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The relationships between land values, innovation and transportation improvements are at the heart of growth management. In general, the relationships between land values, innovation and transportation improvement can be based on a hedonic model that uses a clear behavioral basis describing the principal actors and choices involved in urban development and transportation. The use of this model incorporates the historical data, using regression between land values to include the effect of site, neighborhood, and transport accessibility. The conclusions are so far point that land prices and innovations in the neigbourhoods are is affected by the accessibility and transportation improvements.
Broadly speaking, the link between land use, land value, and innovation gives rise to different travel demands, which in turn leads to higher growth of the neighborhood, raising further the value of the land. In many growing areas of the United States, the vast majority of housing being located in…
Impact of modern transport on industrialized countries
The movement from the bicycle to the modern forms of transport has been both, boon, and an impediment. The positive elements of the developments within transportation over the years have more than adequately made up for the negative aspects. This later position is slowly being undermined because of the increase in gasoline consumption, which has both economic and environmental concerns. Additionally, the horrendous traffic jams, which occur in some urban centers, diminish the travel experience. However, despite some mild irritants the overwhelming position is that modern transport has improved the life of most citizens and has reshaped the world into a smaller and more vibrant community.
The most obvious change that accompanied the advent of modern forms of transport was the ability to travel extensively. Prior to the introduction of these forms of transportation, travel was both arduous and at times hazardous.…
Dombroski, M.A. (2005). Securing Access to Transportation for the Urban Poor. Columbia Law
Review, 105 (2):503-536.
Siddall, W.R. (1987). Transportation and the Experience of Travel. Geographical Review 77(3):
Transport Planning Models: Passenger and Freight Transport
Transportation is a fundamental component of society today, capable of yielding massive economic and social benefits but also equally capable of producing extremely costly negative externalities. Proper policies need to be put in place to minimize the externalities while taking full advantage of the benefits. Proper policies can only be devised through the use of appropriate and well-thought out transportation models.
Freight and passenger transport systems usually move in separate nodes, which implies that their structures are quite different from each other, and so are the designs of their models (Hofstra University, 2014). The differences are, however, more pronounced at the respective terminals, which often concern different locations and different facilities (Hofstra University, 2014). The rationale behind the operational differences between freight and passenger transportation systems is that whereas "each passenger is an independent decision-making unit, each load of freight must be managed…
CTRE. (2007). Part II: Historical Overview of Transportation Planning Model Development. Iowa State University. Retrieved 8 April 2014 from http://www.ctre.iastate.edu/research/multimod/phase1/ii.htm
Friedrich, M., Haupt, T. & Nokel, K. (2003). Freight Modeling: Data Issues, Survey Methods, Demand and Network Models. Paper Presented at the 10th International Conference on Travel Behavior Research, Lucerne, August 2003. Retrieved 8 April 2014 from http://www.ivt.ethz.ch/news/archive/20030810_IATBR/friedrich.pdf
Hofstra University. (2014). Operational Differences between Passenger and Freight Transportation. Hofstra University. Retrieved 8 April 2013 from http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch1en/conc1en/table_operationaldifferences.html
Transport Industry Relations in Hong Kong and the Impact of China Joining the WTO
The continued globalization of the world has provided a blending of businesses around the planet. The blending has been seen for the most part as a positive event as it allows businesses to expand their customer data bases on a much broader scale. The globalization also provides the opportunity to streamline operations as companies seek out the most cost effective locations, workforces and supplies for their product or service. The ability to streamline, downsize and expand with a much wider range of options today is generally seen as a positive aspect of the globalization. With all changes however, there are negative elements that must be considered as well. The globalization has torn down walls and opened doors that had been immovable for hundreds if not thousands of years in the past, but for those regions that…
All of this proves the need for a state of the art method of dealing with the transport industry of Hong Kong. The need for a plan of action is evidenced by the explosion that is occurring in the industry today. The decision to expand services, retrain current workers, teach workers additional skills sets to make them more valuable and other things are all possible options that can be researched. The problem is that without a solid understanding of how the transport industry is being affected and what areas are being injured it is impossible to blueprint future plans for improvement.
The advent of the Internet has taken mankind to heights never before imagined. One of the things it has allowed to happen is a highly advanced transport system by which logistical information can be exchanged. Literature has been published regarding studies of the Hong Kong transport system but there are areas of study that have been overlooked or not yet done. One study examined the possibility of a feasibility study of the Hong Kong's transport system (System, 1999).
The study will focus on the means to collect, process and disseminate both static and dynamic traffic and transport information in Hong Kong (System, 1999)," said a spokesman for the department Tuesday. "Such information includes routes, fares and schedules of the public transport, traffic volume as well as real time traffic conditions (System, 1999), " added the spokesman. "To make the system an efficient and user-friendly one, we also need information about traffic diversions, traffic forecasts and statistics on traffic accidents," he said (System, 1999). The study, which is expected to be completed early next year, will also explore the opportunities for private sector participation in the development and management of the system and the areas for priority application (System, 1999)."
Managing Ergonomics in Maritime Transport System
Managing Ergonomics In The Maritime Transport System (bridge System)
Ergonomics is a discipline that deals with the study of human roles in smooth and efficient activities of complex industrial systems and the application of ergonomic knowledge in the design of industrial systems and equipments (Salvendy, 2012). The role played by human beings and ergonomics in maritime safety is highly valued by the maritime community.
Ergonomics refer to the discipline of interactions between human beings and the elements of a system aimed at optimizing human well being and improving the performance of the system in general (Salvendy, 2012). Practitioners of ergonomics try to analyze the surroundings, jobs, goods and the system in order to make them suit the needs, abilities and the shortcomings of human beings.
Human factor is the physical property or social behavior that belongs to an individual that is capable of influencing…
Attwood, D.A., Deeb, J.M., & Danz-Reece, M.E. (2003). Ergonomic Solutions for the Process Industries. Burlington: Elsevier.
Baldauf, M. & Kataria, A. (n.d). Maritime human factors. An introduction. Word Maritime University.
Ergonomic Design of Navigation Bridges (2003). Guidance Notes. American Bureau of Shipping
Osterman, C. & Liukkonen, P. (2010). Using Ergonomic to Improve Productivity, Efficiency and Quality in Shipping. Submitted for approval to Maritime Policy & management.
COPOATE VIP TANSPOT VIA HELICOPTE
The past has seen significant changes in the use of the helicopters for transportation purposes. Traditionally, the helicopters have been used for the provision of the emergency services during disasters and transporting people to inaccessible areas that cannot be reached by the larger planes. Helicopters' features like its ability to reach inaccessible regions, small size, and suitability for emergency operation makes it the most desirable form of air transport in many countries. Aside from using it to provide emergency services and passenger transport, the use of the helicopters for the provision of corporate VIP transport in the recent past has risen significantly in the past. The use has spread across states and has received significant attention due to its class, flexibility, and quality air flight to the VIP individuals (Aviation, 2009).
Therefore, this research paper evaluates the different aspects of the helicopter use for…
Aviation industry performance a review of the aviation industry in 2008. (2009). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. Of Transportation, Office of the Secretary of Transportation, Office of Inspector General.
Crouch, T.D. (2003). Wings: a history of aviation from kites to the space age. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum.
GNVQs: evaluation of the pilot of the new assessment model, 1997 to 1999: a joint report by Ofsted and the FEFC inspectorate.. (1999). Coventry: FEFC.
Green, K.B. (2002). The aviation industry. Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus.
" A report published by Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions eduction (PATNE) explains that "Aircraft landing take-off (LTO) emissions include those produced during idle, taxi to and from terminal gates, take-off and climb-out, and approach to the airport. Aircraft LTO emissions contribute to ambient pollutant concentrations and are quantified in local and regional emissions inventories (atliff et al., 2009)." Local air quality is an important issue that has to be addressed because it can have a negative impact on the health of people that live in the community. For instance, conditions such as asthma can be irritated by air quality. With this understood, reducing emissions must be a top priority in the aviation industry.
In addition locales that are close to commercial and private airports are also susceptible to noise impacts which can significantly jeopardize the quality of life for people who live in these communities. The decibel…
Daggett, D. Hadaller, O. Hendricks, R. And Walther, R. NASA: alternative fuels for aviation. http://www.energybulletin.net/node/23098
"21st Century Aviation - a Commitment to Technology, Energy and Climate Solutions." http://www.airlines.org/Environment/ClimateChange/Pages/21stCenturyAviation-ACommitmenttoTechnology , EnergyandClimateSolutions.aspx
Ratliff, G. Sequeira, C., Waitz, I., Ohsfeldt M., Thrasher, T., Graham, M., Thompson, T. (2009) Aircraft Impacts on Local and Regional Air Quality in the United States. http://web.mit.edu/aeroastro/partner/reports/proj15/proj15finalreport.pdf
Stephen a Stansfeld and Mark P. Matheson (2003) Noise pollution: non-auditory effects on health. British Medical Bulletin 2003; 68: 243 -- 257
Clinical Outcomes of Patients with ST Elevated Myocardial infarction (STEMI) based on Mode of Transportation to Tertiary Healthcare Facility
Private transport vs. Ambulance services. A study by Scherer, uss, Jenkins et al. (2012) evaluated the effect of private transport vs. ambulance services on the clinical outcomes of 198 STEMI patients. The median age of the patients was 60 years, and 70% (or 138) arrived at the hospital by private transport of some type, while 30% (or 60) arrived by ambulance services. According to Scherer et al. (2012), "Although not statistically significant due to the great variability in time of arrival for STEMI patients transported by private vehicle, [ambulance] transports had shorter door-to-balloon times" (p. 227). These shorter door-to-balloon times were especially pronounced during business hours and weekend/evenings shifts (Scherer et al., 2012). The findings from this study underscored the need for public awareness campaigns concerning the use of emergency medical…
Banerjee, A.K. (2011, December). Guidelines for management of acute myocardial infarction.
Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 59, 38-51.
Chakrabarti, A.K., Gibson, C.M., & Pinto, D.S. (2012, November). Optimal selection of STEMI treatment strategies in the current era: benefit of transferring STEMI patients for PCI compared with administration of onsite fibrinolytic therapy. Current Opinion in Cardiology, 27(6), 651-654.
Evans, C. & Tippins, E. (2007). The foundations of emergency care. Maidenhead, England:
It would thus be more practical to choose public transportation in favor of cars. Cities that got actively engaged in supporting public transportation are responsible for keeping levels of pollution at a low (Simpson 44).
Many are well-aware of the advantages of going green through using public transportation but nonetheless express hesitation when it comes to leaving their cars behind. People have to realize that a cleaner future can only exist through cutting off some of the main pollutant emitters-cars. In spite of the fact that the contemporary society has most people unable to effectively divide their time so as for them to be able to give up cars, conditions are gradually progressing, making it easier for people to travel by using public transportation. In the overall chaos that they go through every day, some people are virtually unable to see that a large part of their finances go into…
Pucher, John "Back on Track: Eight Steps to Rejuvenate Public Transport in Canada," Alternatives Journal Wntr 1998
Simpson, Barry J. Urban Public Transport Today (London: E & FN Spon, 1994)
He has not managed the company in a way to lead it to financial success. Indeed, if he were to continue on his planned course, he would lose what little loyalty and commitment remain in his employees. They would consider him a leader who handles change without consulting employees, and who does not communicate in an effective manner. He would lose not only their commitment to the company, but also their respect as followers. However, certain recommendations can help to remedy certain aspects of the situation.
The recommendations are two-fold. Firstly, it is recommended that John makes a thorough assessment of his leadership style and the way in which he intends to communicate change. Secondly, rather than summarily retrenching workers in order to mitigate the company's debt problems, he should also first consider ways in which to handle the existing problems within the company.
In terms of…
Baldoni, John. 2004. Powerful Leadership Communication. Leader to Leader; Spring, Vol. 2004 Issue 32, p20-24
Gandz, Jeffrey. 2000. Global Leadership and Personal Power. Ivey Business Journal, May/June. Retrieved from: http://www.iveybusinessjournal.com/view_article.asp?intArticle_ID=532
Ganz, Jeffrey. 2005. The Leadership Role. Ivey Business Journal, Jan/Feb. Retrieved from: http://www.iveybusinessjournal.com/article.asp?intArticle_ID=735
Gresh, D.L., Connors, D.P., Fasano, J.P. And Wittrock, R.J. 2007. Applying supply chain optimization techniques to workforce planning problems. IBM Journal of Research & Development; May/Jul, Vol. 51 Issue 3/4, p251-261
Environmental oot Cause Analysis
oot Cause Analysis
The business encourages implementation of the techniques and practices involving the correct identifications of issues. The organizations encounter issues during their operations and deploy a number of techniques to eliminate the effects of problematic business processes. The technique used in the case study of Electronics International is based on the effects-based problem identification named as root cause analysis. It provides the advantage of identifying highest level cause. The guidelines for issues identification provide an insight of issues that can have a probable impact on the business performance. These issues are identified as a lack of coordination and business planning. The problem is also causing a considerable amount of financial loss for the business. IT is recommended to utilize third party supply chain services and warehousing facilities to eliminate the issues. Moreover the business…
Andersen, B., & Fagerhaug, T. (2006). Root cause analysis: simplified tools and techniques. USA: ASQ Quality Press.
Heuvel, L.N.V., Lorenzo, D.K., & Hanson, W.E. (2008). Root Cause Analysis Handbook: A Guide to Efficient and Effective Incident Investigation. USA: Rothstein Associates Inc.
Transporation in the Supply Chain
Transportation in the Supply Chain
The company chosen for this project is Brinkmann, a grill manufacturer. This upstream supply chain consists of a variety of raw materials, including various plastics, porcelain, iron, stainless steel, paper, cardboard and other such materials. Suppliers according to the final design required by Brinkmann manufacture the raw materials used. Brinkmann packages them but the end consumer performs the assembly.
The extended enterprise supply chain consists of all suppliers back to the raw materials. The OEM manufacturers of the different parts must contract with raw materials suppliers in order to receive the materials that they need to create the different components of the Brinkmann grills. This means that for Brinkmann to have a fully-optimized supply chain, it must know that its suppliers are going to have fully- optimized supply chains of their own.
The materials are produced by creating…
EMS is a critical component within the survival of society. Society is predicated on the productivity of each of its constituents. However, as is often the case, these members are susceptible to sickness and ailments. EMS is therefore needed to provide aid to insure the proper treatment of society. Often, life can occur unexpected and without warning. A system is needed to responds to these emergencies in a timely manner. However, as we will discuss, EMS is not always timely. Any delays in the system can result in still further injury or even death. This document will describe the pros and cons of EMS and offers suggestions on how to properly improve the system.
First, the essential decision in EMS care is whether the patient should be immediately taken to the hospital, or advanced care resources are taken to the patient where they lie. Often this decision will be in…
1) Barkley, Katherine (1978). The ambulance: the story of emergency transportation of sick and wounded through the centuries. New York: Exposition Press. ISBN 0-682-48983-2.
2) Dick WF (2003). "Anglo-American vs. Franco-German emergency medical services system." Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 18 (1): 29 -- 35; discussion 35 -- 7.
3) Schmidt TA, Federiuk CS, Zechnich A, Forsythe M, Christie M, Andrews C (August 1996). "Advanced life support in the wilderness: 5-year experience of the Reach and Treat team." Wilderness & Environmental Medicine 7 (3): 208 -- 15
4) Kuehl, Alexander E. (Ed.). Prehospital Systems and Medical Oversight, 3rd edition. National Association of EMS Physicians. 2002. @ Chapter 1
policies and regulations that govern the transport industry and how the said regulations have affected how stakeholders in the industry do business.
egulations of the Transportation Industry
On the 24th of March in 2014, a draft regulation that mandated all trucks and transport vehicles to have electronic tracking devices was published and stakeholders were expected to submit comments on the rule not later than two months. Many in the trucking industry voiced their opposition to the draft regulation and it was expected that the draft was unlikely to influence how transporters do business. Another controversial regulation in the industry is the broad changes made to CDLs (Commercial Drivers Licenses) and on the definitions of tank trucks (Craig, 2014). The controversy lies in the fact that though some states have already incorporated this federal rule into their legislations, others have not. This has resulted in inconsistent enforcement of the rule across…
Craig, J. (2014). Transportfolio - Transportfolio Accelerate Your Advantage. The Latest: What to Expect in Transportation Regulation - Transportfolio. Retrieved March 23, 2016, from http://blog.chrobinson.com/transportation-policy/latest-expect-transportation-regulation/
Siciliano. (2015). Political News and Political Analysis about Congress, the President and federal government. Trucking industry braces for new EPA rules for big rigs -- Washington Examiner. Retrieved March 23, 2016, from http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/trucking-industry-braces-for-new-epa-rules-for-big-rigs/article/2565415
(2012). The Logistics Blog -- MyBlueGrace. #BGInvestigates: How Regulations Affect the Transportation Industry -- The Logistics Blog. Retrieved March 23, 2016, from http://blog.mybluegrace.com/bluegrace-logistics/how-regulations-affect-transportation-industry/
(2013). Western Growers. CRACKDOWN ON TRANSPORTATION New regulations, other factors could greatly impact trucking industry -- Western Growers. Retrieved March 23, 2016, from http://www.wga.com/magazine/2013/02/01/crackdown-transportation-new-regulations-other-factors-could-greatly-impact
Public Transport Subsidies
Public transportation represents an example of a social policy that has some economic implications as well. A typical public transportation system will carry with it varying degrees of self-sufficiency. In some cities, fares are held low through heavy subsidies, while in other cities fares are higher and the system a lot closer to being self-sustaining. As with any public good, there are costs and benefits to the public associated with it. The costs tend to be fairly evident, as they are the direct costs associated with running the system -- vehicles, staff, transit centers and other infrastructure. In addition to these direct costs, there are indirect costs. Financing the system via subsidy requires using taxes, or lieu of taxes, borrowing. Both of these come with costs. Taxes represent money taken from one area of the economy -- consumer spending or saving, and applied to government spending. Borrowing…
Litman, T. (2015). Evaluating public transit benefits and costs. Victoria Transport Policy Institute. Retrieved October 18, 2015 from http://www.vtpi.org/tranben.pdf
Weisbrod, G. & Reno, A. (2009). Economic impact of public transportation investment. American Public Transport Association. Retrieved October 18, 2015 from http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/economic_impact_of_public_transportation_investment.pdf
role professional aviation organizations (-government) development air transportation regulation. Choose aviation related organization describe helped develop, change, implement regulation.
The International Air Transport Association
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is probably one of the best known aviation organizations, considering the important role it plays in helping influential airlines cooperate successfully. By implementing values and strategies meant to help the industry thrive, the institution made it possible for aviation companies to bring together ticketing and reservation systems. This process provides society with an international system that puts down traditional boundaries represented by currencies, cultural values, and legislations. IATA is generally in charge or representing a series of airlines and to assist these respective companies in staying a part of an equitable environment while providing the masses with qualitative services.
IATA represents more than two hundred aviation companies and in addition to making sure they are able to provide services in…
Senguttuvan, "Fundamentals of Air Transport Management," (Excel Books India, 2006)
"International Air Transport Association," Retrieved July 17, 2014, from the Princeton University Website
Cargo transport aircraft conceptual design is one of the aircraft engineering designs, which aims at manufacturing or producing one of the world's leading aircraft technologies. The designation of cargo aircrafts aims at creating an aircraft that can take off, travel (fly) and land with lots of technological ease, while carrying as much weight as possible. For such engineering goals to be met, the designers are obliged to apply the principles of aerodynamics, physics, material mechanics and other most appropriate engineering principles (Whitford, 2000). Nevertheless, there are various challenges facing the design process, that is, budget, time management, and team dynamics, which altogether create some unanticipated obstacles to the entire industry. Moreover, there exists particular forms of industrial competition, which may also lead to fall or collapse of a given aircraft company. In order to overcome such challenges and competition for a more successful outcome, the Cargo Transport Aircraft designers have…
This kind of an attitude by the airline staff can put the airline in jeopardy. Since it is a service sector business the responsibility lies on the shoulders of the concerned staff to keep the customers satisfy and provide whatever help that is possible (Borenstein & ose, 1995).When travelling and on board, customers normally expect that they are given quality service and are treated friendly and are made to feel at ease. Giving such a treatment to customers and giving them a friendly and easy feedback is the sole responsibility of the staff as this is the ultimate target behind keeping the motivated and satisfied with their jobs. It must also be noted that ensuring that the staff complies with this behavior is the responsibility of the management and concerned supervisory authorities (Lawton, 2003).
Contrary to this, Frontier Airline has not focused merely on keeping the staff motivated, but it…
Berry, S. (1992). Estimation of a model of entry in an airline industry. Econometrica. 60 (4), 889-917.
Borenstein,, S. (1989). Hubs and high fares: dominance and market power in the U.S. airline industry. The RAND Journal of Economics. 20(3), 344-365.
Borenstein, S. & Rose, N (1995). Competition and price dispersion in the U.S. airline industry. The National Bureau of Economic Research. 3785(1).
Bassett, G. (1992). Operations Management for Service Industries: Competing in the Service Era. Westport, CT: Quorum Books. Retrieved October 17, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=6827332
Intermodal transportation is a logistics term that refers to using multiple modes of transportation to deliver goods (ATD Lines, 2014). Typically, such goods are loaded into a shipping container, a corrugated metal box that is easy to move using different modes of transportation. The modes are usually boats, trucks and trains, but there may be times when air freight is used, or even unconventional transportation modes for certain goods and situations. A typical route might be to use a boat to move the good from one continent to another, then use a train to get the container closer to its destination, then a truck for final delivery. So for example, using a container ship to get a load of cowboy shirts from Dhaka to Singapore, then on to Los Angeles. At that point, the train takes it to Albuquerque, where it then takes a left via truck up the interstate…
ATD Lines. (2014). What is intermodal transportation? ATD Lines. Retrieved March 7, 2014 from http://www.atdlines.com/pdf/market.pdf
Bektas, T. & Crainic, T. (2007). A brief overview of intermodal transportation. CIRRELT T-2007-03. Retrieved March 7, 2014 from http://www.researchgate.net/publication/228526622_A_brief_overview_of_intermodal_transportation/file/e0b49517bd29956ee3.pdf
South Africa's Public Transportation Needs
Among the most developed and visited nations on the African continent, South Africa offers a number of options for domestic transportation. Offering an array of 567 airports, with 9 international airports, as well as a railway system that the CIA orld Factbook identifies as 14th largest in the world, South Africa's public transportation system is comparatively modern within the scope of the continent. However, it is also the case that a number of strategic land use improvements are needed in order to produce a more refined and dynamic transportation system.
According to Move, Inc. (2012), South Africa's newly opened Johannesburg International Airport has helped to increase the nations air travel capabilities by increasing the city's service capacity by 18 million passengers annually. However, today, the CIA orld Factbook reports, more than three-quarters of all runways in South Africa remain unpaved. ith R1 billion committed…
BBC News. (1999). South Africa's Deadly Roads. BBC.co.uk.
CIA. (2013). South Africa. The World Factbook.
Move, Inc. (2012). Transportation. South Africa: Facts and Stats.
International Logistics Management
The word, "logistics," together with the actions entailed in it, has its origins in the military provisions and equipment supply process. 'Logistics' in business emerged during the fifties, when materials supply and product shipping became increasingly complex, in an era of increasing globalization. Nowadays, business circles employ the word for describing efficient goods storage and flow between their points of origin and points of consumption. Global supply chains form a key part of the logistics process these days, and cover tasks such as storage, transportation, shipping, and receipt, in addition to managing all the above areas. In the field of business, logistics may be employed in information, inventory, transportation, materials handling, warehousing, packaging, security, and disposal (obert, 2012).
The official definition of the word "logistics" is given by the CSCMP (Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals) -- the distinguished global SCM professional association. According to the Council,…
Abrahamsson, M., Aldin, N., & Stahre, F. (2003). Logistics platforms for improved strategic flexibility. International Journal of Logistics: Research and Applications, 6(3), 85-106.
Abrahamsson, M., & Brege, S. (2004). Dynamic Effectiveness-Improved industrial distribution from interaction between marketing and logistics strategies. Journal of Marketing
Channels, 12(2), 83-112.
Barney, J. B. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99-120.
Technology, Transportation, and Society - Then, Now and the Near Future
Technology, transportation and society are three areas that are interlinked. Technology determines what transportation will exist. The transportation that exists determines how we will live and the nature of our society also determines what transportation is created.
Transportation systems have developed considerably in the last century, giving us the society we currently have. The major development in the last few decades is in technology, with this likely to have a significant impact on future transportation systems.
The current transportation systems have also resulted in several problems, mostly related to environmental and quality of life issues. An understanding of these problems is likely to result in better planning and application of future transportation systems.
To look into the future of transportation, it is necessary to first look back at the history of transportation. By looking at where transportation has evolved…
Ball, D., & McCulloch, W. (1999). International Business. New York: McGraw Hill.
Benjamin, P. (1973). Analysis of Dualmode Systems in an Urban Area. U.S. Department of Transportation.
Bishop, R. (2001). Whatever Happened to Automated Highway Systems (AHS)? Traffic Management International, Aug-Sep 2001.
Bourland, G.N. (2001). Las Colinas: The Inside Story of America's Premier Urban Development. Dallas, TX: HappyMe Publishing.
Global Position System (GPS)
System Wide Information Management (SWIM)
Advanced data Communication
Next Network Enabled Weather
The NAS Voice Switch
Structural design of new aircrafts
In this paper, we look into the new technological development in the air transport system such as GPS in air traffic management, airport infrastructure and proactive safety management. In details the paper discusses the user of specific situation awareness including a new broadband information network, weather observation, prediction and impacts; security, presumably without limiting mobility or civil liberties harmonization of equipage and operations globally and environmental protection with sustained economic growth.
The aviation industry is the foundation of the U.S. economy. According to Swenson (2006) the industry is critical to the economic growth of the nation and has a greater influence on our quality of life. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and a number of analysts have noted that air traffic operations are on…
FAA (2006). Roadmap for Performance-Based Navigation Washington, DC.
ICAO (2005). Global Air Traffic Management Operational Concept, First Edition,
Document 9854. Montreal, Quebec.
JPDO (2005). Progress report on the Next Generation Air Transportation System Integrated
This is because it still has troubles recovering from the 9/11 events. It is almost as if the government is paranoid when it comes to air transport, feeling that it should not be supervised by the private sector. This is likely to continue for some years now, until the U.S. government will be willing to allow the private sector to take over. Matters are critical, and if the private sector will be given complete authority over air transport the U.S.'s influence is likely to descend even more (Dilger 72).
All across the twentieth century the U.S. has struggled to become independent when it came to the production of oil. Considering the Arab oil embargo in 1973, it seems natural for the U.S. To want to lessen its dependence on foreign oil. U.S. transportation can be severely affected if the country's oil suppliers lessen the amount of oil they…
1. Diliger, Robert Jay. (2003). "American transportation policy." Greenwood Publishing Group.
Eastern Asia Society for Transport Studies, (2005). The Role of Transportation in Logistics Chain. Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 5, pp. 1659. Retrieved June 7, 2013 from http://www.siam.org/journals/plagiary/1657.pdf
This is a publication of a society that is made u of professionals in the field of transport and logistics. As a matter of fact, the paper was written by three selected professionals in the field, two of them were directors of transport systems in University of Australia and the third being a PhD candidate. This is a reliable source and people with vast knowledge in the arena of transport and logistics hence the reliability on them and the proceedings paper that they co-authored.
The publisher of the article is Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies which is a reliable publisher and an authority in the transport sector since that is their area of specialization.…
District of Columbia Metro Environment Must Be Funded for Efficient Transport to Be Realized
Cole, Danny. "The effect of a curfew law on juvenile crime in ashington, DC.." American Journal of Criminal Justice 27.2 (2003): 217-232
This journal investigates the criminal patterns in DC. The journal will facilitate this research in the nature of the crime, and the way criminals in DC. use the relatively underutilized infrastructure to foster their goals.
Grieger, T.A.. "Follow-Up of Pentagon Employees Two Years After the Terrorist Attack of September 11, 2001." Psychiatric Services 56.11 (2005): 1374-1378
This article assesses the nature of September 11, 2001 Terrorist attack in the neighboring state of Virginia. In this article, one will notice how DC transport system can present a possible breeding place for terrorist. The article will also elaborate further on the issue of transport and domestic insecurity.
Guo, Zhan. "Does residential parking supply affect…
Cole, Danny. "The effect of a curfew law on juvenile crime in Washington, DC.." American Journal of Criminal Justice 27.2 (2003): 217-232
Grieger, T.A.. "Follow-Up of Pentagon Employees Two Years After the Terrorist Attack of September 11, 2001." Psychiatric Services 56.11 (2005): 1374-1378
Guo, Zhan. "Does residential parking supply affect household car ownership? The case of New York City." Journal of Transport Geography 26 (2013): 18-28
Kamruzzaman, Md., Douglas Baker, Simon Washington, and Gavin Turrell. "Residential dissonance and mode choice." Journal of Transport Geography 33 (2013): 12-28
SUBJECT: Preliminary Timelines of Events
Light rail systems have become common transportation channels in many cities in the United States over the past few decades. Many cities across the country have adopted light rail systems as a means of regional public transportation. Light rail systems are classified into two major categories including light cars, which are commonly known as trams, trolleys or street cars. The second category comprises multicar trains that are isolated from roadways and operate along their own right of way (Garett, 2004). In addition to enhancing transportation, the development of light rail system is associated with some community benefits like lessening traffic congestion, reducing pollution, enhancing economic development, and job creation. Therefore, this regional transportation district would significantly benefit from increased development of light rail transportation system.
To help enhance the development of a light rail transportation system in this district, voters have just approved a mil…
Indicative Literature eview
Theories of Transport Safety
WMATA Accidents & the Debate
Analysis and Evaluation of the Key Issues
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has recorded a number of rail accidents and other incidents within the jurisdiction of the Washington DC Metro Transit Authority (WMATA) in the past six years. A centralized approach taken by the Federal Transport Agency (FTA) and the safety management department has not helped in the reduction of the incidents that are potentially hazardous and detrimental for travelers.
There have been talks about adopting new approaches and methods to deal with the issues that lead to the accidents and incidents. These measures are expected to yield results over a period of 5-10 s. The exposure to the risk of accidents and the safety performance would be reduced by the implementation of the measures (oversight.house.gov, 2015).
Since the process of management of road…
Dhillon, B. (2011). Transportation systems reliability and safety. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Friend, M. and Kohn, J. (2007). Fundamentals of occupational safety and health. Lanham, Md.: Government Institutes.
Goetsch, D. (2010). The basics of occupational safety. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Jha, N. (2008). Research methodology. Chandigarh: Abhishek Publications.
ir Cargo, Inc. only flew cargo from December, 1941 (when Pearl Harbor was attacked) through November, 1944. t that time, Siddiqi explains that individual airline companies authored their own freight services, and on page 2 the author of this article notes that in time the major passenger airlines began offering freight forwarding service and that pretty well eliminated the need for a whole fleet of airline companies that just forwarded freight (Siddiqi). Only Flying Tiger stayed aloft as a strictly air freight company until the 1980s when Federal Express entered the picture. More on FedEx later in this paper.
The Literature -- the History of ir Freight Transportation -- Berlin ir Lift
When the long, bloody war was over it was time for the winning llies to divide up the territory that once was Nazi Germany, the negotiated, agreed-upon divisions gave the llies (U.S., Britain, and France) the Western…
April 20, 2012, from http://www.centennialofflight.gov.
Wilde, Robert. (2005). Berlin Blockade / Berlin Airlift. About.com. Retrieved April 20, 2012,
From http://europeanhistory.about.com .
This training is designed to increase employees' safety awareness and to reduce the possibility of incidents related to hazardous materials. This training is deemed important in that, ."
A insufficient understanding of the rules is often a factor contributing to such incidents. For example, in 17 of 25 dangerous goods enforcement cases we reviewed involving businesses, FAA identified employees' lack of training as a contributing factor. (Undeclared Air shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT's Enforcement)
It is significant that outreach programs also form an important part of the FAA's hazardous materials policy. This policy aims to"... prevent accidents and incidents related to hazardous materials by redoubling its outreach to industry and the community" (FAA Hazardous Materials Program).
This includes aspects such as the holding of news conferences by the FAA to convey the regulations and the importance of adhering to these regulations to various sectors of industry and…
Del Valle C. (1997) the HIGH COST of SAFETY., Business Week, 1/13/97,
FAA Hazardous Materials Program. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at http://www.faa.gov/news/fact_sheets/news_story.cfm?newsKey=4210
Larson R. Hazardous material top priority for FAA: Budget bolstered for more inspectors. The Washington Times: www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=FAA+hazardous+cargo%20pubdate:%5b19960713;19960719%5dJuly 16, 1996. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-56869537.html
PHSA: Part IV: Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at http://hazmat.dot.gov/regs/rules/final/68fr/68fr-23831.htm
Women Participation in Marine Industry
The Relation Ship between the Participation of Woman in Maritime Sectors and Various Policy Organizations
Women represent a considerable portion of the world's labor force. However they face the hurdles of wage discrimination, harassment, and occupational segregation which ultimately limit their economic advancement. Historically, marine industry does not tend to be a successful career path for women. However, with the passage of time women have penetrated quite deeply in this marine industry. This essay highlights the participation of women in marine industry and the role played by policy making organizations like International Transport Federation (ITF), Seafarers International Research Center (SIRC), International Labor Organization (ILO), and International Maritime Organization (IMO). It explains the extent to which these various marine bodies are addressing the issue of gender.
The Relation Ship between the Participation of Woman in Maritime Sectors and Various Policy Organizations
Traditionally marine industry has been…
Belcher, P. Sampson, H., Thomas, M., Veiga, J. & Zhao, M. (2003). Women Seafarers: Global
Employment Practices and Policies, Geneva: International Labor Organization.
Dcomm (2003). Women seafarers: Fighting against the tide? As on land, so by sea: Women join
the ranks of seafarers, World of Work Magazine, 49, Retrieved September 29, 2012, from http://www.ilo.org/global/publications/magazines-and-journals/world-of-work-magazine/articles/WCMS_081322/lang -- en/index.htm
There are several benefits that a global consumer electronic firm could derive from inter-project learning.
First, inter-project learning allows firm to enhance project completeness. Prencipe, & Tell (2001) argue that inter-project learning allows firms to execute a project in a best method. In the present competitive market environment, project is the key to the dynamic competitive capabilities. Typically, accumulation of knowledge builds project competencies, which could enhances market performances of a global consumer electronic firm. Experience has revealed that project-based firm has been able to record high profit in the market environment. ( Brady, and Davies, 2004).Through inter-project learning, a global consumer electronic firm will be able to better estimate the project costs and this will enhance ability to deliver the project with success. Moreover, the inter-project learning will enable the company to estimate the project risks efficiently. By better evaluating the project risks, the project manager will be…
Anbari, F.T., Carayannis, E.G. And Voetsch, R.J. (2008) Post-project reviews as a key project management competence, Technovation, Vol. 28, pp.633-643.
Brady, T. And Davies, a. (2004) Building of the Project Capabilities: From Exploratory to Exploitative Learning, Organization Studies, Vol.25, No.9, pp.1601-1621.
Prencipe, a. & Tell, F. (2001). Processes and outcomes Inter-project learning: knowledge codification in project-based firms. Research Policy. 30: 1373 -- 1394
Applying ABC system Rail Agenty RTA Dubai
The aim of this project is to apply the Activity-Based Costing (ABC) methodology in Rail Agency (RA) at Road and Transport Authority (RTA) in Dubai in the process of accounting for costs. Before applying the ABC model to the RA at RTA there is provision of background information about RA and RTA. The project proceeds by explaining what ABC system is and its importance. After the explanation, the system is applied to RA at RT beginning with the identification of activities up to the last step, which is calculating the total costs of offering services at RA. Last the project concludes by analysis and discussion, a section that handles the relevance of ABC system to RA.
The aim of this paper is to apply the Activity-Based Costing (ABC) system in the Rail Agency (RA) at Road and Transport Authority (RTA) in Dubai…
The traditional bilateral air service agreements do have some restrictions that prevent foreign airlines to invest in foreign hubs, however, with the open skies agreements such restrictions do not exist and an airline will be able to fully exploit its investments in a foreign country thereby facilitating service between preferred cargo airports. The provision of such agreements also promote cargo services by guaranteeing access to customs facilities and processing, offering a range of ground-handling options, and availing surface transportation necessary for flights. Such provisions enable cargo carriers to efficiently monitor and control cargo from their point of departure to their final destination. This will enhance faster and safer delivery of cargo translating into value-added service to customers.
The benefits derived from the development in the international air transport is not limited to air services industry alone but spreads to cover several service providers, labor market, manufacturers, and the general economy…
Alford, E. And Champley, R. (2007). The impact of the 2007 U.S.-EU open skies air transport agreement. ITA Occasional Paper no. 07-001
Brueckner, J. And W.T. Whalen, (2000). "The Price Effects of International Airline Alliances,"
The Journal of Law and Economics: 43(2), 503-545
Hertel, T.W. (1997) Global Trade Analysis: Modeling and Applications. Cambridge University Press: New York
These sheets contain information regarding a substances hazard class and steps an employee or organization should take if any person is exposed to the hazardous substance in question. Also provided is detailed information regarding the handling and care of hazardous materials.
HAZMAT Training equirements
It is absolutely essential to the livelihood and well being of employees and organizations that anyone involved in transporting hazmat is adequately tested, trained and certified. Training can mean the difference between life and death for individuals working with hazardous materials. Fortunately there are federal and state regulations that currently govern the types of training employers must offer with respect to hazmat. This training is standardized to ensure that ell people handling hazardous materials are adequately informed and trained regarding transportation, handling and any problems they might encounter during daily operations with hazmat materials.
HAZMAT training is any training for employees that operate a motor vehicle…
CDL. (2005). DOL - CDL FAQs." CDL Department of Licensing. 25, Sept 2005:
EHS. (2005). "DOT definition of hazardous material." 26, Sept 2005:
Spiritual Care Practices
Mitchell, Andrea. (2011), Focusing on mind, body, and spirit while caring for patients and their families. Critical Care Nurse, (31), 69-70.
How did the transport nurse manage the patient's physical needs?
What is so extraordinary about the story of the transport nurse, as related in Mitchell (2011) is the degree to which the nurse, even while dealing with the emotionally-fraught situation of a critically ill patient going to view the body of his dead wife, was able to be mindful of Mr. L's physical needs. For the journey, the patient Mr. L was initially switched to a travel ventilator. However, when he did not tolerate this, the nurse suggested a manual resuscitation bag instead, although the travel ventilator was still brought along during the transport. The transport nurse carefully monitored the patient throughout the visitation. During the ceremony at the chapel where his wife's body was present,…
Urban ITS Services on oad Transport:
Urban public transport services have attracted considerable attention in relation to the interaction between general traffic and public transport modes. These transportation services have been characterized with issues regarding the costs of operations and the quality of service across public transportation modes. Given the need for smooth traffic flow, there have been various initiatives geared towards the improvement of urban public transport services. One of the major initiatives that have been adopted in the recent past is the introduction of new systems or Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) signals. These systems have had tremendous impact on positioning, navigation, and timing for Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in urban areas. These systems have been introduced as part of the constant new technology, practices, and research for management of traffic, which is increasingly becoming a complex process and exercise. Intelligent Transport Systems assist in increasing mobility and…
Cheon, S n.d., An Overview of Automated Highway Systems (AHS) and the Social and Institutional Challenges they Face, UC Transportation Center, viewed 17 August 2014,
Ochieng, W.Y, Turhan, B.E, Fox, J & Johnston, G 2000, Road Transport Navigation
Requirements in Urban Areas: Assessment of the Performance of GPS and the Design of a LAAS, The Institute of Navigation, viewed 17 August 2014,
Vahidi, A & Eskandarian, A 2003, Research Advances in Intelligent Collision Avoidance and Adaptive Cruise Control, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 4, no. 3, pp.143-153.
Economic entities can be influenced by the area they are located in, with the entities positioned in the vicinity of economic blocks like NAFTA or the European Union being advantaged and thus more likely to engage in trade. People in North America and those in Western Europe are advantaged because of their position, meaning that the trade business they get involved in is normally more intense in comparison to the trade performed by economic entities that reside further away from economic blocks.
Security has always been a crucial matter when it came to freight transportation. However, this topic has not been given special attention until the 9/11 events, which marked the beginning of great changes in transportation policies. It previously seemed perfectly normal to check freights for illegal substances, undocumented immigrants, and piracy. Even with that, the World Trade Center events brought forward a new set of security concerns. The…
cars in the 20th century, man has always been in a hurry to cover more distance and save more time. This allowed man to populate different areas without even minding the distance from his daily destination, either work or leisure. Suburbs were developed, far flanged areas were reached, industries flourished in and out of the cities, the economy reached new heights among other improvement and speed was the primary ingredient for all of these developments.
Trains cars and other vehicles of transport became a practical means of living, studying, and working, at times, the site of urban behaviours and could be observed as an effect for the speedily modernising city itself. The impact of this sense of dependence of man towards his traveling machine has completely altered his perception about its real use and advantage. Traveling in trains, cars or any other means of transport has become more of a…
They point out that if a suspected terrorist gets on a plane and gets off at a place like Copenhagen or Toronto and demands asylum, even if he is not granted asylum, he's pretty much got a safe haven to operate in because he can' be deported or extradited back to where ever he came from. They believe that such lenient 'European' laws create a huge gap in security, which need to be tightened and that human rights conventions such as the Convention Against Torture make it almost impossible for states to gain a reasonable and necessary degree of assurance against devastating attacks in an age of asymmetrical warfare against international terrorists.
Former U.S. officials such as Michael Scheuer, who helped to set up the CIA's rendition program during the Clinton administration, are more forthcoming about commenting on the nature and existence of 'extraordinary' renditions. Scheuer has in different statements…
Begg, Moazzam. "Rendition: Tortured Truth." New Statesman 26 June 2006: 19.
Below the radar: Secret flights to torture and 'disappearance.'" Amnesty International Report. April 5, 2006. February 5, 2008 http://www.amnesty.org/en/alfresco_asset/5d82f002-a2d8-11dc-8d74-6f45f39984e5/amr510512006en.html
Charter, David. "Britain accused on secret CIA flights." Times Online. November 29, 2006. February 5, 2008. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/article653418.ece
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment." Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. 1987. February 5, 2008. http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/h_cat39.htm
Constantly updated information as to goods' and materials' whereabouts can also lead to more effective decisions by suppliers, consumers, and transportation firms alike, and the use of the Internet and other telecommunications systems will lead to exactly this ability to update.
Other applications for modern container tracking devices will continue to emerge as the technology becomes more refined. Tracking individual units is already possible, though expensive, but for sensitive and high-priced items this might already make fiscal sense. Security and efficiency will both continue to be improved by greater tracking abilities.
Video Intro: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5VBd7PB3rhk
This video provides an excellent yet brief version of the development of the railway, and specifically of the standardization of railway gauges, as it developed in England in the seventeenth century. This is something that is touched on only briefly in Chapter Three, towards the beginning of the section on railways, and it might seem to…
Regulating Oil and Gas Drilling and Transport
The American economy runs on energy produced from oil, coal, natural gas, hydroelectric power, nuclear power and renewable sources like solar and wind energies. In fact according to a report in the Congressional Research Service, oil provides the United States with 40% of its total energy needs. It is used in myriad ways, providing "…fuel for the transportation, industrial, and residential sectors" (Ramseur, 2012). Because of the great need for energy to fuel the American economy, oil in "vast quantities" enters the country and moves through the country by ships and by pipelines, Ramseur explains in the Congressional Research Service. Hence, it is inevitable that some spills will occur, and they certainly do occur, notwithstanding the attempts by the industry to conduct its business safely.
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports that the U.S. consumed 6.87 billion barrels (about 18.83 million barrels…
American Petroleum Institute. (2012). Energy Security. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from http://www.api.org.
Barkham, Patrick. (2010).Oil spills: Legacy of the Torrey Canyon. The Guardian. Retrieved February 14, 2013, from http://www.guardian.co.uk .
Griffin, Catherine. (2013). European Satellite Confirms Arctic Ocean is on Thin Ice, Global
Warming Strikes Again. Science World Report. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from http://www.scienceworldreport.com .
U.S. statistics indicate that 80% of aviation accidents are due to human errors with 50% due to maintenance human factor problems. Current human factor management programs have not succeeded to the degree desired. Many industries today use performance excellence frameworks such as the Baldrige National Quality Award framework to improve over-all organizational effectiveness, organizational culture and personal learning and growth. A survey administered to a sample population of senior aviation maintainers in 18 countries revealed a consistent problem with aviation human factors and the need for a more integrated framework to manage human factor problems in aviation maintenance.
Human Factors History
Current Human Factor programs in Aircraft Maintenance
Performance Excellence Framework
esearcher's Work Setting and ole
Statement of the Problem
EVIEW OF ELEVANT LITEATUE AND ESEACH
Human Factor Errors in Aircraft Maintenance Statistics
Current Human Factor Programs in Aircraft Maintenance 13
Aviation Performance Excellence Framework 12
Statement of esearch Question…
Boeing. (1993). Accident Prevention Strategies. Commercial Jet Aircraft Accidents
World Wide Operations 1982-1991. Retrieved 11 Nov, 2004 from http://www.hf.faa.gov / Portal/HFTimeline.aspx
Boeing. (1994). Field test of the MEDA process. Retrieved 17 Dec, 2004 from William L.
Nursing and Spirituality
How did the transport nurse manage the patient's physical needs?
When the patient was moved to a stretcher he was placed on a travel ventilator and the transport and bedside nurse had to suction his secretions. But he did not appear to tolerate the other ventilator well so the transport nurse instead used the manual resuscitation bag for transport. Since the manual ventilation continued to go well it was used in place of the travel ventilator for the duration of the transport.
How did the transport nurse manage the spiritual needs?
The patient was placed close to his wife's casket so that he could easily see her. The nurse allowed the family time and space for themselves but stepped forward to offer guidance when needed, such as the offering of a prayer. Later a life review was begun that gave the entire family an opportunity to begin…
Sometime the debtor is able to successfully reduce its liability and returns to profitability but quite often it returns to seek the court's protection again and sometime the end result is liquidation.
Under Chapter 11 protections, the debtor gets an automatic protection from all creditors. The unsecured creditors cannot lay a claim on assets and secured creditors are also prevented from foreclosing on their collateral. A Chapter-11 company also gets the advantage of discarding or renegotiating union agreements, ability to freeze or cut wages and benefits and restructures its staffing requirement. Retirement and pension plans can also be reviewed or the company can transfer its pension obligations to the Federal Pension enefit Guaranty Corporation.
The reorganization is carried out by the bankruptcy and the court appointed trustee. The trustee appoints committee(s) to represent the creditor's interests and work out a plan for reorganization of the company. The reorganization plan must…
Boser, R.J., Has the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 adversely affected airline safety? Retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005. http://www.airlinesafety.com/faq/faq3.htm
Delaney, K.J., Strategic Bankruptcy (Review), Retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005. http://www.ucpress.edu/books/pages/5725.html
Fix, J.L., The chaotic skies: A look at how deregulation has affected the airline industry, 2001, retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005. http://www.freep.com/money/airtravel/dereg2_20010302.htm
Isidore, C., U.S. Air files Chapter 11 -- "again, retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005. http://money.cnn.com/2004/09/13/news/fortune500/usair_bankruptcy
Fantastic Voyage-Fem artery to ight lung
A Fantastic Voyage from the ight Femoral Artery to the ight Lung
The human body is an intricate system of labyrinths that work together to maintain essential functions and thus maintain an individuals physical health. Two systems that work together are the circulatory and cardiopulmonary systems. Together, these systems help to transport gasses, nutrients, wastes, and hormones to various organs in the body. While it is may be easy to get lost in the multitude of paths that lead to the rest of the body from the heart, finding one's way from the right femoral vein to the lower lobe of the right lung via the right pulmonary artery is much simpler than would be expected.
Let us begin our journey in the right femoral vein. After a long and treacherous journey, we find ourselves in the right femoral vein and must figure out…
Cotterill, S. (2000). The cardiovascular system (heart and blood): medical terminology for cancer. Department of Child Health. University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Retrieved 19 July 2012, from http://www.cancerindex.org/medterm/medtm8.htm
Gregory, M (n.d.). The circulatory system. Clinton Community College. State University of New York. Retrieved 19 July 2012, from http://faculty.clintoncc.suny.edu/faculty/michael.gregory/files/Bio%20100/Bio%20100%20Lectures/Organ%20Systems/Circulatory%20System/Circulatory%20System.htm
Inner Body (2011). All systems. Retrieved 19 July 2012, from http://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html
The enclosed project contains a summary of operations for Kinder Morgan's Earnings, Cost of Capital, Target Multiples, and various assumptions that were used to construct pro forma financial statements and valuation summaries.
The natural gas industry has changed dramatically, and is much more open to competition and choice. Wellhead prices are no longer regulated; meaning the price of natural gas is dependent on supply and demand interactions. Interstate pipelines no longer take ownership of the natural gas commodity; instead they offer only the transportation component, which is still under federal regulation.
There are about 160 pipeline companies in the United States, operating over 300,000 miles of pipe. Of this, 180,000 miles consist of interstate pipelines. This pipeline capacity is capable of transporting over 148 Billion cubic feet (Bcf) of gas per day from producing regions to consuming regions?, and 123 natural gas storage operators, which control…
EMS single-tier response (ST) or a multi-Tier response (MT) is optimal for a community?
While EMS are present in every community, each community has different needs and the response of the EMS should be tailored in a community-specific fashion. For example, some communities are far more dependent upon EMS to provide critical services because of their demographics. A large city such as New York will often have more critical incidents due to violence or safety hazards. Also, the logistics of mobility within a city can mean that a single-tiered response (ST) is more appropriate. At the other extreme, a rural area, because of a lack of medical resources such as nearby hospitals, can also benefit from a ST, given that aspects of primary care and treatment may need to be given immediately on the scene due to the lack of available resources at point of care. In terms of a…
Blackwell, T.H. & Kaufman, J.S. (2002). Response time effectiveness: comparison of response time and survival in an urban emergency medical services system. Academy of Emergency Medicine, 9(4):288-95.
Criss, E. (1994). EMS research. Retrieved from:
EMS dispatch and response. (1983). Fire Chief Magazine. Retrieved from:
These cells have an enzyme on their surface that attracts fat. The number and distribution of adipose cells has a genetic component, and is usually determined in early childhood.
Describe the major metabolic diseases associated with lipid metabolism, transport and storage for humans?
Diseases associated with lipid metabolism, transport and storage included: high cholesterol, combined hyperlipidemia, familial hypercholesterolemia, high density lipoprotein, and hypertriglyceridemia,
How do unsaturated and saturated fatty acids differ from each other?
Saturated fats contain carbon atoms with a single bond between them and as many hydrogen atoms as possible bonded to the carbon atoms. Saturated fats contain carbon atoms with a double bond, and can therefore absorb more hydrogen atoms. Healthy diets are low in saturated fats, since they raise blood cholesterol levels.
What are the roles of Essential Fatty Acids (EFA) in humans?
There are two essential fatty acids: the omega-3 fatty acids and the moega-6…
No Author Given (2007). Intestinal Uptake of Lipids, retrieved 6/20/2007 at http://web.indstate.edu/thcme/mwking/lipoproteins.html.
No Author Give (2007) Enzymes and Digestion of Lipids, retrieved 6/20/2007 at http://www.afs.ttu.edu/home/swkim/ANSC3301/001/11%20Lipid-Dig-001.pdf
No Author Given (2007). Lipids - 1, retrieved 6/20/2007 at http://scidiv.bcc.ctc.edu/rkr/Biology130/lectures/pdfs/lipids130.pdf
Barrier island beaches generally develop where:
a The coast is composed of hard rock b the nearby land has a rugged topography of hills and mountains c the sea floor deepens rapidly offshore d The sea floor remains shallow for a long distance offshore
During storms in winter:
a There is a higher percentage of fine-grained sand on beaches
b More erosion occurs in bays than on headlands
c Beaches are eroded d Beaches are built up e Offshore sand bars are destroyed
Along the Midocean ridge
a earthquakes occur b sea floor spreading occurs c volcanism occurs d all the above occur
Where would you find examples of barrier island coasts?
c British Columbia and Alaska
d Texas and the Gulf Coast
Which of the following boundaries characterize the San Andreas Fault?
d None of the…
At the time, the industry sought to examine both oil pollution in general and ocean dumping as well as land-based sources of ocean pollution. According to ang, "More significant was the rapid technological development in the design of large-sized oil tankers which required constant rule changes. By 1973 it was evident that the 1954 convention provisions were inadequate or outdated, and by then the likelihood of the 1954 convention coming into force was rather doubtful" (334).
The new protocol ultimately entered into force in January 1978. The 1973 version of MARPOL was comprised of 20 articles concerning general obligations under the convention (e.g., prohibition of violation of requirements, rules for ship inspection, enforcement, reporting on incidents involving harmful substances, and most importantly, five technical annexes or regulations on 1) oil pollution; 2) control of noxious liquid substances in bulk; 3) harmful substances carried by sea in package forms or in…
Advice on Impact of Reduction in Sulfur Content of Marine Fuels Marketed in the EU." (2002, January 1). European Commission Study C.1/01/2002.
Brewer, Stuart. (2005, March 15). "Marpol Annex VI sets sulphur test." DNV Germany. [Online]. Available: http://www.dnv.de/Publikationen/classification_news/class_news_1_2005/MarpolAnnexVIsetssulphurtest.asp.
Chasek, Pamela S. Earth Negotiations: Analyzing Thirty Years of Environmental Diplomacy. New York: United Nations University Press, 2001.
Consultation Paper regarding the European Commission's proposal for a Directive amending Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the sulphur content of marine fuels. (2003, July). European Parliament.
role sumed pipeline EGYPT international trade kind special services customers petroleum sector. notice: references internet .
Sumed Pipeline in Egypt
Traditionally, oil would be transported from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean region via the Suez Canal, which has also earned a remarkable historic resonance to its name. After a decade of construction, the Suez Canal was first used in 1869 and its aim is that of allowing transportation by water from Asia to Europe, without having to travel around Africa.
The Suez Canal is the traditional choice for transporting goods from one region to the other, and it is open to the access of all vessels, in times of war and peace, regardless of the flags carried by the vessels. Still, a shortage in using the Suez Canal is represented by the delays which can be encountered and the queues that can be created.
As a result of these…
Strumph, D., Whittaker, M. (2011). Egypt unrest strokes oil, gold. The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704680604576110530618545842.html accessed on October 30, 2012
Wahba, A.L., (2011). Egypt's military deploys along Sumed oil pipeline, official says. Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-02-01/egypt-military-deploys-along-sumed-oil-pipe-adds-sentries-official-says.html accessed on October 30, 2012
(2006). Website of Sumed Pipeline. http://www.sumed.org accessed on October 30, 2012
(2011). No delays on Egypt's Sumed pipeline, Suez Canal: local sources. Platts. http://www.platts.com/RSSFeedDetailedNews/RSSFeed/Shipping/8501741 accessed on October 30, 2012
Integration of Cardiovascular/Gastrointestinal Systems
Integration of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems within the human body
The integration of the gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems allow for nutrients to be introduced, broken down, and absorbed by body to maintain and promote healthy bodily functions. Independently, these systems serve separate functions, but when working in conjunction, help to transport necessary nutrients throughout the body, while maintaining and promoting homeostasis within the systems. Any imbalance within these systems will greatly affect the body, as a whole, and can lead to potentially fatal results.
Integration of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems within the human body
The gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems of the human body help to breakdown and transport items that are ingested, such as food and medication, to the necessary parts of the body, expelling wastes that are not needed. Separately, the gastrointestinal and cardiac systems have different functions, but when the systems work in conjunction…
Bowen, R 2002, Salivary glands and saliva, Colorado State University, viewed 14 September 2011, http://www.vivo.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/digestion/pregastric/salivary.html
Cleveland Clinic 2005, The structure and function of the digestive system, viewed 29 September 2011, http://www.cchs.net/health/health-info/docs/1600/1699.asp?index=7041
Cotterill, S 2000, The cardiovascular system (heart and blood): medical terminology for cancer, Department of Child Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, viewed 14 September 2011, http://www.cancerindex.org/medterm/medtm8.htm
Gregory, M n.d., The circulatory system, Clinton Community College, State University of New York, viewed 15 September 2011, http://faculty.clintoncc.suny.edu/faculty/michael.gregory/files/Bio%20100/Bio%20100%20Lectures/Organ%20Systems/Circulatory%20System/Circulatory%20System.htm
Proposal for New DWI Laws for Missouri
DWI laws will always be contentious, with different viewpoints impacting on requirements of the laws. If rewriting the Missouri DWI laws the following would be recommended, the reasons for each recommendation are provided.
1. The legal limit; A person will be deemed to be intoxicated if they have a blood alcohol content higher than the level allowed. The level allowed for drivers of commercial vehicles will be 0%, for drivers under age of 21 and under it will be 0.01 and for drivers over the age of 21 it will be 0.05. The bill will also include any type of intoxication or undue influence of other substances which impair judgement.
There is a clear relationship between higher blood alcohol content and higher road traffic accidents (Karakus et al. 440; Fell and Voas 869). The implementation of a zero blood alcohol level would be…
On te average day, Boris Bikes attracts 9,617 users.
During one of te transit unions' 24-our strikes in early October, usage of Boris Bikes jumped 23% to 11,822.
Altoug te bike ire program as been fairly well-received in London, and increasingly so since te tube delays, it may be a purely London penomenon for now. Residents in Harrow, for example, seem skeptical of te necessity and effectiveness of public bike rental program.
One Harrow resident, Ricard Long, 38, commented tat "Outside of London te bikes will ave no use and, especially in Harrow, tey would just be vandalized." Anoter resident, a banker wo wised to remain confidential, added tat "everyting is close by and people would use alternative ways to get into te city, people will eiter use te bus or teir own cars. Te only way tat I can see te Boris Bikes working is if tere are dockings…
Others, who are perhaps a little older and beginning to feel the effects of older age and the onset of related health conditions, prefer retirement communities. Here they can retain a relatively independent life for as long as possible, while still having access to health, transport, meals, and other assisting services they might need.
In terms of housing, a number of options have therefore begun to evolve for older people who prefer not to enter institutional care if they can avoid it. It is therefore important for agencies and professionals who work with older people to establish which the best fit would be for each individual client involved. Not all older people, for example, can afford assisted care, as this tends to be towards the more expensive end of the market.
Another important component of environmental fit is transport. Transport, to an older person, could mean various things. Most importantly,…
American Society for Interior Designers. (2012). Design for Aging. Retrieved from: http://www.asid.org/designknowledge/aa/inplace/
NAIPC. (2012). Age in Place. Retrieved from: http://www.ageinplace.org/
Niles-Yokum, K. And Wagner, D.L. (2011). The Aging Networks: A Guide to Programs and Services. New York: Springer Publishing Co.
NOWCC. (2011). National Older Worker Career Center. Retrieved from: http://www.nowcc.org/home
brand strategy is a challenging task for many companies but it is a vital step in giving the company an identity of its own. It is this identity that is repeatedly communicated thought the business life. Developing a brand management strategy involves applying marketing techniques to a brand, or a product with the intention of giving it a unique image and to set it apart from the competitors. We will focus on the competitive analysis or model analysis that will briefly introduce our project, the competition or model, as well as describing the strengths and weaknesses of the competition or model.
The group is intending to come up with the shuttle bus service which is to serve the York collage, its student as well as staff. This shuttle bus service will transport valid students and staff from York College to predetermined stops in the area. By doing so, the shuttle…
Alex, W, 1999, The Brand Marketing Book, McGraw Hill, London. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from http://www.iei.liu.se/fek/svp/mafo/artikelarkiv/1.310120/Building_brand.pdf
Clancy, Kevin J.; Peter C. Kriegafsd (2000). Counter intuitive Marketing. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from The Free Press. ISBN 0-684-85555-0. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from http://www.iosrjen.org/Papers/vol2_issue10%20%28part-4%29/H021043538.pdf
Garth 2000, Strategic Management; Wiley, New York. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from. http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-EHEP000004.html
Keller, L. 2003, Strategic Brand Management', Prentice Hall. Retrieved on 25/09/2013 Retrieved September 26, 2013 from www.gfk-academy.de/files/gfk_a_sembr_sbman.pdf
Transform Unsustainable Organization Into Sustainable One
Land and water management
Energy, carbon and transport management
Supply chain management
Waste, pollution, recycling management
Sustainability performance indicators
Long-term sustainability vision
The final report is prepared in conjunction with the ANW Construction Ltd. The report prepared to demonstrate the level of sustainability is effective in highlighting the key features that the business has implemented in its operations. The following sections are focused to the differences that a sustainable organization can have in comparison with the unsustainable business. The recommendations are made based on the academic and professional literature. The notable areas for sustainability in a business are addressed as land, water management, energy, carbon, transport management, supply chain management, waste, pollution, and recycling management. Furthermore the report also provides insight on the sustainability performance indicators, social sustainability, and long-term sustainability vision for businesses.
According to Bell, and Morse (2008)…
Alcamo, J., & Olesen, J.E. (2012). Life in Europe under climate change. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Bell, S., & Morse, S. (2008). Sustainability indicators: measuring the immeasurable?. USA: Earthscan.
Chang, C.M. (2010). Service Systems Management and Engineering: Creating Strategic Differentiation and Operational Excellence. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Evans, N., Campbell, D., & Stonehouse, G. (2003). Strategic management for travel and tourism. USA: Routledge.
This labor force was effective, unified, and provided a strong centralized state. The pyramids acted not as slave pits, but as political, religious, social, and economic focuses for the people. Laborers believed their own eternity would be won through their service, and although their choices of work and location were based on socioeconomic factors, these individuals were free citizens of the state (David, a.R., 58).
In addition to the peasant labor, there were professional craftsmen and architects whose skills were required for the more finely detailed and skilled areas of the pyramid. These individuals had their own housing area within the barracks, and were treated to slightly nicer conditions than those of the slaves. They were also, some believed paid wages in exchange for their skills, since such skills were learned and honed only through repetition and higher learning, as opposed to the unskilled labor of the peasant force. These…
Baines, J. "Ancient Egypt Timeline." Ancient History: Egyptians. BBC. 10 Nov. 2008. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/timeline.shtml .
Brier, B.A & Hobbs, H. Life of the Ancient Egyptians. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.
Brunes, T. "Introduction: The Historical Background." Journal of the Southwest. 48.4 (2006): 331-332.
David, a.R. The Pyramid Builders of Ancient Egypt: A Modern Investigation of Pharaoh's Workforce. New York: Routledge, 1996.
As the NLR seeks to bring diverse research communities together to confront and solve complex challenges "of building network architecture, end-to-end performance, and scaling," (Tash 32-33), the thought presented from Disraeli stressing that a leader must "follow the people," (Smith, and Cohon) aptly portrays the thought this researcher contends best relates the conclusion gained from this study. Just as a leader "follows" and notes the needs of people he/she serves, if NLR notes the needs of those it serves, it will in turn, lead in its field in its quest to "light the future." (National LambdaRail)
National Lambdarail Launches Transit and Peering Project. (2006, April 20) Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh PA. 10 Feb. 2008 http://www.psc.edu/publicinfo/news/2006/200604-20nlr.php
NLR National Lambda Rail...light the future." (2008) http://www.nlr.net" National LambdaRail. 10 Feb. 2008 http://www.nlr.net/researchers/guide/.
Tash, illiam R. Ph.D. (2006). Evaluating Research Centers and Institutes for…
National Lambdarail Launches Transit and Peering Project. (2006, April 20) Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh PA. 10 Feb. 2008 http://www.psc.edu/publicinfo/news/2006/200604-20nlr.php
NLR National Lambda Rail...light the future." (2008) http://www.nlr.net " National LambdaRail. 10 Feb. 2008