Analyzing Criminology Classical Theory Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

Criminology

Classical theory elucidates crime as a creation and outcome of beliefs that advantages of committing crimes are extremely greater than normative, socially acceptable behavior. The foundation of this school of thought on criminology is that crime is a rational choice and that many individuals have the capacity to resort to crime. In addition, individuals will commit crime subsequent to the comparison of prospective advantages and disadvantages of such actions. The positivist school of criminology tries to ascribe crime causation to understood, contemplative assertion of advantages that criminal activities carry. Next, sociological school of criminology asserts that crime comes about due to manifold factors that can be split into mental, biological, and social factors. Therefore, it implies that crime is a result of social factors and elements that influence the behavior of human beings.

Week 2 Discussion

Siegel delineates the three different ways crime is recorded in our country. The first method is the uniform crime report. This encompasses the collection of data from police department records all over the nation regarding reported crimes and arrests. The strengths are that it is a measure of arrests and homicides and it is a dependable nationwide sample. The downside is that it fails to account for crimes that go unreported to police, usage of drugs, and also encompasses errors in reporting (Siegel 37). The second way is the National Crime Victimization Survey. This takes into account the collection of data from a large national survey. The strength is that it incorporates crimes not reported to the police and employs cautious sampling methods and is a survey undertaken every year. Lastly, there is self-report surveys, which encompass data collected from local surveys. The strong suit is that they consist of crimes not reported, drugs and substance abuse, and personal information of delinquents. The weakness is that they are dependent on the veracity of delinquents and overlook delinquents who decline or are incapable, owing to potential imprisonment (Siegel 37).

Week 3 Discussion

The concept of reintegrative shaming asserts that the structure and culture of a society can have an influence on the deviant acts undertaken by people through a practice of shaming. It delineates that the resultant guilt acts not only a social practice that forms individuals' sense of right and wrong but also as a kind of informal social control when unlawful activity takes place (Siegel 197). The concept of reintegrative shaming can be employed in a more official legal system for instance that found within the United States. One of the ways is through restorative justice, which can be applied in the justice system of the U.S. In particular, this can be done in both, formal, as well as informal ways. A good example is in an instance of aggravated assault where the offenders are made accountable by making them realize the mistakes, and the harm caused thereby, and at the same time assisting them to make amends (Mongold and Edwards 208).

Week 4 Discussion

There are different degrees of homicide, each of them necessitating certain…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

Boston University Metropolitan College. Reintegrative Shaming & Restorative Justice, 2016. Web. Retrieved: https://learn.bu.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-1942479-dt-content-rid-6162758_1/courses/14sprgmetcj602_ol/week06/metcj602_W06L01T04_Reintegrative.html

Criminal Justice. Similarities and Differences Between Social Control Theories and Other Major Theories of Crime. Social Control Theory, 2016. Web. Retrieved http://criminal-justice.iresearchnet.com/criminology/theories/social-control-theory/7/

Mongold, Jennifer L., and Bradley D. Edwards. "Reintegrative Shaming: Theory into Practice." Journal of Theoretical & Philosophical Criminology 6.3 (2014): 205.

Podgor, Ellen S. "The challenge of white collar sentencing." The Journal of criminal law and criminology (2007): 731-759.

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