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The following is an analysis of a qualitative study on hand-washing conducted by Green and Slemen (2005). Literature on the subject, as they show, brings down a lot about the importance of washing hands before food preparation. Epidemiological research indicates that a lot of diseases break out in restaurants where inadequate hand-washing has been performed, and that many people acquire disease from eating meals outside the home. Over and again, reviews present information about the importance of washing hands before preparing food, but as the authors demonstrate, minimal to none investigation has actually been conducted on current practices of hand-washing. It would be informative, therefore, to investigate current practices and factors affecting these practices in order to see how, and in which ways, we can improve hand-washing practices.
More so, it would have been interesting to know whether researchers represented the type of people in the focus groups whom they addressed. It is important that both interviewee bias and interviewer bias are excluded form the study. Frequently, interviewee bias can best be excluded if the characteristics (gender, race, ethnicity and sod forth) match those of the interviewer. In this way, interviewee feels more comfortable with interviewer and is more apt to be open and transparent when responding. This, one may argue, is particularly so in a a focus group climate. Similarly, for interviews to have best results, interviewers need to be able to understand responses and able to fraternize with the interviewees so as to encourage them to talk. Misinterpretation should be a minimal and the 'same language' at a maximum (Breakwell et al, 1995). Researchers, therefore, may have profited from assistants if they themselves were not from studied populations.
In contradiction to quantitative studies where the more the better, focus groups benefit from small groups since the fewer the number of people presenting, the more relaxed and honest the atmosphere is more likely to be (Keegan, 2009). Indeed,in this case, each group featured 4 to 8 participators. There was however a glaring omission of diversity of people. For instance, African Americans, Asians, and so forth seemed to have been omitted from sample. This results in biased results.
The authors preferred telephone interviews noting that telephone focus groups provide more anonymity and generate more information compared with face-to-face groups. Whilst this may be true in certain aspects, telephone interviewing has its own specific problems. This includes finding an appropriate time of day when all can conceivably agree to be interviewed over the phone; the rushed and abrupt manner of phone talk that is often missing from face-to-face encounters (it is difficult to find a convenient time and the phone provides an atmosphere where the person may be more abrupt in an attempt to depart); the atmosphere of anonymity may also lead the person to be more inaccurate in response (either intentionally or unintentionally); besides which, the person may…[continue]
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"1 Prepare A Critical Analysis A Qualitative Study Focusing Problem Statement Study Purpose Research Question Literature Review Theoretical Framework 2 The Completed Analysis 750 1 000 Words 3 Refer Resource Research Critique Part 1", 06 March 2012, Accessed.12 March. 2014, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/1-Prepare-a-critical-78473