Globalization in the Age of Globalization Cultural Term Paper
- Length: 5 pages
- Subject: Anthropology
- Type: Term Paper
- Paper: #84260781
Excerpt from Term Paper :
In the age of globalization, cultural precincts are anticipated as having turned out as absorbent, imprecise, and undefined. The home culture comes in contact with the foreign culture as a result of globalization while it impacts culture of the home country leaving it to be not the native but the unstable, displaced, amalgamated, diverse, and adulterated (OCAA). Globalization is the instant of collective relocation, "multiculturalism, and cosmopolitanism" (Szeman, 2003) Once the culture of a nation was perceived by means of newspapers and work of fictions, but the present day has given the ever-present of novel structures of mass culture that has transfigured in to novel intercontinental systems of the thoughts. Regarding culture, discussions about globalization are in consequence over and over again centered on border regions, and on the multifaceted dialogues that occur as these borders are investigated, anticipated again, and reemphasized in a world of rising, if not the same, cultural dealings (OCAA). A great deal of the examination of borders has centered appropriately on the insinuations of these power disparities, of scale and speed, on the basis that these cultural exchanges take place. Equally challenging, as the dialogue of cultural imperialism has been, deliberations of the globalization of civilization in both educational and civic realms nonetheless carry on to envisage the juxtaposition of these expressions as an account in relation to the "Americanization," or of the hazard pretense by Western cultural goods to cultural self-sufficiency of non-Western, yet to be modernized societies and areas (Tomilson, 1991).
As such the term globalization concerns with the method of plummeting obstacles amid countries and giving way to economic, political, and social communications to take place. Globalization possibly augments the capability of people all over the places to make better their living values by giving out information and the produce of human labor athwart those obstacles. But, this is an ideal situation. According to Richard Walker accretion is the most important motivating force of the earth's economy, besides its associates, capital and resources contest and capital and workforce misuse. This is the reason that it makes impression to talk about the capitalist regime instead of the global marketplace. The utmost economic falsehood of all is that the marketplace has as its main reason; the service of human wants instead of the overdoing of industrialists and their businesses. Bordo (2002) describes globalization as the ever more intimate global amalgamation of bazaars for products of creation, workforce and resources. According to Hill (2002) this is an ascending trend that will keep on rising.
A significant aspect other than the new conditions imposed by imperialist globalization is the intermingling of the novel and unparalleled type ironically post-ethnic nationality. However, in the current context too, the culture is seen and perceived in relation to the geographic boundaries.
According to Szeman (2003) subsequent to everything, globalization can merely pretense a danger to cultural independence if cultures are theorized as being unavoidably, for reasons of personal and joint self-identity, independent in beginning. The rationale why it is likely for communication of cultural integration and fundamental cultural strangeness to continue living alongside in globalization is that, to a great extent, the earlier assumes the final: as such the hybridist requires imagining of cultures as important to start with, whether traditionally or theoretically, or in cooperation. At the same time culture is considered to have go through a novel state of affairs in globalization, it give the impression that the idea of culture itself has not experienced a comparable transformation or modification.
And in this context and in relation to the globalization the postulation considers, over the decades, the amalgamation of cultural space with globalization speed concept. The culture and globalization is often collectively referred in terms of physical and non-physical movement of goods, services, people, money and electronic signals. This reference has altogether changed the concept of cultural space. While previously culture was most associated with the concept of geography and the regional norms and values of a particular society. Nevertheless, all the time it was thought about as something that takes on color when crossed boundaries, gives color to other cultures, thought about and understood as something boundless but fixed in true meaning specified by space. The space then relates to region, religion, groups, societies and sub-cultural norms (Szeman, 2003. Since the early 19th century when the nations emerged as a political force all round the world, there have been many times when culture has been tried to be defined in terms of political culture and nationality (Clausen, 1994). Despite the fact that the unstable sense of state-run culture has been over and over again confronted, these hypothetical connections amid culture and topography have continued as an influential theoretical trite, coming into view as the focus of an annual inundation of factual tomes examining the national disposition. This gave way to the clash of civilizations, from West to the East and from the East to the West, from Islam to Christianity, from Catholic to Protestants (Balibar and Macherey, 1981; Hirst and Thompson, 1999).
In the 'Fences and windows', Klein (2002) speaks about globalization and that the very presence of the term would soon prove be a danger to the market economy. Klein uses the word 'Fences' as a metaphor for the hurdles that have been constructed by the "multinational corporations, para-governmental institutions and super states to contain and separate people from what were previously public resources" (Christie, 2002). Klein asserts that "locking them away from much-needed land and water, restricting their ability to move across borders, to express political dissent, to demonstrate on public streets, even keeping politicians from enacting policies that make sense for the people who elected them" (Klein, 2002). In his book, the fences and the windows represent the barriers and the chances and opportunities to open so as to "breathe deeply and taste freedom" (Klein, 2002).
Christie (2002) gives that the term of globalization "has always struck me as vague and woolly, grabbed (because of its implied internationalism) by the corporate would-be masters of the universe to cloak their own sinister "free trade" agenda. But Klein defines her terms as she goes along and always makes clear where she stands and why." While Klein (2002) gives that "The economic process that goes by the benign euphemism 'globalization' now reaches into every aspect of life, transforming every activity and natural resource into a measured and owned commodity."
We have seen that there were not thousands but hundreds of thousands of people who have taken to the streets to oppose the expanding dangers of globalization, that were not in opposition to the matter of trade, but as Klein (2002) writes were in opposition as the "very real need for jobs and investment is systematically being used to undermine all our democracies. The unacceptable trade is the one that erodes sovereign rights in exchange for foreign investment." Christie (2002) says that the term "anti-globalization [is a] misleading term. What the movement reflects, as Klein points out, is the irrelevance of electoral party politics in the face of global corporatism, mobile capital and immobile labor"
Klein (2002) gives that across the world there are democratic cries where the people have selected governments through the process of elections. But the same elected governments fail to peruse their agenda of safeguarding the national interests when it comes to their facing the failure in the world markets and blaming everything on the IMF. IMF have been decried as being the agency that dictates it terms to the world and thus is the cause for the failure in the markets.
Klein (2002) gives that the sentiments that form the anti-globalization paradigm have old bearings. "It is the latest theme in humanity's never-ending play, one whose main narrative strands are, as always, the struggle to be human, the right to live and…