New Technologies in Criminal Investigation Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

New Technologies in Criminal Investigation: Using GPS to go where police officers cannot go

The computer age has brought on a whole new set of criminals: Hackers, virus perpetrators, business secret pilferers, identity thieves and more. The computer age has also changed the way in which traditional crimes are perpetrated too. As we saw in the horrific terrorist attacks of September 11, the Al Queda henchmen stayed in contact with their shadowy bosses over email, and were well aware of planes' schedules and fuel capacities significantly ahead of time via usage of the wide variety of information sources on the Internet.

True, technology has changed the way we live our lives in many positive ways, but it has also enabled criminals to attack their work from entirely different and more potent angles. Fortunately, similar technological advances are also available to the criminal investigation elements of our society as well.

One such advance is the global positioning system. Known as GPS, this paper will explore how the technology is revolutionizing the way criminal investigators do business.

Keeping track of paroled criminals

The primary use of using GPS in criminal investigation work is to keep track of paroled criminals. Often, parole officers and other criminal investigators will use GPS systems in congruence with many other advances in technology, including voice recognition systems and systems designed to work with existing radio / cellular networks.

Criminal investigation experts feel that the GPS systems are the most effective. Not only can they inform authorities when parolees or criminals are not where they should be, but they can actually proactively inform the operators where the person is. These systems have been used by law enforcement agencies for some years and are starting to be planned for monitoring the elderly, mentally challenged, and children. The opponents of monitoring individuals worry about the methods used to fairly decide who will be tagged for monitoring, and the itinerant privacy issues (discussed below). The opponents claim the slippery slope argument: They predict that once it starts it will not stop until everyone is tagged and monitored using a GPS system.

In this age of the Patriot Act, GPS technologies -- and the resulting constitutional conflicts -- are even more at the forefront. How do we ensure that the devices are used only as they are supposed to be used? The argument harks back to the days of mafia-tracking using wire-taps. The police forces abused the wire tap technology to tap basically whomever they wanted to in several cases. Even recently, in a non-GPS issue, Atlantic City casino workers used security cameras not to watch potential cheaters or thieves, but to catch women in compromising situations.

The power of GPS in criminal investigations truly scares its opponents, the constitutional defenders. Our privacies are paramount in the Constitution, and if criminal investigators are to be able to use GPS technologies successfully, they must prove a) that they can be trusted with the technology, and b) that it does not significantly infringe on either the criminal's constitutional rights, or society's at large.

This is particularly true in the case of paroled criminals who are being tracked via GPS. Of course, they are required to stay within a certain geographic vicinity, but as we mentioned above, GPS systems inform operators not only when these criminals exceed their legal territory, but where exactly they are at all times. In other words, the GPS system delivers too much information. If indeed the systems are to pass constitutional muster, they must have "governors" of the sort that appear on Porsche automobiles: Porsches are fully capable of going more than 150 miles per hour, but several models have artificial governors on their speed to cap the automobiles at a lower pace. GPS systems provide too much information, and if criminal investigators are to use them, especially to track parolees, one possible solution is to actually dumb down the capabilities of the systems to only inform the operators when the parolees leave their assigned districts.

With such safeguards, parolees do not lose their constitutional rights to travel at will and with their constitutional privacies intact within the legal area; they are only sequestered to that area by the GPS.

Arguments in support of more prevalent GPS use, especially on paroles

Now that we have discussed some of the constitutional trouble-spots of GPS usage and the actual process of GPS investigation, why all the fuss? In other words,…[continue]

Some Sources Used in Document:


Cite This Term Paper:

"New Technologies In Criminal Investigation" (2004, December 20) Retrieved December 11, 2016, from

"New Technologies In Criminal Investigation" 20 December 2004. Web.11 December. 2016. <>

"New Technologies In Criminal Investigation", 20 December 2004, Accessed.11 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Criminal Investigation Do You Believe the Police

    Criminal Investigation Do you believe the police should have access to these records and be able to use them in their investigations? Yes, in the case that was examined the police should have access to the motor vehicle, employment, criminal records and other pertinent information on the suspect. This is because these pieces of information can establish patterns of behavior that were exhibited prior to and after the burglaries were committed. For

  • Analyzing the Role of the Forensic Psychologist in Criminal Investigation...

    Criminal Psychology Forensic Psychologist Analyzing the role of the forensic psychologist in criminal investigation and prosecution Analyzing the role of the forensic psychologist in criminal investigation and prosecution It should be noted that psychology has not had a clearly defined space in the judicial field. On the one hand, while the law demands tangible and verifiable data, psychology, answers from knowledge conjectural. Oracle named as legatees, seduces us with a place on condition that

  • DNA Evidence in Criminal Investigations

    , 2007, p. 153). Conclusion The research showed that DNA evidence can be a valuable tool for the criminal justice system, but the effectiveness of such evidence depends on a number of factors. Among the more salient of these factors was the need to ensure that the DNA sample is collected and stored properly, and that it is transported to a testing facility in a timely and appropriate fashion. Other issues that

  • Criminal Proceedings Probable Cause the Law

    Criminal Proceedings -- Probable Cause The Law information site provided by Cornell University defines probable cause as the requirement that is found in the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution that "…must usually be met before police make an arrest" or conduct a search or get a warrant from a judge ( Most courts find probably cause a justifiable reason to issue a warrant when there is "…a reasonable basis for believing

  • Criminal Identification Procedures

    Criminal Identification Procedures The dawn of the twenty-first century has become the era of George Orwell's "1984." Technology that was found only in science fiction a few decades ago, is part of today's standards and procedures. The world today is filled with cameras that can film an individual wherever he goes, his cell phone signal can pinpoint his location, and even one glance can reveal his true identity (Shenk 2003). Iris-recognition technology,

  • Criminals Language From a Psycholinguistics Point Of View

    Criminal Psycholinguistics as a Predictor and/or Indicator of Criminality (rewritten for grammar) Language is used differently. Humans use it in many forms and in many means. As it represents someone's character, language helps everyone to perceive what kind of profile a person has. Thus, this brought the researcher to explore the psycholinguistics of criminals. In this thesis, the researcher will focus mainly on the collective study in determining a criminal based on

  • Criminal Justice the Polygraph Remains

    The next step is evidence collection. Processing a crime scene without disturbing the evidences is a difficult task and investigators should take every precaution to gather evidence without affecting the crime scene. (GSA) Crime scene stepping pads' can be used for walking around the area without damaging potential evidences. Photographs and video must be taken before proceeding with the rough sketching around the crime scene. For this purpose 'crime scene

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved