Death and Dying Term Paper

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Death and Dying

'My new body was weightless and extremely mobile, and I was fascinated by my new state of being. Although I had felt pain from the surgery only moments before, I now felt no discomfort at all. I was whole in every way -- perfect," (Eadie "Embraced" 30). In her groundbreaking book Embraced by the Light, Betty J. Eadie writes about her own near-death experience to help dispel the universal fear of dying. Eadie's body was clinically dead during a surgical procedure, but her consciousness remained vital and alive. Not only did Eadie live to tell the story, but her encounter with death was a spiritual awakening, an experience that positively changed her perspective on life. Personal accounts such as Eadie's abound in the literature, demonstrating that death and dying need not be the fearsome processes many would believe them to be. In the 1960s, author Elisabeth Kubler-Ross garnered personal testimony from numerous dying patients, attesting to the spiritually transformative powers of the dying process for both the patient and the bereaved. Case studies of near-death experiences, ubiquitous in popular reading self-help books as well as in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, draw attention to the efficacy of current right-to-die laws in the United States. Based on the case studies of near-death experiences, which frequently include religious imagery and being "embraced by the light," assisted suicide should be an inalienable right for citizens of the United States.

The case studies included in autobiographical works like Betty J. Eadie's Embraced by the Light and George Ricthie's Return from Tomorrow, and compilation texts such as Elisabeth Kubler-Ross's On Death and Dying, Maggie Callanan and Patricia Kelley's Final Gifts, Raymond Moody's Life After Life, Ira Byock's Dying Well, illustrate that current legal policies regarding the right-to-die are outmoded. Death is an absolute and immutable certainty: all things that live, including human beings, die. The aim of all physicians and all loved ones should not be to extend the life of those suffering from terminal illness, but rather to ensure as peaceful and painless transition from life to death as is possible. Ira Byock calls the assurance of a peaceful death "dying well," and in his book bearing that title, Byock recounts numerous case studies in which patients are caught in the middle of legal and personal battles over their own lives. Byock cuts to the core of the issue, nothing that American policy has been constructed to prevent individuals from dying well and therefore prolongs the suffering of both victim and family members. "The concept of dying well can provide a vision of a realistic and affirmative goal for life's end," (Byock 246). Changing public policy regarding the right-to-die will not be simple, but rather will entail a wholesale revision of American cultural values, norms, and beliefs. Byock states, "Cultural values and expectations related to dying must shift away from the denial of death, and the viewing of dying as a time of inevitable emotional distress ... toward an understanding of dying as part of a full, even healthy, living," (246). Unfortunately and ironically, given the spiritual imagery concurrent with the near-death experience, it is often those in religious Christian communities that would deny the suffering the right-to-die.

For example, a Florida woman named Terry Schiavo spent fifteen years in a "persistent vegetative state." Almost universal medical opinions testified to the impossibility of her recovery based on the extensive brain damage she had suffered in her persistent vegetative state. Nevertheless, religious members of Schiavo's family begged for her to remain hooked up to feeding tubes and other forms of life support: just so that the shell of Terry's body would be kept "alive." Thus, central to the right-to-die issue is the definition of "alive," and the definition of "consciousness." Terry Schiavo was alive in the narrowest possible way: the term "persistent vegetative state" spells out clearly that Terry's mental state was akin more to a plant than to an animal, let alone a human being. In sharp contrast to the persistent vegetative state endured by Schiavo, Eadie's encounter with angels denotes the exact opposite: a body declared dead, but a mind so fully aware that the patient saw angels. Although Eadie's body was declared clinically devoid of life, in her brief moment of death she encountered an esoteric,…

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