468 results for “Gambling”.
The negative effects of gambling have been researched, touted, published and spewed forth from the mouths of researchers and do-gooders for decades, yet there has been an astonishing lack of research accomplished on the positive aspects of gambling influences on modern society (or even past societies for that matter). The reason behind such paucity might be that there are no positive aspects to gambling and that it leads to a plethora of problems that have negative connotations written all over them. On the other hand, it could also be that researchers have just not taken the time or made the effort to determine the positive aspects primarily because it is so easy to see the negative over the positive. This lack of effort on the researcher's part could also be that they do not wish to be seen personally commending an act that so many others find reprehensible.
Abbot, M. Volberg, R. Bellringer, M. & Reith, G. "A Review of Research on Aspects of Problem Gambling." Auckland University of Technology, Gambling Research Center, 2004 London Responsibility in Gambling Trust
American Psychiatric Association. "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition." 1994: Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association
Griffiths, Mark. Wardle, Heather. Orford, Jim. Sproston, Kerry. Erens, Bob. "Gambling, Alcohol, Consumption, Cigarette Smoking and Health: Findings from the 2007 British Gambling Prevalence Survey." Addiction Research & Theory April 2010: 18 (2) pp. 208 -- 223
Griffiths, M.D. "Gambling Addiction and its Treatment within the NHS." 2007 London: British Medical Association
Also, the more the person loses money, the more likely they are to become emotionally distraught and potentially violent, especially when under the influence of alcohol and drugs. As organized crime and gambling go hand-in-hand, so too do organized crime and drugs, which is why gambling and drugs are closely related sociological deviant phenomenon, phenomenon that all Christians should firmly oppose.
Gambling creates widespread familial and personal problems as well as sociological ones. For example, people who gamble sometimes spend their life savings or their spouse's hard-earned income. Throwing money away on betting can completely tear apart families. hen the spouse expresses disapproval, the gambler will retort with a slew of excuses or justifications. Arguments and outright fights might ensue, and all too often children are involved in the cross-fire. Gambling can be a major marital issue that can lead to divorce and even spousal or child abuse.
Yet, not every group gambles equally often, demographically. Protestants seem less likely to gamble than Catholics. Culture plays a role, and demographics affect the choice gambling venue method. (Griffiths & Delfabbro, 2002)
Yet when new forms of gambling are introduced, there is an overall increase in gambling. The method of gambling may also influence the likelihood of abuse. Continuous activities are more likely to be associated with gambling problems. The perception, if not the actual probability of earning an easy reward, creates a faulty system of thinking in all subjects. Regular gamblers tend to score higher on measures of sensation seeking than controls and problem gamblers engage in a very limited range of activities -- does the impulse control and limited life result or cause the behaviour?
There are also different gambling 'types.' The first type may be addicted to gambling itself for excitement. The other uses a gambling subculture…
Barrett, Will. (24 Nov 2003) Can we save 'problem gamblers' from the consequences of their actions? Online opinion: Austrialia's e-journal of social and political debate. Available at:
Blaszczynski, Alex. (2003). " Pathways to Pathological Gambling: Identifying Typologies." Journal of Gambling Issues. Available at:
Thus, people become too involved in the gambling itself, loosing control of taking back their senses. This then can result in a serious gambling problem, which if not treated properly, can harbor serious negative ramifications within the context of the person's life. Support groups and addiction programs can help keep people from being consumed by their habits. This is stark contrast of the defining elements of a hobby. Hobbies are supposed to be things to do on the side to increase enjoyment, not to consume the entire whole of the individual.
Additionally, gambling has long been known for its negative consequences; which definitely keep it from fulfilling the defining elements of a hobby. It has also been long associated with other forms of addictive vices, such as drinking and drug abuse. Thus, gambling can go hand in hand with other crimes, and be a facilitator for the existence of crime…
Anderson, Dan. (2010). Gambling as a profession. ABC Article Directory. Retrieved February 17, 2010 from http://www.abcarticledirectory.com/Article/Gambling-as-a-Profession/313306
Gamblers Anonymous. (2010). Official gamblers' home page. International Service Office. Retrieved February 17, 2010 from http://www.gamblersanonymous.org /index.html
Gambling among college students is a growing problem on campuses across the country.
A study released in May 2004 by the National Collegiate Athletic Association showed a growing tendency toward gambling among college-student-athletes, prompting the NCAA to commission a task force to study the problem (Dooley Pp).
According to NCAA President Myles Brand, "The scope of sports wagering among intercollegiate student-athletes is startling and disturbing ... Sports wagering is a double threat because it harms the well-being of student-athletes and the integrity of college sports" (Dooley Pp). The study revealed that gambling was a bigger problem among male athletes, about 35%, than compared to 10% of females (Dooley Pp). Football, golf, wrestling and lacrosse were the sports with the highest percentages of male athletes betting, while the sports with the largest numbers of female wagering were golf, lacrosse, basketball and field hockey (Dooley Pp).
One college student confessed that he…
Dooley, Jason. "Gambling on the Rise among College Student-Athletes, Study
Reports." The Daily News:Knight-Ridder/Tribune News Service. 5/16/2004; Pp.
Breaux, Kia Shante. "Gambling seen on the rise among college students."
Associated Press. Online. 4/17/1998; Pp.
Casino gambling in the United States is growing rapidly and shows no signs of abating. Since the first casinos opened on Native American reservations, many states have seen the potential revenue that gambling can add to its coffers. hen Pennsylvania decided to add casino gambling in 2006, it was with the idea that it could generate enough revenue to supply some tax relief. But within just five years, eleven casinos have opened in the state brining in a total of $3.66 billion in revenue, surpassing New Jersey to become the second-largest casino destination in the country behind Nevada (alters). This remarkable surge in gambling would not exist if not for the desire of average people to make large amounts of money in a short time. Every person who enters a casino seems sure that their large payday is imminent and they continue to spend, reasoning that eventually one…
Walters, Patrick. "Pennsylvania Now 2nd Biggest Gambling Market in America." NBC10
Philadelphia. NBCUniversal, Inc., 4 Apr 2012. Web. 18 Apr 2012.
Eadington, William R. "The Economics of Casino Gambling." The Journal of Economic
Perspectives 13.3 (1999): 173-192. Print.
These subcultures discourage respect for property, encourage violence and revenge, and depress the economy of the areas in which they operate (Consensual pp).
Federal and state laws prohibit the placing of bets on professional and college sporting events in every state except Nevada, yet, illegal sports wagering continues to prosper (Saum pp). The main reason for the increase in illegal sport wagering is that society accepts gambling and believes there are no victims (Saum pp). In fact, gambling is becoming an accepted activity in areas of the country that never before had access, virtually everyone can buy a lottery ticket, bet on a horse, or drive to a riverboat casino just a short trip away (Saum pp).
Due to its growing popularity, people are becoming less sensitive to the dangers of gambling and more and more are viewing sports wagering as a socially acceptable way to enjoy sporting events with…
Consensual crime." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consensual_crime
Peck, Donald L. "When Casino Gambling Comes to Your Hometown: The Biloxi Experience.(law enforcement management strategies)"
The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. 1/1/2001. Retrieved July 13, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Saum, William S. "Sports Gambling in College: Cracking Down on Illegal
As such the stigma that once existed concerning gambling no longer exists. People are therefore more likely to engage in gambling activities and more likely to develop an addiction to gambling. The author further explains that even though there are still social conflicts concerning the implementation and expansion of certain types of gambling such as, video lottery, terminals gambling has become a largely accepted practice (Cosgrave (2010). In addition, gambling is an activity that is mass-marketed by private gambling companies and states as type of leisure activity (Cosgrave (2010). This mass-marketing of gambling sends a message to consumers that gambling is an activity that is accepted and even expected in that particular community. As such people are more likely to participate in such and activity and less likely to feel guilty as a result of such participation.
Cosgrave (2010) further explains that gambling addictions have a great deal to do…
Casey, E.(2008) Women, pleasure and the gambling experience. Ashgate Publishing.
"Compulsive Gambling Addiction and Treatment." Addiction Research. Retrieved April 26, 2010 from: http://www.addictionsearch.com/treatment_articles/article/compulsive-gambling-addiction-and-treatment_17.html
Cosgrave, James F. And Thomas R. Klassen. 2001. Gambling against the state: The state and the legitimation of gambling. Current Sociology 4(5):1 -- 22.
Cosgrave J.F. (2010). Embedded Addiction: The Social Production of Gambling Knowledge and the Development of Gambling Markets. Canadian Journal of Sociology. Vol 35, No 113-134
The Gamblers Anonymous group makes the point that they are not affiliated with any particular religion, but they have spiritual tenets within the structure of their recovery program. They also indicate that compulsive gambling is not a financial problem; it's an "emotional problem" and along with the addiction the individual involved can begin experiencing problems with his or her marriage, with employment, with friends and with the law.
The Mayo Clinic says that compulsive gambling is an "impulse-control disorder."
hat that means is that the person involved is not able to "…resist engaging in behavior that's harmful to you or to someone else." (Mayo Clinic). Those with impulse-control disorder generally receive a feeling of "emotional arousal or excitement" prior to engaging in whatever behavior they are obsessed with. Following the emotional arousal and excitement, the person -- when he or she actually begins physically engaging in gambling -- gets a…
Cyber gamblers might feel less threatened since the context entitles them to hide their identity; thus, the individual feel less responsible for his or her actions. Note also that in the workplace, gambling does not raise much commotion as that of pornography. More so, if it does not seem to interrupt the employee's performance. But the problem may still be in the premature stage with its long-term effects yet to be witnessed. If the employers fail to anticipate the outcome of their employees' addiction to online gambling, they might someday find themselves at the losing end - earning much less due to employee unproductiveness.
Employers must be made aware of the problems online gambling brings; with this, is the responsibility to keep their employees well-informed about it too. Information dissemination should not be expected to instantly solve the online gambling problem, but should be regarded as a tiny step worth…
Page, Leigh (2007). Online gambling ups odds of a problem in workplace. Business Insurance, 41 (26).
Gambling: A literary review
Gambling has a paradoxical role in modern society -- while it is a legal and socially-acceptable activity, it can also be highly addictive and yield negative consequences for the bettor. A literary review of existing studies on gambling behavior suggests that certain factors are likely to increase the behavior of gambling activities
The higher the involved 'information search,' the higher purchase intention on casino's consumers
In general, the more investment an individual places in the process of 'information searching,' the higher the degree his or her likelihood of making a purchase. This was demonstrated in a study of apartment-seeking designed to understand information investment: "the results demonstrate that the information processing leading to choice will vary as a function of task complexity" and the more complex the decision-making and the greater the investment of time in searching information, the higher the likelihood of a…
Derevensky, Jeffrey L., Rina Gupta and Giuseppe Della Cioppa. (1994). A developmental perspective of gambling behavior in children and adolescents. Journal of Gambling
Studies, 12 (1): 49-66
Payne, John. (2004). Task complexity and contingent processing in decision making:
An information search and protocol analysis. Organizational Behavior and Human
) (2003,p. A20). Vatz notes that those who gamble too much and suffer as a result have freely made that choice as "No force extrinsic to willpower forces people to gamble" (2003, p. A20).
Opponents also use the argument that African-Americans suffer "alleged disproportionate financial devastation" (Vatz and einberg, 2003) when organized gambling is legalized. They also, however, cite research that notes that "blacks actually are less likely to gamble than whites" (Vatz and einberg, 2003), although those who do gamble do so more often and lose more money. This leads opponents to claim that they suffer disproportionately from the "pathological" form of gambling; Vatz, as noted earlier, does not accept that there is pathology associated with the 'choice' to gamble, which would make moot the points concerning African-American gambling damage.
Benefits of legalizing organized gambling
hether or not there is any truly psychological or pathological component in gambling (and…
Horn, Bernard P. "Is There a Cure for America's Gambling Addiction?" USA Today, 1997, May.
Krebs, Brian. "U.S. Internet Gambling Crackdown Sparks WTO Complaint; Caribbean Nation Charges that U.S. Policies Violate International Trade Accords" Washingtonpost.com, 2003, July 21.
Lopez, Walter K. "Legalized Gambling: Racing for Dollars." New Mexico Business Journal, 1991, Feb.
Sheehan, Tom. "Bill Would Tax Video Gambling Machines." La Crosse (WI) Tribune, 2001, June 05.
Only a small percentage of people with severe AOD problems seek treatment (Loveland, 2003). Among those who do, there is a high attrition from initial contact through screening, assessment, and admission, and even greater attrition when this process involves a waiting list for services (Loveland, 2003). The BHM model seeks to infuse front-end, or pretreatment, recovery-support services into the community (Loveland, 2003). The goals of such pretreatment services are to:
1) "encourage the self-resolution of AOD problems through natural or mutual aid resources as an alternative to professionally directed treatment, 2) intervene at early stages of problem development before high-intensity services are needed, 3) intervene in severe forms of AOD problems before recovery capital is fully depleted, (4) reduce the attrition in sobriety-seeking and help- seeking experiments, 5) help individuals use community-support systems (Loveland, 2003), 6) engage individuals within their current developmental stage of change. In short, these services are…
Loveland, David (2003) a model to transcend the limitations of addiction treatment: the acute model of intervention is being challenged by models that wrap episodes of professional treatment within a continuum of recovery-support services. (Features Article). Behavioral Health Management
Riessman, Frank (1998) the peer principle: the key to addiction treatment.
Kertesz, Louise (1997) Addressing addiction: groups fight on-size-fits-all substance-abuse coverage. Modern Healthcare
HUMPHREYS, KEITH (1999) Professional Interventions That Facilitate 12-Step Self-Help Group Involvement. Alcohol Research & Health
What about the privacy and security of gambling patrons that organizations such as the Mirage Casino violate on a regular basis to gather information in data mining in an attempt to know the patterns of their patrons and to maximize profits from them?
Perhaps the questions are much like those for the cigarette industry. Here is an industry that governments have become heavily dependent upon for income but which has severe social consequences. Certainly, it is not enough to hang a disclaimer sign by the door warning the patron of the consequences. Society also has to deal with the consequences of human stupidity as well.
A main issue raised against gambling by antigambling activists is that gambling is inherently wrong. They argue that it is against human nature and nobility on a base level. The gambler violates their own conscience by yielding to greed. Gambling is in essence an irrational…
Legalization of Gambling and the Effects of Society
Though the federal law does not criminalize gambling, there are heavy restrictions particularly on the interstate and online gambling. Each state in the U.S.A. has the mandate and freedom to prohibit, or allow and regulate gambling within the confines of its own borders. The casino-style of gambling is seen to be minimal in terms of is spread across the U.S. with only Louisiana and Nevada where the casino-style gambling is legal across the state. Both the local governments and the state government have in place licensing and zoning restrictions which effectively restricts gambling to smaller geographical regions like Mississippi, New Jersey, Atlantic and such like confinements.
One way of legalizing gambling in the U.S. across the state without fear of disorganizing the society, is to first overcome the fear of unintended consequences of legalizing gambling. The state needs to have in place…
Williams R.J. et.al, (2011). The Social and Economic Impacts of Gambling. Retrieved June 3, 2016 from https://www.umass.edu/seigma/sites/default/files/SEIG%20Report-Williams%20Rehm%20%20stevens%202011.pdf
Merton R.K., (1968). Manifest and latent Functions. Retrieved June 3, 2016 from http://n.ereserve.fiu.edu/ba57828.pdf
Gambling is defined as the staking of money as well as goods that have a material value on a particular event with the intention to win extra money (or material goods with value for that matter). The result of this wagering becomes evident in a short period of time. It has now become a commercial activity that is conducted internationally, meanwhile the legal gambling market was estimated at $335 billion in 2009 (The Economist, 2010).
The games that are played by gamblers in the modern casinos of today were first originated in China and Europe (The History of American Gambling, 2012). Some of the games that originated in Europe include baccarat, blackjack, craps and roulette; meanwhile those that were originated in China include keno and pai gow poker (Gambling History, from the beginning, 2011).
There are many countries of the world where gambling has been banned. At the…
2010. "You bet." The Economist.
Brown, R.I.F. (1987). "Dropouts and continuers in Gamblers Anonymous: Part four. Evaluation and summary." Journal of Gambling Studies 3 (3).
Casino.org. (2012). "The History of American Gambling."
Crisp, Beth R.; Thomas, Shane A.; Jackson, Alun C.; Thomason, Neil; Smith, Serena; Borrell, Jennifer; Ho, Wei-ying; Holt, Tangerine A. (2000). "Sex Differences in the Treatment Needs and Outcomes of Problem Gamblers" (abstract page). Research on Social Work Practice 10 (2).
Economic Impact of Gambling
Economic Impacts Of Gambling
The economic impact of legalized gambling in the United States
The economic challenge of the contemporary period requires that renewed focus be given to any approaches that may improve the economic fortunes of states and ultimately the country. Gambling is one of approaches to economic development that is stymied with both positive and negative economic opportunities. States that legalize gambling are often faced with a factor that improves the fortunes of some groups and reduces or limits the gains of others. Thus the economic impact of gambling; while it is demonstrably a mixed experience continues to thrive because of the fiscal benefits to the state, and powerful individuals in the society.
When one examines the economic impact of legalized gambling there is a need to examine what happens to communities, legitimate businesses, and the state. This work will confine its analysis to…
Thompson, O.G. (2002) People Against a Casino Town Information Economic Impact of Legalizing Gambling. Retrieved from http://pactoregon.org/facts-economic-thompson02.html
gambling in the Asian-American community. Specifically, it will discuss the differences in how Asian customs or cultures effect how they gamble, and why Asians are much more prone to be pathological gamblers. It will include some Asian superstitions and beliefs about gambling. Asian gambling is a major trouble spot in Asian communities around the world. Asians love to gamble and wager -- it has been part of their history for centuries. Asian gambling is growing in numbers and in seriousness, and numerous communities are now addressing the Asian gambling problem, while struggling to understand just why Asians love to gamble so much.
Asian Culture and Gambling
Asians have a long and colorful history, and much of it includes gambling in one form or another. Scientists, researchers, and experts cite numerous reasons for the Asian propensity for gaming, from cultural and societal, to boredom, the need for excitement, and a lack…
Author not Available. "Gambling in a Chinese Cultural Context." The Wager. 10 June 1997. 20 Feb. 2004.
Banerjee, Neela. "Addicted to Big Money -- and Bad Odds." AsianWeek.com. 12 April 2001. 20 Feb. 2004.
Internet Gambling: Consumers, Industry, And Regulation
Final Year Project
Online gambling is a large and growing industry. Estimates from an industry consulting group indicate that as many as 2,000 firms worldwide are involved in offering a number of different types of online gambling, resulting in an estimated $25.4 billion in winnings and as much as twenty times that in revenue. Why is online gambling so popular, and what does this imply for society? This research was aimed at exploring the scope of internet gambling industry, the methods of internet gambling, as well as current state of regulation towards gambling industry. The author then considered implications for the industry as a whole. Findings of the research indicate that there are a wide range of people involved in online gambling, and that online gambling's ease of access plays a significant role in the industry. This is a significant problem because…
American Gaming Association. (2010). Internet gambling. Retrieved from http://www.americangaming.org/Industry/factsheets/issues_detail.cfv?id=17
Avcock, J. (2010). Spyware and adware. London: Springer.
Brown, S.J. (2006). The surge in online gambling on college campuses. New Directions in Student Services, 113, 53-61.
Derevensky, J.L., & Gupta, R. (2007). Internet gambling amongst adolescents: A growing concern. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 5, 93-101. Doi: 10.1007/s11469-007-9057-9.
At the same time, there are several examples of corruption within casinos in terms of employees. In Atlantic City, for example, one of the largest gambling rings was recently infiltrated in November of this year. Police charged twenty three individuals including six casino employees, with illegal sports gambling. According to reports, the group took in more than $22 million in bets on college and professional basketball and football games since March of 2006. The bets were taken inside a poker room at a popular gambling hotel. A supervisor of the poker room was arrested in the action on charges of promoting illegal gambling. According to police reports, the group employed casino employees through bribes and payoffs to avoid detection (Clark, online).
Casino owners agree a primary problem with casino employee gambling is the likelihood for addiction coupled with the availability of company funds, resources, and assets. As Michael D. umbolz,…
Ader, Jason N. Bear Stearns 2002-2003 North American Gamin Almanac. Las Vegas: Huntington Press, 2003.
American Gaming Association. "Casino Employment." Industry Information. 2003. American Gaming Association. December 10, 2007 http://www.americangaming.org/Industry/factsheets/general_info_detail.cfv?id=28.
American Gaming Association. "Responsible Gaming." Industry Information. 2003. American Gaming Association. December 10, 2007.
Buntain, Rex. "There's a Problem in the House." International Gaming & Wagering Business 3.1(1996): 39-45.
Compulsive or pathological gambling [...] pathological gamblers and why they do not gamble for entertainment or retreatist purposes, but rather to try to chase their losses and beat the machine or the game they are playing. Pathological gamblers do not know how to stop gambling and in trying to chase their losses, they turn into problem or compulsive gamblers. Problem gambling is a huge problem in society today, and with the prevalence of casinos in so many more areas of the country, it just continues to grow. Some experts believe pathological or compulsive gambling is not a disease, however, most experts agree compulsive gambling is a life-threatening disease that not only affects the gambler, it affects all of those around him or her, from family and friends to employers, business associates, and creditors.
Compulsive gambling is a disease, and it affects far more than simply the gambler, as any loved…
Barker, Thomas, and Marjie Britz. Jokers Wild: Legalized Gambling in the Twenty-First Century. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2000.
Blaszczynski, Alexander P. "A Winning Bet: Treatment for Compulsive Gambling." Psychology Today Dec. 1985: 38+.
Editors. "Home Page." National Council on Problem Gambling. 2004. 8 May 2004. http://www.ncpgambling.org /
Fisher, Sue. "The Pull of the Fruit Machines." The Sociological Review. Vol. 41, No. 3 August 1993.
In addition to creating jobs, casinos on reservations provided the American Indian community with various social services and strengthened their social bonds (Momper 142; Cornell et al., 1998). hile it is true that gambling addiction has increased among American Indian residents as a result of building casinos, in many instances improvements in standards of living took many of them out of poverty, decreasing the rate of behavioral problems and anti-social activities.
In summary, both proponents of gambling-is-a-social-problem thesis and their opponents have strong arguments at hand. The debate is likely to continue without being resolved as it is a controversial topic and gambling among the U.S. population leads to mixed results: both positive and negative.
Cornell, Kalt et al., American Indian Gaming Policy and Its Socio-Economic Effects. Cambridge, MA: Economic Resource Group, Inc., 1998. Print.
Hardoon, Karen et al., "Psychological Variables Associated ith Adolescent Gambling." Psychology of Addictive…
Cornell, Kalt et al., American Indian Gaming Policy and Its Socio-Economic Effects. Cambridge, MA: Economic Resource Group, Inc., 1998. Print.
Hardoon, Karen et al., "Psychological Variables Associated With Adolescent Gambling." Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 18.2 (2004): 170-179. Print.
Larimer, Mary & Neighbors, Clayton. "Normative Misperception and the Impact of Descriptive and Injunctive Norms on College Student Gambling." Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 17.3 (2003): 235-243. Print.
Momper, Sandra. "Implications of American Indian Gambling for Social Work Research and Practice." Social Work 55.2 (2010): 139-146. Print.
These impulses may result in compulsive behavior ultimately leading to financial ruin and family devastation; partly for this reason, most American states had prohibited games of chance and other forms of gambling under a paternalistic attempt to protect people from their own compulsions (Lears p. 193). Las Vegas benefited from a confluence of circumstances that brought in workers and tourists to partake of something other states outlawed, and in time, gambling became the most lucrative industry in the region, employing more local residents and generating more revenue from non-residents than any other industry. Later, the connection between legalized gambling and its revenue-generating potential attracted criminal influences that shaped much of Las Vegas politics for decades.
Partly because of the long-term association between gambling and criminal activity and partly because of age-old religious principles defining concepts like work, virtue, and sin, gambling was widely considered a blemish on society. The additional…
Legalized Gambling in Galveston
In the city of Galveston, Texas, it has been proposed to legalize gambling in order to support and encourage economic growth. Certainly legalizing gambling has been proven to increase revenue both in terms of development monies to the city and then also in the tourist trade as those who live in regions without gambling will likely travel to Galveston since it would be a closer cite for legal gambling than say Las Vegas, Nevada or Atlantic City, New Jersey. However, there are also several negatives associate with the legalization of gambling in any location, particularly in locations where there are no current systems of legislation allowing for it in any close proximity, such as would be the case in Galveston.
The primary benefit to the community of Galveston, Texas to the legalization of gambling would be economic. For a community which has limited economic prowess in…
Goodman, Robert. (1994). "Legalized Gambling as a Strategy for Economic Development."
United States Gambling Study. UofM Amherst: Amherst, Mass.
Kang, Yong-Soon, et. al. (1996). "Resident Attitudes Toward Legal Gambling." Annals of Tourism Research. 23:1. 71-85.
Kearney, Melissa S. (2005). "The Economic Winners and Losers of Legalized Gambling."
Game theory is a critical form of decision making that is used in various subjects like economy and political science. Its relevance is becoming prominent in the success rates that have come out in gambling and sports betting. The theory is basically an amalgamation of different models of cooperation and conflict between various decision makers (Myerson, 1991) Thus, it can be safely stated that the theory itself is not just one piece of information solidly put out there yet it's a combination of different authors and experts. As mentioned earlier, the game theory has been linked to economic models, science, gambling like poker or sports betting and social situations as well. In the game theory the simplest way of putting it is analyzing the number of players and the moves that they are likely to take. Using this information, a person can guess and figure out the number of choices…
Anon. (1994) Gambling. In The Columbia Encyclopedia. (6th ed) n.a: Columbia University Press
Anon. (2004) Gambling. In The Columbia Encyclopedia. (6th ed) n.a: Columbia University Press
Anon. (2012) Gambling.In The Columbia Encyclopedia. (6th ed) n.a: Columbia University Press
Aumann, R. And S. Hart (eds) (1992) Handbook of Game Theory. Amsterdam: North-Holland.
nature of pathological gambling and the behavior associated with it. The article begins by focusing on the necessity and relevance of behavior-analytic explorations of pathological gambling, which has not, according to the report, drawn widespread research attention up to the time of writing. One might therefore surmise that the article addresses an important component of behavior studies, since it can provide not only a deeper understanding of the compulsion being discussed, but also potential solutions for those who struggle with a gambling addiction. The study might even provide some grounds for further research into other types of addiction as well as other focus points within the gambling addiction paradigm. It therefore provides rich grounds for discussion around the focus of investigation itself as well as a wider branch of potential exploration.
The literature review is not extensive, and forms part of the introduction. General sources are consulted to explain the…
against the idea of legalizing gambling in the town of Youngstown, Ohio. he writer takes the reader on a short history of the town and exposes the gangster activity that has always thrived within the town. he writer uses this as a springboard to argue that gambling becoming legal would only encourage a repeat of such mob activity. here were four sources used to complete this paper.
LE's NO REPEA HISORY
As the residents of Youngstown debate the issue of legalized gambling, there are many forces being exerted on both sides of the issue. Youngstown, Ohio has been economically deprived for some time and the city government as well as community advocates are scrambling to re-vitalize the area. When advocates of legalized gambling look at cities across the nation who have allowed it, they see improved economics through jobs and tourism as well as money for the school system being…
Those who lobby for the legalization of gambling toss out large dollar figures that they insist would be pumped into the school system. "About $186 million annually for all Ohio schools -- money that would be earmarked for schools in the Ohio Constitution, unlike the experience with the Ohio Lottery when it was first approved 24 years ago (James, 1997). " However what the town would lose in money due to extra law enforcement, court time and costs of the District attorney office, victim programs for crimes committed and other gambling related needs would offset any monies the town may or may not garner for the schools.
For a town to be in the financial situation that Youngstown is brings many options to the table. While city officials scramble to find solutions and answer to their constituents the idea of legalizing gambling can look very appealing. The appealing part wears off after the economy straightens out and we are left with the crime, the mafia and all that it brings with it for the rest of the city's existence. It is a much better idea to
However, while there are investors willing to invest on the profitability of gambling on the Internet, there are still many investors that are reluctant to pursue an investment on online gambling because of the financial insecurity of these sites. These gambling sites are also known and are purportedly practicing "illegal transactions," since online gambling in the U.S. is prohibited. The lack of confidence in investing on online gambling and insecurity of the financial channels and transactions of these sites stem from the fact that "[t]here is also a question mark over whether U.S. banks and financial services businesses which process online gambling transactions are in breach of law" (egum, 2005:13).
However, the question of the legality of these online gambling sites are being put into scrutiny. U.S. legislation has decided to deregulate online gambling through the 1961 Wire Act, with an updated version through the proposed bill Unlawful Internet Gambling…
Armitt, C. (2005). "One in three UK Internet users visited gambling sites in April." New Media Age.
Begum, H. (2005). "Wall Street banks shun online gaming floats." Lawyer, Vol. 19, Issue 35.
Chesler, C. (2006). "Taking a Gamble." Investment Dealer's Digest, Vol. 72, Issue 23.
Dudley, D. (2004). "Portals increase pressure to stop underage gambling." New Media Age.
gambling/poker and culture. Poker, and gaming in general, permeate our culture today. The World Series of Poker is a huge event when even a decade ago it was barely known on a world scale, and poker players are the new "role models" for many in society. What does this say about our society and culture that reveres people whose only skill may be based on luck and a turn of the cards? It says a lot about our culture and what we worship, and that may be frightening to contemplate.
"The game [poker] exemplifies the worst aspects of capitalism that have made our country so great."
-- Walter Matthau
First, it is necessary to define poker. Poker is a card game, played in casinos for pleasure and hopefully profit. There are many different games of poker, from Texas hold 'em to Seven-card stud. Each game follows a different format, but…
Alvarez, A. The Biggest Game in Town. San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, 1983.
Chick, Garry. "Writing Culture Reliably: The Analysis of High-Concordance Codes." Ethnology 39.4 (2000): 365.
Editors. "Gamblers Anonymous." GamblersAnonymous.org. 2009. 24 Oct. 2009.
marketing mix pubs entice gamblers? 2. Ethical issues marketing pubs, impacts individuals, groups society a . The answers specific case situation. CASE STUDY: Drinking gambling: What core business pubs? Introduction Known slot machines world, 'pokies' a business continues grow Australia.
Setting the context
The gambling industry is often associated with the large American casinos, which attract wealthy individuals from across the globe, and which are luxurious and enticing. These casinos integrate the entire gambling act in an overall greater experience of luxury and elegance.
But the industry of gambling has suffered some notable changes throughout the past recent years, in the meaning that it became more accessible to the average consumer. Nowadays then, gambling occurs in corner street pubs all over Australia, normally through slot machines (pokies) and the phenomenon raises some notable social issues. For instance, the people most affected by financial loses as a result of pokies are…
Collins, P. (2003). Gambling and the public interest. Greenwood Publishing Group.
McMillen, J. (1996). Gambling cultures. Routledge.
2012. Gambling is still recession proof. BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_9703000/9703980.stm accessed on October 19, 2012
2010. Marketing mix. Net MBA. http://www.netmba.com/marketing/mix / accessed on October 19, 2012
Poker Machines: Hitting it big or a big hit
It is the dream of every slot player who walks into the casino to hit the big one. It is a thrilling thought in which the player always begins with the fantasy of lining up all the winning symbols and carrying the winnings for spending. However, as the play continues, reality sets in, and deep within the dream become doubts as one realizes that there is more chance of the lightening striking than there is of hitting the jackpot. The reality is the chances of hitting it big are astronomical. However, despite this knowledge, people still engage in the gamble. The issue thus becomes the social and economic impacts that gambling has on the society, the gambler, the industry and the government at large (Orford, 2010). Various stakeholders in practice have varying perspectives of the issue at hand. The issue continues…
Blaszczynski, A., Collins, P., Fong, D., Ladouceur, R., Nower, L., Shaffer, H.J., . . . Venisse, J.
(2011). Responsible gambling: General principles and minimal requirements. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27(4), 565-573. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10899-010-9214-0
Doeden, M. (2010). Legalized gambling: Revenue boom or social bust?. Minneapolis: Twenty-
First Century Books.
dangerous consumptions that have been legalized like tobacco and alcohol, the expansion of high-intensity commercial gambling on the global scale seems like a recent phenomenon. People are being entertained since the ancient times from these games that put the resources of the one who is playing them at risk (Moodie and Hastings, 2009).
It has been in the last 30 years that modern expansion of such extensive nature has taken place. The affluent western societies have particularly been hit by this expansion of gambling. This increase has been associated with national lotteries' introduction in Europe, the expansion of casinos from riverboats and reservations into the most populated areas of North America as well as the increase in the number of proliferation of electronic gambling machines (EGMs) that are now being found very commonly in Australia (Chapman, 2007). Expansions of similar sort can currently be observed to be taking place in…
Aquinas, T. (2010) Summa Theologiae 1-11qq. 90 -- 106
Barth, K. (2009). Systematic Theology 111.4 (London T&T Clark, 2009) 34ff
Caraniche Pty Ltd. (2005). Evaluation of Electronic Gaming Machine Harm Minimization Measures in Victoria. Melbourne: Victoria Department of Justice.
Chapman S. (2007). Public Health Advocacy and Tobacco Control: Making Smoking History. Oxford: Blackwell.
If one wants to verify the dangers of gambling one only needs to look at the statistics stating Las Vegas has one of the highest crime rates in the nation. People are desperate to get their win, they have lost everything and still believe that magic hand or slot is right around the corner and resort to robbing, stealing, fraud and other means to obtain gambling funds (Nauman, 2006).
Gambling is illegal in most areas of the nation. Law enforcement is charged with arresting those that break the law. In states across the nation gambling rings have been broken up and slot machines, video poker machines and roulette tables have been seized. The place for law enforcement with regard to gambling is to crack down on it and not turn a blind eye when they are aware that is going on. The children who do not have food…
Villa, Rod L. (2000) Corruption of police blamed on gambling.(Main News)
____(2000) INTERNET GAMBLING:ROBERT J. MINNIX
The relevance of maintaining healthy communities cannot be overstated. In basic terms, communities should be designed and maintained in a way that promotes the well-being of their inhabitants. In so doing, such communities could end up realizing not only the economic but also the social benefits of a happier, healthier, and more productive society. There is therefore a need to assess and diagnose the key health problems specific to various communities. This way, lasting and innovative solutions can be sought and implemented to rein in the identified health problems.
For this particular assignment, I will concern myself with North Las Vegas which also happens to be one of the largest cities in Nevada. In terms of governance, the city falls under the administration of a mayor who is assisted in this role by four members of the council. When it comes to city life, it is important to…
American Casino Guide (2013). Las Vegas Casinos. Retrieved from: http://www.americancasinoguide.com/casinos-by-city/las-vegas-casinos.html
Castellani, B. (2000). Pathological Gambling: The Making of a Medical Problem. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Casino-History (2009). Las Vegas Casino History: The History of Gambling in Sin City. Retrieved from: http://www.casino-history.com/las-vegas-casino-history/
Healthy People (2013). 2020 Topics and Objectives -- Objectives A -- Z. Retrieved from: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/
male and female gamblers. For example, unlike their male counterparts, more women gravitate to less competitive games where there is a larger element of luck such as bingo, casino slots or video poker machines. Gambling problems have long been explored by psychologists as impulse control disorders characterized by an inability to resist impulses to gamble. Yet, gender differences among gambling preferences indicate that areas other than psychology such as a sociological point-of-view would prove helpful in explaining the gambling habits of women. This paper explores these social issues and describes implications for the need to incorporate social factors in the treatment of female gambling addicts. The findings indicate that women warrant both psychological and social considerations in their recovery process.
Studies have shown that the majority of escape gamblers, seventy percent, are women. In contract, only ten percent of action gamblers are women. An escape gambler is primarily trying to…
Burke, Jane. "Women and Gambling." The Women's Addiction Foundation. 30 Apr. 2004 http://www.womenfdn.org/Resources/info/gambling.htm .
Compulsive Gambling." Psychology Today 10 Oct. 2002. KeepMedia Web Site 30 Apr. 2004 http://www.keepmedia.com/ShowItemDetails.do?itemID=11476&extID=10032&oliID=213.
Fisher, Sue. "The Pull of the Fruit Machine: a Sociological Typology of Young Players." The Sociological Review Volume 44, No. 3, August 1993.
Women & Gambling Addiction." NOcasiNO Maryland Web Site 30 Apr. 2004 http://www.nocasinomaryland.org/Facts/women_and_gambling.htm .
Casinos and how they lure customers [...] various ways casinos try to trick, manipulate, and lure their players to stay longer in their casinos. Casinos are in business to make money, and they make money by keeping gamblers glued to the tables and slots. They use a variety of ploys to keep people inside, from removing clocks so they do not know what time it is to feeding them free drinks and inexpensive food to keep them in the building. Casinos use a variety of ways to keep gamblers gaming, and knowing how they do it can give insight into the greed, corruption, and sheer arrogance of an industry that makes its living on other people's money and addictions.
Casinos lure gamblers to make money, and they do it any way they can, without regard for anything but their own maximum profit. How do they do it? The many ways…
Popkin, James. "Casino Tricks Encourage Heavy Gambling." Gambling: Current Controversies. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 1995. 103-108.
Hills, Chad. "The National Gambling Impact Study Commission (NGISC) Report." Family.org. 26 Nov. 2003. 3 May 2004. http://www.family.org/cforum/fosi/gambling/gitus/a0028977.cfm
Given the strong and increasing competition in the gaming and entertainment industry, Mandalay should apply a more aggressive strategy. The group should continue to expand the business. This will attract more clients, and it will expand Mandalay's number of target segments, which will eventually lead to increased incomes.
As mentioned above, Mandalay's strategy should focus on social responsibility also. By involving in the lives of its customers, Mandalay will be a more present figure in the customers' minds, which should lead to an increased degree of loyalty. Customer loyalty can also be reached by increasing customer satisfaction.
As a consequence, Mandalay's marketing department should seriously focus on discovering and analyzing customers' needs that have not yet been fulfilled. Implementing something new could help Mandalay gain serious competitive advantage over other gaming and entertainment industry players.
Mandalay should continue to exploit the advantage gained by addressing the entertainment oriented customers and…
A good example of some of the different texts that were utilized to insight anger and violence can be seen with one that was sent to number Anglo Saxons in the commonwealth. Where, it would encourage all youth in Western Australia to show up at Cronuella each, in an effort to protect the beach and women. This is significant, because it shows how the use of heated SMS messages could help to enrage both groups. As this form of written communication would increase the overall amounts of rage that the two side were feeling towards each other.
Visual languages were used to help increase the overall negative opinions that many Australians would feel towards the Arabs. Where, the women and men would dress differently in public (with many women covering themselves). This is problematic, because it would cause a number of groups in society to view Arabs as untrustworthy, based…
Racial Tensions at Cronuella Beach. Everything 2. 2005. Web. 29 Oct. 2010.
"Responsible Gambling and Reconcilation Australia Campaigns and Link to Celebrity Gambling Story." N.d.
Gouggin, Gerald. "SMS Riot." Journal of Media Culture. 2006. Web. 31 Oct. 2010
Perera, Suvendrini. "Aussie Luck."ACRAWSA 3.1 (2007). Print.
At stake in the long run is the global agora: the universal library- movie theater-television-concert hall-museum on the Internet. The legal and social precedents set by Metallica v. Napster -- and half a dozen other e-music lawsuits-are likely to ramify into film and video as these, too, move online. hen true electronic books, e-magazines, and e-newspapers become readily available, their rules of operation may well be shaped by the creation of the heavenly jukebox. Music, according to a National Research Council report released last November, is the "canary in the digital coal mine." (Mann, 2000, p. 39)
The initial response of the entertainment industry has been negative, in that the music and video industry responded to fears that demonstrated a lack of willingness to alter marketing and outlet options to electronic forms, as technology had not quite met the expansion, but now things are changing and technology has created a…
Goldsmith, Jack L. "3 Against Cyberanarchy." Who Rules the Net? Internet Governance and Jurisdiction. Ed. Adam Thierer and Clyde Wayne Crews. Washington, DC: Cato Institute, 2003. 31-70.
Mann, Charles C. "The Heavenly Jukebox." The Atlantic Monthly Sept. 2000: 39.
Nicholson, Laura J., Tom F. Shebar, and Meredith R. Weinberg. "Computer Crimes." American Criminal Law Review 37.2 (2000): 207.
colorful period in America's remarkable early history is the gold rush era. In the late 1800's the discovery of gold triggered a flood of immigrants into the country, all intent on making their fortune. These miners shaped the early history of America, and created a great deal of the legend that surrounds the era of the "ild est." hile some of the legends of lawlessness and debauchery are clearly exaggerated, life in the mining towns of the gold rush era was clearly rough and ready.
This paper will examine life in the mining camps of the gold rush era. This will include a look at the people who made up the camps, the general atmosphere, as well as prostitution, gambling, general lawlessness, and the role of religion within the mining camps. The demise of the mining camps will be examined in the context of the development of the railroad and…
Arizona's Ghost Towns. 02 December 2003. http://www.carizona.com/ghosttowns.html
Baumgart, Don. Some Mining Camps Faded Others Grew To Be Cities. Nevada County Gold Online Magazine. 02 December 2003. http://www.ncgold.com/History/BecomingCA_Archive22.html
CmdrMark. Travels in the American Southwest. 02 December 2003. http://www.cmdrmark.com/ghosttowns.html
Koeppel, Elliot H. The California Gold Country: Highway 49 Revisited. Malakoff & Co.
Internet gambling is now the fastest-growing sector of the gaming industry, so much so that in the year 2000, it grew by 79%, compared to a 6.01% overall growth rate in the United States (Helping pp). Mark aters of GamblingSoftware.com, says, "Internet gambling is now bigger than gambling on Indian reservation, charitable bingo, legal bookmaking, and gambling on cruise ships" (Helping pp). The main reason for online gambling popularity is that gamblers can play any time in any location (Helping pp). Moreover, online gaming is probably the most sound business model on the Internet today, there's no inventory, no shipping, just customer relationship management, say aters (Helping pp).
Type in "online casinos" on Google, and 5,660,000 sights pop up. That's quite an array of opportunities for players, astounding actually, and players never have to leave their home or even change out of their pajamas!
On-line-Casinos-Online.net. (http://www.online-casinos-online.net/) offers a…
"Helping investors build their own online casinos for profit." Latin Trade;
http://www.google.com/search?hl=en& ; q=online+casinos& btnG=Google+Search
This term seems to have been coined in the 1990s when researchers were attempting to describe a constellation of behaviors observed in persons using the Internet to such an extent that it began to cause other aspects of their lives to become dysfunctional. The DSM-IV disorder most similar to the pattern of behaviors observed with overuse of video games is pathological gambling. Presumably, the more colloquial term addiction was derived from the similarities to gambling addiction. For this report, this pattern of heavy video game playing is referred to as "video game overuse." (Khan, 2007) Kahn additionally relates that: "Symptoms of time usage and social dysfunction/disruption appear in patterns similar to that of other addictive disorders. It is not clear whether withdrawal symptoms are associated with video game overuse; some excessive users do not exhibit "cravings" for the games if they are unavailable, while other users insist they cannot reduce…
Hauge, Marny R. And Gentile, Douglas a. (2003) Video game addiction among adolescents: associations with academic performance and aggression - Presented at Society for research in child development conference, April 2 -- 3 Tampa Florida.
Special Report: Video Game Addiction (2005) New Orleans WDSU.com. 24 Feb 2005. Online available at http://www.wdsu.com/news/4160216/detail.html .
Khan, Mohamed K. (2007) Emotional and Behavioral Effects, Including Addictive Potential, of Video Games. Report of the Council on Science and Public Health. CSAPH Report 12-a-07
Computer Games Addiction (2005) National Institute on Media and the Family. Online available at http://www.mediafamily.org/facts/facts_gameaddiction.shtml
Addictive Virus" -- later to become the thirteenth chapter of their bestselling book Affluenza -- John De Graaf, David ann, and Thomas H. Naylor engage in a highly rhetorical comparison of addictive shopping to physical addictions such as alcoholism and drug addiction and behavioral addictions like compulsive gambling. It becomes clear shortly into their paper that their purpose is largely alarmist and moralistic, rather than medically or therapeutically intended: none of the authors has any medical or psychiatric credentials. I hope by addressing three aspects of their paper -- their rhetorical strategy, their shifts in focus, and in particular their examples presented as evidence, particularly their closing example -- that I may show the ways in which their thoughts actually confuse rather than clarify issues of behavioral addiction.
The title alone of the essay gives, in miniature, a fair taste of De Graaf et al.'s rhetorical strategy: the phrase "the…
Boyer, Peter J. "The Deliverer: A Pizza Mogul Funds a Moral Crusade." The New Yorker Feb 19, 2007. Accessed 10 Feb 2011 at: http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/02/19/070219fa_fact_boyer#ixzz1DejZemmm
De Graaf John, Wann, David, and Naylor, Thomas H. "The Addictive Virus." In Maasik, Sonia and Solomon, Jack, Signs of Life in the U.S.A.: Readings on Popular Culture for Writers. Sixth Edition. New York: Beford St. Martin's, 2008. 71-5.
Many people using illicit and illegal drugs often have no impulse control and may turn violent or to another form of crime. Once an individual's mind is altered from the constant use of drugs, he or she will often steal, lie, and cheat to make the next dollar to obtain more drugs.
Many people could share family related drug stories that have led to criminal activities. About 10 years ago, several acquaintances under the influence of cocaine robbed a pharmacy and stole thousands of narcotics. The man and women then stole a car and cocaine from a dealer and drove across the country; several days later they were both apprehended and sent to jail for a long time. This example illustrates that one impulsive behavior after another can lead to a series of crimes committed. Freud's Psychoanalytical Theory offers a rationale to why individuals would use illegal drugs -- impulse…
Bureau of justice statistics- drug use and crime. (2009, October). Retrieved from http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=352
Crime. (2011, June). Retrieved from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/crime
Freud, S. (1961). The Complete Works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 19). London: Hogarth.
Lerner, L., Lerner, B.L., & Cengage, G. (2006). Criminology. World of forensic science, Retrieved from http://www.enotes.com/forensic-science/criminology
Every company regardless of the nature of their work is required to contribute to the community that sustains their growth. Casinos are therefore not an exception to this rule. We understand that they consumer massive energy and other resources to keep their customers satisfied on daily basis but that does not excuse them from contributing to the benefit of the environment and of the community that support them.
An environmentally conscious company is the one that is aware of the impact of its activities on the environment and works hard to reduce the impact. Oil companies for example come under attack regularly for damaging the environment. BP oil spill is one such example. But that doesn't mean that only companies like Oil or Drug organizations are responsible for protecting the environment, other firms are equally responsible for playing their role effectively.
Gambling is a socially acceptable activity in…
Pascal's "wager" is a fundamental philosophical argument defending belief in God. Through logical analysis based on a punishment-reward premise, Pascal shows that believing in God is preferable to not believing. The argument is called a "wager" because Pascal phrases it as a sort of bet: the individual has a better chance of being rewarded through belief than through denial. Therefore, Pascals' wager defends belief in God through reason and appeal to basic self-interest rather than through theological or mystical proofs. Yet even though Pascal tries to divorce belief in God from blind faith, his argument rests heavily on Christian theology. Pascal's God is the Biblical God, the results of his wager similar to a heaven-hell duality as proposed by Christianity as well as other monotheistic religions. Through the wager, Pascal is trying to show readers that believing in God is a personal decision, and one that can be…
This is designed to help support individuals who are dealing with financial challenges. The problem is that select amounts of recipients will use as a way to live off of the government. (Wolf, 2005)
How might a socialist and a capitalist government differ in its treatment of the problem of unemployment?
Socialists want to see massive amounts of government spending to create new jobs, training programs and provide unemployment benefits. A capitalist is opposed to these kinds of programs and believes that charities / private enterprises can address these issues.
In your opinion, should the government have the responsibility of providing health care for every citizen? Why or why not?
Yes, the government should provide health care. The reason why is because prices are increasing exponentially and the number of uninsured is rising. These factors are a sign that there is very little competition inside the sector. To address these…
2012 Puerto Rico Statehood Amendment. (2012). Boards. Retrieved from: http://www.boards.ie/vbulletin/showthread.php?p=77582334
Commerce Clause. (2012). Britannica. Retrieved from: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/127865/commerce-clause
Principles of Constitutional Construction. (2010). Constitution.org. Retrieved from: http://constitution.org/cons/prin_cons.htm
Sin Taxes. (2005). Six Taxes. Connecticut Voices for Children. Retrieved from: http://www.ctkidslink.org/publications/bud05sintax02.pdf
The authors state: "The amphetamines occasioned dose-related increases in d- amphetamine-appropriate responding, whereas hydromorphone did not. Amphetamines also occasioned dose-related increases in reports of the drug being most like "speed," whereas hydromorphone did not. However, both amphetamines and hydromorphone occasioned dose-related increases in reports of drug liking and in three scales of the ARCI. Thus, some self-report measures were well correlated with responding on the drug-appropriate lever and some were not. Lamb and Henningfield (1994) suggest that self-reports are complexly controlled by both the private event and the subject's history of experience with the drug. Some of the self-reports they observed (e.g., feels like speed) are probably occasioned by a relatively narrow range of stimuli because in the subject's experience with drug administration, these reports have been more selectively reinforced by the verbal community relative to other reports (e.g., drug liking). They also suggest that these results imply…
Budney, Alan J. et al. (2006) Clinical Trial of Abstinence-Based Vouchers and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Cannabis Dependence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2006. Vol.. 74 No. 2. 2006 American Psychological Association.
McRae, a.; Budney, a.; & Brady, K. (2002) Treatment of Marijuana Dependence: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 24 (2003)
Pathways of Addiction: Opportunities in Drug Abuse Research (1996) Institute of Medicine (IOM)
Kamon, J; Budney, a. & Stanger, C. (2005)a Contingency Management Intervention for Adolescent Marijuana Abuse and Conduct Problems. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 44(6):513-521, June 2005.
benefit analysis of the proposed state lottery for Alabama. Assessing the costs and benefits of this lottery is challenging. The costs are ill-defined, and often lumped in with other gambling costs in general. Yet, lotteries are not the same thing as casino gambling or sports gambling. So there is a lack of hard data available. The benefits are clearer. These take into account the return on money already being spent by Alabamans out-of-state, and the multiplier effect of this new spending. For the state government, the lottery is a clear winner, but for the Alabama economy as a whole, the cost-benefit analysis looks less positive.
The state of Alabama is examining ways in which it can increase its revenues. One of the ideas that has been floated is that of a state-run lottery. In February 2016 a bill was passed that will allow the state to set-up a statewide vote…
Alabama Budget. (2016). Retrieved April 3, 2016 from http://www.budget.alabama.gov/pdf/2016/FY17GFHandout02-03-16.pdf
ALF (2016). Where the money goes. Alberta Lottery Fund. Retrieved April 3, 2016 from http://albertalotteryfund.ca/aboutthealf/wherethemoneygoes.asp
Allen, P. (1991). The allocation of lottery revenue to education in Florida, California, Michigan, and Illinois. Educational Policy. Vol. 5 (3) 296-311.
Boardman, Greenberg, Vining & Weiner. (2011). Cost-Benefit Analysis: Concepts and Practice. Pearson Education: Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Management of Casinos
The history of gambling in the United States consists of three periods, called waves. During these periods, laws and social standards vacillated from prohibition to regulation and vice-versa (Dunstan 1997).
The first wave was during the colonial era from the 1600s to the middle of the 1800s when early colonists had a vastly different attitude towards gambling. These colonists were the Puritans and the English who established their individual communities, where their distinct values were observed and lived. The Puritans, prominently in the Massachusetts ay Colony, prohibited gambling, the possession of gambling items (cards, dice, gaming tables) and even dancing and singing. This rigid behavior, however, relaxed the following year to allow innocent gaming as recreation, but not as a trade or profession. The English, in contrast, not only allowed it but indulged in gambling as a harmless and popular diversion (Dunstan). Gambling was further enhanced by…
Best Gambling Games. Beginning Gambling History. http://www.best-gambling-games.com/gambling_history.html
Dunstan, Roger. History of Gambling in the United States. California Research Bureau: California State Library, Jan 1997. http://www.library.ca.gov/CRB/97/03/chapter2.html
Irwin, Arthur E. Your Casino's Chief Financial Officer, an Important Regulatory Ally. Gaming Regulation News, Winter 1997-98
KPMG. The New Imperative: Customer Centric Management, a real estate report. Ideas and Trends, KPMG Peat Marwick LLP, 1998
Casinos also pay taxes to the government which again means that the local community loses the money gained by the casino. Another way in which the local economy does not benefit from the casino is when the casino gets its supplies from external suppliers or the casino owners live outside the casino's economic area. Some of the casino profits can also be lost as a result of government services provided in that area like providing better roads and traffic control to the casino. (Hsu, 1999)
The casino may also require additional police protection and judicial activity in case criminal activity goes up in the region. Las Vegas has also had its own share of problems as an off-shoot of the phenomenal success of casinos there. It has had to deal with air pollution, shortage of water, inadequate methods of mass transportation and other infrastructure related problems. Despite these problems, Las…
Brome, Heather. (2006, Sep) "Economic impact of casino development" Retrieved 23 April, 2008 at http://www.bos.frb.org/economic/neppc/memos/2006/brome091406.pdf
Felsenstein, Daniel; Littlepage, Laura; Klacik, Drew. (1999) "Casino Gambling as Local
Growth Generation: Playing the Economic Development Game in Reverse?" Journal of Urban Affairs, vol. 21, no. 4, pp: 409-421.
Florida Council of Compulsive Gambling, Inc. (2004) "Economics Effects" Retrieved 23 April, 2008 at http://www.gamblinghelp.org/sections/effects/economic.html
battle for Santa Monica Bay
In the history of our nation, few battles have take place on our soil. The oceans which boarder our country also protect it from outsider who would attempt to over through our nation. However, battles are not always military. Currently, numerous cultural battles are taking place in the public arena. Battles over right and wrong, or over what society will allow, and what society considers as disruptive or harmful to our continuance are often more contentious than a military conflict fought on a foreign soil. The case of the Battle for Santa Monica Bay falls into this latter category. The willingness of the state of California to become a center of gambling, with the social maladies which tend to follow the gambling industry was the source of what is referred to as the Battle for Santa Monica Bay.
During the Gold ush, and for the…
Lavender, David. 1987. California: Land of New Beginnings University of Nebraska Press.
Gambling, Bingo, and Prohibition. 2001. North American integration and development Center. UCLA [online] Cited 1 Dec 2003 Available from World Wide Web http://naid.sppsr.ucla.edu/venice/articles/gambling.htm
The Era of the gambling Ship and the Battle of Canta Monica Bay. 2003. Los Angeles Almanac. [online] Cited 1 Dec 2003. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.losangelesalmanac.com/topics/history/hi06ee.htm
The History of Gambling. 2001. The history of Gambling online. [online] Cited 1 Dec 2003. Available from the World Wide Web: http://history-gambling-online-casinos-reviews-blackjack-slots.com/content/history/visionary-backgrounds/stralla-anthony-cornero/
Track Betting in Sports - the Pros and the Cons
There is no doubt that first of all, thoroughbred wagering is a huge sport in the U.S. And elsewhere; and there also is no doubt that off-track betting (OTB) has become a very popular form of gambling, not only in the United States, but all over the world. Like any issue involving money, the public, and potential harmful habits that could be formed, OTB is, always has been - and always will be - controversial. This paper will discuss gambling addiction and other negative wagering issues as part of the "con" side (including the age groups most vulnerable to addictive behaviors); and the paper will also present the "pro" side, including food, beverage and entertainment services offered at OTB sites, the newest OTB innovations (which are on the Internet, which makes a person's home a veritable OTB); and the paper…
Betfair. "What is Betfair and how does it work?" November 2003. http://www.betfair.com .
Eng, Richard. "Bet Exchanges big Business." Daily Racing Form 17 November 2003. http://www.drf.com/news/article/51484.html .
Horton, Peter. "Still Gambling After All These Years." Newslink: Problem Gambling
News & Information. March 2001. http://www.responsiblegambling.org .
Source: The Financial Forecast Center, 2009
Increases in unemployment rate mean that the gambling industry will be faced with fewer customers. This in turn will materialize in reduced sales and profits. If the situation continues to aggravate in the years to come, several players in the gambling industry might have to close their casinos. One must also notice the exceptional situations in which out of job individuals will gamble in the hope of winning some money. However, these instances are reduced and not able to modify the indirect relationship between the evolution of unemployment rate and demand for gambling services. Vice versa, when the unemployment rate decreases and the population enjoys more sources of revenues, the demand for the services of casino clubs increases.
2.3 Inflation rate (consumer price index)
The inflation rate represents the "percentage increase in the price of goods and services, usually annually" (Investor Words, 2009). Within…
Ameristar Casinos Inc., Hoovers, 2009, http://hoovers.com/ameristar-casinos/--ID__16260,FRIC__ -- /free-co-competition.xhtml last accessed on May 8, 2009
Personal Income and Savings, iCharts, 2009, http://www.icharts.net/portal/app?service=external&sp=Y37ayiM=&page=Chartdetail last accessed on May 8, 2009
Investor Words, 2009, http://investorwords.com last accessed on May 8, 2009
The Financial Forecast Center, 2009, http://forecasts.org last accessed on May 8, 2009
Electronic Cash and Smart Cards
Forms of electronic cash came about in the 1990s with the rise of the Internet and a new way to do business. Smart cards were among the new forms. When purchasing products over the Internet, consumers have concerns about the privacy of their information with electronic payments. Some studies were conducted to evaluate the pros and cons of smart cards, how the security is designed in the payment systems, and if the use of smart cards can change the addictive behavior of gamblers.
What it is
It is claimed the Mondex smart card can be used the same as cash and have the advantage of not having to carry cash at the same time. It was conceived as a technological solution to the handling of money and undermining the traditional role of the circuit of money. (Knights, 2007) The aim was to replace the…
Knights, D. e. (2007). Organization. Retrieved from Sage Publications: http://org.sagepub.com
Nower, L. a. (2010, Jan 19). Gambling Motivations, Money-Limiting Strategies, and Precommitment Preference of Problem vs. Non-Problem Gamblers. New Brunswick, NJ, USA. Retrieved from Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Wang, H. e. (2004). Concurrent Engineering. Retrieved from Sage Publications: http://cer.sagepub.com/
sports betting. Discussed are the problems with the betting, players getting gifts from betting agents, and effect of sports betting on the economy. Seven sources are used.
Sports and Betting
More Americans play more sports than in any other country in the world. Moreover, we watch more sports than anyone else on earth. Football and figure skating, two sports that could not be more different have drawn the biggest TV audiences in history. Sports bind us together as Americans. It has the ability more than just about anything else to tear down the barriers of race, class, gender, politics and geography (McDonald 1998). Sports is part of our national culture. It's part of our national conversation. A waitress at the local cafe talks Friday-night football with the cop and the banker. A Democratic gardener, trimming the greens at the country club, discusses golf swings or last week's tournament with a…
Davies, Dick. Spotlight Pofile. http://www.unr.edu/alumni/profile.asp?ID=5 .
A accessed 05-12-2002).
Gopal, Arun; Pettypiece, Shannon. "Michigan considers possibility of NCAA sanctions."
University Wire. March 25, 2002. http://ask.elibrary.com/getdoc.asp?pubname=University_Wire&puburl=http~C~~S~~S~www.uwire.com&querydocid=:bigchalk:U.S.;Lib&dtype=0~0&dinst=0&author=Arun+Gopal+%26amp&title=Michigan+considers+possibility+of+NCAA+sanctions++&date=03%2D25%2D2002&query=athletes+and+gifts+from+agents&maxdoc=50&idx=31.(accessed05-12-2002).
Marijuana Be Legalized Nationally According to the Terms of California Prop. 64?
People have been using Cannabis Sativa, also known as marijuana, for a number of centuries now. The plant from which marijuana is made grows in several locations around the world. Cannabis Sativa plant's flowering top is the source of marijuana as it has Tetrahydrocannnabinol (THC), a chemical that induces the state changes among users of marijuana. Studies show that using marijuana has both long-term and short-term health effects. Marijuana's short-term effects include distorting the senses including the sense of time and a reduced ability to concentrate. Long-term effects can be more damaging health wise and include a drop in testosterone and sperm levels among men, respiratory problems similar to those suffered by those who smoke tobacco, fatigue, lower libido, reduced fertility and alterations of body composition where the body records a drop in muscle mass as fat mass…
Bates, B. (2010, Feb). Teen cannabis use predicts depression. Clinical Psychiatry News, 38(2).
Bender, S. W. (2017). The Colors of Cannabis: Reflections on the Racial Justice Implications of California's Proposition 64.
Blake, D., & Finlaw, J. (2014). Marijuana legalization in Colorado: Learned lessons. Harv. L. & Pol'y Rev., 8, 359.
Caulkins, J. P., Kilmer, B., & Kleiman, M. A. (2016). Marijuana Legalization: What Everyone Needs to Know? Oxford University Press.
Let it be understood here and now, once and for all, that there will be no return to Russell County of that tragic era, the days when the law violator reigned supreme, and trampled the Constitution and laws under his foot. From this day forward the reign of law has come to Russell County to stay, and stay it will under the providence of God and all the power of Alabama's government....
To those who have had part in the lawlessness in this country, who have made crime their livelihood, who have grown fat in the debauchery of our youth and the destruction of the morale of our Nation's young soldiers, your day is ended, your hour of reckoning is at hand, you stand at Armageddon.... (Ibid.)
III. The Name, "Phenix"
Excuses and Reasons
Besides, you start drinking whiskey gambling, it gives you an excuse for losing.
That's something you…
Bible: Hebrew Ecclesiastes, 7:1. The Columbia World of Quotations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 24 November 2006. http://www.bartleby.com/66/1/501.html .
Brasher, Bryan. "Barber: City needs new name: Man circulating petition; says area could be called Coweta Rapids," Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, April 14, 2005.
Could This Be Your Town?"(1994). 25 November 2006. http://www.alabamaeagle.org/gambling/could_this_be_your_town.htm .
Carroll, Sydney. And Robert Rossen.. (1961). Columbia World of Quotations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 25 November 2006. http://www.bartleby.com/66/82/10582.html .
Supervisory Development Plan
This situational analysis is about the different ways in which situations can be handled. There is not much difficulty in understanding the complexity of the situation which is about to be discussed. Situational analysis starts with the setting of goals which then will be analyzed and decided how to go about them. This way the knowledge base will also increase. It will also help in improving the overall productivity. The performance gap will also help ensure that everything is done in a proper manner net time. With the help of different feedback from different people, I will then come to the conclusion which should have been reached to from the start.
The first step to devising a supervisory plan is to set goals. Without the proper set of goals the plan will surely fail. This will result in the whole plan to flop. All the work which…
Humans are lousy at thinking.
Except, of course, that we're not. But it is true that humans are relatively bad at purely rational thinking. This should not perhaps be surprising to us: We are not, after all, computers, which are far better than are humans at making rational decisions and providing rational calculations about situations. This is not entirely a bad thing: Humans have apparently (though the process of evolution) sacrificed the ability to make perfectly rational calculations for the ability to excel at what those who are trying to teach computers to think like humans call fuzzy thinking. We are good, for example, at being able to read another person's internal emotional state by the tilt of their eyebrows but we are relatively bad at calculating the odds of whether to take another card in blackjack - to the unending enrichment of the Las Vegas casinos.
Paulos, J.A. (2001). Innumeracy: Mathematical Illiteracy and Its Consequences. London: Hill and Wang.
Family and Marriage
Gambling The negative effects of gambling have been researched, touted, published and spewed forth from the mouths of researchers and do-gooders for decades, yet there has been an astonishing…Read Full Paper ❯
Also, the more the person loses money, the more likely they are to become emotionally distraught and potentially violent, especially when under the influence of alcohol and drugs. As…Read Full Paper ❯
Yet, not every group gambles equally often, demographically. Protestants seem less likely to gamble than Catholics. Culture plays a role, and demographics affect the choice gambling venue method. (Griffiths…Read Full Paper ❯
Thus, people become too involved in the gambling itself, loosing control of taking back their senses. This then can result in a serious gambling problem, which if not treated…Read Full Paper ❯
Gambling among college students is a growing problem on campuses across the country. A study released in May 2004 by the National Collegiate Athletic Association showed a growing tendency…Read Full Paper ❯
Gambling Odds Casino gambling in the United States is growing rapidly and shows no signs of abating. Since the first casinos opened on Native American reservations, many states have…Read Full Paper ❯
These subcultures discourage respect for property, encourage violence and revenge, and depress the economy of the areas in which they operate (Consensual pp). Federal and state laws prohibit the…Read Full Paper ❯
As such the stigma that once existed concerning gambling no longer exists. People are therefore more likely to engage in gambling activities and more likely to develop an addiction…Read Full Paper ❯
The Gamblers Anonymous group makes the point that they are not affiliated with any particular religion, but they have spiritual tenets within the structure of their recovery program. They…Read Full Paper ❯
Cyber gamblers might feel less threatened since the context entitles them to hide their identity; thus, the individual feel less responsible for his or her actions. Note also that…Read Full Paper ❯
Gambling Bioethics Gambling: A literary review Gambling has a paradoxical role in modern society -- while it is a legal and socially-acceptable activity, it can also be highly addictive…Read Full Paper ❯
) (2003,p. A20). Vatz notes that those who gamble too much and suffer as a result have freely made that choice as "No force extrinsic to willpower forces people…Read Full Paper ❯
Family and Marriage
Only a small percentage of people with severe AOD problems seek treatment (Loveland, 2003). Among those who do, there is a high attrition from initial contact through screening, assessment,…Read Full Paper ❯
What about the privacy and security of gambling patrons that organizations such as the Mirage Casino violate on a regular basis to gather information in data mining in an…Read Full Paper ❯
Sociology - Counseling
Legalization of Gambling and the Effects of Society Though the federal law does not criminalize gambling, there are heavy restrictions particularly on the interstate and online gambling. Each state…Read Full Paper ❯
Family and Marriage
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Economic Impact of Gambling Economic Impacts Of Gambling The economic impact of legalized gambling in the United States The economic challenge of the contemporary period requires that renewed focus…Read Full Paper ❯
gambling in the Asian-American community. Specifically, it will discuss the differences in how Asian customs or cultures effect how they gamble, and why Asians are much more prone to…Read Full Paper ❯
Internet Gambling: Consumers, Industry, And Regulation usiness Management Final Year Project Online gambling is a large and growing industry. Estimates from an industry consulting group indicate that as many…Read Full Paper ❯
At the same time, there are several examples of corruption within casinos in terms of employees. In Atlantic City, for example, one of the largest gambling rings was recently…Read Full Paper ❯
Compulsive or pathological gambling [...] pathological gamblers and why they do not gamble for entertainment or retreatist purposes, but rather to try to chase their losses and beat the…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Drugs
In addition to creating jobs, casinos on reservations provided the American Indian community with various social services and strengthened their social bonds (Momper 142; Cornell et al., 1998). hile…Read Full Paper ❯
These impulses may result in compulsive behavior ultimately leading to financial ruin and family devastation; partly for this reason, most American states had prohibited games of chance and other…Read Full Paper ❯
Legalized Gambling in Galveston In the city of Galveston, Texas, it has been proposed to legalize gambling in order to support and encourage economic growth. Certainly legalizing gambling has…Read Full Paper ❯
Game theory is a critical form of decision making that is used in various subjects like economy and political science. Its relevance is becoming prominent in the success rates…Read Full Paper ❯
nature of pathological gambling and the behavior associated with it. The article begins by focusing on the necessity and relevance of behavior-analytic explorations of pathological gambling, which has not,…Read Full Paper ❯
against the idea of legalizing gambling in the town of Youngstown, Ohio. he writer takes the reader on a short history of the town and exposes the gangster activity…Read Full Paper ❯
However, while there are investors willing to invest on the profitability of gambling on the Internet, there are still many investors that are reluctant to pursue an investment on…Read Full Paper ❯
gambling/poker and culture. Poker, and gaming in general, permeate our culture today. The World Series of Poker is a huge event when even a decade ago it was barely…Read Full Paper ❯
marketing mix pubs entice gamblers? 2. Ethical issues marketing pubs, impacts individuals, groups society a . The answers specific case situation. CASE STUDY: Drinking gambling: What core business pubs?…Read Full Paper ❯
Poker Machines: Hitting it big or a big hit It is the dream of every slot player who walks into the casino to hit the big one. It is…Read Full Paper ❯
dangerous consumptions that have been legalized like tobacco and alcohol, the expansion of high-intensity commercial gambling on the global scale seems like a recent phenomenon. People are being entertained…Read Full Paper ❯
" (Illinois) If one wants to verify the dangers of gambling one only needs to look at the statistics stating Las Vegas has one of the highest crime rates…Read Full Paper ❯
Diagnosis The relevance of maintaining healthy communities cannot be overstated. In basic terms, communities should be designed and maintained in a way that promotes the well-being of their inhabitants.…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Women
male and female gamblers. For example, unlike their male counterparts, more women gravitate to less competitive games where there is a larger element of luck such as bingo, casino…Read Full Paper ❯
Casinos and how they lure customers [...] various ways casinos try to trick, manipulate, and lure their players to stay longer in their casinos. Casinos are in business to…Read Full Paper ❯
Given the strong and increasing competition in the gaming and entertainment industry, Mandalay should apply a more aggressive strategy. The group should continue to expand the business. This will…Read Full Paper ❯
History - Israel
A good example of some of the different texts that were utilized to insight anger and violence can be seen with one that was sent to number Anglo Saxons…Read Full Paper ❯
At stake in the long run is the global agora: the universal library- movie theater-television-concert hall-museum on the Internet. The legal and social precedents set by Metallica v. Napster…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
colorful period in America's remarkable early history is the gold rush era. In the late 1800's the discovery of gold triggered a flood of immigrants into the country, all…Read Full Paper ❯
Online Casinos Internet gambling is now the fastest-growing sector of the gaming industry, so much so that in the year 2000, it grew by 79%, compared to a 6.01%…Read Full Paper ❯
This term seems to have been coined in the 1990s when researchers were attempting to describe a constellation of behaviors observed in persons using the Internet to such an…Read Full Paper ❯
Addictive Virus" -- later to become the thirteenth chapter of their bestselling book Affluenza -- John De Graaf, David ann, and Thomas H. Naylor engage in a highly rhetorical…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Drugs
Many people using illicit and illegal drugs often have no impulse control and may turn violent or to another form of crime. Once an individual's mind is altered from…Read Full Paper ❯
Business Ethics Every company regardless of the nature of their work is required to contribute to the community that sustains their growth. Casinos are therefore not an exception to…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
Pascal's Wager Pascal's "wager" is a fundamental philosophical argument defending belief in God. Through logical analysis based on a punishment-reward premise, Pascal shows that believing in God is preferable…Read Full Paper ❯
This is designed to help support individuals who are dealing with financial challenges. The problem is that select amounts of recipients will use as a way to live off…Read Full Paper ❯
Sports - Drugs
" (1995) The authors state: "The amphetamines occasioned dose-related increases in d- amphetamine-appropriate responding, whereas hydromorphone did not. Amphetamines also occasioned dose-related increases in reports of the drug being…Read Full Paper ❯
benefit analysis of the proposed state lottery for Alabama. Assessing the costs and benefits of this lottery is challenging. The costs are ill-defined, and often lumped in with other…Read Full Paper ❯
Management of Casinos The history of gambling in the United States consists of three periods, called waves. During these periods, laws and social standards vacillated from prohibition to regulation…Read Full Paper ❯
Casinos also pay taxes to the government which again means that the local community loses the money gained by the casino. Another way in which the local economy does…Read Full Paper ❯
battle for Santa Monica Bay In the history of our nation, few battles have take place on our soil. The oceans which boarder our country also protect it from…Read Full Paper ❯
Track Betting in Sports - the Pros and the Cons There is no doubt that first of all, thoroughbred wagering is a huge sport in the U.S. And elsewhere;…Read Full Paper ❯
Source: The Financial Forecast Center, 2009 Increases in unemployment rate mean that the gambling industry will be faced with fewer customers. This in turn will materialize in reduced sales…Read Full Paper ❯
Electronic Cash and Smart Cards Forms of electronic cash came about in the 1990s with the rise of the Internet and a new way to do business. Smart cards…Read Full Paper ❯
sports betting. Discussed are the problems with the betting, players getting gifts from betting agents, and effect of sports betting on the economy. Seven sources are used. Sports and…Read Full Paper ❯
Marijuana Be Legalized Nationally According to the Terms of California Prop. 64? People have been using Cannabis Sativa, also known as marijuana, for a number of centuries now. The…Read Full Paper ❯
Let it be understood here and now, once and for all, that there will be no return to Russell County of that tragic era, the days when the law…Read Full Paper ❯
Supervisory Development Plan This situational analysis is about the different ways in which situations can be handled. There is not much difficulty in understanding the complexity of the situation…Read Full Paper ❯
ationality Humans are lousy at thinking. Except, of course, that we're not. But it is true that humans are relatively bad at purely rational thinking. This should not perhaps…Read Full Paper ❯