 3464 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56166461

Strategy of E-Procurement and IT Architecture

1a) Planned Strategy in E-procurement

A large number of organizations adopting electronic commerce (e-commerce) have identified e-procurement as an effective strategy that can be used to enhance the competitive market advantages. In a business environment, a traditional procurement faces challenges of a paperwork workload associated that includes a purchase order, delivery order, and statement of work, invoice, and payment. All these process increase an organizational cost of production. Typically, e-procurement eliminates this workload by assisting management purchasing or supplying goods and services electronically at lowest possible costs using the paperless transactions.

A report carried out by the CIPS (2013) reveals that the goal of e-procurement is to use the latest information technology to link suppliers and customers thereby improve the value chain process. In essence, the e-procurement is a critical component of e-commerce, and the major goal of an e-procurement process is to enhance…… [Read More]

Resources Management in Canada. Toronto: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Shrinivas P. 1 Winai, Wo. (2015). Information technology (IT) outsourcing by business process outsourcing/information technology enabled services (BPO/ITES) firms in India: A strategic gamble. Journal of Enterprise Information Management. 28 (1):60-76.

Jerome, B. (2001). The hidden costs of IT outsourcing: lessons from 50 IT-outsourcing efforts show that unforeseen costs can undercut anticipated benefits. Understanding the issues can lead to better outsourcing decisions. MIT Sloan management review.

Schaefer, S. (1999). Product design partitions with complementary Components. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 38 (1999) 311-330.

Software Engineering Institute (2013). Unintentional Insider Threats: A Foundational Study. Department of Homeland Security.
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Accounting Software Inherent in the

Words: 841 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58950861

Further, Oracle also has templates and process definitions for the electronics components market as well. Lastly the financial modules with Oracle can also be used for local government reporting in addition to SOX compliance.

For the small business of $2M their needs are drastically different than the $100M distributor that has offices across multiple geographies. The $2M company for purposes of this example is a manufacturer of air conditioning spare parts and is heavily manufacturing based. Their customer base is primarily throughout the U.S. Their primary need is for an accounting system that can has Accounts eceivable, Accounts Payable, General Ledger, Billing, Inventory Management, distributed order management and sales order management, all core functions of an accounting system (Collins, 2006). In addition this small manufacturer also needs support for Debt Collection, electronic payment processing, online payroll, timesheets and purchase requisition as well. All of these features can be found in…… [Read More]

References

Susan B. Anders. (2006). Website of the Month: Accountant.intuit.com. The CPA Journal, 76(11), 70-71.

Phillip G. Armour. (2005). Sarbanes-Oxley and software projects. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 48(6), 15-17.

J Carlton Collins. (2006). Small Business Software Grows Up. Journal of Accountancy, 201(3), 50.

Ivancevich, S., Ivancevich, D., & Elikai, F. (2010). Accounting Software Selection and Satisfaction. The CPA Journal, 80(1), 66-72.
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Replication Today There Are a

Words: 2955 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90019595

Each of the databases exports a view of its tables or objects that conforms to the shared data model, so that queries can be expressed using a common set of names for properties and relationships regardless of the database. The queries are then translated so that they are actually run against the local data using local names in the local query language; in the reverse direction results may be scaled, if needed, to take account of a change of measurement units or character codes (Applehans, et al. 2004). The technological test of these systems is to create programs with the intelligence necessary to divide queries into sub-queries to be interpreted and sent to local databases, and after that to merge all the results that come back. Great progress has been made in methods for setting up efficient dispersed query execution and the constituent that does this is frequently called an…… [Read More]

References

Angoss Software. (2006) KnowledgeSEEKER in Action: Case Studies. Toronto: Angoss Software International Limited.

Applehans, W., a. Globe, and G. Laugero. (2004) Managing Knowledge: A Practical Web-Based Approach. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Aubrey, a., and P.M. Cohen. (1996) Working Wisdom: Timeless Skills and Vanguard Strategies for Learning Organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Gray, J. Helland, P. O'Neil, P. And D. Shasha, (2005) the dangers of replication and a solution, Proc. ACM SIGMOD Conference, pages 173-182.
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Troubleshooting a New E-Commerce Site

Words: 670 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53567020

Another approach is to define a test suite of applications, shell scripts and commands often run from a UNIX-based system that can simultaneously manage multiple tasks to test the e-commerce site and its applications (Shaw, 79). Another approach is to have an internal software quality audit of the site and stress test the key applications including the catalog and online ordering applications, in addition to the catalogs (Shaw, 82). Larger websites will do all of these and have a strategy in place for stress testing their sites to ensure a high level of performance and security over the long-term.

The best approach to finding a solution to any problems that arise is isolate each by the type of system that the problem is arising from and complete an audit of the sequence of events that cause the problem. Security audits are increasingly being used to track down how hackers are…… [Read More]

References

Kenneth K. Boyer, and G. Tomas M. Hult. "Customer Behavior in an Online Ordering Application: A Decision Scoring Model*. " Decision Sciences 36.4 (2005): 569-598.

Wen-Kui Chang, and Min-Hsiang Chuang. "Performance Monitoring of Remote Websites Using Mobile Agents. " Software Quality Journal 12.2 (2004): 159.

Ghandour, a., G. Benwell, and K. Deans. "Measuring eCommerce Website Success. " Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business 1.12 (2010): 21-41.

Grigoroudis, E., C. Litos, V. Moustakis, Y. Politis, and L. Tsironis. "The assessment of user-perceived web quality: Application of a satisfaction benchmarking approach. " European Journal of Operational Research 187.3 (2008): 1346.
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Department Name Human Resources List

Words: 1245 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13397082

Finally, consideration of the Intel-based server function is relevant for support of the Microsoft Exchange email environment. In all cases, the Company holds licensure but is not the manufacturer of the solutions to the products used in the HR Department recovery strategy. Only it engineering staff with assistance from those product suppliers will offer full provision to risk management and immediacy during the recovery.

Recovery time objectives (RTO) and Recovery Point Objectives (RPO) to the CLIENT's Human Resource network in Lincoln are targeted as > 24 hours to point of completion. To this end, in terms of cost, the CLIENT's highest cost to risk factor is where Electronic Vaulting listed as #4 might be determined as priority during the course of initial assessment of a disaster at the site. The Lincoln location is a Warm Site #3 to Cold Site #2 in reference to the reported Survey data. It is…… [Read More]

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Active Directory Services Directory Services

Words: 1034 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31422796

Both ADP and enterprise replication are processes that are critical to having an enterprise-wide system perform at an optimal level (Chen, Chen, Maa, 2002).

The disadvantages of using Directory Services are the costs associated initially for creating and keeping them current, the need to have a staff of engineering and software experts on-hand to add functionality to the system as needed, and the complexity of integration across different Directory Services architectures at the operating system level. Directory Services can be extremely complex and when used for role-based access within enterprises, can lock employees out of their own files and systems and the ones they need to use for their jobs as well if only a slight variation is made in the security levels of the users. There is also the downside risk of technology obsolescence as many companies will standardize on a vendors' specific version fo Directory Services, only to…… [Read More]

References

Bernstein, Philip a. (1996). Middleware: A model for distributed system services. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 39(2), 86.

Ruey-Shun Chen, CC Chen, & Shine-Ching Maa. (2002). An integration of directory services in enterprise. International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology, 15(1-3), 51-59.

O Mahony, Donal, & Weldon, Neil. (1995). X.500 directory services support for electronic data interchange (EDI). Computer Networks & ISDN Systems, 27(5), 691.

Keith Pleas. (1999, December). Communicating with Active Directory. PC Magazine, 18(21), 265-267.