Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Essay:
economic burden Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. The research arguable issue yield a 1000-1200 words. All work local (USA) global.
The economic burden of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder has been discovered relatively recently, meaning as such that progress has yet to be made in terms of treatment and management. Additionally, research is also yet to be exhaustive, as numerous aspects of the affection remain uncharted.
One important aspect of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is represented by the economic cost of the affection, revealed at multiple levels, such as the cost for the healthcare system, as well as the costs for the family. The current project assesses this issue through the lenses of the research that has already been conducted on the topic, in an effort to centralize and conclude upon the matter. The means in which this endeavor would be addressed is that of the Toulmin Method.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is an affection generally diagnosed in children, and manifested by high levels of activity, yet limited ability to concentrate. This results in difficulties completing their school works, and can impact their adult life as well.
The research background on the topic of the economic burden of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is generally focused on the computation of the costs incurred in the provision of medical treatment to persons with ADHD. The primary studies have shown difference between the health care costs of children without ADHD and children with ADHD ranging from $503 to $1,343; the results for the adults were even higher, with differences in health care costs ranging from $4,929 to $5,651 (Matza, Paramore and Prasad, 2005).
Still, regarding other aspects of the economic implications of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, the research in these fields is rather scarce.
3. The claim
The economic cost of treating Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is less important than the social and economic costs of leaving such an affection untreated. Specifically, this claim is based on the vast literature revealing high costs of medical care for ADHD patients.
4. The data
Strict and clear data is difficult to obtain, but some direct and indirect costs are accepted and associated with:
Direct medical costs
Costs to families
Costs of criminality
Costs of co-morbidity
Costs of accidents
Costs of lost work ((Matza, Paramore and Prasad, 2005).
5. The warrant
The initial costs with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are associated with the medical care and the family care costs of treatment. Nevertheless, if these costs are decreased and the disease is inadequately treated, more complex social and economic costs would arise and increase. For instance:
The costs of criminality are increased with ADHD patients. Studies have for instance shown that the rate of arrest of people with ADHD is about 46 per cent in adolescents and 21 per cent in adults, compared to 11 per cent and 1 per cent rate in individuals without ADHD.
Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder have often been diagnosed with other diseases, such as anxiety disorder or other psychiatric conditions, which make them more prone to severe problems.
People with ADHD are exposed to a higher risk of accidents, often due to their overactive and impulsive behavior
Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are more prone to miss work due to accidents or other circumstances, meaning as such that there is an increased cost of lost work for the business community ((Matza, Paramore and Prasad, 2005).
In such a context, it appears that the alternative to the high economic costs of ADHD treatment is a high socio-economic cost upon the entire community.
As it has been revealed throughout the previous sections, the costs of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are complex and present at multiple levels of the society, from the individual and his family, to the greater community. In this setting, it would appear as necessary and useful to invest more in the research and treatment of ADHD in an effort to decrease these cost for the society.
In this particular context, it is useful to assess the cost effectiveness of the treatments used for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. From the economic standpoint, the cost effectiveness of the ADHD treatment would balance the costs incurred in the…[continue]
"Economic Burden Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder The" (2012, March 30) Retrieved October 21, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/economic-burden-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-78912
"Economic Burden Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder The" 30 March 2012. Web.21 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/economic-burden-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-78912>
"Economic Burden Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder The", 30 March 2012, Accessed.21 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/economic-burden-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-78912
Jones relates that statement of Corrigan: "Our work suggests that the biggest factor changing stigma is contact between people with mental illness and the rest of the population. The public needs to understand that many people with mental illness are functioning, fully contributing members of society." (Jones, 2006) Jones states that "the social cost of stigma associated with mental illness is high because it translates into huge numbers of
Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments: 10-Year Critical Review of the Research Literature Over ten million teenagers in the United States admit in a national survey that they drink alcohol, although it is illegal under the age of 21 in all states. In some studies, nearly one-quarter of school-age children both smoked cigarettes and drank alcohol. Over four thousand adolescents every day try marijuana for the first time. The dangers of use,
However, one of the many ways Wal-Mart has been able to cut costs is by not having large stores of items in back rooms at each of their stores. Instead, the organization has used technology to remain customer focused. By innovating the use of sharing sales data, via computer, with their major suppliers, Wal-Mart has been able to keep key items in stock, without having to stockpile them. When an
Another study conducted by Deblinger, et al. (2001) also investigated the efficacy of CBT based interventions and reported that compared to the participation-based model, repeated MANOVAs indicated that those mothers attending CBT sessions showed better results in context of improvements in intrusive thoughts and negative parenting. This should be however mentioned that sample size of virtually all the intervention programs was limited ranging from 10-80 that makes it difficult
Figure 1 portrays three of the scenes 20/20 presented March 15, 2010. Figure 1: Heather, Rachel, and Unnamed Girl in 20/20 Program (adapted from Stossel, 2010). Statement of the Problem For any individual, the death of a family member, friend, parent or sibling may often be overwhelming. For adolescents, the death of person close to them may prove much more traumatic as it can disrupt adolescent development. Diana Mahoney (2008), with the
There are many of these individuals, and it is time that this is changed. Parents often look away from these kinds of problems, or they spend their time in denial of the issue because they feel that their child will not be harmed by parental involvement with drugs or alcohol. Some parents have parents that were/are addicts themselves, and some are so busy with their lives that they do not