Americans With Disabilities Act Essays (Examples)

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Americans With Disability Act Issues

Words: 831 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13717667

pecifically, the ADA recognizes disability that results from physical or psychological disabilities that have detrimental effects on any part of life that is considered a "major life activity." Generally, those activities are those that are, ordinarily, "basic components" of a person's life. Typical examples of "basic components" of a "major life activity" would be seeing, hearing, walking, communicating, and learning.

Title I also prohibits any form of discrimination in hiring and promotions against the disabled. American with Disabilities Act Title II requires all state and local governments and municipalities to make "reasonable accommodations" to enable the disabled fair access to their buildings and facilities, and to the equipment of their public transportation systems. American with Disabilities Act Title III establishes similar obligations on private businesses and on most other commercial facilities that are generally open to the public.

Relevance to the Modern Workplace and Health Information Management

In the modern…… [Read More]

Sources Consulted

Edwards, G.C., Wallenberg, M.P., and Lineberry, R.B. (2009). Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy. New York: Longman.

Goldfield, D., Abbot, C., Argersinger, J., and Argersinger, P. (2005). Twentieth-Century

America: A Social and Political History. New Jersey: Pearson.
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American With Disability Act American

Words: 1103 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95492817

The Act is not adaptable, it is not distinct in nature and it is costly to implement (eynolds, 1995). These factors have allowed the public to disregard the members of the society that were supposed to be protected by the Law. It has been difficult to distinguish the groups that are protected by the Act, to ensure the Act is understood and applicable, the Act should be refined, reworded and simplified to ensure that it is easily understood and adapted (Lande, 1998).

Employers have in a greater way been able to deny disabled people employment although the disabled person may be in a position to perform most of the responsibilities; they are not given the opportunity to prove their ability to perform. The employer refuses to hire the person not on the basis of inability to perform but because they are physically disabled (Shaw, 2008). Whenever an employee is terminated…… [Read More]

References

Shaw, K. (2008). The Disability Rights Movement -- The ADA Today. Academic Search Premier 4(2), 20-25.

Meneghello, R., & Russon, H. (2008). Creating a Movement: The First 18 Years of the ADA. Academic Search Premier. 4, 21-25.

Hermes, J. (2008). Attempt to Broaden Disabilities Act Concerns Some College Officials. Chronicle of Higher Education. 40, A23-A23

Lande, R. (1998). Disability law: Problems and proposals. Southern Medical Journal, 6, 518.
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American Disabilities Act American's With

Words: 7288 Length: 27 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45502422

(Schall, 1998)

In addition to a lightened burden of proof and broader definition there were two additional changes resulting from the amendment which served to positively affect the impact and ultimate effectiveness of the legislation. This amendment clarified the fact that judges are not allowed to assess possible mitigating factors such as medication, corrective surgery, or specialized equipment in the determination of whether or not an individual is disabled. This change is directly related to the Sutton case. Further the amendments clarified the definition of major life activities. This amendment relates directly to the Williams case in which a judge deemed that Carpal Tunnel wasn't in fact a significant impairment to major life activities, it merely precluded her from successfully completing specific tasks in the work place. Though the language of the Act is still quite ambiguous, these changes help to clarify and protect the intention of the act.

Exceptions…… [Read More]

References

1. Disability Discrimination Act 1995. (c.50), London: HMSO.

2. Schall, C., 1998. The Americans with Disabilities Act -- Are we keeping our promise? An analysis of the effect of the ADA on the employment of persons with disabilities. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 10(3), pp.191-203.

3. Stowe, M., 2000. Interpreting "place of public accommodation" under Title III of the ADA: A technical determination with potentially broad civil rights implications. Duke Law Journal, pp. 297- 329.

4. Grabois, R., Nosek, M., & Rossi, D., 2005. Accessibility of primary care physicians' offices for people with disabilities: An analysis of compliance with the American with Disabilities Act. Archives of Family Medicine, 8, pp. 44- 51.
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American Disability Act and Affirmative Action Act

Words: 760 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43687741

American Disability Act and Affirmative Action Act

Critique of Modern Civil ights Acts

The quest to ensure that every American's civil rights are guaranteed is still being waged today. New populations of disadvantaged are continuing to be guaranteed by modern legislation the same every day benefits the majority of the population often takes for granted. Acts like the American Disability Act and the Affirmative Action Act are continuing to provide for the American people to ensure that everyone gets the same benefits and rights; although some of these acts have been more successful than others.

The American Disability Act was a monumental piece of legislation aimed at helping protect the rights of vulnerable populations. For generations, there was little vocational protection for the disabled in the work environment. This often led to wrongful termination and even a complete lack of hiring people with disabilities. In 1990, the president Bush passed…… [Read More]

References

Dale, Charles V. (2005). Federal affirmative action law: A brief history. CRS Report for Congress. Web.  http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/crs/rs22256.pdf 

U.S. Equal Opportunity Employment Opportunity Commission. (2008). Facts about the American Disability Act. Web.   http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/fs-ada.html
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HR Process the Well-Known Americans With Disabilities

Words: 989 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54115593

H Process

The well-known Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the EEOC, Department of Homeland Security and the Department of labor outline the various provisions that are formatted to ensure the people with disability, the minority groups, and every caliber of Americans have equal access to the employment opportunities. The laws and provision are meant to ensure the people with disability live a normal and comfortable life, there is a reduce discrimination in term of color, race, country of origin, religion or sex. The EEOC for instance ensures that the rule of law is followed in employment and no single organization uses the neutral laws to disadvantage a given group or individual.

The ADA is mandated to ensure the Americans living with disability enjoy equal employment opportunities, equal rights to access and enjoy State and Local Government Activities, easy access to public transport, access and equal utilization of public accommodations, fair…… [Read More]

References

Edie Grace, (2010). Discrimination against the Disabled in the Workplace. Retrieved May 5,

2011 from http://www.ehow.com/about_6744403_discrimination-against-disabled-workplace.html

U.S. Department of Justice, (2006). A Guide to Disability Rights Laws. Retrieved May 5, 2011

from  http://www.ada.gov/cguide.htm#anchor62335
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American Association of People With Disabilities Aapd

Words: 1657 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3499844

American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD)

American Association of People with Disabilities

Agency Selected

The American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD)

Purpose and structure

The American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD) is the largest cross-disability membership organization in the nation. The agency serves multiple purposes, the most fundamental of which is advocacy. Established in 1995, the agency's original objectives were twofold: (1) to be a voice for and implement the policy goals of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) -- which had been enacted in 1990 -- and (2) to unite a wide diversity of people with disabilities into a community, bringing together the many disability-specific organizations that made up the landscape. The American Association of People with Disabilities holds that joining the diverse constituencies of the disability community -- people with physical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, developmental disabilities, sensory disabilities, psychiatric disabilities, and chronic health conditions --…… [Read More]

References

Affirmative Action, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.(2009). Retrieved  http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/affirmative-action/ 

American Association of People with Disabilities Annual Report 2008-2009. Retrieved

http://www.aapd.com/atf/cf/%7BEF7AB230-F758-4C6B-8CEA-916D9108BFEE%7D/AR%202008-09%20Book%2008%2013.pdf

Buskey, F., and Pitts, E.M. (2009). Training subversives: The ethics of leadership preparation. Phi Delta Kappan, 91(3), 57-61. Retrieved July 7, 2011 from EBSC host, http://web.ebscohost.com/
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American Sign Language

Words: 1635 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10253866

sign language in public settings for people who are deaf.

Writing notes as a way to communicate with people who are deaf is convenient, for people with normal hearing, and recommended, by people with normal hearing. In the world of hearing people, recommendations for using note writing as a way to communicate with people who are deaf is common.

Communication at work. Employers are advised to supplement their communication with employees who are deaf by writing notes. For example, Equal Access Communication, an advocacy organization suggests that supervisors may wish to keep a white board or a chalk board by the work area of an employee who is deaf. The supervisor is reminded to keep the writing simple and concise, first establishing the subject to be discussed and then providing an explanation. Further, the supervisor is reminded that the person who is deaf may experience difficulties understanding idioms or double…… [Read More]

References

Emmorey, K., Borinstein, H.B., and Thompson, R. (n.d.). Bimodal bilingualism: Code-blending between spoken English and American Sign Language, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies and University of California, San Diego. Retrieval http://emmoreylab.sdsu.edu/pdf-bilingual/bilingual1.pdf

Teplin, E. (2008, August 26). Representing deaf and hard of hearing people: Legal requirements & practical suggestions. The Hennepin Lawyer. Retrieved http://hennepin.timerlakepublishing.com/article.asp?article=1246

Internet sources accessed http://www.signofthetimes.us/Medical.htm

http://www.ashoka.org/goudenove_francois
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American Sign Language

Words: 2169 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74302758

Linguistics 1 / Anthropology 104: Fall 2004

American Sign Language

Learning and using Sign Language will be pretty easy to do because there are so many books and web sites available that teaches it to anyone who wants to learn.

In life, people usually take things for granted like the ability to speak and hear. For the last few weeks I have been hanging out with my friend named XXXX. Until I really got to know her, I know that I sure took the ability to listen for granted. I have always seen myself as a healthy individual and my parents have always been very supportive by telling me that I'm pretty smart. So why wouldn't I take those things for granted? Along comes XXXX who is deaf and needs to communicate with her friends and family by using sign language. As a bird sits in a tree near my…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Rights of Deaf And HOH Under the ADA. Ed. Omar Zak. 12/30/1995. ADA. Retrieved on 22 Oct. 2004, from .

Handspeak. Welcome to the HandSpeak. Retrieved on 22 Oct. 2004, from

Where.com. Ed. American Sign Language. Where.com. Retrieved on 22 October 2004, from

Appendix A
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Role Americans Disabilities Act 1990 Plays Hiring

Words: 732 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18322164

role Americans Disabilities Act 1990 plays hiring evaluation process police officers. 3. The ethical conflicts unique police psychologists.

Exhibition review:

Abelardo Morell At the indow: The Photographer's View

The Cuban-born photographer Abelardo Morell is best known for his photographic work using the technique known as camera obscura. This technique actually pre-dates contemporary photography and was used by the ancient Greeks and Romans as well as Leonardo. Camera obscura involves the use of "light passing through a pinhole into a dark room" which will "project and transpose an image of whatever lies outside" (Di Pero 2013). Morell has adapted this technique to cotemporary photography. He dates his fascination with the method to the birth of his son, in after which he became inspired to look at the world with the eyes of a child and desired to take a more domestic view of life. "I started making photographs as if I…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Camera Obscura: The Captivating Work of Abelardo Morell." Apartment Therapy. Oct 2013.

[8 Nov 2013]  http://www.apartmenttherapy.com/camera-obscura-150465 

Di Pero, W.S. "In a dark room: The photography of Abelardo Morell

San Diego Reader. 30 Oct 2013. [8 Nov 2013]
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EEOC the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of

Words: 1284 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47914969

EEOC

The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA), allows for individuals to keep their genetic information confidential, providing them protection against bias in the workplace in obtaining health insurance and other areas. GINA affects hiring practices in the workplace; it is illegal for a company to request family medical history or genetic information. If an employee feels that genetic and family medical history was obtained by an employer and that employee is subsequently fired (even if for a performance related or other reason) the employee legally has the right to claim and adverse action on the part of the employer due to the genetic information the employer received. The burden of proof would reside with the employer to prove the adverse employment action was not related to the medical information uncovered. Even casual conversations can put an employer at risk for being in violation of GINA. For example, asking…… [Read More]

References

About the EEOC: Overview. (n.d.). U.S. EEOC Home Page. Retrieved February 13, 2012, from http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc

Fla. Town's Efforts a Disabled-Access Success Story: NPR. (n.d.). NPR: National Public Radio: News & Analysis, World, U.S., Music & Arts: NPR. Retrieved February 13, 2012, from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5245364
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Work Disability in Small Firms Work Disability

Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18592987

Work Disability in Small Firms

Work Disability Thesis Proposal

Is There a Problem? What is the Contribution?

ivermore, Whalen, Prenovitz, Aggarwal and Bardos (2011) explain how the connection between disability, work productivity and income benefits the whole society by reducing reliance on tax-funded support programs (p. 1). All of us have an interest in ensuring the most productivity from all workers, if stable employment for workers with disabilities frees up resources for other public or private endeavors, and turning tax consumers into tax payers will help reduce the burden for those who now pay. Given public perceptions of funding constraints and increased challenges to public services posed by an aging population majority, ensuring stable employment for everyone especially workers with disability grows more rather than less urgent over time. Even at current levels, ivermore et al. (2011) assert, "it is especially important for policymakers to have access to a wide…… [Read More]

Limitations

A major confound undermining many survey-based research claims is selection bias, where researchers impute generalizations from convenience samples without ensuring truly random selection. This study will sidestep that issue simply by avoiding claims of incidence, because copious such data already exist in general as Markesich (2008) and Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (2011) demonstrate, even if those data do not speak to workers' productivity and satisfaction in precisely the category of interest between large and small firms and disability compared to workers without. Avoiding claims of prevalence will enhance focus on qualitative inquiry as to satisfaction and productivity given the qualification that those responses indicate perceptions or intent, like perceived job fit or intent to quit or search for different employment. Claims couched in terms of perception and ex-ante intent rather than as ex-post quantitative events, will avoid the type of subjectivity Hotchkiss (2002) e.g. finds underlying much of the research on incidence or causality.

Likewise reporting perceptions of ability, performance and satisfaction seeks to avoid confounding subjectivity of language but also of disclosure, because counting disability as only those conditions with medical documentation or real accommodation in the workplace, would omit workers with invisible disability they may have declined to report. That official definitions restricted by documentation and disclosure understate incidence of disability in the workplace is not only logically coherent, but becoming more recognized as a growing body of research demonstrates (e.g. Hotchkiss, 2002, pp. 8-13, or Kukla & Bond, 2012, p. 14). Kruse and Schur (2003), for example, raise plausible doubt about comparing statistics as definitions
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Living With Disabilities Certainly Exposes Life to

Words: 868 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77427112

Living with disabilities certainly exposes life to a variety of challenges including the challenge of securing and keeping a job. But today fortunately for most people with disabilities, increased awareness and technological advancements have given a boost to their quality of life. Also societal and legislative changes have reduced the discriminations against disabled peopled especially at work by making it mandatory on employers to make reasonable accommodations for people with disabilities. For example one such disability can be visual impairment. We are using this example to explain how disabilities are viewed under Americans with disability act and how they must be taken care of at workplace. Visual disability or vision loss can have various forms and degrees and have many different causes. Each person with visual impairment or blindness is affected differently. Some people might have low vision since birth but most have vision problems because of a disease or…… [Read More]

References

ADA, (2008). Questions and Answers About Blindness and Vision Impairments in the Workplace and the Americans with Disabilities Act, The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, retrieved 28 March 2012 from  http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/blindness.html 

CDC, (n.d.). National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD),  http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/dd/ddvi.htm .

NCHS, (2002). National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Dept. Of Health and Human Services, Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2002, Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 222 (DHHS Publication No. 2004-1550).

WHO, (2011). Visual impairment and blindness, World Health Organization, Retrieved March 28, 2012 from  http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs282/en/
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Work Disability in Small Firms Chapter II

Words: 3770 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26039394

Work Disability in Small Firms Chapter II

Work disabled ChII Lit Review

Review of Literature Demonstrates Information Gap and Identifies Methods

This chapter justifies the problem statement and research questions, and locates the results among existing research. Copious data and analysis describes pronounced unemployment for potential workers with disabilities and lower income where workers with disabilities are employed, compared to the general U.S. workforce, extensive policy intervention notwithstanding. Fewer studies focus on workers or potential workers with disabilities in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Georgia metropolitan statistical area, and even at the national level, very few juried reports describe productivity and job satisfaction for workers with disabilities in firms smaller than fifteen employees. Firms with fewer than fifteen employees are exempt from compliance with Title I of the ADA, but stimulating employment for workers with disabilities in these firms may improve economic self-sufficiency for this historically disadvantaged population. Conversely, if productivity and…… [Read More]

Policy disincentives probably affect productivity, satisfaction and employment.

Where consensus agrees is around a strong disincentive to work if medical costs covered by Medicaid exceed the level of income qualifying them for SSDI reimbursement. As numerous experts, administrators and disability employment program consumers testified to the 111th U.S. Congress in 2009 (U.S. Congress, 2011), once an individual earns more than a threshold that qualifies them for Medicaid coverage, they have to pay their medical costs out of pocket, and if those costs are more than the new earnings plus the SSDI transfer income, then the result is negative earnings plus often considerable effort and expense getting to work along with the labor of work itself. The result, not surprisingly, is often that potential workers with disability live off $674 per month income support in order not to lose Medicaid eligibility by earning more than qualifies them for federal health care coverage, i.e. $940 in one month (C. Bates-Harris, qtd. In U.S. Congress, 2011, p. 23-25), if total earnings become less or negative covering medical costs out of pocket, especially given exclusion from insurance for the pre-existing condition that justified Medicaid coverage in the first place before the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). PPACA made such exclusion illegal, but the results are still too new for empirical analysis as yet. The perverse incentive generated by high-enough out-of-pocket medical costs meant that a potential worker with disability had to go from earning little enough to qualify for Medicaid, to enough that they could cover those costs out of pocket and also the foregone monthly income transfer. This might often mean many thousands of dollars per year or month if disability required ongoing medical attention, a situation experts often call the "Cash Cliff" (Tremblay, Porter, Smith and Weathers, 2011, p. 19) due to the abrupt income threshold.

Extensive testimony to Congress (2011) described problems within SSDI programs themselves. Income verification requirements where employment was successfully accomplished, for example, resulted in overpayment and then reversal of awarded transfers that left workers with obligations to reimburse SSDI for in one case $115,000 where a worker with psychiatric disability had benefits retroactively revoked for the prior six years, for "sporadically, very occasionally exceeding the substantial gainful activity level by small amounts, due to his disability, and there is no dispute that he reported his work attempts" (Landry, Anderson, Lacava and Bronstein, qtd. In 111th Congress, 2011, p. 88). Another was overpaid $60,000; another over $56,000; none of these individuals have worked since, which their program administrators attributed to their
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Equal Employment Acts on Civil Rights Act of 1964

Words: 447 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91625446

Equal Employment Opportunity and Employee ights eview

List a: Civil ights Act of 1964 & ADA

The Civil ights Act of 1964 was passed to prohibit discrimination in the workplace, schools, and other arenas. The law protected historically discriminated-against groups such as women, religious groups, and other ethnic minorities. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 expanded the protections of the original Civil ights Act to include disabilities. However, what constitutes a disability has been a contentious area of the law. According to the ADA, employers must not discriminate against persons with mobility, visual, or hearing impairments as well as people with cognitive disabilities. Illnesses have also been increasingly included under the law. Employers must make reasonable accommodations for their employees (Summary of ADA: Key points, 2012, LIFE Center). So long as the employee can do the job with reasonable accommodations, they cannot be discriminated against. For example, an administrator…… [Read More]

References

Laboni, R. (2012). Former Penn State assistant coach McQueary files whistleblower suit.

CNN. Retrieved:  http://www.cnn.com/2012/10/02/us/pennsylvania-penn-state-lawsuit/index.html 

Schwartz, Sara Goldsmith. (2012). Recent ADA cases underscore heightened accommodation duties. Retrieved:  http://shpclaw.com/Schwartz-Resources/recent-ada-cases-underscore-heightened-accommodation-duties/ 

Summary of ADA: Key points. (2012). LIFE Center. Retrieved:
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Perceptions of Presidents With Disabilities

Words: 5791 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1358067

He would sometimes be wheel chaired to the door through which he would enter to make a public appearance, but once at the door, his leg braces would be put on him, and he would rely on his son's arm for support and balance (43-48). Later, with his son's support, he was able to use a cane, and the extent of his disability was successfully downplayed by the force of his political platform and the attention he commanded with powerful words and the presentation of himself in a dignified way with strong posture (43-48).

"Deeply concerned that the image of a 'permanently crippled man' seeking to lead a crippled nation out of the Depression would be damaging to his campaign, oosevelt's aides every effort to portray the Democratic nominee as a man who had conquered polio and who could walk. As he traveled across the country, his leg braces, without…… [Read More]

Reference List

Bardes, Barbara A., Shelley, Mark C., Schmidt, Steffen W. (2008).

American Government and Politics Today: The Essentials,

Coates, Peter A. (2006). American Perceptions of Immigrant and Invasive

Species: Strangers on the Land,
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Accommodating Nursing Students With Disabilities

Words: 654 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48019466

Accommodations for Disabled Nursing Student

There are roughly 54 million Americans with some form of disabilities, and one-fifth of those 54 million people have run up against barriers to employment, access to healthcare and education (Pischke-inn, et al., 2004). The nursing field has traditionally tried to welcome students with disabilities into nursing schools, and following the passage of federal laws regarding disabled people and employment there are legal requirements for employers and schools vis-a-vis accommodating those with disabilities. According to the Rush University Proceedings Manual, nursing students with disabilities should be accommodated (when practical and possible) in order that they may proceed into a career of helping others. In fact the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (as amended in 2008) requires that "reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities" should -- under certain circumstances -- be provided by the nursing school (Dupler, et al., 2012). The ADA requires students with "…sensory…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dupler, A.E., Allen, C., Maheady, D.D., Fleming, S.E., and Allen, M. (2012). Leveling the Playing field for nursing students with disabilities: implications of the amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act. Journal of Nursing Education, 51(3), 140-144.

Job Accommodation Network. (2010). Occupation and Industry Series: Accommodating Nurses

with Disabilities. Retrieved April 17, 2014, from  http://askjan.org .

Pischke-Winn, K.A., Andreoli, K.G., and Halstead, L.K. (2004). Students with Disabilities:
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African-American and Mexican American Civil Rights in Texas

Words: 1427 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78534268

Civil Rights

African-American and Mexican-American

Civil Rights in Texas

This essay discusses African-American and Mexican-American civil rights in Texas. The goal is to discover what some of the key events was in each the African-American and the Mexican-American battles for their group's civil rights. The secondary objective is to see how these movements resembled each other and how they differed from one another and if one was more effective than the other. As the United States and its individual states like Texas become more racially diverse, all new criteria will arise that may be more closely linked to India's caste system than to what we understand and take for granted here in the United States. Economic barriers and not racial barriers are gradually becoming the underlying motivator of the civil rights movement. In other words, being black or Mexican will not matter in regard to civil rights. If the respective…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arnoldo De Leon. (1982). "The Tejano Community, 1836-1900." Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Alwyn Barr (1973). "Black Texans: A History of Negroes in Texas, 1528-1971." Austin: Jenkins.

Michael L. Gillette. (1978). "The Rise of the NAACP in Texas." Southwestern Historical Quarterly. 81, April.

David Montejano (1987). "Anglos and Mexicans in the Making of Texas, 1836-1986." Austin: University of Texas Press.
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Equal Pay Act EPA No

Words: 2219 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85543651

Representative Rosa DeLauro first introduced an identical bill in the House of Representatives on the same day. These Congresswomen have introduced identical legislation in their respective chambers annually since 2005. The Act was most recently introduced on March 6, 2007. (Absoluteastronomy.com, n.d.)

The Congress did not ignore the EPA's economic consequences on the salaries and employment opportunities for both men and women. First, as an amendment of the FLSA, the EPA is part of the same legislative structure that houses the federal minimum wage laws. The EPA acts as a wage equalizer between men and women for equal jobs, and has the potential of acting as a price floor on the salaries of men or women for particular jobs. As such, the EPA had the potential of causing some of the same problems observed by minimum wage laws: unemployment, and additional discrimination. (Absoluteastronomy.com, n.d.)

Litigation

From the EEOC's initial enforcement…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Absoluteastronomy.com. (n.d.). Equal Pay Act of 1963. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from Absolute Astronomy:  http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Equal_Pay_Act_of_1963 

Brunner, B. (n.d.). The Wage Gap. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from Infoplease:

 http://www.infoplease.com/spot/equalpayact1.html 

EEOC. (n.d.). Equal Pay and Discrimination. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from U.S. Equal
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Consultation Agreement Persons With Disabilities

Words: 2147 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23158774

Mrs. C. does not need education and training beyond what would normally be provided any new employee with regard to policies and procedures specific to the practice of Drs. Wicklund, Howe and O'Donnell. The dentists knew about Mrs. C.'s physical limitations and agreed to make the necessary accommodations to the parking lot and the office space where Mrs. Co would be working. Since accommodations required some construction work, part of the consultation involved managing the disruption to the practice and ensuring its effects were minimally experienced by staff and patients.

Consultation Steps

Before

To prepare for the consultation, I would create an outline of issues to be discussed with the principals of the dental practice. As has been shown, these issues would include employer benefits to hiring a person with a disability, sources for guidance to which the dentists could refer, and a discussion of the physical accommodations that would…… [Read More]

References

Brigman, G., & Webb, L. (2008). An individual psychology approach to school counselor

Consultation. Journal of Individual Psychology, 64 (4), 506-515.

Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.

Pransky, G.S., Shaw, W.S., Franche, R., & Clarke, a. (2004). Disability prevention and communication among workers, physicians, employers, and insurers -- current models and opportunities for improvement. Disability & Rehabilitation, 26 (11), 625-634.
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U S Patriot ACT We Deserve

Words: 3590 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66930462

" (Lindsey, 2004, p.1) it is interesting to note that one of the young protestors stated: "[the world leaders] are sitting over there on Sea Island having their little party only talking about how to fix things, but we are over here actually doing something to make things better" -- Laurel Paget-Seekins (Lindsey, 2004, p. 1) the U.S.A. Patriot Act has been touted to do just this - or to make things better in terms of security of American citizens and it is certain that the provisions of this Act have served to increase levels of security for American citizens but this security has come with a cost attached and for some Americans the cost is too high and too intrusive upon their basic civil rights. One such instance of the complexity created within the security paradigm are the no-fly lists that have been implemented in U.S. airports since September…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bohn, Kevin (2003) Patriot Act Reports Documents Civil Rights Complaints. 31 July 2003. CNN Law Center. Online available at  http://www.cnn.com/2003/LAW/07/21/justice.civil.liberties/index.html 

Carafano, James Jay (2007) Securing the Home Front. The Heritage Foundation. 10 July 2007. Online available at http://www.heritage.org/Press/Commentary/ed071107a.cfm

Drew, Kevin (2002) Balancing Life and Liberty: Danger to Civil Liberties when Security is Strengthened - CNN Law Center 10 Sept 2002. Online available at http://archives.cnn.com/2002/LAW/09/05/ar911.civil.liberties/

Houses, spaces raided throughout the Twin Cities (2008) Coldsnap Legal 30 Aug 2008. Online available at http://coldsnaplegal.wordpress.com/2008/08/30/houses-spaces-raided-throughout-the-twin-cities/
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Zoning Laws and Disabilities

Words: 956 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93501321

Open Fence

The objective of this study is to research cases in which U.S. citizens were denied their right to privacy and safety by either a city or country within their own property line by being told what type of fence they either can or erect in their own yard to ensure safety and privacy and where this decision was overturned in the favor of the city. The case in question involves a realtor who assured a new homebuyer that they could erect a fence that was similar to other wood fences in the neighborhood. The California Codes: Health and Safety Code Section 115920-115929 states that swimming pool fencing enclosures on pools in residential areas are required to have the following characteristics:

(a) Any access gates through the enclosure open away from the swimming pool, and are self-closing with a self-latching device placed no lower than 60 inches above the…… [Read More]

References

Fleming & Curti (2001) American with Disabilities Act Overrides Local Zoning Rules. Elder Law Issues, 5 Nov 2001. Vol. 9, No. 19. Retrieved from:  http://www.elder-law.com/2001/Issue919.html 

Fences (nd) City of Redding California. Development Services Department. Retrieved from: http://www.ci.redding.ca.us/pmtctr/graphics/planningPDF/pln111.pdf

Standler, R. (1997) Privacy Law in the United States. Retrieved from:  http://www.rbs2.com/privacy.htm 

California Codes: Health and Safety Code (nd) Section 115920-115929. Retrieved from:  http://www.cdph.ca.gov/HealthInfo/environhealth/water/Documents/RecHealth/SwimmingPoolSafetyAct.pdf
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Is There Still Discrimination in the American Workplace Today

Words: 1743 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85045687

Discrimination

Employment Discrimination esearch Project

Employment Discrimination in the United States

What I already knew/What I wanted to know

The Federal Employment Opportunity (EEO) laws were established, during the civil rights movement, to protect employees from discrimination. According to Title VII of the Civil ights Act, employment discrimination because of race, color, religion, gender, and national origin is illegal. The Equal Pay Act protects workers against sex bias and salary discrimination. In addition, there are laws which protect people with disabilities, and employees over 40 years old from discrimination; such as, The Age Discrimination in Employment Act, the ehabilitation Act, and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Discrimination against people on the basis of their genetic information is also illegal. The Civil ights Act of 1991 allows employees who are intentionally discriminated against to receive monetary damages (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2009).

In my opinion, the government has made significant…… [Read More]

References

(Biskupic J. 2011330)Biskupic, J. (2011, 3/30) retrieved April 22, 2011, from http://www.usatoday.com/money/workplace/2011-03-29-supreme-court-wal-mart_N.htm

(Donohue P. Marzulli J. 2010929)Donohue, P., & Marzulli, J. (2010, September 29). Retrieved April 22, 2011, from http://www.nydailynews.com/ny_local/2010/09/29/2010-09-29_transit_workers_headgear_suit_gets_judges_nod.html

(Fieler A 20091103 Baltimore Jewish Times) Fieler, A. (2009, November 3). Baltimore Jewish Times. Retrieved April 22, 2011, from http://www.jewishtimes.com/index.php/jewishtimes/news/jt/local_news/brothers_allege_workplace_anti-semitism/15407

(Hardin M. 2010 EEOC sues Brown Palace Hotel) Hardin, M. (2010). EEOC sues Brown Palace Hotel. Retrieved April 25, 2011, from http://www.bizjournals.com/denver/stories/2010/07/19/daily39.html
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Similarities and Differences Between Reasonable Accommodations-Based on Disability and Religion

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44085495

Human Resources: Equal Employment Opportunity & HRM

"Reasonable accommodations" are required by law for protected groups such as those based on disabilities and religion. The nature and specificity of those accommodations may differ according to the protected group. In addition, the showing of "undue hardship" that may relieve an employer from providing reasonable accommodations can differ according to the protected group. Finally, the agencies enforcing "reasonable accommodations" can differ but also overlap, depending on the protected group.

Reasonable Accommodation Regarding Disability and Religions

Expectations and Examples

Title I of the American with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) mandates that employers provide reasonable accommodation to qualified people with disabilities who are employees or applicants, unless doing so would cause undue hardship to the employer (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Council, 2002). Those accommodations are to be made upon the employee's, applicant's or his/her representative's request, and are divided into 3 major categories:…… [Read More]

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American Meat Packing Corp 362F 3d 418 7TH

Words: 3196 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19934518

American Meat Packing Corp., 362F.3d 418 (7th Cir. 2004).

On November 15, 2001, 350 workers at the American Meat Packing Corporation (AMPC) showed up for work and were told they had been terminated. Because they were not notified 60 days prior to termination, the Worker Adjustment and etraining Notification Act, U.S.C. § 2101-2109, the WAN Act, did not apply. The purpose of the 1989 WAN Act was to create a buffer for workers who anticipate mass layoffs or plant closings that have been unanticipated. Under the WAN Act, the 60 day notice of plant closings or any mass layoffs may be waived or reduced if a business closure is "caused by some sudden, dramatic, and unexpected action or condition outside the employer's control." 20 C.F.. § 639.9(b)(1).

The fundamental issue of this case is that of foreseeability. Business situations that are likely to cripple or close a firm may be…… [Read More]

Resources-Through Strategies

partnerships (8th ED), Thomson Retrieved http://esl.rutgers.edu / graduate_writing_program courses/academic_writing_II/media/b_paper.pdf

Internet sources assessed.

Lexus-Nexus

 http://openjurist.org/279/f3d/333/degruise-v-sprint-corporation   http://www.inderscience.com/www/pdf/ejim/06ejim-20477.pdf
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American Education America Is Facing

Words: 736 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94130418

According to the book, studies have shown non-native speaking students or students who have special needs physical or behavioral struggle depression because they are in a different country and away from family. "Psychologist David Pillemer has analyzed memories of school, and suggests that such memories have much to tell us about students' perception of success or failure. When I talk to people about their education, from factory workers to physicians, from middle-school to doctoral students, it is telling how many of them call up resonant and emotional memories of events in school that, they claim, have had a potent effect on so many things: their sense of their intelligence, their social competence, their bearing in public spaces" (p. 244 -- 245). Scholars argue whether this is the implication of the alienation to students who form the mainstream population or just one of the effects of being drenched in a multicultural…… [Read More]

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American and Japanese Early Childhood

Words: 14069 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63412707

Generally, it works by either giving a reward for an encouraged behavior, or taking something away for an undesirable behavior. y doing this, the patient often increases the good behaviors and uses the bad behaviors less often, although this conditioning may take awhile if the rewards and removals are not sufficient to entice the patient into doing better.

Existentialism is important to discuss here as well, and is often seen to be a very drastic way to examine human behavior. There are two types of existentialism. One is Atheistic Existentialism, and the other is Theistic Existentialism.

Atheistic existentialism has its basis in the statement that the entire cosmos is composed only of matter, and human beings see reality in two forms. Those forms are subjective and objective. People who believe in Atheistic Existentialism do not believe that anyone or anything specific made the world. They do not know whether it…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Adams, M.J., Treiman, R., & Pressley, M. (1998). Reading, writing, and literacy. In W. Damon (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Child psychology in practice, 4, 275-355. New York: Wiley.

Albertson, L., & Kagan, D. (1988). Dispositional stress, family environment, and class climate among college teachers. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 21(2), 55-61.

Amidon, E. (1980). Personal Teaching Style Questionnaire. Philadelphia: Temple University, College of Education.

Allison, Anne. (1996). Producing mothers. In Anne E. Imamura (Ed.), Re-imaging Japanese women (pp. 135-155). Berkeley: University of California Press.
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Affordable Health Care Act

Words: 8273 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29213218

Affordable Health Care Act

Impact of the affordable health care act

The affordable health care act, commonly referred to as Obamacare, brought a set of health care reforms aimed at making health consumers to be responsible for their health care. The act brought into law the patient's bill of rights, which gives Americans stability and flexibility in making informed health choices and decisions. Enacted by President Obama in 2010 as the Affordable Care Act, it aims in ensuring the insurance reforms in the country are comprehensive. This is achieved through providing discounts for seniors, protecting consumers against health care fraud, providing free preventive care, ensuring small businesses get tax credits, providing cover for pre-existing conditions, providing consumer assistance, and health insurance in the marketplace

The affordable care act also has other benefits for special groups such as women and youth. Women benefit from enjoying insurance options that provide them with…… [Read More]

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Child With Disability

Words: 2379 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41179199

fifth of all Americans have some type of disability (United States Census Bureau, 2000).

Alarming? Yes, however, disabilities do not discriminate and people of all ages, race, and socioeconomic backgrounds can be affected or have a family member who has a disability. Disabilities in children may include, but are not limited to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Asperger's Disorder, Autism, Central Auditory Processing Disorder, Dyscalculia, Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dysprazia, Learning Disabilities, and Nonverbal Learning Disability. While these are only a few of the ever-growing list of disabilities discovered in children, the list continues to grow as additional research is conducted to identify more disabilities in children. This paper will discuss the issues, concepts, and findings of recent literature on the important issue of children with disabilities. It will also include information on how a disabled child and the parents search for help and resources with an emphasis being on treatment and educational…… [Read More]

References

Administration for Children and Families. (2004). Head Start Bureau.

Accessed March 30, 2004, from, http://www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/hsb/index.htm

American Dietetic Association. (2004). Position of the American Dietetic Association: providing nutrition services for infants, children, and adults with developmental disabilities and special health care needs. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104 (1) 97-108.

Bayerl, C., Ries J., Bettencourt M., & Fisher P. (1993). Nutrition issues of children in early intervention programs: primary care team approach. Semin Pediatric Gastroenterol Nutrition 4:11-15.
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American Educational System and Solutions

Words: 2231 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16447215

" (Anon.)

Sentiments, such as these, are widespread.

Philosophies such as behaviorism assert that the environment compels the nature of a child. Biological perspectives believe that the child may be evolutionarily ingrained to act in a certain manner. My philosophy is that the educator is a necessary component in a child's life and that, as remarkable educators have taught us again and again -- such as Marva Collins who created her own low-cost private schol for African-American children whom the public schol system had labeleld as learning disabled and who taught third grade students to read at ninth grade level, four-year-olds to read in a few months, second-graders ro study Shakespeare -- I believe that a teacher can always affect the child's level.

To that effect, therefore:

"If a child lives with hostility," he need not necessarily 'fight.'

"If a child lives with ridicule" he need not 'be shy.'

For…… [Read More]

References

Altenbaugh, R.J. (1999) Historical Dictionary of American Education online edition Retrieved 2/13/2011

http://www.questia.com/read/113034151?title=Historical%20Dictionary%20of%20American%20Education

Anderson, G.J. (1998). Fundamentals of educational research. UK: Routledge

Gorard, S., & Taylor, C. (2004). Combining methods in educational and social research. U.S.: McGraw-Hill International
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American Educator How Does One Deal With

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60374798

American Educator

How does one deal with a select group of youths who are identified as antisocial, whether in elementary, middle, or high schools? Is intervention and collective counseling appropriate, or individual counseling for such students? Is merely universal strict school discipline enough, with selective intervention only a last resort? Should the antisocial individual ever be removed from the school population as a whole? Unfortunately, current studies provide a mixed set of research data and outcomes of programs to answer these thorny questions, with the only consensus emerging that the earlier the identification and targeting of such students, the better, for both the other student, society, the individual in question, and society as a whole.

Literature eview

"Is Negative Behavior Causing Students to be Unproductive in the Classroom?" The answer, provided by the article by Hill M. Walker, Elizabeth amsey, and Frank M. Greesham, published in Winter 2003-2004 edition of…… [Read More]

Rewarding academic achievement, giving students positive channels for aggressive behavior, and making use of early, universal models that demand strict but fair discipline of all are potential ways for a district to cope with these behaviors. Walker Ramsey, and Greesham define a three-tired strategy deemed to be effective with as many as eighty to ninety percent of the identified students. Only after creating a school with strict and fair discipline for all need selected individual interventions with or without the parents can be inflicted against specific 'problem's students, with outside authorities brought in, as a last resort according to what is called the Oregon model. This strategy stresses universalism, rather than selecting and removing students, and mainstreaming even antisocial students under the same disciplinary regime, by and large.

Not all studies validate the specific strategies provided by Walker, Ramsey, and Gresham (2003), of the Oregon Model. But the selectivity of the intervention can counteract the potential bonding of at-risk students in collective intervention programs. Other studies have demonstrated how, within a collective aggression-channeling sport context, goal directed intervention strategies only occasionally promote prosocial behavior. The theory is that potentially aggressive impulses are channeled into a cooperative context, under the watchful eye of an adult, thus incorporating behavioral strategies such as praise, modeling, and a point system. But the result of such collective yet selected programs, grouping youths together who are problematically antisocially, was mixed, rather than conclusive. Less antisocial students seemed to benefit at times from the practices of complementing teammates and fair play, at other times, they were encouraged to act out aggressively by their more vocal peers. (McKenney & Daitilo, 2001)

Other, more radical selective strategies of dealing with the problem of anti-social youths include that of Boys and Girl's Town, which advocates a total break between the troubled individual and his or her home environment, particularly in more hardened youngsters. Girls and
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American Literature With Poems and Stories

Words: 743 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49389348

Union Dead" by obert Lowell is a historical poem written in free verse style. The poet details several events in American history, mingling the different eras of history as with a montage. The resulting effect is chaotic, as if Lowell means to draw attention to the inherent chaos, disharmony, and discomfort of war. War shapes history, as the poet suggests, and yet war brings with it complete devastation and always entails death.

In "For the Union Dead," Lowell eventually focuses on the Civil War to draw attention to the way racism continues to tear apart the nation. Whereas earlier stanzas mention Boston Common and other evolutionary War era landmarks and symbols, later imagery clearly connotes the graphic and gruesome Civil War, in which an officer "leads his black soldiers to death." People in power possess a "peculiar power to choose life and die," showing how wars are fought by those…… [Read More]

References

Carver, R. Cathedral. Retrieved online: http://www.giuliotortello.it/ebook/cathedral.pdf

Lowell, R. For the union dead. Retrieved online: http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/247802
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Transportation and the Effects of

Words: 7069 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53536422



In cases involving continued discrimination, disability lawyers have made the point that freedom of movement is essential in making sure that such individuals are gainfully employed. Access to public transportation can abrogate the need for continued public assistance in financial terms.

Legislators, too, have recognized access to transportation as a necessary prerequisite to obtaining work. A Harris poll cited by Senator Durenberger noted that, "three of ten disabled persons stated that lack of transportation was a reason why they had no employment. Transportation, he concluded, was 'essential if a person is to seek and maintain a job.'"

The Public orks and Transportation Committee of the United States House of Representatives further concluded with the observation that work contributed to individuals' sense of self-esteem and belonging through, "most of all, taking pride in a job well done."

Unfortunately, as studies have shown compliance with the Act's high ideals has not always…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5023377050

Attard, Lauren. "A Price on Volunteerism: The Public Has a Higher Duty to Accommodate Volunteers." Fordham Urban Law Journal 34.3 (2007): 1089+.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001965463

Bagenstos, Samuel R. "The Americans with Disabilities Act as Welfare Reform." William and Mary Law Review 44.3 (2003): 921+.
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Unintended Limitations on Ada Protections ADA Protections

Words: 1371 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27711420

Unintended Limitations on Ada Protections

ADA Protections

The American with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) was designed to prevent discrimination in terms of employment (Title I), telecommunications (Title IV), and public services (Title II), transportation (Title II), and accommodations (Title III), for persons with physical and/or mental disabilities (EEOC, n.d.; Disabled World, 2009). Employers and public establishments are required under the ADA to make accommodations for persons with disabilities, unless it imposes an undue hardship. To ensure compliance, a large number of different federal agencies act as enforcers of the ADA provisions.

The ADA defines a disabled person as anyone who is prevented from engaging in a major life activity, either currently or historically, or is perceived by others as being limited in this way. The latter criteria was intended to be one of three primary routes for bringing a discrimination suit to court, resulting in the 'regarded as' disabled…… [Read More]

References

American Diabetes Association. (2012). Diabetes basics: Symptoms. Diabetes.org. Retrieved 20 Oct. 2012 from   http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/symptoms/?loc=DropDownDB-symptoms  .

Brown University. (n.d.). Major depressive disorder (DSM-IV-TR #296.2-296.3). Brown.edu. Retrieved 20 Oct. 2012 from   http://www.brown.edu/Courses/BI_278/Other/Clerkship/Didactics/Readings/major%20depression.pdf  .

Disability Rights California. (2010). Employment rights under the Americans with Disabilities Act (and other related laws) (4th ed.). DisabilityRightsCA.org. Retrieved 20 Oct. 2012 from   http://www.disabilityrightsca.org/pubs/506801.pdf  .

Disabled World. (2009). Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). Disabled-World.com. Retrieved 20 Oct. 2012 from   http://www.disabled-world.com/disability/ada/  .
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Labor and Employment Law

Words: 1265 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68794209

Labor and Employment Law

WORKPLACE SITUATIONS

Situation A -- The Family Medical Leave Act of 1993 or FMLA was enacted to help employees balance family and work requirements (WHD, 2013). It aims at protecting and helping those with family or personal health problems. The rise in single-parent households and women employees often leads them to compromise work for family or vice versa. The law intends to strike a balance between. If an employer is connected to FMLA, an employee who has worked for one year or 1,250 hours in the preceding year is entitled to 12 weeks of unpaid leave within the 12-month period. The employer is qualified to offer FMLA if it has 50 or more employees. Employee A and his employer are, thus, qualified (WHD).

The qualified employer is obliged by law to grant FMLA leave when the qualified employee requests it with a qualified reason (WHD, 2013).…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

EEOC (2013). The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The U.S. Equal Employment

Opportunities Commission. Retrieved on September 25, 2013 from    http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/history/35th/1990s/ada.html   

SHRM (2013). Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967. Society for Human

Resource Management. Retrieved on September 25, 2013 from http://www.shrm.org/LegalIssues/FederalResources/Federalstatutes/RegulationsandGuidanc/Pages/AgeDiscriminationEmploymentActof1967.aspx
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Danville Airlines the Ethical and Legal Consequences

Words: 1331 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31536917

Danville Airlines

The ethical and legal consequences of testing employees without their knowledge or consent puts Danville Airlines into a defensive position, having to both explain to David eiger why they are not letting him fly, and potentially to his attorneys how the testing took place at all. The issue of genetics testing raises ethical and legal conflicts, creating a paradox for companies who practice this type of screening (Howard, ichardson, Thorpe, 2009). Danville Airlines has been negligent in their process of medical screening, allowing samples taken from eiger to be sent to a genetics screening lab (Darden, 2004). Especially detrimental to eiger is the emotional trauma and pain of being diagnosed with Huntington's disease, the same disease which took his father's life as well (Darden, 2004). Danville is now in the paradoxical situation of having told people outside the company of eiger's condition, also informing eiger he will no…… [Read More]

References

Avitabile, C., Jappelli, T., & Padula, M. (2011). Cognitive abilities, healthcare and screening tests. Journal of Population Ageing, 4(4), 251-269.

Darden Business Publishing. (2004). DANVILLE AIRLINES. University of Virginia. Retrieved on August 24, 2012 from

Howard, DH, Richardson, L.C., & Thorpe, K.E. (2009). Cancer screening and age in the United States and Europe. Health Affairs, 28(6), 1838-47.

Hunter, D. (2005). Diversity and sensitivity issues in management: The case of the genetic screening questionnaire. The Business Review, Cambridge, 4(2), 249-252.
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The Ada and Testing Environment Adaptations

Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94349771

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was first signed into law in 1990, and several amendments to it have been made including the most recent changes made in 2009. Generally, the ADA requires that "reasonable accommodations" are made to infrastructure and environment, including those related to a test-taking environment (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2008). Accommodations are made according to the specific needs of the situation, with the goal being the provision of an "an opportunity for a person with a disability to achieve the same level of performance and to enjoy benefits equal to those of an average, similarly situated person without a disability," (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2008). An employer or educational institution, for example, would need to ensure that desks can be adapted to suit test-takers with physical disabilities, that the test-taking venue is accessible to persons needing assistance in a wheelchair or other device, or in…… [Read More]

References

American Board of Internal Medicine (2015). Accommodation for Test Takers with Disabilities. Retrieved online: http://www.abim.org/exam/testing-accommodations-disabilities/

United States Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division (n.d.). Testing accommodations. Retrieved online: http://www.ada.gov/regs2014/testing_accommodations.html

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (2008). Americans with Disabilities Act: Questions and Answers. Retrieved online: http://www.ada.gov/qandaeng.htm
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Criminal Justice Issues ADA and

Words: 1296 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66327289

Such is the case with Tennessee v Lane, a case in the Supreme Court that focused on the legality of Congress to enact laws such as the Americans with Disabilities Act under section V of the Fourteenth Amendment. The High Court ultimately found that Congress does have the power to enact a law which may run contrary to an individual state's sovereign immunity in cases that implicate access to the courts (Tennessee v Lane, 2004).

The suite was brought by plaintiffs who were disabled, lived in Tenessee, and claimed that they were unable to access the upper flowers of the state courthouses, thus denying them a public service under Title II of the ADA. The state of Tennessee argued that the 11th Amendment prohibited the suite. Congress, said Tennessee, could use its powers to remedy discrimuination that was blatant and purposeful, but not in general because of a state's sovereign…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v Garrett, 531 U.S. 356 (U.S. Supreme 2001).

Tennessee v Lane, 541 U.S. 509 (U.S. Supremem Court 2004).

Bradley, C. (Ed.). (2006). The Rehnquist Legacy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
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Business Ethics - ADA Issues

Words: 849 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72881685

Limitations on ADA equirements:

The ADA does not require employers to provide accommodations that pose an undue hardship on the employer or the business entity. The ADA defines "undue hardship" as accommodations that exceed the employer's financial resources or that would constitute significant hardship or difficulty for the employer (Halbert & Ingulli, 2008). In that regard, the ADA analysis of what accommodations are unduly difficult or expensive depends on specific factors such as the relative size and budget of the employing entity as well as the nature of the business, products, or services provided by that business.

The employer is not required to provide accommodations that would decrease the quality or the volume of the goods or services it provides, nor is the employer required to furnish specific personal items such as blood monitoring equipment, glasses, or hearing devices. Generally, the employer is only required to provide reasonable accommodations after…… [Read More]

References

Dershowitz, a.M. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York: Little Brown.

Friedman, L.M. (2005). A History of American Law. New York: Touchstone. Halbert, T., Ingulli, E. (2008). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.

Cincinnati: West Legal Studies. Hall, K. (Ed.) (1992). The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States.

New York: Oxford University Press
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Discrimination and Affirmative Action

Words: 1026 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55745048

Discrimination and Affirmative Action

Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) enforced by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) prohibits private and state and local government employers with 15 or more employees from discriminating against individuals on the basis of disability. Title I of the ADA also generally requires covered employers to make reasonable accommodations -- changes in the workplace or in the way things are usually done that provide individuals with disabilities equal employment opportunities." (U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission, 2008) In order to meet the ADA's definition of disability the individual must have a "physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; (2) has a record of such an impairment; or (3) is regarded as having such an impairment. This definition of disability may differ from the definition used in other laws. For example, the term "disabled veteran" means an individual…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Chapter 4-1, Equal Employment Opportunity Program (Sept. 12, 2003) U.S. Department of Justice. retrieved from: http://www.justice.gov/jmd/ps/chpt4-1.html

Dunn, CP (1997) The Normative Defense for Affirmative Action. Journal of Management Inquiry. Retrieved from: http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/faculty/dunnweb/pubs.aa.html

ETERANS WITH SERVICE-CONNECTED DISABILITIES AND THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA): A GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS (2008) U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission. Retrieved from: http://archive.eeoc.gov/facts/veterans-disabilities-employers.ht

NSPECTOR GENERAL INSTRUCTION 1440.1 (2005) SUBJECT: Equal Employment Opportunity Program. Department of Defense. Retrieved from: http://www.dodig.mil/fo/Foia/ERR/IGDINST%201440.1%20IG%20Signed%2011-09-05.pdf
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Sources of the Law

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83700583

Fitzgerald went to his physician for a routine examination. The doctor discovered that Fitzgerald's vision was failing. To prevent further problems, Fitzgerald would have to have special lighting installed in his office at work. He would also have to change his work schedule so that he would not have to drive after dark. hen Fitzgerald told his employers about the changes, they fired him claiming that the alterations in his office and in his work schedule would cause too much disorder at work. Angered by this mistreatment, Fitzgerald sued his employers. He argued that a federal statute, the Americans with Disabilities Act, says that employers must try to meet the individual needs of workers who are handicapped even if these changes cause some inconvenience and disorder. hich of the two primary objectives of the law does this statute address? hich objective does it hurt? In your opinion, how should the…… [Read More]

Work cited

"Disability discrimination." (2004) Legal Database. Retrieved 28 Jan 2005 at http://www.legal-database.com/disability-discrimination.htm

Case 2: Dr. Ver Meulen treated Hardy for an ear problem. Ten years later Hardy began to have ear trouble again. Examinations indicated that the new problem had been caused by Dr. Ver Meulen's treatment, which had been poorly done. Hardy sued Ver Meulen. The doctor tried to stop the lawsuit by arguing that Hardy had not sued him within the four-year limit set up by state statute. Hardy argued that the statute that set up the four-year limit conflicted with the state's constitution. He said this because the state constitution guaranteed that anyone injured by another person can bring a lawsuit. Assuming that Hardy was correct, would
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Human Resources Sexual Harassment Sexual

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80053758

The ADA does not specifically name all of the impairments that are covered. Title I requires employers with 15 or more employees to provide qualified individuals with disabilities an equal opportunity to benefit from the full range of employment-related opportunities available to others. For example, it prohibits discrimination in recruitment, hiring, promotions, training, pay, social activities, and other privileges of employment. It restricts questions that can be asked about an applicant's disability before a job offer is made, and it requires that employers make reasonable accommodation to the known physical or mental limitations of otherwise qualified individuals with disabilities, unless it results in undue hardship. Religious entities with 15 or more employees are covered under title I. Title I complaints must be filed with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) within 180 days of the date of discrimination, or 300 days if the charge is filed with a designated…… [Read More]

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FMLA Labor and Employment Law

Words: 1185 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67372454

The ADEA permits employers to favor older workers based on age even when doing so adversely affects a younger worker who is 40 or older" (Facts about age discrimination, 2008, EEOC). The worker was clearly discriminated against for a promotional opportunity based upon his age, despite his superior performance.

All of the available evidence suggests that Employee B. was doing superior work in contrast to his younger co-worker. There is a clear 'paper trail' of performance reviews establishing Employee B's superior performance and ability to do a high-quality job. Also, the specific stated rationale for not giving Employee B. The promotion was age. There is no evidence that taking the promotion required qualities only a young person might have (such as the agility required by a dangerous occupation, or an occupation based upon physical strength).

In some instances, regarding benefits, employers may have some discretion under the ADEA. For example,…… [Read More]

References

Americans with Disability Act (ADA). (2010). ADA Website. Retrieved March 31, 2010 at  http://www.ada.gov/pubs/adastatute08.htm#12201 

Facts about age discrimination. (2008). The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Retrieved March 31, 2010 at  http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/age.html 

Family and medical leave. (2010). U.S. Office of Personnel Management.
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Job Placement Describe Four Sources

Words: 788 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36756934

Discuss why they are significant and how clients can be trained in those areas.

Persistence: Encourage the client to see every experience as valuable, even a bad interview is still practice

ritten communication: Know how to communicate briefly and effectively through an online resume, over email, which can be honed with practice

Oral communication: Know how to communicate in interviews and over the phone which can also be honed with practice in mock-interviews

Turn negatives into positives: Even a stay-at-home mother has skills that can be valuable in the workforce

You are discussing hiring people with disabilities with an employer. The employer asks the following questions:

If I hire a person with disabilities or promote the person, how will my company's health-insurance and workers compensation costs be affected?

They should not be unduly affected, given that according to the ADA website, an employer "must provide a reasonable accommodation if a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

The Americans with Disabilities Act: A Primer for Small Business. The U.S. Equal Employment

Opportunity Commission. February 4, 2004. May 3, 2009. http://www.eeoc.gov/ada/adahandbook.html#medical
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HR in This Analysis I Tackle the

Words: 396 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6922614

H

In this analysis, I tackle the legal provisions on the fundamentals of human resource (H). The chosen laws are Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1978 and Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 while the chosen issue is Drug-Free Workplace Act. For each selected law or issue, I locate a present-day court case that has challenged your selected law or issue.

Selected Laws

Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) of 1978.

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1978 forbids all sorts of employment discrimination against individuals who are at least forty years old in the U.S. (Feder, 2010)

A good company must have a multicultural and diversity policy aimed at ensuring that there is no sort of discrimination in the company. Age is one of the variables of diversity. Cox (2011) noted that the proper management of diversity in an organization can be a source of competitive advantage…… [Read More]

References

Feder, Jody. "The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA): A Legal Overview." Congressional Research Service, June 23, 2010, p. 2. Retrieved 22nd December,2012.

see 29 U.S.C. § 631(a)

See Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins, 490 U.S. 228 (1981)

Kimel v. Florida Bd. Of Regents, 528 U.S. 62 (2000)
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Human Resources Professional Can Be

Words: 1357 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23970895

If a 68-year-old employee receives an above average review on her work performance and doesn't receive a raise, and then finds that an employee who is 32 years of age receives an adequate performance review and gets a raise and a promotion the older employee has a strong case for age discrimination.

A violation of the employment act has occurred because it is reasonably expected that the above average rating would get the raise and promotion before the adequate rating. In this case, the company has basically set themselves up for a lawsuit in which they stand a strong chance of losing. The employee's proof is in her above average ratings on her review. The employer must come up with a valid reason as to why she was not promoted over the younger employee who received lower ratings. More than likely, they will not be able to offer any proof.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Drachsler, David A. (2010). Notes on: Year one of the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, Labor Law Journal, 61(2), 102-106.

Holmes, David M. (2008). The Family and Medical Leave Act, Employee Benefit Plan Review, 62(11), 10-13.

Santos, Mike. (2009). So, what is the ADA? Sign Builder Illustrated, 23(170), S7-S13.
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Police Recruitment and Hiring Has

Words: 1415 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38794168

(Frederickson, 2000, p. 3) Police forces became the fodder for systematic research on the need for and development of improved minority representation in public service as well as a frequently attached public entity with regard to minority status in the community. (Frederickson, 2000, p. 3) As early as the 1960s and 70s police forces all over the nation began to be scrutinized for limiting their hiring pool to white males and began to make changes to support the reduction of this reality. (Broadnax, 2000, p. xx)

The development of police forces within the guidelines of public scrutiny as one of the most significant and public hiring authorities in the public sector has created a hiring protocol that though variant to some degree is similar in most agencies and is reflective of public demand for diversity in representation. Many would likely call the last frontier of this more egalitarian hiring process…… [Read More]

References

Broadnax, W.D. (Ed.). (2000). Diversity and Affirmative Action in Public Service. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Frederickson, H.G. (2000). Part One Representative Bureaucracy and Equal Employment Opportunity. In Diversity and Affirmative Action in Public Service, Broadnax, W.D. (Ed.) (pp. 1-4). Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Hahn, H., & Jeffries, J.L. (2003). Urban America and Its Police: From the Postcolonial Era through the Turbulent 1960s. Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado.

Kogut, C.A., & Short, L.E. (2007). Affirmative Action in Federal Employment: Good Intentions Run Amuck?. Public Personnel Management, 36(3), 197.
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Ada Worker's Comp Explain Your Experience

Words: 614 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64957830

For example, as a sales representative, if I were to slip on a slick office floor while representing the company, I would be entitled to worker's compensation while I was unable to come to work while my broken leg was being treated. Then, my physical therapy should also be accommodated by my work schedule and medical bills and physical therapy related to my injury would be covered as well. Whenever there is an accident at work, employees are required to fill out an accident report. This is in case they decide to file for worker's compensation, so details of the accident can be recorded at the moment that it occurs, to ensure accuracy and fairness to the employer and the employee. This is in case the nature of the accident becomes a point of contention. A person of some authority in the company like a supervisor or manager is usually…… [Read More]

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Ethics and Responsibility Danville Airlines

Words: 1188 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57478150

Danville Airlines

Discuss the issue of genetic testing and screening. What are the benefits and the drawbacks of genetic testing? Specifically, what were they for eiger?

The benefits of genetic testing are pretty obvious. Genetic testing allows potential employers and other individuals receive a clear and proper snapshot about the genetic fingerprint of the people they're dealing with. This is particularly important because certain jobs are susceptible to certain forms of intense stress and nearly every profession requires that employees and other individuals be able to engage in specific tasks related to the proper administration of the job. If an individual is genetically susceptible to a certain condition that can jeopardize his ability to do a job correctly or even safely, then a prospective employee has a clear and present right to know that -- some might argue. For example, if a prospective employee were genetically susceptible to gradual blindness,…… [Read More]

References

Mead, J. (2004). Danville Airlines. Retrieved from UofV
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Fire Alarm Systems

Words: 1430 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46013384

Fire Alarm Systems

Every year, thousands of people die in home and commercial building fires, but far more are saved as a result of fire alarm systems that provide them with sufficient notice to evacuate the premises. In the distant past, fire alarm systems consisted of men and sometimes animals, but more recently, increasingly sophisticated systems have been developed that form an essential part of the concentric layers of building defense. To identify current trends in this field, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning automatic fire alarm systems in general, as well as their composition and working principle in particular, including their design, basic configuration, and the types of notification devices that are typically used, as well as the detectors and emergency voice and other alarm communication systems that are currently deployed with respect to the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines for…… [Read More]

References

Fire alarm systems. (2012). Integrated Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.tpub.com / celec/91.htm.

Liston, D. (1999). Museum security and protection: A handbook for cultural heritage institutions.

New York: Routledge.

Moore, W.D. & Wilson, D.K. (2004, May). Lighting the way to fire integration. Security Management, 45(5), 91-93.
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Employee Recruitment When Setting Up and Maintaining

Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47065124

Employee ecruitment

When setting up and maintaining the human resource files, confidentiality and privacy are always significant at workplace. Today most organizations are taking different steps of ensuring that the information within the organization remains confidential and private, however employees on the other hand are seen not to be concerned of this, therefore it is the work of the top managers to make their employees understand the importance of keeping files such as the human resource files as confidential. The human resources professionals should prevent misuse of personal information by safely storing them to avoid unauthorized access. Maintaining confidentiality of information in organization does not only protect the company from the legal hassles, but it improves the productivity of the employee while providing them with a safer working environment and security (Dogra, 2012).

Maintaining privacy and confidentiality for human resource files is important for varied reasons this is because, it…… [Read More]

References

Dogra, A. (2012). Confidentiality in the Workplace. Buzzle. Retrieved December 7, 2012, from  http://www.buzzle.com/articles/confidentiality-in-the-workplace.html 

ACAS (2012). Recruitment and selection Promoting employment relations and HR excellence Retrieved December 7, 2012, from http://www.acas.org.uk/index.aspx?articleid=746
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Posted Perform a Literature Search a Human

Words: 1433 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49755401

posted: Perform a literature search a human resource law policy. Some topics absenteeism, work place injury, Americans Disabilities Act 1990. Describe law policy a workplace choosing demonstrate compliance .

Human esource Law Policy -- Absenteeism

The role of the human resource has been gradually increasing throughout the past recent years and this is due to a wide array of changes which impact the business community. One of the most relevant examples in this sense is represented by the shift in global operations in that more and more companies and countries come to generate large GDP proportions from services, rather than industry or agriculture. In such a setting then, the employees represent the intellectual capital of the firm, the creators of value and as such the most important organizational asset (Beckford, 2007).

In order to best deal with the employees, business agents across the world develop and implement several policies aimed…… [Read More]

References:

Beckford, A., 2007, Tales of people who get it, Tales of People Who Get It (Editor), ISBN 1430315989

2012, Absenteeism and attendance of employees, HR Hero,    http://topics.hrhero.com/absenteeism-and-attendance/#last    accessed on April 24, 2012

Absenteeism law and legal definition, U.S. Legal, http://definitions.uslegal.com/a/absenteeism / last accessed on April 24, 2012
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Physical Privacy on February 9th

Words: 1089 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46158602



Burlington Nortern and Santa Fe Railway Company spokesman stated, "Te settlement is consistent wit te practice we've been following," said Ricard Russack. He also states tat te companies apologized to it's employees for running te tests and tey stopped all testing wen to suit was filed as tey were ordered.

Many in te political and medical filed and te Equal Employment Opportunity Commission temselves feel tis is a landmark settlement wic will alt any future discriminations. "Tis was te rigt result. It gives people reassurance tat te potential arms of genetic testing are going to be taken very seriously in our society," said Wylie Burke, ead of te Department of Medical History and Etics at te University of Wasington in Seattle. (Wasington Post) "Tis landmark settlement provides important new protection against te emerging treat of genetic discrimination," Senator Edward Kennedy (Wasington Post) "Te Commission will continue to respond aggressively to…… [Read More]

http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A34877-2001Apr18?language=printerWired News

Kristen Philipkoski

http://wired-vig.wired.com/news_drop/news_lycatalog/story/0,2149,42971,00.html
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Human Resource Management HRM Human Resource Management

Words: 1668 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25518591

Human esource Management

HM (Human esource Management) is the advancement and management of workers of an organization. It includes recruitment processes, representation and classification of positions at work. For these to be accomplished, laws governing human capital should be followed, and appropriate strategies should be kept in place including paying attention to the employees. Good Management of human capital, determines the success of many organizations

Action training for supervisors

Disciplinary training is a case for supervisors with multiple employees, which requires laws; this will prevent employees from taking advantage of their positions or employers causing difficulties in the workplace. The law requires that the employer complies with labor laws, which include approval of agreement, between the employer, supervisor and employee while working together. They are required to identify various laws like how to handle employers, their complaints at the work place while providing safety at work. The law requires that…… [Read More]

References

Inc, B. a. (2010). 5 Tips for Holding HR Policies That Hold. New York: Bussines and Legal Reports In.

Lastroner, R.A. (2001). The Nonprofit Managers Resource Director. New York: John Willis and Sons.

Shannon, K. (2011). The Complete Guide to Successfill Planning Event. Atlanta: Atlantic Publishing Company.
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Management Compliance With the ADA

Words: 605 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18356687

ADA Compliance

The American with Disabilities Act, often shortened to ADA, is one of the most prominent and significant acts of legislation to come through Congress in the last half century when it comes to the protection and rights of people that are vulnerable. Of course, many people rightly point to Title VII and/or the Civil ights Acts of the 1960's (and their subsequent amendments) but the ADA is right up there as well. Indeed, disabled Americans have been deemed to be worthy of the same basic rights that able-bodied people have when it comes to finding and retaining employment and that is precisely what the ADA was meant to address. While complying with the ADA may require the management of some employers to make accommodations for disabled employee who are otherwise qualified, these accommodations are generally not cumbersome and employers are required by law to provide said reasonable accommodations…… [Read More]

References

ADA. (2016). ADA - A Brief Overview. Carleton College. Retrieved 4 June 2016, from https://apps.carleton.edu/campus/human_resources/assets/ADA_workshop_handouts9_03

.pdf
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Bush Religion the Religious Policies

Words: 2536 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90004907

Proponents of stem-cell research believe that it may be the secret to curing infertility, genetic imperfection and neurological degeneration, and on the premise of this supposition, have lobbied vigorously to prevent legislation that would protect embryos from harvest and use in research, espousing the idea that:

"Criminalizing human reproductive cloning in the United States will only make it less safe and more costly for these infertile couples. They will be forced to travel outside the United States to pursue their dream of creating a family. After all, according to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), infertility is a disability and reproduction is a major life activity for the purposes of the ADA (Bragdon v. Abbott, 118 S.Ct 2196; 1998). In light of this, it is the right of each and every American citizen to bear a child." (Speeches, 21)

In spite of this, there were very few legislative efforts which…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Brannigan, Michael C. Ethical Issues in Human Cloning: Cross-Disciplinary

Perspectives. New York; Seven Bridges Press, 2001.

Brownback, Sam. James Greenwood. Symposium. Insight on the News.

Vol. 17, Issue
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Establishment Clause Advantages Limitations Establishment Clause Create

Words: 567 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3999927

establishment clause, advantages limitations establishment clause create? 2. key differences civil liberties equal (civil) rights? Discuss provide examples.

The establishment clause is certainly one of the most important legislations in U.S. history when considering that it protects U.S. citizens from being bombarded with information that they are not actually interested in. Thomas Jefferson was one of this clause's most passionate supporters, as he believed that it would be wrong for the state to have a strong relationship with the church. As a consequence, he got actively involved in devising a legislation that would establish politics as an environment where people would be provided with the opportunity to focus on their personal interests when concerning religion rather than to act in accordance with a religious ideology imposed by the state.

It is very probable that Americans were well-acquainted with religious conflicts that troubled Europe throughout centuries and wanted to avoid being…… [Read More]

Works cited:

"Civil liberties vs. civil rights," Retrieved November 27, 2012, from the OnTheIssues Website:  http://www.ontheissues.org/askme/civil_liberties.htm 

"ESTABLISHMENT CLAUSE," Retrieved November 27, 2012, from the Cornell University Law School Website: http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/establishment_clause
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Workers With in Small Firms Chapter I

Words: 5811 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77787296

Workers With in Small Firms

Chapter I outlines the problems this research aims to address, namely an information gap that may, if filled, enhance employment for potential and existing workers with disabilities. This chapter defines the problem background, purpose of research, theoretical framework through which conclusions will be drawn from survey data gathered in the field, the research questions the survey instrument seeks to answer, the definition of terms those questions employ and limits and delimitations of the intended research. Once those parameters are outlined, the claim this argument attempts to support, that closing a gap in information describing satisfaction and productivity for workers with disability in small firms below conventional definitions of 500 workers or less may improve employment for a historically marginalized population, leads to conclusions that thus inform the subsequent methodological and analytical chapters.

Problem Background: The Uncashed 'Triple Paycheck'

Title I of the Americans with Disabilities…… [Read More]

References With Prospectus (toward inclusion in Literature Review chapter)

Day, N.E. And Greene, P.G. (2008). A case for sexual orientation diversity management in small and large organizations. Human Resource Management 47(3): 637 -- 654. Retrieved from DOI: 10.1002/hrm.20235

Deveau, J.L. (2011). Workplace accommodation and audit-based evaluation process for compliance with the employment equity act: Inclusionary practices that exclude -- an institutional ethnography. Canadian Journal of Sociology/Cahiers canadiens de sociologie 36(3), 151-172. Retrieved from ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/CJS/article/view/10479

Erickson, W., Lee, C., von Schrader, S. (2011). Disability Statistics from the 2009 American

Community Survey (ACS). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Demographics and Statistics (StatsRRTC). Retrieved Jun 11, 2012 from www.disabilitystatistics.org
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Illegal Removal of a Soldier From the Tdrl

Words: 3072 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29925442

emoval From Tdrl

Medical board forwarded process physical evaluation board. A deliberate act discipline a counselor remove military TDL favoritism opportunity adversary make judgment . What criminal offense committed procedures recommended victim process recovery shown significant growth academy suffers social culturally.

Temporary Disability etired List (TDL)

The Temporary Disability etired List (TDL) is a list containing Army members found unfit for the performance of military duties due to permanent physical disabilities Cross, Ficke, Hsu, Masini, & Wenke, 2011.

The disability is permanent, but is has not stabilized sufficiently, which makes an accurate assessment difficult. The Army member is placed in the TDL until their condition is accurately assessed. Army members suffering from disabilities considered not permanent and likely to change in the course of time are placed in TDL instead of Permanent Disability etirement List. Placing members on the TDL protects the Army and the individuals. The individuals will continue…… [Read More]

References

American Counseling Association. (2005). ACA code of ethics: American Counseling Association.

Cross, J.D., Ficke, J.R., Hsu, J.R., Masini, B.D., & Wenke, J.C. (2011). Battlefield orthopaedic injuries cause the majority of long-term disabilities. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 19(suppl 1), S1-S7.

Dasen, P.R., & Mishra, R.C. (2000). Cross-cultural views on human development in the third millennium. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24(4), 428-434.

Gooding, C. (2000). Disability Discrimination Act: from statute to practice. Critical Social Policy, 20(4), 533-549.
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Causes as Well as the

Words: 2244 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7196850

Other techniques like brainstorming and mapping are recommended by Ellis (1997).

The other principle which underlies the constructivist approach is a deep focus on main ideas as well as relationships within the key ideas that lie within a given subject area (Grobecker, 1999). The application of this principle means that a teacher must stress the various connections of the more important concepts that form the main idea for a given discipline as opposed to teaching several bits of knowledge which are isolated.

Duhaney & Duhaney (2000) proposed the use of active learning as an important element of the constructivist instructional approach. This is because when students are actively involved in a given lesson, they tend to learn as well as retain most of the presented information (Harris & Graham, 1996).

Behaviorist theory and its application

The other theory / approach of learning that should be used on children with learning…… [Read More]

References

Brooks, J.G., & Brooks, M.G. (1999). In search of understanding: The case for constructivist classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Brown, M (2003).Learning disability: a handbook for integrated care.Salisbury: APS

Cambridge, Paul; Forrester-Jones, Rachel; Carpenter, John; Tate, Alison; Knapp, Martin; Beecham, Jennifer; Hallam, Angela (2005).The State of Care Management in Learning Disability and Mental Health Services 12 Years into Community Care .British Journal of Social Work, Volume 35, Number 7, 1 October 2005, pp. 1039-1062(24)

Duhaney, D.C., & Duhaney, L.M.G. (2000). Assistive technology: Meeting the needs of learners with disabilities. International Journal of Instructional Media, 27, 393-401.
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Ethical and Legal Perspectives in

Words: 1228 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20596879

Law enforcement agencies should also enforce the existing gender laws decisively. Organizations should also seek to diffuse gender-based stereotypes by amongst other things educating employees on the need to embrace diversity.

Student 2

Disability Discrimination

Disability discrimination according to the U.S. Equal Employment Commission -- EEOC (n.d.) "occurs when an employer or other entity covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act, as amended…treats a qualified individual with a disability who is an employee or applicant unfavorably because she has a disability." When an employee is treated unfavorably because of a disability, such an employee could become distressed and consequently lose his sense of self-worth. The performance of employees (in terms of productivity and effectiveness) who are constantly discriminated against on the basis of a disability could also be negatively affected. Discriminating others on the basis of a disability also impedes their progress at both the social and professional level. To…… [Read More]

References

Financial Times Lexicon. (2013). Globalization. Retrieved from  http://lexicon.ft.com/Term?term=globalisation 

Gluck, S. (2013). The Effects of Gender Discrimination in the Workplace. Retrieved from  http://smallbusiness.chron.com/effects-gender-discrimination-workplace-2860.html 

NOLO. (2013). Illegal Reasons for Firing Employees. Retrieved from  http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/illegal-reasons-firing-employees-30209.html 

The United States Department of Labor -- DOL. (n.d.). Hiring Issues: Overview. Retrieved from http://www.dol.gov/compliance/topics/hiring-issues.htm
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Policy for XYZ

Words: 1914 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51677632

Employment Law Policies for XYZ

Describe and explain all the possible employment laws that could govern the employment at XYZ.

Job discrimination. Title VII of the Civil ights Act of 1964 prohibits hiring, firing or pay discrimination based solely upon a person's race, religion, sex or national origin. It also prohibits sexual harassment. Employees and applicants must be treated equally and harassment will not be tolerated.

Age discrimination. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act prevents discrimination against applicants or employees older than 40 because of their age. A person's age or proximity to retirement cannot be taken into account when making decisions on hiring, firing, pay, benefits or promotions.

Disability discrimination. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits job discrimination against qualified people with disabilities who can reasonably perform a job's function. If hired, managers need to work with H to help create reasonable accommodations for disabled employees.

Overtime/minimum wage.…… [Read More]

References

Cornock, M. (2012). What to do when an employer acts unfairly. Nursing Standard, 26(38), 63.

Cullen, L. (2007). The Diversity Delusion. Time, 169(19), 74.

Henneman, T. (2011). Making the Pieces Fit. Workforce Management, 90(8), 12-18.

Hutson, B. (2012). How Is Your Relationship with Your Boss, Do You Know? Black Enterprise, 42(11), 56.
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Bonnie Steinbock Down's Syndrome Ethically Defensible or

Words: 1526 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27743173

onnie Steinbock Down's Syndrome

ETHICALLY DEFENSILE OR NOT

onnie Steinbock and Down's Syndrome

Prenatal genetic testing is a medical procedure, which detects genetic abnormalities early, to enable the mother or parents to make appropriate decisions about the condition (Khasin, 2013). Unlike prenatal genetic screening, which requires only a blood test, prenatal genetic testing obtains a direct sample of the amniotic fluid through a needle. The result is, therefore, more reliable. Prenatal genetic testing has been commonly used in detecting genetic abnormalities, such as Down Syndrome, Trisomy 18 and Trisomy 13. Trisomies are extra chromosomes, which are not compatible with life. This means that children with these chromosomes die shortly after birth (Zieve et al., 2013). The main ethical issue against the procedure is that a finding of Down's Syndrome or another genetic abnormality leads women to seek abortion. Since there is no cure for these diseases, the discovery can only…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Arras, J.D. et al. (2007). Ethical issues in modern medicine: contemporary readings in bioethics. 7th edition. McGraw-Hill Education -- Europe.

Asch, A. (1999). Prenatal diagnosis and selective abortion: a challenge to practice and policy. Vol 89 # 1 American Journal of Public Health: Pubmed. Retrieved on February 22, 2013 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1508970/pdf

Khasin, M. (2013). Prenatal genetic testing ethics. eHow: Demand Media, Inc.

Retrieved on February 22, 2013 from http://www.ehow.com/about_6597554_prenatal-genetic-testing-ethics.html
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Pre-Screening Tests in Automotive Companies

Words: 814 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98961089

The resulting legal ramifications have created an environment of sensitivity to all types of potential discrimination through pre-employment testing procedures.

The ADA Act of 2008 became effective on January 1, 2009. A significant change in the way "disability" is defined is incorporated in the language, so the EEOC is preparing to evaluate the impact of how the language affects the ADA and how it is enforced. Pre-job testing, even though it is done for the right reasons, may now be affected.

The National Institute on Disability and ehabilitation esearch (NID) has established 10 regional centers providing information, technical assistance and training to people with disabilities, employers, and others having responsibilities under the ADA (Nester, Mary Ann, 2008). Even though historically, job applications and interviews could request information concerning an applicant's mental and physical condition, because it was used to discriminate against and even exclude applicants with disabilities, it has created…… [Read More]

References

Nester, Mary Ann, Pre-Employment Testing and the ADA. Program on Employment and Disability, School of Industrial and Labor Relations-Extension Division, Cornell University, funded by a grant from the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (2008). Reviewed June 29, 2009 at http://www.theaaceonline.com/employ.pdf.

Kaplan, Daniel A., J.D., Foley & Lardner LLP, Employment Testing in the Workplace, March 20, 2008. Reviewed June 29, 2009 at http://www.foley.com/files/tbl_s31Publications/FileUpload137/4910/MRA_Kaplan.pdf.

"In a recent case, EEOC v. DaimlerChrysler Corp., an applicant test failed to accommodate those with learning disabilities who needed reading accommodations during the pre-employment test given for nonexempt manufacturing jobs. The case resulted in the ruling that applicants should have the opportunity to take the hiring test with the assistance of a reader if they have proof of an ADA disability. This illustrates that employment testing in the pre-employment context must be continually evaluated to determine if the tests create potential disparate effects and to ensure that the tests are legitimately related to the requirements of the positions for which they are developed/provided" (Kaplan., 2008, p. 1).
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Social Media and Healthcare

Words: 3856 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25945795

Legal Ethics of E-Mail and Social Media and Its Applicability to the Healthcare Industry

Consequences of Social Media

p.3

Perils of Building an Online Network

p.6

Caution with Employee Email Accounts

p.8

Issues when Endorsing other Companies

p.10

Benefits of Social Media

p.13

p.15

Legal Ethics of E-mail and Social Media and its Applicability to the Healthcare Industry

Social media has without a doubt changed the way we live, the way we view the world and the way we interact with one another. This paper acknowledges the undeniable good that social media has given us, while identifying the many ways that it has created issues and intricacies for the healthcare industry at large. This paper discusses the benefits of social media for healthcare professionals, while identifying some of the dire consequences, the perils of an online network, the issues connected to an employee email account and the caution one must…… [Read More]

References

Americanprogress.org. (2004, July 2). The Civil Rights Act 40 Years Later. Retrieved from americanprogress.org: http://americanprogress.org/issues/women/news/2004/07/02/891/the-civil-rights-act-40-years-later/

Car, J. (2004). Email consultations in health care: 2 -- acceptability and safe application. Retrieved from nih.gov:  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC514210/ 

Findlaw.com. (2010, April 6). How Private Are Personal Emails Sent Via Employer Computers? Retrieved from findlaw.com:  http://blogs.findlaw.com/technologist/2010/04/how-private-are-personal-emails-sent-via-employer-computers.html 

Miami.edu. (2005, May 14). Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). Retrieved from miami.edu:  http://privacy.med.miami.edu/glossary/xd_hipaa.htm
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ADA Today and Its Application Title I

Words: 590 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24796773

ADA Today and Its Application

Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, which took effect July 26, 1992, stops private employers, state and local governments, employment agencies and labor unions from discriminating against qualified individuals with disabilities in job application procedures, hiring, firing, advancement, compensation, job training, and other terms, conditions and privileges of employment. An individual with a disability is a person who, according to the EEOC:

Has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities;

Has a record of such an impairment; or Is regarded as having such an impairment.

A qualified employee or applicant with a disability is an individual who, with or without reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of the job in question. (EEOC, 1990)

Reasonable accommodation may include, but is not limited to:

Making existing facilities used by employees readily accessible to and usable…… [Read More]

Bibliography

http://filebox.vt.edu/users/dgc2/staffinghandbook/performanceappraisal101/litreview.htm

Townsend v. Quasim, 328 F.3d 511 (9th Cir. 2003).

EEOC ADA Data, 1990. www.eeoc.gov.
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Employee Privacy Torts

Words: 7119 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96826900

Employee Privacy Torts

Issues relating to employee privacy have been at the forefront of businesses for many years. This has been fuelled by the dynamic workplace which changes constantly and also by employees and employers being more litigation-conscious. Technology has also spurred on employee privacy issues with e-mail and the internet being related to heightened concerns about vulnerability of employers to litigation. Many employers have thus exacerbated their concerns relating to employee privacy and especially monitoring of employee behavior. Employee privacy is respected in many of the large corporations. However, there still exist some breaches in employee privacy. Small business owners are at most risk as a result of their increased monitoring practices and close employer-employee interaction.

Historical background

oberson v. ochester Folding Box Company

One of the major cases that brought employee privacy to the limelight was oberson v. ochester Folding Box Company

Franklin Mills Co. decided to appeal…… [Read More]

References

Anderson v. City of Philadelphia, 845 F. 2d 1216 (1988).

Borse v. Piece Goods Shop, 963 F.2d 611 (1991).

Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Ellerth, 524 U.S. 742 (1988).

City of Ontario v. Quon, 130 S.Ct. 2619, 560 U.S. (2010).
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Human Resource Management

Words: 1343 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2216832

Coaching as an Alternative to Reviews in Performance Appraisal

Human resources is an area fraught with the most complex issues facing corporations today. From the Americans with Disabilities Act to the Equal Employment Commission to sexual harassment training, human resources departments have gone from storing file folders with employees' remaining vacation days to the most critical wing of an organization.

Perhaps the oldest human resources duty that stays within the department today is performance appraisal. Human resources manages and selects the manner in which bosses evaluate employees at an organization. The procedures involved impact not only salaries and promotions, but form the very fabric of the organization. Are employees motivated, productive and happy? The answer to those questions most often lies within performance appraisal methods. In fact, it is not at all a stretch to comment that performance appraisal governs whether an organization is successful at all.

The problem lies…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

http://www.managenius.com / http://www.accel-team.com/human_resources/coaching.html

  http://www.ideasandtraining.com/Employee-Coaching-Programs.html   www.knowledgepoint.com/hr/lbwhite.html