Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Identify the following ten terms or philosophers: (Be sure your answers contain details and sufficient information for college level work.) 1) Buddha 2) Freud 3) Plato 4) Relativism 5) Camus 6) Kierkegaard 7) What is your definition or morality? 8) Does God exist and intervene directly in our affairs? 9) What is the relationship between religion and reason? 10) What philosophical ideals are you developing as a result of your reading in this course?
Buddha is a person who has achieved enlightenment (awakening) through nirvana (liberation). It is furthered by Buddhism, a popular eastern religion that stresses the importance of self-discovery through peace and understanding. The person Buddha is often associated with the historical founder of the Buddhist faith. The individual must liberate him or herself from the physical world in order to be awakened to its reality.
Freud is the father of psychoanalysis, a precursor to modern psychology. He began to focus the world on the idea that there is an internal self within a person's mind that can influence all outward actions and is influenced by all outward actions of others, but especially by early life, and the development or lack of development of specific goal oriented stages of being, that are universal to all. Freud was particularly interested in gender differences and believed that by unlocking the events of one's past through dream analysis and hypnosis one could realize and repair any current problems or issues. Freud divided the self into the ID, the Ego and the Superego and defined each area of ones mind by the desires that each furthered, the id being the child selfish self, the ego being the middle ground that wishes to have things occur for the betterment of self and those around him or her and the superego the controller of morality for the whole of the community.
Was a foundational classic Greek philosopher, probably the most well-known in the world. He is known particularly for his furtherance of the philosophies of his teacher Socrates, a famous Greek philosopher who was tried by the Senate and put to death, regardless of the pleas of his friends to escape. Plato demonstrated his ideas through dialogues with Socrates and others, through the traditional idea of reason meeting between to logical minds discussing the right and wrong of any given situation.
Is the branch of philosophy, furthered by many individuals, that stresses that every aspect of human life is dependant upon other aspects (or relative to them). The theory loosely states that individuals can only understand reality in the terms of the whole of the context of its occurrence.
Albert Camus was an absurdist furthering the idea that the human existence is dominated by dualism and that the majority of life is spent trying to reach happiness as apposed to the reality of death and disaster that is so much a part of the human existence.
Kierkegaard was also an existentialist who stressed the importance of self, and rejected religion, or at least its auspices, instead asking the individual to seek answers to difficult life qwuestions within him or herself.
7) What is your definition or morality?
Morality is the guide within the self that determines actions, according to the best intentions of the individual. The most ardent moralist would equate all decisions to how they will effect others, as apposed to self, but in truth morality must include the self as a determining factor to decisions.
8) Does God exist and intervene directly in our affairs?
God exists as an essence, rather than as an individual being. In each individual is a more amorphous representation of the essence of God.
9) What is the relationship between religion and reason?
Religion as an institution is dominated by challenges not of God, but of politics and human concerns, therefore reason can only play a limited role in Religion.
10) What philosophical ideals are you developing as a result of your reading in this course?
The ideals that I have gained from and am developing as a result of this course can be summed up in one idea, that human existence is complicated and requires extensive thought and consideration, but that…[continue]
"Philosophical Ideals And Contributions To" (2007, September 28) Retrieved December 8, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/philosophical-ideals-and-contributions-to-35506
"Philosophical Ideals And Contributions To" 28 September 2007. Web.8 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/philosophical-ideals-and-contributions-to-35506>
"Philosophical Ideals And Contributions To", 28 September 2007, Accessed.8 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/philosophical-ideals-and-contributions-to-35506
As Socrates argues against rhetoric and its use as an "art" (as Gorgias identifies it), he exemplifies the freedom of the criminal as opposed to the law-abiding individual, subsisting to the same argument that Plato had presented in "Republic." In arguing against rhetoric and freedom obtained in democracy, Socrates states: "...the unjust or doer of unjust actions is miserable in any case,-more miserable, however, if he be not punished
International Relations Philosophical Views: International Relations International Relations: Philosophical Views In studying International Relations, there are four philosophical schools of thought used to analyze such studies. Liberalism, realism, radical, and constructivist views have contributed to analyzing this field of study from ancient times to the contemporary era. In its simplest terms, philosophy means the quest for knowledge and truth. It is the quest for wisdom or universal knowledge of the whole. Hence, the
Behaviorism Behaviorism sought to understand observable behavior instead of the workings of the mind or even its functions. Some psychologists even insisted that psychology was the science of behavior. Watson denied the existence of a separate realm of conscious events. The purpose of Behaviorism, according to John Watson, was to predict and control behavior by understanding the effect of the environment on one's behavior. Watson was also influenced by Locke's blank
Healthcare Policy Western Philosophical Thought and the Delivery of the Public Health System Improving healthcare behaviors and access to public healthcare has been a key issue of debate among politicians and officials on all levels of the government for quite some time. The ability to improve individual behaviors that result in improved health have an impact on society. The healthcare system is already overwhelmed and there is an urgent need to convince
In order to gain insight into these it is necessary that they all be combined into one. 6) Miller states the rule that visions are always mentioned as being 'visions'. 7) the rule relating to determine when a word is used literally or physically and states that if the word makes good sense as it stands, and does not violence to the simple laws of nature, then it must be understood
Benjamin Franklin - the Ideal American Benjamin Franklin is considered by many to be one of the greatest Americans to ever live, and is also held as an important pillar of America's national heritage. Some may also argue that he exemplifies the American dream and all that is truly American. As the son of a candlemaker and only receiving a minimal amount of formal education, Benjamin Franklin was unlimited by his
We must canonize our own saints, create our own martyrs, and elevate to positions of fame and honor black women and men who have made their distinct contributions to our history." (Garvey1, 1) Taken in itself and absent the implications to African repatriation that we will address hereafter, this is a statement which seems to project itself upon both Martin Luther King and Malcolm X, mutually driven as they would