Autism & Asperger's Disorders Autism Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

While Dr. Asperger called the condition "autistic psychopathy" and described it as a personality disorder primarily marked by social isolation, today Asperger's Syndrome is identified as a brain, communication, or neurological disorder like autism, not a personality disorder like, for example, antisocial personality disorder ("Asperger's Syndrome fact sheet," 2008, NINDS).

Like autism, Asperger's Syndrome is characterized by repetitive routines, rituals, and movements, poor social skills, and odd ways of communicating that do not take into consideration the other person's feelings and needs. The distinguishing feature of Asperger's, in contrast to classical autism, is that the individuals all have normal IQ but show "limited interests or an unusual preoccupation with a particular subject to the exclusion of other activities" ("Asperger's Syndrome fact sheet," 2008, NINDS). Unlike autistic individuals who show little interest in others, Asperger children may seek out companionship, but may drive other people away because of their refusal to talk about anything other than their one interest, and their refusal to alter the topic in the face of the boredom of others. "Some children with as have become experts on vacuum cleaners, makes and models of cars, even objects as odd as deep fat fryers" ("Asperger's Syndrome fact sheet," 2008, NINDS). Sometimes, "their expertise, high level of vocabulary, and formal speech patterns make them seem like little professors...but the conversation may seem like a random collection of facts or statistics, with no point or conclusion" ("Asperger's Syndrome fact sheet," 2008, NINDS). They are also often clumsy and have difficulty with physical movements that come naturally to other children, which further complicates their social interactions.

Asperger Syndrome has been difficult to gather data about because some doctors believe that as is not a separate and distinct disorder. "Instead, they call it high-functioning autism (HFA), and view it as being on the mild end of the ASD spectrum with symptoms that differ -- only in degree -- from classic autism while others see it as a unique disorder" ("Asperger's Syndrome fact sheet," 2008, NINDS). For individuals with the disorder who have learned to compensate quite well for their social deficits, diagnosis may not come well into adulthood, making data even more difficult to gather on the disorder.

The signs which point to Asperger's Syndrome being part of a unique disorder lie in the fact that although children may exhibit unusual speaking behavior, like speaking in a monotone, they do not experience difficulties with language like children with classic autism, and may have quite high verbal IQs in some instances. Also, children with autism lack such a single-minded focus on one thing, although they may show a marked fondness for objects such as a toy, mechanical objects, etcetera, which echoes the obsessions of Asperger's. But individuals with autism do not exhibit obsessions "with the exception of the all-absorbing preoccupation with an unusual and circumscribed topic, about which vast amounts of factual knowledge are acquired and all too readily demonstrated at the first opportunity in social interaction," and in terms of classic autistic children's motor skills, their pattern of motor development "is often a relative strength" rather than a deficit (Klin & Volkmar 1995).

The mystery of autism continues, even though scientists have learned far more about the disorder in the past decades of research. Yet the multifaceted variations of the disorder, with its different times of onset, and the complex role of genetics and environment still eludes a coherent, singular explanation. At present, parents can simply turn to behavioral modification therapy to ameliorate some of the difficulties created by the disorder, and to set realistic expectations for the future of their children.

Works Cited

Autism." (11 Apr 2008). National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

NINDS). Retrieved 10 Apr 2008 at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm

Autism spectrum disorders (Pervasive developmental disorders)." (3 Apr 2008).

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Retrieved 10 Apr 2008 at http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/autism/complete-publication.shtml

Asperger Syndrome Fact Sheet." (2008). National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Retrieved 10 Apr 2008 at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/asperger/detail_asperger.htm#115333080

Klin, Ami & Fred R. Volkmar. (Jun 1995). "Asperger's Syndrome: Guidelines for assessment and diagnosis." Yale Child Study Center, New Haven, Connecticut. Published by the Learning Disabilities Association of America. Retrieved 10 Apr 2008 at http://www.med.yale.edu/chldstdy/autism/asdiagnosis.html#psych[continue]

Some Sources Used in Document:

"Autism-Spectrum-Disorder-Fact-Sheet" 

Cite This Term Paper:

"Autism & Asperger's Disorders Autism" (2008, April 11) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/autism-amp-asperger-disorders-30804

"Autism & Asperger's Disorders Autism" 11 April 2008. Web.9 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/autism-amp-asperger-disorders-30804>

"Autism & Asperger's Disorders Autism", 11 April 2008, Accessed.9 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/autism-amp-asperger-disorders-30804

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Autism Is if Not the Foremost One

    Autism is, if not the foremost, one of the most well-known of the disorders among the pervasive developmental disorders list. The conditions are so marked through a set of communicative and social malfunctions in an early age that autism has been commonly diagnosed among children less than three years of age. The disorder is known to statistically affect 1 in 1,000 births for prototypical autism, while autism spectrum disorders can

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder the Objective

    Stimuli other than explicit instruction are reported to have likely signaled the beginning of a new activity. In the case of the female student, Christie it was related that arranging and ordering was not an escapist activity as it had been for the male participants to avoid responding to instructions. In the case of one of the male students the ordering and arranging was believed to be due to

  • Lesson Plan Amp Reflection I Didn t Know

    Lesson Plan Amp; Reflection I didn't know what state you are in so was unable to do state/district standards! Lesson Plan Age/Grade Range; Developmental Level(s): 7-8/2nd Grade; Below grade level Anticipated Lesson Duration: 45 Minutes Lesson Foundations Pre-assessment (including cognitive and noncognitive measures): All students are reading below grade level (5-7 months) as measured by standardized assessments and teacher observation Curricular Focus, Theme, or Subject Area: Reading: Fluency, word recognition, and comprehension State/District Standards: Learning Objectives: Students will develop

  • Branding New Service Dominant Logic

    Branding in Service Markets Amp Aim And Objectives Themes for AMP Characteristics Composing Branding Concept Branding Evolution S-D Logic and Service Markets Branding Challenges in Service Markets Considerations for Effective Service Branding Categories and Themes Branding Theory Evolution S-D Logic and Service Markets Branding Challenges in Service Markets Considerations for Effective Service Branding Branding Concept Characteristics Characteristics Composing Branding Concept Sampling of Studies Reviewed Evolution of Branding Theory Evolution of Marketing Service-Brand-Relationship-Value Triangle Brand Identity, Position & Image Just as marketing increasingly influences most aspects of the consumer's lives, brands

  • Investigations Workplace Violence

    Workplace Violence Everyday in the United States millions of Americans leave their homes and enter the places of their employment. Captain Among these millions, most report to work unaware of the prevalence of workplace violence or fully understand the gamut of actions that represent such violence. It is typical of the media to only report high profile cases including a former employee or a worker losing control - the most

  • The Philosophy of Neo Confucianism

    Neo-Confucianism is a philosophy which was born from the need to explain the existence of man and the universe in a manner which was just as complex as the Buddhist one. The philosophers which belong to this school of thought took the core of the Confucian philosophy and enriched it with contributions from other philosophies. It can also be stated that neo-Confucianism is a reaction to various provocations of philosophical

  • Asperger s Syndrome in 2001 Henderson

    (Henderson, 2001) Toth & King (2008) explain that within the past two decades, a growing body of research has attempted to address the diagnostic and phenotypic ambiguity between AS and high-functioning autism. Some authors believe that the neuropsychological and behavioral profiles of AS and high-functioning autism differ, while others have argued that there is little empirical evidence for a distinction between these two disorders. Researchers conducted a comprehensive study that


Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved