Women In Combat Essays (Examples)

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Woman in the Military Although Their Numbers

Words: 1435 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93330828

Woman in the Military

Although their numbers are still disappointingly small, military women now serve with distinction in every service. The women who served in Operation Desert Storm flew planes into enemy territory, fired weapons, commanded combat support units, ferried troops in to the combat zone and carried them fuel and supplies. At the end of the war, Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney applauded the women's performance: "They did a bang up job....They were every bit as professional as their male colleagues." He also noted that he "wouldn't be at all surprised to see the role of women in combat expanded in the year ahead." Yet, more than a decade later, women are still prohibited from direct combat. Recently, Jessica Lynch's actions on the battlefield in Iraq are once again fueling the debate over the role of women in the military. Many are in favor of letting women join men…… [Read More]


Active Duty Servicewomen by Branch of Service and Rank, 2001." Infoplease. 23 May 2003.   http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0004600.html  .

Hoar, William P. "Case Against Women in Combat." The New American. 8 Feb. 1993. Vol. 9,

No. 03. 23 May 2003. http://www.thenewamerican.com/tna/1993/vo09no03/vo09no03_women_combat.htm.

Jones, Rebecca. "Women in the Face of War." Oak Park and River Forest. 23 May 2003. pretations/2000interp/Jones, Rebecca.doc+military+and+%22combat+exclusion%22+and repeal&hl=en&ie=UTF-8
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Women in the Military Benefits

Words: 772 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39142532

It has been observed that units that have female soldiers in them are better behaved and have less discipline issues than those units that are all male. It is felt that this contributes to the overall readiness of the units, making them more productive and less distracted. Senior leaders feel that this is a win, win situation for everyone involved (Putko & Johnson, 2008).

A fourth benefit is that of having female soldiers in the places where they are needed most. There are times when situations call for things to be done that only a female can do. For example if there is a time when a female prisoner needs to be searched, this is something that should not be done by a male soldier, but is better of done by a female. If there are no female soldiers in the combat zones where the action is happening, who is…… [Read More]


Eberhart, D. (2004, December 10). Pentagon Wants Women in Combat. Retrieved February 21, 2009, from Newsmax.com Web Site: http://archive.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2004/12/9/133043.shtml

Putko, M., Johnson, D. (Eds.). (2008). Women in Combat Compendium. Retrieved February 25, 2009 at  http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=830
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Women in History Problem of

Words: 2121 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50192508

Author Goldman continues, "ather than assuming that all women are incapable of performance by virtue of the average woman's lack of capability, specific requirements should serve as the selection criteria, not gender" (Goldman 271). Gender should not matter if it does not matter to the women who want to join.

The government could open up more combat jobs to women to help solve the problem, and women who were interested in combat positions should be encouraged to serve in the armed forces. Indeed, in their own study, the government found that with the right training, women's physical capabilities can increase. Another author notes, "An Army esearch Institute of Environmental Medicine report (January 26, 1996) shows that intensive training of motivated women can increase their physical abilities" (Jernigan 51). Thus, physical limitations are simply an excuse many people use to argue against women in the military. Even the military itself recognizes…… [Read More]


Goldman, Nancy Loring, ed. Female Soldiers -- Combatants or Noncombatants?: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982.

Jernigan, Pat. "Women at War: Gender Issues of Americans in Combat." Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 19.1 (2001): 51.

Marley, David John. "Phyllis Schlafly's Battle against the ERA and Women in the Military." Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 18.2 (2000):

Toktas, Sule. "Nationalism, Militarism and Gender Politics: Women in the Military." Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 20.2 (2002): 29+.
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Women Serving in the Infantry

Words: 2412 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88624709

Female Soldiers in the Contemporary Society


Effectiveness of having women soldiers

Impediments preventing female soldiers from being considered equal

Typical solutions

Education as the solution

There is much controversy regarding the presence of women in the military, in spite of the fact that the contemporary society has reached a particularly advanced level of civilization. Although women tended to be discriminated when being involved in military corps over the years, some situations required their presence and thus made it mandatory for men to accept them. The military in general acknowledged the important role that women can play in the army but there is still a lot to do in order for them to actually be appreciated for their abilities. Education is the key to better integrating women in the military and in order for army corps to be as effective as possible individuals who are part of them have to…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Agosin, M. (2001). Women, Gender, and Human Rights: A Global Perspective. Rutgers University Press

Benatar, D. (2012). The Second Sexism: Discrimination Against Men and Boys. John Wiley & Sons.

Irby, I. "FET' to fight: Female Engagement Team makes history." Retrieved August 14, 2013, from  http://www.army.mil/article/101111/ 

Lapidus, L.M. "How far has the women's movement moved in the last 40 years?." Retrieved August 14, 2013, from http://www.trust.org/item/20130425123242-hj209/
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Should Women Be Allowed to Serve in Combat Positions in the Military

Words: 963 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39336138

omen in Combat

The participation of women in the war against Iraq has once again focused attention on the question of women in the military.

Many have argued that because of biology and psychology, women are inherently unsuited for military life in general and to combat in particular. However, this argument ignores how women's participation in the military has steadily increased since the Korean ar. Today, women can now attend public military schools and are eligible for promotion to the highest ranks. This paper argues that as women's role in society continues to evolve, then so must the role of women in the military. This includes allowing women to serve in combat positions during times of war.

Those opposed to women in the military base their arguments on the assumption that biological differences between men and women make women unable to fulfill combat duties. Syndicated columnist Mona Charen, for example,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Charon, Mona. "Eight Good Reasons to Oppose Women in the Military." In Current Issues and Enduring Questions: A Guide to Critical Thinking and Argument with Readings. 6th ed. Sylvan Barnet and Hugo Bedau, eds. New York: Bedford St. Martins Press, 2004.

Eskind, Amy. "A Post-Gulf Memorial Day" Arms and the Woman." The Washington Post, May 26, 1991. ProQuest Database.

Norwood, Vivian. "Eight Reasons Why Women Should Be in the Military." In Current Issues and Enduring Questions: A Guide to Critical Thinking and Argument with Readings. 6th ed. Sylvan Barnet and Hugo Bedau, eds. New York: Bedford St. Martins Press, 2004.
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Women's Isolation Despite Representing Half of the

Words: 1982 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28863694

Women's Isolation

Despite representing half of the human population, until very recently women were not afforded the same rights and freedoms as men. Furthermore, in much of the world today women remain marginalized, disenfranchised, and disempowered, and even women in the United States continue to face undue discrimination, whether in the workplace, at home, or in popular culture. However, this should not be taken as a disregarding of the hard-fought accomplishments of women since 1865, because over the course of intervening years, women have managed to gain a number of important rights and advantages. In particular, after spending the nineteenth century largely isolated within the domestic sphere, over the course of the twentieth century women won the right to vote, the right to equal pay and housing, and freedom over their own bodies in the form of birth control. By examining the history of these important developments, one is able…… [Read More]


Adams, C. (2003). Women's suffrage: A primary source history of the women's rights movement in america. New York: Rosen Publishing Group.

Chen, L.Y., & Kleiner, B.H. (1998). New developments concerning the equal pay act.

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 17(1), 13-20.

Gordon, L. (2002). The moral property of women: A history of birth control politics in america.
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Women in the Workforce Training Plan Breaking

Words: 1937 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94183325

Women in the Workforce

Training Plan: Breaking the Glass Ceiling at Intuit

Intuit revolutionized the accounting industry with innovative applications that assist with financial analysis and tax preparation. Since 1983 Intuit has been a proud leader providing our most famous products: Quicken and TurboTax to a wide variety of customers from individuals to small businesses and corporations. We have prided ourselves on providing an excellent workplace that sparks creativity and builds long-term relationships. Our atmosphere is one of continual learning and growth.

However, this focus on growth always means that there is room for improvement. The following examines a new training plan to help take advantage of one area that could be improved. Intuit attracts young movers and shakers. However, women have recently complained that their needs are being ignored. The following will examine a plan to include women in the Intuit mix in a way that allows them truly…… [Read More]


Intuit Inc., (2008, August 13). Intuit Unveils Small Business Connected Strategy. Intuit.

Retrieved from http://about.Intuit.com/about_Intuit/press_room/press_release/2008/0813.jsp li, M., Metz, I., & Kulik, C. (2007, December 4-7) Workforce gender diversity: Is it a source of competitive advantage? Paper presented at the 21st ANZAM conference, Sydney,

Australia Retrieved from  http://eprints.qut.edu.au/40898/1/40898.pdf 

Griffiths, M. & Moore, K. (2010). 'Disappearing Women': A Study of Women Who Left the UK
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Women and Human Rights Summaries

Words: 1705 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14799107

Nonetheless, Lu sees some hope for transgressive representations of Asian women in media, particularly in those films which actively seek to explode stereotypes regarding Asian women not simply by fulfilling the desires of a white, patriarchal society but rather by demonstrating full-fledged, unique characters whose Asian and female identity is only one constituent part of their personality and whose expression is not limited to the roles prescribed for Asian women in American media (24-26).

orks Cited

Lu, Lynn. "Critical Visions: The Representation and Resistance of Asian omen." Dragon

Ladies: Asian-American Feminists Breathe Fire. 1st ed. Cambridge, MA: South End

Press, 1999. 184-189. Print.

Mihesuah, David Abbot. "Feminists, Tribalists, or Activists?" Indigenous American omen:

Decolonization, Empowerment, Activism. 1st ed. Omaha, NE: University of Nebraska

Press, 2003. 115-123. Print.

Smith, Andrea. "Sexual Violence as a Tool of Genocide." Conquest: Sexual Violence and American Indian Genocide. 1st ed. Cambridge, MA: South End Press,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lu, Lynn. "Critical Visions: The Representation and Resistance of Asian Women." Dragon

Ladies: Asian-American Feminists Breathe Fire. 1st ed. Cambridge, MA: South End

Press, 1999. 184-189. Print.

Mihesuah, David Abbot. "Feminists, Tribalists, or Activists?" Indigenous American Women:
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Women of Today Have Come Along Way

Words: 1494 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30526144

Women of today have come along way because society has recognized that they have voices as well as men do. From the entire world, women have maintained their place due to the new customs that have arisen over the years. They have been able to go vote and work, which puts them as equals with men For example, South Korea; there is a female president instead of a make. Therefore, women have overcome the stereotypes that society has created from sixty years ago. No matter what country or culture women are in, it has been proven during the last two decades they are no longer inferior when it comes to being equals with men. In other words, regardless of what society throws at women, they become stronger and more powerful every day.

In Mexico, Mexicans place a high value on family and traditional values. lthough women make up an increasingly…… [Read More]

Along with India, South Korea has build up support for women so that they can be equal. The Korean Women's Development Institute or KWDI was established in 1983 to promote women's social participation and welfare by carrying out research and studies on women, by providing education and training for women, and by assisting women's activities. A law passed by the Korean National Assembly in 1982 mandates the KWDI to assist government in popularizing gender consciousness, as well as in promoting gender equality in policy formulation and implementation. Originally under the auspices of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, and then under the Ministry of Political Affairs, KWDI is now being coordinated by the Special Committee on Women's Affairs directly under the Office of the President (South Korea).

KWDI has three anchor programs, namely; the Research Center, the Lifelong Education Center, and the Women's Information Center. The Research Center carries out basic research and policy studies to promote gender consciousness in various fields of society and life as well as to formulate and implement policies that supports gender equality. The Lifelong Education Center provides gender consciousness education, women's leadership training, women's capacity development, and training of international experts. It also hosts international activities, and acts as a comprehensive assistance center for women's non-formal education. Last but not the least, the Women's Information Center produces and distributes information about the research and projects of the KWDI, as well as information about women's issues and concerns. It systematizes and computerizes various kinds of women's information through databases, and provides information service through its library, various publications, and its nation-wide electronic information network (South Korea). Therefore, women in South Korea have become very strong and determined without the help with men which only means they are growing more powerful every day.

In that case, women in most societies were denied some of the legal and political rights accorded to men. Although women in much of the world have gained significant legal rights, many people believe that women still do not have complete political, economic, and social equality with men. In South Korea, through AWORC, the KWDI hopes to share its resource and library holdings to women outside of South Korea, and to make resource and information generated by women's organizations and institutes accessible to the communities it serves. Throughout each countrywomen are becoming more self-made and the only people that they rely on themselves.
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Women's Movement Triumph Over History

Words: 2200 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3844246

Support like this was not uncommon. omen were demonstrating how useful they could become and by asserting their knowledge along with their feminine nature, they were showing men they could be a positive influence on society. As the effort grew, it became more organized and it gained momentum. In 1869, Lucy Stone helped establish the American oman Suffrage Association (ASA), which worked for women's right to vote. The association became a powerful force behind the women's movement. Its main goal was to force individual states to grant women the right to vote to women. In 1890, the ASA joined with the National oman Suffrage Association, which Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Stanton formed in 1869. The new organization was called the National American oman Suffrage Association, and it held conventions, waged voting campaigns and distributed literature in support of women's voting rights.

The Equal Rights amendment was passed in 1972.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anthony, Susan B. "Declaration of Rights of the Women of the United States 4 July 1876."

Rutgers University Online Database. 06 May, 2010. Web.


Binder, Frederick. The Way We Lived D.C. Heath and Company. 1994. Print.
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Women's Rights in Ethiopia A

Words: 798 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29170556

Although she sent her son to school, Zenebu kept her eldest daughter at home to help with her housework, and planned to circumcise all of her daughters, as she was circumcised as a child. (Female circumcision is not only more painful than male circumcision; it can cause life-threatening health complications throughout the circumcised woman's life).

Family planning is not talked about socially in traditional Ethiopian culture, except at local health clinics, and even there the emphasis is on the relatively ineffective rhythm method. Catholic health organizations will not discuss family planning or other means of birth control, and many men still consider a large brood of children both to be a sign of masculinity as well as a necessary source of income and labor. Yet prohibitively large families often become an economic burden upon women and men, and quite often it is the daughters of large families who suffer the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Implementing the Ethiopian Policy for Women: Institutional and Regulatory Issues, 1998. the

Women's Affairs Office, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, the World Bank.

October 14, 2009.  http://www.ethioembassy.org.uk/fact%20file/a-z/women-1.htm 

Ofcansky, Thomas P. & LaVerle Berry, editors. Ethiopia: A Country Study. Washington: GPO
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Women's Rights Equality in the Workforce Equal Pay

Words: 4388 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20727150


Women's ights: Equality in the Workplace, Equal Pay

Legislative background. The word "sex" is always an attention-getter, and when used in legislation, it can be polarizing. Public Law 82-352 (78 Stat. 241) was passed by Congress in 1964 as a civil rights statute. The Law made it a crime to discriminate in all aspects of employment on the basis of race and sex. epresentative Howard W. Smith (D-VA) added the word "sex" at the eleventh hour (O'Neill, 2011), reported to keep the bill from being passed. As a conservative Southerner, Smith was seen as an opponent of federal civil rights legislation. But Smith defended his action, explaining that he had amended the bill because of his work with the National Women's Party and his efforts to support Alice Paul. The effort to retain the word "sex" in the bill was led by…… [Read More]


About NOW, National Organization of Women. Retrieved http://www.now.org / organization/info.html

About Us, Women's International Forum. Retrieved   http://www.iwf.org/  

About Us, WorkLife Law. 2011. A Center of UC Hastings College of the Law. Retrieved http://www.worklifelaw.org/ProveitAgain.html

Thomas, M. 2011. Another equal pay day. Really? Ms. Foundation for Women. Retrieved http://ms.foundation.org/
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Women and Depression

Words: 2214 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88717040

Women Depression

Women and Depression

Depression is among the most studied psychiatric disorders in the world. While it is known that every person will go through periods of mild, short-term depression (following a death, divorce, etc.), there is a growing number of individuals who are experiencing depression on a much more serious scale. Among the research findings is a curious finding that women suffer the condition at a much greater rate than men. Again, this means that women suffer clinical depression at a much greater rate than men. The research has tried to determine the causes, symptoms and treatments for the condition, and there has been some success in this endeavor. In this paper, depression's causes, symptoms and treatments modalities will be examined as they apply to women as a body.


It may seem necessary to discuss symptoms before causes since it is easier to delineate what the symptoms…… [Read More]


American Psychiatric Association (APA). (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Edition). Washington, DC: Author

Cirakoglu, O.C., Kokdemir, D., & Demirutku, K. (2003). Lay theories of causes and cures for depression in a Turkish university sample. Social Behavior & Personality, 31(8), 795-799.

Craig, C.D. (2009). Depression, sociocultural factors, and African-American women. Journal of Multicultural Counseling & Development, 37(2), 83-91.

Grote, N.K., Bledsoe, S.E., Larkin, J., Lemay, E.P., Jr., & Brown, C. (2007). Stress exposure and depression in disadvantaged women: The protective effects of optimism and perceived control. Social Work Research, 31(1), 19-35.
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Women Asserting Their Right to Equality

Words: 1069 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19184290

Women Voting Rights

The author of this report has been asked to offer a brief essay that centers on a few particular topics as it relates to women and their place and function within the suffrage movement as well as other pushes for equal rights including in the military, the workforce and so forth. The particular events and topics that will be touched upon will include women and work, women's new deal, working for victory: women and war, women in the military and working women in war time. While women are still facing equality-related struggles now, it was much worse for them in the 1800's and beyond and even into some of the 1900's.

When it comes to women and work, the reasons for their slow progress over the duration of the existence of the United States as well as beyond that is not hard to figure out. Indeed, women…… [Read More]

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Women in the Military Since

Words: 3046 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65692192


The Navy also established institutions to particularly cater for women wishing to enter the service. It recruited women into the Navy Women's eserve, which was known as

Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES), in 1942. More than 80,000 such women served the military in occupations relating to communications, intelligence, supply, medicine and administration. The Marine Corps Women's eserve was created in 1943. Women in this establishment held jobs such as clerks, cooks, mechanics, and drivers. An increasing number of women served in these positions, among others in nursing and the Coast Guard -- there were more than 400,000 American military women serving both in the United States and overseas during the Second World War. Although many of these women served close to combat stations, the work of the majority involved non-combat duties.

After the World Wars

The Korean War

When the Korean Conflict broke out in 1950, President…… [Read More]


Norris, Michelle. Roles for Women in U.S. Army Expand. NPR, Oct. 1, 2007. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14869648

Women in Military Service for America Memorial Foundation, Inc. Highlights of Military Women. 2010. Retrieved from  http://www.womensmemorial.org/Education/timeline.html 

Women in the U.S. Army. Generations of Women Moving History Forward. 2010. Retrieved from   http://www.army.mil/women/ index.html
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Women's History

Words: 2097 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82218295

Women's History

The passing of time does not necessarily denote progress: women made little noticeable social and economic advancement and almost no political or legal advancements between the European settlements of Jamestown in 1607 until the end of the Reconstruction era in 1877. In fact, most Native American women lost a considerable degree of power and status due to the imposition of European social values on their traditional cultures. African women, brought to the New World against their will and in bondage, likewise did not enjoy the fruits of social progress. White women of European descent, however, did make some progress over the course of more than two centuries of early American history. Divorce laws became more favorable toward women, who over the course of these few centuries were increasingly able to extricate themselves from violent, abusive, or unsatisfying unions. However, divorce laws were one of the only legal progress…… [Read More]

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Women Drugs Drug Use in

Words: 1087 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93656817

Though successful treatment programs do exist, without the proper and adequate personal support systems for the individual women with substance abuse histories relapse is highly indicated (Goler et al. 2008; Dowdell et al. 2009). Nursing practice must take this factor into account when prescribing and providing care and seeking out methods for the long-term health and wellness of pregnant and post-pregnant patients.

Changes to Nursing Practice

Current research suggests that the most effective manner in which nursing practice can be altered to combat and/or mitigate the effects of substance abuse during pregnancy is through early detection of abuse through effective screening processes (Neushotz & Fitzpatrick 2008; Cox et al. 2007; Goler et al. 2008). Substance abuse screening is an obvious first step in the treatment of substance abuse issues, and often the identification and acknowledgement with the patient of the substance abuse problem presents a major step forward in the…… [Read More]


Cox, S.; Johnson, C.; Mekle, S.; Jamieson, D. & Posner, S. (2007). "Trends in rates of hospitalization with a diagnosis of substance abuse among reproductive-age women, 1998 to 2003." Women's health issues 17, pp. 75-83.

Dowdell, J.; Fenwick, J.; Bartu, A. & Sharp, J. (2009). "Midwives' description of the postnatal experiences of women who use illicit substances: A descriptive study." Midwifery 25, pp. 295-306.

Goler, N.; Armstrong, M., Taillac, C. & Osejo, V. (2008). "Successful substance abuse treatment program for pregnant women delivers new model of care." Journal of midwifery & women's health 53(6), pp. 567-8.

Neushotz, L. & Fitzpatrick, J. (2008). "Improving substance abuse screening and intervention in a primary care clinic." Archives of psychiatry nursing 22(2), pp. 78-86.
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Women Education and Labor Enforcement

Words: 2901 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42773204

His proposals received a strong opposition from the side of the religious leaders who were dissatisfied both with the fact that women were given the right to vote and the land reforms (idem).

After Khomeini was sent into exile, the shah's leadership, greatly supported by the U.S., became dictatorial. By choosing to put the country under an authoritarian regime with little or no real opposition, Mohammad-Reza Shah, like his father, almost a quarter of a century ago, signed his own end as a leader of ran. Some of the reforms made during those years were restoring women's rights. The Family Protection Law, passed in 1967, brought women's issues related to marriage and divorce closer to the laws of the civilized world. but, the Shah was too much obsessed with building a huge military power, proving himself to the U.S. As the pillar of stabilization in the Middle East.

ranian women…… [Read More]

Iran. Role of Women. Source: U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved: Feb 17, 2009. Available at  http://countrystudies.us/iran/53.htm .

White, J.B. 2004. Money Makes Us Relatives: Women's Labor in Urban Turkey. Routledge.

The Republic of Turkey. Principles and General Objectives of Education. Retrieved: Feb 17, 2009. Available at  http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/archive/Countries/WDE/2006/CENTRAL_and_EASTERN_EUROPE/Turkey/Turkey.htm
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Traditional Depiction of Mexican Women

Words: 5292 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10694878

Tese women endured extreme ardsips in order to fulfill teir roles. Tey often ad to live in almost starvation level circumstances, since most of te food ad to be given to te battle ready individuals. Often tey would toil for ours to find food, dig roots, and oter metods to see te fruits of teir labor be provided te figting men. Tey endured te malnutrition as well as miserable living conditions in order to provide sustenance for te group. Many times tey even endured cildbearing under inospitable surroundings (Soto, 44). As nurses, tey ealed te wounded and endured te contamination of dangerous diseases as well as nursed back to ealt many of te fallen men during te Revolution. Many of tem suffered severe infections and diseases as a result of contact wit te sick, many primary records reveal tat anywere from ten to twenty percent of te soldaderas contracted serious…… [Read More]

http://www.mexconnect.com/MEX/austin/revolution.html[Online] 1996.

Tuck, Jim. Poncho Villa and John Reed: Two Faces of Romantic Revolution. Tucson, Arizona. The University of Arizona Press, 1984.

Resendez-Fuentes, Andres. "Battleground Women: Soldaderas and Female Soldiers in the Mexican Revolution." Americas: A Quarterly Review of Inter-American Cultural History. 1995. 52(4): 525-553.
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Female Leadership in Combat Units Military Author's

Words: 1936 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53811128

Female Leadership in Combat Units


Author's institutional

The research proposal is outlines a study into whether women should lead during combat situations. The hypothesis is that reasons to keep women out of leadership positions in combat are socially constructed, and not attributed to anything biological or psychological. The methods will mimic some of the methods presented in military studies into the same area, with individual modifications for this particular study. The plan of analysis includes ANOVA, and descriptives. The results of the study could lead to a greater understanding of how institutions manage and process change.

Female Leadership in Combat Units

The equality and guaranteed rights of women in the United States have been issues a part of American history and American culture for most of the country's history. What women fight for changes with time. Over the past several decades, women have sought more social freedoms, freedoms where…… [Read More]


Dao, J. (2012). Servicewomen File Suit Over Direct Combat Ban. NY Times, Web, Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/28/us/servicewomen-file-suit-over-direct-combat-ban.html?_r=0. 2012 November 30.

Harding, Lt. Col. T.A. (2012). Women in Combat Roles: Case Study of Female Engagement Teams. United States Army War College, Philadelphia.

Lamothe, D. (2011). Marines split on women joining combat units. The Marine Times, Web, Available from: http://www.marinecorpstimes.com/news/2011/04/marine-women-combat-marines-infantry-041911w/. 2012 November 30.

O'Keefe, E., & Cohen, J. (2011). Most Americans back women in combat roles, poll says. The Washington Post, Web, Available from: http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/politics/most-americans-back-women-in-combat-roles-poll-says/2011/03/16/ABTereg_story.html. 2012 November 30.
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Should Women Be Allowed in Military Combat

Words: 2504 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83630141

Gender Integration in the Military: Should Women be allowed in Military Combat?

From ancient times, women have participated in fighting their countries' enemies sometimes as foot soldiers, queens, and sometimes having to disguise themselves as men. However, many societies have always felt disinclined to admit women in front line military combat. In the U.S. For instance, women make up more than 15% of the military, but the debate on whether women should be further integrated into military services rages on. Lorry Fenner, a former senior intelligence officer and Vice Wing Commander for over 4000 men and women, and Marie De Young, a former captain in the U.S. Army reserves (2001), put the debate into perspective. They state that the debate has always centered on women's access to combat positions, their physical and emotional fitness, and the societal implications of their participation in military combat. They further explain that vehement arguments…… [Read More]


Denn, W. (2014). Women in combat roles would strengthen the military. The Washington Post. Retrieved 18 June 2015 from http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/women-in-combat-roles-would-strengthen-the-military/2014/04/03/f0aeb140-bb50-11e3-9a05-c739f29ccb08_story.html

Devilbiss, M.C. (1990). Women and Military Service: A History, Analysis, and Overview of Key Issues. Alabama: Air University Press.

Downin, R. (2003). Why Christian Women Should Not Join the Military: A Plea From a Woman Veteran. Beautiful Womanhood. Retrieved 19 June 2015 from http://www.ladiesagainstfeminism.com/artman/publish/Hot_Button_Issues_21/Why_Christian_Women_Should_not_Join_the_Military_A_410100410.shtml

Collins, S.M. (2015). Christian Faith and Military Service. Retrieved 18 June 2015 from http://www.godward.org/archives/Special%20Articles/christian_faith_and_military_ser.htm
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Women in the Workplace Has

Words: 2387 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57161227

At the same time, occupational segregation still exists in management positions. Part of the problem is that men are able to devote much more time to their career advancement vs. women who have to also consider raising a family and bulk of the responsibilities of that family. At the same time, however there are now many more women who have created role reversal than ever before, becoming the breadwinners within their nuclear family. The glass ceiling primarily exists because there is still exclusivity in the hiring process. Since the job of management hiring is typically sourced to executive search companies, many times such search teams do not include women because of the extra concerns associated with them. As a result, the only method by which many women in management have taken is to remain loyal within their corporate environment until they can climb the corporate ladder. This strategy grants women…… [Read More]


RACE, GENDER AND WORK: A Multicultural

Economic History of Women in the U.S. By Teresa Amott and Julie Matthaci.

Understanding Cultures Influence on Behavior by Richard Breslin
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Women and Gender International Human Rights

Words: 5450 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39241588

International Human ights, Women and Gender

International Human ights: Women and Gender

Women are the most assaulted segment of the human society. A shocking statistic reveals that a majority of the females are subjected to violence and sexual violence by the time they reach their late teens (Fergus, 2012).

Definitions of Violence against women, constitutes the mental and physical torture they are subjected to by way of restricting their right to freedom in the broader sense of the term. The crimes and exploitation against younger girls implies, by definition, violence based on gender discrimination. It has been observed that this act of violence is fallout of the negligence shown towards equality of the female child and womenfolk in general (Fergus, 2012).

The act of violence exposes the women and specifically the younger female child to isolation, loss of identity, unhealthy overall development, psychological and social stigma (WHO, 2006) and hence…… [Read More]


Arbour, L. (2007). Human Rights. Yes! Human Rights Resource Center, University of Minnesota.

Bhattacharya, D. (2013). Global Health Disputes and Disparities: A Critical Appraisal of International Law and Population Health. Routledge.

CEDAW (n.d.). Strengthening Health System Responses to Gender-based Violence in Eastern Europe & Central Asia: A programmatic package. A United Nations Publication.

CEDAW. (2010). General recommendation No. 28 on the core obligations of States parties under article 2 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. United Nations Publications.
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Women's History in America

Words: 603 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67892744


War has always affected women, even though combat itself was normally not a part of the female experience. After the Industrial Revolution, the lives of women were increasingly altered in the presence of war. The Industrial Revolution changed the ways women worked and also changed the gender roles in the home. Post-Industrial Revolution wars involved women's voices and women's work far more than pre-Industrial Revolution wars. Early female experiences with wars showed that women served as helpers rather than as front-line fighters. Thus, women's roles within the military were overshadowed by their male counterparts. Women also continued to play into overall gender stereotypes and social norms. For example, the Spanish Civil War in 1898 saw the presence of hundreds of female military nurses. While this showed that women were becoming increasingly viable citizens in pre-suffrage United States, it also illustrates the slow social progress of women. Women's non-military work…… [Read More]

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Combat Can Be the Most Stressful of

Words: 965 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39559317

combat can be the most stressful of times for men and women who serve in the army. There are multiple factors that add to there frustration, which put them at a high chance of acquiring Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD. A study was conducted amongst military men who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. It was found the soldiers who faced more stressors had a greater chance of developing PTSD. Moreover, it was also concluded that those who served in Iraq had a higher chance of suffering from the disease than those who served in Afghanistan. (T. Litz, 2009)

The symptoms of PTSD are more likely to surface after a few months following return from service. It is necessary to screen them immediately after their return, so that therapy can be started without delay. The physician must take a detailed history of the patient and should inquire about his mental health before…… [Read More]


T. Litz, Brett, and William E. Schlenger. "National Center for PTSD." PTSD in Service Members and New Veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars 20.1 (2009): n. pag. Web. 18 May 2011. .

Tull, Matthew. "Overview of Cognitive Behavioral Treatments for PTSD." Post Traumatic Stress, 6, Nov, 2008. Web. 18 May 2011. .

National Center For PTSD, Initials. (2009, October 30). United States department of veteran affair. Retrieved from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/cognitive_processing_therapy.asp

John P. Wilson, Matthew J. Friedman, and Jacob D. Lindy, eds., Treating Psychological Trauma and Ptsd (New York: Guilford Press, 2001) iii, Questia, Web, 18 May 2011.
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Women Be Drafted to Serve in the

Words: 604 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19223535

omen be Drafted to Serve in the Military?

Opinions vary on whether women should be drafted to serve in the military, or in particular, in the U.S. Army. omen currently serve in the U.S. Army and even on the front lines. But should they be drafted, if the country makes conscription legal again? This paper points to legal opinions and public opinions on this controversial topic.

The Presidential Commission on the Assignment of omen in the Armed Forces (PCAAF) commissioned the Roper polling organization to conduct research on attitudes from civilians and people in the military regarding opening the draft for women. The year was 1992, according to author Patrick J. Egan. In Egan's book he reports that the PCAAF polling research revealed that 52% of the public supported "drafting women in the event of national emergency or threat of war" (Egan, 2008, p. 156). Some 39% of those polled…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Egan, Patrick J. Public Opinion and Constitutional Controversy. New York: Oxford University

Press: 2008.

Kuersten, Ashlyn K. Women and the Law: Leaders, Cases, and Documents.

Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO: 2003.
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Women and the Homefront in Western North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee During the Civil War

Words: 11672 Length: 31 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56537237

Women and the Home Front in Western North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee during the Civil War

This paper examines the living conditions and attitudes that shaped the lives of the women in western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee during and after the American Civil War. The thesis statement should deal with the breakdown of long standing ties between the people of the mountains as they chose to fight for the Confederacy or the Union. In the pre-war years, these close ties had become strong out of a mutual attempt to try to built a life in the rugged environment they encountered. ased on primary and secondary documentary evidence, this paper will investigate how could friends and family become bitter enemies and how this process played out in the mountains of western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee to better understand what the women went through while their brothers, husbands and fathers…… [Read More]


Among the Pines," State Chronicle, September 22, 1883 in Leloudis.

Barret, John G. And W. Buck Yearns (Eds). 1980. North Carolina Civil War Documentary. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

In an appendix, the editors provide this excerpt from the diary of an eighteen-year-old girl of Everittsville, who recorded her concerns about the fate of women in the Confederacy and her views about the part played by the Confederate male:

Aug. 30, 1861. Hatteras taken by Yanks-- women and children fleeing. "Quick oh God! Save us from the enemy. Surely thou hast not forsaken us."
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Women in the Civil War

Words: 800 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81281606

Primary Source Material Analysis: Harriet Tubman

Mrs. Sarah H. Bradford wrote a small book in 1868 for the purpose of raising funds to benefit Harriet Tubman's efforts to buy a house and support herself and her aging parents (Introduction). This book was composed immediately before Bradford set sail for Europe in 1868 and its publication costs were covered by several benefactors. The book is remarkable because it is written by a hite abolitionist and suffragist who had become acquainted with Harriet's work on the Underground Railroad through friends and associates.

The stories that Bradford included in the book were corroborated through independent sources and therefore represent a collection of accounts detailing Harriet's struggle to move her family and other slaves north to freedom in Canada along the Underground Railroad. To substantiate the veracity of these accounts Bradford includes in the preface several letters attesting to Harriet's contributions, including one from…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bradford, Sarah H. Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman. 1869. Salem, NH: Ayer Company, 1992. Print.

Miller, Anne Fitzhugh and Miller, Elizabeth Smith. Miller NAWSA Suffrage Scrapbooks, 1897-1911. Scrapbook 1905-1906. Library of Congress, Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Washington, D.C. Web. 9 Sep. 2013. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D-rbcmillerbib:3:./temp/~ammem_fED1::

Tubman, Harriet. "General Affidavit" [Claim of Harriet Tubman: General affidavit of Harriet Tubman Davis regarding payment for services rendered during the Civil War]. The Center for Legislative Archives, National Archives, c. 1898. Web. 9 Sep. 2013.  http://www.archives.gov/legislative/features/claim-of-harriet-tubman/ .
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Combat Movies

Words: 2621 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43020702

ar Films

Taking Jeanine Basinger at her word would leave us with far fewer war films than we think we have. Basinger is a 'strict constructionist,' accepting as war films only those that have actual scenes of warfare (Curley and etta, 1992. p. 8; Kinney, 2001, p. 21). That means that the four films that will be considered here, and especially the two orld ar II films, are not war films. By Basinger's yardstick, neither Casablanca nor Notorious, neither Born on the Fourth of July nor Coming Home would qualify as war films.

On the other hand, films such as hite Christmas, a lightweight Bing Crosby-Danny Kaye-Rosemary Clooney-Vera Ellen comedy about the aftermath of war for an old soldier might well be a 'war' movie. The opening scene is one in which the old soldier, Dean Jagger, is reviewing his troops when, somewhere in Italy during the Christmas lull, bombs…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Canby, Vincent. Review/Film; How an All-American Boy Went to War and Lost His Faith. (1989, December 20). Online.

http://movies2.nytimes.com/mem/movies/review.html?title1=& title2=BORN%20ON%20THE%20FOURTH%20OF%20JULY%20%28MOVIE%29& reviewer=Vincent%20Canby& pdate=19891220& v_id=6747& oref=login

Coming Home (1978). Online.  http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0077362/ 

Dirks, Tim. Casablanca, 2005. Online. www.filmsite.org and www.greatestfilms.org)
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Combating Alcoholism and Addiction

Words: 2074 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46383990

vignette pertaining to addiction. Ethical and legal factors will be considered. Also discussed will be cross cultural matters related to the topic. Possible solutions to the issue at hand will also be considered.

Middle-aged couple, Anna and James, drops in for an appointment as Kevin, their son aged 16 years, faces suspension from school because of 'drug paraphernalia' found in his school bag. While James is Native-American, Anna is Japanese-American. James goes on to say that it is all Anna's fault, stating that she has smoked pot on a daily basis for the most part of their married life. Anna is of the view that she at least isn't a slobbering drunk like James, further elucidating that James over-indulges in drinking alcohol on weekends. It is discovered, in the course of assessment that James as well as Anna come from alcoholic homes.

Session one

Much is to be taken into…… [Read More]


(n.d.).CASAColumbia - Addiction Science, Prevention & Treatment Research. Designing an Addiction Treatment Plan | CASAColumbia. Retrieved May 19, 2015, from http://www.casacolumbia.org/addiction-treatment/treatment-plan

(n.d.). Internet Archive: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music & Wayback Machine. DSM-5.pdf (PDFy mirror).Retrieved May 19, 2015, from http://archive.org/stream/pdfy-85JiVdvN0MYbNrcr/DSM-5#page/n637/mode/2up

(n.d.).National Center for Biotechnology Information. Chapter 4 Integrated Models for Treating Family Members - Substance Abuse Treatment and Family Therapy - NCBI Bookshelf.Retrieved May 19, 2015, from  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64266/ 

(n.d.).National Center for Biotechnology Information. Chapter 4: Screening and Assessment - Substance Abuse Treatment: Addressing the Specific Needs of Women - NCBI Bookshelf. Retrieved May 19, 2015, from  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK83253/
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Multimedia History Women Primary Source Videos a

Words: 2348 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52179949

Multimedia History omen Primary source videos a rich source information a historical time period, portray assumptions minutia daily life a text . This true Hollywood films footage actual events.

This essay discusses with regard to women during and consequent to the Second orld ar. The essay relates to a series of videos and interviews in an attempt to shed more light on the role of women during this period. By emphasizing the fact that women developed a strong connection with the military as a result of the conflict and because of their tendency to exploit the matter to their own advantage, the paper is meant to demonstrate that orld ar Two actually assisted women in removing many stereotypes and in society as a whole acknowledging that it was wrong for it to discriminate on account of gender.

In spite of the fact that society progressed significantly during the early twentieth…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Cook, Bernard A., "Women and War: A Historical Encyclopedia from Antiquity to the Present," (ABC-CLIO)

Hepburn, Stephanie, James Simon, Rita, "Women's Roles and Statuses the World Over," (Lexington Books, 2007)

Hacker, Barton, and Vining, Margaret, "A Companion to Women's Military History," (BRILL, 17.08.2012)

"Early Women Soldiers," Retrieved June 7, 2013, from the Army.mil Website:   http://www.army.mil/women/ history.html
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Iraqi Women Regardless if One

Words: 1500 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2318750

egardless, this type of commitment to promoting women's involvement does not guarantee that they are empowered to participate. Indeed, the case of Iraq exemplifies that gender concerns may be sacrificed to "greater priorities" as security and the political agendas of different actors.

As long as the Western occupation continues, there will be Islamist forces that, in the name of fighting the occupation, will greatly restrict women's participation in public life. Although the author (Al Ali) is not under any illusion that the violence will end or women's lives will improve immediately after troop withdrawal, this has to be a necessary step on the way to create a sovereign state where women's rights can be discussed without creating a bigger backlash for women inside Iraq.


Freedom House

Al-Ali, N. (2007) Iraqi Women -- Four years after the Invasion. Foreign Policy.

Coleman, I. (2006) Women, Islam, and the New Iraq

Foreign…… [Read More]


Freedom House

Al-Ali, N. (2007) Iraqi Women -- Four years after the Invasion. Foreign Policy.

Coleman, I. (2006) Women, Islam, and the New Iraq

Foreign Affairs (85)1: 24.
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Jealousy Among Men and Women

Words: 2690 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23500412

This implies that the jealousy trait is in fact not evolutionary, since it is not always the same reaction (DeSteno, et al., 2002).

In addition, DeSteno also found that, while women showed a slight tendency to rate emotional infidelity as worse than sexual infidelity, they did not differ from men on sexual infidelity ratings alone. When asked to rate the level of distress due to sexually infidelity, without comparing it to emotional infidelity, men and women rated the distress the same (DeSteno, et al., 2002). This implies that while women may be more distressed then men at emotional infidelity, there is no difference between the sexes in levels of distress for sexual infidelity alone.

In fact, even studies which purport to support the theory that men are more jealous than women show similar results to those of DeSteno. Buss and his colleagues' study in 1992 reported a difference in male…… [Read More]


Brehm, S.S. (1985). Intimate relationships. New York: Random House, Inc.

Buss, D.M., Larsen, R.J., Westen, D., & Semmelroth, J. (1992). Sex differences in jealousy: Evolution, physiology, and psychology. Psychological Science, 3: 251-255.

Buss, D.M. (1996). The evolutionary psychology of human social strategies. In E.T. Higgins & a.W. Kruglanski (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (pp. 3-38). New York: Guilford Press.

Connell, R. (2001, Sept. 24). Opening statement: men taking action to end gender-based violence. INSTRAW Online Seminar to end gender-based violence. Retrieved Dec 4, 2004 from Michael Kaufman. Web site: http://www.michaelkaufman.com/articles/pdf/mentakingaction.pdf#search='men%20violence%20by%20robert%20connell'.
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Republican Motherhood and Women's Role

Words: 4350 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84184554

Mercy Otis Warren "wrestled valiantly throughout her life with the problem of finding time for writing and reflection," Kerber explains on page 256. Warren had four children and a "large, elegant household," and while recognizing that the claims on her time - verses her own desire to write - presented no simple answer for her. That said, Kerber claims that Warren took the issues of republican motherhood "more seriously" than "virtually any other woman of her generation."

What are some of those republican motherhood issues that Warren took so seriously? For one thing, Warren envied unmarried women who, she said, were "...free from those constant interruptions that necessarily occupy the mind of the wife, the mother, and the mistress" (Kerber 256). That said, it was apparent that not only did Warren spend a bit of time being envious of those who didn't have as much domestic work to do as…… [Read More]

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Feminist Rhetorical Theory Women Have Been Historically

Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92460615

feminist rhetorical theory. omen have been historically minimized and isolated by the domination of the patriarchal majority. Although women have been able to make a degree of progress, finally achieving positions of social and political power, the number of women in these high offices is still far less than the roles that are filled by man. Modern women, far removed from the "angels in the house" of the Victorian age, are nonetheless still impacted by the sociological oppression of women which was reinforced during that era, according to the rhetorical theory of feminism. Given that this is the case, men and women need to be aware of these underlying gender biases so that they can both combat them and make sure that they themselves do not fall prey to them. People who deny that this subjugation of women may be enlightened by closer examination of the power dynamics which exists…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cixous, H., Cohen, K, & Cohen, P. (1976). The laugh of the Medusa. Signs. 1(4). The University

of Chicago Press: Chicago, IL. 875-93.

Foss, S. & Griffin, C. (2003). Beyond persuasion: a proposal for an invitational rhetoric.

Communications Monographs. 2-18.
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Do the Military Cater More Towards Men Than Women

Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6990707


Steihm, J.H. (1996). It's Our Military, Too! Women and the U.S. Military. Pennsylvania: Temple University Press.

This book is central to studies on gender discrimination and institutionalized sexism in the merican military. Given that the Commander in Chief is an elected official, and that more than half of all voters are women, it makes sense that women should have a greater say in the organizational culture of the military. However, the organizational culture of the military is stubbornly misogynistic and shows no real signs of change in spite of great inroads being made by female combatants. lthough this book was published in 1996, the themes that run through each of the essays continue to be relevant. The book addresses gender discrimination from nearly every aspect of its manifestation in the military: from differential medical care benefits to sexual harassment. Steihm (1996) shows how women can confront institutionalized sexism, overcome…… [Read More]

Although the author does not focus exclusively on women in the military, Katz (2005) does spend a great deal of time on the gender discrimination manifesting in the military environment. The military organization offers ample opportunities for discrimination because it is a "old boys club," and unapologetically so. Changing the organizational culture of the military is no small job, but it must happen little by little with the help of legal counsel.

5. Korb, L. & Arons, J. (2012). Women in military deserve better care. Politico. Retrieved online: http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0912/81604.html#ixzz2DFonDhQL

This article discusses the lack of access to health care services for women in the military. The statistics included in the article are alarming. "According to the Pentagon's own data, 52 military women are raped every day, and we estimate that more than 300 women are likely to become pregnant from rape in the military each year," (Korb & Arons, 2012, p. 1). Without access to abortions, many women are forced to carry an unwanted child to term.
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Industrial Psychology

Words: 1734 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47512075

omen's Military Rights

In the United States, female citizens have strived for a long time for their basic rights in every field but the most important question relevant to their rights that should be answered is and which the nation has faced in the past, present and future is the argument whether to allow women the privilege to defend our motherland and share along with men of the forces emotions, feelings and true sentiments such as dignity, honor and prestige which are true reflections of this service.

Many people argue that there are some factors which just can not be ignored because of which it is imperative to draw a line when involving, selecting female citizens for the military.

Military Selection Problems and Fears

The major objection to the proposed integration comes from military officers and enlisted men whose primary fear is that, that because of women in the forces,…… [Read More]

Works Cited


10. Author Unknown, Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity in the Military: Selection

Procedures  http://clinton2.nara.gov/WH/EOP/OP/html/aa/aa07.html 

11. Author Unknown, Common Military Questions: Military Training: What are the opportunities for women in today's military? http://www.todaysmilitary.com/life_qa.shtml#initial
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT Techniques for Combat Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD

Words: 5327 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85865281

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Combat Veterans With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Although not limited to veterans, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) may be the single most significant mental health risk to veterans, particularly to those veterans that have seen combat. PTSD is an anxiety disorder, which occurs after a person has seen or experienced a traumatic event including, but not limited to: assault, domestic abuse, prison stay, rape, terrorism, war, or natural disaster (Vorvick et al., 2011). In fact, PTSD is unique among psychiatric diagnosis in that it "requires a specific type of event to occur from which the person affected does not recover" (esick et al., 2008). Veterans are at high risk of PTSD because they experience war, but they also experience many of the other traumatic events that can trigger PTSD in the course of the war. PTSD can have serious lifelong effects for veterans. It can impair…… [Read More]


Byers, M.G., Allison, K.M., Wendel, C.S., & Lee, J.K. (2010). Pra-zosin vs. quetiapine for nighttime posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in veterans: An assessment of long-term comparative effectiveness and safety. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 30, 225-229.

Chard, K., Schumm, J., Owens, G., & Cottingham, S. (2010). A comparison of OEF and OIF

veterans and Vietnam veterans receiving cognitive processing therapy. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(1), 25-32.

Hassija, C.M., & Gray, M.J. (2010). Are cognitive techniques and interventions necessary? A
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Iraq and Afghanistan War Combat Psychology

Words: 2550 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24339581

Psychological aspects of combat

Extreme high-stress incidents can trigger a number of possible experiences and responses including intrusive thoughts slow-motion time, sharper focus, dissociation, visual clarity and temporary paralysis. The occurrence of 'dissociation,' which is a disconnection from emotional and physical reality, might be a sign of danger for the start of post traumatic disorder or PTSD. One of the common and seldom discussed matters is the loss of bowel and bladder control that occurs during intense moments and it's also used as an exemplification by Grossman of the reluctance that people feel in talking about their natural reaction towards the fight against their condition (Grossman and Christensen, 2007).

According to some studies, there were far number of psychiatric calamities as compared to the physical casualties during the Second World War. 98 per cent of the individuals participating in the war would emotionally breakdown after no more than 60 continuous…… [Read More]


Grossman, D. And Christensen, L.W. (2007). On Combat: The Psychology and Physiology of Deadly Conflict in War and Peace. 2nd ed. PPCT Research Publications. Retrieved from:  http://www.beyondintractability.org/bksum/grossman-on-combat 

Hoge, C.W., Castro, C.A., Messer S.C., McGurk, D. Cotting, D.I. & Koffman, R.L. (2004). Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care. New England Journal of Medicine, 351, 13-22. Retrieved from: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa040603#t=articleTop

Litz, B.T. (2006). A Brief Primer on the Mental Health Impact of the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. A National Center for PTSD Fact Sheet. Retrieved from:  http://www.ptsd.ne.gov/pdfs/impact-of-the-wars-in-afghanistan-iraq.pdf 

Williamson, V. And Mulhall, E. (2009). Invisible Wounds: Psychological and Neurological Injuries Confront a New Generation of Veterans. Iraq and Afghanistan veterans of America. Retrieved from: http://iava.org/files/IAVA_invisible_wounds_0.pdf
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Wii Women Pilots the Advent

Words: 1085 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71276647

71), and female pilots became indispensable for getting the air "ships" where they needed to go.

omen with strong ambition and patriotic goals began fervently taking flying lessons to join the ferry crews. Yvonne Pateman finished her seventy-five hours of required flying time to become eligible for the program, but had never learned how to drive a car (illenz p.72).

Two groups of women pilots became formally recognized by the U.S. government, although not part of the military. The omen's Airforce Service Pilots, or ASPS, were trained by Army personnel at the U.S. Army base in Sweetwater, Texas, and included the Air Transport Command, or ATC, directed by Nancy Love.

The ASPS began flying more dangerous missions, participating in training and test piloting. Pilot Yvonne Pateman recalled,

They were also called upon to fly planes with targets so that troops could practice shooting at them. There were casualties, both during…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Carl, Ann B., a WASP Among Eagles: A Woman Military Test Pilot in World War II Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.1999

Higham, Robin Air Power: An Overview, U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Air_Power/AP-OV.htm

Keil, Sally Van Wagenen, Those Wonderful Women in Their Flying Machines: The Unknown Heroines of World War Two. Rawson, Wade, Publishers, New York: 1979.

Kerber, Linda K. And Jane Sherron DeHart, Women's America, Oxford University Press, New York: 1995.
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Analyzing the Women Prisoners

Words: 3397 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38077254

Incarcerated Women

The number of people incarcerated in the United States has been on the rise and women have greatly contributed to this trend. Through their increased numbers in jail it is estimated that their numbers grow annually by about 8%. Women from minority groups form the major part of this population. These are the women who come from low economic backgrounds and areas neglected politically. The women of color are the majority of those incarcerated. They come from neighborhoods that are typically poor, have little access to mental health facilities and receive little or minimal help from social services. These women make up the larger proportion of inmates at jails, prisons, and detention centers. Irwin (2009) and Jenness (2010) states that these women are in jail for committing non-violent offences related to poverty, drug abuse and being abused domestically.

Thesis Statement

This paper will focus on the ethnography of…… [Read More]


Castellano, Ursula. (2007). Becoming a Nonexpert and Other Strategies for Managing Fieldwork Dilemmas in the Criminal Justice System. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 36:704-730.

Comfort, Megan. (2008). Doing Time Together: Love and Family in the Shadow of the Prison. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Comfort, Megan. (2008). Doing Time Together: Love and Family in the Shadow of the Prison. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Crewe, Ben. (2009). The Prisoner Society: Power, Adaptation and Social Life in an English Prison. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
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Taliban Women Motives for Female

Words: 1232 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23626463

In some ways, the men who practice violence against women and attempt to control them to the degrees that the Taliban has decreed are simply carrying out the violence and the repression that was practiced against them; though it serves no constructive purpose and is indeed highly detrimental both to women and to the country as a whole, the Taliban's action against the women is at least partially a result of the cultural psychological repression that Afghanistan has suffered for thirty years. That, and the fact that a common enemy in women makes the Taliban that much stronger in its operations and control of the government and society as a whole, can be seen as the primary psychological motives for the Taliban's treatment of women.

Women in Islam

According to the Taliban themselves, however, their actions and attitudes towards women simply carry out strict Islamic law, and are necessary for…… [Read More]


Sengupta, Kim. "Abuse of Afghan women: 'It was my decision to die. I was getting beaten every day'." The Independent, 24 November 2006. Accessed 20 February 2010.  http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/abuse-of-afghan-women-it-was-my-decision-to-die-i-was-getting-beaten-every-day-425580.html .

Skaine, Rosemarie. The Women of Afghanistan Under the Taliban. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2000.
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Treatment of Women Offenders The

Words: 3904 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52229761

CAEFS takes the position that women with mental health problems do not belong in prisons and that the treatment, support and assistance they need should be provided to them in the community, rather than in prison.

Recommendation #2)

The above statement clearly outlines central problem areas that should be the focus of investigation. As this study and others emphasize, women who enter prison with mental issues and problems require intensive support. However, this is at present not the case and many women prisoners who suffer from mental problems are not afforded the necessary support and adequate intensive therapy. Some critics also suggest that alternatives be investigated for women with mental issues. "... The public need for the appearance of retribution may deter government from considering alternatives to sentencing persons with mental disabilities to imprisonment." www.elizabethfry.ca/submissn/dawn/17.htm" (ibid)

Another factor which relates to mental and psychological issues is that women experience stress…… [Read More]


Bilchik, Shay, Cyntha Seymour, and Kristen Kreisher. "Parents in Prison." Corrections Today Dec. 2001: 108+. Questia. 17 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com/.

Bjorhus, Jennifer. "Getting into Prison." Columbia Journalism Review July-Aug. 1994: 14+. Questia. 17 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com/.

Brown, Sammie. "Are Prison Classification Systems Addressing the Diverse Inmate Population." Corrections Today June 2002: 104+. Questia. 17 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com/.

Chesney-Lind, Meda. "Women in Prison: From Partial Justice to Vengeful Equity." Corrections Today Dec. 1998: 66+.
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Latin Women Throughout the Colonial

Words: 5168 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71524581

hile Indian women and those of mixed races were certainly lower class citizens, they could easily become elite through their marriage to a white male of Spanish decent (Mabry 1990). Marriage was often seen to transcend any race or class issue, and thus prompted many women to act in non-virtuous ways in order to secure a future (Johnson 1998).

This difference in virtuous intent also relates to the very real danger for women in Bahia who committed acts considered to be sexually outlandish or improper, whether married or single. For married women, the punishment for adultery could include death until 1830. Prior to that time, men who killed their adulterous wives were often acquitted, since they were defending their honor in the eyes of the social system of the time (Caulfield 2000). Further, even single women found to be concubines could be killed by their families, to prevent a loss…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arrom, Silvia Marina. 1985. The Women of Mexico City, 1790-1857. Stanford, CA: Stanford University.

Burns, Kathryn. 1999. Colonial Habits: Convents and the Spiritual Economy of Cuzco, Peru. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Caulfield, Sueann. 2000. In Defense of Honor: Sexual Morality, Modernity, and Nation in Early-Twentieth-Century Brazil. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Fisher, John. 2003. Bourbon Peru, 1750-1824. Liverpool, England: Liverpool University Press.
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Training Women for the Military

Words: 3228 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76933795

In those days prior to 2003, TADOC gave recruits nut-and-bolt basics, then sent the new Soldiers to their units where the real training started....nTo achieve "Soldier" status, recruits now spend 21 days in the field during basic training. The training focus has changed dramatically from what was primarily a standards, discipline and soldierization process to one of intensive combat skills. (Leipold, 2009)nHowever, such changes have tended to come about without any sort controlled, rigorous study. There is nothing wrong about changes that come from within and that grow organically out of the requirements of an organization. However, a controlled experiment offers certain key advantages because it can cast off old attitudes and biases.nI have already described the control group in this experiment. The three experimental groups add different elements to the equation. The first of these experimental groups is actually one that I predict will reduce the overall fitness of…… [Read More]

References\nEvans, M. (2005). Women pay painful price for equal military training. The Times, retrieved 9 February 2010 from http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article434024.ece.\nhttp://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100121052640AAZ1xPL \nhttp://www.military.com/military-fitness/fitness-test-prep/physical-fitness-test-anxiety \nLeipold, J. (2009). Not your father\'s basic, anymore, retrieved 8 February 2010 from \nhttp://usmilitary.about.com/od/armyjoin/a/newarmybasic.-u5p.htm.\nO\'Reilly, K. (1981). Dick and Jane in basic training. Newsweek. \nhttp://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,953209-\n2,00.html#ixzz0fYEyTybe \nRichards, T. (n.d.) What is comprehensive cognitive-behavioral therapy? \nRetrieved 10 \nFebruary 2010 from \nhttp://www.socialanxietyinstitute.org/ccbtherapy.html.\nSegura, L. (2009). Veterans Decry Institutional Sexism in Military, retrieved 11 February 2010 \nfrom http://www.alternet.org/reproductivejustice/79877/.
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Tens of Thousands of Combat

Words: 3169 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31463358

These findings are truly alarming given the fact that fully 65% of the military personnel who have served in Iraq report a history of combat experience and these experiences can clearly result in physical and emotional injuries, with PTSD being expected to develop in between 5 and 15%, with other estimates ranging even higher (Gutierrez & Brenner, 2009). For instance, Gutierrez and Brenner cite the results of a recent analysis conducted by the AND Corporation that found the range of prevalence estimates for PTSD was 5% to 15% of the military personnel deployed the Middle East; when these rates were applied to the 1.64 million military personnel who have already completed their deployment, and estimated the number of individuals with PTSD will be between 75,000 to 225,000.

Given the large numbers of returning combat veterans today and these disturbing rates of PTSD, these findings suggest that more needs to be…… [Read More]


American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders

(4th ed). Washington, DC: Author.

Beckham, J.C., Roodman, a.A., Barefoot, J.C., Haney, T.L., Helms, M.J., Fairbank, J.A., et

al. (1996). Interpersonal and self-reported hostility among combat veterans with and without posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 9, 335 -- 342.
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Comparison Between the Roles of American Women and Vietnamese Women in the Vietnam War

Words: 2946 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53134839

America's wars have historically been a reflection of America's very own cultural tendencies; they're usually enormous in scale, they traditionally consist of a colorful variety of fronts and they are most often regarded as a man's game. So it doesn't strike one as peculiar, perhaps, that the perpetually striking images of Vietnam are of camouflaged nineteen-year-old men enduring the graces and horrors hosted by Southeast Asia during the skirmish that lasted over a decade. It may seem more peculiar, however, when one considers that more than 15,000 women relocated from their American homes to the perilous, jungle canopied land. Vietnam's legacy of physical handicapping, psychological desecration and cultural rifting echoes in an innumerable collection of films, books, publications, organizations and documentation detailing the heroics, trials and disgraces of a generation of men. But the women that this nation sent off to serve in a countless number of indispensable capacities have…… [Read More]

2. Evans, Barbara. Caduceus in Saigon: A Medical Mission to South Viet-Nam. London: Hutchinson, 1968.

3. Youngstrom-Diebolt, Jean. Keynote Address. Women's Memorial. Austin, TX. 1993.

4. Wilson, Captain Barbara A. Vietnam Southeast Asia. Military Women in Vietnam, 1996.
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U S Army Combat Uniform Acu

Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85826484

There are no plans on the table to change current regulations that authorize the Army Black Beret for wear with the new ACU; however, there are discussions underway concerning whether the ACU will replace any uniform besides the Battle Dress Uniform and Desert Camouflage Uniform (the New Army Combat Uniform). According to the press release, "The ACU, including component materials, will be manufactured in the United States using the same industrial base that produces the current uniform, thereby, ensuring the highest quality control and assisting the American workforce" (the New Army Combat Uniform, p. 3). The Army's fact sheet on the new ACU also points out that a flame-resistant ACU (F ACU) version possesses the same design; however, this version is manufactured using of advanced fire-resistant fabrics (Army Combat Uniform, 2007).

An example of the new ACU is provided in Figure 1 below.

Figure 1. Soldier Wearing New Army Combat…… [Read More]


Army Combat Uniform. (2007, October). U.S. Army. [Online]. Available: https://peosoldier.army.mil/factsheets/SEQ_CIE_ACU.pdf.

Gertz, B. & Scarborough, R. (2006, December 15). Spy probe. The Washington Times, 6.

The new Army Combat Uniform. (2006, December 11). Army.com. [Online]. Available: http://www.army.com/articles/item/2502.

Triggs, M. (2004, July 14). Army gets new combat uniform. Army Public Affairs. [Online]. Available: http://www4.army.mil/ocpa/read.php?story_id_key=6042.
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West Virginia Women During U S

Words: 5447 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20428514

The distinction between folklore and fact is not always as lucid as it could be when researching the background of a state heroine, and the humble beginnings of Hart are no different in this respect. She was born in Raleigh, North Carolina either in 1846 or 1843 depending on which source is sought, although most popular accounts tend to credit her birth as taking place in 1846 (akeless 1970, 69). y most accounts she was as wild as the Virginian territory she moved to when she arrived in Tazewell county as an infant, and she would never learn to read or write. Descended from Scottish and Irish lineage, Hart was said to have moved in with her sister Mary and her husband William when she was still a child, where she roamed her Roane County environs, perfecting her skill with firearms and horseback riding.

Hart's deadly defiance of Union loyalists…… [Read More]


Lady, Claudia L. "Five Tri-State Women During The Civil War." West Virginia History. Volume 43, Number 3 pp.189-226 and Volume 43, Number 4 pp. 303-321, 1982

Stutler, Boyd B. West Virginia in the Civil War, Charleston, Education Foundation, Inc., pp. 43-48, 1963.

"Roane County Girl Served as Confederate Spy, Scout," Charleston Daily Mail, 4-18- 1963.

Boyd, Belle. Belle Boyd in Camp and in Prison. Introduction by George Augusta Sala. New York: Blelock & Company, 1865
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The Woman in Revelation 12 Symbolism

Words: 1147 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95505391

Symbolism in evelation: The Woman in evelation 12

The Woman in evelation 12: Symbolism

The book of evelations is regarded as one of the most difficult books to interpret. Different interpretations have been put forth, with some arguing that the events prophesied therein came to pass with the destruction of Jerusalem, and others arguing that the events are yet to be actualized. This text examines chapter 12 of the book of evelation and analyzes how the imagery presented therein has been interpreted under different approaches.

The Woman in the Wilderness: evelation Chapter 12

Scholars differ on whether what is being unveiled in evelations is the future or the past, and whether the symbols are tied to specific historical events in the past. These opposing views give rise to the three different interpretation approaches for the book of evelation: the preterits approach, the futurist approach and the idealist approach. Preterits subscribe…… [Read More]


Chambers, R. (2010). Apocalypse in Sight: The Significance of the Revelation for the 21st Century. Oxford, UK: Lulu Publishers.

Ice, T. (n.d.). The Woman in Revelation 12. The Pre-Trib Research Center. Retrieved November 17, 2015 from http://www.pre-trib.org/data/pdf/Ice-TheWomaninRevelation.pdf

Pataki, A. D. (2011). A Non-Combat Myth in Revelation 12. New Testament Studies, 57(2), 257-272.

Rhodes, R. (2000). Reasoning from the Scriptures with Catholics. Eugene, OR: Harvest House Publishers.
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Personal Accounts of Women From the Civil War

Words: 542 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41132829

Civil ar many people from both sides of the battle lines (the Unions and the Confederates) endured hardships. hile men fought, women worked in various ways to help the cause. hether they assisted in the home, as nurses, or in other positions, the women of the Civil ar were an important part of its history. Some women like Clara Barton went to the field and worked as a nurse, tending to soldiers. Born December 25, 1821, she founded the American Red Cross and took on the job of patent clerk and teacher.

In a poem she wrote of her experiences as a nurse during the Civil ar, she highlights the reactions some had when seeing blood. 'They would faint at the first drop of blood, in their sight.' (Barton) She also shares how the women were the, 'consolers, saviors of men', always there to help and heal. omen's roles in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barton, Clara. "The Women Who Went to The Field." Civilwar.org. N.p., 2016. Web. 16 Apr. 2016.

Carter, Sue. Valley.lib.virginia.edu. N.p., 2016. Web. 16 Apr. 2016.

Emerson, Nancy. Valley.lib.virginia.edu. N.p., 2016. Web. 16 Apr. 2016.
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New Ways to Combat Organized Crime

Words: 2337 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66009522

Organized crime presents certain unique challenges for law enforcement in the 21st century. As noted by Bjelopera & Finklea (2012) in their report to Congress on the history of organized criminal activity in the United States, modern organized criminal networks tend to be more fluid and less hierarchical than organized associations of the past. Organized crime networks are also more apt to outsource critical aspects of their operations, which can make building a unified case a challenge for law enforcement agencies (Bjelopera & Finklea, 2012, p.1). Diverting resources to combat terrorism have also left law enforcement agencies in the United States with fewer financial resources to combat other forms of organized crime, although some of the methods to trace both types of organizations, such as patterns of money laundering, are similar between both of these types of illicit associations.

Organized crime is defined as "criminal activity that, through violence or…… [Read More]


Bjelopera, J. & Finklea, K. (2012). Organized crime: An evolving challenge for U.S. law

Enforcement. CRS Report for Congress. Retrieved from: https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41547.pdf

Bradley, T. (2015).Cybercrime is the modern-day mafia. Forbes. Retrieved from:

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Employment Programs for Combat Vets

Words: 982 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39097856

Veterans Employment and Training Service (VETS) program touts the fact that the organization seeks to provide meaningful and successful careers for all veterans (United States, 2015). VETS seems to be much more than just a program, however, providing a number and variety of different resources for any veteran interested in obtaining, and keeping, gainful employment. The organization's mission statement describes opportunities that will prepare the veteran for obtaining meaningful careers, maximizing employment, and protecting veteran's rights in the workforce.

The number of veterans since 2001 that have been provided information or been counseled by the VETS program has totaled "more than one million individuals through briefings or individual technical assistance" (United States, 2015). That number averages more than 75,000 veterans per year benefiting from what the program has to offer. Due to the travesties of war and combat, many of these veterans are suffering from debilitating injuries, both physical and…… [Read More]


Larson, G.E. & Norman, S.B.; (2014) Prospective prediction of functional difficulties among recently separated veterans, Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 51(3) 415-427

Leddy, M.; Stefanovics E. & Rosenheck, R.; (2014) Health and well-being of homeless veterans participating in transitional and supported employment: Six-month outcomes, Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 51(1) 161-174

NVTAC (2014) Overview, accessed at  http://bbi.syr.edu/projects/National_Veterans_Technical_Assistance_Center/index.html , on February 24, 2015

Ottomanelli, L.; Barnett, S.D. & Goetz, L.L.; (2013) A prospective examination of the impact of a supported employment on health-related quality of life, handicap and disability among veterans with SCI, Quality of Life Research, 22(8) 2133-2141
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Culture in Ancient Sparta Men and Women

Words: 544 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57099431

Bettany Hughes, the Ancient Worlds 5 of 7 the Spartans

Points from the Film:

Unlike the Athenians, Spartans were not known for their philosophical insights or their artistic triumphs. They were known for being frugal and for being fighters. Their society was built on the idea that it could only stand so long as they were physically strong. Thus, Spartans had a strict code of discipline and self-sacrifice: everything was done to protect the State. The weak were viewed as a threat to the State's strength and weak children were killed. While this may seem like a barbaric exercise today, it was a matter of fact practice in ancient Sparta and everyone there accepted it.

Another curious point about Sparta was that male homosexuality was compulsory in Sparta. Women could also take lesbian lovers if they chose. This was because sex between a man and woman was primarily viewed as…… [Read More]

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Combating the Infectious Balamuthia Mandrillaris Ameba

Words: 1580 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20163869

California Encephalitis

Although relatively rare, California encephalitis (CE) can be a highly lethal disease that is caused by the Balamuthia mandrillaris ameba. In fact, of the 10 cases of CE reported to the California Encephalitis Project during the period from 1999 through 2007, all but one patient died. Today, though, the majority of victims of CE survive the condition, but a significant percentage (about 20%) experience long-term complications as a result. To determine the facts about this potentially deadly human pathogen, this paper reviews the literature to provide the history of CE including its first outbreak, how the disease is transmitted, and the epidemiology of CE. In addition, a discussion concerning the search for a vaccine for CE is followed by description of the treatments and public health considerations of CE. Finally, an examination of the concern CE has for public health is followed by a summary of the research…… [Read More]


Anderson, J. R. & Schneider, J. R. (2005, April). Quantitative genetics of vector competence for la Crosse virus and body size in Ochlerotatus Hendersoni and Ochlerotatus Triseriatus interspecific hybrids. Genetics, 169(4), 1529-1532.

Balamuthia Amebic Encephalitis -- California, 1999 -- 2007. (2015). U.S. Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5728a2.htm.

California encephalitis. (2015). Right Diagnosis. Retrieved from http://www.right diagnosis.com/c/california_encephalitis/intro.htm.

California serogroup - pathogen safety data sheet. (2015). Public Health Agency of Canada. Retrieved from http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/msds27e-eng.php.
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Feminist Advocacy of a Social Issue in Contemporary Culture

Words: 1979 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12426002

Post-Feminist Society

Contemporary Feminist Advocacy

Although there is not absolute consensus, popular writings about feminism suggest that there have been three waves of feminism: (1) The first wave of feminism is said to have occurred in the 18th through the 20th centuries and was characterized by a focus on suffrage; (2) The decades spanning 1960 to 1990 are said to encompass the second wave of feminism, to which a concern with cultural and legal gender inequality is attributed; and (3) The third wave of feminism began in the early 1990s partly in response to the conservative backlash the second wave engendered, and partly in recognition of the unrealized goals of the second wave of feminism up to that time ("NOW," 2009). This third wave of feminism made salient a more subjective voice that pointed at the intersection of race and gender with greater resolve than would have been possible when…… [Read More]


Coffey, L.T. (2011, October 11). Girl Project' reveals what teens are really thinking. Today People. Retrieved http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/44846267/ns/today-today_people/t/girl-project-reveals-what-teens-are-really-thinking/

Dow, B.J. (2003). Feminism, Miss America, and media mythology. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 6 (1), 127 -- 150.

Faludi, Susan, Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women (Three Rivers Press, 2006)

Feminist Majority Foundation, Choices Campus Leadership Program. (2011). Retrieved http://feministcampus.org/default.asp
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Gender Roles in the Military Wwii

Words: 655 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77011274

female combat unit in world history. As the developer of the game Night Witches points out, everyone from the commanders to the pilots were women. With women in positions of leadership and front lines physical combat as well as ancillary support such as technicians and mechanics, the ussian 588 team has become a model for other female combat teams. Yet none have followed. In the United States, however, women were confined to roles deemed appropriate according to prevailing gender norms: roles that were assistive or supportive in nature rather than executive and proactive. The women in British units could and did serve in combat in World War Two. Yet in the United States, women continue to be barred from combat positions even today. Although women are not overtly prevented from serving in positions of power and leadership in the military, gender roles and norms do retain a hierarchal and patriarchal…… [Read More]


"Beware the Night Witches! - Russia's Deadly Female Pilots," (2014). World of War Planes. Retrieved online: http://worldofwarplanes.com/news/nightwitch-history/

Campbell, D. (1993). Women in combat. The Journal of Military History 57(2): 301-323.

"Night Witches," (n.d.). Retrieved online: https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/bullypulpitgames/night-witches/description
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Myth and Africa Ousmene Sembene's

Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13580654

) the author's claim that the women are not heroes because they act in their own self-interests ignores the fact that cinematic narration is predicated around a central hero who invariably acts toward the fulfillments of their goals. When someone watches a Hollywood film, the protagonist is not deprived of hero status when they realize their dreams, so the women in Moolade should not be examined differently. Moreover, the author contradicts herself by first stating that the women act in their individual best interests and then that they work collectively to improve the plight of future generations. To be sure, the women do transition from conflict to cooperation (Colle and Amasatou clash most strongly); however, their initial dissention does not represent legitimate grounds for denigration. It is also confusing that she reads the radios as an embodiment of male power ("a symbol of technology the men have") when the film…… [Read More]

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Females in Military Should Females in Military

Words: 2338 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55618137

Females in Military

Should females in military be allowed to lead combat units?

Gender discrimination is a wide exercised practice that is witnessed in the military organization as well. Women in the current times are equally challenging and capable of being a significant part of combat units. However, this subject matter has come under numerous arguments and disagreements with controversial results. In this regard, this study aims and intends to carry out a profound study that can determine whether females in military should be allowed to lead in combat unit or not. The study is a synthesis of both primary and secondary research that can aid the researcher to conclude with meaningful information.

Table of Contents



esearch Methodology

esearch Design

Participants of the Study

Data Collection Techniques





Since time immemorial, the element of discrimination and biasness, especially based on gender have existed in many…… [Read More]


Kotzur, G.P. (1997). Let Us Tell It: How It Was, How It Is and How It Will Be in the Future. USA: Turner Publishing Company.

Kumar, R. 2008. Research Methodology. 2nd Edition -- Reprinted. Great Britain: APH Publishing

Pallant, J. (2010). SPSS Survival Manual. 4th Edition. China: McGraw-Hill International.

Vartanian, T.P. (2010). Secondary Data Analysis. USA: Oxford University Press
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2001 the New York Times Magazine Published

Words: 909 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84220088

2001 the New York Times Magazine published an editorial by Andrew Sullivan entitled "Who's Being Shut Out of All the World War II Glory?" In it, Sullivan asked why historians (both in Washington and Hollywood) have ignored the contributions of gay soldiers, and links this to the current "don't ask, don't tell" policy that was resulting in an upsurge in sexuality-related discharges from the military. Shortly after this article was released, David Horowitz wrote a response article entitled "Why Gays Shouldn't Serve." Though Horowitz claimed that his article was designed to refute the "p.c. thinking" of Sullivan's article by arguing for "pragmatic" counterarguments, in reality he does not argue particularly about any of Sullivan's ideas of recognizing the past roles of gay individuals or relating those past experiences to the decisions of today. Rather he creates a practical argument which suggests that allowing homosexuals officially in the military would be…… [Read More]

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United States Military's Efforts to

Words: 2355 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61315156

Integrating women into the military, like with African-American men, would also contribute to more cohesive fighting units again serving to promote a united, strong U.S. military organization.

Anti-female bias in the military

The struggle for equality in the military for women parallels that of African-American men in many other ways. As a direct result of the need for additional "manpower," women's push for better treatment in the military, and a desire for a larger, stronger military, in 1948, the Women's Armed Services Integration Act was enacted. This act made it possible for women to become permanent members in the military.

Once again, as with African-American men, that act alone was not enough to ensure integration thus leading to a multitude of policies designed to accomplish that end. Almost immediately following this act, in 1949, it was changed to eliminate women with dependent children. This was not changed until the 1970's.…… [Read More]


Borlik, A. (1998, June). DOD Marks 50th Year of Military Women's Integration

Retrieved January 12, 2012, from U.S. Department of Defense website:


Blumenson, M. (1972). Eisenhower
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Relational Satisfaction as a Function of Relational

Words: 1385 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31230945

elational satisfaction as a function of relational maintenance techniques and relational satisfaction as a function of type and frequency of contact between spouses.

There are two contradictory maxims that complicate the military phenomena: the first is "out of sight out of mind." The second is "absence makes the heart grow fonder." As applied to the military situation with one spouse separated from the other over long periods of intermittent time, the first maxim denotes that connection of one spouse to the other will be weakened, whilst the second maxim indicates that the opposite effect will occur and that their relationship will be strengthened due too the intensity of their longing for one another. Most research studies on military relationships seem to tend to the former indicating that the marital dynamics often seem to be at risk due to the periodically long and consistent separation of one spouse from the other…… [Read More]


Baxter, L.A., & Montgomery, B.M. (1996). Relating: Dialogues and dialectics. New York: Guilford Press.

Breakwell, G.M., Hammond, S., & Fife-Schaw, C. (2007). Research methods in psychology. Sage, USA.

Galloway, J. (1987) Women in Combat Air University Review, Pdf. airpower.maxwell.af.mil

Sahlstein, EM (2004). Relating at a distance: Negotiating being together and being apart in long-distance relationships Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, Vol. 21(5): 689 -- 710
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Benefits of Integration in the Ci Humint Community

Words: 20134 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72535211

Integration in the CI/HUMINT Community

An Analysis of the Benefits of Integration in the CI/HUMINT Community and Strategies for Effective Implementation

Shea Larson

The success of any counterinsurgency operation depends largely on the effectiveness and appropriateness of intelligence gathered. Human subjects are a crucial source of intelligence for counterinsurgency operations. Several years back, the U.S. Armed Forces opened up opportunities for women to occupy specific positions in counterintelligence/human intelligence (CI/HUMINT) discipline. However, women still remain underrepresented in the same, and researchers remain largely divided on whether their participation in the same ought to be increased. esearchers have raised concern that the decision to integrate women into HUMINT units could cost the country dearly in the long-term as it is likely to ruin unit cohesion and impede on overall effectiveness. Proponents of the whole idea of integration have, however, argued that the inclusion of women in HUMINT units will actually enhance…… [Read More]


Alderman, M. I. (1993). Women in Direct Combat: What is the Price for Equality? School for Advanced Military Studies Monograph, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Al-Ali, N. & Pratt, N. (2009). What Kind of Liberation: Women and the Occupation of Iraq. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Bartone, P.T. Johnsen, B.H. Eid, J. Brun, W. & Laberg, J.C. (2002). Factors Influencing Small-Unit Cohesion in Norwegian Navy Officer Cadets. Military Psychology, 14(1), 1-22.

Beal, D.J. Cohen, R.R. Burke, M.J. & McLendon, C.L. (2003). Cohesion and Performance in Groups: A Meta-Analytic Clarification of Construct Relations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88 (6), 989-1004.
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Summary of Incorporated Changes Assignment 3 1

Words: 982 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47759354

Military # Combat # Women

Summary of Incorporated Changes

Originally, my study was geared at examining the role of women in the noncombatant arm of the military, particularly intelligence collection. More specifically, it was directed at determining why women are likely to perform better than men in HUMINT collection, and why, therefore, therefore, the military stands to benefit from increasing their role in the same. My thesis committee, however, thinks that the study would be more viable and relevant if it covered the role of women not only in the noncombat arm, but in the combat arm as well. According to Ms. Amanda Bowers, one of the three committee members, the inclusion of women in combat roles in the military is the newest and most controversial subject among military officials today, and the study stands to realize a greater impact and be more relevant to the prevailing situation if it…… [Read More]


Frum, D. (2013). The Truth about Women in Combat. The Daily Beast. Available http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/03/01/the-truth-about-women-in-combat.html (accessed October 5, 2015).

Thompson, M. (2013). Women in Combat. Nation Time. Available http://nation.time.com/2013/01/25/women-in-combat-vive-a-difference / (accessed October 5, 2015).
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Newfoundlandese if You Please by Diane Mooney

Words: 2617 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42322096

Newfoundlandese, if You Please" by Diane Mooney brings into attention the existence of diversity in Newfoundland, in the form of linguistic differences and variation. This unique variation of linguistic diversity in Newfoundland is reflected on the fact that it carries with it its history of Irish, English, British, and French influence in its speech. Inevitably, of course, Mooney points out how these foreign European influences through language have helped create distinct cultures and societies within the province. To prove this point, she goes on to enumerate and describe the different languages extant, which include languages originating from East Coast Newfoundland, which is primarily Irish-influenced. Central Newfoundland, meanwhile, have traces of Irish character though it evolved its own language, which sometimes display Irishness or a deviation from its original Irish character. The third comparison, which is that of West Coast Newfoundland, reflects the influence of the French, though Mooney also mentions…… [Read More]

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Feminism and the Scaly Llama

Words: 791 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83153361

Scaly Llama

The concept of the scaly llama can be seen in real life quite frequently. The scaly llama idea is that people often see others according to their expectations of those people, expectations that are typically born of stereotypes. The concept when written by Hurley (2013) was applied to fictional characters, but it does apply to real life as well. For example, people who work in retail will be well familiar with the reality that people often see them as roles, rather than people. Many interactions between people are characterized by the scaly llama effect -- a server sees a table; the customers see a servant, neither side actually concerning itself with the realities of who those people are. Hurley (2013) argues that the scaly llama is lazy, and this is true both for writers and for people in their daily lives. When the server and the customers fail…… [Read More]


Chavallama. (2012). Bookshelf: Pirate queens. Voyage into the Ordinary. Retrieved November 7, 2015 from https://ourvoyageintotheordinary.wordpress.com/2012/10/20/bookshelf-pirate-queens/

Hurley, K. (2013). We have always fought: Challenging the women, cattle and slaves narrative. Dribble of Ink. Retrieved November 7, 2015 from http://aidanmoher.com/blog/featured-article/2013/05/we-have-always-fought-challenging-the-women-cattle-and-slaves-narrative-by-kameron-hurley/
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Rct Relational Cultural Theory as

Words: 2229 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4486894

RCT believes that everyone desires growth and that growth is by necessity connective in relational and cultural links. Mutual empathy and mutual empowerment foster these relationships in positive ways. (Jordan, "The role of mutual")

Sigmund Freud and Erik Erickson may arguably be two of the most influential icons in the field of human development and psychology. Their fundamental concept that human's develop over a lifetime and not just in a few stages from birth to adolescence and then are frozen into psychological patterns, revolutionized thinking in the field of developmental psychology. The term Life Span Development came to the fore as Erickson devised his eight stages of psychosocial development ranging from birth to eighty years old. Later as he himself passed eighty he realized that there is yet another stage and the count became nine. (Erikson & Erikson, 1997) One can see the striking resemblance between Erickson and Freud's stages…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Comstock, Dana L., et al. "Relational-Cultural Theory: A Framework for Bridging Relational, Multicultural, and Social Justice Competencies." Journal of Counseling and Development 86.3 (2008): 279-288.

Crethar, Hugh C., Edil Torres Rivera, and Sara Nash. "In Search of Common Threads: Linking Multicultural, Feminist, and Social Justice Counseling Paradigms." Journal of Counseling and Development 86.3 (2008): 269-276

Erikson, E.H. & Erikson, J. M . The Life Cycle Completed / Extended Version. New York:

W.W. Norton. 1997
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The Greek Classical Artistic Tradition

Words: 1778 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67148473

Greek Classical Era on Christian Art

The fifth century B.C.E. initiated a new philosophy in Greek art. hile before this era, Greek representations of the human form tended to be static and relatively stylized (much like Egyptian art), the Classical era exhibited a notable break with previous artistic images. Representations of the human form became much more realistic. Knowledge of anatomy combined with an ideology that celebrated and idealized the human form (while still keeping it recognizably human) characterized the style of this era, as can be seen in one of the wonders of the ancient world, the Tomb of Mausolus (Asia Minor, 359-351 B.C.E.). One famous relief on the Tomb depicts Greek warriors and Amazon women in combat. Both the soldiers and the women are intricately detailed in terms of the folds of their clothing and musculature. Both sides are also perfectly proportioned and while all look recognizably human,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Art of the Crusades Era." University of Michigan. 8 Dec 1997. Web 28 Dec 2015.

Boardman, John. "The Classical period (5th - 4th century BC)." Classical Art Research Centre.

Oxford University. 26 Oct 2012. Web 28 Dec 2015.

Cartwright, Mark. "Ara Pacis Augustae." The Ancient History Encyclopedia. Web 28 Dec 2015.
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Smith and Kidron's State of the World Atlas

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35691344

Military and Terrorism

Terrorism and the Bush doctrine

In response to the terrorism attacks of 9-11, the government responded with a statement which has become known as the Bush doctrine. President Bush declared in no uncertain terms that this country would no longer pursue a stance of strength, deterrence, and containment, which had been the military strategy during the old War. He stated that this nation would now pursue all terrorists into whatever nation, hole or cave they hid. The Bush doctrine declared that all people groups, sects of tribes that conducted terrorist activities would be pursued, and destroyed. He included in his policy the promise that nations which harbored, and thus enabled terrorist cells to operate would also be considered enemies of this country, and therefore would be included within the scope of possible military targets. I believe that President Bush's doctrine is the correct stand for this time.…… [Read More]

Chaddock, Gail. Walls of 'Fortress America' rising: Congress is moving on tough bills that would expand surveillance and tighten security at airports and borders. The Christian Science Monitor. 09/24/2001

Tyson, A.S. Spy networks being rebuilt for terror war: Head of military intelligence calls for 'more aggressive, offensive attitude.' The Christian Science Monitor. 04/24/2002

Schorr, Daniel. Our