Criminology Social Control Plays a Research Paper

Download this Research Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Research Paper:

If human beings categorize behavior, experiences and events in a way they appear as representations of reality with effects that people can experience positively or negatively. Crime is examples of these social realities that people can collectively construct, deconstruct, and replace with less harmful realities (Rafter 1990). Crime is a violation of criminal law while deviance is a threatening and moral offensive behavior. Crime is harmful because it leads to people facing losses. Crime leads to physical, social and psychological harm. According to the authors of the article, several factors lead to rise and fall of crime. These are rise in criminal activities, social constructed fear of crime presence and a willingness of authorities classify some activities as potential crimes. The authors, however, state that real developments in crime are hard to establish because crime is a social construction.

In the first article, Pratt (2004) states that the main cause of crime in society is lack of parental socialization. Social constructionism draws on nominal philosophical tradition that social reality does not have any independent existence outside a human mind. Human beings, therefore, interpret the world as they like and make judgments according to how they perceive things. Human beings make representations in their mind that they believe reflect reality. This is in contrast to parental socialization, which takes the form of parental reaction to children's behavior, emotion and expression of emotion (Pratt 2004). These three studies provide a structure that will help in determining a child's self-control. When parents choose to involve themselves in their children's life, this will strengthen the parent-child relationship.

The first article argues that lack of parental socialization develops low social competence and in turn leads children to develop low self-control. Parental negative emotionality affects parental behavior, moral reasoning, aggression, pro-social behavior, beliefs and gender-role development. Parents need to develop the way they socialize with their children. This sets the foundation for the children to develop self-control that will make the children not to engage in criminal behaviors (Pratt 2004). The second article contrasts with the first in which it gives another version of social control theory. The second article suggests that, through social interaction, human beings develop behaviors and actions. These actions can be either ethical or anti-social in nature. A social constructionist suggests that a given behavior or act example domestic violence or crime, becomes a social problem if social groups choose to see it that way (Rafter 1990). Social groups will mobilize social response measures to prohibit these behaviors since they are wrong.


Social control theory states that there is a need of controls in the society that will prohibit people from committing crime. One of these ways can be through parental socialization. When parents socialize with their children, they can instill good ethics and proper behaviors that that will make the child a responsible person. A responsible person who believes in taking responsibility for his actions is a person with a high level of social control. This person knows the implications of crime. This makes the chances of him committing crime close to nil. Through social interactions, people develop certain behaviors that can be good or bad. Social control theory takes form here, in that when a person socializes with the right people in society this will ensure that he learns of ethical behaviors. Practicing ethical behavior in the community makes a person to develop high levels of social control. A person will not commit a crime if he believes in ethics and good morals in society. People should learn how to control their actions. This will make them refrain from committing un-ethical behaviors. Social control is crucial for every human being. Social control helps a person to control his behaviors and make him a responsible member of the society.


Pratt, Travis C., Michael G. Turner, and Alex R. Piquero. (2004). Parental Socialization and Community Context: A Longitudinal Analysis of the Structural Sources of Low Self-Control. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 41: 219-243.

Rafter, Nicole Hahn. (1990). The Social Construction of Crime and Crime Control. Journal on Research in Crime and Delinquency 27: 376-389.

Cernkovich, S., Giodano, P., & Rudolph, J.…[continue]

Cite This Research Paper:

"Criminology Social Control Plays A" (2013, March 31) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from

"Criminology Social Control Plays A" 31 March 2013. Web.9 December. 2016. <>

"Criminology Social Control Plays A", 31 March 2013, Accessed.9 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Social Control Theory All Control

    If integration with a conventional social group helps prevent suicide and "delinquency" (Hirschi 1969) and motivates people to fight, make sacrifices for a community, or commit deviant acts on behalf of a sub-cultural group, it should affect almost all forms of deviance. The absence of social integration with conventional groups should be influential in psychotic behavior (unless that specific behavior is organically determined and totally uncontrollable); without integration into

  • Extent Race Plays a Role in the Different Sentencing Ranges Applicable...

    race plays a role in the different sentencing ranges applicable to different crimes. Race and Sentencing Guidelines Race has been a consideration in sentencing guidelines for quite some time. Many individuals believe that those who are not Caucasian receive sentences that are harsher and punishment that is stricter than others Because of this, there is concern that perhaps the sentencing guidelines and the entire criminal justice system is racially biased. This is

  • Criminology What Was the Rational Choice Theory

    Criminology What was the "rational choice theory" of crime causation? The "rational choice theory" of crime causation holds that crime is consciously committed out of an intellectual desire to improve one's situation. Accordingly, the theory does not believe that delinquents are motivated through unconscious urges, but instead contends that people are goal-oriented. Another implication of the theory is that everyone, regardless of their neurological profile, has the ability to act in a

  • Criminology This Study Explains the

    This is because many people do not have the opportunity to do so or they chose not to do so. People start to engage in criminal activities such as theft to satisfy their needs. Cochran suggests that anomie is greatest where the goal of attaining societal goals occurs under conditions of individual competition. A decrease in state control and regulations leads to positive impacts in the economy. Three key

  • Criminology in a Modern Society Police Have

    Criminology In a modern society, police have important roles play in preventing and managing crimes. The police are in good position to learn and investigate crimes and threats because they have available resources to ensure that communities are protected from vulnerable targets. However, changes and multi-dynamic complexities within a given society have necessitated police force to develop partnership relationships with various public agencies to enhance prevention of crimes and security matters

  • Criminology and Criminal Justice as

    This is a form of punishment that is incremental in application, and establishes what the public perceives as unbreakable pattern of individual criminal recidivism (Siegel, p. 110). However, there is no evidence to support incarceration itself as a deterrent to crime (pp. 110-111). Many criminologists disagree with public opinion on the topic of three strikes incarceration (p. 110), which is, in brief, when a person commits a felony, that

  • Criminology M5D1 Comparing Relationships Among

    Similarities and differences The two theories both agree that the structure of the society influences the level of crime. When people do not have the fundamental means of achieving success, they will look for other ways to do so. The two theories, however contrast with what causes increase in the level of crime. The anomie theory states that crime will increase when people have strain. This means that they have no

Read Full Research Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved