Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Atomic bomb in Japan [...] President Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb in Japan, and discuss why Truman's decision was the proper decision for the time. Choosing to use the atomic bomb to end the war with Japan was not an easy decision, or one that President Truman chose lightly. It was a necessary decision to keep the war from continuing, and ultimately save thousands of soldiers' and civilians' lives.
When Truman took office after President Franklin D. Roosevelt died, he did not know about the development of the atomic bomb, it had been kept that secret. Roosevelt had created a nuclear program to look into creating an atom bomb several years before his death in 1945. In June 1942, this program was turned over to the army, and worked in Manhattan, and that is why it was code-named the "Manhattan Project." Just three months later, Enrico Fermi, the head scientist working on the project, created the first managed nuclear chain reaction. "The event was not spectacular,' Fermi wrote in 1952, 'no fuses burned, no lights flashed. But to us it meant that release of atomic energy on a large scale would be only a matter of time'" (Szasz 14). The scientists kept working to perfect the process.
The project grew so large, it was moved to Los Alamos, New Mexico under top secrecy. This is where the first bombs were exploded above ground. Truman did not know of the existence of Los Alamos, either, until after he took office. Only twelve days after he took over, he received a memo written by Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson that gave details about the bomb, and described the long-term changes the bomb could have on the Earth. "The world,' said the memorandum, 'in its present state of moral advancement compared with its technical development would be eventually at the mercy of such a weapon' and 'modern civilization might be completely destroyed'" (Wainstock 37). After he got this memo, Truman formed an Interim Committee to investigate the use of the bomb against Japan. Many of his advisors were strictly against dropping the bomb at all costs, and urged Truman to show the Japanese the capabilities of the bomb, and hope they would surrender before it could be used against them. However, the Interim Committee never considered not using the bomb. They agreed, "First, it should be dropped on Japan as soon as possible. Second, it should be used on a dual target, 'a military installation or war plant surrounded by or adjacent to houses and other buildings most susceptible to damage.' Finally, it should be used without prior warning" (Wainstock 42), and that is just what happened. Certainly every advisor did not agree using the bomb was the best solution, but the consensus was that the bomb would end the war sooner, and cause less damage in the end.
President Truman justified his decision to drop the bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in several ways. He of course knew there would be numerous casualties and devastation, but he felt demonstrating the power of the bomb would not cause Japan to surrender, so the U.S. had to use it in military force to bring the war to an end. If the war kept on, countless soldiers and civilians would die in the fighting, and so, using the bomb actually helped save lives. Many others around the world agreed, but many others did not. Most world leaders agreed with Winston Churchill, who supported Truman's decision, and saw little other choice (Osborn). In addition, Truman knew that if he did not use the bomb, the only way to win the war was to invade Japan, and that would be far more costly in lives and money in the long run (Osborn). Americans, for the most part, supported the bombing, and cheered in the streets when the war finally ended.
The bombs were devastating to Nagasaki, Hiroshima, and the Japanese population. The two bombs killed thousands, and left thousands more to slowly die of radiation poisoning. It is hard to believe the Japanese Emperor did not surrender after the first bomb wiped out Hiroshima. However, after the second bomb fell on Nagasaki, Emperor Hirohito did surrender. There was celebrating in the streets around our nation. However, the words of the survivors tell the real consequences of the bombs most powerfully. One survivor wrote this poem about the bomb and what was left in Nagasaki, "Under…[continue]
"Bombing Of Hiroshima" (2004, November 15) Retrieved December 7, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/bombing-of-hiroshima-59619
"Bombing Of Hiroshima" 15 November 2004. Web.7 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/bombing-of-hiroshima-59619>
"Bombing Of Hiroshima", 15 November 2004, Accessed.7 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/bombing-of-hiroshima-59619
bombing of Hiroshima raises some significant ethical issues. From a military perspective, the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki served as the catalyst for bringing about Japanese surrender, thereby ending the war in the Pacific. However, these attacks on civilian targets were among the most horrific in the history of wartime. Such attacks would be outlawed today under the Fourth Geneva Convention, which was enacted in 1949 partly as a
Indeed, there is no moral argument to justify the use of weapons against possible civilians. The nuclear bomb lacks any precision in targeting solely military targets without causing casualties. Although its use cannot be justified from a moral perspective, it can be seen as a means to put an end to a war that had taken millions of lives up to 1945. The impact the attacks had on Japan
The reverend did hard work during the after math of the bombing and was dedicated to help the survivors. He later on became a peace activist and traveled to the U.S. To give speeches and have TV appearances and raised money for the surviving victim's treatments. Mr. Tanimoto is a more complex and complicated person in this novel and shows that he has ties to the U.S. He is acting
Hiroshima Bombing The Manhattan Project When I was asked to work on the Manhattan project during the late 1930's, I was delighted to be included in work of such magnitude. Not only would I work with the most prominent scientists in the world; I would also make a substantial contribution to the United States Government and its effort to keep the country safe. Recently however I have begun experiencing considerable ambivalence regarding the
Dropping the Atom Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki During World War II, a mid-20th-century conflict that involved several nations, the United States military dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Wikipedia, 2005). The first atomic bomb was exploded over Hiroshima on August 5, 1945; the second was detonated over Nagasaki four days later. The bombs killed more than 120,000 people immediately and about twice as many over
United States' decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan in WWII was motivated by a desire for a decisive victory, an unnecessary act against a country that was would have surrendered without the use of the bomb, and a disturbing use of force that created worldwide fear and horror about the use of nuclear weapons. The bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima by the United States were justified by the
feared terrorist acts in the history of United States where Oklahoma City was targeted as the place for criminal act. The intention of this paper is to give a brief overview of the event that took place in 1995 and the conspirators behind this criminal act. Their plot and details of attack have been elaborated in a well form, which discuss every aspect of the activity from plotting of