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It was founded on the knowledge that spurred during the Renaissance and has placed significance on rational thought and cultural emphasis, which was not present before.
Furthermore, with regards to the popularity of Baroque during this period, it is important to note that this style was able to combine the principles of science and the philosophies and doctrines of early Christianity, which has been very prominent in architectures built on such style. During the earlier period, the Renaissance, art was simpler and characterized by simple rhythms. With Baroque, however, a dynamic change has occurred, as art and architecture became more ostentatious and it has shown how art can move from the previous period (Saisselin).
The Scientific Revolution has presented a new perspective and shows a shift from the orthodox. It has also allowed the use of the past in order to create the future. In the field of arts, the Baroque style showed a bolder perspective and demonstrated a significant transition from the earlier periods, specifically the Renaissance and Medieval (Buci-Glucksmann). In addition, this period has also popularized the responsibility and relationship of an individual to the state. The Scientific Revolution has played a key role in the developments which became popular during the Industrial Revolution (Friedell).
Late Modern Era
The most significant among the changes which became evident during the 18th and 19th century were those that are related to the introduction of various technologies for the purpose of modernizing production system and the alteration of manual labour. Specific changes which were evident during this time include the introduction of new machineries and equipments that have altered processes in different areas, such as mining, farming, transportation, and manufacturing. In addition, it has also resulted into the introduction of new formulas that have resulted into the production of new materials used in various industries. There were also significant changes that were seen in the field of military, communication, and commerce. It is believed that the occurrence of the Industrial Revolution can be attributed to the commitment of the people from Britain towards pursuing ethics at work, development of technology, and emphasis on progress. During this period, it is also important to note that power was no longer concentrated to those who are from the noble class. Rather, it has also been distributed to the middle-class member of the society and businessmen (Hudson, 138-44).
There were great societal transformations that were highlighted during this period, showing improvements from the previous. For instance, some of the most notable changes include a more progressive and technological approach towards carrying-out business activities. In addition, it has also resulted into the changes in the field of politics and governance. From the U.S., these transformations have also reached France and resulted into a democratic form of governance to put an end to feudalism (Smith).
Other things that have significantly been altered during this period include health, hygiene, food production, transportation, and healthcare, as they were all significantly improved compared to the situation from the previous period. There were also laws promulgated in order to regulate child labour during that time. This was a dynamic social change advocated at that time and has also lead into the resolution of problems associated to famine. Taken collectively, the changes that have been noted during this period have resulted into positive changes that led into better living standards among the Europeans (Mumford).
Modernisation was perhaps one of the most significant contributions of the Industrial Revolution, including the rise of Marxism to respond to capitalism and the improvement in the field of human rights. In addition, it has also resulted into the promulgation of a multitude of useful reforms in labour that have specifically benefited those who used to be oppressed -- the women and children (Gaskell 202). The greatest benefit that is has contributed for women are that they were no longer confined to being inside their homes, but they were provided with employment opportunities outside the traditional (Burnette). In sum, this era has resulted into the improvements in the quality of living through the transformations it brought.
Before the modern era emerged, the Machine Age was able to deliver sophistication to the society, which was previously assumed as being impossible. However, even if this period was said to be able to deliver a number of innovations that have been useful for the society in general, it was also equated into what has been called as "negative capability" basically because of the wrong usage of the innovations that have emerged (Keats). There were many fears which accompanied the developments during this era, such as the fear for nuclear weaponry because of the development of atomic bombs (no author) and have been further exacerbated by the development of new media, including that of the television and radio.
The developments in culture that emerged during the Machine Age were credited to the outcomes of previous historical eras. The autonomy that has developed during the 18th and 19th centuries was able to lead into the emergence of nationalist tendencies, which specifically became evident during the World War I and II (Clare). This has also lead into having widened access to valuable resources as they were seized during such wars.
Although advancements in science were prominent during the Industrial Period, it was concentrated on technology and pragmatic applications that have resulted into the ease of carrying out of task. During the Machine Age, however, more improvements in science were noted, specifically with regards to making different products, such as computers and vehicles, more sophisticated (Vaclav 88). Although improvements in areas such as chemicals and electronics can be largely attributed to the Industrial Revolution, it cannot be denied that in general, these improvements would not be brought into a higher degree of usefulness if not for the contributions which were brought by the Machine Age.
The Machine Age was highly credited for the contemporary culture that has been prominent in Western Civilization. The consequences of the wars were able to create a huge impact on the society, including the fear that it might lead into another world war, especially when the Cold War broke during the 20th century (Ember). There were also significant changes in the global economic condition, such as during the occurence of the Great Depression, with effects which were felt on a large scale. Other outcomes that have changed the cultural paradigm in the Machine Age include the continuous improvement in communication technology, including the prominence of the internet, updating of assembly lines, and improved mass production. In addition, the home appliance and airline industry were also significant improved during this time. There were also significant changes that can be traced in the field of advertising.
3.1.2. Cultural environment -- Conclusion
(a total of 600 words is required. Therefore please add 250 words to the following uncompleted conclusion. Please elaborate this Green portion into the final conclusion.)
The modern European world had a more rational trajectory. Religion continued to play a crucial cultural role in the lives of people, but there was more space for thought that eventually ushered in the radical transformation of the Industrial Revolution. Urbanisation became the trajectory for human society, replacing the previous foundation of agrarian existence. Capitalism became the new economic form. Fuelled by capitalism and fresh possibilities, Europe expanded through exploration and colonialism, seeking new products and markets. This was enhanced by the Industrial Revolution, which altered the way in which products were made and society was organised. From the Renaissance to the Industrial Age, the modern world in which we still live was born. The Renaissance revived the learning and humanism of the classical world. Science, math, and engineering became more important even as art and literature also flourished. Europe, which began colonising the world, also began to turn away from the Catholic Church. Protestantism began to rise, bringing about a different relationship between the individual and religion, even as other people turned away from religion as the driving force of their lives.
As science became more and more important, people began to be able to create machines that would have been unimaginable just a generation before. The development of steam power helped create almost every other form of machine and human and animal labour was mostly displaced. Production rose, cities grew, the world became something undreamed of -- including the undreamed-of horror of pollution and climate change. These scientific advancements would in turn lead to the Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century, which would fundamentally change the entire world. It would shift labour and production not only from humans and animals to machines and loosen the grip of tradition across all cultures, but would as well allow for further changes in politics, art, and the very philosophical concepts about the human condition. People would begin to live longer and have experiences in the cities that were a direct result of…[continue]
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