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Post traumatic stress disorder is given as psychological reaction which take place after one has gone through a stressful event .the characteristics of PTSD are anxiety, depression, recurrent nightmares, flashbacks and avoiding things that are a reminder of the event. There have been increased reports of mental health problems among soldiers who have been deployed in war zones like Afghanistan and Iraq. The paper will look at two articles that highlight the issue of mental health problems like PTSD among soldiers who are deployed to war zones. This will include an annotated bibliography of the two articles.
Posttraumatic stress disorder and government initiatives to relieve
The article gives an insight of what happens to the men and women who go fighting in Afghanistan and Iraq. Most of these men and women end up dead but there are thousands who come back with physical injuries that leave permanent scars in their lives.it points out the increase in the mental health crisis among the soldiers that are serving in Iraq and Afghanistan which is termed as life altering and damaging to troops and veterans. The diagnoses of mental health problems mentioned are depression, abuse of substances and post traumatic stress disorder. Many men and women who have served in Afghanistan and Iraq also have a big potential of suffering from mental health problems. The wars in these zones have become so personal such that almost three quarters of the soldiers have reported that they at one point they have been in situations where they could be killed or severely injured. These reports are at a very high rate such that they knew someone who had died or was injured or a member of their team had been a casualty (Shea-porter, 2009).
A relationship between stressors of service and mental health problems is also shown. For instance a linear relationship between the level of combat and a positive screen for anxiety, acute stress, depression and other mental health problems is indicated.in a report for both depression and anxiety the likelihood of soldiers screening positive is 2.4 to 2.6 times if they are experiencing high combat as opposed to those experiencing low combat. Multiple deployments are what increase the incidences of mental health problems as those deployed more than once are more likely to screen positive for PTSD compared to first timers (Shea-porter, 2009).
Additional help in dealing with the emotional toll that the soldiers experience due to the multiple deployments is required. This is through programs that help address psychological health.
Assessment & Critique
The information from the article can be trusted since there are real examples give like the soldier who shot his comrades. From this we can see that the issue of post traumatic stress disorder is real and thus has to be dealt with. There are also real examples of ongoing initiatives to try and deal with psychological problems faced by soldiers. The author has demonstrated a high critical thinking standard by the way he is expressing the issue in the article. However, there has been a failure in some aspect of critical thinking whereby there is no indication whatsoever of whether the programs have been successful. There is no information of whether or not there has been a reduction in the number of incidences pertaining to mental health problems among those who have gone through the programs.
The article is very useful as it brings out a real problem that is occurring today. This article is very useful in my study as I can use it to give advice to soldiers who might be going through PTSD hence find a way of overcoming this. The information in the article is in line with information from other scholarly articles as they both show an increase in cases of PTSD among soldiers deployed in war zones.
Deployment stressors and posttraumatic stress symptomatology
The article compares active duty and national guard/reserve personnel when it comes to deployment stressors and post traumatic stress symptomatology. The article highlights on the increase of deployment of National Guard and Reserve in the war zones over the last few decades. The number of soldiers deployed from NG/R has gone up by 40%.the NG/R personal are older, in comparison with active duty personnel. Some main differences between the active duty personnel and NG/R personnel…[continue]
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, 2010). This point is also made by Yehuda, Flory, Pratchett, Buxbaum, Ising and Holsboer (2010), who report that early life stress can also increase the risk of developing PTSD and there may even be a genetic component involved that predisposes some people to developing PTSD. Studies of Vietnam combat veterans have shown that the type of exposure variables that were encountered (i.e., severe personal injury, perceived life threat, longer duration,
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Risk of Dementia among U.S. Veterans According to Yaffe et al. (2010), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a prevalent psychiatric syndrome linked to increased mortality and morbidity rates. This condition is among the most prevalent amid veterans returning from combat. Among veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq, the prevalence of post traumatic stress disorder is estimated to be about 17% (Seal et al., 2009). Veterans returning
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Alcoholism/Addiction Narrative Alcoholism and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Overview PTSD and Co morbidity of Alcoholism: The Role of Trauma Childhood Abuse and Gender Differences in PTSD Association Between Alcoholism and Emotion Genetic and Environmental Influences Models of Assessment/Conclusions Abstract TC "Abstract" f C l "1" This study will examine the relationship between post traumatic stress disorder and alcoholism/addiction. The author proposes a quantitative correlation analysis of the relationship between PTSD and alcoholism be conducted to
Similarly, researchers should be aware of the consequences of halo, prejudice to the leniency or seriousness of fundamental trend and position or propinquity of deviation from the pace that can artificially increase reliability of measure devoid of improving reaction correctness or validity. (Williams, and Poijula, 2002). Limitations/Strength and Weaknesses The following conditions might have affected the results of the present study: 1. The sample will not be random, 2. all demographic information will
17% of men and 13% of women have experienced more than three traumatic events in their lives, and the onset of PTSD is generally based on the degree and the extent of the trauma, and the duration, and the type. For example, when there is a rape, then there is a 49% chance that the women will experience PTSD, and when there is a physical assault, it would be
Their experiences emphasize the importance of human contact. They enjoy such intimacy with their comrades in arms and expect the same respect and comradery form mental health and counseling professionals. However, the literature review that was available in the article was more positive with regard to this. A 2009 study was referenced that used debriefing as a treatment regimen. In this program, the debrief uses a specific set of questions
Although MacKenzie appears to overstep her boundaries -- arguing that 60,000 soldiers will be negatively impacted by this condition -- the evidence does support MacKenzie's call to action. Mental health providers, communities and families must consider the long-term implications of the current war in Iraq. This point seems to lie at the heart of the argument made by MacKenzie. If efforts are not made to address this issue before