AIDS in Africa the AIDS Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Recent reports released by UNAIDS has confirmed the fact that Nevirapine treatment is still beyond the reach for 90% of HIV infected pregnant women. [Elizabeth Glacier Pediatric AIDS Foundation]

Government Initiative

It goes without saying that the commitment and active participation of the government are vital in containing the rapid outbreak of the disease. Political, religious and infrastructural predicaments have been the main reasons for the uncontrolled spread of AIDS in Africa. Religious inhibitions have also restrained some governments from undertaking a transparent approach in discussing sexual hygiene and implementing sex education at school level. However the success stories of Uganda and Senegal, two African countries, where the government undertook educational initiatives (behavioral modification) and actively promoted safe sex methods, serve to show the importance of a transparent, direct and timely intervention. In Uganda the HIV infection rates among pregnant women has dropped from 21.1% in 1991 to 6.1% in 2000. The ABC (Abstain, Be faithful, Condoms) approach promoted by the government proved to be very effective in containing HIV. [the Alan Guttmacher Institute]

The Role of NGO's

In the fight against a disease of such large scale it is imperative that a well-planned, cooperative strategy is evolved. Already many NGO's such as WHO, UNICEF, UNAIDS and other private agencies such as 'Bill Gates foundation' and 'Bristol-Meyers Squibb' are actively participating in promoting AIDS awareness education as a preventive measure, as well as funding for implementing anti-retroviral treatment measures for HIV infected people. Pharmaceutical companies have also started to participate more effectively in the effort to make the drugs accessible to every affected person. Behringer Ingelheim, the company that manufactures Nevirapine is supplying the drug free of cost while other companies like Glaxo have also reduced their cost. However there are still infrastructural impediments and "high level of administrative burdens," which hamper the effective reach out of the treatment programs, implying the need for a more methodical and penetrative strategy. [CBFC] This can only be achieved when there is a cooperative effort from the pharmaceutical companies, government, NGO's and other agencies that are working in the fight against AIDS.

Conclusion

The poor economic situation and the political instability in the African nations have made medical treatment unaffordable and unreachable for the majority of its HIV infected population. Poor management of the disease has left AIDS assume epidemic proportions. Preventive measures are more cost effective and hence constitute the main line defense in the fight against AIDS, particularly when there is a very high ratio of vertical transmission of the disease. The alarming fact is that even the cheap and effective retroviral programs are still unavailable or unaffordable to millions of HIV infected in Africans. A combined initiative for implementing training programs for medical and paramedical staff, improving access to medical treatment, and creating AIDS awareness and prevention programs is essential for effective handling of the prevailing crisis. The first priority would be to change drug licensing and customs policies and make antiretroviral therapy affordable to every HIV infected person in the continent. The enormous scale of the problem necessitates an active and cooperative participation of the healthcare sector, the government and Non-governmental organizations.

Bibliography

The World Bank Group, "AIDS Regional Update: Africa," Accessed on March 18th 2005, http://www.worldbank.org/afr/aids/overview.htm

UNAIDS, "AIDS Epidemic Update," Accessed on March 18th 2005, http://www.unaids.org/wad2004/EPIupdate2004_html_en/Epi04_03_en.htm#P28_3962

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, "Mother to Child Transmission," Accessed on March 19th 2005, http://www.gatesfoundation.org/GlobalHealth/HIVAIDSTB/HIVAIDS/AfricaMission/MTC/default.htm

AIDS Action, "Mother to Child HIV Transmission in Africa," Accessed on March 19th 2005, http://www.aidsaction.org/legislation/pdf/mom2child.pdf

Elizabeth Glacier Pediatric AIDS Foundation, "EXPANDING ACCESS of PREGNANT WOMEN in the DEVELOPING WORLD to a WIDER RANGE of EFFECTIVE METHODS of PREVENTING INFANT HIV INFECTION," Accessed on March 19th 2005, http://www.pedaids.org/fs_latest_news_nevirapine_croi_2.23.htm

The Alan Guttmacher Institute, "Beyond Slogans: Lessons From Uganda's ABC Experience," Accessed on March 20th 2005, http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/ib2004no2.html

Barry D. Schoub, "AIDS and HIV in Perspective" a Guide to Understanding the Virus and Its Consequences," Cambridge University Press, Second Edition, 1999

CBFC, "Uganda, Botswana Only African Countries Participating in Boehringer Ingelheim Free Antiretroviral Drug Program," Accessed on March 19th 2005, http://www.cbcfhealth.org/content/contentID/2047[continue]

Some Sources Used in Document:

"mom2child.pdf" 

Cite This Term Paper:

"AIDS In Africa The AIDS" (2005, March 21) Retrieved December 4, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/aids-in-africa-the-63359

"AIDS In Africa The AIDS" 21 March 2005. Web.4 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/aids-in-africa-the-63359>

"AIDS In Africa The AIDS", 21 March 2005, Accessed.4 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/aids-in-africa-the-63359

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome AIDS

    There are various blood tests used to detect HIV, of which the most frequently used is enzyme immunoassay, and if the presence of antibodies is detected, the blood is further tested with the Western blot method (AIDS). A test that measure the viral genes in the blood is has proven helpful in assessing treatment efficacy (AIDS). Although there is no cure for AIDS, there are a number of drugs available,

  • AIDS in Africa

    AIDS in Afica HIV / AIDS in Africa An Overview of how this Terrible Disease has Rampaged the Population in Africa and what might be done about it in the Future. The spread of AIDS has reached epidemic proportions on the African Continent. There are many factors that can be attributed to the spread of this phenomenon. Lack of modern health care facilities and trained medical professionals is often cited as a cause

  • HIV AIDS Autoimmune Deficiency Syndrome AIDS

    HIV / AIDS Autoimmune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) first came to the public's attention in the United States in the early 1980s. In Africa, the cities of Rwanda, Zaire, Zambia and Uganda were decimated, and cases began cropping up all over the world. In rare blood samples dating back to 1959, antibodies to HIV were detected (Crowley, 1993, p. 46), and yet the virus did not seem to become a problem until

  • AIDS in Africa How Serious

    5% in 2008" (Smith, 2009). And yet, millions of children ("The lost generation") have been left orphaned by AIDS (AIDS Weekly). Speaking of South Africa, the AIDS Weekly story (reporting on the Jim Lehrer NewsHour story written by Ray Suarez) points out that former South Africa President Thabo Mbeki, along with his health minister, spent years spreading "misinformation about the HIV virus), which clearly was part of the problem in South

  • AIDS HIV What Purpose Does Continued

    In other words, people become so depressed and fall into such a state of despair upon hearing that they have HIV that their immune system is weakened, which is the real cause of developing AIDS. Null blames doctors for creating a self-fulfilling prophesy in the mindset of people diagnosed with the illness, even in the minds of children. He believes that children who do not understand what causes various types

  • AIDS HIV AIDS Is the Acronym for Acquired

    AIDS/HIV AIDS is the acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, a human viral disease that affects and destroys the immune system. It is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and leaves an infected person vulnerable to opportunistic infections. No cure has as yet been found for AIDS and is invariably fatal once the infection is full blown although certain treatments can prolong the life spans and improve the quality of life

  • Origin of HIV the Mystery of HIV

    Origin of HIV The mystery of HIV and its origins is one that cannot be easily solved. In the thirty-odd years which have passed since the official recognition of AIDS by the CDC and the subsequent search for its cause, various theories have been floated regarding its nature, its development, its ability to adapt, our ability to combat it, and -- most importantly for some -- its origin. How did the


Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved