It is the dream of every slot player who walks into the casino to hit the big one. It is a thrilling thought in which the player always begins with the fantasy of lining up all the winning symbols and carrying the winnings for spending. However, as the play continues, reality sets in, and deep within the dream become doubts as one realizes that there is more chance of the lightening striking than there is of hitting the jackpot. The reality is the chances of hitting it big are astronomical. However, despite this knowledge, people still engage in the gamble. The issue thus becomes the social and economic impacts that gambling has on the society, the gambler, the industry and the government at large (Orford, 2010). Various stakeholders in practice have varying perspectives of the issue at hand. The issue continues to raise debates as to the legality and moral aspect of the practice in view of the impacts on the stakeholders. Thus, it is imperative to examine the issue and its impacts to arrive at a constructive conclusion or recommendation.
Why this is an issue of justice or the common good
Gambling is remarkably diverse in nature, a factor that makes it so attractive and irresistible. Initially, going to the poker machines was an act of entertainment, for the pleasure of enjoying the thrill of winning after a hard day work. However, currently, people turned it into a form of investment, in which they invest their time and money trying to hit the jackpot (Doeden, 2010). This resulted into the aspect of addiction creeping into the once harmless entertainment field. The players who participate regularly get addicted to the game. This leads them to investing their entire earnings into gambling, rather than helping the family in meeting essential responsibilities. This thus, complicates the society, as it affects the development of the society negatively. Families suffer when the breadwinner has an addiction for poker machines, in which he never wins. The government on the contrary, as well as, the hotel industry, continues to earn revenues and benefits at the expense of the society (Viviers & Nel, 2012). The family and person gambling suffer most from this addiction into poker games. Thus, gambling is an issue of social justice.
The perspective of the stakeholders
The stakeholders in the issue include people who participate in the practice. These are the gambler, the group facilitating the activity, in which case are restaurants and hotels, comprising the hotel industry, and the government who legalize the issue. These stakeholders have their varied perspectives as to why they contribute to the issue.
To the gambler, the opportunity to enter to the casino, or place with the slot machines is thrilling enough to eliminate all fears for losing the gamble. The gambler only has one vision in mind, and that is to make a life changing winning. This drives them into going overboard with the gambles, to the extent of gambling off all their monthly earnings. Gambling for the person is not an issue as they always think they have control and can quit as they decide. However, they only realize it is an addiction when the reality of the impacts starts setting in, affecting them and the society around them. The impacts to the family of the gambler are severe, especially if there are children. The family lacks the financial support they should be receiving from the member (Wright, 2012). Additionally, the person may lose their job and thus become an irresponsible drunkard. These are possible consequences of gambling that the gambler does not envision while they are engaging the poker machines. The society loses an individual who would contribute significantly if they engaged the right gear towards developing their community. The gambler only sees the thrill of the win and drive the life changing winning would have on the person and the society. Critically, the gambler is the target in issue as the hotel and government only focus in their attaining benefits. Therefore, it is for the gambler to rise and see the reality, rather than the mere void joy of winnings that will never be. They are the vulnerable parties in this association.
The Hotel Industry
The hotel industry is wide, comprising of the casinos, restaurants and bars. This is the largest service industry in the world as it is a frequent meeting place for many people. Therefore, setting the casino within the place of offering the service is a lifetime investment for the industry (Wright, 2012). To the hotel industry, casino is an investment and entertainment place. The industry first established the casino and the poker machine games for the sole purpose of entertainment. However, as the industry realized the possible income and benefits from the practice, they engaged it into a reasonable investment strategy. The hotel industry is among the largest beneficiaries of gambling, as the earnings from the poker machines in the premises go to their bank accounts. Therefore, in perspective of the hotel industry, providing casino and gambling services is a form of entertainment to their clients; as well as, an investment that earns the industry significant income levels (Fong, Campos, Rosenthal, Brecht, Schwartz, Davis & Chung, 2010). The industry collects bounds of revenue from the gamblers who go for the gambling without suspecting the odds against them winning. Gambling is not a game of luck as many think as many hotel industries strive to acquire machines that facilitate their interests better than the interest of the players. This shows the extent to which the hotel industry holds the poker machine games to hit the people who gamble big. Instead of the people who invest their time and finances into the poker game drawing the lump sum benefits from the game, the industry draws the benefits for the gamblers. Therefore, in the perspective of the hotel industry, the poker machine games assist them to hit the players in the field big. They earn the biggest share of their benefits in the game.
The State Government
The government is also a significant stakeholder in the subject of gambling and the poker machines. Initially, gambling was a crime as it presented dens for criminals and fraudsters to exploit unsuspecting players. However, as time progressed and civilization, as well as, the theory of capitalism developed, the government realized the looming opportunity to generate revenue from the gambling dens. The government saw it as a lucrative business venture, through which it could generate revenue through taxation of the industry and the winnings of the players (Pathological gambling, 2010). Therefore, the government taxes twice from this game. The taxes are in large sums; thus, the government is significantly benefiting from the misery of the players. The government further went ahead to initiate regulations defining the process of hosting the poker machines. These regulations, it aims to ensure that those engaging in the act are adults, who are responsible for their actions. Therefore, to the government perspective, gambling is not an issue of concern as such. It is an industry that earns the government revenue through taxation.
The issue in terms of social justice, the common good and the principles that promote human flourishing
The common good comprises all conditions of society that facilitate the securing of goods; while facilitating human flourishing. According to social justice theory, all humans disserve equal treatment; hence, the establishment of the human rights bills in the constitution. In the issue of gambling and its social impact, various factors and principles apply for social justice, common good and human flourishing of all stakeholders in the issue.
To the gambler, there are various aspects of the issue affecting their common good and principles of flourishing. While the thought of winning brings a thrill of the investment in spending the winning, the reality is they are losing more. The impact of the game to the entity entails the loss of human dignity. It is likely that the person who gambles also drinks heavily. Additionally, gambling addiction leads to the loss of job and neglect of family and social responsibilities (Momper, 2010). However, it is essential to understand that this person has rights that guard their common good. As such, for human flourishing, there ought to be respect for the rights of the person, facilitation of their social welfare and peace and security. The society has a mandate to facilitate the social welfare of this person for them to flourish. To protect them from fraud and the addiction of the games, the society can assist in rehabilitation of the people. The family is a community institution, thus, counseling sessions for the person can help facilitate their well-being and development in the path of flourishing. The property rights can help the person guard their property from the bets that people make while playing poker. Additionally, after counseling, the people need an alternative for the addiction; thus, social welfare can establish programs for…