In the 1990s, once globalization had momentum and it was obvious to many observers that "decent work" wasn't the end all in terms of solutions, Munck continues. Is "decent work" just a "backward-looking utopianism" as aterman (2008) insisted it is? Yes, Munck agrees it is a bit utopian, because its promise is based on "the myth of a golden era of social harmony" and yet, a "decent work" movement could reduce poverty and provide that "human face" no matter how many negative things can be said about it.
A second suggestion for mitigating the negative consequences of globalization for workers is to encourage trade unions to get involved in social movements (which in the history of the American trade unions was part of their agenda). Munck offers some optimism on that topic when he quotes Dan Clawson: "Labor's links with other [social movement] groups are denser and stronger than they…… [Read More]
That said, Goodhart believes that global governance, if pushed too far into sovereign nations' doings, can in fact undermine popular sovereignty as "a viable conception of democracy" but it is not doing that and in fact, in a globalized world that is increasingly interdependence needs a new kind of democracy. The new sovereigntists' views are normative while Goodhart's are more along the lines o positivism. asically, Goodhart argues that in a globalized world, global governance arrangements (such as certain actions and components of the United Nations) can strengthen constitutional democracy, and it can do this by "…limiting the power of special interest, securing individual rights, enhancing the quality of democratic deliberation, and increasing capacities to achieve important public purposes" (1051).
In concluding, Goodhart explains that while globalization is not easy to define in simple terms, at a "minimum it connotes increasing global interdependence," which, when aimed towards a more democratic…… [Read More]
Globalization's Effect on the United States'
Objective of this paper is to explore the impact of globalization on the United States national security. The study defines globalization as the increasing global relations of people, corporate organization and government. There is no doubt that the globalization provides numerous benefits to the American economy. Despite the benefits derived from the globalization, the advent of globalization also provides some threats to the United States.
The study also reviews the previous literatures on globalization and identifies various effects of globalization on the U.S. national security. The study identifies the incidents of terrorist attack on American soil. The increase in the influx of illegal immigrants has also become serious security concern to some states in the U.S. The review of the literatures suggests various strategies that the U.S. should employ to safeguard the country national security.
The study provides data analysis and interpretation…… [Read More]
They might only be more efficient when externalities are not considered, but in the real world of globalization externalities are important. Understanding what to do about these problems and how to take advantage of the opportunities presented by globalization requires a strong understanding of what globalization is, and even that remains a point of some contention.
Higgott, R. & Reich, S. (1998) Globalisation and sites of conflict: Towards definition and taxonomy. CSGR orking Paper No. 01/98. Retrieved May 21, 2012 from http://dspace.cigilibrary.org/jspui/bitstream/123456789/9004/1/Globalisation%20and%20Sites%20of%20Conflict%20Towards%20Definition%20and%20Taxonomy.pdf?1
Rifkin, J. (2002). The age of access: The new politics of culture vs. commerce. Retrieved May 21, 2012 from http://lizard.artun.ee/~raivo/imke/additional%20reading/E2002_043_rifkin.pdf
Urdal, H. (2005). People vs. Malthus: Population pressure, environmental degradation and armed conflict revisited. Journal of Peace Research. Vol. 42 (4) 417-434.
de Grauwe, P. & Polan, M. (2003). Globalisation and social spending. CESifo orking Paper No. 885. Retrieved May 21, 2012 from https://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/pls/portal/docs/1/1189844.PDF
IMF. (2000).…… [Read More]
Globalization and National Security
While the economic benefits of globalization have been frequently discussed, the very serious national security vulnerabilities which have arisen as a result of increase interconnections, both economically and socially, has garnered much less attention.
The current literature on globalization either omits national security discussions entirely, or conducts them from a relatively myopic perspective
The 2010 National Security Strategy attempts to rectify this, but its seems to have little effect on the trajectory of the United States' national security situation.
The key vulnerabilities which have arisen as a result of globalization can be broken down into key three categories: international terrorism and cyberattacks, economic instability and foreign economic intervention, insufficient education in the fields key for future innovation.
This study analyzes the effect globalization has had on each of these three categories, demonstrating how greater economic, social, and political interconnections have made the United States increasingly vulnerable…… [Read More]
The global "mindset" that companies must have is defined as "…the ability to develop and interpret criteria for business performance" that are not relying on the "assumptions of a single country, culture or context to implement those criteria appropriately…" (Begley, et al., 2003). Begley and colleagues insist that the "truly globalized corporation" sees globalization as more of a "mind-set" than a "structure" per se (p. 1).
The three mind-sets that managers and executives must be able to demonstrate include: a) first, think globally and recognize the things that help to create a "…consistent global standard"; b) secondly, think locally because in the process of becoming "truly global" a company must come to a deep understanding of "local and cultural differences"; and c) third, the authors assert that the strategy should be to "think globally and locally simultaneously" and be cognizant of those situations in which there are "compelling demands" from…… [Read More]
The term globalization means a process of increased interconnectedness among countries especially in terms of economy, politics as well as culture. The effect of globalization has been felt positively in all corners of the world this is due to the fact that it has been associated with most vital issues.
A section of economists analyze globalization as a fast train which a country needs to build a platform so that it gest on. The platform tends to be establishing a foundation to make sure that the country functions well. These can be property rights and rule of law, reliable infrastructure as well as education and health for the people. For this to be achieved international organizations such as non-governmental organizations, bilateral aid agencies and World Bank are working with the developing countries in establishing such foundations to assist them in preparing for global integration. If the government does not…… [Read More]
By 2050, it is projected that only India would be recording growth rates significantly above 3%.
Incomes and Demographics
By 2050, despite much faster growth, individuals in those countries are still predicted to be poorer than those persons living in any of the now G6 economies . ussia is the exception, essentially catching up with the poorer of the G6 in terms of income per capita by 2050. By 2030, China's income per capita could measure up what Korea's is today. In the U.S., income per capita by 2050 could reach roughly $80,000.
Demographics play an crucial role in the way the world will change. Decline in working-age population is projected to take place later in ussia and China than India and Brazil than in the developed economies Kegley & aymond, 2011()
Globalization will substantially increase in two folds due to improvement in technology and transportation network for…… [Read More]
Globalization and Human Rights
Human Rights Issues and Globalization
Overview of Human Rights
Overview of Globalization
Implications of Globalization on Human Rights
Human Rights for Future Generations
It was argued long ago by Greek historian Herodotus that there are no universal ethics (Ishay, 2008). The historian argued that different cultures had different perceptions about what is acceptable behavior and what rights people should be granted. Herodotus illustrates this argument by comparing burial rituals that were used by two different cultures. One culture believed that cremation was appropriate based on their beliefs while the other involved some form of cannibalism in their rituals to preserve the souls of the fallen. The historian approached individuals from the first culture asking them if they would consider eating their following family members and they responded with disgust. He then asked the individuals from the more primitive culture whether they would consider…… [Read More]
Impacts of globalization
Globalization is a broad term that can be used in varied perspectives. It can be defined as global outlook of various nations of the world coming together to join hands more particularly on economy, politics and education. It as well empowers a view for the whole world at large without considering national identity making it to narrow the world by bringing citizens of all nations closer. This paper will also look at the impact of globalization and business outsourcing based on IT.
Globalization has made it easier for people of one nation to communicate with other nations and this has been considered as one of the greatest achievements. One group in one part of the world can influence others of the same nation or different nation in terms of culture, trade, business, ethics and conduct. Without being much affected by time, space and language, the communications…… [Read More]
Globalization of American Culture
Although national and international business expansion has existed for an extended period of time, it is only recently that the globalization phenomenon has received significant critical and academic attention. One main reason for this is the expansion possibilities opened up by the rapid development of communication and computer technology. The world has literally become accessible on a scale that has never been the case before. This has created a platform for ever-increasing expansion of businesses. On the surface, this type of expansion may appear to be positive, since it allows for greater global understanding as cultures meet, learn about each other, and come to understand each other. In fact, however, criticism has been mounting that the globalization phenomenon has been driven by the United States, its culture, its currency, and its rules. Other cultures, some of which include thousands of years of tradition, have been all…… [Read More]
Globalization Changing the ole of Managers
How Globalization is Changing the ole of Managers?
A manager is responsible for making the most of the individual, economic, informational and material resources in ways that could assist the attainment of the overall objectives of his/her organization. However, most of the managers have a very little understanding of achieving the goals in a disordered or antagonistic environment. In addition to this, they become more challenged when faced with operational tasks that cross national boundaries (Steers et al. 2010). With the increase in globalization, change has now become synchronized with the present moment. Therefore, the organizations and their respective managements cannot be left out of this global certainty. Quite the opposite, the managers are now expected to adapt and become responsible for the inventiveness and ideas. Today, the top-management of any organization governs a significant part of change. The present globalizing trends require the…… [Read More]
In order to achieve operational efficiency, use can be made of modern automated technology which globalization has readily made available via international trade.
Schumacher has further presented his view that the current production managers have become more focused towards the efficiency factor of the production processes. These managers set their targets based on producing goods in such a way, that the cost of the process decreases to a minimum while the production rate increases dramatically. To achieve this, these managers have employed the automated systems rather to rely on the human labor skills. Schumacher believes that the goods and their consumption have become more important to these producers today, rather than people and their creative skills. He believes that this should not be the case and the production of goods must be done to provide people with the chance to present their skill work and develop them, rather than to…… [Read More]
Globalization of Crime: Multi-Faceted Aspects
One aspect of organized crime, aside from the fact that it is methodical, fortified and strategic that makes it so ripe for globalization, is that it's is distinctive from professional or street crime, in the sense that it wishes to control something -- be it a distinct territory or the city's ports or other arenas. In the last twenty years or so, the nature of crime has also changed dramatically: it used to be a hierarchy of operations with a clear division of labor and a specialization of operations. Eventually these vertical and horizontal hierarchies dissolved into a larger number of sparsely connected networks (Aguilar-Milan, 2008). This meant the globalization of crime: an event in one place meant that another arena was affected by it (Aguilar-Milan, 2008). In order to best comprehend the globalization of crime, it's best to consider it as a business activity:…… [Read More]
Globalization and Public Administration
globalization in public administration / Human resources in Pub. Admin.
Future of public administration given globalization trends
The field of public administration is reliant on globalization to obtain up-to-date information on the issues surrounding daily work performances. This aspect sets in the perspective of efficiency and accuracy in decision making with a more sure measure to attain a specified goal. The fields of public relation in the future will a higher level of efficiency in targeting the decision. These decisions will continuously deviate from trial and error measure to articulate ideal standards of taking decisions. Communication in the public administration will in the future disengage in traditional mode of decision taking and engage the value of interaction. This adoption will strengthen the systems of public relation and add value to the authority a public administrator has in the organization.
My career in public administration is expected…… [Read More]
Globalization's Affect On Public Health
The objective of this study is to examine the affect of globalization on public health. Mendoza (2007) writes that the World Health Assembly (WHA) "ratified the new International Health Regulations" in May 2005. (p.79) The revised IHR is reported to empower the World Health Organization (WHO) and member states to meet the 21st Century global health challenges affecting international traffic and trade." (Mendoza, 2007, p.79) The IHR is described as a "key global governance instrument for the protection of international spread of disease, and in order to obtain its intended goals it must be administrated under ethical governance principles promoting the cooperation among member states, WHO, intergovernmental organizations, international bodies, corporations and non-government organizations." (Mendoza, 2007, p.79) Mendoza reports that the broader scope of the IHR is such that "introduces obligations at local, national and international levels, which in turn call for an analysis of…… [Read More]
Globalization and HM strategies
A recurrent buzzword in the modern day business community is represented by globalization, which is understood as a phenomenon by which the boundaries of countries become less strict and they allow people, resources, capitals and the economic, political, cultural, technological and other elements to easily move from one location to the other. In this complex setting, the economic agents have transcended boundaries in order to benefit from the comparative advantages of other regions, but also in order to address wider customer markets.
Fast food giant McDonald's is the epitome of business success within the global market place, with a presence in over 100 countries across the globe. At this level, the focus falls on the means in which the company operates within the international community, with emphasis on human resource management, the international business strategy or the potential improvements to international human resource management.
Company description…… [Read More]
There are several reasons why this model is particularly relevant for outsourcing relationship maturity. First, at the lowest level of the model the focus is on purely reacting, which is exactly what many companies do when they are stressed with cost over-runs and needing to make a greater level of profitable performance happen in a very short period of time. Pan iced, companies will often resource to outsourcing and actually make their entire companies run even worse than before. Paradoxically, if a company takes the perspective on outsourcing that it is so driven by the urgent need to cut costs that they don't see the impacts of overall performance possible, eventually they will continue to churn in the lower levels of the model. Conversely, those organizations who see their role as being that of creating strategic alliances with outsourcing partners, their businesses excel and thrive given the high level of…… [Read More]
Globalization & E-Commerce Standardization or Adaptation
Standardization or Adaptation in E-Commerce Business Models
People often choose to build and operate their businesses via the Internet because they believe it simplifies the process. It is often thought that having an economic relationship with others electronically reduces many of the personal, cultural and even language concerns associated with face-to-face transactions, on both sides of the relationship. Traditional customer service expectations that brick and mortar businesses have to deal with can become very complex when they involve people with very diverse expectations or limited understandings of others. Transactions that occur electronically, often within a website, are thought to minimize these considerations, thus failing to understand the total customer experience (Dawson, et al., 2003).
But the fact is that this is turning out not to be true. Large and small e-commerce companies are finding that they have to make challenging decisions about their total…… [Read More]
This can fluctuate slightly with the economy and with new products that are created and must be launched, but the company is relatively stable in that it generally has a similar level of employees on hand in any given month or year and has had that level of employees since it has recently grown. It is likely that number will continue to rise.
Description of products/services
General Electric Company makes appliances, but they also offer aviation products, electronics for consumer use, electric motors, parts for electrical distribution, energy components and solutions, entertainment products, financial options, healthcare choices, gas solutions, lighting, locomotives and locomotive parts, oil solutions, software, water solutions, weapons, and wind turbines.
It is very easy to see that GE is committed to making many different kinds of products and getting involved in many different types of products and services. Despite its many offerings, it is committed to being…… [Read More]
Globalization of the Fashion Industry
Not so long ago, globalization was an only theoretical term businesses used as a "what if" situation. Today, globalization is a reality. Through lowered trade restrictions and increased international cooperation, countries are increasingly affecting one another both culturally and economically. Fashion is one of the largest sectors that has both facilitated globalization and has benefited from this phenomenon. Increases in mass media communication, has meant fashion trends that once took months to move from the catwalks of Paris to the city streets of other countries now can happen almost instantaneously. Pop culture fashion can symbolize an entire culture, such as denim's association with the United States, freedom and democracy. However, with this increased dissemination of fashion, globalization has also resulted in benefits for the industry in general, as well as significant challenges.
This paper explores the concept of globalization in the fashion industry. It begins…… [Read More]
This ranges from the company's national managers to all the other employees. The reason for this is quite simple and can be explained with the term "cultural differences" which helps us describe a range of issues on which the approach of national individual employees is different than that of the corporatist counterparts that invest in the country.
The first important cultural difference that comes to mind is, obviously, language. The global environment, through the elimination of many of the previous barriers, is an environment of intense communication between different entities. Technology, with the emergence of the nternet, among other things, has also helped spur a communication incentive never seen before in history. However, language is still an important barrier. There are probably around 1.5 billion English speakers in the world and certainly around 1.2 billion Chinese speakers, but they often don't overlap.
t is the same situation in the case…… [Read More]
hat is globalization?
According to Keith Porter, "people around the globe are more connected to each other than ever before. Information and money flow more quickly than ever. Goods and services produced in one part of the world are increasingly available in all parts of the world. International travel is more frequent. International communication is commonplace. This phenomenon has been titled globalization." (Porter, 2001) Globalization is thus the greater interconnection and interdependence of organizations, corporations, governments, and individuals from different nations.
Three major drivers of globalization
One driving factor is the increased information flow, through venues such as the Internet, whereby formerly purely national companies can sell all over the world -- Seattle-based Starbucks can whet the appetite of an Indian consumer by purveying its French Roast online. The second factor is more fluid international money flow, facilitated by greater world democratization and capitalization, whereby investments in developing…… [Read More]
Globalization and Business Trends
How globalization is affecting the political, legal, and economic forces impacting today's business environment
Globalization is indeed associated with a lot of interconnectedness of different sectors worldwide. It is affecting the political, legal and economic forces worldwide hence impacting on the day-to-day business environment.
Politically, poor nations have become more dependent on decisions being made by rich nations like USA which determines what is legal to be traded and how some patterns of trade are to be conducted and even the nature of business relationships thus affecting the business environment today as Mark K. Smith and Michele (2002) note.
In consideration of Brand globalization, globalization has affected economic forces in terms of brand standardization. This is significant for the Multi-National Companies (MNCs) in order for their products to be marketed all over the word which in turn has promoted standardization in the business environment today.
Shift…… [Read More]
Globalization has had a significant effect on all domains and it is difficult for particular bodies to stay out of the process, considering that it is constantly progressing and that more and more individuals are experiencing both positive effects as a consequence of the fact that they need to develop more complex thinking that can assist them in keeping up with the rest of the world. Financial institutions and financial influential individuals have enlarged their spheres of influence geographically and now have to use new tools with the purpose of achieving their goals. There are no more borders when considering financial markets and economic agents from around the world have access to a wide range of possibilities, but are exposed to a wide range of risks at the same time.
Reform dominates most of the contemporary society and it is essential for the masses to understand that they need to…… [Read More]
Introduction. The main theories of development – dependency, globalization and modernization, have been joined by a number of other theories that seek to explain how our world and society have developed. The most prominent among these is world systems theory, but world culture theory and world society theory also exist, using different frames of references to support their views. These frameworks provide an interesting perspective on the many different ways we study development, and as such as are worth of scholarship and understanding, even the minor ones that have yet to enjoy much uptake in the scholarly community on development.
World Systems Theory
Immanuel Wallerstein proposed the world systems theory in the 1970s. As he explains (2013), world systems theory was created out of rejection for the study of sociology as it had existed since the 19th century. The aim, therefore, was to replace sociology with a theory…… [Read More]
The overall argument that is being made in the Commanding Heights video is not a new one. However, it is one that is seemingly becoming more impossible to ignore every day. At issue is the fact that there are two overall forces that are commonly at odds. On one side is the increased globalization and how the world is getting smaller and more interconnected by the day. On the other side of the ledger are the forces that often push back, sometimes violently, when it comes to the globalization that is being pushed upon them. While there would seem to be no stopping the globalization efforts, the pushback that is coming from some forces is sometimes violent and bloody.
One of the examples of pushback that is given almost right away from the video is the 9/11 attacks. There is also the framing of the argument that…… [Read More]
The Continuum of Globalization
Discourse on globalization has flourished in contemporary scholarship, even though the actual forces and phenomena shaping patterns of world trade and the interchange of ideas and culture have extended deep into human history. Technology has invariably shaped the new wave of globalization, with public policy and international interdependency creating formal, legal pathways of global integration. Even as information sharing and intercultural communication have created the means by which to engage in universal, shared discourse on ethics, human rights, and social justice, destructive forces like racism and prejudice threaten to undermine the benefits globalization presents to the modern and future world. In spite of the resurgence of xenophobia and protectionism in some regions, globalization has overall led to the inevitable and unavoidable dismantling of prejudice and racism worldwide.
Discourse on race and ethnicity has undergirded public perceptions, points of view, policies, and practices. The modern…… [Read More]
1) Globalization is the process of the increasing degree of integration that nations are experiencing as the result of changes to communication, transportation, and economic development paradigms (Investopedia, 2017). There are differing views, for example, whether the definition should include a merely passive understanding or should include the fact that these processes are to some extent driven by actors specifically seeking to increase the interdependence between nations.
2) It would be odd to contest the concept of globalization. There will be differing definitions, of course, but it would be difficult to contest the notion that globalization exists. If `contested concept" as a phrase is being used to refer to the fact that people hold different opinions regarding the processes or merits of globalization, the reason is that in a world with 7 billion people, nobody is going to agree on much of anything. Every concept is contested by definition.
If…… [Read More]
Food & The Environment
Globalization has an impact on all aspects of our lives from the environment to food. Foods that are produced in one country are a favorite in another country. This has resulted in food like quinoa being a favorite for health fanatics (Yu, 01/22/2019). However, this has led to quinoa not being readily available to the local community as they cannot afford to buy it yet it is their staple grain. Bolivia has a good climate for the growth of the grain and this means that a majority of farmers have planted the grain for export to Western countries making it scarce and pricey for the locals to buy. Globalization has led to food from different cultures and countries to be enjoyed in other countries. Nowadays, we find whole cuisines being available in different countries across the globe and people can enjoy the variety of food…… [Read More]
Google and the Government of China
Multinational corporations are organizations with operations and business activities conducted in more than one country. The discipline of international relation focuses on various aspects related to political science such as global poverty, globalization, and the political environment. Google exemplifies a multinational corporation and a major player spearheading the role in the globalization on the world stage (Geppert & Dörrenbächer, 2017). The company has been influential in shaping production processes, global trade, and other financial transactions because of its considerable autonomy. The following study shows that the spread of new communication technologies will shape today's international relations with MNCs as the major drivers.
In the contemporary society, we observe that international relations have managed to give multinational corporations the chance to seek an understanding concerning issues such as the nature and power exercise process in the global system (Devetak, Burke & George, 2011). It is…… [Read More]
The difference between internationalization, transnationalism, and glocalization are that each represents a different aspect of globalization. Glocalization is what happens when international products are adapted to meet the particular needs (cultural or socio-economic) of the locality/community where they are sold. So for example, Nabisco might make Oreo cookies that look and taste one way in the U.S., but when the same company makes the “same” cookie for sale in Asia, it looks and tastes completely different because of cultural expectations that the Asians have regarding how a cookie should look and taste. The company adapts its product to the locality.
Transnationalism describes the way in which products are produced: products are completed in stages, with each stage being completed in a different part of the world; for instance, when a car company like Ford produces an automobile, it will consist of parts that are made in Asia,…… [Read More]
Impact of globalization on US jobs
One can certainly debate when globalization began in the United States. Was it when millions of slaves were imported from Africa? Was it during the Spanish-American war when the US sowed the seeds of a colonial empire, that, ultimately, never went far. Was it when the US signed the first free trade act with Canada in 1987. That was probably the most reasonable starting point for the purposes of this paper, because this paper places emphasis on labor market impacts.
The unemployment rate in the United States in October, 1987, when that act was signed, was 6.0%. When NAFTA came into force January 1st, 1994, the unemployment rate in the United States was 6.6%. Today, it is 4.1% (BLS.gov, 2017). Now, these outright facts aren't everything in terms of the debate about free trade's impacts on American workers, but they make the point quite…… [Read More]
Globalization arguably began even before Marco Polo’s expeditions, possibly being traceable to Alexander the Great’s establishment of overland routes between Eastern Europe and India. The assumption that globalization equals Americanization is profoundly arrogant, and is also ignorant of the history, meaning, and implications of globalization. Globalization implies integration and interdependence of the world. Predating the United States of America, globalization nevertheless reached a peak in the 20th century, when a globalized economic, political, and cultural landscape became inevitable and entrenched. While it seemed that McDonald’s, Coca Cola, Shell, and other proudly American companies have dominated the corporate landscape of a globalized international economy, a wealth of non-American companies have likewise participated in the dissemination and distribution of ideas and neoliberal policies that characterize postmodern globalization.
In some ways, globalization is the antithesis of Americanization. As Collins (2015) points out, globalization “has led to the continuing deindustrialization of America,” as labor…… [Read More]
Globalization has become a ubiquitously word in the last few decades. Much of the globalization trend is driven by the fact that many organizations operate internationally and supply chains have become sophisticated, complex, and spans the entire globe. As a result of globalization, many organizations have tried to proactively create a level of homogenization and standardization internationally of markets, resources, and labor. hen international companies can have access to foreign resources and labor it often helps them achieve business objectives. It can also help to develop the local economy at it is working to create more middle class citizens in developing countries. Yet, the results are deeply mixed and often the result of newly introduced capitalism further stratifies the society. Therefore, even though the trend has been primarily measured by economic activities it also has had many other consequences as well in regards to social and political issues.
Globalization and…… [Read More]
Globalisation and Its Effects
What differentiates the depth and pervasiveness of globalisation in this century compared to previous is the acceleration of cultural issues driven by rapidly changing technologies that impact international trade agreements (Vitell, Nwachukwu, Barnes, 1993). Time is literally compressed to a level never before seen before in globalisation of previous centuries, with drastic impacts on international trade and corresponding management practices. Trade is now much more transactionally-driven and more focused on measurable results in near real-time increments. The transition of commerce from being longer in sales and service cycles to being nearly real time today has major implications on cultural boundaries of communication as well (Hofstede, Jonker, Verwaart, 2012). Globalisation is forcing people together into virtual teams from widely divergent cultures, accelerating assimilation and the need to produce results as shared teams quickly (Hofstede, Jonker, Verwaart, 2012). All of these factors combined are also leading…… [Read More]
A positive aspect is related to the more specialized goods being produced. However, new exports markets should be sought in order to reduce the dependency on the United States.
From a social point-of-view, it is important to focus on issues such as education and social equality as they are essential not only for current generations but also for the ones to come. In this sense, OECD reports state "Mexico's education outcomes can be improved by enhancing the effectiveness of its schools. The standards gap between the performance of students in Mexico and other OECD countries can only be reduced if schools become good at what they do" (OECD, n.d.). Teachers that are more prepared and students that have a higher degree of interest can forge a more sustainable education environment. At the moment, according to statistics, "Only 11% of Mexicans aged between 20 and 29 participate in education, only 2…… [Read More]
The general attitude and concern is that globalization will create the disintegration of society, and that regardless of the economic wealth that it will bring, globalization will have a negative effect on the everyone. odrik's intent was to provide a balanced look at these issues, but in the end, the book was decidedly anti-globalization, which leads to an anti-globalization slant in the Globalization eader.
Throughout the book, the authors provide subtle hints that they are biased against further globalization through their selection of material. However, it is not until Chapter VIII that the book demonstrates a truly biased perspective. When the authors address the issue of globalization and the role of religions, it is difficult to discount the bias that is present in the work. The first article that is presented was authored by Frank Lechner, "Global Fundamentalism." In this article, Lechner argues that fundamentalism is on the way out…… [Read More]
The private sector thus becomes the most important factor in the decision making process. Unfortunately, as bad as it sounds the fact that states are losing their powers in front of the private sector, globalization has proved to work, at least in the more developed countries. The weakness of a state is the price to pay for a prosper society.
It is true that globalization weakens the state, but this must not necessarily be seen as a bad thing. More important than a powerful government is a powerful economy, which gives people better lives. States that have adopted the rules of international capital market have known economic growth, at various levels. The price that must be paid is that multinational corporations have the power to dictate policies that are in their own interest and not necessarily in the interest of citizens.
However, when speaking of a state in its cultural…… [Read More]
As a result, political reforms and adjustments of foreign strategies are engulfing the whole world.
(China and its Reactions to Globalization)
Therefore, as the economic changes and reforms in China interface with the international community, the structure of the countries governance also changes. This has led critics to claim that new models of government have begun to emerge in China. But they also suggest that these new models "…differ considerably from those conceived under both traditional socialist and liberal estern models." (Globalization and Changes in China's Governance -- BRILL)
ith regard to the issue of globalization and democracy, there is no clear and definitive link between these two concepts. hile there are broad trends that indicate that an increase in globalization is a motivation that may lead towards the adoption of more democratic forms of governance, this is only one possible scenario. This trend towards globalization in China therefore, in…… [Read More]
No efforts have been made to create a strong consumer base in the Philippines itself by improving the lot of the Filipino workers (Bello 3). Had a local market been created and some protections afforded to Filipino workers, development may well have proceeded in a more positive direction as the nation would have been better able to take advantage of those aspects of globalization that offered true benefits, rather than sinking all economic hopes into the long shot that the small nation could compete with nations like India and China as a source of cheap labor. Despite this reality, economic reform in the Philippines has consistently focused on re-creating the nation as an export economy, specifically in the it industry. It probably seemed like a natural extension of economic development in the 1980s and 1990s when the Philippines was attempting to embrace globalization. Globalization offered a way to integrate with…… [Read More]
Thus, globalization may have several drivers, factors, and aspects that may pose challenges to a nations strength, power and sovereignty. There may be strong influences from private entities, TNCs and MNCs for the government of a nation-state to formulate policies beneficial to these groups. Then there are the international monetary agencies such as the World ank and IMF whose policies also undermine governments. All these are strong influences to weaken a nation-state due to globalization, De Sousa Santos puts it best when he states (2002): "Just as the state has to intervene in order to stop intervening, only a strong state can efficiently create its own weakness." This hits it right on the spot because globalization should not be blamed if a nation-state weakens but rather the nation-state should be the one since whatever happens to it will always be its own doing short of this nation-state gets attacked by…… [Read More]
These companies are getting bigger and bigger. Some companies have such huge assets all over the world that they are worth more than many small countries. If you compare the GDP of many countries, you can see that the GDP is even less than the earnings of those big companies (Disadvantages of globalization, 2012).
The governments do not have the power to stop the multinational companies from closing a factory here, and setting up another factory in other parts of the world. They do not have the power to stop the big companies from retrenching workers. As a result, the governments have to deal with the jobless people, while the big companies are still making money. That is why the disadvantages of globalization are so frightening. The big companies will continue to get bigger and more powerful, while the governments of the world grow less powerful. The problem from one…… [Read More]
Globalization in Terms of Family Studies and Psychology
Globalization: The ealities of Families
Globalization can be defined as the unfolding resolution of the contradiction between ever expanding capital and its national political and social formations. While the expansion of capital once represented that associated with national capital and later that associated with corporations expanding from the national to the transnational, it has now come to represent that which occurs without the assistance of or located in nations. These changes have been brought about by globalization which has led to the shift of the main location of capital accumulation from the national to the supranational or global level. With the emergence of globalization, economics has gained a more important place in the matters of humans than politics and public policy has become superseded by corporate demands. These matters as well as those that suggest that the best interests of the private…… [Read More]
The result has been newfound freedoms of speech, freedom of travel and incredibly, freedom of dissent, even to small extent. Globalization is the fule that nations need to find what their true competitive strengths are. Coddling nations through protectionism and subsidies is like taking protein or iron from their diets; over time, they will atrophy and die due to a lack of infusion of capital, competitive vibrancy and growth. In short, globalization's effects on nations is to make them capable enough to seize freedoms that myopic and ill-advised anti-globalization activists would seek to rob from them through protectionism and ignorance that any given nations' ability to grow is based on its ability to globally compete.
Donald W. Attwood. "Big is ugly? How large-scale institutions prevent famines in Western India. " World Development 33.12 (2005): 2067-2083. ABI/INFOM Global. ProQuest. 13 Dec. 2007. www.proquest.com
Jagdish Bhagwati. "Why the Critics of Globalization…… [Read More]
Levitt, T. Globalization of markets, Harvard Business Review
Ritzer, G. 2004, the Globalization of Nothing, Pine Forge Press, California.
rnoldy, B. ustralia at the crossroads of globalization http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0307/p01s03-wogi.html
James, P. ustralian Social ttitudes ustralian Humanities Review 2006 avaliable online: http://www.lib.latrobe.edu.au/HR/archive/Issue-pril-2006/james.html
rnoldy, B. ustralia at the crossroads of globalization the Christian Science Monitor http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0307/p01s03-wogi.html
Garrett G., Globalization's Missing Middle Foreign ffairs 2004 http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20041101faessay83608/geoffrey-garrett/globalization-s-missing-middle.html
Sauer-Thompson, G. Globalization and ustralia's future: a big worry http://www.sauer-thompson.com/archives/philosophy/002932.html
The Economist Intelligence Unit
Sauer-Thompson, G. Globalization and ustralia's future: a big worry http://www.sauer-thompson.com/archives/philosophy/002932.html
rnoldy, B. ustralia at the crossroads of globalization http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0307/p01s03-wogi.html
James, P. ustralian Social ttitudes ustralian Humanities Review 2006 avaliable online: http://www.lib.latrobe.edu.au/HR/archive/Issue-pril-2006/james.html
Globalisation is often portrayed as a process of economic, political and cultural homogenisation… [Read More]
Electricity being out for three weeks nearly forces an elevator sale to nearly be cancelled, no suitable drainage from massive rains floods his family's apartment, and the Indian value of bartering and customizing is diametrically opposed to the strict discipline of a low-end product strategy where no variation in standard products is allowed.
Mr. Napoli's experiences culminate in one year elapsing before a single elevator is sold, and that one sale is made when he's out of the country and his Indian sales managers compromise and sell a customized unit. Mr. Napoli, upon hearing this while in Italy for the birth of a child, becomes angry and feels betrayed. While Mr. Napoli did have several excellent tactical victories, he lost the cultural war in his first year of working in India. No matter how strong-willed and stubborn, Mr. Napoli could not make even a small part of the Indian culture…… [Read More]
In fact, they are taken on board by management in order to achieve organizational success. The workforce diversity has led to a more flexible and open approach for the management in order to avoid discrimination, and reduce grievance within an organization context.
The new concept of Human Resource management has emerged due to globalization. Now organization need to focus on their most asset i.e. The employees rather than financials. The pressure of global challenging market has pressurized the management to change their course of action. The shortage of talented workforce and the restraint of retaining that talented workforce have forced the management to change their approach. The paradigm shift of authoritative and autocratic leadership is now transformational leadership where there is high reliance on communication; the management is now more focused on eliminating the communication gaps and empowering employees. The shortage of talent in the local market has pressurized management…… [Read More]
Our world is interconnected through various forces. There are many benefits to this connectivity, including being able to trade and speak with people around the globe in just minutes. This not only enriches our society socially, but can also help it financially. Globalization, which is a trademark of this connectivity, has expanded more and more and our world could not be imagined today without globalization and the forces that sustain it. This paper will thus address the specifics of globalization, including the political theories that support it, its major drivers and the effects of this phenomenon.
Humans have always attempted to establish contacts across the globe. However, at no time has this been as possible and as much of a reality as it is now. Recently, global integration has increased to an unprecedented extent. Communications, transportation and computer technology have enabled the process of interconnectedness to such a degree…… [Read More]
Modern science and all the various process that are involved with the modernization process evolved because of the progress made by the western countries and the progress made in the field of science, medicine and the notions held in respect of human rights and liberty. There are several sections of individuals who state that dissatisfaction that people seem to have is that they are troubled with their daily life. But when analyzing we can realize that the actual dissatisfaction of individuals arises forms the modern life that they need and in comparison to that the others around the world lead. The term globalization is used to describe the various changes that have taken place in the social, economical and political scenarios that has brought about change in the current situation.
To explain, globalization is the termed used to describe the technique in which the various far away parts…… [Read More]
The term "globalization" is a debatable one. Some view globalization as a process that is beneficial -- fundamental to future world economic development -- and also inevitable and irreversible (IMF, 2000). Others regard it with hostility, and sometimes fear, arguing that it increases inequality within and between nations, threatens employment and living standards and disturbs social progress. This paper offers an overview of some aspects of globalization and aims to identify ways in which countries can optimize the gains of this process, while remaining realistic about its potential and its risks.
Globalization offers many opportunities for future worldwide development. However, it is not progressing evenly. Some countries are becoming integrated into the global economy faster than others. Countries that have been successful at integration have reaped the benefits of faster growth and less poverty.
For instance, global-oriented policies resulted in dynamism and greater prosperity for much of East Asia,…… [Read More]
This entails revising the link between local histories and the "universal." Education can play a crucial role for developing this language. (Cayir, 2009, p. 1681)
Cayir stresses that the new curriculum and textbooks of Turkey, like those of Japan mentioned earlier reflect the dogged need for global educational reforms to respond to both modern issues of globalization, i.e. global world view and other issues as well as to respond to nationalism and cultural identity. The nation of Turkey, as a whole seeks to modernize and become active players in the global economy by producing educated Turks to work in these roles while still maintaining cultural identity. (Cayir, 2009)
Cayir, K. (2009). "We Should Be Ourselves before Being a European": The New Curriculum, New Textbooks and Turkish Modernity. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 9 (4), 1681-1690.
Mok, K.-H. (2003). Globalisation and Higher Education estructuring in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Mainland…… [Read More]
, 2009, p. 80). Even the smallest museums in some of the most out-of-the-way locations "can and do participate in the globalized arena," Holo explains. The leaders of these remote museums, for example the "indigenous communitarian museum leaders in the remote mountains of Oaxaca," who have zero staff, somehow go to meetings at very obscure locations, just to link up with others in the world of art (Holo, 80).
However, when globalization becomes what Holo calls "conventionalized homogenization," that is, everything in museums in remote places in the world become mirrors of "the estern perspective of modern art," there is a necessary response to that negative dynamic. That's not to say that militant nationalism automatically comes into play in this situation, but as Holo explains, globalization can bring "negative baggage" and when it does, as Manuel Borja-Ville explains (he is the director of the Reina Sofia, Spain's national museum of…… [Read More]
S.S.. But this phenomenon took birth a few centuries ago when Industrial evolution completely changed the way people thought, behaved, conducted business and lived (odrik, 1997). We all know that Industrial evolution opened gates of opportunity for millions around the world. Despite the fact that there was serious downside to Industrial evolution which involved the emergence of urban poor, we must not forget that it was due to this revolution that some of the poorest nations in Europe managed to stand on its feet and are now literally ruling specific areas of the world. While "The growth of urban slums, the concentration of new monopoly power in the trusts, and the scandalous corruption of politics made many turn-of-the-century Americans feel their nation was losing its democratic promise" (Derber, 14), it also opened doors of blessings for these poor who would have died of starvation if they had not been allowed…… [Read More]
S. pp). For more than ten years, Chinese officials have stated that production from Chinese firms investing overseas is more secure than imports purchased on the international market (U.S. pp). In order to secure more reliable access, Chinese firms are being directed to invest in projects in the Caspian region, Russia, the Middle East and South America (U.S. pp).
The National Intelligence Council's report also states that Europe's energy needs will probably not grow to the same extent as those of the developing world, partly because of Europe's expected lower economic growth and more efficient use of energy (U.S. pp). Europe's increasing preference for natural gas, combined with depleting reserves in the North Sea, will provide an added boost to political efforts that are already under way to strengthen ties with Russia and North Africa, since gas requires a higher level of political commitment by both sides in designing and…… [Read More]
The study by Darrag et al. uses HRM as a mode to identify several clear obstacles to effective recruitment on an international scale. A major point of concern for MNCs, the article indicates, is the difficulty of penetrating culturally ingrained models of hiring and promoting. In such contexts as Egypt, Iran and Taiwan, the article reports that nepotism remains a powerful force preventing the use of merit in recruitment situations. These are concrete examples of the culturally-bound challenges facing the international human resource manager.
The Human Resource Planning theory states that these challenges require an HR department that is formulated according to the cultural particulars of a host country. The article by Darrag et al. concludes that where MNCs are able to make adjustments through their Human Resource Management departments, host countries are likely to see greater economic benefits. Yielding this presumption based on its case examination of MNCs operating…… [Read More]
In spite of the progress undergone by poor countries, things are still critical in these areas and it is impossible for one to even compare the situation there with the one in developed countries. The advancements experienced by developing territories are impressive, but put side by side with those in the west they are quickly made mediocre. hereas individuals in developed countries can rapidly adapt new technologies in their everyday lives, those in poor countries are less likely to do so, since "many developing countries lack the technical skills necessary to master new, or even older, technologies" (Picture This).
Globalization practically means that most countries turn from their old systems to a more general one, which is capitalist-based. Even though for some globalization is a new topic, it actually goes back to the expansionist era, when people were determined to interact with new cultures and to increase their sphere of…… [Read More]
The modern public system instead pushes individuals into educational programs which benefit the larger global community over smaller individual ones. Therefore, "the political implications of education surpass the conditions of an individual to be educated, and constitute a strategic set of decisions that affect society at large -- hence the importance of education as public policy, and the role of the state," (Burbules & Torres 2000). However, funding such massive public systems is a huge challenge for many nations. In many cases, educational budgets are low on the totem poll in terms of other areas of funding concern within the pressure to implement a globalized economy. In this sense, "In the scenario of a rapidly developing market economy, governments have less access to resources; this is impinging on the scale as well as the quality of education," (Menon 2007:31). This paints the picture that going global does tend to place…… [Read More]
In this light, globalization is expressed through regionalism.
Regionalism can also be seen as a response to globalization. As different regions around the world start to share similar views and become cooperative with one another, regional loyalties and models become more accepted and promoted.
In some ways, globalization seems to drive regionalization. For example, globalization is widely blamed for diminishing the American dollar, which means that imports are no longer as attractive. While this is no so good for America, a long-term decline on the dollar will drive local suppliers to develop new capacities. In addition, as the price of oil and fuel rise due to transportation, local, pricier suppliers suddenly do not seem so expensive, as companies are starting to accept the real price that is paid for a good or service.
Globalab (2007) argues that there is no direct causal relationship between globalization and nationalism, but that the…… [Read More]
Thus, many shipments go to another destination before the United States or Europe in order to throw law enforcement off of the trail. For cocaine coming out of Colombia, West Africa and Venezuela, home to rogue states and dictatorships, have become popular transit hubs.
The increased transportation of goods accompanying globalization has increased opportunities for maritime piracy. Organized crime is exploiting the increasingly dense international flow of commercial vessels. Maritime piracy consists not only of hijacking of goods, but also kidnapping of passengers for ransom. (UNODC, 2010, p. 11)
OC groups engaged in pirating do not often begin as OC groups. Pirates off the cost of Somalia started as local Somali fishermen who formed vigilante groups to protect their territorial waters. These armed ships eventually exceeded their mandate of mere protection and began to hijack commercial ships for goods. These activities have proved so profitable that these groups are now…… [Read More]