Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Research Paper:
The data may be constant of a previous record or flow of current data by real time. The subject matter may incorporate prices, routes, schedules, nobilities, time of arrival of the next vehicle, availability of particular location equipment. Data could be entailed on the tourist vehicle, at the tourist stop, accessible via the net or collected via phone. Automatically generated travel schedule consultants are incorporated in this group. ATIS system incorporates internet browsing, audible enunciators, digitalized cell phone and land telephones, kiosks as well as tourist targets having digitalized information. (Paniati, Hynes, 2006)
The automated electronic payment mode also has enhanced experiences of clients with regard to the advanced transportation which is under the impact of advanced IT. This permits the user or agency dealing with human services to entail the cost of transportation through one or more modes electronically applying a magnetic stripe card or smart card. Whereas the passenger visualizes only the card, the functional element applies the information to smoothen payment as well as billing. IT has also enhanced the inspection as well as systems of security. The tools pertaining to protection and security incorporate soundless alarms, smart cards for the purpose of driver detection, video surveillance cameras and hidden microphones on vehicles. Surveillance as well as protection safeguard systems could be entailed in movement of vehicles and at mobile stations and stops. (Paniati, Hynes, 2006)
Besides, the technology of Automatic Vehicle Location -- AVL has developed and enhanced the elasticity of the system of transportation to develop services for the users. Adopting a system of location identification like global positioning system and a Geographical Information System, the operating agency can locate its buses. Amalgamating ATIS and AVL, the agency can signal riders with current information; amalgamating CAD and AVL, the agency could divert the vehicles to entail flexible service. The technique of computer aided dispatch -- CAD of data also is functioning to develop the traffic and congestion situations. CAD is adopted to help agencies in sending the para-transit vehicles and is normally combined with AVL and other data management technologies, like routing and scheduling software. In addition to that, a terminal of mobile data and mobile data computers MDT/MDC are an equivalent to a small on-board computer as well as interface which connects the driver to the computer network of the agency by means of wireless communication. (Paniati, Hynes, 2006)
The coordination and combining software of course has entailed an unequal assistance in the sphere of transportation and traffic agencies pertaining to routing, scheduling, reporting and billing. The normal applications incorporate integrating the para-transit schedules and routes in between a single level agency or among various agencies, integrating fare card use as also billing among various agencies and coordinating software systems around the transit systems which are multimodal in nature. All such developments are the straight cut impact of advancement of IT and its influence on the systems of transportation. This all has enhanced the dependability of the system of transportation. Dependable transportation entails advantages for the senior customers and customers having handicaps who cannot or do not desire to wait for a prolonged time, not can they afford to lose medical appointments. Dependability also is primary for lower income people to satisfy job assurances. (Paniati, Hynes, 2006)
Future Prospects of the improvement in Transportation System through the basis of Information technology
Till presently, most of the IT applications have made it probable for the authorities concerned to develop the issue of managing of certain big portions of the system of transportation in the real moment and this have been made possible as per the information on the present flows of traffic. Still traffic designs on varied streets and highways recurrent themselves regularly. New tools of IT are entailing methods to make the authorities efficient to amalgamate the conventional information with data derived from the review of updated flows to predict traffic a well as modalities of congestion with enhanced correctness as also precision during the coming time. (Wachs, 2002)
Such data would in very short period be entailed to prospective travelers via car radios, mobile phones as well as internet or dashboard video screens, to those who are on the roadways. The magnitude wherein the application of Information Technology would permit us to improve the handling of traffic flows to protect the money and time of the tourists is in the long run more prone to be confined by social and political concerns compared to the technology. To illustrate, it is technologically probable to monitor vehicle positions as well as to offer drivers having particular data on the present and prospective traffic magnitudes as well as travel times on various substitute paths. But apprehensions on interruptions into privacy of personal details could confine application of such discovery. (Wachs, 2002)
Still such technologies generate reduced obstacles to the security and they are capable of generating higher viable outcomes in developing the efficacies. This is the cause such technologies are being included in the managerial systems relating to transportation via road as well as systems relating to congestion regulation. Those operating truck groups and tourists operations apply the technology of Automatic Vehicle Location -- AVL that deploys Global Positioning Satellite Systems -- GPSS to maintain track of the position of vehicles on the street of the city. The trucks can be scheduled while in transit for supplementary pickups. (Wachs, 2002)
Further the deliveries depending upon their present locations and such kind of information is growingly applied to inform the drivers of the buses to avoid peculiar gaps so as to fill the uncovered requirements in service. Irrespective of the visual terminals at the various bus stops or via mobile phone reach, this kind of information is also being started to be applied to entail users of bus transportation with data on the anticipated time of arrival of the vehicle they expect to use. Such discoveries would assist us maintain traffic congestion, and several hope that adoption of 'intelligent transportation systems' could resolve the fifty percent of the growth relating to congestion that is expected to prevail during the coming years. (Wachs, 2002)
Baily, Martin N; Brian, James. 1994, "Information Technology: The Key to Service
Performance" Brookings Review, vol. 12, no. 3, pp: 32-38.
Daly, Nicholas. (1999) "Blood on the Tracks: Sensation Drama, the Railway, and the Dark Face of Modernity" Victorian Studies, vol. 42, no. 1, pp: 18-24.
HP News release. (2010) "Air Transport Specialist SITA Selects HP to Add New
Capabilities, Improve Customer Service" Retrieved 28 July 2010 from http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/2010/100119a.html
Paniati, Jeffrey F; Hynes, Ronald. (2006) "ITS Applications for Coordinating and Improving Human Services Transportation: A Cross-cutting study -- Improving Services of Transportation Disadvantaged" Retrieved 28 July 2010 from http://www.rapts.cutr.usf.edu/doc/Elibrary/ITS%20Applications%20for%20Human%20Services.pdf
Roach, Ronald. (2002) "Making Information Technology Work for Public Housing"
Black Issues in Higher Education, vol. 19, no. 22, pp: 51-56.
Robert. G. (2008) "New Dep't Devoted to Information Technology Proposed" Manila
Bulletin, p. 8.
U.S.-China Business Council. (1993) "A transportation transformation: Guangdong is experiencing an across the board upgrade"…[continue]
"Modernization In It And Its" (2010, July 31) Retrieved October 24, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/modernization-in-it-and-its-9338
"Modernization In It And Its" 31 July 2010. Web.24 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/modernization-in-it-and-its-9338>
"Modernization In It And Its", 31 July 2010, Accessed.24 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/modernization-in-it-and-its-9338
Modernization of the 19th Century: Modernization can be described as the period characterized by rapid industrialization and urban growth across several countries in the globe. In addition to expanding the scope of interaction and activity, industrialization changes the society into being predominantly urban from being agrarian. Actually, the industrialization period has been widely known as the Second Industrial Revolution or era by many historians since it was characterized by the expansion
Modernization is rooted in the needs of human existence and is the embodiment of human beings' desire to pursue a high level of existence. Modernization is a tendency toward rationalization, that is, various uses of reason to control and overcome nature and the environment. The process of modernization begins in the Western world; it is a broad historical process of changes that takes the birth of industrial civilization as its
Yet there was no smooth transition. Ohara designed a new penal system following the Western panopticon model in which prisoners were subject to pervasive surveillance. Botsman analyzes Ohara's "Rules" to show how the subjectivity of prisoners was constituted. Ohara laid out careful rules for the location and living grounds for inmates down to the material details. Inside the prison, Botsman says, "complete and perfect order was to reign." The building should
Modernization in the United States and the Global Community How does modernization manifest itself in U.S. society? Truly, modernization in the United States began in earnest with the inception of the Industrial Revolution in the late 19th and early 20th century. Accordingly, it would manifest in direct concordance with the imperatives of a laissez faire economy. The technological and commodity oriented production boom that, nearing the turn to the 20th century, instigated
In fact, the very face of business has undergone great metamorphosis with the technology that has been applied to the labeling of merchandise. Labeling whether for the purpose of fighting shoplifting crimes or for the more efficient tracking of merchandise from point of production to point of sales has become the very nerve center of today's business operations and processes. RFID technology will soon enable customers to breeze throughout
Modernization of Russia and Japan Russia and Japan, were among the only dominant powers in Asia, still were states with declining feudal economics and feudal survivals in the middle of 19th century. Feudal system of relations prevented countries from a gradual and progressive development, made unable the development of market relations and establishment of equal opportunities for international trade. The growing class of businessmen or bourgeoisie in both countries felt those
Japan: Modern? The word "modernize" is defined in the American Heritage Dictionary as: to make modern in appearance, style or character; to accept or adopt modern ways, ideas or style. If we utilize this definition to explain modernization, we can assume that the term refers to the application of such an action in a particular instance. At any given point in time, "modern" pertains to the latest developments in the area