Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
The researcher will gather all of the information collected from the self report questionnaires and analyze using a variety of techniques including summary, interpretation, classifying and describing. The author will use the data to measure change that occurs among the populations using HRT therapy.
In conducting the study the researcher will undoubtedly run into some obstacles including determining how to measure change in the participants health and well being, examining the extent of change and the attributes of change for purposes of the study (King, 2001). Measuring change is a key concept vital to longitudinal research design (Kind, 2001). As this study is qualitative in nature the data will be presented via narratives, observations and transcripts from the survey to record and measure data appropriately (King, 2001).
The researcher will attempt to explain change and identify causal relationships between the independent and dependent variables. Data managing, reading, describing, interpreting and representing will all be key toward providing adequate data analysis for part of this qualitative longitudinal research analysis
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of HRT on the well being and quality of life reported by post menopausal women. Much of the research currently available on HRT therapy suggests that this study will produce a positive relationship between HRT therapy and women's reported well being.
The researcher predicts that women undergoing HRT will demonstrate elevated mental health benefits including a higher rate of self-esteem, less depression, more 'zest' or energy for life and an improved overall sense of well being. The body of evidence presented thus far from research on menopause suggests that HRT has positive physical benefits for women undergoing treatment. This should lead researchers to assume that the same is true of the psychosocial benefits of HRT.
Little empirical research currently exists however to prove or disprove whether postmenopausal women benefit psychosocially from HRT therapy. The researcher expects the results of this study will confirm the hypothesis and provide a framework for prescribing HRT as a psychosocial therapy in women with emotional or psychosocial symptoms stemming from menopause and during post menopause.
Much of the research conducted historically on the effects of menopause confirm multiple physical side effects in women, including: low self-esteem, insomnia, decreased energy, decreased libido, depression and more (Hlatky, et a., 2002). In the past the physical side effects causing these symptoms have been addressed, while relatively little attention has been paid the psychosocial effects of menopause itself.
Psychological and psychosocial disturbances however can reduce the quality of life experienced by post menopausal women. For this reason it is vital that researchers concentrate their efforts on uncovering plausible and effective therapies to improve the mental health and well being of patients during their menopausal and post menopausal years. This researcher will help fill the void that currently exists with respect to research on the psychosocial and psychological effects of hormone replacement therapy. The study will concentrate on women during their post menopausal years combined with examination of the literature available regarding the effects of HRT therapy in women.
Many studies confirm rising interest among the health care community and among menopausal and post menopausal information regarding the effects of HRT therapy on quality of life and mental health and well being (Seamark & Blake, 2002; Gambacciani et a., 2005). In response to this motivation the researcher has developed a longitudinal research study that will measure the effects of HRT on women's quality of life.
The longitudinal design will enable the researcher to collect data on the defined variables over time in order to assess the causal relationship that exists between HRT therapy and the quality of life reported by women participating in the study. Longitudinal designs are vital for adding depth to researcher and providing the researcher knowledge of changes in variables over a defined period of time (King, 200).
Baldo, T.D., Schneider, M.K, & Slyter, M. (2003). "The impact of menopause:
Implications for mental health counselors." Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 25(4): 311.
Gambacciani, M., Ciaponi, M., Cappagli, B., Monteleone, P. Benussi, C., Bevilacqua, G.,
Vacca, F., Genazzani, A.R. (2005, Feb). "Effects of low dose, continuous combined hormone replacement therapy on sleep in symptomatic postmenopausal women." Maturitas, 50(2): 91-7.
Hlatky, M.A., Boothroyd, D., Vittinghoff, E., Sharp, P., Whooley, M.A. (2002, Feb).
Quality of life and depressive symptoms in postmenopausal women after receiving hormone therapy: results from the heart and estrogen/progestin replacement study trial." JAMA, 287(5): 591-7.
King, M.P. (2001, Jun). "Cross sectional longitudinal research designs issues in the studies of human development." Graduate Research in Nursing, 12 November 2005: http://www.graduateresearch.com/King.htm
Seamark, C. & Blake, S. (2002, Jan). "Questionnaire survey of women aged 56-59 years:
consultations in general practice, use of hormone replacement therapy and participation in screening programmmes." J. Fam Plann Reprodu Health…[continue]
"Hormone Replacement Therapy The Effects" (2005, November 14) Retrieved October 24, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/hormone-replacement-therapy-the-effects-69251
"Hormone Replacement Therapy The Effects" 14 November 2005. Web.24 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/hormone-replacement-therapy-the-effects-69251>
"Hormone Replacement Therapy The Effects", 14 November 2005, Accessed.24 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/hormone-replacement-therapy-the-effects-69251
Hormone Replacement Therapy Menopause and Its Consequences Menopause is that inevitable and irreversible time when a woman's reproductive cycle and menstruation periods gradually end, as her ovaries cease to respond to male gonadotropins and her capacity to become pregnant stops (Mayeux, Jr. 1997). This spontaneously occurs between 45 and 55 in American women, with 51 as the median age. A woman's ovaries at the menopause are nearly empty of primary follicles - which,
Black Cohosh Efficacy for Reducing Menopausal Symptom Severity Menopause occurs when women transition into late middle age, around the age of 51 years (reviewed by Leach and Moore, 2012). During this transition many women will experience a significant decline in quality of life due to the emergence of menopausal symptoms. This decline can be caused by the natural aging process or a medical procedure, but the symptoms are generally the same
Flapper Movement The Effect of the Flappers on Today's Women The 1920's in the U.S. And UK can be described as a period of great change, both socially and economically. During this period the image of the women completely changed and a "new women" emerged who appears to have impacted social changes occurring in future generations of both men and women. This new symbol of the women was the Flapper. The Flapper
http://www.maverickranch.com/beef-hormones-mdirf5.htm,2006 para 1) There is no credible evidence about this statement. It must be noted that it is extremely illegal, not only in the U.S. But also to other or even milk-producing countries, for penicillin to be used specifically in low-level doses in the feed. In fact, penicillin is only use via injection, in concentrated doses, and only if the animals to be injected are sick or with high fever.
, 1998). Cognitive functioning, particularly memory performance has been found to be impaired in patients with childhood onset of growth hormone deficiency and HGH replacement therapies have been found to offset this memory impairment (Arwert et al., 2005). Studies have identified a link between improved attention and increases in memory performance in children with growth hormone deficiency (Arwert et al., 2005; Arwert et al., 2006). This is due to the
Human Growth Hormone in Biotechnology Human growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotrophin, is a protein consisting of 191 amino acids with a molecular weight of ~22,000. Growth hormone is secreted by the pituitary gland, which stimulates growth and cell reproduction. The structure is made up of four helices, which are necessary for functional interaction with the GH receptor. Despite remarkable structural similarities between GH from different species, only human and
Sex Therapy The efforts in the form of behavior modification with a view to solve the problems in sexual interactions are known as sex therapy. Sex problems most common in the present environment affect the couples in their sex lives and adversely reflected in their sexual behavior. Sexual behavior is any activity inducing the sexual arousal in solitary or between two persons or in a group. The human sexual behavior is