Transport Essays (Examples)

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An Analysis of Rail Accidents

Words: 3367 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95714413

Transport

Indicative Literature eview

Accident Theories

Theories of Transport Safety

WMATA Accidents & the Debate

Analysis and Evaluation of the Key Issues

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has recorded a number of rail accidents and other incidents within the jurisdiction of the Washington DC Metro Transit Authority (WMATA) in the past six years. A centralized approach taken by the Federal Transport Agency (FTA) and the safety management department has not helped in the reduction of the incidents that are potentially hazardous and detrimental for travelers.

There have been talks about adopting new approaches and methods to deal with the issues that lead to the accidents and incidents. These measures are expected to yield results over a period of 5-10 s. The exposure to the risk of accidents and the safety performance would be reduced by the implementation of the measures (oversight.house.gov, 2015).

Since the process of management of road…… [Read More]

References

Dhillon, B. (2011). Transportation systems reliability and safety. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Friend, M. and Kohn, J. (2007). Fundamentals of occupational safety and health. Lanham, Md.: Government Institutes.

Goetsch, D. (2010). The basics of occupational safety. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Jha, N. (2008). Research methodology. Chandigarh: Abhishek Publications.
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History of Air Cargo Industry

Words: 3692 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84106237

2).

ir Cargo, Inc. only flew cargo from December, 1941 (when Pearl Harbor was attacked) through November, 1944. t that time, Siddiqi explains that individual airline companies authored their own freight services, and on page 2 the author of this article notes that in time the major passenger airlines began offering freight forwarding service and that pretty well eliminated the need for a whole fleet of airline companies that just forwarded freight (Siddiqi). Only Flying Tiger stayed aloft as a strictly air freight company until the 1980s when Federal Express entered the picture. More on FedEx later in this paper.

The Literature -- the History of ir Freight Transportation -- Berlin ir Lift

When the long, bloody war was over it was time for the winning llies to divide up the territory that once was Nazi Germany, the negotiated, agreed-upon divisions gave the llies (U.S., Britain, and France) the Western…… [Read More]

April 20, 2012, from http://www.centennialofflight.gov.

Wilde, Robert. (2005). Berlin Blockade / Berlin Airlift. About.com. Retrieved April 20, 2012,

From http://europeanhistory.about.com.
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FAA Regulations and Policies With

Words: 1944 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83778977

This training is designed to increase employees' safety awareness and to reduce the possibility of incidents related to hazardous materials. This training is deemed important in that, ."

A insufficient understanding of the rules is often a factor contributing to such incidents. For example, in 17 of 25 dangerous goods enforcement cases we reviewed involving businesses, FAA identified employees' lack of training as a contributing factor. (Undeclared Air shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT's Enforcement)

3. Conclusion

It is significant that outreach programs also form an important part of the FAA's hazardous materials policy. This policy aims to"... prevent accidents and incidents related to hazardous materials by redoubling its outreach to industry and the community" (FAA Hazardous Materials Program).

This includes aspects such as the holding of news conferences by the FAA to convey the regulations and the importance of adhering to these regulations to various sectors of industry and…… [Read More]

References

Del Valle C. (1997) the HIGH COST of SAFETY., Business Week, 1/13/97,

FAA Hazardous Materials Program. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at  http://www.faa.gov/news/fact_sheets/news_story.cfm?newsKey=4210 

Larson R. Hazardous material top priority for FAA: Budget bolstered for more inspectors. The Washington Times: www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=FAA+hazardous+cargo%20pubdate:%5b19960713;19960719%5dJuly 16, 1996. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-56869537.html

PHSA: Part IV: Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 4, 2007, at http://hazmat.dot.gov/regs/rules/final/68fr/68fr-23831.htm
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Women Participation in Marine Industry the Relation

Words: 2063 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49781867

Women Participation in Marine Industry

The Relation Ship between the Participation of Woman in Maritime Sectors and Various Policy Organizations

Women represent a considerable portion of the world's labor force. However they face the hurdles of wage discrimination, harassment, and occupational segregation which ultimately limit their economic advancement. Historically, marine industry does not tend to be a successful career path for women. However, with the passage of time women have penetrated quite deeply in this marine industry. This essay highlights the participation of women in marine industry and the role played by policy making organizations like International Transport Federation (ITF), Seafarers International Research Center (SIRC), International Labor Organization (ILO), and International Maritime Organization (IMO). It explains the extent to which these various marine bodies are addressing the issue of gender.

The Relation Ship between the Participation of Woman in Maritime Sectors and Various Policy Organizations

Traditionally marine industry has been…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Belcher, P. Sampson, H., Thomas, M., Veiga, J. & Zhao, M. (2003). Women Seafarers: Global

Employment Practices and Policies, Geneva: International Labor Organization.

Dcomm (2003). Women seafarers: Fighting against the tide? As on land, so by sea: Women join

the ranks of seafarers, World of Work Magazine, 49, Retrieved September 29, 2012, from http://www.ilo.org/global/publications/magazines-and-journals/world-of-work-magazine/articles/WCMS_081322/lang -- en/index.htm
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Project Management Scenario a Global

Words: 2476 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9194818

"

There are several benefits that a global consumer electronic firm could derive from inter-project learning.

First, inter-project learning allows firm to enhance project completeness. Prencipe, & Tell (2001) argue that inter-project learning allows firms to execute a project in a best method. In the present competitive market environment, project is the key to the dynamic competitive capabilities. Typically, accumulation of knowledge builds project competencies, which could enhances market performances of a global consumer electronic firm. Experience has revealed that project-based firm has been able to record high profit in the market environment. ( Brady, and Davies, 2004).Through inter-project learning, a global consumer electronic firm will be able to better estimate the project costs and this will enhance ability to deliver the project with success. Moreover, the inter-project learning will enable the company to estimate the project risks efficiently. By better evaluating the project risks, the project manager will be…… [Read More]

References

Anbari, F.T., Carayannis, E.G. And Voetsch, R.J. (2008) Post-project reviews as a key project management competence, Technovation, Vol. 28, pp.633-643.

Brady, T. And Davies, a. (2004) Building of the Project Capabilities: From Exploratory to Exploitative Learning, Organization Studies, Vol.25, No.9, pp.1601-1621.

Prencipe, a. & Tell, F. (2001). Processes and outcomes Inter-project learning: knowledge codification in project-based firms. Research Policy. 30: 1373 -- 1394

Plan:
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STEMI Systematic Review

Words: 6098 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83721716

door to balloon time is an important determinant of the prognosis of STEMI patients. To reduce D2B times, most centers implement a pre-hospital triage which involves the use of pre-hospital ECG to allow direct transfer of patients with confirmed STEMI to the PCI lab. Since most health facilities do not have PCI laboratories, a quick decision needs to be made regarding fibrinolytic therapy or transfer to a PCI facility. The most important factor determining this decision is the time taken from the onset of symptoms to arrival at a hospital facility and the predicted time duration for effective transfer. Through this systemic review, we sought to analyze the role of pre-hospital management in door to balloon time (D2B), door to needle (D2N) time and the long-term mortality of STEMI patients.

Since pre-hospital delay is responsible for the greatest time loss, and is indeed the most variable factor, we tried to…… [Read More]

REFERENCES:

1- Adams R, Appleman Y, Bronzewaer JG, Slagboom T, Amoroso G, Exter PV et al. Implementation of prehospial triage for patients with chest pain and logistics for primary percutaneous coronary intervention in the region of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. American Journal of Cardiology.2011;: 933-935.

2- Bajaj S, Parekh R, Gupta N, Aldehneh A, Rosenburg M, Hamdan A et al. "Code stemi" protocol helps in reducing door to balloon times in patients presenting with ST- segment elevation myocardial infarction during off hours. The Journal of Emergency Medicine.2011;: 1-7

3- Brooks SC., Allan KS, Wellsford M, Verbeek PR, Arntz HR, Morrisin LJ. Prehospital triage and direct transport of patients with st- segment elevation myocardial infarction to primary percutaneous coronary intervention centers: A systematic review and meta-analysis. CJEM JCMU.2009; 11(5): 481-492

4- Camp-Rogers T, Dante S, Kontos MC, Roberts CS, Kreisa L, Kurz MC. The impact of pre-hospital activation of the cardiac catheterization team on time to treatment for patients presenting with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. American Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2011; 29(9);1117-24
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Applying ABC System Rail Agenty Rta Dubai

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13247346

Applying ABC system Rail Agenty RTA Dubai

The aim of this project is to apply the Activity-Based Costing (ABC) methodology in Rail Agency (RA) at Road and Transport Authority (RTA) in Dubai in the process of accounting for costs. Before applying the ABC model to the RA at RTA there is provision of background information about RA and RTA. The project proceeds by explaining what ABC system is and its importance. After the explanation, the system is applied to RA at RT beginning with the identification of activities up to the last step, which is calculating the total costs of offering services at RA. Last the project concludes by analysis and discussion, a section that handles the relevance of ABC system to RA.

Introduction

The aim of this paper is to apply the Activity-Based Costing (ABC) system in the Rail Agency (RA) at Road and Transport Authority (RTA) in Dubai…… [Read More]

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Open Skies Agreement Impact of

Words: 1965 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94439976

The traditional bilateral air service agreements do have some restrictions that prevent foreign airlines to invest in foreign hubs, however, with the open skies agreements such restrictions do not exist and an airline will be able to fully exploit its investments in a foreign country thereby facilitating service between preferred cargo airports. The provision of such agreements also promote cargo services by guaranteeing access to customs facilities and processing, offering a range of ground-handling options, and availing surface transportation necessary for flights. Such provisions enable cargo carriers to efficiently monitor and control cargo from their point of departure to their final destination. This will enhance faster and safer delivery of cargo translating into value-added service to customers.

The benefits derived from the development in the international air transport is not limited to air services industry alone but spreads to cover several service providers, labor market, manufacturers, and the general economy…… [Read More]

References

Alford, E. And Champley, R. (2007). The impact of the 2007 U.S.-EU open skies air transport agreement. ITA Occasional Paper no. 07-001

Brueckner, J. And W.T. Whalen, (2000). "The Price Effects of International Airline Alliances,"

The Journal of Law and Economics: 43(2), 503-545

Hertel, T.W. (1997) Global Trade Analysis: Modeling and Applications. Cambridge University Press: New York
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Urban Its Services and Rnp Parameters

Words: 974 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7587661

Urban ITS Services on oad Transport:

Urban public transport services have attracted considerable attention in relation to the interaction between general traffic and public transport modes. These transportation services have been characterized with issues regarding the costs of operations and the quality of service across public transportation modes. Given the need for smooth traffic flow, there have been various initiatives geared towards the improvement of urban public transport services. One of the major initiatives that have been adopted in the recent past is the introduction of new systems or Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) signals. These systems have had tremendous impact on positioning, navigation, and timing for Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in urban areas. These systems have been introduced as part of the constant new technology, practices, and research for management of traffic, which is increasingly becoming a complex process and exercise. Intelligent Transport Systems assist in increasing mobility and…… [Read More]

References:

Cheon, S n.d., An Overview of Automated Highway Systems (AHS) and the Social and Institutional Challenges they Face, UC Transportation Center, viewed 17 August 2014,

Ochieng, W.Y, Turhan, B.E, Fox, J & Johnston, G 2000, Road Transport Navigation

Requirements in Urban Areas: Assessment of the Performance of GPS and the Design of a LAAS, The Institute of Navigation, viewed 17 August 2014,

Vahidi, A & Eskandarian, A 2003, Research Advances in Intelligent Collision Avoidance and Adaptive Cruise Control, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 4, no. 3, pp.143-153.
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Border Crossing Rules and Regulations

Words: 864 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78125648

Economic entities can be influenced by the area they are located in, with the entities positioned in the vicinity of economic blocks like NAFTA or the European Union being advantaged and thus more likely to engage in trade. People in North America and those in Western Europe are advantaged because of their position, meaning that the trade business they get involved in is normally more intense in comparison to the trade performed by economic entities that reside further away from economic blocks.

Security has always been a crucial matter when it came to freight transportation. However, this topic has not been given special attention until the 9/11 events, which marked the beginning of great changes in transportation policies. It previously seemed perfectly normal to check freights for illegal substances, undocumented immigrants, and piracy. Even with that, the World Trade Center events brought forward a new set of security concerns. The…… [Read More]

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Mechanized World as the World

Words: 1064 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57720238

cars in the 20th century, man has always been in a hurry to cover more distance and save more time. This allowed man to populate different areas without even minding the distance from his daily destination, either work or leisure. Suburbs were developed, far flanged areas were reached, industries flourished in and out of the cities, the economy reached new heights among other improvement and speed was the primary ingredient for all of these developments.

Trains cars and other vehicles of transport became a practical means of living, studying, and working, at times, the site of urban behaviours and could be observed as an effect for the speedily modernising city itself. The impact of this sense of dependence of man towards his traveling machine has completely altered his perception about its real use and advantage. Traveling in trains, cars or any other means of transport has become more of a…… [Read More]

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Spiritual Care Practices

Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88018180

Spiritual Care Practices

Mitchell, Andrea. (2011), Focusing on mind, body, and spirit while caring for patients and their families. Critical Care Nurse, (31), 69-70.

How did the transport nurse manage the patient's physical needs?

What is so extraordinary about the story of the transport nurse, as related in Mitchell (2011) is the degree to which the nurse, even while dealing with the emotionally-fraught situation of a critically ill patient going to view the body of his dead wife, was able to be mindful of Mr. L's physical needs. For the journey, the patient Mr. L was initially switched to a travel ventilator. However, when he did not tolerate this, the nurse suggested a manual resuscitation bag instead, although the travel ventilator was still brought along during the transport. The transport nurse carefully monitored the patient throughout the visitation. During the ceremony at the chapel where his wife's body was present,…… [Read More]

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New High-Speed Railway HS2

Words: 1490 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25870987

people using rail in the country has grown by 50 per cent and is mainly driven by sensitivity to the environmental. As a result the government has introduced an investment in a railway network and service improvements that will sustain the growth. This project has triggered some debate where some feel that the network is necessary and that it will benefit those who are inclined to use rail as a preferred means of transportation. The government through the department of transportation makes a case for the development of the line arguing that the line will link major centres in the UK. The line is expected to benefit businesses by improving the links between the major terminals thereby saving time and creating more job and business opportunities. In addition, HS2 is most likely to reduce a substantial amount of CO2 emissions as recommended by the Climate Change Act 2008.

Introduction

Department…… [Read More]

References

AGAHST Federation 2011, A Better Railway for Britain, viewed 16 December 2012.

Bains, J 2011, Working with Word, Live in Hope Publishing, Frustration City.

Blackett, J 2011, Business Benefits, viewed 16 December 2012, .

Bloggs, J 2010, More About Nothing, Rampant Publishing, New York.
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Extraordinary Rendition Refers to the

Words: 4875 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23995988

They point out that if a suspected terrorist gets on a plane and gets off at a place like Copenhagen or Toronto and demands asylum, even if he is not granted asylum, he's pretty much got a safe haven to operate in because he can' be deported or extradited back to where ever he came from. They believe that such lenient 'European' laws create a huge gap in security, which need to be tightened and that human rights conventions such as the Convention Against Torture make it almost impossible for states to gain a reasonable and necessary degree of assurance against devastating attacks in an age of asymmetrical warfare against international terrorists.

Former U.S. officials such as Michael Scheuer, who helped to set up the CIA's rendition program during the Clinton administration, are more forthcoming about commenting on the nature and existence of 'extraordinary' renditions. Scheuer has in different statements…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Begg, Moazzam. "Rendition: Tortured Truth." New Statesman 26 June 2006: 19.

Below the radar: Secret flights to torture and 'disappearance.'" Amnesty International Report. April 5, 2006. February 5, 2008 http://www.amnesty.org/en/alfresco_asset/5d82f002-a2d8-11dc-8d74-6f45f39984e5/amr510512006en.html

Charter, David. "Britain accused on secret CIA flights." Times Online. November 29, 2006. February 5, 2008. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/article653418.ece

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment." Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. 1987. February 5, 2008. http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/h_cat39.htm
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Tax Law Oil and Gas Is Currently

Words: 3220 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14203970

Tax Law

Oil and Gas is currently at the core of ussia's economy, even though there has been talk at the head of the ussian federation of intentions to attempt to move the economy from one which is based solely in these natural resources, to one which is based on rapidly evolving technology. Of course it will be at least a decade before movements and developments in this fashion are able to unfold with real significance. However, given the strong presence and foundation of the oil and gas sector in ussia's economy, it is natural that the bulk of the regulatory law is founded around these pillars.

Excise Tax

Excise taxes in ussia refer to taxes which need to be paid out on certain goods in ussia, such as raw and refined alcohol, alcoholic drinks which are stronger than 1.5% by volume, cars and motorcycles with engines that have horsepower…… [Read More]

References

Cfe-eutax.org. (2013). Excise duties in Russia. Retrieved from cfe-eutax.org:  http://www.cfe-eutax.org/taxation/excise-duties/russia 

Deloitte.com. (2012). Tax and Legal Guide. Retrieved from Deloitte.com: http://www.deloitte.com/assets/Dcom-Russia/Local%20Assets/Documents/Energy%20and%20Resources/dttl_Guide-to-the-Russian-Oil-Gas-Sector_03092012.pdf

EY.com. (2011). Doing Business in the Russian Federation. Retrieved from EY.com:  http://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/Doing-business-in-the-Russian-Federation-2011/$FILE/Doing-business-in-the-Russian-Federation-2011.pdf 

GFC. (2010). Reducing Carbon Emissions Through Transport Taxation. Retrieved from greenfiscalcommission.org.uk:  http://www.greenfiscalcommission.org.uk/images/uploads/gfcBriefing6_PDF_ISBN_v7.pdf
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Importing From Asia Europe to the

Words: 1297 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38002505

Constantly updated information as to goods' and materials' whereabouts can also lead to more effective decisions by suppliers, consumers, and transportation firms alike, and the use of the Internet and other telecommunications systems will lead to exactly this ability to update.

Other applications for modern container tracking devices will continue to emerge as the technology becomes more refined. Tracking individual units is already possible, though expensive, but for sensitive and high-priced items this might already make fiscal sense. Security and efficiency will both continue to be improved by greater tracking abilities.

Video Intro: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5VBd7PB3rhk

This video provides an excellent yet brief version of the development of the railway, and specifically of the standardization of railway gauges, as it developed in England in the seventeenth century. This is something that is touched on only briefly in Chapter Three, towards the beginning of the section on railways, and it might seem to…… [Read More]

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Heavier Environmental Regulation on Oil and Gas Drilling Activities

Words: 5303 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7385089

Regulating Oil and Gas Drilling and Transport

The American economy runs on energy produced from oil, coal, natural gas, hydroelectric power, nuclear power and renewable sources like solar and wind energies. In fact according to a report in the Congressional Research Service, oil provides the United States with 40% of its total energy needs. It is used in myriad ways, providing "…fuel for the transportation, industrial, and residential sectors" (Ramseur, 2012). Because of the great need for energy to fuel the American economy, oil in "vast quantities" enters the country and moves through the country by ships and by pipelines, Ramseur explains in the Congressional Research Service. Hence, it is inevitable that some spills will occur, and they certainly do occur, notwithstanding the attempts by the industry to conduct its business safely.

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports that the U.S. consumed 6.87 billion barrels (about 18.83 million barrels…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Petroleum Institute. (2012). Energy Security. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from   http://www.api.org  .

Barkham, Patrick. (2010).Oil spills: Legacy of the Torrey Canyon. The Guardian. Retrieved February 14, 2013, from http://www.guardian.co.uk.

Griffin, Catherine. (2013). European Satellite Confirms Arctic Ocean is on Thin Ice, Global

Warming Strikes Again. Science World Report. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from  http://www.scienceworldreport.com .
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Aviation Maintenance Resource Management Mrm and Its Impact on U S Commercial Aviation Safety

Words: 8329 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75270940

U.S. statistics indicate that 80% of aviation accidents are due to human errors with 50% due to maintenance human factor problems. Current human factor management programs have not succeeded to the degree desired. Many industries today use performance excellence frameworks such as the Baldrige National Quality Award framework to improve over-all organizational effectiveness, organizational culture and personal learning and growth. A survey administered to a sample population of senior aviation maintainers in 18 countries revealed a consistent problem with aviation human factors and the need for a more integrated framework to manage human factor problems in aviation maintenance.

Human Factors History

Current Human Factor programs in Aircraft Maintenance

Performance Excellence Framework

esearcher's Work Setting and ole

Statement of the Problem

EVIEW OF ELEVANT LITEATUE AND ESEACH

Human Factor Errors in Aircraft Maintenance Statistics

Current Human Factor Programs in Aircraft Maintenance 13

Aviation Performance Excellence Framework 12

Statement of esearch Question…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Boeing. (1993). Accident Prevention Strategies. Commercial Jet Aircraft Accidents

World Wide Operations 1982-1991. Retrieved 11 Nov, 2004 from  http://www.hf.faa.gov  / Portal/HFTimeline.aspx

Boeing. (1994). Field test of the MEDA process. Retrieved 17 Dec, 2004 from William L.

Rankin, Ph.D.
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Spiritual Care

Words: 695 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85350549

Nursing and Spirituality

How did the transport nurse manage the patient's physical needs?

When the patient was moved to a stretcher he was placed on a travel ventilator and the transport and bedside nurse had to suction his secretions. But he did not appear to tolerate the other ventilator well so the transport nurse instead used the manual resuscitation bag for transport. Since the manual ventilation continued to go well it was used in place of the travel ventilator for the duration of the transport.

How did the transport nurse manage the spiritual needs?

The patient was placed close to his wife's casket so that he could easily see her. The nurse allowed the family time and space for themselves but stepped forward to offer guidance when needed, such as the offering of a prayer. Later a life review was begun that gave the entire family an opportunity to begin…… [Read More]

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International Law and Its Enforcement

Words: 3184 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51972005



The judges of the Court of Appeal consequently ruled that this Convention applied to the transportation between Paris and Dublin. This overrode the airline's terms and conditions including those limiting its liability. Appeal Courts can review findings of fact, but more importantly business people responsible for shipments must understand their contracts and the implications of the various Conventions. This must be backed up by appropriate goods-in-transit insurance. The result is more administration and paperwork by keeping records of consignments and their values. If goods go missing, so that customers rightly refuse to pay their invoices, businesses must have sufficient compensation to put matters right (alker 2007, Conclusion section, ¶ 1-2).

Hans Lehmann (2006), Victoria University of ellington, New Zealand, explains that the traditional freight forwarder's market consists of managing the door to door transportation of goods which measure larger than parcels, yet smaller than bulk. The forwarder's market resells transport…… [Read More]

WORKS CITED

Barron, J. 2008. Do your homework: Cultivating an effective international business relationship takes time, dedication and preparation, but almost always pays out in the long run. Business Credit. National Association of Credit Management. HighBeam Research. Available at: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-177913876.html [07 October 2009].

Bourque, J. & de Sousa, P. 2005. Making sense of trade treaties: as world trade grows more complex, the rules for international business are also growing in number and intricacy. How can countries with limited resources spot and adopt the major trade treaties? And how can they participate in drafting new trade rules? International Trade Forum. HighBeam Research. Available at: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-144202591.html [Accessed 07 October 2009].

Cuniberti, G. 2006. Is the CISG Benefiting Anybody?. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law. Volume 39, no. 5. Available at: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5019555353 [Accessed 06 October 2009].

International Law 2009. Available at: http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&rls=com.microsoft:en-us:IE-SearchBox&rlz=1I7TSHB_en&defl=en&q=define:international+law&ei=FkzNSsiKHISY8AamxpT4Aw&sa=X&oi=glossary_definition&ct=title [Accessed 07 October 2009].
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Shipping Economics Definition of the

Words: 1332 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20922558

As other have pointed out, ports need to be prepared to handle the carrier industry special characteristics, in terms of "frequency, punctuality, reliability and geographical coverage" (Slack, 1996).

Further more, ports need to be able to keep down the landslide costs, in close connection with some of the things I have previously mentioned when referring to dry bulk cargo and transportation. The competition, brought about by the growing demand and growing numbers of competitors, is more and more significant and ports need to be able to offer the best services at the lowest prices. This means operability, flexibility and productivity at low landslide costs.

The container shipping industry, due to the cost challenge and necessity that every carrier is facing, is currently facing a concentration phase, where many of the international carrier choose vertical integration solutions in order to cut down on costs and gain a cost advantage. This means…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. All data from ISL Publication SSMR Market Analysis No. 6. Executive Summary. On the Internet at http://www.isl.org/products_services/publications/samples/cargo.shtml. enor at   http://www.isl.org/products_services/publications/pdf/COMM_6-04_short.pdf  

2. Notteboom, Theo. Container Shipping and Ports: An Overview. Institute of Transport and Maritime Management Antwerp (ITMMA), University of Antwerp. Review of Network Economics Vol.3, Issue 2 - June 2004.

3. South Carolina State Ports Authority. On the Internet at http://www.port-of-charleston.com/online_tools/glossary.asp?first_letter=B

4. The Dry Cargo Industry. International Association of Dry Cargo Shipowners (INTERCARGO). On the Internet at http://www.intercargo.org/index.htm
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Protection Afforded to a U S

Words: 4974 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35111847

Sometime the debtor is able to successfully reduce its liability and returns to profitability but quite often it returns to seek the court's protection again and sometime the end result is liquidation.

Under Chapter 11 protections, the debtor gets an automatic protection from all creditors. The unsecured creditors cannot lay a claim on assets and secured creditors are also prevented from foreclosing on their collateral. A Chapter-11 company also gets the advantage of discarding or renegotiating union agreements, ability to freeze or cut wages and benefits and restructures its staffing requirement. Retirement and pension plans can also be reviewed or the company can transfer its pension obligations to the Federal Pension enefit Guaranty Corporation.

The reorganization is carried out by the bankruptcy and the court appointed trustee. The trustee appoints committee(s) to represent the creditor's interests and work out a plan for reorganization of the company. The reorganization plan must…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Boser, R.J., Has the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 adversely affected airline safety? Retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005.  http://www.airlinesafety.com/faq/faq3.htm 

Delaney, K.J., Strategic Bankruptcy (Review), Retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005. http://www.ucpress.edu/books/pages/5725.html

Fix, J.L., The chaotic skies: A look at how deregulation has affected the airline industry, 2001, retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005. http://www.freep.com/money/airtravel/dereg2_20010302.htm

Isidore, C., U.S. Air files Chapter 11 -- "again, retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005. http://money.cnn.com/2004/09/13/news/fortune500/usair_bankruptcy
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Duty of Care Excursions

Words: 1588 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21413587

liability during private secondary student excursions away from the campus and classrooms. The writer examines the many issues surrounding the need for such excursions and how possible liability is impacting such excursions and the professors' willingness to have them. There were five sources used to complete this paper.

Students spend many years preparing for their secondary education and arrive at university anticipating a lifetime of experiences in the next four to six years. Higher education is more than sitting in a classroom and taking notes and it is more than passing a midterm and a final. University learning is supposed to stretch and expand the mind in the direction of higher level thinking skills, thereby preparing the student to think and create once he or she gets out into the world. One of the things that professors have used to enhance the quality of learning for university students is the…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

PARTNERSHIP WITH PARENTS http://www.pgrnet.org.uk/information/backread.htm

Excursions Supervision Australian Teachers and the Law, Tronc K & Sleigh D, 1989

Lowe, C. (1996). The school governor's legal guide. Kingston upon Thames: Croner.

Lowe, C. (1997) Teacher's rights, duties and responsibilities. Kingston upon Thames: Croner House
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Fantastic Voyage-Fem Artery to Right Lung a

Words: 1077 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15030377

Fantastic Voyage-Fem artery to ight lung

A Fantastic Voyage from the ight Femoral Artery to the ight Lung

The human body is an intricate system of labyrinths that work together to maintain essential functions and thus maintain an individuals physical health. Two systems that work together are the circulatory and cardiopulmonary systems. Together, these systems help to transport gasses, nutrients, wastes, and hormones to various organs in the body. While it is may be easy to get lost in the multitude of paths that lead to the rest of the body from the heart, finding one's way from the right femoral vein to the lower lobe of the right lung via the right pulmonary artery is much simpler than would be expected.

Let us begin our journey in the right femoral vein. After a long and treacherous journey, we find ourselves in the right femoral vein and must figure out…… [Read More]

References

Cotterill, S. (2000). The cardiovascular system (heart and blood): medical terminology for cancer. Department of Child Health. University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Retrieved 19 July 2012, from   http://www.cancerindex.org/medterm/medtm8.htm  

Gregory, M (n.d.). The circulatory system. Clinton Community College. State University of New York. Retrieved 19 July 2012, from http://faculty.clintoncc.suny.edu/faculty/michael.gregory/files/Bio%20100/Bio%20100%20Lectures/Organ%20Systems/Circulatory%20System/Circulatory%20System.htm

Inner Body (2011). All systems. Retrieved 19 July 2012, from http://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html
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Kinder Morgan the Enclosed Project Contains a

Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42000454

Kinder Morgan

The enclosed project contains a summary of operations for Kinder Morgan's Earnings, Cost of Capital, Target Multiples, and various assumptions that were used to construct pro forma financial statements and valuation summaries.

Financial Analysis

The natural gas industry has changed dramatically, and is much more open to competition and choice. Wellhead prices are no longer regulated; meaning the price of natural gas is dependent on supply and demand interactions. Interstate pipelines no longer take ownership of the natural gas commodity; instead they offer only the transportation component, which is still under federal regulation.

There are about 160 pipeline companies in the United States, operating over 300,000 miles of pipe. Of this, 180,000 miles consist of interstate pipelines. This pipeline capacity is capable of transporting over 148 Billion cubic feet (Bcf) of gas per day from producing regions to consuming regions?, and 123 natural gas storage operators, which control…… [Read More]

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Issues in EMS

Words: 3255 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85697079

EMS single-tier response (ST) or a multi-Tier response (MT) is optimal for a community?

While EMS are present in every community, each community has different needs and the response of the EMS should be tailored in a community-specific fashion. For example, some communities are far more dependent upon EMS to provide critical services because of their demographics. A large city such as New York will often have more critical incidents due to violence or safety hazards. Also, the logistics of mobility within a city can mean that a single-tiered response (ST) is more appropriate. At the other extreme, a rural area, because of a lack of medical resources such as nearby hospitals, can also benefit from a ST, given that aspects of primary care and treatment may need to be given immediately on the scene due to the lack of available resources at point of care. In terms of a…… [Read More]

References

Blackwell, T.H. & Kaufman, J.S. (2002). Response time effectiveness: comparison of response time and survival in an urban emergency medical services system. Academy of Emergency Medicine, 9(4):288-95.

Criss, E. (1994). EMS research. Retrieved from:

http://www.pcrf.mednet.ucla.edu/pcrf/pdf1.pdf

EMS dispatch and response. (1983). Fire Chief Magazine. Retrieved from:
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Lipids How Are Lipids Processed

Words: 579 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12769004

These cells have an enzyme on their surface that attracts fat. The number and distribution of adipose cells has a genetic component, and is usually determined in early childhood.

Describe the major metabolic diseases associated with lipid metabolism, transport and storage for humans?

Diseases associated with lipid metabolism, transport and storage included: high cholesterol, combined hyperlipidemia, familial hypercholesterolemia, high density lipoprotein, and hypertriglyceridemia,

How do unsaturated and saturated fatty acids differ from each other?

Saturated fats contain carbon atoms with a single bond between them and as many hydrogen atoms as possible bonded to the carbon atoms. Saturated fats contain carbon atoms with a double bond, and can therefore absorb more hydrogen atoms. Healthy diets are low in saturated fats, since they raise blood cholesterol levels.

What are the roles of Essential Fatty Acids (EFA) in humans?

There are two essential fatty acids: the omega-3 fatty acids and the moega-6…… [Read More]

References

No Author Given (2007). Intestinal Uptake of Lipids, retrieved 6/20/2007 at  http://web.indstate.edu/thcme/mwking/lipoproteins.html .

No Author Give (2007) Enzymes and Digestion of Lipids, retrieved 6/20/2007 at http://www.afs.ttu.edu/home/swkim/ANSC3301/001/11%20Lipid-Dig-001.pdf

No Author Given (2007). Lipids - 1, retrieved 6/20/2007 at http://scidiv.bcc.ctc.edu/rkr/Biology130/lectures/pdfs/lipids130.pdf
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Landforms Barrier Island Beaches Generally Develop Where

Words: 2371 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49396003

LANDFORMS

Barrier island beaches generally develop where:

a The coast is composed of hard rock b the nearby land has a rugged topography of hills and mountains c the sea floor deepens rapidly offshore d The sea floor remains shallow for a long distance offshore

During storms in winter:

a There is a higher percentage of fine-grained sand on beaches

b More erosion occurs in bays than on headlands

c Beaches are eroded d Beaches are built up e Offshore sand bars are destroyed

Along the Midocean ridge

a earthquakes occur b sea floor spreading occurs c volcanism occurs d all the above occur

Where would you find examples of barrier island coasts?

a Oregon

b California

c British Columbia and Alaska

d Texas and the Gulf Coast

e Hawaii

Which of the following boundaries characterize the San Andreas Fault?

a Spreading

b Convergent

c Transform

d None of the…… [Read More]

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Marpol Annex VI Requirements on

Words: 7615 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85648999

At the time, the industry sought to examine both oil pollution in general and ocean dumping as well as land-based sources of ocean pollution. According to ang, "More significant was the rapid technological development in the design of large-sized oil tankers which required constant rule changes. By 1973 it was evident that the 1954 convention provisions were inadequate or outdated, and by then the likelihood of the 1954 convention coming into force was rather doubtful" (334).

The new protocol ultimately entered into force in January 1978. The 1973 version of MARPOL was comprised of 20 articles concerning general obligations under the convention (e.g., prohibition of violation of requirements, rules for ship inspection, enforcement, reporting on incidents involving harmful substances, and most importantly, five technical annexes or regulations on 1) oil pollution; 2) control of noxious liquid substances in bulk; 3) harmful substances carried by sea in package forms or in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Advice on Impact of Reduction in Sulfur Content of Marine Fuels Marketed in the EU." (2002, January 1). European Commission Study C.1/01/2002.

Brewer, Stuart. (2005, March 15). "Marpol Annex VI sets sulphur test." DNV Germany. [Online]. Available: http://www.dnv.de/Publikationen/classification_news/class_news_1_2005/MarpolAnnexVIsetssulphurtest.asp.

Chasek, Pamela S. Earth Negotiations: Analyzing Thirty Years of Environmental Diplomacy. New York: United Nations University Press, 2001.

Consultation Paper regarding the European Commission's proposal for a Directive amending Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the sulphur content of marine fuels. (2003, July). European Parliament.
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Role Sumed Pipeline Egypt International Trade Kind

Words: 1184 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78409003

role sumed pipeline EGYPT international trade kind special services customers petroleum sector. notice: references internet .

Sumed Pipeline in Egypt

Traditionally, oil would be transported from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean region via the Suez Canal, which has also earned a remarkable historic resonance to its name. After a decade of construction, the Suez Canal was first used in 1869 and its aim is that of allowing transportation by water from Asia to Europe, without having to travel around Africa.

The Suez Canal is the traditional choice for transporting goods from one region to the other, and it is open to the access of all vessels, in times of war and peace, regardless of the flags carried by the vessels. Still, a shortage in using the Suez Canal is represented by the delays which can be encountered and the queues that can be created.

As a result of these…… [Read More]

References:

Strumph, D., Whittaker, M. (2011). Egypt unrest strokes oil, gold. The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704680604576110530618545842.html accessed on October 30, 2012

Wahba, A.L., (2011). Egypt's military deploys along Sumed oil pipeline, official says. Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-02-01/egypt-military-deploys-along-sumed-oil-pipe-adds-sentries-official-says.html accessed on October 30, 2012

(2006). Website of Sumed Pipeline.   http://www.sumed.org   accessed on October 30, 2012

(2011). No delays on Egypt's Sumed pipeline, Suez Canal: local sources. Platts. http://www.platts.com/RSSFeedDetailedNews/RSSFeed/Shipping/8501741 accessed on October 30, 2012
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LNG Liquefied Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas

Words: 1881 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58095607

LNG Liquefied Natural Gas

Liquefied Natural Gas LNG

LNG (liquefied natural gas)

Why using LNG (liquefied natural gas) as a marine fuel is an innovative subject?

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is a clean-burning fuel that is obvious, colorless, fragrance-free, noncorrosive, and harmless. One cubic meter of LNG is equal to 600 cubic meters of natural gas at atmospheric pressure, thus providing for better storage ability and easier transporting. LNG is presently less costly than petroleum based-fuels and is expected to stay the lesser price fuel for the probable future. These innate properties create LNG an attractive alternative fuel for concentrated fuel consuming request such as hardwearing trucking, Oil and natural gas borer, browbeat, mining, aquatic, and other manufacturing consumer. It is also a perfect power cause for distant site where contact to natural gas pipelines is restricted. The command for LNG fuel is speed up in the United States because…… [Read More]

References

Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., LNG Alternative Fuel, airproducts.com, n.d, web. Retrieved 29 October 2012 from http://www.airproducts.com/industries/energy/lng/lng-fuel.aspx

Bandemehr, (2012). Reducing Emissions from Ships: AU.S.-Mexico Fuel Switching Demonstration, epa.gov, 23 July 2012, web. Retrieved 29 October 2012 from http://www.epa.gov/oia/fuelswitch.html

Center for Liquefied Natural Gas, LNG Vehicles, lngfacts.org, 2012, web. Retrieved 29 October 2012 from  http://www.lngfacts.org/lng-market/lng-vehicles/ 

Irvin, S. (2012). What Is The Difference Between Natural Gas And Liquid Gas?, enerlix.com, n.d, web. Retrieved 29 October 2012 from http://www.enerlix.com/environmental-technology/report_325.htm
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Cardiovascular and Gastrointestinal Systems Integrated

Words: 2173 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56960433

Integration of Cardiovascular/Gastrointestinal Systems

Integration of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems within the human body

The integration of the gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems allow for nutrients to be introduced, broken down, and absorbed by body to maintain and promote healthy bodily functions. Independently, these systems serve separate functions, but when working in conjunction, help to transport necessary nutrients throughout the body, while maintaining and promoting homeostasis within the systems. Any imbalance within these systems will greatly affect the body, as a whole, and can lead to potentially fatal results.

Integration of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems within the human body

The gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems of the human body help to breakdown and transport items that are ingested, such as food and medication, to the necessary parts of the body, expelling wastes that are not needed. Separately, the gastrointestinal and cardiac systems have different functions, but when the systems work in conjunction…… [Read More]

References:

Bowen, R 2002, Salivary glands and saliva, Colorado State University, viewed 14 September 2011,  http://www.vivo.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/digestion/pregastric/salivary.html 

Cleveland Clinic 2005, The structure and function of the digestive system, viewed 29 September 2011, http://www.cchs.net/health/health-info/docs/1600/1699.asp?index=7041

Cotterill, S 2000, The cardiovascular system (heart and blood): medical terminology for cancer, Department of Child Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, viewed 14 September 2011,   http://www.cancerindex.org/medterm/medtm8.htm  

Gregory, M n.d., The circulatory system, Clinton Community College, State University of New York, viewed 15 September 2011, http://faculty.clintoncc.suny.edu/faculty/michael.gregory/files/Bio%20100/Bio%20100%20Lectures/Organ%20Systems/Circulatory%20System/Circulatory%20System.htm
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Bike Hire Program a Major

Words: 659 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77208036

On te average day, Boris Bikes attracts 9,617 users.

During one of te transit unions' 24-our strikes in early October, usage of Boris Bikes jumped 23% to 11,822.

Altoug te bike ire program as been fairly well-received in London, and increasingly so since te tube delays, it may be a purely London penomenon for now. Residents in Harrow, for example, seem skeptical of te necessity and effectiveness of public bike rental program.

One Harrow resident, Ricard Long, 38, commented tat "Outside of London te bikes will ave no use and, especially in Harrow, tey would just be vandalized." Anoter resident, a banker wo wised to remain confidential, added tat "everyting is close by and people would use alternative ways to get into te city, people will eiter use te bus or teir own cars. Te only way tat I can see te Boris Bikes working is if tere are dockings…… [Read More]

http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20101020-711899.html

http://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKTRE66T2M520100730

  http://road.cc/content/news/25121-another-tube-strike-another-boost-boris-bikes  
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Housing Environments for Older Adults

Words: 1384 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83902807



Others, who are perhaps a little older and beginning to feel the effects of older age and the onset of related health conditions, prefer retirement communities. Here they can retain a relatively independent life for as long as possible, while still having access to health, transport, meals, and other assisting services they might need.

In terms of housing, a number of options have therefore begun to evolve for older people who prefer not to enter institutional care if they can avoid it. It is therefore important for agencies and professionals who work with older people to establish which the best fit would be for each individual client involved. Not all older people, for example, can afford assisted care, as this tends to be towards the more expensive end of the market.

Another important component of environmental fit is transport. Transport, to an older person, could mean various things. Most importantly,…… [Read More]

References

American Society for Interior Designers. (2012). Design for Aging. Retrieved from: http://www.asid.org/designknowledge/aa/inplace/

NAIPC. (2012). Age in Place. Retrieved from:  http://www.ageinplace.org/ 

Niles-Yokum, K. And Wagner, D.L. (2011). The Aging Networks: A Guide to Programs and Services. New York: Springer Publishing Co.

NOWCC. (2011). National Older Worker Career Center. Retrieved from: http://www.nowcc.org/home
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Global Markets the Two Meals That Will

Words: 1315 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74356709

Global Markets

The two meals that will be analyzed in this paper are breakfast and lunch meals. The breakfast comprised of hot coffee with milk and sugar alongside hotcakes. The lunch meal has chicken pie, French fries and a cold coca-cola. The origin of the coffee beans that was used to make the coffee is Latin America, the milk is from the farms in Texas, the sugar used originated from Colombia and the flour from which the hotcakes were made originated from Japan. For the lunch, the chicken came from the local poultry farmers in Texas, the French fries were also from the Texas farms and the coca-cola is bottled locally.

The products were purchased from various outlets with the breakfast having made it from coffee sourced at Wal-Mart alongside the hotcakes and the lunch I bought the entire package from the McDonald fast food.

The chain that led to…… [Read More]

References

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2008). Benefits and challenges of global markets. Retrieved May 23, 2012 from http://www4.agr.gc.ca/AAFC-AAC/display-afficher.do?id=1201183330593&lang=eng

Economy Watch, (2010). Global Economy, Advantages of Global Economy. Retrieved May 23, 2012 from http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/world-economic-indicators/global-economy/

International Labor Organization (2012). Child Labour in Latin America and the Caribbean Retrieved May 23, 2012 from  http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@ed_norm/@declaration/documents/publication/wcms_decl_fs_51_en.pdf
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Brand Strategy Is a Challenging Task for

Words: 1402 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36831777

brand strategy is a challenging task for many companies but it is a vital step in giving the company an identity of its own. It is this identity that is repeatedly communicated thought the business life. Developing a brand management strategy involves applying marketing techniques to a brand, or a product with the intention of giving it a unique image and to set it apart from the competitors. We will focus on the competitive analysis or model analysis that will briefly introduce our project, the competition or model, as well as describing the strengths and weaknesses of the competition or model.

The group is intending to come up with the shuttle bus service which is to serve the York collage, its student as well as staff. This shuttle bus service will transport valid students and staff from York College to predetermined stops in the area. By doing so, the shuttle…… [Read More]

Reference

Alex, W, 1999, The Brand Marketing Book, McGraw Hill, London. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from  http://www.iei.liu.se/fek/svp/mafo/artikelarkiv/1.310120/Building_brand.pdf 

Clancy, Kevin J.; Peter C. Kriegafsd (2000). Counter intuitive Marketing. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from The Free Press. ISBN 0-684-85555-0. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from  http://www.iosrjen.org/Papers/vol2_issue10%20%28part-4%29/H021043538.pdf 

Garth 2000, Strategic Management; Wiley, New York. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from. http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-EHEP000004.html

Keller, L. 2003, Strategic Brand Management', Prentice Hall. Retrieved on 25/09/2013 Retrieved September 26, 2013 from www.gfk-academy.de/files/gfk_a_sembr_sbman.pdf
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Transform Unsustainable Organization Into Sustainable One

Words: 3403 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24002323

Transform Unsustainable Organization Into Sustainable One

Sustainability

Land and water management

Energy, carbon and transport management

Supply chain management

Waste, pollution, recycling management

Sustainability performance indicators

Social sustainability

Long-term sustainability vision

The final report is prepared in conjunction with the ANW Construction Ltd. The report prepared to demonstrate the level of sustainability is effective in highlighting the key features that the business has implemented in its operations. The following sections are focused to the differences that a sustainable organization can have in comparison with the unsustainable business. The recommendations are made based on the academic and professional literature. The notable areas for sustainability in a business are addressed as land, water management, energy, carbon, transport management, supply chain management, waste, pollution, and recycling management. Furthermore the report also provides insight on the sustainability performance indicators, social sustainability, and long-term sustainability vision for businesses.

Sustainability:

According to Bell, and Morse (2008)…… [Read More]

References:

Alcamo, J., & Olesen, J.E. (2012). Life in Europe under climate change. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Bell, S., & Morse, S. (2008). Sustainability indicators: measuring the immeasurable?. USA: Earthscan.

Chang, C.M. (2010). Service Systems Management and Engineering: Creating Strategic Differentiation and Operational Excellence. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Evans, N., Campbell, D., & Stonehouse, G. (2003). Strategic management for travel and tourism. USA: Routledge.
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Egyptian Technology Since Their Creation

Words: 3377 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46086537

This labor force was effective, unified, and provided a strong centralized state. The pyramids acted not as slave pits, but as political, religious, social, and economic focuses for the people. Laborers believed their own eternity would be won through their service, and although their choices of work and location were based on socioeconomic factors, these individuals were free citizens of the state (David, a.R., 58).

In addition to the peasant labor, there were professional craftsmen and architects whose skills were required for the more finely detailed and skilled areas of the pyramid. These individuals had their own housing area within the barracks, and were treated to slightly nicer conditions than those of the slaves. They were also, some believed paid wages in exchange for their skills, since such skills were learned and honed only through repetition and higher learning, as opposed to the unskilled labor of the peasant force. These…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Baines, J. "Ancient Egypt Timeline." Ancient History: Egyptians. BBC. 10 Nov. 2008. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/timeline.shtml.

Brier, B.A & Hobbs, H. Life of the Ancient Egyptians. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Brunes, T. "Introduction: The Historical Background." Journal of the Southwest. 48.4 (2006): 331-332.

David, a.R. The Pyramid Builders of Ancient Egypt: A Modern Investigation of Pharaoh's Workforce. New York: Routledge, 1996.
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National Lambdarail Assumptions for the

Words: 1754 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34501699

(National LambdaRail)

Conclusion

As the NLR seeks to bring diverse research communities together to confront and solve complex challenges "of building network architecture, end-to-end performance, and scaling," (Tash 32-33), the thought presented from Disraeli stressing that a leader must "follow the people," (Smith, and Cohon) aptly portrays the thought this researcher contends best relates the conclusion gained from this study. Just as a leader "follows" and notes the needs of people he/she serves, if NLR notes the needs of those it serves, it will in turn, lead in its field in its quest to "light the future." (National LambdaRail)

orks Cited

National Lambdarail Launches Transit and Peering Project. (2006, April 20) Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh PA. 10 Feb. 2008 http://www.psc.edu/publicinfo/news/2006/200604-20nlr.php

NLR National Lambda Rail...light the future." (2008) http://www.nlr.net" National LambdaRail. 10 Feb. 2008 http://www.nlr.net/researchers/guide/.

Tash, illiam R. Ph.D. (2006). Evaluating Research Centers and Institutes for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

National Lambdarail Launches Transit and Peering Project. (2006, April 20) Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh PA. 10 Feb. 2008 http://www.psc.edu/publicinfo/news/2006/200604-20nlr.php

NLR National Lambda Rail...light the future." (2008)  http://www.nlr.net " National LambdaRail. 10 Feb. 2008
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International Sale of Goods the

Words: 2072 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21637909



9. eturns - defines the condition under which the product can be returned, what procedures must be used, advance notice requirements, shipping issues and the like.

10. Damages - defines procedures for reporting, estimating and recovering damages if suffered by any party. This may include penalty payments with a defined upper limit for recovery.

11. Governing Law - defines the location where litigation will occur in the event that a breach of contract suit must be pursued through the court. The Mooters interest: This contract component would have defined Britain or France as the court for litigating recourse and recovery. With regard to the Mooters situation, different jurisdictions and applicable laws apply if this suit progresses to court.

The following contract components could have been included in the Mooters' sales contract; however, given its likely low monetary exposure, these contract components are likely unnecessary.

Entire Agreement - defines that no…… [Read More]

References

Black's Law Dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.

UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sales of Goods. (1980). [Online]. Available: http://www.uncitral.org/pdf/english/texts/sales/cisg/CISG.pdf.

Uniform Commercial Code - Article 1. (2008). Cornell University. [Online]. Available: http://www.law.cornell.edu/ucc/1/.
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Victoria Chemicals Is Considering a

Words: 2051 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92126630

Once this is done, the NPV of the project will naturally improve, because the cash flows are not affected in any negative way otherwise. The project has a positive net present value and therefore meets the financial criteria set by the organization. The project also makes sense strategically and improves the competitiveness of the organization. It should be accepted on those grounds as well.

hile the capital budgeting process does reveal some issues within the organization, the time and place for resolving those issues is not during the capital budgeting process itself. Thus, a further recommendation is that Victoria Chemical focuses its energy on learning from this experience, and making its capital budgeting process better, and if need be the company could also make changes to its organizational design. Bear in mind that some of these issues arise because other divisions prefer not to have the Merseyside operation affect them…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Cremers, M., Huang, R. & Sautner, Z. (2009). Internal capital markets: The bright side of corporate politics. Wharton School of Business. Retrieved March 14, 2012 from  http://fic.wharton.upenn.edu/fic/papers/09/0903.pdf 

Evans, M. (no date). Capital budgeting analysis. Excellence in Financial Management. Retrieved March 14, 2012 from  http://www.exinfm.com/training/pdfiles/course03.pdf 

Probst, a. (no date). Using net present value to evaluate the value of money over time. University of Wisconsin. Retrieved March 14, 2012 http://lgc.uwex.edu/Finance/FM3Value.ppt
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Aquatic System & 8226 Describe Climate Affects Selected

Words: 541 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44968039

aquatic system • Describe climate affects selected ecosystem. • Explain, based laws thermodynamics, energy flows selected ecosystem. • Examine matter transported selected ecosystem due biogeochemical cycles, carbon, hydrologic, nitrogen, phosphorus.

Aquatic ecosystems

Aquatic ecosystems are mainly responsible for assisting energy transfers across the planet and for making it possible for all life on earth to exist. Depending on the area where it is located and on the substances that it contains, a body of water can have more or less living beings in it. Climate has a strong impact on water and on the organisms that directly depend on it. Climate change has had a severe effect on bodies of water all around the planet and this is obvious especially when considering melting glaciers and the energy that they release.

Thermohaline circulation is one of the most important circulation systems present on the planet and it is largely in charge…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Franks, Felix, "Water: A Matrix of Life," (Royal Society of Chemistry, 19.07.2000)

Juuti, Petri, "Environmental History of Water: Global Views on Community Water Supply and Sanitation," (IWA Publishing, 30.01.2007)
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Intermediate Sanctions Over the Last Decade There

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63236093

intermediate sanctions?

Over the last decade there have been rising overcrowding in prisons and other correction facilities making them costly and dangerous for the inmates. There has been also a need to better manage the crime levels in the community as well as reduce crime, and give fair sentencing to adult offenders. These are the main factors that led to development of intermediate sanctions (Caputo G., 2004).

Discuss the evolution and use of boot camps. What are the purposes of shock incarceration?

The increased crime rates among the juvenile in the late 70s and early 80s led to the development of the boot camps with first being set in 1980. They are owned by the government or by private sector. It is estimated that there are almost 100 boot camps in the U.S.A. today. Shock incarceration is the alternative to incarceration which leads to earlier liberation from confinement. They are…… [Read More]

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HRM and Team Management the Notion by

Words: 1179 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12258091

HM and Team Management

The notion by Vernon that AAA should not expand out of their core business and Bud that AAA is not strong enough to compete with existing companies that service the nonperishable foods market in the Midwest confirms a fact that people normally have a built-in anti-change immune system. This kind of mindset creates a powerful inclination to resist change (Duffy, 2009). Unlocking and subsequent modification of immune system can make an organization's employees' to release new energy on behalf of new ways of thinking, believing, and doing. The internal anti-change immune systems are powered by entropy, negentropy, and dynamic equilibrium. This paper discusses and defines mental models and mindsets and how they affect an organization's employees in this case AAA Transportation an interstate trucking company that specializes in transporting wholesale produce in refrigerated trailers in the Midwest. The paper identifies four steps to changing mental models…… [Read More]

References List

Byrne, R.M.J. (2005). The Rational Imagination: How People Create Counterfactual

Alternatives to Reality. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Byrne, R.M.J. & Johnson-Laird, P.N. (2009). If and the problems of conditional reasoning.

Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 13, 282-287
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New Good or Service Business Proposal

Words: 1309 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85919336

New Product in the Market

New Good or Service Business Proposal

Tire Company Plan to Increase ange of Products

Our company deals in sale of small car tires to individuals and companies in Minnesota. The region has grown from dependence on production of raw material for sale in other region to production and manufacturing activities. In the region, there is a significant increase in truck haulage business owing to the growth seen in industrial outputs. This creates a market for truck tires that is yet to be satisfied given the few number of tire supplies in the region. Our company proposes to introduce the supply of truck tires to haulage companies in the region. The demand of tires in general is dependent on the demand in the transport industry and it responds to the number of tire supplies and the market price for tires.

Currently the company sources most of…… [Read More]

References

Harrison Jr., W., Horngren, C.T., & William, C.T. (2012). Financial accounting 9th edition. U.S.A.: Prentice Hall

Rajan, G. (2007). Marketing Management - Concepts, Cases, Chall,2/e. India Prentice-Hall Of India Pvt. Limited.

Sengupta, S. (2005). Brand Positioning: Strategies for Competitive Advantage. New York City, U.S.: McGraw-Hill Companies, Incorporated.

Woodside, A.G., Golfetto, F., & Gibbert, M. (2011). Creating and Managing Superior Customer Value. United Kingdom: Emerald Group Pub Limited.
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Alberta Tar Sands

Words: 2721 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6044718

Alberta Tar Sands Issues

The tar sands oil reserves in Alberta, Canada, represent the second largest proven petroleum reserve in the world -- right behind the reserves in Saudi Arabia. The Alberta tar sands are located in the vast boreal forest of Canada, just north of Montana, and it is estimated that nearly 179 billion barrels of oil are in the tar sands, according to Bridget Mintz Testa, writing in the peer-reviewed journal Mechanical Engineering (Testa, 2008). The great volume of crude oil is seen as a positive, reliable source of energy for Canada and other countries that will be importing this oil. The extraction, production, and transportation of tar sands oil also represents a number of serious environmental impacts, which will be reviewed in this paper.

The Science Involved in Tar Sands Oil Production

Notwithstanding the fact that tar sands oil is in plentiful supply, one of the down…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Petroleum Institute "Keystone XL Pipeline." Retrieved February 26, 2013, from   http://www.api.org  .

Austen, Ian. "Oil Sands Industry in Canada Tied to Higher Carcinogen Level." The New York

Times. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from  http://www.nytimes.com .

Chemical Engineering. "Solvent extraction method shows promise for recovering bitumen from tar sands." 118.9 (2011): p. 12.
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Country Study China International Trade and Finance

Words: 2462 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28415886

Country Study: China

International trade and finance

Exports

Imports

China Economic Issues with Trade

Suggestions for improving trading practices

COUNTY STUDY: CHINA

COUNTY STUDY: CHINA

COUNTY STUDY: CHINA

China, officially the People's epublic of China (PC), is considered to be a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population that has over 1.35 billion. The People epublic of China is a single-party state which is supervised by the Communist Party, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing (Naughton, 2012). It handles a regions that is over some 22 provinces, five of them are autonomous districts, four are direct-regulated cities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two typically self-governing special administrative districts (Macau and Hong Kong ). (Snyder, 2011)The PC People epublic of China likewise makes the claim that Taiwan -- which is mostly controlled by the epublic of…… [Read More]

References:

Lin, Cai and Li, The China Miracle. (2003, September 26). Retrieved from Chinese University Press: http://books.google.com/books?id=_OEwbLZ2vYwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Lin,+Cai+and+Li,+The+China+Miracle,+Chinese+University+Press,+2003&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8CRCUqmkFaTx2QX01oGwDg&ved=0CDEQuwUwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

Penn World Tables. (2013, September 7). Long run time series of comparable main economic aggregates for many countries in the world. https://pwt.sas.upenn.edu/.

World bank World Development Indicators. (2013, September). Time series of economic and social indicators for every country in the world (annual frequency).  http://databank.worldbank.org/data/home.aspx .

Assem Reda, A.H. (2012). Exploring egypt-china bilateral trade: Dynamics and prospects. Journal of Economic Studies, 39(3), 314-326.