Objectives of ICAO as Specified in the Chicago Convention
Enhancing Safety and Security in Civil Aviation
Development and Constant Evaluation of Aviation Standards and Policies
Implementation of Standards and Practices
Timely Response to Challenges
Changes in ICAO's Strategic Objectives
Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development Objective
The International Civil Aviation Organization was formed in November 1944 by the conclusion of the Chicago Convention held in that year. This organization was formed because of the need for securing cooperation and standardization of global aviation policies and practices. The United States of America played a crucial role in the organization's formation by inviting several states to the Convention on international civil aviation standards, policies, and procedures. Out of the 44 States that attended the Chicago Convention, 32 States signed an agreement that paved the way for ICAO's creation.
ICAO was mandated with eight major objectives in its initial years of operation, which were mainly conducted by the Provisional International Civil Aviation before the signing permanent ratifications for the organization's creation. The structure of the organization has two major segments i.e. A sovereign body or The Assembly and a governing body or The Council. While the organization collaborates with others organizations in this industry, its programs and activities are directed by the two bodies.
The main strategic objectives and priorities of ICAO in its initial years of operation include enhancing safety and security in global air transport, creation and adoption of new or altered SARPs, and promoting implementation of SARPs across the globe as much as possible. The other objectives include fostering the legal framework in global civil aviation, help in mobilizing resources for aviation services and facilities, promoting effectiveness and efficiency in operations, provide guidance on economic regulation, and respond to challenges timely. However, ICAO's objectives and priorities have changed over time due to issues and trends in the global aviation industry. Currently, the organization's strategic objectives are safety, security, environmental protection, and sustainable development.
Changes in Priorities of ICAO since 1944 and Present:
The International Civil Aviation Organization is a body with a long history in the aviation industry following its creation by the Convention on International Civil Aviation. Actually, this body was created in November 1944 after 32 states in the convention signed an agreement for its establishment. The main reason for the establishment of ICAO was to secure global co-operation and the highest probable degree of consistency in the industry's standards and regulation as well as the structure and processes about issues in civil aviation. Since its creation, the International Civil Aviation Organization has continued to play an important role in the aviation sector through strategic objectives that have constantly changed over time. These strategic objectives have been geared towards responding to changes in the global civil aviation industry. Moreover, the changes in the organization's priorities seek to ensure that the most effective and comprehensive security systems are not only developed but also employed.
History of the Organization's Formation:
The history of the formation of ICAO can be traced back to the results of studies conducted by the United States. These studies were coupled by successive consultations between America and the Major Allies that contributed to an extension of invitation to 55 authorities and states to attend a global aviation conference in November 1944 ("History: Foundation of the International Civil Aviation Organization," n.d.). The 1944 Chicago International Civil Aviation Conference was attended by 44 States that play a crucial role in the establishment of this organization.
The conference primarily focused on the technical field where it set the foundation for rules and regulations about air navigation. The reason for this focus or priorities in the initial years of the organization was to bring safety in flying by providing the basis for the use of standardized air navigation system internationally. As a result of its creation, the international aviation industry benefited from international cooperation among the major industry players. This benefit is attributed to the fact that the International Civil Aviation Organization has constantly developed and updated aviation policies and guidance on the Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs).
While 32 States of the 44 attending states signed an agreement for the establishment of this organization, ICAO came into being after adequate ratifications of the Chicago Convention ("The Postal History of ICAO," n.d.). These ratifications were carried out in April 1947 at a time when the Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization (PICAO) was conducting the basic purposes of ICAO. As a result, the organization has continued to symbolize cooperation and dedication of approximately 200 countries in order to achieve secure and orderly development of global civil aviation. The reason for ICAO's symbolization of global dedication and cooperation is based on the countries' goal of enhancing understanding between people from different countries through breakdown frontiers and borders.
Objectives of ICAO as Specified in the Chicago Convention:
The priorities of the International Civil Aviation Organization in its initial years were documented in the formal and official record of the 1944 Chicago Conference that summarized its work. Some of the major priorities of this organization in its initial years of operation include
Enhancing Safety and Security in Civil Aviation:
Enhancing safety and security in international civil aviation industry has been the major priority of this organization. Actually, ICAO's main strategic objective is to foster safety and security in air navigation while enhancing the efficiency of this sector and promoting the principles embodied in the Chicago Convention (Savic, 2005). This objective was a major priority for the organization because its creation was preceded by the need for a body to facilitate order in the air, uniformity in exploitation methods through maximum standardization in technical issues, and resolving disputes that may occur.
The need for such an organization was partly fueled by the events that occurred in the advent of the Second World War. Before World War II, it became increasingly apparent that civil air transport would play a huge and significant role in international relations. This realization was followed by serious diplomatic and political discussions for a global civil aviation in Canada ("1944: The Chicago Conference," n.d.). As the Second World War took a turn for the better in late 1944, it was increasingly apparent that some countries would want to take measures towards creating new international air services on a regular basis. These events paved the way for the eventual creation of the International Civil Aviation Organization to promote efficiency of civil aviation while enhancing safety and security.
The enhancement of safety and security by ICAO was informed by recognition that the while development of global civil aviation can significantly help in creating and maintaining friendship and understanding between countries, it's vulnerable to abuse. The potential for abuse can make international civil aviation to become a threat to the general global security.
Development and Constant Evaluation of Aviation Standards and Policies:
The second strategic objective of this organization as specified in the Chicago Convention was to develop and constantly evaluate aviation standards, policies, and procedures to reflect the changes in the civil aviation industry. According to Article 44 of the Chicago Convention, the objective of ICAO is to develop and constantly evaluate the principles and techniques of global air navigation ("International Civil Aviation Organization," n.d.). This objective was geared towards strengthening the planning and development of international air transport system.
During this process of creating and evaluating aviation standards and techniques, the organization should ensure that the rights of each member state are fully respected and ensuring that every state has fair opportunity to operate global airlines. Notably, ICAO was required to create and enact new or amended Standards and Recommended Practices and associated policies in a timely way to meet the ever-changing needs in the aviation sector.
Implementation of Standards and Practices:
In addition to developing and evaluating these standards, ICAO is responsible for their implementation to the greatest degree possible throughout the world. The organization is also mandated with the task of ensuring the coordination, exchange, and execution of regional air navigation plans. This process would help in the provision of a framework for the smooth adoption of new air navigation services and systems. The International Civil Aviation Organization would help facilitate coordinated application of aviation standards and practices in particular areas with comparable operating conditions and parameters. To ensure exchange, coordination, and adoption of regional air navigation plans in areas with relatively similar operating parameters and conditions, ICAO created regional offices after embracing the concept of regions for its operations.
Timely Response to Challenges:
The other strategic objective for the International Civil Aviation Organization is to provide timely response to considerable challenges on the safety, security, and efficient operation and growth of international civil aviation. The organization's responsibility to react to major challenges on a timely basis is geared towards ensuring the greatest possible effectiveness and efficiency in civil aviation operations and development. The timely response would help ICAO to meet the needs of customers throughout the world for regular, economical,…