Causes as Well as the Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Other techniques like brainstorming and mapping are recommended by Ellis (1997).

The other principle which underlies the constructivist approach is a deep focus on main ideas as well as relationships within the key ideas that lie within a given subject area (Grobecker, 1999). The application of this principle means that a teacher must stress the various connections of the more important concepts that form the main idea for a given discipline as opposed to teaching several bits of knowledge which are isolated.

Duhaney & Duhaney (2000) proposed the use of active learning as an important element of the constructivist instructional approach. This is because when students are actively involved in a given lesson, they tend to learn as well as retain most of the presented information (Harris & Graham, 1996).

Behaviorist theory and its application

The other theory / approach of learning that should be used on children with learning disorder are behaviorist theory. This has in most cases been refereed to as direct or explicit instruction. Mercer (1997) pointed out that even though the application of this approach in the general education setting has been met with a lot of criticism, it has been indicated to be effective for children with learning difficulties. Its positive aspects are therefore worth considering.

One of the strategies that is associated with the structured approach to student teaching entails the breaking down of the available tasks into smaller and manageable teaching segments/tasks (Grobecker, 1999). The simplification process is very important to student with learning difficulties due to the fact that they are easily overwhelmed and frustrated whenever their learning process is complicated. This makes them to give up way too early (Lerner, 2003).

The other important component of the direct instructional technique is modeling (Olson & Platt, 2000).This means that a teacher must be able to explain as well as demonstrate each and every stage.

Grobecker (1999) pointed out that the explicit instructional approach involves the practicing as well as reviewing of the new learning activities until there is mastery. Olson & Platt (2000) pointed out that explicit teaching entails the reliance on structure as well as a systematic process of planning.

Conclusion

The academic as well as processing deficit problems make teaching student with learning disabilities t be a complex one. It is therefore important for the instructor to comprehend the strengths as well as the weaknesses of various teaching approaches such as constructivist and behaviorist techniques in order for effective learning to be achieved by the students. A combination of approaches should be adopted together with legislations in order for people with learning disabilities to have a free and fair access to education.

References

Brooks, J.G., & Brooks, M.G. (1999). In search of understanding: The case for constructivist classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Brown, M (2003).Learning disability: a handbook for integrated care.Salisbury: APS

Cambridge, Paul; Forrester-Jones, Rachel; Carpenter, John; Tate, Alison; Knapp, Martin; Beecham, Jennifer; Hallam, Angela (2005).The State of Care Management in Learning Disability and Mental Health Services 12 Years into Community Care .British Journal of Social Work, Volume 35, Number 7, 1 October 2005, pp. 1039-1062(24)

Duhaney, D.C., & Duhaney, L.M.G. (2000). Assistive technology: Meeting the needs of learners with disabilities. International Journal of Instructional Media, 27, 393-401.

Ellis, E.S. (1997). Watering up the curriculum for adolescents with learning disabilities: Goals of the knowledge dimension. Remedial and Special Education, 18, 326-346.

Eisenmajer, Natasha; Ross, Nola; Pratt, Chris (2005).Specificity and characteristics of learning disabilities.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, Volume 46, Number 10, October 2005, pp. 1108-1115(8) Blackwell Publishing

Gates, B and Beacock, C.(1997)Dimensions of learning disability. Publisher/year London: Baillie're Tindall.

Geary, D.C (2005).Role of Cognitive Theory in the Study of Learning Disability in Mathematics Journal of Learning Disabilities, Volume 38, Number 4, July/August 2005, pp. 305-305(1) Pro-Ed

Grobecker, B. (1999). Mathematics reform and learning disabilities. Learning Disability Quarterly, 22, 43-58.

Harris, K.R., & Graham, S. (1996). Constructivism and students with special needs: Issues in the classroom. Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 11, 134-137.

Lerner, J. (2003). Learning disabilities: Theories, diagnosis, and teaching practices. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Mercer, C.D. (1997). Students with learning disabilities. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall

Pastor P., Reuben C. (2002). Attention deficit disorder and learning disability: United States 1997-98. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 10(206). http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_206.pdf

Thompson, N (2001).Anti-Discriminatory practice 3rd…[continue]

Some Sources Used in Document:

"sr10_206.pdf" 

Cite This Term Paper:

"Causes As Well As The" (2011, November 13) Retrieved December 8, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/causes-as-well-the-47438

"Causes As Well As The" 13 November 2011. Web.8 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/causes-as-well-the-47438>

"Causes As Well As The", 13 November 2011, Accessed.8 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/causes-as-well-the-47438

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Cause of Armed Conflict in the Aftermath

    Cause of Armed Conflict In the aftermath of 911 and as an effect of the 'War on Terror', religion can be clearly seen as major cause of armed conflict. Such views, however, have fallen on fertile ground, following the massive debates about Samuel P. Huntington's clash of civilizations thesis, and the increased analytical attention to the interface between religion and conflict throughout most of the 1990s. Although few analysts will argue

  • Causes of World Hunger May Be One

    Causes of World Hunger Hunger may be one of the most serious and least understood of all world problems. Many people believe that hunger is the result of a lack of available food, which is a myth that is perpetuated by many well-meaning news organizations. Discussions of famine and drought make it seem as if hunger occurs because there is simply not enough food to feed people. The reality is that

  • Causes of Chronic Bronchitis in Workers This

    Causes of Chronic Bronchitis in Workers This review shows the literature and research available in the issue of respiratory diseases and the various occupations. The review shows that there is a pressing need to evaluate and conduct research in the known areas like coal, cement, and pesticides, but alarmingly agriculture and other industries have also to be included. It is not only the factories that are hazardous. There are arguments to show

  • Causes of Juvenile Delinquency

    Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Criminal Justice The problem of juvenile delinquency is becoming more complicated and universal, and crime prevention programs are either unequipped to deal with the present realities or do not exist. Many developing countries have done little or nothing to deal with these problems, and international programs are obviously insufficient. Developed countries are engaged in activities aimed at juvenile crime prevention, but the overall effect of these programs is

  • Causes of Global Warming in the Past

    Causes of Global Warming In the past twenty (20) years, human society has consumed and emitted yearly total emissions of about 6 billion metric tons of "carbon dioxide equivalent" gases worldwide, according to National Geographic (2011). These yearly emissions may seem irrelevant as a number, but this is the amount of gases emitted that contributed to the worsening condition of global warming in the world today. Global warming has so far

  • Causes of Low Student Achievement

    Causes of Low Student Achievement Does the grading system accurately measure how well a student is learning? This question itself implies that the grading system used by many teachers cannot be fully accurate in assessing what a given student has learned. Psychology Professor James D. Allen (the School of Psychology at the College of Saint Rose in New York State) explains that while the grading system is supposed to "accurately" reflect a

  • Causes of Increased Child Obesity Causes of

    Causes of Increased Child Obesity Causes of Increased Childhood Obesity in the 21st Century Over the last several decades, the issue of childhood obesity has been increasingly brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because the overall number of children who are overweight or obese have risen dramatically. Evidence of this can be seen with a study that was conducted by the National Institute of Health (NIH). They


Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved