Welfare Essays (Examples)

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Analyzing the Policy Making Process

Words: 1299 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94960725

Policy Making Process

Welfare eform Policy Analysis

Success of welfare reform is ambiguous. Media and well-known public officials claim to have had achieved welfare reforms. However, after 4 years of new policy regime, majority also accepts that welfare reforms have been successfully achieved. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) also validates this by stating that welfare rolls have dropped by 53% to 6.28 million recipients in June 2000 from 12.24 million recipients in August 1996 (Administration for Children and Families 2001). Moreover, researches have also stated that people are becoming well (Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation [ASPE] 2000). Observers suggest that welfare reform is indisputably successful and is self-evident.

TANF progress is successful as reform is evaluated by putting leavers and caseloads in a shared frame of reference. Undoubtedly, mass media has played an important role in framing this reference. Similar stories by different journalists are often given hype…… [Read More]


Administration for Children and Families. (2001). Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), 1936-2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available at: http://www.acf.dhhs.gov/news/stats/3697.htm

Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. 2000. Leavers and Diversion Studies: Summary of Research on Welfare Outcomes Funded by ASPE. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

LAC. (2000). Policy Toolkit for Strengthening Health Sector Reform. LAC Health Sector Reform Initiative.

Rossetti, A.G. And Bossert, T.J. (1999). Comparative Analysis of Policy Processes: Enhancing the Political Feasibility of Health Reform. LAC, Health Sector Reform Initiative.
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TANF Time Limits

Words: 4248 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66121844

TANF Time Limits

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, or TANF for short, is one of the more controversial and maligned or one of the most lauded and touted social safety net programs in the United States. Whether it is praised or denigrated depends a lot on who is doing the talking and what their motivations are. TANF has turned in a political football on a scale that dovetails quite nicely with the words of awls (1985) when it was noted in an essay of that author that there are sometimes periods (some of them quite long in duration) that are bereft and full of political divisiveness and vitriol (awls, 1985).

History of TANF & its Predecessor

A bulk of the TANF program is to provide cash-based payments to needy families who are living in destitution or are otherwise in stark financial peril and how those funds are allocated, to…… [Read More]


Alcoff, Linda. "The Problem of Speaking For Others." Cultural Critique 20.1 (1992): 5-

32. Print.

Burns, M. (2010, October 28). Welfare Reform Failing Poor Single Moms, Books Claim. Pacific Standard - Politics, Health, Economy, Environment, Culture, Education. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from http://www.psmag.com/politics/welfare-reform-failing-poor-single-mothers-24778/

CDSS. (2013, April 16). Child Welfare Services Stakeholder Group Questions and Answers. CA CDSS. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from  http://www.cdss.ca.gov/cdssweb/PG51.htm
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User Pays

Words: 1423 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87192577

User Pays System Within the Hong Kong Social Welfare Programs

As an economically developed country with high standards of living, Hong Kong, like many developed countries in the West and the Far East, is facing an increasing problem in its traditional social welfare system. Hong Kong has a large middle-class and significant lower-class populations who need to be protected from unexpected economic problems, while the government also needs to maintain its competitiveness in the global arena. Fiscally austere policies aimed at building a business-friendly atmosphere may be good for economics overall but may leave the middle -- and the working-class insecure, while increasing government expenditures for social welfare programs may hurt the economy. In the face of this dilemma and other problems involving the economy and the welfare system, the government of Hong Kong plans to introduce and promote the "user pays" system. It is the position of this paper…… [Read More]


Azizi, M. (2000). The User-pays System in the Provision of Urban Infrastructure: Effectiveness and Equity of Criteria. Urban Studies (Routledge), 37(8), 1345.

Fine, M., & Chalmers, J. (2000). 'User pays' and other approaches to the funding of long-term care for older people in Australia. Ageing And Society, 20(1), 5-32.

Gargett, S. (2010). The Introduction of a Targeted User-Pays Approach to Funding High-Level Residential Aged Care in Australia: An Empirical Investigation of the Impact on Price. Health Economics, Policy And Law, 5(4), 481-508.

Wong, T., Wan, P., & Law, K. (2010). The Public's Changing Perceptions of the Condition of Social Welfare in Hong Kong: Lessons for Social Development. Social Policy & Administration, 44(5), 620-640. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9515.2010.00732.x
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Social Services

Words: 7714 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71367195

Social Services and Child elfare in New Jersey

The history of social services has its successes of children who as a result of child welfare intervention are removed from the grip of their abusers and find loving and nurturing homes. These are cases few and far between when one weighs them against those children who are moved from one foster care situation or group home to another. Then there are those who are moved into situations of greater detriment, the likes of which we know from Lisa Steinberg and Faheem illiams, most notably. The severity of these situations frustrates anyone who has taken an oath to protect or to serve a specific population.

For police officers and firefighters this oath is inclusive of the general population; for social workers, however, this oath narrows to children under the age of 18, those who are considered minors in the eyes of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gado, M. (2004). A child not breathing: the killing of Lisa Steinberg. Court TV's Crime Library. Retrieved 26 November, 2004, from http://www.crime library.com/notorious_murders/family/lisa_steinberg/1.html

N.J. STAT. ANN. [sections] 9:6-1 (West 1993 & Supp. 1998).

O'hagan, K. (1993). Emotional and psychological abuse of children.

Olsen, A.O. (17 June, 1996). Verdict in Abuse Case Threatens Safety of Children. Lancaster New Era: A14.
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Alexander Set Radical Multiculturalism Holds That Cultural

Words: 1485 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75706550

Alexander Set

Radical multiculturalism holds that cultural groups should be the measure for considerations of justice as a group offers the individual the indispensable good of being rooted in a community. The problem is that groups always set-up unequal in-group out-group relations that are detrimental to society.

The problem is that conservatives claim it undermines cohesiveness, but cohesiveness is exactly what all social movements in the last hundred years have attempted to bring about.

In this context this means that the gains of one group are not balanced by losses of another group.

The civil sphere includes structures of feelings, symbols, psychological identifications, and sympathies determine how resources are allocated in society. The public sphere is more of how this publically stated (the two can be different).

Common identity is malleable depending on the times. The move for woman's voting rights and equal rights into the national identity is an…… [Read More]

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Investment Definitions Three Community Functions of Social

Words: 908 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18058738

Investment Definitions

Three Community Functions of Social Welfare

At the heart of the ideas of community are notions of social justice (p. 9). The authors argue that the objectives of social welfare programs, redistribution of wealth to increase well-being and the creation of communities and sustaining them in healthy ways are vitally interrelated (p. 9-10). At least six community functions of social welfare are discussed. I focus on three including the functions of production, contribution, and consumption; the function of socialization; and, the function of social control in the fostering of social welfare and in the building of communities.

The function of production, contribution, and consumption in social welfare is to link individuals into the larger Canadian economic community in a non-exploitive manner so that individuals have control over their lives (p. 99-100).

The function of socialization in social welfare is to integrate immigrant communities and first nation's peoples fully…… [Read More]

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Economy Moves in Cycles There

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33150958

The unemployment rate for January 2013 was 7.9%, in December it was 7.8%, this appears to be a deterioration; however, it is usual for unemployment to increase in January as seasonal jobs disappear. Looking at the rate in January 2012 it was 8.3% and in January 2010 it was 9.1%, therefore unemployment rates are decreasing slowly (BLS, 2013). The consumer prices index also shows an increase; in 2012 it rose by 1.6%. Overall, there is an improvement, from a time that has been defined as a recession, the growth is slow and constrained, but expected to improve further, therefore the current economic stage is that of a recovery, or early recovery.

Question 2

The traditional method of assessing the economic growth is by measuring the GDP, with the underlying assumption that where there is growth in the GDP there will be an increase in welfare, with the measure usually being…… [Read More]

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Propositions That Pertain to the Policy-Making Process

Words: 1476 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97803657

propositions that pertain to the policy-making process. After that, these propositions are to be tested. The author of this response will offer these three propositions, and the rationale behind them, one by one. The first proposition is that policy-making should be based less on simply facets of compassions and "fairness" and more on the results that would be garnered. A lot of people, for example, say that welfare was an absolutely needed lifeline for people while others say that allowing welfare-usage in perpetuity is a bad thing. Second, it should be questioned whether extensions of government health programs (e.g. ObamaCare) actually contribute to their usage (or, more importantly, over-usage and abuse) or if the aggregate results is good overall. Third, the question should be asked whether legislative mechanisms like the filibuster hurt or harm the overall process.

As for concerns about compassion and fairness, the author of this author posits…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hacker, Jacob. "The Road to Somewhere: Why Health Reform Happened." Perspectives on Politics 8.3 (2010): 861-876. Print.

Kahlenberg, Richard D.. Improving on No Child Left Behind: getting education reform back on track. New York: Century Foundation Press, 2008. Print.

Kingdon, John W.. Agendas, alternatives, and public policies. Updated 2nd ed. Boston: Longman, 2011. Print.

NYSHealth. "Analysis of Five Health Insurance Options for New York State." NYS Health Foundation 1.1 (2009): 1-45. Print.
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Social Work the Beginnings of

Words: 1414 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39282024

(Huff, Social ork, 2000, Chapter 1, p.3)

Private efforts were not enough to treat the ills caused by the unchecked capitalism of the Gilded Age, however, an age that brought tremendous wealth to some Americans and tremendous poverty to others. During the first depression occasioned by this split between the haves and the have-nots in 1890, private relief organizations could not cope. "In Mulberry Bend, the heart of the Italian district, one-third of all babies born in 1888 died before their first birthdays. Traditional agencies such as the Children's Aid Society and the Salvation Army were overwhelmed, incapable of meeting the demands placed on their services." (Huff, Social ork, 2000, Chapter 1, p.4) "The old shibboleths commonly accepted as the major causes of poverty, low character, indolence, and intemperance, were replaced with more systemic theories," that sought economic and social causes as the cure, rather than moral reform. (Huff, Social…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Murray, Jill. (1996) "The Social Work History Online Time-Line." The School of Social Work. Retrieved 10 Nov 2005. http://www.gnofn.org/~jill/swhistory/

Huff, Dan. (2000) Social Work: Progress and Reform. A Cyberhistory of Social Work's Most Formative Years. Retrieved 10 Nov 2005 http://www.idbsu.edu/socwork/dhuff/history/central/tc.htm
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U K Government Social Policy Theory & Practice

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59478539

U.K. Government: Social Policy Theory & Practice

The objective of this study is to answer all four questions stated as follows: (1) What is the social administrative tradition? (2) What is meant by liberal welfarism? (3) Explain the parliamentary policy- making process? In addition (4) Detail the New Right critique of the welfare state?

Social Administrative Tradition

Grover Starling, administration scholar is reported to have described six characteristics of government's public administrative responsibility: (1) responsiveness; (2) flexibility; (3) competence; (4) due process; (5) accountability; and (6) honestly. (Shiguang, nd) Traditional government responsibility is noted to be that of maintaining public order. (Shiguang, nd) The World Bank identifies four primary administrative traditions as being those of: (1) Anglo Saxon (minimal state); (2) Continental European: Germanic (organicist); (3) Continental European: French (Napoleonic); and (4) Scandanavian: (mixture of Anglo-Saxon and Germanic). The most fundamental difference is reported to be "between the Anglo-Saxon and…… [Read More]

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Workplace Re-Organization and Its Effects

Words: 2740 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42834697

In the incipient stages, change causes reticence and this reticence is mostly obvious in the case of the more mature group of employees. While the younger staff members are more opened to change and will embrace it as a new career opportunity, the older population is simply looking to perform its current tasks into retirement. When reticence occurs among the younger population, it can be reduced through change management programs. The reticence of the more mature population cannot however be reduced as it a deep rooted within the individuals.

A second impact, obvious at the level of all employee groups, is that of strain creation. Fedir and Herold argue that organizational change creates two sets of strains. The first set is given by the possibility for the change to modify the job specifics. In other words, the employee is worried that modifications would be incurred in the way in which…… [Read More]


Barnett, W.P., Carroll, G.R., 1995, Modeling Internal Organizational Change, Annual Review of Sociology

Dawson, P., 2003, Understanding Organizational Change: The Contemporary Experience of People at Work, SAGE

Eric, P., 2008, Definition of Organizational Change, Associated Content, http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/1051603/the_definition_of_organizational_change.html?cat=46 last accessed on June 3, 2010

Fedor, D.B., Herold, D.M., Effects of Change Management on Employee Responses: An Overview of Results from Multiple Studies, CPBIS,  http://www.cpbis.gatech.edu/files/papers/CPBIS-WP-04-02%20Herold_Fedor_Change%20Management%20Fall%202004.pdf  last accessed on June 3, 2010
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Sociology the Department of Veterans

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50291485

This "complex bureaucracy" may at least partially explain the controversy that surrounds many Veterans Hospitals after accusations of poor conditions and health care have tarnished the VA's image during the past year. Two Washington Post reporters write, "Stories of neglect and substandard care have flooded in from soldiers, their family members, veterans, doctors and nurses working inside the system" (Hull and Priest, 2007, p. A01). The arguments against these problems has steadily grown, and as they have grown, new problems have been uncovered. With so many returning veterans, the VA is finding it difficult to cope with the sheer numbers of veterans involved. The Post reporters continue, "Nearly 4,000 outpatients are currently in the military's Medical Holding or Medical Holdover companies, which oversee the wounded. Soldiers and veterans report bureaucratic disarray [...] indifferent, untrained staff; lost paperwork; medical appointments that drop from the computers; and long waits for consultations" (Hull…… [Read More]


Editors. (2007). Facts about the Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved 13 March 2008 from the VA.gov Web site: http://www1.va.gov/opa/fact/docs/vafacts.doc.1-7.

Hull, a, and Priest, D. (5 March 2007). 'It is just not Walter Reed': Soldiers share troubling stories of military health care across U.S. Washington Post. A01.

Manske, J.E. (2006). Social work in the Department of Veterans Affairs: Lessons learned. Health and Social Work, 31(3), 233+.
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Black's Law Dictionary 1991 Child

Words: 5968 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76815004

Moreover, it is unclear whether Jim has attempted to reestablish any meaningful contact with his children; rather, his entire focus has been on becoming a better person. While there is certainly nothing wrong with that goal in and of itself (it is, after all, a universal human quality), he appears to have pursued this goal to the total exclusion of making any substantive reparations to his family. Finally, it is interesting that Jim somehow feels compelled to tell others -- including potential employers -- about his criminal past and his current status in treatment, as if this ongoing commitment to all-out honesty somehow absolves him from a deceptive and duplicitous history, or at least helps to explain it (which it does if one is interested). According to Jim, "Entering into society again was very difficult. I had lost my business, my friends and was now divorced. After leaving jail, I…… [Read More]


Black's law dictionary. (1991). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.

Bryant, J.K. (2009, June). School counselors and child abuse reporting. Professional School

Counseling, 12(5), 130-132.

Bryant, J. & Milsom, a. (2005, October). Child abuse reporting by school counselors.
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Smith Goldsmith Blakely Observe ' Burden Poverty

Words: 1561 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9176247

Smith, Goldsmith Blakely observe ' burden poverty falls heavily women children disproportionately African-Americans Latinos/Hispanics' (pg.

The issue of poverty in the United States is not merely an issue of economic shortcomings of the system or a lack of coordination at the level of the state in terms of ensuring a proper social welfare protect system. Poverty in America, such as in any other democratic and complex state, depends on a multitude of factors that mix and provide an important shortcoming that in turn affects the lives of millions of people throughout the world and in the U.S. alike.

The combination of factors is varied and depending on the way in which these factors combine, they affect certain parts of the society. In the case of the United States there is a clear recognition of the fact that women, children, African-Americans and Latinos / Hispanics are more prone and vulnerable to…… [Read More]


Goldsmith, William W. And Edward J. Blakely. Separate Societies: Poverty and Inequality in U.S. Cities. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2010.

Smith, Anne Marie. Welfare Reform and Sexual Regulation. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
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Water in Your Area Your Perspective on

Words: 1787 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28363722

water in your area? ("Your perspective on water differs whether you live near the Great Lakes, in the arid west, or by the coast."(McCarthy, 2009)

Outline a brief water conservation plan for your own daily use. How will these changes affect your personal life? What impact will it have on your local water supply?

There is plentiful water in my region (I live in the Great Lakes region). Nonetheless, a brief water conservation plan is the following:

To use water for just its needs and to ensure that tap water is not left running in between those needs.

To double used bathwater as water that can be used for washing the floor.

To, as much as possible, use rainwater for gardening

In order to supply water to humans certain technologies must be utilized.

Desalination is one of the methods that are used for promoting pure water supply. It literally means…… [Read More]


FAO report reveals GM crops not needed to feed the world http://www.psrast.org/faonowohu.htm

Forbes.com (11/03/2012) GMO Food Debate in the National Spotlight http://www.forbes.com/sites/rachelhennessey/2012/11/03/gmo-food-debate-in-the-national-spotlight/)

Greenopolis. Top 10 Environmental Success Stories and 10 Future Challenges. http://greenopolis.com/goblog/joe-laur/top-10-environmental-success-stories-and-10-future-challenges

Groves, J (19 December 2009 ) Climate change summit accepts 'toothless' U.S.-backed agreement - but deal is not legally binding DailMail.com http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1236659/Copenhagen-climate-change-conference-World-leaders-reach-Copenhagen-agreement -- officials-admit-enough.html#ixzz2Cg3714zQ
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Community Assessment About Scarsdale NY

Words: 2001 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49480751

Neighborhood as Community: Scarsdale, New York

With a per capita income of $113,000, a median household income of $230,750, a median sales price of a single-family home of $1.34 million and one of the leading school districts in the state, the Village of Scarsdale is a relatively exclusive suburb of New York City that has a poverty level that even other affluent communities envy. Using an ecosystems perspective, this paper provides a review of the literature as well as online government resources to describe the demographics, available social networks, income and wealth distribution, an assessment of the educational resources, housing, health and welfare issues, as well as formal and informal control systems. An ecosystems perspective merges general systems theory and ecology to provide insights concerning the interactions between individuals and various aspects of their social environment (Tangenberg, 2009) to determine adaptations of the neighborhood over time, the interface of the…… [Read More]


Brenner, E. (2008, May 18). Houses even bigger, scores way above average. The New York

Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/18/realestate/18livi.html?


History of Scarsdale. (2013). Village of Scarsdale. Retrieved from    http://www.scarsdale.com/
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Government Has a Perfect Right

Words: 1525 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48657994

eber and Spencer took this further and say the need for government control over some aspects of society, but not those that removed decisions and rights from the individual. Thus, as adults and citizens the government should offer structure and guidance in a manner that is consistent with the social goals of the Enlightenment; namely allowing actualization without overly reducing individual decisions and actualization.

orks Cited

Aristotle. Nichomaecean Ethics. New York: Nuvision Publications, 2007. Print.

Barry, B. hy Social Justice Matters. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2005. Print.

Bayer, R., ed. Public Health Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. Print.

Constitutional Rights Foundation. "Plato and Aristotle on Tyranny and the Rule of Law." Fall 2010. crf-usa.org. eb. April 2013. .

Gay, P. The Enlightenment - the Science of Freedom. New York: .. Norton, 1996.

Porter, R. The Enlightenment. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2001.

Sharma, C. "Beyond Gaps and Imbalances." Public Administration…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aristotle. Nichomaecean Ethics. New York: Nuvision Publications, 2007. Print.

Barry, B. Why Social Justice Matters. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2005. Print.

Bayer, R., ed. Public Health Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. Print.

Constitutional Rights Foundation. "Plato and Aristotle on Tyranny and the Rule of Law." Fall 2010. crf-usa.org. Web. April 2013. .
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Work First Family Assistance Program

Words: 3410 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36617122

Work First Family Assistance Program

Welfare states are recognized by their efforts to help the citizens in leading a better life. Such states also help citizens rise to the point where they are able to lead a stable financial life. There are many programs currently running in America at state or federal level that help the citizens in one way or the other to be able to maintain basic operations of live. One such program is Work First Family Assistance. The Work First Family Assistance Program is an initiative by North Carolina that helps needy families and gives them funds. The program offers funds to the custodians for the dependent family members. These payments are normally made on the monthly basis. The assistance program supports only those citizens that can fulfill the criteria of the program. While every one-out-of five citizen of the state of North Carolina is potentially affected…… [Read More]


Department of Social Services, (2013), Retrieved from:


How to Find Financial Aid and Advice, (2011), Retrieved from:

http://www.aacr.org/home/survivors -- advocates/information-about-support-groups,-clinical-trials,-financial-help-and-fundraising/how-to-find-financial-aid-and-advice.aspx
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Drive Debates Around New and

Words: 1019 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3968240

The next cycle came with Polish, ussian, and other Baltic state immigrants being targeted during the 1940's and 50' with events like the ed Scare that swept across America. There is no doubt that all of these periods had very restrictive immigration polices directed at the target groups and there were specific legal policies implemented to curb future immigration. but, perhaps more worrisome was that there were also underlying mass racism movements during all of these scenarios directed against these immigrants whether they were enemies of our nation or not.

Again, our immigration and naturalization policies needed reevaluation after September 11, 2001, which was an obviously horrific day in our history. That event made us view our existing immigration, naturalization and work as well as student visa policies. In other words, we were doing the same things that were done to the Chinese, German, Japanese and Baltic state immigrants -…… [Read More]


Chew, Kenneth SY, and John M. Liu. (2004). "Hidden in Plain Sight: Global Labor Force Exchange in the Chinese-American Population, 1880-1940." Population and Development Review Vol. 30

Ellis Island. (2005.) Migration. Retrieved on March 9, 2005, from Ed. Monroe K12 at http://www.monroe.k12.fl.us/kls/Immigration/EllisIsland/Ellisisland.htm.

Sociology - Welfare
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Ontario Provincial Politics Ontario Canada's

Words: 3196 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56160248

Local government plays a decisive role in applying the social reform in Ontario. However, national government continues to be crucial in shaping the parameters for reform.

One of the most important steps for the reform of Ontario's welfare was made in 1995, when the Progressive Conservative (PC) party was elected after promising to transform welfare through a "Common Sense Revolution." The hart of the reform was represented by the welfare replacement program, Ontario Works. The program focuses on finding a job for every participant in the program, thus driving participants away from welfare and into workfare. The focus of OW is on supporting as few people as possible through welfare and providing participants with training and jobs that would allow them to support themselves.

Despite the success that was presented to be OW, data confirms that Ontario's government does not have sufficient proof to state that the program actually improved…… [Read More]


Allahwala a., Rescaling the Canadian welfare state: the experience of Ontario and Qeubec, June 2005, available at http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~jfkpolhk/mm/Teaching/PastCourses/SS05/C_Probleme/Allahwala.RescalingCanadianWS.doc;

Herd D., Rhetoric and Retrenchment: 'Common Sense' Welfare Reform in Ontario, 2002, available at http://www.socialwork.utoronto.ca/fsw/fswsupport/sane/doc/herd_rhetoric.pdf;

Moskovitch a., "The Canada Health and Social Transfer" in: Raymond Blake, Penny Bryden and J. Frank Strain (eds) the Welfare State in Canada. Concord: Irwin Publishing, 1997;

National Council on Welfare, Another Look at Welfare Reform: A Report, 1997;
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Hayes Cry for Change in

Words: 2129 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7330647

In addition to these 'syndromes,' many women do not have adequate psychological support or counseling to help them with their mental health woes. Between 10 and 31% of all mothers on welfare have physical disabilities that limit their ability to work or the kinds of employment they can take, as well as mental health conditions that make stable employment extremely difficult. The presence of preschool children in these women's lives are another impediment to free and full access to the world of employment, a reason that creates what Hays calls "feminization of poverty" inherent to modern American life.

Hays stresses that the barriers to a successful transition from welfare to work are emotional and practical. Even women who wish to comply with the requirements of law have trouble finding decent childcare, care for their relatives, or transportation, and the law shows little compassion for their struggles, as they must meet…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hays, Sharon. Flat Broke With Children: Women in the Age of Welfare Reform.

New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
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Environment of Cdhs Colorado Division

Words: 1966 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95196983

(Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS), 2011)


Even though, the services provided by the Colorado division of child welfare are of satisfactory quality but there are certain areas on which the Colorado division of child welfare has to work in order to enhance the quality of its programs and services. The Colorado division of child welfare shall opt for a more facilitated and properly administered organizational structure as this would enable the management to work in a more effective and efficient manner. (Policy Studies Inc., & American Humane, 2009)

The Colorado division of child welfare shall also work on properly assigning the responsibilities to the staff members on the basis of their functionality, position, skill and abilities. In addition to that, Colorado division of child welfare shall also work on the communication gap that prevails in the organization and shall facilitate communication between the staff and shall explicitly state…… [Read More]


City and County of Denver (2013). Rules Regulating Child Care Centers. [report] Denver: City and County of Denver, pp. 1-8.

Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS) (2011). Child And Family Services Review Performance Improvement Plan. [report] Alamosa: Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS), pp. 1-39.

Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS) (2011). 2011 Annual Evaluation Report The Division of Child Welfare. [report] Alamosa: Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS), pp. 1-25.

Colorado.gov (2013). Division of Child Welfare. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.colorado.gov/cs/Satellite/CDHS-ChildYouthFam/CBON/1251586904497 [Accessed: 17 Jul 2013].
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Social Need & Public Services

Words: 2277 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39350462

The current state of the British welfare state is in flux, and according to Field (1999), only time will tell whether the reformation schemes and ideals are actually effective. Whether they are or not, they are nonetheless somewhat more realistic than the views held in the past.

When tephen Berry wrote his article in 2004, little seems to have improved, particularly for the NH. The author focuses on the health crises that have occurred in the health care field throughout the last decade. Indeed, such problems as bed shortages in hospitals, even for very serious accident victims, and low morale among hospital personnel exacerbate the financial problems experienced by the ervice.

Like Field, Berry also addresses the high expectations and ideals held for the Welfare state during its inception in the 1940s. Mainly, the system was projected to provide not only cheap housing for the poor - based upon the…… [Read More]


Berry, Stephen. 2004. The Rise and Fall of the British Welfare State. Libertarian Alliance.  http://www.la-articles.org.uk/ws.htm 

Erickson, Lynda & Matthews, J. Scott. 2003. The Mass Politics of Social Citizenship. Canadian Political Science Association, June 1. http://www.cpsa-acsp.ca/paper-2003/erickson.pdf

Field, Frank. 1999. The Welfare State - Never Ending Reform. The Making of Modern Britain, BBC History. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/modern/field_03.shtml

Introduction to Social Policy. Social Policy in the UK.  http://www2.rgu.ac.uk/publicpolicy/introduction/uk.htm