Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from dissertation:
International Peace and Terrorism
What changes to existing legal regimes may reduce the incentive and make the law more effective in preserving peace?
Terrorist groups can be disrupted and destroyed through continuous and direct legal actions. The focus includes the use of national and international elements of power. Immediate focus should be on the terrorist organizations with global reach as well as terrorists or states sponsoring terrorism activities. There are attempts of gaining and using weapons of mass destruction or precursors. The law defends the national interests, the native people, and international goals. Achievements in this case are derived through identification and destruction of peace threats prior reaching national borders. While most governments continually strive towards enlisting international community support, they do not hesitate to act alone where necessary. The goals at stake include exercising their rights to self-defense through preemptive action against terrorists. The actions prevent them from inflicting harm against people and the country at large. The law formulates policies that deny further support, sanctuary, and sponsorship to terrorists through compelling or convincing states to embrace sovereign responsibilities. There are wages of war for ideas towards winning over international terrorism. The major components include the use the full government influence and maintaining close working relationships with friends and allies.
The issues of trial towards peace reconstruction are inevitably a case where rigorous criminal trial procedures limit the scope of truth under-determination. The potential of the underlining validity of international peace emerges from sufficient legal processes. International humanitarian makes particular contribution towards acknowledging serious violations. Findings of various acts to breach of such laws on war crimes signify the intensity of crimes with particular attraction to domestic law. Socio-economies with market-orientation have ascertained integration with personal ties and impersonal market forces where more individuals share economic interests. There are elements of dependence in trusting strangers through enforcement of contracts by state entities. The dimension triggers loyalty towards the state by enforcing the rule of law and international contracts impartially and reliably. Law provides equitable protection for freedoms of contracting through liberal and democratic settings. Wars do not occur between or within nations that have market-integrated economies as war involves harming others. Such economies ensure that everyone is socially secure while other markets are better off. Instead of fighting, citizens from socio-economies with market orientation care deeply on people's rights and welfare. They call for economic growth in domestic environments and cooperation human rights and economic abroad. Nations practicing socio-economies with intense market-orientation agree on various global issues, and fatalities do not occur from disputes between them.
The production processes engage countless torture victims for elements of murder and abuse. Suffering and torture of the victims renders moral rejection. Perpetrators are subject to escape punishment. When morality demands that accused people are treated justly of violations, appropriate punishment routes are through trials in respect of the process of law. However, when insufficient action or no action is taken within the national level (similar to the case of Rwanda and former Yugoslavia), obligations require the international community to enforce justice and order. The arguments dovetail with various freestanding claims relating to rule of law. The maintenance of the rule of law has a good concept where quasi-moral obligations seek to uphold same elements of the State. In most cases, the international community is held responsible for further deliberations.
Categorizing various infractions as breaches of international laws on war underlines seriousness of such crime in ways that trials employ immediate domestic charges. The categorization is arrived at international or domestic courts irrespective of the domestic framing of the elements framed in international law. International laws have critical symbolic functions that make significant contributions towards the satisfaction of victims' calls for accountability and justice. The bounded rationality processes enable people to condition their progress towards developing stronger in-group identities. There is the ease in swaying fear outsiders, psychological predispositions, genocide, sectarian violence, and terrorism.
The Purpose Statement
Explicit justice-claims define deterrence theories through trial debates under various contexts. Justice-as-fairness discusses the relationship contexts between legal procedures and the truth. Other elements include clustering of arguments for the theme of justice-as-accountability. The focus includes dynamism of State moral obligations in the face of massive violations. Other components include the essence of the upholding rule of law as an inherent value. Regimes that have the responsibility of handling systematic and serious human rights violations have fractured moral orders.
The concept implies that all terrorism acts are rendered illegitimate, and terrorism is perceived as piracy, genocide, or slavery. Such behavior is not acceptable or respectable within governments and condoning or supporting it amounts to fraud. It is important to support modern and moderate government through law. The Muslim world seeks to ensure that ideologies and conditions promoting terrorism lack a platform in any nation to thrive. International law diminishes the conditions spawn by terrorism through enlisting international communities in focusing efforts and resources to risk areas. The law uses active public diplomacy in promoting the free flow of ideas and information. The process kindles aspirations and hopes of freedom of societies under the rule of global terrorism sponsors.
The Significance of the Problem
International law offers an essential instrument in abolishing future wars. For many years, war has formed an integral part of human conditions. Its abolition has now transpired into a necessity. Where mass destruction weapons are becoming readily available to non-state and state actors, threats to international peace are being dragged towards catastrophic conflicts. The benefits of civilizations are posing even more perils. Cross-cultural ignorance and misunderstandings are some of the causes of a word war. Global forces demolish the geographical barriers while moving the world into unified economies. This leads to frequent clashes between cultures resulting to damaging impacts on global peace. The International concepts of law draw on principles of peace as expressed by peace and policy makers. The approaches used to define world peace are embodied within ancient disciplines, religions, and writings through placing them into political and social contexts of dissipation of prejudice, stakes, and ignorance. All these vices stand against harmony and world peace. Law impinges the daily lifestyles of citizens in different ways. People post letters, travel abroad, purchase groceries and use telephones due to the smoothly working of international law. The sustainability concepts attend to the regulation of transactions of these services. Health depends on the international controls and standards while international travel relates to a series of international law principles and treaties.
Carriage of letters is facilitated by international postal regulations while normal grocery stocks on a regular purchase rely on the fair proportion of imported materials within national borders. Globalization, modern technology, and mass communication forms help in propagating various modern threats facing peace and security. Technologies for permits allow rapid movement of weapons of war through fostering proliferation of smaller arms. Stealth technology has brought about unmanned drones with a capacity of launching attacks with record accuracy, speed and without casualties. Even though, the effects are often discounted, video game industries provide platforms for shaping mindsets and capabilities of people to inflict damage in conflict and peace situations.
Research shows that the international law offers opportunities of making broader contributions to post-conflict environments as compared to traditional approaches. The major peace concern tended to raise questions of individual accountability as a goal by itself. The ideal concepts are confined to an examination of deployment of international law to trial processes by truth commissions. The reproach sets aside the possible contributions of lustration processes regarding reparation relations. Most arguments in the public domain regarding utility of international law within trial processes have equal compulsions. The ruling of governments provides highly appropriate venues to achieving individual accountability. Deterrent levels of trials engaging international law are best unproven through management of potential violators of international peace. While…[continue]
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