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Critical thinking is the rationally closely controlled process of aggressively and competently conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and assessing information gathered from observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action. It involves the scrutiny of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning, purpose, problem, or question, assumptions; concepts; empirical grounding; reasoning leading to conclusions; implications and consequences; objections from alternative viewpoints; and frame of reference. Critical thinking is incorporated in a family of interwoven forms of thinking, such as scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking. And, of course, there are forces of influences on these types of thinking. Some of the forces of influences are cultures, race, religion, gender, ethics, and birth order.
When problem solving, it is very important to use critical thinking to make clear decisions And, when a person is a manager, critical thinking should be use to handle the managerial responsibilitiess because all managers should have clear thinking. But, sometimes mangers use a quick solution to problem solves. And, critical thinking is not about simple solutions. Instead, it gives a sound process for framing problems and making (Whaton)
decisions. By doing this, it will be easy to learn to define the key elements of the decision, focus on the right problem, and identify tradeoffs and choices. These approaches can be used when dealing with simple problems, as well as complex or data-intensive challenges (Whaton).
To recognize and define a problem in the workplace, a manager should use logical thinking as a form of critical thinking. Clearheaded decision making is even more difficult when a person is drowning in a sea of information. Only some of this information will help make a decision; the rest simply obscures the important issues. So, using logic is a good form of critical because it helps eliminating the useless information. Today's managers must learn how to handle information overload, intellectual diversity, and profound ambiguity. Logical thinking is very useful for a manager to have when they have to use critical thinking when eliminating
useless information (Whaton).
Time is short for a manager, and real decisions are never as simple as case studies. They do not operate in the "frictionless" environment of academic exercises. And, they do not have months or even days to address their strategic situation. Instead, a manager must operate in an environment of time pressure, uncertainty, randomness, and biases. Sometimes that calls the manger to use creative thinking, which is a form of critical thinking. Creative thinking assists a person to be quick but precise in their decision making. This form of critical thinking can be in a Manager's favor if they are presses for time. It gives a little room to put themselves in the final decision instead of just the facts. Imperfect but timely decisions are generally superior to perfect choices made too late. Therefore, creative thinking is a form of critical thinking that mangers can use to make decisions under pressured time (Wheaton).
CriTical thinking will help a manager incorporate these elements as
They respond to the messy challenges facing you in the workplace such as how to: Reframe issues so mangers do not solve the wrong problem by using the wrong information as well. When reframing issues a person has to make sure that they have the right information so that their decision will be clear and correct. A manager should separate the merely random event from the systematic pattern. In other words, they should not let the forces of influences in critical thinking get in the way of making a good clear decision such as race, religion, culture and ethics. If critical thinking is interrupted by outside influences, the manager will not make the correct decision for their workplace. Therefore, managers should also convert conflicting expert opinions into useful insights. And, they need to identify acceptable risks in alternative decisions. These elements are extremely important in critical thinking for managers so that their creative and logical thinking can be very precise.
Management practices are deemed to be universal and free from the influence of time and context. Established priorities and values in Organizations are assumed to be legitimate, and…[continue]
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