Groups and Voting Blocs in Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Scholarship notes that these five groups are critical in managing the electoral politics of the U.N., and in the manner resolutions are adopted by group. Complications arise, for instance, because the Arab world is split between Africa and Asia, and the former Soviet Republics are split between Asia and Eastern Europe, which also includes Russia. [12: Ibid.]

The importance of understanding these groupings is that they play a strategic role in controlling issues surrounding leadership, membership, responsibilities, and structure. The success or failure of a number of campaigns and issues follows the ability to find consensus with the groups, and the individual group's ability to exercise negotiation techniques to sway other blocs. Ironically, analysis of voting records over the past few decades show that despite the importance of electoral groups, 10% of written commitments between groups and 20% of oral commitments are discounted based on misleading information or intention. [13: Ibid., 67.]

Common Interest Groups in the United Nations

Just as in most local and regional political arenas, many states band together based on shared interests and outcomes to form specific, and fluid, voting blocs in the U.N. This type of group is quite different than the electoral organization, since the motive is not to find equality in representation, but instead to adopt policies that will benefit the member states. The fluidity of these groups comes with their function: they can be caucusing, regional, or special interest oriented. [14: Ibid.]

These groups may differ from each other in very significant ways. The caucusing groups can be regionally oriented, but they may not. They are defined by the use of procedure and organizational structures to effect change. Regional groups lack this formality of structure, but share geographic commonality, for example, Central Africa or SE Asia. Common Interest groups have neither structure nor geographic commonality, but instead, share common interest; treaties, resource allocation, educational funding, etc. Too, within each of these groups, there may be considerable variation. A nation may side with another nation on inoculation policy, for example, but may differ regionally on economic or political issues. [15: Ibid., 68-9.]

In the current U.N. climate, most discussions surrounding these types of groups focus on two distinct options: The Group of 77 (133 members) and the Non-Aligned Movement (112 members). There is an overlap between these blocs since most are comprised of the developing world countries. The G77 is larger, but tends toward a narrower focus, preferring to deal more with economic development. The NAM movement is smaller and more diverse in membership, and focuses on foreign policy issues that remain separate and independent from the Superpowers. [16: Ibid., 69.]

Additionally, more often than not, the G77 and NAM work to coordinate their policies so that the sheer bulk of the voting bloc can carry certain initiatives. After so many decades of alignment, many of the groups regularly participate in committees and many delegates who wish to see certain initiatives pass or receive attention will first try to enlist the support of members of these groups. It may be likened to a powerful committee with different members, lobbying certain members has more political advantage than others. [17: Ibid., 70-1.]

Negotiating Groups in the United Nations

Negotiating groups operate off the principle of trying to use group behavior and communication techniques to resolve issues that are highly volatile or contentious. Electrical groups focus on taking a large universe of interests and narrowing it down to more manageable issues. Negotiating groups have become more powerful over the years in that they operate at a more ad hoc level so they can achieve the best possible outcomes for the largest number of members -- sort of a utilitarian approach to U.N. politics. Negotiation groups, however, differ from other types of groups in that they do not band together necessarily to focus on a shared desire to elect a group or person, nor to forge common interests based on needs or ideals. Instead, the negotiation groups are also known as "contact" or "working" groups in that their purpose is to find ways to build bridges of agreement across boundaries. Interestingly, most negotiating groups do not include the Superpowers, but various developing and developed nations with a strict eye towards diplomatic relationship building. [18: Ibid., 74-5.]

That being said, it is essential that membership in the negotiating group consist of at least some members of the common interest group. The negotiating group must also attempt to reflect the overall philosophy and attitudes of the caucusing group they represent, which in many cases is quite difficult. There is no set rule on the makeup of these groups, but one scholar noted that negotiating groups must have "wide political acceptability, be well informed, enjoy the confidence of countries directly involved in the dispute, be strongly supported by its national government, and in some cases represent…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Groups And Voting Blocs In" (2013, April 19) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from

"Groups And Voting Blocs In" 19 April 2013. Web.9 December. 2016. <>

"Groups And Voting Blocs In", 19 April 2013, Accessed.9 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Elderly Voting Trends and the

    Returning to the Churchill quote, we note that the Democratic Party, the relative left wing of today's political world, does contain the majority of the young vote in America. It is also the case that many members of the labor class and the majority of minority citizens also make up the Democratic Party. Conversely, Republicans tend to be an older, wealthier, and whiter than Democrats. The Republicans swept the 2002 election and left our George W.

  • Primary Factors Contributing to Obama s Victory in 2012 Presidential...

    2012 Election Primary Factors Contributing to Obama's Victory in 2012 Presidential Election For some, the outcome of the 2012 U.S. presidential election was a foregone conclusion; incumbent presidents rarely lose their second election, and the challenger did not provide enough of a contrast to warrant a change in leadership at this point in history. For others, it came as a sudden surprise, an unexpected upheaval that challenged the very premise of their

  • Effect of the Eurozone Today on the Global Financial Markets

    Finance The Effect of the Eurozone Today on Global Financial Markets Global markets are so intertwined today that what affects one is definitely going to have an impact on another. Case in point, the recent issues in Greece and other European Union (EU) countries have had a global effect and have wrought havoc on the Eurozone. Because if this global connectedness, large banks and organizations like the International Monetary Fund (IMF) are

  • U S Census Bureau Projected That

    The 16th Amendment was the first to be passed in the 20th century. It allowed incomes to be taxed as a clear response to the Supreme Court decision in the Pollock v Farmers' Loan and Trust Company (Fonder and Shaffrey 2002). Congress previously passed an income tax law in 1894, which the Supreme Court found to be unconstitutional, not being divided among the states by population. Before the 16th Amendment,

  • Immigration the Impact of Immigration

    We can see that minority status has far less to do with population size, and instead seems very much to be inclined by race, ethnicity and political power instead. This label of minority status is in many ways used as a tag by which certain groups are detained from political unity or effectiveness. To a large degree, this is a condition which relates to the nature of the Hispanic demographic,

  • Immigration Reform There Is a Broad Based

    Immigration Reform There is a broad based agreement of a need for immigration reform. In recent months and years, immigration reform has become an important political issue. However, there is some disagreement as to what precisely this reform will look like. On one hand, there is talk about amnesty for illegal immigrants who are currently in the country, an issue that has proved divisive (Grant, 2012). One the other hand, technology

  • Norway and the European Union

    However, since its independence in 1905, Norway has worked towards building a strong economic base for its economy, although farmers and farming, too, continue to be strong identities in the nationalistic perception of Norwegians, its fishing industry, oil production and other natural resources. Norway's fishing industry is strong, although the country has some concerns about pollution and environmental issues, they're not strong or serious enough to adversely impact Norway's fishing

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved