Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Norms of Behavior
Behavioral theorists have long recognized the influence of norms upon behavior, and for decades at least, practitioners have tried to use the media, group opinion leaders, and small-group or other interactive activities in sexuality and HIV education classes to change norms and to thereby change behavior. In addition, for a variety of reasons, people have tried to increase connectedness between youth and their families, schools and faith communities. Thus, simply recognizing that norms and connectedness influence behavior is not new. However, what is striking is the extent to which social norms, connectedness and their interaction partially explain so many research findings involving both risk and protective factors and the impact of programs. While no single theory can explain, all findings on adolescent sexual behavior are remarkably powerful.
Young teens are more likely to have sexual intercourse if they believe their friends have already done so, according to a specialist in adolescent medicine from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. "Sexual initiation is a planned activity for these young adolescents, who often make their decisions at the beginning of the school year. The main motivation for adolescents to participate in sexual activity is not because 'it's cool' but because they don't want to be left behind," (O'Sullivan, L.F., Meyer-Bahlburg, H.F.L., & Watkins, B.X. (1999, August).
Parents and educators can address the issue of early sexual initiation by focusing on peer groups rather than solely focusing on an individual teen, Increasing rates of HIV among urban adolescents have raised concerns about their participation in risk behaviors. Little is known about the developmental processes of normal sexual behavior in early adolescence, particularly among urban adolescent girls. Efforts to reduce rates of adolescent participation in risky sexual behavior have had only limited success. To curtail the incidence of new HIV and STD infections, we must develop and implement interventions that effectively promote safer sexual behaviors. Past researchers have examined a range of social networks associated with the onset and experience of sexual activity, yet most have failed to examine the intermediary step which is how these social interactions are interpreted by adolescents, and ultimately contribute to their sexual expectations, decisions, and behavior.
Girls' interactions with others during the process of socialization are assumed to affect their understanding of sexual roles, and hence, acquisition of socio sexual cognitions (i.e., attitudes, expectations, beliefs about their own role and the role of others in sexual behavior and relationships). The underlying premise guiding the current project is that HIV prevention efforts designed to change adolescents' sexual behavior will be most successful when (a) we understand the social cognitions associated with adolescents' sexual behavior and (b) we incorporate into the intervention scope those social networks which influence sexual development and support participation in risky sexual behaviors.
Children learn aggressive behavior through both observational learning and enactive learning.
There is a positive relationship between a child's observation of others behaving aggressively and the child behaving aggressively. Many researchers have examined the internal relations between occupation and adult development, occupation and parenting style, and parenting style and children's behavior.
The relation between occupation and level of children's antisocial aggression, however, has not been examined. Parents' involvement in community affairs may be a domain of adult development where They would likely learn communication, organization, and negotiating skills, which would
Affect their parenting styles; therefore, parents are being questioned about their volunteer
Activities. A short adult intelligence test is being administered. Parents' attitudes on violence, beliefs in the appropriateness in the use of violence, and parents' own conflict resolution scripts are being examined. Parents are being questioned on the messages, which they give to their children concerning violence: do they recommend negotiation, avoidance, or direct aggression in resolving conflicts.
The influence of an adolescent's peers was found to explain student behavior throughout the high school years better than any other variable. Having academically oriented friends seemed to encourage students to behave well and to help them resist drugs and alcohol. On the other hand, a negative peer influence seemed to greatly increase a student's risk for behavior problems and substance abuse.
Peer relations have an important role in social development of adolescents and the influence can be positive or negative. Because a school has outstanding academic accomplishments does not necessarily indicate that it is a positive social context for healthy adolescent development.
It highlights the importance of understanding of peer groups and developing strategies to foster positive peer relations. Students, adolescents in particular,…[continue]
"Norms Of Behavior Behavioral Theorists Have Long" (2002, November 15) Retrieved December 8, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/norms-of-behavior-behavioral-theorists-have-138817
"Norms Of Behavior Behavioral Theorists Have Long" 15 November 2002. Web.8 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/norms-of-behavior-behavioral-theorists-have-138817>
"Norms Of Behavior Behavioral Theorists Have Long", 15 November 2002, Accessed.8 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/norms-of-behavior-behavioral-theorists-have-138817
Human Behavior: Values, Cultural Design, And Control We are all controlled by the world in which we live, and part of the world has been and will be constructed by men. The question is this: Are we to be controlled by accidents, by tyrants, or by ourselves in effective cultural design?" - B.F. Skinner Cultural Design is much like "instrumental conditioning," where people are conditioned to respond favorably to a situation or
Because there was not the time or means to get a very diverse population of individuals, there may be some limitations when it comes to social class as well as previous levels of aggression in the children and youths. There are only two girls compared with the eight boys. This may be considered a limitation as well, but more parents of boys answered the ad and this may be because
Criminal Behavior Approaches to Understand Criminal Behavior Psychological Approaches Sociological Approaches Biological Approaches Psychosurgery Chemical Methods of Control Imagine yourself having a walk in the premises of your house and a stone come flying through the boundary wall and hits you. As a layman, one might face difficulty in defining this incident. It can be termed as an assault, an act of violence or a criminal offence. This is a layman's term to define this act but
With this approach, consultation psychology focuses on the issues of the group as a whole and therefore typically uses group discussions, interviews and observations as opposed to singling out specific individuals. The result is that, by using consultation psychology in the field of industrial and organizational psychology, the focus is on the group and the roles the individuals who make up the group play. With this focus, industrial and
According to Bales, 1999, the concept behind SYMLOG is that "every act of behavior takes place in a larger context, that it is a part of an interactive field of influences." Further, "the approach assumes that one needs to understand the larger context -- person, interpersonal, group, and external situation -- in order to understand the patterns of behavior and to influence them successfully." With SYMLOG, measurement procedures are
" (Halpin and Burt, 1998) DuBois states: "The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife -- this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self. In this merging he wishes neither of the older selves to be lost. He would not Africanize America, for America has too much to teach the world and Africa. He would not bleach
Nursing Theorist: Sr. Roy Adaptation Model The Roy Adaptation model for Nursing had its beginning when Sister Callista Roy happened to get admitted in the Masters Program of pediatric nursing in the University of California, Los Angeles, in the year 1964. At that time, Sr. Callista was familiar with the idea of 'adaptation' in nursing, and it must be mentioned that Sr. Callista's adviser at that time was Dorothy E. Johnson,