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An Analysis of Rail Accidents
Words: 3367 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95714413
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Indicative Literature eview

Accident Theories

Theories of Transport Safety

WMATA Accidents & the Debate

Analysis and Evaluation of the Key Issues

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has recorded a number of rail accidents and other incidents within the jurisdiction of the Washington DC Metro Transit Authority (WMATA) in the past six years. A centralized approach taken by the Federal Transport Agency (FTA) and the safety management department has not helped in the reduction of the incidents that are potentially hazardous and detrimental for travelers.

There have been talks about adopting new approaches and methods to deal with the issues that lead to the accidents and incidents. These measures are expected to yield results over a period of 5-10 s. The exposure to the risk of accidents and the safety performance would be reduced by the implementation of the measures (, 2015).

Since the process of management of road…


Dhillon, B. (2011). Transportation systems reliability and safety. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Friend, M. and Kohn, J. (2007). Fundamentals of occupational safety and health. Lanham, Md.: Government Institutes.

Goetsch, D. (2010). The basics of occupational safety. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Jha, N. (2008). Research methodology. Chandigarh: Abhishek Publications.

History of Air Cargo Industry
Words: 3692 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84106237
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ir Cargo, Inc. only flew cargo from December, 1941 (when Pearl Harbor was attacked) through November, 1944. t that time, Siddiqi explains that individual airline companies authored their own freight services, and on page 2 the author of this article notes that in time the major passenger airlines began offering freight forwarding service and that pretty well eliminated the need for a whole fleet of airline companies that just forwarded freight (Siddiqi). Only Flying Tiger stayed aloft as a strictly air freight company until the 1980s when Federal Express entered the picture. More on FedEx later in this paper.

The Literature -- the History of ir Freight Transportation -- Berlin ir Lift

When the long, bloody war was over it was time for the winning llies to divide up the territory that once was Nazi Germany, the negotiated, agreed-upon divisions gave the llies (U.S., Britain, and France) the Western…

April 20, 2012, from

Wilde, Robert. (2005). Berlin Blockade / Berlin Airlift. Retrieved April 20, 2012,

From .

FAA Regulations and Policies With
Words: 1944 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83778977
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This training is designed to increase employees' safety awareness and to reduce the possibility of incidents related to hazardous materials. This training is deemed important in that, ."

A insufficient understanding of the rules is often a factor contributing to such incidents. For example, in 17 of 25 dangerous goods enforcement cases we reviewed involving businesses, FAA identified employees' lack of training as a contributing factor. (Undeclared Air shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT's Enforcement)

3. Conclusion

It is significant that outreach programs also form an important part of the FAA's hazardous materials policy. This policy aims to"... prevent accidents and incidents related to hazardous materials by redoubling its outreach to industry and the community" (FAA Hazardous Materials Program).

This includes aspects such as the holding of news conferences by the FAA to convey the regulations and the importance of adhering to these regulations to various sectors of industry and…


Del Valle C. (1997) the HIGH COST of SAFETY., Business Week, 1/13/97,

FAA Hazardous Materials Program. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at 

Larson R. Hazardous material top priority for FAA: Budget bolstered for more inspectors. The Washington Times:;19960719%5dJuly 16, 1996. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at 

PHSA: Part IV: Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at

Women Participation in Marine Industry the Relation
Words: 2063 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49781867
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Women Participation in Marine Industry

The Relation Ship between the Participation of Woman in Maritime Sectors and Various Policy Organizations

Women represent a considerable portion of the world's labor force. However they face the hurdles of wage discrimination, harassment, and occupational segregation which ultimately limit their economic advancement. Historically, marine industry does not tend to be a successful career path for women. However, with the passage of time women have penetrated quite deeply in this marine industry. This essay highlights the participation of women in marine industry and the role played by policy making organizations like International Transport Federation (ITF), Seafarers International Research Center (SIRC), International Labor Organization (ILO), and International Maritime Organization (IMO). It explains the extent to which these various marine bodies are addressing the issue of gender.

The Relation Ship between the Participation of Woman in Maritime Sectors and Various Policy Organizations

Traditionally marine industry has been…


Belcher, P. Sampson, H., Thomas, M., Veiga, J. & Zhao, M. (2003). Women Seafarers: Global

Employment Practices and Policies, Geneva: International Labor Organization.

Dcomm (2003). Women seafarers: Fighting against the tide? As on land, so by sea: Women join

the ranks of seafarers, World of Work Magazine, 49, Retrieved September 29, 2012, from  -- en/index.htm

Project Management Scenario a Global
Words: 2476 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 9194818
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There are several benefits that a global consumer electronic firm could derive from inter-project learning.

First, inter-project learning allows firm to enhance project completeness. Prencipe, & Tell (2001) argue that inter-project learning allows firms to execute a project in a best method. In the present competitive market environment, project is the key to the dynamic competitive capabilities. Typically, accumulation of knowledge builds project competencies, which could enhances market performances of a global consumer electronic firm. Experience has revealed that project-based firm has been able to record high profit in the market environment. ( Brady, and Davies, 2004).Through inter-project learning, a global consumer electronic firm will be able to better estimate the project costs and this will enhance ability to deliver the project with success. Moreover, the inter-project learning will enable the company to estimate the project risks efficiently. By better evaluating the project risks, the project manager will be…


Anbari, F.T., Carayannis, E.G. And Voetsch, R.J. (2008) Post-project reviews as a key project management competence, Technovation, Vol. 28, pp.633-643.

Brady, T. And Davies, a. (2004) Building of the Project Capabilities: From Exploratory to Exploitative Learning, Organization Studies, Vol.25, No.9, pp.1601-1621.

Prencipe, a. & Tell, F. (2001). Processes and outcomes Inter-project learning: knowledge codification in project-based firms. Research Policy. 30: 1373 -- 1394


Applying ABC System Rail Agenty Rta Dubai
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13247346
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Applying ABC system Rail Agenty RTA Dubai

The aim of this project is to apply the Activity-Based Costing (ABC) methodology in Rail Agency (RA) at Road and Transport Authority (RTA) in Dubai in the process of accounting for costs. Before applying the ABC model to the RA at RTA there is provision of background information about RA and RTA. The project proceeds by explaining what ABC system is and its importance. After the explanation, the system is applied to RA at RT beginning with the identification of activities up to the last step, which is calculating the total costs of offering services at RA. Last the project concludes by analysis and discussion, a section that handles the relevance of ABC system to RA.


The aim of this paper is to apply the Activity-Based Costing (ABC) system in the Rail Agency (RA) at Road and Transport Authority (RTA) in Dubai…

Open Skies Agreement Impact of
Words: 1965 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94439976
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The traditional bilateral air service agreements do have some restrictions that prevent foreign airlines to invest in foreign hubs, however, with the open skies agreements such restrictions do not exist and an airline will be able to fully exploit its investments in a foreign country thereby facilitating service between preferred cargo airports. The provision of such agreements also promote cargo services by guaranteeing access to customs facilities and processing, offering a range of ground-handling options, and availing surface transportation necessary for flights. Such provisions enable cargo carriers to efficiently monitor and control cargo from their point of departure to their final destination. This will enhance faster and safer delivery of cargo translating into value-added service to customers.

The benefits derived from the development in the international air transport is not limited to air services industry alone but spreads to cover several service providers, labor market, manufacturers, and the general economy…


Alford, E. And Champley, R. (2007). The impact of the 2007 U.S.-EU open skies air transport agreement. ITA Occasional Paper no. 07-001

Brueckner, J. And W.T. Whalen, (2000). "The Price Effects of International Airline Alliances,"

The Journal of Law and Economics: 43(2), 503-545

Hertel, T.W. (1997) Global Trade Analysis: Modeling and Applications. Cambridge University Press: New York

Spiritual Care Practices
Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88018180
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Spiritual Care Practices

Mitchell, Andrea. (2011), Focusing on mind, body, and spirit while caring for patients and their families. Critical Care Nurse, (31), 69-70.

How did the transport nurse manage the patient's physical needs?

What is so extraordinary about the story of the transport nurse, as related in Mitchell (2011) is the degree to which the nurse, even while dealing with the emotionally-fraught situation of a critically ill patient going to view the body of his dead wife, was able to be mindful of Mr. L's physical needs. For the journey, the patient Mr. L was initially switched to a travel ventilator. However, when he did not tolerate this, the nurse suggested a manual resuscitation bag instead, although the travel ventilator was still brought along during the transport. The transport nurse carefully monitored the patient throughout the visitation. During the ceremony at the chapel where his wife's body was present,…

Urban Its Services and Rnp Parameters
Words: 974 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 7587661
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Urban ITS Services on oad Transport:

Urban public transport services have attracted considerable attention in relation to the interaction between general traffic and public transport modes. These transportation services have been characterized with issues regarding the costs of operations and the quality of service across public transportation modes. Given the need for smooth traffic flow, there have been various initiatives geared towards the improvement of urban public transport services. One of the major initiatives that have been adopted in the recent past is the introduction of new systems or Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) signals. These systems have had tremendous impact on positioning, navigation, and timing for Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in urban areas. These systems have been introduced as part of the constant new technology, practices, and research for management of traffic, which is increasingly becoming a complex process and exercise. Intelligent Transport Systems assist in increasing mobility and…


Cheon, S n.d., An Overview of Automated Highway Systems (AHS) and the Social and Institutional Challenges they Face, UC Transportation Center, viewed 17 August 2014,

Ochieng, W.Y, Turhan, B.E, Fox, J & Johnston, G 2000, Road Transport Navigation

Requirements in Urban Areas: Assessment of the Performance of GPS and the Design of a LAAS, The Institute of Navigation, viewed 17 August 2014,

Vahidi, A & Eskandarian, A 2003, Research Advances in Intelligent Collision Avoidance and Adaptive Cruise Control, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 4, no. 3, pp.143-153.

Border Crossing Rules and Regulations
Words: 864 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78125648
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Economic entities can be influenced by the area they are located in, with the entities positioned in the vicinity of economic blocks like NAFTA or the European Union being advantaged and thus more likely to engage in trade. People in North America and those in Western Europe are advantaged because of their position, meaning that the trade business they get involved in is normally more intense in comparison to the trade performed by economic entities that reside further away from economic blocks.

Security has always been a crucial matter when it came to freight transportation. However, this topic has not been given special attention until the 9/11 events, which marked the beginning of great changes in transportation policies. It previously seemed perfectly normal to check freights for illegal substances, undocumented immigrants, and piracy. Even with that, the World Trade Center events brought forward a new set of security concerns. The…

Mechanized World as the World
Words: 1064 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 57720238
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cars in the 20th century, man has always been in a hurry to cover more distance and save more time. This allowed man to populate different areas without even minding the distance from his daily destination, either work or leisure. Suburbs were developed, far flanged areas were reached, industries flourished in and out of the cities, the economy reached new heights among other improvement and speed was the primary ingredient for all of these developments.

Trains cars and other vehicles of transport became a practical means of living, studying, and working, at times, the site of urban behaviours and could be observed as an effect for the speedily modernising city itself. The impact of this sense of dependence of man towards his traveling machine has completely altered his perception about its real use and advantage. Traveling in trains, cars or any other means of transport has become more of a…

Extraordinary Rendition Refers to the
Words: 4875 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 23995988
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They point out that if a suspected terrorist gets on a plane and gets off at a place like Copenhagen or Toronto and demands asylum, even if he is not granted asylum, he's pretty much got a safe haven to operate in because he can' be deported or extradited back to where ever he came from. They believe that such lenient 'European' laws create a huge gap in security, which need to be tightened and that human rights conventions such as the Convention Against Torture make it almost impossible for states to gain a reasonable and necessary degree of assurance against devastating attacks in an age of asymmetrical warfare against international terrorists.

Former U.S. officials such as Michael Scheuer, who helped to set up the CIA's rendition program during the Clinton administration, are more forthcoming about commenting on the nature and existence of 'extraordinary' renditions. Scheuer has in different statements…

Works Cited

Begg, Moazzam. "Rendition: Tortured Truth." New Statesman 26 June 2006: 19.

Below the radar: Secret flights to torture and 'disappearance.'" Amnesty International Report. April 5, 2006. February 5, 2008 

Charter, David. "Britain accused on secret CIA flights." Times Online. November 29, 2006. February 5, 2008. 

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment." Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. 1987. February 5, 2008.

Importing From Asia Europe to the
Words: 1297 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38002505
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Constantly updated information as to goods' and materials' whereabouts can also lead to more effective decisions by suppliers, consumers, and transportation firms alike, and the use of the Internet and other telecommunications systems will lead to exactly this ability to update.

Other applications for modern container tracking devices will continue to emerge as the technology becomes more refined. Tracking individual units is already possible, though expensive, but for sensitive and high-priced items this might already make fiscal sense. Security and efficiency will both continue to be improved by greater tracking abilities.

Video Intro:

This video provides an excellent yet brief version of the development of the railway, and specifically of the standardization of railway gauges, as it developed in England in the seventeenth century. This is something that is touched on only briefly in Chapter Three, towards the beginning of the section on railways, and it might seem to…

Heavier Environmental Regulation on Oil and Gas Drilling Activities
Words: 5303 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 7385089
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Regulating Oil and Gas Drilling and Transport

The American economy runs on energy produced from oil, coal, natural gas, hydroelectric power, nuclear power and renewable sources like solar and wind energies. In fact according to a report in the Congressional Research Service, oil provides the United States with 40% of its total energy needs. It is used in myriad ways, providing "…fuel for the transportation, industrial, and residential sectors" (Ramseur, 2012). Because of the great need for energy to fuel the American economy, oil in "vast quantities" enters the country and moves through the country by ships and by pipelines, Ramseur explains in the Congressional Research Service. Hence, it is inevitable that some spills will occur, and they certainly do occur, notwithstanding the attempts by the industry to conduct its business safely.

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports that the U.S. consumed 6.87 billion barrels (about 18.83 million barrels…

Works Cited

American Petroleum Institute. (2012). Energy Security. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from

Barkham, Patrick. (2010).Oil spills: Legacy of the Torrey Canyon. The Guardian. Retrieved February 14, 2013, from .

Griffin, Catherine. (2013). European Satellite Confirms Arctic Ocean is on Thin Ice, Global

Warming Strikes Again. Science World Report. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from .

Aviation Maintenance Resource Management Mrm and Its Impact on U S Commercial Aviation Safety
Words: 8329 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 75270940
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U.S. statistics indicate that 80% of aviation accidents are due to human errors with 50% due to maintenance human factor problems. Current human factor management programs have not succeeded to the degree desired. Many industries today use performance excellence frameworks such as the Baldrige National Quality Award framework to improve over-all organizational effectiveness, organizational culture and personal learning and growth. A survey administered to a sample population of senior aviation maintainers in 18 countries revealed a consistent problem with aviation human factors and the need for a more integrated framework to manage human factor problems in aviation maintenance.

Human Factors History

Current Human Factor programs in Aircraft Maintenance

Performance Excellence Framework

esearcher's Work Setting and ole

Statement of the Problem


Human Factor Errors in Aircraft Maintenance Statistics

Current Human Factor Programs in Aircraft Maintenance 13

Aviation Performance Excellence Framework 12

Statement of esearch Question…


Boeing. (1993). Accident Prevention Strategies. Commercial Jet Aircraft Accidents

World Wide Operations 1982-1991. Retrieved 11 Nov, 2004 from  / Portal/HFTimeline.aspx

Boeing. (1994). Field test of the MEDA process. Retrieved 17 Dec, 2004 from William L.

Rankin, Ph.D.

Spiritual Care
Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85350549
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Nursing and Spirituality

How did the transport nurse manage the patient's physical needs?

When the patient was moved to a stretcher he was placed on a travel ventilator and the transport and bedside nurse had to suction his secretions. But he did not appear to tolerate the other ventilator well so the transport nurse instead used the manual resuscitation bag for transport. Since the manual ventilation continued to go well it was used in place of the travel ventilator for the duration of the transport.

How did the transport nurse manage the spiritual needs?

The patient was placed close to his wife's casket so that he could easily see her. The nurse allowed the family time and space for themselves but stepped forward to offer guidance when needed, such as the offering of a prayer. Later a life review was begun that gave the entire family an opportunity to begin…

Protection Afforded to a U S
Words: 4974 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35111847
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Sometime the debtor is able to successfully reduce its liability and returns to profitability but quite often it returns to seek the court's protection again and sometime the end result is liquidation.

Under Chapter 11 protections, the debtor gets an automatic protection from all creditors. The unsecured creditors cannot lay a claim on assets and secured creditors are also prevented from foreclosing on their collateral. A Chapter-11 company also gets the advantage of discarding or renegotiating union agreements, ability to freeze or cut wages and benefits and restructures its staffing requirement. Retirement and pension plans can also be reviewed or the company can transfer its pension obligations to the Federal Pension enefit Guaranty Corporation.

The reorganization is carried out by the bankruptcy and the court appointed trustee. The trustee appoints committee(s) to represent the creditor's interests and work out a plan for reorganization of the company. The reorganization plan must…


Boser, R.J., Has the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 adversely affected airline safety? Retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005. 

Delaney, K.J., Strategic Bankruptcy (Review), Retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005.

Fix, J.L., The chaotic skies: A look at how deregulation has affected the airline industry, 2001, retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005. 

Isidore, C., U.S. Air files Chapter 11 -- "again, retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005.

Fantastic Voyage-Fem Artery to Right Lung a
Words: 1077 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15030377
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Fantastic Voyage-Fem artery to ight lung

A Fantastic Voyage from the ight Femoral Artery to the ight Lung

The human body is an intricate system of labyrinths that work together to maintain essential functions and thus maintain an individuals physical health. Two systems that work together are the circulatory and cardiopulmonary systems. Together, these systems help to transport gasses, nutrients, wastes, and hormones to various organs in the body. While it is may be easy to get lost in the multitude of paths that lead to the rest of the body from the heart, finding one's way from the right femoral vein to the lower lobe of the right lung via the right pulmonary artery is much simpler than would be expected.

Let us begin our journey in the right femoral vein. After a long and treacherous journey, we find ourselves in the right femoral vein and must figure out…


Cotterill, S. (2000). The cardiovascular system (heart and blood): medical terminology for cancer. Department of Child Health. University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Retrieved 19 July 2012, from 

Gregory, M (n.d.). The circulatory system. Clinton Community College. State University of New York. Retrieved 19 July 2012, from

Inner Body (2011). All systems. Retrieved 19 July 2012, from

Kinder Morgan the Enclosed Project Contains a
Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42000454
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Kinder Morgan

The enclosed project contains a summary of operations for Kinder Morgan's Earnings, Cost of Capital, Target Multiples, and various assumptions that were used to construct pro forma financial statements and valuation summaries.

Financial Analysis

The natural gas industry has changed dramatically, and is much more open to competition and choice. Wellhead prices are no longer regulated; meaning the price of natural gas is dependent on supply and demand interactions. Interstate pipelines no longer take ownership of the natural gas commodity; instead they offer only the transportation component, which is still under federal regulation.

There are about 160 pipeline companies in the United States, operating over 300,000 miles of pipe. Of this, 180,000 miles consist of interstate pipelines. This pipeline capacity is capable of transporting over 148 Billion cubic feet (Bcf) of gas per day from producing regions to consuming regions?, and 123 natural gas storage operators, which control…

Issues in EMS
Words: 3255 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: White Paper Paper #: 85697079
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EMS single-tier response (ST) or a multi-Tier response (MT) is optimal for a community?

While EMS are present in every community, each community has different needs and the response of the EMS should be tailored in a community-specific fashion. For example, some communities are far more dependent upon EMS to provide critical services because of their demographics. A large city such as New York will often have more critical incidents due to violence or safety hazards. Also, the logistics of mobility within a city can mean that a single-tiered response (ST) is more appropriate. At the other extreme, a rural area, because of a lack of medical resources such as nearby hospitals, can also benefit from a ST, given that aspects of primary care and treatment may need to be given immediately on the scene due to the lack of available resources at point of care. In terms of a…


Blackwell, T.H. & Kaufman, J.S. (2002). Response time effectiveness: comparison of response time and survival in an urban emergency medical services system. Academy of Emergency Medicine, 9(4):288-95.

Criss, E. (1994). EMS research. Retrieved from: 

EMS dispatch and response. (1983). Fire Chief Magazine. Retrieved from:

Lipids How Are Lipids Processed
Words: 579 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12769004
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These cells have an enzyme on their surface that attracts fat. The number and distribution of adipose cells has a genetic component, and is usually determined in early childhood.

Describe the major metabolic diseases associated with lipid metabolism, transport and storage for humans?

Diseases associated with lipid metabolism, transport and storage included: high cholesterol, combined hyperlipidemia, familial hypercholesterolemia, high density lipoprotein, and hypertriglyceridemia,

How do unsaturated and saturated fatty acids differ from each other?

Saturated fats contain carbon atoms with a single bond between them and as many hydrogen atoms as possible bonded to the carbon atoms. Saturated fats contain carbon atoms with a double bond, and can therefore absorb more hydrogen atoms. Healthy diets are low in saturated fats, since they raise blood cholesterol levels.

What are the roles of Essential Fatty Acids (EFA) in humans?

There are two essential fatty acids: the omega-3 fatty acids and the moega-6…


No Author Given (2007). Intestinal Uptake of Lipids, retrieved 6/20/2007 at

No Author Give (2007) Enzymes and Digestion of Lipids, retrieved 6/20/2007 at 

No Author Given (2007). Lipids - 1, retrieved 6/20/2007 at

Landforms Barrier Island Beaches Generally Develop Where
Words: 2371 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49396003
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Barrier island beaches generally develop where:

a The coast is composed of hard rock b the nearby land has a rugged topography of hills and mountains c the sea floor deepens rapidly offshore d The sea floor remains shallow for a long distance offshore

During storms in winter:

a There is a higher percentage of fine-grained sand on beaches

b More erosion occurs in bays than on headlands

c Beaches are eroded d Beaches are built up e Offshore sand bars are destroyed

Along the Midocean ridge

a earthquakes occur b sea floor spreading occurs c volcanism occurs d all the above occur

Where would you find examples of barrier island coasts?

a Oregon

b California

c British Columbia and Alaska

d Texas and the Gulf Coast

e Hawaii

Which of the following boundaries characterize the San Andreas Fault?

a Spreading

b Convergent

c Transform

d None of the…

Marpol Annex VI Requirements on
Words: 7615 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85648999
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At the time, the industry sought to examine both oil pollution in general and ocean dumping as well as land-based sources of ocean pollution. According to ang, "More significant was the rapid technological development in the design of large-sized oil tankers which required constant rule changes. By 1973 it was evident that the 1954 convention provisions were inadequate or outdated, and by then the likelihood of the 1954 convention coming into force was rather doubtful" (334).

The new protocol ultimately entered into force in January 1978. The 1973 version of MARPOL was comprised of 20 articles concerning general obligations under the convention (e.g., prohibition of violation of requirements, rules for ship inspection, enforcement, reporting on incidents involving harmful substances, and most importantly, five technical annexes or regulations on 1) oil pollution; 2) control of noxious liquid substances in bulk; 3) harmful substances carried by sea in package forms or in…

Works Cited

Advice on Impact of Reduction in Sulfur Content of Marine Fuels Marketed in the EU." (2002, January 1). European Commission Study C.1/01/2002.

Brewer, Stuart. (2005, March 15). "Marpol Annex VI sets sulphur test." DNV Germany. [Online]. Available:

Chasek, Pamela S. Earth Negotiations: Analyzing Thirty Years of Environmental Diplomacy. New York: United Nations University Press, 2001.

Consultation Paper regarding the European Commission's proposal for a Directive amending Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the sulphur content of marine fuels. (2003, July). European Parliament.

Role Sumed Pipeline Egypt International Trade Kind
Words: 1184 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78409003
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role sumed pipeline EGYPT international trade kind special services customers petroleum sector. notice: references internet .

Sumed Pipeline in Egypt

Traditionally, oil would be transported from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean region via the Suez Canal, which has also earned a remarkable historic resonance to its name. After a decade of construction, the Suez Canal was first used in 1869 and its aim is that of allowing transportation by water from Asia to Europe, without having to travel around Africa.

The Suez Canal is the traditional choice for transporting goods from one region to the other, and it is open to the access of all vessels, in times of war and peace, regardless of the flags carried by the vessels. Still, a shortage in using the Suez Canal is represented by the delays which can be encountered and the queues that can be created.

As a result of these…


Strumph, D., Whittaker, M. (2011). Egypt unrest strokes oil, gold. The Wall Street Journal.  accessed on October 30, 2012

Wahba, A.L., (2011). Egypt's military deploys along Sumed oil pipeline, official says. Bloomberg.  accessed on October 30, 2012

(2006). Website of Sumed Pipeline.  accessed on October 30, 2012

(2011). No delays on Egypt's Sumed pipeline, Suez Canal: local sources. Platts.  accessed on October 30, 2012

Cardiovascular and Gastrointestinal Systems Integrated
Words: 2173 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56960433
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Integration of Cardiovascular/Gastrointestinal Systems

Integration of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems within the human body

The integration of the gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems allow for nutrients to be introduced, broken down, and absorbed by body to maintain and promote healthy bodily functions. Independently, these systems serve separate functions, but when working in conjunction, help to transport necessary nutrients throughout the body, while maintaining and promoting homeostasis within the systems. Any imbalance within these systems will greatly affect the body, as a whole, and can lead to potentially fatal results.

Integration of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems within the human body

The gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems of the human body help to breakdown and transport items that are ingested, such as food and medication, to the necessary parts of the body, expelling wastes that are not needed. Separately, the gastrointestinal and cardiac systems have different functions, but when the systems work in conjunction…


Bowen, R 2002, Salivary glands and saliva, Colorado State University, viewed 14 September 2011, 

Cleveland Clinic 2005, The structure and function of the digestive system, viewed 29 September 2011,

Cotterill, S 2000, The cardiovascular system (heart and blood): medical terminology for cancer, Department of Child Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, viewed 14 September 2011, 

Gregory, M n.d., The circulatory system, Clinton Community College, State University of New York, viewed 15 September 2011,

Changing the DWI Legislation for Missouri
Words: 813 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12930007
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Proposal for New DWI Laws for Missouri

DWI laws will always be contentious, with different viewpoints impacting on requirements of the laws. If rewriting the Missouri DWI laws the following would be recommended, the reasons for each recommendation are provided. 

1.    The legal limit; A person will be deemed to be intoxicated if they have a blood alcohol content higher than the level allowed. The level allowed for drivers of commercial vehicles will be 0%, for drivers under age of 21 and under it will be 0.01 and for drivers over the age of 21 it will be 0.05. The bill will also include any type of intoxication or undue influence of other substances which impair judgement. 
There is a clear relationship between higher blood alcohol content and higher road traffic accidents (Karakus et al. 440; Fell and Voas 869). The implementation of a zero blood alcohol level would be…

Bike Hire Program a Major
Words: 659 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Paper #: 77208036
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On te average day, Boris Bikes attracts 9,617 users.

During one of te transit unions' 24-our strikes in early October, usage of Boris Bikes jumped 23% to 11,822.

Altoug te bike ire program as been fairly well-received in London, and increasingly so since te tube delays, it may be a purely London penomenon for now. Residents in Harrow, for example, seem skeptical of te necessity and effectiveness of public bike rental program.

One Harrow resident, Ricard Long, 38, commented tat "Outside of London te bikes will ave no use and, especially in Harrow, tey would just be vandalized." Anoter resident, a banker wo wised to remain confidential, added tat "everyting is close by and people would use alternative ways to get into te city, people will eiter use te bus or teir own cars. Te only way tat I can see te Boris Bikes working is if tere are dockings… 

Housing Environments for Older Adults
Words: 1384 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83902807
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Others, who are perhaps a little older and beginning to feel the effects of older age and the onset of related health conditions, prefer retirement communities. Here they can retain a relatively independent life for as long as possible, while still having access to health, transport, meals, and other assisting services they might need.

In terms of housing, a number of options have therefore begun to evolve for older people who prefer not to enter institutional care if they can avoid it. It is therefore important for agencies and professionals who work with older people to establish which the best fit would be for each individual client involved. Not all older people, for example, can afford assisted care, as this tends to be towards the more expensive end of the market.

Another important component of environmental fit is transport. Transport, to an older person, could mean various things. Most importantly,…


American Society for Interior Designers. (2012). Design for Aging. Retrieved from: 

NAIPC. (2012). Age in Place. Retrieved from:

Niles-Yokum, K. And Wagner, D.L. (2011). The Aging Networks: A Guide to Programs and Services. New York: Springer Publishing Co.

NOWCC. (2011). National Older Worker Career Center. Retrieved from:

Brand Strategy Is a Challenging Task for
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brand strategy is a challenging task for many companies but it is a vital step in giving the company an identity of its own. It is this identity that is repeatedly communicated thought the business life. Developing a brand management strategy involves applying marketing techniques to a brand, or a product with the intention of giving it a unique image and to set it apart from the competitors. We will focus on the competitive analysis or model analysis that will briefly introduce our project, the competition or model, as well as describing the strengths and weaknesses of the competition or model.

The group is intending to come up with the shuttle bus service which is to serve the York collage, its student as well as staff. This shuttle bus service will transport valid students and staff from York College to predetermined stops in the area. By doing so, the shuttle…


Alex, W, 1999, The Brand Marketing Book, McGraw Hill, London. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from 

Clancy, Kevin J.; Peter C. Kriegafsd (2000). Counter intuitive Marketing. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from The Free Press. ISBN 0-684-85555-0. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from 

Garth 2000, Strategic Management; Wiley, New York. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from.

Keller, L. 2003, Strategic Brand Management', Prentice Hall. Retrieved on 25/09/2013 Retrieved September 26, 2013 from

Transform Unsustainable Organization Into Sustainable One
Words: 3403 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 24002323
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Transform Unsustainable Organization Into Sustainable One


Land and water management

Energy, carbon and transport management

Supply chain management

Waste, pollution, recycling management

Sustainability performance indicators

Social sustainability

Long-term sustainability vision

The final report is prepared in conjunction with the ANW Construction Ltd. The report prepared to demonstrate the level of sustainability is effective in highlighting the key features that the business has implemented in its operations. The following sections are focused to the differences that a sustainable organization can have in comparison with the unsustainable business. The recommendations are made based on the academic and professional literature. The notable areas for sustainability in a business are addressed as land, water management, energy, carbon, transport management, supply chain management, waste, pollution, and recycling management. Furthermore the report also provides insight on the sustainability performance indicators, social sustainability, and long-term sustainability vision for businesses.


According to Bell, and Morse (2008)…


Alcamo, J., & Olesen, J.E. (2012). Life in Europe under climate change. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Bell, S., & Morse, S. (2008). Sustainability indicators: measuring the immeasurable?. USA: Earthscan.

Chang, C.M. (2010). Service Systems Management and Engineering: Creating Strategic Differentiation and Operational Excellence. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Evans, N., Campbell, D., & Stonehouse, G. (2003). Strategic management for travel and tourism. USA: Routledge.

Egyptian Technology Since Their Creation
Words: 3377 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 46086537
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This labor force was effective, unified, and provided a strong centralized state. The pyramids acted not as slave pits, but as political, religious, social, and economic focuses for the people. Laborers believed their own eternity would be won through their service, and although their choices of work and location were based on socioeconomic factors, these individuals were free citizens of the state (David, a.R., 58).

In addition to the peasant labor, there were professional craftsmen and architects whose skills were required for the more finely detailed and skilled areas of the pyramid. These individuals had their own housing area within the barracks, and were treated to slightly nicer conditions than those of the slaves. They were also, some believed paid wages in exchange for their skills, since such skills were learned and honed only through repetition and higher learning, as opposed to the unskilled labor of the peasant force. These…


Baines, J. "Ancient Egypt Timeline." Ancient History: Egyptians. BBC. 10 Nov. 2008. .

Brier, B.A & Hobbs, H. Life of the Ancient Egyptians. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Brunes, T. "Introduction: The Historical Background." Journal of the Southwest. 48.4 (2006): 331-332.

David, a.R. The Pyramid Builders of Ancient Egypt: A Modern Investigation of Pharaoh's Workforce. New York: Routledge, 1996.

National Lambdarail Assumptions for the
Words: 1754 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34501699
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(National LambdaRail)


As the NLR seeks to bring diverse research communities together to confront and solve complex challenges "of building network architecture, end-to-end performance, and scaling," (Tash 32-33), the thought presented from Disraeli stressing that a leader must "follow the people," (Smith, and Cohon) aptly portrays the thought this researcher contends best relates the conclusion gained from this study. Just as a leader "follows" and notes the needs of people he/she serves, if NLR notes the needs of those it serves, it will in turn, lead in its field in its quest to "light the future." (National LambdaRail)

orks Cited

National Lambdarail Launches Transit and Peering Project. (2006, April 20) Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh PA. 10 Feb. 2008

NLR National Lambda Rail...light the future." (2008)" National LambdaRail. 10 Feb. 2008

Tash, illiam R. Ph.D. (2006). Evaluating Research Centers and Institutes for…

Works Cited

National Lambdarail Launches Transit and Peering Project. (2006, April 20) Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh PA. 10 Feb. 2008

NLR National Lambda Rail...light the future." (2008) " National LambdaRail. 10 Feb. 2008