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Whistle Blowing Essays (Examples)

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Business Cases Does Blowing the
Words: 1080 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75292869
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Issue 11: Is Employer Monitoring of Employee Social Media Justified?

Summary of Sides

The rise of social media and the near ubiquity of its use has led to an increasing trend of employers screening potential hires and monitoring existing employees through their social media activity on sites like Facebook and Twitter. The ethicality of such monitoring has been questioned by ethical scholars Brian Elzweig and Donna K. Pepples argue that employers have a responsibility to their organizations to ensure that employees are not negligent in their actions that directly affect the company or that might negatively reflect upon the company. More to the point, these authors argue that there is no real expectation of privacy on social networking sites and that employers could not be violating any such expectation, as "a general expectation cannot be relied upon just by using the privacy settings" (p. 195). Employers are upholding their duty…

Blow the Whistle on What You Heard
Words: 1086 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 15849755
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blow the whistle" on what you heard in the garden? If so, how will you blow the whistle? If you decide to blow the whistle, what are your reasons for doing so? Your discussion should reflect knowledge of what Boatright says about issues, problems and justifications for whistle-blowing. Also, in discussing the answers to these questions you should include the following: 1) you should evaluate real and potential conflicts of interests that confront you in your decision 2) you should explain how your reasoning is consistent or inconsistent with the three following moral theories: Kantian moral theory, utilitarian moral theory and virtue theory.

The situation

Our MBA is not really aware of what is going on; all he has is assumptions, guesses. He has no actual proof. In the first case, he has had suspicions of several transactions -- their accounting practices seem suspect - and he has pointed out…


"Behind the Enron Scandal - Multiple Articles." TIME 2002. 27 Apr. 2006 .

"BBC NEWS | Business | Enron Scandal At-a-Glance." BBC News. 22 Aug. 2002. The BBC. 27 Apr. 2006 .

"Enron Scandal - Information on Enron." Securities Fraud Fyi. 2003. 27 Apr. 2006 .

Hays, Kristin. "Prosecutor Questions Lay At Enron Trial." Business Week 27 Apr. 2006. 27 Apr. 2006

Variables that Inspire a Person to Blow the Whistle
Words: 586 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Journal Professional Paper #: 32393251
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Cho, Y., Song, H. (2015). Determinants of whistleblowing within government

agencies. Public Personnel Management, 44(4): 450-472.

Cho and Song (2015) examine the determinants of whistleblowing behaviors in public administrative positions in their study by basing their approach on the work of Miceli and Near, who "argued that proactive personality, less co-worker invalidation, and leverage in the specific situation lead to whistleblowing" (p. 450). However, in their research, Cho and Song (2015) find that the determining variables behind whistleblowing in public are complex and many relevant variables remain unexplored. The purpose of their study is to examine some of these variables more closely and open the door for further investigation into what causes public administration whistleblowers to go public with their information. The thesis of the researchers is that the factors leading to this activity are dynamic, interacting, complex and personal.

The methodology of the study is to test for several…


Cho, Y., Song, H. (2015). Determinants of whistleblowing within government

agencies. Public Personnel Management, 44(4): 450-472.

Understanding Business Ethics
Words: 839 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82200164
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Business Ethics

A corporate ethics officer is a relatively new position in terms of modern corporate structure. However, in an age of such ethical uncertainty, this position is becoming more necessary than ever thought of. Overall, the ethics officer has three major roles in the corporation: company security, counselor, and compliance officer.

First and foremost, ethics officers are a major part of any corporation's security force. Essentially, "an ethics officer is the first line of defense for the firm as it relates to company security" (Stanwick & Stanwick, 2013, p 243). From this position, ethics officers must have both technical and business experience to be able to understand security issues as they arise and respond with swift and efficient actions. Breaches in security and ethics are thus tied in the modern work environment. Thus, "the ethics officer is responsible for making sure that appropriate actions are taken if unethical activity…


Stanwick, Peter & Stanwick, Sarah. (2013). Understanding Business Ethics. SAGE Publications.

Old Story of the The
Words: 753 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 90600329
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According to Moberly (2007) "during its first three years, only 3.6% of Sarbanes-Oxley whistleblowers won relief through the initial administrative process that adjudicates such claims, and only 6.5% of whistleblowers won appeals through the process... administrative decision makers strictly construed, and in some cases misapplied, Sarbanes-Oxley's substantive protections to the significant disadvantage of employees" (p. 65).

Legal questions also arise regarding an employee's duty to speak out against a legal infraction. This is an especially complex subject for professionals such as accountants who are bound by confidentiality. ule 301 of the AICPA's Code of Professional Conduct states that all accounting information is confidential unless the client gives written permission for it to be released. This provision was a serious issue in the case of United States v. Textron Inc. And Subsidiaries [507 F. Supp. 2d 138 (D..I. Aug. 28, 2007)]. In this case the IS was asking Textron's accounting firm…


Gabbin, A.L. & Wells, J.T. (2008) Tax workpapers and work product privilege, The CPA Journal, Retrieved 5 November, 2009 from 

Kohn, S.M. (2008) Sarbanes-Oxley Act: Legal protection for corporate whistleblowers, National Whistleblowers Center. Retrieved 5 November, 2009 from 

Moberly, R.E. (2007) Unfulfilled expectations: An empirical analysis of why Sarbanes-Oxley whistleblowers rarely win, William and Mary Law Review, 49, 65-72

Ethics and Technology Questions What
Words: 682 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45567248
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Creating reporting agencies that know how to deal with such information in a proactive manner is necessary, rather than relying upon the media to publicize the negative information.

The lack of protective legislation is another problem. However, there is often great difficulty in generating legislative and popular support for protections to be accorded to whistle-blowers. Historically, many whistleblowers are like Daniel Ellsberg, who revealed the true nature of the war in Vietnam to the American public -- they have embarrassed organizations or companies with powerful interests in Congress. Other whistleblowers seem to have mixed motives for doing so, like whistle-blowing executives who testify against a corporation solely to protect their own skins in light of a coming financial debacle or ethical scandal.

Q3: What impact has it had on the standard of living and worker productivity?

In some ways, it has vastly improved the lives of workers -- workers can…

Worldcom's Collapse and the Accounting
Words: 938 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 12571352
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The reality was that a company which aspired to be "the No. 1 stock on all Street" was instead steadily bleeding money while claim growth in the billions.

The pressure placed upon accountants at ordCom was reflective of the pressure facing accountants throughout the economy during this period of widely absence securities oversight. Indeed, the relationship between regulation and accounting is essential, and this diminished link would have catastrophic implications for the profession as a whole. Such is shown by the Scott text, which tells that "efficient securities market theory has major implications for financial accounting. One of these is that supplementary information in financial statement notes or elsewhere is just as useful as information in the financial statements proper. Another is that efficiency is defined relative to a stock of publicly known information. Financial reporting has a role to play in improving the amount, timing, and accuracy of this…

Works Cited:

Kaplan, R.S. & Kiron, D. (2007). Accounting Fraud at WorldCom. Harvard Business School.

Scott, W.R. (2006). Financial Accounting Theory, 4th Ed. Pearson-Prentice Hall.

Skeel, D. (2005). Icarus in the Boardroom: The Fundamental Flaws in Corporate America and Where They Came From. Oxford University Press.

Gender and Ethics Agree With
Words: 376 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76297636
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omen and men are inherently different and are going to see things in different lights. Men and women have different societal expectations in regard to how the act, which plays a role in how they see and respond to things. omen and men are brought up to not only expect different things from the world; society sees each as contributing different things as well. omen tend to be seen as nurturing and family oriented and men as doing things strictly by the book. hen considering the idea of whistleblowing, I think these things lend to the idea that women think about the consequences or implications of their actions and men worry about losing money or getting caught and less about what the consequences of their actions might be.

orks Cited

Devore, Sherry, and Martin, Barbara N. "Ethical Decision-Making: Practices of Female and Male Superintendents." Advancing omen in Leadership Journal 25.1…

Works Cited

Devore, Sherry, and Martin, Barbara N. "Ethical Decision-Making: Practices of Female and Male Superintendents." Advancing Women in Leadership Journal 25.1 (2008)

Glaser, Connie. "Whistleblowing: What's Gender Got to do with it?" Bizjournals. n.d. 27

February, 2009

Business Ethics Do You Think
Words: 2736 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62871638
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In this case the affair did not have any apparent effect on the business. In fact during the time of the nearly two-year affair profits actually rose. However the whistle blower believed that the affair was morally wrong, particularly because the boss was married with children.

The whistleblower believed that ultimately the affair would be detrimental to the business so he blew the whistle. He believed that the affair was an indication that the boss was a poor decision maker and that this poor decision making would ultimately cause the business some harm. Some people believed that he was not obligated to tell of the affair. However, others argued that it would be just a matter of time before the decisions that he made in his private life would affect the manner in which the business was run. In this instance the idea of preventing harm encompassed a broad scope.…

Works cited

Dahlsrud A. (2006) How Corporate Social Responsibility is

Defined: an Analysis of 37 Definitions. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management.

Davis, Michael. Some Paradoxes of Whistle Blowing. Business and Professional Ethics Journal. 15 (1)

McWilliams A., Siegel D.S. Wright P.M. (2005) Corporate Social Responsibility: Strategic Implications. Retrieved November 24 from;

Ethics in Administration Terry L
Words: 1477 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 55471692
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Whistle-blowing can have many adverse effects on the person doing the whistle-blowing and there are definitely feelings of loneliness that can arise when a whistle-blower decides to make some noise. Cooper gives some prime examples of whistle-blowing cases in chapter six, but he insists that there are still many who have "gone away quietly" (202), which may appear to be the safest option for the individual, yet that means that the public will never know the truth about what was going on -- and so, the individual really does have a moral responsibility to the public so that unethical behavior isn't allowed at any level as it will eventually seep into the very core of the organization and back into society.

Whistle-blowing, no matter what way it is looked at is "risky," according to Cooper (203). People who blow the whistle not only face scrutiny and alienation, but they may…

Ethical Behavior in Organizations
Words: 7363 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67578921
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Ethical Behavior Theory in Organizations

This analytical research report discusses the debatable issue of the much-needed ethical behavior in working milieu. The research paper highlights the fundamental characteristics, a well-drafted research design, a separate section of suggestions; a orks Cited an appendix featuring important data and relevant diagrams pertaining to the organizational behavior theory and the underlying ethical issues. The orks Cited nine sources in MLA format.


Ethics and ethical behavior: a challenge for organizations


Reasons for unethical behavior in organizations

Prevalent justifications of unethical behavior

Results from Baucus and Near's research model

Part Three


Part Four


hat is organizational behavior?

Purpose of organizational behavior

An overview of organizational behavior and its cardinal components

Basic models of organizational behaviors

Part Five


Part Six


orks Cited


Ethical Behavior…

Works Cited

Drucker P. Claremont Graduate Univ., Managing Oneself., Harvard Business

Review, 03-01-1999, pp 65.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition

Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company.

False Claims Act Contain 'Qui Tam' or
Words: 1599 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11524386
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False claims act contain 'qui tam' or whistleblower provisions. This work will discuss the pros and cons of being a whistleblower and to ask the question of if one were aware of the fraudulent issues in the healthcare organization why would they not report the issues?

In 1975, in the case (NLR vs. Weingarten, Inc. 420 U.S. 251, 88 LRRM 2689 the U.S. Supreme Court established the rights of employees to have a union representative at an investigatory interview and this rights are known as Weingarten Rights. The investigation interview happens when a supervisor questions the employee for the purpose of obtaining information that could be used in a discipline or conduct complaint against the employee. In the event the employee believes that they result negative outcomes from what they have to say the employee under the Weingarten Rights has the right to request union representation at the hearing. Once…


Angus, L. et al. (nd) Whistleblowing. Retrieved from:

Blowing the Whistle Requires Courage (1998) The Denver Business Journal. 12 Jul 1998. Retrieved from: 

Reporting a Colleague (nd) Safe Workers. Retrieved from: 

Young, AS (2007) The Pros and Cons of Being a Whistleblower. Helium. Retrieved from:

Corruption Many Things Are Different
Words: 1658 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 94287368
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hile U.S., New Zealand and Denmark have many differences, they are basically capitalist, consumer economies. To combat the corruption inherent in such a system, we need to protect and nurture whistle blowing. Certainly, the more eyes there are on a situation, the more transparent it is, both in government and in business.

The corruption that the recent recession revealed in the U.S. banking system is simply a part of the bigger problem. As the Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell text puts it well, "The ability to recognize and deal with complex business ethics issues has become a significant priority…" (Ferrell, Fraedrich, & Ferrell, 2009). Enforcement takes human observation to fulfill this priority. There is not enough police to go around. However, the common citizen, armed with legal protections, will provide this.

orks Cited

Anti-corruption. (2006, November 8). Retrieved 11 August 2010 from

Caslon analytics guide secrecy and accountability. (2008, February).…

Works Cited

Anti-corruption. (2006, November 8). Retrieved 11 August 2010 from 

Caslon analytics guide secrecy and accountability. (2008, February). Retrieved 11

August 2010 from 

Coincidental spike? (2010, April 1). The Economist, Retrieved 11 August 2010 from

Personal Can Ethics Get -Corporate and
Words: 2045 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11064574
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Basically, she is confronting the issue of role ambiguity. Is it really her job to monitor corporate ethics and compliance or should she simply wait until her manager hangs himself through his own carelessness? This introduces another stressor that she faces, that is, one of career development. Turning her boss in jeopardizes her upward mobility.

Ambiguity and threat to her career are big factors. The interpersonal relationships she has developed after the department down-sizing have become that much stronger and she feels that she may be putting her group members in jeopardy as well as herself. They have become so close partly because of the job conditions where they have had to operate independently of their mostly absent manager.


In summary, what makes this case so pertinent is that it really happened in the recent past. The ethical issues are genuine and are faced on a daily basis by…

Works Cited

Dench, Samantha. (2006). How Personal can ethics get? Journal of Management

Development, 25(10), 1013-1017.

Entine, Jon. (n.d.). Corporate ethics and accountability. Retrieved July 10, 2010 from 

Hellriegel, Slocum. (2010) 13th ed. Organizational Behavior. Mason, OH: Thompson

Satyam the Enron of India
Words: 1975 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79972791
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Satyam -- The Enron of India," involves its former chairman amalinga aju, who admitted to years of corporate fraud in 2009. At the heart of this fraud was the way in which aju handled the accounting reports of the company. An initial attempt to cover up the company's debt culminated in the necessity to fabricate an increasing amount of revenue. This ultimately culminated in 94% of the company's assets and cash being fabricated.

This type of corporate fraud is an unfortunately frequent occurrence in the world of business today. The problem involved in fraudulent activity is that it cannot continue perpetually. Even years of fraud will eventually, of necessity, be revealed when accountants or interested parties notice a discrepancy between what is reported and the cash flow that is in fact available. Furthermore, revealed corporate fraud tends to tarnish a company's reputation in the eyes of the public it serves…


Anonymous Employee (2011). Handling Corporate Fraud. Retrieved from: 

Kaplan, J.A. (2010, Jun. 10). Why Corporate Fraud is On the Rise. Forbes. Retrieved from: 

Lefcourt, D. (2011, Sep. 13). A Corporate Culture of Fraud. OpEdNews. Retrieved from: 

McArdle, J. (2011, Jan 13). U.S. Par Police Chief -- Fired for Whistle-Blowing in 2004 -- Is Reinstated. New York Times. Retrieved from:

Communication for Information System Technology
Words: 525 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70542948
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The ethics committee is also being used increasingly to provide training classes of ethics along with protection of internal whistle-blowing system. The ACCC have boosted the ongoing change by launching a system of supportive codes on ethical disagreement using third party arbitrary services. Professional institutes also are adopting code of ethics that may be used by all members of the family.

The change in trade is spreading over various professions. Around 30 institutes are providing learning course and research on ethics in Australian industries. A joint research project of U.S. And Australia suggests that social responsibility and strict adherence with proper code of ethics provides an average positive economic benefit. The aforementioned research used statistical analysis.

Some universities and educational institutes are also providing courses in business and professional ethics. The ethics centers also engage the teachers and staff providing research and consultation works. There are many other universities where…


Bowden, Peter. (2004) "Philosophy's dilemma: The institutionalising of ethics."

Information Technology IT Ethics and
Words: 342 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 90169444
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He sat on the issue until he was able to retire and then brought the unethical actions into the light. In the meantime, the government through the NSA was amassing significant information about the Internet usage of American citizens. No matter the justification for this action, it cannot be supported ethically. As individuals, we may have nothing to hide, but the erosion of civil liberties and privacy is a dangerous precedent to set. The information gathered today could easily be used against American citizens in the future, should some new justification be conjured up. It is crucial that unethical it behavior is rooted out at every possible opportunity. Only by speaking out against illicit behavior can we operate in the it world with clear consciences.

orks Cited

Gibbs, Mark. "iretapping, histle Blowing and it Ethics." Network orld. 9 Nov. 2007. 28 Nov. 2007

Works Cited

Gibbs, Mark. "Wiretapping, Whistle Blowing and it Ethics." Network World. 9 Nov. 2007. 28 Nov. 2007 .

Business Ethics in Drug Companies
Words: 3262 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35873031
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Office Memo

Sub: comment on John's claim as a whistle blower against PharmaCAE and the ethical and legal implications of the case

As a member of Dewey, Chetum, and Howe you asked me to find out suitable ethical and legal implications that John's case could bring for the firm and for John himself. Detailed in the report are the issues regarding:

The Ethical issues relating to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety in relation to PharmaCAE

Business ethics can be defined as the art, system, method and the discipline that is applied to along with ethical principles to solve complex business issues and dilemmas. It defines the actions that are taken that tries to reach a balance between the organization achieving its business and economic obligations and social obligations (Moon, 2001).

One of the ethics that is applicable in this case is related to the advertisement…

References,. (2015). CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21. Retrieved 6 June 2015, from,. (2015). CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21. Retrieved 6 June 2015, from

Outsourcing Manufacturing Far-Reaching Breaches US
Words: 2809 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57859167
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The defects will be the concern of the local manufacturer and not that of the business. This, again, will mean savings on waste, labor and shipping. As a desirable consequence, outsourcing will boost the host country's economic condition by providing affordable products to the citizens. This enhances consumer spending (Marie).

Outsourcing manufacturing, however, encourages dependence on the outsourcing partner (Marie, 2010). This is a disadvantage on the side of the contractor if the partner goes out of business. Fortunately, this can be offset if the parts for manufacturing are distributed to different contractors and all the elements sent to a final contractor to assemble the finished product. Cost and time other disadvantages. Tests will require more time for fine tuning before distribution. These processes cannot be avoided. However, strategic planning with the right outsourcing partner may prevent or eliminate the risks of outsourcing manufacturing internationally (Marie).

Ethics and Social Responsibility…


Hill, C.W.L. (2007). Ethics in international business. Chapter 4. McGraw-Hill.

Retrieved on April 8, 2011 from

Jack, a. (2010). Focus shifts to the emerging economies. Financial Times: the Financial Times, Ltd. Retrieved on April 8, 2011 from 

Joo, J.W. (2008). Pharmaceutical outsourcing: trading quality for lower costs. Health Reform Watch: Seton Hall University School of Law. Retrieved on April 8, 2011

Code of Silence Breeding Ground
Words: 1255 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 5775811
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In their examination of whistle-blowing practices -- i.e. instances where the code of silence was willingly and voluntarily broken -- in law enforcement agencies, othwell & Baldwin (2007) identified several factors that appear to have a large effect on individual officers' adherence to the code of silence. Surprisingly, tenured officers are more likely to report misconduct to superiors and others, largely because they have less to fear in the way of occupational and career-affecting reprisals (othwell & Baldwin 2007).

At first, this appears to be an encouraging sign -- officers that hold higher positions within the various law enforcement agencies are more likely to ensure that their peers and the officers underneath them adhere to the ethical practices expected of them. Yet these findings also show that younger or less tenured officers still perceive the code of silence as a way of getting ahead, suggesting that this code still provides…


Fletcher, C. (1995). Breaking and entering: Women cops break the code of silence to tell their stories from the inside. New York: Pocket Books.

Rothwell, G. & Baldwin, J. (2007). "Whistle-blowing and the code of silence in police agencies." Crime & delinquency 53, pp. 605-32.

Smith, B. & Yarussi, J. (2007). Breaking the code of silence. Washington, D.C.: American University College of Law.

Ethics the Best Practices for
Words: 392 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 34390662
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There are a couple of reasons for this. One is that outcomes are what the public sees. Therefore, it is the potential outcomes that should be the guiding ethical principles. Ethics are mainly a problem in business when a company is perceived as unethical. Monsanto is a great example - few people have any ethical problems with this company, so their lack of ethics does not impact their business prospects.

The other reason why outcomes should be the guiding principle is because one of the most significant sources of ethical problems for companies is front-line managers. These low-level managers face strong pressure from above, but are generally not the firm's best decision-makers. As a result, they make poor decisions in response to pressure. If these managers were guided by duty as their main ethical principle, they would respond to pressure by doing whatever they feel senior management wants them to…

Against Strict Compliance Arguments for
Words: 1882 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27618750
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The enactment of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act has brought exponentially higher costs of operating to every organization that must comply to its requirements. As many organizations are already quite lean in terms of headcount to minimize costs, many outsource compliance and the resulting business process management (BPO) activities to outsourcing organizations. Ironically legislation meant to bring American companies into higher levels of compliance continues to be one of the most lucrative businesses globally for outsourcing companies. Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) continues to accelerate as organizations spend heavily to gain access to expertise they do not have the funds to hire or the resources to fully take advantage of. The costs of compliance and governance and the risks associated with it paradoxically create higher levels of risk for organizations the laws were meant to protect and infuse with stability. Yet for all the costs of compliance, the benefits to organizations have already…


David Antony Detomasi 2007. The Multinational Corporation and Global Governance: Modeling Global Public Policy Networks. Journal of Business Ethics 71, no. 3 (March 1): 321-334.  (Accessed January 4, 2008).

Tim V Eaton, Michael D. Akers. 2007. Whistleblowing and Good Governance. The CPA Journal 77, no. 6 (June 1): 66-71.

King Jewels Ethical Leadership in Practice
Words: 958 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90124998
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King Jewels: Ethical Leadership Case

Leadership style may have contributed to unethical behavior because:

a) There was no leader providing guidance and keeping a watchful eye on employees for last three years.

b) Andy Wong had been busy travelling and expanding business and hence failing to provide the much-needed guidance and supervision

c) Company had become overly ambitious and leadership was more interested in excessive expansion and big plans than in checking quality,

d) Ho like most other Chinese and Hong Kong leaders mainly had a dictatorial style of leadership. He would dictate terms without engaging in meaningful dialogue with his key personnel

e) Setting huge sale targets without consulting employees had led to this unethical behavior by Clement Tam

Excessive meshing of duties and responsibilities was one of the key reasons for generating such wrongful behavior. Proper segregation of duties could have prevented this problem. This is because division…

Whistleblowers Are in the Minority in a University Study of Behaviors
Words: 683 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28058639
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disobedience between individuals and it deals with unjust authority. An experimental scenario was set up by the authors in order to see -- from a group of 149 individuals -- how many of them would obey an "unethical request" and how many would not obey, and would instead blow the whistle on the request.

The authors did this study because they believe that there has not been enough research into the "nature of disobedience to unjust authority," and the bottom line it seems is this: who are the whistleblowers and how are they different from those who go along with unfair, immoral, or unjust demands?

Summary of the procedure used by the authors: The authors explain on page 37 that the whistleblower doesn't get off just because he revealed a situation that is wrong or unjust; rather, the whistleblower must expect to have "future involvement" with the authorities that he…

Works Cited

Bocchiaro, P., Zimbardo, P.G., and Van Lange, P.A.M. (2012). To defy or not to defy: An experimental study of the dynamics of disobedience and whistle-blowing. Social Influence, 7(1), 35-50.

Request for Loan Forgiveness
Words: 4575 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Chapter Paper #: 11994382
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ITT Technical Institute, Sylmar Campus, Computer and Electronics Engineering Technology (AAS), 15-MA-04 / 05-MA-06, Electronics and Communications Engineering Technology (BS) 13-MA-06 / 02-DEC-07

Department of Education,

This letter will describe my experiences at ITT and why I believe I was misled by the school and the victim of fraudulence. As a result of these experiences and the facts that have come to light regarding ITT (enclosed in the Appendix), I am seeking a forgiveness on my federal loan based on current events that made me realize that what ITT did was a completely wrong to not only myself but to countless other people.

While I understand that my satisfaction of the school is not a foundation for the fraud, however, the promise that ITT gave me regarding cost, job, value and experience of my education is what is fraudulent. They created an expectation of job security and financial future that…


Federal Student Aid. (2016). Closure of ITT Technical Institutes. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Education website: 

"ITT Tech Fact Sheet." (2016). ITT Technical Institute for the Future of Debt. Retrieved October 29, 2016, from 

Kerpen, P. (2016, August 8). Fed Set to Unload Explosive Student Loan Rule that will Dump Billions on Taxpayers. CNS News. Retrieved October 29, 2016, from 

King, J.B. (2016, September). A Message from the Secretary of Education to ITT Students. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Education website:

Values and Ethics Values Ethics
Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52090132
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Though the concepts of professional values and ethics are relatively simple and straightforward, the effects that the choices made with different values and ethics have are quite far reaching and complex. No matter what specific values or ethical systems are being applied to a given situation, there are certain limitations to the actions and behaviors that can be taken and the choices that can be made. For instance, the case of price fixing between two major soda manufacturers and distributors could have been handled in two ways, each with its own set of short- and long-term effects on te careers of the individuals involved. The decision to engage in price fixing led to the imprisonment of at least one of the men; though the short-term effects lived up to the promise of a more lucrative career, security for the executive's family, and other benefits, in the long-term his career was…

Worldcom Case Took the Entire
Words: 1093 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76253551
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Madoff Investment Securities LLC (BLMIS) committed one of the greatest financial frauds in U.S. history. Investigations revealed that Mr. Madoff operated an elaborate "Ponzi Scheme" that started operating in 1980s.Even though Madoff was initially supposed to invest all of his clients' money in the securities markets, he never did so. Instead, he deposited the whole amount in a certain bank account that he held with the Chase Manhattan Bank. He therefore fulfilled his client's redemption requests using his own money. The fraud value was estimated at $50 billion and became a matter of public knowledge only after Madoff confessed to the crime. It can be regarded as the biggest financial fraud in U.S.'s history and it affected a large number of investors.The financial industry blamed the investors as well as regulators for neglecting the various warning signals that enabled Maddoff to continue with the fraud for several decades.

The Board…


Akhigbe, A., Martin, A., and Whyte, A., (2005). Contagion effects of the world's largest bankruptcy: the case of WorldCom. The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance

45 (2005) 48 -- 64

Haque, F., Arun, T., and Kirkpatrick, C (2008) "Corporate Governance and Capital Markets: A

Conceptual Framework," 'Journal of Corporate Ownership and Control', 5(2)

Media and Film
Words: 1948 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28918560
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Shattered Glass

Stephen Glass, the protagonist of the film, played by Hayden Christensen, works for The New Republic as a reporter. His use of colorful stories to draw attention from readers earns him a solid reputation amongst his peers and his employers. Michael Kelly, an editor that backs Glass' eventually discovered false stories, gets fired for standing up for himself. Glass then writes a hacker story that he himself did not check and is therefore caught in the first real instance of the movie of corruption. A reporter, wishing to earn or maintain a good reputation, fabricates a story.

How it was discovered, was when Charles Lane becomes weary of the so called, "credible sources," of Glass' piece. When he discovers that Glass never went to the restaurant he said he did and never went to a hacking convention, and only relied on online, false sources, Glass gets suspended. Many…

Ethics Has Always Been a
Words: 1052 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 11330563
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On the contrary, for Kant, to live a moral life is to live a life that is lived almost completely because of obligation (Moran, Rein & Goodin 2008, p 354). Someone can still do something that is their duty, but that doesn't mean that what they do isn't immoral. A simple example would be if a person owed money: in Kantian morality, if a person paid back the money simply because they owed it and they felt it was their moral obligation to do so, this would be moral; however, if a person paid back money only because they thought that it would help them out if they ever needed to borrow money again, this would be immoral.

Kantian morality -- or the ethical system that we call "deontological" (luhm & Heineman 2007, p. 26) -- has to do with whether or not "its rules do not allow us to…


Bardach, Eugene. (2008). A practical guide for policy analysis: the eightfold path to more effective problem solving. CQ Press; 3rd edition.

Bluhm, William. & Heinemann, Robert A. (2007). Ethics and public policy: method and cases. Longman.

Fischer, Frank. & Miller, Gerald J. (2006). Handbook of public policy analysis: theory, politics and methods. CRC Press; 1st edition.

Moran, Michael., Rein, Martin. & Goodin, Robert E. (2008). The Oxford handbook of public policy. Oxford University Press.

Southwest Airlines' Culture Continues to
Words: 812 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 97797981
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There are many examples of this throughout the company's history, all pointing to the fact that employees who have a strong sense of ownership and wiliness to sacrifice for the greater good. Southwest's ability to translate cultural values into financial performance while embracing, even attacking change, in their industry is what fuels their profitability. Through the worst recession in 40 years, Southwest has been able to generate positive eturn on Investment (OI), eturn on Assets (OA), and eturn on Equity (OE).

Sustaining and Strengthening the Culture Given Strategic Decisions Made

The case study shows that while Southwest excels with their culture from a purely customer service standpoint, their leadership and management of maintenance, repair, overhaul and support has been a weakness that in 2007 became a liability. Southwest had failed to create a culture of transparency and accountability to the point of whistle-blowing in its maintenance organizations. As a result…


Freiberg, K. And Freiberg, J. (1996), Nuts: Southwest Airlines' Crazy Recipe for Business and Personal Success, Broadway Books, New York, NY.

Ginger Hardage (2006). PROFILE: COMMUNICATING the SOUTHWEST WAY. Strategic Communication Management, 10(3), 4.

Thomas a. Kochan (2006). Taking the High Road. MIT Sloan Management Review, 47(4), 16-19.

Dawna L. Rhoades (2006). Growth, customer service and profitability Southwest style. Managing Service Quality, 16(5), 538-547.

Immigration the Impact of Immigration
Words: 10109 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 4946572
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e can see that minority status has far less to do with population size, and instead seems very much to be inclined by race, ethnicity and political power instead. This label of minority status is in many ways used as a tag by which certain groups are detained from political unity or effectiveness.

To a large degree, this is a condition which relates to the nature of the Hispanic demographic, which in spite of its cultural diversity, is typically perceived by the larger American public as a single unified entity. This is both untrue and reflects the ethnocentric qualities of the white American political body that have tended to relegate the Hispanic population to representation that is not proportional to its true presence here. Indeed, "although Mexican-Americans continue to be the largest group within the Latino population, increasing immigration from other Latin American means they are perhaps the most culturally…

Works Cited:

Agencia EFE. (2009). Hispanics ask Obama for More Key Government Posts. Hispanic Business. Ret. Feb. 13, 2010 at

Auerbach, a.J. & Oreopoulos, P. (1999). Analyzing the Fiscal Impact of U.S. Immigration. The American Economic Review, 89(2).

Bernstein, R. (2008). U.S. Hispanic population surpasses 45 million now 15% of total. U.S. Census Bureau News.

Borjas, G. (1995). The Economic Benefits from Immigration. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9(2).

Ground Rules in the Galleon
Words: 658 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85432971
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For the law firms, a multi-point ethical program can address some of the shortcomings of their employees.

Fraud is a unique ethical case, since there is no ethical dilemma, only outright criminality. To an extent, fraud is a situation where it is garbage in, garbage out. Thus, hiring becomes the first step in building a strong ethical program. This is especially true in an M&A division, where workers will be exposed to insider trading opportunities on a near-daily basis. The firms must incorporate ethics testing and other techniques to improve the ethical quality of their new hires.

New hires should be subjected to an intensive ethical training program. Company standards must be made clear, along with the consequences of breach of those standards. The ethics training program should be reinforced with follow-up programs, to make sure that the high ethical standards become part of the corporate culture. The program should…

Works Cited:

Glovin, D.; van Voris, B. & Gallu, J. (2009). Hedge fund managers, traders charged in Galleon trading probe. Bloomberg. Retrieved November 6, 2009, from 

Gleeson, W. (2003). Designing an effective corporate ethics program. LexisNexis. Retrieved November 17, 2009 from

Ethics the First Action to
Words: 407 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 54325236
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This theory states that crime emerges in the absence of control and shrinks in the presence of control. Corporations therefore can take many steps to encourage moral responsibility, by exercising control at certain points. If employees receive steady encouragement, this is the presence of control on behavior. At other times, the absence of control can be used to promote positive actions. The absence of punishment for whistle-blowing or consideration of moral elements of corporate decisions can promote such activities. hen these activities flourish, the corporation will be fulfilling the second action. Corporations must thus be cognizant of the ways in which they can use the presence of absence of control mechanisms to attain ethical goals and encourage moral responsibility. Fraud can occur when an employee acts in self-interest or what he or she perceives to be the interest of the corporation. However, the presence of anti-fraud controls and the absence…

Works Cited:

Cullen & Agnew (2002), adapted. Criminology Theory Summaries. University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire. Retrieved July 16, 2009 from

Ethics After Being Rejected for
Words: 3579 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 34166874
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In 2003, he resigned both posts as news of the twin scandals emerged. The Air Force froze the contract that Druyun had negotiated, precipitating Condit's resignation and retirement.

Condit had joined Boeing in 1965 as an engineer and moved into management in 1973, working on marketing the 727. He completed an MBA at Sloan in 1975 and returned to Boeing, progressing rapidly up the ranks. By 1983, he became VP and General Manager of the 757 division before moving on to other VP posts. In 1996, he moved from President to CEO and a year later was named Chairman.

There is little to indicate that Condit himself was a significant contributor to the governance problems at Boeing. Although he was an engineer by training, he spent much of his time at Boeing in marketing. The hiring manager, Bill Erskine, who had hired Ken Branch in the first place, had just…

Works Cited:

MSN Moneycentral: Boeing. (2009). Retrieved April 6, 2009 from 

Boeing Form 10-K (December 2008).

Boeing 2002 Annual Report. Retrieved April 6, 2009 from 

Boeing 2006 Annual Report. Retrieved April 6, 2009 from

Job Withdrawal Conditions and Progression
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But when the conditions that caused the dissatisfaction cannot be changed, or seem like they cannot be changed, employees lash out in other ways. These can be passive, as they physically withdraw from the organization. Of course, the employee can leave his or her job or transfer, but some employees simply come to work later and later, take more sick or personal days, leave work earlier, take long lunch breaks, and find reasons to be out of the office. hen the employee is there, he or she psychologically withdraws -- daydreaming, using the Internet to do non-work related business, and simply not making a true investment in his or her work. An employee may proceed in a rote fashion, and even get all of his or her job tasks done mechanically, but he or she is not really making an investment in the organization, and the organization is not deriving…

Works Cited

Gaining a competitive advantage: Chapter 10-Employee separation and retention. (2008). Human

Resource Management. McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Retrieved March 25, 2009 at

Public Personnel the Merit System
Words: 897 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28940543
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Addressing this issue is a matter of policy, and difficult to address at the management level. However, extensive recruiting procedures in diverse communities may help to combat the continued disparity of advantages for many minorities. In addition, social representation can be achieved by promoting educational and employment opportunities in a variety of socio-economic settings. The use of internships can also create exposure both of public agencies and of the diverse emerging workforce.

5) There are many different variables that contribute to achieving productivity in the workplace. Research shows that employee satisfaction with their work is a major factor in determining employee productivity. Satisfaction can be improved with increased benefits, including increased wages and salaries, but another very important factor in job satisfaction is the employee's interest in their work and the belief that they are necessary. Promoting a workplace that shows how much it values its employees is essential to…

Social Responsibility Two Prehistoric Men
Words: 1689 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58820063
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A capitalistic society that provides open and free competition did not bring about Enron and similar debacles. It was the second part of Friedman's statement: "without deception or fraud" that led to such situations. It was the greed of several individuals who misreported their profits to get a larger part of the pot. Unfortunately, there will always be individuals like this -- it is human nature. That does not make the whole system corrupt. One can say that the competition inherent in the capitalistic enterprise encourages such behavior. Hoarding by one of the cave dwellers would never work. The hope is that lessons are learned from situations such as these -- that nothing works perfectly.

ichard E. Hattwick, professor at Western Illinois University and co-founder of the American National Business Hall of Fame concludes:

competitive market situations encourage the reasonably high standard of business ethics called the ethic of justice.…


Boatright, J.R. 1994. Fiduciary duties and the shareholder-management relation: or, what's so special about shareholders? Business Ethics Quarterly 4:393-407

Friedman, M. The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits. The New York Times Magazine. September 13, 1970." 

Hasnas, J. 1998 the normative theories of business ethics: a guide for the perplexed.

Business Ethics Quarterly. 8:19-42

Asylums in the 19th Century
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He believed asylums should be planned to encourage work, both physical and mental. To get away from the stress and turmoil of the city, an asylum should be erected out in the country where there was space for patients "to work, walk, and congregate. He called for plenty of large windows, one central building, separate buildings for the genders, and separate wings for wards" (Haller & Larsen, 2005, p. 262).

The Kirkbride asylum had a central administration building with a dome that was flanked by two wings of tiered wards. esidents were separated according to sex and the symptoms of their illnesses, with "excited patients" on the lower floors farther away from the administrative center. Well-behaved, more rational patients were placed on uppers floors closer to the administrative section. Fresh air, natural light, and scenic views of the park-like grounds were available to all wards.

Kirkbride asylums were designed to…


Curran, J. (2006). Psychiatric wards as permeable institutions. Mental Health Practice, 10 (2), 29-30.

Dowbiggin, I. (1997). The most solitary of afflictions: Madness and society in Britain, 1700-1900. Victorian Studies, 40 (2), 360-363.

Haller, B. And Larsen, R. (2005). Persuading sanity: Magic lantern images and the nineteenth-century moral treatment in America. Journal of American Culture, 28 (3), 259-272.

Hughes, W. (2002). "Cure, Comfort and Safe Custody:" Public lunatic asylums in early nineteenth-century England. Victorian Studies, 44 (2), 328-332.

Disclosure This Report Represents a
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As oversight staffing budgets are reduced and redundancy is addressed, many states will follow Pennsylvania's lead.

Concept Discussion

In our current setting, healthcare organizations are legislatively driven to follow strict disclosure polices in order to shield patient related and other protected data yet still these facilities and staff will be required to provide superior customer service. Thus, the information age has strained governmental legislation bolstering individual patient's privacy. "In the past decade, we have undergone a dramatic transformation in the way we shop, bank, and go about our daily business -- changes that have resulted in an unprecedented proliferation of records and data." (Soloye)

This vast amount of information that has been created or has suddenly become available now requires all new regulations regarding disclosure of medical information. The nursing profession has obviously been affected.

For example, nursing staffs often must get written permission to disclose, discuss or review a…

Requiring Ethnics Training to Employees Is Simply a Dog and Pony Show Why or Why
Words: 2443 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77662360
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Ethics Training for Employees

"ecently we have become aware of massive fraud and abuses that are tolerated and even encouraged by executives in large and formerly reputable organizations" (Lee, 2004). The Enron scandal sent ricochets through corporate America, causing literally thousands of people to lose their jobs and sending a major city into a deeper recession than that experienced by the rest of the country. Even seemingly minor corporate scandals have had a tremendous impact on both corporate America and on consumer confidence in corporations. One need only look at the recent media fury surrounding Martha Stewart's recent release from prison to realize that corporate misbehavior is the hot-button issue of the day. As evidenced by the abundance of "Free Martha" t-shirts, the negative impacts of corporate ethical issues are not always apparent on the surface. However, the fact is that abusive and illegal practices that have been permitted, and…


Joseph, J., Wan Veer, L., and McFadden, A. (2004). Ethics in the Workplace. Retrieved 12 Mar. 2005 from Executive Update Online

Web site: 

Lee, W. (2004). Ethics: Compliance vs. Commitment. Retrieved 12 Mar. 2005, from Society for Human Resource Management

Web site:

Business Fraud in the Wake of Scandals
Words: 1487 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 3613945
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Business Fraud

In the wake of scandals such as Enron and others, corporate fraud still appears to be prevalent across the business world. The reasons for this can be many and varied, although greed and a sense of hubris appear to be two of the common role players. In other cases, desperation could also be a factor, where a business is in danger of failing and its owners or managers see little choice but to cheat or sing with the boat. In many of the fraud cases, questions regarding regulation also abound, where regulatory authorities appear to be unable to either identify fraudulent activity or to sufficiently monitor the actions of those involved. This appears to be at least partly the case as far as ussell Wasendorf Sr. is concerned, who recently confessed to have committed fraud as the owner of his brokerage for 20 years Huffstutter and Polansek, 2012).…


Holton, C. (2009). Identifying disgruntled employee systems fraud risk through text mining: A simple solution for a multi-billion dollar problem. Decision Support Systems, Vol. 46. Retrieved from:

Huffstutter, P.J. And Polansek, T. (2012, Jul 13). With ego too big to fail, Iowa broker admits 20-year fraud. Reuters. Retrieved from:  -- sector.html

Johnson, S.A., Ryan, H.E., and Tian, Y.S. (2008, Feb 29). Managerial Incentives and Corporate Fraud: The Sources of Incentives Matter. Retrieved from:

Langevoort, D.C. (2007). On Leaving Corporate Executives "Naked, Homeless and Without Wheels": Corporate Fraud, Equitable Remedies, and the Debate Over Entity vs. Individual Liability. Georgetown Law; The Scholarly Commons. Retrieved from:

Customer's Loyalty in the Online
Words: 9559 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32168162
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anking and financial services includes such firms as investment banks, commercial banks, brokerage firms, and credit card institutions. The common it pulse throughout the daily operations of these organizations involves utilizing systems to communicate between branches and subsidiaries, establishing operations throughout the world, communicating with the end customer in order to facilitate transactions, and analyzing customer and market attributes in order to reduce uncertainties in such aspects as pricing policies" (p. 24). Some of the more salient issues affecting the financial services industry today are described further in Table ____ below.

Table ____.

Examples of utilization of information technology in order to enhance efficiency and productivity by the financial services industry.

Area Impacted

Description of Impact

Credit card institutions store, retrieve, and analyze vast amounts of demographic customer information enabling them to more accurately target potential markets for new products and also identify less-attractive, credit-risk customers.

This allows them to…


Brewster, Chris, Hilary Harris and Paul Sparrow. (2004). Globalizing Human Resource Management. New York: Routledge.

Cocheo, S. (2006). "Does Your Product Line Need a Trim?" ABA Banking Journal, 98(7), 7.

Das, Dilip K. (2004). Financial Globalization and the Emerging Market Economies. New York: Routledge.

Dennis, Charles and Lisa Harris. (2002). Marketing the E-Business. London: Routledge.

Tension Between Businesses Interests in Maximizing Profits
Words: 3563 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27252552
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tension between businesses interests in maximizing profits and the public's interest in receiving complete, truthful, and non-misleading information about products that they purchase.

The dangers against greenwashing are that consumers will have no confidence in the products or services they are buying. This means that they will not purchase specific items. As they feel they are being deceived and cheated through false labeling / misrepresentation. At the same time, there is the possibility that a firm could face penalties from government regulators who feel that they are engaging in false advertising. This will have a negative impact on the image of the organization and their ability to address the needs of customers in the future. ("Six Sins of Greenwashing," 2007)

For an executive; it is advisable to not practice these kinds of policies. The reason why is because it will hurt the brand image of the products they are selling…


Clean Air Act Summary. (2013). EPA. Retrieved from: 

Environmental Protections Rules and Regulations. (2012). Federal Register, 77 (32), 9304 -- 9513.

EPA To Set Modest Pace. (2010). EPA. Retrieved from:!OpenDocument 

New Source Litigation. (2013). Southern Company. Retrieved from:

Size Case Study 1 Nancy Worked Stay
Words: 588 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 14871254
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size) Case Study #1: Nancy worked Stay Healthy Hospital 17 years a physical therapist position.

Advising H how to handle Nancy

Under the Americans With Disabilities Act, businesses are required to make reasonable accommodations for employee disabilities. "This includes job restructuring and equipment modifications. If necessary, employers must make some changes to enable the qualified job applicant with a disability to perform the essential functions of the job."[footnoteef:1] However, Nancy's difficulties are currently transcending the boundaries of 'reasonable accommodations' and are hampering her ability to perform her duties. The hospital has allowed her to take leave to help manage her illness but her performance has not improved. The hospital should document patient complaints; note the repeated attempts to accommodate Nancy's illness and produce documentation to indicate how Nancy's repeated absences have inconvenienced staff members. [1: "ADA," OIC, 2012 Mar, [4 May 2013]]

Simply taking leave is no longer suitable…


"ADA," ORIC, 2012 Mar, [4 May 2013]

"Sick leave," HLBLR, [5 May 2013]